US Westward Movement

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					         USI.8 EXPANSION
USI.8A describe territorial expansion and how it
affected the political map of the United States, with
emphasis on the Louisiana Purchase, the Lewis and
Clark expedition, and the acquisitions of Florida,
Texas, Oregon, and California.
USI.8B identify the geographic and economic factors
that influenced the westward movement of settlers.
USI.8C describe the impact of inventions, including
the cotton gin, the reaper, the steamboat, and the steam
locomotive, on life in America.
 USI.8D identify the main ideas of the abolitionist and
 suffrage movements.
 WESTWARD MOVEMENT
                     USI.8A-D




“Oh, Susannah” (5)
USI.8B

            WHY MOVE WEST?
    • Population growth in the eastern states
    • Cheap, fertile land
    • Economic opportunity (gold rush, logging,
      farming, freedom (for runaway slaves)
    • Cheaper, faster transportation (rivers and canals
      {Erie Canal}, steamboats, etc.)
    • Knowledge of overland trails (Oregon & Santa Fe)
    • Belief in Manifest Destiny (idea that expansion
      was good and right for the country)
USI.8C

         NEW TECHNOLOGIES
   • Cotton gin (Eli Whitney) – increased production
     of cotton & increased the need for slaves to grow
     & pick it
   • Reaper (Cyrus McCormick) – increased
     production of the farmer
   • Steamboat (Robert Fulton) – faster transportation
     from Southern plantations to factories of the North
   • Steam locomotives – faster land transportation
USI.8A

         WESTWARD EXPANSION
   •   Louisiana Purchase
   •   Florida
   •   Texas Annexation
   •   Oregon Country
   •   California (Mexican
       Cession)
USI.8A

         LOUISIANA PURCHASE
  • Jefferson purchased
    land from France
  • Doubled the size of
    the United States
  • Lewis & Clark were
    hired to explore from
    Mississippi R. to
    Pacific Ocean
  • Sacajawea was a guide

         “Cajun music” (2)
 What was the Louisiana Purchase?
• 1803
• Cost 15 million dollars
• Purchased by
  Jefferson from
  Napoleon
• Doubled the size of
  the U.S.
USI.8A

                     FLORIDA
    • Spain gave Florida to
      the United States
      through a treaty




                              “Swanee River” – FL State Song (2)
           Florida
              •1819 Florida was
              purchased from
              Spain
              •Adams-Onis
              Treaty

Slide borrowed from the Internet!
USI.8A

             TEXAS
  • Stephen Austin
  • Sam Houston
  • Alamo
     – Davy Crockett
     – Jim Bowie
  • Texas Republic
  • Mexican War
     – Santa Anna

          “Yellow Rose of Texas” – TX State Song (2)
                 The Annexation of Texas
                                    • Texas breaks from
                                      Mexico and declares
                                      it’s independence in
                                      1836.
                                    • The U.S. annexed
                                      Texas in 1845.
                                    • Led to the
                                      Mexican/American
                                      War.

Slide borrowed from the Internet!
USI.8A

   OREGON COUNTRY
  • Divided with Great
    Britain – Britain got
    British Columbia
  • Contained states of
    Washington, Oregon,
    and part of Idaho
  • Oregon Trail helped
    people settle there

           Oregon State Song – “?” (2)
            Oregon Territory


• “5440’ or Fight”.
• British withdrawal in 1846.
Slide borrowed from the Internet!
USI.8A
                           CALIFORNIA

  • John C. Fremont
  • Part of the Mexican
    Cession after the
    Mexican War (1845)
  • Sutter’s Mill
       – Gold Rush of 1849
       – Forty-niners
       – Sacramento
   “All the Gold” (3)


   “Let Me Be There” (3)
                        Mexican Cession

                       • Treaty of Guadalupe-
                         Hidalgo.
                       • 1848 Mexico gave up
                         California, New Mexico


Slide borrowed from the Internet!
                     The Gadsden Purchase
 • 1853
 • Purchased from Mexico because we thought
   that we would build a transcontinental
   railroad there.




Slide borrowed from the Internet!
   Actual Map of Expansion




                                “River of Dreams” (4)
Here is how it looks overall.
  Expansion of the United States




Can you find the misspelled word?
13 Colonies     COLOR YOUR MAP:
Old Northwest         Not shown or colored on this map!
                  Gadsden         Alaska           Hawaiian
Old Southwest     Purchase        Purchase         Annexation
Louisiana
Purchase

Florida

Texas
Annexation

Oregon Country


Mexican
Cession
MANIFEST DESTINY
 ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT
• Most abolitionists demanded freedom for slaves
• Abolitionists believed that slavery was wrong
   – Morally wrong               “Go Down, Moses” (1)
   – Cruel and inhumane
   – A violation of the principles of democracy
• Leaders                                        Harriet Tubman
   – Harriet Tubman
   – William Lloyd Garrison
   – Frederick Douglass

       Frederick Douglass                               The Liberator
       SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT
• Supporters declared that “All men and women are
  created equal.”
• Supporters believed that women were deprived of
  basic rights.
   –   Denied the right to vote
   –   Denied educational opportunities
   –   Denied equal opportunities in business
   –   Limited in rights to own property
• Leaders
                                        Sojourner
   – Sojourner Truth                    Truth
   – Susan B. Anthony
   – Elizabeth Cady Stanton               “I am Woman” (1)

				
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posted:12/12/2011
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