Manifest Destiny and The Monroe Doctrine (the period of national

Document Sample
Manifest Destiny and The Monroe Doctrine (the period of national Powered By Docstoc
					  Manifest Destiny and The
Monroe Doctrine (the period of
national expansion 1800-1854)
• In 1803 the US purchased the Louisiana
  Territory from France for $15 million.
• Thomas Jefferson was President and sent
  Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to
  explore the new territory.

• In 1819 the US acquired Florida from
  Spain in the Treaty of Adams Onis.
• The Monroe Doctrine issued in 1823
  warned European Powers about future
  colonies in the Americas. The U.S. and
  Great Britain fought the War of 1812 from
  1812 to 1814.The British
  burned Washington DC.
• Andrew Jackson had defeated the British
  backed Creek Indians and led Americans
  forces at The Battle of New Orleans in 1814
  which was a huge American victory. Neither
  side knew the Treaty of Ghent had already
  declared peace.
• In 1828 Andrew Jackson became
  President. He forced all remaining
  Creeks moved west to the
  Oklahoma Territory.
  By the 1840s American believed in their
  Manifest Destiny or future of extending US
  boarders from Atlantic to Pacific coasts.
• Americans began to move into Texas
  which was Mexican Territory. In 1835
  fighting broke out and in 1836 the
  Mexican Army moved north into Texas
  and killed about 250 Americans at
 The Alamo.
• This army and it’s leader, General Santa
  Anna who was captured, were later
  defeated at the Battle of San Jacinta.
  Texas became independent and was
  annexed in 1840. War with Mexico broke
  out again from 1846-48. The US gained
  Texas (the remaining part), California,
  Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Nevada,
  and Utah.
• General Zachery Taylor, who would later
  become President, led American forces south
  from Texas into Mexico while Gen. Winfeild Scott
  landed at Vera Cruz, Mexico City quickly feel and
  Mexico surrendered.

• The Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo 1848 gave
  the US California and most of the western states.
  5 years later the US bought southern Arizona
  and New Mexico with The Gadsden Purchase.
        STATES RIGHTS and The
          Extension of Slavery
• As new territories entered the union southerners did not want the
  balance of power in Congress (The House and The Senate). They
  sought to extend slavery westward while the free states sought to
  stop it’s spread. From 1820 to 1850 new states were brought in
  together 1 slave/ 1 free. The Missouri Compromise (1820) made this
  arrangement law.
• The Compromise of 1850 allowed Utah and New Mexico
  to enter the union without restriction on slavery,
  California was admitted as a free state.

• In 1854 The Kansas Nebraska Act struck down The
  Missouri Compromise creating 2 new territories north of
  the Missouri Compromise line that would determine by
  popular sovereignty whether to be slave or free.
• War broke out in Kansas in 1854 which elected
  both a pro-slavery and anti-slavery governor and
  state legislature. Citizens fought one another for
  and against slavery.

• The southern states saw slavery threatened and
  began to argue for States Rights, saying the union
  was formed by the states and that each state had
  the right to leave the union or nullify federal laws.
  Within 5 years The Civil War would begin.
GHSGT Concept:

NATIONALISM-is a belief that a people’s
 greatest loyalty should be to a nation of
 people who share a common culture,
 language, religion, ethnic or historical

Nationalism can, at the same time, take the
 form of pride in your country.
• Nationalism can be a force for unifying
  people but it can also have the opposite
  effect and cause disunity.
• As democratic ideals spread, nationalist
  feelings became the basis for modern
  states replacing loyalty to monarchies.
• Nationalist movements lead to the
  formation of new nations during the mid
  and late 1800s.These new states built
  large armies and navies in order to
  compete for world empire eventually
  leading to World War I.

Shared By: