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					Auditing When Disaster Strikes

 Matt Jadacki, Deputy Inspector General
     Disaster Assistance Oversight
       Office of Inspector General




      AGA Conference and Exposition
              Nashville, TN
             June 27, 2007
         Hurricane Katrina

Resulted in over:

  • 1,326 Deaths

  • 700,000 Displaced Persons

  • 90,000 Square Miles of Damage


                                    2
          Initial Response

• August 29, 2005 - President declares
  “major disaster.”
• September 2nd - 7th - Congress approves
  over $60 billion dollars in aid.
• September 2nd - Present: FEMA
  obligates over $30 billion for contracts,
  grants, and other disaster related
  activities.

                                              3
       Response Continued

• FEMA Provided Record Levels of Support
  to Victims, States, & Emergency
  Responders
• However, FEMA Received Widespread
  Criticism for a Slow & Ineffective
  Response
• Much of the Criticism was Warranted

                                           4
        IG Response Overview
• September 2005 - Inspector General Richard L.
  Skinner established the Office of Gulf Coast
  Hurricane Recovery to take the lead in
  coordinating disaster related activities

• October 2006 - IG Skinner established DAO to
  strengthen the OIG’s ability to quickly and
  efficiently react to a variety of disasters as well as
  to take over, on a permanent basis, the work of
  the Office of Gulf Coast Hurricane Recovery.

                                                           5
          Federal Oversight

• DHS\OIG Office of Disaster Assistance Oversight

• PCIE\ECIE and Federal Inspectors General

• Hurricane Katrina Fraud Task Force

• Government Accountability Office (GAO)


                                                    6
1
7
         Phases of Disaster

• Preparedness

• Response

• Recovery

• Mitigation

                              8
 Case Study 1: Initially High Risk
       of Duplicate Benefits
Individual Assistance




                                     9
Case Study 2: Debris Removal




                               10
Case Study 3: Manufactured
         Housing




                             11
    The Auditor’s Role



Disasters need “Real Time”
         auditing.



                             12
 Auditing in the Heat of Battle

Can:
• Stop Uncontrolled Spending
• Restore Sanity and Controls
• Curtail Expedited Contracts
• Ensure Laws and Regulations are followed


                                             13
          Pitfalls to Avoid

• The Spend First / Ask Questions Later
  Mentality
• Contracts with Few Terms & Conditions
• Single Page / Million Dollar Contracts
• Lack of Cash Flow Management. Unlike the
  Federal Government, Cities Can’t Spend
  Money They Don’t Have
• Verbal Authorizations

                                             14
           Continuing Issues

• State and Local Coordination and Training
• Contracting
• Law Enforcement
• Data Sharing
• Reporting
• Funding and Staffing

                                              15
      Contact Information

     Matt A. Jadacki, CPA, CGFM
      Deputy Inspector General
     Disaster Assistance Oversight
      Office of Inspector General
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
        Washington, DC 20528
             202.254.4100
          Fax: 202.254.4285

                                       16

				
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