Test Strategies for the TExES PPR Exam by Bza7Exd


									Test Strategies for the
Adapted from Antonio J. Castro,
Overview of the PPR
 The PPR test of the TExES will consist of
  approximately 90 questions.
 80 questions will be scored and be
  distributed about evenly across the 13
 The test is designed to take less that 2.5
  hours; however, it may be possible for
  you to use the entire 5 hour testing
  period, if needed.
Questions on the PPR
 Single question items
 Cluster question items (using involving
  two or three questions connected to the
  same scenario)
 Teacher Decision Sets (a series of
  questions following a scenario through
  various stages)
Before the Strategies
 Before the strategies, you must know the
  content material.
 The information on the PPR comes from
  the 13 competencies.
 You should know the information related
  to these competencies and the
  competencies themselves.
 Take 5-10 minutes to review this
What Nath & Cohen Say
 Don’t skip questions.
 Mark on the test.
 Visualize the scenario.
 Make sure the answer choice matches the
 Determine which competency is being
 Know the competencies and key terms.
Questions to ask yourself…
   If a question has keys words like
    collaboration and educational goals, are
    they being used properly?

   What answer choices don’t address the
What Other Experts Say
The steps to approaching a questions
1. identify the scenario
  Age range of students (if applicable)
  Goal of scenario
2. use process of elimination (POE)
3. make a final decision
What to Eliminate
   Choices that answer the wrong question (focus
    on goals of scenario)
   Choices that contradict accepted educational
    theories and practices or contradict Texas state
   Choices that make things easy for the teacher.
   Choices that use extreme language (everyone, all
    of the time).
   Choices that will upset parents/caregivers, other
    teachers, or school administrators.
Questions to ask yourself…
   First, identify the scenario
       What is the age range?
       What is the goal?
 Then, use POE to narrow down the choices
 Make a final decision.
Questions to ask yourself…
   First, identify the scenario
       No age range (must apply to all age ranges)
       Goal: attempting to encourage parental
   Second, POE
       Get rid of C, D. Why?
   Third, make a final decision.
Look for Key Words
 One very successful strategies is to define
  each competency and make a list of
  essential key words or concepts.
 When addressing a question, if you can
  identify the competency, the key words
  will clue you into the answer.
Example of Key Words for Competency
 Lifelong learning
 Positive environment
 Developmentally appropriate
 Self-esteem
 Scaffolding
 Moral development
 (For more key words, see the Nath &
  Cohen text, between of each chapter)
“Red Pepper” Words (Kaplan)
These are words that usually indicate a
  wrong answer (not best teacher practice):
     List
     Handout
     All students
     Predetermined
     Precisely
     Worksheets
     Lecture
     confront
“Green Pepper” Words (Kaplan)
These are words that could indicate a
  correct answer (appropriate terminology):
     Most likely
     Most appropriate
     Except
     First step
     Primary purpose
     Higher-order thinking
     Model
     Foster
Questions to ask yourself…
   What competency does this question
    address? (You may look it up in your text
    to find it.)

   Are there any key words that indicate a
    possible good or bad answer?
The Hit or Miss Stage
 What happens if you are able to narrow down the
  answer choices to two choices, but can’t
  determine which is the correct answer?
See if you can narrow the answer choice down to
  two answers.
 Despite what we might feel is practical, the
  correct answer to a question is not what we
 Why? Probably because the answer does not
  directly address the competency.
 Most significant rule:
Know the competencies!!!
 Take time to create competency

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