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					Total amber box support by commodity category not adjusted for de minimis for the top five countries, 1998-2003 (US$ million)
Updated: 8/30/08
Contact: Birgit Meade (bmeade@ers.usda.gov)
                                                       Coarse             Fruits and
                                         Beef           grains    Fibers vegetables          Livestock     Milk     Oilseeds   Other Other meats     Pork    Poultry      Rice    Sugar     Tobacco      Wheat     Wine          Total
United States (2003)
        Market price support                       -     -          -              -                 -    4,515           -        -             -       -          -        -    1,242             -        -          -        5,757
        Direct payments                            -       99        197               15            -      222           9        -             -       -          -      503        -             -      102          -        1,146
        Other support                              -      160        249                0            1        -          45        -             -       -          -        0        7            19        5          -          487
        Total                                      -      258        446               15            1    4,737          54        -             -       -          -      503    1,250            19      107          -        7,391
European Union (2003)
        Market price support           (1,593)          3,179                -       -                -   7,821            -       -             -      -           -         -   6,624           -      1,234          -       17,265
        Direct payments                    280            377                -   1,449                -     273            -       -             -     35           -         -      10       1,092          -          -        3,516
        Other support                        -              -                -       -                -       -            -       -             -      -           -         -       -           -          -          -            -
        Equivalent measures of
        support                              -              -        788         7,856                -       -            -    206              -      -           -         -       -           -          -      638          9,487
        Total                          (1,313)          3,556        788         9,304                -   8,094            -    206              -     35           -         -   6,634       1,092      1,234      638         30,268
Japan (2003)                                                                                                                                                                                                                         -
        Market price support              638               1            -         142                -      -            -        -             -   2,231          -         -    487               -       -          -        3,499
        Direct payments                   499             121           10         134                -    266          242        -             -       -         12         -     13               -     887          -        2,183
        Other support                       -               -            -           -                -      -            -        -             -       -          -         -      -               -       -          -            -
        Total                                                                                                                                                                                                                        -
Switzerland (2003)                                                                                                                                                                                                                   -
        Market price support              471                65          -             70             -    641            2        -             -    492       121           -        44           8         91                 2,005
        Direct payments                     -                 -          -              -             -      -            -        -             -      -         -           -         -           -          -        -            -
        Other support                       -                 -          0              6             -      -           26        -             -      0         2           -         -           -          -        4           39
        Total                             471                65          0             76             -    641           28        -             -    492       123           -        44           8         91        4        2,044
South Korea (2003)                                                                                                                                                                                                                   -
        Market price support                   -             40              -          -             -         -        21       -              -      -           -    1,196          -            -         -        -        1,257
        Direct payments                        4              -              -          -             -         -         -       -              -      -           -       42          -            -         -        -           46
        Other support                          -              -              -         59             -        56         1       3              -      0           -        -          -            -         -        -          118
        Total                                  4             40              -         59             -        56        21       3              -      0           -    1,238          -            -         -        -        1,420
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0
United States (2002)                                                                                                                                                                                                                 -
        Market price support                       -        -          -                -           -     4,509           -        -             -       -          -        -    1,262             -        -          -        5,771
        Direct payments                            -       28        934                6       1,267     1,796          75        -             -       -          -      705       60            51       17          -        4,939
        Other support                              -      172        266                0           1         -          46        -             -       -          -        7        6            19    5,724          -        6,241
        Total                                      -      200      1,199                6       1,269     6,305         121        -             -       -          -      712    1,328            70    5,741          -       16,950
European Union (2002)
        Market price support                -           2,669                -      73                -   6,739       2,179        -             -      -           -      416    5,740                    965                  18,782
        Direct payments                   455             329                -   1,243                -     215           -        -             -     47           -        -       12        975           -          -        3,276
        Other support                       -               -                -       -                -       -           -        -             -      -           -        -        -          -           -          -            -
        Equivalent measures of
        support                             -               -        749         7,188                -       -           -      88              -      -           -        -        -          -           -      745          8,770
        Total                             455           2,997        749         8,504                -   6,955       2,179      88              -     47           -      416    5,752        975         965      745         30,827
Japan (2002)
        Market price support             628                  1          -           -                -      -            -     150              -   2,015          -         -    429               -       -          -        3,222
        Direct payments              1.175.53                86         11         173                -    427          212       -              -       -         12         -     10               -     677          -        1,609
        Other support                       -                 -          -           -                -      -            -       -              -       -          -         -      -               -       -          -            -
        Total                            628                 87         11         173                -    427          212     150              -   2,015         12         -    439               -     677          -        4,831
Switzerland (2002)
        Market price support              340                72         61         620               2          -         -        -             -    399       101           -         -           7         96                 1,697
        Direct payments                     -                 -          -           -               -          -         -        -             -      -         -           -         -           -          -        -            -
        Other support                       -                 -          0           -               -          -        21        -             -      -         2           -         -           -          -        4           28
        Total                             340                72         61         620               2          -        21        -             -    399       103           -         -           7         96        4        1,725
South Korea (2002)
        Market price support                   -             38              -          -             -      -           13       -              -      -           -    1,202          -            -         -        -        1,253
        Direct payments                        5              -              -          -             -      -            -       -              -      -           -        -          -            -         -        -            5
        Other support                          -              1              -         41             -    115            1       2              -      0           -        -          -            -         -        -          160
        Total                                  5             38              -         41             -    115           13       2              -      0           -    1,202          -            -         -        -        1,417

United States (2001)
        Market price support              -              -          -              -                  -   4,483         311        -             -       -          -        -    1,032             -        -          -        5,826
        Direct payments                   -            1,219      2,723            -                  -       0       3,533        -            22       -          -      728       27             6      177          -        8,435
        Other support                     -                77         87           -                  -       -         160        -             -       -          -       35        2             7       13          -          367
        Total                             -            1,296      2,810            -                  -   4,483       4,004        -            22       -          -      763    1,061            13      189          -       14,628
European Union (2001)
        Market price support            8,907          2,158        -             -                   -   5,334       2,455        -             -      -           -      364    5,248          -         784          -       25,249
        Direct payments                   -              299        -             807                 -     195           -        -             -      2           -        -       11        873           -          -        2,119
        Other support                     -              -          -             -                   -       -           -        -             -      -           -        -        -          -           -          -            -
        Equivalent measures of
        support                           -              -         530           7,072                -       -           5        -             -      -           -        -        -          -           -      818          8,425
        Total                           8,907          2,457       530           7,879                -   5,528       2,460        -             -      2           -      364    5,258        873         784      818         35,793
Japan (2001)
        Market price support              539                 2     -              -                  -      -            -     142              -   1,999          -         -    437               -       2          -        3,120
        Direct payments                 1,010                84         11             74             -    288          148       -              -      20         12         -      5               -     653          -        2,315
        Other support                     -              -          -              -                  -      -            -       -              -       -          -         -      -               -       -          -            -
        Total                           1,549                86         11             74             -    288          148     142              -   2,019         12         -    442               -     653          -        5,338
Switzerland (2001)
        Market price support             305                 69     -                   9             -    601           (1)       -             -    399          88         -        40           5         85        -        1,601
        Direct payments                  -               -          -              -                  -       -            -       -             -      -           -         -         -           -          -        -            -
        Other support                    -               -          -                  12             -     (0)          16        -             -      0           4         -         -           -          -        -           32
        Total                            305                 69     -                  21             -    601           16        -             -    400          91         -        40           5         85        -        1,632
South Korea (2001)
        Market price support              -                  39     -              -                  -         -        10       -              -      -           -    1,226          -            -         -        -
        Direct payments                       3          -          -              -                  -         -         -       -              -      -           -        -          -            -         -        -
        Other support                     -                  1          0              35             -        44         1       3              -      1           -        -          -            -         -        -
        Total                                  3             40          0              35            -        44        10       3              -      1           -    1,226          -            -         -        -


United States (2000)
        Market price support              -              -          -             -                   -   4,377         330       -              -       -          -        -    1,133          -           -          -        5,840
        Direct payments                   -            2,825      1,022           203                 -     673       3,834      26             10       -          -      598       75        471         831          -       10,567
        Other support                     -              130          63            1                 -      20         154       -              -       -          -       27        2         48          16          -          460
        Total                             -            2,955      1,085           204                 -   5,070       4,318      26             10       -          -      624    1,207        519         847          -       16,865
European Union (2000)
        Market price support          10,192           3,051        -             -                   -   5,420       1,886       -              -      -           -      358    5,279          -       1,760          -       27,945
        Direct payments                  -               279        -             512                 -       -           -     168              -      9           -        -       11        878           8          -        1,864
        Other support                    -               -          -             -                   -       -           -       -              -      -           -        -        -          -           -          -            -
        Equivalent measures of
        support                          -               -         809           8,010                -       -          94       -              -      -           -        -        -          -           -      735          9,647
        Total                         10,192           3,330       809           8,522                -   5,420       1,979     168              -      9           -      358    5,290        878       1,767      735         39,457
Japan (2000)
        Market price support             732               11       -              -                  -     875           -     143              -   2,322          -         -    487               -      26          -        4,595
        Direct payments                  612               93           15             85             -     315         142       -              -       -         14         -      5                     684          -        1,964
        Other support                                    -          -              -                  -       -           -       -              -       -          -         -                      -       -          -
        Total                           1,344            104            15             85             -   1,189         142     143              -   2,322         14         -    492               -     709                   6,560
Switzerland (2000)
        Market price support             442                 85     -                  10             -    582           (1)       -             -    382          91         -        38           5      143          -        1,776
        Direct payments                  -               -          -              -                  -       -            -       -             -      -           -         -         -           -        -          -            -
        Other support                    -               -          -                  12             -     (1)          16        -             -      0           6         -         -           -        -          -           47
        Total                            442                 85     -                  22             -    582           15        -             -    382          97         -        38           5      143          -        1,823
South Korea (2000)
        Market price support              -                  38     -                  27             -         -         7       -              -      7          -     1,419          -            -         -        -        1,498
        Direct payments                   -              -          -              -                  -         -         -       -              -      -          -         -          -            -         -        -            -
        Other support                         14              1         0              37             -         -         2       0              -      0          1         -          -            -         -        -           55
        Total                                 14             40         0              64             -         -         9       0              -      7          1     1,419          -            -         -        -        1,553


United States (1999)
        Market price support              -              -          -             -                   -   4,437         303       -              -       -          -        -    1,180           -          -          -        5,921
        Direct payments                   -            2,634      2,147           133                13     168       3,024       -              -       -          -      401        -        933         950          -       10,403
        Other support                     -              144        217           -                   -      55          75       0              -       -          -       34       27         (8)         23          -          567
        Total                             -            2,778      2,364           133                13   4,660       3,403       0              -       -          -      435    1,207        924         974          -       16,891
European Union (1999)
        Market price support          13,649           4,266       -               -                  -   6,063       2,159        -             -       -          -      410    5,967           -      2,804         -        35,316
        Direct payments                  -               326       -               730                -       1           -        -             -       -          -        -       37       1,027         16         -         2,137
        Other support                    -               -         -               -                  -       -           -        -             -       -          -        -        -           -          -         -             -
        Equivalent measures of                                     793           9,179                                  114                                                                                        2,140        12,227
        Total                         13,649           4,592       793           9,909                -   6,063       2,273        -             -       -          -      410    6,004       1,027      2,820     2,140        49,680
Japan (1999)
        Market price support              784            189        -              -                  -     946           -     146              -   2,367          -         -    487               -     620          -        5,540
        Direct payments                   719              8            8              80             -     326          88       -              -       -         13         -      -               -       -          -        1,241
        Other support                     -              -          -              -                  -       -           -       -              -       -          -         -      -               -       -          -            -
        Total                           1,503            197            8              80             -   1,272          88     146              -   2,367         13         -    487               -     620          -        6,781
Switzerland (1999)
        Market price support             369                 96     -                  10             -    624           27        -             -    377       102           -        40           6      179          -        1,829
        Direct payments                  -               -          -              -                  -       -           -        -             -      -         -           -         -           -        -          -            -
        Other support                    -               -          -                   8             -     (6)           -        -             -      1         8           -         -           -        -          -            9
        Total                            369                 96     -                  18             -    618           27        -             -    378       111           -        40           6      179          -        1,838
South Korea (1999)
        Market price support              -                  44     -              -                  -         -         4       -              -      -          -     1,278          -            -         -        -        1,327
        Direct payments                       0          -          -              -                  -         -         -       -              -      -          -         -          -            -         -        -            0
        Other support                         2               2         0              46             -         -         1       2              -      9          0         -          -            -         -        -           61
        Total                                 2              47         0              46             -         -         5       2              -      9          0     1,278          -            -         -        -        1,389


United States (1998)
        Market price support              -              -         -               -                -     4,332         350       -              -       -          -        -    1,093              -       -          -        5,776
        Direct payments                   -            1,547       824             -              123       200       1,253       -              -       -          -       14         -             -     476          -        4,437
        Other support                     -              154       111             -                -        28          44       0              -       -          -        7      (38)           (8)      40          -          338
        Total                             -            1,700       935             -              123     4,560       1,647       0              -       -          -       21    1,055            (8)     516          -       10,550
European Union (1998)
        Market price support          15,011           4,775        -             -                   -   6,417       2,018        -             -       -          -      491    6,459           -      3,211          -       38,382
        Direct payments                  -               345        -             615                 -       1           -        -             -       -          -        -       64       1,021         23          -        2,068
        Other support                    -               -          -             -                   -       -           -        -             -       -          -        -        -           -          -          -            -
        Equivalent measures of
        support                          -               -         942           8,766                -       -         121        -             -       -          -        -        -           -          -     2,052        11,881
        Total                         15,011           5,120       942           9,381                -   6,418       2,140        -             -       -          -      491    6,522       1,021      3,234     2,052        52,331
Japan (1998)
        Market price support              697            115        -              -                  -     828           -     157              -   2,204          -        -     461               -     526          -        4,988
        Direct payments                   579              7            10             75             -     313          53       -              -       -         12      323       -               -       -          -        1,372
        Other support                     579              7            10             75             -     313          53       -              -       -         12      323       -               -       -          -        1,372
        Total                           1,276            122            10             75             -   1,141          53     157              -   2,204         12      323     461               -     526          -        6,361
Switzerland (1998)
        Market price support             366             133        -                  69             -    702           32        -             -    490       197           -         -           6      175          -        2,170
        Direct payments                  -               -          -              -                  -       -           -        -             -      -         -           -         -           -        -          -            -
        Other support                      46              36       -                  10             -     (4)           -        -             -      0         3           -         -           -        -          -           92
        Equivalent measures of
        support                          -               -          -                   2             -      -            -        -             -      -         -           -         -           -        -          -            2
        Total                            411             169        -                  81             -    699           32        -             -    491       200           -         -           6      175          -        2,263
South Korea (1998)
        Market price support             139                 41     -              -                  -         -         7        -             -       -          -    1,159          -            -         -        -        1,345
        Direct payments                  -               -          -              -                  -         -          -       -             -       -          -         -         -            -         -        -             -
        Other support                      1                  2         0              34             -         -         1       3              -     11           -         -         -            -         -        -           52
        Total                            140                 43         0              34        -         -             7       3          -         11       -        1,159      -           -          -         -           1,397

Source: Economic Research Service (ERS) calculations from World Trade Organization (WTO) domestic support notifications.
http://www.ers.usda.gov/db/wto/

				
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