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Chapter 7
section 3
            Main Idea/Key Terms
   Andrew Jackson’s policies spoke for the
    common people but violated Native American
       Andrew Jackson
       Democratic Republican Party
       Spoils system
       Indian Removal
       Trail of Tears
    SSUSH7 Students will explain the process of economic growth, its
    regional and national impact in the first half of the 19th century, and
    the different responses to it.

   a. Explain the impact of the Industrial Revolution as seen in Eli Whitney’s
    invention of the cotton gin and his development of interchangeable parts
    for muskets.

   b. Describe the westward growth of the United States; include the emerging
    concept of Manifest Destiny.

   c. Describe reform movements, specifically temperance, abolitionism, and
    public school.

   d. Explain women’s efforts to gain suffrage; include Elizabeth Cady
    Stanton and the Seneca Falls Conference.

   e. Explain Jacksonian Democracy, expanding suffrage, the rise of popular
    political culture, and the development of American nationalism.
             The End of an Era
   Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both die on
    July 4th, 1826…50 years after the Declaration of
    Independence was approved by Congress
   This was the end of the Era of the founding
         Expanding Democracy
   John Q. Adams was in his second year as
   He was ineffective
   This was due to Andrew Jackson
      Tensions between Adams and
   In the election of 1824, Andrew Jackson won
    the popular vote, but did not have a majority of
    electoral votes…sound familiar?
   The decision went to Congress
   Henry Clay convinced those who voted for him
    to vote for Adams, and Adams then named Clay
    Sec. of State
   Jackson’s followers called this the “corrupt
   Jackson leaves the Republican Party, and forms
    the Democratic-Republican Party (forerunner of
    the Democratic Party)
   During Adams’ presidency, many states
    expanded voting rights
   This helped Jackson in 1828
           Jackson’s New Style
   Jackson appealed to the common man
   Won in a landslide
   People flooded to Washington to celebrate
   Destroy the White House in the party
             The Spoils System
   Jackson announced that all of his appointees
    would serve no more than 4 year terms
   Replaced many positions with his people
   Many became his advisors
   They were known as the “kitchen cabinet”
    because they were said to have come in through
    the kitchen window
    Removal of Native Americans
   People had one of two views:
       Move the Native Americans away
       Absorb them into white culture
   All Natives moved west except for the “five
    civilized tribes” in the southeast
       Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, Creek, and
   Jackson had other plans…
      Indian Removal Act of 1830
   Jackson pushes through the Indian Removal Act
    of 1830
   Provided funds to buy out Native land and
    relocate them west
   U.S. forcible removed the ones who resisted
                The Cherokee
   The Cherokee take the state of Georgia to court
   Court won’t rule b/c they say the Cherokee have
    no standing
   Finally get recognized
   Supreme Court rules in favor of the Cherokee
   Jackson: “John Marshall has made his decision;
    now let him enforce it”
                Trail of Tears
   Government recognizes small minority of
    Cherokee who want to move as the true
    representatives, and sign a treaty
   The Cherokee forcibly removed in 1838
   ¼ of the Natives die in route to Oklahoma
   Known as the Trail of Tears

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