Nicholas County Elementary & Middle School Curriculum 12/11/2011 1 Life Science---First Grade I. Characteristics of Organisms II. Life Cycles of Organisms III. Organisms and Their Environments Kentucky Primary Vocabulary Concepts First Suggested Open Response Core Program of Grade Students Questions/Answers Content Studies Should Know *(The highlighted/ *(The highlighted/ underlined statements underlined statements should be heavily should be heavily stressed on your grade stressed on your grade level.) level.) Students will Senses The five senses are Explain how your senses help you learn. ***SC–E- 3.1.1 understand that sight, touch, hearing, (Our senses give us information about the Things in the organisms have Living smell, and taste. world around us. They tell us how things look, environment basic needs (e.g., feel, sound, taste, and smell.) are classified as air, water, Nonliving You can use your five living, nonliving nutrients, light) senses to find out Compare a living thing to a nonliving thing. and once living. and can only Roots about the world (A living thing can be a plant, animal, or Living things survive when around you. person. It needs food, water, and air to live differ from these needs are Stem and grow. A nonliving thing does not need nonliving met. Living things need food, water, and air. It does not grow.) things. Leaves food, water, and air to Organisms are Students will live and grow. Explain where new plants come from. classified into understand that Flowers (Seeds are planted. As the seed grows, the seed groups by using behavior of Nonliving things do coat falls away. Roots grow down, and a stem various individual Seed not need food, water, with leaves grows up and out.) characteristics organisms is and air. They do not Nicholas County Elementary & Middle School Curriculum 12/11/2011 2 (e.g., body influenced by Seed coat grow. Describe what the plant that grows from a coverings, body stimuli (e.g., seed will look like. structures). touch, hunger). Sunlight A seed needs water, (I will look like the plant that it came from.) warmth, soil, and air SC–E- 3.1.2 ***Students will Gills to grow. Identify what plants need to live and grow. Organisms have understand that (Plants need light, air, soil, and water. basic needs. For organisms have Mammal A seed loses its seed example, animals different coat as it begins to Compare the way plant parts work to the way need air, water, structures that Reptile grow. Its roots grow the human body works. and food; plants serve different down into the soil. (People take in water through their mouths by need air, water, functions. These Amphibian The stem and leaves drinking it, while plants take in water through nutrients, and structures are grow up and out their roots. Water in a person’s body usually light. Organisms used to sort Insect through the soil. first travels down. In a plant, water travels can survive only organisms into up, into, and through the stem. Our skeleton in environments groups. Hatch A seed grow to look helps us stand up, while the stem and some in which their like the plant it came thicker roots (taproot) of a plant help it stand needs can be Students will Lava from. up.) met. understand that organisms Pupa A plant needs light, Identify what animals need to live and grow. SC–E- 3.1.3 resemble their air, soil, and water to (Animals need food, water, air, and a place to Each plant or parents. Tadpoles grow and live. live in order to live and grow.) animal has structures that Students will Shelter Parts of a plant Discuss some way animals meet their needs. serve different understand that include the roots, (Animals have different body parts that help functions in organisms have Enrich stem, and leaves. them get food, water, and air. They live in growth, survival, life cycles that are Many plants also have places where they can find shelter from harsh and different for Pollen flowers. weather, keep safe from enemies, and raise reproduction. different their young.) For example, organisms. Product All animals need food, humans have water, air, and a place List some different kinds of animals. distinct body Students will Forest to live. (Some different kinds of animals are Nicholas County Elementary & Middle School Curriculum 12/11/2011 3 structures for understand that mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and walking, holding, organisms' Desert Some animal groups fish.) seeing, and patterns of are mammals, birds, talking. behavior are Rain forest reptiles, amphibians, Compare and contrast the different kinds of related to the and fish. animals. nature of Ocean (All different kinds of animals are the same in SC–E- 3.2.1 organisms' An insect is an animal that they all need food, water, air, and a place Plants and environments. Algae that has six legs and to live to survive. They are different in many animals have life There are many three body parts. ways, such as body parts, body coverings, and cycles that different how they raise their young.) include the environments Young animals beginning of life, (e.g., deserts, change as they get Identify the characteristics of an insect. growth and rainforests) on older. (An insect has six legs and three body parts. development, Earth that support Insects lay eggs. They do not have bones. reproduction, different types of A butterfly is an They have hard body coverings that protect and death. The organisms. insect that changes their insides. Some insects have wings.) details of a life many times before it cycle are Students will becomes a butterfly. Identify two ways that animals begin life. different for understand that (Some animals hatch from eggs, and others different all animals A frog is an develop inside the mother before they are organisms. depend on plants amphibian that born.) for food. changes many times SC–E- 3.2.2 before it becomes a Describe how a caterpillar changes into a Plants and frog. butterfly. animals closely (A caterpillar eats and grows. Then it stops resemble their Animals need plants eating and changes to a pupa that forms a parents at some for food and shelter hard covering. Inside the covering, the pupa time in their life and to make nests for changes into a butterfly.) cycle. Some their young. characteristics Discuss some ways wings help butterflies keep (e.g., the color of People need plants for safe. Nicholas County Elementary & Middle School Curriculum 12/11/2011 4 flowers, the food and to make (Wings help keep butterflies safe by having number of products that give shapes and colors that look like leaves, flowers, appendages) are them shelter, clothing, or animals so butterflies can hide. Or the passed to and other things they wings might have shapes and colors that trick offspring. Other need. birds into staying away from them.) characteristics are learned from A forest is a shady, Explain how a tadpole changes into a frog. interactions with moist place where (A tadpole eats and grows a bigger body, plus the environment many trees grow. legs and lungs that make it a frog.) such as the ability to ride a A desert is a sunny, Identify the body parts a tadpole has that a bicycle, and dry place that gets frog does not have. these cannot be little rain. (A tadpole has a tail and gills that a frog does passed on to the not have.) next generation. A rain forest is a forest that gets a lot of Discuss some ways animals need plants. SC–E- 3.3.1 rain and stays wet all (Animals need plants for food and shelter, and Plants make their year. to make nests for their young.) own food. All animals depend An ocean is a large, Explain how small animals make the soil on plants. Some deep body of salt better for plants. animals eat water. (Small animals make the soil better for plants plants for food. by enriching it with their wastes. Animals Other animals wastes help plants grow better.) eat animals that eat the plants. Explain how animals help plants grow new plants. SC–E- 3.3.2 The (Animals help plants grow new plants by world has many carrying their seeds to new places where they different can grow, and by carrying their pollen to other environments. plants so those plants can make seeds.) Nicholas County Elementary & Middle School Curriculum 12/11/2011 5 Distinct environments Discuss some ways people need plants. Also support the lives discuss some ways people need animals. of different types (People need plants for food and to make of organisms. products that give them shelter, clothing, and When the other things they need. Plants also add beauty environment to people’s lives. People need animals for food changes, some and clothing, and as pets and helpers.) plants and animals survive Explain how plants and animals in a forest and reproduce, meet their needs. and others die or (Plants can find sheltered places to grow where move to new they get enough sun and moisture. Animals locations can find food in the moist soil and shelter in the trees.) SC–E- 3.3.3 All organisms, Explain how plants and animals live in a including desert. humans, cause (Some plants can live in a desert because they changes in the have thick waxy leaves or stems. Some environment animals can live in a desert because they can where they live. stay in the shade during the day and eat at Some of these night when the desert is cool. They can also changes are get enough water from the food they eat.) detrimental to the organism or Explain why plants are found at different to other levels in the rain forest. organisms; other (Plants live at different levels in a rain forest to changes are get the light and water they need.) beneficial (e.g., dams built by Explain how ocean animals get what they need Nicholas County Elementary & Middle School Curriculum 12/11/2011 6 beavers benefit to live. some aquatic (Some ocean animals use ocean plants called organisms but algae for food. They have body parts that help are detrimental them live in the ocean.) to others). Also refer to the Open Response Bank of Questions. Harcourt Science, Earth Science A & B, p. A2-B48.
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