Open_Access by panniuniu

VIEWS: 1 PAGES: 14

									Open Access; Open Data

          I647
        Fall 2006
 Budapest Open Access Initiative
• Based on:
  – Self archiving by authors
  – Open Access journals, e.g., BioMed Central
• http://www.soros.org/openaccess/
                Open Access
• Institute of Physics: most papers free for 30 days
  after publication
  – http://www.iop.org/EJ/ and
    http://www.iop.org/EJ/journal/NJP
• Public Library of Science
  – http://www.publiclibraryofscience.org
• Highwire Press
  – http://www.highwire.org/
• PubMed Central
  – http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/
   Opposition to Open Access
• Reacting to NIH’s proposed policy on open
  access, C&EN Editor Rudy Baum says:
“[This] action will inflict long-term damage on
  the communication of scientific results and
  on maintenance of the archive of scientific
  knowledge.”
                -- C&EN, September 20, 2004, p. 7
 Open Access + Semantic Web
• "Almost all of an author's output (compounds,
  spectra, reactions, properties, etc.) is nowadays
  computerised and in principle redistributable to
  the community for re-use. Few journals actively
  validate the primary data (e.g. spectra) involved
  in a publication (chemical crystallography being
  a clear exception where data are intensively
  reviewed by machine). We reassert that
  chemists must now move towards publishing
  their collective knowledge in a systematic and
  easily accessible form for re-use and
  innovation....
 Open Access + Semantic Web
• We urge that authors, funders, editors,
  publishers and readers move further towards the
  following protocol:
  [1] All information should be ultimately machine-
     understandable in XML....
  [2] Machine-understandable information for a compound
     should include a connection table, the IUPAC unique
     identifier (INChI) which guarantees that the
     connection table can be checked and regenerated,
     and a name....
  [3] Rights metadata.”
  -- Murray-Rust, Rzepa, Tyrrella, Zhanga (2004)
      Google Digitization Plans
• Digitize all content of:
   – University of Michigan
      • committed to complete digitization of all 7 million volumes in
        its collection, excluding its rare books and other fragile
        material
   – Harvard University
   – New York Public Library
   – Stanford University
• Aimed at out-of-print material, whether public
  domain or in copyright
• Opportunity for libraries to concentrate on truly
  unique or special holdings to digitize locally
          Getting at the Data
• New CAS Information Use Policies
  – http://www.cas.org/infopolicy.html
• STN’s Information Keep & Share Program
  – http://info.cas.org/copyright/index.html
• SciFinder Scholar download restrictions:
  100 items at a time
        Data Analysis Tools
• STN’s Analyze and Tabulate feature
• STN Express with Discover! (Analysis
  Edition)
• Limited access because of A&I publishers’
  reluctance to turn loose of the data
                     InChI
• IUPAC-NIST Chemical Identifier
• a unique label which would be a non-proprietary
  identifier for chemical substances that could be
  used in printed and electronic data sources thus
  enabling easier linking of diverse data
  compilations
• latest version handles:
  – organic, covalent structures
  – inorganic and organometallic compounds
• http://chemdata.nist.gov/IChI/INChIv11b.zip
                   Future
• XML and metadata
  – Dymond (DYnamic Metadata ON Demand)
• Virtual journals (Virtual Journal of Nanoscale
  Science and Technology)
• Copyright question and open access resolution
• Legal protection of databases
• Impact of InChI and CML
• Demise of Abstracting and Indexing Services?
               Conclusion
• “The main challenge is for chemists to
  recognise the value of making their data
  machine-understandable, rather than
  destroying it with traditional paper or slide-
  focused publication and dissemination
  processes.”
  -- Murray-Rust, Rzepa, Tyrrella, Zhanga (2004)
           Parting words . . .

If you're not part of the solution, you're part
   of the precipitate!
                     Bibliography
• Gasaway, Laura. “The open archives movement.”
  Information Outlook October 2004, 8(10), 36, 39-40.
• Murray-Rust, Peter; Rzepa, Henry S.; Tyrrell, Simon M.;
  Zhang, Yong. “Representation and use of chemistry in
  the global electronic age.” Organic & Biomolecular
  Chemistry 2004, 2(22), 3192-3203.
  http://www.ch.ic.ac.uk/rzepa/obc/ (preprint)
• Townsend, Joe A.; Adams, Sam E.; Waudby,
  Christopher A.; de Souza, Vanessa K.; Goodman,
  Jonathan M.; Murray-Rust, Peter. “Chemical
  documents: machine understanding and automated
  information extraction.” Organic & Biomolecular
  Chemistry 2004, 2(22), 3294-3300.

								
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