NORMA Norms derived from the Latin that is the norm, which means penyikut or elbows, an instrument used by carpenters. From here we can interpret norms as guidelines, measures, rules or customs. So the norm is something that is used to adjust something else or a size. With this criterion one can assess the goodness or badness of an act. So in terms of tips can be of two kinds of conclusions. First, appoint a technical norms. Second, the norm indicates a necessity. The second meaning is more to the normative. While the norms of what we need is a norm that is prakatis, where the norm that can be applied to concrete actions In the absence of norms of human life then it would be widened brutal. The statement was against the background by the desire of human beings who do not want human behavior is inappropriate. So with that required of a norm that is more practical. It is the norm rather normative language will but that does not menuntup possible implementation should be practical Fakhry, Majid, Ethics In Islam. Yogyakarta: Student Reader, 1996 Understanding Norms Each individual in daily life interaction with other individuals or groups. Their social interaction is also always based on the customs and norms in society. Instance of social interaction within the family environment, school environment, the environmental community and others. People wanting to live safe, peaceful and uninterrupted peace, then for every human being needs to be a guide to all human behavior in social life, so that their respective interests can be maintained and guaranteed.Each member of the public know the rights and obligations of each. Tata is commonly called the rule (derived from Arabic) or norm (derived from Latin) or measures. Norms that have two different kinds of content, and according to its contents intangible: commands and prohibitions. What is the content of commands and prohibitions according to that norm?The command is an obligation for someone to do something because of the consequences is considered good. While the ban is an obligation for someone to not do something because their consequences are not well regarded. There are a variety of prevailing norms in society. Various kinds of norms that have been widely known there are four, namely: He was the norm Religion regulations that must be accepted human life as the commandments, laranganlarangan and teachings that come from God Almighty. Violation of this norm will get punishment from God Almighty in the form of "punishment" in the Hereafter. Examples of this include religious norms are: a) "You should not kill". b) "You are forbidden to steal". c) "You must be obedient to parents". d) "You must worship". e) "You do not cheat". He was the norm Decency rules of life that comes from the sound of human hearts. Obscenity violations are violations resulting feelings of regret. Moral norms are general and universal, can be accepted by all mankind. Examples of these norms include are: a) "You must not steal from others". b) "You got to be honest". c) "You must do good to fellow human beings". d) "You are forbidden to kill fellow human beings". He was the norm norms arising Modesty and held by the communities themselves to regulate the relationship so that each member of society mutual respect. As a result of a violation of this norm is heckled each other, because the source of this norm is the belief that the public is concerned himself. Nature of norms of decency is decency, propriety, or custom prevailing in society. Politeness norms often called courtesy, manners or customs. Norms of decency do not apply to the entire world community, but is specific and local (regional) and only applies to a particular class of society. What is considered polite for a class of people, maybe for other people is not the case. Examples of these norms include are: a) "Give the first place to the woman on the train, bus and others, especially older women, pregnant or carrying a baby". b) "Do not eat while talking". c) "Do not spit on the floor or in any place" and. d) "Young people should respect older people". He is the norm of law rules that arise and are made by institutions of state power. Binds the contents of each person and its implementation can be maintained with all the tools of coercion by the state, the source can be regulatory legislation, jurisprudence, customs, doctrine, and religion. The specialty of rule of law lies in its force, threat of sanctions in the form of punishment. Structuring and penalties for violations of rules of law is heteronomous, meaning can be imposed by outside powers, the power of the state. Examples of these norms include are: a) "Any person who willfully removes the soul / life of another person, convicted of murder with a sentence of 15 years setingi". b) "People who are broken promises an engagement that has been held, are required to replace losses", such as buying and selling. c) "Do not disturb public order". Prevailing Norms in social life, national and state 7.1 In real life - the day, individuals or other groups. So every human being, either as individuals or members of the public always need help from others. In social interaction, each individual act in accordance with the position, social status, and their respective roles - each. Human action in social interaction was always on the underlying values and norms prevailing in the community. In this lesson you will learn about the norms - norms that prevail in the life of society, nation and state. After this lesson you should be able to: • describe the nature of norms - norms, habits, customs and regulations in society; • explain the legal significance to the community; and • apply the norms - norms, habits, customs and regulations in force in the life of the community, nation and the state o Norma Itself, Habits, Customs and Regulations In the Community Humans, Society, and Order Humans are born and life are inseparable from each other, but rather in groups. Living in groups is human nature to meet their needs. In addition, to preserve his life, both against the dangers from within and from outside. Every human being will be pushed to do various efforts to avoid or resist and overcome the danger - the danger. In life groups were involved in an interaction between people. You also always held interactions with friends - your friends, right?Interactions were you doing there own interests, so that two or more interests Meet. Meeting the interests of the so-called "contact". According Surojo Wignjodipuro, there are two kinds of contacts, namely: 1. Contact a pleasant, that is if the interest-kepentinganyang meet meet each other. For example, sellers meet buyers. 2. Contacts that are not fun, that is, if the interests - interests that meet competing or opposing. For example, applicants who met with the other applicants, the owner of the goods met the thief. Given the many interests, especially among private interests, it's possible conflicts with other human beings, because of conflicting interests. In order for self-interest is not compromised and everyone feels safe, then any form of disruption to the interest must be prevented. Man has always tried to keep society in a state of orderly, safe, and peaceful, which ensure its survival. As a man who demanded guarantees their survival, it must be remembered also humans are social creatures. According to Aristotle, man is Zoon Politikon, further described by Hans Kelsen "man is a social and politcal being" mean man is a predetermined social creatures living in togetherness with others in society, and being carried by nature as social beings was always organizing. Life in common (co-existence) means a relationship between one human being by another human being. Relationship is meant by social relations (social relations) or social relations. The meaning of social relations is a subject of mutual relations between each unaware of its presence - each. In social relationships are always going to realize the social interaction network of relations - social relations (a web of social relationships) are referred to as a society. The dynamics of community life requires ways of behaving with one another to achieve an order. Order is supported by the order which have differing properties - lainan because norms - norms that support each - each order has a trait that is not the same. Therefore, in every human society as a regular member of society should pay attention to the norms or rules, or regulations that exist and live life in the community. Understanding Norms, Habits, Customs and Regulations Each individual in daily life - the day to interact with individuals or other groups. Their social interaction is also always based on the customs and norms in society. Instance of social interaction within the family environment, school environment, the environmental community and others. People wanting to live safe, peaceful and uninterrupted peace, then for every human being needs to be a guide to all human behavior in social life, so that the interests of each - each can be maintained and guaranteed.Each member of the public know the rights and obligations of each - each. Tata is commonly called the rule (derived from Arabic) or norm (derived from Latin) or size - the size. Norms - norms that have two different kinds of content, and according to its contents intangible: commands and prohibitions.What is the content of commands and prohibitions according to that norm? The command is an obligation for someone to do something because of a result - the result is deemed good. While the ban is an obligation for someone to not do something because of a result - the result is deemed not good. There is a wide - range prevailing norms in society. Kind of - kind of norms that have been widely known there are four, namely: Religious Norms Regulation of human life must be accepted as a command - the command, ban - ban and teachings - teachings that come from God Almighty. Violation of this norm will get punishment from God Almighty in the form of "punishment" in the Hereafter. Examples of this include religious norms are: 1. "You should not kill". 2. "You are forbidden to steal". 3. "You must be obedient to parents". 4. "You must worship". 5. "You do not cheat". Norma Decency Rule of life that comes from the sound of human hearts. Obscenity violations are violations resulting feelings of regret. Moral norms are general and universal, can be accepted by all mankind.Examples of these norms include are: 1. "You must not steal from others". 2. "You got to be honest". 3. "You must do good to fellow human beings". 4. "You are forbidden to kill fellow human beings". Norma Modesty Norms that arise and are held by the communities themselves to regulate the relationship so that each - each member of society mutual respect. As a result of a violation of this norm is heckled each other, because the source of this norm is the belief that the public is concerned himself. Nature of norms of decency is decency, propriety, or custom prevailing in society. Politeness norms often called courtesy, manners or customs. Norms of decency do not apply to the entire world community, but is specific and local (regional) and only applies to a particular class of society. What is considered polite for a class of people, maybe for other people is not the case. Examples of these norms include are: 1. "Give place prior to the woman on the train, bus and others - others, especially older women, pregnant or carrying a baby". 2. "Do not eat while talking". 3. "Do not spit on the floor or in any place" and. 4. "Young people should respect older people". Habit is the norm in a society whose existence is accepted as a binding rule, although not established by the government. The habit is a behavior in a society that repeated - again about the same thing, which is considered as a rule of life. Habits in the community is often equated with customs. Tradition is a habit - a long-time social habits in the community with the purpose of regulating the discipline. There is also a consider traditions as a courtesy rule is generally hereditary customs is a tradition. Customs rooted in something holy (sacred) and is associated with folk traditions that have been hereditary, while the habit is not a folk tradition. Legal Norms Regulations - regulations that arise and are made by the institutions of state power. Binds the contents of each person and its implementation can be maintained by any coercion by the tool - tool of the state, the source can be regulatory legislation - regulations, jurisprudence, customs, doctrine, and religion. The specialty of rule of law lies in its force, threat of sanctions in the form of punishment. Structuring and sanctions against the violation of rules - the rule of law is heteronomous, meaning can be imposed by outside powers, the power of the state. Examples of these norms include are: 1. "Anyone who purposely eliminate the soul / life of another person, convicted of killing a penalty as high as - 15-year high". 2. "People who are broken promises an engagement that has been held, are required to replace losses", such as buying and selling. 3. "Do not disturb public order". Laws are usually written in the form of written rules, or also called statutory - the invitation. Regulations - invitations that are both national and local regulations are made by formal institutions authorized to membuatnys. Therefore, the rule of law is binding for citizens. Interpersonal Norms Human life in society, but is governed by the laws also governed by norms - norms of religion, morality, and decency, as well as the rules - the rules of others. Rules - social norms that bind in the sense observed by members of the society in which the rule applies. The relationship between law and rule - and other social norms that are complementary. This means that social norms regulate human life in society - this law is not set. In addition to complement each other, also mutually reinforcing. A rule of law, for example, "you must not kill 'is reinforced by other social norms. Rules of religion, morals, and customs also contains the same messenger. Thus, in the absence of any rule of law in society is no prohibition to kill each other. The same is true for "theft", "fraud", and so on - another violation of law. The relationship between the norms of religion, morality, decency and the law which can not be separated is distinguishable because each - each has a different source. Religious Norms source belief in God Almighty.Obscenity source of conscience (perfect man). Norms of decency source community beliefs and norms relevant source of law regulations - regulations. The Nature and Importance of Legal For Citizens'' Definition and Scope of Law Law is the set of life instructions (commands - commands and prohibitions - restrictions) that govern the order in society that should be obeyed by all members of society. Therefore, the violation may lead to clues of life measures by the government / authorities. To further facilitate understanding of the legal limit, you need to know the elements - the elements and characteristics - characteristics of law, namely: ' • Elements - legal elements of which are: 1. Regulations on social behavior in society; 2. That rule held by the agency - the official body which is obliged; 3. That rule generally coercive, and 4. Sanctions against violations of these regulations are strict. • Characteristics - characteristics of law are: 1. The existence of orders and / or prohibition 2. Command and / or prohibition must be adhered to every person. • The purpose of Law. In general, the purpose of law is formulated as follows: 1. To set the order in a peaceful and fair society. 2. To safeguard the interests of every human being, so that interest can not be bothered. 3. To ensure legal certainty in human association. You can imagine, what if in the community and the state does not exist or do not apply the law. What will happen? Law is very important for every person in public life and state. Questions about what's legal function can be restored on the basic question: Is the purpose of that law? The main objective of the law is the creation of order in society. Order is the principal purpose of the law. Order is a basic requirement (fundamental) for the existence of a human society everywhere. To achieve the required order in the community of legal certainty in pergaulanantar man in society. Without the rule of law and order in society, humans are not likely to develop talent - talent and ability God has given him optimally. Thus, the purpose of law is maintained and guaranteed certainty and order. In addition, according to Mochtar Kusumaatmadja, another goal of the law is the achievement of justice. However, justice was often understood differently - different content and size, according to the community and his contemporaries. Division of Law Law according to its form distinguished between written law and unwritten law. Written law, the law specified in various laws. While the law was written, the law that still live in the belief in society but not in writing (called customary law). When viewed according to its contents, the law can be divided in the Law of Private and Public Law. Private Law (Civil Law), the law that governs the relationship - the relationship between one person with another person, with focuses on individual interests, such as Civil Law.The Public Law (State Law), the law that governs the relationship between the State with the tools - the equipment or the relationship between the State with the individual (citizen). • Public Law 1. Constitutional Law, the law governing the shape and composition of a country's governance and power relations between the tool - a tool furnished with each other, and the relationship between the State (central government) with the - part of the country (region - the area swantantra). 2. State Administrative Law Administrative Law Constitutional Law of State or Government), the laws that govern the way - how to perform tasks (rights and obligations) of power tools - state equipment. 3. Criminal Law (Criminal = punishment), the laws that govern perbuatanperbuatan what is forbidden and give to anyone who violate criminal as well as setting out how - how to make a case - a case before the court. 4. International law, which consists of Private International Law and International Public Law. Private International Law, the laws which regulate the legal relationship between the citizens of a nation state negarawarga with citizens - citizens of other nations in international relations. • International Public Law (Law Between the States), the law that governs the relationship between one country to country - other countries in international relations. The Importance of Law for Citizens Review it carefully and ponder the following story. A thief caught red-handed, then beaten together with friends - crowded by local communities. According to the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1945 Article 1 paragraph (3) State of Indonesia is a country of law, that law became commander and has not allowed a foothold So people judge themselves. Thieves had to be submitted to the police for further action, in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Indonesia. Guilt or innocence of thieves is dependent on the judge's decision (the Court). The action was contrary to human rights as stipulated in article 28A, 28G and 28I of the Republic of Indonesia Tahun1945, namely on "Right to life, the right to self protection and the right not to be tortured." Do you already have ID cards? How old are you now? Do you know the meaning of the word population? Resident is someone who lives in a certain place. Are all the people who live in certain places is also a citizen? What is a citizen? Not all residents are citizens. Not everyone who lived and settled in Indonesia Adala Indonesian citizens, because there are other citizens. Being a citizen means to have a bond with a the state. Indonesia citizen is someone who has ties with the country legally Indonesia. According to Article 26 of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1945, which reads: 1. That a citizen is people - people of Indonesia and indigenous people - people of other nations who ratified with Law as a citizen. 2. Residents consist of Indonesian citizens and foreigners residing in Indonesia 3. Things - things about the citizens and residents are governed by laws - laws. What is meant by the law - law in Article 26 paragraph 3 above is UU.RI 12 Year 2006 on Citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia.In Article 1 paragraph (1) stated that: "Citizens are citizens of a country defined by regulations - an invitation". The person must comply with the law in force in Indonesia as well as having the rights and obligations in accordance with the provisions of any law of Indonesia where the person lived. A resident who only have a bond because he lived in that place. The person has the rights and obligations associated with residence in that place. Such rights, such as the right to protection, but he is not entitled to vote and place of residence was chosen because he was not a citizen. Obligations as the population is also limited, for example, mandatory reporting and is obligated to pay certain taxes. Rights and obligations as a resident ended when the population was moved away to another area or another country. For example, Habiburrahman are Indonesian citizens, who live in Egypt.Therefore kewajibansebagai Habiburrahman have rights and population of Egypt. It will end, if then he moved to Singapore. Rights and obligations as residents ended simultaneously with the movement of a person to another residence. But the rights and obligations as citizens and have always remained attached along as citizens. This means that the rights and obligations as citizens of Indonesia Habiburrahman still exist and attached as long as he remains a citizen, although he lived in Egypt, Singapore, or other places. Indonesian citizens are people - people of Indonesia original or legalized aliens become citizens under the provisions of legislation. The term "indigenous peoples Indonesia" Indonesia is a person who became an Indonesian citizen since birth and never have acquired another citizenship at its sole option. A foreigner can obtain citizenship after qualifying in accordance with the provisions of laws - laws. Foreigners who want to become an Indonesian citizen (naturalization) must apply to the President to become an Indonesian citizen and meet certain requirements.Application for naturalization may be filed by the applicant if it meets the following requirements: 1. It has been aged 18 (eighteen) years of age or married; 2. At the time of applying for already residing in the territory of the Republic of Indonesia negar least 5 (five) consecutive years - or contribute a minimum of 10 (ten) years are not consecutive - co; 3. Physically and mentally healthy; 4. Indonesia can speak and recognize the basic state Pancasila and Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945; 5. It was never sent to jail for committing a criminal act in threatened with imprisonment of 1 (one) years; 6. If by acquiring citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia, not a dual citizenship; 7. Having a job and / or fixed income, and 8. Paying money to the state treasury naturalization. Status as citizens of Indonesia can also be lost for many reasons, including the obtaining citizenship because of their own accord, signed in a foreign military service without prior permission from the president. Every citizen has the right and duty to his country.As stated in Article 27 paragraph (1) Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1945, "All citizens shall be equal before the law and government and shall uphold the law and government, with no exception". Instead, states have an obligation to protect its citizens. This was in accordance with Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 13 Year 2006 on Protection of Witnesses and Victims. Understanding of social norms If the value is a view about the merits of something, then the norm is a measure used by the public whether the action taken by a person or group of people is an act that a reasonable and acceptable due to the expectations of most citizens of the community or an act of deviant because they do not fit with the expectations of most citizens. What is the relationship between the value of the norm? Norma is built on social values and social norms are created to maintain and sustain social value. Violation of the norms of society will get penalized. Various types of norms in society Judging from the level of sanctions or force are tied: 1. Ordinances or usage. Procedures (usage); is the norm with the very sweat of sanctions on violators, such as codes of holding a fork or spoon when eating, the way his glass when drinking.Violation of this norm is expressed not only polite. 2. Habits (folkways). Habits (folkways); is acting in ways favored by society so that made repeatedly by many people. For example say hello when they met, bowing as a sign of respect for older people, etc.. 3. Tata behavior (mores). Tata is a norm of behavior that comes to philosophy, religion or ideology embraced by the community.Offender is called evil. Examples: ban adultery, gambling, drinking, drug use, stealing, etc.. 4. Adat (customs). Customary norms are unwritten but very strong binding, written when he became customary to customary law. 5. Law (law). Law is a norm in the form of written rules, the provisions of sanctions against anyone who violates explicitly formulated. In contrast to other norms, implementation of legal norms is supported by the apparatus, thus enabling the implementation of a firm. Fashion or fashion. In addition to the five types of norms that have been mentioned that, in society there is still one more type of governing actions relating to aesthetics or beauty, such as clothing, music, home architecture, interior, and so on. Norms of this type are called fashion or fashion. Fashion can be at the level of usage, folkways, mores, custom, and even law. The relationship between the value of the social norms In a society that continues to grow, the value is always changed.The shift value in many ways also affects governance habits or behavior that apply in society. In rural areas, since a variety of broadcast and private television shows began to be known, slowly in the community shows that it started happening pergesaran value, for example about modesty. Impressions Impressions-dominated by soap operas, which often show the latest soap opera artists who dressed relatively open, causing more or less tolerance limits of society became more lax.Various groups increasingly permissive to the youth which was originally a normal dress, a scantily clad go talkative and seem increasingly bold. Black long hair model who used to be the pride of the village girls, may now have been regarded as a symbol of backwardness. Instead, which is now considered trendy and appropriate to the context of contemporary (modern) is a model with blond hair or short-coklatan kocoklat. So the change in value will affect the prevailing norms in society. UNDERSTANDING SOCIAL NORMS IN PUBLIC UNDERSTANDING SOCIAL NORMS In general, the norm is a measure used by the public whether the action taken is the action and reasonable and acceptable or did an act of deviant because they do not correspond with the expectations of most citizens. Norma is also a rules with sanctions intended to encourage, even pressing members of the community as a whole to achieve social values. Norma is built on social values and social norms are created to maintain social values. TYPE - TYPE OF SOCIAL NORMS Judging from the sanctions, there are several types of norms, namely: 1. Procedures (Usage) The procedure is the norm to refer to one form of action with a very mild sanctions on violators, such as codes of holding a fork or spoon when eating. A violation or deviation to it will not result in severe punishment, but merely censure or otherwise inappropriate by others.