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Rapid_Environmental_Impact_Assessment

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					Rapid Environmental Impact
  Assessment In Disasters
                 (REA)
 Benfield Hazard Research Centre (Univ. College
                     London)
                      and
               CARE International
                  Funded by:
                 UNEP/OCHA,
OFDA/USAID, Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign
                      Affairs
               The Problem
• Environmental conditions often contribute to
  disasters.
• Disasters can result in negative environmental
  impacts.
• Relief aid can have positive or negative
  environmental impact.
• Lack of a systematic way to incorporate
  environmental impact assessment into disaster
  management.
                 Context Differences
           Normal and Disaster Assessments

               Normal                              Disaster
•   Lead Time                       •   Sudden onset
•   Legal Requirement               •   Rarely a legal requirement
•   Deliberate and pro-active       •   Reactive
•   Will be comprehensive           •   May need to be partial in
                                        coverage
•   “No project” an option
                                    •   “No project” not an option
•   Location known
                                    •   Unpredictable location
•   Duration planned
                                    •   Uncertain duration
•   Beneficiary populations known
    and static                      •   Population dynamic and
                                        heterogeneous
•   Environmental goals can be
    made compatible with            •   Saving lives given priority
    economic ones                   •   Activities sometimes hard to
                                        reconcile with environmental
                                        goals.
         The Response
• Develop a process to rapidly identify
  salient environmental issues during
  any type of disaster.
• Develop a Guidelines for Rapid
  Environmental Impact Assessment.
• Train people to use the REA process.
• Position the Guidelines as a “good
  practice” for disaster management.
             Target Users

• Non-Specialists: NGO, IO and
  government personnel involved in
  emergency assessment, design and
  operations.
• Communities
• HQ staff – NGO and donors, as a way
  to screen for environmental impacts and
  issues.
     Assessment Components

Four “Tools”:
1. Organization Level Assessment
2. Community Level Assessment
3. Consolidation and Analysis
4. Green Emergency Procurement
   Checklist
Organization & Community Assessment

Subjective Approach

Five Elements:
•   Context Statement
•   Factors Influencing Environmental Impacts
•   Environmental Threats of Disasters
•   Unmet Basic Needs
•   Negative Environmental Consequences of Possible Relief
    Activities

Organization Assessment: rating and ranking sheets.
Community Assessment: questions to be answered
  based on questionnaire or focused discussions.
Consolidation and Analysis
•   Brings together results of organization
    and community assessments.
•   Uses simple rating and ranking tables.
•   Is best done in a group setting.
•   Reviews negative environmental
    impacts of relief activities again.
Green Emergency Procurement
         Checklist

• Topic which receives little attention
  in disasters.
• UNHCR, WFP and others have
  guidelines, but not usually followed.
• Focus on eight yes/no questions to
  identify areas in which procurement
  could be “greener”.
        REA Outcomes

• Common sense changes to
  activities.
• New activities.
• Identification of need for experts
  (with defined mandates).
• Advocacy
           Requirements
• One person or group (preferred).
• 5 hours to 14 days for initial
  assessment.
• Basic information about disaster and
  environmental conditions in the disaster
  area.
• Trained field assessment/survey
  personnel, if community assessment to
  be done.
• Follow Sphere guidance on
  assessments.
       Progress To Date
• Guidelines developed, tested in
  Afghanistan, Ethiopia and Indonesia
  and significantly expanded.
• The REA referenced in the new
  Sphere.
• Face-to-Face REA training module
  developed and four pilot training
  events completed (Oslo, Antigua,
  Bhubaneshwar, Konark).
• eLearning module in final
  development.
                     REA II

• Dissemination and Refinement
     • Environment and Disasters Network
     • Refinement and localization.
     • Acceptance as good practice.
• Training
     • Focus on building local and regional capacities.
     • Revised and expanded training materials.
• Operational Use
 Environmental NGO Linkages
• Background on local environmental
  issues.
• Raising awareness about environmental
  conditions in disaster area.
• Input of environmental “perspective” to
  assessment process.
• Follow through on medium and long term
  issues identified in assessment.
Rapid Environmental Impact
 Assessment In Disasters
          (REA)
                 Project Web Site:

 www.benfieldhrc.org/DMU/DMUSetup/Projects/rea.htm


        Environment and Disasters Listserve:
             http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-
    bin/wa.exe?SUBED1=environment-disasters&A=1

                 Comments and Queries to
                       Charles Kelly
               72734.2412@Compuserve.com

				
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