Sickening A Closer Look November 12, 2009 - 6 Reality Reporters Samantha Deaver, Kirstin Kressin, Joslyn Large, Keifer Mess- ersmith, Shelby Tyan, and Alex Wach take a closer look at the viruses and diseases that affect the everyday lives of teens. Germs G r eGemrsms Cause Problems Everywhere by 2nd-Year Reporter Samantha Deaver live by entering one’s body and living off of the Most germs are very harmful and spread nutrition the body produces. Some bacteria extremely easily. Eliminating germs is a in the intestines can be helpful to the body by tough task, washing one’s hands after every Germs are everywhere in discarding waste matter and maintaining good activity is one good way. HCHS custodian, the air, in foods, plants, ani- nutrients. Carole Curran said, “We mop with Step-1 mals, and on nearly every Viruses have to live inside another living Sanitizer, clean every desk everyday and clean surface, even one’s own organism called a host in order to survive. the bathrooms and toilets as well.” body. It’s hard to walk However, they can live on non-living surfaces A recent survey found that 86% of HCHS down the hall of Hayes for short periods of time like countertops, ac- students wash their hands regularly and 96% Center High School with- cording to mayoclinic.com. Even though they use both soap and warm water. out running into someone cannot survive for long on these non-living According to mayoclinic.com the proper with an awful cough and surfaces, this is how many viruses are spread. way to wash hands is using warm water, lath- runny nose. Kids are missing school Once inside a host, however, the virus spreads ering hands with bar or liquid soap, scrubbing nonstop because of the flu, colds, and other and makes people sick. Common illnesses every part of hands thoroughly for at least 20 sicknesses. It’s hard to believe that all of these caused by viruses are chickenpox, measles, seconds, and then rinsing and drying hands illnesses are caused by tiny living organisms and the flu. completely. too small for the naked eye to see. The culprit Fungi are more plant-like organisms When hand washing is not oppor- is germs. that are unable to make their own food. tune, alcohol-based products help “Germs spread from person to person by Instead they live off plants, people, and reduce the amount of germs on a way of coughing, sneezing or simply talking,” animals especially in places that tend to person’s hands and are fast act- according to health.state.ny.us. Fortunately be in damp, warm areas. According to ing, according to the Center for the human body has a strong immune systems indiaparenting.com although most fungi Disease Control and Prevention. A that protects people from millions of infectious are not poisonous they can still cause irri- survey of HCHS students found that germs. However, some still manage to break table problems such as athlete’s foot. 63% of them regularly use Germ-X. down a persons defenses and cause illnesses. The last germ is protozoa which is very sim- Germs can become very harmful to a per- According to kidshealth.org there are four ilar to fungi living in damp areas. However, son’s body if not properly taken care of. Hand Junior Edgar Rodriguez is faithful in using main types of germs; bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa are more harmful and can cause dis- washing, practicing basic cleanliness, and us- Germ X during nearly every class period. and protozoa. eases such as malaria, nausea, intestinal infec- ing products such as Germ-X are good ways to 63% of students at HCHS use Germ X regu- Bacteria are single-celled organisms that tions, and diarrhea. reduce the risk of catching illnesses. larly every class. Common Cold Effects Many by Yearbook Editor Shelby Tyan Is your nose starting to run? Maybe you contagious for the first two to three days of The most logical way to tackle the common can’t stop sneezing. Or your throat might be contracting the virus, but after the sev- cold is through prevention. Whether a hurting so bad you can’t hardly talk. Those enth day the person with the cold is for person is at home, school, work, or out are just three of the many symptoms when the most part no longer contagious. in public, simple common sense hygeine someone may have the common cold. “It seems When one firsts feel the symptoms com- can curb the spread of the cold virus. like it doesn’t matter if I’m in class, hanging ing on, the best treatment would be going Persons should always wash their hands with my friends or eating at a nice restaurant, to bed early to get plenty of rest, drinking every chance they get or use instant someone around me always has a cold,” said a lot of fluids, and using over-the-counter cold hand sanitizer. They should cover their cough Hayes Center Student Courtney Brown. medicine to help ease the symptoms. Doing by using a tissue or the crook of their sleeve. Americans have over one billion colds in the these things will not make a person’s cold go They can even disinfect their items, anything United States each year said google.com/health. away more quickly, but these may make the that others have touched. Persons should share Children usually receive colds from other kids person with a cold feel better for awhile. drinks or items, such as Chapstick, either. “I when they attend school or day care. The com- When a person is beginning to feel sick, he don’t really think about the consequences of mon cold usually occurs year-around but the or she naturally may think he or she needs an getting sick by sharing my drink or Chapstick, most common season that the cold will be antibiotic, but what one should know is that not until I get sick. Over this year I’ve learned caught is in the winter or when the rainy sea- antibiotics can and may only make the cold how not to share some things with other people son comes into effect. worst. “The only time an antibiotic would help to help prevent catching a cold,” said HCHS Research shows that over 200 different types is if you have had the cold for 10 to 14 days,” junior Jaime Melton. of viruses are all under the common cold, ac- according to google health. Of course, there is no way to totally prevent cording to Google.com/health. Within the first Some alternatives of treatment would be to the common cold, but some old remedies that three days after catching the cold virus, most consume lots of vitamin C, zinc, and echina- people use is consuming a lot of spices such as Junior Jaime Melton shows one of the many people will start feeling some symptoms. The cea while being sick with the cold virus. These garlic or ginger in their food, eating a lot of signs of a common cold as she blows her nose most common symptoms include nasal stuffi- natural remedies can certainly boost a person’s chicken noodle soup, honey, or taking a hot while using a Kleenex. The best way to curb ness, drainage, sore or scratchy throat, sneez- immune system and provide relief from the steamy bath. “The Hayes Center School sys- a cold is to get plenty of rest, drink plenty of ing, hoarseness, cough, and perhaps a fever cold’s symptoms. “My mom once told me to tem seems to have an outbreak of cold when fluids, and maintain a healthy diet. Using and headache. always wear a coat and always have my hood we start staying indoors more. Good health over-the-counter medications can help relieve After about seven days the cold will have up if my hair is wet because she believes that habits will cut down on the number of colds,” symptoms but will not cure the common cold, run its course. causes you to catch a cold,” said Junior Hayes said HCHS nurse Delores Lawson. according to HCHS nurse Delores Lawson. Someone who has the common cold is only Center Student Linda Long. A Closer Look November 12, 2009 - 7 Flu More Dangerous than Some Might Think by Co-Sports Editor Alex Wach influenza virus C generally affects animals. missed four days of school because of it,” said of days. If these guidelines are followed, the flu Number of School The first symptoms of influenza will consist of Tyan. “I had a really bad headache, a terrible can be contained and will not spread to other “ chills and a fever of over 100 degrees. Other stomach ache, and I didn’t want to get out of people. symptoms include body aches, fatigue, and bed. All I wanted to do was sleep.” Days Missed reddened skin. The stomach flu is an overused term for H1N1 can be easily prevented by washing your hands, keeping shared surfaces clean, I would feel fine when Because of Flu Gastroenteritis, or “24-hour flu.” The stomach flu occurs when certain germs enter the stom- avoid touching your face, and most important- ly, not to panic. A large amount of people who I woke up in the morn- ach, usually through the mouth. Headache, fe- receive the H1N1 virus may not even show any 7+ Days ver, dehydration, and vomiting can result from symptoms at all. ing, but once breakfast ” the stomach flu. It usually lasts for 1-2 days Almost everyone will come down with the and will go away by itself. Hayes Center High School students have flu in a given year, but only in severe cases will the patient be affected permanently. When was over, I would be 0 Days 5-6 Days been battling the different types of flu. Ac- cording to a recent survey, 85% of students re- someone is diagnosed with the flu, it is recom- mended that he or she get plenty of fluids, such burning up again. ported that their last sickness was the stomach as water or Gatorade. He or she should also 3-4 Days flu while 15% reported that their last sickness rest and not attend school or work for a couple --Dillon Brown, HCHS Student was influenza. Although the influenza virus may be worse than getting the stomach flu, it is less likely to occur, especially in a person who keeps his or her body healthy. 1-2 Days The easiest way to prevent the stomach flu is by washing your hands regularly. Also, cover your mouth when you cough and avoid contact H A ( He m ag glut i n i n) with anyone else who may be sick. H1N1, which is a strain of influenza A, ap- peared in April and has affected more than one HCHS Survey 2009 million people in the United States, according to Weekly Reader. Since they are so closely re- NA( Neu r a m i n id a s e) Teens are always looking for an excuse to lated, influenza A patients are being treated as M 2 Ion ch a n nel skip school, but sometimes they may have to if they have H1N1 for precautionary reasons. miss school because they simply do not feel “I would feel fine when I woke up in the well. A majority of these sicknesses could be morning, but once breakfast was over, I would diagnosed as the flu. That’s exactly what’s be burning up again,” said Dillon Brown, a causing so many absences at Hayes Center sophomore at Hayes Center High School who High School right now. suffered with H1N1. “I had a high fever and The flu is a common term for many types of missed six days of school.” Lipid bi l ayer sicknesses that weaken the body. Millions of H1N1 has mistakenly been called “swine people around the world are affected and even flu” by many health officials, but the virus ac- hospitalized by the flu each year. The three tually has nothing to do with consuming pork most common types of the flu include influen- products. The H1N1 virus is not a food-borne za, stomach flu, and H1N1. Different flus have illness, so it cannot be gathered by eating different systems, but most of them consist of a pork. Since many Americans do not know this headache, fever, coughing, and nausea. simple fact, the United States Department of Influenza is a type of flu that typically Agriculture is concerned that the name “swine M 2 M at r i x Protei n spreads through coughing and sneezing and flu” will lead to a negative impact on farmers is very contagious. There are three types of who provide pork products across the nation influenza viruses: type A, type B, and type and the world. I l lu s t r at ion : C h r i s Bickel /S cienc e . Re pr i nte d w it h p er m i s s ion from S cienc e C. Influenza virus A is the most severe type; Tierney Tyan, a junior at HCHS, was diag- Vol . 312, p age 380 (21 Apr i l 20 0 6) C opy r i ght 20 0 6 by A A A S influenza virus B affects only humans; and nosed with the H1N1 virus a few weeks ago. “I Meningitis: Deadly but Curable and Treatable by News Editor Joslyn Large “Late in the evening I remember feeling this symptoms is a severe headache followed by pain in my shoulder joint and elbow. I just as- sumed that it was a muscle strain but it did not the inability to flex the neck. Three symptoms in adults make up the classic triad diagnostic Si m pl e Way s To feel like it.” This is the story of Kate Ogden a 19-year-old girl who suffered meningitis and signs. These consist of sudden high fever, in- ability to flex the neck, and altered mental P r ev e n t M e nin git is survived against great odds. status. However, these three symptoms do not In America according to fightmeningitis.com always occur in all cases. According to Wikipe- about 3,000 people contract meningitis, almost dia.com “all three features are present in only 1. Wash your hands. one out of 10 will die from it, and one out of 44-46 percent of all bacterial cases.” But if every five people who survive will suffer from none of these features are present, meningitis 2. Do not share eating utensils. permanent damage. According to http://www. is very unlikely. earthtimes.org/articles/show/5313.html, “Statis- Some other signs of meningitis can be pho- 3. Cover your mouth when you sneeze or cough. tics show that one in every 10 teenagers carries tophobia which is people who cannot tolerate the meningococcal bacteria, which causes the light and phonophobia in which people cannot 4. Do not share water bottles. fatal disease that kills around five to 10 per- stand sound. cent of its victims.” Small children might not have the adult 5. Get the meningitis shot. www.fightingmenigits.com Meningitis is the inflammation of the pro- symptoms but will not look well and be irrita- tective membranes covering the brain and ble. According to Wikipedia.com a sign of men- spinal cord. Symptoms can range from head- ingitis in toddlers “…up to six months of age, “A great way to prevent Meningitis is to aches, stiff neck and can be associated with bulging of the fontanelle (the soft spot on top fever, confusion or altered consciousness, vom- of a baby’s head) may be present.” Some other use simple everyday sanity routines that iting, and an inability to tolerate light or loud signs to look for in children are abnormal skin you were taught when you were a little noises. color, leg pains, and cold extremities. kid.” People will not get meningitis just by According to Wikipedia.com four types of breathing the air of an infected person. How- meningitis exists. They are bacterial, aseptic, --Delores Lawson, school nurse ever, people can get it from close contact with viral, and non infectious. a person with meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is caused by bacteria no bacterial infection can be found. This is Most colleges require a meningitis shot so that differ on the age group. Group B strep- contracted meningitis died from it. Penicillin usually due to viruses or bacteria that were was the way doctors were treating meningitis it is very important for high school seniors tococci and Escherichia coli are common partially treated. Aseptic meningitis may re- who are going on to college to get a meningitis causes of bacterial meningitis in premature in 1944 but in 1978 the first drug that prevents sult from an infection the heart valves that meningitis was introduced. With further re- shot. babies and newborns up to three months old. have small clusters of bacteria that flow freely Meningitis can be deadly and needs to be In older children Neisseria meningitidis com- search medical personnel made an improved through the blood stream. Also it can come vaccine that will prevent meningitis that is be- treated right away. The way doctor’s diagnose monly known as meningococcus, Strepto- from an infection with spirochetes which is a or take the possibility out of it being meningitis coccus pneumonia, and kids under five Hae- ing used today. type of bacteria that causes syphilis and Lime Simple ways to prevent meningitis exist. In- is by a lumbar puncture. A lumbar puncture is mophilus influenza type B can be the causes disease. a shot that given in the spinal cord to take a of bacterial meningitis. In adults the common dividuals should wash their hands often after Viral meningitis is caused by viruses include using the restroom, before they eat, and after sample of the cerebrospinal fluid. Cerebrospi- bacteria that causes bacterial meningitis ac- according to Wikipedia.com “enteroviruses, nal fluid surrounds the spinal cord and brain. cording to Wikipedia.com are “N. meninitidis coughing and sneezing. Stay healthy by getting herpes simplex virus type 2, varicella zoster enough rest, eating healthy and well balanced This fluid is then tested at a medical labora- and S. pneumoniae together cause 80 percent virus which is known for causing chickenpox tory. of all cases of meningitis, with increased risk of meals, and exercising regularly. People need to and shingles, mumps, HIV, and LCMV.” In cover their mouths when they cough or sneeze. The treatment for meningitis is usually an- L. monocytogenes in those over 50 years old.” non-infectious cases of meningitis are usually tibiotics, and in some cases antiviral drugs. In Bacterial meningitis can be recurring because Pregnant women need to make sure they cook caused by the spread of cancer to the mengines their meat completely through and don’t eat some more serious cases a lot of inflammation of “anatomical defects, either congenital or and certain drugs. corticosteroid drugs will be given. acquired, or by disorders of the immune sys- cheeses that are made with unpasteurized Meningitis has been known about for hun- milk. According to www.children.webmd.com, Meningitis that is not treated or is very tem,” according to Wikipedia.com. However, dreds of years but only in the past decades serious can lead to long-term consequences. the most common case of recurring bacterial do not share food, glasses, eating utensils, or doctors have found ways to treat and prevent water bottles, tissue, towels, lip-gloss, and lip- Some consequences according to Wikipedia. meningitis is a past skull fracture. Fractures in it. The first reported case of meningitis accord- com include “…deafness, epilepsy, and cogni- the skull that extend toward the sinuses or af- stick. Another way to prevent meningitis is to ing to www.fightingmeningits.com was in Swit- get the meningitis shot. “A great way to pre- tive deficits...” and according to www.fightmen- fect the base of the brain are the kind of frac- zerland in 1805 when an outbreak occurred ingits.com permanent damage can also include ture this happens with the most. A person with vent Menigitis is to uses simple everyday sani- of an unknown disease. In 1887 the bacteria tary routines you were taught when you were a “severe scaring, loss of limbs, brain damage, bacterial meningitis can remain contagious for that causes meningitis was identified. From and lasting emotional troubles.” about 24 hours after starting antibiotics. little kid,” said HCHS nurse Delores Lawson. 1900-1910 75 to 85 percent of the people who In adults and older teens one of the main Aseptic meningitis refers to the cases that A Closer Look November 12, 2009 - 8 “Michael and Mary sitting in a tree, k-i-s-s-i-n-g! First comes love, then comes m . . . ono???” Mononucleosis Lingers Among High School Students by Co-Sports Editor Keifer Messersmith Michael and Mary sitting in a tree, k-i-s-s-i- virus family and one of the most common hu- cold and the flu, and going to a doctor is not person should go to the hospital as soon as pos- n-g! First comes love, then comes marriage . . man viruses. necessary unless the illness lasts longer than sible. When a person has mono, he or she may .” Or is it mono? In the United States 95% of adults ages 35- 10 days. Most commonly, symptoms develop not be able to participate in activities such as Mononucleosis or “mono,” known as the 40 have been infected by mononucleosis, ac- with fatigue, headache, and sore throat. Other sports because of the possibility of rupturing “kissing disease,” is a common infectious dis- cording to the National Center for Infectious symptoms include drowsiness, fever, general the spleen. ease that can leave children and young adults Diseases in 2002. The Children’s Hospital & discomfort, loss of appetite, severe sore throat, Some of the less common symptoms are feeling tired and weak for weeks. The great- Regional Medical Center in 2005 research says and swollen lymph nodes. anemia, inflammation of the heart, and swol- est myth surrounding this disease is that it is over 98% of the world’s population has been “I was really worried when I went to the len tonsils. spread through kissing. That is not entirely infected with the Epstein-Barr virus. doctor, and he wanted to test for mono. My Basically, mono has to run its course. The true, but it is also not entirely false. Most im- Eight students at HCHS have had mono throat hurt so badly that I couldn’t hardly main goal of treatment, if any, is to relieve portantly though, mono is common and conta- some time during their four years of high swallow water,” said junior Jaime Melton. symptoms. Medications and steroids have little gious, especially among teens. school. “I was in a lot of pain because the in- “Thank goodness though my test turned out benefits to people who have mono. To relieve Mononucleosis is often spread by saliva and flammation in my throat made it hard to talk negative, even though I had most of the symp- symptoms though, a person with mono should close contact and occurs mostly in teenagers or swallow, and I was also tired all the time,” toms of mono.” drink plenty of fluids, gargle with warm salt ages 15 to 17. According to www.webMD.com, said senior Kirstin Kressin. “It took about five A more serious symptom of mono is pain in water, get plenty of rest, and take a pain re- mono is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. The weeks before I felt normal again.” the upper left part of one’s belly. This symp- liever such as ibuprofen. Teens should avoid Epstein-Barr virus is a member of the herpes- The initial symptoms of mono feel very much tom may mean a person’s spleen has swollen sharing drinks, close contact, and kissing when like a typical viral illness such as the common or ever burst. This is an emergency, and the experiencing symptoms. HPV-“a species of virus that causes genital warts.” Gonorrhea-“a contagious inflammation of the uretha or the vagina, caused by the gonococcus.” Herpes-“a common sexually transmitted disease caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1.” Definitions by WebMD Sexually Active Teens Need to be Aware of Diseases by 2nd-Year Reporter Kirstin Kressin Johnny and Sally have been dating for over a HIV (Human Immuno-deficiency Virus) on the hands and transfer and lasting ef- year and decided to take their relationship to a AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syn- to ones eyes. According to fects for someone more intimate level. drome) is a virus that attacks one’s immune health.shiawassee.net, the and their partner. When reaching this new level, they need to system. The AIDS virus incubates in the body percentage of women Tr i c h o m o n i a s i s practice safe sex; instead of ending up being vic- for 1-10 years and no vaccine can cure it. Those that show no symptoms can be cured if tims of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. who are at the greatest risk of acquiring this from this infection is treated prompt- Twenty million Americans contract a sexu- virus are homosexuals, drug users, and people 75 percent, in men it ly. HPV can ally transmitted disease each year, and this who have had other STD’s. HIV AIDS is con- is 25 percent. Those also be cured year alone, over six million people will contract tracted by unprotected oral, anal, and genital who are sexually ac- over a one- to the most common disease, Human Papilloma sex. It can also be spread by the use of IV nee- tive should have reg- two-year pe- Virus (HPV), according to sex.healthguru.com. dles shared in drug use and getting tattoos or ular check-ups. riod of treat- Sexually transmitted infection, more com- piercings with unsterilized needles. The last most com- ment. Accord- monly known as sexually transmitted diseases Another common disease is Herpes, a blis- monly caught STD is ing to health. (STD’s), is an infection that can be transferred ter-like, painful sore that shows up in or on a Trichomoniasis, also shiawassee.net, from one to another through many forms of genital area or the mouth. This disease is ac- known as Trich. Trich Gonorrehea sexual contact. Over 25 diseases can be trans- quired by direct contact and is highly conta- is an infection in the and Chlamydia mitted through sexual activity. gious if the person has open sores. Herpes can vagina in women and are two diseases Sexually transmitted diseases can cause spread before the sores form and even after in the urethra in men. that can be cured severe consequences to anyone who catches they’re healed, according to sex.healthguru. Tiny parasites that live through antibiotic them, especially women. It is very important com. in moist places in the body treatment. Often to be tested for STD’s and to treat them as Gonorrhea is the STD commonly known cause this infection. Trich times the condi- soon as possible. as the Clap, Dose, and Drip. It is an infection is spread through sexual tions of chlamydia Some of the most common STD’s are HPV, caused by gonococcus, a bacteria that lives contact and also by the and gonorrehea HIV, Herpes, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and in warm, dark, moist places, especially geni- use of damp wash cloths, will be present Trichomoniasis. tal places on the body. Gonorrhea can cause towels, and bathing suits together, so they According to sex.healthguru.com, HPV is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) which if shared by an infected per- should be treated at the most common disease in America. Over untreated can make a person sterile, or very son. This disease can be in the same time. 100 strains of this virus exist and over 40 can sick. one’s body for years with- Sexually Trans- spread through sexual contact. Most types of The disease that causes bacterial infection out showing any symp- mitted Diseases HPV show no symptoms, but some types cause in the reproductive and urinary organs is toms. affect millions of warts in genital areas and the mouth and Chlamydia. This disease can also cause PID in Even though all these people every year, in- throat. Some strains from HPV can lead to women and Non-Gonococcal-Urethritis (NGU) diseases are very common and easy to con- cluding teens. Many critical diseases are easy cervical cancer. This virus increases ones risk in men. This disease is contracted through sex- tract, not all of them have cures. HIV AIDS to contract and pass on. Practicing safe sex is of cancer in the genital areas. ual contact, bodily fluids, and can be carried and Herpes are two diseases that have no cure the best way to stay STD free.
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