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					CDR Thomas Tansey, USCG (Ret.)
  Environmental Program Manager
      Rescue 21 Project Office
USCG Headquarters, Washington, DC



                                    1
     How did “Rescue 21” get started?
• F/V SOL-E-MAR – Mar. 26, 1990

   – 50-ft boat sank South of Martha’s Vineyard;

   – “This is the fishing vessel SOL-E-MAR. We’re
     sinking. We need help now!” …a scream. One
     minute later: “S-O-S, I’m sinking!” ... then
     laughter…

   – Coast Guard believed it was a hoax call and did not
     respond;

   – Four days later the SOL-E-MAR was reported
     missing; father & 19 year old son from Fairhaven,
     MA died;
                                                         2
     How did “Rescue 21” get started?
• F/V SOL-E-MAR tragedy resulted in the Studds Act:

   – Federal criminal penalty for making hoax calls;

   – Additional recording & direction finding gear for
     Coast Guard units;

   – Impetus for upgrading the USCG’s National
     Distress System




                                                         3
    How did “Rescue 21” get started?
• S/V MORNING DEW - Dec. 29, 1997


  – 34-ft S/V grounded on the north jetty, Charleston,
    SC;

  – Coast Guard believed it was a hoax call and did
    not respond;

  – owner/operator and three passengers died




                                                         4
      How did “Rescue 21” get started?
• S/V MORNING DEW tragedy resulted in:
   – Policy changes for CG response to uncorrelated distress
     calls;

   – Increased CG staffing & training for Search and Rescue
     planners;

   – Established CG Operations Center Standardization Team;

   – Heightened awareness resulted in additional Congressional
     funding for National Distress & Response System upgrades;

   – NDRSMP changed name to the “Rescue 21” project in Oct.
     2002

                                                               5
                  Other Marine Casualties of Note
F/V ANDREA GAIL – Oct 28, 1991, 72-ft boat out of Gloucester disappeared 180 miles NE of Sable Island,
Canada, entire crew of 6 lost (The Perfect Storm)
F/V ATLANTIS – Oct. 29, 1992, 72-ft trawler disappeared, entire crew of 5 lost; homeport New Bedford, MA
F/V CAPE FEAR – Jan. 8, 1999, 112-ft quahogger capsized off Buzzards Bay Light, 2 died, 3 survivors;
homeport New Bedford, MA
F/V LONELY HUNTER – Sep. 8, 2003, 48-ft scalloper sank after collision with off Nantucket, 2 died, 1 survivor;
homeport New Bedford, MA
F/V ATLANTA – Dec. 15, 2003, scallop boat capsized and sank 30 miles off Chatham, MA, 3 lost, 4 survivors;
homeport New Bedford, MA
F/V NANCY CHRISTINE – Sep. 3, 2004, sea-clammer sank in Muskeget Channel off Martha’s Vineyard, 2 died;
homeport New Bedford, MA
F/V CAPTAIN TONY – Sep. 13, 2004, 24-ft lobster boat exploded off Quick’s Hole, 1 died
F/V MO-KELLY – Dec. 17, 2004, 43-ft dragger grounded on Noman’s Land, 3 rescued
F/V NORTHERN EDGE – Dec. 20, 2004, 75-ft scallop boat sank 45 miles SE of Nantucket, 5 lost, 1 survivor;
homeport New Bedford, MA
F/V ENTERPRISE – Feb. 1, 2005, 73-ft quahogger engine room fire two miles East of Nantucket, 1 died, 3
survivors; homeport New Bedford, MA
F/V THE LAST CALL – Jun 19, 2005, 25-foot charter boat capsized while under tow in Quick’s Hole, Elizabeth
Islands, MA, 1 died, 4 survivors
F/V LADY OF GRACE – Jan. 2007, 75 ft dragger capsized and sank 11 miles E of Cape Pogue, Nantucket
Sound; EPIRB found stuck in the scupper; crew of 4 lost
F/V LADY LUCK – Feb. 1, 2007, 52-ft stern trawler capsized and sank 30 miles SE Portland, ME, 2 lost; EPIRB
signal without position received at 2 AM; homeport Newburyport, MA



                                                                                                       6
                 What is Rescue 21?
• Rescue 21 is a technologically advanced command,
  control, and communications system that will
  improve the ability of the Coast Guard to assist
  mariners in distress and save lives.
• Coast Guard’s short-range communications system
   – VHF-FM line of site, marine-band radio
• Provides the communications infrastructure for all
  Coast Guard operational missions:
          –   Search and Rescue
          –   Marine Safety & Security
          –   Maritime Law Enforcement
          –   Marine Environmental Protection & Response
          –   Homeland Security


                                                           7
           Rescue 21 Capabilities
• Highly accurate direction-finding equipment to improve
locating mariners in distress:
   +/- 2 degree LOB – 2 channels simultaneously
   Constant Ch 16 VHF-FM guard
   1 Watt, receive @ 20 nm
   1/2 second transmission
• Supports Digital Selective Calling, (DSC) providing Global
Positioning System capabilities (International Safety of Life at
Sea standard)
• Improves interoperability among federal, state and local first
responder agencies via telephone patches on public safety
frequencies


                                                               8
         Rescue 21 Capabilities
• Enhances clarity of distress calls via noise
filtering;
• Digital playback and recording of distress calls;
• Multi-channel operation – 5 channels;
• Reduces coverage gaps for coastal
communications and along navigable rivers and
waterways;
• Portable towers for restoration of
communications during emergencies or natural
disasters


                                                      9
       Existing communications equipment
VHF Tone remote      Station VHF
controller for HLS   radio         • 30+ years old
                                   • Obsolete
                                   • Difficult to maintain spare parts
                                   & repair equipment
                                                                   VHF Tone remote
                                                                   controller for HLS
                                                     Station VHF
                                                     radio




       Station Menemsha




                                        Station Brandt Point
                                                                             10
New R21 digital consoles & graphic displays!




                                               11
R21 Incorporates direction-finding (DF)
          R21 Digital Selective Calling
• Digital Selective Calling identifies the boater’s position at the
  push of a button.
• The Coast Guard will continuously monitor VHF-FM Channels
  16 and 70.
• Boaters are encouraged to
  take advantage of DSC
  capabilities by:
    – Register for a Mobile
      Maritime Service Identity
      (MMSI) Number.

    – Connect their DSC radio
      to a GPS receiver!




                                                                      13
             R21 Communications Recovery
Portable Towers allow restoration of
communications during emergencies or
natural disasters.




                                           14
Operational Success - 3 Lives Saved!
                           •   13 Feb 2008

                           •   F/V GREEN EYES
                                • 38ft boat
                                • homeport New
                                   Bedford, MA
                                • 3 POB
                                • 12 miles off Fire
                                   Island, NY
                                • 10-12 foot seas
                                • water temp. 42°
                                • wind 24-45+
                                   mph

                           •   CG Pilots never
                               detected the
                               vessel’s EPIRB

                           •   LOBs from two
                               Rescue 21 towers
                               provided search
                               area to CG pilots

                                                 15
Operational Success - 4 Lives Saved!
                           •   12 March 2008

                           •   F/V CAPT JOE
                                • 97ft boat
                                • homeport Pt.
                                   Pleasant
                                   Beach, NJ
                                • 4 POB
                                • 30 miles off Pt.
                                   Pleasant Beach
                                • 10-15 foot seas
                                • water temp. 40°
                                • Mayday rcvd
                                   8:45 PM

                           •   Crew unable to
                               provide position

                           •   LOBs from four
                               Rescue 21 towers
                               provided search
                               area to CG pilots

                                                  16
R21 Deployment as of April 2008 – 13,500 miles!




                                            17
            Current USCG Proposal
The U.S. Coast Guard is seeking permission from the Town of
  Chilmark to improve the existing USCG & Town public safety
  communications site on Peaked Hill by:

   1. Replace the existing tower to accommodate enhanced USCG
      communications and DF (Direction Finding) capabilities for
      search and rescue;

   2. Replace the existing USCG fiberglass shelter with a new
      concrete shelter to accommodate all Regional Public Safety
      communications equipment;

   3. Install a new emergency generator & fuel tank;

   4. Proceed with subsequent, joint engineering planning efforts
      and equipment installations later this year


                                                               18
    Rescue 21 DF Communications Coverage




Projected Regional Direction Finding coverage plots for USCG Sector SE New England;
SE-34 is the proposed RFF Martha’s Vineyard installation on Peaked Hill, Chilmark, MA.
Areas of coverage overlap allow for greater overall system reliability from unplanned
outages as well as two lines of bearing DF capability for distress calls.



                                                                                         19
  Rescue 21 VHF Communications Coverage




Projected Regional VHF voice coverage plots for USCG Sector SE New England; The
proposed RFF Martha’s Vineyard installation is on Peaked Hill, Chilmark, MA. The heavy
offshore blue line marks the 20 mile boundary and goal for Rescue 21 Project implementation.



                                                                                         20
Dramatic Loss of Coverage without
     Martha’s Vineyard Site




                                    21
                 Peaked Hill




Camera
Viewpoint


            Topographic map showing the relative
            positions of the camera viewpoint
            from Menemsha Pond shooting NE
            towards Peaked Hill, site of the
            proposed USCG RFF Martha’s
            Vineyard monopole to replace existing
            guyed tower.
                                                           Peaked Hill –
                                                           existing 40-ft tall
                                                           communications
                                                           tower (50-ft w/ top
                                                           whip antennas) is
                                                           visible with white
                                                           fiberglass shelter
                                                           below.




View of existing Town of Chilmark 40-ft tall (50-ft w/ whip antennas) public
safety communications tower on Peaked Hill and USCG fiberglass
communications shelter, as viewed from Menemsha Pond
                                                        Peaked Hill –
                                                        simulation of
                                                        USCG 100-ft tall
                                                        (113-ft w/ DF
                                                        antenna)
                                                        monopole tower
                                                        with compound
                                                        screened with
                                                        landscaping




Visual simulation of the proposed USCG RFF Martha’s Vineyard, 100-ft tall
monopole tower (113’ with DF antenna) as viewed from Menemsha Pond
Peaked Hill - existing
communications site




               USCG
               antenna




                         25
Existing
  site




           26
          Existing guyed tower
          with fenced equipment
          compound below.



                                  Peaked Hill -
                                  Existing Town of Chilmark 40-
                                  foot tall
                                  (50-ft w/ top whip antenna)
                                  public safety communications
                                  tower as viewed from the
                                  access road.
USCG
antenna
Photo simulation to
scale
                      Visual simulation of the
                      proposed USCG RFF
                      Martha’s Vineyard, 100-foot
                      tall monopole tower (113’
                      with DF antenna) as viewed
                      from the access road, with
                      added & improved
                      landscaping to screen
                      equipment compound.
                       Existing shelter
      Existing tower   to be removed
                                                     New emergency
      to be removed
                                                     generator




All old equipment removed
& area landscaped
                                          New 100 ft.
                                          monopole tower   New concrete
                         New 500 gal.                      equipment shelter
                         propane tank




                  Proposed Site Plan “A” (preferred) – 20 ft by 46 ft compound
                  Existing compound lengthened by approx. 6 ft 4 inches
                             New emergency
                             generator       New 500 gal.
                                             propane tank




         New concrete             New 100 ft.
         equipment shelter        monopole tower




Alternative Site Plan “B” – 20 ft by 39 ft compound
Much more costly to implement due to shelter moves, etc.
 CG DF
                                                   CG DF antenna


                           CG VHF-Rx




CG UHF
Tx/Rx
                           CG VHF-Tx




         Proposed Tower Elevation Drawing – 100-foot tall monopole w/
         DF antenna
 Projected USCG Financial Contribution
• All site preparation costs including: engineering
  design, contract management, utility/telephone line
  relocation, site grading, new concrete pad
  foundations, fence/gate installations;

• Removal & disposal of old shelter, fence, existing
  lattice tower, foundations, old generator & fuel tank;

• All new tower erection costs, antenna mounts, cable
  installations, & antenna installation;

• New shared, climate controlled, concrete equipment
  shelter with two A.C. units, & joint secure access;

                                                        32
      Projected USCG Financial
          Contribution cont.
• New emergency generator & 500 gallon
  propane tank;
• Landscaping & screening of equipment
  compound;
• Recurring maintenance costs for shelter,
  emergency generator, propane tank, & tower;
• Propane tank refueling & inspection;
• Approximate USCG costs: $800,000.00




                                                33
        Town of Chilmark Costs
• Install Town equipment racks;

• Relocate existing and/or new radio equipment,
  etc., into new shelter;

• Test Town’s communications equipment to
  ensure operability;

• Estimated total costs contributed by Town of
  Chilmark: $15-20K



                                                  34
Town of Chilmark & Local Community
             Benefits
  Free use of new monopole tower;
  Increased antenna mounting heights resulting in better
  communications for Regional Public Safety;
  Free use of USCG joint agency equipment shelter;
  Free use of new emergency power system (generator &
  fuel source)
  Avoidance of recurring maintenance costs for tower,
  shelter, emergency generator & compound;
  Significant increase in maritime safety for local
  fishermen and recreational boaters sailing from
  Menemsha harbor & other Martha’s Vineyard ports!


                                                           35
Compound landscaping & screening




                                   36
xxxxxx Plan
  Landscape




              37
                                               American Hazelnut
Eastern Red Cedar   Coastal Sweet Pepperbush
Thank You!




             39
40
Peaked Hill
Visual
Impact
Study
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
Peaked Hill trail

                    50
Projected Regional VHF voice coverage plots for USCG Sector SE New England; SE-34 is the
proposed RFF Martha’s Vineyard installation on Peaked Hill, Chilmark, MA. The heavy
offshore blue line marks the 20 mile boundary and goal for Rescue 21 Project implementation.




                                                                                         51

				
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