"Chapter 30 e5 Practice Test"
CHAPTER 30 PRACTICE TEST 7. In the Camp David Accords, 1. After resigning from the presidency, Richard Nixon a. Israel and Egypt agreed to a timetable for a gradual a. was convicted of obstruction of justice but received a transition to autonomy for the West Bank and Gaza Strip suspended sentence. Palestinians. b. ran for the Republican nomination for governor of b. Israel agreed to cease building Jewish settlements in the California but was defeated by Ronald Reagan. occupied territories. c. was pardoned by Ford for any and all crimes committed c. the Arab world agreed that Egyptian leader Anwar el-Sadat while in office. would henceforth be the spokesman for Islamic d. became American ambassador to China during the Ford fundamentalism. administration. d. Israel and Egypt agreed to immediate withdrawal from all occupied territories and an end to all hostilities. 2. The "contras" were 8. The Iran-contra scandal highlighted to many Americans a. formed by members of the Palestine Liberation Organization to overthrow the Israeli government. a. a pattern of corruption in Pentagon procurement. b. established and financed by the CIA to undermine the b. President Reagan's passive, casual managerial style, and the Sandinista government in Nicaragua. fact that he often did not have his finger on what was going c. the name that Reagan gave to all American hostages around on. the world. c. that many of the president's closest associates and advisers, d. bands of evangelical Christians who traveled the country such as Lyn Nofziger and Michael Deaver, had caused the inveighing against sexual permissiveness and secular president's problems. humanism. d. that Vice President Bush had strongly supported selling arms to Egypt and using the profits to support the opponents of Ferdinand Marcos. 3. The Strategic Defense Initiative a. was proposed by the growing peace and antinuclear 9. When Secretary of State James Baker said, "I think we all have to movement as an alternative to tactical nuclear weapons. admit that the policy basically failed," he was referring to the b. seemed to be the best solution to the nuclear-arms race, because of its modest cost and technological simplicity. a. attempt during Operation Desert Storm to overthrow c. was the first program eliminated in the great wave of Saddam Hussein. Reagan defense cuts. b. policy of financing the contras' war against the leftist d. proposed a vast system of space-based lasers and other high- Sandinista government. tech defenses against nuclear missiles. c. invasion of Panama to capture General Manuel Noriega. d. use of sanctions to end South Africa's policy of racial segregation. 4. The ME Generation was known for their 10. All the following contributed to Jimmy Carter's election victory in a. refusal to follow social norms, their use of psychedelic 1976 except his drugs, and their wild clothing. b. preoccupation with physical fitness, psychic harmony, a a. clearly defined economic and social program. tasteful lifestyle, and money. b. reputation as an outsider to Washington politics. c. participation in the environmental movement, particularly c. rejection of the “imperial presidency.” the campaign against nuclear power. d. pledge never to lie to the American people. d. leadership of the antiwar movement during the early 1970s. 11. What, according to President Carter, was the cause of the nation's 5. Three Mile Island is associated with woes in the late 1970s? a. the Star Wars defense system. a. a failure of the American people to have confidence in their b. a near-disastrous accident at a nuclear power plant. nation and government c. gentrification of a rundown area. b. the government's inability to reduce the burgeoning budget d. a notorious slum in Detroit that was occupied by members deficit of the American Indian Movement. c. collusion by foreign nations to make the United States a second-rate power d. his own inability to understand the big picture or articulate a 6. Which of the following correctly accounts for the fate of the SALT clear set of policies II agreement? a. It was approved by the Senate after President Carter 12. What events precipitated the 1979 seizure of over fifty American personally traveled to Vienna to demonstrate United States hostages in Iran? support for arms control. b. President Carter withdrew it from the Senate after the Soviet a. the return to power of Shah Reza Pahlavi with the assistance Union invaded Afghanistan. of the CIA c. Soviet leader Brezhnev refused to sign it as a protest against b. the rise to power of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, and the a series of anti-Soviet measures that Carter adopted. arrival of the shah in the United States for cancer treatment d. It was passed by the Senate and signed by Carter, but c. the collision of an American helicopter and a transport plane Reagan repealed it because it gave too much to the Evil in the Iranian desert Empire. d. the invasion of Iran by the Soviet Union 19. What seems to account for the vast popularity that Ronald Reagan 13. Of the following economic policies of the Reagan administration, maintained during his eight years as president? which is not considered a component of "Reaganomics"? a. his skill as an administrator and manager a. increased discount rates b. his exhaustive familiarity with the issues b. tax cuts c. his ability to articulate the beliefs, aspirations, and fears of c. spending cuts millions of Americans d. deregulation d. the popularity of his vice president 14. Which of the following events symbolized President Jimmy 20. Although Ronald Reagan had been a vigorous Cold Warrior Carter's Middle Eastern policy? throughout his political career, he was able to bring about a remarkable easing of Cold War tensions because of a. an Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty signed by Menachem Begin and Anwar el-Sadat a. his personal rapport with Mikhail Gorbachev. b. a CIA-financed coup in Iran b. his massive military buildup. c. a terrorist explosion that killed 239 American marines c. the influence of Nancy Reagan. stationed at poorly guarded barracks in Beirut, Lebanon d. all of these d. the exposure of vast supplies of anthrax germs being stored in Iraq 15. Which of the following accurately describes an American social and cultural trend of the 1970s and 1980s? SHORT ANSWER a. Young adults celebrated the spirit of the 1960s by turning to 1. Describe the new patterns of immigration into the U.S. that set social and political reform movements. in after 1965. b. Radicals continued to celebrate the sexual freedom that had marked the 1960s. 2. Explain the Iran-Contra affair. c. Women in record numbers withdrew from the workforce. d. Environmentalism and feminism gained ground in the 3. Why did the Roe vs. Wade case prove to be politically divisive 1970s. throughout the 1980s and 90s? 16. Beginning in the 1970s, what was the policy of the federal 4. Discuss briefly the record of the Reagan and Bush government toward Native Americans? administrations on environmental issues. a. termination of all Indian-aid programs and relocation in cities so that they would disappear as a distinct ethnic group b. continuation of the government's traditional paternalism c. greater autonomy for Native Americans in managing their affairssuch as schools and federal-aid programs d. relocation of Indian tribes from valuable land in the Sunbelt to undeveloped tracts in Alaska 17. What was the role of religion in post-1970 America? a. It became increasingly irrelevant as the "Me Generation" turned inward and concentrated on personal goals and materialistic pursuits. b. It gained new visibility as a champion of liberal reform. c. It gained increased visibility and played a more decisive cultural and political role than it had for years. d. It became discredited because of a series of scandals involving television preachers. 18. Which of the following accurately represents trends in female employment from the late 1970s through the end of the 1980s? a. The proportion of women working outside the home rose to almost 60 percent, and women began to make significant inroads in formerly all-male occupations. b. The average earnings of working women caught up with those of men. c. The workplace became, with only minor exceptions, largely "gender integrated." d. all of these.