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HAZARD COMMUNICATION HAZARD COMMUNICATION WHAT IS HAZARD COMMUNICATION? The Hazard Communication Standard is a federal law written by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) that says employees have a “Right-to-Know” what hazardous chemicals are in their workplace. 29 CFR 1910.1200 – OSHA Standard Why was the Hazard Communication Standard written? Estimated that more than 32 million workers are exposed to over 650,000 hazardous chemical products in over 3 million American workplaces. To ensure that all employers receive the information they need to train their employees properly on the hazardous substances they work with and what protective measures need to be taken. To ensure that the requirements for Hazard Communication in the occupational setting are uniform nationwide. What are the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.1200? Employee Training Identify and list hazardous chemicals in the workplace Obtain Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) and labels for each hazardous chemical Develop a written Hazard Communication Program Communicate hazard information to employees Who has Responsibilities according OSHA? Chemical Manufacturers Evaluate hazards of chemicals they produce Provide labels and MSDSs to employers to which they ship chemicals Importers and Distributors Provide labels and MSDSs to employers to which they ship chemicals General Industry Requirements Train Employees, Written Program, Proper Labeling What is a Hazardous Chemical? Any chemical that may present a Physical or Health Hazard Physical Hazards A combustible liquid A compressed gas Explosive Flammable Organic Peroxide An oxidizer Unstable Water-Reactive What is a Hazardous Chemical? Health Hazard - Any chemical that may produce acute or chronic or health effects in exposed employees examples are: Carcinogens Toxic Agents Reproductive Toxins Irritants Corrosives Sensitizers (cause allergic reactions) Hepatotoxins (cause liver damage) Neurotoxins (cause damage to the nervous system) Agents that damage the lungs, skin, eyes, or mucous membrane How can chemicals be detected in the work environment? Qualitative and Quantitative measurements are the two basic methods used to determine if chemicals are being released into the work environment. Qualitative Monitoring Methods Sense of smell - sources of chemical odors can arise from chemical spills. Using your eyesight – easiest/most effective…small smoke plumes and liquids spilled on the floor/lab surface are some examples. Quantitative Monitoring Methods Continuous monitoring devices provide a direct reading capability so instantaneous measurements can be obtained. Sampling pumps “grab” the air, which can then be analyzed by a laboratory How can I protect myself from chemical hazards? The easiest way to protect yourself from chemical hazards is to avoid chemicals, if possible. If you cannot avoid chemicals, you must follow safe work practices and use appropriate personal protective equipment, such as gloves and splash goggles. Container Labeling All containers shall be labeled with the following: The identity of the hazardous chemical The hazard warnings of the chemical(s) Example: WARNING! Causes Respiratory and Eye Irritation! Container Labeling – Transfer/Temporary Containers If materials are transferred from their original container into another container, the new temporary container must also be appropriately labeled. This container now must have an appropriate label. NFPA Diamond Lists specific information for health, flammability, reactivity, and other hazard information for a particular chemical. FLAMMABILITY Red – Flammability Rating HEALTH REACTIVITY Blue - Health Hazard Rating Yellow – Reactivity Rating SPECIAL NOTICE White - Specific Hazard (Corrosive, Oxidizing Properties, Water Reactive, Radiation Hazard) Hazard levels are determined on a 0- 4 rating (0 being no hazard, 4 being the most hazardous). Material Safety Data Sheets MSDSs are written by chemical manufactures for the chemicals they produce or import. Purpose of a MSDS is to communicate information on recommended safe uses and handling procedures for the chemical. MSDSs are required by law 29 CFR 1910.1200 Material Safety Data Sheets MSDSs must provide the following information: Identification ( physical and chemical) Hazardous Ingredients Emergency and 1st aid procedures Recommended control measures Physical and Health hazards Safe handling precautions Date of preparation Manufacturer’s name, address and phone number Material Safety Data Sheets Identification- What product is the MSDS for? Hazardous Ingredients- How much of this material contains hazardous chemicals? Emergency and first aid procedures- What first aid steps should I take? What will happen to me if I accidentally ingest the chemical; if the chemical contacts my skin or eyes; if I inhale the chemical? Recommended control measures- What type of control measures should I take to protect myself in the event of a spill or leak? Physical hazards- If it catches fire what do I use to put out the fire? Is the chemical explosive, reactive, an oxidizer? Can the chemical be mixed with water? Material Safety Data Sheet Health hazards- What are the health hazards posed by this chemical? Safe handling precautions- What is the proper way to safely handle this chemical? Manufacturer’s name, address, and phone- Who made/imported this chemical ? Written Hazard Communication Program Reflects your work place- plan must adapt to specific conditions at your facility Must include a list of hazardous chemicals present at your facility Who is responsible for various aspects of the program at your facility When and where written materials will be made available to employees Enforcement of the Hazard Communication Law Law was written to protect the safety and health of workers. 29 CFR 1910.1200 is the number #1 standard cited by OSHA last year. The End!!! Questions???
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