MICROBIAL METABOLISM by k9zFa8A

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									MICROBIAL METABOLISM.

 Catabolic And Anabolic Reactions.
          ENZYMES.
 Enzymes.
 Introduction: Catalytic Activity.
 Naming Enzymes: 6 Classes.
 Enzyme Components:Apoenzyme,
  Cofactor, Holoenzyme, Coenzyme.
 Coenzymes: Derivatives of vitamins-
  NAD+(Catabolic Rxns), NADP+(Anabolic
  Rxns),FMN, FAD(Electron carriers), COA
    FACTORS AFFECTING
     ENZYME ACTIVITY.
 Temperature.
 pH.
 Substrate Concentration.
 Competitive Inhibitors.
 Non-Competitive Inhibitors.
 Feedback Inhibition.
    ENERGY PRODUCTION.
 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions.
 Substrate-Level Phosphorylation.
 Oxidative phosphorylation.
 Photophosphorylation.
 Chemiosmotic Mechanism of ATP
  Generation.
      CARBOHYDRATE
       CATABOLISM.
 Glycolysis: Embden-Mayerhoff Pathway.
 The Krebs cycle: TCA, Citric Cycle.
 The Electron transport chain.
THE ELECTRON TRANSPORT
         CHAIN.
 Oxidative Phosphorylation.
 Steps of The Electron Transport Chain.
         GLYCOLYSIS.
 Splitting of Sugar.
 Oxidation of glucose to pyruvic acid
  with the production of some ATP and
  energy containing NADH.
 Preparotory stage.
 Energy-conserving stage.
 Substrate-Level Phosphorylation.
    ALTERNATIVES TO
      GLYCOLYSIS.
 Pentose Phosphate Pathway: Hexose
  Monophosphate Shunt.
 Entner-Doudoroff Pathway.
     THE KREBS CYCLE.
 Decarboxylation.
 Carbon Dioxide production.
 Steps of Krebs Cycle.
 End Products of Krebs Cycle.
 Substrate-Level Phosphorylation.
DEFINITION OF RESPIRATION
  Aerobic respiration.
  Anaerobic respiration: Fermentation-
   Lactic Acid fermentation, Alcohol
   fermentation.
ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION.
 Introduction.
 Fermentation.
 Lactic Acid Fermentation.
 Alcohol Fermentation.
     Catabolism of other
      macromolecules.
 Lipid Catabolism.
 Protein Catabolism.
    Biochemical Pathways Of
    Energy Use- Anabolism.
 Biosynthesis   of Polysaccharides.
 Biosynthesis   of Lipids.
 Biosynthesis   of Amino Acids and
  Proteins.
 Biosynthesis   of Purines and Pyrimidines.
     PHOTOSYNTHESIS.
 The Light Reactions:
  Photophosphorylation.
 The Dark Reactions: Calvin-Benson
  Cycle.
Nutritional Patterns Among
        Organisms.
 Photoautotrophs.
 Photoheterotrophs.
 Chemoautotrophs.
 Chemoheterotrophs.

								
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