2? ??? ??????? :

Document Sample
2? ??? ??????? : Powered By Docstoc
					                   ‫جهبس شئون البيئة‬
           ‫المشروع المصرى للحد من التلوث‬




               ‫دليل الزصد الذاتى‬
            ‫صىبعة المىتجبت المعدوية‬




       ‫مراجعة:‬                                  ‫إعداد:‬
         ‫د. سميز الموافى‬                   ‫د/ حسه الحبرس‬
‫د. أحمد جمبل عبد الزحيم‬




                       ‫يناير 3002‬
 5                     1
 6               1 1
 6       1 1 1
 7       2 1 1
 8               2 1
 8       1 2 1
 8       2 2 1
10                     2
10               1 2
12               2 2
15       1 2 2
17       2 2 2
20       3 2 2
33               3 2
33       1 3 2
34       2 3 2
35       3 3 2
35       4 3 2
35       5 3 2
36       6 3 2
36       7 3 2
36       8 3 2
38               4 2
38       1 4 2
38       2 4 2
39       3 4 2
42                     3
43               1 3
44               2 3
51               3 3
54                     4
54               1 4


     2
56                                    2   4
60                                    3   4
61                                    4   4
63                                    5   4
63                                    6   4
64                                            5
64                                    1 5
67                                    2 5
67                       1    2   5
69                       2    2   5
73                       3    2   5
79                       4    2   5
81                                    3 5
82                                            6
82                                    1 6
83                                    2 6
84                                    3 6
84                EMS        1 3 6
87                           2 3 6
90                           3 3 6
90                                    4 6
90                           1 4 6
91                           2 4 6
93                                            7
96                                    1 7
96                                    2 7
97                                    3 7
98                                    4 7
99                                    5 7
99                           1 5 7
102    Mass balance          2 5 7
103   Emission factors       3 5 7



                   3
103       4 5 7
104                       8
104                1 8
105                2 8
106                3 8
107                       9
107                1 9
110                2 9
112                       10
112                1 10
113                2 10
118                3 10
119                       11
119                1 11
119                2 11
121       1 2 11
121       2 2 11
122       3 2 11
122       4 2 11
122       5 2 11
122       6 2 11




      4
                              -1

EPAP
                     FINNIDA


              EPAP   FINNIDA
                          



                          


                          


                          




       (GIM, EPAP-2002)




  5
               -
               11




EPAP


           


           
           


           
           


                1 1 1




       6
    2 1 1




7
                    2 1



                    
                    




                   1 2 1




3800   ISIC



                   2 2 1




          95




               8
          60
               3800            ISIC




                       50                                   50
                       3.6                                 750
                      34                                    53



                                    22.000
                                        5.500
                                        3.800      BOD
                                    7.800          COD
                                    2.100




                                              3
               1994        4                        5
                       3
16                             14
3                                   3                        3
     35                                       9
          75
                      115
     50                                           1994 4
                                        100




                                    9
                                                   2




                                                  1 2

                                        1



                      ethylene-glycol
                                            Workpiece




metal cutting tools                                 


                                                    
                                                    
                                                    
                                                    
                                                    



                               10
           trichloroethane, methyl ethyl ketone




(VOC
       1،1،1




                                       Softness




               11
                          1




                                   emulsion




surfactants




                                  Anodizing


              Chemical conversion coating


                         Electroplating
                    Plating
                         Painting




                                          2 2

                              2
                                      1



      12
     2



             
         -
         -
         -
             
         -
         -
             
         -
         -
         -
         -
         -
         -




         
         




13
                       1

VOC




VOC




        Metal
      Complexes




                  14
                     ( Metal shaping)                           1 2 2




                                                             (Casting )




                                                             (Shearing)




                (Punching)
    (Parting)       (Cutoff)       (blanking) (Piercing)
                         (Trimming)




(bending)
    (Rolling)       (Drawing)              (Extrusion)       (Forming )
                               (Forging)         (Coining)




                                           extruding



                                     15
(milling)          (drilling)   (Machining)
 (Grinding)          (Sawing)




              16
            ( Surface preparation)   - -
                                     222




                     sand blasting
silicosis




                        17
                                 1


                                 2




5
    95   80




                                     


                                     


              surfactants            




                            18
     1,1,1




             (Pickling




19
…



             3

         3




                 3 2 2




    20
             
             




         2




     2




21
22
(Complexes)




              23
3




         
         
         




    24
25
 3




         Electroless
          plating


     
     
     


26
     




     4




27
     4




28
     


     
     


     




29
                                 (Polishing)
                                 (Polishing)




       (hot dipping)



                            (Galvanization)



5


                     (Etching)


         (etching)
           etching




    Polishing



                      30
etching




          31
AGM




           5


      32
                          3 2



                     6


                         1 3 2




(Calcination)




                33
                                                           2 3 2




                             (Resins)                  (Softener)
                                                (Cation exchange)


6     (pH)                                           (back wash)
                                                              8
                             (Hardness)




                                           35




    (ultra-filtration)



                         (Sludge)


                                          (Water Softening)
                              (Reverse osmosis)



                                    34
          (Cooling Towers)          3 3 2




make-up water


                                    4 3 2


…



                                         


                                         


                             1994    4


                                    5 3 2



                                         
                                         
                                         
                                         


                                         




                35
                6 3 2


                  
1994   4
                  




                7 3 2




                  


                  




                8 3 2




           36
     6




37
38
             4 2

      4



          1 4 2


             


             



             
             
10


             



          2 4 2



             



             
             


             



 39
        


        
        



     3 4 2


        


        




40
           4




     VOC




     VOC




41
                 VOC




(Etching)




            42
     3




43
                                        
                                        
                                        
                                        




                                        
                                        
                                        
                                        


                                        
                                        
                                        
                                        




                                        1 3




        1993    Toxic Release Inventory TRI



1,1,1




               44
                   TRI




                   TRI
1,1,1




                         2 3

             EPA
HSDB




        45
46
     1




47
                 DCM




DCM




           DCM



      48
MEK




TCE   1,1,1



              49
 ‫‪TCE‬‬



       ‫ثالثي كلوريد‬
           ‫اإليثيلين‬




‫05‬
51
52
                  3 3




765         BOD
1524    COD


       53
             18.2
              72
            1128                TSS
             196                O&G
              10                      pH




                    500




BOD
      O&G                 COD




                           54
55
                                                   4



                                               1 4
               42        1994   4         40
                                               6




                                    1.5




15000   7000
                    36   18




                         56
       15000




                             5،6


                                   5

       3




2500             4000

2500             4000

250              250

500              500

250              250


                                       6
  3


       3400
           250
           50




                        57
                             2 4




         residual chlorine
         7


8




    58
                                                                       7

         1982   48


                                1962         93
                                                         1994    4


                                 2000 44




60     60            30   20                600                  60        5   BOD
100    80            40   30            1100                    100        COD
9 6    9 6       9 6      9 6           9.5 6                   9 6                  pH
 10     10        5        5             100                     15
                                            43                  10
35     35            35   35

60     50            30   30                800                  60
                     20                10         3 8
                                   30             3 15
2000   2000      1200     800                                   2000
10                   1                                           5
                                            25




                                            59
                                                                  8

             1982   48
                                       1962       93   4
                                                       1994


                                        2000 44


                                                            3
 40      50              30     30                          40
0.005                0.002     0.001          0.05          1
 0.5                     0.5    0.5                         1
 1       1               1      1             10            1
                         1      1
                     0.05      0.05
5000    5000         2500      2500                        5000       3 100
                                                            3
                     0.05      0.05               2        0.05
                                                            2


                                              0.2          0.1
                                              100




                                              60
                                                          8

        1982        48

                                 1962         93
                                                   1994        4


                                   2000 44



               0.01      0.01           0.2               0.05
                                                              1
    1           1         1             0.5
                1         1             1.5                   1.5
                1         1                                   1.5
               0.05      0.05           1                     0.5
                0.5       0.5                                 1
               0.001     0.001          0.2               0.005
                0.1       0.1           1                     0.1
               0.05      0.05           0.5                   0.1
                1         1                                   5
1   1           1        1 0            5




               0.01




                                 61
  Parcom      Helcom
    0.2         0.2
      0.05        0.05
      0.5         0.7
      0.1         0.2
      0.5         0.5
      0.5         0.5
       0.5         1
      0.1         0.2
      0.5          2
       2

      0.2         0.2
      0.1         0.1


                  2



                                            3 4



                         1967   38



134
                                     1968




             62
                               1967         38                   1976       31
                                                          1979       43


                               38           37                1994      4




                                                                                        4 4

     4                43                                                                
9                          8                                         45          1994


          10                       1994 4                                               




     4                44                                                            
                               9                                     46          1994


     45          1994              4             43                                     
                                                          8
44             1994        4                42                                          
                                       7              1




                                                  63
                         47              1994             4                  45      


                  48              1994         4               46                        
                                                     1981       52
            380                                    1981       137                        
                                    1982            380                           1983


                                                                         9




3                                         3




27000                  15000               9000                 5000

    440                 400                   55                    50
    10                   5                     5                    2



                                                                         10


      3                                   3


         2375            1000              1780               750
                             20                                10
                                                               5
      27000             15000              9000               5000
          440            400                  55               50
          125                50               125              50
          885            300                  590             200
          805            150                  270              50
          10                                  5
          655            150                  435             100



                                                      64
5




    65
                                          5 4

                         1994     4
                                  33 29


1995   338              32   31   25



 25




                                          6 4


             17   22     1994     4




                   66
                                                     5




                                                 -
                                                 15

                     in-plant modifications          




in-process modifications



                End-of-pipe




   4
                                              1994




                                 67
end-of-pipe




                          
                          
                          
                          
Waste Segregation         
              Recycling   
                          




                batch




  68
69
              2 5




     6



             1 2 5
         1



         1



         2



         3


         4


         5


         6


         7



70
     8


     9




     1


     2




     1


     2



     3




     1



     2


     3




71
                                            4


                                            5
                          coalescing unit



                                                    2 2 5



                                            1
up-
                                  stream operations


                                            1



Counter Current                             2
                                                flow)


                                            3


                                            4


                                            1


                  FREEBOARD                        

                                     100
                                                   



                                                   



                         72
                 




3                



                 

                 



             2
             3



             1




             2



             3


         2
             4



             1


             2


         VOC


    73
                                 3


                                 4


                                 5



                                 6




                                 1


                                 2


                                 3
                                        

surfactants                             

                                        

                                        

                                        



                                        

              fog spray rinsing technique
                                        



                                        




               74
             4




             5


             6



             7



             8


             9




             1



             2
2   4


             3
             4


             5



        75
                  1


              2
              3
     electrolysis
              4


              5


              6


              7



                      3 2 5



                  1



                  1



                  1


                      

                      

                      




76
                               



                               

                           2
        flow restrictors       

                               

                               

                               

                               

                           3
                               



                               

                               

20 10


                               

                               



                               



                               




                               

                           4
                               



                               




                   77
                                        

                                        

                                5


                                6




                                 1



                        fluoborate copper



                                2



                                 3
chelating agents                4




       1،1،1                    5


                         1
                                 6
                                7


                                1



                   78
                                            -


                                            -
                       Holding Tanks
                                            -




                                        1
                                        2
                                        3


                                        4
                                        5
                                        6


                                        7


              92                        8
95


     electrodialysis                    9


                                       10


                          79
80
                   1
                   2


                   3


                   1
                       

                       

                       



                   2



                   1


                   2
                       

                       

                       

                   3
                   4
curing oven


                   1


                       




              81
30
                                

                           87
                                



                   1


                   1


                   2


                   stripping
                   3
      hydrolysis




                       1


                    2
                            resins
                       3


                       4


                       5


                       1




 82
     1




     1



     1


          

          

          



          

     2



               4 2 5




83
                                         End-of-
                                            pipe



                         equalization)


         11    8.5




Filter Press




                      Metal Complexes




                 84
CIP




       3 5




  85
                    6

     SMS




                    1 6


                    

                    

                    


                    

                    

                    


           Trends   


86
              



              


              




              2 6




     1994 4




87
                     
                     
                     
                     



               3 6




        EMS   1 3 6




ISO 14000


              7




 88
                                         1




              aspects                    2




                        objective
     target


                                    25




                                         3




                                         4


internal auditing


                                         5




                            89
            ISO 14000                            7




                          Environmental Policy




Management                                                  Planning
  Review
                        Continuous Improvement




  Internal Auditing                                  Implementatio
                                                          n




                                   90
          EMS               SM            2 3 6
                ISO 14000


                             SMS




end-of-
                                   pipe




                                     •
                                     •

                                     •
                                     •
                                     •

                                     •
                                     •




                     91
            •
            •
            •
            •
            •




      8
SMS       EMS




92
SMS                      EMS




                                      
                                      
                                       
                                      




                                  
          
                                  
          
                                   
                                   
          




SMS           EMS              8




                    93
                            3 3 6




              end-of-pipe
     Cost benefit analysis




                             4 6




                            1 4 6
       1994       4




94
                •

                •

                •




             2 4 6




     QA/QC


                •
                •
                •
                •


95
96
            7




        •
        •
        •
        •
        •
        •
        •
QC QA   •




97
9




    98
Objectives




             9




                 99
                       1 7


                         
                         
                         
                         
                  11


             11




      BOD


      COD)




                       2 7




100
         EPAP   1999

                              •
                              •
                              •



trends




                        3 7




                         •
                         •

                         •

                         •
                         •

                         •

                         •

                         •


                  101
                                              4 7



              trends                              •



                                                  •




                                                  •




                       time-averaged means




              frequency distribution
                               daily mean value


17   1994 4       22                          10




                                                      •
                                                      •
                                                      •
                                                      •



                102
                               5 7




                        •
         Mass balance   •
Emission Factors        •
                        •
                            1 5 7




       103
   99 99




                                        •

                                        •


                 corrosive substances




                                        •

                                        •


surrogate parameters




           12


                                            •



                                 104
           VOCs
                  •
                  •
                  •
                  •

                  •



      12


•                           •
                            •
•
•                           •
                      SO2
•                           •
                            •
•
             dioxin
                            •
                            •




105
Mass balance   2 5 7




         106
Emission factors   3 5 7




                    DSS




                   4 5 7




     107
                                   8




                             1 8


             13



                        13

Indication




                  108
                   2 8



   14

              14

Indication




             109
                         3 8
                    15

               15

Indication




             110
111
            9




           1 9
      16




112
      16




113
      16




114
           2 9




             •

             •
             •




             •




17




     115
      17




116
                                                  10




           18    4 2
      18


3 2                                      2 2




                                               1 10




                Cl, CO2, CO, SO2 , NOx




                  117
SOx
                              CO2




                                                 2 10




                 COD / BOD5, TSS, AOX



                                3        Q          •
                          TSS                       •
                                             C      •
      mgO2/l.     CODCr                             •
      mgO2/l.         BOD5)                         •
                                         N          •
                                    Cr              •
                                                    •

                118
                     mS/m    •




                   Venturi




     grab sample




24



          119
7 5 24


       TSS,COD
BOD5




            BOD5, COD




                        120
121
      18




122
      18




123
      3 10




         •
         •
         •
         •




124
                      11



      QA/QC


                   1 11




              10


                   2 11



                      
                      
                      
                      




125
          10















    126
                                   1 2 11




                               •
                               •
                               •
                               •
                               •




                               2 2 11


EPAP

       1994 4




                      1994 4




                127
      3 2 11




      4 2 11



      5 2 11




128
      6 2 11




129
                 Reliability   1




10
     20                        2




          1 -‫أ‬
             Comparability   2




Data Production Chain        3




      2 -‫أ‬
           pH




       
       
       




3 -‫أ‬
                                


                                
                                
                                




4   3




               O2 ppm 3


               Residence time
                        C




        4 -‫أ‬
Quality Control and Quality Assurance                        4




                                        Certification




                           Certification and Accreditation




                               5 -‫أ‬
       94 4

                   -1
                   -2
                   -3
                   -4
                   -5
                   -6
                   -7


              17
              27
              37
              47
                   -8
              18
              
              
              
              28
              
              
              
                   -9
                   - 10
                   - 11




1 -‫ة‬
                        ‫4 49‬               ‫71‬


‫84 2891‬       ‫13 7691‬          ‫4 4991 39 2691 83 7691‬
          ‫3‬
                                                 ‫4 49‬




                                                      ‫1‬
                                                 ‫1 1‬
                                                ‫1 2‬



                                                 ‫1 3‬




                                                      ‫2‬
                                                 ‫2 1‬




                                                 ‫2 2‬

                        ‫ة- 2‬
‫2‬
    ‫1:00002‬


                     ‫1:005‬   ‫1:0001‬




                                      ‫2 3‬



                                      ‫2 4‬




                                        ‫3‬
                                      ‫3 1‬



                                      ‫3 2‬




                                      ‫3 3‬




                                      ‫3 4‬

              ‫ة- 3‬
            4




            5
        1 5




        2 5


        
        
        
        


        3 5



        4 5



            6
        1 6
       1 1 6
        
        

4 -‫ة‬
                 2 1 6
                  
                  


                 3 1 6




                 4 1 6
                  
                  
                  
                  


                  2 6
                 1 2 6
       mg/l       
          m3/d    
         kg/d     


                 2 2 6
                  
                  




5 -‫ة‬
       ‫6 2 3‬




        ‫6 3‬
       ‫6 3 1‬




       ‫6 3 2‬




        ‫6 4‬
       ‫6 4 1‬




       ‫6 4 2‬




        ‫6 5‬
       ‫6 5 1‬
       ‫6 5 2‬



‫ة- 6‬
         ‫7‬
       ‫7 1‬
       ‫7 2‬
       ‫7 3‬
       ‫7 4‬
       ‫7 5‬
       ‫7 6‬




‫ة- 7‬
                     2002                                                1




1- “Monitoring and Control Practices of Emissions in Pulp and Paper Industry
in Finland”, 1998, Saarinen K., Jouttijarvi T. and Forsius K., Saarinen K.,
Finnish Environment Institute

2- “Data Production Chain in Monitoring of Emissions”, 1999, Saarinen K,
Finnish Environment Institute.




                                    1

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:179
posted:12/13/2011
language:Arabic
pages:143