MS Journalism Final Exam Guide Ridal 2010-11
The test, which will be multiple choice and matching, is a comprehensive exam based on all the skills you
have acquired this year. Any notes and/or Keynote presentations, class discussions, class work
assignments, handouts, videos and assigned textbook chapters may be used on the exam.
o Know the following people: Nelly Bly, Ida Tarbell, Joseph Pulitzer, William Randolph Hearst,
Carl Bernstein, Bob Woodward, Barbara Walters, Anderson Cooper, Dorothea Lange, Edward R.
o Penny Press – had disasters, police beat news; information that would draw in readers
o Yellow Journalism-when Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst sensationalized stories,
exaggerated headlines, slanted reporting, the Yellow Kid (cartoon)
o Muckraking- a time after the Yellow Journalism when there were social crusades for change
o Watergate Scandal and McCarthyism
o First Amendment-freedom of speech, press, and religion
o Hazelwood and Tinker Supreme Court cases: TINKER- when students came to school wearing
armbands saying they were against the Vietnam War and got suspended for it. HAZELWOOD-a
school newspaper was censored by the principal; the Supreme Court declared that schools have
the right to censor material when they can state an “educational purpose.”
o See Key Note presentation “Media Law” and/or notes for libel, slander, defamation,
o News criteria – see notes on “News Criteria”
o Interviewing – primary, secondary sources, off-the-record, preparing for an interview and
behavior during an interview
o Leads – summary, delayed, blind, little person/big picture – see Key note presentation “lead
styles”: summary lead, blind lead, little person, big picture, delayed/descriptive lead
o Inverted pyramid- most important details near the top and the least important information at the
o Material for paraphrasing and quotes, partial and direct
o Proper attribution verbs; ex.: said, told, explain
o Delayed, descriptive leads – see notes;
o Personality profiles
o Book and restaurant reviews
o See notes on “features traits”
o “Featurizing” and sports features
o Pregame, game, postgame story contents – see online handout “sports stories”
o Pregame; facts such as previous games’ scores, the line-up
o Game - play-by-play
o Postgame - analysis of the game, players’ opinions, coach’s thoughts of the game, effects of game
on team’s score and history.
o Big play lead, sports summary lead, direct address – see notes
o Key terms: editorial, editorial page, op-ed page, masthead, column, editorial policy – see chapter
and Keynote presentation notes
o Editorial - opinion-based story, only article allowed to consist of what a certain person thinks, not
always based on facts.
o Masthead - statement includes publication’s name.
o Know author’s purpose and identify – persuade, explain, criticize, entertain, warn, praise, etc. See
online handouts “MS editorials” and “editorial outline”
o Author’s purpose
Headlines and Editing
o Headline do’s and don’ts – see Key Note presentation “headlines”
o Proofreader’s symbols
Layout and Design
o Dominance, modular page format. Regular page-format consisting of columns, gutters, and
headlines. Differs in a yearbook design.
o Newspaper and yearbook terminology – see notes.
o Characteristics of good design – see handout
o Know these terms and identify usage: wild art, rule of thirds, cropping, merging, photo
composition, patterns, leading lines, point of interest, peak of emotion
o Rule of thirds: When the subject hits at least one point at what seems to be a “tick-tack board”
o Cropping: taking off unnecessary surrounding area of a subject to focus attention on the subject.
o Patterns: repeating an object to create interest.
o Leading lines: a series of lines and/or objects in order to create interest to look beyond the
o Photo ethics: don’t use PhotoShop to delete or add things to pictures, depict subjects fairly, how
and when to publish controversial images
o Identify correct caption style