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					US Enters the War




      1917
   Was the US Neutral?
• The US traded heavily with the Allied
  Powers (95%)

  – 1916: US Steel = $348 Million (Profit)

  – 1917: US (total) = $2 Billion in goods (Allies)
Steps to War: Why the US Joined
1. Germans sank the Lusitania (1915)
     Passenger Ship?
• 4,927 boxes of cartridges
  (1,000 / box)

• 2,000 cases of small ammo

• 1,248 cases of 3in. shells
Steps to War: Why the US Joined
1. Germans sank the Lusitania (1915)
2. More unrestricted submarine warfare
Steps to War: Why the US Joined
1. Germans sank the Lusitania (1915)
2. More unrestricted submarine warfare
3. Zimmerman Note: Germany + Mexico?
Steps to War: Why the US Joined
1. Germans sank the Lusitania (1915)
2. Germans resumed unrestricted
   submarine warfare
3. Zimmerman Note
4. British/ French- need help
Steps to War: Why the US Joined
1. Germans sank the Lusitania (1915)
2. Germans resumed unrestricted
   submarine warfare
3. Zimmerman Note
4. British/ French- need help
5. “End all Wars”/ “Safe for Democracy”
        American Soldiers:
• Only 73,000 out of 10 million volunteered
        American Soldiers:
• Only 73,000 out of 10 million volunteered
• 65,000 conscientious objectors
        American Soldiers:
• Only 73,000 out of 10 million volunteered
• 65,000 conscientious objectors
• Those that served were:
  – Unprepared/ Poorly trained
  – Segregated (300,000 Blacks)
  – Did not fight with other allies
            War at Home:
1. Demonized Germans
  – Not trusted
  – Language/ Music banned
  – Hamburger/ Bratwurst – names were changed
  – A few were killed
            War at Home:
1. Demonized Germans:
  – Not trusted
  – Language/ Music banned
  – Hamburger/ Bratwurst – names were changed
  – A few were killed
2. Press/ Media became Pro-War
  – Censored
  – Blamed war on Germans
             War at Home:
3. Propaganda:
  – Used widely for the first time
  – Increase patriotism/ support for the war
  – “Brain-wash” you
  – Sell Bonds
              War at Home:
4. Force Support of the War
• Espionage and Sedition Acts:
  – Go to jail/ fined for criticizing the War
The Espionage Act of 1917 which made it
a crime for a person to convey information
with intent to interfere with the operation or
success of the armed forces of the United
  States or to promote the success of its
                   enemies.
      QuickTime™ an d a
         decompressor
are need ed to see this picture .
The Sedition Act (1918) forbade
    an American to use "disloyal,
   profane, scurrilous, or abusive
     language" about the United
States government, flag, or armed
  forces during war. The act also
 allowed the Postmaster General
to deny mail delivery to dissenters
     of government policy during
              wartime.
Eugene V. Debs
        • Ran for President 5
          times (Socialist)

        • Arrested for anti-war
          speech

        • 1918- Imprisoned for
          10 yrs/
          disenfranchised for life

        • 1920- 3.4% vote (jail)
Emma Goldman
      • Arrested for
        obstructing the draft

      • Deported to Russia

      • "one of the most
        dangerous anarchists
        in America."
            – J. Edgar Hoover

				
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