Hoplite Warfare

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					           Hoplite Warfare

• Heavily armored
  infantryman
• Hoplon
• Citizen soldiers
• Equipment was half
  the body weight
Hoplite Warfare
Hoplite Warfare
Hoplite Warfare
Shield wall fighting formation
             Hoplite Warfare
           Phalanx fighting formation
       A hoplite was protected by the right half
of his own shield (carried on his left arm) and the left
       half of the shield of the man on his right.
             Hoplite Warfare
•Hoplites who had lost their shields in battle were
dishonored while those who had lost their helmets
and breastplates were not
             Hoplite Warfare
•King Demaratos of Sparta said "Because the latter
(helmets and breastplates) they donned for their own
protection, but the shield for the common good of the
entire line."
               Hoplite Warfare

• The strength of hoplites
  was shock combat

• Two armies would smash
  into each other in hopes
  of breaking or encircling
  the enemy force's line
               Hoplite Warfare

• A pushing match, with
  the men in the rear trying
  to force the front lines
  through those of the
  enemy

• Battles rarely lasted more
  than an hour
Hoplite Warfare
Hoplite Warfare
Hoplite Warfare
Hoplite Warfare
Hoplite Warfare
Hoplite Warfare
Hoplite Warfare
             Hoplite Warfare
Corinthian helmet
• bronze helmet:
• covered the entire
  head and neck
• slits for the eyes and
  mouth
• large curved
  projection protected
  the nape of the neck
            Hoplite Warfare
Hoplon shield
• a large, deeply
  concave, circular
  shield made of wood
  and bronze
• about 31-39 inches in
  diameter
Hoplite Warfare
            Hoplite Warfare

• supported by strap in the center of the
  back face of the shield, and a leather or
  cord grip at the edge
Hoplite Warfare
            Hoplite Warfare

• warrior's left arm to slide through up to the
  forearm, while the hand held the grip
  located at the edge of the shield
Hoplite Warfare
            Hoplite Warfare

• sharp concave shape of these shields:
  – inside of the rim could be rested against the
    warrior's shoulder
  – brace the shield against powerful blows
  – take some of the strain off of his arms
Hoplite Warfare
Hoplite Warfare
     Hoplite Warfare
Doru counterbalanced stabbing spear
            Hoplite Warfare


• Form fitted
  muscle
  breastplate
Hoplite Warfare
      Hoplite Warfare

Short falcata stabbing/slashing sword
         Hoplite Warfare




Large numbers of hoplites using swords??


  •Individual hand to hand combat
  •Out of shield wall protective formation

				
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