Apuntes el 30 de octubre by panniuniu


									         Apuntes el 2 de noviembre
                     Verb Conjugation

When you conjugate a verb, you change the infinitive so that it shows
who is doing the action. The ending of a verb tells who is doing the
Infinitives are the most basic forms of a verb. All infinitives
in Spanish end in –ar, -er or –ir. Here are some examples of

hablar (to speak)
trabajar (to work)
estudiar (to study)
comer (to eat)
escribir (to write)
In order to conjugate a verb, you must take off the –ar, -er or
–ir from the infinitive. This leaves you with the verb stem.
Here are the verb stems of some sample verbs:

infinitive         verb stem
escuchar           escuch-
estudiar           estudi-
leer               le-
escribir           escrib-
You complete the conjugation by adding the appropriate
ending. The endings for regular verbs that end in –ar are as

Subject            Verb ending
yo                 -o
tú                 -as
Ud., él/ella       -a
nosotros/as        -amos
vosotros/as        -áis
Uds., ellos/as     -an
Here is a complete present-tense conjugation for the verb DIBUJAR.

                     DIBUJAR (to draw)
     Singular                                  Plural
(yo) dibujo (I draw)                  (nosotros/as) dibujamos (we draw)

(tú) dibujas (you draw)               (vosotros/as) dibujáis (you guys draw)

(Ud., él/ella) dibuja (you (formal) draw, (Uds., ellos/as) dibujan ( you draw,
                    he/she draws)                               they draw)
When making a sentence, you change the ending to say who is doing the
action. The subject pronoun is optional.

(Yo) dibujo en la clase de arte. (I draw in art class.)

¿Dibujan (ellos) en la clase de arte? (Do they draw in art class?)
To make a sentence negative, put a no in front of the verb.

(Nosotros) no dibujamos en la clase de arte. (We don’t draw in art

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