Globalization and Bologna by chenmeixiu

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									Globalization and
    Bologna
       Dr. Marina Stock McIsaac
University of Aveiro, November 29, 2006
        Educational
        Challenges
• Prepare students for employment
• Harmonize educational efforts
• Collaborate
• Prepare for the future
        Globalization
• Growth in population
• Explosion of communication technology
• Rapidly changing job markets
Prepare for the future

• Increase employability
• Allow for mobility
• Prepare for new job skills
• Recognize reduction trends
   Bologna Process

• Mobility
• Employability
• Competitiveness
• Attractiveness
 Actions to be taken
• Comparable qualifications and grades
• 3 cycle system; BA, MA, Ph.D
• Transfer of credits (ECTS)
• Mobility of teachers, students
• Quality assurance of programs
• Common European dimension to HE
      European Higher
       Education Area
•                (EHEA)
    Compatible systems
•   Unified and transparent degrees
•   Internationally accredited schools
•   Internationally acclaimed programs
•   Transferable
•   Lifelong learning
•   Job retraining
“To make Europe the most
competitive and dynamic
knowledge-based economy in
the world, capable of
sustainable economic growth
with more and better jobs and
greater social cohesion”

              Lisbon Council, 2000
            Promises
• Knowledge-based economies
• Education for all
• Lifelong learning possibilities
• Transferable programs
• Options for mobility
• New job opportunities
           Problems

• Student Concerns
• Teacher Concerns
• Institutional Concerns
• Government Concerns
   Student Concerns

• Increased costs
• Underserved minorities
• Diversification of teachers,students
• Job opportunities
        Student Concerns
“..will cost me more money..3 years will not
  prepare me the way the previous 5 year
  program did. New criteria will require a
  Master’s Degree to teach and there will be
  no jobs for the Bachelor’s degree”
  Teacher Concerns

• Massive layoffs
• Social disuption
• Current teacher replacements with MA
• Timely inservice training
Institutional Concerns
                                               c m
                                            Q ui kTi e™ and a
                                  TI FF ( Uncom pr ess ed) decom p r essor
                                                             s c
                                     ar e ne eded t o see t hi pi t ur e .




• 5 does not = 3+2
• Retool staff
• Reorganization of departments
• Loss of faculty positions
        Government
         Concerns
• Budget
• Jobs
• Standardize education
• Avoid social upheaval
Bergen goals for 2010

• Intensify efforts for EHEA
• Include innovative teaching
• Include new learning environments
• Provide sustainable funding
• Provide for lifelong learning
Stocktaking May 2005
• Good news
 • meeting targets
 • HE achievements visible
 • students have greater
   • mobility, transparency, transfer
      &credit
       Benchmarks for Quality Assurance
                 Criteria 1-4
           (see handout Table 2.2)


5pts   1. State of development of quality
 4     assurance
 3     2. Key elements of evaluation systems
 2     3. Level of participation of students
       4. Level of international participation
 1
       Benchmarks for Quality Assurance
                Criteria 8-10
           (see handout Table 2.4)


5pts
 4     8. Implementation of Diploma
       supplement
 3     9. Ratification of Lisbon Convention
 2     10. Stage implementation of ECTS
 1
       Benchmarks for Quality Assurance
                 Criteria 5-7
           (see handout Table 2.3)


5pts
 4     5. Stage of implementation of 2-cycle
       system
 3     6. Student enrolment in 2-cycle system
 2     7. Access from first to second cycle
 1
       In this area, Portugal needs
                  progress
Implementation, enrollment, access

 Preliminary         1-24 % of         Access is limited for
 planning or pilot   students are      the majority of students
 phase is being      enrolled in 2-    because of structural
 conducted           cycle system in   or procedural problems
                     2005



       Some progress has been made
          Next steps

• Legislation of 2-cycle system, and
  implementation on limited scale
• Student enrollment in 2- cycle at least
  50%
• Smooth access for majority from 1st to
  2nd cycle
              Conclusion
•   Internationalization of education can provide:
•   Wider knowledge base
•
                                                                  c m
                                                               Q ui kTi e™ and a
                                                     TI FF ( Uncom pr essed) decom pr essor
                                                                               s c
                                                        ar e needed t o see t hi pi t ur e.




    More diverse and skilled workforce
•   Greater cultural understanding
•   Better employment
•   Better mobility
•   Better lifestyle
Working together, it can be done!



       mmcisaac@dte.ua.pt

								
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