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					NORMA

Norms derived from the Latin that is the norm, which means penyikut or elbows, an
instrument used by carpenters. From here we can interpret norms as guidelines, measures,
rules or customs. So the norm is something that is used to adjust something else or a
size. With this criterion one can assess the goodness or badness of an act.
So in terms of tips can be of two kinds of conclusions. First, appoint a technical
norms. Second, the norm indicates a necessity. The second meaning is more to the
normative. While the norms of what we need is a norm that is prakatis, where the norm that
can              be             applied                to             concrete              actions
In the absence of norms of human life then it would be widened brutal. The statement was
against the background by the desire of human beings who do not want human behavior is
inappropriate. So with that required of a norm that is more practical. It is the norm rather
normative language will but that does not menuntup possible implementation should be
practical
Fakhry,      Majid,     Ethics     In      Islam. Yogyakarta:       Student       Reader,     1996
Understanding                                                                               Norms
 Each individual in daily life interaction with other individuals or groups. Their social
interaction is also always based on the customs and norms in society. Instance of social
interaction within the family environment, school environment, the environmental community
and others. People wanting to live safe, peaceful and uninterrupted peace, then for every
human being needs to be a guide to all human behavior in social life, so that their
respective interests can be maintained and guaranteed.Each member of the public know
the rights and obligations of each. Tata is commonly called the rule (derived from Arabic) or
norm              (derived            from               Latin)            or          measures.
Norms that have two different kinds of content, and according to its contents intangible:
commands and prohibitions. What is the content of commands and prohibitions according to
that norm?The command is an obligation for someone to do something because of the
consequences is considered good. While the ban is an obligation for someone to not do
something because their consequences are not well regarded. There are a variety of
prevailing norms in society. Various kinds of norms that have been widely known there are
four,                                                                                      namely:
He was the norm Religion regulations that must be accepted human life as the
commandments, laranganlarangan and teachings that come from God Almighty. Violation of
this norm will get punishment from God Almighty in the form of "punishment" in the
Hereafter. Examples          of        this        include       religious        norms         are:
a)                   "You                      should                     not                  kill".
b)              "You               are                forbidden               to             steal".
c)          "You            must             be            obedient            to         parents".
d)                         "You                             must                          worship".
e)                    "You                      do                    not                   cheat".
He was the norm Decency rules of life that comes from the sound of human
hearts. Obscenity violations are violations resulting feelings of regret. Moral norms are
general and universal, can be accepted by all mankind. Examples of these norms include
are:
a)             "You             must              not               steal            from           others".
b)                  "You                  got                   to                be                honest".
c)        "You         must          do        good           to        fellow        human         beings".
d)        "You         are       forbidden         to          kill      fellow        human        beings".
He was the norm norms arising Modesty and held by the communities themselves to
regulate the relationship so that each member of society mutual respect. As a result of a
violation of this norm is heckled each other, because the source of this norm is the belief
that               the               public                is               concerned               himself.
Nature of norms of decency is decency, propriety, or custom prevailing in
society. Politeness        norms       often      called       courtesy,       manners      or     customs.
Norms of decency do not apply to the entire world community, but is specific and local
(regional) and only applies to a particular class of society. What is considered polite for a
class of people, maybe for other people is not the case. Examples of these norms include
are:
a) "Give the first place to the woman on the train, bus and others, especially older women,
pregnant                     or                     carrying                       a                  baby".
b)                 "Do                 not                  eat                 while               talking".
c)      "Do       not      spit      on       the      floor        or      in     any      place"      and.
d)          "Young            people            should              respect           older         people".
He is the norm of law rules that arise and are made by institutions of state power. Binds the
contents of each person and its implementation can be maintained with all the tools of
coercion by the state, the source can be regulatory legislation, jurisprudence, customs,
doctrine, and religion. The specialty of rule of law lies in its force, threat of sanctions in the
form of punishment. Structuring and penalties for violations of rules of law is heteronomous,
meaning can be imposed by outside powers, the power of the state. Examples of these
norms                                               include                                              are:
a) "Any person who willfully removes the soul / life of another person, convicted of murder
with             a           sentence                of              15            years            setingi".
b) "People who are broken promises an engagement that has been held, are required to
replace             losses",           such            as             buying            and          selling.
c)                "Do                 not                disturb                 public               order".
Prevailing         Norms         in       social        life,        national       and       state       7.1
In real life - the day, individuals or other groups. So every human being, either as individuals
or members of the public always need help from others. In social interaction, each individual
act in accordance with the position, social status, and their respective roles - each. Human
action in social interaction was always on the underlying values and norms prevailing in the
community.
In this lesson you will learn about the norms - norms that prevail in the life of society, nation
and         state. After        this       lesson          you         should         be       able        to:
• describe the nature of norms - norms, habits, customs and regulations in society;
•      explain        the      legal      significance    to         the      community;     and
• apply the norms - norms, habits, customs and regulations in force in the life of the
community,                     nation                 and                  the              state
o
Norma       Itself,    Habits,     Customs       and    Regulations       In     the Community
Humans,                            Society,                        and                     Order
Humans are born and life are inseparable from each other, but rather in groups. Living in
groups is human nature to meet their needs. In addition, to preserve his life, both against
the dangers from within and from outside. Every human being will be pushed to do various
efforts to avoid or resist and overcome the danger - the danger.
In life groups were involved in an interaction between people. You also always held
interactions with friends - your friends, right?Interactions were you doing there own
interests, so that two or more interests Meet. Meeting the interests of the so-called
"contact". According Surojo Wignjodipuro, there are two kinds of contacts, namely:
1. Contact a pleasant, that is if the interest-kepentinganyang meet meet each other. For
example,                          sellers                      meet                       buyers.
2. Contacts that are not fun, that is, if the interests - interests that meet competing or
opposing. For example, applicants who met with the other applicants, the owner of the
goods                              met                           the                        thief.
Given the many interests, especially among private interests, it's possible conflicts with
other human beings, because of conflicting interests. In order for self-interest is not
compromised and everyone feels safe, then any form of disruption to the interest must be
prevented. Man has always tried to keep society in a state of orderly, safe, and peaceful,
which                            ensure                         its                      survival.
As a man who demanded guarantees their survival, it must be remembered also humans
are social creatures. According to Aristotle, man is Zoon Politikon, further described by
Hans Kelsen "man is a social and politcal being" mean man is a predetermined social
creatures living in togetherness with others in society, and being carried by nature as social
beings was                                     always                                 organizing.
Life in common (co-existence) means a relationship between one human being by another
human being. Relationship is meant by social relations (social relations) or social
relations. The meaning of social relations is a subject of mutual relations between each
unaware of its presence - each. In social relationships are always going to realize the social
interaction network of relations - social relations (a web of social relationships) are referred
to as a society. The dynamics of community life requires ways of behaving with one another
to                           achieve                             an                        order.
Order is supported by the order which have differing properties - lainan because norms -
norms that support each - each order has a trait that is not the same. Therefore, in every
human society as a regular member of society should pay attention to the norms or rules, or
regulations         that     exist       and       live    life        in      the   community.
Understanding             Norms,          Habits,       Customs            and       Regulations
Each individual in daily life - the day to interact with individuals or other groups. Their social
interaction is also always based on the customs and norms in society. Instance of social
interaction within the family environment, school environment, the environmental community
and others. People wanting to live safe, peaceful and uninterrupted peace, then for every
human being needs to be a guide to all human behavior in social life, so that the interests of
each - each can be maintained and guaranteed.Each member of the public know the rights
and obligations of each - each. Tata is commonly called the rule (derived from Arabic) or
norm         (derived         from        Latin)         or         size       -       the      size.
Norms - norms that have two different kinds of content, and according to its contents
intangible: commands and prohibitions.What is the content of commands and prohibitions
according to that norm? The command is an obligation for someone to do something
because of a result - the result is deemed good. While the ban is an obligation for someone
to not do something because of a result - the result is deemed not good. There is a wide -
range prevailing norms in society. Kind of - kind of norms that have been widely known
there                            are                            four,                       namely:
Religious                                                                                    Norms
Regulation of human life must be accepted as a command - the command, ban - ban and
teachings - teachings that come from God Almighty. Violation of this norm will get
punishment from God Almighty in the form of "punishment" in the Hereafter. Examples of
this                 include                   religious                   norms                 are:
1. "You                            should                             not                       kill".
2. "You                   are                   forbidden                   to                steal".
3. "You              must              be               obedient              to           parents".
4. "You                                         must                                       worship".
5. "You                            do                             not                        cheat".
Norma                                                                                      Decency
Rule of life that comes from the sound of human hearts. Obscenity violations are violations
resulting feelings of regret. Moral norms are general and universal, can be accepted by all
mankind.Examples                of          these              norms             include         are:
1. "You              must               not                steal            from            others".
2. "You                     got                    to                    be                 honest".
3. "You         must          do        good          to         fellow        human        beings".
4. "You        are         forbidden        to         kill       fellow       human        beings".
Norma                                                                                      Modesty
Norms that arise and are held by the communities themselves to regulate the relationship
so that each - each member of society mutual respect. As a result of a violation of this norm
is heckled each other, because the source of this norm is the belief that the public is
concerned himself. Nature of norms of decency is decency, propriety, or custom prevailing
in society. Politeness norms often called courtesy, manners or customs. Norms of decency
do not apply to the entire world community, but is specific and local (regional) and only
applies to a particular class of society. What is considered polite for a class of people,
maybe for other people is not the case. Examples of these norms include are:
1. "Give place prior to the woman on the train, bus and others - others, especially older
women,                pregnant               or          carrying             a            baby".
2. "Do                    not                   eat               while                  talking".
3. "Do       not      spit      on       the     floor   or     in      any      place"      and.
4. "Young             people             should         respect           older          people".
Habit is the norm in a society whose existence is accepted as a binding rule, although not
established by the government. The habit is a behavior in a society that repeated - again
about the same thing, which is considered as a rule of life. Habits in the community is often
equated                                          with                                   customs.
Tradition is a habit - a long-time social habits in the community with the purpose of
regulating the discipline. There is also a consider traditions as a courtesy rule is generally
hereditary customs is a tradition. Customs rooted in something holy (sacred) and is
associated with folk traditions that have been hereditary, while the habit is not a folk
tradition.
Legal                                                                                      Norms
Regulations - regulations that arise and are made by the institutions of state power. Binds
the contents of each person and its implementation can be maintained by any coercion by
the tool - tool of the state, the source can be regulatory legislation - regulations,
jurisprudence, customs, doctrine, and religion. The specialty of rule of law lies in its force,
threat of sanctions in the form of punishment. Structuring and sanctions against the violation
of rules - the rule of law is heteronomous, meaning can be imposed by outside powers, the
power        of     the       state. Examples        of   these     norms       include       are:
1. "Anyone who purposely eliminate the soul / life of another person, convicted of killing a
penalty             as             high           as          -          15-year            high".
2. "People who are broken promises an engagement that has been held, are required to
replace           losses",            such          as       buying          and          selling.
3. "Do                   not                  disturb              public                 order".
Laws are usually written in the form of written rules, or also called statutory - the
invitation. Regulations - invitations that are both national and local regulations are made by
formal institutions authorized to membuatnys. Therefore, the rule of law is binding for
citizens.
Interpersonal                                                                              Norms
Human life in society, but is governed by the laws also governed by norms - norms of
religion, morality, and decency, as well as the rules - the rules of others. Rules - social
norms that bind in the sense observed by members of the society in which the rule
applies. The relationship between law and rule - and other social norms that are
complementary. This means that social norms regulate human life in society - this law is not
set. In addition to complement each other, also mutually reinforcing. A rule of law, for
example, "you must not kill 'is reinforced by other social norms. Rules of religion, morals,
and          customs            also         contains       the        same          messenger.
Thus, in the absence of any rule of law in society is no prohibition to kill each other. The
same is true for "theft", "fraud", and so on - another violation of law. The relationship
between the norms of religion, morality, decency and the law which can not be separated is
distinguishable because each - each has a different source. Religious Norms source belief
in God Almighty.Obscenity source of conscience (perfect man). Norms of decency source
community beliefs and norms relevant source of law regulations - regulations.
The          Nature          and          Importance          of      Legal        For        Citizens''
Definition                     and                       Scope                 of                  Law
Law is the set of life instructions (commands - commands and prohibitions - restrictions)
that govern the order in society that should be obeyed by all members of society. Therefore,
the violation may lead to clues of life measures by the government / authorities. To further
facilitate understanding of the legal limit, you need to know the elements - the elements and
characteristics            -          characteristics          of        law,         namely:           '
•          Elements            -           legal          elements        of         which          are:
1. Regulations                on              social           behavior           in            society;
2. That rule held by the agency - the official body which is obliged;
3. That                   rule                    generally               coercive,                 and
4. Sanctions         against        violations        of     these     regulations       are      strict.
•          Characteristics              -           characteristics         of         law          are:
1. The           existence           of          orders        and        /       or         prohibition
2. Command and / or prohibition must be adhered to every person.
• The purpose of Law. In general, the purpose of law is formulated as follows:
1. To        set       the        order        in      a      peaceful       and      fair      society.
2. To safeguard the interests of every human being, so that interest can not be bothered.
3. To          ensure            legal           certainty        in        human          association.
You can imagine, what if in the community and the state does not exist or do not apply the
law. What will happen? Law is very important for every person in public life and
state. Questions about what's legal function can be restored on the basic question: Is the
purpose of that law? The main objective of the law is the creation of order in society. Order
is the principal purpose of the law. Order is a basic requirement (fundamental) for the
existence               of              a             human            society             everywhere.
To achieve the required order in the community of legal certainty in pergaulanantar man in
society. Without the rule of law and order in society, humans are not likely to develop talent
- talent and ability God has given him optimally. Thus, the purpose of law is maintained and
guaranteed certainty and order. In addition, according to Mochtar Kusumaatmadja, another
goal of the law is the achievement of justice. However, justice was often understood
differently - different content and size, according to the community and his contemporaries.
Division                                                 of                                        Law
Law according to its form distinguished between written law and unwritten law. Written law,
the law specified in various laws. While the law was written, the law that still live in the belief
in society but not in writing (called customary law). When viewed according to its contents,
the law can be divided in the Law of Private and Public Law. Private Law (Civil Law), the
law that governs the relationship - the relationship between one person with another person,
with focuses on individual interests, such as Civil Law.The Public Law (State Law), the law
that governs the relationship between the State with the tools - the equipment or the
relationship       between        the       State     with      the      individual      (citizen).
•                                             Public                                           Law
1. Constitutional Law, the law governing the shape and composition of a country's
governance and power relations between the tool - a tool furnished with each other, and the
relationship between the State (central government) with the - part of the country (region -
the                                        area                                     swantantra).
2. State Administrative Law Administrative Law Constitutional Law of State or Government),
the laws that govern the way - how to perform tasks (rights and obligations) of power tools -
state                                                                                 equipment.
3. Criminal Law (Criminal = punishment), the laws that govern perbuatanperbuatan what is
forbidden and give to anyone who violate criminal as well as setting out how - how to make
a           case          -           a          case          before          the           court.
4. International law, which consists of Private International Law and International Public
Law. Private International Law, the laws which regulate the legal relationship between the
citizens of a nation state negarawarga with citizens - citizens of other nations in international
relations.
• International Public Law (Law Between the States), the law that governs the relationship
between one country to country - other countries in international relations.
The               Importance               of            Law              for             Citizens
Review it carefully and ponder the following story. A thief caught red-handed, then beaten
together with friends - crowded by local communities. According to the Constitution of the
Republic of Indonesia Year 1945 Article 1 paragraph (3) State of Indonesia is a country of
law, that law became commander and has not allowed a foothold So people judge
themselves. Thieves had to be submitted to the police for further action, in accordance with
the laws of the Republic of Indonesia. Guilt or innocence of thieves is dependent on the
judge's decision (the Court). The action was contrary to human rights as stipulated in article
28A, 28G and 28I of the Republic of Indonesia Tahun1945, namely on "Right to life, the
right     to     self    protection       and     the    right    not     to     be     tortured."
Do you already have ID cards? How old are you now? Do you know the meaning of the
word population? Resident is someone who lives in a certain place. Are all the people who
live in certain places is also a citizen? What is a citizen? Not all residents are citizens. Not
everyone who lived and settled in Indonesia Adala Indonesian citizens, because there are
other     citizens. Being     a     citizen    means      to    have     a     bond     with     a
the state. Indonesia citizen is someone who has ties with the country legally Indonesia.
According to Article 26 of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1945, which
reads:
1. That a citizen is people - people of Indonesia and indigenous people - people of other
nations          who         ratified         with        Law         as         a         citizen.
2. Residents consist of Indonesian citizens and foreigners residing in Indonesia
3. Things - things about the citizens and residents are governed by laws - laws.
What is meant by the law - law in Article 26 paragraph 3 above is UU.RI 12 Year 2006 on
Citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia.In Article 1 paragraph (1) stated that: "Citizens are
citizens of a country defined by regulations - an invitation". The person must comply with
the law in force in Indonesia as well as having the rights and obligations in accordance with
the provisions of any law of Indonesia where the person lived. A resident who only have a
bond because he lived in that place. The person has the rights and obligations associated
with residence in that place. Such rights, such as the right to protection, but he is not
entitled to vote and place of residence was chosen because he was not a citizen.
Obligations as the population is also limited, for example, mandatory reporting and is
obligated to pay certain taxes. Rights and obligations as a resident ended when the
population was moved away to another area or another country. For example,
Habiburrahman are Indonesian citizens, who live in Egypt.Therefore kewajibansebagai
Habiburrahman have rights and population of Egypt. It will end, if then he moved to
Singapore.
Rights and obligations as residents ended simultaneously with the movement of a person to
another residence. But the rights and obligations as citizens and have always remained
attached along as citizens. This means that the rights and obligations as citizens of
Indonesia Habiburrahman still exist and attached as long as he remains a citizen, although
he         lived       in         Egypt,        Singapore,           or       other        places.
Indonesian citizens are people - people of Indonesia original or legalized aliens become
citizens under the provisions of legislation. The term "indigenous peoples Indonesia"
Indonesia is a person who became an Indonesian citizen since birth and never have
acquired another citizenship at its sole option. A foreigner can obtain citizenship after
qualifying in accordance with the provisions of laws - laws. Foreigners who want to become
an Indonesian citizen (naturalization) must apply to the President to become an Indonesian
citizen and meet certain requirements.Application for naturalization may be filed by the
applicant          if        it        meets         the          following         requirements:
1. It    has     been     aged       18    (eighteen)     years       of    age     or    married;
2. At the time of applying for already residing in the territory of the Republic of Indonesia
negar least 5 (five) consecutive years - or contribute a minimum of 10 (ten) years are not
consecutive                                          -                                          co;
3. Physically                       and                     mentally                      healthy;
4. Indonesia can speak and recognize the basic state Pancasila and Constitution of the
Republic                  of                  Indonesia                   in                 1945;
5. It was never sent to jail for committing a criminal act in threatened with imprisonment of 1
(one)                                                                                       years;
6. If by acquiring citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia, not a dual citizenship;
7. Having         a       job         and       /       or         fixed       income,         and
8. Paying         money           to      the        state          treasury        naturalization.
Status as citizens of Indonesia can also be lost for many reasons, including the obtaining
citizenship because of their own accord, signed in a foreign military service without prior
permission from the president. Every citizen has the right and duty to his country.As stated
in Article 27 paragraph (1) Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1945, "All citizens
shall be equal before the law and government and shall uphold the law and government,
with no exception". Instead, states have an obligation to protect its citizens. This was in
accordance with Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 13 Year 2006 on Protection of
Witnesses                                  and                                      Victims.

Understanding                            of                          social                     norms
If the value is a view about the merits of something, then the norm is a measure used by the
public whether the action taken by a person or group of people is an act that a reasonable
and acceptable due to the expectations of most citizens of the community or an act of
deviant because they do not fit with the expectations of most citizens.
What is the relationship between the value of the norm? Norma is built on social values and
social norms are created to maintain and sustain social value. Violation of the norms of
society                           will                           get                        penalized.
Various               types                 of                norms              in            society
Judging        from       the      level        of       sanctions      or     force      are     tied:
1. Ordinances or usage. Procedures (usage); is the norm with the very sweat of sanctions
on violators, such as codes of holding a fork or spoon when eating, the way his glass when
drinking.Violation       of      this     norm          is     expressed       not     only     polite.
2. Habits (folkways). Habits (folkways); is acting in ways favored by society so that made
repeatedly by many people. For example say hello when they met, bowing as a sign of
respect                    for                     older                  people,                 etc..
3. Tata behavior (mores). Tata is a norm of behavior that comes to philosophy, religion or
ideology embraced by the community.Offender is called evil. Examples: ban adultery,
gambling,              drinking,             drug               use,           stealing,          etc..
4. Adat (customs). Customary norms are unwritten but very strong binding, written when he
became                   customary                      to               customary                law.
5. Law (law). Law is a norm in the form of written rules, the provisions of sanctions against
anyone who violates explicitly formulated. In contrast to other norms, implementation of
legal norms is supported by the apparatus, thus enabling the implementation of a firm.
Fashion                                              or                                       fashion.
In addition to the five types of norms that have been mentioned that, in society there is still
one more type of governing actions relating to aesthetics or beauty, such as clothing, music,
home architecture, interior, and so on. Norms of this type are called fashion or
fashion. Fashion can be at the level of usage, folkways, mores, custom, and even law.
The        relationship       between          the        value      of     the      social     norms
In a society that continues to grow, the value is always changed.The shift value in many
ways also affects governance habits or behavior that apply in society. In rural areas, since a
variety of broadcast and private television shows began to be known, slowly in the
community shows that it started happening pergesaran value, for example about
modesty. Impressions Impressions-dominated by soap operas, which often show the latest
soap opera artists who dressed relatively open, causing more or less tolerance limits of
society became more lax.Various groups increasingly permissive to the youth which was
originally a normal dress, a scantily clad go talkative and seem increasingly bold. Black long
hair model who used to be the pride of the village girls, may now have been regarded as a
symbol of backwardness. Instead, which is now considered trendy and appropriate to the
context of contemporary (modern) is a model with blond hair or short-coklatan kocoklat. So
the    change     in    value     will   affect    the    prevailing   norms     in    society.
UNDERSTANDING                   SOCIAL                NORMS             IN            PUBLIC
UNDERSTANDING                                     SOCIAL                              NORMS
In general, the norm is a measure used by the public whether the action taken is the action
and reasonable and acceptable or did an act of deviant because they do not correspond
with            the            expectations              of           most            citizens.
Norma is also a rules with sanctions intended to encourage, even pressing members of the
community         as        a         whole        to       achieve       social       values.
Norma is built on social values and social norms are created to maintain social values.
TYPE              -            TYPE                OF              SOCIAL             NORMS
Judging from the sanctions, there are several types of norms, namely:
1. Procedures                                                                         (Usage)
The procedure is the norm to refer to one form of action with a very mild sanctions on
violators, such as codes of holding a fork or spoon when eating.
A violation or deviation to it will not result in severe punishment, but merely censure or
otherwise inappropriate by others.

				
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