Title: Life Style of a Native American Grade: forth grade Time: 1 hour
Objective: Using the virtual Jamestown website, students will understand the different houses in the
VS.2 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the geography and early inhabitants of Virginia by
e) describing how American Indians (First Americans) adapted to the climate and their environment
to secure food, clothing, and shelter.
VS.3 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the first permanent English settlement in America by
g) describing the interactions between the English settlers and the Powhatan people, including the
contributions of the Powhatans to the survival of the settlers.
Computers for each group
UNITY: Unity Web Player program on computer
1. Begin the lesson by reviewing the role of Jamestown in Virginia history.
2. Arrange the students in to groups of 2 or 3 (groups should be appropriately for the extension as
3. Direct the students to the following website:
4. Have the students explore and look around the website for about 10 minutes. Be sure to point out
the 3D Long House.
5. Once the students have explored the website on their own, distribute the worksheet.
6. While still in the groups, have the students fill out the worksheet to turn in at the end of the class.
Extension: Using the same groups as those in the procedure, have the students choose a Powhatan
structure to make a model of. The students can use whatever material they wish. They may create a floor
plan, a 3D model of the outside of a long-house, a model village, etc. All that is required is that the
information they use to create the models must be found on the website from above. This can be a take-
home project. But it is preferable to be a project done in class. If it is done in class, it would take several
days (3-4). On the same day the website is being explored, the students would just be meeting to plan.
The following days would require bringing in the necessary materials to beginning work on the model.
Once the model is finished, the students should include a one-paragraph write-up to explain their model.
They MUST include the citation of their source.
Plan B: Have print offs of each link with the pictures that go along with that link for the students to look at.
To keep from having to print several copies of everything, just have one copy of each section. Create
“centers” for each link and its pictures. The students would still be in groups, but they would move from
center to center to get their information. Also, number 8 and 9 on the worksheet can be omitted since the
answers are found in the 3D long house.
Important Note: The website is still under construction. Frequent check-ups on website are essential.
Virtual Jamestown Worksheet
Visit the following website: http://www.virtualjamestown.org/paspahegh/examine.html.
Use the information available to answer the following questions.
1. Unlike the structures built by the North Carolina Algonquians and depicted by
White and DeBry, the narrow ends of the Powhatan house construction
(Structure 8) buildings are _______________________.
2. The semi-circle of posts (seen in structure 18) is appended to a typical house.
The White drawing shows _________________________, whereas the later
DeBry engraving appears to show ______________________________.
3. The structures that are similar in structure, but larger are thought to have been
4. Mortuary houses or ___________________ were the final resting places of
Powhatan leaders, who, after death, were "disemboweled and then placed on a
scaffold for decomposing" (Rountree 1989:113) along with a variety of offerings.
5. The arrangement of postholes measures 6.9 by 15.4 feet may not have been a
__________________________ structure; instead, they might have been a
platform _____________________ a field in the Village of Secotan.
6. List one use of copper:
7. List one use of ceramics:
8. Construction of long houses began by the ______________________________
9. Families sometime use _________________________ on their beds both for
comfort and warmth during the nights.
10. Write one interesting fact you learned from this website: ___________________
Making Your Own Powhatan Structure:
Now that you have explored Virtual Jamestown and learned a lot about the houses and
structures in a Powhatan village, I want you to make your own structure. You can make
3D model of a long house, or a map of a village, or show the insides of a structure using
a shoebox. You are free to do whatever however you would like, as long as you are
making a model after a Powhatan structure. If you are cannot think of any ideas, just
come talk to me. You will be working with the group you were in today when you were
explore the Virtual Jamestown website. Along with your model, you will need to include
a paragraph about what you made. It should explain what it is and why you made it
they way you did. It does not need to be long. You just have to show me what you
know about your structure. Your paragraph may be hand-written on this back of this
page to be turned in. YOU MUST CITE YOUR SOURCES TO TURN INTO ME WITH
Here are some other website you might like to use when creating your structure:
Before you began any work, you must tell me what you are doing, how you are doing it,
and where you got your information. You must also show me what jobs everyone has.
What is your model: ___________________________________________________
Person 1: _____________________________________________________________
Person 2: _____________________________________________________________
Person 3: _____________________________________________________________