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					Name	                                                           _           Class                     _    Date                   _

"'Chapter]7 Circul.ato~ and 'Respil'atory 'Systems - .~. Chapter Vocabulary Review
 '-   •	   "<   ~    ~,   ~   ~   "_.   -"   '"   ~.        -       -   •   -       ­

Completion On the lines provided, complete the following sentences,
 1.	 The heart pumps blood into two pathways, called                                                                _

           circulation and                                              _        circulation.

 2.	 The three basic types of blood vessels are                                                       _

                    _ _ _.                         , and

 3.	 The disorder of the circulatory system that results from fatty deposits

           building up within the walls of arteries is called                                                  _

 4.	 The straw-colored fluid that makes up 55 percent of human blood is

     called                        _

 5.	 The iron-containing protein that is found in red blood cells and

           carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body is called

 6. White blood cells that "eat" and digest foreign cells are called

 7. The fluid collected by the lymphatic system is called _ _--------"'--                                            _
 8. The windpipe is also called the
 9. The vocal chords are a part of the	                                                          _
10. Each lung is connected to the trachea by a(an)	                                                        _
11.	 Gas exchange occurs by diffusion across the membrane of a(an)
                                                   in the lungs.
12. The loss of elasticity in the tissues of the lungs is called	                                                        _

Labeling Diagrams On the lines provided, label the parts of the heart that                                                             -0
correspond to the numbers in the diagram.

  to b o d y - - - - f

from upper
                                                                16.	                                                                   CD
                                                                                15.	                                                   <0


34                                                                                                   Teaching Resources I Chapter 37
           :"ame   ~	                                _       Class   ~                _     Date   _

           Multiple Choice On the line provided, write the letter of the answer that best
           answers the question or completes the sentence.
           _ _ _ _ _ 18.	 What structure serves as a passageway for both air
                          and food?
                          a. pharynx	                c. larynx
                          b. trachea                 d. bronchi

           _ _ _ _ _ 19. The largest layer of the heart is the

                         a. pericardium.             c. atrium.
                         b. myocardium.              d. ventricle.
           _ _ _ _ _ 20. What prevents blood from flowing backward in blood
                         a. valves	               c. veins
                         b. capillaries          d. pumps
           _ _ _ _ _ 21. What is another name for the sinoatrial node?
                         a. pacesetter             c. pacemaker
                         b. aorta	                 d. atherosclerosis
           _ _ _ _ _ 22. Blood clotting is made possible by the action of cell
                         fragments called
                         a. hemoglobin.             c. red blood cells.
                         b. phagocytes.            d. platelets.
           _ _ _ _ _ 23. Inside the chest, each bronchus divides into smaller
                         and smaller passageways known as
                         a. bronchi.	               c. emphysema.
                         b. bronchioles.            d. atherosclerosis.
                            24.	 The large flat muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity
                                 is called the
                                 a. diaphragm.               c. bronchus.
                                 b. pharynx.                 d. lung.
           _ _ _ _ _ 25. The stimulant drug found in tobacco is called
                         a. tar.	                  c. nicotine.
                         b. hemoglobin.           d. carbon monoxide.




           Teaching Resources / Chapter 37                                                         35
Name	           -----~---_._--
                                                    Cla~s                         [lcJe _   _      ~   ~       _

     ..   .                                                                       • ••
Matching On the line provided, write the letter of the description that matches
each term or structure.
               1. Calorie                  a. a hole in the stomach wall caused by bacteria
- - - -        2. proteins                 b. the basic functional unit of the kidneys
               3. vitamins                 c. a mixture of partly digested food and stomach fluids
-----          4. amylase                  d. a section of the nephron that conserves water and
               5.	 peristalsis                minimizes the volume of urine

               6.	 peptic ulcer            e. an enzyme contained in saliva
               7. chyme                     f. organic molecules that are needed by the body to help
                                               perform important chemical reactions
-----          8. nephron
                                           g.	 equal to 1000 calories of heat energy, or 1 kilocalorie
               9. Bowman's capsule
                                           h. contractions that occur in waves that squeeze food
-----         10. loop of Henle
                                              through the esophagus into the stomach
                                            1.	   a cup-shaped structure found in the upper end of a
                                            J.	 provide the body with the building materials it needs
                                                for growth and repair

Labeling Diagrams On the lines provided, label the parts of the digestive system that correspond with
the numbers in the diagram.

11.---,L--.-----+-1                                         12.
                                                            13.                                            _

        ! \                                                 14.                   ~.                           _

12.+_)~_                              f
                                                            16.    _

                          ------ ~~74:-j1-f-----14.



46                                                                           Teaching Resources i Chapter 38
     Name	                                           Class                   _        Date   _

     Multiple Choice On the line provided, write the letter of the answer that best
     completes the sentence or answers the question.
           _~ __      17. Sugars and starches are the two kinds of
                           a. fats.	                c. carbohydrates.
                           b. proteins.             d. minerals.

     _____~_ 18. What nutrients are made up of fatty acids and glycerol?

                 a. carbohydrates       c. fats
                 b. proteins.          d. minerals
                      19.	 Inorganic nutrients that the body usually needs in
                           small amounts are called
                           a. minerals.             c. vitamins.
                           b. proteins.             d. fats.
                      20. The small intestine is covered with projections called
                          a. villi.	                c. chyme.
                          b. nephrons.              d. peristalsis.

     _ _ _ _ _ 21. The main organs of the excretory system are the

                          a. lungs.	                c. small intestines.
                          b. kidneys.               d. large intestines.
                      22. Each kidney is connected to the urinary bladder by a
                          a. urethra.               c. villus.
                          b. renal artery.          d. ureter.
                      23. The sac1ike organ where liquid wastes are stored
{t                        before excretion is the
                          a. urethra.               c. ureter.
                          b. urinary bladder.       d. loop of Henle.
                      24.	 As blood enters a nephron, it flows through a net­
                          work of capillaries known as a
                          a. loop of Henle.       c. villus.
                          b. Bowman's capsule. d. glomerulus.
                      25.	 The process by which the kidneys remove water, urea, glucose,
                          salts and 9.minO acids from the blood is called
                          a. excretion.             c. filtration.
                          b. reabsorption.         d. absorption.

     Teaching Resources I Chapter 38                                                         47
      Name                                                  Class                             Date   _

      . Chapter 39 Endocrine'and Reproductive Systems ' . ~Cltapter V?cabulary Review,­

(     Defining Terms On the lines provided, define each           ~f the following   tenns.
       1. endocrine gland                  _
          -~     -   -----------------------------~-------

       2. prostaglandin

       3. pituitary gland                          _

       4. diabetes mellitus

       5. puberty                              _

       6. placenta                                           _

      Short Answer On the lines provided, answer the following questions.
       7. Explain the relationship between hormones and target cells.

       8. Explain how a male produces and releases sperm. Use the terms
          testes, scrotum, seminiferous tubules, epididymis, vas deferens, urethra,
          and penis in your explanation.

      Labeling Diagrams On the lines provided, label the following diagram.



                                                                    9.    _
                                                    11.          10.
                                                                 11.          _

      Teaching Resources / Chapter 39                                                                59
Name	                                             Class               _          Date

Multiple Choice On the line provided, write the letter of the answer that best
answers the question or completes the sentence.
                12.	 Organs that release their secretions through ducts are
                     a. endocrine glands.          c. corpus Luteum.
                     b. exocrine glands.           d. testes.
                13. Clusters of cells surrounding a single egg are called
                    a. target cells.	             c. vas deferens.
                    b. fallopian tubes.          d. follicles.
                14. What process occurs when an egg is released from the ovary?
                    a. implantation            c. gastrulation
                    b. menstruation            d. ovulation
                15.	 When a ruptured follicle turns yellow it becomes

                     known as the

                     a. prostaglandin.            c. corpus luteum.
                     b. vas deferens.             d. epididymis.
_ _ _ _ _ 16. In the menstrual cycle, the last phase is called
              a. ovulation.	                 c. gastrulation.
              b. implantation.              d. menstruation.
                17. A fertilized egg is called a
                    a. zygote.	                       c. follicle.
                    b. fetus.	                        d. placenta.
                18.	 What occurs when the blastocyst attaches itself to the
                     wall of the uterus?
                     a. fertilization	           c. gastrulation
                     b. implantation            d. menstruation
                19.	 What process forms the three cell layers known as the
                     ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm?
                     a. gastrulation              c. implantation
                     b. menstruation             d. ovulation
_ _ _ _ _ 20. After eight weeks of development, the embryo is called a(an)
              a. fetus.	                  c. blastocyst.
              b. zygote.                  d. ovary.	                                                        o


60                                                                        Teaching Resources / Chapter 39
     Name~~~                       _	                                         Class        _~                    _             Date                _

     Crossword Puzzle Use the clues below and on the following page to complete
     the puzzle.
                               1                                                  2                                •



                                         3                    4

                                        I-­               -
                                                                                  5                        6
                                                          -                                                            I

                                        f-----­   f---­

                   r-------­            I---­     f---­
                                                                                                                       I   j
                   ,----­               I---­     I---­           r-------­               r-------­        I---­
                   r-------­            I--       I-­

                   -                    ~-        f---­
                                                                                                                 I                ~
                                                                                                           I---­                  I---­

                                                                                                           I---­                  1---­


                                                                                                           I---­                  f-~
                                                  -       I                   !
                                                                                                      ~    '-­                    I---­


                   r	                                                                     19
                                                                                                                       I   I                   I


      1. used to identify the microorganism that causes a specific disease:
         KochIs    ~_ _._ _~
~     3. substance that triggers an immune response
      5. condition in which smooth muscle contractions reduce the size of air
         passageways in the lungs
      9.	 any animal that carries disease-causing organisms from person to
     12.	 response in which killer cells transfer special proteins into the cell
          membrane of a pathogen: cell-mediated _~                _

     Teaching Resources / Chapter 40                                                                                                               73
:\ame	                                         Class                   _        Date

13. injection of a weakened form of a pathogen to produce immunity
15.	 any change other than an injury that disrupts the normal functions
     of the body
17.	 overreaction of the immune system
18.	 protein that binds to antigens on the surfaces of pathogens
19.	                   immunity results when millions of memory B cells
       remain in the body

 2.	 poison that disrupts bodily functions
 3.	 compound that kills bacteria without harming the cells of humans or
 4.	 Pasteur's and Koch's                    theory of disease
 6.	 the spread of cancerous tumors beyond their original site
 7.	 chemical released by mast cells that increases the flow of blood and
 8.	 the use of a combination of chemicals to destroy cancer cells
10. A vaccine produces	                   immunity.
11. a mass of tissue growing uncontrollably
14.	 disease-causing organism
16.	 elevated body temperature

Completion On the lines provided, complete the following sentences.
20. A nonspecific defense reaction to tissue damage caused by injury or
       infection is called
21.	 To block viral replication, cells infected with a virus produce

22.	 A series of specific defenses that attack a disease-causing agent are
23.	 Immunity against pathogens in the body fluids is called
       _______________ immunity.
24.	 Cancerous cells that can invade and destroy surrounding healthy
       tissue are _


74                                                                         Teaching Resources / Chapter 40

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