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					   Hampden-Sydney College - Male
                     espo de s
                   Respondents




Benchmark Comparisons
October 2007
                                                                                                                                                                            Interpreting the
                                                                                                                                                                      Benchmark Comparisons Report




To focus discussions about the importance of student engagement and guide institutional improvement efforts, NSSE created five
clusters or "benchmarks" of effective educational practice: Level of Academic Challenge, Active and Collaborative
Learning, Student-Faculty Interaction, Enriching Educational Experiences, and Supportive Campus Environment. This Benchmark
Comparisons Report compares the performance of your institution with your selected peers or consortium. In addition, page 9
provides two other comparisons between your school and (a) above-average institutions with benchmarks in the top 50% of all
NSSE institutions and (b) high-performing institutions with benchmarks in the top 10% of all NSSE institutions. These displays
allow you to determine if the engagement of your typical student differs in a statistically significant, meaningful way from the
average student in these comparison groups. More detailed information about how benchmarks are created can be found on the
NSSE Web site at www.nsse.iub.edu/2007_Institutional_Report/.




                                                Statistical Significance
                                                Benchmarks with mean differences that are larger than would be expected by
                                                chance alone are noted with one, two, or three asterisks, denoting one of three
Class and Sample
                                                significance levels (p<.05, p< .01, and p<.001). The smaller the significance
Means are reported for
                                                level, the smaller the likelihood that the difference is due to chance. Please note                                                                                    Effect Size
first-year students and
                                                that statistical significance does not guarantee that the result is substantive or                                                                                     Effect size indicates the
seniors. Institution-
                                                important. Large sample sizes (as with the NSSE project) tend to produce more                                                                                          practical significance of the
reports class ranks are
                                                statistically significant results even though the magnitude of mean differences may                                                                                    mean difference. It is
used. All randomly
                                                be inconsequential. It is recommended to consult effect sizes to judge the practical                                                                                   calculated by dividing the
selected students are
                                                meaning of the results.                                                                                                                                                mean difference by the
included in these
analyses. Students in                                                                                                                                                                                                  standard deviation of the
targeted or locally                                                                                                                                                                                                    group to which the institution
administered                                                                                                                                                                                                           is being compared. In
                          Level of Academic Challenge (LAC)
oversamples are not                                                                                                                                                                                                    practice, an effect size of .2 is
                          Benchmark Comparisons
included.                                                                                                                                                                                                              often considered small, .5
                                                                                                                                NSSEville State compared with:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       moderate, and .8 large. A
                                                            NSSEville State                Selected Peers
                                                                                                                Effect
                                                                                                                                    Carnegie Peers
                                                                                                                                                               Effect
                                                                                                                                                                                         NSSE 2007
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       positive sign indicates that
                            Class                                      Mean
                                                                              a
                                                                                          Mean
                                                                                                 a
                                                                                                      Sig
                                                                                                            b
                                                                                                                Size
                                                                                                                       c
                                                                                                                                  Mean
                                                                                                                                         a
                                                                                                                                                   Sig
                                                                                                                                                         b
                                                                                                                                                               Size
                                                                                                                                                                      c
                                                                                                                                                                                  Mean
                                                                                                                                                                                         a
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Sig
                                                                                                                                                                                                        b
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Size
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   c
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       your institution’s mean was
                          First-Year                                   52.3               51.6                   .05                     50.4       *          .14                       51.8               .04
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       greater, thus showing an
                          Senior                                       55.8               55.9                  -.01                     55.6                  .02                       55.8               .00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       affirmative result for the
                                                          First-Year                                                                                         Senior                                                    institution. A negative sign
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       indicates the institution lags
                           100                                                                                  100                                                                                                    behind the comparison group.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Look for patterns of effect
Mean                                                                                                                                                                                                                   sizes that point to areas of
The mean is the              75                                                                                  75                                                                                                    student or institutional
arithmetic average of                                                                                                                                                                                                  performance that warrant
                                                                                                                                55.8                55.9                                          55.8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       attention.
                                                                                                                                                                              55.6
student level                            52.3             51.6                    50.4      51.8
                             50                                                                                  50
benchmark scores.

                             25                                                                                  25




                              0                                                                                   0
                                    NSSEville State   Selected Peers     Carnegie Peers   NSSE 2007                        NSSEville State      Selected Peers            Carnegie Peers        NSSE 2007


                          Level of Academic Challenge (LAC) Items
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Bar Charts
Benchmark                 Challenging intellectual and creative work is central to student learning and collegiate quality. Colleges and universities promote high levels of
                          student achievement by emphasizing the importance of academic effort and setting high expectations for student performance.                                                                  A visual display of first-year
Description & Survey                                                                                                                                                                                                   and senior mean benchmark
                          ● Preparing for class (studying, reading, writing, rehearsing, etc. related to academic program)
Items                     ● Number of assigned textbooks, books, or book-length packs of course readings                                                                                                               scores for your institution
A description of the      ● Number of written papers or reports of 20 pages or more; number of written papers or reports of between 5 and 19 pages; and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       and your selected peer or
                            number of written papers or reports of fewer than 5 pages
benchmark and the         ● Coursework emphasizing analysis of the basic elements of an idea, experience or theory                                                                                                     consortium groups.
individual items used     ● Coursework emphasizing synthesis and organizing of ideas, information, or experiences into new, more complex interpretations
                            and relationships
in its creation are       ● Coursework emphasizing the making of judgments about the value of information, arguments, or methods
summarized.               ● Coursework emphasizing application of theories or concepts to practical problems or in new situations
                          ● Working harder than you thought you could to meet an instructor's standards or expectations
                          ● Campus environment emphasizing time studying and on academic work




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Page 2
                                                                                                         NSSE 2007 Benchmark Comparisons
                                                                                                        Hampden-Sydney College - Male
                                                                                                               Respondents
    Level of Academic Challenge (LAC)
    Benchmark Comparisons
                                                                                                       Hampden-Sydney - MEN compared with:

                                     Hampden-Sydney -                   private lib. arts -
                                          MEN                                MEN                         Carnegie comp. - MEN                              NSSE 2007 - MEN
                                                                                            Effect                                        Effect                                    Effect
                                                                                        a          b                                a            b                              a          b
     Class                                          Mean                Mean      Sig       Size               Mean           Sig         Size              Mean          Sig       Size

First-Year                                          57.9                58.0                -.01                      55.2 *              .22                      51.6 ***         .49
Senior                                              64.6                60.6       *        .31                       58.2 ***            .47                      54.7 ***         .71

                                      First-Year                                                                                        Senior

      100                                                                                   100




       75                                                                                    75
                                                                                                             64.6
                                                                                                                                60.6
                   57.9               58.0                                                                                                                58.2
                                                           55.2                                                                                                            54.7
                                                                           51 6
                                                                           51.6
       50                                                                                    50




       25                                                                                    25




        0                                                                                      0
             Hampden-Sydney - private lib. arts -     Carnegie comp. - NSSE 2007 - MEN                 Hampden-Sydney - private lib. arts -          Carnegie comp. - NSSE 2007 - MEN
                  MEN               MEN                    MEN                                              MEN               MEN                         MEN



    Level of Academic Challenge (LAC) Items
Challenging intellectual and creative work is central to student learning and collegiate quality. Colleges and universities promote high levels of
student achievement by emphasizing the importance of academic effort and setting high expectations for student performance.

    ● Preparing for class (studying, reading, writing, rehearsing, etc. related to academic program)
    ● Number of assigned textbooks, books, or book-length packs of course readings
    ● Number of written papers or reports of 20 pages or more; number of written papers or reports of between 5 and 19 pages; and
      number of written papers or reports of fewer than 5 pages
    ● Coursework emphasizing analysis of the basic elements of an idea, experience or theory
    ● Coursework emphasizing synthesis and organizing of ideas, information, or experiences into new, more complex interpretations
      and relationships
    ● Coursework emphasizing the making of judgments about the value of information, arguments, or methods
    ● Coursework emphasizing application of theories or concepts to practical problems or in new situations
    ● Working harder than you thought you could to meet an instructor's standards or expectations
    ● Campus environment emphasizing time studying and on academic work




a
    * p<.05 ** p<.01 ***p<.001 (2-tailed).
b
    Mean difference divided by comparison group standard deviation.                                                                                                       Page 3
                                                                                                             NSSE 2007 Benchmark Comparisons
                                                                                                            Hampden-Sydney College - Male
                                                                                                                   Respondents
    Active and Collaborative Learning (ACL)
    Benchmark Comparisons
                                                                                                          Hampden-Sydney - MEN compared with:

                                       Hampden-Sydney -                    private lib. arts -
                                            MEN                                 MEN                          Carnegie comp. - MEN                              NSSE 2007 - MEN
                                                                                               Effect                                         Effect                                     Effect
                                                                                           a          b                                 a            b                               a          b
        Class                                          Mean                Mean      Sig       Size               Mean            Sig         Size               Mean          Sig       Size

First-Year                                         42.3                   46.0       **        -.25                      45.0                 -.17                      42.6             -.01
Senior                                             54.4                   54.2                 .01                       52.3                 .13                       50.1    *        .25

                                         First-Year                                                                                         Senior

        100                                                                                    100




          75                                                                                    75


                                                                                                                54.4                54.2                      52.3
                                                                                                                                                                               50.1
                                                                                                                                                                               50 1
          50                             46.0                 45.0                              50
                      42.3                                                    42.6




          25                                                                                    25




           0                                                                                     0
                Hampden-Sydney - private lib. arts -     Carnegie comp. - NSSE 2007 - MEN                 Hampden-Sydney - private lib. arts -           Carnegie comp. - NSSE 2007 - MEN
                     MEN               MEN                    MEN                                              MEN               MEN                          MEN



    Active and Collaborative Learning (ACL) Items
Students learn more when they are intensely involved in their education and asked to think about what they are learning in different settings.
Collaborating with others in solving problems or mastering difficult material prepares students for the messy, unscripted problems they will
encounter daily during and after college.

    ●    Asked questions in class or contributed to class discussions
    ●    Made a class presentation
    ●    Worked with other students on projects during class
    ●    Worked with classmates outside of class to prepare class assignments
    ●    Tutored or taught other students
    ●    Participated in a community-based project as part of a regular course
    ●    Discussed ideas from your readings or classes with others outside of class (students, family members, co-workers, etc.)




a
    * p<.05 ** p<.01 ***p<.001 (2-tailed).
b
    Mean difference divided by comparison group standard deviation.                                                                                                            Page 4
                                                                                                             NSSE 2007 Benchmark Comparisons
                                                                                                            Hampden-Sydney College - Male
                                                                                                                   Respondents
    Student-Faculty Interaction (SFI)
    Benchmark Comparisons
                                                                                                          Hampden-Sydney - MEN compared with:

                                       Hampden-Sydney -                    private lib. arts -
                                            MEN                                 MEN                          Carnegie comp. - MEN                              NSSE 2007 - MEN
                                                                                               Effect                                         Effect                                    Effect
                                                                                           a          b                                 a            b                              a          b
        Class                                          Mean                Mean      Sig       Size               Mean            Sig         Size               Mean         Sig       Size

First-Year                                         43.4                   39.3        *         .23                      37.2 ***             .35                       33.9 ***        .52
Senior                                             60.7                   55.6                  .23                      50.0 ***             .50                       42.6 ***        .86

                                         First-Year                                                                                         Senior

        100                                                                                    100




          75                                                                                    75

                                                                                                                60.7
                                                                                                                                    55.6
                                                                                                                                                              50.0
                                                                                                                                                              50 0
          50                                                                                    50
                      43.4                                                                                                                                                    42.6
                                         39.3
                                                              37.2
                                                                              33.9


          25                                                                                    25




           0                                                                                     0
                Hampden-Sydney - private lib. arts -     Carnegie comp. - NSSE 2007 - MEN                 Hampden-Sydney - private lib. arts -           Carnegie comp. - NSSE 2007 - MEN
                     MEN               MEN                    MEN                                              MEN               MEN                          MEN



    Student-Faculty Interaction (SFI) Items
Students learn firsthand how experts think about and solve practical problems by interacting with faculty members inside and outside the
classroom. As a result, their teachers become role models, mentors, and guides for continuous, life-long learning.
    ●    Discussed grades or assignments with an instructor
    ●    Talked about career plans with a faculty member or advisor
    ●    Discussed ideas from your readings or classes with faculty members outside of class
    ●    Worked with faculty members on activities other than coursework (committees, orientation, student-life activities, etc.)
    ●    Received prompt written or oral feedback from faculty on your academic performance
    ●    Worked with a faculty member on a research project outside of course or program requirements




a
    * p<.05 ** p<.01 ***p<.001 (2-tailed).
b
    Mean difference divided by comparison group standard deviation.                                                                                                            Page 5
                                                                                                               NSSE 2007 Benchmark Comparisons
                                                                                                             Hampden-Sydney College - Male
                                                                                                                    Respondents
    Enriching Educational Experiences (EEE)
    Benchmark Comparisons
                                                                                                           Hampden-Sydney - MEN compared with:

                                       Hampden-Sydney -                    private lib. arts -
                                            MEN                                 MEN                            Carnegie comp. - MEN                              NSSE 2007 - MEN
                                                                                               Effect                                          Effect                                    Effect
                                                                                           a           b                                 a            b                              a          b
        Class                                          Mean                Mean      Sig        Size                Mean           Sig         Size               Mean         Sig       Size

First-Year                                         31.0                   32.1                 -.09                        29.7                .10                       27.2 **         .29
Senior                                             55.6                   54.7                 .05                         48.4    **          .40                       39.8 ***        .87

                                         First-Year                                                                                          Senior

        100                                                                                    100




          75                                                                                    75


                                                                                                                 55.6               54.7
                                                                                                                                                               48.4
          50                                                                                    50
                                                                                                                                                                               39.8

                      31.0               32.1
                                                              29.7
                                                                              27.2
          25                                                                                    25




           0                                                                                     0
                Hampden-Sydney - private lib. arts -     Carnegie comp. - NSSE 2007 - MEN                  Hampden-Sydney - private lib. arts -           Carnegie comp. - NSSE 2007 - MEN
                     MEN               MEN                    MEN                                               MEN               MEN                          MEN



    Enriching Educational Experiences (EEE) Items
Complementary learning opportunities enhance academic programs. Diversity experiences teach students valuable things about themselves and
others. Technology facilitates collaboration between peers and instructors. Internships, community service, and senior capstone courses provide
opportunities to integrate and apply knowledge.
    ●    Participating in co-curricular activities (organizations, publications, student government, sports, etc.)
    ●    Practicum, internship, field experience, co-op experience, or clinical assignment
    ●    Community service or volunteer work
    ●    Foreign language coursework & study abroad
    ●    Independent study or self-designed major
    ●    Culminating senior experience (capstone course, senior project or thesis, comprehensive exam, etc.)
    ●    Serious conversations with students of different religious beliefs, political opinions, or personal values
    ●    Serious conversations with students of a different race or ethnicity
    ●    Using electronic technology to discuss or complete an assignment
    ●    Campus environment encouraging contact among students from different economic, social, and racial or ethnic backgrounds
    ●    Participate in a learning community or some other formal program where groups of students take two or more classes together




a
    * p<.05 ** p<.01 ***p<.001 (2-tailed).
b
    Mean difference divided by comparison group standard deviation.                                                                                                             Page 6
                                                                                                             NSSE 2007 Benchmark Comparisons
                                                                                                            Hampden-Sydney College - Male
                                                                                                                   Respondents
    Supportive Campus Environment (SCE)
    Benchmark Comparisons
                                                                                                          Hampden-Sydney - MEN compared with:

                                       Hampden-Sydney -                    private lib. arts -
                                            MEN                                 MEN                          Carnegie comp. - MEN                              NSSE 2007 - MEN
                                                                                               Effect                                         Effect                                    Effect
                                                                                           a          b                                 a            b                              a          b
        Class                                          Mean                Mean      Sig       Size               Mean            Sig         Size               Mean         Sig       Size

First-Year                                         70.2                   65.9        *         .25                      64.9 **              .31                       60.7 ***        .52
Senior                                             71.7                   64.2       **         .41                      61.5 ***             .57                       57.3 ***        .76

                                         First-Year                                                                                         Senior

        100                                                                                    100




          75          70.2                                                                      75              71.7
                                         65.9                 64.9                                                                  64.2
                                                                              60.7                                                                            61.5
                                                                                                                                                                              57.3

          50                                                                                    50




          25                                                                                    25




           0                                                                                     0
                Hampden-Sydney - private lib. arts -     Carnegie comp. - NSSE 2007 - MEN                 Hampden-Sydney - private lib. arts -           Carnegie comp. - NSSE 2007 - MEN
                     MEN               MEN                    MEN                                              MEN               MEN                          MEN



    Supportive Campus Environment (SCE) Items
Students perform better and are more satisfied at colleges that are committed to their success and cultivate positive working and social relations
among different groups on campus.

    ●    Campus environment provides the support you need to help you succeed academically
    ●    Campus environment helps you cope with your non-academic responsibilities (work, family, etc.)
    ●    Campus environment provides the support you need to thrive socially
    ●    Quality of relationships with other students
    ●    Quality of relationships with faculty members
    ●    Quality of relationships with administrative personnel and offices




a
    * p<.05 ** p<.01 ***p<.001 (2-tailed).
b
    Mean difference divided by comparison group standard deviation.                                                                                                            Page 7
                                                                                                              NSSE 2007 Benchmark Comparisons
                                                                                                               Detailed Statistics and Effect Sizes
                                                                                                             Hampden-Sydney College - Male
                                                                                                                    Respondents
First-Year Students
                                                                                                                                                            Reference Group
                                                               Mean Statistics                      Distribution Statistics                               Comparison Statistics
                                                                                                          Percentiles c                         Deg. of      Mean                    Effect
                                                            Mean      SD a      SEM b         5th     25th 50th 75th            95th        Freedom d        Diff.       Sig. e       size f

LEVEL OF ACADEMIC CHALLENGE (LAC)
       Hampden-Sydney - MEN             (N = 118)           57.9      12.5       1.2           37      48       57       67      79

          private lib. arts - MEN                           58.0      11.9        .3           38      50       58       67      77                1,422      -.1        .935         -.01
         Carnegie comp. - MEN                               55.2      12.5        .2           35      47       55       64      76                6,215      2.7        .020          .22
              NSSE 2007 - MEN                               51.6      13.1        .1           30      43       51       60      73               47,447      6.3        .000          .49

ACTIVE AND COLLABORATIVE LEARNING (ACL)
       Hampden-Sydney - MEN             (N = 127)           42.3      15.2       1.3           17      33       43       52      71

          private lib. arts - MEN                           46.0      15.1        .4           24      38       43       56      71                1,534      -3.7       .008         -.25
         Carnegie comp. - MEN                               45.0      15.4        .2           24      33       43       52      71                6,681      -2.7       .051         -.17
              NSSE 2007 - MEN                               42.6      16.3        .1           19      33       43       52      71               52,128      -.2        .870         -.01

STUDENT-FACULTY INTERACTION (SFI)
       Hampden-Sydney - MEN             (N = 119)           43.4      19.5       1.8           17      28       44       56      83

          private lib. arts - MEN                           39.3      17.7        .5           11      28       39       50      72                1,439      4.1        .017          .23
         Carnegie comp. - MEN                               37.2      17.6        .2           11      22       33       50      72                6,282      6.2        .000          .35
              NSSE 2007 - MEN                               33.9
                                                            33 9      18.1
                                                                      18 1        .1
                                                                                   1           11      22       33       44      67               48,049
                                                                                                                                                  48 049      9.5
                                                                                                                                                              95         .000
                                                                                                                                                                          000          .52
                                                                                                                                                                                        52

ENRICHING EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCES (EEE)
       Hampden-Sydney - MEN             (N = 114)           31.0      14.6       1.4           7       21       31       39      56

          private lib. arts - MEN                           32.1      12.2        .3           13      23       32       40      52                   127     -1.1       .445         -.09
         Carnegie comp. - MEN                               29.7      12.5        .2           11      21       29       38      51                6,099      1.3        .287          .10
              NSSE 2007 - MEN                               27.2      13.1        .1           8       18       26       35      50               46,315      3.8        .002          .29

SUPPORTIVE CAMPUS ENVIRONMENT (SCE)
       Hampden-Sydney - MEN             (N = 111)           70.2      18.3       1.7           36      61       72       86      97

          private lib. arts - MEN                           65.9      17.2        .5           36      56       67       78      94                1,369      4.3        .012          .25
         Carnegie comp. - MEN                               64.9      17.4        .2           33      53       67       78      94                6,002      5.4        .001          .31
              NSSE 2007 - MEN                               60.7      18.2        .1           31      50       61       72      92               45,409      9.5        .000          .52



 a
     Standard Deviation is a measure of the average amount the individual scores deviate from the mean of all the scores in the distribution.
 b
     The 95% confidence interval for the population mean it is equal to the sample mean plus/minus the product of 1.96 times the standard error of the mean.
 c
     A percentile is the point in the distribution of student-level benchmark scores at or below which a given percentage of benchmark scores fall.
 d
     Degrees of freedom used to compute the t-tests. Values vary for the total Ns due to weighting and the equal variance assumption.
 e
     Statistical significance represents the probability that the difference between the mean of your institution and that of the comparison group occurred by chance.
 f
     Effect size is calculated by subtracting the comparison group mean from the school mean, and dividing the result by the standard deviation of the comparison group.




                                                                                                                                                                                  Page 8
                                                                                                              NSSE 2007 Benchmark Comparisons
                                                                                                               Detailed Statistics and Effect Sizes
                                                                                                             Hampden-Sydney College - Male
                                                                                                                    Respondents
Seniors
                                                                                                                                                            Reference Group
                                                               Mean Statistics                      Distribution Statistics                               Comparison Statistics
                                                                                                          Percentiles c                         Deg. of      Mean                    Effect
                                                            Mean      SD a      SEM b         5th     25th 50th 75th            95th        Freedom d        Diff.       Sig. e       size f

LEVEL OF ACADEMIC CHALLENGE (LAC)
       Hampden-Sydney - MEN              (N = 60)           64.6      12.0       1.6           43      55       65       74      82

          private lib. arts - MEN                           60.6      13.2        .5           38      52       61       70      81                   918     4.1        .021          .31
         Carnegie comp. - MEN                               58.2      13.5        .2           35      49       59       68      80                4,994      6.4        .000          .47
              NSSE 2007 - MEN                               54.7      14.1        .1           31      45       55       64      78               48,991      9.9        .000          .71

ACTIVE AND COLLABORATIVE LEARNING (ACL)
       Hampden-Sydney - MEN              (N = 65)           54.4      14.6       1.8           33      43       52       67      76

          private lib. arts - MEN                           54.2      16.5        .5           29      43       52       67      81                   971      .2        .911          .01
         Carnegie comp. - MEN                               52.3      16.1        .2           29      43       52       62      81                5,231      2.1        .289          .13
              NSSE 2007 - MEN                               50.1      17.0        .1           24      38       48       62      81               52,047      4.3        .041          .25

STUDENT-FACULTY INTERACTION (SFI)
       Hampden-Sydney - MEN              (N = 60)           60.7      20.3       2.6           31      44       61       78      94

          private lib. arts - MEN                           55.6      22.3        .8           22      39       56       72      94                   927     5.2        .081          .23
         Carnegie comp. - MEN                               50.0      21.5        .3           17      33       50       67      89                5,039      10.7       .000          .50
              NSSE 2007 - MEN                               42.6
                                                            42 6      21.1
                                                                      21 1        .1
                                                                                   1           11      28       39       56      83               49,510
                                                                                                                                                  49 510      18.1
                                                                                                                                                              18 1       .000
                                                                                                                                                                          000          .86
                                                                                                                                                                                        86

ENRICHING EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCES (EEE)
       Hampden-Sydney - MEN              (N = 60)           55.6      18.1       2.3           23      44       55       67      86

          private lib. arts - MEN                           54.7      17.7        .6           23      43       56       67      83                   908     1.0        .687          .05
         Carnegie comp. - MEN                               48.4      18.0        .3           18      36       48       61      79                4,913      7.2        .002          .40
              NSSE 2007 - MEN                               39.8      18.1        .1           11      26       39       52      71               48,107      15.8       .000          .87

SUPPORTIVE CAMPUS ENVIRONMENT (SCE)
       Hampden-Sydney - MEN              (N = 59)           71.7      15.2       2.0           47      58       72       83      97

          private lib. arts - MEN                           64.2      18.2        .6           33      53       67       78      94                   897     7.5        .002          .41
         Carnegie comp. - MEN                               61.5      18.0        .3           31      50       61       75      92                4,847      10.2       .000          .57
              NSSE 2007 - MEN                               57.3      18.9        .1           25      44       58       69      89               47,369      14.4       .000          .76



 a
     Standard Deviation is a measure of the average amount the individual scores deviate from the mean of all the scores in the distribution.
 b
     The 95% confidence interval for the population mean it is equal to the sample mean plus/minus the product of 1.96 times the standard error of the mean.
 c
     A percentile is the point in the distribution of student-level benchmark scores at or below which a given percentage of benchmark scores fall.
 d
     Degrees of freedom used to compute the t-tests. Values vary for the total Ns due to weighting and the equal variance assumption.
 e
     Statistical significance represents the probability that the difference between the mean of your institution and that of the comparison group occurred by chance.
 f
     Effect size is calculated by subtracting the comparison group mean from the school mean, and dividing the result by the standard deviation of the comparison group.




                                                                                                                                                                                  Page 9

				
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