Creating and managing virtual Machines in virtual server
Author: MD Aslam
Once you have installed virtual server 2005, access the admin site.
To access the administration website, open Internet Explorer and type the following URL:
Remember to replace the <computer name> with your actual computer name. The admin site looks
like the following:
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In the above image, john represents the host computer name.
The left panel gives you several menu options to manage virtual machines. On the right panel, you will
see 2 blocks:
1. The list of virtual machines. In the above screenshot, the panel with the title 'john Status' is the list
of created virtual machines (In the screenshot, there is no virtual machine listed.)
2. The recent activities. It is just a log of recent activities you performed using the admin tool.
In the next few chapters you will learn how to create virtual machines using the admin software.
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After you successfully install the Virtual Server software, the next step is to create the virtual
machines. You can create any number of virtual machines depending upon the resource availability on
your host computer.
Steps to create virtual machines
1. Launch the admin website
You can start the admin web site by accessing the windows start menu: Start > Programs > Microsoft
Virtual Server > Virtual Server Administration
Alternatively, you can type the URL in Internet Explorer: http:///VirtualServer/VSWebApp.exe?view=1
2. Create Virtual machine
Before you create a virtual machine, you should have the configuration information for the virtual
machine to be created, such as
1. Name of the machine,
2. How much Memory to be allocated
3. HDD size
4. Bus type for HDD e.g IDE or SCSI
5. Network to be connect to .
6. ISO image of OS or already created VHD.
Note: you can create a 32 bit virtual machine on on 64 bit base machine but 64 bit Guest
machine is not supported on 32 bit host.
You can create a new Virtual Machine by selecting the menu option Virtual Machines > Create.
Specify the following parameters to create a new virtual machine:
Virtual Machine Name
Give any name you like (like DevServer1, DevServer2, QAServer1 etc). Include the full path so that
the virtual machine settings file and virtual hard disk will be created in an easily accessible folder in
your host computer.
If you do not specify the full path, the file will be stored in the default location (Documents & Settings
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Specify the amount of memory you want to reserve for the new virtual machine. The maximum limit
depends upon the available memory on the host computer. Make sure you give sufficient memory for
the virtual machine to run efficiently (512MB, for example). When you are running a virtual machine,
the specified amount of memory will be used from the host computer.
Virtual hard Disk
If you have already created a virtual disk created using admin site or copied from somewhere else,
you can choose the option "Use an existing virtual hard disk" and enter the full path of the disk file
including file name with extension.
If you specify the Create new virtual hard disk option, it will create the hard disk file within the same
path you specified for the Virtual Machine name. If you want the virtual hard disk to be stored in a
different location, then you can specify the full path here.
All the above options will work. The first 2 will create a virtual disk file called DevServer1 in the
location C:\VirtualMachines\ in your host computer. Last 2 options will create the disk file with the
same name, but it will be stored in a location you specified for the Virtual Machine name.
Virtual network adapter
If you want to connect to network/internet from your virtual machine, make sure you select a network
card from the drop down.
Now press the 'Create' button to create the virtual machine. This process may take few seconds to
complete. You will be redirected to a page which shows the status of the new virtual machine you
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The above screenshot shows that we just created a virtual machine called "DevServer3". The icon on
top left corner indicates that the virtual machine is "NOT STARTED". You can click on the icon to start
Also, note the .vmc file. This is the file saved on your host computer which includes the settings for
the virtual machine you just created. You need this file to use your virtual machine. If you lose this
file, you have to create a new virtual machine and use the existing disk file. However, your virtual
machine data will not be lost as long as you safely keep the virtual disk.
Getting started with a new virtual machine
To stop, start or manage your virtual machines, go to the admin site and select the following option
from the left panel:
Virtual Machines > Configure > Virtual Machine Name
If you have created a brand new virtual machine, you will see a screen as shown below:
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The icon on top left indicates the virtual machine is not started. Click on the icon to start it. Now the
icon will change as shown below:
Point your mouse on the virtual machine name on the right side of the icon. It will show you a context
menu as shown below:
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Select 'Remote Control' to launch the screen to manage your virtual machine.
If you have not enabled the VMRC Server, you will get an error as shown below:
Virtual Machine Remote Control (VMRC) server must be enabled before you can remotely control a
virtual machine with the ActiveX VMRC control or through the Virtual Machine Remote Control client.
To enable this, select the checkbox VMRC server just below the error message.
Keep all other default values and press the OK button. You may be prompted to install an ActiveX
control. Install the ActiveX by accepting the warnings and prompts. It may take few seconds to
complete installation of ActiveX.
You will see the screen as shown below:
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This is your new computer. Do whatever you want with it !
You definitely need to install an operating system to proceed. So insert your Windows CD to the CD
drive on your host computer and "press any key to proceed".
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