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					                                    Indian American Forum for
                                         Political Education
                                      Massachusetts-Chapter



                             Constitution and By-Laws
ARTICLE I

NAME:

          INDIAN AMERICAN FORUM FOR POLITICAL EDUCATION, Massachusetts Chapter, (hereinafter
referred to as the “Forum”), is a chapter of the national Indian American Forum for Political Education (herein referred as
the “National Forum”). It is an educational and non-profit organization with no affiliation to any political party.


ARTICLE II
FORUM BY-LAWS:

         The constitution and by-laws of the National Forum authorizes adoption of individual by-laws for the
administrative convenience of state chapters. The by-laws contained in this document are the by-laws of the Forum.
Nothing in these by-laws shall be inconsistent with the constitution and by-laws of the National Forum.

ARTICLE III

OBJECTIVES:

         1. To function as a catalyst in development of civic consciousness and the promotion of political awareness
         among all individuals of Asian Indian origin.

         2. To provide opportunities for learning through seminars, symposia and workshops on civic, economic, business
         and political issues, including Indo-US relations.

         3. To monitor current legislative and regulatory developments affecting the lives of the individuals of Asian
         Indian origin in the United States of America.

         4. To facilitate the informal exchanges of ideas between Forum Members and political leaders, including public
         officials, and to develop an atmosphere of mutual understanding through such exchanges of ideas.

         5. To promote voter registration among Indian American citizens and encourage them to study the major issues
         involved in political campaigns in order to exercise their civic responsibilities.

         6. To educate Forum members to recognize their individual social responsibilities to wards the society by
         involving themselves in community and public affairs.




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ARTICLE IV
MEMBERSHIP, PRIVILEGES AND DUES:

Section 1.      There shall be five categories of membership:


                        Active Member:
                        Any individual of Asian Indian origin or his/her immediate family member residing in
                        Massachusetts or any other state, where there is no state chapter, shall be eligible to become an
                        active member of the Forum upon paying the annual dues, provided that person is eighteen
                        years or older. A new member will have the right to vote two months after becoming a
                        member and will be eligible for office three months after becoming a member.

                .       Associate Member:
                        Any individual who shall subscribe to the objectives of the Forum as outlined in Article III, but
                        are ineligible for active membership, are eligible for non-voting associate membership upon
                        payment of annual dues.

                .       Life Member:
                        Any active member who contributes a sum determined by the National Board and subscribe to
                        the objective of the Forum shall be a life member. Such members shall have the privilege of
                        an Active member for life.

                        Institutional Members:
                        Any of a Asian Indian organization that desires to participate in the activity of the Forum shall
                        be an institutional member. This membership shall be granted only with the consent of the
                        Executive Committee. The Executive Committee, if any, will decide institutional membership
                        dues. An institution shall not be eligible to vote or hold office.

                        Patron:
                        Any individual, who makes significant monetary contribution to the Forum may be designated
                        by the Executive Committee as a Patron of Forum for a period of five years. The monetary
                        contribution will be a minimum of five times the currant life membership. A patron shall not
                        be eligible to vote or hold office.


        Section 2:

        Dues and Contributions:

                The National Board will set dues for
                The Forum may collect funds beyond its membership dues and may use such contributions in support of
                its activities.


        Section 3:

        Denial of Membership:

                Any member or officer may be denied or removed from the general membership and /or the Executive
                Committee under extreme circumstances, when the individual is considered detrimental to the
                objectives of the Forum. Such an action will be taken only after two-third vote of active members
                present at a General Body meeting, pursuant to the recommendation of at least five members of the



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              Executive Committee and /or a majority of the Regular members of the Board of Trustees, The meeting
              at which such action will be taken must be held within four weeks of the recommendation and with at
              least two weeks notice. The individual will have the right to be present at this meeting to state his/her
              case.




ARTICLE V:
ADMINISTRAION OF FORUM:



              Activities of the Forum shall be managed by the Executive Committee and Board of Trustees.

     The Executive Committee shall be responsible for the day-to-day activities of the Forum including but not
     limited to collecting dues, organizing functions, publishing newsletters, and maintaining the currant membership
     list.
     The Board of Trustees shall provide guidance towards long-term achievements and objective. Their activities
     shall include raising funds, fostering public relations and advising on policy matters

     SECTION 1

     Composition and Duties of the Executive Committee:

     All the members of the Executive Committee except the Past President shall be elected for a term of two years at
     during the Annual General Body meeting. The Executive Committee shall consist of:

     President:        The President shall be the chief Executive Officer of the Forum and shall preside over all
                       Forum meetings.
                       The President shall with the advice and consent of the Executive Committee establish short-
                       term goals and shall communicate those goals to all concerned.
                       The President shall act as a liaison with the National Forum, Government Officials at the
                       local, State and National level and with other organizations.
                       The President shall communicate National Forum news to the members in timely manner.

     Vice President : In absence of the President, the Vice President- shall fulfill the duties of the President. In
                      addition, the Vice President shall carry out all administrative responsibilities assigned by the
                      President.
     Secretary:       The Secretary shall keep minutes of all meetings and carry on all correspondence.
                      The Secretary shall be responsible for collecting annual membership subscriptions and for
                      maintaining the roster of membership to date.
                      The Secretary shall initiate and present plans for various activities.
                      The Secretary shall present a report of activities at the annual meeting of Forum.
     Associate
     Secretary:       Shall assist in organizing functions.
                      Shall fulfill the Secretary’s duties in his/her absence.

     Treasurer:        The Treasurer shall be responsible for the receipt, disbursement, recording and safekeeping
                       of all funds, belongings to the Forum.
                       The Treasurer shall secure checks issued in the name of the Forum.
                       The Treasurer shall present a statement of accounts at the annual Forum meeting. Accounts
                       shall be audited as per article VIII, Item#5.



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Members
At-Large:        There shall be two members-a-large. One of these members shall be designated by the
                 Executive as the Editor of the Forum Newsletter. In addition, members-at-large shall fulfill
                 the duties assigned to them by the President.
Immediate
Past President: Shall provide advice and counsel to the Executive Committee on a continuing basis. He/She
                will be a non-voting member of the Executive Committee.

                 The Executive Committee members will not be eligible to serve on Board of Trustees except
                 as Ex-Officio Trustees as defined in Article V, Section 2.




Section 2:

Composition of the Board of Trustees:

Regular Trustees:

        There will be nine Regular Trustees, including the three immediate Past Presidents. The other six
        Regular Trustees will be representative of the Community. All Regular Trustees must be Active
        members and eligible for office, as per Article IV, Section 1.

Ex-Officio Trustees:

        The President and the Treasurer of the Executive Committee will be ex-officio members of the Board of
        Trustees. They will have no voting rights.

Honorary Trustees:

        They do not necessarily have to be of Indian origin, nor do they have to live in the United States. They
        will be well known and able people who would increase the public prestige and credibility of the Forum
        and help the Forum achieve its aims. They will have no voting rights.

Functions and Duties of the Board of Trustees:

        a.   To ensure continuity of the Forum and involvement in the community.
        b.   To raise funds to achieve the objectives of the Forum.
        c.   To help with dissemination of Forum news, especially to encourage participation at meetings, and
             to act as liaison with other communities for good public relations.
        d.   To review the activities of Forum including the Executive Committee, Trustees should encourage
             creativity in Forum, and should not interfere in the normal activities of the Executive Committee,
             unless they are in violation of the basic principles of the Forum.
        e.   To advise on questionable policy matters and, as a last resort, to bring it to attention of the General
             Body for further action.

Section 3

Term and Appointment of Board of Trustees:

        The term of appointment to the Board of Trustees will be for two years. The Board will choose its own
        President for a period of one year.

        The initial Board of Trustees will be chosen by the Executive Committee and past Presidents and will
        be ratified by the General Membership. Initial appointment will be on a staggered basis As vacancy


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        occur, appointment will be made by the Executive Committee. And ratified at the General Body
        Meeting.

        A Trustee cannot serve on the Executive Committee simultaneously.


Section 4:

Arbitration of Policy Matters:

        To arbitrate problems or questionable policy matters, the decision made by five out of the nine regular
        Trustees will be final and binding. They will have the power to call a special Executive Committee and
        /or General Body meeting to recommend their findings and decisions. and to elect new Executive
        members if necessary




ARTICLE VI:

ELECTION OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE:

Section 1:

        a.    The Nominating Committee will be elected as per Article-VI, section VI-3

        b.    Twelve weeks before the elections, a notice will be sent to all Forum members by the Executive
              Committee announcing the date of the annual meeting and the names of the Nominating Committee
              members and inviting nominations for the positions on the Executive Committee.

        c.    Nomination paper must be postmarked six weeks before the elections and signed by five active
              Forum members. The nomination papers should be sent to any Nominating Committee member.
              along with a filling fee of $10.00, made out to IAFPE Massachusetts Chapter.

        d.    The Nominating Committee will be responsible for recommending eligible candidates for the next
              Executive Committee. Three weeks before the elections, the Nominating Committee will send to
              all members the list of all eligible candidates for each position, along with each candidate’s
              curriculum vitae. The list will highlight the Nominating Committee’s slate of candidates for the
              Executive Committee.

Section 2 :   Conduct of Election Process:

        a.    A proxy Vote and/or floor nomination are not permitted. and the A candidate must be present to
              be elected Supervision will be by an Election Officer chosen by the Nominating Committee and
              ratified by the floor.

        b.    voting shall be by secret written ballots, which shall include the names of all eligible candidates as
              defined in Article IV Section IV-a The name(s) of the Nominating Committee’s recommended
              candidate for each position will be highlighted on the ballot.


Section 3:     Election of the Nominating Committee:

        a.    Three active members will be elected to the Nominating Committee at the midterm annual
              meeting. An Executive Committee member may not serve on the Nominating Committee. A



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             Nominating Committee member will not be eligible for any position on the next Executive
             Committee
        b.   Six weeks before the Election, the Executive Committee will send a notice to all Forum members.
             This letter will announce the date of the mid-term Annual meeting at which elections will be held
             and will invite nominations for the Nominating Committee. Names may be submitted by the
             candidates themselves, or by others on their behalf, to the Secretary of the Executive Committee
             for placement on the ballot
        c.   Three weeks before Election, the Secretary will send out a list of candidates for the Nominating
             Committee to all members.
        d.   Conduct of Mid-term Elections for the Nominating Committee:

                 i.         Proxy votes will not be accepted, and the candidate must be present to be elected
                 ii.        Nomination will be accepted from the floor.
                 iii.       Supervision will be by an election officer chosen by the Executive Committee and
                            ratified by the floor.
                 iv.         voting will be by secret written ballots.


ARTICLE VII
MEETINGS AND QUORUM:

        1.   The annual General Body meeting will be called for the President by the Secretary in the third
             quarter of each calendar year, with at least twelve weeks written notice.
        2.   A special meeting of Forum may be called by the written request of one-third or twenty active
             members, whichever is less. The Executive Committee must act upon this written request within
             three weeks of its receipt, with the special meeting no later than six weeks from the date of receipt.
        3.   The quorum at all Forum meetings for the voting purposes will be one-third fifty active members
             eligible to vote, whichever is less, with exceptions as stated in Article IX and Article X.


ARTICLE VIII
FINANCIAL CONTROLS:

         The Executive Committee shall appoint a standing Finance Committee, which will come up with
financial controls that will include the following five points:

                 1.     A uniform chart of accounts and bookkeeping procedures must be adopted, and reports
                        must be prepared on a quarterly basis.
                 2.      A budget and authorization policy must be adopted in accordance with the guidelines
                        developed by the National Board.
                 3.      Financing of major events must not obligate the Forum beyond an amount specifically
                        provided for the event.
                 4.     As a nonprofit organization, Forum should not take loans to avoid bankruptcy, and should
                        stay within its budget. In an emergency Forum can take a loan without interest, and with a
                        provision that the loan will be treated as a donation if Forum is unable to pay back the
                        loan. The decision of the Executive Committee will be final in this regard.
                 5.     Books must be audited, and a complete audited statement must be presented at the annual
                        General Body Meeting. The scope of the audit shall be defined by the Board of Trustees.




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ARTICLE IX

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION:

          The Constitution may be amended at the annual meeting of the Forum, or in a special meeting of the
Forum members, convened by the President for the purpose of amending this Constitution by two-thirds vote of
the active members eligible to vote present at this meeting. The quorum for this meeting must be sixty percent
of active members eligible to vote.

ARTICLE X
DISSOLUTION:

        The Forum may be dissolved at a special meeting of Forum members by the majority vote of the active
members present. The quorum for this meeting must be three-quarters of the active members eligible to vote.
Upon dissolution the assets of the Forum shall be donated to the National Forum.

ARTICLE XI
EXEMPT ACTIVITIES:

         Notwithstanding any other provision of the Constitution and Bylaws no member, officer, employee or
representative of this organization shall take any action or carry out any activity by or on behalf of Forum not
permitted by an organization exempt under Section 501 ( C ) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code and its
Regulations, as they now exist or as they may hereafter be amended, or by an organization contribution to which
are deductible under Section 170 ( C ) (2) of such Code and Regulations, as they now exist or as they may
hereafter be amended. Prohibited activities include partisan political activities in the name of the Forum,
lobbying on behalf of a foreign country and endorsement of any religious or political fund-raising efforts.


ARTICLE XII

EFFECTIVE DATE OF THE CONSTITUION AND BYLAWS:

       Transition rules for implementing this Constitution shall be decided by the current Executive
Committee and the Constitution will be fully implemented by the Annual General Body meeting of 1994.
.




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