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					                                                            Fulton                           Clay
  Benton        Carroll       Boone Marion                                   Randolph
                                                  Baxter
                                                                    Sharp
                                                                                         Greene
              Madison                                       Izard           Lawrence
Washington
                          Newton         Searcy     Stone
                                                                                     Craighead
                                                         Independence                            Mississippi
                                                                  Jackson
 Crawford      Johnson                    Van Buren                                   Poinsett
                                                   Cleburne
       Franklin
                               Pope
                                        Conway                 White                 Cross
 Sebastian     Logan
                                                                         Woodruff
                                                 Faulkner                                     Crittenden
                       Yell                                                         St. Francis
                                      Perry
      Scott
                                                  Pulaski LonokePrairie      Lee
                                         Saline                       Monroe
                           Garland
             Montgomery
    Polk
                                                                                  Phillips
                              Hot Spring
                                              Grant    Jefferson     Arkansas
                Pike
      Howard                  Clark
 Sevier                                 Dallas                 Lincoln
                                                   Cleveland
                                                                         Desha
           Hempstead
Little River
                    Nevada
                         Ouachita               Drew
                               Calhoun
                                      Bradley
          Miller                                                         Chicot
             Lafayette
                    Columbia
                                Union         Ashley




                          Wayne Miller, Professor
                        Cooperative Extension Service
                           University of Arkansas

                                  Ben Olson
                       University of Wisconsin Student
                        Political Science Department




                   Cooperative Extension Service
                      Division of Agriculture
                      University of Arkansas
     Foreword & Acknowledgments

     The University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service is pleased to release these
     updated county profiles in hopes that these publications may serve as a useful tool for local
     officials, community leaders, and economic development professionals.

            This publication provides a comparison and overview of the demographic, economic
     and social trends in Arkansas counties. The information is presented in graphs and maps to
     allow the reader to quickly grasp current trends and conditions and gain insight into local
     and regional contexts. We encourage leaders and decision makers to use this publication in
     conjunction with their knowledge of the local geography, culture and political environment
     to make wise decisions for Arkansas’ future.

            The State agencies providing data and assistance for this publication include the
     State Data Center at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, the Arkansas Department of
     Workforce Services, the Arkansas Department of Education, and the Arkansas Department
     of Health and Human Services. We thank the many individuals at these departments and
     organizations for their quick response to our requests for information.

             Several departments and individuals of the University of Arkansas worked in
     collaboration to publish these county profiles. Dr. Wayne Miller, Community and
     Economic Development, coordinated the project. Mr. Ben Olson compiled the data and
     developed graphs, maps, and charts. Mr. Todd Hodgson and Dr. Frank Farmer, Department
     of Consumer Environmental Sciences, provided the population pyramid. Dr. Frank Roth,
     formerly employed at the Southwest Research and Extension Center, provided information
     on the forestry industry. Katy Elliott, Community and Economic Development, edited the
     profiles while Donna Rinke and Paul Boliou, Communications Department, published the
     profiles on the Cooperative Extension website. Their many hours of effort are reflected in
     the quality of the publication.

          We hope you find this publication useful as you plan for the future of your
     communities.



                            Dr. Ivory W. Lyles
                            Associate Vice President for Agricultural Extension




II
                                                       Table of Contents


                                                    II
Forward & Acknowledgments……..…………………………………………………………………

                        …………………………………………………………………
Table of Contents…………………………...                 III

                        …………………………………………………………………
List of Figures………………………………..                  IV

                                 …………………………………………………………………
Internet Sources of Information……………………..               VI




                   …………………………………...……………………………………
Population………………………….……….                     1

                   …………………………………………………………………
Education………………………………                     6

                   …………………………………………………………………
Employment…………………………..                    8

                 …………………………………………………………………
Income………………………………….                    12

                  …………………………………………………………………
Retail………………………………….                     17

                  …………………………………………………………………
Poverty…………………………………….                   18

                  …………………………………………………………………
Health…………………………………                      21

                   …………………………………………………………………
Household……………………………..                    22

                     …………………………………………………………………
Agriculture………………………………                     23

                  ………………………………….……………………………………
Forestry……………………………...…….                  26

                         …………………………………………………………………
Property Assessment………………………..                  28

                     …………………………………………………………………
County Roads…………………………..                    28

                 …………………………………………………………………………
Glossary………………………………..                    29

                 (For Local Staff Chair See Inside Backcover)




                                                                           III
     Figures
         Figure               Description                                Page



                                 Population
         Figure 1    Population……………………………………..…………………...…… 1
         Figure 2    Population Change……………………………………….…………..             1
         Figure 3    Population by Age Pyramid…………………………………………..…………………. 2
         Figure 4    Population by Age …………………………...……………………….           2
         Figure 5    Population 65 and Older………………….……………………………          3
         Figure 6    Population Change of People 65 and Older……………..………… 3
         Figure 7    Migration of People………………………….…………………………. 4
         Figure 8    Population by Household Type……………….……………………..       4
         Figure 9    Population by Race……………………………………...……………….. 5
         Figure 10   Population of Hispanic Origin…………………..………………………. 5



                                  Education
         Figure 11   Public School Enrollment………………………...……………………………     6
         Figure 12   Median Income by Educational Attainment………………...……… 6
         Figure 13   Expenditure Per Child……………………………………………..……. 7
         Figure 14   Revenue by Source…………………………………..………………………..         7



                                Employment
         Figure 15   Labor Force………………………………………….………………………..       8
         Figure 16   Change in Employment…………………………..…………………….. 8
         Figure 17   Unemployment Rates………………………………..……………………. 9
         Figure 18   Unemployment Rates, State………………………………………….    9
         Figure 19   Jobs by Sector, County……………………………….………………………..10
         Figure 20   Jobs by Sector, State…………………………….……………………..   10
         Figure 21   Changes in Jobs by Sector……………………...……………………. 11
         Figure 22   Jobs in Manufacturing……………………………………...………….. 11


                                   Income
         Figure 23   Total Personal Income……………………………………...………….             12
         Figure 24   Income by Source…………………………………………….………….                 12
         Figure 25   Personal Income by Source………………………………….………..            13
         Figure 26   Median Household Income………………………………………….....            13
         Figure 27   Per Capita Income, County………………………………………….              14
         Figure 28   Per Capita Income, State……………………………………..…….             14
         Figure 29   Earnings by Sector, County………………………...…………..            15
         Figure 30   Earnings by Sector, State…………………………………….………             15
         Figure 31   Earnings of Manufacturing Sector, County……………...……….    16
         Figure 32   Earnings of Manufacturing Sector, State……………………...…….   16




IV
                                                                Figures
Figure                Description                                      Page


                            Retail
Figure 33                                                   17
            Retail Sales Per Capita, County…………………………………………………..
Figure 34   Retail Sales Per Capita, State……………………………………….. 17

                           Poverty
Figure 35   Persons Below Poverty Level, County…………………………………………        18
Figure 36   Persons Below Poverty Level, State…………………………………..          18
Figure 37   Age Groups & Poverty………………………………………………..                   19
Figure 38   Proportion of Students Receiving Free or Reduced Lunch…….. 19
Figure 39   Proportion of Population Receiving Food Stamps…………..       20
Figure 40   Proportion of Population for Medicaid Eligibles………………….    20

                            Health
Figure 41   Infant Mortality Rate……………………………………………………                    21
Figure 42   Teen Fertility Rate…………………………………………………….                     21

                         Households
Figure 43   Female Headed Families………………………………………………                     22
Figure 44   Single Head of Family…………………………………………………                     22

                         Agriculture
Figure 45   Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold, County………………     23
Figure 46   Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold, State…………………     23
Figure 47   Farms & Percent of Sales by Size………………………………………              24
Figure 48   Number of Farms, County…………………………………………….                    24
Figure 49   Source of Farm Income, County………………………………………                 25
Figure 50   Source of Farm Income, County & State…………………………..            25
Figure 51   Farm Income, County………………………………………………..                      26

                           Forestry
Figure 52   Delivered & Stumpage Value of Harvested Timber……………..        26
Figure 53   Area of Timberland by Ownership Class…………………………..            27
Figure 54   Acreage of Timberland by County……………….…………………….              27



                   Property Assessments
Figure 55   Assessments Per Person…………………………………………………. 28



                       Transportation
Figure 56   Miles of County Roads Per Person…………………………………                28




                                                                              V
 Internet Sources of Information

Population
    Arkansas State Data Center – 2000 Census ........................www.aiea.ualr.edu/census/censusdata/default.html
    Bureau of Census – 2000 Census .......................................www.census.gov/dmd/www/databank.html
    Bureau of Census ................................................................www.census.gov

Education
    Arkansas Department of Education ................................ ....http://arkedu.state.ar.us
    Arkansas School Education Site .........................................www.as-is.org
    U.S. Department of Education ............................................www.ed.gov
    National Center for Education Statistics .............................http://nces.ed.gov

Employment
    Arkansas Department of Workforce Services .....................www.arkansas.gov/esd/
    Bureau of Economic Analysis................................ .............www.bea.doc.gov/bea/regional/data.htm
    Bureau of Census – 2002 Economic Census ......................www.census.gov/econ/census02/

Income
    Bureau of Economic Analysis................................ .............www.bea.gov/bea/regional/data.htm
    Bureau of Census ................................................................www.census.gov/hhes/www/income.html
    Bureau of Census – 2002 Economic Census ......................www.census.gov/econ/census02/

Retail Sales
    Bureau of Census – 2002 Economic Census ......................www.census.gov/econ/census02/

Poverty
    Bureau of Census ...............................................................www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html

Health
    Arkansas Department of Health ..........................................www.healthyarkansas.com/data/data.html
    National Health Information Center................................ ....www.health.gov/nhic

Households
    Bureau of Census – 2000 Census .......................................www.census.gov/dmd/www/databank.html

Agriculture
    National Agricultural Statistical Service (NASS) ...............www.nass.usda.gov
    NASS – County Data ..........................................................www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/

Housing
    Bureau of Census – 2000 Census .......................................www.census.gov/dmd/www/databank.html
    Bureau of Census ................................................................www.census.gov/hes/www/housing/ahs/ahs.html

Transportation
    Bureau of Transportation Statistics .....................................www.bts.gov
    Arkansas Highway & Transportation Department ..............www.arkansashighways.com

Local Government
    Bureau of Economic Analysis................................ .............www.bea.gov/regional/data.htm




    VI
                                                                                                                                                                            Population

                                                                      Population, 1960-2005
                                                                                   Johnson County
                                                                                                                                                                          Figure 1

                                                                                   Number of People


              25,000                                                                                                                                                     24,042
                                                                                                                                                     22,781
              22,500
              20,000                                                                                                       18,221
                                                                                           17,423
              17,500
              15,000                                   13,630
                             12,421
              12,500
              10,000
                              1960                      1970                                 1980                          1990                        2000              2005




                    Source: 1960,1960,1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000 Census of Population & 2005 Population Estimates, U.S. Bureau of Census




                  The population of Johnson County almost doubled from 12,421 in 1960 to 24,042 in 2005.



                                                        Population Change, 2000-2004
                                                                                   The Natural State
                                                                                                                                                                          Figure 2
                                      Benton                                                         Fulton                            Clay
                                                        Carroll Boone                  Baxter                           Randolph
                                                                             Marion
                                                                                                              Sharp                 Greene
                                                                                                     Izard
                                   Washington Madison                                                                  Lawrence
                                                               Newton         Searcy
                                                                                             Stone                           Craighead
                                                                                                      Independence                            Mississippi

                                    Crawford       Johnson                     Van Buren                          Jackson     Poinsett
                                           Franklin                                           Cleburne
                                                                     Pope

                                                                             Conway                   White                  Cross
                                    Sebastian      Logan                                                         Woodruff              Crittenden
                                                                                       Faulkner
                                                            Yell                                                            St. Francis
                                                                           Perry
                                         Scott                                                               Prairie
                                                                                       Pulaski Lonoke                         Lee
                                                                             Saline                                Monroe
                                               Montgomery Garland
                                       Polk
                                                                                                                            Phillips
                                                                    Hot Spring Grant
                                                                                               Jefferson Arkansas
                                                     Pike                                                                                           % Pop Change
                                         Howard                    Clark
                                    Sevier
                                                                              Dallas                Lincoln                                                 -8% to -4%
                                                                                           Cleveland
                                                                                                                  Desha
                                                  Hempstead                                                                                                 -4% to 0%
                                   Little River          Nevada Ouachita
                                                                                   Calhoun
                                                                                                        Drew                                                0% to 6%
                                                                                         Bradley
                                                                                                                                                            6% to 16%
                                              Miller                                                              Chicot
                                                         Colum bia
                                                 Lafayette                         Union              Ashley




                                    Source: 2000 Census of Population & 2004 Population Estimates, U.S. Bureau of Census



Population grew most rapidly in Northwest & Central Arkansas counties and declined in some East and South Arkansas
counties.




                                                                                                                                                                                         1
     Population
            Figure 3




There are fewer people living in Johnson County between the ages of 20 to 34 than in both younger and older age categories.



                                                Population by Age, 2000 & 2004
                                                               Johnson County

            Figure 4

                                                                          2000       2004

               7,000                                                    6,531
                                                                6,180                        6,178
                                                                                    5,779
               6,000
                                           4,867 4,768
               5,000
               4,000                                                                                     3,518 3,583

               3,000
               2,000    1,521 1,702
                                                                                                                          916   951
               1,000
                   0
                           (0-4)               (5-19)              (20-39)             (40-59)              (60-79)         (80+)
                                                                         Age Groups

                                   Source: 2000 Census of Population & 2004 Population Estimates, U.S. Bureau of Census




Population of most age groups in Johnson County increased between 2000 and 2004, with the exception of ages 5 to 19.




 2
                                                                                                                                                                 Population
                                                             Population 65 and Older, 2004
                                                                                 The Natural State
                                                                                                                                                               Figure 5
                      Benton                                                        Fulton                                 Clay
                                         Carroll Boone                   Baxter                           Randolph
                                                                Marion
                                                                                               Sharp                    Greene
                                                                                       Izard
                    Washington Madison                                                                   Lawrence
                                                Newton          Searcy
                                                                               Stone                             Craighead
                                                                                       Independence                               Mississippi

                     Crawford       Johnson                      Van Buren Cleburne                   Jackson       Poinsett
                            Franklin
                                                       Pope

                                                               Conway                   W hite                   Cross
                    Sebastian        Logan                                                           Woodruff              Crittenden
                                                                     Faulkner
                                             Yell                                                               St. Francis
                                                             Perry
                            Scott                                                              Prairie
                                                                         Pulaski Lonoke                           Lee
                                                                Saline                                Monroe

                        Polk    Montgom ery Garland
                                                                                                                Phillips
                                                      Hot Spring       Grant     Jefferson Arkansas
                                Pike                                                                                                    % Pop 65 and Up
                          Howard
                     Sevier                          Clark
                                                                Dallas             Lincoln                                                        9% to 12%
                                                                          Cleveland
                                                                                                     Desha
                    Little RiverHem pstead      Ouachita                                                                                          12% to 15%
                                         Nevada
                                                                                           Drew                                                   15% to 19%
                                                                     Calhoun
                                                                           Bradley
                               Miller                                                                                                             19% to 27%
                                  Lafayette
                                          Colum bia                                                  Chicot
                                                                 Union                  Ashley




                                                         Source: 2004 Population Estimates, U.S. Bureau of Census



           Counties in Northcentral Arkansas have the highest proportion of people aged 65 and older.



                        Population Change of People 65 & Older, 2000 - 2004
                                                                                 The Natural State
                                                                                                                                                               Figure 6

                    Benton            Carroll                                     Fulton                                Clay
                                                Boone                 Baxter                          Randolph
                                                             Marion
                                                                                           Sharp                    Greene
                                                                                  Izard
                  Washington Madison                                                                 Lawrence
                                             Newton          Searcy
                                                                         Stone                                Craighead
                                                                                   Independence                                Mississippi

                  Crawford        Johnson                     Van Buren                           Jackson      Poinsett
                          Franklin                                         Cleburne
                                                     Pope

                                                         Conway                     White                     Cross
                  Sebastian    Logan                                                             Woodruff               Crittenden
                                                                      Faulkner
                                        Yell                                                                 St. Francis
                                                       Perry
                       Scott                                                               Prairie
                                                                      Pulaski Lonoke                          Lee
                                                             Saline                               Monroe
                              Montgomery Garland
                     Polk
                                                                                                             Phillips
                                                    Hot Spring Grant                        Arkansas
                                                                           Jefferson
                              Pike                                                                                                   % Change in Pop 65 +
                        Howard                 Clark
                   Sevier
                                                             Dallas             Lincoln                                                         -12% to -5%
                                                                       Cleveland
                                                                                                 Desha
                  Little RiverHempstead                                                                                                         -5% to 0%
                                     Nevada Ouachita
                                                               Calhoun
                                                                                       Drew                                                     0% to 5%
                                                                     Bradley
                                                                                                                                                5% to 12%
                            Miller                                                               Chicot
                                      Colum bia
                              Lafayette                        Union               Ashley




                                    Source: 2000 Census of Population & 2004 Population Estimates, U.S. Bureau of Census




The elderly population as a proportion of the total population grew most rapidly in Central and Northwest Arkansas.




                                                                                                                                                                              3
     Population
                                       Net Domestic Migration of People, 2000 to 2004
                                                                                      The Natural State
            Figure 7

                             Benton           Carroll Boone                                   Fulton               Randolph          Clay
                                                                               Baxter
                                                                     Marion
                                                                                                       Sharp                     Greene
                                                                                              Izard
                           Washington Madison                                                                    Lawrence
                                                         Newton      Searcy           Stone                                 Craighead
                                                                                                Independence                                Mississippi

                           Crawford                                   Van Buren                              Jackson         Poinsett
                                   Franklin Johnson                                    Cleburne
                                                            Pope

                                                                    Conway                                                  Cross
                           Sebastian     Logan                                                  White                                Crittenden
                                                                               Faulkner                     Woodruff

                                                  Yell                                                                    St. Francis
                                                                  Perry
                                Scott                                                                  Prairie
                                                                               Pulaski    Lonoke                           Lee
                                                                     Saline                                      Monroe
                              Polk      Montgomery Garland
                                                                                                                          Phillips
                                                            Hot Spring        Grant     Jefferson        Arkansas
                                           Pike                                                                                                   Migration Change
                                 Howard                   Clark
                           Sevier                                    Dallas                    Lincoln                                                    -8,500 to -3,000
                                                                                  Cleveland
                                                                                                            Desha
                          Little River Hempstead                                                                                                          -3,000 to 0
                                               Nevada Ouachita
                                                                                                 Drew                                                     0 to 3,000
                                                                          Calhoun
                                                                                    Bradley
                                                                                                                                                          3,000 to 19,000
                                     Miller                                                                  Chicot
                                         LafayetteColumbia                Union                Ashley




                                                     Source: 2000 to 2004 Population Estimates, U.S. Bureau of Census



Central & Northwest Arkansas had the highest in-migration of people between 2000 and 2004, while Pulaski, Jefferson, and
Mississippi Counties had the largest out-migration of people during this period.



                                                    Population by Household Type, 2000
                                                                                      Johnson County
            Figure 8

                                                                                                      County               State

               100%
                                 84%                 84%
                80%

                60%

                40%

                20%                                                                               13%                     14%
                                                                                                                                                              3%             3%
                  0%
                            Family Households                                           Non-Family Households                                               Group Quarters

                                                            Source: 2000 Census of Population, U.S. Bureau of Census




Most of the people (84%) in Johnson County live in family households. The proportion of people living in all categories was
close to the state average in 2000.




 4
                                                                                                                                  Population
                                                    Population by Race, 2004
                                                               Johnson County
                                                                                                                               Figure 9


                          Hispanic or Latino(of any race)              9%

                                       Two or more races          1%

               Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander        0%

                                                       Asian     1%

                      American Indian and Alaska Native           1%

                               Black or African American          2%

                                                      White                                                                       96%

                                                             0%            20%            40%             60%            80%     100%


                                               Source: 2004 Population Estimates, U.S. Bureau of Census




Ninety-six percent of the people living in Johnson County in 2004 were Caucasian. Two percent were Black or African
American. Other minorities represented about two percent of the population.



                      Population of Hispanic Origin, State and County for 2000 & 2004
                                                               Johnson County

                                                                                                                               Figure 10

                                                                       County       State

               10%
                                                                                                  9%
                9%
                8%                  7%
                7%
                6%
                5%                                                                                                       4%
                4%                                       3%
                3%
                2%
                1%
                0%
                                             2000                                                           2004


                                  Source: 2000 Census of Population & 2004 Population Estimates, U.S. Bureau of Census



The proportion of Hispanic people living in Johnson County grew from seven percent of the population in 2000 to nine percent
in 2004. The Hispanic population may be of any race: white, black or any other combination of races.




                                                                                                                                           5
     Education
                                Public School Enrollment, 1983-1984 to 2005-2006
                                                               Johnson County
            Figure 11

                                                              Number of Students


               5000
                                                                                                                                        4,118
               4000     3,344

               3000

               2000

               1000

                  0

                      '83-'84        '86-'87          '89-'90             '92-'93             '96-'97          '01-'02           '04-'05


                                Source: Arkansas School Information Site (www.as-is.org), Arkansas Department of Education




Public school enrollment in Johnson County began to climb in 1992. Enrollment increased from 3,344 students in 1983-1984 to
4,118 students in 2004-2005.



                                Median Income By Educational Attainment, 1999
                                                              The Natural State
            Figure 12

                                                                         High School           College

                  Doctorate Degree                                                                                   $62,275
               Professional Degree                                                                                           $66,969
                   Master's Degree
                                                                                                  $47,121
                  Bachelor Degree
                                                                                    $35,594
                  Associate Degree                                      $26,536
                      Some College                               $20,998
                      H.S. Graduate
                                                              $18,571
                Non-H.S. Graduate                   $10,839

                                      $0                  $20,000                   $40,000                 $60,000                    $80,000


                                                              Source: U.S. Bureau of Census



The median income of people who have not graduated from high school is $10,839 as compared to a median income of
$62,275 for people with a professional degree.




 6
                                                                                                                                     Education
                        Education Expenditure Per Child, County & State 2003-2004
                                                              Johnson County
                                                                                                                                 Figure 13

                                                                        County       State

               $7,400                                                                               $7,308

               $7,200

               $7,000

               $6,800                                $6,669
               $6,600

               $6,400

               $6,200



                               Source: Arkansas School Information Site (www.as-is.org), Arkansas Department of Education



Schools in Johnson County spent $6,669 per child in the 2003-2004 school year as compared to an average expenditure of
$7,308 statewide.




                         Education Revenue By Source, County & State 2003-2004
                                                              Johnson County
                                                                                                                                 Figure 14

                                                Non-                                                                   Non-
                                               Revenue                                                                Revenue
                   Federal
                                               Receipts                                                               Receipts
                     Aid                                                              Federal
                    13%                          1%                                                                     8%
                                                                                        Aid
                                                                                       12%                                        Local
                                                            Local
                                                                                                                                 Revenue
                                                           Revenue
                                                                                                                                   27%
                                                            22%




                  State Aid
                    64%                                                                 State Aid
                                                                                          53%
                                 County                                                              State Average

                               Source: Arkansas School Information Site (www.as-is.org), Arkansas Department of Education




Johnson County schools raised less of their revenue from local sources and more from state and federal aid than did the
average of all Arkansas schools.




                                                                                                                                             7
 Employment
                                                                 Labor Force, 2000 to 2005
                                                                                 Johnson County
           Figure 15

                                                                                    Employed                   Unemployed

              11,500

              11,000
                                                                                                                                                                       500
              10,500                                                                                                                              575
                                                                                                                        575
                                                                                          525
              10,000        425                           450
               9,500                                                                                                                                                 10,625
                                                                                                                    10,125                      10,325
                           9,750                                                          9,975
               9,000                                     9,625

               8,500
                           2000                          2001                             2002                      2003                         2004                2005


                                            Source: Labor Market Information, Arkansas Employment Security Department




                  The Johnson County labor force gradually increased between 2000 and 2005.




                                                    Change in Employment, 2000-2005
                                                                                 The Natural State
           Figure 16
                           Benton              Carroll Boone                                Fulton               Randolph          Clay
                                                                                 Baxter
                                                                    Marion
                                                                                                     Sharp                     Greene
                                                                                            Izard
                        Washington Madison                                                                      Lawrence
                                                     Newton         Searcy
                                                                                    Stone                                Craighead
                                                                                              Independence                                Mississippi

                        Crawford               Johnson                   Van Buren                         Jackson         Poinsett
                                    Franklin                                          Cleburne
                                                           Pope

                                                                   Conway                     White                      Cross
                        Sebastian      Logan                                                              Woodruff                 Crittenden
                                                                             Faulkner
                                                  Yell                                                                  St. Francis
                                                                 Perry
                              Scott
                                                                                                     Prairie             Lee
                                                                             Pulaski       Lonoke
                                                                    Saline                                     Monroe
                                     Montgomery Garland
                           Polk
                                                                                                                        Phillips
                                                          Hot Spring        Grant                      Arkansas
                                                                                      Jefferson
                                           Pike                                                                                                 % Employment Change
                                  Howard
                         Sevier                          Clark
                                                                    Dallas                    Lincoln                                                    -14% to -6%
                                                                                  Cleveland
                                                                                                          Desha
                        Little River Hempstead      Ouachita                                                                                             -6% to 0%
                                             Nevada
                                                                         Calhoun
                                                                                                Drew                                                     0% to 12%
                                                                                Bradley
                                                                                                                                                         12% to 32%
                                    Miller
                                       Lafayette Columbia                                                  Chicot
                                                                         Union                Ashley



                              Source: Labor Market Information, Arkansas Employment Security Department



Employment growth was highest in Central & Northwest Arkansas between 2000 and 2005. Some counties in Southwest &
Northcentral Arkansas also experienced employment growth.




 8
                                                                                                                                                                          Employment

                                                         Unemployment Rates, 1995 to 2005
                                            Johnson County, State of AR, and United States
                                                                                                                                                                        Figure 17

                                                                           U.S.                       State of AR                            Johnson

               7%
               6%
               5%
               4%
               3%
               2%
               1%
               0%
                     1995          1996            1997             1998              1999             2000              2001            2002            2003    2004     2005




                                               Source: Labor Market Information, Arkansas Employment Security Department



Unemployment rates in Johnson County remained below four percent between 1995 and 1999, then climbed to five and a half
percent in 2003, then decreased to four and a half percent by 2005. During this period Johnson County unemployment rates
remained below state and national averages, with the exception of 2000 and 2001.



                                                                  Unemployment Rates, 2005
                                                                                  The Natural State
                                                                                                                                                                        Figure 18
                          Benton                Carroll                                      Fulton                                 Clay
                                                           Boone              Baxter                              Randolph
                                                                    Marion
                                                                                                      Sharp                     Greene
                                                                                             Izard
                        Washington Madison                                                                      Lawrence
                                                         Newton      Searcy
                                                                                     Stone                                Craighead
                                                                                              Independence                                 Mississippi

                        Crawford               Johnson                Van Buren Cleburne                    Jackson        Poinsett
                                    Franklin
                                                            Pope

                                                                    Conway                                                Cross
                        Sebastian                                                              White                                Crittenden
                                       Logan                                                               Woodruff
                                                                              Faulkner
                                                  Yell                                                                   St. Francis
                                                                  Perry
                              Scott                                                                   Prairie
                                                                              Pulaski    Lonoke                           Lee
                                                                    Saline                                      Monroe

                            Polk     Montgomery Garland
                                                                                                                         Phillips
                                                            Hot Spring       Grant                     Arkansas
                                                                                       Jefferson
                                           Pike                                                                                                  % Unemployment
                                  Howard                  Clark
                         Sevier
                                                                     Dallas                   Lincoln                                                      2.5% to 4%
                                                                                  Cleveland
                                                                                                           Desha
                        Little River Hempstead      Ouachita                                                                                               4% to 6%
                                             Nevada
                                                                                                 Drew                                                      6% to 8%
                                                                          Calhoun
                                                                                 Bradley
                                                                                                                                                           8% to 11%
                                   Miller                                                                   Chicot
                                      Lafayette Columbia                  Union               Ashley



                                               Source: Labor Market Information, Arkansas Employment Security Department



In general, Northwest, Central, and Western Arkansas counties have the lowest unemployment rates while Delta and Coastal
Plain counties have the highest rates.




                                                                                                                                                                                    9
 Employment
                                                  Jobs by Sector, 2003
                                                      Johnson County
            Figure 19

                                                                                             Manufacturing
                                                    Mining
                                                                              Construction      28%
                               Trade                0%
                                                                                 5%
                               24%
                                                                                                    Transportation
                                                                                                  and public utilities
                    Farm & Farm                                                                         2%
                      Services
                        7%


                        Government and                                                             Finance,
                         government                                                          insurance, and real
                         enterprises                                                               estate
                            10%                                Services                             5%
                                                                19%

                                                 Source: Woods & Poole Economics, Inc




The manufacturing sector accounted for twenty-eight percent of jobs in Johnson County in 2003, while it accounted for sixteen
percent of jobs for the state.



                                                  Jobs by Sector, 2003
                                                     The Natural State
            Figure 20

                                                    Mining              Construction           Manufacturing
                                    Trade                                 6%
                                                    0%                                            16%
                                     20%

                      Farm & Farm
                        Services                                                                  Transportation
                          6%                                                                    and public utilities
                                                                                                      6%



                      Government and
                       government
                       enterprises                                                            Finance,
                                                      Services                          insurance, and real
                          14%                          26%                                    estate
                                                                                                6%
                                                 Source: Woods & Poole Economics, Inc




The service sector is the largest sector of the Arkansas economy, providing over one-fourth of the jobs in
Arkansas. Combined, the service & trade businesses provide for nearly one-half (46%) of all jobs in Arkansas.




 10
                                                                                                                                                                  Employment
                                                         Changes in Jobs by Sector, 1999 to 2003
                                                                                  Johnson County
                                                                                                                                                               Figure 21

                500                                                                                                                                                407
                400
                300                                                                                                       224
                200                                106                                                    105                                96
                 100         27                                                     53                                                               20
                   0
                -100
                -200
                                                                   -178
                -300
                             g                    io n              g               on                    .E              es                nt      rm             de
                         ni n              u ct                r in             a ti                 .R           r vic                   me      Fa           Tra
                       Mi              s tr                c tu            o rt               F .I              Se                   rn
                                     on                u fa              sp                                                       ve
                                 C                 Ma
                                                      n
                                                                   T ra
                                                                        n                                                      Go



                            Source: Regional Economic Information System, U.S. Department of Commerce & Woods & Poole Economics, Inc




The trade and service sectors created the most new jobs between 1999 and 2003 in Johnson County. The manufacturing
sector was the only sector to lose jobs during this period.



                                                                   Jobs in Manufacturing, 2001
                                                                                  Johnson County
                                                                                                                                                               Figure 22

                      Scientific Instruments & Misc
                         Transportation Equipment                                        5%
                                Electrical Equipment                                                 10%
                                Industrial Machinery                            2%
               Primary & Fabricated Metal Products                                            7%
                     Stone, Glass & Clay Products                             2%
                        Rubber & Plastic Products                              3%
                    Chemical & Petroleum Products                           0%
                        Paper Products & Printing                           0%
                       Furniture & Wood Products                                 5%
                       Textiles, Apparel & Leather                                                                                    27%
                                  Food Processing                                                                                                        39%

                                                                         0%                   10%                  20%                     30%      40%                 50%


                                                                              Source: 2001 Regional OneSource




Most of the jobs in the manufacturing sector in 2001 were in the food processing and textiles, apparel & leather industries.




                                                                                                                                                                              11
      Income
                                                                 Total Personal Income, 1994 to 2003
                                                                                    Johnson County
            Figure 23

                                                                                          Current $                Constant $

                                             $500
               M illions of Dollars




                                             $400

                                             $300

                                             $200

                                             $100

                                               $0
                                                    1994    1995        1996        1997        1998        1999       2000        2001      2002     2003




                                                           Source: Regional Economic Information System, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis




Total personal income (in constant dollars) in Johnson County climbed between 1994 and 2003 from $300 million to $360
million.



                                                                     Income by Source, 1999 & 2003
                                                                                    Johnson County
            Figure 24

                                                                                                 1999       2003

                                             $300                    $271
                                                        $241
                                             $250
                       M illion of Dollars




                                             $200
                                             $150
                                                                                                                                               $108
                                             $100                                                                                      $81
                                                                                               $69           $68
                                              $50
                                              $0
                                                    Net Earnings by Place of            Dividends, Interest & Rent                  Transfer Payments
                                                          Residence


                                                           Source: Regional Economic Information System, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis




Although income from earnings and transfer payments in Johnson County increased between 1999 and 2003, income from
dividends, interest & rent remained about the same.




 12
                                                                                                                                  Income
                              Personal Income by Source, County and State 2003
                                                             Johnson County
                                                                                                                          Figure 25

                                                                    County        State

               70%                       65%
                              61%
               60%
               50%
               40%
               30%                                                                                             24%
                                                                                                                        20%
               20%                                                   15%           15%
               10%
                0%
                        Net Earnings by Place of            Dividends, Interest & Rent                      Transfer Payments
                              Residence

                                    Source: Regional Economic Information System, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis




Johnson County residents received more of their income in 2003 from transfer payments and less from earnings than the
average for all Arkansas residents.



                                             Median Household Income, 2003
                                                             Johnson County
                                                                                                                          Figure 26

                                                                      County        State

                   $40,000
                                                $33,445                                                                 $34,895
                   $35,000                                                            $31,994                $30,548
                                $28,712
                   $30,000                                             $26,987
                   $25,000
                   $20,000
                   $15,000
                   $10,000
                     $5,000
                        $0
                                       Estimated                          Lower Estimate                        Upper Estimate

                                             Source: Household Income Estimates, U.S. Bureau of Census




                  In 2003, median household income in Johnson County was lower than the state average.




                                                                                                                                           13
      Income
                                                             Per Capita Income, 1973 to 2003
                                                                                      Johnson County
            Figure 27

                                                                              County                             State                       United States

               $35,000
               $30,000
               $25,000
               $20,000
               $15,000
               $10,000
                $5,000
                    $0
                         1973                       1978                           1983                          1988                        1993              1998             2003


                                              Source: Regional Economic Information System, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis




Johnson County per capita income has been lower than the U.S. and state averages since 1973. The gap between Johnson
County and state per capita incomes grew larger during the 1980s and 1990s.



                                                                          Per Capita Income, 2003
                                                                                     The Natural State
            Figure 28

                            Benton             Carroll Boone                                  Fulton               Randolph           Clay
                                                                                  Baxter
                                                                     Marion
                                                                                                       Sharp                      Greene
                                                                                              Izard
                         Washington Madison                                                                       Lawrence
                                                      Newton          Searcy
                                                                                     Stone                                  Craighead
                                                                                                Independence                                 Mississippi

                         Crawford                                         Van Buren                              Jackson     Poinsett
                                    Franklin Johnson                                   Cleburne
                                                            Pope

                                                                    Conway                      White                       Cross
                         Sebastian     Logan                                                                Woodruff                  Crittenden
                                                                               Faulkner
                                                   Yell                                                                    St. Francis
                                                                  Perry
                               Scott
                                                                                                       Prairie              Lee
                                                                                  Pulaski    Lonoke
                                                                     Saline                                      Monroe
                                      Montgomery Garland
                            Polk
                                                                                                                           Phillips
                                                           Hot Spring        Grant                      Arkansas
                                                                                           Jefferson
                                            Pike                                                                                                   Per Capita Dollars
                                   Howard
                          Sevier                          Clark
                                                                     Dallas                     Lincoln                                                    $16,500 to $19,000
                                                                                   Cleveland
                                                                                                            Desha
                         Little River Hempstead      Ouachita                                                                                              $19,000 to $23,000
                                              Nevada
                                                                          Calhoun
                                                                                                  Drew                                                     $23,000 to $27,000
                                                                                 Bradley
                                                                                                                                                           $27,000 to $34,000
                                    Miller
                                       Lafayette Columbia                                                    Chicot
                                                                          Union                 Ashley



                                              Source: Regional Economic Information System, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis




      Per capita incomes are highest in Central & Northwest Arkansas and lowest in some Delta & Northcentral counties.




 14
                                                                                                                         Income
                                               Earnings by Sector, 2003
                                                       Johnson County
                                                                                                                 Figure 29


                                       Trade              Mining               Construction
                    Farm & Farm         18%               1%                      4%
                      Service                                                                           Manufacturing
                        6%                                                                                36%

                                                                                                       Transportation &
                                                                                                       Public Utilities
                                                                                                            2%
                   Government &
                   Government
                    Enterprises                                                                Finance,
                       13%                   Services                                     Insurance, & Real
                                              16%                                              Estate
                                                                                                 3%

                                                  Source: Woods & Poole Economics, Inc.




In 2003, the manufacturing sector accounted for thirty-six percent of earnings in Johnson County. This is considerably higher
than for the state economy where this sectors contributed only twenty percent of earnings.



                                               Earnings by Sector, 2003
                                                       The Natural State
                                                                                                                 Figure 30


                                                           Mining                  Construction
                                          Trade            1%                         6%
                                          17%                                                       Manufacturing
                       Farm & Farm
                                                                                                       20%
                         Service
                           3%
                                                                                                      Transportation &
                                                                                                      Public Utilities
                                                                                                           8%


                          Government &
                          Government                                                               Finance,
                           Enterprises                      Services                         Insurance, & Real
                              17%                            23%                                   Estate
                                                                                                     5%
                                                  Source: Woods & Poole Economics, Inc.




The services sector is the largest sector in the state as measured by earnings. However, the manufacturing sector is a close
second with twenty percent of earnings, while trade and government contributed seventeen percent of earnings from each
sector.




                                                                                                                                  15
      Income
                                         Earnings of Manufacturing Sector, 2001
                                                                Johnson County
            Figure 31

                       Scientific Instruments & Misc
                          Transportation Equipment                     7%
                                Electrical Equipment                                 14%
                                 Industrial Machinery            3%
               Primary & Fabricated Metal Products                           10%
                      Stone, Glass & Clay Products              3%
                          Rubber & Plastic Products               4%
                    Chemical & Petroleum Products          0%
                          Paper Products & Printing        0%
                         Furniture & Wood Products                  5%
                         Textiles, Apparel & Leather                                             20%
                                    Food Processing                                                                      35%
                                                        0%                         15%                        30%                 45%


                                                             Source: 2001 Regional OneSource



Over one-third of the earnings in the manufacturing sector in 2001 came from the food processing industry in Johnson County.
Another twenty percent came from the textiles, apparel & leather industry.



                                                 Average Weekly Earnings, 2004
                                                               The Natural State
            Figure 32

                   Primary Metal Products                                                                               $956
                            Paper Products                                                                              $956
                        Chemical Products                                                                            $885
                       Textile Mill Products                                                               $787
               Plastics & Rubber Products                                                     $665
                  Electrical Equipment and                                                   $659
                                 Machinery                                                   $658
                Fabricated Metal Products                                                    $658
                 Transportation Equipment                                                   $629
                                     Printing                                             $604
                             Wood Products                                              $552
                     Furniture and Related                                           $500
                             Food Products                                           $494
                          Apparel Products                                 $369
               Leather and Allied Products                                 $364

                                                $0        $200           $400            $600           $800          $1,000   $1,200

                                         Source: Labor Market Information, Arkansas Employment Security Department




Average weekly earnings in the manufacturing sector range from a high of $956 in both the paper products industry and the
primary metal products industry to a low of $364 in the leather and allied products industry.




 16
                                                                                                                                                                         Retail
                                             Retail Sales Per Capita, 1977 to 2002
                                                                            Johnson County
                                                                                                                                                               Figure 33

                                                                            Constant Dollars


        $5,000                                                                                                                              $4,572
                    $3,991                                                                                    $4,171                                          $4,077
        $4,000                                                                   $3,498
                                                    $3,030
        $3,000

        $2,000

        $1,000

            $0
                      1977                           1982                         1987                             1992                      1997              2002



                                                    Source: Census of Retail Trade, U.S. Department of Commerce




                              Johnson County retail sales per capita grew from 1982 to 1997.



                                                       Retail Sales Per Capita, 2002
                                                                            The Natural State
                                                                                                                                                               Figure 34
                     Benton              Carroll                                       Fulton                                 Clay
                                                     Boone              Baxter                              Randolph
                                                              Marion
                                                                                                Sharp                     Greene
                                                                                       Izard
                   Washington Madison                                                                     Lawrence
                                                Newton         Searcy
                                                                               Stone                                Craighead
                                                                                         Independence                                Mississippi

                   Crawford         Johnson                     Van Buren Cleburne                    Jackson        Poinsett
                           Franklin
                                                      Pope

                                                              Conway                                                Cross
                   Sebastian                                                             White                                Crittenden
                                 Logan                                                               Woodruff
                                                                        Faulkner
                                             Yell                                                                  St. Francis
                                                            Perry
                        Scott
                                                                                                Prairie             Lee
                                                                        Pulaski    Lonoke
                                                              Saline                                      Monroe

                      Polk      Montgomery Garland
                                                                                                                   Phillips
                                                      Hot Spring       Grant                      Arkansas
                                                                                 Jefferson
                                      Pike                                                                                                 Per Capita Dollars
                             Howard                 Clark
                    Sevier
                                                               Dallas                    Lincoln                                                    $1,600 to $4,500
                                                                            Cleveland
                                                                                                     Desha
                   Little River Hempstead                                                                                                           $4,500 to $7,000
                                        Nevada Ouachita
                                                                                          Drew                                                      $7,000 to $10,500
                                                                    Calhoun
                                                                           Bradley
                                                                                                                                                    $10,500 to $15,000
                              Miller                                                                 Chicot
                                 Lafayette Columbia                                      Ashley
                                                                    Union



                                                    Source: Census of Retail Trade, U.S. Department of Commerce




Retail sales per capita are highest in counties with large towns and those that benefit from travelers and tourists.




                                                                                                                                                                                  17
      Poverty
                                   Persons Below Poverty Level, 1989, & 1999 & 2003
                                                                                     Johnson County
            Figure 35

                                                                                               County              State


               25%
                              20%
               20%
                                                    18%
                                                                                              16%                  16%                                   17%          16%
               15%

               10%

                5%

                0%
                                       1989                                                             1999                                                   2003




                                                                   Source: Census of Population, U.S. Bureau of Census




Although the percentage of the Johnson County population below poverty level has decreased since 1989, it remained above
the state average in 2003.



                                           Estimated People Below Poverty Level, 2003
                                                                                   The Natural State
            Figure 36
                          Benton              Carroll Boone                                  Fulton               Randolph          Clay
                                                                              Baxter
                                                                    Marion
                                                                                                      Sharp                     Greene
                                                                                             Izard
                        Washington Madison                                                                      Lawrence
                                                         Newton      Searcy
                                                                                     Stone                                Craighead
                                                                                               Independence                                Mississippi

                         Crawford         Johnson                     Van Buren Cleburne                    Jackson        Poinsett
                                 Franklin
                                                            Pope

                                                                    Conway                                                Cross
                         Sebastian    Logan                                                    White                                Crittenden
                                                                                                           Woodruff
                                                                              Faulkner
                                                  Yell                                                                   St. Francis
                                                                  Perry
                              Scott                                                                   Prairie
                                                                              Pulaski    Lonoke                           Lee
                                                                    Saline                                      Monroe

                            Polk     Montgomery Garland
                                                                                                                         Phillips
                                                            Hot Spring       Grant                      Arkansas
                                                                                       Jefferson

                                  Howard
                                           Pike                                                                                                  % Below Poverty
                         Sevier                           Clark
                                                                     Dallas                    Lincoln                                                    7% to 13%
                                                                                  Cleveland
                                                                                                           Desha
                        Little River Hempstead                                                                                                            13% to 18%
                                             Nevada Ouachita
                                                                          Calhoun
                                                                                                Drew                                                      18% to 23%
                                                                                    Bradley
                                                                                                                                                          23% to 33%
                                   Miller
                                      Lafayette Columbia                                                   Chicot
                                                                          Union                Ashley



                                                                  Source: 2003 Poverty Estimates, U.S. Bureau of Census




      The estimated poverty level is highest in the Delta with many counties having a poverty level over eighteen percent.




 18
                                                                                                                                                                             Poverty
                                                   Age Groups & Estimated Poverty, 1999
                                                                                     Johnson County
                                                                                                                                                                        Figure 37

                                                                                                County              State

               25%
                                                     22%
                              20%                                                                                   20%
               20%                                                                             18%                                                       19%
                                                                                                                                                                       18%

               15%

               10%

                 5%

                 0%
                                        (0-17)                                                           (5-17)                                                Total


                                                                  Source: 1997 Poverty Estimates, U.S. Bureau of Census




A larger proportion of children live in poverty than for the population as a whole. In 1999, Johnson County had a similar
proportion of their children living in poverty than the state average.



              Proportion of Students Receiving Free or Reduced Price Lunch, 2004-2005
                                                                                    The Natural State
                                                                                                                                                                        Figure 38

                           Benton                                                            Fulton                                 Clay
                                              Carroll Boone                   Baxter                              Randolph
                                                                    Marion
                                                                                                      Sharp                     Greene
                                                                                             Izard
                         Washington Madison                                                                     Lawrence
                                                         Newton      Searcy
                                                                                     Stone                                Craighead
                                                                                               Independence                                Mississippi

                         Crawford         Johnson                     Van Buren Cleburne                    Jackson        Poinsett
                                 Franklin
                                                            Pope

                                                                    Conway                     White                      Cross
                         Sebastian     Logan                                                               Woodruff                 Crittenden
                                                                              Faulkner
                                                  Yell                                                                   St. Francis
                                                                  Perry
                              Scott
                                                                                                      Prairie             Lee
                                                                              Pulaski    Lonoke
                                                                    Saline                                      Monroe

                            Polk      Montgomery Garland
                                                                                                                         Phillips
                                                            Hot Spring       Grant                      Arkansas
                                                                                       Jefferson
                                           Pike                                                                                                  % Free or Reduced Lunch
                                  Howard                  Clark
                         Sevier
                                                                     Dallas                    Lincoln                                                   26% to 40%
                                                                                  Cleveland
                                                                                                           Desha
                        Little River Hempstead      Ouachita                                                                                             40% to 55%
                                             Nevada
                                                                                                 Drew                                                    55% to 70%
                                                                          Calhoun
                                                                                    Bradley
                                                                                                                                                         70% to 95%
                                   Miller                                                                  Chicot
                                      Lafayette Columbia                  Union                Ashley



                                                                           Source: Arkansas Department of Education



Across the seventy-five counties, there is a wide range in the proportion of students who receive free and reduced price school
lunches. Participation rates range from twenty-six percent to ninety-five percent with youth in the Delta Region counties and
Searcy and Lafayette Counties receiving the highest percentage of free and reduced price lunches.




                                                                                                                                                                                       19
      Poverty
                   Proportion of Population Participating in Food Stamp Program, 2004
                                                                                        The Natural State
            Figure 39
                          Benton                Carroll Boone                                   Fulton               Randolph          Clay
                                                                                 Baxter
                                                                       Marion
                                                                                                         Sharp                      Greene
                                                                                                Izard
                        Washington Madison                                                                         Lawrence
                                                          Newton        Searcy
                                                                                        Stone                                 Craighead
                                                                                                  Independence                                Mississippi

                        Crawford         Johnson                         Van Buren Cleburne                      Jackson        Poinsett
                                Franklin
                                                               Pope

                                                                       Conway                                                 Cross
                        Sebastian       Logan                                                     White                                Crittenden
                                                                                                                Woodruff
                                                                                 Faulkner
                                                   Yell                                                                     St. Francis
                                                                   Perry
                                Scott                                                                    Prairie
                                                                                 Pulaski     Lonoke                           Lee
                                                                       Saline                                      Monroe

                           Polk      Montgomery Garland
                                                                                                                            Phillips
                                                             Hot Spring         Grant                       Arkansas
                                                                                          Jefferson

                                  Howard
                                            Pike                                                                                                    % Pop. in Food Stamp
                         Sevier                            Clark
                                                                       Dallas                     Lincoln                                                     3% to 15%
                                                                                    Cleveland
                                                                                                                Desha
                        Little River
                                     Hempstead                                                                                                                15% to 23%
                                             Nevada Ouachita
                                                                           Calhoun
                                                                                                     Drew                                                     23% to 33%
                                                                                     Bradley
                                   Miller                                                                                                                     33% to 57%
                                      Lafayette Columbia                                                        Chicot
                                                                           Union                  Ashley



                                                       Source: 2004 Statistical Report, Arkansas Department of Human Services

A larger proportion of people living in the Delta counties participate in the Food Stamp Program when compared to people in
other parts of the state.



                                        Proportion of Population Medicaid Eligibles, 2004
                                                                                        The Natural State
            Figure 40
                        Benton               Carroll                                        Fulton                                  Clay
                                                          Boone              Baxter                                Randolph
                                                                   Marion
                                                                                                     Sharp                      Greene
                                                                                            Izard
                      Washington Madison                                                                       Lawrence
                                                      Newton       Searcy
                                                                                    Stone                                 Craighead
                                                                                             Independence                                  Mississippi

                      Crawford              Johnson                   Van Buren Cleburne                     Jackson        Poinsett
                                 Franklin
                                                           Pope

                                                                   Conway                                                 Cross
                      Sebastian                                                                 White                                Crittenden
                                    Logan                                                                   Woodruff
                                                                             Faulkner
                                               Yell                                                                      St. Francis
                                                               Perry
                           Scott
                                                                                                     Prairie              Lee
                                                                             Pulaski      Lonoke
                                                                   Saline                                      Monroe

                         Polk     Montgomery Garland
                                                                                                                         Phillips
                                                          Hot Spring        Grant                       Arkansas
                                                                                        Jefferson
                                        Pike                                                                                                      % Pop. Medicaid Eligible
                               Howard                  Clark
                      Sevier
                                                                   Dallas                    Lincoln                                                        4% to 20%
                                                                                Cleveland
                                                                                                            Desha
                     Little River Hempstead                                                                                                                 20% to 30%
                                          Nevada Ouachita
                                                                                                 Drew                                                       30% to 40%
                                                                       Calhoun
                                                                              Bradley
                                                                                                                                                            40% to 66%
                                Miller                                                                      Chicot
                                   Lafayette Columbia                                        Ashley
                                                                       Union



                                                       Source: 2004 Statistical Report, Arkansas Department of Human Services



In twenty-eight counties, primarily located in the Eastern and Southern parts of the state, a substantial percentage
of the population (over 30%) is eligible for Medicaid.




 20
                                                                                                                                                                                Health
                                                                 Infant Mortality Rate, 2000 to 2004
                                                                                           The Natural State
                                                                                                                                                                          Figure 41
                          Benton                Carroll Boone                                  Fulton                Randolph            Clay
                                                                                  Baxter
                                                                     Marion
                                                                                                         Sharp                      Greene
                                                                                               Izard
                       Washington Madison                                                                          Lawrence
                                                       Newton            Searcy
                                                                                      Stone                                   Craighead
                                                                                                 Independence                                   Mississippi

                       Crawford                                           Van Buren                               Jackson      Poinsett
                                   Franklin Johnson                                        Cleburne
                                                             Pope

                                                                     Conway                      White                        Cross
                       Sebastian         Logan                                                                   Woodruff                Crittenden
                                                                                  Faulkner
                                                  Yell                                                                      St. Francis
                                                                  Perry
                                Scott
                                                                                                        Prairie               Lee
                                                                                  Pulaski     Lonoke
                                                                     Saline                                       Monroe
                                     Montgomery Garland
                           Polk
                                                                                                                            Phillips
                                                            Hot Spring        Grant                       Arkansas
                                                                                           Jefferson
                                           Pike                                                                                                       Mortality Per 1,000 People
                                 Howard
                        Sevier                            Clark
                                                                         Dallas                  Lincoln                                                       1 to 5
                                                                                   Cleveland
                                                                                                                 Desha
                       Little River Hempstead                                                                                                                  5 to 10
                                            Nevada Ouachita
                                                                           Calhoun
                                                                                                      Drew                                                     10 to 15
                                                                                  Bradley
                                                                                                                                                               15 to 22
                                   Miller
                                      Lafayette Columbia                                                         Chicot
                                                                          Union                  Ashley



                                Source: County Trends in Maternal & Child Health, Center for Health Statistics, Arkansas Department of Health

The infant mortality rate is slightly higher in the Delta & Coastal Plain counties, with the exception of a few North Arkansas
counties.



                                                                   Teen Fertility Rate, 2000 to 2004
                                                                                           The Natural State
                                                                                                                                                                          Figure 42
                        Benton              Carroll Boone                                    Fulton                Randolph           Clay
                                                                                 Baxter
                                                                    Marion
                                                                                                       Sharp                      Greene
                                                                                              Izard
                      Washington Madison                                                                          Lawrence
                                                   Newton            Searcy
                                                                                    Stone                                   Craighead
                                                                                               Independence                                  Mississippi

                      Crawford              Johnson                      Van Buren Cleburne                      Jackson     Poinsett
                                 Franklin
                                                           Pope

                                                                   Conway                                                   Cross
                      Sebastian         Logan                                                  White                                   Crittenden
                                                                                                             Woodruff
                                                                              Faulkner
                                                Yell                                                                       St. Francis
                                                                 Perry
                            Scott                                                                      Prairie
                                                                                 Pulaski    Lonoke                          Lee
                                                                    Saline                                       Monroe

                         Polk      Montgomery Garland
                                                                                                                           Phillips
                                                          Hot Spring        Grant                        Arkansas
                                                                                                                                                     Births Per 1,000 Females
                                                                                          Jefferson

                                Howard
                                         Pike                                                                                                        Ages 15-19
                       Sevier                            Clark
                                                                    Dallas                     Lincoln                                                        35 to 50
                                                                                  Cleveland
                                                                                                             Desha
                      Little River Hempstead                                                                                                                  50 to 65
                                           Nevada Ouachita
                                                                         Calhoun
                                                                                                 Drew                                                         65 to 80
                                                                                Bradley
                                                                                                                                                              80 to 105
                                 Miller
                                    Lafayette Columbia                                                       Chicot
                                                                         Union                 Ashley



                                Source: County Trends in Maternal & Child Health, Center for Health Statistics, Arkansas Department of Health


The teen fertility rate varies from county to county across the state of Arkansas. Some Ouachita highland counties also have
relatively high teen fertility rates. Counties with the highest teen fertility rates include Sevier, Yell, Nevada, Mississippi,
Crittenden, St. Francis, Lee, and Phillips Counties.




                                                                                                                                                                                         21
  Households
                                    Female Headed Families, 1970, 1980, 1990, & 2000
                                                                                     Johnson County
            Figure 43

                                                                                                County               State

               16%                                                                                                                         15%
               14%                                                                                                                                                      13%
                                                                                             12%                           12%
               12%                          10%                            10%                                                                                10%
               10%           8%
                8%
                6%
                4%
                2%
                0%
                                    1970                                            1980                                          1990                            2000



                                             Source: 1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000 Census of Population, U.S. Bureau of Census




Female headed families as a proportion of total families in Johnson County have risen from eight percent to ten percent from
1970 to 2000.



                                                                   Single Head of Family, 2000
                                                                                    The Natural State
            Figure 44
                            Benton             Carroll Boone                                  Fulton               Randolph           Clay
                                                                                  Baxter
                                                                     Marion
                                                                                                       Sharp                      Greene
                                                                                              Izard
                         Washington Madison                                                                       Lawrence
                                                      Newton          Searcy
                                                                                     Stone                                  Craighead
                                                                                                Independence                                 Mississippi

                         Crawford              Johnson                    Van Buren Cleburne                     Jackson     Poinsett
                                    Franklin
                                                            Pope

                                                                    Conway                                                  Cross
                         Sebastian     Logan                                                    White                                 Crittenden
                                                                                                            Woodruff
                                                                               Faulkner
                                                   Yell                                                                    St. Francis
                                                                  Perry
                               Scott                                                                   Prairie
                                                                                  Pulaski    Lonoke                         Lee
                                                                     Saline                                      Monroe

                            Polk      Montgomery Garland
                                                                                                                           Phillips
                                                           Hot Spring        Grant                      Arkansas
                                                                                           Jefferson

                                   Howard
                                            Pike                                                                                                   % Single Head of Family
                          Sevier                          Clark
                                                                     Dallas                     Lincoln                                                    9% to 13%
                                                                                   Cleveland
                                                                                                            Desha
                         Little River Hempstead                                                                                                            13% to 16%
                                              Nevada Ouachita
                                                                          Calhoun
                                                                                                  Drew                                                     16% to 20%
                                                                                 Bradley
                                                                                                                                                           20% to 32%
                                    Miller
                                       Lafayette Columbia                                                    Chicot
                                                                          Union                 Ashley



                                                             Source: 2000 Census of Population, U.S. Bureau of Census



The Delta counties followed by the Coastal Plains counties have the highest proportion of families with only a single parent
present.




 22
                                                                                                                                                                                           Agriculture
                                              Market Value of Agriculture Products Sold, 1978 - 2002
                                                                                                    Johnson County
                                                                                                                                                                                        Figure 45

                                                                                                           Current $                              Constant $

                                    $120
               Million of Dollars




                                    $100
                                    $80
                                    $60
                                    $40
                                    $20
                                     $0
                                                      1978                          1982                        1987                         1992                      1997             2002




                                                                       Source: Census of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistical Service




Except for a small decline in 1982, the market value (in constant dollars) of agricultural products sold in Johnson County has
increased steadily between 1978 and 2002.



                                                       Market Value of Agriculture Products Sold, 2002
                                                                                                    The Natural State
                                                                                                                                                                                        Figure 46
                                             Benton              Carroll                                       Fulton                                 Clay
                                                                             Boone              Baxter                              Randolph
                                                                                      Marion
                                                                                                                        Sharp                     Greene
                                                                                                               Izard
                                           Washington Madison                                                                     Lawrence
                                                                        Newton         Searcy
                                                                                                       Stone                                Craighead
                                                                                                                 Independence                                Mississippi

                                           Crawford         Johnson                     Van Buren Cleburne                    Jackson        Poinsett
                                                   Franklin
                                                                              Pope

                                                                                      Conway                                                Cross
                                           Sebastian                                                             White                                Crittenden
                                                         Logan                                                               Woodruff
                                                                                                Faulkner
                                                                     Yell                                                                  St. Francis
                                                                                    Perry
                                                Scott
                                                                                                                        Prairie             Lee
                                                                                                Pulaski    Lonoke
                                                                                      Saline                                      Monroe

                                              Polk      Montgomery Garland
                                                                                                                                           Phillips
                                                                             Hot Spring        Grant                      Arkansas
                                                                                                         Jefferson
                                                              Pike                                                                                                 Millions of Dollars
                                                     Howard                 Clark
                                            Sevier
                                                                                       Dallas                    Lincoln                                                   1 to 30
                                                                                                    Cleveland
                                                                                                                             Desha
                                           Little River Hempstead                                                                                                          30 to 90
                                                                Nevada Ouachita
                                                                                                                  Drew                                                     90 to 160
                                                                                            Calhoun
                                                                                                   Bradley
                                                                                                                                                                           160 to 370
                                                      Miller                                                                 Chicot
                                                         Lafayette Columbia                                      Ashley
                                                                                            Union



                                                                     Source: 2002 Census of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistical Service



The two counties with the highest market value of agricultural production are in Northwest Arkansas. However, many Delta
counties and some Ouachita & Ozark mountain counties also rank high in terms of the market value of agricultural production.




                                                                                                                                                                                                     23
   Agriculture
                                          Farms & Farm Sales by Size, 2002
                                                              Johnson County
            Figure 47

                                                      Farms          Market Value Ag. Products
              80%
                       65%                                                                                                              68%
              70%
              60%
              50%
              40%
              30%                                                                                                     25%
              20%                     16%
                                                                                                            8%                    8%
              10%            1%                 2%            1%       0%            3%       4%
               0%
                       > $10,000      $10,000 to              $50,000 to            $100,000 to            $250,000 to        $500,000+
                                       $49,999                 $99,999               $249,999               $499,999

                                                                       Farm Sales

                                      Source: 2002 Census of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistical Service



In 2002, eighty-two percent of the farms in Johnson County had sales of less than $100,000. These farms accounted for about
three percent of total farm sales. Eight percent of the farms had sales of $500,000 or more and these farms accounted for over
two-thirds (68%) of total sales.



                                              Number of Farms, 1964 - 2002
                                                              Johnson County
            Figure 48

                                                                       Farms
               1000
                900           920
                800                                                                                                                     694
                700                                      651              663
                                          606                                               611           568               606
                600
                500
                400
                300
                200
                100
                  0
                          1964       1974            1978            1982             1987            1992             1997            2002
                                        Source: Census of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistical Service




The number of farms in Johnson County declined from 1964 to 1974, but between 1974 and 2002 remained between 600 and
700.




 24
                                                                                                                                                      Agriculture
                                                     Source of Farm Income, County, 1999 - 2003
                                                                                  Johnson County
                                                                                                                                                   Figure 49

                                                                                               1999        2003

                                      $100       $85.5
                                                               $79.5
              Mill ion of Dollars




                                       $80
                                       $60
                                       $40

                                       $20                                                                                                 $5.7
                                                                               $2.5           $4.0          $0.4           $0.4                      $3.0
                                          $0
                                               Livestock & Products                   Crops                    Government                    Imputed &
                                                                                                               Payments                     Misc.Income
                                                                                                                                             Received


                                                         Source: Regional Economic Information System, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis




Livestock sales were the major source of income for Johnson County farmers between 1999 and 2003, though income from
livestock & products and imputed & miscellaneous sources decreased during this period. Income from crops increased.



                                                     Source of Farm Income, County & State, 2003
                                                                                  Johnson County
                                                                                                                                                   Figure 50

                                                                                           County        State

                    100%                       91%

                                    80%

                                    60%                   51%

                                    40%                                                   30%

                                    20%                                                                                  13%
                                                                                                                                                     6%
                                                                              5%                            0%                             3%
                                    0%
                                           Livestock & Product                    Crops                     Government                     Imputed & Misc.
                                                                                                            Payments                      Income Received


                                                         Source: Regional Economic Information System, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis




In 2003, Johnson County farmers received a higher proportion of their farm income from livestock & product than the average
for all Arkansas farmers, though they received a lower proportion from crops, government payments, and imputed &
miscellaneous sources.




                                                                                                                                                                25
      Agriculture & Forestry
                                                                                     Farm Income, 1994 to 2003
                                                                                                Johnson County
            Figure 51

                                                              Livestock                  Crops                Government Payments                           Imputed Income

                                             $100
                                              $90
                                              $80
              Mill ion Of Dolla rs




                                              $70
                                              $60
                                              $50
                                              $40
                                              $30
                                              $20
                                              $10
                                               $0
                                                         1994        1995         1996        1997        1998         1999        2000        2001         2002        2003

                                                                      Source: Regional Economic Information System, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis




Between 1994 and 2003, farm income from livestock & product sales in Johnson County remained between $70 million and $90
million.



                                                   Stumpage & Delivered Value of Harvested Timber, 1997 to 2000
                                                                                                Johnson County
            Figure 52

                                                                                                     Stump        Delivered Value


                                                $12
                                                                                                       $9.6
                                                $10
                      M illion of Doll ars




                                                                                                                                      $7.7
                                                 $8                                                                                                                  $6.9
                                                                         $6.6
                                                 $6                                         $5.5
                                                                                                                          $4.2
                                                                                                                                                         $3.8
                                                 $4          $3.3

                                                 $2

                                                 $0
                                                                   1997                          1998                           1999                            2000

                                             Source: Data provided by Dr. Frank Roth, Forester, Southwest Research and Extension Center, University of Arkansas, Hope, Arkansas




The value of harvested timber in Johnson County fluctuated between 1997 and 2000. Stumpage value rose from $3.3 million in
1997 to $5.5 million in 1998 and then declined to $3.8 million in 2000.




 26
                                                                                                                                                                              Forestry
                                          Area of Timberland by Ownership Class, 1995
                                                                                       Johnson County
                                                                                                                                                                         Figure 53

                                                                                              Thousand Acres

                             Private Individual                                                                                              107
                                    Private Corp.                         5
                                 Farmer/Rancher                                   16
                                  Forest Industry
                         County & Municipal
                                      State
                              Misc. Federal                               5
                               Tribal Trust
               Bureau of Land Management
                                  National Forest                                                                                                                       169

                                                                   0               25                 50             75              100          125       150        175    200


                                   Source: Southern Forest Inventory & Analysis, Southern Research Station, Forest Service, USDA.



The total timber acreage in Johnson County is 302,700 acres. The national forest owns over half of the timberland in Johnson
County.



                                                 Percent of Land in Forest By County, 1995
                                                                                      The Natural State
                                                                                                                                                                         Figure 54
                         Benton              Carroll Boone                                    Fulton               Randolph          Clay
                                                                                 Baxter
                                                                   Marion
                                                                                                       Sharp                     Greene
                                                                                              Izard
                       Washington Madison                                                                         Lawrence
                                                        Newton      Searcy
                                                                                      Stone                                Craighead
                                                                                                Independence                                Mississippi

                       Crawford                                        Van Buren                             Jackson         Poinsett
                                   Franklin Johnson                                    Cleburne
                                                           Pope

                                                                   Conway                       White                      Cross
                       Sebastian      Logan                                                                 Woodruff                 Crittenden
                                                                               Faulkner
                                                 Yell                                                                     St. Francis
                                                                 Perry
                             Scott
                                                                                                       Prairie             Lee
                                                                               Pulaski      Lonoke
                                                                    Saline                                       Monroe
                                    Montgomery Garland
                          Polk
                                                                                                                          Phillips
                                                           Hot Spring         Grant                     Arkansas
                                                                                          Jefferson
                                          Pike                                                                                                    % Timber Acreage
                                 Howard
                        Sevier                           Clark
                                                                    Dallas                     Lincoln                                                    0% to 25%
                                                                                  Cleveland
                                                                                                            Desha
                       Little River Hempstead      Ouachita                                                                                               25% to 50%
                                            Nevada
                                                                                                 Drew                                                     50% to 75%
                                                                         Calhoun
                                                                                Bradley
                                                                                                                                                          75% to 100%
                                  Miller                                                                     Chicot
                                     Lafayette Columbia                  Union                 Ashley



                                   Source: Southern Forest Inventory & Analysis, Southern Research Station, Forest Service, USDA.




Over seventy-five percent of the land area in many Coastal Plain and Ouachita Highland counties qualifies as timber acreage.




                                                                                                                                                                                         27
      Property Assessment & Roads
                                                 Property Assessments Per Person, 2003
                                                                                    The Natural State
            Figure 55
                           Benton             Carroll Boone                                   Fulton                Randolph            Clay
                                                                                  Baxter
                                                                     Marion
                                                                                                        Sharp                      Greene
                                                                                               Izard
                        Washington Madison                                                                         Lawrence
                                                     Newton          Searcy
                                                                                     Stone                                   Craighead
                                                                                                Independence                                   Mississippi

                        Crawford                                          Van Buren                               Jackson      Poinsett
                                    Franklin Johnson                                   Cleburne
                                                            Pope

                                                                    Conway                      White                        Cross
                        Sebastian         Logan                                                               Woodruff                  Crittenden
                                                                          Faulkner
                                                  Yell                                                                      St. Francis
                                                                  Perry
                              Scott
                                                                                                        Prairie              Lee
                                                                               Pulaski       Lonoke
                                                                     Saline                                       Monroe
                                      Montgomery Garland
                           Polk
                                                                                                                            Phillips
                                                            Hot Spring       Grant                       Arkansas
                                                                                                                                                     Property Assess. Dollars
                                                                                           Jefferson
                                           Pike                                                                                                      Per Capita
                                  Howard
                         Sevier                           Clark
                                                                     Dallas                     Lincoln                                                       $6,500 to $8,000
                                                                                   Cleveland
                                                                                                              Desha
                        Little River Hempstead                                                                                                                $8,000 to $10,000
                                             Nevada Ouachita
                                                                          Calhoun
                                                                                                  Drew                                                        $10,000 to $13,000
                                                                                 Bradley
                                                                                                                                                              $13,000 to $19,500
                                   Miller
                                       Lafayette Columbia                                                     Chicot
                                                                          Union                 Ashley



                                             Source: Arkansas Assessment Coordination Department, Little Rock, Arkansas.



The average property assessments per person in 2003 vary greatly among Arkansas counties, from $6,500 to $19,500.



                                                 Miles of County Roads Per Person, 2000
                                                                                    The Natural State
            Figure 56

                            Benton                Carroll Boone                                 Fulton               Randolph            Clay
                                                                                   Baxter
                                                                      Marion
                                                                                                          Sharp                        Greene
                                                                                                Izard
                         Washington Madison                                                                         Lawrence
                                                          Newton          Searcy
                                                                                       Stone                                   Craighead
                                                                                                  Independence                                  Mississippi

                          Crawford               Johnson                   Van Buren Cleburne                      Jackson       Poinsett
                                      Franklin
                                                              Pope

                                                                      Conway                                                   Cross
                          Sebastian        Logan                                                  White                                   Crittenden
                                                                                                                  Woodruff
                                                                                   Faulkner
                                                   Yell                                                                       St. Francis
                                                                   Perry
                                  Scott                                                                  Prairie
                                                                                   Pulaski     Lonoke                          Lee
                                                                      Saline                                       Monroe

                             Polk      Montgomery Garland
                                                                                                                             Phillips
                                                             Hot Spring        Grant                       Arkansas
                                                                                            Jefferson

                                   Howard
                                            Pike                                                                                                       Miles Per 1,000 People
                          Sevier                           Clark
                                                                          Dallas                  Lincoln                                                      4 to 25
                                                                                    Cleveland
                                                                                                                  Desha
                         Little River Hempstead                                                                                                                25 to 50
                                              Nevada Ouachita
                                                                            Calhoun
                                                                                                       Drew                                                    50 to 75
                                                                                   Bradley
                                     Miller                                                                                                                    75 to 105
                                        Lafayette Columbia                                                        Chicot
                                                                           Union                  Ashley



                                                          Source: 44 Biennial Report, Arkansas State Highway Commission



In general, sparsely populated counties have more miles of county roads to maintain per person than more densely populated
counties.




 28
                                                                                                               Glossary
AGRICULTURAL SERVICES Includes establishments primarily engaged in performing soil preparation services, crop
services, veterinary and other animal services, farm labor and management services, and landscape and horticultural services,
for others on a contract or fee basis.

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE The sum of all employed and unemployed persons 16 years of age or older. Members of the
Armed Forces are excluded.

"CONSTANT $" Figures adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index, 1982-1984 = 100.

“CURRENT $” Figures not adjusted for inflation.

CONSTRUCTION Includes general building contractors (residential, operative, and nonresidential); heavy construction
contractors (highway, street, etc.); and special trade contractors (plumbing, heating, air conditioning, painting, paper hanging,
electrical, masonry, stonework, roofing, sheet metal, concrete, and miscellaneous special trade contractors).

DELIVERED VALUE OF HARVESTED TIMBER The value of harvested timber delivered to the first processing point.
The value includes the value of the timber (stumpage value), the cost of harvesting, and the cost of transporting the timber to the
first processing point.

EARNINGS Earnings include wages and salaries, other labor income, and proprietors' income by place of work.

EMPLOYMENT An estimate of the number of persons, on a place-of-residence basis, who worked anytime for pay or profit
or worked 15 hours or more as an unpaid family worker during the week of reference (the week including the 12th of the
month). Also included are those who, although not working, had some job attachment and were not looking for work, and
persons involved in labor-management disputes.

FAMILY HOUSEHOLDS Includes a householder and one or more other persons living in the same household who are
related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. The number of family households always equals the number of
families; however, a family household may also include non-relatives living with the family. Families are classified by type as
either a married-couple family or other family which is further classified into "male householder" (a family with a male
householder and no wife present) or "female householder" (a family with a female householder and no husband present).

FARMING Includes businesses whose primary source of revenue is from crop and livestock production.

FEMALE HEADED FAMILIES A family with a female householder and no husband present.

FINANCIAL SERVICES Financial, insurance, and real estate services.

GOVERNMENT Employees of city, county, state and federal governments.

IMPUTED & MISC. INCOME RECEIVED Consists of imputed income, such as gross rental value of dwellings and value
of home consumption, and other farm related income components, such as machine hire and custom work income, rental
income, and income from forest products.

INCOME Total income is the algebraic sum of the amount reported separately for wage or salary income; non-farm net self-
employment income; farm net self-employment income; interest, dividend, net royalty or rental income; social security or
railroad retirement income; public assistance or welfare income and all other income.

INFANT MORTALITY RATE The number of infant deaths (under one year of age) per 1,000 live births.

JOBS The number of full-time and part-time jobs in a geographic area.

MANUFACTURING Includes manufacturing industries dealing with food and kindred products; textile mill products;
apparel products; lumber and wood products; furniture and fixtures; paper and allied products; printing and publishing;
chemicals; petroleum and coal; rubber and miscellaneous plastics; leather; stone, clay and glass; primary metal industries;
fabricated metal products; machinery; electrical and electronic equipment; transportation equipment; instruments; and
miscellaneous industries.




                                                                                                                                      29
          Glossary

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD The gross market value before taxes and production expenses
of all agricultural products sold or removed from place regardless of who received payment. It includes sales by the operator as well
as the value of any shares received by partners, landlords, contractors, or others associated with the operation. It does not include
payment received for participation in federal farm programs nor does it include income from farm -related sources such as
agricultural services, or income from non-farm sources.

MINING Includes extraction of oil and gas, non -metallic minerals, sand and gravel.

NET DOMESTIC MIGRATION The difference between domestic in-migration to an area and domestic out-migration from the
area during the period.

PER CAPITA INCOME The per capita income is the total personal income divided by the total population of the area studied.
The per capita income measure should be used with care. In the short run, it may temporarily vary from the result of unu sual
conditions (bumper crops, a major construction project or a catastrophe). In the long run, it may misrepresent the economic well -
being of the general population because of the presence of a large institutional population (college, prison). While per capita income
reflects average income per person, it does not accurately reflect family unit spendable income.

PERSONAL INCOME The total income received by residents of an area, including earnings, transfer payments, and interest,
dividends and rent.

POVERTY LEVEL An individual or household is considered to be living below the poverty level when their income is below an
income threshold established by the Bureau of Census. The income cutoffs used by the Bureau of Census to determine the poverty
status of families and unrelated individuals consist of a set of 48 thresholds arranged in a two -dimensional matrix consisting of
family size cross-classified by presence and number of family members under 18 years old.

RETAIL SALES Includes sales from general merchandise stores; department stores; variety stores; food, bakery and dairy stores;
automotive dealers; gasoline stations; eating and drinking establishments; and other retail trade establishments.

SINGLE HEAD OF FAMILY Single head of a family with no spouse present.

SERVICES Includes a variety of items ranging from hotels to attorneys. Included in this category are hotels and other lodging
places; personal services (laundry, photographic studios, beauty shops, shoe repair, funeral services); bu siness services (advertising,
mailing, news syndicates, personnel supply services, computer services); auto repair services and garages (retail, parking, repair);
miscellaneous repair services (electrical, etc.); amusement and recreation services (orchestr a, dance halls, etc.); health services
(physicians, dentists, nursing care facilities, hospitals, medical labs, outpatient care); legal services; educational services; social
services (job training, individual and family services, day care); membership or ganizations (business, professional, labor, civic,
social, etc.); engineering and architectural services; and other similar services.

STUMPAGE VALUE OF HARVESTED TIMBER The value of timber harvested going to the landowner.

TEEN FERTILITY RATE is the birth rate for women 15 to 19 years of age. It is the number of live births per 1000 women 15 -
19 years of age.

TRADE Includes wholesale and retail trade.

TRANSPORTATION Includes railroads; trucking service and warehousing; other transportation serv ices (bus, air, and U.S. postal
service); communication systems (radio, T.V., etc.); and utilities and sanitary services.

UNEMPLOYMENT An estimate of the number of persons who, for the entire week of reference (the week including the 12th of
the month), did not work at all, were able to work, and available for work, and (1) were looking for work, or (2) would have looked
for work except that (a) they were waiting to return to a job from which they had been laid off, or (b) they were waiting to report to a
new job.

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE The number of unemployed workers as a percentage of the civilian labor force.




30
            Local Cooperative Extension Office


Johnson County Staff Chair                                                                              District

Blair Griffin                                                                                   Ozark District

P.O. Box 590
Clarksville, AR 72830
                                                                                                 Fulton                         Clay
                                       Benton       Carroll     Boone Marion                                     Randolph
479-754-2240(office)                                                                Baxter
                                                                                                Izard
                                                                                                        Sharp
                                                                                                                Lawrence
                                                                                                                             Greene
                                     Washington Madison
479-754-5968(fax)                                          Newton          Searcy       Stone
                                                                                                                       Craighead
                                                                                           Independence                            Mississippi
                                                                                                    Jackson
                                      Crawford      Johnson                 Van Buren Cleburne                          Poinsett
       or                                   Franklin
                                                                 Pope
                                                                                                                       Cross
                                                                          Conway                  White
                                      Sebastian    Logan
                                                                                                            Woodruff
                                                                                  Faulkner                                     Crittenden
                                                         Yell
E-Mail: bgriffin@uaex.edu
                                                                                                                     St. Francis
                                                                        Perry
                                           Scott
                                                                                 Pulaski LonokePrairie                 Lee
                                                                           Saline                    Monroe
                                                Montgomery Garland
                                        Polk
                                                                                                                     Phillips
                                                                Hot Spring
                                                                                  Grant   Jefferson       Arkansas
                                                 Pike
                                           Howard               Clark
                                      Sevier                              Dallas                  Lincoln
                                                                                    Cleveland
                                                                                                            Desha
                                                Hempstead
                                     Little River       Nevada
                                                                  Ouachita                         Drew
                                                                        Calhoun
                                                                               Bradley
                                                Miller                                                      Chicot
                                                   Lafayette
                                                         Columbia               Union            Ashley




***For Ad dit iona l Copies of t h e Cou n ty Profile or Informat ion o n
You r Cou n ty Please Con ta ct You r Coun t y Sta ff Chair List ed
Above***
            Arkansas Is Our Campus

                                Visit our web site at http://www.uaex.edu


                                         Ozark District
                                                                                 Fulton                         Clay
                       Benton       Carroll     Boone Marion                                     Randolph
                                                                    Baxter              Sharp
                                                                                                             Greene
                                                                                Izard           Lawrence
                     Washington Madison
                                           Newton          Searcy       Stone
                                                                                                       Craighead
                                                                         Independence                              Mississippi
                                                                                  Jackson
                      Crawford      Johnson                Van BurenCleburne                            Poinsett
                            Franklin
                                                 Pope
                                                          Conway                  White                Cross
                      Sebastian    Logan
                                                                                            Woodruff
                                                                  Faulkner                                     Crittenden
                                         Yell                                                        St. Francis
                                                        Perry
                           Scott
                                                                 Pulaski LonokePrairie                 Lee
                                                           Saline                    Monroe
                                Montgomery Garland
                         Polk
                                                                                                     Phillips
                                                Hot Spring                                                                  Delta
                                                                  Grant   Jefferson       Arkansas
                                  Pike                                                                                     District
                            Howard              Clark
                       Sevier                             Dallas                  Lincoln
                                                                    Cleveland
                                                                                            Desha
                                 Hempstead
                      Little River       Nevada
                                                  Ouachita                         Drew
                                                        Calhoun
                                                               Bradley
              Ouachita          Miller
                                   Lafayette                                                Chicot
              District                   Columbia               Union            Ashley




  University of Arkansas, United States Department of Agriculture, and County Governments Cooperating




  The Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to all eligible persons regardless of race,
color, national origin, religion, gender, age, disability, marital or veteran status, or any other legally protected
                                  status, and is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

				
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