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Vietnam War by LA4c64


									    Chapters 29 pages 731-732
Chapter 31 pages 778-780 + 786-788
  Vietnam Veterans Memorial

1:24 min.
      Vietnam #1 Reading Quiz
1) Who was Ho Chi Minh?
2) Who was Ngo Dinh Diem?
3) What was Dien Bien Phu?
4) What did the Geneva Accords of 1954 do?
5) What religious group burned themselves alive in
  opposition to Diem?
6) What is the nickname of the National Liberation
7) What happened to Diem?
8) What did Kennedy do to support South Vietnam?
       Vietnam and World War II
• By 1940 Japan had conquered
  French Indochina.
• The Vietnamese resistance
  leader by 1945 was Ho Chi
• Ho would lead the Democratic
  Republic of Vietnam in 1945
• However, the French began to
  demand the return of their
  former colonies and replace Ho
  with a puppet government
• In 1948, the French re-installed   Ho Chi Mihn
  Bao Dai as head of state of
  Vietnam, which now comprised
  of central and south Vietnam.                    Emperor Bao Dai
           French in Indo-China

:57 min.
•   Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh begin
    to fight the French.
•   The U.S regard Ho Chi Minh as
    communist and move to support the
•   The French struggle was going badly.
    The turnover of French governments
    left France unable to prosecute the
    war with any consistent policy.
    France was increasingly unable to
    afford the conflict in Indochina.
•   Chinese communists meanwhile
    increased help to Viet Mihn
U.S Involvement in French
 Indochina War- Truman
             • President Harry Truman
               began covertly
               authorizing support for
               the French in their
               attempt to retake
               Indochina, giving
               money and supplies in
               an effort to suppress
               the rebellion, and in
               July 1950 he
               announced publicly that
               the U.S. was doing so.
America and the Vietnam War

 5:26 min.
   U.S Involvement in
    French Indochina
    War- Eisenhower
Former General Dwight
D. Eisenhower became
President of the United
States and first
advanced the so-called
domino theory, warning
that if America did not
support France in
stopping the
Communists in
Indochina, all of the
Eastern, India and
Southeastern Asia would
fall to the "Communist

                          •   1950- U.S. begins to help the French with money and arms.
                          •   1953- Eisehower asks for $60 million in aid to French.
                          •   1954- The U.S. is paying for 80% of the war between the
                              French and the Vietnamese communists.
Dien Bien Phu- "57 Days of Hell".
                 •   Began March 13, 1954
                 •   Fought near the village of Dien Bien
                     Phu in northern Vietnam and became
                     the last battle between the French and
                     the Vietnamese in the First Indochina
                 •   After seven years of bloody conflict,
                     the French made their last stand at
                     Dien Bien Phu, where they were
                     engaged by the forces of General Vo
                     Nguyen Giap. But contemporary
                     military tactics were unable to defeat
                     successive human wave attacks and
                     the subsequent siege of the base; the
                     French were defeated with
                     devastating losses
                 •   At least 2,200 members of the 20,000-
                     strong French forces died during the
                     battle. Of the 100,000 or so
                     Vietnamese involved, there were an
                     estimated 8,000 killed and another
                     15,000 wounded, almost half of the
                     attacking force.
           Geneva Conference
• The on July 21, 1954 recognized the 17th parallel as a
  "provisional military demarcation line" temporarily dividing
  the country into two states, Communist North Vietnam and pro-
  Western South Vietnam.
• The Geneva Accords promised elections in 1956 to determine a
  national government for a united Vietnam. However only
  France and the North Vietnamese government (DRV) signed the
  document. The U.S. and the government in Saigon refused to
  abide by the agreement, believing that the election would result
  in an easy victory for Ho Chi Minh. Emperor Bao Dai from his
  home in France appointed Ngo Dinh Diem as Prime Minister of
  South Vietnam. With American support, in 1955 Diem used a
  referendum to remove the former Emperor and declare himself
  as president of the Republic of Vietnam
• Thus the competition for the whole of Vietnam began; Diem's
  military was unable to prevail in the civil war which escalated,
  as a result of international intervention, into the Vietnam War.
        Kennedy and Indochina

• Laos and the coalition government (Pathet Lao)
• Problems in Vietnam
• 1956 National Elections- Geneva Accords
• Civil War
• President Diem
• Government Opposition- many groups, Buddhists,
  Communists all joined the NLF- National Liberation Front
  (“Vietcong” nicknamed by Diem)
• Overthrow of Diem- “Coup”, and military junta.
• Kennedy sending supplies, money and advisors (16,000
  by 1963.)

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