MRC Disaster Preparedness
Describe the types of hazards to which your
community is vulnerable.
Describe the functions of MRC Members.
Identify preparedness steps.
Preparing for a Disaster
MRC Members should prepare by:
Identifying potential hazards in their homes and
Reducing hazards, where possible.
Developing a Family Disaster Plan.
Developing a disaster supply kit.
Responding To a Disaster
MRC Members should respond by:
Locating and turning off utilities, if safe.
Extinguishing small fires.
Conducting triage during search
Helping to relieve survivor stress.
Has there been a recent local
emergency or disaster?
Nondisaster MRC Members Roles
MRC Members members can:
Distribute preparedness materials.
Staff first aid booths at special events.
Assist with installation of smoke alarms.
The President has encouraged Americans to
volunteer to improve and safeguard the nation.
Areas of emphasis for volunteer efforts:
Additional MRC Members Training
Special needs concerns
Advanced first aid
Automated External Defibrillator use
The scope of this course includes:
Disaster medical operations.
Shelter Operations / Mass Care
MRC Members organization.
MRC Members and terrorism.
Types of Disasters
Key Elements of Disasters
They are relatively unexpected.
Emergency personnel may be overwhelmed.
Lives, health, and the environment are
Evanston - EMA
You Live in the Heart
of a Disaster Prone Country
A Severe Thunderstorm Is . . .
One that produces hail at least three-quarters of an
inch in diameter, has winds of 58 miles per hour
or higher, or produces a tornado.
Risks Posed by Thunderstorms
Downbursts and straight-line winds
Understand the risk.
Learn to make a small target.
Pay attention to warnings.
During a Thunderstorm
If You Are Outdoors . . .
Get away from water sources.
Seek shelter in a substantial building.
Take shelter in a car or.
Go to low-lying area and make a small target.
Avoid natural lightning rods.
A Tornado Is . . .
A powerful, circular windstorm that may be accompanied by winds
in excess of 250 miles per hour.
Visual 1.20 1.19
Risks Posed by Tornadoes
Rip trees apart.
Uproot structures and objects.
Send debris and glass flying.
Overturn cars and mobile homes.
Fujita Wind-Damage Scale
Measures tornado strength
F0: Light damage
F1: Moderate damage
F2: Considerable damage
F3: Severe damage
F4: Devastating damage
F5: Incredible damage
Know the risk.
Identify a “safe” room.
Learn the community’s warning system.
Conduct family tornado drills.
Very large hail
During a Tornado . . .
Keep windows and doors closed.
Go to the “safe” room.
Listen to EAS or NOAA Weather Radio.
A Flood Occurs…
Any time a body of water rises to cover what is usually dry land.
Causes of Floods
Dam and levee failure
Low absorption or no soil percolation
Factors Contributing to Flooding
Heavy rainfall exacerbates problems with runoff,
absorption, and flood-control measures.
Riverine flooding can potentially inundate a city or
downstream areas when protection fails.
In rocky areas, lack of absorption can cause flash
4,000 communities and 100 million people are at
Damage increases with development in:
Know the flood risk for the area.
Prepare a flood evacuation plan.
Obtain flood insurance.
Keep documents in a water-proof box.
Check a portable radio for current information.
Protecting Property From Flooding
Elevate furnace, water heater, and electric panel.
Move furniture and other items to a higher level.
Install check valves.
Waterproof basements and walls.
If You Must Evacuate
Do not walk, swim, or drive through flood waters.
Stay off bridges over fast-moving water.
Keep away from waterways.
Avoid storm drains and irrigation ditches.
After a Flood
Stay out of flooded areas.
Reserve the telephone for emergencies.
Avoid driving, except in emergencies.
A Heat Wave Is . . .
A prolonged period of excessive heat, often
combined with excessive humidity.
Risks Associated With a Heat Wave
Actions to Take During a Heat Wave
Seek air conditioning.
Avoid strenuous activities during the heat of the
Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing.
Check on family members and neighbors
especially Senior Citizens.
Drink plenty of fluids.
Preparing the Home
Install additional insulation.
Use attic fans.
The Midwest is Earthquake
Visual 1.39 1.38
An Earthquake Is . . .
A sudden slipping or movement of a portion of the
Earth’s crust, caused by a sudden release of
stresses, usually less than 25 miles below the
Damage Caused by Earthquakes
Damage to utilities, structures, and roads
Fires and explosions
Likelihood of an Earthquake
The greatest likelihood of a
major earthquake is in:
The Western United
The New Madrid Seismic
Zone in the Central U.S.
A few pockets on the east
Map Shows Damage Potential
from a 7.6 Magnitude EQ
15% of the population lives in zones of potential
Residents of California face the highest risk.
Four million people along the New Madrid Fault
Zone are at great risk.
Residents of Massachusetts, North Carolina, and
South Carolina are also at risk.
Small: 5.0 to 5.9
Moderate: 6.0 to 6.9
Major: 7.0 to 7.9
Great: 8.0 or greater
Develop a home earthquake plan.
Conduct earthquake drills.
Know where all utility controls are and how to
shut them off if needed
Develop a plan for reuniting family members.
Identify an out-of-state family contact.
Keep supplies on hand.
Store heavy and breakable objects on low
Secure bookshelves and water heaters.
Install flexible pipe.
Move beds away from windows.
Move or secure hanging objects over beds,
sofas, or chairs.
Keep shoes and a flashlight under the bed.
During an Earthquake
Drop, cover, and hold –don’t run.
If indoors, stay there!
If outdoors, find a spot away from buildings, trees,
streetlights and power lines, and overpasses.
If in a vehicle, drive to a clear spot and stop.
After an Earthquake
Extinguish small fires.
Control utilities only if needed
Clean up spills.
Inspect home for damage.
Tune to Emergency Alert System (EAS).
Dangers of Fire
Developing a Family Fire Plan
Install smoke alarms.
Identify escape routes.
Practice the escape plan.
Practice alerting family members.
Learn the fire department’s emergency number.
If a Fire Starts
Get out quickly.
Go to the meeting place.
Call the fire department.
If You Can’t Escape
Stuff wet cloth around doors and vents.
Call the fire department.
Stay low and by a window.
Open windows at top and bottom.
Wave a bright-colored cloth at the window.
Conduct a home hazard hunt.
Inspect wood stoves and chimneys annually.
Purchase only “laboratory-tested” heaters.
Keep matches and lighters away from children.
Check electrical wiring.
Keep combustibles away from the stove.
Keep off-gassing flammable chemicals away form
combustion sources like the furnace.
Three Classes of Wildfires
Keep a garden hose that is long enough to reach
any area of the house.
Obtain a portable gasoline-powered water pump.
Equip chimneys and stovepipes with spark
Keep fire tools handy.
Use proper building and landscape design.
During a Wildfire
Listen for emergency information.
Confine pets or arrange for pets to stay with a
friend or relative.
Move flammable furniture to the center of the
Remove flammable drapes and curtains.
Close all doors and windows.
After a Wildfire
Use caution when reentering.
Inspect the roof immediately.
Have propane or heating oil tanks inspected.
Check the stability of trees around the home.
If there is no power, check the main breaker.
A Winter Storm . . .
Can range from a moderate snow over a few hours
to blizzard conditions with blinding wind-driven
snow that lasts several days.
Winter Storm Risk
Automobile/other transportation accidents
Exhaustion and heart attacks
Elements of Winter Storms
Types of Snow
Types of Ice
Effects of Cold
Winter Storm Preparedness
Understand the risk.
Prepare your home.
Service snow-removal equipment.
Fill your car’s gas tank.
Pay attention to warnings.
During a Winter Storm . . .
Stay indoors and dress warmly.
Eat and drink regularly.
If outside, protect yourself from hazards.
Visual 1.70 1.68
Hazardous Materials Are . . .
Substances that because of their chemical nature,
pose a potential risk to life, health, or property if
they are released or used improperly.
Sources of Hazardous Materials
Hazardous materials waste sites
Hazardous Materials Incident Preparedness
Find out what could happen.
Address the hazards in your family emergency
Practice and maintain your plan.
Learn the warning and information system for
During a Hazardous Materials Incident
Leave the area!
Report the incident.
If hearing a warning, listen for instructions.
During a Hazardous Materials Incident
Stay away from the incident site.
If outside, stay upstream, uphill, and upwind.
If in a motor vehicle, stop and find shelter.
If asked to evacuate, do so immediately.
If requested, stay indoors—shelter in place.
If Asked to Shelter in Place
Get household members and pets inside.
Close and lock exterior doors and windows.
Turn off air conditioners and ventilation systems.
Go to the pre-selected safe room.
Do not return home until instructed.
Open windows and vents and turn on fans.
Follow decontamination procedures.
Learn how to clean up land and property.
Report any lingering hazards.
Knowing how to handle these products and
how to react during an emergency
can reduce the risk of injury.
Symptoms of Poisoning
Irritation of eyes, skin, throat, or respiratory tract
Changes in skin color
Headaches, blurred vision, dizziness
Clumsiness or lack of coordination
Cramps or diarrhea
Chemical Emergency Preparedness
Household Chemical Safety
Read directions before using.
Store in safe, secure location.
Avoid mixing chemical products.
Never smoke while using chemicals.
Clean up spills immediately.
During a Household Chemical Emergency
If poison is consumed:
Find containers immediately.
Call poison-control center, follow instructions.
If chemical gets into the eyes:
Follow emergency instructions on container.
Seek medical attention.
If a fire or explosion occurs:
Evacuate residence immediately.
Move upwind to avoid breathing toxic fumes.
Call the fire department from outside.
Disaster effects on Infrastructure
Disaster Effects on Infrastructure
Damage to transportation:
Inability to assess damage accurately
Ambulances prevented from reaching victims
Police prevented from reaching areas of civil unrest
Fire departments prevented from getting to fires
Interruption to the flow of needed supplies
Damage to structures:
Damaged hospitals unable to function normally
Increased risk of damage from falling debris
Effects on Infrastructure
Victims unable to call for help
Coordination of services hampered
Damage to utilities:
Loss of utilities
Increased risk of fire or electrical shock
Loss of contact between victims and service providers
Inadequate water supply
Increased risk to public health
Hazards From Home Fixtures
Gas line ruptures from displaced water heaters or
Damage from falling books, dishes, and other
Electric shock from displaced appliances
Fire from faulty wiring, overloaded plugs, or
frayed electric cords
Personal safety measures vary depending on:
The type of event.
The amount of warning available.
Location during the event (i.e., inside, outside,
Home and Workplace Preparedness
Individual Preparedness & Family
Assemble disaster supplies.
Develop a disaster plan.
Develop a safe room.
Workplace & School Preparedness
Structural and non-structural
Are You Ready for a Disaster?
Preparedness is the Key
Home Hazard Hunt
•Home Haz Mat
Find and Reduce Hazards if you can!
What are the Hazards in and around your home?
Visual 1.99 1.95
Overhead Power Lines
Gasoline Stored in
Paint and Chems
on Lower Shelves
Create a Family Disaster Plan
Near and far
• Emergency Response #s
• Out of State Contact
• Who to call
• What to Check
• What to turn Off
• What to take
• Lists of medicine
• List of Insurance
Inside the house
Visual 1.107 Visual 1.111
Commercial Car Kit
Car Kit in Backpack
Do it yourself Car Kit
Build Your Own Family Kit
Outside the office
and away from the
Sample Structural Hazard Mitigation
Bolt older houses to the foundations.
Strap propane tanks.
Strap mobile homes to their slabs.
Ask a professional to check foundation, roof
connectors, chimney, etc.
Sample Nonstructural Hazard Mitigation
Anchor heavy furniture.
Secure appliances and office equipment.
Secure cabinet doors with childproof fasteners.
Locate and label gas, electricity, and water
Secure water heaters and have flexible gas lines
Assigns responsibility to organizations and
Sets forth lines of authority
Describes how people and property will be
Identifies personnel, equipment, facilities,
supplies, and other resources
MRC Members in a Disaster Setting
Assist first responders when requested
Initially assume many of the same functions as
response personnel when necessary until help
Light search and rescue
Disaster medical operations
MRC Members are among a variety of agencies
and personnel who cooperate to provide
assistance in the aftermath of a disaster.
MRC Members have proven themselves
invaluable in the areas in which they were tested.
MRC Members have become a key component of
the Citizen Corps program.