History: Who Became Part of the Department by 2mo042

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									                                      Dept of Peace Inter-governmental Collaboration Opportunities
                                                                 By Brian Gibbs (8/16/08)

   Column A:                                              Column B:                                                            Column C:

  Dept of Peace                            Collaborates with these Federal entities                                     On these features of the
    Responsible                                                                                                           Dept of Peace Bill
   Party/Office
1a. Assistant       The Administration for Children and Families (ACF), within the Department of            Section 104.
    Secretary of    Health and Human Services (HHS) is responsible for federal programs that promote
    Peace           the economic and social well-being of families, children, individuals, and communities. Article a. The Assistant Secretary for Peace
    Education and   ACF programs aim to achieve the following:                                              Education and Training shall carry out those
    Training                                                                                               functions of the Department relating to the
                    - families and individuals empowered to increase their own economic independence creation, encouragement, and impact of peace
                        and productivity;                                                                   education and training at the elementary,
                    - strong, healthy, supportive communities that have a positive impact on the quality of secondary, university, and postgraduate levels,
                        life and the development of children;                                               including the development of a Peace
                    - partnerships with individuals, front-line service providers, communities, American Academy.
                        Indian tribes, Native communities, states, and Congress that enable solutions which
                        transcend traditional agency boundaries;                                            Article b. The Assistant Secretary of Peace
                    - services planned, reformed, and integrated to improve needed access; and a strong Education and Training, in cooperation with
                        commitment to working with people with developmental disabilities, refugees, and the Secretary of Education, shall develop a
                        migrants to address their needs, strengths, and abilities.                          peace curriculum and supporting materials for
                                                                                                            distribution to departments of education in each
                          Program services within ACF:                                                     State and territory of the United States. The
                                  Abandoned Infants Assistance                                             peace curriculum shall include the building of
                                  Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention                                       communicative peace skills, nonviolent conflict
                                  Child Care and Development Fund                                          resolution skills, and other objectives to
                                  Child Support Enforcement Program                                        increase the knowledge of peace processes.
                                  Child Welfare Services and Promoting Safe and Stable Families
                                  Community Economic Development Discretionary Grant Program               Article c-2: Create a Community Peace Block
                                  Community Services Block Grant Program                                   Grant program under which grants shall be
                                  Compassion Capital Fund                                                  provided to not-for-profit community and
                                  Family Violence Prevention and Services Discretionary Grants             nongovernmental organizations for the
                                  Family Violence Prevention and Services Formula Grants                   purposes of developing creative, innovative
                                  Head Start                                                               neighborhood programs for nonviolent conflict
                                  Healthy Marriage Initiative                                              resolution and local peacebuilding initiatives.
                                  Job Opportunities for Low-Income Individuals
                                  Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program
                                  Mentoring Children of Prisoners
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                                  Native American Programs
                                  Native Employment Works
                                  Refugee Assistance
                                  Repatriation Assistance
                                  Runaway and Homeless Youth
                                  Rural Community Development Activities Program
                                  Social Services Block Grant
                                  Temporary Assistance for Needy Families - State Programs
                                  Temporary Assistance for Needy Families - Tribal Programs
                                  Trafficking in Persons Program
                                  Unaccompanied Children's Services
                                  Urban and Rural Community Economic Development

1b. Assistant       The Administration on Aging (AoA), an agency in the U.S. Department of Health            Section 104.
    Secretary of    and Human Services, is one of the nation's largest providers of home- and community-
    Peace           based care for older persons and their caregivers. Our mission is to develop a            Article a. The Assistant Secretary for Peace
    Education and   comprehensive, coordinated and cost-effective system of long-term care that helps         Education and Training shall carry out those
    Training        elderly individuals to maintain their dignity in their homes and communities. Our         functions of the Department relating to the
                    mission statement also is to help society prepare for an aging population.                creation, encouragement, and impact of peace
                                                                                                              education and training at the elementary,
                    Created in 1965 with the passage of the Older Americans Act (OAA), AoA is part of a secondary, university, and postgraduate levels,
                    federal, state, tribal and local partnership called the National Network on Aging. This   including the development of a Peace
                    network, serving about 7 million older persons and their caregivers, consists of 56 State Academy.
                    Units on Aging; 655 Area Agencies on Aging; 233 Tribal and Native organizations; two
                    organizations that serve Native Hawaiians; 29,000 service providers; and thousands of Article b. The Assistant Secretary of Peace
                    volunteers. These organizations provide assistance and services to older individuals and Education and Training, in cooperation with
                    their families in urban, suburban, and rural areas throughout the United States.          the Secretary of Education, shall develop a
                                                                                                              peace curriculum and supporting materials for
                    While all older Americans may receive services, the OAA targets those older               distribution to departments of education in each
                    individuals who are in greatest economic and social need: the poor, the isolated, and     State and territory of the United States. The
                    those elders disadvantaged by social or health disparities.                               peace curriculum shall include the building of
                                                                                                              communicative peace skills, nonviolent conflict
                    Services Funded By The OAA                                                                resolution skills, and other objectives to
                    There are six core services funded by the OAA including:                                  increase the knowledge of peace processes.

                    Supportive services, which enable communities to provide rides to medical                Article c-2: Create a Community Peace Block
                    appointments, and grocery and drug stores. Supportive services provide handyman,         Grant program under which grants shall be
                    chore and personal care services so that older persons can stay in their homes. These    provided to not-for-profit community and
                    services extend to community services such as adult day care and information and         nongovernmental organizations for the
                    assistance as well.                                                                      purposes of developing creative, innovative
                                                                                                                                                            2
                                                                                              neighborhood programs for nonviolent conflict
Nutrition services, which include more than a meal. Since its creation, the Older             resolution and local peacebuilding initiatives.
Americans Act Nutrition Program has provided nearly 6 billion meals for at-risk older
persons. Each day in communities across America, senior citizens come together in
senior centers or other group settings to share a meal, as well as comradery and
friendship. Nutrition services also provide nutrition education, health screenings, and
counseling at senior centers. Homebound seniors are able to remain in their homes
largely because of the daily delivery of a hot meal, sometimes by a senior volunteer
who is their only visitor. March 2002, marked the 30th anniversary of the OAA
Nutrition Program, and AoA will be celebrating this successful community-based
service throughout the year.

Preventive health services, which educate and enable older persons to make healthy
lifestyle choices. Every year, illness and disability that result from chronic disease
affects the quality of life for millions of older adults and their caregivers. Many chronic
diseases can be prevented through healthy lifestyles, physical activity, appropriate diet
and nutrition, smoking cessation, active and meaningful social engagement, and regular
screenings. The ultimate goal of the OAA health promotion and disease prevention
services is to increase the quality and years of healthy life.

The National Family Caregiver Support Program (NFCSP), which was funded for
the first time in 2000, is a significant addition to the OAA. It was created to help the
millions of people who provide the primary care for spouses, parents, older relatives
and friends. The program includes information to caregivers about available services;
assistance to caregivers in gaining access to services; individual counseling,
organization of support groups and caregiver training to assist caregivers in making
decisions and solving problems relating to their caregiving roles; and supplemental
services to complement care provided by caregivers.

The program also recognizes the needs of grandparents caring for grandchildren and for
caregivers of those 18 and under with mental retardation or developmental difficulties
and the diverse needs of Native Americans.

Services that protect the rights of vulnerable older persons, which are designed to
empower older persons and their family members to detect and prevent elder abuse and
consumer fraud as well as to enhance the physical, mental, emotional and financial
well-being of America's elderly. These services include, for example, pension
counseling programs that help older Americans access their pensions and make
informed insurance and health care choices; long-term care ombudsman programs that
serve to investigate and resolve complaints made by or for residents of nursing, board

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                 and care, and similar adult homes. AoA supports the training of thousands of paid and
                 volunteer long-term care ombudsmen, insurance counselors, and other professionals
                 who assist with reporting waste, fraud, and abuse in nursing homes and other settings;
                 and senior Medicare patrol projects, which operate in 47 states, plus the District of
                 Columbia and Puerto Rico. AoA awards grants to state units on aging, area agencies on
                 aging, and community organizations to train senior volunteers how to educate older
                 Americans to take a more active role in monitoring and understanding their health care.

                 Services to Native Americans, which include nutrition and supportive services
                 designed to meet the unique cultural and social traditions of tribal and native
                 organizations and organizations serving Native Hawaiians. Native American elders are
                 among the most disadvantaged groups in the country.
1c. Assistant     Centers for Disease Control & Prevention                                                 Section 104.
    Secretary of  (Department of Health and Human Services)
    Peace                                                                                                  Article a. The Assistant Secretary for Peace
    Education and                                                                                          Education and Training shall carry out those
                   GENERAL INFORMATION       WHAT'S NEW
    Training                                                                                               functions of the Department relating to the
                  Violence Prevention at        CDC published The Effects of                               creation, encouragement, and impact of peace
                  CDC                           Childhood Stress on Health Across                          education and training at the elementary,
                  CDC has been studying         the Lifespan                                               secondary, university, and postgraduate levels,
                  patterns of violence since                                                               including the development of a Peace
                  the early 1980s.              CDC Podcast, When Closeness Goes                           Academy.
                                                Wrong
                  The Public Health             One minute version
                  Approach to Violence          Eight minute version
                                                                                                           Article b. The Assistant Secretary of Peace
                  Prevention                                                                               Education and Training, in cooperation with
                  A systematic process          CDC published Preventing Intimate Partner                  the Secretary of Education, shall develop a
                  that involves defining the    Violence and Sexual Violence in Racial/Ethnic
                                                Minority Communities: CDC's Demonstration
                                                                                                           peace curriculum and supporting materials for
                  problem, identifying risk     Projects                                                   distribution to departments of education in each
                  and protective factors,                                                                  State and territory of the United States. The
                  developing and testing        Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence
                  prevention strategies,        Victimization Assessment Instruments for Use in            peace curriculum shall include the building of
                                                Health Care Settings                                       communicative peace skills, nonviolent conflict
                  and assuring widespread
                  adoption.                     Welcome to Violence Prevention at CDC.
                                                                                                           resolution skills, and other objectives to
                                                                                                           increase the knowledge of peace processes.
                  The Social Ecological
                  Model: A Framework                                                                       Article c-2: Create a Community Peace Block
                  for Prevention                                                                           Grant program under which grants shall be
                  This model considers the
                                                                                                           provided to not-for-profit community and
                  complex interactions
                  between an individual,                                                                   nongovernmental organizations for the
                  the people in their life,                                                                purposes of developing creative, innovative
                  their community, and                                                                     neighborhood programs for nonviolent conflict
                                                                                                                                                         4
society in general.                                             resolution and local peacebuilding initiatives.

World Report on
Violence and Health
This report is the first
comprehensive review of
violence on a global
scale.

TOPIC SPECIFIC               FEATURED RESOURCES
INFORMATION

Child Maltreatment           Select Publications in Violence
Child abuse and neglect      Prevention
have a negative effect on
health throughout life.      Leading Cause of Death Reports
Children who are             Highlighting Violence
maltreated are more
likely to suffer chronic     National Violent Death Reporting
health problems as           System
adults.
                             CDC's Extramural Research
Intimate Partner             Program
Violence
Unhealthy relationship       Choose Respect
behaviors can begin
early and last a lifetime.
Intimate partner violence
can cause a wide range
of physical and emotional
injuries and death.
Sexual Violence
Millions of Americans are
forced into sexual acts in
which they do not
consent or that are
against their will.


Most victims do not tell
family and friends about
the abuse and suffer
alone.



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Suicide
Suicide is the 11th
leading cause of death
among Americans. It is a
significant public health
problem that devastates
individuals, families, and
their communities.
Youth Violence
Adolescents and young
adults are the primary
victims and perpetrators
of violence in our society.
This violence includes
aggressive behavior such
as bullying and more
serious acts such as
assault and homicide.
International Violence
Prevention
Each year, violence
causes more than 1.6
million deaths worldwide.
Prevention efforts require
the collaboration of many
partners and the
orchestration of efforts
across the globe.


The mission of the Coordinating Center for Health Information and Service (CCHIS) is
to provide leadership and promote innovation in public health informatics, health
statistics, health marketing, and scientific communications. It includes the following
programs:

      National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) provides statistical information
       that guides actions and policies to improve the health of the American people.
      National Center for Public Health Informatics (NCPHI) provides national
       leadership in the application of information technology in the pursuit of public
       health.
      National Center for Health Marketing (NCHM) provides national leadership in
       health marketing science and in its application to impact public health.

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                    Our health statistics allow us to:

                      document the health status of the population and of important subgroups
                      identify disparities in health status and use of health care by race/ethnicity,
                      socio-economic status, region, and other population characteristics
                      describe our experiences with the health care system
                      monitor trends in health status and health care delivery
                      identify health problems
                      support biomedical and health services research
                      provide information for making changes in public policies and programs
                      evaluate the impact of health policies and programs

                    CDC’s Office of Strategy and Innovation (OSI) leads efforts to develop,
                    measure, and advance the Health Protection Goals; provides leadership and
                    vision for formulating and evaluating policy; and fosters strategic excellence and
                    innovation across the agency.

                    In addition, OSI strives to ensure that CDC addresses health disparities through
                    programs that are coordinated in the Office of Minority Health and Health Disparities
                    (OMHD) and the Office of Women’s Health (OWH), both of which are
                    administratively aligned within OSI.
1d. Assistant       National Institutes of Health (Department of Health and Human Services)                    Section 104.
    Secretary of
    Peace           The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary Federal agency for conducting       Article a. The Assistant Secretary for Peace
    Education and   and supporting medical research. Helping to lead the way toward important medical          Education and Training shall carry out those
    Training        discoveries that improve people's health and save lives, NIH scientists investigate ways   functions of the Department relating to the
                    to prevent disease as well as the causes, treatments, and even cures for common and        creation, encouragement, and impact of peace
                    rare diseases. Composed of 27 Institutes and Centers, the NIH provides leadership and      education and training at the elementary,
                    financial support to researchers in every state and throughout the world.                  secondary, university, and postgraduate levels,
                                                                                                               including the development of a Peace
                    With the support of the American people, the NIH annually invests over $28 billion in      Academy.
                    medical research. More than 83% of the NIH's funding is awarded through almost
                    50,000 competitive grants to more than 325,000 researchers at over 3,000 universities,     Article b. The Assistant Secretary of Peace
                    medical schools, and other research institutions in every state and around the world.      Education and Training, in cooperation with
                    About 10% of the NIH's budget supports projects conducted by nearly 6,000 scientists       the Secretary of Education, shall develop a
                    in its own laboratories, most of which are on the NIH campus in Bethesda, Maryland.        peace curriculum and supporting materials for
                                                                                                               distribution to departments of education in each
                                                                                                               State and territory of the United States. The
                                                                                                               peace curriculum shall include the building of

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The Office of the Director (OD) is responsible for setting policy for NIH and for        communicative peace skills, nonviolent conflict
planning, managing, and coordinating the programs and activities of all 27 of NIH's      resolution skills, and other objectives to
Institutes and Centers. The OD program offices include the Office of AIDS Research,      increase the knowledge of peace processes.
Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, Office of Disease Prevention, and
Office of Research on Women's Health, among others.                                      Article c-2: Create a Community Peace Block
                                                                                         Grant program under which grants shall be
NIH Institutes with potential ramifications for a Dept of Peace                          provided to not-for-profit community and
                                                                                         nongovernmental organizations for the
      National Institute on Aging (NIA)                                                 purposes of developing creative, innovative
      National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)                        neighborhood programs for nonviolent conflict
      National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)                  resolution and local peace-building initiatives
      National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
      National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
      National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research

The Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) opened officially on
July 1, 1995. The U.S. Congress established the Office of Behavioral and Social
Sciences Research (OBSSR) in the Office of the Director, NIH, in recognition of the
key role that behavioral and social factors often play in illness and health.

The OBSSR mission is to stimulate behavioral and social science research throughout
NIH and to integrate these areas of research more fully into others of the NIH health
research enterprise, thereby improving our understanding, treatment, and prevention of
disease.

Office of Research on Women's Health

The Office of Research on Women's Health (ORWH) serves as a focal point for
women's health research at the NIH. Established in September 1990 within the Office of
the Director. ORWH

       Coordinates and serves as a focal point for women's health research funded by
       the NIH

       Promotes, stimulates, and supports efforts to improve the health of women
       through biomedical and behavioral research on the roles of sex (biological
       characteristics of being female or male) and gender (social influences based on
       sex) in health and disease
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       Works in partnership with the NIH institutes and centers to ensure that women's
       health research is part of the scientific framework at NIH and throughout the
       scientific community

       Advises the NIH Director and staff on matters relating to research on women's
       health

       Strengthens and enhances research related to diseases, disorders, and conditions
       that affect women

       Ensures that research conducted and supported by NIH adequately addresses
       issues regarding women's health

       Ensures that women are appropriately represented in biomedical and
       biobehavioral research studies supported by NIH;

       Develops opportunities for and supports recruitment, retention, re-entry, and
       advancement of women in biomedical careers; and

       Supports research on women's health issues.

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

The mission of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and
Human Development (NICHD) is to ensure that every person is born healthy and
wanted, that women suffer no harmful effects from the reproductive process, that all
children have the chance to fulfill their potential to live healthy and productive lives
free from disease or disability, and to ensure the health, productivity, independence, and
well-being of all people through optimal rehabilitation.

In pursuit of this mission, the NICHD conducts and supports laboratory research,
clinical trials, and epidemiological studies that explore health processes; examines the
impact of disabilities, diseases, and defects on the lives of individuals; and sponsors
training programs for scientists, doctors, and researchers to ensure that NICHD research
can continue.




                                                                                             9
Center for Research for Mothers and Children (CRMC)

The CRMC is a major source of research and research training in child health and in the
health of mothers. The Center and its programs focus on maximizing growth and
development, preventing transmission of HIV/AIDS in various populations, and
improving knowledge about children's behavior and behavioral outcomes. Areas of
emphasis include, but are not limited to: behavioral, social, and emotional adaptation
from infancy through adolescence and early adulthood; learning disabilities; nutrition;
endocrine disorders and growth retardation; and preconceptional, prenatal, and postnatal
infectious diseases and HIV/AIDS. In addition, the CRMC plays a lead role in the
following initiatives: the Global Network for Women's and Children's Health, the
activities of the Best Pharmaceuticals Act for Child and Pediatric Pharmacology
Research Unit Network, examinations of reading and math outcomes and how to
improve them, and accident and injury prevention.

Division of Intramural Research (DIR)

The DIR is broadly concerned with the biological and neurobiological, medical, and
behavioral aspects of normal and abnormal human development. The Division's clinical
research projects admit a limited number of research patients under guidelines
established by the Director of the NIH Clinical Center. In addition to clinical research
and training programs in the areas of genetics, endocrinology, and maternal-fetal
medicine, a diverse range of developmental models are under study in research
laboratories and branches.

National Institute on Drug Abuse

The mission of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is to lead the Nation in
bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction. In this regard, NIDA
addresses the most fundamental and essential questions about drug abuse—from
detecting and responding to emerging drug abuse trends and understanding how drugs
work in the brain and body to developing and testing new treatment and prevention
approaches. NIDA also supports research training, career development, public
education, and research dissemination efforts. Through its Intramural Research
Program, as well as grants and contracts to investigators at research institutions around
the country and overseas, NIDA supports research and training on:

      The neurobiological, behavioral, and social mechanisms underlying drug abuse
       and addiction;

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       The causes and consequences of drug abuse, including impact on society and
        morbidity and mortality in selected populations (e.g., ethnic minorities, youth,
        and women);

       The relationship of drug use to problem behaviors and psychosocial outcomes
        such as mental illness, unemployment, low socioeconomic status, and violence;

       Effective prevention and treatment approaches, including a broad research
        program designed to develop new treatment medications and behavioral
        therapies for drug addiction;

       The relationship of drug abuse to cultural and ethical issues such as health
        disparities; and

       The relationship of drug abuse to the acquisition, transmission, and clinical
        course of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and other diseases and the development of
        effective prevention/intervention strategies.

National Institute of Mental Health

The mission of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is to reduce the burden
of mental illness and behavioral disorders through research on mind, brain, and
behavior.

In the United States, mental disorders collectively account for more than 15% of the
overall "burden of disease"—a term that encompasses both premature death and
disability associated with mental illness.

Mental disorders occur across the lifespan, from very young childhood into old age.

Investments made over the past 50 years in basic brain and behavioral science have positioned
NIMH to exploit recent advances in neuroscience, molecular genetics, behavioral science, and
brain imaging; to translate new knowledge about fundamental processes into researchable
clinical questions; and to initiate innovative clinical trials of new pharmacological and
psychosocial interventions, with emphasis on testing their effectiveness in the diagnostically
complex, diverse group of patients typically encountered in front-line service delivery systems.
NIMH-funded investigators also seek new ways to translate results from basic behavioral
science into research relevant to public health, including the epidemiology of mental disorders,
prevention and early intervention research, and mental health service research.


                                                                                                   11
Office of Global Mental Health

This office coordinates, participates in, and reports on international activities with
respect to mental health research, such as tracking international grants, identifying
opportunities and establishing partnership/collaborative agreements with other domestic
and international organizations and government agencies, and working with NIMH
extramural and intramural program staff to develop global projects and provide
technical consultation to the international mental health community.

Office of Prevention

This office promotes NIMH research programs concerning the prevention of mental
disorders and the promotion of mental health by developing, planning, executing, and
assessing national programs, including the coordination of cross-Institute prevention
research and representing the Institute in NIH, Departmental, cross-agency, private, and
international prevention efforts.

Office of Rural Mental Health

This office supports research activities and provides information on conditions unique
to people living in rural areas, including research on the delivery of mental health
services to such areas. Also, the office coordinates related Departmental research and
activities with public and nonprofit entities.

Office for Special Populations

This office develops research policies and programs to assure increased emphasis on the
mental health needs of women, minorities, and other special populations. The office
supports programs of basic and applied social and behavioral research on the mental
health problems of special populations; studies the effects of discrimination on
institutions and individuals, including majority institutions and individuals; supports
and develops research designed to eliminate institutional discrimination; and provides
increased emphasis on the concerns of special populations in the Institute's training,
service delivery, and research programs.

Division of Adult Translational Research and Treatment Development (DATR)
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/about/organization/datr/index.shtml

The DATR supports programs aimed at understanding the pathophysiology of adult and
late-life mental illness and hastening the translation of behavioral science and
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neuroscience advances into innovations in clinical care. The division supports a broad
research portfolio, which includes studies of the phenotypic characterization and risk
factors for major psychiatric disorders; clinical neuroscience to elucidate etiology and
pathophysiology of these disorders; and psychosocial, psychopharmacologic, and
somatic treatment development. The division includes the following programs and
branches:

SBIR and STTR Programs

The SBIR program supports research and development by small businesses of
innovative technologies that have the potential to succeed commercially or to provide
significant societal benefits; the STTR program has the same objectives but requires
academic research involvement. In the DATR, the SBIR and STTR programs support
research aimed at facilitating the validation and commercialization of new methods of
assessing psychopathology, measuring treatment response to therapeutic agents or
approaches, and the clinical development of novel psychopharmacological or
psychosocial approaches to the treatment of adult and late life mental illness.

Research Training and Career Development Program

This program supports research training at the pre-doctoral, post-doctoral, and early-
investigator levels of career development in areas relevant to the DATR. These areas
include adult psychopathology and psychosocial interventions, clinical neuroscience,
geriatrics, translational research focusing on adults, and experimental therapeutics and
treatment mechanisms related to mental illness. The program's primary goal is to ensure
that sufficient numbers of highly trained, independent investigators will be available to
address the complexities of adult psychopathology and translational research.

Traumatic Stress Research Program

This program is the DATR/NIMH point of contact for disaster/terrorism/biodefense-
related research, supporting studies on biopsychosocial risk/protective factors for
psychopathology after traumatic events and on interventions for post-traumatic stress
disorder (PTSD) in adults. The program also oversees research spanning and integrating
basic science, clinical practice, and health care system factors, including interventions
and service delivery, regarding the effects of mass trauma and violence (e.g., war,
terrorism, and natural and technological disaster) on children, adolescents, and adults.




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Adult Psychopathology and Psychosocial Intervention Research Branch

This branch promotes translational research that is directed toward an understanding of
how the development, onset, and course of adult psychopathology may be studied in
terms of dysfunction in fundamental biobehavioral mechanisms such as emotion,
cognition, motivational processes, and interpersonal relationships. The branch
emphasizes studies that combine approaches from neuroscience and behavioral science
to elucidate the role of psychosocial factors in the alterations of brain functioning
associated with mental disorders and to produce integrative models of risk, disorder,
and recovery.

Clinical Neuroscience Research Branch

This branch supports research, training, and resource development programs aimed at
understanding the neural basis of mental disorders.

Specifically supported are human and animal studies on the molecular, cellular, and
systems level of brain function designed to elucidate the pathophysiology of mental
disease and to translate these findings to clinical diagnosis, treatment, and prevention
strategies.

Geriatrics Research Branch

This branch supports research in the etiology and pathophysiology of mental disorders
of late life (such as Alzheimer's disease and related dementias, neuroregulatory and
hemostatic disorders, and menstrual cycle disorders), the treatment and recovery of
persons with these disorders, and the prevention of these disorders and their
consequences.

The program encourages collaborative multidisciplinary research programs using the
tools of molecular neuroscience, cognitive sciences, and social and behavioral sciences
to facilitate the translation of basic science and preclinical research to clinical research.

Child Abuse and Neglect Program

This program supports research in child abuse and neglect, a subject worthy of special
attention in NIMH because of the profound impact that abuse and neglect have on
children's immediate and long-term mental health. This program emphasizes research
that helps identify risk and protective factors that influence the development of
psychopathology, aims to develop novel treatment and prevention strategies, and
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                   addresses familial aspects of traumatic stress as risk factors for psychopathology in
                   children and adolescents.

                   Psychosocial Stress and Related Disorders Branch

                   This branch supports research leading to a fuller understanding of pathological
                   conditions in childhood and adolescence such as oppositional defiant disorder, post-
                   traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, and pathological shyness, as well as the
                   development of more effective prevention and treatment strategies.

                   In addition, the branch sponsors research on aggression, fear, inhibitory controls,
                   learning, memory, caregiver-child relationships, the effects of acute and chronic stress,
                   and other related issues.

                   Affective and Regulatory Disorders Branch

                   This branch provides support to research on pathological conditions in childhood and
                   adolescence such as eating disorders, sleep disorders, major depressive disorder,
                   dysthymia, suicide attempt and completion, and bipolar disorder, as well as on the
                   development of more effective prevention and treatment strategies. The branch also
                   funds research on biobehavioral processes, including emotion and mood regulation,
                   feeding and appetite regulation, circadian rhythms, and developmental changes in
                   neurobehavioral regulation (such as CNS maturation and neuroendocrine development),
                   as well as environmental influences that have implications for risk or resilience,
                   susceptibility to disorder, or strategies for preventing or treating disorders.
2a. Assistant      The Administration for Children and Families (ACF), within the Department of         Section 104.
    Secretary of   Health and Human Services (HHS). See description in Item #1a above.
    Domestic                                                                                            Article a. The Assistant Secretary for Peace
    Peace                                                                                               Education and Training shall carry out those
    Activities                                                                                          functions of the Department relating to the
                                                                                                        creation, encouragement, and impact of peace
                                                                                                        education and training at the elementary,
                                                                                                        secondary, university, and postgraduate levels,
                                                                                                        including the development of a Peace
                                                                                                        Academy.

                                                                                                               Article b. The Assistant Secretary of Peace
                                                                                                               Education and Training, in cooperation with
                                                                                                               the Secretary of Education, shall develop a
                                                                                                               peace curriculum and supporting materials for
                                                                                                                                                           15
                                                                                                   distribution to departments of education in each
                                                                                                   State and territory of the United States. The
                                                                                                   peace curriculum shall include the building of
                                                                                                   communicative peace skills, nonviolent conflict
                                                                                                   resolution skills, and other objectives to
                                                                                                   increase the knowledge of peace processes.

                                                                                                   Article c-2: Create a Community Peace Block
                                                                                                   Grant program under which grants shall be
                                                                                                   provided to not-for-profit community and
                                                                                                   nongovernmental organizations for the
                                                                                                   purposes of developing creative, innovative
                                                                                                   neighborhood programs for nonviolent conflict
                                                                                                   resolution and local peacebuilding initiatives
2b. Assistant      The Administration on Aging (AoA), an agency in the U.S. Department of Health   Section 105, Article b-3: Develop
    Secretary of   and Human Services. See description in Item #1b above.                          community-based strategies for celebrating
    Domestic                                                                                       diversity and promoting tolerance.
    Peace
    Activities
2c. Assistant      Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (Department of Health and Human        Section 105.
    Secretary of   Services). See description in Item #1c above.
    Domestic                                                                                       Article a. The Assistant Secretary for
    Peace                                                                                          Domestic Peace Activities shall carry out those
    Activities                                                                                     functions in the Department affecting domestic
                                                                                                   peace activities, including the development of
                                                                                                   policies that increase awareness about
                                                                                                   intervention and counseling on domestic
                                                                                                   violence and conflict.

                                                                                                   Article b-1. Develop policy alternatives for
                                                                                                   the treatment of drug and alcohol abuse;
2d. Assistant      National Institutes of Health (Department of Health and Human Services).        Section 105.
    Secretary of   See description in Item #1d above.
    Domestic                                                                                       Article a. The Assistant Secretary for Domestic
    Peace                                                                                          Peace Activities shall carry out those functions in
    Activities                                                                                     the Department affecting domestic peace activities,
                                                                                                   including the development of policies that increase
                                                                                                   awareness about intervention and counseling on
                                                                                                   domestic violence and conflict.


                                                                                                                                                    16
                                                                                                                 Article b-1. Develop policy alternatives for
                                                                                                                 the treatment of drug and alcohol abuse;
2e. Assistant      Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration                                     Section 105.
    Secretary of   (Department of Health and Human Services).
    Domestic       The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA’s)                    Article a. The Assistant Secretary for
    Peace          vision as an agency of the Federal Government is "A Life in the Community for                 Domestic Peace Activities shall carry out those
    Activities     Everyone." This vision is based on the premise that people of all ages, with or at risk for   functions in the Department affecting domestic
                   mental or substance use disorders, should have the opportunity for a fulfilling life that     peace activities, including the development of
                   includes a job/education, a home, and meaningful personal relationships with friends          policies that increase awareness about
                   and family.                                                                                   intervention and counseling on domestic
                                                                                                                 violence and conflict.
                   SAMHSA works to achieve this vision through an action-oriented, measurable mission
                   of "Building Resilience and Facilitating Recovery."                                Article b-1. Develop policy alternatives for
                                                                                                      the treatment of drug and alcohol abuse;
                   The Challenge

                   In 2005, over 22 million Americans, aged 12 or older, were classified with substance
                   abuse or dependence; nearly 25 million adults, aged 18 or older, were living with a
                   serious mental condition, according to SAMHSA’s National Survey on Drug Use and
                   Health. The economic costs of undiagnosed and untreated mental and substance use
                   disorders are staggering.

                   The human costs -- measured in lost jobs, lost families and lost lives—are incalculable.
                   Yet, mental and substance use disorders are treatable illnesses from which people can
                   and do recover. The toll of substance abuse and mental illnesses can be dramatically
                   reduced by prevention and early intervention with state-of-the-art, researchbased
                   services and supports. SAMHSA is bringing this knowledge to communities across the
                   Nation to ensure that people with or at risk for mental or substance use disorders have
                   the opportunity for recovery and a fulfilling life in the community.

                   MEETING THE CHALLENGE THROUGH NATIONAL LEADERSHIP

                   Through its three Centers and supporting Offices, SAMHSA engages in program
                   activities to carry out its mission. With a fiscal year 2007 budget of nearly $3.3 billion,
                   SAMHSA funds and administers a rich portfolio of grant programs and contracts that
                   support state and community efforts to expand and enhance prevention and early
                   intervention programs and to improve the quality, availability and range of substance
                   abuse treatment, mental health and recovery support services—in local communities—
                   where people can be served most effectively.

                                                                                                                                                                17
At the heart of SAMHSA’s funding programs is accountability. Today, SAMHSA’s
formula and discretionary grant programs are focusing on performance measurement
and management. SAMHSA is working with grantees to report performance-based
outcomes. Driven by a strategy to improve accountability, capacity and effectiveness,
SAMHSA ensures that its resources are being used effectively and efficiently and also
that these resources are being invested in the best interest

SAMHSA’s Center for Mental Health Services

CMHS provides national leadership to ensure the application of scientifically
established findings and practice-based knowledge in the prevention and treatment of
mental disorders; to improve access, reduce barriers, and promote high-quality effective
programs and services for people with, or at risk for these disorders, as well as for their
families and communities; and to promote an improved state of mental health within the
Nation, as well as the rehabilitation of people with mental disorders.

SAMHSA’s Center for Substance Abuse Prevention
The mission of CSAP is to build resiliency and facilitate recovery. CSAP provides
national leadership in the development of policies, programs and services to prevent the
onset of illegal drug, underage alcohol, and tobacco use. CSAP disseminates effective
substance abuse prevention practices and builds the capacity of States, communities and
other organizations to apply prevention knowledge effectively.
An integrated systems approach is used to coordinate these activities and collaborate
with other federal, State, public and private organizations.

SAMHSA’s Center for Substance Abuse Treatment

The mission of CSAT is to bring effective alcohol and drug treatment to every community.
CSAT provides national leadership to expand the availability of effective treatment and
recovery services for alcohol and drug problems; to improve access, reduce barriers and
promote high-quality effective treatment and recovery services for people with alcohol and drug
problems, abuse, or addiction as well as for their families and communities.

Office of Applied Studies

OAS collects, analyzes, and disseminates national data on behavioral health practices and
issues. OAS is responsible for the annual National Survey on Drug Use and Health, the Drug
Abuse Warning Network and the Drug and Alcohol Services Information System, among other
studies.



                                                                                                  18
BRINGING NEW SCIENCE-BASED KNOWLEDGE TO COMMUNITY-BASED
SERVICES

SAMHSA’s matrix of program priorities and cross-cutting principles outlines and
guides its activities in pursuit of its vision and mission.

The matrix includes 12 program priority areas. They are co-occurring disorders,
substance abuse treatment capacity, seclusion and restraint, strategic prevention
framework, children and families, mental health system transformation, suicide
prevention, homelessness, older adults, HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis, criminal and juvenile
justice, and workforce development. A two-year action plan for each priority area is
published on SAMHSA’s Web site, www.samhsa.gov.

By focusing on these priority areas, SAMHSA is supporting state and community
efforts to provide people with the services they need to live, work, learn and participate
fully in their communities. With the continued support of its many partners, SAMHSA
will continue to bring the message of hope, courage and recovery and the promise of a
life in the community to every individual it touches through its work.

MAKING RECOVERY A REALITY -- SELECTED ACCOMPLISHMENTS

Transforming the Nation's mental health system Unprecedented collaboration of nine
Federal Cabinet-level Departments and two additional agencies is leading to
transformation of mental health care in America by implementing the 70 steps outlined
in the Federal Mental Health Action Agenda. This collaboration lead by SAMHSA
through the Federal Executive Steering Committee on Mental Health is focusing on
priority issues, including suicide prevention, primary care/mental health integration,
financing, employment, disaster and emergency response, chronic homelessness and
services for older adults..

Expanding treatment capacity, promoting consumer choice In support of President
Bush’s Access to Recovery initiative -- a voucher program designed to empower
individuals seeking community-based drug and alcohol treatment to choose the
providers that best meet their needs -- SAMHSA oversees a $98 million discretionary
grant program to move the President’s vision forward. As of December 31, 2006, the
ATR program had served 137,579 clients exceeding the 125,000 clients expected to be
served over the three-year program. After receiving services through ATR, 81 percent
of clients are abstinent from substances and 51 percent are in stable housing.

Screening adds prevention and treatment The Screening, Brief Intervention, Referral,

                                                                                             19
and Treatment (SBIRT) program is expanding the continuum of care to include these
activities in general medical and other community settings (e.g., community health
centers, schoolbased health clinics and student assistance programs, occupational health
clinics, hospitals, emergency departments). Preliminary 2006 SBIRT data show a total
of 74 percent of high-risk individuals reported lowering their drug or alcohol
consumption after one or more brief treatment sessions, and 48 percent reported
stopping use.

Improving outcomes for people with co-occurring disorders Since SAMHSA submitted
its landmark Report to Congress on co-occurring mental and substance use disorders,
SAMHSA has made great strides in achieving the action steps outlined in the Report,
including funding State Incentive Grants for Co-Occurring Disorders, establishing a
technical assistance and cross-training center, creating an evidence-based practices
toolkit, expanding SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and
Practices to include effective treatments for co-occurring disorders and releasing an
updated Treatment Improvement Protocol on co-occurring disorders.

Strategic Prevention Framework Reversing a resurgence of teen drug use during the
1990s, drug use among 8th, 10th and 12th graders has declined by 23 percent since
2001. SAMHSA continues to work to push rates even lower through 42 strategic
prevention framework grants to States and Territories and support of almost 800
communities through the drug free communities program. The framework is built on
science-based theory, evidence-based practices, and the knowledge that effective
prevention programs must engage individuals, families and entire communities. It sets
into place a process that empowers communities to identify and implement the most
effective strategies to achieve community-level change.

Reducing teen drug use and sales of tobacco to children. Reversing a resurgence of teen
drug use during the 1990s, drug use among 8th, 10th and 12th graders has declined by
17 percent in the past 3 years--exceeding the President's goal of reducing teen drug use
by 10 percent. SAMHSA has contributed to this reduction by providing funding to
States, local governments and communitybased organizations to implement
sciencebased prevention programs. Likewise, through SAMHSA's block grant funding
and efforts to help States reduce sales of tobacco to children under age 18, the national
retailer violation rate dropped to 12.8 percent in 2004, down from 14.1 percent in 2003
and 40.1 percent in 1996.

Addressing the Nation's disaster mental health and substance abuse needs, SAMHSA
has a long history in responding to disaster-related mental health and substance abuse
issues as well as in providing assistance at the community level in the wake of

                                                                                            20
                   emergencies. Just weeks after the terrorist events of September 11 -- SAMHSA
                   convened a national summit in New York City to examine the needs of communities,
                   and to ensure readiness for the ongoing war on terrorism. SAMHSA also responded
                   quickly to the need for information and resources for deployed personnel and victims of
                   Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. SAMHSA continues to support these emergency planning
                   efforts with grants, training, and technical assistance.
2f. Assistant      Office of International Women's Issues (Dept of State)                                  Section 105, Article b-3: Develop
    Secretary of                                                                                           community-based strategies for celebrating
    Domestic       Celebrates International Women’s Day by presenting annual International Women of        diversity and promoting tolerance.
    Peace          Courage Awards to eight women around the globe who have shown exceptional
    Activities     courage and leadership in advocating for women’s rights and advancement. This is the
                   only Department of State award paying tribute to emerging women leaders worldwide
                   and offering a unique opportunity for transformational diplomacy in the field of
                   international women’s issues.

                   The honorees have transformed their societies and serve as an inspiration to the
                   international community. They are exceptional women of courage nominated by U.S.
                   Embassies worldwide for their diverse contributions to freedom, justice, peace, and
                   equality.
2g. Assistant      Criminal Division (Dept of Justice)                                                                Section 105.
    Secretary of
    Domestic       Domestic security - developing and overseeing comprehensive national strategies aimed            Article a. The Assistant Secretary for
    Peace          at reducing gun violence; targeting international alien smuggling criminal                       Domestic Peace Activities shall carry out those
    Activities     organizations; and enforcing the federal criminal laws relating to violent crime, the            functions in the Department affecting domestic
                   illegal use of firearms and explosives, and alien smuggling and other immigration-               peace activities, including the development of
                   related offenses.                                                                                policies that increase awareness about
                                                                                                                    intervention and counseling on domestic
                   Narcotics and dangerous drugs, including enforcing statutes pertaining to controlled substances; violence and conflict.
                   developing and implementing domestic and international narcotics law enforcement policies
                   and programs; developing and administering other cooperative drug enforcement strategies,          Article b-1. Develop policy alternatives for
                   such as the Bilateral Case Initiative, a program under which attorneys prosecute the most          the treatment of drug and alcohol abuse;
                   significant international narcotics trafficking organizations, and projects conducted by the law
                   enforcement and intelligence communities.
                                                                                                                      Article b-2. Develop new policies and build
                                                                                                                      on existing programs responsive to the
                                                                                                                      prevention of crime, including the development
                                                                                                                      of community policing strategies and peaceful
                                                                                                                      settlement skills among police and other public
                                                                                                                      safety officers.


                                                                                                                                                                     21
2h. Assistant      Federal Bureau of Investigation (Dept of Justice)                                        Section 105.
    Secretary of
    Domestic       Establish and conduct law enforcement training programs and conduct research to          Article a. The Assistant Secretary for
    Peace          provide assistance to state and local law enforcement personnel. Participate in          Domestic Peace Activities shall carry out those
    Activities     interagency law enforcement initiatives which address crime problems common to           functions in the Department affecting domestic
                   federal/state/local agencies.                                                            peace activities, including the development of
                                                                                                            policies that increase awareness about
                   Develop new approaches, techniques, systems, equipment and devices to improve and        intervention and counseling on domestic
                   strengthen law enforcement and assist in conducting state, local and international law   violence and conflict.
                   enforcement training programs.
                                                                                                        Article b-2. Develop new policies and build
                   Establish and implement quality outreach programs that will ensure FBI and community on existing programs responsive to the
                   partnerships and sharing.                                                            prevention of crime, including the development
                                                                                                        of community policing strategies and peaceful
                                                                                                        settlement skills among police and other public
                                                                                                        safety officers.

                                                                                                            Article b-3: Develop community-based
                                                                                                            strategies for celebrating diversity and
                                                                                                            promoting tolerance.
2i. Assistant      Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) – (Dept of Justice)            Section 105.
    Secretary of
    Domestic       The mission of ATF is to conduct criminal investigations, regulate the firearms and      Article a. The Assistant Secretary for
    Peace          explosives industries, and assist other law enforcement agencies. This work is           Domestic Peace Activities shall carry out those
    Activities     undertaken to prevent terrorism, reduce violent crime, and protect the public in a       functions in the Department affecting domestic
                   manner that is faithful to the Constitution and the laws of the United States.           peace activities, including the development of
                                                                                                            policies that increase awareness about
                   The major functions of ATF are to:                                                       intervention and counseling on domestic
                                                                                                            violence and conflict.
                         Enforce federal firearms laws in order to remove violent offenders from our
                          communities and keep firearms out of the hands of those who are prohibited by Article b-2. Develop new policies and build
                          law from possessing them.                                                      on existing programs responsive to the
                                                                                                         prevention of crime, including the development
                         Increase the rate of compliance with firearms laws and regulations in order to of community policing strategies and peaceful
                          prevent the transfer of firearms to those prohibited from having them.         settlement skills among police and other public
                                                                                                         safety officers.
                         Prevent firearms violence through community outreach.




                                                                                                                                                         22
2j. Assistant        Office of Justice Programs (OJP) – (Dept of Justice)                                        Section 105.
    Secretary of 
    Domestic         The Office of Justice Programs (OJP), established by the Justice Assistance Act of 1984     Article a. The Assistant Secretary for
    Peace            and reauthorized in 1988, provides federal leadership in developing the nation’s            Domestic Peace Activities shall carry out those
    Activities       capacity to prevent and control crime, administer justice, and assist crime victims. OJP    functions in the Department affecting domestic
                     strives to make the nation’s criminal and juvenile justice systems more responsive to the   peace activities, including the development of
                     needs of state, local, and tribal governments and their citizens. OJP partners with         policies that increase awareness about
                     federal, state, and local agencies, as well as national and community-based                 intervention and counseling on domestic
                     organizations, including faith-based organizations, to develop, operate, and evaluate a     violence and conflict.
                     wide range of criminal and juvenile justice programs. These partnerships also provide
                     resources to fight crime and improve the quality of life and sense of safety in         Article b-2. Develop new policies and build
                     communities across the nation.                                                          on existing programs responsive to the
                                                                                                             prevention of crime, including the development
                     OJP’s Assistant Attorney General is responsible for the overall management and          of community policing strategies and peaceful
                     oversight of OJP. This includes setting policy; ensuring that OJP policies and programs settlement skills among police and other public
                     reflect the priorities of the President, the Attorney General, and the Congress; and    safety officers.
                     promoting coordination among the OJP offices and bureaus. OJP’s bureaus include the
                     Bureau of Justice Assistance, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Community Capacity          Article b-3: Develop community-based
                     Development Office, National Institute of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime, Office strategies for celebrating diversity and
                     of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, and Office of Sex Offender              promoting tolerance.
                     Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking.

                     OJP administers a mix of formula and discretionary grant programs and provides
                     targeted training and technical assistance. Although some research and technical
                     assistance is provided directly by OJP, most of the work is accomplished through
                     federal financial assistance to scholars, practitioners, experts, and state and local
                     governments and agencies. Many OJP components award formula grants to state
                     agencies, which, in turn, sub-grant funds to units of state and local government.
                     Formula grant programs, in such areas as drug control, criminal justice system
                     improvement, juvenile justice, victim’s compensation, and victims assistance, are
                     administered by state agencies designated by each state’s governor. Discretionary grant
                     funds, which are announced on Grants.gov and the OJP website, are competitively
                     awarded to a variety of state, local, private, and non-profit organizations.

                     OJP’s mission is to increase public safety and improve the fair administration of justice
                     across America through innovative leadership and programs.


                     The major functions of the OJP are to:


                                                                                                                                                              23
                        Implement national and multi-state programs, provide training and technical
                         assistance, and establish demonstration programs to assist state, local, and tribal
                         governments and community groups in reducing crime, enforcing state and local
                         drug laws, and improving the function of the criminal justice system.

                        Collect, analyze, publish, and disseminate statistical information on crime, criminal
                         offenders, victims of crime, and the operations of justice systems at all levels of
                         government. Enhance the quality, completeness, and accessibility of the nation’s
                         criminal history records system.

                        Sponsor research in crime and criminal justice and evaluations of justice programs.
                         Disseminate research findings to practitioners and policymakers.

                        Support the development, testing, evaluation, adoption, and implementation of new
                         and innovative technologies and techniques to support and enhance law
                         enforcement, courts, and/or corrections options.

                        Provide national leadership, direction, coordination, and resources to prevent, treat,
                         and control juvenile violence and delinquency, improve the effectiveness and
                         fairness of the juvenile justice system, and combat the problem of missing and
                         exploited children.

                        Enhance the nation’s capacity to assist crime victims and provide leadership in
                         changing attitudes, policies, and practices to promote justice and healing for all
                         victims of crime.

                        Provide targeted assistance to state, local, and tribal governments to advance and
                         sustain public safety at the local level through the leveraging of both technical and
                         financial resources and the development and implementation of community-based
                         strategies, such as the Weed and Seed strategy.
3a. Assistant       Bureau of African Affairs (Dept of State)                                                              Section 106:
    Secretary of
    International   The USG is providing assistance to 47 countries in Africa, and USAID currently has 23                  Article b-2. Sponsor country and regional
    Peace           bilateral missions in Africa. In addition, there are three regional missions that support activities   conflict prevention and dispute resolution
    Activities.     in countries with a limited USAID presence. These regional missions also manage programs               initiatives in countries experiencing social,
                    that aim to strengthen selected African regional institutions and organizations, to improve their      political, or economic strife
                    capacity to contribute to Africa's development in an environment of stability and security.
                                                                                                                           Article b-4. Provide training for the
                    U.S. foreign assistance to Africa is directed to helping African governments,                          administration of postconflict reconstruction
                    institutions, and African-based organizations incorporate good governance principles                   and demobilization in war-torn societies; and
                                                                                                                                                                           24
                    and innovative approaches to health, education, economic growth, agriculture, and
                    environment programs. USAID programs and activities in Africa in these sectors aim to     Article b-5. Provide for the exchanges
                    ensure that development assistance supports the overall goal of transformational          between individuals of the United States and
                    diplomacy-to help build sustained and well governed states that respond to the needs of   other nations who are endeavoring to develop
                    their people, reduce widespread poverty, and conduct themselves responsibly in the        domestic and international peace-based
                    international system.                                                                     initiatives.
3b. Assistant       Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs (Dept of State)                                   Section 106:
    Secretary of
    International   The Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, headed by Assistant Secretary Daniel         Article b-2. Sponsor country and regional
    Peace           Fried, implements U.S. foreign policy in Europe and Eurasia. The Bureau promotes          conflict prevention and dispute resolution
    Activities.     U.S. interests in the region on issues such as national security, NATO enlargement,       initiatives in countries experiencing social,
                    coordination with the European Union and other regional organizations, support for        political, or economic strife.
                    democracy, human rights, civil society, economic prosperity, the war on terrorism, and
                    nonproliferation.                                                                         Section 106, Article b-4. Provide training for
                                                                                                              the administration of postconflict
                                                                                                              reconstruction and demobilization in war-torn
                                                                                                              societies; and

                                                                                                              Section 106, Article b-5. Provide for the
                                                                                                              exchanges between individuals of the United
                                                                                                              States and other nations who are endeavoring to
                                                                                                              develop domestic and international peace-based
                                                                                                              initiatives.
3c. Assistant       Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs (Dept of State)                                            Section 106:
    Secretary of
    International   The Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs (NEA) deals with U.S. foreign policy and U.S.          Article b-2. Sponsor country and regional
    Peace           diplomatic relations with Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait,    conflict prevention and dispute resolution
    Activities.     Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab           initiatives in countries experiencing social,
                    Emirates, and Yemen. Regional policy issues that NEA handles include Iraq, Middle         political, or economic strife.
                    East peace, terrorism and weapons of mass destruction, and political and economic
                    reform.                                                                                   Section 106, Article b-4. Provide training for
                                                                                                              the administration of postconflict
                                                                                                              reconstruction and demobilization in war-torn
                                                                                                              societies; and

                                                                                                              Section 106, Article b-5. Provide for the
                                                                                                              exchanges between individuals of the United
                                                                                                              States and other nations who are endeavoring
                                                                                                              to develop domestic and international peace-
                                                                                                              based initiatives.
                                                                                                                                                           25
3d. Assistant       Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs (Dept of State)                                Section 106:
    Secretary of
    International   The Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs deals with U.S. foreign policy and U.S.    Article b-2. Sponsor country and regional
    Peace           relations with the countries of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Kazakhstan,      conflict prevention and dispute resolution
    Activities.     Kyrgyzstan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and          initiatives in countries experiencing social,
                    Uzbekistan.                                                                              political, or economic strife.
                                                                                                             Section 106, Article b-4. Provide training for
                                                                                                             the administration of postconflict
                                                                                                             reconstruction and demobilization in war-torn
                                                                                                             societies; and

                                                                                                             Section 106, Article b-5. Provide for the
                                                                                                             exchanges between individuals of the United
                                                                                                             States and other nations who are endeavoring
                                                                                                             to develop domestic and international peace-
                                                                                                             based initiatives.
3e. Assistant       Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs (Dept of State)                                     Section 106:
    Secretary of
    International   The Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs is responsible for managing and promoting       Article b-2. Sponsor country and regional
    Peace           U.S. interests in the region by supporting democracy, trade, and sustainable economic    conflict prevention and dispute resolution
    Activities.     development, and fostering cooperation on issues such as drug trafficking and crime,     initiatives in countries experiencing social,
                    poverty reduction, and environmental protection.                                         political, or economic strife.

                    Mission: We are working with our partners in the Americas to generate broad-based        Section 106, Article b-4. Provide training for
                    growth through freer trade and sound economic policies; to invest in the well-being of   the administration of postconflict
                    people from all walks of life; and to make democracy serve every citizen more            reconstruction and demobilization in war-torn
                    effectively and justly.                                                                  societies; and

                    Objectives: We are strengthening an Inter-American community formed by:                  Section 106, Article b-5. Provide for the
                                                                                                             exchanges between individuals of the United
                          Economic partners that are democratic, stable, and prosperous;                    States and other nations who are endeavoring
                          Friendly neighbors that help secure our region against terrorism and illegal      to develop domestic and international peace-
                           drugs;                                                                            based initiatives.
                          Nations that work together in the world to advance shared political and
                           economic values.




                                                                                                                                                             26
3f. Assistant       Office of International Women's Issues (Dept of State)                                    Section 106, Article b-2. Sponsor country and
    Secretary of                                                                                              regional conflict prevention and dispute
    International   Celebrates International Women’s Day by presenting annual International Women of          resolution initiatives in countries experiencing
    Peace           Courage Awards to eight women around the globe who have shown exceptional                 social, political, or economic strife.
    Activities.     courage and leadership in advocating for women’s rights and advancement. This is the
                    only Department of State award paying tribute to emerging women leaders worldwide         Section 106, Article b-5. Provide for the
                    and offering a unique opportunity for transformational diplomacy in the field of          exchanges between individuals of the United
                    international women’s issues.                                                             States and other nations who are endeavoring
                                                                                                              to develop domestic and international peace-
                    The honorees have transformed their societies and serve as an inspiration to the          based initiatives.
                    international community. They are exceptional women of courage nominated by U.S.
                    Embassies worldwide for their diverse contributions to freedom, justice, peace, and
                    equality.
3g. Assistant       Foreign Service Institute (Dept of State)                                                 Section 106, Article b-1. Provide for the
    Secretary of                                                                                              training and deployment of all Peace Academy
    International   The Foreign Service Institute (FSI) is the Federal Government's primary training          graduates and other nonmilitary conflict
    Peace           institution for officers and support personnel of the U.S. foreign affairs community,     prevention and peacemaking personnel;
    Activities.     preparing American diplomats and other professionals to advance U.S. foreign affairs
                    interests overseas and in Washington. At the George P. Shultz National Foreign Affairs
                    Training Center, the FSI provides more than 450 courses -- including some 70 foreign
                    languages -- to more than 50,000 enrollees a year from the State Department and more
                    than 40 other government agencies and the military service branches.

                    The Institute's programs include training for the professional development of Foreign
                    Service administrative, consular, economic/commercial, political, and public diplomacy
                    officers; for specialists in the fields of information management, office management,
                    security, and medical practitioners and nurses; for Foreign Service Nationals who work
                    at U.S. posts around the world; and for Civil Service employees of the State Department
                    and other agencies. Ranging in length from a half-day to 2 years, courses are designed
                    to promote successful performance in each professional assignment, to ease the
                    adjustment to other countries and cultures, and to enhance the leadership and
                    management capabilities of the U.S. foreign affairs community. Other courses and
                    services help family members prepare for the demands of a mobile lifestyle and living
                    abroad.
3h. Assistant       The Bureau of Intelligence and Research (Dept of State), drawing on all-source            Section 106, Article b-2. Sponsor country and
    Secretary of    intelligence, provides value-added independent analysis of events to Department           regional conflict prevention and dispute
    International   policymakers, ensures that intelligence activities support foreign policy and national    resolution initiatives in countries experiencing
    Peace           security purposes; and serves as the focal point in the Department for ensuring policy    social, political, or economic strife.
    Activities.     review of sensitive counterintelligence and law enforcement activities. INR's primary
                    mission is to harness intelligence to serve U.S. diplomacy. The bureau also analyzes
                                                                                                                                                           27
                    geographical and international boundary issues. INR is a member of the U.S.
                    intelligence community.
3i. Assistant       The Bureau of International Information Programs (Dept of State), engages                 Section 106:
    Secretary of    international audiences on issues of foreign policy, society and values to help create an
    International   environment receptive to U.S. national interests.                                         Article b-2. Sponsor country and regional
    Peace                                                                                                     conflict prevention and dispute resolution
    Activities.     IIP communicates with foreign opinion makers and other publics through a wide range initiatives in countries experiencing social,
                    of print and electronic outreach materials published in English, Arabic, Chinese,         political, or economic strife
                    French, Persian, Russian, and Spanish. IIP also provides information outreach support
                    to U.S. embassies and consulates in more than 140 countries worldwide.                    Article b-3. Advocate the creation of a
                                                                                                              multinational nonviolent peace force;

                                                                                                              Article b-4. Provide training for the
                                                                                                              administration of postconflict reconstruction
                                                                                                              and demobilization in war-torn societies; and

                                                                                                              Article b-5. Provide for the exchanges
                                                                                                              between individuals of the United States and
                                                                                                              other nations who are endeavoring to develop
                                                                                                              domestic and international peace-based
                                                                                                              initiatives.
3j. Assistant       The Office of Policy, Planning and Resources for Public Diplomacy and Public              Section 106:
    Secretary of    Affairs (Dept of State) provides long-term strategic planning and performance
    International   measurement capability for public diplomacy and public affairs programs. It will also     Article b-2. Sponsor country and regional
    Peace           enable the Under Secretary to better advise on the allocation of public diplomacy and     conflict prevention and dispute resolution
    Activities.     public affairs resources, to focus those resources on the most urgent national security   initiatives in countries experiencing social,
                    objectives, and provide realistic measurement of public diplomacy's and public affairs'   political, or economic strife
                    effectiveness.
                                                                                                              Article b-3. Advocate the creation of a
                                                                                                              multinational nonviolent peace force;

                                                                                                              Article b-4. Provide training for the
                                                                                                              administration of postconflict reconstruction
                                                                                                              and demobilization in war-torn societies; and

                                                                                                              Article b-5. Provide for the exchanges
                                                                                                              between individuals of the United States and
                                                                                                              other nations who are endeavoring to develop
                                                                                                              domestic and international peace-based
                                                                                                              initiatives.
                                                                                                                                                           28
3k. Assistant       The Bureau of International Organization Affairs (Dept of State) develops and              Section 106:
    Secretary of    implements U.S. policy in the United Nations, the UN's specialized agencies, and other
    International   international organizations. The Bureau utilizes multilateral diplomacy in these fora to   Article b-2. Sponsor country and regional
    Peace           advance U.S. policies and interests and strives to ensure that the UN and other            conflict prevention and dispute resolution
    Activities.     international organizations remain viable and effective.                                   initiatives in countries experiencing social,
                                                                                                               political, or economic strife
                    The Bureau of International Organization Affairs has one overriding priority: to pursue
                    transformational diplomacy goals through results-driven, transparent, accountable and      Article b-3. Advocate the creation of a
                    efficient international organizations. The five Transformational Diplomacy Strategic       multinational nonviolent peace force;
                    Goals are: Achieving Peace & Security, Governing Justly & Democratically, Investing
                    in People, Promoting Economic Growth & Prosperity, and Providing Humanitarian              Article b-4. Provide training for the
                    Assistance.                                                                                administration of postconflict reconstruction
                                                                                                               and demobilization in war-torn societies; and

                                                                                                               Article b-5. Provide for the exchanges
                                                                                                               between individuals of the United States and
                                                                                                               other nations who are endeavoring to develop
                                                                                                               domestic and international peace-based
                                                                                                               initiatives.
3l. Assistant       Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (Department of Health and Human Section 106:
    Secretary of    Services). See description in Item #1c above.
    International                                                                                              Article b-1. provide for the training and
    Peace                                                                                                      deployment of all Peace Academy graduates
    Activities.                                                                                                and other nonmilitary conflict prevention and
                                                                                                               peacemaking personnel;

                                                                                                               Article b-2. Sponsor country and regional
                                                                                                               conflict prevention and dispute resolution
                                                                                                               initiatives in countries experiencing social,
                                                                                                               political, or economic strife

                                                                                                               Article b-3. Advocate the creation of a
                                                                                                               multinational nonviolent peace force;

                                                                                                               Article b-4. Provide training for the
                                                                                                               administration of postconflict reconstruction
                                                                                                               and demobilization in war-torn societies.




                                                                                                                                                               29
3m.Assistant        National Institutes of Health (Department of Health and Human Services).                     Section 106:
   Secretary of     See description in Item #1d above.
   International                                                                                                 Article b-2. Sponsor country and regional
   Peace                                                                                                         conflict prevention and dispute resolution
   Activities.                                                                                                   initiatives in countries experiencing social,
                                                                                                                 political, or economic strife

                                                                                                                 Article b-4. Provide training for the
                                                                                                                 administration of post-conflict reconstruction
                                                                                                                 and demobilization in war-torn societies.

                                                                                                                 Article b-5. Provide for the exchanges
                                                                                                                 between individuals of the United States and
                                                                                                                 other nations who are endeavoring to develop
                                                                                                                 domestic and international peace-based
                                                                                                                 initiatives.
3n. Assistant       Criminal Division (Dept of Justice)                                                          Section 106:
    Secretary of
    International   Development assistance to foreign law enforcement institutions (police and                   Article b-2. Sponsor country and regional
    Peace           corrections), including the creation/reform of new/existing police forces in international   conflict prevention and dispute resolution
    Activities.     peacekeeping operations and nations in post-conflict; the enhancement of capabilities of     initiatives in countries experiencing social,
                    existing police forces in emerging democracies; and assistance to nations that are on the    political, or economic strife
                    front lines of the war on terrorism. The technical assistance and training provided
                    strengthens U.S. national security by creating sustainable foreign law enforcement           Article b-3. Advocate the creation of a
                    institutions that promote democratic principles, instill respect for human rights and        multinational nonviolent peace force;
                    human dignity, and reduce the threat of transnational crime and terrorism.
                                                                                                                 Article b-4. Provide training for the
                                                                                                                 administration of post-conflict reconstruction
                                                                                                                 and demobilization in war-torn societies; and

                                                                                                                 Article b-5. Provide for the exchanges
                                                                                                                 between individuals of the United States and
                                                                                                                 other nations who are endeavoring to develop
                                                                                                                 domestic and international peace-based
                                                                                                                 initiatives.




                                                                                                                                                                 30
3o. Assistant       U.S. Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI) –                            Section 106:
    Secretary of    (Dept of Defense)
    International                                                                                                  Article b-2. Sponsor country and regional
    Peace           The PKSOI was established in 2003 as an integral component of the Center for                   conflict prevention and dispute resolution
    Activities      Strategic Leadership at the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, PA. The Institute’s             initiatives in countries experiencing social,
                    charter and structure are designed to meet the future needs of the U.S. Army and the           political, or economic strife
                    U.S. military across a broad range of peacekeeping and stability operations. In addition,
                    PKSOI provides continuity with the body of knowledge developed from 1993 – 2003           Article b-3. Advocate the creation of a
                    by the U.S. Army Peacekeeping Institute (PKI).                                            multinational nonviolent peace force;

                                                                                                                   Article b-4. Provide training for the
                                                                                                                   administration of post-conflict reconstruction
                                                                                                                   and demobilization in war-torn societies; and

                                                                                                                   Article b-5. Provide for the exchanges
                                                                                                                   between individuals of the United States and
                                                                                                                   other nations who are endeavoring to develop
                                                                                                                   domestic and international peace-based
                                                                                                                   initiatives.
4a. Assistant       The Office of the Science and Technology Adviser's (Dept of State) mission derives             Section 107,
    Secretary of    from the widely recognized fact that science and technology are ubiquitous to the
    Technology      functioning of the modern world and the framing and execution of domestic policies             Article (b) Grants- The Assistant Secretary of
    for Peace       and international relations. Science and technology -- the engines of modern industrial        Technology for Peace shall provide grants for
                    economies -- are seminal to international cooperation and are the "bricks and mortar" of       the research and development of technologies
                    the three pillars of national security -- intelligence, diplomacy and military readiness.      in transportation, communications, and energy
                                                                                                                   that--

                                                                                                                   (1) are nonviolent in their application; and

                                                                                                                   (2) encourage the conservation and
                                                                                                                   sustainability of natural resources in order to
                                                                                                                   prevent future conflicts regarding scarce
                                                                                                                   resources.
4b. Assistant       Office of International Women's Issues (Dept of State)                                         Section 107.
    Secretary of
    Technology      Celebrates International Women’s Day by presenting annual International Women of Courage       Article a. The Assistant Secretary of
    for Peace       Awards to eight women around the globe who have shown exceptional courage and leadership       Technology for Peace shall carry out those
                    in advocating for women’s rights and advancement. This is the only Department of State award   functions in the Department affecting the
                    paying tribute to emerging women leaders worldwide and offering a unique opportunity for       awareness, study, and impact of developing
                    transformational diplomacy in the field of international women’s issues.
                                                                                                                   new technologies on the creation and
                                                                                                                                                                     31
                                                                                                              maintenance of domestic and international
                   The honorees have transformed their societies and serve as an inspiration to the           peace.
                   international community. They are exceptional women of courage nominated by U.S.
                   Embassies worldwide for their diverse contributions to freedom, justice, peace, and        Article b-2: Encourage the conservation and
                   equality.                                                                                  sustainability of natural resources in order to
                                                                                                              prevent future conflicts regarding scarce
                                                                                                              resources.
4c. Assistant      Office of Science (Dept of Energy)                                                         Section 107.
    Secretary of
    Technology     The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical    Article a. The Assistant Secretary of
    for Peace      sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this    Technology for Peace shall carry out those
                   vital area of national importance.                                                         functions in the Department affecting the
                                                                                                              awareness, study, and impact of developing
                                                                                                              new technologies on the creation and
                                                                                                              maintenance of domestic and international
                                                                                                              peace.

                                                                                                              Article b. Grants- The Assistant Secretary of
                                                                                                              Technology for Peace shall provide grants for
                                                                                                              the research and development of technologies
                                                                                                              in transportation, communications, and energy
                                                                                                              that--

                                                                                                              (1) are nonviolent in their application; and

                                                                                                              (2) encourage the conservation and
                                                                                                              sustainability of natural resources in order to
                                                                                                              prevent future conflicts regarding scarce
                                                                                                              resources.
4d. Assistant      Office of Technology Evaluation (OTE)- Dept of Commerce                                    Section 107.
    Secretary of
    Technology     This office is the focal point within BIS for analyzing the impact of export controls on   Article a. The Assistant Secretary of
    for Peace      U.S. competitiveness and the capabilities of the U.S. industrial base to support the       Technology for Peace shall carry out those
                   national defense. OTE works to maintain and enhance national and economic security         functions in the Department affecting the
                   by:                                                                                        awareness, study, and impact of developing
                            conducting primary research and analysis on critical technologies and            new technologies on the creation and
                               defense-related industrial sectors;                                            maintenance of domestic and international
                            gauging the effectiveness of the dual-use export control system on U.S.          peace.
                               economic interests;
                            investigating the effects of imports on national security;                       Article b. Grants- The Assistant Secretary of
                                                                                                                                                          32
                               analyzing foreign availability of critical products and technologies;       Technology for Peace shall provide grants for
                               determining if measures are needed to protect the U.S. economy from         the research and development of technologies
                                supply shortages; and                                                       in transportation, communications, and energy
                               administering Technical Advisory Committees.                                that--

                                                                                                            (1) are nonviolent in their application; and

                                                                                                            (2) encourage the conservation and
                                                                                                            sustainability of natural resources in order to
                                                                                                            prevent future conflicts regarding scarce
                                                                                                            resources.
4e. Assistant       Technology Innovation Program (Dept of Commerce)                                        Section 107.
    Secretary of
    Technology      The Technology Innovation Program (TIP) was established for the purpose of assisting    Article a. The Assistant Secretary of
    for Peace       U.S. businesses and institutions of higher education or other organizations, such as    Technology for Peace shall carry out those
                    national laboratories and nonprofit research institutes, to support, promote, and       functions in the Department affecting the
                    accelerate innovation in the United States through high-risk, high-reward research in   awareness, study, and impact of developing
                    areas of critical national need.                                                        new technologies on the creation and
                                                                                                            maintenance of domestic and international
                    TIP is aimed at speeding the development of high-risk, transformative research targeted peace.
                    to address key societal challenges. Funding could be provided to industry (small and
                    medium-sized businesses), universities, and consortia for research on potentially       Article b. Grants- The Assistant Secretary of
                    revolutionary technologies for meeting critical national needs that present high        Technology for Peace shall provide grants for
                    technical risks—with commensurate high rewards if successful. The primary               the research and development of technologies
                    mechanism for this support would be cost-shared research grants, cooperative            in transportation, communications, and energy
                    agreements, or contracts awarded on the basis of merit competitions.                    that--

                                                                                                            (1) are nonviolent in their application; and

                                                                                                            (2) encourage the conservation and
                                                                                                            sustainability of natural resources in order to
                                                                                                            prevent future conflicts regarding scarce
                                                                                                            resources.
5a. Assistant    Dept of Energy:                                                                            Section 108.
    Secretary of
    Arms Control Office of Science                                                                          Article b-1. Advise the Secretary on all
    and                                                                                                     interagency discussions and all international
    Disarmament The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical     negotiations regarding the reduction and
                 sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this    elimination of weapons of mass destruction
                 vital area of national importance.                                                         throughout the world, including the dismantling
                                                                                                                                                          33
                                                                                                            of such weapons and the safe and secure
                   Office of Environmental Management                                                       storage of materials related thereto;

                   The Office of Environmental Management (EM) works to mitigate the risks and              Article b-2. Assist nations, international
                   hazards posed by the legacy of nuclear weapons production and research.                  agencies and nongovernmental organizations in
                                                                                                            assessing the locations of the buildup of
                                                                                                            nuclear arms;

                                                                                                            Article b-3. Develop nonviolent strategies to
                                                                                                            deter the testing or use of offensive or
                                                                                                            defensive nuclear weapons, whether based on
                                                                                                            land, air, sea, or in outer space;

                                                                                                            Article b-5. Provide technical support and
                                                                                                            legal assistance for the implementation of such
                                                                                                            agreements.
5b. Assistant      The Bureau of Intelligence and Research (Dept of State), drawing on all-source           Section 108,
    Secretary of   intelligence, provides value-added independent analysis of events to Department
    Arms Control   policymakers, ensures that intelligence activities support foreign policy and national   Article b-1. Advise the Secretary on all
    and            security purposes; and serves as the focal point in the Department for ensuring policy   interagency discussions and all international
    Disarmament    review of sensitive counterintelligence and law enforcement activities. INR’s primary    negotiations regarding the reduction and
                   mission is to harness intelligence to serve U.S. diplomacy. The bureau also analyzes     elimination of weapons of mass destruction
                   geographical and international boundary issues. INR is a member of the U.S.              throughout the world, including the dismantling
                   intelligence community.                                                                  of such weapons and the safe and secure
                                                                                                            storage of materials related thereto;

                                                                                                            Article b-2. Assist nations, international
                                                                                                            agencies and nongovernmental organizations in
                                                                                                            assessing the locations of the buildup of
                                                                                                            nuclear arms;

                                                                                                            Article b-3. Develop nonviolent strategies to
                                                                                                            deter the testing or use of offensive or
                                                                                                            defensive nuclear weapons, whether based on
                                                                                                            land, air, sea, or in outer space;

                                                                                                            Article b-5. Provide technical support and
                                                                                                            legal assistance for the implementation of such
                                                                                                            agreements.

                                                                                                                                                         34
5c. Assistant    Dept of Homeland Security:                                                                      Section 108,
    Secretary of
    Arms Control Weapons of Mass Destruction and Biodefense Office                                               Article b-1. Advise the Secretary on all
    and                                                                                                          interagency discussions and all international
    Disarmament      oversees all bio-monitoring activities of executive branch Departments                     negotiations regarding the reduction and
                     provides a bio-aerosol environmental monitoring system for early detection of              elimination of weapons of mass destruction
                        biological events                                                                        throughout the world, including the dismantling
                     leads veterinary and agro-defense activities, including animal and zoonotic                of such weapons and the safe and secure
                        diseases as well as livestock, food, and water security issues                           storage of materials related thereto;
                     works with the Department's Science & Technology Directorate to manage the
                        equities in Project BioShield.                                                           Article b-2. Assist nations, international
                                                                                                                 agencies and nongovernmental organizations in
                   International Affairs and Global Health Security                                              assessing the locations of the buildup of
                                                                                                                 nuclear arms;
                         serves as the subject matter expert on all aspects of global health ecurity, natural
                          and intentional global health security threats, international medical readiness,       Article b-3. Develop nonviolent strategies to
                          and all-hazards emergency public health planning                                       deter the testing or use of offensive or
                         coordinates Departmental collaboration and sharing of global lessons-learned           defensive nuclear weapons, whether based on
                          with key multinational, multilateral, bilateral, academic, and private sector          land, air, sea, or in outer space;
                          global health security-related partners in the areas of biodefense and health
                          preparedness                                                                           Article b-5. Provide technical support and
                                                                                                                 legal assistance for the implementation of such
                   The Office of Intelligence and Analysis is responsible for using information and              agreements.
                   intelligence from multiple sources to identify and assess current and future threats to the
                   United States.

                   Systems Architecture Directorate—Determines gaps and vulnerabilities in the
                   existing global nuclear detection architecture, then formulates recommendations and
                   plans to develop an enhanced architecture.
5d. Assistant      Office of National Security and Technology Transfer Controls (Dept of                         Section 108,
    Secretary of   Commerce)
    Arms Control                                                                                                 Article b-1. Advise the Secretary on all
    and            This office is responsible for issues related to national security export and reexport        interagency discussions and all international
    Disarmament    controls. It implements multilateral export controls for national security reasons to         negotiations regarding the reduction and
                   comply with the Wassenaar Arrangement to control the spread of dual-use goods and             elimination of weapons of mass destruction
                   related technologies. It is also responsible for U.S. export control policy for high          throughout the world, including the dismantling
                   performance computers, encryption and administers the export licensing responsibilities       of such weapons and the safe and secure
                   for foreign nationals under the "deemed export" technology rule. It also administers the      storage of materials related thereto;
                   "short supply" provisions of the Export Administration Regulations. This office is
                   responsible for policy actions, export licenses, commodity classifications, license           Article b-2. Assist nations, international
                                                                                                                                                              35
                   determinations, and advisory opinions for affected commodities and is the focal point       agencies and nongovernmental organizations in
                   for commodity jurisdiction assessments.                                                     assessing the locations of the buildup of
                                                                                                               nuclear arms;

                                                                                                               Article b-3. Develop nonviolent strategies to
                                                                                                               deter the testing or use of offensive or
                                                                                                               defensive nuclear weapons, whether based on
                                                                                                               land, air, sea, or in outer space;

                                                                                                               Article b-5. Provide technical support and
                                                                                                               legal assistance for the implementation of such
                                                                                                               agreements.
5e. Assistant      Office of Export Enforcement (OEE) – Dept of Commerce                                       Section 108,
    Secretary of
    Arms Control   OEE's mission is to keep the most sensitive goods out of the most dangerous hands.          Article b-1. Advise the Secretary on all
    and            OEE pursues this mission by enforcing U.S. export control and related public safety         interagency discussions and all international
    Disarmament    laws, with a focus on violations posing the most significant threats to U.S. national and   negotiations regarding the reduction and
                   homeland security, foreign policy objectives and economic interests such as the             elimination of weapons of mass destruction
                   proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and their delivery systems, international      throughout the world, including the dismantling
                   terrorism and State sponsorship of terror, and unauthorized dual-use exports for military   of such weapons and the safe and secure
                   purposes.                                                                                   storage of materials related thereto;

                   OEE investigates violations of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, the         Article b-2. Assist nations, international
                   Export Administration Regulations, the Fastener Quality Act, and other export control       agencies and nongovernmental organizations in
                   and public safety statutes; apprehends violators; and works with U.S. Attorneys, BIS's      assessing the locations of the buildup of
                   Office of Chief Counsel and other officials in criminal prosecutions and administrative     nuclear arms;
                   cases based on OEE investigations. OEE Special Agents are criminal investigators who
                   are empowered to make arrests, carry firearms, take testimony, execute search warrants,     Article b-3. Develop nonviolent strategies to
                   develop evidence and seize goods about to be exported illegally.                            deter the testing or use of offensive or
                                                                                                               defensive nuclear weapons, whether based on
                                                                                                               land, air, sea, or in outer space;

                                                                                                               Article b-5. Provide technical support and
                                                                                                               legal assistance for the implementation of such
                                                                                                               agreements.




                                                                                                                                                            36
5f. Assistant      Office of Enforcement Analysis (OEA) – Dept of Commerce                                     Section 108,
    Secretary of
    Arms Control   OEA monitors and evaluates export transactions to ensure compliance with the Export         Article b-1. Advise the Secretary on all
    and            Administration Regulations, the Chemical Weapons Convention, and related laws and           interagency discussions and all international
    Disarmament    regulations to ultimately facilitate trade and promote commerce abroad while still          negotiations regarding the reduction and
                   protecting our nation's security from unauthorized use of our nation's most sensitive       elimination of weapons of mass destruction
                   goods and technology.                                                                       throughout the world, including the dismantling
                                                                                                               of such weapons and the safe and secure
                   OEA accomplishes this mission by providing support to enforcement activities, and           storage of materials related thereto;
                   supplying the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) program offices with information
                   on export license applications. Specifically, OEA assists the OEE field offices and BIS's   Article b-2. Assist nations, international
                   export licensing offices by researching, analyzing, and disseminating export control        agencies and nongovernmental organizations in
                   information on end-users and end-uses used to detect and prevent the illegal transfer of    assessing the locations of the buildup of
                   controlled U.S.-origin goods and technology. The office also makes licensing                nuclear arms;
                   recommendations to BIS licensing officers based on intelligence information and input
                   received from Special Agents in the field.                                                  Article b-3. Develop nonviolent strategies to
                                                                                                               deter the testing or use of offensive or
                                                                                                               defensive nuclear weapons, whether based on
                                                                                                               land, air, sea, or in outer space;

                                                                                                               Article b-5. Provide technical support and
                                                                                                               legal assistance for the implementation of such
                                                                                                               agreements.
6a. Assistant      The Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs                 Section 109.
    Secretary of   (Dept of State) coordinates an extensive portfolio of issues related to science, the
    Peaceful       environment, and the world's oceans.                                                        Article a. The Assistant Secretary for Peaceful
    Coexistence                                                                                                Coexistence and Nonviolent Conflict
    and                                                                                                        Resolution shall carry out those functions in the
    Nonviolent                                                                                                 Department affecting research and analysis
    Conflict                                                                                                   relating to creating, initiating, and modeling
    Resolution.                                                                                                approaches to peaceful coexistence and
                                                                                                               nonviolent conflict resolution.

                                                                                                               Article b-1. Study the impact of war,
                                                                                                               especially on the physical and mental condition
                                                                                                               of children (using the ten-point agenda in the
                                                                                                               United Nations Children’s Fund report, State of
                                                                                                               the World's Children 1996, as a guide), which
                                                                                                               shall include the study of the effect of war on
                                                                                                               the environment and public health.
                                                                                                                                                             37
6b. Assistant         Office of International Women's Issues (Dept of State)                                  Section 109,
    Secretary of
    Peaceful          Celebrates International Women’s Day by presenting annual International Women of        Article a. The Assistant Secretary for Peaceful
    Coexistence and
    Nonviolent
                      Courage Awards to eight women around the globe who have shown exceptional               Coexistence and Nonviolent Conflict
    Conflict          courage and leadership in advocating for women’s rights and advancement. This is the    Resolution shall carry out those functions in the
    Resolution.       only Department of State award paying tribute to emerging women leaders worldwide       Department affecting research and analysis
                      and offering a unique opportunity for transformational diplomacy in the field of        relating to creating, initiating, and modeling
                      international women’s issues. The honorees have transformed their societies and serve   approaches to peaceful coexistence and
                      as an inspiration to the international community. They are exceptional women of         nonviolent conflict resolution.
                      courage nominated by U.S. Embassies worldwide for their diverse contributions to
                      freedom, justice, peace, and equality.                                                  Article b-1. Study the impact of war,
                                                                                                              especially on the physical and mental condition
                                                                                                              of children (using the ten-point agenda in the
                                                                                                              United Nations Childrens Fund report, State of
                                                                                                              the World's Children 1996, as a guide), which
                                                                                                              shall include the study of the effect of war on
                                                                                                              the environment and public health;

                                                                                                              Article b-2. Publish a monthly journal of the
                                                                                                              activities of the Department and encourage
                                                                                                              scholarly participation;

                                                                                                              Article b-3. Gather information on effective
                                                                                                              community peacebuilding activities and
                                                                                                              disseminate such information to local
                                                                                                              governments and nongovernmental
                                                                                                              organizations in the United States and abroad;

                                                                                                              Article b-4. Research the effect of violence in
                                                                                                              the media and make such reports available to
                                                                                                              the Congress annually; and

                                                                                                              Article b-5. Sponsor conferences throughout
                                                                                                              the United States to create awareness of the
                                                                                                              work of the Department.




                                                                                                                                                            38
6c. Assistant      The Administration for Children and Families (ACF), within the Department of   Section 109,
    Secretary of   Health and Human Services (HHS) - See description in Item #1 above.
    Peaceful                                                                                      Article a. The Assistant Secretary for Peaceful
    Coexistence                                                                                   Coexistence and Nonviolent Conflict
    and                                                                                           Resolution shall carry out those functions in the
    Nonviolent                                                                                    Department affecting research and analysis
    Conflict                                                                                      relating to creating, initiating, and modeling
    Resolution.                                                                                   approaches to peaceful coexistence and
                                                                                                  nonviolent conflict resolution.

                                                                                                  Article b-1. Study the impact of war,
                                                                                                  especially on the physical and mental condition
                                                                                                  of children (using the ten-point agenda in the
                                                                                                  United Nations Childrens Fund report, State of
                                                                                                  the World's Children 1996, as a guide), which
                                                                                                  shall include the study of the effect of war on
                                                                                                  the environment and public health;

                                                                                                  Article b-2. Publish a monthly journal of the
                                                                                                  activities of the Department and encourage
                                                                                                  scholarly participation;

                                                                                                  Article b-3. Gather information on effective
                                                                                                  community peacebuilding activities and
                                                                                                  disseminate such information to local
                                                                                                  governments and nongovernmental
                                                                                                  organizations in the United States and abroad;

                                                                                                  Article b-4. Research the effect of violence in
                                                                                                  the media and make such reports available to
                                                                                                  the Congress annually; and

                                                                                                  Article b-5. Sponsor conferences throughout
                                                                                                  the United States to create awareness of the
                                                                                                  work of the Department.




                                                                                                                                                39
6d. Assistant      Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (Department of Health and Human   Section 109,
    Secretary of   Services). See description in Item #1c above.
    Peaceful                                                                                  Article a. The Assistant Secretary for Peaceful
    Coexistence                                                                               Coexistence and Nonviolent Conflict
    and                                                                                       Resolution shall carry out those functions in the
    Nonviolent                                                                                Department affecting research and analysis
    Conflict                                                                                  relating to creating, initiating, and modeling
    Resolution.                                                                               approaches to peaceful coexistence and
                                                                                              nonviolent conflict resolution.

                                                                                              Article b-1. Study the impact of war,
                                                                                              especially on the physical and mental condition
                                                                                              of children (using the ten-point agenda in the
                                                                                              United Nations Children’s Fund report, State of
                                                                                              the World's Children 1996, as a guide), which
                                                                                              shall include the study of the effect of war on
                                                                                              the environment and public health;

                                                                                              Article b-2. Publish a monthly journal of the
                                                                                              activities of the Department and encourage
                                                                                              scholarly participation;
                                                                                              Article b-3. Gather information on effective
                                                                                              community peace-building activities and
                                                                                              disseminate such information to local
                                                                                              governments and nongovernmental
                                                                                              organizations in the United States and abroad;

                                                                                              Article b-4. Research the effect of violence in
                                                                                              the media and make such reports available to
                                                                                              the Congress annually; and

                                                                                              Article b-5. Sponsor conferences throughout
                                                                                              the United States to create awareness of the
                                                                                              work of the Department.




                                                                                                                                            40
6e. Assistant      National Institutes of Health (Department of Health and Human Services).   Section 109,
    Secretary of   See description in Item #1d above.
    Peaceful                                                                                  Article a. The Assistant Secretary for Peaceful
    Coexistence                                                                               Coexistence and Nonviolent Conflict
    and                                                                                       Resolution shall carry out those functions in the
    Nonviolent                                                                                Department affecting research and analysis
    Conflict                                                                                  relating to creating, initiating, and modeling
    Resolution.                                                                               approaches to peaceful coexistence and
                                                                                              nonviolent conflict resolution.

                                                                                              Article b-1. Study the impact of war,
                                                                                              especially on the physical and mental condition
                                                                                              of children (using the ten-point agenda in the
                                                                                              United Nations Children’s Fund report, State of
                                                                                              the World's Children 1996, as a guide), which
                                                                                              shall include the study of the effect of war on
                                                                                              the environment and public health;

                                                                                              Article b-2. Publish a monthly journal of the
                                                                                              activities of the Department and encourage
                                                                                              scholarly participation;

                                                                                              Article b-3. Gather information on effective
                                                                                              community peace-building activities and
                                                                                              disseminate such information to local
                                                                                              governments and nongovernmental
                                                                                              organizations in the United States and abroad;

                                                                                              Article b-4. Research the effect of violence in
                                                                                              the media and make such reports available to
                                                                                              the Congress annually; and

                                                                                              Article b-5. Sponsor conferences throughout
                                                                                              the United States to create awareness of the
                                                                                              work of the Department.




                                                                                                                                            41
6f. Assistant      Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration                                Section 109,
    Secretary of   (Department of Health and Human Services). See description in Item #1d above.
    Peaceful                                                                                                Article a. The Assistant Secretary for Peaceful
    Coexistence                                                                                             Coexistence and Nonviolent Conflict
    and                                                                                                     Resolution shall carry out those functions in the
    Nonviolent                                                                                              Department affecting research and analysis
    Conflict                                                                                                relating to creating, initiating, and modeling
    Resolution.                                                                                             approaches to peaceful coexistence and
                                                                                                            nonviolent conflict resolution.

                                                                                                            Article b-2. Publish a monthly journal of the
                                                                                                            activities of the Department and encourage
                                                                                                            scholarly participation;

                                                                                                            Article b-3. Gather information on effective
                                                                                                            community peace-building activities and
                                                                                                            disseminate such information to local
                                                                                                            governments and nongovernmental
                                                                                                            organizations in the United States and abroad;

                                                                                                            Article b-5. Sponsor conferences throughout
                                                                                                            the United States to create awareness of the
                                                                                                            work of the Department.
7a. Assistant      The Director of U.S. Foreign Assistance (Dept of State) is charged with directing the Section 110, Article b-6. Develop strategies
    Secretary of   transformation of the U.S. Government approach to foreign assistance. The Director       regarding the sustainability and the
    Human Rights   serves concurrently as USAID Administrator ensuring that foreign assistance is used as management of the distribution of funds from
    and Economic   effectively as possible to meet broad foreign policy objectives.                         international agencies, the conditions regarding
    Rights.                                                                                                 the receipt of such funds, and the impact of
                                                                                                            those conditions on the peace and stability of
                                                                                                            the recipient nations.
7b. Assistant      The Under Secretary for Economic, Energy and Agricultural Affairs (Dept of               Section 110, Article b-5. Conduct economic
    Secretary of   State) serves as the senior economic official at the State Department. They advise on analyses of the scarcity of human and natural
    Human Rights   international economic policy; bilateral relations with America's economic partners, and resources as a source of conflict and make
    and Economic   is the State Department's Coordinator for International Energy Affairs.                  recommendations to the Secretary for
    Rights.                                                                                                 nonviolent prevention of such scarcity,
                                                                                                            nonviolent intervention in case of such scarcity,
                                                                                                            and the development of programs of assistance
                                                                                                            for people experiencing such scarcity, whether
                                                                                                            due to armed conflict, maldistribution of
                                                                                                            resources, or natural causes;
                                                                                                                                                           42
7c. Assistant      Dept of State:                                                                           Section 110,
    Secretary of
    Human Rights   The Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs coordinates U.S. foreign            Article b-1. Further the incorporation of
    and Economic   relations on a variety of global issues, including democracy, human rights, and labor;   principles of human rights, as enunciated in the
    Rights.        environment, oceans, health and science; population, refugees, and migration; women's    United Nations General Assembly Resolution
                   issues; and trafficking in persons and avian and pandemic influenza.                     217A (III) of December 10, 1948, into all
                                                                                                            agreements between the United States and
                   The Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs              other nations to help reduce the causes of
                   (OES), coordinates an extensive portfolio of issues related to science, the environment, violence;
                   and the world's oceans. More about OES.
                                                                                                            Article b-2. Gather information on and
                                                                                                            document human rights abuses, both
                                                                                                            domestically and internationally, and
                                                                                                            recommend to the Secretary nonviolent
                                                                                                            responses to correct abuses;

                                                                                                            Article b-4. Provide trained observers to work
                                                                                                            with nongovernmental organizations for
                                                                                                            purposes of creating a climate that is conducive
                                                                                                            to the respect for human rights;

                                                                                                            Article b-7. Develop strategies to promote full
                                                                                                            compliance with domestic and international
                                                                                                            labor rights law.
7d. Assistant      Office of International Women's Issues (Dept of State)                                   Section 110,
    Secretary of
    Human Rights   Celebrates International Women’s Day by presenting annual International Women of         Article b-1. Further the incorporation of
    and Economic   Courage Awards to eight women around the globe who have shown exceptional                principles of human rights, as enunciated in the
    Rights.        courage and leadership in advocating for women’s rights and advancement. This is the     United Nations General Assembly Resolution
                   only Department of State award paying tribute to emerging women leaders worldwide        217A (III) of December 10, 1948, into all
                   and offering a unique opportunity for transformational diplomacy in the field of         agreements between the United States and
                   international women’s issues. The honorees have transformed their societies and serve    other nations to help reduce the causes of
                   as an inspiration to the international community. They are exceptional women of          violence;
                   courage nominated by U.S. Embassies worldwide for their diverse contributions to
                   freedom, justice, peace, and equality.                                                   Article b-2. Gather information on and
                                                                                                            document human rights abuses, both
                                                                                                            domestically and internationally, and
                                                                                                            recommend to the Secretary nonviolent
                                                                                                            responses to correct abuses;

                                                                                                                                                         43
                                                                                                Article b-3. Make such findings obtained from
                                                                                                above available to other agencies in order to
                                                                                                facilitate nonviolent conflict resolution;

                                                                                                Article b-4. Provide trained observers to work
                                                                                                with nongovernmental organizations for
                                                                                                purposes of creating a climate that is conducive
                                                                                                to the respect for human rights;

                                                                                                Article b-5. Conduct economic analyses of the
                                                                                                scarcity of human and natural resources as a
                                                                                                source of conflict and make recommendations
                                                                                                to the Secretary for nonviolent prevention of
                                                                                                such scarcity, nonviolent intervention in case of
                                                                                                such scarcity, and the development of programs
                                                                                                of assistance for people experiencing such
                                                                                                scarcity, whether due to armed conflict,
                                                                                                maldistribution of resources, or natural causes;

                                                                                                Article b-6. Assist the Secretary, in
                                                                                                cooperation with the Secretary of State and the
                                                                                                Secretary of the Treasury, in developing
                                                                                                strategies regarding the sustainability and the
                                                                                                management of the distribution of funds from
                                                                                                international agencies, the conditions regarding
                                                                                                the receipt of such funds, and the impact of
                                                                                                those conditions on the peace and stability of
                                                                                                the recipient nations;
                                                                                                Article b-7. Develop strategies to promote full
                                                                                                compliance with domestic and international
                                                                                                labor rights law.
7e. Assistant    The Administration for Children and Families (ACF), within the Department of   Section 110.
    Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS). See description in Item #1a above.
    Human Rights                                                                                Article b-2. Gather information on and document
    and Economic                                                                                human rights abuses, both domestically and
    Rights.                                                                                     internationally, and recommend to the Secretary
                                                                                                nonviolent responses to correct abuses;

                                                                                                Article b-3. Make such findings obtained from
                                                                                                above available to other agencies in order to
                                                                                                facilitate nonviolent conflict resolution;
                                                                                                                                                44
7f. Assistant    The Administration on Aging (AoA), an agency in the U.S. Department of Health   Section 110.
    Secretary of and Human Services. See description in Item #1b above.
    Human Rights                                                                                 Article b-2. Gather information on and
    and Economic                                                                                 document human rights abuses, both
    Rights.                                                                                      domestically and internationally, and
                                                                                                 recommend to the Secretary nonviolent
                                                                                                 responses to correct abuses;

                                                                                                 Article b-3. Make such findings obtained from
                                                                                                 above available to other agencies in order to
                                                                                                 facilitate nonviolent conflict resolution;
7g. Assistant    Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (Department of Health and Human        Section 110,
    Secretary of Services). See description in Item #1c above.
    Human Rights                                                                                 Article b-1. Further the incorporation of principles
    and Economic                                                                                 of human rights, as enunciated in the United
    Rights.                                                                                      Nations General Assembly Resolution 217A (III) of
                                                                                                 December 10, 1948, into all agreements between
                                                                                                 the United States and other nations to help reduce
                                                                                                 the causes of violence;

                                                                                                 Article b-2. Gather information on and
                                                                                                 document human rights abuses, both
                                                                                                 domestically and internationally, and
                                                                                                 recommend to the Secretary nonviolent
                                                                                                 responses to correct abuses;

                                                                                                 Article b-3. Make such findings obtained from
                                                                                                 above available to other agencies in order to
                                                                                                 facilitate nonviolent conflict resolution;

                                                                                                 Article b-4. Provide trained observers to work
                                                                                                 with nongovernmental organizations for
                                                                                                 purposes of creating a climate that is conducive
                                                                                                 to the respect for human rights;

                                                                                                 Article b-5. Conduct economic analyses of the
                                                                                                 scarcity of human and natural resources as a
                                                                                                 source of conflict and make recommendations
                                                                                                 to the Secretary for nonviolent prevention of
                                                                                                 such scarcity, nonviolent intervention in case of

                                                                                                                                                  45
                                                                                                                      such scarcity, and the development of programs
                                                                                                                      of assistance for people experiencing such
                                                                                                                      scarcity, whether due to armed conflict,
                                                                                                                      maldistribution of resources, or natural causes;
7h. Assistant      Department of Agriculture                                                                          Section 110.
    Secretary of
    Human Rights   Ensures a safe, affordable, nutritious, and accessible food supply; cares for agriculture, Article b-5. Conduct economic analyses of the
    and Economic   forest, and range lands; supports the development of rural communities; and provides       scarcity of human and natural resources as a
    Rights.        economic development for farmers and rural residents.                                      source of conflict and make recommendations
                                                                                                              to the Secretary for nonviolent prevention of
                   Below are some of the Dept of Agriculture agencies that the Office of Human Rights         such scarcity, nonviolent intervention in case of
                   and Economic Rights can work with to achieve it’s goals.                                   such scarcity, and the development of programs
                                                                                                              of assistance for people experiencing such
                   Agricultural Research Service (ARS)                                                        scarcity, whether due to armed conflict,
                                                                                                              maldistribution of resources, or natural causes;
                   ARS is USDA's principal in-house research agency. ARS leads America towards a
                   better future through agricultural research and information.                               Article b-6. Assist the Secretary, in
                                                                                                              cooperation with the Secretary of State and the
                   Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)                                         Secretary of the Treasury, in developing
                                                                                                              strategies regarding the sustainability and the
                   APHIS provides leadership in ensuring the health and care of animals and plants. The management of the distribution of funds from
                   agency improves agricultural productivity and competitiveness and contributes to the       international agencies, the conditions regarding
                   national economy and the public health.                                                    the receipt of such funds, and the impact of
                                                                                                              those conditions on the peace and stability of
                   Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service (CSREES)                       the recipient nations;

                   In partnership with land-grant universities, and other public and private organizations, CREES
                   provides the focus to advance a global system of extramural research, extension, and higher
                   education in the food and agricultural sciences.

                   Economic Research Service (ERS)

                   ERS is USDA's principal social science research agency. Each year, ERS communicates
                   research results and socioeconomic indicators via briefings, analyses for policymakers and their
                   staffs, market analysis updates, and major reports.

                   Farm Service Agency (FSA)

                   The Farm Service Agency implements agricultural policy, administers credit and loan
                   programs, and manages conservation, commodity, disaster and farm marketing programs
                   through a national network of offices.
                                                                                                                                                                   46
Food and Nutrition Service (FNS)

FNS increases food security and reduces hunger in partnership with cooperating
organizations by providing children and low-income people access to food, a healthy
diet, and nutrition education in a manner that supports American agriculture and
inspires public confidence.

Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)

FSIS enhances public health and well-being by protecting the public from foodborne
illness and ensuring that the nation's meat, poultry and egg products are safe,
wholesome, and correctly packaged.

Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS)

FAS works to improve foreign market access for U.S. products. This USDA agency
operates programs designed to build new markets and improve the competitive position
of U.S. agriculture in the global marketplace.

Forest Service (FS)

FS sustains the health, diversity and productivity of the Nation's forests and grasslands
to meet the needs of present and future generations.

National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS)

NASS serves the basic agricultural and rural data needs of the country by providing
objective, important and accurate statistical information and services to farmers,
ranchers, agribusinesses and public officials. This data is vital to monitoring the ever-
changing agricultural sector and carrying out farm policy.

Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)

NRCS provides leadership in a partnership effort to help people conserve, maintain and
improve our natural resources and environment.




                                                                                            47
7i. Assistant    National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS) –                    Section 110.
    Secretary of (Dept of Commerce)
    Human Rights                                                                                               Article b-5. Conduct economic analyses of the
    and Economic                                                                                               scarcity of human and natural resources as a
                 The NESDIS is dedicated to providing timely access to global environmental data from
    Rights.                                                                                                    source of conflict and make recommendations
                 satellites and other sources to promote, protect, and enhance the Nation’s economy,           to the Secretary for nonviolent prevention of
                 security, environment, and quality of life.                                                   such scarcity, nonviolent intervention in case of
                                                                                                               such scarcity, and the development of programs
                   To fulfill its responsibilities, NESDIS acquires and manages the Nation’s operational       of assistance for people experiencing such
                   environmental satellites, provides data and information services, and conducts related      scarcity, whether due to armed conflict,
                   research.                                                                                   maldistribution of resources, or natural causes;

                                                                                                               Article b-6. Assist the Secretary, in
                                                                                                               cooperation with the Secretary of State and the
                                                                                                               Secretary of the Treasury, in developing
                                                                                                               strategies regarding the sustainability and the
                                                                                                               management of the distribution of funds from
                                                                                                               international agencies, the conditions regarding
                                                                                                               the receipt of such funds, and the impact of
                                                                                                               those conditions on the peace and stability of
                                                                                                               the recipient nations;
7j. Assistant      Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) – Dept of Labor                                Section 110, Article b-7. Assist the Secretary,
    Secretary of                                                                                               in cooperation with the Secretary of State and
    Human Rights   The Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) carries out the international              the Secretary of Labor, in developing strategies
    and Economic   responsibilities of the Department of Labor under the direction of the Deputy Under         to promote full compliance with domestic and
    Rights.        Secretary for International Labor Affairs. ILAB conducts research on and formulates         international labor rights law.
                   international economic, trade, immigration, and labor policies in collaboration with
                   other U.S. Government agencies and provides international technical assistance in
                   support of U.S. foreign labor policy objectives. ILAB is working together with other
                   U.S. Government agencies to create a more stable, secure, and prosperous international
                   economic system in which all workers can achieve greater economic security, share in
                   the benefits of increased international trade, and have safer and healthier workplaces
                   where the basic rights of workers and children are respected and protected.
7k. Assistant      Office of International Relations (OIR) - Dept of Labor                                     Section 110, Article b-7. Assist the Secretary,
    Secretary of                                                                                               in cooperation with the Secretary of State and
    Human Rights   The Office of International Relations (1) represents or facilitates representation of the   the Secretary of Labor, in developing strategies
    and Economic   U.S. Government in the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the labor                 to promote full compliance with domestic and
    Rights.        components of international organizations; (2) provides expertise, research and advice      international labor rights law.
                   on labor and employment trends and issues in foreign countries; and (3) helps facilitate

                                                                                                                                                             48
                   the sharing of information between specialized DOL agencies and other countries.

                   International Organizations

                   OIR has the lead role within the U.S. Government on policy and program issues related
                   to the ILO. OIR also carries out responsibilities on behalf of the U.S. Government at the
                   Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD's) Employment,
                   Labor and Social Affairs Committee (ELSA), the United Nations (UN), the Inter-
                   American Conference of Ministers of Labor (IACML), the Organization of American
                   States (OAS), Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the G-8 labor ministers
                   process, and the United States-European Union (US-EU) Working Group on
                   Employment and Labor-Related Issues under the New Transatlantic Agenda.

                   Policies on Labor-Related Matters

                   OIR conducts research on international labor issues and advises senior administration
                   and officials regarding labor issues and related policy matters in foreign countries. The
                   office provides expertise, and conducts research and analyses, on labor issues in the
                   Americas, Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Middle East in support of the Administration's
                   foreign policy priorities and also reports on foreign labor trends and global labor issues.
                   It also manages the Department's Foreign Visitors Program and assists in the training
                   and support of State Department Foreign Service Officers.
7l. Assistant      Office of Trade and Labor Affairs (OTLA) – Dept of Labor                                      Section 110, Article b-7. Assist the Secretary,
    Secretary of   The mission of the Office of Trade and Labor Affairs is to implement trade-related            in cooperation with the Secretary of State and
    Human Rights   labor policy and coordinate international technical cooperation in support of the labor       the Secretary of Labor, in developing strategies
    and Economic   provisions in free trade agreements; to develop and coordinate Department of Labor            to promote full compliance with domestic and
    Rights.        positions regarding international economic policy issues and to participate in the            international labor rights law.
                   formulation and implementation of U S. policy on such issues; and to provide
                   services, information, expertise, and technical cooperation programs that effectively
                   support the international responsibilities of the U.S. Department of Labor and U.S.
                   foreign labor policy objectives.

                           Division of Economic and Labor Research
                           Division of Trade Policy
                           Division of Trade Agreement Administration and Technical Cooperation




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