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MRC Disaster Preparedness Training 12.9.06

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MRC Disaster Preparedness Training 12.9.06 Powered By Docstoc
					             MRC Disaster Preparedness
                                      Unit Objectives

   Describe the types of hazards to which your
    community is vulnerable.
   Describe the functions of MRC Members.
   Identify preparedness steps.




Visual 1.2
                          Preparing for a Disaster

MRC Members should prepare by:
 Identifying potential hazards in their homes and
  workplaces.
 Reducing hazards, where possible.
 Developing a Family Disaster Plan.
 Developing a disaster supply kit.



Visual 1.3
                          Responding To a Disaster

MRC Members should respond by:
 Locating and turning off utilities, if safe.
 Extinguishing small fires.
 Treating injuries.
 Conducting triage during search
  and rescue.
 Helping to relieve survivor stress.



Visual 1.4
        Has there been a recent local
          emergency or disaster?




Visual 1.4
                 Nondisaster MRC Members Roles

    MRC Members members can:
     Distribute preparedness materials.
     Staff first aid booths at special events.
     Assist with installation of smoke alarms.




Visual 1.6
                                         Citizen Corps

    The President has encouraged Americans to
     volunteer to improve and safeguard the nation.
    Areas of emphasis for volunteer efforts:
       Crime
       Natural Disasters
       Terrorism




Visual 1.7
              Additional MRC Members Training
                                Opportunities

   Shelter management
   Community relations
   Donations management
   Special needs concerns
   Utilities control
   Advanced first aid
   Automated External Defibrillator use
   CPR Skills

Visual 1.8
                                       Course Preview

  The scope of this course includes:
   Fire safety.
   Disaster Preparedness
   Disaster medical operations.
   Shelter Operations / Mass Care
   MRC Members organization.
   Disaster psychology.
   MRC Members and terrorism.

Visual 1.9
                                Types of Disasters

      Natural
      Manmade
               Technological
               Political




Visual 1.10
                      Key Elements of Disasters

   They are relatively unexpected.
   Emergency personnel may be overwhelmed.
   Lives, health, and the environment are
       endangered.




Evanston - EMA
              You Live in the Heart




of a Disaster Prone Country
Visual 1.11
                   Midwest Hazards
  Thunderstorms
  Tornadoes
  Flooding
  Heat
  Earthquake
  Fire
  Winter Storms
  Hazardous Materials
  Terrorism/Violence

Visual 1.12
               A Severe Thunderstorm Is . . .




One that produces hail at least three-quarters of an
  inch in diameter, has winds of 58 miles per hour
          or higher, or produces a tornado.


Visual 1.13
                 Risks Posed by Thunderstorms

  Lightning
  Hail
  Downbursts and straight-line winds
  Flash floods
  Tornadoes




Visual 1.14
                    Thunderstorm Preparedness

  Understand the risk.
  Learn to make a small target.
  Pay attention to warnings.




Visual 1.15
                    During a Thunderstorm

 Avoid:
  Water sources.
  The telephone.
  The outdoors.




Visual 1.16
                             If You Are Outdoors . . .

  Get away from water sources.
  Seek shelter in a substantial building.
  If necessary:
       Take shelter in a car or.
       Go to low-lying area and make a small target.
    Avoid natural lightning rods.




Visual 1.17
                                            A Tornado Is . . .




  A powerful, circular windstorm that may be accompanied by winds
                     in excess of 250 miles per hour.
Visual 1.18
     Visual
Visual 1.20 1.19
                     Risks Posed by Tornadoes

 Tornadoes can:
  Rip trees apart.
  Destroy buildings.
  Uproot structures and objects.
  Send debris and glass flying.
  Overturn cars and mobile homes.




Visual 1.20
                         Fujita Wind-Damage Scale

  Measures tornado strength
  Six levels:
       F0:   Light damage
       F1:   Moderate damage
       F2:   Considerable damage
       F3:   Severe damage
       F4:   Devastating damage
       F5:   Incredible damage


Visual 1.21
                          Tornado Preparedness

  Know the risk.
  Identify a “safe” room.
  Learn the community’s warning system.
  Conduct family tornado drills.




Visual 1.22
                     Tornado Clues

  High winds
  Very large hail




Visual 1.23
                           During a Tornado . . .

  Keep windows and doors closed.
  Go to the “safe” room.
  Listen to EAS or NOAA Weather Radio.




Visual 1.24
    A Flood Occurs…




  Any time a body of water rises to cover what is usually dry land.
  Visual 1.25
Visual 1.26
                                  Causes of Floods

  Heavy rain
  Spring snowmelt
  Dam and levee failure
  Low absorption or no soil percolation




Visual 1.26
                  Factors Contributing to Flooding

  Rainfall intensity
  Rainfall duration
  Topography
  Soil conditions
  Ground cover




Visual 1.27
                                       Flood Hazards

  Heavy rainfall exacerbates problems with runoff,
   absorption, and flood-control measures.
  Riverine flooding can potentially inundate a city or
   downstream areas when protection fails.
  In rocky areas, lack of absorption can cause flash
   flooding.




Visual 1.28
                                        Flood Risks

  4,000 communities and 100 million people are at
   risk.
  Damage increases with development in:
     Coastal areas.
     Floodplains.




Visual 1.29
                                 Flood Preparations

  Know the flood risk for the area.
  Prepare a flood evacuation plan.
  Obtain flood insurance.
  Keep documents in a water-proof box.
  Check a portable radio for current information.




Visual 1.30
              Protecting Property From Flooding

  Elevate furnace, water heater, and electric panel.
  Move furniture and other items to a higher level.
  Install check valves.
  Waterproof basements and walls.




Visual 1.31
                             If You Must Evacuate

  Do not walk, swim, or drive through flood waters.
  Stay off bridges over fast-moving water.
  Keep away from waterways.
  Heed barricades.
  Avoid storm drains and irrigation ditches.




Visual 1.32
                                      After a Flood

  Stay out of flooded areas.
  Reserve the telephone for emergencies.
  Avoid driving, except in emergencies.




Visual 1.33
                                   A Heat Wave Is . . .




         A prolonged period of excessive heat, often
               combined with excessive humidity.



Visual 1.34
              Risks Associated With a Heat Wave


 Heat cramps
 Heat exhaustion
 Heat/Sun stroke




Visual 1.35
              Actions to Take During a Heat Wave

  Seek air conditioning.
  Avoid strenuous activities during the heat of the
   day.
  Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing.
  Check on family members and neighbors
   especially Senior Citizens.
  Drink plenty of fluids.



Visual 1.36
                                    Preparing the Home

  Install additional insulation.
  Protect windows.
  Use attic fans.




Visual 1.37
        The Midwest is Earthquake
Visual 1.39 1.38
    Visual
                Country
                              An Earthquake Is . . .




   A sudden slipping or movement of a portion of the
       Earth’s crust, caused by a sudden release of
      stresses, usually less than 25 miles below the
                          surface.




Visual 1.39
               Damage Caused by Earthquakes

  Collapsed buildings
  Damage to utilities, structures, and roads
  Fires and explosions
  Structural instability




Visual 1.40
                           Likelihood of an Earthquake

The greatest likelihood of a
  major earthquake is in:
 The Western United
  States.
 The New Madrid Seismic
  Zone in the Central U.S.
 A few pockets on the east
  coast.




  Visual 1.41
     Map Shows Damage Potential
         from a 7.6 Magnitude EQ




       Visual 1.42
Visual 1.43
                              Earthquake Statistics

  15% of the population lives in zones of potential
   major disaster.
  Residents of California face the highest risk.
  Four million people along the New Madrid Fault
   Zone are at great risk.
  Residents of Massachusetts, North Carolina, and
   South Carolina are also at risk.




Visual 1.43
                           Richter Scale

  Small: 5.0 to 5.9
  Moderate: 6.0 to 6.9
  Major: 7.0 to 7.9
  Great: 8.0 or greater




Visual 1.44
                        Earthquake Preparedness

  Develop a home earthquake plan.
  Conduct earthquake drills.
  Know where all utility controls are and how to
   shut them off if needed
  Develop a plan for reuniting family members.
  Identify an out-of-state family contact.
  Keep supplies on hand.



Visual 1.45
                         Earthquake Preparedness

  Store heavy and breakable objects on low
     shelves.
    Secure bookshelves and water heaters.
    Install flexible pipe.
    Move beds away from windows.
    Move or secure hanging objects over beds,
     sofas, or chairs.
    Keep shoes and a flashlight under the bed.



Visual 1.46
                               During an Earthquake

  Drop, cover, and hold –don’t run.
  If indoors, stay there!
  If outdoors, find a spot away from buildings, trees,
   streetlights and power lines, and overpasses.
  If in a vehicle, drive to a clear spot and stop.




Visual 1.47
                             After an Earthquake

  Extinguish small fires.
  Control utilities only if needed
  Clean up spills.
  Inspect home for damage.
  Help neighbors.
  Tune to Emergency Alert System (EAS).
  Expect aftershocks.



Visual 1.48
                     Fire
                     • Urban
                     • Wildfire
      Over
      3,000
      people a
      year die
      in Home
      Fires!

       Visual 1.49
Visual 1.52
                  Dangers of Fire

  Asphyxiation
  Heat
  Smoke




Visual 1.50
                  Developing a Family Fire Plan

  Install smoke alarms.
  Identify escape routes.
  Practice the escape plan.
  Practice alerting family members.
  Learn the fire department’s emergency number.




Visual 1.51
                               If a Fire Starts

  Get out quickly.
  Go to the meeting place.
  Call the fire department.




Visual 1.52
                               If You Can’t Escape

  Stuff wet cloth around doors and vents.
  Call the fire department.
  Stay low and by a window.
  Open windows at top and bottom.
  Wave a bright-colored cloth at the window.




Visual 1.53
                                     Preventing Fires

  Conduct a home hazard hunt.
  Inspect wood stoves and chimneys annually.
  Purchase only “laboratory-tested” heaters.
  Keep matches and lighters away from children.
  Check electrical wiring.
  Keep combustibles away from the stove.
  Keep off-gassing flammable chemicals away form
     combustion sources like the furnace.


Visual 1.54
                  Three Classes of Wildfires

  Surface fire
  Ground fire
  Crown fire




Visual 1.55
                           Wildfire Preparedness

  Keep a garden hose that is long enough to reach
   any area of the house.
  Obtain a portable gasoline-powered water pump.
  Equip chimneys and stovepipes with spark
   arresters.
  Keep fire tools handy.
  Use proper building and landscape design.



Visual 1.56
                                    During a Wildfire

  Listen for emergency information.
  Confine pets or arrange for pets to stay with a
   friend or relative.
  Move flammable furniture to the center of the
   home.
  Remove flammable drapes and curtains.
  Close all doors and windows.



Visual 1.57
                                      After a Wildfire

  Use caution when reentering.
  Inspect the roof immediately.
  Have propane or heating oil tanks inspected.
  Check the stability of trees around the home.
  If there is no power, check the main breaker.




Visual 1.58
                 Winter Storms

   Visual 1.59
Visual 1.60
                                 A Winter Storm . . .




  Can range from a moderate snow over a few hours
     to blizzard conditions with blinding wind-driven
               snow that lasts several days.




Visual 1.60
                                 Winter Storm Risk

  Automobile/other transportation accidents
  Exhaustion and heart attacks
  Hypothermia/Asphyxiation
  House fires




Visual 1.61
                     Elements of Winter Storms

  Heavy snow
  Ice
  Winter flooding
  Cold




Visual 1.62
                  Types of Snow

  Blizzard
  Blowing snow
  Snow squalls
  Snow showers




Visual 1.63
                   Types of Ice

  Sleet
  Freezing rain
  Ice storm




Visual 1.64
                 Effects of Cold


  Wind chill
  Frostbite
  Hypothermia




Visual 1.65
                    Winter Storm Preparedness

  Understand the risk.
  Prepare your home.
  Service snow-removal equipment.
  Fill your car’s gas tank.
  Pay attention to warnings.




Visual 1.66
                         During a Winter Storm . . .

  Stay indoors and dress warmly.
  Eat and drink regularly.
  Conserve fuel.
  If outside, protect yourself from hazards.




Visual 1.67
                   Hazardous
                    Materials




     Visual
Visual 1.70 1.68
                        Hazardous Materials Are . . .




   Substances that because of their chemical nature,
     pose a potential risk to life, health, or property if
         they are released or used improperly.




Visual 1.69
                Sources of Hazardous Materials

  Chemical plants
  Service stations
  Hospitals
  Hazardous materials waste sites
  Transport vehicles




Visual 1.70
              Hazardous Materials Incident Preparedness


  Find out what could happen.
  Address the hazards in your family emergency
   plan.
  Practice and maintain your plan.
  Learn the warning and information system for
   your community.




Visual 1.71
              During a Hazardous Materials Incident

  Leave the area!
  Report the incident.
  If hearing a warning, listen for instructions.




Visual 1.72
              During a Hazardous Materials Incident

  Stay away from the incident site.
  If outside, stay upstream, uphill, and upwind.
  If in a motor vehicle, stop and find shelter.
  If asked to evacuate, do so immediately.
  If requested, stay indoors—shelter in place.




Visual 1.73
                       If Asked to Shelter in Place

  Get household members and pets inside.
  Close and lock exterior doors and windows.
  Turn off air conditioners and ventilation systems.
  Go to the pre-selected safe room.




Visual 1.74
                            Post-incident Actions

  Do not return home until instructed.
  Open windows and vents and turn on fans.
  Follow decontamination procedures.
  Learn how to clean up land and property.
  Report any lingering hazards.




Visual 1.75
                               Household Chemicals




         Knowing how to handle these products and
            how to react during an emergency
               can reduce the risk of injury.




Visual 1.76
Visual 1.77
              Visual 1.79
                              Symptoms of Poisoning

  Difficulty breathing
  Irritation of eyes, skin, throat, or respiratory tract
  Changes in skin color
  Headaches, blurred vision, dizziness
  Clumsiness or lack of coordination
  Cramps or diarrhea




Visual 1.78
              Chemical Emergency Preparedness

  Limit
  Isolate
  Eliminate
  Separate




Visual 1.79
                    Household Chemical Safety

  Read directions before using.
  Store in safe, secure location.
  Avoid mixing chemical products.
  Never smoke while using chemicals.
  Clean up spills immediately.




Visual 1.80
              During a Household Chemical Emergency

  If poison is consumed:
      Find containers immediately.
     Call poison-control center, follow instructions.
  If chemical gets into the eyes:
     Follow emergency instructions on container.
     Seek medical attention.
  If a fire or explosion occurs:
     Evacuate residence immediately.
     Move upwind to avoid breathing toxic fumes.
     Call the fire department from outside.



Visual 1.81
              Disaster effects on Infrastructure




Visual 1.82
                    Disaster Effects on Infrastructure
   Damage to transportation:
    Inability to assess damage accurately
    Ambulances prevented from reaching victims
    Police prevented from reaching areas of civil unrest
    Fire departments prevented from getting to fires
    Interruption to the flow of needed supplies
   Damage to structures:
    Damaged hospitals unable to function normally
    Increased risk of damage from falling debris




Visual 1.84
                                Effects on Infrastructure

   Disrupted communication:
    Victims unable to call for help
    Coordination of services hampered
   Damage to utilities:
    Loss of utilities
    Increased risk of fire or electrical shock
    Loss of contact between victims and service providers
    Inadequate water supply
    Increased risk to public health


Visual 1.86
                     Hazards From Home Fixtures

    Gas line ruptures from displaced water heaters or
     ranges
    Damage from falling books, dishes, and other
     cabinet contents
    Electric shock from displaced appliances
    Fire from faulty wiring, overloaded plugs, or
     frayed electric cords




Visual 1.89
                                        Personal Safety

   Personal safety measures vary depending on:
    The type of event.
    The amount of warning available.
    Location during the event (i.e., inside, outside,
     driving).




Visual 1.90
                Home and Workplace Preparedness


  Individual Preparedness & Family
     Preparedness
         Assemble disaster supplies.
         Develop a disaster plan.
         Develop a safe room.

  Workplace & School Preparedness
  Structural and non-structural
     mitigation

Visual 1.87
              Are You Ready for a Disaster?




Visual 1.88
                Preparedness is the Key
                   Home Hazard Hunt

•Water Heater
•Utilities
•External Hazards
•Home Haz Mat

        Find and Reduce Hazards if you can!
Visual 1.89
Visual 1.90
Water
Heater



               Water heater


 Visual 1.91
 Shelves


Visual 1.92
              Inside Water
              Shutoff




Visual 1.93
                 Main Switch




              Circuits



Visual 1.94
What are the Hazards in and around your home?
   Visual
Visual 1.99 1.95
              Overhead Power Lines




Visual 1.96
                  Gasoline Stored in
                  Plastic Container




                  Chemicals on
                  Lower Shelves


                  Paint and Chems
                  on Lower Shelves

    Visual 1.97
Visual 1.101
              Create a Family Disaster Plan




Visual 1.98
Visual 1.99
         Visual 1.103
               Rendezvous Points

               Near and far



Visual 1.100
                   Phone Lists

     • Emergency Response #s
     • Utilities
     • Doctors/Pharmacies
     • Vet
     • Out of State Contact
Visual 1.101
Visual 1.102
                         Checklists
   • Who to call
   • What to Check
   • What to turn Off
   • What to take
   • Lists of medicine
   • List of Insurance
Visual 1.103
               Inside the house
               Fire Extinguisher




Visual 1.104
               Electrical Panel




Visual 1.105
               Ready Flashlights




Visual 1.106
Visual 1.107   Visual 1.111
Visual 1.112
 Visual 1.108
               Commercial Car Kit
Visual 1.109
Car Kit in Backpack

                                           Medical Kit




Walking Shoes




   Visual 1.110
                  Do it yourself Car Kit
Visual 1.115
 Visual 1.111
                 Family
Visual 1.112
               Disaster Kit
                 Build Your Own Family Kit




Evacuation
                                        In-Place
Kits
                                        Supplies




  Visual 1.113
 Visual 1.114
Visual 1.112
               Know the
               routes of
                escape
               wherever
                you are


Visual 1.115
Rendezvous Point
 Outside the office
and away from the
     building
  Visual 1.116
               A
               N
               I
               M
               A
               L


               I
               S
               S
               U
               E
               S
Visual 1.117
               Sample Structural Hazard Mitigation

   Bolt older houses to the foundations.
   Strap propane tanks.
   Raise utilities.
   Strap mobile homes to their slabs.
   Ask a professional to check foundation, roof
      connectors, chimney, etc.




Visual 1.118
               Sample Nonstructural Hazard Mitigation

   Anchor heavy furniture.
   Secure appliances and office equipment.
   Secure cabinet doors with childproof fasteners.
   Locate and label gas, electricity, and water
    shutoffs.
   Secure water heaters and have flexible gas lines
    installed.




Visual 1.119
                                                 The EOP

     Assigns responsibility to organizations and
      individuals
     Sets forth lines of authority
     Describes how people and property will be
      protected
     Identifies personnel, equipment, facilities,
      supplies, and other resources




Visual 1.124
                 MRC Members in a Disaster Setting

     Assist first responders when requested
     Initially assume many of the same functions as
         response personnel when necessary until help
         arrives:
           Fire safety
           Light search and rescue
           Disaster medical operations




Visual 1.125
                                            Unit Summary

     MRC Members are among a variety of agencies
         and personnel who cooperate to provide
         assistance in the aftermath of a disaster.
        MRC Members have proven themselves
         invaluable in the areas in which they were tested.
        MRC Members have become a key component of
         the Citizen Corps program.




Visual 1.126

				
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