WHAT IS HAZARD
The Hazard Communication
Standard is a federal law written
by the Occupational Safety and
Health Administration (OSHA)
that says employees have a
“Right-to-Know” what
hazardous chemicals are in their

29 CFR 1910.1200 – OSHA
         Why was the Hazard
     Communication Standard written?
Estimated that more than 32 million workers are exposed
to over 650,000 hazardous chemical products in over 3
million American workplaces.

To ensure that all employers receive the information they
need to train their employees properly on the hazardous
substances they work with and what protective measures
need to be taken.

To ensure that the requirements for Hazard
Communication in the occupational setting are uniform
        What are the requirements of
           29 CFR 1910.1200?
Employee Training

Identify and list hazardous chemicals in the workplace

Obtain Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) and labels for
each hazardous chemical

Develop a written Hazard Communication Program

Communicate hazard information to employees
            Who has Responsibilities
              according OSHA?
Chemical Manufacturers
Evaluate hazards of chemicals they produce
Provide labels and MSDSs to employers to which they ship chemicals

Importers and Distributors
Provide labels and MSDSs to employers to which they ship chemicals

General Industry Requirements
Train Employees, Written Program, Proper Labeling
       What is a Hazardous Chemical?

Any chemical that may present a Physical or Health

Physical Hazards
   A combustible liquid
   A compressed gas
   Explosive
   Flammable
   Organic Peroxide
   An oxidizer
   Unstable
   Water-Reactive
          What is a Hazardous Chemical?

Health Hazard - Any chemical that may produce acute or
chronic or health effects in exposed employees examples

   Carcinogens
   Toxic Agents
   Reproductive Toxins
   Irritants
   Corrosives
   Sensitizers (cause allergic reactions)
   Hepatotoxins (cause liver damage)
   Neurotoxins (cause damage to the nervous system)
   Agents that damage the lungs, skin, eyes, or mucous membrane
  How can chemicals be detected in
       the work environment?
Qualitative and Quantitative measurements are the two
basic methods used to determine if chemicals are being
released into the work environment.
       Qualitative Monitoring Methods

Sense of smell - sources of chemical odors
can arise from chemical spills.

Using your eyesight – easiest/most
effective…small smoke plumes and liquids
spilled on the floor/lab surface are some
        Quantitative Monitoring
Continuous monitoring devices provide a
direct reading capability so instantaneous
measurements can be obtained.

Sampling pumps “grab” the air, which
can then be analyzed by a laboratory
         How can I protect myself from
             chemical hazards?

The easiest way to protect yourself from chemical hazards
is to avoid chemicals, if possible.

If you cannot avoid chemicals, you must follow safe work
practices and use appropriate personal protective
equipment, such as gloves and splash goggles.
               Container Labeling
All containers shall be
labeled with the following:

   The identity of the hazardous

   The hazard warnings of the

     Example: WARNING! Causes
       Respiratory and Eye
            Container Labeling –
       Transfer/Temporary Containers

If materials are transferred from their
original container into another
container, the new temporary container
must also be appropriately labeled.

           This container now must
           have an appropriate label.
               NFPA Diamond
Lists specific information for health, flammability,
reactivity, and other hazard information for a particular
Red – Flammability Rating
                                                    HEALTH    REACTIVITY
Blue - Health Hazard Rating
Yellow – Reactivity Rating                               SPECIAL
White - Specific Hazard (Corrosive, Oxidizing
        Properties, Water Reactive, Radiation

Hazard levels are determined on a 0- 4 rating (0 being no
hazard, 4 being the most hazardous).
    Material Safety Data Sheets

MSDSs are written by chemical manufactures
for the chemicals they produce or import.

Purpose of a MSDS is to communicate
information on recommended safe uses and
handling procedures for the chemical.

MSDSs are required by law 29 CFR
     Material Safety Data Sheets

MSDSs must provide the following information:
   Identification ( physical and chemical)
   Hazardous Ingredients
   Emergency and 1st aid procedures
   Recommended control measures
   Physical and Health hazards
   Safe handling precautions
   Date of preparation
   Manufacturer’s name, address and phone number
       Material Safety Data Sheets
Identification- What product is the MSDS for?

Hazardous Ingredients- How much of this material contains hazardous

Emergency and first aid procedures- What first aid steps should I
take? What will happen to me if I accidentally ingest the chemical; if the chemical
contacts my skin or eyes; if I inhale the chemical?

Recommended control measures- What type of control measures
should I take to protect myself in the event of a spill or leak?

Physical hazards- If it catches fire what do I use to put out the fire? Is the
chemical explosive, reactive, an oxidizer? Can the chemical be mixed with water?
            Material Safety Data Sheet
Health hazards- What are the health hazards posed by this chemical?

Safe handling precautions- What is the proper way to safely handle this

Manufacturer’s name, address, and phone- Who made/imported
this chemical ?
      Written Hazard Communication
Reflects your work place- plan must adapt to
specific conditions at your facility

Must include a list of hazardous chemicals
present at your facility

Who is responsible for various aspects of the
program at your facility

When and where written materials will be made
available to employees
         Enforcement of the Hazard
            Communication Law

Law was written to protect the
safety and health of workers.

29 CFR 1910.1200 is the number #1
standard cited by OSHA last year.
The End!!!


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