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					                    The McKenzie Watershed and You:
                A survey Eugene and Springfield residents
Instructions:
    Please carefully read each question and make your responses clear.
    Feel free to write in any additional comments or explanations.
    Please mail your completed survey back in the prepaid envelope.
    All of your answers will be kept completely confidential.

Your participation is voluntary and anonymous. If you have any questions regarding the survey,
please XXXX at the University of Oregon (541-346-3615).




<<Placeholder map cover figure>>

The McKenzie River is the source of drinking water for more than 200,000 people in the Eugene and
Springfield urban areas. The McKenzie River is fed by many smaller rivers, creeks, streams and springs
within its watershed. A watershed is defined as an area of land within which all water drains to the same
place. While the McKenzie River itself is approximately 90 miles long, the McKenzie River Watershed is
much larger, encompassing approximately 1,300 square miles. Approximately 34,000 acres of the
McKenzie River Watershed is in agricultural use, 9,000 acres is in residential use and 1,000 acres is in
industrial use. The majority of the remaining 800,000 acres is in forest uses, including private and public
land and wilderness areas.


                                             Page 1
First, we would like to ask some questions about your knowledge of
the McKenzie River Watershed.

Q-1   Did you know your drinking water came from the McKenzie River?

           Yes
           No

Q-2   In general, how knowledgeable do you consider yourself about the McKenzie River
      Watershed?

             I am extremely knowledgeable
             I am very knowledgeable
             I am somewhat knowledgeable
             I am slightly knowledgeable
             I don’t know anything about the McKenzie River Watershed.

Q-3   How would you rate your specific knowledge and understanding of each of the following
      aspects of the McKenzie River Watershed?

                                        Extremely          Very      Moderately     Slightly      No
                                       Knowledge-       Knowledge-   Knowledge-   Knowledge-   Knowledge
                                           able            able         able          able


       Water quality                                                                          
       Fish habitat                                                                           
       Wildlife habitat                                                                       
       Sources of water pollution                                                             
       Riparian health                                                                        
       Invasive weeds and pests                                                               
       Agricultural practices                                                                 
       Forest management practices                                                            
       Hydroelectric projects                                                                 
       Drinking water infrastructure                                                          
       Land use planning                                                                      




                                               Page 2
Q-4   How often do you visit the McKenzie River Watershed for the following activities?

                                            At least    A least    At least a   At least    Less than     Never
                                            once a      once a     few times    once a      once per
                                             week       month        a year      year         year


       Work                                                                                           
       Visiting Family or Friends                                                                     
       Boating                                                                                        
       Hiking or running                                                                              
       Fishing                                                                                        
       Hunting                                                                                        
       Mountain Biking                                                                                
       ATV Riding                                                                                     
       Wildlife Watching                                                                              
       Gathering…???                                                                                  
       Traditions with family or friends                                                              
       To get away                                                                                    
       Camping or Backpacking                                                                         
       Driving                                                                                        
       Property I own                                                                                 
       …                                                                                              



Next, we would like to ask some questions about the natural
conditions and risks to the McKenzie River Watershed.
Q-5   The McKenzie River Watershed provides many benefits to the people who live, work, and
      visit the area. How important is it to you that the McKenzie River Watershed provides
      each of the following qualities?

                                           Extremely     Very      Somewhat      Not Very    Not at all    Don’t
                                           Important   Important   Important    Important   important     Know/No
                                                                                                          Opinion
      Clean Water                                                                                      
      Erosion control                                                                                  
      Flood control                                                                                    
      Wildlife habitat                                                                                 
      Fish habitat                                                                                     
      Forest Health                                                                                    
      Recreation opportunities                                                                         
      A sense of place                                                                                 
      Irrigation                                                                                       


                                                  Page 3
      Drinking water                                                                                              
      Hydroelectric Power                                                                                         
      Wood/forest products                                                                                        
      Agricultural products                                                                                       



Q-6   How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements about the McKenzie River
      Watershed?

                                            Strongly       Agree         Neither        Disagree      Strongly     Don’t
                                             Agree                      Agree nor                     Disagree   Know/No
                                                                        Disagree                                  Opinion
       It is a healthy watershed
                                                                                                               

       It provides a pure source of
                                                                                                               
            drinking water
       It has high water quality relative
                                                                                                               
            to other watersheds
       It has healthy river and stream
                                                                                                               
            corridors
       It has healthy fish and wildlife
                                                                                                               
            populations
       It has a well functioning
                                                                                                               
            floodplain
       It has minimal risks for a variety
                                                                                                               
            of environmental values



Q-7   How much risk do you think the following factors pose to the overall health of the McKenzie
      River Watershed?

                                            Extreme         High risk        Moderate risk         Slight risk   No risk
                                              risk

       Current residential
                                                                                                               
       development
       Future potential residential
                                                                                                               
       development
       Pesticides and herbicides                                                                               
       Fertilizer application                                                                                  
       Traffic                                                                                                 
       Transportation of hazardous
                                                                                                               
       materials on local highways
       Stormwater runoff                                                                                       
       Recreational use                                                                                        
       Sewage contamination                                                                                    
       Industrial/commercial facilities                                                                        

                                                  Page 4
       Agricultural practices                                                                       
       Forest practices                                                                             
       Invasive species                                                                             
       Water demand                                                                                 



Q-8   How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements about land management
      in the McKenzie River Watershed?

                                                   Strongly   Agree   Neither    Disagree   Strongly    Don’t
                                                    Agree              Agree                Disagree   Know/No
                                                                         nor                           Opinion
                                                                      Disagree
      Most agricultural management helps to
         protect water resources in the                                                             
         McKenzie River Watershed.
      Most public forestland management
         helps to protect water resources in                                                        
         the McKenzie River Watershed.
      Most private forestland management
         helps to protect water resources in                                                        
         the McKenzie River Watershed.
      Most residential riverfront property
         helps to protect water resources in                                                        
         the McKenzie River Watershed
      Most highway maintenance helps to
         protect water resources in the                                                             
         McKenzie River Watershed
      Most recreational development helps to
         protect water resources in the                                                             
         McKenzie River Watershed



Q-9   How much does the McKenzie River Watershed enhance your quality of life?

             The McKenzie River Watershed is critical to enhancing my quality of life.
             The McKenzie River Watershed greatly enhances my quality of life.
             The McKenzie River Watershed somewhat enhances my quality of life.
             The McKenzie River Watershed vaguely enhances my quality of life.
             The McKenzie River Watershed does not affect my quality of life.




                                                   Page 5
Now, we would like to ask some questions regarding your opinions on
activities that could protect or maintain benefits provided the
McKenzie River Watershed.
We may need a little explanation here; it is implicit that these activities will affect someone. That
someone is primarily private landowners in the basin, but it can also be industrial land owners and
government agencies. Also – we know WHO is implementing the action may make a difference to
people’s support…

Q-10   In general, how supportive or unsupportive would you be of establishing programs or
       activities to protect or maintain the benefits provided by the McKenzie River Watershed?

              Very supportive
              Supportive
              Neither Supportive nor Unsupportive
              Unsupportive
              Very Unsupportive
              Don’t know/No opinion

Q-11   How urgent do you think it is to put into action programs that maintain or restore the
       natural functions of the McKenzie River Watershed?

              Extremely urgent
              Very urgent
              Moderately urgent
              Slightly urgent
              Not at all urgent
              Don’t know/No opinion

Q-12   How supportive or unsupportive would you be of the following specific programs and
       activities if they were well designed and administered by a trustworthy organization?


                                                            Neither                                     Don’t
                                   Very                    Supportive                       Very       Know/
                                             Supportive                  Unsupportive
                                Supportive                    nor                       Unsupportive     No
        Programs and                                      Unsupportive                                 Opinion
        Activities:
        Establishing programs
        to work directly with
        private landowners on
                                                                                                    
        land management
        activities

        Implementing a
        community education
        program about                                                                               
        watershed protection

        Establishing bigger
                                                                                                    
        setbacks from streams


                                                Page 6
in areas where logging
occurs

Purchasing lands that
are ecologically
                                              
important

Establishing incentives
for private landowners
to use management
practices that maintain                       
or enhance water
quality

Creating additional
parks                                         

Maintaining vegetation
near streams                                  

Limiting development
in floodplains                                

Limiting development
in wetlands                                   

Limiting development
near streams                                  

Working with federal
land management
agencies to adopt
practices that improve                        
or maintain water
quality

Limiting septic systems
near streams                                  

Establishing a program
to inspect and maintain
                                              
septic systems

Providing financial
assistance to property
owners with failing                           
septic systems

Limiting the amount of
paved surfaces in new
                                              
developments

Restricting the amount
and design of new                             
residential

                              Page 7
        development in the
        basin

        Preserving farmland
        and open space from                                                                            
        development


Q-13   Natural resource policy commonly recommends a natural or forested buffer around river
       corridors for optimum water quality protection. Would you be willing to support any of the
       following types of buffers around rivers and streams?
                                                                                    Would          Would Not
                                                                                   Support          Support
          10 foot buffer                                                                               
          30 foot buffer                                                                               
          100 foot buffer                                                                              
          200 foot buffer                                                                              
          500 foot buffer                                                                              
          A variable buffer that would be determined by the
           qualities of a particular site                                                              



Q-14   Programs and activities to protect or maintain the benefits provided by the McKenzie River
       watershed could be implemented by a variety of organizations. How much do you trust
       each of the following types of agencies and organizations to support watershed
       and natural resource health in the McKenzie River Watershed?

                                                                                                          Don’t
                                                Complete    A lot of   Some    Not much      No trust
                                                                                                        Know/No
                                                  trust      trust     trust     trust        at all
                                                                                                         Opinion
           Federal natural resource
           agencies (e.g., US Forest Service,
                                                                                                       
           US Dept. of Fish and Wildlife)

           State of Oregon natural
           resource agencies (e.g., Dept of
           Fish and Wildlife, Dept of                                                                  
           Forestry)

           EWEB (i.e., local drinking water
           utility that obtains water from
                                                                                                       
           the McKenzie River Watershed)

           Local Government (e.g., Lane
           County, Soil and Water
                                                                                                       
           Conservation District)

           Private landowners in the
           watershed                                                                                   



                                                   Page 8
             Local Non-Profit Conservation
             Organizations (e.g., Watershed
                                                                                                    
             Councils, Land Trusts)

             National Non-Profit
             Conservation Organizations
                                                                                                    
             (e.g., The Nature Conservancy,
             Ducks Unlimited)



Next, we would like to ask some questions about how you value
natural Functions in the McKenzie River Watershed.
ANITA AND ERIC’S choice experiment/willingness to pay section
QUESTIONS ABOUT POWER???

Q-15
Q-16
…

YOUR VALUES
Q-17    How important is the McKenzie Watershed to you personally? Please rate your level of
        agreement or disagreement with the following statements.

                                       Very     Strongly    Agree   Neither    Disagree   Strongly     Very
                                     Strongly    Agree               Agree                Disagree   Strongly
                                      Agree                            nor                           Disagree
                                                                    Disagree
I feel happiest when I am in the
McKenzie River Watershed                                                                          

The McKenzie River Watershed
is my favorite place to be                                                                        

I really miss the McKenzie when
I am away for too long                                                                            

As far as I am concerned there
are better places to be                                                                           

The McKenzie is the best place
for me to do the things I enjoy                                                                   

I would enjoy the activities I
undertake in the McKenzie just                                                                    
as well in another place
Everything about the McKenzie
is a reflection of me                                                                             

I feel I can really be myself when
I’m in the McKenzie River                                                                         
Watershed
I don’t really identify with the                                                                  


                                                   Page 9
 McKenzie River Watershed


Q-18     Listed below are some general statements about the relationship between humans and our
         environments. Please rate of your agreement or disagreement with each of the following
         statements.

                                                 Very       Strongly   Agree   Unsure   Disagree   Strongly   Very
                                                 Strongly   Agree                                  Disagree   Strongly
                                                 Agree                                                        Disagree

We are approaching the limit of the
                                                                                                           
number of people the earth can support.
Humans have the right to modify the
                                                                                                           
natural environment to suit their needs.
When humans interfere with nature it often
                                                                                                           
produces unfortunate consequences.
Human ingenuity will insure that we do
                                                                                                           
NOT make the earth unlivable.
Humans are abusing the environment.                                                                        
The earth has plenty of natural resources if
                                                                                                           
we just learn how to develop them.
Plants and animals have as much right as
                                                                                                           
humans to exist.
The balance of nature is strong enough to
cope with the impacts of modern industrial                                                                 
nations.
Despite our special abilities humans are still
                                                                                                           
subject to the laws of nature.
The so called “ecological crisis” facing
                                                                                                           
humankind has been greatly exaggerated.
The earth is like a spaceship with very
                                                                                                           
limited room and resources.
Humans were meant to rule over the rest of
                                                                                                           
nature.
The balance of nature is very delicate and
                                                                                                           
easily upset.
Humans will eventually learn enough about
how nature works to be able to overcome                                                                    
its challenges.
If things continue on their present course,
we will soon experience a major ecological                                                                 
catastrophe.



Q-19     Social responsibility question (Whose responsibility is it to protect the natural environment?)
         – To be developed…




                                                        Page 10
Finally, some questions about You and Your Household
Q-20   What is your age? _____ Years

Q-21   Gender?        Male  Female

Q-22   How long have you lived in the area?       ______ Years

Q-23   Do you consider Eugene or Springfield your permanent home?

           Yes
           No

Q-24   Do you rent or own the home you live in?

           Rent
           Own (or am buying)
           Occupy without payment or rent

Q-25   How many people live in your household, including yourself?
                            _____Adults (over 18)       _____Children

Q-26   How likely are you to move out of the area within the next three years?

             Extremely Likely
             Very Likely
             Somewhat Likely
             Not very likely
             Totally Unlikely

Q-27   What is your employment status?
          Employed full-time
          Employed part-time
          Student
          Retired, or not employed

Q-28   What is the highest level of school that you have completed? (check only one)

             Less than high school graduate
             High school graduate (includes equivalency)
             Some college, no degree
             Associate’s degree
             Bachelor’s degree
             Graduate or professional degree

Q-29 Please rate whether you consider your political attitudes to be more conservative or more
liberal in nature.

           Extremely Conservative
           Very Conservative

                                          Page 11
             Somewhat Conservative
             Neither Conservative or Liberal
             Somewhat Liberal
             Very Liberal
             Extremely Liberal

Q-30   Please estimate your total household income in 2010 before taxes:

             Less than $10,000                                   $50,000-$74,999
             $10,000-$14,999                                     $75,000-$99,999
             $15,000-$24,999                                     $100,000-$149,999
             $25,000-$34,999                                     $150,000-$199,999
             $35,000-$49,999                                     $200,000 or more

Please share any other comments you have in the space provided below.



 Thank you for filling out your survey! Please mail your answers back in the postage-paid
                                    envelope provided.




                                         Page 12

				
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