Verb to do

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Verb To “Do”




Present                             past
I do                           I did
You do                         you did
He does                        he did
She does                       she did
It does                        it did
We do                          we did
You do                         you did
They do                        they did

Negative

I do not(don’t)do              I did not(didn’t)do
You do not(don’t)do            you did not(didn’t)do
He does not(doesn’t)do         he did not (didn’t)do
She does not (doesn’t)do       she did not(didn’t)do
It does not(doesn’t)do         it did not(didn’t)do
We do not(don’t)do             we did not(didn’t)do
You do not(don’t)do            you did not(didn’t)do
they do not (don’t)do          they did not(didn’t)do

Question

Do I do?                       Did I do?
Do you do?                     Did you do?
Does he do?                    Did he do?
Does she do?                   Did she do?
Does it do?                    Did it do?
Do we do?                      Did we do?
Do you do                      Did you do?
Do they do?                    Did they do?
                                          2


Change the following sentences into negatives

1. Pierre does his homework

2. Mary did her job

3. My parents do their washing

4. My friend does the cooking

5. They did their chores


Change the sentences into questions

1. John and Mary do their shopping

2. Pascal does his jogging

3. The Cops do the traffic

4. The students do their best

5. My mother did the laundry




Remember that the auxiliaries “to be , to have and to do “ are sometimes used as
verbs and sometimes as auxiliaries

Example: in the sentence : Does Mary do her homework? The first do(does in this
case) is used as an auxiliary to form the question and the second “do” is used as the
verb .

It is important to remember that, because each time you want to ask a question
or answer negatively in the present or in the past ,you will need the auxiliary
“do or did”

Suppose that I have the sentence :”Mary works every day”
To ask the question I have to say: ”Does Mary work every day?”
To make it negative I have to say “Mary does not work every day”

The same thing applies for the past
                                        Mary worked yesterday would become
                                        Did Mary work yesterday?
                                        Mary did not work yesterday
                                              3




                                         VERB « TO BE


        Present                                            past
affirmative

I am (I’m)                                  I was
You are(you’re)                             you were
He is(he’s)                                 he was
She is (she’s)                              she was
It is (it’s)                                it was
We are(we’re)                               we were
You are (you’re)                            you were
They are (they’re)                          they were

NEGATIVE
I am not(I’m not)                           I was not(I wasn’t)
You are not(you aren’t)or (you’re not)      you were not(you weren’t)
He is not (he isn’t)(he’s not)              he was not)(he wasn’t)
She is not(she isn’t)(she’s not)            she was not (she wasn’t)
It is not(it isn’t)(it’s not)               it was not(it wasn’t)
We are not(we aren’t) (we’re not)           we were not(we weren’t)
You are not(you aren’t)(you’re not)         you were not(you weren’t)
They are not(they aren’t)(they’re not)      they were not(they weren’t)

QUESTION
Am I?                                       was I?
Are you?                                    were you?
Is he?                                      Was he?
Is she?                                     was she?
Is it?                                      Was it?
Are we?                                     Were we?
Are you ?                                   were you?
Are they?                                   Were they?
                                            4


        Supply the past tense form of “to be” in the following sentences


1. Helen______ absent from school yesterday
2. I _________in the same class as William last year
3. We ______ good friends for many years
4. The door of the office _____ open
5. Both windows ________open
6. John _____not in school yesterday
7. He and his brother_______ sick
8. I ____ very busy yesterday
9. We ___tired after that long walk
10. I ____hungry after so much exercise
11. There ______many students absent from class yesterday
12. John ____ present at the lesson but I _____not
13. The weather yesterday ______very warm
14. We ______ pleased to receive your letter
15. The teacher _____not satisfied with my composition
16. The exercises in that last lesson _____easy
17. We _____not able to get in touch with Mr Thibault yesterday
18. The wind last night ______very strong
19. He and I ______at home for the weekend
20. My mother ______very pleased with my conduct
                                                5


Change the sentences into questions
   1. Helen is absent from school
       Answer : Is Helen absent from school ?
   2. You are in the same class as William
       ___________________________________________
   3. We are good friends
       ___________________________________________
   4. The door of the office is open
       ___________________________________________
   5. Both windows are open
       ___________________________________________
   6. John is in school
       ___________________________________________
   7. He and his brother are sick
       ___________________________________________
   8. They are very busy
       ___________________________________________
   9. The boys are tired after that long walk
       ___________________________________________
   10. The girls are hungry after so much exercise
       ___________________________________________
   11. There are many students absent from class
       ___________________________________________
   12. John is present at the meeting
       ___________________________________________
   13. The weather is very warm
       ___________________________________________
   14. They are pleased to host (recevoir) you tonight
       ___________________________________________
   15. The teacher is satisfied with my composition
       ___________________________________________
   16. The exercises in this lesson are easy
       ___________________________________________
   17. You are able to get in touch with Mr Thibault
       ___________________________________________
   18. The wind is very strong
       ___________________________________________
   19. My mother is very pleased with my conduct
       __________________________________________
                                                      6



     Change the sentences into negatives
1.   Helen is absent from school
         a.   Helen is not absent from school
2.   You are in the same class as William
         a.   ______________________________________
3.   We are good friends
         a.   ______________________________________
4.   The door of the office is open
         a.   ______________________________________
5.   Both windows are open
         a.   ______________________________________
6.   John is in school
         a.   ______________________________________
7.   He and his brother are sick
         a.   ______________________________________
8.   They are very busy
         a.   ______________________________________
9.   The boys are tired after that long walk
         a.   ______________________________________
10. The girls are hungry after so much exercise
         a.   ______________________________________
11. There are many students absent from class
         a.   ______________________________________
12. John is present at the meeting
         a.   ______________________________________
13. The weather is very warm
         a.   ______________________________________
14. They are pleased to host (recevoir) you tonight
         a.   ______________________________________
15. The teacher is satisfied with my composition
         a.   ______________________________________
16. The exercises in this lesson are easy
         a.   ______________________________________
17. You are able to get in touch with Mr Thibault
         a.   ______________________________________
18. The wind is very strong
         a.   ______________________________________
19. My mother is very pleased with my conduct

         a._____________________________________
                                                      7


         Change the sentences into interrogative-negative sentences
1.   Helen is absent from school
     Isn’t Helen absent from school ?
2.   You are in the same class as William
              a.   ______________________________________
3.   We are good friends
              a.   ______________________________________
4.   The door of the office is open
              a.   ______________________________________
5.   Both windows are open
              a.   ______________________________________
6.   John is in school
              a.   ______________________________________
7.   He and his brother are sick
              a.   ______________________________________
8.   They are very busy
              a.   ______________________________________
9.   The boys are tired after that long walk
              a.   ______________________________________
10. The girls are hungry after so much exercise
              a.   ______________________________________
11. There are many students absent from class
              a.   ______________________________________
12. John is present at the meeting
              a.   ______________________________________
13. The weather is very warm
              a.   ______________________________________
14. They are pleased to host (recevoir) you tonight
              a.   ______________________________________
15. The teacher is satisfied with my composition
              a.   ______________________________________
16. The exercises in this lesson are easy
              a.   ______________________________________
17. You are able to get in touch with Mr Thibault
              a.   ______________________________________
18. The wind is very strong
              a.   ______________________________________
19. My mother is very pleased with my conduct

              a.   a._____________________________________
                                          8




Supply the past tense form of “to be” in the following sentences

1.   Helen______ absent from school yesterday
2.   I _________in the same class as William last year
3.   We ______ good friends for many years
4.   The door of the office _____ open
5.   Both windows ________open
6.   John _____not in school yesterday
7.   He and his brother_______ sick
8.   I ____ very busy yesterday
9.   We ___tired after that long walk
10. I ____hungry after so much exercise
11. There ______many students absent from class yesterday
12. John ____ present at the lesson but I _____not
13. The weather yesterday ______very warm
14. We ______ pleased to receive your letter
15. The teacher _____not satisfied with my composition
16. The exercises in that last lesson _____easy
17. We _____not able to get in touch with Mr Thibault yesterday
18. The wind last night ______very strong
19. He and I ______at home for the weekend
20. My mother ______very pleased with my conduct
                                 9




To have

affirmative

Present                              past

I have (I’ve)                  I had
You have (you’ve)              you had
He has (he’s)                  he had
She has (she’s)                she had
It has (it’s)                  it had
We have (we’ve)                we had
You have (you’ve)              you had
They have (they’ve)            they had

Negative

I do not have (I don’t have)   I did not have (I didn’t have)
You do not have(don’t)         you did not have(you didn’t)
He does not have(doesn’t)      he did not have(didn’t)
She does not have(doesn’t)     she did not have (didn’t)
It does not have(doesn’t)      it did not have(didn’t)
We do not have(don’t)          we did not have(didn’t)
You do not have(don’t)         you did not have(didn’t)
They do not have(don’t)        they did not have(didn’t)

Question

Do I have?                     Did I have?
Do you have?                   Did you have?
Does he have?                  Did he have?
Does she have?                 Did she have?
Does it have?                  Did it have?
Do we have?                    Did we have?
Do you have?                   Did you have?
Do they have?                  Did they have?
                                     10




Change the following sentences into questions
1. Peter has two cars
   __________________________________________

2. Paul and Mary have three buildings
   __________________________________________

3. They have millions of dollars
   __________________________________________

4. You have two different ways to go there
   __________________________________________

5. I have a cat and two dogs
   __________________________________________

6. My son has a girlfriend
   __________________________________________

7. You have two chairs
   __________________________________________

8. They have the right to vote
   __________________________________________

9. We have three dollars in our pot
   __________________________________________

10. She has a babysitter
    __________________________________________
                                     11




Change the following sentences into negatives

1. Peter has two cars
   ______________________________________

2. Paul and Mary have three buildings
   ______________________________________

3. They have millions of dollars
   ______________________________________

4. You have two different ways to go there
   ______________________________________

5. I have a cat and two dogs
   ______________________________________
6. My son has a girlfriend
   ______________________________________

7. You have two chairs
   ______________________________________

8. They have the right to vote
   ______________________________________

9. We have three dollars in our pot
   ______________________________________

10. She has a babysitter
    ______________________________________
                                                          12



To Have (practice) answer as quickly as possible

    1.   Nous avons deux amis.
    2.   Est-ce que tu as du lait ?
    3.   Non mais j’ai du beurre.
    4.   Ma sœur n’a pas d’auto.
    5.   Est-ce que ton père a une maison ?
    6.   Oui mon père a deux maisons.
    7.   Ils n’ont pas de fleurs.
    8.   Est-ce que vous avez de la salade ?
    9.   Est-ce que tes sœurs ont des cheveux noirs ?
    10. Non , elles ont des cheveux bruns.


Past tense


    1.   J’avais deux pommes et trois oranges.
    2.   Il n’avait pas de plume.
    3.   Est-ce qu’elle avait le temps de travailler ?
    4.   Oui mais elle n’avait pas le temps pour aller danser.
    5.   Est-ce que vous aviez le droit (right) de sortir ?
    6.   Non nous n’avions pas le droit de sortir.
    7.   Ma mère avait un ordinateur dans sa chambre.
    8.   Pourquoi avais-tu une serviette (towel) ?
    9.   Parce que j’ai eu un cadeau de mes parents.
    10. As-tu eu ton téléviseur ?
    11. Non , je ne l’ai pas eu.
    12. Mon frère n’a pas eu l’auto de ses rêves.
    13. Pourquoi avais-tu de la fièvre ?
    14. Parce que j’avais la grippe.
    15. Ma femme a eu trois enfants.
                                             13




Change the following sentences into past
1.   Peter has two cars
     _________________________________________

2.   Paul and Mary have three buildings
     _________________________________________

3.   They have millions of dollars
     _________________________________________

4.   You have two different ways to go there
     _________________________________________

5.   She has a cat and two dogs
     _________________________________________

6.   My son has a girlfriend
     _________________________________________

7.   You have two chairs
     _________________________________________

8.   They have the right to vote
     _________________________________________

9.   We have three dollars in our pot
     _________________________________________

10. She has a babysitter
    _________________________________________

11. Peter has no children
     _________________________________________
12. My parents have a big house
     _________________________________________
13. Your brother has two cars
     _________________________________________
14. The students have their class
     _________________________________________
15. My principal has a cat
     _________________________________________
16. My parents have three children
     _________________________________________
17. You have three personal addresses
     _________________________________________
18. He has the ball
     _________________________________________

19. We have enough money _________________________________________
                                      14




Change the following sentences into questions
1. Peter had two cars
   ___________________________________________

2. Paul and Mary had three buildings
   ___________________________________________

3. They had millions of dollars
   ___________________________________________

4. You had two different ways to go there
   ___________________________________________

5. She had a cat and two dogs
   ___________________________________________

6. My son had a girlfriend
   ___________________________________________

7. You had two chairs
   ___________________________________________

8. They had the right to vote
   ___________________________________________

9. We had three dollars in our pot
   ___________________________________________

10. She had a babysitter
    _______________________________________
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