June 7. Thomas Lincoln becomes member of the
1809 Pigeon Creek Baptist Church.
Feb. 12. " I was born Feb. 12, 1809 in then Hardin
County Kentucky." The birthplace farm is about three Jan. 20. Lincoln's sister Sarah, who married Aaron
miles south of Hodgenville, Kentucky. Grigsby on Aug. 2, 1826 dies in childbirth.
During this year Abraham and Allen Gentry take a
The census for Hardin County lists the family of flatboat loaded with cargo to New Orleans for Allen's
Thomas Lincoln as a male between 25 and 45 years of father James Gentry.
age with wife between 26 and 45, boy (Abraham) under 1830
ten, and girl (Sarah) under ten.
1811 Mar. 1. Thomas Lincoln's family and the families of his
Spring. Thomas Lincoln and family move from the two stepsons-in-law start for Illinois. Abraham, one of
birthplace farm to a 230-acre farm on Knob Creek, ten the thirteen in the party, drives one of the three
miles north and six miles east of Hodgenville. wagons.
Mar 15. The Lincoln family locates ten miles southwest
A younger brother of Abraham, named Thomas, is of Decatur, on the north bank of the Sangamon River
born this year and dies in infancy. (now Lincoln Trail Homestead State Park).
Autumn. For a few weeks in the fall of 1815 Abraham March. Lincoln, his cousin John Hanks, and stepbrother
and his sister Sarah attend a school taught by Zachariah John D. Johnston leave home. At Springfield Denton
Riney. The following year the school is taught by Caleb Offutt hires them to help build a flatboat at Sangamon
Hazel. Town, seven miles northwest of Springfield.
April-July. Lincoln pilots the flatboat to New Orleans
December. During the first of this month Thomas for Offutt and return to New Salem, eighteen miles
Lincoln moves his family from Kentucky to what is now northwest of Springfield.
Spencer County, Ind. (then Perry County).
1817 Aug. 1. Lincoln casts his first vote at John Carmon's
house in New Salem, the voting place of Clary's Grove
Oct. 15. Thomas Lincoln goes to the government land Precinct which includes New Salem.
office at Vincennes and enters the farm he has settled
on. September. Lincoln begins clerking in Denton Offutt's
1818 new store at New Salem.
Oct. 5. Nancy Hanks Lincoln, mother of Abraham, dies
of milk sickness. Mar. 9. Lincoln becomes a candidate for the legislature
1819 on a platform favoring improvement of navigation on
the Sangamon River, changes in the usury laws, and
Dec. 2. Thomas Lincoln, father of Abraham, marries universal education.
Mrs. Sarah Bush Johnston in Elizabethtown, Ky.
Apr. 7. Lincoln is elected a captain in the 31st 1835
Regiment, Illinois Militia.
Aug. 25. Ann Rutledge, legendary sweetheart of
Apr. 21. New Salem neighborhood volunteers for the Lincoln, dies at the Rutledge farm seven miles
Black Hawk War form a company and elect Lincoln northwest of New Salem.
Dec. 7. Lincoln is present for the opening of a special
May 27. Captain Lincoln's company is mustered out of session of Illinois legislature at Vandalia.
service at Fort Johnson, Ottawa. He then enlists in Capt. 1836
Elijah Iles' regiment for twenty days.
Feb. 13. Lincoln addresses a large crowd in Petersburg
June 16. Lincoln re-enlists in Capt. Jacob M. Early's promoting the proposed Beardstown and Sangamon
independent spy company at Fort Wilbourn. Canal.
July 10. The mustering-out roll of Capt. Early's Mar. 16. Lincoln purchases from the Federal
company, written by Lincoln, is certified by lt. Robert government a forty-seven-acre tract of land twelve
Anderson ( who was to be command at Fort Sumter in miles northwest of New Salem on the Sangamon River.
Mar. 24. Lincoln takes the first of three steps towards
Aug. 6. Lincoln, a candidate for the first time, is obtaining the license to practice law when his name is
defeated in his bid for a seat in Illinois legislature. He is entered on the Sangamon Circuit Court record as a
eighth in the field of thirteen candidates. person of good moral character.
Aug. 1. Lincoln is elected a second time to the Illinois
Jan. 15. Lincoln and William F. Berry purchase from legislature.
William Greene for $750 the store in New Salem
formerly owned by Reuben Radford. Sept. 9. Two justices of the Supreme Court give Lincoln
a license to practice law in all courts of the State.
May 7. President Jackson appoints Lincoln postmaster
at New Salem. He serves until May 30, 1836, when the Oct. 5. Lincoln files a plea in his first suit, Hawthorn vs.
office is discontinued. Woodridge, in the Sangamon County Circuit Court.
Dec. 13. Lincoln writes his famous "love letter" to Mary
Jan. 6. Lincoln, as deputy surveyor of Sangamon Owens at New Salem.
County, makes his first known survey for Reason 1837
Shipley. He continues surveying for three years.
Feb. 24. The bill for removal of the capital from
Aug. 4. Lincoln, in his second try for public office, is Vandalia to Springfield, which Lincoln and other
elected to the Illinois House of Representatives as a members from Sangamon County have been promoted,
representative for Sangamon County. is passed by the House of Representatives. The Senate
reports its concurrence the following day.
Sept. 30. Lincoln surveys the town of New Boston on
the Mississippi River, now in Mercer County. Mar. 1. As the final step towards becoming an
attorney, Lincoln's name is entered on the roll of
Dec. 1. Lincoln takes his seat in the fifty-five-member attorneys in the office of the clerk of Supreme Court.
Illinois House of Representatives at Vandalia.
Mar. 3. Making his first attack on slavery Lincoln, along
with Dan Stone, enters in the House Journal his protest August - September. As a Whig president elector,
against an antiabolitionist resolution passed by the Lincoln campaigns in southern Illinois.
House on Jan. 20. 1841
Apr. 15. Lincoln moves to Springfield and becomes the January 1. An emotional crisis upsets Lincoln's
law partner of John T. Stuart. He rooms with Joshua F. relations with Mary Todd and he is absent from the
Speed. legislature for several days.
Apr. 14. Stuart and Lincoln dissolve their law
Aug. 6. Lincoln is elected to the Illinois legislature for partnership and Lincoln becomes the partner of
the third time. Stephen T. Logan.
Dec. 3. At the opening of the Illinois legislature in August - September. Lincoln goes to Louisville, Ky., to
Vandalia, Lincoln, a Whig, is defeated for speaker of the visit for three weeks with his intimate friend Joshua F.
House of Representatives by W. L. D. Ewing, a Speed.
Mar. 1. Paying $2.00 for his certificate, Lincoln is
June 24. Lincoln is elected to the Springfield town admitted to practice in U.S. District Court.
Sept. 22. A proposed duel between Lincoln and James
Sept. 23. Lincoln begins the practice of law on the Shields is averted when friends on both sides intervene.
newly organized Eighth Judicial Circuit, which he
continues until his nomination for presidency. Nov. 4. Lincoln and Mary Todd are married in the
evening at the home of her brother-in-law Ninian W.
Oct. 8. Lincoln is named a presidential elector by the Edwards by the Rev. Charles Dresser, Episcopal minister.
state Whig convention meeting in Springfield. He is also 1843
chosen in 1844, 1852, and 1856.
Apr. 1. Mrs. Sarah Beck leases the Globe Tavern where
Dec. 3. Judge Nathaniel Pope admits Lincoln to the the Lincolns live.
practice of law in United States Circuit Court.
Aug. 1. The Lincolns' first child, Robert Todd, is born at
Dec. 9. The Illinois legislature, of which Lincoln is a the Globe Tavern.
member, meets in Springfield, the new capital, for the 1844
1840 Jan. 16. Lincoln and Rev. Charles Dresser sign a
contract for Lincoln's purchase of property now known
April. Lincoln as Whig president elector campaigns at as "Lincoln's Home." Price is $1,200 and a lot in the
rallies in Carlinville, Alton, Belleville, and Pittsfield. business section of Springfield. The Lincolns move in on
June 18. Lincoln argues his first case in the Illinois
Supreme Court. October - November. Lincoln, as a presidential elector,
campaigns for Henry Clay in southern Illinois, Kentucky,
Aug. 3. Lincoln is elected for the fourth time in Illinois and Indiana. He visits and speaks at his boyhood home
legislature. near Gentryville, Ind.
Mar. 10. Lincoln applies for a patent on a "new and
Dec. 9. William H. Herndon is admitted to a bar. The improved manner of combining adjustable buoyant
firm of Lincoln and Herndon is organized soon chambers with steam boats or other vessels". The
afterward. patent is granted on May 22.
June 21. Lincoln is bitterly disappointed at not being
Mar. 10. The Lincolns' second child is born and is named Commissioner of General Land Office, a position
named Edward Baker. for which he had worked for weeks and had made a
special trip to Washington.
Aug. 3. Lincoln, with an unprecedented majority of
1,511 votes over his Democratic opponent Rev. Peter Aug. 21. Lincoln declines offer to secretary of Oregon
Cartwright, is the only Whig among seven congressmen Territory.
elected from Illinois.
1847 Sept. 27. Lincoln "cannot consent to accept"
governorship of Oregon.
November. The Lincolns and their two sons visit most
of this month with Mrs. Lincoln's family in Lexington, Ky. 1850 Feb. 1. The Lincoln's second son, Edward Baker,
From there they continue to Washington. dies after an illness of fifty-two days.
Dec. 6. Lincoln takes his seat in the Thirtieth Congress, July 25. Lincoln, in Chicago for U.S. District Court
the only one which he was a member. session, delivers eulogy on President Zachary Taylor at
Dec. 22. Lincoln presents resolutions requesting
President James K. Polk to inform the House whether Dec. 21. The Lincoln's third son, William Wallace, is
"spot" on which Americans blood was first shed in born.
Mexican War was within territory claimed by Mexico.
1848 1851 Jan. 17. Lincoln's father, Thomas, born in Virginia
in 1778, dies in Coles County, Ill.
June 7-9. Lincoln is present at Whig convention in
Philadelphia which nominates General Zachary Taylor - 1852 July 6. In Hall of Representatives in the Capitol,
Lincoln's choice - for president. Lincoln delivers an eulogy as Springfield pays tribute to
Sept. 12-22. Lincoln, accompanied by his family, makes
a ten-day speaking tour of New England. Aug. 14. Lincoln opens his campaign for Winfield Scott
1849 for President with a review of Douglas's speech at
Richmond, July 9. Unable to finish in two hours, he
Jan. 10. Lincoln read his amendment to a resolution in announces he will continue at the next meeting.
Congress on abolishing slavery in the District of
Columbia. His amendment, among other changes, 1853 Apr. 4. The Lincolns' fourth son, Thomas (Tad), is
provides for compensated emancipation. Abandoned by born.
his backers, he never formally introduces the
amendment. Aug. 27. According to tradition Lincoln uses
watermelon juice to christen the new town of Lincoln,
Mar. 7. Lincoln is admitted to practice before U.S. named for him by the proprietors Latham, Gillette, and
Supreme Court. Hickox.
1854 May 30. Having devoted most of his time since Aug. 27. To a crowd of 10,000 gathering at Kalamazoo,
1849 to the practice of law, Lincoln has lost interest in Mich., for a Republican demonstration for Freemont,
politics. He is aroused by the passing and signing of the Lincoln makes his only speech in Michigan.
Dec. 1. Because of the absence of Judge David Davis,
Oct. 16. Lincoln and Douglas meet in Peoria. Lincoln Lincoln presides over Sangamon County Circuit Court.
delivers one of his great speeches - substantially the During five years he acts as judge on several occasions
same speech he had made in Bloomington on Sept. 12 in four different counties.
and in Springfield on Oct. 4 on "repeal of the Missouri
compromise." 1857 June 18. The McLean County Circuit Court
awards Lincoln his fee of $5,000 in his suit against
Nov. 7. Lincoln is elected to the Illinois legislature, but Illinois Central Railroad. His largest fee, it was for
resigns on Nov. 27 to become a candidate for U.S. successfully representing the railroad in the famous
Senate. McLean County tax case.
1855 Feb. 8. To prevent the election of Joel A. June 26. Speaking in the House of Representatives in
Matteson to the U.S. Senate by the General Assembly, Springfield, Lincoln delivers his first major speech
Lincoln throws his votes to Lyman Trumbull, who is against the "erroneous" Dred Scott decision.
elected on the tenth ballot. Lincoln regrets his defeat
"moderately." 1858 Apr. 6. Lincoln lectures in "Discoveries and
Inventions" at Centre Hall, Bloomington, Ill. He speaks
Aug. 18. Acting as agent for Mrs. Maria L. Bullock of on the same subject at Jacksonville (Feb. 11, 1859),
Lexington, Ky., Mrs. Lincoln's aunt, Lincoln sells several Decatur (Feb., 1859), Springfield (Feb. 21, 1859, April
lots in Bullock's addition to Springfield. 26, 1860), and Pontiac (Jan. 27, 1860).
1856 Feb. 22. L May 7. Using an almanac to discredit the state's star
incoln is responsible for adoption of a statement of witness, Lincoln clears Duff Armstrong, son of his old
principles by convention of anti-Nebraska editors friend Jack Armstrong, of a murder charge in Cass
meeting in Decatur. This statement - on which all anti - County Circuit, Beardstown.
Nebraska factions agree - marks beginning of
Republican Party in Illinois. June 16. The Illinois State Republic Convention,
meeting in the Hall of Representatives in the statehouse
Spring. Contractors Hannan and Ragsdale, at a cost of in Springfield, unanimously resolves "that Abraham
$1,300, enlarge the Lincolns' home from a story and a Lincoln is the first and only choice of the Republicans of
half to two full stories. Illinois for the U.S. Senate." Lincoln accepts and in the
evening delivers his "House Divided" speech.
May 29. As a presidential elector for the fourth time,
Lincoln delivers his famous "Lost Speech" at the Aug. 21. At Ottawa Lincoln and Douglas hold their first
organization of the Republican Party at Bloomington, Ill. joint debate. Six more debates are held at Freeport
he makes "over fifty speeches" during the campaign. (Aug. 27), Jonesboro (Sept. 15), Charleston (Sept. 18),
Galesburg (Oct.7), Quincy (Oct. 13) and Alton (Oct. 15).
June 19. The first Republican National Convention, Beginning in Chicago on July 10, Lincoln makes at least
meeting in Philadelphia, takes an informal ballot for sixty - three speeches during the campaign.
vice-president and Lincoln receives 110 votes.
Nov. 2. In the election Lincoln gets a majority of the
votes, but Douglas is re-elected because of the gerry-
mannered legislative districts. Lincoln describes the beard. He writes her, "As to the whiskers, having never
campaign as a "struggle in which I felt more than a worn any, do you not think people would call it a piece
merely selfish interest." of silly affection if I were to begin it now?"
1859 Sept. 16 - 17. Lincoln is in Ohio, speaking in Nov. 6. Lincoln becomes the first Republican to be
Dayton, Hamilton, Cincinnati, and twice in Columbus. elected President of the United States, defeating the
three other candidates, Douglas (Northern Democrat),
Sept. 30 - Oct. 1. Lincoln speaks at the Wisconsin state John C. Breckinridge (Southern Democrat), and John
fair in Milwaukee, and at Beloit and Janesville the next Bell (Constitutional Unionist).
Dec. 20. "The Union Is Dissolved " with the secession of
Dec. 1-3. Lincoln is in Kansas and speaks at Elwood, South Carolina.
Troy, Doniphan, Atchison, and Leavenworth a few days
before the territorial election. http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/chronology/frame.html
Dec. 20. At the request of Jesse W. Fell, Lincoln sends 1861 Jan. 31. Lincoln makes a farewell visit to his
his autobiography, requesting that "If any thing be aged stepmother in Coles County.
made out of it, I wish it to be modest."
Feb. 4. The Confederate States of American are formed
1860 Feb. 27. In New York City, Lincoln delivers his by representatives of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida,
famous Cooper Union address, which the New York Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana meeting at
Tribune prints in its entirety. Montgomery, Ala. Texas, which has also suceded, is not
represented. Jefferson Davis is elected president and
Feb. 28. Lincoln begins a two-weeks speaking tour of Alexander H. Stephens, vice - president.
New England, where he speaks eleven times. The stop
at Exeter, N.H., gives him an opportunity to visit his son Feb. 11. Lincoln delivers his "Farewell Address" to the
Robert, who is attending Phillips Exeter Academy. people of Springfield from the rear of his car at the
Great Western Railroad station.
May 9 - 10. The Illinois Republican Convention,
meeting in Decatur, unanimously instructs its Feb. 23. After a twelve-day trip and many speeches
delegation to the National Convention to support and public appearances, Lincoln, because of reports of
Lincoln who is present, for President. It is here that he an assassination plot at Baltimore, arrives secretly in
receives the nickname "Rail Splitter." Washington.
May 18. Lincoln, who remains in Springfield, is Mar. 4. Lincoln is inaugurated the sixteenth President
nominated for President on the third ballot by the of the United States.
Republican National Convention in Chicago. Hannibal
Hamlin of Maine receives the nomination for Vice - Apr. 12 - 14. Fort Sumter is attacked and, after thirty -
President. four hours of bombardment, surrenders to the
Confederate forces and is evacuated.
July. Robert Lincoln enrolls in Harvard University. After
graduation in 1864 he becomes a captain on the staff of Apr. 15. In a proclamation President Lincoln calls forth
Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. "the Militia of the several States of the Union to the
aggregate number of seventy-five thousand." He also
Oct. 19. Lincoln receives a suggestion from eleven - convenes Congress to meet in extra session on July 4.
year - old Grace Bedell of Westfield, N.Y., that he grow
Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas
secede. Aug. 16. Lincoln issues proclamation forbidding
intercourse with states in insurrection against the
Apr. 19. President Lincoln proclaims a blockade of government of the United States.
ports in South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida,
Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. Sept. 11. President orders gen. Fremont to modify his
emancipation proclamation of Aug. 30 to conform to act
Apr. 27. Lincoln suspends writs of hebeas corpus along of Congress of Aug. 6, 1861. This angers the antislavery
line of troop movements between Philadelphia and faction but preserves the border states' allegiance to
Washington and extends blockade to the ports of North the Union.
Carolina and Virgina.
Oct. 21. Lincoln learns of death of Col. Edward D. Baker
May 3. Lincoln calls for increase of the regular army by at battle of Ball's Bluff. Both the President and Mrs.
ten regiments - 22,714 men- for 42,034 three - year Lincoln are deeply grieved by the death of his old friend
volunteers, and the enlistment of 18,000 men for the for whom they had named their second son.
Nov. 1. Cabinet accepts resignation of Gen. Winfield
May 10. Lincoln directs suspension of writ of habeas Scott. Lincoln informs Gen. McClellan, "I have
corpus on Florida Coast. designated you to command the whole army."
May 24. Lincoln weeps openly upon learning of the Nov. 23. Lincoln and Secretary Seward on steamer
death of his young friend, Col. E. E. Ellsworth, shot by Mount Washington visit the Union flotilla on Potomac
the proprietor of Marshall House in Alexandria, Virginia, River.
after he had removed a Confederate flag flying over the
building. Nov. 24. Lincoln holds conference at War Department
with members of cabinet and several senators
June 3. Lincoln directs thirty days of mourning for concerning Mason and Slidell, Confederate
Stephen A. Douglas, who dies in Chicago at the age of commissioners to Great Britain and France, who were
forty-eight. Douglas's "Preserve the Flag" address to the seized on British steamer Trent.
Illinois legislature on April 25 had united Illinois and
encouraged thousands to enlist in the Union Army. Dec. 3. Lincoln sends annual message to Congress.
July 2. Lincoln authorizes Gen. Scott to suspend writ of Dec. 25. Cabinet meets in lengthy session on "Trent
hebeas corpus along military line between New York Affair." The following day a decision is reached to
and Washington. release the men. Lincoln considers the "affair has been
settled amicably." In the evening the Lincolns entertain
July 4. Lincoln's war message is communicated to a large number of guests at Christmas dinner.
Congress as a formal government document.
1862 Jan. 11. Lincoln accepts Secretary of War
July 21. In the evening Lincoln learns from Secretary Cameron's resignation and offers him the post of
Seward that Gen. Irvin McDowell's army has been badly minister to Russia, which is accepted. On Jan. 13, Edwin
defeated at Bull Run. M. Stanton is named the new Secretary of War.
July 27. Lincoln calls Gen. George B. McClellan to the Jan. 31. Lincoln issues Special War Order No. 1
White House and places him in command of all troops directing Army of the Potomac "to move before, or on,
in vicinity of Washington. the 22nd. Day of February next."
May 19. Lincoln voids Gen. Hunter's Order no. 11
Feb. 6, 16. Fort Henry on the Tennessee River and Fort freeing slaves in Department of the South.
Donelson on the Cumberland are surrendered to Union
forces under General Grant, giving the northern armies May 20. Lincoln approves Homestead Law which
their first victories. grants homesteads to actual settlers on public domain.
Feb. 14. Lincoln issues Executive Order No. 1 relating May 22 - 23. Lincoln visits army at Fredericksburg, Va.
to political prisoners.
June 1. Gen. Robert E. Lee succeeds Gen. Joseph E
Feb. 20. William Wallace (Wille) Lincoln dies. He is the Johnston as commander of Confederate Army of
second son the Lincolns have lost. Northern Virgina after Johnston is wounded in battle
with McClellan's forces at Fair Oaks Station.
Feb. 26. Lincoln, by military order pursuant to act of
Congress, takes over all telegraph lines. June 23 - 25. Lincoln travels by train to New York and
West Point for conference with Gen. Winfield Scott.
Mar. 8. Lincoln issues General War Order No. 2 and
General War Order No. 3.The first orders that McClellan June 26. Lincoln issues order combining forces under
organize the Army of the Potomac into four army corps, Gens. Freemont, Banks, and McDowell into a new Army
and the second, that sufficient forces be left in and of Virgina under command of Gen. John Pope.
about Washington to make it entirely secure.
July 1. Lincoln calls into military service 300,00
Mar. 9. Lincoln learns that the Confederate ironclad volunteers and approves act providing for a tax of three
Merrimac, which had destroyed Northern ships at percent on incomes in excess of $600.
Hampton Roads, has been forced to retire by Union
ironclad Monitor. July 2. Lincoln approves Morrill Land Grand College Act
donating public lands to states and territories for
Apr. 1. Lincoln goes to Alexandria, Va., to see General colleges of agriculture and mechanical arts.
McClellan, who is beginning a four - month campaign on
the Virginia Peninsula. July 7 - 10. Lincoln takes boat to Fortress Monroe and
Harrison's Landing Va., to visit General McClellan and
Apr. 6 - 7. Gen. Grant's Union forces and Gen. Albert other army and navy leaders.
Sidney Johnston's Confederate forces clash at
Pittsburgh Landing (Shiloh), Tenn., with serious losses to July 11. Lincoln names General Henry W. Halleck
both armies. general-in-chief of all land forces.
Apr. 25. Secretary Welles informs Lincoln that New July 17. Lincoln signs "an act to suppress insurrection,
Orleans has been captured by Adm. David G. Farragut's and to punish treason and rebellion, to seize and
Northern naval expedition. confiscate property of rebels, and for other purposes."
Congress authorizes conscription, and acceptance of
May 5 - 12. Lincoln makes trip to Fortress Monroe, Va., Negroes into military and naval services.
for conferences with military and naval leaders.
Aug. 9. Lincoln orders a draft of 300,000 militia to
May 15. Lincoln approves act establishing the serve for nine months.
Department of Agriculture.
Aug. 22. In answer to Horace Greeley's critical
editorial, "The Prayer of Twenty Millions," Lincoln writes
"My paramount object in this struggle is to save the
Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery." Feb. 25. Lincoln approves act establishing system of
Aug. 30. Northern forces under Gen. Pope are
defeated by Bull Run. Lincoln feels Gen. McClellan Apr. 4 - 10. Lincoln, Mrs. Lincoln, and Tad visit Gen.
"wanted Pope defeated." Joseph Hooker at headquarters of the Army of the
Potomac at Falmouth, Va.
Sept. 2. Lincoln places McClellan in "command of the
fortification of Washington, and of all the troops for the May 2 - 4. The army of the Potomac under gen.
defense of the Capital." Hooker is defeated at Chancellorsville, Va.
Sept. 17. Gen. Robert E. Lee's northern invasion is May 6 - 7. Lincoln visits Gen. Hooker and the Army of
stopped by McClellan at the battle of Antietam or the Potomac.
June 27. Lincoln relieves Gen. Hooker of command of
Sept. 22. Lincoln reads to his cabinet and issues his the Army of Potomac and replaces him with Gen.
preliminary Emancipation Proclamation which frees George G. Meade.
slaves of rebels, effective Jan. 1, 1863.
July 1 -3. The Confederate invasion of Pennsylvania
Sept. 24. Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus under Lee is defeated by gen. Meade at Gettysburg.
as it applies to "all Rebels and Insurgents" arrested by
military authority. July 4. Gen. Grant's long siege of Vicksburg come to an
end with the surrender of the Confederate under Gen.
Oct. 1 - 4. Lincoln visits Gen. McClellan at headquarters John C. Pemberton.
of the Army of the Potomac and battlefields in vicinity
of Antietam. July 30. Lincoln prepares an order of retaliation: "That
for every soldier of the United States killed in violation
Nov. 5. Lincoln replaces Gen. McClellan as commander of the laws of war, a rebel soldier shall be executed; and
of the Army of the Potomac with Gen. Ambrose E. for every one enslaved by the enemy or sold into
Burnside. slavery, a rebel soldier shall be placed at hard labor on
public works," which he issued July 31 by the Adjutant
Nov. 26 - 27. Lincoln makes trip to Aquia Creek, Va., General as General Order No. 252.
and confers with Gen. Burnside on steamer Baltimore.
Sept. 18. Lincoln orders Army discharge for William
Dec. 1. Lincoln send second annual message to ("Duff") Armstrong, whom he had successfully defended
Congress. in a murder trial in 1858.
Dec. 12. Gen. Burnside's Army of the Potomac is Sept. 20. Northern Army is defeated at Chickamauga
defeated at Fredericksburg, Va. Creek. This is later offset by victory at Chattanooga on
Dec. 31. Lincoln reluctantly approves bill admitting
West Virginia to the union. Oct. 1. Lincoln sets forth in detail Gen. Schofield's
duties as commander in Missouri.
1863 Jan. 1. Lincoln issues the final Emancipation
Proclamation declaring slaves held in the states in Oct. 3. Lincoln proclaims the first national observance
rebellion free. of Thanksgiving, to be held Nov. 26.
June 30. Lincoln accepts resignation of Secretary
Nov. 19. Lincoln delivers his dedicatory address at the Chase, and the following day nominates William P.
National Cemetery at Gettyburg, Pa. Fessenden as the new Secretary of Treasury.
Nov. 21. Lincoln is ill with mild case of smallpox. July 4. Lincoln pocket - vetoes the "Wade Davis"
Dec. 8. Lincoln issues a proclamation of amnesty of
Confederates who take the oath to support the U.S. July 11. Lincoln see his only military action of the war
Constitution. as the Confederate attack Fort Stevens on the outskirts
Dec. 9. Lincoln's annual message is read to both
houses of Congress. July 18. Lincoln gives call for 500,000 volunteers.
1864 Feb. 22. Lincoln receives endorsement of July 30 - 31. Lincoln visits Gen. Grant at Fortress
Republican national Committee by majority of four to Monroe, Va.
Sept. 1. Gen. William T. Sherman's Union forces occupy
Mar. 9. Lincoln presents commission as lieutenant Atlanta, a northern victory which helps insure Lincoln's
general to Gen. Grant in Cabinet chamber. The re-election.
following day he appoints Grant commander - in - chief
of the armies. Oct. 21. Lincoln tenders thanks of nation of Gen. Philip
H. Sheridan for successfully conclusion of Shenandoah
Mar. 14. Lincoln issues a call and orders the draft of Valley Campaign.
200,000 men for military service.
Oct. 31. Lincoln issues proclamation admitting Nevada
Apr. 18 - 19. Lincoln attends opening of Maryland into the Union.
Sanitary Commission Fair at Baltimore and delivers a
fifteen - minute speech. Nov. 8. Lincoln is re-elected President, easily defeating
his Democratic opponent George B. McClellan.
May 5 - 12. Union armies under Grant and Southern
armies under Lee are engaged in constant battle in Nov. 21. Lincoln writes his famous letter of sympathy
Virginia Wilderness. to Mrs. Lydia Bixby.
June 8. The national Union Party convention, meeting Dec. 1. Because of the resignation of Attorney General
in Baltimore, nominates Lincoln for President and bates, Lincoln appoints James Speed in his place.
Andrew Johnson of Tennessee for Vice - President.
Dec. 6. Lincoln sends his fourth annual message to
June 16 - 17. Lincoln attends Great Central Fair in Congress.
Dec. 19. Lincoln issues call for 300,000 volunteers.
June 20 - 23. Lincoln visits Gen. Grant at City Point, Va.
Dec. 22. Lincoln receives the capture of Savannah, Ga.,
June 28. Lincoln approves act repealing the Fugitive as a Christmas gift" from gen. Sherman.
1865 Feb. 1. Lincoln approves resolution submitting Apr. 22. The funeral train arrives in Philadelphia. The
Thirteenth Amendment, abolishing slavery, to the body is conveyed to Independence hall.
Apr. 24. Leaving Philadelphia early in the morning, the
Feb. 3. Lincoln conducts peace conference for four funeral train arrives in New York at 10:00 a.m. and the
hours with Confederate representatives on board the body is taken to city hall.
River Queen in Hampton Roads, Va.
Apr. 25. Leaving New York at 4:15 p.m. the funeral
Mar. 3. Lincoln approves act establishing the train arrives in East Albany at 10:55 p.m. The remains
Freedmen's Bureau for care of Negroes. are escorted to the Capitol in Albany.
Mar. 4. Lincoln delivers his Second Inaugural Address, Apr. 27. Funeral train arrives in Buffalo, New York. the
"with malice towards none; with charity for all." body is carried to St. James Hall.
Mar. 11. Lincoln issues proclamation offering pardon Apr. 28. Funeral train arrives in Cleveland, Ohio. The
to deserters who return to service and inflicting loss of body is escorted to specially built temple in City Park.
citizenship on those who do not.
Apr. 29. Funeral train arrives at Columbus, Ohio.
Mar. 23 - Apr. 6. Lincoln visits Gen. Grant at City
Point,, Va. Apr. 30. Funeral train arrives in Indianapolis, Indiana.
The remains are borne to the statehouse.
Apr. 4 - 5. Lincoln visits the evacuated city of
Richmond, Va. May 1. Funeral train arrives in Chicago. The remains
are taken to the court house.
Apr. 9. Gen. Lee surrenders to Gen. Grant at
Appomattox Court House, Va. May 3. The funeral train reaches its destination in
Springfield, Illinois at 9:00 a.m. The body is escorted to
April 11. From a window of the White House, Lincoln in statehouse.
his last speech, discusses status of Confederate states
and his plan for restoring then to the Union. May 4. Lincoln is buried in Oak Ridge Cemetery,
Springfield. He leaves a net estate of $110,296.80 to his
Apr. 14. Lincoln is shot by actor John Wilkes Booth in widow and two sons. Lincoln's body is moved from the
Ford's Theatre. public receiving vault on Dec. 21, 1865 to a temporary
vault, and on Sept. 19, 1871 to a crypt in a partially
Apr. 15. Abraham Lincoln dies at 7:22 a.m. in the completed tomb.
home of William Petersen.
1870 July 14. Congress grants Mrs. Lincoln an annual
Apr. 19. Funeral services for the President are held in pension of $3000. On Jan. 16, 1882, this is increased to
the White House. $5,000, plus a gift of $15,000.
Apr. 21. The Lincoln funeral train makes its first stop
after leaving Washington at Baltimore. After a brief stop July 15. Thomas "Tad" Lincoln dies of dropsy of chest,
at York, Pennsylvania, it arrived at Harrisburg in the in Chicago. His burial takes place in Lincoln Tomb,
Oct. 15 . The National Lincoln Monument Association,
organized May 11, 1865, dedicates the partially
completed Lincoln Tomb designed by Larkin G. Mead, Jr.
President Ulysses S. Grant speaks briefly and the
principal address is delivered by Ex-Governor Richard J.
1876 Nov. 7. Three men attempt to steal Lincoln's
body. Frightened away from Tomb by secret service
agents, they are later captured in Chicago, Tried in
Springfield for burglary, they are sentenced to one year
1882 July 16. Mrs. Lincoln dies in the Springfield
home of her sister, Mrs. Ninian W. Edwards - the same
home where she and Lincoln were married. She is
buried in the Lincoln Tomb with her husband and three
of their four sons.
1887 June 16. Robert Todd Lincoln and his wife Mary
Harlan Lincoln present the Lincoln Home in Springfield
to the state of Illinois. The first floor is then opened to
1926 July 26. Robert T. Lincoln dies and is buried in
Arlington National Cemetery. Five years earlier he had
left his father's papers on deposit in the Library of
Congress. Sealed until twenty-one years after his death,
they are made public July 26, 1947.