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					 starter activity

 Peter Stolypin, Russian Prime Minister (replacing Witte) from 1906-11 when he
 was assassinated at Kirov Opera House.
        Tsar Nicholas II’s account of
             Stolypin’s murder
   During the second interval we had just left the box, as it was so
    hot, when we heard two sounds as if something had been
    dropped. I thought an opera glass might have fallen on
    somebody's head and ran back into the box to look. To the right
    I saw a group of officers and other people. They seemed to be
    dragging someone along. Women were shrieking and, directly in
    front of me in the stalls, Stolypin was standing. He slowly turned
    his face towards me and with his left hand made the sign of the
    Cross in the air. Only then did I notice he was very pale and that
    his right hand and uniform were bloodstained. He slowly sank
    into his chair and began to unbutton his tunic. People were
    trying to lynch the assassin. I am sorry to say the police rescued
    him from the crowd and took him to an isolated room for his
    first examination.
     Did Stolypin get his
 Aims
        just desserts?
         To assess Stolypin’s achievements
         Explain why he might have been
                  Your task
   You are going to evaluate the successes and
    failures of Stolypin. As you work through each
    section record information in the appropriate
    section of your scales chart.
   Read Oxley, p.70-71 and …
   Explain why Stolypin made land reform a
   Summarise the key reforms he introduced
                 Land reform
   Strengthen support for regime – bringing
    liberals & peasants on board
   Peasant support esp. important – largest
    proportion of population, numbers growing
                   Land reform
   State & Crown lands made available to Peasants’ Land
    Bank for sale to peasants (kulaks)
   Peasants could withdraw from their commune (mir) &
    set up on their own
   End to land redistribution – land passed automatically
    to head of family
   Peasants had more incentive to improve their land &
   3 million received govt. aid to est. farms in Siberia
                   Your task
   Read the first 2 paragraphs on p.72 and list
    other reforms or policies Stolypin successfully
                 Other reforms
   Primary schools doubled (1905-14)
   Spending on health, poor relief, aid for farmers
    doubled (1906-12)
                   Your task
   Read the remainder of p. 72 and list negative
    reactions to Stolypin’s reforms.
   Attempts to introduce greater religious
    toleration for Jews
   Plan to extend zemstva into non-Russian areas
    rejected by State Council (appointed upper
    chamber of Duma)
    proposals for lower level of zemstva rejected
                   Your task
   Now Read Lynch, p.27-8 and add any further
    evidence of successes or failures for Stolypin
   Successes                     Failures
   ‘Wager on the strong’ –       Land reforms took time –
    creation of new                Stolypin spoke of needing
    prosperous class of            20 years, but was killed
    peasants                       after 5
                                  Conservatism of Russian
   Fostered good working
                                   peasants – by 1914 only
    relationship with duma –       10% of land taken out of
    last opportunity for           mirs
    peaceful reform under
                                  Ministry of Agriculture lost
    Tsars                          confidence in reforms
                    Plenary
   On balance do you think
    Stolypin’s successes outweighed
    his failures?
   Some historians believe the Tsar
    and his government conspired
    with the Socialist
    Revolutionaries to kill Stolypin.
    Do you believe this conspiracy
                                        Stolypin’s grave, Kiev

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