Docstoc

History of Ezra F. Simmons

Document Sample
History of Ezra F. Simmons Powered By Docstoc
					                                     History of Ezra F. Simmons
       My fathers people were of Welsh and Holland descent. They came to America on the
  "Mayflower" & settled in Dutchess County New Y ork -- My Grandfather Smiton Simmons married
  Sarah White & went to Canada & settled north of Lake Ontario (Colborne) & raised a family of seven
  viz: - Stephen who married M ary W ait - Elizab eth married Joh n D udley - John married (Peggy)
  Margaret Frasier - Sarah Ann married Osgood Strong - James married Mary Frasier - Mary married
  Alvin Dudley & Harriet married John Thompson.
       Mothers people w ere Highland Scotch - mothers grandfather W illiam Frasier - married M ary
  Chisholm & their second son Daniel Frasier married Catharine Munn the only daughter of Jestus
  Munn and Esther Merriman - Jestus Munn being an officer in the army settled 640 acres where the
  City of Cleveland now stands. Later Daniel & wife migrated to C anada & settled near where
  Frankford Ont. now is & raised a family of seven viz:- John who married Amerilla Smith - William
  married Adeline Faulkner - Oliver married Chloea Curtis - Mary married James Simmons - Alexander
  married Nan cy Osterhout - Margaret married John R . Simmon s - Catherine married Almond W ait. -
  The heirs of Jestus Munn now being gone to Canada - his property after his death was never looked
  after for a nu mb er of years & when they did owing to the mushroom growth of the new city &
  absorption & changes of title, etc it after considerable litigation became a very valuable loss to the
  Heirs that they did not recover or never will.


Personal History:-

      I was born on a farm on lot five of the fourth concession of the Township of Murray county of
  Northumberland - Upper Canada (now Ont.) on Wednesday April 3rd. 1850 - we lived in a large two
  story brick house with a large stone addition for a kitchen - then a long frame store room & w oodshed
  attached. - I went to Mt. Zion public school one mile till I was fifteen - at the age of thirteen I was
  converted & joined the M.E. Church [Methodist Episcopal] at Frankford the church building my father
  had largely helped build & my brothers had made the brick. - I was induced to take this step by a son
  of Rev. N athan H oward the Pastor at that time & have tried to lead a useful & valuable life through all
  the years since.
       At the age of sixteen I went to Albert College Belleville Ont. an M.E. school for three years. The
  College was named after Albert Carman the President who afterwards became General Superintendent
  of the United Church of Canada with his headquarters at Toronto Ont. On account of inflation &
  eyestrain I had to give up my University course & life’s plans & turn to something else. I first tried
  "bokagency" & m ade enough so in th e fall of 70 I attended On tario Commercial College Belleville
  Ont. & learned Telegraphy & more of Bookkeeping
       In Jan 71 I went to Mich. for a job on the Port Huron & Lake Mich. R.R. but missed the chance by
  only a few days - so being rather short of finance I decided to try the lumber woods - but first I went
  north of Im lay City a few miles to visit R onald Frasier & family (cousins). He helped m e obtain
  employment at the lumber camp of Van W agner Bro's who set me to falling pine - four men at a tree -
  after a few days my hands swelled so they changed me to helping the ox teamster load the hauling
  sleds - that I stood pretty well as it was more action than physical force. Finally one snappy cold
  morning when we were away out in the woods I only have on tight french calf fine boots & light
  overshoes & in spite of all that I could do froze one big toe badly - so th en I got a job hauling logs to
  the landing which I thought would be just the thing - but they gave me an old discarded team that
  others refused to drive - namely a large old sorrel horse & a big lazy mule said to be 75 years old & I


                                                     1
never disputed the fact. And my what a team & experiences I did have whooping at those old fellows -
but they didn’t scare worth a cent - still the boys said I worked them longer & made them pull better
than any driver they ever had. But I did not like to sleep in the third bunk up next the roof & count
stars all night through the cracks so as soon as I earned money enough to take me out I resigned.
Before leaving those parts however I concluded to go over to North Branch & visit cousin Esther
(Ashley) Caniff who w ith her husband Henry had come west - leaving a mail route job to make their
fortune in the pine woods. My but it was a lonely trip as the great forest fire of the year before had
burned the soil so the timber all blown over & I saw thousands of acres with only a tree standing now
& then. On my way I came to a settler & went in to rest & chat, & in the course of conversation found
out I had come upon another cousin - Becca Ann Hait a daughter of Uncle Alex. Frasier - her husband
was a sort of pion eer preach er who did not get m uch out of that profession to live on & so she took to
knitting by hand for the trade, double, streaked woolen mittens & became so expert she could knit five
of them per day - my but didn’t those needles rattle. Well found the folks at the Branch O.K. - only he
was working at a lumber camp & she was dressmaking quite a comedown for well-to-do people -
guess they didn’t get rich for they soon went back to Canada. I also worked here for a while & on
returning to Ronald Frasier's found his wife had a little baby girl & was in a very critical condition & I
did not stay long & she died within a few days. I headed for brother Chas. Simmons place N.W . of
London C anada - got off the train at Komoka & climbed snowd rifts on an unbroken road to Lobo -
where I met a mail carrier & rode north with him to brothers place - here I stayed & worked on his
farm as he needed two men, he being away most of the time looking after 300 head of steer that he
was feeding at the distillery at Windsor Ont. opposite to Detroit Mich. -- That tract of country north of
Lake E rie is very fertile & wealthy.

1871

     I left here July 1st in time to take the steamer at Brighton Ont. with a 4th of July excursion for
Rochester N.Y. – nearly all on board were seasick but me. Took a turn down to Pitsford to see a
family of Whites, cousins of my father - got a job through harvest at $40 per mo. of a Mr. Smith who
lived about ten miles S.E. of Rochester - he was a cripple & used two hired men - the other fellow was
younger than m yself, & he put us at binding wheat that was w ell saturated with Canada thistles -
running stations after a self-rake reaper with three German women (remember this is N.Y.) who came
near killing both of us poor fellows - I never used so much muscle before in my life - then to cap the
climax we had to get up before daylight & milk a lot of cows - a thing I had never done & put in good
long days, often not getting to bed till nine or ten o’clock - but it was all a good training & helped to
fit me for the great future that I did not know was coming.
     After m y month was up I went back home & did od d jobs & agency work (as father had the farm
rented) till the fall of 72 when Father rented me the old farm furnishing everything & a hom e & board
with the family & gave me one third of the crop & I helped look after the stock, etc. - my youngest
sister Thressa was still at home the housekeeper.

1872

    I set about breaking up some worn out old meadow land & showed the neighbor boys what I had
learned abou t turning sod & farming up about Lond on among the Highland Scotch. - cleaned the big
stone of several fields & fixed things up in ship shape for a reaper that father agreed to furn ish. W ell
had fair crops & cleaned up $300 . After filling the woodshed & yard with logs for the next years
firewood I packed up my belongings & with $500 father gave me I started for Nebraska U.S.A. Nov.
25th 1873.


                                                    2
1873

     Fath er had intended I should have the south one hundred acres of the old home place & live with
them but I did not think it best for two families together that way & offered to stay if he would deed
my five acres of hill land that was cut off from the rest but we could not agree so I went leaving my
sister to take charge. On the way I stopped at Cobourg our county seat to get my money exchanged &
but a R.R. ticket - so the Booker gave me a copy of the "Antiquary" to read on the way out. - also
stopped Chicago to get a land explorers ticket. Arrived in Harvard Nebr. about 8 P.M. Nov. 28th.
187 3.
    Here I met some new cousins - Anna Moore & E mily Gallup whom I had never seen before -
daughters of my mothers sister Catharine W ait - here I visited a few days then w ent N .E. near O rville
City the county seat of Hamilton coun ty to the homestead of another cousin Peter E. Frasier with
whom I had been corresponding - he is the youngest son of my mothers brother John Frasier. Here I
bought the relinquishment of John Champeon eighty acres joining the city on the south for $100 cash -
declared my intention to become an American citizen before J.D. Westcott the county clerk & filed for
Homestead on the S2 SE4 22-9-6. made a "Dugout" 12 X 14 ft. in the bank of a draw on the S.E.
corner - put a shingle roof & a board floor (rather a rare thing in those days) and commenced
"batching" Feb.14th 1874 .

1874

   So you see I felt I was comfortably situated - Peter having the NW 4 - the City the N2 SE 4 & the
S2 NE4 and Peter's brother George had his Homestead cornering mine on the S.E.
   Later we had a great county seat fight & the City was made the Poor farm & the capital was
moved ten miles north to Aurora more in the center of the county.
    Soon after I bought 160 acres of BVM R.R. land joining me on the south on ten years time at
$6.00 per acre a premium to be given if I broke out eight acres within two years - which I did. Soon I
was elected Treasurer of the City school district - also precinct road supervisor - this comprised six
miles square - so I now began in earnest to help develop the country. It was not very hard to pay off
school marms when there was money - but to stop "old trails" & educate the people to travel on the
section lines was quite a different proposition. There were curves to be straightened & the banks of
draws to be dug down & bridges, etc. Some strenuously objected to my methods of constructing roads
- but m y experience in the C anadian hills helped me at this time so I gained m y points - & they all
seemed to be well satisfied afterwards.
     After the City moved away the polling place for elections was at my shanty for a number of years.
During these homesteading days we experienced some awful storms & "blizzards" that blockaded me
into the dugout for three days at a time - when I would have to shovel out.

1875-6

    Dirt floors in dwellings were common in those days - & sod houses were roofed with ridge poles
on crotches & poles from the timber along the streams - then covered with willows & hay then sod &
gum bo. They would shed the rain very well as it came down in such dashing show ers like the whole
heavens had broken loose. It was several years before a mild shower or a sprinkle was ever seen -
nearly all sunshine - not a cloud to be seen. Had grasshoppers galore that ate up everything - not
sparing even the hoe, rake, & plow handles - they had voracious appetites. I was up on the hill hoeing


                                                  3
in the gard en one m orning (b y the way I always raised lots of garden stuff & potatoes to help out)
when I perceived a very peculiar looking cloud in the north west just above the horizon - I hoed away
for a while when looking up again I observed things looked hazy & the sun seemed darkened - upon
closer inspection I found the whole heavens was full of moving objects that looked much like
snowflakes - after viewing the situation for some time - as grand a sight as one ever the wind changed
& down came the insects like hail literally covering the whole surface of the ground - R. in fact
drifting up in rough places so one could pile them up with a scoop shovel. It sure was something awful
as in only a few hours the cornfields that were then in fair roasting ears were bare stubs only a foot or
two long - wheat fields beheaded & even the grass & all other herbage trimmed so closely the ground
was almost entirely bare, a great desolation - that was very discouraging & disheartening - & made
dreadful hard times & caused considerable suffering among the poor pioneers - but with the
application of a good deal of perseverance & grit we pulled through on bacon, flapjacks and flour
gravy & were optimistic in those days & tried to be happy. - for recreation had private house dances
where we met & sang & got acquainted with our neighbors. - Then for intellectual improvement we
organized in our community the Orville Literary Society (of which yours truly was secretary for
several years) held its sessions at the home of Jesse Evans & the Van W orner school house alternately
each week during the winter season. - the principal debaters were Rev. Charles L. Sm ith, Jesse Evans,
Geo. Cain, Genl. Delevin B ates, & M esdam es O.W. Cass, E. Field - later J.B. Cain, Ham Pratt, &
others too numerous too m ention. - we also published a paper - "The B ageater" (of which I still retain
a copy.) & had for its motto "you scratch my back & I'll scratch yours" - this was not only entertaining
but profitable & opened a way to a better civilization. - we also organized teachers institutes, fourth of
July celebrations, singing, writing & Sunday schools - had preaching at various points by Rev. C.L.
Smith Methodist & Rev. H.M. Giltner a Presbyterian - this was for our moral & spiritual good which
we very much needed.

1874

     The first year 1874 I rented the H.W. Hickox place just west of mine - he furnished all & board &
I the labor & got one third of the crop each paying their share of the threshing bill. This would have
been very good as the crop was good - but after the stacking was all done there came a terrible rain &
wind storm that tore up the stacks & damaged the grain so much that the venture did not turn out very
profitable as I had to sell some of the wheat for 20¢ per bush & was very glad to get rid of it at that -
though I had worked very hard - I harvested with J.M . Cam pe, he cut my grain &. I helped cut his. -
We w ere assisted by L.C. Pridmore & Tim Gray who had horses so the other three change steams on
the Harvester & I stood on it all the whold & bound my half - We tried ourselves one day & cut
eighteen acres of thirty bushel wheat from sunup to sundown - I thought that pretty fair for an
unaclimated Canuck.
    This year 1874 I hired five acres broke on the north side of m y homestead - also got a Soldiers
additional eighty acre right on the S21 SE 4 34-9-6 & traded it to John Yurann to do forty acres of
breaking on the south side of my R.R. land - but owing to his losing a horse he only broke fifteen acres
- but finished the forty the next year.

1875

    In 1875 I bought a pair of shorthorn steers of Peter - full brothers - three & four years old for
$100.00 cash - got ten sacks of ear corn at $1 per sack & by ju dicious feeding & careful handling - I
put the fifteen acres into wheat, broke ou t forty five m ore & planted the five acres on the homestead to
trees in rows eight feet apart & four feet in the rows (I was one of the first three planters here)


                                                   4
cultivated & budded them with gloves on for 4 years till they made a thrifty and beautiful grove - hired
the wheat cut which I stacked up by my building place so before I threshed I built a stable for two
teams by digging into he bank of the draw on the other side by digging into the bank of the draw on
the other side from the shanty - putting up crotches & ridgepoles, then poles &.brush from the Blue
river that was only one mile away - then rim the while stack of straw over it right from the threshing
machine - it was sure warm & comfortable.
     April 7th, 1875 also Jarvel Chaffee, Peter & I hitched our three teams of oxen on a large
governm ent w agon - loaded it at H arvard N ebr. With bacon flower & baking powder & camping outfit
& strapped on our guns & started for the Black Hills gold region for a time - had some great
experiences. - The first one was just west of Lowell Nebr. about four oclock in the afternoon as a
terrible "blizzard" was coming up - we dropped one hind wheel into a gumbo hole up to the axle - so
we unhitched & prepared to cam p for the night - fortunately there was the walls of an unfinished claim
shanty near & the other two boys with all the oxen got inside & our sheet iron stove & plenty of
buffalo chips for fuel while I held the fort in the wagon all night - the storm raged fearfully all night
till morning & we learned afterwards that about 300 ponies perished up on the plains near Minden -
but we all came through without a scratch – the morning was bright so we pried up the wagon hitched
on & started again -but about noon as we came to old Ft. Kearney we came to quite a pond of water
which proved to be another "gumbo hole" as in going through we wen t down all fours to the wagon
box - what do you know about that? here we were in a little lake - so we had to unload everything,
take off the w agon box, uncouple the gears - & then it took two of the best teams of our oxen to pull
out two wh eels together - that was a job I'm here to say. - but we got all loaded up again before dark so
moved a little & camped in the grove of trees for protection - oh boy we were tired. Started on the next
morning but as the travel all seemed to be going up the north side we crossed the river - we were soon
joined by other outfits hunting for gold. We had lots more experience & fun going up the Platte
bottom as it was a merry crow d. A t last arriving at North Platte we were met by lots of other outfits
coming back who reported that the Indians had Buffalo Gap & Red Canyon blockaded so that no one
could get into the Hills - so we with the rest stopped. The trip now being spoiled we traded the load &
two yokes of oxen for ponies to Keith & Barton, big Ranchers who seemed to nearly own the town at
that time - Hotel & all. I retained my oxen & the wagon as I did not yet have any desire for Broncos.
We camped here for several days & the boys hired a Mexican to help them break their ponies - as soon
as they could ride two & lead the others we hitched up & trailing sane behind the wagon we started
down the old California trail on the south side of the river headed homeward - the road was about four
rods wide, one and one half feet deep below the surface of the plains & as smooth as a floor most of
the way - we passed Ft. McPherson & on down to Plumb Creek without any mishaps - here Peter
drank too heavily out of the crock & came near dying with Alkali Poisoning - we gave him some &
bathed him freely with Alcohol & he soon got better - we carried a three gallon jug of this remedy for
snake bite or any other emergency that might occur.
    Here I ran upon m y first rattlesnake & it nearly scared me out of a years growth - I will never
forget that Buzz. Now the boys left me taking their ponies & pulled out for home - I traveled the next
fours days alone & never saw an Indian or Anything else much worse than myself. – though the
Antelope used to come close every morning to greet me. I never got any venison to take home as the
front sight on my rifle had got jarred out of line & I was all the time shooting wild - I thought "buck
fever" - & never knew wh at was the matter till I got within a days drive of hone - when a jackrabbit sat
up just across a big canyon against the bank & I said here is where I get some fresh meat - but plunk
the bullet went into the bank about three feet to one side - I thought internally but it was no use – the
jack had gone. - Well when I got back to Lowell I turned north east down the river till I got opposite of
what I though t was our south county line then I struck straight east & made a bee line over the bluffs



                                                   5
& plains for the forks of the Blue - got caught in an awful wind & rainstorm here the first night & had
to lariat down my wagon - got hone O.K.

1875-76

    This winter 75 & 6 I wintered with Mr. Hickox doing chores, hau ling firewood from the river &
other odd jobs for my board as I was not very well having been threatened with Erysipelas but I came
out all right in the spring fat & sassy.

1876

    In 1876 I put in forty acres of wheat - twenty of corn & twenty five of Oats - had a dandy crop -
got a second hand Buckeye combined reaper & mower with Johnson table rack - fixed lines on the
oxen - & cut, boun d &shacked that forty of wheat all alone. - Say if you think it is a soft snap to
"Batch" & run a farm just try it once & see. But finding this way of doing too much of a good thing I
arranged with Henry Fish to cut the oats & I boun d on his harvester for $2.00 per day - fifty cents
more than going wages. Shortly after stacking there came a big tornado that scattered that forty acres
of wheat all over the river bottom till I only picked up half a load of pieces of bundles - that was rather
discouraging but the "prescription" said take it & so I did - might as well succumb willingly to the
inevitable - no kick. -About this time news came of the death of my mother & the marriage of my
youngest sister - the only one left of the family & the old home all broken up - Father alone - but he
got my oldest brother & wife to move in & take charge of the farm.
     Now I traded the oxen to Jas. Cam eron for a team of horses - one a six year old brown - a very
fine chunk only he was born very crooked in front - could stand lots of work but made quite a fantastic
appearance. The other a large sorrel U.S. cavalry horse they were a very good team & did me lots of
good. The next three years I harvested with Mr. Fish his wife’s sister Mary Ryne driving the big mules
& he & I binding till five o’clock supper -after which we would shock up our days curring. He also cut
my grain & w e averaged putting up eight acres per day.
     This fall I began teaching school ten miles northwest in the Star district where I held forth for five
years. - Also taught at Stockham, Eldorado - the Huling & Soward districts, east Boag, Giltner, &
Broad Valley - covering a period of about twelve years in all. The first year at Star I boarded with the
Chas. B ush family at $2.00 per week & got $25 .00 per month - the next year boarded w ith S.H. Fry's
& slept over the way with their son Aaron - they voluntarily raised my wages to $30.00 & one day free
for Institute. That was encouraging as it showed their appreciation of my work. - the next tree years I
got $33-1/3 per month & boarded with S.E. Evans & wife - young married folks near the schoolhouse.
About this time Alvin & B ert Shorey came from C anada & settled near Eldorado in Clay county. I
bought a fine large Holstein cow of Mr. Bush for $25.00 & let Bert Shorey (my cousins) family have
her to take care of for me as they needed the milk.

1877

    In 1877 I rented most of the farm to Frank Stokesbury - me to have one third of the crop & pay my
share of the threshing bill - I always reserved a place for my personal property & a home with the
renter as a safety measure for my homestead - boarded at home - traded the horses to Jerome & Riley
Pratt for a pair of Cherokee stags & a little different - & th ey were sure a tough team in m ore ways
than one. Frequently at about eleven o’clock they would conclude it was about time to turn out for
dinner & in spite of all that I could do - though I put rin gs in their noses & rope lines on they would


                                                   6
drag me plow & all to the shanty. I would cuss some but had to do it internally & inaudibly as
otherwise it would do more harm than good - still we broke about fifty five acres more on the
homestead - tended the trees & raised lots of potatoes and garden stuff. - had very good crops. - then
traded the brutes off for a good cow & fifty dollars & said farewell to oxen.

1878

     I bought another scrub team of horses & wagon from G eo. Hafer for $125. In 1878, I rented part
of the place to my neighbor L.C. Pridmore - farmed & batched some - had very good crops. - Traded
the Holstein cow to Jas. Rollo for a very good saddle pony that was also broke to drive single - I had
learned to ride some by this time - this was better than making fifteen & twenty mile trips on foot as I
had been doing (hunting a wife, you know) & although he was a little snouty he never dumped me &
as we became acquainted we got along first rate - but a fellow needs to keep at least one eye open
around Indians & Broncos - thought I never met but two Indians in all these years & they were
run ning off with a team of stolen horses - but the sheriff got them the next day.
    This fall I enlarged the "dugout" to 14 X 20 ft. - had a 12 m. well bored down 75 ft. deep with
eleven ft of water - this made things more com fortable & saved running to the neighbors for w ater.
Also sold the team & wagon for $150.

1879

     In 1879 I rented the whole place to E.R. Clark just from Michigan - he was a good farmer & we
had big crops. In the summer I went with two of his sons west of Grand Island & north of Shelton &
found them hom esteads where they moved that winter. Ten days after we had all the threshing done -
the section boss on the B. & M. east of Harvard let a fire get away from him which swept over a great
territory. We were all away from home at the time. It burned my stable & a lot of furniture I had stored
there, roasted my two dozen hens & seven brood cows – ruined that nice grove of trees so that most of
them broke over at the ground the next year but sprouted up again from three to five from each root
what a mess it did make - only now a windbreak - roasted one hundred bushels of potatoes I had
buried in pits & burned the grain bins & injured the grain so I only sold one load of the best wheat as it
was so colored & swelled so bad - And all that it left was the "dugout" & contents it being somewhat
protected. The n eighbors had a mass meeting at my place & selected H.W . Hickox, Israel Gibbons &
myself as a comm ittee to present our claims to the B. & M . R.R. Co. all agreeing to hold together &
not to settle individually - but through the committee. Soon two adjusters of the company appeared on
the scene & they were slick tongued fellows I can assure you - they maneuvered around for several
days & finally induced Mr. Gibbons who had a family to support & was at this time financially
embarrassed - to settle for a nominal amount - paid him at once - & got his receipt in full - this broke
up the com pact. Then as they went around & show ed what had been done - one by one settled as best
they could. I received $125, a fair case of highway robbery I called it rather than stand a lawsuit - but
what better could on e do under the circumstances. This was an awful backset - like the grasshoppers -
but the prescription said take it - so we did. Then I had to hustle around & rebuild the stable & fix
things up as b est I could before going back to m y school.

1880

     In 1880 I rented to Ben. Slater & hired him to break out thirty five acres more - this made 175
acres under cultivation - Again we had very good crops & this fall before going to my school I took a
trip over to see the Clarks & found them all well & doing fine. While there I traded the saddler for a


                                                   7
fancy nice little driver & got $5 to boot - then I got a buggy & could step out with the coming
generations in proper style - which you can rest assured I did. - You see I had struck a "trail of
promise" at the teachers Institute. This year I also completed my naturalization - proved up on my
homestead & became a fully-fledged American Citizen. This gave me more liberty to be away from
my home.

1881

    In 1881 I rented to Jess Stokesbury & had a very good crop - only the sunflowers were very bad -
but he fixed an arrangement in front of his header & left the big ones standing all over the fields which
made it pretty bad for the next fellow. That summer I was following up that "attraction" so harvested
with the Pow ell Bro's in the S oward district where I was teaching & had the contract for the next year -
but hearing of som e dissatisfaction I would not teach there again & got another school.

1882

    In 1882 I rented to Douglas Carbaugh - a son-in-law of John Woods of Illinois - he was a very
good farmer & raised a good crop. – This sum mer I traded the little driver for a very good work horse
& 20.00. - then afterwards sold him for $80.00. Then I bought a splendid large driver of W.F. Peck the
county clerk for $90.00 & traveled M errick county for the German Insurance Co. of Freeport Illinois -
bou ght seven stand s of Italian honey bees for $35 & D .D. Snider cared for them & wen t in partnership
with me in the bee business which did not prove very successful. At that time as there was not enough
hon ey producing flowers raised in this country yet.

1883

     In 1883 I had a short term of school which was out about the middle of February, so I took over
the farm - bought a large work horse of Dave High for $90.00 - a very good harness & wagon from
Peter Frasier for$ 35.00. Also som e other necessary implements. - hauled lumber from Au rora & built
a frame house 16 X 20 & on M arch 18th married at the residence of the brides parents by the Rev.
W.K . Rearn of the M.E. Church who was at this time county Judge - Hattie L. Washburn of
Wisconsin, a teacher who I had met at the Institute in Aurora three years before & after very cautious
maneuvering I had enticed to form a life partnership - oh my! what a relief! - & with her came a cow, a
pig, some hens & other useful articles too numerous to mention. -Also: - One hundred & sixty pounds
of genuine girl. No Kid match you see. A s she was twenty four years old and I was thirty three.
    So I burst forth poetically: --
        Let friendships chains bind us together
        While tossed upon lifes raging billows
        Live not for self, but for each other
        Care for our own then next our fellows.
        An d such is life in the far west.
    After the wedding ceremony &. dinner - at which only Mr. & Mrs. S. S. Hayden of Aurora &
wife’s immediate relatives were present - we drove about fifteen miles to Harvard Nebr & stayed that
night at the home of M rs. S.M. W. Likens, wife’s aunt who soon after moved to Denver Colorado &
was Police Matron of that city for twelve years. The next day we came back around by our homestead


                                                   8
- scattering cigars along the way among friends & Hattie had her first look at her future home. - & lo!
she found some of my biscuit that I frequently heard mention of in the future. When we got back -
intentionally late in the evening of course - we found the house filled with guests the folks had invited
in for a time - so as to avoid a "charivari". Sp rings work was now fast com ing on so we im mediately
moved to our own hom e & commenced farming properly. We – don’t that sound funny - put in 120
acres of corn, 30 of wheat, & 10 of oats - I did most of the farm work myself except wife drove the
wagon for sowing the grain while I scattered it with both hands out of the back end. - she also drove
the planter for the first twenty acres but finding our combined weight too much for the team we
discarded that idea & I planted the other 100 acres alone - driving with one hand & working the
planter lever with the other. Had a real good crop & harvested with E.E. Bird a half a mile east. - then
in the fall sold out (reserving the crop ) to J.B . Gough for $122 per acre - cash - & gave immediate
possession &. went three miles north & ten west & bought 120 acres of unimproved U.P.R.R. land of
John E. Soward partly on time on the east side of 1-9-8- about a mile from wife’s folks & moved up
with her people for the winter while we built – Hattie taught the Mt. Hope school just across the road
while I hauled lumber from Harvard fourteen miles - fenced the place & built a house 16 X 20 with
shed kitchen 8 X 8. A barn 16 X 24 with a shed addition the same size. The barn had room below for
four horses & a granary & a nice hay mow above - the shed was divided by a feed way the long way
with stalls for ten cows on one side & room for calves & colts on the other. - put down a well & wind
mill & by spring was ready for building up a new hom e again (see photo). Coming home with a load
one hot thawy spring day I drove too fast for the big horse’s gait & that night he got sick & died - so I
had to trade the little horse on a team of large mules & pay $125 difference - rented some ground from
Father Washburn to crop – broke out fifty acres & harvester w ith th e folks - driving a headerbox. In
the fall I bought a matched team of two year old black M organ mares for $200 that proved to be a very
fine team as I broke them myself. But in the spring while breaking them I unexpectedly observed they
were going to raise me colts - which they did & a great many more after wards. In the fall I traded the
mules to A.H. Soward for a pair of pony stallions & his note for $100 which I never got as he left the
country broke.

1884

    This spring my Father [John R. Simmons] died of overwork (81 yrs old) clearing off a piece of
ground for a turnip patch just to keep himself out of idleness.

1885

    The next year 1885 I traded the little stallions to John Frost for a fine Norman mare & $25 cash.
Now I had three good mares - so I raised lots of colts & mules. Four years later I traded the first pair of
colts (they being rather sm all) to John Shafer for a big young horse, a cow , & fifty bushels of oats. -
two years afterwards the big horse died suddenly of spasmodic C olic. So you see I had to learn how to
feed & care for horses by dear experience.

1873

     The first ten years in this new country - spring wheat was the principal crop - though I always tried
to diversify some - we did most of the seeding then in Feb ruary - it was generally so dry & nice then. –
later as the rainfall changed - corn became the principal crop as one was not at so great expense for
harvesting & threshing - besides the help problem became quite an important item. The prairie sod at
first was buffalo grass & not very thick at that –I n about five years bluestem began to come in & we


                                                   9
soon cut lots of hay in the draws. Later we planted sorghum & m illet for feed & by 1900 winter wheat
became the crop. At first corn was planted with a two row planter & cultivated with a one row team
cultivator. - later listing in corn with a sort of double moldboard plow became popular & the
cultivating was done with two row disc weeders & four horses. - throwing out the first time then
harrowing or floating down then throwing into the corn the second time & calling it done - but some
went through a third time with a one row cultivator which I think was better farming. One man can
handle a large acreage of this land in this way all by himself the harvesting & all without much
expense.

1860

     Oh yes I must tell you about when I was a boy ten years old & my brother older thirteen - father
grew an immense field ten acres of yellow yankey corn (they seldom raised over one or two acres)
corn like we raise here will not mature there in Canada. In the fall he went for a week to Toronto to the
Provincial Fair & left us boys to husk that corn & this is the way we did it. - took a team & wagon &
drove out by the side of the field & unhitched & tied the team to the rail fence - then took a big round
splint basket - went to the end of the rows & husked toward the wagon till we got the basket full - then
carried it to the wagon to empty - we unloaded with the same basket by picking it up full & then
carrying it into the crib & we didn’t know any better or easier way to do things. Everything w as vastly
different when I was a boy. I have seen as many as nine men following each other going across our
meadow fields with mowing scythes cutting hay. - then when it was dry a man would go along one
side of the field w ith a wooden hand rake & rake in as far as he could at one stroke - then a boy wou ld
pitch in as far as he could with a two tined fork (the best we had then) then followed another man or
two with rakes to close up the windrow - then the same operation on the other side - then the hay was
ready to be cocked or hauled to the barn or stack. We also cut our grain with cradles – not a baby
cradle but a grain cradle. - I have also seen them cut with sickles. By the time I was fifteen we got our
first Mower - quite an affair only the seat was a flat board fastened on four standards that would swing
forward or backward as you w ished to balance for cutting or traveling - if you didn’t slip off - it would
nearly jar the liver out of you over that rou gh stony ground - but it was a great improvement & more
expeditious. T hen our first horse hay rake had steel teeth somewhat like they are to-day only shorter -
on a frame with shafts for one horse to drag along on the ground & handles so a man walked behind &
raised it up when it got full of hay. That was a dandy & I have raked acres with it - but then soon came
out a better one with shafts & two high wheels & long wooden teeth that were raised by the driver who
stood on a movable platform that he pushed down with his foot - say that was going some - & you
could ride.
     I have threshed many a day with a flail & on the threshing floor with horses & then winnow ed it
out with a farming mill. Our first threshing machines, more like a big box having a revolving cylinder
in it covered with spikes - & the grain went through "caboosh" & a man raked away the straw at the
other end. This was propelled with a horsepower out on the ground & a belt that cam e to the cylinder -
later they put a riddle on to carry away the straw & let the grain drop throu gh. But when they got a
large machine with a fan mill in it they thought they had the world by the heel. We also had one of the
first kitchen cookstoves - before that they baked bread in a "Dutch oven" which was buried up in the
hot ashes & coals in the fireplace - & cooked other foods in pots & kettles hung over the fire from a
crane. Say we had tw o fireplaces in our old home on in the kitchen & the other in the parlor but a big
boxstove in the dining room during my early life. Yes & a shoemaker came around every year to make
boots and shoes for the whole family - but I will not tell anymore now as I think I hear you yawning
-so adieu.



                                                  10
1885

    In July 18 85 w e lost our first bab y boy - & nearly lost his mother also. - You see ou r physician Dr.
C.E. Brown was very much under the influence of whiskey. Oh what a terrible state of affairs. - but
she being a vigorous healthful young woman soon recuperated.
     Oct. 15th we started for Canada from Grand Island, to visit my people & settle up the old home
estate that Father had w illed m e one fourth interest in. Going by the way of Niagara Falls we took in
one of the grandest sights on the contin ent. W e had a great visit for six weeks with relatives, & old
neighbors & school boy friends - we both enjoyed it very much except so much rain - that we had not
been accustomed to. Returning by the G.T. RR we had to stop in Toronto over night then on the next
day to London Ont. the nicest town we had seen on our trip - where we visited a week with my brother
Charles & family - then on to Chicago Ill. where we ate Thanksgiving dinner. We had purposed going
from here up to Wisconsin to visit with wife’s people & her old home - but as we were both so tired,
concluded to go on homeward & stopped at Cedar Rapids Iowa & visited wife’s aunt Emeline
Em monds & children for a week & rested a little. Here I got Hattie an Elgin gold watch which I still
carry. N ext w e pulled for Harvard N ebr. but not getting in on time we had to stay in O maha m ost all
day. As we got off the train at H arvard I met George Beach a young fellow just in from New York
state who was looking for a job so just took him right out to husk corn. We also took out a new
cookstove & some other necessary articles & was very glad to get back to our little western home
again.



1886

    In 1886 the B & M surveyed & built a new cut off road from Aurora to Kearney, establishing the
new town of Hu ntington, Broomfield Giltner on the SE4 6-9-7 about three fourths of a mile in front of
our house so we could see nearly everything that was going on in town - that was very nice - I hauled
some of the first lumber from Phillips with my little black team to start the new town.
    On August 29th 1886 our second child Ralph M . was born - Dr Brow n again officiating (there
being no other near) but he sober this time & all went well. - we soon had him baptized by the Rev.
C.E. Rowe of the M.E. Church of which we were now active members, having been reestablished the
year before at a Holiness Camp M eeting held on the farm of M.F. H uffm an three miles north. This fall
we had a Photo of our little farm taken as we were m akin g hay.
    Jess Huff moved his store building up from Seaton & became the first in the new town. - Green
Pruit started a Peanut stand, C.R. Polen built a Restaurant & thus the town began to grow - Dr Myers
& Bill Glover of Aurora built a double two story block in which Guy Myers ran the Drugstore & W.H.
Leinburger the dry Good store of Glover & Co.
     Wm . Glover & W.F. W heeler opened a Bank & W heeler Bro's a Hardware & Furniture store -
Henry Ehlebracht a Harness shop - John Petrea a S aloon - F.C. & Frank Mathew Hard ware - A.V.B
Peck Post Office, Israel Carriker Hotel - Chas. Harrod a Butcher Shop - John Gallentine & W.L.
Chapman Agricultural Implements, C.N. Dietz Lumber - Sam. Gibbons Dray, J.W. Farrand
Blacksmith - Geo. Broom & W .H. Ferguson Grain dealers -A.H. Brown & V an Gordan Livery stable.
L.C. Genow ay & Dave Duff carpenters, Dr. C.E. Brown Physician - Jno. A. Brock Justice of the Peace
& so the good work went on. I broke out thirty acres m ore on my little farm, making eighty acres in
all.


                                                   11
1887

     In 1887 I planted out two acres of orchard & surrounded it with a double row of gray willow for
windbreak. Also put out five acres each of Timothy, Clover, & Timothy & Clover mixed - but in a few
years it all died out. This year the village school was instituted & I was asked to organize & teach the
new district - which I did beginning in O ctober after being out of the business for four years - but laid
the foundation for a very prosperous school. During this winter on Jan. 12th 1888 there came a very
violent & unexpected blizzard in the afternoon but only lasted over night in which a great many
teachers & schoolchildren perished in the attempt to get home particularly in the newer settlements out
farther west. I held my pupils till their parents cam e for them - then just before dark wh en the storm
had abated a little I borrowed a large shawl to cover my head & succeeded with great risk, gaining
home, wife & baby. - Found things in fair shape except the stock which were outside which I soon got
into their cozy stalls & by morning the storm was over but it did lots of damage.

1888

      The spring of 1881 lost the first joint of my left hand little finger with a Felon - cut it off with my
razor & still have the bone in a bottle to show. This spring also my brother Stephen & family came out
from Canada & rented the W m. Lee farm S.E. of town where the Lerton Post Office used to be. - This
summer there came three days of hot wind that cooked the corn that was just in silk so although I cut
up twenty acres with a sledcutter & also bought a forty acre cornfield of L.S. Jones the stuff had but
little nourishment in it & blew away mostly so that by spring I had to buy bailed prairie hay that was
shipped in at $20 per ton & carry my stock through. This made dreadful hard times. - I had picked up
two years before eight extra good heifer calves from neighbors at $7 per head & before this summer
was over I was obliged to sell them at $11 per head & had hard work to get rid of them at that price.
This fall I moved our house off the farm over to town & put a larger one on - one & one half stories
high & rented it to Stephen, my brother. Then I went into partnership with O.E. Peck in Flour & Feed,
Real Estate, Insurance & Loan business. I left brother my horses, cows and implements & all to do
with to help him out.

1889

     In 1889 finding my partner unsatisfactory I bought him out – closed out the business & found
myself short about $3,500 plus exp erience. Then I got a job in the Lumberyard of C.N . Dietz with
Chas. Allen Mgr. In the meantime I had rented the upper room of the school house for church
purposes at $25 per yr. for two years. This summer we built the M.E. Church the Rev. Francis Deal
Pastor solicited the finds & as I was on the board of trustees was selected by them to take charge of its
construction. We hired several carpenters, Dave Duff being the chief. - then there was also lots of
work donated - so I had to check over all the lumber & keep accounts of all the work & report to the
trustees from time to time - this kept m e pretty busy.

1890

     In Jan. 1890 times becoming very hard here & work scarce I went to Denver to see if I could not
better conditions - but foun d all eastern Colo. starved out & into the city, for employment - the city
fed(?)about 3,000 men most of that winter. My wife’s Aunt the Police Matron failing to land me a job.
I tried several kinds of agency till I came across my old friend Ben Slater who was hauling for E.L.
Fox wholesale & retail dealer in Coal, Feed, & Kindling at 1533-5 on 15th St. just north of the Platte


                                                    12
river who told me that Fox's bookkeeper was soon going into business for himself - so I secured that
position. Unfortunately again I only held this place till after the spring election. Fox ran again for
Alderman & in order to secure the election had to promise my job for the south Denver constituency.
Here I was out again but Mr. Fox was very nice about it - wrote me a good recommend & secured me
a Cond uctors position on the Broadway & 15th St. power house on 15th & B roadway dow n to South
Broadw ay union depot then back again & as far north as Gallup Ave. in N orth Denver - but. this did
not last long as the suction through the cars & this high altitude threatened me with pneumonia all the
time till Dr. Bonesteel said I would have to give it up - so then I went out two miles south of
University Park to the Elite Ranch where my old friend G eorge B each gave me work through Alfalfa
cutting till in July when I was stricken with Typhoid Fever & pulled out for home & Giltner Neb r.
Was in bed abou t three weeks then went back to the old job in the lumber yard - but being weak I
overworked & had to go back to bed for three weeks more – was very sick & came near dying. - after
recovering I went back to the yard again but was more cautious this time & worked there till the spring
of 1892.

1891

   In 1891 the village of H unting Bromfield afterwards Giltner was incorporated & W.H. Leinberger,
Charles Allen, L.P. Wheeler, W.L. Chapman, & Henry Ehlebracht were appointed "City Dads" & E.F.
Simmons village clerk. I was also on the school board & helped all I could to build up our little town.

1892

    In March 1892 we m oved back to the farm but times were so very hard &weather conditions so
bad that I had hard work to make ends m eet for a few years as I had been to so much expense & lost so
heavily. Still we did not loose any more ground. During this time I had been offered $30 per acre for
the place but did not want to sell as I had a nice little home well located. But finally to straighten
things up a little I sold the roughest forty for $30 per acre & still owed a $700 mortgage on the home
& it seemed as thou gh I could hardly raise the interest to say nothing of clearing off the mortgage & so
I began to get discouraged & to make matters worse was seriously injured by the kick of a four year
old colt I was breaking which finally resulted in a hern ia that incapacitated me for very mu ch hard
work for a whole year. I wore a steel hoop truss for thirty one years afterward but at last cured myself
with Joint Ease.

1893

      Ab out this time, I traded a colt for some more nursery stock and in the spring of 18 93 I double
rowed the orchard with several kinds of small fruit and berries, about $45 worth in all, but this summer
there came a terrible hail storm only about thirty rods wide and two miles long but it caught our
orchard and demolished it, leaving only three hardy apple trees, some muckleberries and a little of the
willow windbrake. That w as awful as it injured the roofs of ou r buildings also. By this time I was into
Pure bred Poland China Hogs quite extensively. O ur hot log h ad been north of the house and partly in
the big draw that ran through our place. The hot cholera was brought down with the flood water and
the first year of the scourge I lost about $500 worth and the next year $400 more. Another setback.
This set me to thinking so I fenced the orchard with hog wire and moved the hogs but to no avail. I
sold nine month old boars at from $8 to $1 0 per head and cleaned up as best I could but the cholera
still lurked — people did not know how to handle it then . The next few years we had uphill business to
make things pan out.


                                                  13
1897

      Feb . 9th, 1897 a daugh ter cam e to us — that her aunt named N ellie M arguerite. She w as a delicate
little creature at first, but Ralph thought her the best ever and so she grew. During this time I had
raised some very fine mules — sold one team for $250, a yearling for $75, and a pair of two year olds
for $200, then traded an extra fine matched pair full brothers one three and the other four to I.N. Kirby
for a big pair of Norman mares in foal and $20 cash. The next year they raised me a very fine pair of
colts, one a male.

1901

     In 19 01 not getting ahead as I wou ld like and being short of pasturage for my stock — having only
twen ty acres, I concluded to pull out so wen t west and bought 640 acres just w est of C ham pion in
Chase C oun ty for $2,500 part on time — thirty acres in w heat and alfalfa and 20 acres in millet,
making 50 acres all under the irrigation ditch. I was to get one third of this crop as it was rented by the
Kelley Bros. The rest was grazing land and no improvements except the shell of a small house. That
year I had changed my tactics and put out forty acres of fall wheat on our farm. Before this for several
years I had been raising mostly corn and cane as I thought harvesting and threshing too expensive, and
changin g work to thresh kept the small farmer away from his place too much when he ought to be fall
plowing. I was one of the first cane raisers in the country to take the place of hay. After that 40 of
wheat was up and looking good I sold out to my neighbor E.D. Snider for $30 per acre cash, he
assuming the mortgage, and I made him a present of the wheat which turned out so well that it half
paid for the place. Oh! Oh! What mistakes we mortals make sometimes. Soon after, I loaded the
hayrack on the wagon put the wagon box with cover on inside then loaded im plem ents and sheaf oats
around the outside — camping outfit, bed, some shelled corn, tools, etc. inside — hitched on the big
Norm ans and on Oct. 26th, 1901 I started for Champion, Neb., where I thought I had on e of the best
locations ever. It was a heavy load but we got there just the same, makin g twenty-five miles per day.
Had an awful pull over the Mascott Hills between Holdridge and Oxford. Arriving at the place I went
back to Imperial for posts and wire to enclose a pasture. Had quite a time working at it all alone as I
could not get help. Neither could I procure a carpenter till late in the winter when J.R. Hoke took
compassion on me and came to my relief. Got the Kelley Bros. to come with their house-moving
outfit, who pulled the old house around to a new location for building on to, then bored a well, built a
stable for four horses close by the north side of the ditch, and a cattle barn and corral south of the
ditch. This took considerable time as I did most of it alone. I also helped Mr. Jordan put up ice down
at the mill, on shares — so we had plenty of that commodity for summer. We finished the house with
Comp o Board as it was too cold to plaster and barely got done in time to go back to Giltner and move
March 1st, 1902. D uring the winter I boarded at Mr. Wordigs just across the road north at first then
afterwards with G.H. Getzendauer about half a mile east. Traded my wagon cover, which by the way
was an extra good one, to Mrs. Worsig who moved to Longmont, Colo. for cook stove, a bedstead and
springs, and a bureau, the latter I still have. Ralph traded his Stevens 22 rifle to the boy for 25
Guineas.

1902

     March 3rd, 1902 our good neighbors and the “W oodman” loaded our R.R . car with our hou sehold
goods, farm implements, three cows, some B.P. Rock hens, another Norman mare and the young
stallion all ready to go. Got back to Imperial March 5th wh ere C.O. Mead, G .H. Getzendauer, Kelley



                                                   14
Bros, Mr. Heady, and Mr. Jordan met us and took all out bodily to our new home — a very pleasant
recep tion I shall never forget.
    This summer the Kilpatric Bros. of Beatrice who had recently bought a large tract of land around
here including the Ditch that was first built and owned by Mr. Worsig — enlarged the capacity of the
ditch which we thought helped to accelerate a scourge of typhoid fever that raged along the
Frenchman River this sum mer, resulting in the death of Hu gh (boy) Kelley, and causing our little girl
Marguerite and Jessie Shotwell to lie at the point of death for some time — besides several others who
were very seriously ill — at least the seep age from the ditch contaminated our w ell water so that it
became necessary for us to either sell out or change ou r building location w hich would be anoth er big
expense — so we concluded to sell. Fortunately just at this time W .S. Pryor of Iowa was looking for a
location, so we sold to him for $3,000 possession to be given in thirty days. About the worse move I
ever m ade as I had just the location that suited me and the prospect for the future was very great as it
proved to be — for within fifteen years the three back quarters sold for $40 per acre and the front one
at $60. If a man’s foresight was only as good as his hindsight how one could forge ahead.
    We rented for the winter the old McFarland place two miles southwest of Imperial and straightway
moved over there. It was a hard pull through the sand ridge as I helped lay out and made the first track
on the new angle road.

1903

    In 1903 I rented the 800 acre well equipped place of Wm . Witte five miles NW of Imperial for
$75 cash and m oved over there. In the meantime Ralph attended and graduated from the Imperial High
School, having previously had eleven grades at Giltner. I bought several head of cattle, some hay and
corn and binder at the Witte sale and with what stock I already had commenced again to lay the
foundation for Ranching, which was our ambition.

1904

    in 1904 I rented this place again for $100 cash. During the summ er Mr. Witte who was now
established in Oregon and wanting more funds with which to expand offered to sell me the place for
$3,500 — $1,500 down and the balance in two years — my, what an offer to turn down, but I had
different plans as M.L. Hughes from W est Virginia and I had already been down about thirty-five
miles southwest and got us Kinkaid Homesteads where there was plenty of range for stock. But lo! the
next year the Witte place was sold by agents to John Molzahn, a newcomer in the country for $4,600
cash — w hat do you know about that. The last year on this place we got badly hailed so our crop was
only about half of what it should have been.

1904

    This fall I went down and enclosed a large building sight and built a substantial sod house 16 X 32
inside that took 120 four horse loads of sod, half of which we hau led three miles from J.V. Deselms,
Broad V alley, the night we fin ished. I being very sweaty and not having my coat along, caught a
severe cold driving back the three miles and was laid up three weeks with Neuralgia. Dr. Stewart made
two trips to attend me and lanced a large swelling under one arm, but while I was in that condition
Ralph got some help an d put up the frame of a barn 32 X 32 which we covered with hay. He also
bored a well fifty feet deep with forty feet of water — they cased it with three sets of casing and I
finally had to bring some gravel from the Frenchman River and throw into it to form a bottom so the


                                                  15
magnesia and the quicksand would not work up. Later we built a board cattle barn joining the other 32
X 32, a sod hen house 14 X 18 with board roof, a board m ilk house 10 X 12 and a large cave cellar.
Also made a reservoir 30 X 50 and covered the bottom with four inches of gumbo and tramped it with
the horses, put up a windm ill, watering tanks, corrals and toilet and was ready to move again. Wife’s
brothers George and Fred also took land joining mine, which we fenced so that made plenty of range.

1905

    March 190 5 we m oved down and commenced Ranching p roperly five miles from Lam ont Post
office. Put out 30 acres of corn and fifteen of cane on some old cultivated land and broke out 35 acres
more. The Peterson and Palmer stock ate up most of our crop, but we cut hay to feed and had to buy
corn.

1906

    The next year we put out more crops and broke out more land but the good neighbors’ stock
bothered us so, and occasionally one of ours would disappear till Ralph became dissatisfied and left
for McCook to work on the Railroad.
    While I was up to Imperial one time after a load Peterson’s cattle got into that 30 acre piece of our
corn when it was about waist high and ate it down to the roots. We found them as they had finished
and drove them about three miles over to their farthest watering place and the next day when I was
away again two of the boys rode up to our house and abused R alph and wife shamefully and said they
would eat us out so we would have to go out on foot. But what seem ed to worry them most they would
have to roll up our wire fences and get them out of the w ay. Th is raised my Scotch but I kept quiet.
The next animal that disappeared was a fat cow while Ralph w as off duty a half hour in for dinner —
we nearly ran down four saddle horses chasing and came near capturing the rustlers but only found out
who they were.

1907

     In 1907 Fred W ashburn (wife’s brother) came out from McCook qu itting the R.R. where he had
worked for twenty years — got a bunch of cattle of Frank McClain of Imperial — lived in part of my
house which was supposed to be across the section line but was not even on any of our land as we
found out afterwards. We ran our stock together, cut and made hay and feed together only each owned
his stock separately. After a couple of years of this things proved unsatisfactory to Fred and his boys
so he built and moved over on his own land and we divided the pasture and each went it alone.

1910

    In the fall of 1910 as I went to Haigler for a load of supplies Bill Palmer deliberately turned 250
head of cattle on my forty acre field of corn that would have made twenty bushels per acre because I
had cut two shock rows through and estimated it. So the next afternoon as I came home I found them
there and drove them down and fastened them into his corral. By this time I was up to fever heat and
the next day I went out on the range and found the gentleman looking for his stock. We had some
plain words and he intimidate and bluff me off, but I politely informed him I was no tender-foot being
an older settler in the state than he and that I came down here to live and prop osed to defend my rights
with my life if need be (fortunately neither of us had on a gun) and I further stated if a similar
occurrence happened again I would make a line fence out of his cattle and pile him on top if necessary


                                                  16
— and I had the tools in the house to do it with. I was not bothered from that corner anymore but kept
a diligent vigil — sleeping with one eye open. Another time two yearling steers were missing and
through a friend I found out where they were over on the B.I.B. Ranch — so I got John Peterson to go
with me and help bring them back — which he did — but he acted very peculiar about it — that was
not my w orry. I got a government brand so our place was known as the E.Z. Ranch — too easy I
thought sometimes for the other fellow.
    This same fall E.A. Hestor’s family wanted to go to C alifornia so he cam e over and offered us to
take our stock and come over and take charge of his Ranch (the U) the bar you pasture, feed and
everything fu rnished for the w hole outfit of us and give us $25 per mo. and let M arguerite go to
school, which we did. This gave Marguerite a six months chance at school, which she very much
needed — so we shut up the house, leaving beds and tools and everything as they were only taking our
clothing — and yet nothing was molested all that winter except one spool of barbed wire that I located
afterwards. It seemed almost miraculous.

1911

    In 1911 Ralph married at McCook Winifred Brown, the oldest daughter of conductor W.H.
Brown. And that summer M arguerite and I put up forty five tons of hay all alone, hauling it three
miles from the Palmer flat and was un molested except had the dogs taken out of one m ower wheel —
which was soon repaired. About this time Nellie Hayes my wife’s only sister died at Imperial, which
was a very great shock to her.

1912

    In 1912 father Washburn died at the home of his son W.L. at Republican, Nebr. — another heavy
blow to Hattie, whose health was failing. So Mother wanted us to come and take care of her in her
own home in Giltner — wife being her only daughter left now. We thought it our duty to do so — and
we did.
     At this time I had an offer to trade the Ranch for land in central M issouri so we had a sale and sold
everything, buildings and all ex cept the lan d at quite a sacrifice and went to see the Mo. land and to
visit cousin Peter, who was now living in northern Arkansas — but did not trade. So E.A. Hester
wanted us to come and take charge of his R anch again for the w inter as his family had m oved to
Benkelman and we did and let Marguerite go to High school at Benkelman. Oh, yes, another
occurrence about this time. Fred W ashburn lost a fine standardbred two year old stallion — that
disappeared one very foggy day — and could not be found anywhere, but he recovered him three years
afterwards by being told by one of the “gang” who had been mistreated by the others — who h ad
taken the colt and where he could be found. Oh! Oh!! All these things were straining on a man of my
age but I have learned that one can adapt himself to almost any circum stances when it becomes strictly
necessary.

1905 to 1912

    Other occurrences: I have found almost always more or less good mixed in with the bad viz: There
was quite a nice neighborhood of Kinkaders just over the right from us so we soon had regular Rev. R.
Lambert of the Christian Church and F rank Harman and others occasionally — organized a union
Sunday school which we kept going the year around. Had children’s day and picnics in the Herman
grove, at which we always invited several other Sunday schools to participate, and had very pleasant


                                                   17
and profitable times. Hattie and I mostly always taught classes and once just after we got home my
whole Bible class came with well filled baskets and spent an enjoyable afternoon — before leaving
they presented me with a fine woolen shirt, the remains of which I still keep as a souvenir of the good
old days gon e by. A noth er time a lot of the neighbors came in on our wedding anniversary and spen t a
pleasant evening and left us a set of silver knives and forks which are kept in loving remembrance of
the donors. Wife and I used in her last days to sit and talk of those times and say they were nearly the
happiest of our lives after all.
    While Ranching we raised several good Norman colts and some mules that sold readily on the
market. The three original mares died of old age, and a fine two year old died suddenly and
mysteriously one day while I was gone to Imperial. Two other two year old colts got very seriously cut
on the barbed wire fence in a very peculiar manner (look out there!).

1911

    The first winter at Hesters besides caring for 200 cattle and 250 hogs and all the work horses and
stable, he took in 125 head of young mules to win ter for C .R. and Fred . Walker of Benkelman. Forty
good ones were put into a small corral and fitted for spring work. I hauled them a load of corn fodder
each day — ground ear corn and fed them three times daily — this was quite a dangerous job going
around among them with a bushel basket full of feed, but never got hurt except when we roached the
brutes.

1912

    The second winter at the U Ranch I stacked during Jan . about 100 acres of cane hay that had lain
bunched for some time and all drifted full of sand. We made several fifty foot stacks twenty feet high
with the double harpoon hay fork — every time the work would drop a bunch on the stack the sand
would gush out into m y eyes till it nearly set me crazy (that is m ore so than usual), effecting the old
eye strain I had received at college. So that summer I was obliged to make two trips to Omaha to see
Dr. Gifford the great eye specialist and was treated locally under his instructions by Dr. J.S.
Wainwright at Giltner a year and a half — using dope and several different pairs of spectacles and
lenses and have worn several other kinds since with but little relief — cold water seemed to be the
best.

1913

     March 10th 1913 there was a bad blizzard through here that caused me lots of extra work, and I
got a serious fall breaking three bones in my left shoulder, almost incapacitating me for work for a
time, but I had it to do — came through the storm, without any loss of stock except one 150 pound
shoat that we dug out afterwards in about three weeks that had been buried under an overturned stack
of cane. Much emaciated but able to walk, and soon recovered — he had lived by chewing cane. At
this time Ralph was flagging on the fast passenger. He said there had been five trains blockaded in the
drifts between Wray and Akron C olo. He was out most of the night and was on thirty feet of drifted
snow in the morning. Four weeks after this Ted. Hink and I packed up and loaded two four horse
wagons with our big boxes of goods — drove to Benkelman and loaded them into a box car for
shipment to G iltner N ebr. to care for M other. Hattie went around by Republican for her M other while
I went to McCook and stopped overnigh t at Ralph’s. In the morning I went to the D r. Reid Hospital to
find out just what shape I was in. He said I was too old and it had been done so long it would be
almost impossible to do any permanent good, but gave me a liniment for relief, stating I would be a


                                                  18
cripple for the rest of my life. So I went out to Giltner, bought a heating stove, a table and som e chairs
of the Hotel that was selling out — arranged them in Mother’s house set up some beds and was ready
for the folks when they arrived the next day. Also got a new perfection four burner oil stove and was
ready for housekeeping once more.
    Before leaving the Ranch A x. Peterson had offered me $900 for the land all fenced 560 acres
deeded — in three payments. I refu sed (what an insulting proposition), yet within three years he paid
the m an to whom I had traded it $10.00 per acre for one of the quarters so his land would join his
Father’s (oh consistency thou art a jewel).
    At Giltner I did not find much to do till at harvest, then I stacked bundle grain five days each for
P.E. White, Elliot Snider and C.P. Moore for $3.00 per day — it was pretty hard on my broken
shoulder but got through with it in pretty fair shape. During this time Marguerite got her high school
work exchanged and came to Giltner. The rest of the time we lived there I got a job of L.A. Wilson
driving his Shores Medicine wagon (as he went into the Restaurant and grocery business) at $1.50 per
day — he to furnish outfit and my board and expenses. That was m ore pleasant and I enjoyed it very
much because came in contact with so many old friends and young people who had been my pupils at
school years before.

1914

     In Nov. 1914 Mother Washburn passed peacefully away (another great shock to Hattie’s failing
nervous system) and her little estate was quietly divided equally between her four remaining children
viz: H attie L. Geo. F. Fred W . and W.L. and all was well.

1915

    In the spring of 1915 I traded our 650 acre K inkaid Ranch valued at $10.00 per acre for a well
improved 120 acre place in Howell county southern Missouri valued at $50.00 per acre through A.V.
Garrison an old Sand Hill neighbor who had moved dow n there two years b efore. I trusted to his
judgment and did not go to see the place and got badly stung in the deal as that county is fast going to
the dogs so I put the price in the deed at $3,500 — it would have been difficult to sell at $15 per acre
even if one should have been so fortunate as to find a buyer at all. As soon as school was out we
packed up again and moved south in the Ozarks where the big red apples grow . We all worked very
hard picking and selling berries as there was an acre of Early Harvest Blackberries on the place —
raised a large garden that did well — canned up lots of peaches, pears, and apples, etc., and cleaned up
the place generally as it was in a bad state of repair and made things look more homelike. Then I
helped all the neighbors I could to thresh so I could more thoroughly acquaint myself with the real
condition of the country — and finally I cut up and shocked twenty acres of corn by hand with a
dandy little southern sickle about the only decent implement I saw there as they are away behind the
times in farming. I have not been able to do much heavy work since.
     Well at the very last minute we found that the school officials would not give Marguerite proper
credits as promised so we sent her back to Giltner to finish her High School work. After she left her
mother almost completely collapsed — so unknown to me she wrote to E.A. Hester for the old job and
he replied come at once, so within thirty days I got a loan of $500 on the place (all I could get) rented
it to a neighbor H.S. Blankley and pulled for Lamont Nebr. again. Arrived at Benkelman Oct. 28th,
went out to the U Ranch the next day.




                                                   19
1916

    The spring of 1916 Marguerite graduated so we went down to Giltner to the exercises — then she
came back with us and stayed to help her mother. She taught at the school there seven months that
winter for $50 per month and the next winter for $55. In the meantime the girl got to going with J.D.
Keyser an orphan and a full-blood German right from Oldenburg — and for a Christmas trip he took
us up with his sister Ella in his Ford down to McCook to visit Ralph’s family. Previous to this in the
summer W innie our daughter-in-law and children had been out to the Ranch to visit us (see snaps), as
did also P.E. Frasier of B ergman A rk. and his sister Laura Shorey of Los A ngeles C alif.

1917

     Wife’s health still failing I advertised to sell or trade our Mo. place — and after being offered
several trades Mr. Hester took me in his Studebaker and we went through eastern Colo. via Holyoke,
Stirling, Putz, Akron, Hugo, Stratton, Burlington, Idalia and Wray but did not find anything that
suited, and got back through a big snowstorm — wiser on trades — so settled down.

1918

     On July 10th 1918 M arguerite an d J.D . Keyser were married by our old Pastor Rev. Riley Lam bert
of the Christian Church at his Homestead about ten miles southwest after which they rented a farm of
Wm. Endsley east of Rollwitz where they lived for two years. In Oct. 1918 Ralph died — one of the
first victim s of the Flu that scourged the coun try so — leaving a little home a wife and fou r small
children — another great shock to Hattie so we went to stay the winter with Marguerite and Dick and
take a much needed rest. Mr. Hester turned over the Ranch to his son Elmer (Boon) on shares, which
proved a bad deal.

1919

    In March 1919 I got a job of M.M. Brumley of Stratton and worked in the Store and Garage and
Hattie did the cooking for us four, but he wanted a fellow to work almost for nothing so after a great
deal of filibustering, we went over to the Hotel of Mrs. Daisy Kellog and washed dishes and had a nice
hom e like place and not m uch work till.

1920

   May 27th 1920 when we w ent back to E.A . Hesters and took charge of their residence in
Benkelman while they took an auto trip east.
    July 10th 1920 A ndy Grams came to town and wanted us to come out and take care of his Ranch
while they took a trip — fortunately Hesters came home that afternoon so we went right out with these
folks — w here we stayed about three months. During this time we procu red a little two room house
moved it over on D ick’s new place he had bought of Grams — fixed it up and moved in. Hattie
gradually failing all the time so that now she could not even control her mind enough to take charge of
anything (oh it was awful for us all) so we boarded with Marguerite.




                                                 20
1921-1922

    The next spring 1921 as I was going down into the cave cellar a whirlwind caught the heavy door
and slammed it down on me and mashed my other shoulder so both are in bad sh ape now . Du ring this
time we had consulted with seven of the best doctors in the country to no avail. She gradually grew
worse until finally she lost complete control of her mind — was delirious for three weeks — had a
stroke in the left side for ten days — then totally paralyzed for thirty hours — then passed peacefully
away on March 27th 19 22. During all this time she did not seem to suffer but little only complained at
times of a dull ache in her abdomen. I called Dr. Lewis’ attention to it and he made an examination
(but she was then too far gone), thought it might be some unusual intestinal growth — had her
embalmed — and accompanied by her brother W.L. W ashburn of Laird C olo., we w ent to Giltner —
had the funeral service in our old hom e M.E. C hurch by Rev. I.G. H opkins an d the interment was in
our family lot #11 in Lerton Cemetery by the side of her Mother as she had often requested. The
pallbearers were G.O. Soward, E.D. Snider, Harry Dodson, W.F. Bobst, A.L. Dawson, and Jas. A.
Marvel. Pianist - Mamie W ilson. Choir: Ocie, Roy & Percy Daw son, Mr. and M rs. Geo. Hilliard, Mrs.
Ella Brock, Carl Feldm an and M rs. Harry H anger.
     For about three years of H attie’s d ecline I had to look after her almost as one w ould a two year old
child — and during the last six months was up with her six or eight times every night (Cyslitis) and
the last three weeks when delirious she would walk the floor, screech and scream until exhausted then
collapse on the floor and I would have to pick her up and get her on the bed all alone as help could not
be had (Marguerite just had a baby) and in doing this I seriously injured my rupture so for six months
thought I would go under completely — so I began writing to various firms and investigating and at
last found a solidified liniment (Joint Ease) that cured me after thirty one years of suffering.
    But oh! the excessive loneliness after the departu re of one’s life’s partner. No one knows only
those who have had the same experience. To go alone to one’s little house and look around and think!
and think! Oh the misery. But am so thankful I was able to employ the time in reading and writing —
a great blessing. But it is far more lonely than “b atching” in the pioneer days.
    To help relieve my worry I traded the Mo. place on a 320 acres of wild land in southwest Kan.
Wichita Co. — E2 28-20-38 and gave it to Marguerite who was trying to make her home as pleasant
as possible for me.
    Oh yes while east I arranged for and had a nice little Monument erected on our lot in the Lerton
Cemetery. Also took a trip up the P.R.R. to Kearney to see old neighbors Jess Morris & wife, W.E.
Lett & wife & Geo. See — then on to Lexington to visit cousin Clark See & wife — then on to Cozad
to see W.J. Foster and family — then on to Gothenburg to see David D. Snider and son, Chas. Wagner
& cousin Clifford Frasier and fam ily. Had a very pleasant time and wen t back to G iltner again to settle
up our Life Insurance in the M odern W oodman & R oyal Highlanders.
    July 4th 1922 while I was still in very bad condition I went to Imperial to see and consult the
doctors and visited the G.L. Spotts, Hoffmeister, Boardman, and other families. Then to Cham pion to
Hokes, Kelleys, Bartels, Getzendauers, Meads, etc. until the 9th when Pine Mead took me back home.
     July 10th Marguerite & Dick’s anniversary we had a severe hailstorm that about cleaned the crops
all out and made us all feel pretty blue — on top of the very hard times since the World W ar.
   Au g. 3rd 1922 I got another serious fall that nearly fractured m y spine and shook me up generally
— from which it took all the next year to recover.




                                                   21
    Nov. 1st 1922 I went down to Stratton and visited Mrs. Kellogg and the girls and other friends
then out to Cushings — had a pleasant time and got back home again in time for election on the 7th.

1923

    During 1922-3 I took considerable medicine of Dr. H.P. Clearwater of Hallowell Maine and cured
myself of Rupture, Rheum atism and greatly relieved my kidney trouble and fixed up my system
generally so that I took another trip to Imperial — went to the Holiness Camp M eeting at Champion
— saw and visited with a great many old neighbors and friends — went out to Al. Days, Headys, Arda
Jones’, Sheldons and Hughes — sold some medicine and had a very nice visit. Walter Sheldon
brought me home. Got so strong that I stacked some hay for Dick — helped build fence and even
spaded quite a little without any bad effects.
     Dr. Clearwater made me his sole agent for his rem edies in this locality and I afterwards sold quite
a lot that proved very effective when properly taken.

1924

     Feb. 25th 1924 was a very fine day so I scraped up into piles the shelled corn left on the ground by
the shellers. I worked a little too hard got sweaty and caught cold and was laid up with Bronchitis and
Pneumonia — spit red blood for ten days — was given up by Dr. Stewart — then got Dr. Lewis who
thought my case very doubtful but I finally pulled through — partly due I think to the prayers of
friends.
    Aug. 10th 1924 I went to Camp Meeting at C hampion again then on to Arda Jones’, Howard
Sheldons, Mrs. Sheldons, M.L. Hughes, Victor Hughes and J.V. Deselnis, then home with Dick who
was out selling Oil.
    Sept. 13th 1924 went to Benkelman and visited W.M. Frasier and wife — had two teeth pulled —
then on to Stratton one day — then out to Cushings and C.E. Pierce’s — then to Tom D. Rife’s two
days. They gave me a lot of plums and crabapples and brought me back to Benkelman Fair. Sold some
medicine and had a good visit all around.
    During the last year while writing up our Genealogy I found out where my youngest sister’s
family were located and have been corresponding with some of them, also quite a number of others of
our folks viz:
        Mrs. Hattie Fausette — Rochester NY
        Ezra C. Maybee — Rochester NY
        Mrs. Mary Smith Empey — Rochester NY
        Miss Alzina McColl — Rochester NY
        Mrs. Mary (& Helen) C ameron — Ilderton, O nt.
        Mrs. Ida Q uirie and Son s — Komoka, O nt.
        J.O. Frasier and wife — Kingston, Mich.
        Fred W.H. VanHorn — Saginaw, Mich.
        Mrs. H.W. McTavish — Toronto, Ont.
        Mrs. Jessie Broatch and son — Brandon, Man.

                                                  22
         S.H. (and M yra) Garratt — Abernethy, Sask.
         Mrs. A.A. Simmons — Abernethy, Sask.
         Mrs. Nettie White — Indian Head, Sask.
         Mrs. Lillie Powell — K enlis, Sask.
         Mrs. W.H. Lyons — N anton, Alta.
         Mrs. Laura Shorey — Los A ngeles, C alif.
         Mrs. Hattie Patterson — Los A ngeles, C alif.
         Mr. P.E. Frasier — Soldiers Home, C alif.
         Mrs. J.M. Cunningham — Burlington, Kan.
         Mrs. Mary A. Chapman — Rochester, NY
         Miss Beatrice Gu ffin — Halloway, Ont.
    All this gives me pleasant things to think about and helps to pass away the lonely hours.

1924-5

    The winter of 1924-5 was a very bad one — very severe cold and lots of snow that blockaded the
roads and everything so it was very difficult to get around. The jack-rabbits were driven into the
cornfields in great numbers. They were unusually numerous as there had been two open winters
previou s and amm unitions were so high that but few had been killed. They ate bush els of corn and left
the fields literally strewn with cobs. People became alarmed and formed drives and slaughtered them
by the thousand s after most of the damage was done. I was not off the place for seven m onths.

1925

    March 29th 1925 M arguerite had a baby boy and named him E ldon LeRoy — he was
“M easm atic” and cried most of the time for four month s. Th ey had a great time finding food that did
agree with him. He would sob and moan just like one starving to death, but he is a fine strong boy
now.
    Ap ril 20th 1925 I cam e down with an attack of Intestinal Flu and for ten days thought I would
surely die — lingered along for six weeks but slowly recovered under the skillful treatment of D r.
Lew is. As I am getting older have not felt very good since but with the remedies I have managed to
keep going and looking better.
     Sept. 27th 1925 went down to Stratton again and visited with C.E. Pierce and wife, U.L. Cushing
and family, Mr. & M rs. Tom D. Rife, Mr. & M rs. Jesse Rife, Mrs. Davis, Brumleys and a lot of other
friends — then on to McCook to see Winnie and the children and also to take in the “Rodeo” — came
back by way of Imperial with Con. Billy Brown — sold about $10 w orth of M dcn. Saw W.M. Frasier,
Jr. of W anneta on the way back. Had a good time and got hom e again Sat. night.
    Oct. 7th we all went over to Ward Artists and had a good visit with that family.
    Oct. 15th we went to C.O. Frasier’s — but the Radio would not help much in the entertaining.




                                                  23
1925-6

    Jan. 5th 1926 I went dow n to B enkelman to W.M. Frasier’s and had my first real experience with
a “radio” — had two teeth pulled. This has been an unusual open winter with lots of sickness and
deaths — particularly among the older people.

1926

     March 18th went to Benkelman and had four bad teeth pulled — now I am about half out of
grinders but still able to chew. I have been quite busy all winter rewriting my Autobiography &
Genealogy of our people in a permanent “Record” and w hile so doing I have found a number of
relatives I had never seen or heard of for over fifty years viz: Thressa, Ella, and Jennie — daughters of
Levi Simmons of Castleton, Ont.., Mary & Jennie Smale of Sparta, Ont., Chelsea Frasier and Fred
W.H. VanHorn of Saginaw , Mich., and a lot of others and received some very interesting letters. Also
renewed the acquaintance of Hettie, Wm. and Beatrice children of cousin Louisa (Frasier) Guffin of
Halloway Ont. with whom I used to visit.
    June 2nd 1926 I drove three miles over to the mailbox with the gentle team and little buggy and
came back around through the pasture to count the cattle and see how the new mill was supplying
water — as we were jogging along through the pasture suddenly one side of the neckyoke came down
which greatly excited old Lad so he reared and plunged like he expected to be killed till the other side
came down and the tongue ran into the ground and elevated me into the air. Oh boy! Talk about
bronco busting — I sure made a dent in the ground. Well after my thinker got to working again I got
up, picked up my coat and the four packages of mail I had, then walked half a mile to the water works
where I washed, drank and refreshed myself, then hung my coat up for a shade and crawled under for
a rest. In about two hours the folks thought I ought to be coming back so took the telescope and saw
one of my team going along the fence and trying to get home — so they took the Ford and came after
me. Oh that agonizing two mile ride over rough ground. They phoned for Dr. Stewart of Imperial who
came at once and pronoun ced no new bones broken but the old crippled shoulders and body badly
jammed up — and also stated I had shaking enough for one day and flatly refused to take me to the
Hospital. Doped and left me some liniment and remarked as he left that I could be better or worse in a
few days depending on whether or not com plications should set in — presently the patient seemed to
be resting as comfortably as could be expected under the circumstances. I was almost helpless for
about two weeks — at which time I managed with great effort to dress myself without much help.
Such a jolt is sure tough on old folks and it is doubtful if I ever fully recover this time.
    June 27th four Au tos drove into our yard containing sixteen of our cousins — with well filled
baskets. They came to express their sympathy with me in my affliction and to show their appreciation
and thankfulness for my returning health. At noon the tab le was loaded w ith all kinds of good things to
eat — and cafeteria was the order all the afternoon. It did me lots of good the medicine did not do, and
makes one feel as though life was still worth living.
    Sep. 10th 1926 Marguerite and Dick went down to Stratton to visit Lena and Tom Rife and asked
me to go along, so I did and visited there and at U.L. and H arry Cushings and Chas. Pierces and while
dow n got a job of carin g for Jesse R ife’s place while he and wife went back to N.Y . City to see their
son Raleigh. I “batched” and had two cows to milk and fourteen hogs and 700 chickens to look after
and feed and five henhouses to clean out. It kept me pretty busy and was all I was able to do, but got
along first rate and went back to Benkelman for a week and got home Oct. 30th a little the worse for
wear an d tear.


                                                  24
    Nov. 17th I was stricken with the Flu. Had hiccough for six days, went to Dr. Stewart at Imperial
and got straightened up. Had him give me a thorough exam ination. H e said my heart and lungs were in
good condition, and saw no reason why I might not stand it ten or more years yet. H ave got along very
well since.

1927

     March 18th 1927 we all had a siege of the Flu and I had it for five days but took care of myself
and that is more than any of the rest of the family did — but I don’t feel very good — am very short of
breath and have very severe spells sometimes of coughing and sneezing. Cut off my mustache so look
as though I was failing. During this time there was a very bad blizzard. I think the worst since 1913 —
and it drifted so bad that the roads were almost impassable for two weeks — something unusual.
     April 10th 1927 I was at Benkelman and attended the dedication of the new M.E. Church. I went
down on the 4th and returned on the 15th — visited at Murts, Wards, Elis, etc. Had a very nice time.
Also met Laura & Irvin Bricker and Mattie Pribeno who were up from Sharon Sp rings, Kansas
visiting. Called on Dr. Lewis and am getting som e better.
    June 10th Marguerite’s health being so very bad (a nervous wreck) and a baby expected soon,
things became unpleasant for me, so as soon as it got warm and settled weather, I pulled out to take
care of myself. Went to Stratton, N ebr., got a job on the big Ranch of Lt. Tom D. Rife as chore boy.
They gave me lots to do and I worked pretty hard but stood up to the racket for two months — then
got a job of W.M. Pen nington of W auneka, N ebr. as chief gardener of a four acre tract just in the south
part of town — all piped for irrigation — they have a larger two story cement block modern house 30
X 36 with full basement electric lights, water, toilets, etc., and a very fine Christian family — a nice
home.
    Aug. 22nd 1927 I began working there. The weather was extremely hot and dry, and the weeds
had gotten the start of the three girls and they failed to be able to keep other men help — so at first I
worked rather hard , but they would say now don’t work too hard but go and lie down and rest a while
and don’t hurt yourself, which gave me great encouragement, so I got along fine and cleaned up the
whole garden in time and gathered all the vegetables and fruit and got everything all straightened up
before winter. Also had such good S.S. and Church privileges that I enjoyed this home very much.
    Before going to Stratton in June I made an application for admission into the Crowell Memorial
Hom e for old Methodists at Blair, Nebr., but as that Institution was full I am still on the waiting list
and don’t know when I will be admitted.
     Dec. 29th 1927 I was notified at W auneta to com e to C rowell home — so I started the next day.
Called at McCook on the way to see my grandchildren, and arrived at the Home in Blair, Nebr. 2 PM
Dec. 31th 1927 and was more than pleased with the appearances and reception I received — was met
at the Depot by the Supt. of the Home Rev. W .H. Un derw ood, taken up in his car, introduced to his
wife the Matron, and then the Guests came forward and introduced themselves so happy that it made
me feel as one of them right from the start. A Home indeed.

1928

     Jan. 8th 1928 I changed my Church membership by letter from Giltner Nebr. to Blair Nebr. and
was cordially received by the Pastor Rev. Carl Bader and the whole congregation standing — now I
feel at Home again — and believe the Lord is here with us all. During the first three weeks I have
taken several snaps of the Home and grounds and d istributed them among friends. And have also


                                                   25
finished copying this Record. Caught cold and had Bronchitis and Flu and had to go to the doctor’s
twice per week for six weeks before I got straightened up. Am some weak but getting along very good
and enjoying this Home and companionship imm ensely.

1929

     April 3rd on account of the Hydrocile and inflamed Prostate Gland my urine became obstructed
and had to call in Dr. Bell who with the inadequate instruments he could obtain here failed to give me
relief and I was rushed off to the M.E. Hospital at Omaha in an ambulance. Arrived there Apr. 4th 8
AM and within 15 minutes got relief, but two days later they operated and took the Hydrocile, the
Prostate Gland, and piped my bladder and penis, and later operated on my stomach three times and
scrotum various times, making 17 operations in all. Say, it is not so bad to be operated on, but the
harness and fixtures, etc. to patch one up afterwards is something fierce, and I don’t want anymore —
although better. Was there three months and had to suffer all kinds of torture but they bathed me twice
a day and made me drink a gallon of water and four glasses of sweet fruit juices and gave me all kinds
of nice things to eat till I could not help but get well again.
   Nov. 19 29: Now I am doing pretty good all things considered. I never will forget those nurse girls
who were so very kind and smiled at me so nicely.




    (Died sudd enly Dec. 16th, 1929 at Blair, Nebr. Buried at Giltner, N ebr.)


    Inscription in front of autobiography and genealogy:
   Nov. 25th, 1929. Given to Mrs. Anita Woodle (Buffalo, NY) with my compliments. E.F.
Simmon s, Crow ell Hom e, Blair, Nebr.




                                                 26
                                                                         Index
Alb erta                                                                      Cain
           Nanton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24                  Geo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Allen                                                                                 J.B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
        Charles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13              California
Antelope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6                California trail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Artist                                                                                Los Angeles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
        Ward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24             Cameron
Bader                                                                                 Helen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
        Rev. Carl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27                      Jas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Bartels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22                Mrs. Mary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Bates                                                                         Campe
        Genl. Delevin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4                         J.M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Beach                                                                         Caniff
        George . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 13                       Esther (Ash ley) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Bell                                                                                  Henry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
        Dr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27          Carbaugh
Bird                                                                                  Douglas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
        E.E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9          Carman
Births                                                                                Albert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
        Ezra F. Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                   Carriker
        Ralph M. Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12                               Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Blankley                                                                      Cass
        H.S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20                   O.W . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Boardman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22           Chaffee
Bobst                                                                                 Jarvel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
        W.F. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22           Champeon
Bonesteel                                                                             John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
        Dr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13          Chapm an
Bricker                                                                               Mrs. Mary A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
        Laura & Irvin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26                        W.L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 13
Broatch                                                                       Chisholm
        Mrs. Jessie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23                      Mary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Brock                                                                         Clark
        Ella . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22                   E.R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7, 8
        Jno. A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12            Clearwater
Broom                                                                                 Dr. H.P. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
        Geo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12           Colorado
Brown                                                                                 Akron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
        A.H. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12                   Denver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 13
        Con. Billy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24                       Wray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
        Dr. C .E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 12                Cunn ingham
        W.H. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18                     Mrs. J.M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
        Winifred . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18, 21, 24                   Curtis
Brumley                                                                               Chloea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
        M.M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24             Cushing
Bush                                                                                  Harry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
        Chas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7                    U.L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22-25

                                                                         27
Davis                                                                            Attended On tario Comm ercial College
            Mrs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24                    Belleville Ont . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Dawson                                                                           Became a fully-fledged American
            A.L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22                    Citizen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
            Percy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22           Became precinct road supervisor . . . . 3
Day                                                                              Began teaching school . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
            Al. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23         Birth of second child R alph M . . . . . 12
Deal                                                                             Black Hills gold region . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
            Rev. Francis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13              Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5, 12
Deaths                                                                           Bought out O.E. Peck – closed out the
          Ezra F. Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27                               business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
          father Washburn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18                     Built a house . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
          Hugh (boy) Kelley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15                     Built the M.E. Church . . . . . . . . . . . 13
          Jessie Shotwell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15                   Crowell Memorial H ome for old
          Jestus Munn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                          Methodists at Blair, Nebr . . . 26
          John R. Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10                       Daughter born . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
          my mother . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6                  E.F. Simmon s village clerk . . . . . . . . 14
          Nellie Hayes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18                  Elected Treasurer of the City school
          our little girl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15                       district . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
          Ralph M. Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21                        Employment at the lumber camp . . . . 1
          Ron ald Frasier's daugh ter . . . . . . . . . . 2                      Fath er left him as a 10 year old boy to
Deselms                                                                                    husk corn with brothers . . . . 10
          J.V. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 23              Filed for Homestead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Dietz                                                                            Fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
          C.N. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12            Grasshoppers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Dodson                                                                           Hailstorm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
          Harry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22             Hattie passed peacefully away . . . . . 21
Dray                                                                             Hattie's health was failing . . . . . . . . . 18
          Sam. Gibbons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12                    Hernia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Dudley                                                                           Holiness Camp M eeting . . . . . . . 12, 23
          Alvin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1            Indian blockade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
          John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1           Job in the Lumberyard of C.N. Dietz
Duff                                                                                        . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
          Dave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 13                Job of M.M. Brumley of Stratton . . . 21
Ehlebracht                                                                       Kinkaid Hom esteads . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
          Henry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 13               Laid the foundation in Huntington . . 12
Elis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26        Lost his first son . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Emmonds                                                                          Married . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
          Emeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11                 Medicine of Dr. H.P. Clearwater cured
Empey                                                                                      mys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
          Mrs. Mary Sm ith . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23                    Moved - went three miles north & ten
Endsley                                                                                    west near inlaws . . . . . . . . . . . 9
          Wm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21             Moved back to the farm . . . . . . . . . . 14
Evans                                                                            Moved our h ouse off the farm over to
          Jesse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4                      town . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
          S.E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7          Moved to Champion, Neb . . . . . . . . . 15
Events                                                                           Moved to Harvard Nebr . . . . . . . . . . . 3
          Attended Albert College Belleville Ont                                 New town of Huntington . . . . . . . . . . 12
                         ........................ 1                              Organized a union S unday school . . 18

                                                                            28
           Published "The Bageater" . . . . . . . . . 4                      Foster
           Pure bred Poland China Hogs . . . . . 14                                     W.J. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
           Rented the 800 acre well equipped place                           Fox
                    of Wm. W itte five miles . . . 16                                   E.L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
           Scou rge of typhoid fever . . . . . . . . . 15                    Frasier
           Secretary of Orville Literary Society                                        (Peggy) Margaret . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
                     ........................ 4                                         Alexander . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1, 2
           Serious fall breaking three bones in my                                      C.O. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
                    left shoulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19                          Catherine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
           Shores Medicine wagon . . . . . . . . . . 20                                 Chelsea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
           Sod houses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4                       Clifford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
           Started for Canada to settle Fath er's                                       Daniel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
                    estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11                     George . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
           Stayed & worked on farm of brother                                           J.O. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
                    Charles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2                       John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1, 3
           Teachers Institute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8                         Louisa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
           Three days of hot wind that destroyed                                        Mary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
                    crops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12                      Oliver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
           Trade the Ranch for land in central                                          Peter E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3, 8, 21, 24
                    Missouri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18                           Ronald . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1, 2
           Traded our 650 acre Kinkaid Ranch for                                        W.M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23-25
                    place in Missouri . . . . . . . . . 20                              William . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
           Typhoid Fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13                Frost
           Very severe cold and lots of snow . . 24                                     John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
           Went into partnership with O.E . Peck in                          Fry
                    Flour & Feed, Real Est . . . . . 13                              Aaron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
           Went to Denver to see if I could not                                      S.H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
                    better conditions . . . . . . . . . 13                   Gallentine
           Went to M ich. for a job on the Port                                      John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
                    Huron & Lake M ich. R.R. . . . 1                         Gallup
           Went west and b ought 640 acres just                                      Em ily . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
                    west of Champion in Chase                                Garratt
                     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14                S.H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
           Winter rewriting my Autobiography &                               Garrison
                    Genealogy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25                         A.V. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
           Worked at Rochester N .Y . . . . . . . . . . 2                    Genoway
           Writing up our G enealogy . . . . . . . . 23                              L.C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Farrand                                                                      German Insurance C o. of Freeport Illinois . . . 8
        J.W. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12          Getzendauer
Faulkner                                                                             G.H. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 22
        Adeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1            Gibbons
Fausette                                                                             Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7, 8
        Hattie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23          Gifford
Ferguson                                                                             Dr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
        W.H. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12            Giltner
Field                                                                                Rev. H.M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
        E ............................. 4                                    Glover
Fish                                                                                 Bill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
        Henry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6                  Glover & Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

                                                                        29
           Wm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12            Hughes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Gough                                                                                   M.L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 23
           J.B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9                 Victor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Grams                                                                          Illinois
           Andy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21                    Chicago . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Gray                                                                           Iowa
           Tim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4                  Cedar Rapids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Gu ffin                                                                        Jones
           Beatrice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24, 25                      Arda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
           Hettie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25                  L.S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
           Wm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25           Jordan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Hafer                                                                                   Mr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
           Geo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7         Kansas
Hait                                                                                    Burlington . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
           Becca Ann          ..................... 2                                   Sharon Springs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Hanger                                                                                  Wichita Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
           Mrs. Harry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22             Keith & Barton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Harman                                                                         Kelley
           Frank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18                   Hugh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Harrod                                                                                  Kelley Bros. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 15, 22
           Chas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12          Kellog
Hayden                                                                                  Mrs. Daisy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21, 22
           Mr. & M rs. S. S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9              Keyser
Hayes                                                                                   Eldon LeRoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
         Nellie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18                    Ella . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Heady . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 23                    J.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20-23, 25
Hester                                                                         Kilpatric Bros . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
         E.A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-21              Kirby
         Elmer (Boon) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21                          I.N. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
         Mr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21          Lambert
Hickox                                                                                  Rev. Riley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18, 21
         H.W. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6, 7              Lee
High                                                                                    Wm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
         Dave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8            Leinburger
Hilliard                                                                                W.H. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 13
         Mr. and M rs. Geo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22                   Lett
Hink                                                                                    W.E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
         Ted. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19           Lew is
Hoffmeister . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22                    Dr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22-24, 26
Hoke                                                                           Likens
         J.R. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 22                      Mrs. S.M . W. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Hopkins                                                                        Lyons
         Rev. I.G. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22                       Mrs. W.H. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Howard                                                                         Manitoba
         Rev. Nathan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                          Brandon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Huff                                                                           Marriage
         Jess . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12                    (Peggy) Margaret Frasier . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Huffman                                                                                 Adeline Faulkner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
         M.F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12                     Alexander Frasier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

                                                                          30
           Alm ond Wait . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1              Merriman
           Alvin Dudley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                      Esther . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
           Am erilla Smith . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1               Michigan
           Catharine Munn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                        Detroit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
           Catherine Frasier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                       Imlay C ity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
           Chloea C urtis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                    Kingston . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
           Daniel Frasier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                      Saginaw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23, 25
           Elizabeth Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                   Missouri
           Harriet Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                         Howell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
           J.D. Keyser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21              Molzahn
           James Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                         John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
           John Dudley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1               Moore
           John Frasier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                    Anna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
           John R. Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                           C.P. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
           John Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                Morris
           John Thompson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                         Jess . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
           Margaret Frasier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                Mt. Hope school . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
           Marguerite Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21                     Munn
           Mary Chisholm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                         Catharine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
           Mary Frasier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                      Jestus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
           Mary Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                  Murt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
           Mary W ait . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1            Myers
           Nancy Osterhout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                         Dr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
           Osgood Strong . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                         Guy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
           Peter Frasier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8             Nebraska . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
           Ralph M. Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18                             Aurora . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3, 8, 9, 12
           Sarah Ann Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                             Benkelman . . . . . . . . . 18-21, 23, 25, 26
           Sarah W hite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                    Blair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26, 27
           Smiton Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                          Boag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
           Stephen Simmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                           Broad Valley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 16
           William Frasier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                       Champion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 22, 23
           youngest sister . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6                     Clay county . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Marvel                                                                                 Crowell Memorial Home . . . . . . . . . . 26
           Jas. A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22                  Eldorado . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7
Mathew                                                                                 Frenchman R iver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
           F.C. & Frank          . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12                Ft. Kearn ey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Maybee                                                                                 Ft. McPherson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
       Ezra C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     23                  Giltner . . . . 6, 13, 15, 16, 18-20, 22, 27
McClain                                                                                Grand Island . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
       Frank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     17                  Haigler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
McColl                                                                                 Hamilton county . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
       Alzina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      23                  Harvard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3, 5, 7, 9, 11
McFarland                                                                              Herman grove . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
       old McFarland place . . . . . . . . . . . . .               16                  Holdridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
McTavish                                                                               Huling district . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
       Mrs. H.W. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         23                  Hunting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Mead                                                                                   Huntington . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
       C.O. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    15                  Imperial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-19, 22-26
       Pine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    22                  Kearney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

                                                                          31
         Lamont . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 20                           Mrs. Hattie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
         Lerton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12            Peck
         Low ell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5, 6                   A.V .B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
         Mascott Hills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15                       O.E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
         McC ook . . . . . . . . . . . 17-19, 21, 24, 26                              W.F. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
         Merrick county . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8                 Pennington
         Minden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5                     W.M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
         North Platte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5               Peterson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
         Omaha . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 19, 27                         Ax. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
         Orville . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3                  John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
         Oxford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15                    The Peterson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 17
         Palmer Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18               Petrea
         Phillips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12                    John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
         Platte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5         Pierce
         Plumb C reek . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5                       C.E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23, 24
         Republican . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18, 19                          Chas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
         Shelton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7            Polen
         Soward district . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 8                       C.R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
         Star district . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6            Powell
         Stockham . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6                     Mrs. Lillie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
         Stratton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22-26                       Powell Bro's . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
         Wauneta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24, 26                 Pratt
New Y ork                                                                             Ham . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
         Buffalo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27                     Jerome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
         Du tchess Coun ty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                        Riley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
         New Y ork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25               Pribeno
         Pitsford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2                   Mattie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
         Rochester . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2, 23, 24                Pridm ore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Oh io                                                                                 L.C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
         Cleveland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1              Pruit
On tario                                                                              Green . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
         Brighton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2             Pryor
         Castleton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25                     W.S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
         Cob ourg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3           Qu irie
         Frankford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                    Mrs. Ida . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
         Halloway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24, 25                Rearn
         Ilderton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23                    Rev. W.K. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
         Komoka . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2, 23               Rife
         Lobo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2                   Jesse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24, 25
         London . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2                     Lt. Tom D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
         Sparta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25                    Raleigh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
         Toronto . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1, 23                      Tom D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23-25
         Township of Murray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                     Rollo
         Windsor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2                    Jas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Osterhout                                                                     Rowe
         Nancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                    Rev. C.E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Palmer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16         Roy
         Bill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17                Ocie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Patterson                                                                     Ryne

                                                                         32
        Mary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6                      Rev. Charles L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Saskatchewan                                                                 Snider
        Abernethy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24                       David D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 22
        Indian Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24                       E.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 22
        Kenlis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24                    Elliot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
See                                                                          South Dakota
        Clark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22                   Black H ills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
        Geo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22                  Buffalo Gap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Shafer                                                                               Red Canyon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
        John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10          Sow ard
Sheldon                                                                              A.H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
        Howard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23                      G.O. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
        Mrs. Sheldon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23                        John E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
        Walter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23            Spotts
Shorey                                                                               G.L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
        Alvin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7          Stewart
        Bert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7                 Dr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 23, 25, 26
        Laura . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21, 24             Stokesbury
Shotwell                                                                             Frank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
        Jessie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15                  Jess . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Simmons                                                                      Strong
        Charles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2, 11                      Osgood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
        Elizabeth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1            Thompson
        Ella . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25                  John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
        Ezra F. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27           Underwood
        Fred W. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20                     Rev. W.H. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
        Harriet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1          Van G ordan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
        James . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1          Van Wagner Bro's . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
        Jennie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25            Van Worner school house . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
        John R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1, 10             VanHorn
        Levi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25                  Fred W.H. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23, 25
        Marguerite . . 14, 15, 17, 18, 20-22, 24-                            Wagner
                                                                  26                 Chas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
        Mary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1           Wainwright
        Mrs. A.A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24                       Dr. J.S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
        Ralph M . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 14-19, 21                      Wait
        Sarah Ann . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                      Almond . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
        Smiton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                   Catharine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
        Stephen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1, 12                      Mary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
        Thressa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2, 25              Walker
        W.L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20                    C.R. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Slater                                                                               Fred . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
        Ben . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 13            Ward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Smale                                                                        Washburn
        Jennie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25                    Father . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 18
        Mary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25                    Fred . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-18
Smith                                                                                Fred W. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
        Am erilla . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1                  Geo. F. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
        Mr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2                George . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

                                                                        33
        Hattie L. . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 9, 11, 18-22
        Mother . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18, 20
        W.L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18, 20, 22
Westcott
        J.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Wh eeler
        L.P. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
        W.F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
        Wheeler Bro's . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
White
        cousins of my father . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
        Mrs. Nettie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
        P.E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
        Sarah . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Wilson
        L.A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
        Mamie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Witte
        Witte place . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
        Wm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Woodle
        Mrs. Anita . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Woods
        John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Wordigs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Worsig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Yurann
        John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5




                                                                        34

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:12/11/2011
language:English
pages:34