The Parthenon Greek Architecture by HC11121121373


									                                The Parthenon
                              Greek Architecture

The Parthenon is one temple that is very famous and beautiful. Built
between 447 and 438 BC, it was the first building to be constructed on
the widely known Acropolis.
   Sacrificial Altars

All the gods demanded they be satisfied by sacrifice, and so sacrifices were
made at the temples. For this there was a great altar outside the east porch of
every temple. The Eastern side of every temple was the front of the building.
Doric, Ionic and Corinthian Columns

 The Parthenon is recognisably Greek because of the
 huge columns which surround its walls and separate
 sections inside the temple. These three columns
 represent the three styles of Greek architecture.
The western side of the Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens.

            Notice the Doric columns with their wider
            ridges and less ornate plinths. The
            structure of the Parthenon was quite simple
            in style and design.
Site plan of the Acropolis at Athens showing the major archaeological remains

   The Acropolis of Athens is the best known in the
   world . Acropolis means high city, or The "Sacred
   Rock”. The Acropolis is a flat-topped rock which rises
   150 m above sea level in the city of Athens.
                Metopes and Sculpture

The Parthenon metopes that were visible on the exterior of the
temple were made in deep relief and surrounded the temple on
all sides. Most Greek temples had few decorated metopes, but in
the Parthenon all ninety-two metopes were decorated on all
sides with scenes from Greek mythology.
            Phidias Showing the Frieze of the Parthenon to his
            Friends, 1868 painting by Lawrence Alma-Tadema

Archeologists now have proof that the metopes and friezes adorning the
Parthenon were illuminated with both paint and metal so they would stand out
against the buildings façade.
Detail of the West metopes, illustrating the current
condition of the temple in detail after 2,500 years of
war, pollution, erratic conservation, pillage and
the Propylaea

                the Erechtheum
The Cost of the Parthenon by R.S. Stanier
“We see expenditure on quarrying at Pentelikos , transport
of stone from Pentelikos (which probably means hauling
stone up the Akropolis), payment for workmen and
labourers, salaries, something about pillars, something
made of wood, doors, purchases of ivory, pay for
goldsmiths and silversmiths, marble for the pediments,
payment for those who make the trolleys for transporting
the marble and for those who put the marble on the
trolleys and those who carve the marble.”

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