Standardized Testing_ Restrict or Expand

Document Sample
Standardized Testing_ Restrict or Expand Powered By Docstoc
					Standardized Testing:
Restrict or Expand
By: Erin McManus
Holy Family University
Should the use of standardized
school tests be increased or
History of Standardized Testing
  Socrates tested his students through dialogue
  and conversation.
      Emphasis on the path to higher knowledge rather than
       producing a correct response

  19th Century Horace Mann urged the use of
  standardized essay testing in the United
      By 1845, many schools were testing spelling, geography and
History of Standardized
Testing Continued…
  20th Century
     1914 the first multiple choice test was created
     The launch of Sputnik by the Soviets in 1957, the
      steady decrease in SAT scores between 1963 and
      the mid seventies, and the publication of “A
      Nation at Risk” in 1983 led to a sense of urgency
      by government officials to improve the educational
      standards currently in place.
     2002 No Child Left Behind Law was passed, which
      require all public schools to test children of certain
      grade levels.
Position 1: For Restricting
  Tests are biased and “reflect the language, culture, or learning
  styles of middle-to upper-class whites. Thus scores on these
  tests are as much measures of race or ethnicity and income as
  they are measures of achievement, ability, or skill” (Neill and
  Medina, 1989, p. 691).
Position 1: For Restricting Testing

  Teachers spend more time teaching to the test.
  Especially teacher of minority and low income
  students due to their poor performance on
  standardized tests.
  Test prep programs or “coaching” gives children of a
  higher socioeconomic status an unfair advantage.
  Bias against women
       Despite the fact that men score higher on SATs, women
        generally have higher GPAs than first year male students.
       This testing bias results in fewer scholarships and honors
        program admission for women.
Position 1: For Restricting Testing

  What Should Be Done?
      Academic achievement should not be based on a
       single test score.
         Some students do not test well
      Assessment should focus on the individual student
       and what they have produced/accomplished.
         Portfolio including quantitative and qualitative samples
               Papers, essays, drawings, projects, and tests
Position 2: For Expanding Testing
  Standardized testing drives curriculum and the art of
      Allows educators to determine if a specific program is working
      Taxpayers can see the effects of the curriculum bought with their
       tax dollars.
  Standardized testing promotes fairness.
      Students of the same age/grade are taking the same test under the
       same conditions
  Standardized tests are a more valid and reliable form
  of assessment
      A student’s grade not only reflects their achievement, but also the
       grading climate of the school/teacher (tough v. easy graders).
       Standardized tests have the same meaning to everyone.
  Standardized testing is an economical way to assess
Essential Questions
  Should learning support and ESL
  students reading 1-2 levels below grade
  level be held to the same standards as
  regular ed students? Why or why not?
  How do standardized tests help improve
  Should standardized tests be taken out
  of schools? Why or why not?

Shared By: