World Geography of Travel and Tourism Virtual Field Trip Photos and text by: Alan A. Lew Creative Commons 3.0 Copyright by Alan A. Lew: Some Rights Reserved Photos Taken: 2008 Outline The Coral Triangle Volcanoes Manado City ◦ Religion ◦ Shopping Rural Sulawesi The Zoo at Bitung Lembeh Strait ◦ Muck Diving Selemat Datang means Welcome in Bahasa Indonesian. Welcome signs, like the one above, are relatively common throughout Indonesia. The Coral Triangle (outlined in yellow) is considered to have richest marine biodiversity in the world, based on its coral reefs. Manado (orange star) and Sulawesi Island near the center of this triangle. Volcanoes and earthquakes are common throughout the Coral Triangle Region. The map of the Manado area points out the active volcanoes, which are also seen in the satellite image and photo. Manado is the capital of North Sulawesi Province. With over 400,000 people, it is the largest city in the province and the main transportation center. The Minahasa people of the Manado region are mostly Protestant Christians and about 19% of the population on the island of Sulawesi is Christian, including here and in the Tana Toraja area further to the south. The Ban Hin Kiong Temple (lower right) and a family association (below) form the center of Manado’s Chinatown, which is quiet most of the year, but comes alive at Chinese New Year. The City Mosque (below) is the center of the minority Muslim community (right), though there are a few smaller mosques also scattered around Manado. This slum area (below) has grown around small Mosque (slver dome), and is located near the waterfront, almost directly across from a new “hypermarket” (right). Modern Manado – Girls selling cell phones, a cigarette billboard, wedding dresses at the hypermarket, KFC and a new shopping center. Water is a major part of life in Manado. Passenger head to ferry boats for overnight trips to other islands (bottom left), while young men who work at the ferry terminal pose for a photo. The pyramid-shaped Bunaken Island (top right) is considered one of the world’s top scuba diving destinations. Small towns and rural lifestyles line the roads Outside of the city of Manado. White oxen, below, pull a heavy load of coconuts. Copra (the kernel of the coconut) is an important tropical product. Rural Northern Sulawesi Scenes A spring-fed public bath. A cemetery for leaders and heroes of the past. A homebased barber shop. And a food vendor passes four uniformed school children. A Private Zoo in the Town of Bitung Sulawesi has a mix of Asian and Australasian native animal species, including the world’s smallest monkey – the tarsier (right), the crested black macaque (left), the cuscus (above left) – a bear-like marsupial, and the piglike babirusa (above right), which are very friendly to humans. The town of Bitung is located on the Lembeh Strait, a major port area (protected from storms) and possibly the world’s top “muck diving” destination (dive map below). A wide variety of resorts, mostly small, but varying in prices and standards, serve scuba divers and non-divers from around the world. A dive boat (left) passes a small fishing village with four different churches (the largest buildings). Muck diving is different from coral reef diving. The emphasis is less on the fish and coral (although there is some of that here, too), and more on the strange animals that live in the sand and rocks. It is important to have an experienced guide because many of the muck creatures are small and hide very well, like to stone fish (right) Small is Beautiful A squat (or Hairy) Lobster on a star fish, below, and two small crabs on colorful plants. The Nudibranch is a type of sea slug that comes in an variety of shapes and colors The Pygmy Seahorse is about 1 to 2 cm in size and blends in with the pink coral fan. The one on the right is a pregnant male. A variety of Sea Anemone Starfish and Sea Urchins A sticky urchin (left) and a color changing Flamboyant cuttlefish (right). A shamefaced crab (right) and a self-feeding seaweed plant (left) whose arms catch food and feed its central “mouth”. The Lembeh Strait is one of three world class dive sites in the Manado area. Muck diving is relatively rare and the other two are traditional coral sites. The ideal dive holiday is to spend one week at each site. The large cuttlefish (below) has a glowing blue line along its side fin. Two mandarin fish prepare to mate in a pile of broken coral (right). And two of the many different colored garden ribbon fish. The Frog Fish is a type of angler fish that changes its color and skin to conform to the surface it resides on. It does not move until some food passes its mouth. The baby (left) is about 1.5 cm.