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					Section 8

State and Local Government Finances and Employment
This section presents data on revenues, expenditures, debt, and employment of state and local governments. Nationwide statistics relating to state and local governments, their numbers, finances, and employment are compiled primarily by the U.S. Census Bureau through a program of censuses and surveys. Every fifth year (for years ending in ‘‘2’’ and ‘‘7’’) the Census Bureau conducts a census of governments involving collection of data for all governmental units in the United States. In addition, the Census Bureau conducts annual surveys which cover all the state governments and a sample of local governments. Annually, the Census Bureau releases information on the Internet which presents financial data for the federal government, nationwide totals for state and local governments, and state-local data by states. Also released annually is a series on state, city, county, and school finances and on state and local public employment. There is also a series of quarterly data releases covering tax revenue and finances of major public employee retirement systems. Basic information for Census Bureau statistics on governments is obtained by mail canvass from state and local officials; however, financial data for each of the state governments and for many of the large local governments are compiled from their official records and reports by Census Bureau personnel. In over twothirds of the states, all or part of local government financial data are obtained through central collection arrangements with state governments. Financial data on the federal government are primarily based on the Budget published by the Office of Management and Budget (see text, Section 9, Federal Government Finances and Employment). Governmental units—The governmental structure of the United States includes, in addition to the federal government and the states, thousands of local governments—counties, municipalities, townships, school districts, and many ‘‘special districts.’’ In 2002, 87,525 local governments were identified by the census of governments (see Tables 417-419). As defined by the census, governmental units include all agencies or bodies having an organized existence, governmental character, and substantial autonomy. While most of these governments can impose taxes, many of the special districts—such as independent public housing authorities and numerous local irrigation, power, and other types of districts—are financed from rentals, charges for services, benefit assessments, grants from other governments, and other nontax sources. The count of governments excludes semi-autonomous agencies through which states, cities, and counties sometimes provide for certain functions—for example, ‘‘dependent’’ school systems, state institutions of higher education, and certain other ‘‘authorities’’ and special agencies which are under the administrative or fiscal control of an established governmental unit. Finances—The financial statistics relate to government fiscal years ending June 30 or at some date within the 12 previous months. The following governments are exceptions and are included as though they were part of the June 30 group; ending September 30, the state governments of Alabama and Michigan, the District of Columbia, and Alabama school districts; and ending August 31, the state government of Texas and Texas school districts. New York State ends its fiscal year on March 31. The federal government ended the fiscal year June 30 until 1976 when its fiscal year, by an act of Congress, was revised to extend from Oct. 1 to Sept. 30. A 3-month quarter (July 1 to Sept. 30, 1976) bridged the transition. Nationwide government finance statistics have been classified and presented in 261

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terms of uniform concepts and categories, rather than according to the highly diverse terminology, organization, and fund structure utilized by individual governments. Statistics on governmental finances distinguish among general government, utilities, liquor stores, and insurance trusts. General government comprises all activities except utilities, liquor stores, and insurance trusts. Utilities include government water supply, electric light and power, gas supply, and transit systems. Liquor stores are operated by 17 states and by local governments in 6 states. Insurance trusts relate to employee retirement, unemployment compensation, and other social insurance systems administered by the federal, state, and local governments. Data for cities or counties relate only to municipal or county and their dependent agencies and do not include amounts for other local governments in the same geographic location. Therefore, expenditure figures for ‘‘education’’ do not include spending by the separate school districts which administer public schools within most municipal or county areas. Variations in the assignment of governmental responsibility for public assistance, health, hospitals, public housing, and

other functions to a lesser degree also have an important effect upon reported amounts of city or county expenditure, revenue, and debt. Employment and payrolls—These data are based mainly on mail canvassing of state and local governments. Payroll includes all salaries, wages, and individual fee payments for the month specified, and employment relates to all persons on governmental payrolls during a pay period of the month covered— including paid officials, temporary help, and (unless otherwise specified) part-time as well as full-time personnel. Beginning 1986, statistics for full-time equivalent employment have been computed with a formula using hours worked by part-time employees. A payroll based formula was used prior to 1985. Full-time equivalent employment statistics were not computed for 1985. Figures shown for individual governments cover major dependent agencies such as institutions of higher education, as well as the basic central departments and agencies of the government. Statistical reliability—For a discussion of statistical collection and estimation, sampling procedures, and measures of statistical reliability applicable to Census Bureau data, see Appendix III.

No. 417. Number of Governmental Units by Type: 1952 to 2002
Type of government Total units . . . . . . U.S. Government . . . State government . . . Local governments . . County. . . . . . . . . Municipal . . . . . . . Township and town School district . . . . Special district. . . .
1

1952 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1

1962 91,237 1 50 91,186 3,043 18,000 17,142 34,678 18,323

1967 81,299 1 50 81,248 3,049 18,048 17,105 21,782 21,264

1972 78,269 1 50 78,218 3,044 18,517 16,991 15,781 23,885

1977 79,913 1 50 79,862 3,042 18,862 16,822 15,174 25,962

1982 81,831 1 50 81,780 3,041 19,076 16,734 14,851 28,078

1987 83,237 1 50 83,186 3,042 19,200 16,691 14,721 29,532

1992 85,006 1 50 84,955 3,043 19,279 16,656 14,422 31,555

1997 87,504 1 50 87,453 3,043 19,372 16,629 13,726 34,683

2002 87,576 1 50 87,525 3,034 19,429 16,504 13,506 35,052

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

. 116,807 . 1 . 50 . 116,756 . 3,052 . 16,807 . 17,202 . 67,355 . 12,340

Adjusted to include units in Alaska and Hawaii which adopted statehood in 1959.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Census of Governments, Volume 1, Number 1, Government Organization, Series GC02(1)-1. See also <http://www.census.gov/prod/2003pubs/gc021x1.pdf>(issued December 2002).

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No. 418. Number of Local Governments by Type—States: 2002
[Governments in existence in January. Limited to governments actually in existence. See Appendix III] Special district State All governmental units 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87,525 1,171 175 638 1,588 4,409 1,928 580 339 2 1,191 1,448 19 1,158 6,903 3,085 1,975 3,887 1,439 473 826 265 841 2,804 3,482 1,000 3,422 1,127 2,791 210 559 1,412 858 3,420 960 2,735 3,636 1,798 1,439 5,031 118 701 1,866 930 4,784 605 733 521 1,787 686 3,048 722
2

County 3,034 67 12 15 75 57 62 3 66 156 3 44 102 91 99 104 119 60 16 23 5 83 87 82 114 54 93 16 10 21 33 57 100 53 88 77 36 66 46 66 92 254 29 14 95 39 55 72 23

Municipal 19,429 451 149 87 499 475 270 30 57 1 404 531 1 200 1,291 567 948 627 424 302 22 157 45 533 854 296 946 129 531 19 13 324 101 616 541 360 942 590 240 1,018 8 269 308 349 1,196 236 47 229 279 234 585 98

Township 1 16,504 149 1,431 1,008 1,299 467 306 1,242 1,793 312 446 221 242 929 1,332 1,308 1,546 31 940 237 1,265 -

School district 13,506 128 231 310 1,047 182 17 19 95 180 116 934 294 386 324 176 66 99 82 580 345 164 536 352 575 17 167 549 96 683 226 667 571 236 516 4 85 176 14 1,089 40 283 1 296 55 442 55

Total

3

Natural Fire resources protection 6,979 68 83 258 484 178 1 239 124 38 14 176 979 141 251 261 166 4 15 44 16 80 114 242 183 125 80 33 10 16 583 3 155 79 98 97 179 7 3 48 102 108 442 81 14 47 170 15 191 134 5,725 12 151 80 368 250 64 57 2 142 823 1 67 163 16 4 34 317 155 421 19 14 196 911 281 73 26 256 34 86 72 141 19 19 387 64

Housing & community development 3,399 152 13 122 71 91 93 3 105 201 10 112 63 23 199 17 23 21 250 167 57 136 12 125 5 21 2 6 91 39 77 105 20 90 25 46 40 98 398 16 10 41 39 164 -

United States . Alabama . . . . . . Alaska. . . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . . Arkansas . . . . . . California . . . . . . Colorado . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . Delaware . . . . . . District of Columbia . . . . . Florida. . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . Hawaii. . . . . . . . Idaho . . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . Kansas . . . . . . . Kentucky . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . Maine . . . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . . Massachusetts . . Michigan . . . . . . Minnesota . . . . . Mississippi . . . . . Missouri. . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . . New Mexico . . . . New York . . . . . . North Carolina . . North Dakota . . . Ohio . . . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . Oregon . . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . . Rhode Island . . . South Carolina . . South Dakota . . . Tennessee . . . . . Texas . . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . . . Virginia . . . . . . . Washington . . . . West Virginia . . . Wisconsin . . . . . Wyoming . . . . . .

35,052 525 14 305 704 2,830 1,414 384 260 1 626 581 15 798 3,145 1,125 542 1,533 720 45 222 85 403 366 403 458 1,514 592 1,146 158 148 276 628 1,135 319 764 631 560 927 1,885 75 301 376 475 2,245 300 152 196 1,173 342 684 546

1 Includes ‘‘town’’ governments in the six New England States and in Minnesota, New York, and - Represents zero. Wisconsin. 2 Single function districts. 3 Includes other special districts not shown separately.

No. 419. County, Municipal, and Township Governments by Population Size: 2002
[Number of governments as of January 2002. Population enumerated as of April 1, 2000. (252,051 represents 252,051,000). Consolidated city-county governments are classified as municipal rather than county governments. Township governments include ‘‘towns’’ in the six New England States, Minnesota, New York, and Wisconsin. See Appendix III] County governments Population-size group Number, Number 2002 (1,000) Percent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,034 252,051 161 131,575 84 20,606 228 31,576 383 27,160 638 22,913 869 14,488 385 2,911 173 643 84 158 29 21 100 52 8 13 11 9 6 1 (Z) (Z) (Z) Population, 2000 Municipal governments Number, Number 2002 (1,000) Percent 19,429 174,882 58 47,768 30 7,163 153 21,076 364 24,960 643 22,576 1,436 22,589 1,637 11,644 2,070 7,352 3,677 5,951 9,361 3,803 100 27 4 12 14 13 13 7 4 3 2 Population, 2000 Township governments Population, 2000 Number, Number 2002 (1,000) Percent 16,504 3 3 30 97 273 773 1,085 1,909 3,679 8,652 57,365 1,527 728 3,974 6,588 9,275 12,067 7,560 6,732 5,905 3,008 100 3 1 7 11 16 21 13 12 10 5

Total . . . . . . . 300,000 or more . . . 200,000 to 299,999 . 100,000 to 199,999 . 50,000 to 99,999 . . 25,000 to 49,999 . . 10,000 to 24,999 . . 5,000 to 9,999 . . . . 2,500 to 4,999 . . . . 1,000 to 2,499 . . . . Less than 1,000 . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

Z Less than 0.5 percent. Source of tables 418 and 419: U.S. Census Bureau, Census of Governments, Government Organization, Series GC02(1)-1), quinquennial. <http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/govern.html> (accessed 16 June 2003).

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No. 420. Government Current Receipts and Expenditures by Type: 1990 to 2003
[In billions of dollars (1,707.8 represents $1,707,800,000,000). For explanation of national income, see text, Section 13. A comprehensive National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) revision was released on December 10, 2003; for more information on this revision of NIPA, go to www.bea.doc.gov/bea/dn/2003benchmark/CR2003content.htm. Minus sign(-) indicates a deficit.] Item Current receipts . . . . . . . . . . . . Current tax receipts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal current taxes . . . . . . . . . . . Taxes on production and imports . . . . Taxes on corporate income . . . . . . . . Taxes from the rest of the world . . . . . Contributions for government social insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Income receipts on assets . . . . . . . . . . Interest and miscellaneous receipts . . . Dividends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Current transfer receipts . . . . . . . . . . . . From business (net) . . . . . . . . . . . . . From persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Current surplus of government enterprises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Current expenditures . . . . . . . . . . Consumption expenditures . . . . . . . . . . Current transfer payments. . . . . . . . . . . Government social benefits . . . . . . . . To persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . To the rest of the world . . . . . . . . . Other current transfer payments to the rest of the world . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interest payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . To persons and business. . . . . . . . . . To the rest of the world . . . . . . . . . . . Subsidies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less: Wage accruals less disbursements. Net government saving . . . . . . . . Social insurance funds . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Represents zero. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 2004. See also: <http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea /dn/nipaweb/selecttable.asp?selected=N> (released April 2004). 1990 1,707.8 1,161.9 592.8 425.5 140.6 3.0 410.1 98.7 98.4 0.2 35.6 17.2 18.4 1.6 1,872.6 964.4 586.1 574.8 573.1 1.8 11.3 295.3 254.6 40.8 26.8 0.1 -164.8 45.0 -209.8 1995 2,212.6 1,517.2 744.1 558.2 211.0 3.9 532.8 92.1 91.1 1.0 59.1 26.5 32.6 11.4 2,397.6 1,136.5 872.5 860.3 858.4 1.9 12.1 354.6 300.8 53.8 34.0 -184.9 23.0 -208.0 1998 2,724.2 1,911.7 1,027.0 639.8 239.2 5.7 624.2 102.4 100.7 1.7 75.5 35.0 40.6 10.3 2,633.4 1,256.0 969.6 954.9 952.6 2.3 14.6 372.4 293.2 79.3 35.4 90.8 60.7 30.1 1999 2,895.0 2,036.2 1,107.5 674.0 248.8 5.9 661.4 106.8 105.0 1.8 80.6 35.9 44.7 10.1 2,741.0 1,334.0 1,005.5 990.4 988.0 2.4 15.1 357.3 282.7 74.5 44.2 154.0 95.8 58.2 2000 3,125.9 2,206.8 1,235.7 708.9 255.0 7.3 702.7 117.4 115.6 1.9 93.7 43.7 50.0 5.3 2,886.5 1,417.1 1,062.4 1,044.1 1,041.6 2.5 18.3 362.8 279.8 83.0 44.3 239.4 114.4 125.1 2001 3,124.2 2,172.6 1,243.7 729.8 192.0 7.2 728.5 120.0 118.0 2.0 101.9 47.3 54.6 1.2 3,056.4 1,497.7 1,159.2 1,145.3 1,142.6 2.7 14.0 344.1 263.4 80.7 55.3 67.8 88.4 -20.6 2002 2,980.7 2,006.2 1,053.1 760.1 185.9 7.2 750.3 116.1 114.0 2.1 105.3 46.8 58.6 2.8 3,224.0 1,595.4 1,271.1 1,252.3 1,249.5 2.7 18.8 319.3 245.4 73.9 38.2 -243.3 51.9 -295.1 2003 3,011.3 2,002.0 990.6 788.7 215.9 6.8 776.2 118.3 116.1 2.2 109.8 46.8 63.1 5.0 3,426.4 1,708.6 1,357.5 1,334.4 1,331.6 2.8 23.1 312.1 245.7 66.4 48.2 -415.0 42.6 -457.6

No. 421. Government Consumption Expenditures and Gross Investment by Level of Government and Type: 1990 to 2003
[In billions of dollars (1,180.2 represents $1,180,200,000,000). For explanation of national income, see text, Section 13. A comprehensive National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) revision was released on December 10, 2003; for more information on this revision of NIPA, go to www:bea.doc.gov/bea/dn/2003benchmark/CR2003content.htm. Level of government and type Consumption expenditures & gross investment, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumption expenditures 1 . . . . . Gross investment 2 . . . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equipment and software . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumption expenditures . . . . . . Gross investment . . . . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equipment and software . . . . . . National defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumption expenditures . . . . . . Gross investment . . . . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equipment and software . . . . . . Nondefense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumption expenditures . . . . . . Gross investment . . . . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equipment and software . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumption expenditures . . . . . . Gross investment . . . . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equipment and software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 1995 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2,054.8 1,708.6 346.3 216.8 129.4 757.2 662.9 94.3 15.1 79.2 497.3 437.3 60.0 4.9 55.1 259.9 225.6 34.3 10.2 24.0 1,297.6 1,045.6 252.0 201.8 50.2

. 1,180.2 1,369.2 1,518.3 1,620.8 1,721.6 1,814.7 1,932.5 . 964.4 1,136.5 1,256.0 1,334.0 1,417.1 1,497.7 1,595.4 . 215.7 232.7 262.4 286.8 304.5 317.0 337.1 . 112.6 134.4 159.3 175.3 189.3 198.8 212.4 . 103.1 98.4 103.1 111.5 115.2 118.2 124.7 . 508.3 519.2 530.4 555.8 578.8 612.9 679.5 . 419.8 440.5 454.6 475.1 499.3 531.7 590.8 . 88.5 78.8 75.8 80.7 79.5 81.2 88.7 . 14.1 17.1 15.7 15.6 13.3 13.0 14.3 . 74.4 61.7 60.1 65.1 66.2 68.2 74.4 . 374.0 348.7 345.7 360.6 370.3 393.0 438.3 . 308.1 297.3 300.7 312.9 321.5 342.8 382.7 . 65.9 51.4 45.0 47.7 48.8 50.2 55.7 . 6.1 6.3 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.6 4.4 . 59.8 45.1 39.9 42.8 43.8 45.6 51.2 . 134.3 170.5 184.7 195.2 208.5 219.9 241.2 . 111.7 143.2 153.9 162.2 177.8 188.8 208.1 . 22.6 27.3 30.8 33.0 30.7 31.0 33.0 . 8.0 10.8 10.6 10.6 8.3 8.4 9.9 . 14.6 16.5 20.2 22.4 22.3 22.6 23.2 . 671.9 850.0 987.9 1,065.0 1,142.8 1,201.8 1,253.1 . 544.6 696.1 801.4 858.9 917.8 966.1 1,004.6 . 127.2 154.0 186.5 206.0 225.0 235.8 248.4 . 98.5 117.3 143.6 159.7 176.0 185.8 198.1 . 28.7 36.7 43.0 46.4 49.0 50.0 50.3

1 Government consumption expenditures are services (such as education and national defense) produced by government that are valued at their cost of production. Excludes government sales to other sectors and government own-account investment 2 Gross government investment consists of general government and government enterprise (construction and software). expenditures for fixed assets; inventory investment is included in government consumption expenditures.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 2004. See also <http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea /dn/nipaweb/selecttable.asp?selected (released 29 April 2004).

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No. 422. Real Government Consumption Expenditures and Gross Investment in Chained (2000) Dollars by Level of Government and Type: 1990 to 2003
[In billions dollars (1,530.0 represents $1,530,000,000,000). For explanation of national income. See text, Section 13. A comprehensive National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) revision was released on December 10, 2003; for more information on this revision of NIPA, go to http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/dn/2003benchmark/CR2003content.htm] Item Consumption expenditures and gross investment, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumption expenditures 1 Gross investment 2 . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . Equipment and software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 1,530.0 1,277.2 253.0 151.2 99.1 659.1 562.5 95.4 19.0 75.8 479.4 404.9 72.9 8.6 64.2 178.6 156.5 23.1 10.6 12.9 868.4 714.2 154.6 132.1 25.0 1.0 1995 1,549.7 1,301.9 248.8 159.5 89.5 580.3 502.9 77.6 20.0 58.1 389.2 338.1 50.9 7.4 43.7 191.0 164.7 26.7 12.6 14.7 968.3 798.4 170.4 139.5 31.7 -1.1 1998 1,624.4 1,351.2 273.6 172.7 101.1 561.2 484.7 76.8 17.0 59.9 365.3 319.8 45.6 5.5 40.1 195.9 164.8 31.2 11.5 19.8 1,063.0 866.4 196.7 155.6 41.2 -0.3 1999 1,686.9 1,393.1 294.0 183.3 110.7 573.7 492.8 81.0 16.3 64.8 372.2 324.6 47.6 5.2 42.5 201.5 168.1 33.4 11.1 22.3 1,113.2 900.3 212.9 167.0 45.9 -0.1 2000 1,721.6 1,417.1 304.5 189.3 115.2 578.8 499.3 79.5 13.3 66.2 370.3 321.5 48.8 5.0 43.8 208.5 177.8 30.7 8.3 22.3 1,142.8 917.8 225.0 176.0 49.0 0.1 2001 1,768.9 1,456.7 312.2 192.2 120.1 600.5 519.0 81.4 12.5 68.9 384.7 334.0 50.7 4.4 46.3 215.8 185.0 30.8 8.1 22.6 1,168.5 937.7 230.8 179.7 51.1 2002 1,836.9 1,509.0 328.0 199.4 128.8 648.0 558.5 89.5 13.5 76.1 418.8 362.2 56.6 4.2 52.5 229.2 196.3 32.9 9.3 23.6 1,189.1 950.5 238.6 186.0 52.6 -0.3 2003 1,898.4 1,565.7 332.6 198.3 135.0 704.3 609.1 95.2 13.8 81.5 463.0 401.9 61.0 4.5 56.7 241.4 207.1 34.3 9.4 24.9 1,194.6 956.9 237.8 184.5 53.4 -0.9

Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumption expenditures Gross investment . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . Equipment and software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

National defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumption expenditures Gross investment . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . Equipment and software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Nondefense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumption expenditures Gross investment . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . Equipment and software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumption expenditures Gross investment . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . Equipment and software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Residual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

- Represents zero. 1 Government consumption expenditures are services (such as education and national defense) produced by government that are valued at their cost of production. Excludes government sales to other sectors and government own-account investment (construction and software). 2 Gross government investment consists of general government and government enterprise expenditures for fixed assets; inventory investment is included in government consumption expenditures. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 2004. See also <http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea /dn/nipaweb/selecttable.asp?selected=N>; (released 30 May 2003).

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No. 423. Federal Grants-in-Aid to State and Local Governments: 1980 to 2004
[91,385 represents $91,385,000,000, except as indicated. For year ending Sept. 30. Minus sign (-) indicates decrease] Current dollars Grants to individuals Year Total grants (mil. dol.) 1980 1985 1990 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91,385 105,852 135,325 178,065 193,612 210,596 224,991 227,811 234,160 246,128 267,081 284,659 317,211 351,550 387,281 418,091 Annual percent change 1 9.6 8.5 11.0 15.2 8.7 8.8 6.8 1.3 2.8 5.1 8.5 6.6 11.4 10.8 10.2 8.0 Total (mil. dol.) 32,619 50,059 77,264 112,522 124,155 134,153 144,427 146,493 148,236 160,305 172,384 182,592 203,920 227,373 246,570 266,057 Grants as percent of— Gross domestic product 3.3 2.6 2.4 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.6 3.6 Total grants (bil. dol.) 192.6 163.1 172.1 211.4 223.9 238.1 247.9 245.5 247.7 257.3 274.7 284.7 309.5 337.4 363.0 384.2 Annual percent change 1 -1.6 4.6 6.3 12.1 5.9 6.3 4.1 -1.0 0.9 3.9 6.8 3.6 8.7 9.0 7.6 5.8 Constant (2000) dollars

State Percent /localgovt. of total expendigrants tures 2 35.7 47.3 57.1 63.2 64.1 63.7 64.2 64.3 63.3 65.1 64.5 64.1 64.3 64.7 63.7 63.6 39.9 29.6 25.2 28.7 29.6 30.9 31.5 30.8 30.2 30.3 31.2 28.3 29.5 31.5 33.5 (NA)
2

Federal outlays 15.5 11.2 10.8 12.9 13.7 14.4 14.8 14.6 14.6 14.9 15.7 15.9 17.0 17.5 17.9 18.0

2000 . . . 2001 . . . 2002 . . . 2003 . . . 2004, est

NA Not available. 1 Percent change from immediate/prior year shown. national income and product accounts.

Expenditures from own sources as defined in the

Source: U. S. Office of Management and Budget, based on Historical Tables and Analytical Prospectives, Budget of the United States Government, annual.

No. 424. Federal Aid to State and Local Governments: 1980 to 2004
[In millions of dollars (91,385 represents $91,385,000,000). For year ending Sept 30. Includes trust funds. Minus sign (-) indicates previously disbursed funds returned to the federal government.] Program Grant-in-aid shared revenue
1

1980 ........

1990

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004 est. 418,091 (NA) 613 6,511 4,277 865 28 43,460 3,395 30,380 8,296 14,759 6,963 88 5,990 56,941 14,049 8,041 1,331 1,870 1,767 8,253 3,656 251 191,929 2,268 177,407 88,333 4,381 11,295 443 4,266 9,929

91,385 135,325 224,991 284,659 317,211 351,550 387,281 93 499 5,363 4,603 569 3 13,022 590 9,208 3,129 6,486 380 335 3,902 21,862 3,370 523 622 854 2,763 1,548 6,191 158 15,758 679 13,957 18,495 412 3,388 90 529 8,616 241 461 3,745 2,874 1,285 19,174 1,220 14,171 3,730 4,965 1,184 124 2,818 23,359 4,437 1,080 799 1,287 2,749 2,618 3,042 127 43,890 1,241 41,103 35,189 2,130 4,871 134 574 2,309 68 492 4,148 2,912 780 5 25,787 1,826 19,475 4,353 7,230 1,772 182 4,333 34,125 2 433 4,595 3,490 724 3 32,222 1,624 24,711 5,262 8,665 2,439 125 4,955 42,125 47 492 4,882 3,750 755 6 36,647 2,017 27,075 6,963 9,485 3,010 86 4,939 40,133 91 528 5,085 3,588 750 2 40,998 2,860 29,833 7,462 10,501 3,456 101 5,429 44,827 (NA) 589 5,593 3,917 800 3 41,029 2,681 29,960 7,448 15,082 7,861 74 5,569 51,543

National defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Natural resources and environment . . . . . . . . . Environmental Protection Agency2 . . . . . . . . Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commerce and Housing Credit . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grants for Airports 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal-aid highways 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Urban mass transportation 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . Community and regional development . . . . . . . Homeland Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appalachian regional development programs . Community development fund . . . . . . . . . . . Education, training, employment, social services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compensatory education for the disadvantaged 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . School improvement programs 4 . . . . . . . . . Impact aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vocational and adult education . . . . . . . . . . Social services-block grant . . . . . . . . . . . . . Children and family services programs . . . . . Training and employment services . . . . . . . . Office of libraries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Substance abuse, and mental health services 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grants to States for Medicaid 4 . . . . . . . . . . Income security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food stamp program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Child nutrition programs 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Veterans benefits and services 4 . . . . . . . . . . . Administration of justice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General government 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6,785 8,511 8,616 9,211 11,204 1,288 2,394 2,721 3,401 5,964 803 875 1,021 1,116 1,103 1,449 1,448 1,651 1,742 1,908 2,797 1,827 1,852 1,780 1,740 4,463 5,843 6,614 7,749 8,161 3,620 2,957 3,132 4,206 4,291 109 152 189 202 239 93,587 124,843 139,295 158,677 173,814 2,444 1,931 2,094 2,193 2,171 89,070 117,921 129,434 147,650 160,805 55,122 63,200 76,064 81,506 86,476 2,740 3,508 3,664 3,949 4,162 7,387 9,060 9,416 10,100 10,664 253 434 405 360 403 1,222 5,120 6,612 5,826 4,498 2,172 2,287 2,388 2,398 7,449

1 2 Includes items not shown separately. Grants includes trust NA Not available. - Represents or rounds to zero. funds. 3 Trust funds. 4 Includes grants for payments to individuals. 5 Includes general purpose fiscal assistance.

Source: U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Historical Tables, Budget of the United States Government, annual.

266 State and Local Government Finances and Employment
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No. 425. Federal Aid to State and Local Governments—Selected Programs by State: 2002
[In millions of dollars (362,389 represents $362,389,000,000). For fiscal year ending September 30] Department of Agriculture Food and nutrition service State and island area Child nutrition programs Total
2

Department of Education Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services

Federal aid, total 1 Total . . . . . . . . . . . United States . . . . . . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Special suppleFood mental stamp food pro- program gram 3 (WIC) 3,859 2,487 32 8 35 18 357 27 25 4 10 92 62 11 10 99 44 21 9 30 39 10 43 40 99 44 33 52 11 11 10 7 84 18 236 59 8 126 38 54 129 7 32 11 39 164 20 11 72 39 11 34 4 1,373 4 3 7 1,351 8 4,376 4,206 71 20 98 45 757 43 36 9 11 248 125 25 17 169 72 34 33 67 78 10 53 65 119 57 57 67 13 22 23 10 76 35 280 111 10 139 64 59 132 13 59 13 95 361 32 10 76 93 29 58 7 170 6 6 153 5 -

Other

Adult Rehabileducaitation tion for Spe- services the cial & disadvan- educa- disability tion research Total taged 1,356 1,335 27 9 35 20 344 24 9 2 2 96 27 3 9 60 14 6 18 16 13 8 9 29 60 9 9 12 3 8 3 2 17 16 64 20 2 22 9 20 61 2 9 3 10 111 9 3 11 40 4 10 2 21 21 8,532 8,439 136 27 130 82 883 112 100 25 22 456 232 34 40 378 190 93 89 127 136 44 150 214 291 151 87 170 31 59 48 38 269 154 576 238 20 321 109 111 315 34 130 24 172 675 83 20 212 164 58 159 21 93 4 1 78 10 -

Other 20,962 20,458 326 235 544 213 2,758 262 210 63 104 942 572 146 94 812 301 165 223 285 381 94 298 410 742 266 268 325 141 123 100 60 469 290 1,708 470 99 631 347 224 730 75 290 127 294 1,644 157 62 417 421 147 321 66 504 4 2 493 4 -

362,389 21,487 10,161 355,690 19,669 5,557 2,250 6,314 3,559 41,627 3,951 4,492 958 4,025 15,044 9,300 1,460 1,560 13,296 5,997 3,391 2,889 5,719 6,820 2,049 5,660 9,202 11,185 5,776 4,605 7,137 1,654 2,028 1,646 1,326 10,239 3,418 38,637 9,510 1,189 13,262 4,510 4,457 15,603 1,794 4,883 1,350 7,374 21,955 2,208 1,087 6,233 7,103 3,034 6,173 1,192 5,683 113 114 212 53 66 38 4,793 294 1,015 363 117 392 228 2,653 209 158 52 57 981 650 100 111 769 334 196 176 336 451 81 284 312 586 329 351 370 106 128 90 59 390 203 1,353 581 65 633 332 416 639 62 312 86 427 1,690 158 60 342 405 157 287 44 1,801 23 2 19 13 1,712 32 17 9,949 196 29 203 119 1,301 97 79 28 28 560 394 42 41 408 164 84 101 172 260 35 146 170 257 166 179 184 32 65 47 20 199 114 714 325 25 288 162 107 293 32 171 30 215 1,036 81 16 142 166 76 133 15 213 12 5 4 177 15 -

3,090 32,739 3,028 32,032 64 61 56 46 238 41 18 11 8 81 69 22 43 93 52 57 34 67 73 26 43 37 111 62 83 68 49 30 10 23 32 35 124 85 22 79 68 196 85 10 50 32 78 129 26 23 52 108 40 63 17 45 1 2 4 2 31 5 17 528 274 730 338 3,980 407 337 99 140 1,553 894 194 150 1,315 562 294 344 484 573 156 497 686 1,143 468 403 564 186 201 165 111 807 467 2,468 803 131 1,085 506 377 1,186 122 474 164 540 2,544 267 94 703 644 235 542 96 682 1 8 5 1 650 16 26

2,652 2,554 55 11 49 35 261 27 20 9 12 119 74 11 15 100 61 31 27 48 46 15 39 48 92 44 40 58 13 17 13 11 51 23 138 79 11 111 42 37 115 10 45 11 60 185 24 11 61 50 25 53 8 72 1 2 1 67 2 26

Colorado. . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . . Maryland

Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri . . . . .

Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon. . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Island areas: American Samoa. . Micronesia . . . . . . Guam . . . . . . . . . Marshall Islands . . Northern Marianas Palau . . . . . . . . . Puerto Rico . . . . . Virgin Islands . . . .

Undistributed amounts . .

See footnote at end of table.

State and Local Government Finances and Employment
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267

No. 425. Federal Aid to State and Local Governments—Selected Programs by State: 2002—Con.
[In millions of dollars (3,406 represents $3,406,000,000). For fiscal year ending September 30] Department of Housing and Urban Development Public housing programs State and island areas Community development block Total grants 36,965 36,213 509 174 489 236 4,203 415 599 104 686 1,324 884 144 74 2,016 538 215 189 492 569 179 701 1,506 912 571 288 589 108 149 187 137 1,381 180 5,196 757 86 1,473 457 359 1,808 242 352 108 628 1,732 135 93 697 611 234 462 36 752 25 674 53 5,437 5,318 68 17 75 32 685 52 52 9 91 208 130 18 12 236 91 48 43 68 108 23 85 154 170 85 52 111 14 31 20 19 136 30 769 78 10 241 56 37 304 27 58 15 67 317 31 19 84 75 56 91 7 120 1 116 2 Low rent housNeighing borhood assisrevitaltance ization 3,709 3,590 113 12 30 27 121 18 58 10 51 96 123 11 1 266 40 6 16 53 68 9 77 106 51 42 28 45 4 10 16 7 155 9 924 101 3 161 25 15 240 21 30 3 101 119 4 4 91 36 16 19 1 118 2 98 18 467 465 2 6 1 25 7 7 3 15 43 11 19 2 10 13 24 9 1 1 8 41 16 31 10 3 44 5 33 40 15 8 4 8 2 1 1 Housing certificate program 18,499 17,909 183 31 157 121 2,690 261 352 54 165 412 412 87 45 1,020 298 124 87 232 225 115 377 990 471 314 144 274 41 66 106 89 768 79 2,011 374 39 739 176 227 775 142 189 45 281 925 77 55 366 333 103 244 18 292 18 260 14 Department of Labor State unemployment insurance and employment Total service 8,376 8,067 130 58 139 69 1,207 94 103 24 161 285 167 53 50 388 125 61 54 104 120 51 152 173 307 151 106 127 35 39 57 32 226 68 544 216 27 280 69 155 372 34 97 26 118 504 57 18 134 235 77 166 21 309 2 2 15 1 1 280 8 3,607 3,572 45 30 48 31 517 53 62 11 69 118 76 18 24 171 61 31 27 40 37 19 71 92 148 66 36 62 15 21 34 14 125 19 244 88 14 114 31 62 179 18 44 11 52 191 37 10 60 107 21 85 11 34 2 28 3 -

FEMA total 4 Total . . . . . . . . United States . . . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,406 3,194 27 7 14 21 546 20 3 3 3 178 31 4 3 16 10 15 44 21 22 5 10 19 7 43 23 60 20 6 2 5 82 5 1,232 123 37 11 122 15 16 2 7 7 18 184 8 4 28 25 49 28 5 70 25 1 32 12 141

Capital program 3,767 3,596 86 1 12 29 134 22 48 8 264 83 127 6 2 250 44 9 15 76 80 7 41 82 65 56 29 58 3 19 15 8 146 11 888 72 3 124 21 15 248 16 26 3 78 134 4 3 50 36 15 22 2 171 2 155 14 -

Other 5,177 5,019 47 113 205 25 534 51 78 19 92 470 71 21 14 201 60 28 26 50 68 25 90 156 149 70 30 89 44 21 29 14 120 49 542 91 30 183 169 62 177 33 39 40 58 182 18 12 84 118 38 75 8 159 2 37 2 -

Workforce investment 3,431 3,173 59 19 60 27 564 25 25 8 38 112 63 20 17 169 40 16 15 27 76 20 54 59 99 42 58 44 16 11 16 13 80 43 231 64 7 131 29 70 129 8 37 8 20 249 11 7 45 98 47 46 7 258 1 2 11 1 1 240 2 -

Colorado. . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . . Maryland

Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri . . . . .

Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon. . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Island areas: American Samoa Micronesia . . . . . Guam . . . . . . . . Marshall Islands . Northern Marianas . . . . . Palau . . . . . . . . Puerto Rico . . . . Virgin Islands . . .

Undistributed amounts . . . . . . . .

See footnote at end of table.

268 State and Local Government Finances and Employment
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No. 425. Federal Aid to State and Local Governments—Selected Programs by State: 2002—Con.
[In millions of dollars (204,197 represents $204,197,000,000). For fiscal year ending September 30] Department of Health and Human Services Administration for children State and island areas Temporary Chilassis- dren & tance family to serneedy vices fami- (Head lies Start) 7,749 7,494 125 50 166 84 936 125 64 18 85 286 192 34 41 341 113 65 77 134 161 35 99 141 275 109 179 147 40 47 31 20 156 69 515 192 33 296 123 111 265 32 103 44 138 589 52 21 181 155 57 125 19 250 6 5 231 9 5 Centers Foster for care Mediand care adopand tion Mediassiscaid tance Services Department of Transportation

Total

Other

Federal Higway transit trust adminTotal fund istration 5,223 5,024 25 12 61 10 1,008 91 79 3 260 135 96 33 7 259 29 22 18 22 36 8 105 131 89 108 5 36 5 10 16 8 291 8 773 42 4 137 20 122 269 26 14 5 39 271 55 3 66 106 8 36 2 180 13 179 1 20

Other 4,060 4,053 141 168 97 71 339 103 17 8 7 180 82 21 49 177 56 50 21 71 57 17 50 37 102 104 69 100 42 29 56 45 38 24 126 86 24 129 65 200 127 24 58 37 57 243 27 9 87 121 111 58 36 75 28 1 28 12 20 -68

Other federal aid 16,500 15,554 230 332 435 102 1,581 293 126 57 1,222 557 274 102 125 404 190 128 101 226 177 118 255 302 345 243 173 249 203 120 176 110 282 417 901 329 119 340 246 305 392 85 170 178 375 631 198 68 290 420 159 241 451 905 43 76 462 105 42

Total . . . . . . . . . . . 204,197 18,538 United States Alabama . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . Arizona. . . . . . . Arkansas . . . . . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203,343 18,471 . 2,931 130 . 780 75 . 3,476 297 . 2,090 60 . 23,482 3,416 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,976 2,576 489 1,339 8,355 5,349 687 786 7,064 3,593 2,080 1,582 3,440 4,367 1,271 3,034 5,531 6,871 3,375 2,803 4,315 654 1,152 736 678 6,031 1,743 24,769 5,615 479 8,274 2,347 2,235 9,449 1,027 2,988 539 4,651 11,949 1,063 605 3,002 3,988 1,686 3,764 277 844 17 1 27 7 752 40 10 232 278 30 154 735 449 70 38 600 258 118 104 159 221 80 306 507 926 334 149 195 69 53 57 39 740 110 2,783 361 29 773 150 175 711 90 131 22 248 555 91 51 178 491 182 444 14 67 3 61 3 -

5,881 150,640 21,388 38,719 29,444 5,881 150,351 21,146 37,618 28,539 34 2,300 342 840 673 16 519 120 509 328 62 2,597 354 639 481 44 1,721 180 476 395 1,318 15,503 2,308 3,975 2,628 62 86 13 38 184 111 29 8 389 66 40 43 64 67 40 158 96 242 104 18 81 13 35 22 13 82 25 652 84 15 361 44 53 395 18 51 7 39 193 26 20 93 77 34 111 3 1,238 1,878 361 763 6,076 4,078 461 601 4,783 2,798 1,667 1,187 2,792 3,596 1,011 2,023 4,258 4,649 2,419 2,243 3,495 440 866 485 519 4,384 1,375 19,187 4,395 340 5,931 1,751 1,661 7,127 796 2,415 391 3,813 9,196 749 452 2,138 2,785 1,248 2,694 192 290 4 8 3 265 8 318 270 67 299 1,074 519 94 97 952 357 189 171 290 322 104 448 528 779 409 214 396 91 152 142 87 669 164 1,632 584 61 913 279 234 952 92 289 75 413 1,417 146 60 412 480 165 390 49 237 6 1 11 3 195 20 5 537 589 131 416 1,811 1,052 176 262 1,324 646 404 399 616 541 187 727 673 1,014 595 459 862 342 233 234 195 1,039 334 2,173 1,087 244 1,167 432 595 1,741 221 482 241 617 2,722 321 146 1,036 775 437 681 262 322 28 21 15 231 26 780 342 493 120 150 1,496 873 122 206 889 560 333 360 524 448 162 572 505 823 384 385 727 295 193 161 141 710 302 1,274 959 216 901 347 272 1,345 171 411 199 521 2,209 239 134 882 548 318 587 224 67 20 2 40 5 828

Colorado. . . . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . . . District of Columbia . . Florida . . . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . . . . Idaho . . . . . . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . Kansas. . . . . . . . . . . Kentucky . . . . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . . . . Maine. . . . . . . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . . . . . Massachusetts. . . . . . Michigan. . . . . . . . . . Minnesota . . . . . . . . . Mississippi . . . . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . . . . . New Hampshire . . . . . New Jersey . . . . . . . . New Mexico . . . . . . . New York . . . . . . . . . North Carolina . . . . . . North Dakota . . . . . . . Ohio . . . . . . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . . . . Oregon. . . . . . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . . . . . . Rhode Island . . . . . . . South Carolina. . . . . . South Dakota . . . . . . Tennessee . . . . . . . . Texas . . . . . . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . . . . . . . Virginia. . . . . . . . . . . Washington . . . . . . . . West Virginia . . . . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . . . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . Island areas: American Samoa . . Micronesia . . . . . . . Guam . . . . . . . . . . Marshall Islands . . . Northern Marianas . Palau . . . . . . . . . . Puerto Rico . . . . . . Virgin Islands . . . . . Undistributed amounts

1 2 3 - Represents or rounds to zero. Includes programs not shown separately. Includes special milk program. For Puerto Rico, amount shown is for nutritional assistance grant program, all other amounts are grant payments for food stamp 4 FEMA = Federal Emergency Management Agency. administration. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Federal Aid to States For Fiscal Year 2002 (Issued May 2003.) See also <http://www.census .gov/prod/2003pubs/fas02.pdf>

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269

No. 426. State and Local Government Current Receipts and Expenditures in the National Income and Product Accounts: 1980 to 2003
[In billions of dollars (338.2 represents $338,200,000,000). For explanation of national income, see text, Section 13. A comprehensive National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) revision released on December 10, 2003. For more information on this revision of the National Income and Product Accounts, go to <http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/dn/2003benchmark/CR2003content.htm>] Item Current receipts. . . . . . Current tax receipts . . . . . . . . Personal current taxes. . . . . Income taxes . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Taxes on production and imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sales taxes . . . . . . . . . . Property taxes . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Taxes on corporate income . Contributions for government social insurance . . . . . . . . . . Income receipts on assets . . . . Interest receipts . . . . . . . . . Dividends . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rents and royalties . . . . . . . Current transfer receipts . . . . . Federal grants-in-aid . . . . . . From business (net) . . . . . . From persons . . . . . . . . . . Current surplus of government enterprises . . . . . . . . . . . . . Current expenditures Consumption expenditures . Government social benefit payments to persons . . . . Interest payments . . . . . . . Subsidies . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net state and local government saving . Social insurance funds . . . . Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 338.2 230.0 48.9 42.6 6.3 166.7 82.9 68.8 15.0 14.5 3.6 26.3 23.1 0.1 3.1 79.5 72.3 2.5 4.7 -1.2 329.4 258.4 51.2 19.4 0.4 8.8 1.3 7.5 1990 737.8 519.1 122.6 109.6 13.0 374.1 184.3 161.5 28.3 22.5 10.0 68.4 64.1 0.2 4.2 133.5 111.4 7.1 14.9 6.7 730.5 544.6 127.7 57.9 0.4 7.2 2.0 5.3 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

990.2 1,043.3 1,097.4 1,163.2 1,236.7 1,319.5 1,382.7 1,424.7 1,500.9 672.1 709.6 749.9 794.9 840.4 893.2 917.7 925.5 964.2 158.1 168.7 182.0 201.2 214.5 236.6 243.7 221.9 226.4 141.7 152.3 164.7 183.0 195.5 217.3 224.1 201.7 205.4 16.4 16.3 17.3 18.2 19.0 19.4 19.6 20.2 21.0 482.4 242.7 202.6 37.0 31.7 13.6 68.4 62.9 1.0 4.5 224.1 184.1 13.5 26.5 12.0 507.9 256.2 212.4 39.4 33.0 12.5 73.3 67.3 1.4 4.6 234.1 191.2 15.2 27.8 13.9 533.8 268.7 223.5 41.6 34.1 10.8 77.8 71.5 1.5 4.8 246.6 198.6 17.7 30.3 12.3 558.8 283.9 231.0 43.9 34.9 10.4 80.9 74.6 1.7 4.6 266.8 212.8 22.1 31.9 10.2 590.2 301.6 242.8 45.8 35.8 9.8 85.3 78.4 1.8 5.1 290.8 232.9 23.0 34.9 10.4 621.1 316.6 254.6 49.9 35.5 11.0 92.2 84.0 1.9 6.3 315.4 247.3 28.8 39.2 7.7 643.8 322.7 269.6 51.6 30.2 13.2 95.6 86.7 2.0 7.0 350.8 276.3 31.4 43.1 5.4 672.5 328.8 291.0 52.6 31.1 13.5 95.5 86.0 2.1 7.4 384.2 304.6 32.7 46.9 5.9 700.6 340.5 304.0 56.1 37.2 13.8 94.1 84.1 2.2 7.8 422.3 339.0 32.1 51.2 6.5

... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

978.2 1,017.5 1,058.3 1,111.2 1,186.3 1,269.5 1,365.4 1,427.9 1,501.5 696.1 724.8 758.9 801.4 858.9 917.8 966.1 1,004.6 1,045.6 217.6 64.2 0.3 12.0 4.0 8.0 224.3 68.1 0.3 25.8 2.8 23.0 227.6 71.4 0.4 39.1 1.2 38.0 235.8 73.6 0.4 52.0 1.7 50.3 252.4 74.6 0.4 50.4 1.7 48.7 271.7 79.5 0.5 50.0 2.0 47.9 305.1 86.6 7.7 17.3 3.4 14.0 332.3 89.9 1.0 -3.2 3.4 -6.6 362.3 93.2 0.3 -0.6 3.4 -4.0

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 2004. See also <http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea> /dn/nipaweb/selecttable.asp>.

No. 427. State and Local Government Consumption Expenditures and Social Benefits in the National Income and Product Accounts: 1980 to 2003
[In billions of dollars (322.4 represents $322,400,000,000). For explanation of national income, see text, Section 13. A comprehensive National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) revision released on December 10, 2003. For more information on this revision of the National Income and Product Accounts, go to <http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/dn/2003benchmark/CR2003content.htm>] Expenditure Consumption expenditures 1 Consumption expenditures . . . . . . . Gross investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equipment and software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 322.4 258.4 64.0 55.1 8.9 51.2 2.8 0.8 2.0 44.0 24.9 23.9 1.1 12.5 2.0 1.4 1.3 1.7 2.4 1.7 0.3 1990 671.9 544.6 127.2 98.5 28.7 127.7 9.2 2.2 7.0 111.1 78.2 73.1 5.0 19.2 3.8 2.9 1.6 5.4 5.3 0.9 1.1 1995 850.0 696.1 154.0 117.3 36.7 217.6 10.7 2.1 8.6 195.8 155.0 149.6 5.4 22.6 3.8 3.6 1.4 9.4 8.7 1.1 1.3 1997 937.8 758.9 178.9 139.5 39.4 227.6 10.7 2.0 8.7 205.2 168.3 163.1 5.2 17.9 3.7 3.3 1.4 10.6 9.1 1.0 1.5 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

987.9 1,065.0 1,142.8 1,201.8 1,253.1 1,297.6 801.4 858.9 917.8 966.1 1,004.6 1,045.6 186.5 206.0 225.0 235.8 248.4 252.0 143.6 159.7 176.0 185.8 198.1 201.8 43.0 46.4 49.0 50.0 50.3 50.2 235.8 10.4 2.1 8.3 212.9 175.3 170.2 5.1 17.4 3.9 3.5 1.2 11.4 9.8 1.1 1.6 252.4 10.6 2.2 8.4 228.3 189.3 184.6 4.7 17.9 4.2 3.6 1.4 11.9 10.5 1.1 1.8 271.7 11.5 2.8 8.7 245.4 205.0 199.5 5.5 18.4 4.4 3.6 1.7 12.3 11.6 1.0 2.1 305.1 12.3 3.3 9.0 276.5 234.6 227.3 7.4 18.6 4.5 3.1 2.5 13.1 12.7 1.4 2.1 332.3 12.7 3.6 9.1 302.5 258.7 250.0 8.6 19.7 4.8 3.7 1.9 13.7 13.4 1.7 2.1 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Transfers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Benefits from social insurance funds . Temporary disability insurance. . . . Workers’ compensation . . . . . . . . Public assistance. . . . . . . . . . . Medical care . . . . . . . . . . . . Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other medical care . . . . . . Family assistance 2 . . . . . . . Supplemental security income General assistance . . . . . . . . Energy assistance . . . . . . . . Other 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment and training . . . . . Other 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

NA Not available. 1 Consumption expenditures for durable goods excludes expenditures classified as investment, except 2 Consists of aid to families with dependent children. for goods transferred to foreign countries by the federal government. Beginning with 1996, assistance programs operating under the Personal Responsibility and work opportunity Act of 1996. 3 Consists of expenditures for food under the supplemental program for women, infants, and children, foster care adopton 4 assistance; and payments to nonprofit welfare institutions. Consists largely of veterans benefits, Alaska dividends, and crime-victim payments. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 2004 <http://www.bea.gov/bea/dn/nipaweb /selecttable.asp?selected=N.> (accessed 30 May 2004).

270 State and Local Government Finances and Employment
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

No. 428. State and Local Governments—Summary of Finances: 1990 to 2001
[In millions of dollars (1,032,115 represents $1,032,115,000,000), except as indicated. For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section. Local government amounts are estimates subject to sampling variation; see Appendix III and source] Item Revenue 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . From federal government . . . . . . . . . Public welfare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health and hospitals . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing and community development Other and unallocable. . . . . . . . . . . From state and local sources . . . General, net intergovernmental. . Taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Property . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sales and gross receipts . . Individual income . . . . . . . Corporation income . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charges and miscellaneous . . Utility and liquor stores . . . . . . . Water supply system . . . . . . . Electric power system . . . . . . Gas supply system . . . . . . . . Transit system . . . . . . . . . . . Liquor stores . . . . . . . . . . . . Insurance trust revenue 3 . . . . . Employee retirement . . . . . . . Unemployment compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total (mil. dol.) 1990 1999 2000 2001 1990 4,150 550 241 58 93 24 39 95 3,600 2,865 2,017 626 715 425 95 156 849 236 71 118 21 12 14 498 379 74 3,911 3,356 1,159 812 295 245 444 97 203 123 53 100 50 114 62 58 65 200 313 89 125 12 76 12 255 154 66 2,815 495 358 137 109 237 255 1,372 3,460 3,382 78 436 261 Per capita 1999 6,581 992 501 79 154 53 66 139 5,588 4,268 2,992 881 1,067 694 124 225 1,276 316 106 150 28 16 16 1,005 867 82 5,949 5,129 1,772 1,246 450 341 789 175 263 196 78 167 67 158 93 86 101 247 398 125 140 15 105 13 422 313 70 4,399 728 540 188 115 284 422 1,916 5,021 4,956 65 841 561
1

(dol.) 2000 6,902 1,037 528 87 163 55 63 141 5,864 4,439 3,100 885 1,099 752 128 235 1,340 318 108 151 29 14 16 1,107 973 83 6,193 5,340 1,853 1,298 477 360 829 183 270 202 82 173 72 161 94 89 104 248 408 127 141 13 113 14 445 340 66 4,579 771 575 197 111 286 445 1,950 5,159 5,073 86 657 433 2001 6,627 1,136 588 101 175 63 65 144 5,492 4,637 3,204 924 1,122 793 124 240 1,434 352 108 179 31 18 17 502 360 82 6,641 5,684 1,975 1,375 512 376 902 187 282 209 88 184 78 164 96 98 105 259 468 129 192 18 115 14 489 366 81 4,924 818 621 197 114 296 489 2,058 5,447 5,369 78 699 458

. 1,032,115 1,794,557 1,942,328 1,890,891 . 136,802 270,628 291,950 324,033 . 59,961 136,571 148,549 167,823 . 14,368 21,492 24,414 28,702 . 23,233 42,051 45,873 49,945 . 5,904 14,516 15,611 17,839 . 9,655 18,044 17,690 18,541 . 23,683 37,954 39,812 41,184 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 895,313 1,523,929 1,650,379 1,566,858 712,700 1,163,836 1,249,373 1,323,128 501,619 815,777 872,351 914,119 155,613 240,107 249,178 263,689 177,885 290,993 309,290 320,217 105,640 189,309 211,661 226,334 23,566 33,922 36,059 35,296 38,915 61,446 66,164 68,583 211,081 348,060 377,022 409,009 58,642 86,125 89,546 100,460 17,674 29,039 30,515 30,794 29,268 40,890 42,436 50,952 5,216 7,708 8,049 8,764 3,043 4,244 3,954 5,096 3,441 4,245 4,592 4,854 123,970 273,968 311,460 143,271 94,268 236,527 273,881 102,692 18,441 22,234 23,366 23,341 972,695 1,622,103 1,742,914 1,894,847 831,573 1,398,533 1,502,768 1,621,760 288,148 483,259 521,612 563,575 202,009 339,871 365,181 392,278 73,418 122,716 134,352 146,158 61,057 93,018 101,336 107,235 107,287 215,190 233,350 257,380 24,223 47,628 51,366 53,465 50,412 71,733 75,976 80,545 30,577 53,367 56,798 59,584 13,186 21,262 23,102 24,970 24,635 45,598 48,805 52,370 12,330 18,232 20,235 22,163 28,453 43,047 45,261 46,718 15,479 14,326 16,217 49,739 77,801 22,101 30,997 2,989 18,788 2,926 63,321 38,355 16,499 25,234 23,417 27,593 67,294 108,398 34,089 38,132 4,108 28,522 3,547 115,172 85,318 19,223 26,590 25,038 29,300 69,814 114,916 35,789 39,719 3,724 31,883 3,801 125,230 95,679 18,648 27,402 27,920 30,007 73,836 133,544 36,757 54,921 5,023 32,875 3,968 139,543 104,414 22,986

Direct expenditure. . . . . . . . . . By function: Direct general expenditure 3. . . . . . Education 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Elementary and secondary . . . Higher education . . . . . . . . . . Highways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public welfare . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospitals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Police protection. . . . . . . . . . . . Fire protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . Correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Natural resources . . . . . . . . . . . Sanitation and sewerage . . . . . . Housing and community development . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parks and recreation . . . . . . . . . Financial administration . . . . . . . Interest on general debt 4. . . . . . Utility and liquor stores 4 . . . . . . . . Water supply system . . . . . . . . . Electric power system . . . . . . . . Gas supply system . . . . . . . . . . Transit system . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liquor stores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Insurance trust expenditure 3 . . . . . Employee retirement . . . . . . . . . Unemployment compensation . . . By character and object: Current operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . Capital outlay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equipment, land, and existing structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assistance and subsidies . . . . . . . Interest on debt (general and utility) Insurance benefits and repayments . Expenditure for salaries and wages 5 . Debt outstanding, year end Long-term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Short-term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Long-term debt: Issued . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retired. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.. .. .. . . . . . . . . . .

700,131 1,199,494 1,288,746 1,405,033 123,102 198,483 217,063 233,258 89,144 147,181 161,694 177,094 33,958 27,227 58,914 63,321 340,654 51,302 31,494 77,459 115,172 522,528 55,369 31,375 80,499 125,230 548,796 56,164 32,583 84,431 139,543 587,124

..... ..... ..... ..... .....

858,006 1,369,253 1,451,815 1,554,018 838,700 1,351,408 1,427,524 1,531,897 19,306 17,844 24,291 22,121 108,468 64,831 229,374 153,100 184,831 121,897 199,576 130,574

1990 and 2000 based on enumerated resident population as of April 1. Other years based on estimated resident population 2 Aggregates exclude duplicative transactions between state and local governments; see source. as of July 1; see Table 17. 3 4 Includes amounts not shown separately. Interest on utility debt included in utility expenditure. For total interest on debt, 5 Included in items above. see Interest on debt (general and utility). Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Government Finances, 2000-2001. See also Government Finances, annual. See also <http://www.census.gov/govs/www/estimate01.html> (accessed February, 2004).

State and Local Government Finances and Employment
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271

No. 429. State and Local Governments—Revenue and Expenditures by Function: 2001
[In millions of dollars (1,890,891 represents $1,890,891,000,000) except as indicated. For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section. Local government amounts are estimates subject to sampling variation; see Appendix III and source] Amount (mil. dol.) Item ................... Intergovernmental revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . Total revenue from own sources. . . . . . . . . General revenue from own sources . . . . . Taxes 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Individual income . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corporation income . . . . . . . . . . . . Sales and gross receipts . . . . . . . . General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Selective 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Motor fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alcoholic beverages . . . . . . . . Tobacco products . . . . . . . . . . Public utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . Motor vehicle and operators’ licenses Death and gift. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charges and miscellaneous 3 . . . . . . . Current charges 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Education 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . School lunch sales . . . . . . . . . Higher education . . . . . . . . . . Natural resources . . . . . . . . . . . Hospitals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sewerage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Solid waste management . . . . . . Parks and recreation . . . . . . . . . Housing and community development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Airports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sea and inland port facilities . . . . Highways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interest earnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special assessments . . . . . . . . . . . Sale of property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Utility and liquor store revenue . . . . . . . . Insurance trust revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . Expenditure 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intergovernmental expenditure . . . . . . . . . . Direct expenditure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General expenditure 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Education 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Elementary and secondary education Higher education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public welfare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospitals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Police protection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fire protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corrections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Natural resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sewerage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Solid waste management . . . . . . . . . . Housing and community development . Governmental administration . . . . . . . Parks and recreation . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interest on general debt . . . . . . . . . . . Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liquor store expenditure . . . . . . . . . . . . Insurance trust expenditure . . . . . . . . . . By character and object: Current operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Capital outlay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equip., land, and existing structures . Assistance and subsidies . . . . . . . . . . Interest on debt (general and utility) . . . Insurance benefits and repayments . . . Expenditure for salaries and wages 4 . . . . . Revenue
2

Per capita Local 1,068,151 375,977 692,174 579,451 354,439 253,259 18,254 3,609 62,199 44,110 18,089 1,020 355 190 9,394 1,308 51 225,011 146,435 16,566 5,727 6,413 1,379 39,037 25,764 10,634 5,287 3,769 10,975 1,985 2,851 42,111 3,866 1,831 89,438 23,285 1,070,084 11,019 1,059,065 926,791 411,224 387,991 23,233 36,961 46,428 25,827 40,800 50,716 24,970 16,559 6,060 27,075 16,055 24,185 48,993 23,390 43,384 110,944 621 20,710 824,659 151,377 112,426 38,951 9,088 53,233 20,710 421,373 State and local 6,627 1,136 5,492 4,637 3,204 924 793 124 1,122 783 339 112 16 31 64 62 26 1,434 839 245 20 207 12 209 90 39 23 15 42 9 28 280 14 8 352 502 6,656 15 6,641 5,684 1,975 1,375 512 902 282 187 376 209 88 184 78 98 65 96 301 98 259 454 14 489 4,924 818 621 197 114 296 489 2,058

1

(dol.) Local 3,744 1,318 2,426 2,031 1,242 888 64 13 218 155 63 4 1 1 33 5 789 513 58 20 22 5 137 90 37 19 13 38 7 10 148 14 6 313 82 3,750 39 3,712 3,248 1,441 1,360 81 130 163 91 143 178 88 58 21 95 56 85 172 82 152 389 2 73 2,890 531 394 137 32 187 73 1,477

State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,890,891 324,033 1,566,858 1,323,128 914,119 263,689 226,334 35,296 320,217 223,428 96,789 32,045 4,522 8,833 18,360 17,778 7,551 409,009 239,485 69,861 5,741 59,136 3,496 59,518 25,786 11,009 6,456 4,255 11,883 2,707 7,934 79,979 3,933 2,386 100,460 143,271 1,899,153 4,306 1,894,847 1,621,760 563,575 392,278 146,158 257,380 80,545 53,465 107,235 59,584 24,970 52,370 22,163 28,061 18,657 27,402 85,910 27,920 73,836 129,576 3,968 139,543 1,405,033 233,258 177,094 56,164 32,583 84,431 139,543 587,124

State 1,180,305 305,621 874,684 743,677 559,679 10,430 208,079 31,687 258,018 179,319 78,699 31,026 4,167 8,644 8,966 16,471 7,499 183,998 93,051 53,295 15 52,723 2,117 20,482 22 376 1,169 486 908 722 5,083 37,867 68 555 11,022 119,985 1,186,108 350,327 835,782 694,969 152,351 4,287 122,925 220,419 34,117 27,638 66,436 8,868 35,811 16,103 987 2,601 3,218 36,916 4,530 30,452 18,632 3,347 118,833 580,374 81,881 64,668 17,213 23,496 31,198 118,833 165,751

State 4,145 1,073 3,072 2,612 1,966 37 731 111 906 630 276 109 15 30 31 58 26 646 327 187 185 7 72 1 4 2 3 3 18 133 2 39 421 4,166 1,230 2,935 2,441 535 15 432 774 120 97 233 31 126 57 3 9 11 130 16 107 65 12 417 2,038 288 227 60 83 110 417 582

- Represents or rounds to zero. 1 Based on estimated resident population as of July 1. 2 Aggregates exclude duplicative transactions between levels of government; see source. 3 Includes amounts not shown separately. 4 Included in items shown above. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Governmental Finances, 2000-2001. See also <http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate/01.html> (accessed February 2004).

272 State and Local Government Finances and Employment
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

No. 430. State and Local Governments—Capital Outlays: 1990 to 2001
[In millions of dollars (123,102 represents $123,102,000,000), except percent. For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section. Local government amounts are subject to sampling variation; see Appendix III and source] Level and function State & local governments: Total. Annual percent change 1 . . . . Direct expenditure . . . . . . . . Percent of direct expenditure . By function: Education 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Higher education . . . . . . . . Elementary and secondary . Highways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health and hospitals . . . . . . . Natural resources . . . . . . . . . Housing 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Air transportation . . . . . . . . . Water transportation 4 . . . . . . Sewerage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parks and recreation . . . . . . . Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State governments: Total . . . . . . Annual percent change 1 . . . . Direct expenditure . . . . . . . . Percent of direct expenditure . By function: Education 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health and hospitals . . . . . . . Natural resources . . . . . . . . . Housing 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Air transportation . . . . . . . . . Water transportation 4 . . . . . . Sewerage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parks and recreation . . . . . . . Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local governments: Total . . . . . . Annual percent change 1 . . . . Direct expenditure . . . . . . . . Percent of direct expenditure . By function: Education 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health and hospitals . . . . . . . Natural resources . . . . . . . . . Housing 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Air transportation . . . . . . . . . Water transportation 4 . . . . . . Sewerage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parks and recreation . . . . . . . Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001

123,102 151,440 158,911 171,414 181,871 198,483 217,063 233,258 4.9 1.2 10.1 4.9 6.1 9.1 9.4 7.5 972,695 1,347,763 1,393,714 1,456,698 1,525,762 1,622,103 1,742,914 1,894,847 12.7 11.2 11.4 11.8 11.9 12.2 12.5 12.3 25,997 18,057 7,441 33,867 3,848 2,545 3,997 3,434 924 8,356 3,877 16,601 6,873 3,976 310 5,443 19,657 45,524 8.2 397,291 11.5 7,253 24,850 1,531 1,593 119 339 202 333 601 2,605 6,098 77,578 4.5 575,404 13.5 18,744 9,017 2,316 952 3,878 3,095 722 8,023 3,276 13,996 13,559 35,708 24,808 10,461 42,561 4,883 2,891 4,527 3,802 1,101 8,894 4,085 19,028 7,466 3,715 340 7,507 23,961 57,829 9.3 596,325 9.7 10,042 31,687 2,402 1,956 187 356 223 853 650 2,226 7,246 93,611 10.6 751,438 12.5 25,667 10,874 2,481 935 4,340 3,446 877 8,040 3,435 16,801 16,715 40,302 28,868 11,006 43,453 5,166 3,042 4,704 3,814 1,246 9,326 4,869 18,755 7,381 3,522 318 7,533 24,233 58,927 1.9 607,594 9.7 10,445 32,198 2,375 2,044 263 356 305 913 706 2,607 6,716 99,984 6.8 786,120 12.7 29,858 11,255 2,790 998 4,441 3,458 941 8,413 4,163 16,149 17,518 44,077 32,210 11,279 44,962 5,065 3,041 5,490 4,877 1,376 9,589 5,577 20,107 8,721 3,459 399 7,528 27,254 59,599 1.1 629,049 9.5 10,915 32,726 2,253 2,058 225 446 269 474 938 2,361 6,934 111,814 11.8 827,648 13.5 33,162 12,235 2,811 983 5,265 4,431 1,107 9,116 4,639 17,746 20,320 49,332 36,198 12,590 48,067 5,692 3,206 5,544 5,004 1,252 9,061 6,154 20,357 8,644 3,026 986 7,701 28,202 64,441 8.1 651,098 9.9 11,970 35,008 2,274 2,199 202 339 305 639 1,293 2,758 7,454 117,430 5.0 874,664 13.4 37,362 13,059 3,418 1,007 5,342 4,665 947 8,422 4,861 17,599 20,748 54,418 13,114 40,768 51,906 5,699 3,359 5,615 6,666 1,487 9,718 6,486 21,861 10,325 3,613 7,533 389 31,268 68,509 6.3 693,432 9.9 12,294 37,986 2,276 2,349 202 536 270 627 1,023 3,034 7,912 129,974 10.7 928,671 14.0 42,124 13,920 3,423 1,010 5,413 6,129 1,217 9,091 5,463 18,827 23,356 60,968 15,257 45,150 56,439 5,502 4,347 6,184 6,717 1,618 10,093 6,916 24,847 10,542 4,177 9,728 400 33,431 76,233 11.3 757,027 10.1 65,116 15,911 48,404 60,108 5,630 4,908 5,888 8,420 4,306 9,224 8,540 24,553 10,742 4,812 8,545 453 36,566 81,881 7.4 835,782 9.8

14,077 14,936 41,651 44,761 2,228 2,390 2,758 3,105 860 600 561 667 310 362 403 393 1,044 1,185 4,232 3,641 8,108 9,840 140,830 151,377 8.4 7.5 985,886 1,059,065 14.3 14.3 46,890 14,789 3,274 1,589 5,324 6,156 1,308 9,690 5,872 20,615 25,323 50,180 15,347 3,239 1,803 5,288 7,753 3,944 8,831 7,355 20,912 26,726

1 Change from immediate prior year except 1990, change from 1985. 2 Includes other education. 3 Includes community development. 4 Includes terminals. Source: U.S. Census Bureau , 1990, Government Finances, Series GF, No. 5, annual; thereafter, <http://www.census.gov/govs/www /estimate01.html> (accessed 8 April 2004).

No. 431. State and Local Governments—Expenditure for Public Works: 1995 to 2001
[In millions of dollars (180,148 represents $180,148,000,000); except as noted. Public works include expenditures on highways, airports, water transport terminals, and sewerage, solid waste management, water supply, and mass transit systems. Represents direct expenditures excluding intergovernmental grants] Airport transporTotal Highways tation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180,148 56,392 123,756 40.7 230,569 74,974 155,595 41.9 245,112 79,517 165,595 42.0 77,109 46,893 30,216 55.2 101,336 61,942 39,394 55.7 107,235 66,436 40,800 56.1 8,397 783 7,614 45.3 13,160 1,106 12,054 51.0 15,532 1,321 14,211 54.2 Water transport and terminals 2,309 604 1,706 47.7 3,141 863 2,277 51.5 5,995 951 5,044 71.8 Solid waste management 14,990 1,658 13,331 13.2 17,208 2,347 14,861 8.9 18,657 2,601 16,055 8.5

Item 1995, Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Capital expenditures (percent) 2000, Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Capital expenditures (percent) 2001, Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Capital expenditures (percent)

Sewerage 23,583 1,462 22,121 37.7 28,052 955 27,098 36.0 28,061 987 27,075 32.9

Water supply 28,041 178 27,863 26.6 35,789 354 35,435 29.5 36,757 347 36,410 29.2

Mass transit 25,719 4,814 20,904 29.2 31,883 7,407 24,476 30.5 32,875 6,874 26,001 26.0

Source: U.S. Census Bureau; 1990-92, ‘‘Government Finances, Series GF, No. 5, annual; thererafter, <http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate/01 .html>; (accessed 8 April 2004), State and Local Government Finance Estimates by State, annual, and unpublished data.

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273

No. 432. State and Local Governments—Revenue by State: 2000
[In millions of dollars (1,942,328 represents $1,942,328,000,000). For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section] General revenue Intergovernmental from General Federal revenue Governown Total ment sources Taxes Sales and gross receipts Individual income 2

State Total revenue 1 United States. . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Total

1

Property

Motor vehicle 16,401 213 46 153 118 1,764 209 233 33 17 955 236 127 113 1,115 161 349 146 208 114 81 179 228 817 646 113 252 68 103 114 65 353 142 784 410 44 714 635 375 791 51 124 58 330 1,200 80 35 431 416 88 304 62

Other taxes 49,763 874 782 389 224 6,160 508 556 891 168 3,436 711 91 153 1,355 345 302 277 801 1,001 161 1,094 667 1,141 702 288 709 194 317 688 252 1,222 564 3,731 815 206 1,545 751 832 3,905 93 587 127 1,104 4,630 234 97 1,301 1,344 399 691 347

1,942,328 1,541,322 291,950 1,249,372 872,351 249,178 309,290 247,720 25,726 21,012 10,525 9,042 27,778 22,863 13,833 11,582 270,380 208,373 29,603 25,828 6,224 6,383 92,402 49,310 8,488 7,590 80,695 32,716 17,220 16,235 25,200 27,109 8,554 33,949 46,103 70,112 38,785 16,672 31,635 5,643 11,650 11,885 6,948 62,331 23,436 23,108 5,203 5,732 75,865 39,690 7,092 6,077 64,420 29,749 15,134 13,391 19,423 22,342 7,440 29,076 38,295 56,415 30,957 13,590 25,905 4,856 9,021 9,592 5,755 51,504 5,087 15,925 9,415 1,411 7,631 2,312 4,475 18,388 13,334 2,823 8,759 5,961 38,476 169,897 120,068 3,711 3,674 830 1,748 11,718 7,070 1,294 1,150 10,791 5,169 2,885 2,482 4,595 5,070 1,630 4,609 6,439 10,331 4,769 3,528 5,628 1,306 1,710 1,233 1,062 7,883 2,398 29,249 9,051 1,126 10,933 3,181 5,233 12,498 1,196 4,377 869 6,321 18,576 2,172 903 5,010 5,828 2,489 5,059 891 19,725 19,434 4,373 3,984 64,147 32,620 5,798 4,927 53,629 24,580 12,249 10,909 14,828 17,272 5,810 24,467 31,856 46,084 26,188 10,062 20,277 3,550 7,311 8,359 4,693 43,621 7,664 114,652 32,080 2,788 48,084 12,517 15,736 52,117 4,552 15,350 2,622 18,503 76,963 9,036 2,594 30,424 27,598 6,566 25,513 2,663 13,216 15,651 2,619 3,216 41,937 23,254 4,102 3,294 40,256 16,363 8,091 7,616 10,172 10,887 4,262 18,290 24,042 31,474 18,173 6,299 14,314 2,132 4,973 5,825 3,278 32,838 4,801 86,868 21,440 1,768 34,239 8,251 9,412 36,581 3,412 9,543 1,736 12,431 52,227 5,873 1,876 21,083 18,734 4,362 18,547 1,505 1,340 761 3,906 966 26,235 3,680 5,407 382 693 14,098 5,932 603 867 14,511 5,552 2,599 2,173 1,722 1,742 1,598 4,809 7,643 9,499 4,565 1,462 3,405 908 1,549 1,437 2,028 14,449 620 25,202 4,607 527 9,544 1,303 2,789 10,067 1,360 2,680 632 2,887 19,817 1,303 782 5,986 5,493 855 5,689 513 4,586 284 6,070 2,947 39,695 4,848 5,054 298 1,000 22,264 9,298 2,141 1,070 13,376 5,113 2,698 2,886 3,686 6,227 1,195 4,622 5,156 9,906 5,909 3,202 5,833 346 1,690 3,586 556 8,229 2,434 22,465 7,201 714 10,353 3,234 912 10,837 1,004 3,480 874 7,316 26,579 2,430 485 5,970 11,481 1,836 5,331 583 2,402 438 2,815 1,707 46,213 3,972 4,400 1,015 1,339 1,183 7,077 1,140 1,091 9,898 5,193 2,143 2,134 3,755 1,804 1,227 7,586 10,348 10,112 6,351 1,234 4,115 616 1,314 378 8,585 1,040 34,687 8,407 277 12,082 2,329 4,505 10,981 904 2,673 45 794 1,825 476 7,395 1,184 6,530 -

Colorado. . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . . Maryland

Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri . . . . .

Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon. . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13,073 10,062 188,907 143,901 50,542 41,131 4,495 3,914 80,074 59,017 18,760 28,644 80,546 7,427 23,467 4,277 33,625 120,666 14,954 4,019 44,175 46,372 10,760 43,003 7,030 15,698 20,969 64,615 5,748 19,727 3,491 24,824 95,539 11,208 3,497 35,434 33,426 9,055 30,572 3,554

See footnote at end of table.

274 State and Local Government Finances and Employment
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No. 432. State and Local Governments—Revenue by State: 2000––Con.
[In millions of dollars (372,022 represents $372,022,000,000). For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section] General revenue Current charges and miscellaneous revenue State Current charges Education Hospital 65,562 1,294 136 1,063 574 6,855 1,431 544 346 21 2,414 1,310 223 266 2,438 2,280 1,121 718 1,015 1,029 266 1,477 1,139 3,876 1,320 633 1,332 287 539 320 352 1,751 478 2,363 1,873 252 3,395 1,097 985 3,034 229 1,018 168 1,122 4,565 755 264 1,843 1,634 415 1,578 124 54,619 2,535 52 219 645 6,408 602 231 38 53 2,926 2,060 162 349 754 1,711 1,110 426 466 2,191 54 92 178 1,368 833 1,521 1,076 57 312 485 5 570 429 4,725 3,385 7 1,493 810 751 1,935 4 2,144 28 1,662 3,665 365 1,311 1,163 299 615 338 Sewerage Miscellaneous revenue Interest earnings 70,490 805 2,275 1,161 490 8,741 1,205 902 347 196 3,491 1,500 315 301 3,371 1,216 534 698 1,459 1,038 336 1,044 1,907 2,598 1,470 458 1,299 313 435 471 413 1,787 760 4,659 1,763 169 2,184 650 1,153 3,488 319 884 234 694 5,215 550 154 1,687 1,258 469 1,199 424 Special assessment 3,815 9 3 62 11 967 66 28 1 950 19 20 11 89 19 18 75 3 9 3 108 64 94 252 5 20 42 31 40 1 14 9 72 12 33 106 5 71 95 3 19 6 5 87 3 5 42 93 3 106 8 Utility and liquor stores 89,546 1,895 230 2,656 535 13,846 1,424 497 156 448 5,062 2,826 185 190 2,682 1,307 727 802 962 724 171 652 2,006 1,981 1,383 702 1,273 121 2,019 514 366 1,212 328 8,429 2,768 70 2,366 951 989 2,702 115 1,901 145 5,241 6,212 1,332 182 1,442 3,648 179 863 133 Insurance trust revenue 311,460 2,819 1,254 2,259 1,716 48,161 4,744 2,223 865 202 11,476 6,794 1,212 1,323 13,593 1,660 1,359 2,042 4,815 4,043 943 4,222 5,802 11,716 6,445 2,381 4,457 666 611 1,780 827 9,615 2,683 36,576 6,642 512 18,691 2,111 6,686 13,228 1,565 1,839 642 3,560 18,915 2,414 340 7,299 9,297 1,526 11,568 3,343

Total

Total

1

Total

1

United States . . . . . 377,022 223,480 Alabama . Alaska. . . Arizona . . Arkansas . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,510 5,320 5,054 2,798 49,830 6,508 3,784 1,754 769 22,209 9,367 1,696 1,632 13,373 8,217 4,159 3,292 4,656 6,385 1,547 6,176 7,814 14,610 8,015 3,763 5,963 1,418 2,337 2,534 1,414 10,784 2,863 27,784 10,640 1,020 13,846 4,265 6,324 15,536 1,139 5,807 885 6,072 24,737 3,162 719 9,341 8,865 2,203 6,967 1,159 4,836 725 2,618 1,757 30,900 3,989 1,610 835 331 12,871 5,609 1,125 1,073 6,974 5,289 2,864 1,898 2,529 4,235 724 3,454 3,437 8,650 4,241 2,707 3,706 666 1,332 1,725 746 6,002 1,310 16,806 7,659 624 8,368 2,844 3,696 8,848 487 4,270 430 4,277 14,453 1,887 393 5,725 5,827 1,224 4,309 584
1

24,311 153,542 232 47 294 152 3,143 399 191 108 101 1,458 621 138 86 703 495 229 179 251 200 114 542 636 1,239 581 135 385 55 108 209 74 1,033 97 1,304 855 28 1,399 199 432 991 54 216 44 398 1,791 150 32 681 843 118 513 31
2

1,674 4,595 2,436 1,041 18,930 2,519 2,174 919 438 9,338 3,758 571 559 6,399 2,928 1,295 1,394 2,127 2,150 823 2,722 4,377 5,960 3,774 1,056 2,257 752 1,005 809 668 4,782 1,553 10,978 2,981 396 5,478 1,421 2,628 6,688 652 1,537 455 1,795 10,284 1,275 326 3,616 3,038 979 2,658 575

Colorado . . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . . District of Columbia . Florida. . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . . Hawaii. Idaho . Illinois . Indiana Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana . Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts Michigan . . . . Minnesota . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri. . . . .

Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

- Represents or rounds to zero.

Includes items not shown separately.

Includes individual and corporate income taxes.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau; ‘‘Government Finances 1999-2000;’’ issued January 2003, <http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate /00allpub.pdf>; (accessed 16 June 2003).

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No. 433. State and Local Governments—Expenditures and Debt by State: 2000
[In millions of dollars (1,746,943 represents $1,746,943,000,000), except as indicated. For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section] General expenditure Total State Total expenditure 1 Per capita 2 (dol.) Education and social services Health and hospitals Public safety Police protection 56,798 656 177 1,096 352 8,704 830 682 166 330 3,738 1,279 222 207 3,053 843 427 430 488 829 164 1,120 1,479 1,793 874 404 885 136 235 539 187 2,231 382 5,717 1,381 68 2,125 518 696 2,221 211 653 88 940 3,204 381 78 1,176 1,007 171 1,124 99 Fire protection 23,102 252 66 682 122 3,588 327 373 19 113 1,630 553 101 77 1,300 395 127 175 257 283 78 475 774 616 256 155 394 41 107 223 100 630 129 2,200 480 45 1,014 266 313 434 152 190 29 400 1,373 127 25 549 551 55 458 23

Amount

Direct general expenditures, Educa- Public total tion welfare

Highways

Corrections 48,805 404 175 955 328 7,170 820 554 228 305 3,273 1,375 155 191 1,763 727 298 349 611 780 123 1,104 795 1,853 591 292 672 125 231 471 115 1,480 315 4,392 1,159 40 1,937 511 747 2,222 139 559 81 604 3,756 351 66 1,246 1,053 184 1,030 98

United States . . 1,746,943 1,506,797 Alabama . Alaska. . . Arizona . . Arkansas . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25,319 8,628 27,293 12,245 236,645 26,173 24,011 5,153 6,527 84,301 43,517 8,254 6,404 74,727 31,250 17,275 14,419 21,473 25,018 7,652 30,598 44,362 61,506 35,424 15,379 27,953 4,983 10,831 11,230 6,222 54,590 11,195 171,858 46,135 4,041 68,418 15,962 24,086 75,624 6,432 23,436 3,760 32,010 109,634 13,044 3,766 38,092 41,794 9,990 34,559 3,743 22,062 7,712 23,262 11,059 198,296 22,531 21,420 4,692 5,152 75,290 38,078 7,306 5,828 64,406 28,744 15,599 12,885 19,020 22,277 6,964 27,446 37,951 54,812 31,166 13,932 24,821 4,523 8,417 9,762 5,664 47,309 10,099 140,646 40,434 3,674 57,650 13,808 20,161 66,028 5,586 20,260 3,444 25,272 95,762 11,013 3,456 34,728 33,483 8,711 30,864 3,331

5,354 1,502,768 521,612 233,350 127,342 101,336 4,961 12,302 4,534 4,137 5,854 5,238 6,290 5,987 9,006 4,711 4,651 6,030 4,504 5,186 4,727 5,330 4,793 4,705 4,985 5,462 5,182 5,977 5,515 6,335 4,898 4,436 5,013 4,919 4,885 4,583 5,622 5,552 7,412 5,023 5,720 5,078 4,002 5,893 5,376 5,329 5,050 4,562 4,442 4,593 4,932 5,676 4,906 5,681 4,817 5,754 6,746 22,062 7,600 23,262 11,057 195,767 22,527 21,420 4,691 5,152 75,290 38,078 7,291 5,828 64,403 28,740 15,563 12,884 19,020 22,277 6,955 27,446 37,770 54,750 31,166 13,932 24,818 4,523 8,406 9,755 5,664 47,231 10,099 140,020 40,434 3,674 57,649 13,767 20,161 65,871 5,560 20,260 3,444 25,272 95,762 11,013 3,446 34,727 33,475 8,711 30,762 3,330 7,768 1,761 7,871 4,198 63,559 7,904 6,722 1,715 969 22,826 14,768 1,854 2,132 22,728 11,450 5,964 4,884 6,374 7,185 2,228 10,055 11,445 22,484 10,283 4,818 9,224 1,641 3,267 3,020 2,059 18,788 3,696 40,630 14,164 1,255 20,612 5,836 6,448 23,256 1,857 7,126 1,218 8,369 39,217 4,233 1,330 13,132 11,565 3,171 11,427 1,125 3,525 810 2,945 1,999 29,214 2,731 3,116 548 1,254 9,506 5,568 1,040 790 8,853 4,264 2,259 1,354 4,096 3,071 1,586 4,009 6,309 8,242 5,970 2,320 4,041 555 1,425 886 1,113 5,823 1,515 29,185 6,299 580 9,567 885 3,070 13,318 1,144 3,458 488 4,872 11,460 1,473 701 4,487 5,100 1,763 4,470 291 3,635 235 1,374 970 18,055 1,341 1,596 279 633 7,307 3,554 600 512 4,382 2,603 1,678 934 1,097 3,375 397 1,295 2,245 4,179 1,826 2,113 2,166 343 521 737 170 2,332 812 11,568 5,536 91 4,963 1,324 1,951 3,945 278 3,016 150 2,739 8,854 741 79 2,634 3,317 552 1,839 464 1,492 827 1,959 870 8,604 1,743 1,187 427 38 5,175 2,496 353 561 4,077 1,965 1,836 1,714 1,754 1,652 572 1,487 3,235 3,085 2,388 1,231 2,147 518 880 1,127 469 2,341 1,064 6,835 2,637 450 3,951 1,404 1,246 4,123 286 1,328 540 1,839 7,201 1,033 327 2,627 2,212 888 2,711 426

Colorado . . Connecticut Delaware . . District of Columbia . Florida. . . . Georgia . . . Hawaii. Idaho . Illinois . Indiana Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

..... ..... ..... ..... ..... ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana . Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts Michigan . . . . Minnesota . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri. . . . .

Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnote at end of table.

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No. 433. State and Local Governments—Expenditures and Debt by State: 2000—Con.
[See page 276] General expenditure Environment and housing State Sewerage United States . . Alabama . Alaska. . . Arizona . . Arkansas . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28,052 452 79 389 147 3,743 408 272 94 303 1,563 865 124 129 1,105 558 250 147 348 298 119 560 924 1,694 622 126 412 45 117 108 69 981 127 1,786 598 19 1,488 226 584 1,274 94 245 44 466 1,591 182 36 752 722 120 611 38 Solid waste management 17,208 221 55 269 122 2,370 111 390 30 37 1,530 478 134 76 409 210 128 112 197 231 95 430 351 410 258 118 144 49 65 14 81 961 104 2,152 559 30 416 138 122 551 71 239 21 309 891 102 34 488 462 50 354 31
2

Parks and recreation 25,038 278 79 469 137 3,095 732 231 68 172 1,478 540 217 91 1,965 556 246 189 237 395 55 681 295 740 714 139 432 50 126 370 55 692 207 1,783 605 124 1,182 272 321 816 46 270 91 449 1,215 238 19 592 633 102 497 51

Governmental Hous- adminising 3 tration 26,590 304 185 354 128 4,547 377 481 79 58 934 602 266 25 1,483 478 132 113 143 302 113 632 1,210 275 591 134 301 62 112 147 91 752 91 2,979 603 92 981 148 469 1,256 128 202 31 461 1,809 115 81 615 647 104 351 12 81,659 908 504 1,522 552 13,471 1,262 1,352 376 320 4,446 2,076 456 379 3,716 1,554 734 953 850 1,103 355 1,568 1,711 2,761 1,572 630 1,149 303 351 742 320 2,561 568 6,466 1,574 171 3,574 748 1,381 3,174 340 906 186 1,152 4,058 780 188 2,033 1,596 536 1,479 194

Utility and Employee Interest Other liquor retireon general store ment Debt outgeneral expendi- expendi- expendistanddebt tures tures tures ing 69,814 768 418 1,026 351 7,549 1,165 1,345 283 236 3,836 1,056 587 179 3,644 968 357 473 1,293 954 321 1,442 2,545 2,143 1,356 455 968 215 212 505 377 2,196 375 9,259 1,259 146 2,098 508 855 3,916 335 734 165 785 4,594 384 149 1,732 1,398 406 1,363 129 142,061 1,399 2,229 2,351 782 22,100 2,776 3,119 380 383 8,048 2,867 1,182 478 5,927 2,168 1,127 1,056 1,274 1,818 749 2,587 4,452 4,476 3,865 997 1,881 440 756 867 457 5,464 713 15,067 3,581 562 3,740 982 1,957 5,366 481 1,334 311 1,888 6,540 873 331 2,664 3,213 608 3,049 348 114,916 1,861 327 2,674 545 18,805 2,000 679 189 1,303 5,880 3,461 319 163 4,041 1,309 805 741 943 853 144 983 3,060 2,435 1,622 656 1,421 100 2,095 835 325 2,535 381 15,133 3,310 73 2,518 919 1,388 3,796 152 1,928 134 5,418 7,344 1,483 186 1,600 4,539 245 1,093 167 95,679 1,451,815 1,209 473 1,062 474 14,233 1,473 1,476 206 7 2,378 1,627 519 248 5,146 984 680 638 1,152 1,733 470 1,684 2,540 3,426 2,201 686 1,398 250 270 438 206 3,234 643 12,988 1,953 112 6,017 996 1,564 4,340 429 963 168 1,013 5,510 374 83 1,598 1,732 416 2,115 145
3

16,799 7,257 23,599 7,829 177,920 23,199 23,495 4,585 5,062 78,495 29,948 7,909 3,430 67,573 19,869 7,310 10,440 23,420 17,980 5,845 23,830 55,163 47,195 27,409 8,519 19,286 3,798 6,648 13,235 7,041 50,315 7,652 177,550 29,114 2,781 42,087 11,409 15,607 73,325 6,878 18,671 3,289 18,377 100,175 12,394 2,839 31,546 38,697 7,094 25,563 2,368 Includes

Colorado . . Connecticut Delaware . . District of Columbia . . Florida. . . . Georgia . . . Hawaii. Idaho . Illinois . Indiana Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

..... ..... ..... ..... ..... ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana . Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts Michigan . . . . Minnesota . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri. . . . .

Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 Includes items not shown separately. community development.

Based on enumerated resident population as of April 1; see Table 17.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, <http://www.census.gov/govs/www/estimate0000us.html> (accessed 27 July 2003) <http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate/00allpub.pdg>. (released January 2003).

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277

No. 434. State and Local Governments—Summary of Finances by State: 2000
[In millions of dollars (1,942,328 represents $1,942,328,000,000), except as indicated. For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section] Revenue All revenue State Per capita 2 Total (dol.) 1,942,328 25,726 10,525 27,778 13,833 270,380 29,603 25,828 6,224 6,383 92,402 49,310 8,488 7,590 80,695 32,716 17,220 16,235 25,200 27,109 8,554 33,949 46,103 70,112 38,785 16,672 31,635 5,643 11,650 11,885 6,948 62,331 13,073 188,907 50,542 4,495 80,074 18,760 28,644 80,546 7,427 23,467 4,277 33,625 120,666 14,954 4,019 44,175 46,372 10,760 43,003 7,030 6,902 5,785 16,787 5,414 5,175 7,982 6,883 7,583 7,938 11,159 5,782 6,024 7,004 5,866 6,498 5,381 5,885 6,040 6,235 6,066 6,709 6,410 7,261 7,055 7,885 5,860 5,654 6,256 6,809 5,948 5,621 7,408 7,187 9,955 6,279 7,002 7,053 5,436 8,373 6,559 7,087 5,849 5,666 5,910 5,787 6,697 6,599 6,240 7,868 5,951 8,017 14,231
1

Expenditures Taxes Per capita 2 Total (dol.) 3,100 2,117 3,687 2,599 2,230 3,545 3,073 4,596 3,342 5,621 2,624 2,840 3,385 2,546 3,241 2,691 2,765 2,833 2,517 2,436 3,343 3,453 3,787 3,167 3,694 2,214 2,558 2,363 2,906 2,915 2,653 3,903 2,639 4,578 2,664 2,753 3,016 2,391 2,751 2,979 3,255 2,379 2,299 2,185 2,505 2,630 3,081 2,978 3,178 2,412 3,458 3,047 Direct general Per expendi- capita 2 tures (dol.) 1,502,768 22,062 7,600 23,262 11,057 195,767 22,527 21,420 4,691 5,152 75,290 38,078 7,291 5,828 64,403 28,740 15,563 12,884 19,020 22,277 6,955 27,446 37,770 54,750 31,166 13,932 24,818 4,523 8,406 9,755 5,664 47,231 10,099 140,020 40,434 3,674 57,649 13,767 20,161 65,871 5,560 20,260 3,444 25,272 95,762 11,013 3,446 34,727 33,475 8,711 30,762 3,330 5,340 4,961 12,121 4,534 4,137 5,780 5,238 6,289 5,983 9,007 4,711 4,652 6,016 4,504 5,186 4,727 5,319 4,793 4,706 4,985 5,455 5,182 5,949 5,509 6,336 4,897 4,436 5,014 4,913 4,883 4,582 5,613 5,552 7,379 5,024 5,722 5,078 3,989 5,893 5,364 5,305 5,050 4,561 4,442 4,592 4,932 5,659 4,906 5,680 4,818 5,735 6,740

Debt outstanding

General revenue Per capita 2 Total (dol.) 1,541,322 21,012 9,042 22,863 11,582 208,373 23,436 23,108 5,203 5,732 75,865 39,690 7,092 6,077 64,420 29,749 15,134 13,391 19,423 22,342 7,440 29,076 38,295 56,415 30,957 13,590 25,905 4,856 9,021 9,592 5,755 51,504 10,062 143,901 41,131 3,914 59,017 15,698 20,969 64,615 5,748 19,727 3,491 24,824 95,539 11,208 3,497 35,434 33,426 9,055 30,572 3,554
2

Total 1,451,815 16,799 7,257 23,599 7,829 177,920 23,199 23,495 4,585 5,062 78,495 29,948 7,909 3,430 67,573 19,869 7,310 10,440 23,420 17,980 5,845 23,830 55,163 47,195 27,409 8,519 19,286 3,798 6,648 13,235 7,041 50,315 7,652 177,550 29,114 2,781 42,087 11,409 15,607 73,325 6,878 18,671 3,289 18,377 100,175 12,394 2,839 31,546 38,697 7,094 25,563 2,368

Per capita 2 (dol.) 5,159 3,778 11,573 4,599 2,929 5,253 5,394 6,898 5,848 8,850 4,911 3,658 6,526 2,650 5,441 3,268 2,498 3,884 5,794 4,023 4,585 4,500 8,689 4,749 5,572 2,994 3,447 4,210 3,885 6,624 5,696 5,980 4,207 9,357 3,617 4,331 3,707 3,306 4,562 5,971 6,563 4,654 4,356 3,230 4,804 5,551 4,662 4,456 6,566 3,924 4,766 4,793

U.S. . . . . . . . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5,477 872,351 4,725 9,415 14,421 2,312 4,456 13,334 4,333 5,961 6,152 120,068 5,449 6,785 6,637 10,022 4,747 4,849 5,851 4,696 5,187 4,893 5,172 4,982 4,805 4,999 5,835 5,490 6,032 5,677 6,293 4,777 4,630 5,384 5,272 4,801 4,656 6,121 5,532 7,583 5,110 6,096 5,198 4,549 6,130 5,261 5,484 4,917 4,623 4,363 4,582 5,019 5,742 5,005 5,671 5,008 5,699 7,195 13,216 15,651 2,619 3,216 41,937 23,254 4,102 3,294 40,256 16,363 8,091 7,616 10,172 10,887 4,262 18,290 24,042 31,474 18,173 6,299 14,314 2,132 4,973 5,825 3,278 32,838 4,801 86,868 21,440 1,768 34,239 8,251 9,412 36,581 3,412 9,543 1,736 12,431 52,227 5,873 1,876 21,083 18,734 4,362 18,547 1,505

Colorado. . . . Connecticut . . Delaware . . . District of Columbia . Florida . . . . . Georgia Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.. .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Iowa . . . Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . .

Maryland . . . . Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . .

Missouri . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon. . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

South Carolina. South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . .
1

. . . . . .

Includes items not shown separately.

Based on enumerated resident population as of April 1, see Table 17.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau; ‘‘Government Finances: 1999-2000’’; issued January 2003, <http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate /00allpub.pdf>; (accessed 16 June 2003).

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No. 435. State and Local Governments—Indebtedness: 1980 to 2001
[In billions of dollars (335.6 represents $335,600,000,000), except per capita. For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section. Local government amounts are estimates subject to sampling variation; see Appendix III and source] Debt outstanding Item Total 1980: Total . . State. Local 1985: Total . . State. Local 1990: Total . . State. Local 1995: Total . . State. Local 1998: Total . . State. Local 1999: Total . . State. Local 2000: Total . . State. Local 2001: Total . . State. Local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335.6 122.0 213.6 568.6 211.9 356.7 858.0 318.3 539.8 1,115.4 427.2 688.1 1,283.6 483.1 800.4 1,369.3 510.5 858.8 1,451.8 547.9 903.9 1,554.0 576.5 977.5 Per Local capita 1 (dol.) schools 2 1,481 540 943 2,390 893 1,499 3,449 1,282 2,169 4,244 1,629 2,618 4,750 1,791 2,962 5,021 1,876 3,149 5,159 1,951 3,212 5,447 2,025 3,426 32.3 3.8 28.5 43.8 6.7 37.1 60.4 4.4 56.0 118.2 11.3 107.0 159.2 13.6 145.5 180.7 15.4 165.3 197.7 18.7 179.0 225.3 21.5 203.8 Long-term Utilities 55.2 4.6 50.6 90.8 8.6 82.2 134.8 12.3 122.4 163.9 17.0 146.9 182.8 16.7 166.1 194.9 16.7 178.3 200.1 17.9 182.2 210.4 18.7 191.7 All other 235.0 111.5 123.5 414.5 193.8 220.6 643.5 298.7 344.8 806.2 392.8 413.4 924.3 450.6 473.8 975.7 475.8 500.0 1,029.8 505.0 524.8 1,096.2 532.6 563.5 Shortterm 13.1 2.1 11.0 19.6 2.8 16.8 19.3 2.8 16.5 27.0 6.1 20.9 17.3 2.2 15.1 17.8 2.7 15.2 24.3 6.4 17.9 22.1 3.7 18.5 Net long term 262.9 79.8 183.1 430.5 110.4 320.1 474.4 125.5 348.9 697.3 205.3 491.9 842.6 237.2 605.4 907.3 249.4 657.9 959.6 266.9 692.7 1,038.6 287.4 751.2 Debt issued 42.4 16.4 25.9 101.2 41.7 59.5 108.5 43.5 65.0 129.3 52.6 76.8 204.4 83.4 120.9 229.4 83.2 146.2 184.8 75.0 109.8 199.6 81.3 118.3 Debt retired 17.4 5.7 11.7 43.5 16.4 27.2 64.8 22.9 42.0 95.1 37.5 57.6 144.6 58.1 86.5 153.1 55.6 97.5 121.9 44.4 77.5 130.6 50.7 79.9 Long-term

1 1980,1990, and 2000 based on enumerated resident population as of April 1; other years based on estimated resident population as of July 1; see Tables 1 and 2. 2 Includes debt for education activities other than higher education.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1980-90, State and Local Government Finance Estimates, annual; thereafter, <http://www.census.gov /govs/www/estimate/01.html> (accessed 8 April 2004).

No. 436. Long Term Municipal Bonds New Issues for State and Local Governments: 1980 to 2002
[In billions of dollars (45.6 represents $45,600,000,000)] Item Long-Term Municipal New Issues 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General obligation . . . . . . . . . . . . . Revenue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Competitive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Negotiated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . States with largest issuance: 2 New York . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . California. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Texas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Florida . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All others. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type of issuer: 3 City, town, or village . . . . . . . . . . College or university . . . . . . . . . . County/parish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Direct issuer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indian Tribe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General use of proceeds: Airports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Combined utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . Economic development . . . . . . . . Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial development . . . . . . . . . Multi family housing. . . . . . . . . . . Nursing homes/life care retirement . Other miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . Pollution control . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electric & public power. . . . . . . . . Single family housing. . . . . . . . . . Solid waste/resource recovery . . . . Student loans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water, sewer, and gas facilities . . . Waterfront/seaports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 45.6 13.7 31.9 19.3 26.4 2.9 3.6 3.8 2.2 2.3 30.8 8.5 0.2 4.6 3.9 (NA) 9.2 14.1 5.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 4.0 3.1 1.0 2.5 0.3 11.1 2.3 4.4 10.6 0.4 0.2 1.3 3.1 0.5 1985 202.4 39.6 162.8 27.8 174.6 12.7 25.3 21.2 13.2 9.2 120.8 36.5 2.9 15.8 0.4 15.6 (NA) 51.1 68.1 12.1 3.0 2.4 2.5 20.4 30.0 2.9 20.2 1.2 37.3 10.0 23.2 16.4 3.8 4.0 11.0 13.4 1.5 1990 125.9 40.2 85.7 30.2 95.9 16.9 15.7 6.5 5.9 6.3 74.6 22.7 1.5 10.0 0.2 15.2 (NA) 20.7 40.6 15.0 5.2 1.0 2.1 20.5 12.6 1.9 3.1 1.6 36.2 2.5 5.2 12.5 3.0 0.4 7.6 9.3 0.5 1995 156.2 60.2 96.0 41.0 115.4 18.8 20.2 10.4 9.1 6.6 91.1 27.9 2.5 13.3 0.4 22.4 (NA) 27.9 47.2 14.6 4.7 0.7 2.5 28.5 11.5 3.2 6.1 1.9 44.2 5.0 4.8 10.0 3.3 4.4 11.3 13.2 0.8 1997 214.3 72.2 142.1 47.8 166.5 27.4 27.7 15.3 10.5 9.6 123.8 34.8 3.3 15.5 0.8 33.7 (NA) 41.5 66.0 18.7 6.4 1.5 2.9 42.7 22.1 3.5 5.4 3.6 57.0 5.6 6.5 13.6 3.6 3.9 16.6 18.2 1.2 1998 279.7 92.6 187.1 65.2 214.5 36.3 33.9 18.1 14.7 10.1 166.6 44.3 4.6 21.2 2.1 43.6 (NA) 53.9 85.2 24.7 10.2 1.8 3.5 56.5 33.4 3.6 6.4 4.8 71.5 9.7 15.6 12.9 2.4 4.9 20.5 20.9 0.9 1999 219.2 69.8 149.4 52.8 166.4 19.8 26.5 17.7 10.8 12.4 132.0 33.0 4.1 17.1 2.0 34.1 (NA) 43.2 68.1 17.6 5.5 1.0 3.6 47.6 22.0 3.5 6.1 4.9 58.4 8.9 4.9 12.6 1.2 5.3 16.0 16.4 1.2 2000 194.3 65.2 129.1 48.7 145.6 19.1 22.9 14.7 10.1 8.9 118.6 29.3 3.8 12.7 2.6 27.8 (NA) 33.1 64.2 20.8 7.4 0.3 2.9 39.9 14.4 3.4 6.2 1.8 52.8 4.8 5.7 12.0 0.5 7.6 15.9 11.3 1.1 2001 283.5 101.3 182.2 63.1 220.4 22.5 31.7 24.6 14.1 14.1 176.5 45.6 5.6 19.0 3.1 47.9 0.2 53.1 78.9 30.2 12.3 1.3 3.9 64.5 20.1 2.9 7.3 3.0 81.2 4.5 11.5 14.0 2.1 8.2 18.6 27.1 1.1 2002 355.8 125.6 230.2 71.9 283.9 48.7 48.5 26.6 18.7 14.7 198.5 46.9 7.1 23.5 4.9 54.4 0.2 59.8 125.0 34.0 10.0 2.2 4.4 76.4 22.4 2.3 10.1 3.7 102.4 5.5 23.1 12.4 1.9 11.7 33.8 32.2 1.0

- Represents or rounds to zero. NA Not available. 1 Excludes issues with a final maturity of less than 13 months, private 3 placements, and not-for-profit cooperative utilities. 2 Ranked by 1997 Long Term Municipal New Issue Volume. Includes island areas. Source: Thomson Financial Securities Data Company, Newark, NJ, Municipal New Issues Database (copyright).

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279

No. 437. Bond Ratings for State Governments by State: 2003
[As of fourth quarter. Key to investment grade ratings are in declining order of quality. The ratings from AA to CCC may be modified by the addition of a plus or minus sign to show relative standing within the major rating categories. S&P: AAA, AA, A, BBB, BB, B, CCC, CC, C; Moody’s: Aaa, Aa, A, Baa, Ba, B, Caa, Ca, C; Numerical modifiers 1, 2, and 3 are added to letter-rating. Fitch: AAA, AA, A, BBB, BB, B, CCC, CC, C] State Alabama . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . Arkansas. . . . . California. . . . . Colorado . . . . . Connecticut . . . Delaware. . . . . Florida . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . Idaho . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . Kansas . . . . . . Kentucky . . . . . Louisiana . . . . Maine . . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . Massachusetts . Michigan . . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi. . . . Missouri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Standard & Poor’s AA (1) AAAA BBB AAAA AAA AA+ AAA AAAAAA AA AA+ AA+ AAA+ AA+ AAA AAAA+ AAA AA AAA Not reviewed.

Moody’s Aa3 Aa2 (NA) Aa2 Baa1 (NA) Aa3 Aaa Aa2 Aaa Aa3 Aa3 Aa3 Aa1 Aa1 Aa1 2 Aa2 A1 Aa2 Aaa Aa2 Aa1 Aa1 Aa3 Aaa
2

Fitch AA AA (NA) (NA) BBB (NA) AA AAA AA AAA AA(NA) AA (NA) 3 AA (NA) (NA) A+ AA+ AAA AAAA+ AAA AA AAA

State Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico. . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina . South Dakota . . Tennessee. . . . Texas . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . . Virginia . . . . . . Washington . . . West Virginia . . Wisconsin . . . . Wyoming. . . . .
3

Standard & Poor’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AA(1) AA AA AA AA+ AA AAA AAAA+ AA AAAA AAAAA (1) AA AA AAA AA+ AAA AA AAAAAA

Moody’s Aa3 (NA) Aa2 Aa2 2 Aa2 Aa1 A2 Aa1 Aa3 Aa1 Aa3 Aa3 Aa2 Aa3 Aaa (NA) Aa2 Aa1 Aaa Aa1 2 Aaa Aa1 Aa3 Aa3 (NA)

Fitch (NA) (NA) AA+ AA AA (NA) AAAAA (NA) AA+ AA A+ AA AA AAA (NA) AA AA+ AAA AA+ AAA AA AAAA (NA)

NA Not Available

Rating watch negative.

Implied.

Sources: Standard & Poor’s, New York, NY; Moody’s Investors Service, New York, NY (copyright); and Fitch Ratings, New York, NY (copyright).

No. 438. Bond Ratings for City Governments by Largest Cities: 2003
[As of fourth quarter. See headnote in table 437] Cities ranked by 2000 population New York, NY . . . . . . Los Angeles, CA. . . . . Chicago, IL . . . . . . . . Houston, TX . . . . . . . Philadelphia, PA . . . . . Phoenix, AZ . . . . . . . . San Diego, CA . . . . . . Dallas, TX . . . . . . . . . San Antonio, TX . . . . . Detroit, MI . . . . . . . . . San Jose, CA. . . . . . . Indianapolis, IN . . . . . San Francisco, CA . . . Jacksonville, FL . . . . . Columbus, OH . . . . . . Austin, TX . . . . . . . . . Baltimore, MD . . . . . . Memphis, TN . . . . . . . Milwaukee, WI . . . . . . Boston, MA . . . . . . . . Washington, DC . . . . . El Paso, TX . . . . . . . . Seattle, WA . . . . . . . . Denver, CO . . . . . . . . Nashville-Davidson, TN Charlotte, NC . . . . . . . Fort Worth, TX . . . . . . Portland, OR . . . . . . . Oklahoma City, OK . . . Tucson, AZ . . . . . . . . New Orleans, LA . . . . Las Vegas, NV . . . . . . Cleveland, OH . . . . . . Long Beach, CA . . . . . Albuquerque, NM . . . . Kansas City, MO. . . . . Fresno, CA . . . . . . . . Virginia Beach, VA . . . Atlanta, GA . . . . . . . . Sacramento, CA . . . . . Not available.
1

Standard & Poor’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A AA A+ AABBB AA+ AAAAA AA+ AAA+ AAA AA (1) AAA AA+ A+ AA AA AABBB+ AA AAA AA+ AA AAA AA+ (1) AA AA BBB+ AAA AAAA AA AAAA+ AAAA
2

Moody’s A2 Aa2 A1 Aa3 Baa1 Aa1 2 Aa1 Aa1 Aa2 Baa1 Aa1 (NA) Aa3 Aa2 Aaa Aa2 A1 Aa2 Aa2 Aa2 A2 Aa3 Aaa Aa1 Aa2 Aaa Aa1 Aaa Aa2 Aa2 Baa1 Aa3 A2 Aa3 Aa3 Aa3 A1 Aa1 Aa3 Aa2

Fitch A+ AA AAAA (NA) (NA) AA (NA) AA+ A AA+ (NA) AA (NA) (NA) (NA) A+ AA AA+ AABBB+ (NA) (NA) AA+ AA+ AAA (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) A+ (NA) AA AAA (NA) AA+ AA(NA)

Cities ranked by 2000 population Oakland, CA . . . . . . . Mesa, AZ . . . . . . . . . Tulsa, OK . . . . . . . . . Omaha, NE . . . . . . . . Minneapolis, MN. . . . . Honolulu, HI. . . . . . . . Miami, FL . . . . . . . . . Colorado Springs, CO . St. Louis, MO. . . . . . . Wichita, KS . . . . . . . . Santa Ana, CA . . . . . . Pittsburgh, PA . . . . . . Arlington, TX . . . . . . . Cincinnati, OH . . . . . . Anaheim, CA . . . . . . . Toledo, OH . . . . . . . . Tampa, FL . . . . . . . . . Buffalo, NY . . . . . . . . St. Paul, MN . . . . . . . Corpus Christi, TX . . . Aurora, CO . . . . . . . . Raleigh, NC . . . . . . . . Newark, NJ . . . . . . . . Lexington-Fayette, KY . Anchorage, AK . . . . . . Louisville, KY . . . . . . . Riverside, CA. . . . . . . St Petersburg, FL . . . . Bakersfield, CA . . . . . Stockton CA . . . . . . . Birmingham, AL . . . . . Jersey City, NJ . . . . . . Norfolk, VA . . . . . . . . Baton Rouge, LA . . . . Hialeah, FL . . . . . . . . Lincoln, NE . . . . . . . . Greensboro, NC . . . . . Plano, TX . . . . . . . . . Rochester, NY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Standard & Poor’s A+ AAAA AAA AAA AABBB+ AA AAA (1) BB AA AA+ AA A (1) BBBAAA A+ AA AAA AAAA+ (1) AA AA(1) (1) A+ AA BBB AA (1) (1) AAA AAA AAA AA

Moody’s A1 A1 Aa2 Aaa Aa1 Aa2 A3 Aa3 A3 Aa2 (NA) 2 Ba1 Aa2 Aa1 Aa2 A3 Aa3 Baa3 Aa2 A2 Aa2 Aaa Baa1 (NA) Aa3 Aa3 (NA) (NA) Aa3 (NA) Aa3 Baa3 A1 (NA) (NA) Aaa Aa1 Aaa A2

Fitch A+ (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) AA (NA) (NA) A(NA) (NA) BB (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) AA+ AA(NA) AAA (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) AABBB AA (NA) (NA) (NA) AAA AAA (NA)

Not reviewed.

Rating watch negative.

Sources: Standard & Poor’s, New York, NY; Moody’s Investors Service, New York, NY (copyright); and Fitch Ratings, New York, NY (copyright).

280 State and Local Government Finances and Employment
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

No. 439. State Resources, Expenditures, and Balances: 2002 and 2003
[In millions of dollars (1,073,816 represents $1,073,816,000,000). For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text; this section. General funds exclude special funds earmarked for particular purposes, such as highway trust funds and federal funds; they support most on-going broad-based state services and are available for appropriation to support any governmental activity. Minus sign (-) indicates deficit] Expenditures by fund source State Total, 2002 Total
2

State general fund Resources
3 4

2003

1

Expenditures
1

4

Balance
1

5

General fund 497,782 5,476 (NA) 6,031 3,317 75,461 6,104 12,092 2,503 20,645 15,481 3,806 1,952 18,145 10,316 4,468 4,358 7,179 6,649 2,546 10,478 22,411 8,800 13,930 3,547 6,640 1,283 2,622 1,899 1,211 22,913 3,920 37,444 13,833 893 22,805 4,647 3,804 20,714 2,701 5,437 868 8,239 29,920 3,436 (NA) 11,043 11,198 3,111 11,092 414

Federal funds 321,792 6,906 (NA) 5,565 3,926 54,566 3,051 3,637 907 15,535 11,398 1,351 1,659 8,329 6,164 3,441 3,086 5,897 6,057 1,905 5,680 1,106 11,276 5,433 4,034 5,947 1,441 1,830 1,501 1,177 8,357 2,955 31,985 7,676 1,027 7,825 4,385 4,073 15,334 1,708 4,978 1,011 7,732 19,176 1,829 (NA) 5,100 4,935 2,881 5,688 332

2002 498,789 5,344 2,392 6,340 3,182 74,618 6,823 10,845 2,936 20,151 16,607 3,790 1,981 24,504 9,788 4,680 4,478 7,212 6,521 2,579 10,850 24,188 9,240 13,884 3,436 7,808 1,437 2,655 1,980 1,136 22,289 4,395 42,254 13,861 857 21,669 5,090 4,692 20,572 2,691 5,219 867 7,593 32,393 3,734 860 12,176 11,652 3,030 11,352 732

2003

2002 488,186 5,325 2,392 6,339 3,182 76,752 6,685 11,663 2,454 19,166 14,053 3,656 1,980 22,739 9,737 4,591 4,466 7,082 6,487 2,565 10,947 22,800 9,126 12,754 3,579 7,643 1,356 2,599 1,889 1,174 21,997 4,049 41,222 13,741 862 21,627 5,016 5,760 20,429 2,650 5,168 850 7,516 29,890 3,733 872 12,043 11,214 2,817 11,259 722

2003

2002 9,795 19 6 6 1 6 -2,133 138 -222
6

2003

1

United States. . 1,073,816 1,125,623 Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,745 (NA) 18,983 12,068 145,843 13,660 20,429 5,684 47,438 27,336 7,858 4,241 39,537 18,314 13,154 9,803 17,223 17,608 5,717 21,443 26,778 39,740 20,609 10,521 16,813 3,236 6,567 4,134 3,751 34,943 8,981 85,043 26,429 2,439 45,198 13,053 18,889 43,728 5,264 14,894 2,444 18,549 56,714 7,248 2,889 26,575 24,372 8,150 31,177 1,604 20,342 (NA) 19,531 13,557 163,955 14,045 20,941 5,700 50,327 28,648 8,630 4,625 40,460 19,296 13,194 10,182 17,621 18,900 5,719 23,159 26,593 39,801 23,888 11,133 17,881 3,508 6,782 5,892 3,942 35,810 8,957 90,895 26,492 2,731 48,480 13,812 18,404 47,280 5,536 15,060 2,490 19,960 59,049 7,362 (NA) 26,848 24,482 8,549 23,503 1,671

502,868 5,585 2,471 6,031 3,251 79,412 6,137 12,016 2,918 21,197 16,383 3,923 1,941 25,161 10,446 4,484 4,260 7,444 6,662 2,564 10,469 23,363 8,895 14,180 3,494 7,669 1,322 2,622 2,139 1,336 23,223 4,339 40,328 14,271 870 22,558 4,687 3,969 20,679 2,735 5,040 891 8,126 31,064 3,560 884 12,204 11,666 3,139 10,772 768

491,198 5,513 2,471 6,014 3,251 78,142 5,914 12,345 2,454 20,707 15,271 3,806 1,926 21,893 10,309 4,529 4,138 7,179 6,662 2,540 10,669 22,390 8,821 14,000 3,509 7,548 1,280 2,619 2,036 1,336 22,927 4,051 39,513 13,856 855 22,653 4,656 3,912 20,715 2,699 4,995 884 8,026 30,389 3,521 890 12,118 11,368 2,933 11,033 694
6 6

8,462 113 6 6 18 1,402 223 -104
6

Colorado. . . Connecticut . Delaware . . Florida . . . . Georgia . . . Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

984 2,554
6 6

6 482 6

6

491 1,112
6

6 464 6

134 6 1 256 6 6 89

6 317 6 137 6

117 16

-46

Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . . Maryland

12 24 6 18 6 14 6 309 1,388 6 115 1,130 6 8 6 165
6 56 6

123 6 163 6 23 24 6 123
6

Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri . . . . .

973 74 180 6 33 6 121 42 6 3 100 6 250 245

Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon. . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . . South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . .
3

81

90 38 292 320 1,032 4 6 -5 6 109
6

6

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 815 6 251 6 15 6

53

75 -1,068 143 6 41 50
6 6 12 2,426 6 1 6 6 133 6 437 6

6

31 57 209 6 36 46
6 6 21 6 83 6 18 6

6

. . . . . . . . . .

6

-

197 54 6 10

86 6 298 6 196 -282 6 4

6

1 2 - Represents zero. NA Not available. Estimated. Includes bonds and other state funds not shown separately. Includes funds budgeted, adjustments, and balances from previous year. 4 May or may not include budget stabilization fund 5 transfers, depending on state accounting practices. Resources less expenditures. 6 Ending balance includes the balance in a budget stabilization fund.

Source: National Association of State Budget Officers, Washington, DC, 2002 State Expenditure Report, and State General Fund from NASBO, Fiscal Survey of the States, semi-annual (copyright).

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No. 440. State Governments—Summary of Finances: 1990 to 2001
[In millions of dollars (673,119 represents $673,119,000,000). For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text; this section] Item Borrowing and revenue . . . . Borrowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General revenue . . . . . . . . . . . Taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sales and gross receipts . . General . . . . . . . . . . . . Motor fuels . . . . . . . . . . Alcoholic beverages . . . . Tobacco products. . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Licenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . Motor vehicles . . . . . . . . Corporations in general . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Individual income . . . . . . . Corporation net income . . . Property . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charges and miscellaneous . . Intergovernmental revenue . . . From Federal Government . Public welfare . . . . . . . . Education . . . . . . . . . . . Highways . . . . . . . . . . . Health and hospitals . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . From local governments . . . Utility revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liquor store revenue . . . . . . . . Insurance trust revenue 2 . . . . . Employee retirement . . . . . . . Unemployment compensation . Expenditure and debt redemption . . . . . . . . . . . . Expenditure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General expenditure . . . . . . . . . Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public welfare . . . . . . . . . . . Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospitals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Police protection. . . . . . . . . . Corrections . . . . . . . . . . . . . Natural resources . . . . . . . . . Housing and community development . . . . . . . . . . . Other and unallocable . . . . . . Utility expenditure . . . . . . . . . . Liquor store expenditure . . . . . . Insurance trust expenditure 2 . . . Employee retirement . . . . . . . Unemployment compensation . By character and object: Intergovernmental expenditure . . Direct expenditure . . . . . . . . . . Current operation . . . . . . . . . Capital outlay. . . . . . . . . . . . Construction . . . . . . . . . . . Land and existing structure . Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . Assistance and subsidies . . . . Interest on debt . . . . . . . . . . Insurance benefits 3 . . . . . . . Debt redemption . . . . . . . . . . . . . Debt outstanding . . . . . . . . Long-term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Full-faith and credit. . . . . . . . . . Nonguaranteed . . . . . . . . . . . . Short-term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net long-term 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Full-faith and credit only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total (million dollars) 1990 1999 2000 2001 1990 2,712 165 2,547 2,085 1,211 593 402 78 13 22 78 76 40 12 24 387 88 24 44 365 509 477 239 86 56 22 74 32 13 12 437 318 74 2,386 2,306 2,048 745 423 81 91 178 21 70 40 12 388 29 10 219 119 66 705 1,601 1,040 183 140 14 29 68 90 219 80 1,282 1,271 302 969 11 506 256 Per capita 1999 4,515 279 4,236 3,329 1,837 879 604 107 14 30 124 112 52 23 37 635 113 43 55 560 932 878 497 142 77 49 113 54 16 13 878 740 81 3,844 3,668 3,268 1,171 813 140 110 251 32 121 53 15 563 32 11 357 247 70 1,120 2,548 1,752 252 198 15 39 82 105 357 176 1,876 1,866 475 1,391 10 916 439
1

(dollars) 2000 4,760 270 4,489 3,506 1,922 898 621 107 15 30 125 116 54 23 39 693 116 39 60 608 977 923 524 150 85 51 113 54 16 14 953 820 83 4,009 3,860 3,435 1,234 851 150 116 265 35 125 57 17 586 38 11 375 271 66 1,165 2,695 1,863 271 213 17 42 79 107 375 149 1,951 1,928 493 1,435 23 950 457 2001 4,415 270 4,145 3,685 1,966 906 630 109 15 30 122 115 53 22 40 731 111 37 65 646 1,073 1,013 582 161 98 58 114 61 24 14 421 279 82 4,339 4,166 3,671 1,315 921 154 121 277 36 134 61 18 635 65 12 417 294 80 1,230 2,935 2,038 288 227 16 44 83 110 417 174 2,025 2,012 517 1,495 13 1,010 482

673,119 1,228,816 1,336,798 1,257,148 40,948 75,946 75,968 76,843 632,172 1,152,870 1,260,829 1,180,305 517,429 906,076 984,783 1,049,298 300,489 499,943 539,655 559,679 147,069 239,367 252,147 258,018 99,702 164,378 174,461 179,319 19,379 29,169 29,968 31,026 3,191 3,900 4,104 4,167 5,541 8,170 8,391 8,644 19,256 33,751 35,222 34,863 18,842 30,440 32,598 32,866 9,848 14,083 15,099 15,141 3,099 6,359 6,460 6,384 5,895 9,998 11,039 11,341 96,076 172,764 194,573 208,079 21,751 30,766 32,522 31,687 5,848 11,654 10,996 10,430 10,902 14,952 16,819 18,597 90,612 152,441 170,747 183,998 126,329 253,692 274,382 305,621 118,353 238,941 259,114 288,309 59,397 135,274 147,150 165,800 21,271 38,738 42,086 45,760 13,931 20,874 23,790 27,894 5,475 13,205 14,223 16,426 18,279 30,849 31,865 32,428 7,976 14,751 15,268 17,312 3,305 4,356 4,513 6,930 2,907 3,599 3,895 4,092 108,530 238,838 267,639 119,985 78,898 201,500 230,166 79,527 18,370 22,131 23,260 23,221 592,213 1,046,234 1,125,828 1,235,568 572,318 998,365 1,084,097 1,186,108 508,284 889,475 964,723 1,045,296 184,935 318,602 346,465 374,444 104,971 221,167 238,890 262,346 20,029 38,008 42,066 43,732 22,637 29,994 32,578 34,538 44,249 68,317 74,415 78,786 5,166 8,794 9,788 10,145 17,266 32,843 35,129 38,165 9,909 14,482 15,967 17,309 2,856 96,267 7,131 2,452 54,452 29,562 16,423 175,028 397,291 258,046 45,524 34,803 3,471 7,250 16,902 22,367 54,452 19,895 318,254 315,490 74,972 240,518 2,764 125,524 63,481 4,000 153,269 8,779 2,967 97,144 67,353 19,160 304,933 693,432 476,968 68,509 53,857 3,953 10,699 22,229 28,582 97,144 47,869 510,486 507,819 129,326 378,493 2,667 249,432 119,511 4,726 164,698 10,723 3,195 105,456 75,971 18,583 327,070 757,027 523,114 76,233 59,681 4,681 11,871 22,136 30,089 105,456 41,730 547,876 541,497 138,525 402,972 6,379 266,870 128,384 5,009 180,823 18,632 3,347 118,833 83,770 22,920 350,327 835,782 580,374 81,881 64,668 4,643 12,570 23,496 31,198 118,833 49,460 576,494 572,831 147,130 425,701 3,663 287,450 137,341

1 1990 and 2000 based on enumerated resident population as of April 1. Other years based on estimated resident population 2 3 4 as of July 1. Includes other items not shown separately. Includes repayments. Less cash and investment assets specifically held for redemption of long-term debt.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1990, State Government Finances, series GF, No. 3 thereafter,<http://www.census.gov/govs/www/state01.html> (accessed February, 2004).

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No. 441. State Governments—Revenue by State: 2001
[In millions of dollars (1,180,305 represents $1,180,305,000,000), except as noted. For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section. Includes local shares of state imposed taxes.] General revenue Per capita State Total revenue 1 United States . . Alabama . Alaska. . . Arizona . . Arkansas . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total (dol.) 3,685 3,520 9,532 2,858 3,638 4,306 3,130 4,740 5,595 2,699 3,023 4,927 3,451 3,213 3,221 3,523 3,341 3,730 3,761 4,205 3,535 4,575 4,060 4,363 3,608 3,109 3,981 3,415 2,753 3,177 4,039 4,780 4,810 3,582 4,459 3,353 3,514 4,088 3,591 4,497 3,415 3,409 2,964 2,835 3,585 5,068 3,362 3,741 3,864 4,048 5,520
2

Intergovernmental revenue From Federal government 288,309 5,244 1,285 4,121 3,026 37,771 3,440 3,643 869 11,737 7,309 1,212 1,226 10,059 5,442 2,765 2,624 4,546 5,225 1,619 4,618 5,729 10,452 4,873 3,727 5,563 1,297 1,602 1,097 1,081 8,170 2,395 29,066 8,760 975 11,526 3,443 4,983 12,249 1,474 4,373 1,018 6,594 18,074 2,052 934 4,718 5,800 2,163 5,363 974

Charges and miscellaneous Miscellaneous general revenue 90,947 1,053 2,974 1,290 718 8,053 1,415 1,647 838 5,009 1,907 465 385 3,691 1,619 905 705 1,240 2,075 702 1,680 4,040 3,396 1,763 633 1,630 432 643 326 515 3,162 1,536 6,416 1,607 217 2,963 937 1,534 3,762 610 741 348 715 6,575 728 265 2,727 1,499 673 1,707 478 Insurance trust revenue 119,985 1,973 117 303 526 25,332 5,906 1,444 646 2,166 -161 546 666 7,122 1,029 -186 -313 3,375 998 -272 1,801 -90 2,135 4,385 1,204 2,606 581 69 717 269 7,890 346 17,651 2,811 533 14,100 221 3,781 796 706 2,130 587 303 4,929 838 4 -1,753 885 1,287 -3,058 106

Total

Rank (X) 31 1 47 24 13 43 8 2 50 45 5 33 41 40 30 39 23 21 14 29 9 16 12 25 44 19 34 49 42 18 7 6 28 11 38 32 15 26 10 35 36 46 48 27 4 37 22 20 17 3

Total 305,621 5,716 1,290 4,450 3,057 40,145 3,471 3,730 901 11,839 7,392 1,214 1,232 11,027 5,596 2,892 2,659 4,563 5,280 1,626 4,764 6,097 10,694 4,981 3,856 5,612 1,318 1,627 1,162 1,258 8,595 2,453 35,575 9,547 999 11,770 3,540 5,044 12,597 1,549 4,793 1,034 6,807 18,734 2,065 976 4,857 5,909 2,201 6,118 1,009

Total 183,998 3,268 3,325 2,355 1,760 18,378 2,830 2,658 1,452 7,420 3,651 1,324 768 6,049 4,026 2,278 1,380 2,762 4,333 1,105 3,493 5,966 7,662 3,235 1,714 3,078 788 1,210 782 986 6,525 2,298 11,368 4,245 677 6,807 2,312 3,260 9,011 971 2,665 573 2,191 12,440 2,034 578 6,251 3,830 1,335 3,997 593

Current charges 93,051 2,216 351 1,065 1,042 10,325 1,415 1,010 614 2,411 1,744 858 383 2,359 2,407 1,374 676 1,522 2,258 403 1,813 1,926 4,266 1,472 1,082 1,448 356 567 457 470 3,363 762 4,952 2,639 460 3,844 1,375 1,726 5,249 361 1,923 225 1,476 5,865 1,305 313 3,523 2,332 663 2,290 115

1,180,305 1,049,298 17,860 6,186 15,489 10,330 176,081 19,774 17,750 5,114 46,371 25,250 6,591 5,286 47,348 20,767 10,255 8,713 18,550 17,811 5,207 20,939 29,304 43,347 26,135 11,693 20,134 4,224 5,944 6,644 4,575 42,788 9,099 112,439 32,203 3,373 52,803 12,746 18,219 45,887 5,485 16,865 3,171 17,344 65,525 9,132 3,143 22,760 23,646 8,297 18,826 2,880 15,732 6,043 15,166 9,804 148,977 13,868 16,284 4,459 44,198 25,411 6,045 4,559 40,227 19,738 10,329 9,027 15,176 16,810 5,400 19,042 29,288 40,619 21,750 10,320 17,528 3,602 5,875 5,776 4,000 34,373 8,753 91,802 29,392 2,840 38,196 12,193 14,196 44,181 4,766 13,873 2,584 17,041 60,596 8,171 3,107 24,194 22,418 6,959 21,884 2,727

Colorado . . Connecticut Delaware . . Florida. . . . Georgia . . . Hawaii. Idaho . Illinois . Indiana Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana . Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts Michigan . . . . Minnesota . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri. . . . .

Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

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283

No. 441. State Governments—Revenue by State: 2001—Con.
[See headnote, page 283] All taxes Per capita State General sales taxes, total 179,319 1,713 3,825 1,810 24,298 1,970 3,159 14,716 4,907 1,640 782 6,320 3,606 1,756 1,745 2,259 2,400 818 2,647 3,756 7,723 3,771 2,326 2,805 1,032 2,049 5,759 1,620 8,779 3,456 340 6,288 1,536 7,238 696 2,500 515 4,704 14,708 1,480 214 2,643 8,067 928 3,610 406
2

Sales and gross receipts taxes Selective sales taxes Alcoholic beverages and tobacco sales 12,810 195 59 212 126 1,439 98 160 39 988 222 93 35 613 118 108 131 87 149 115 230 335 733 244 95 134 31 62 83 98 477 53 1,199 242 27 363 136 190 509 69 159 30 160 1,126 73 42 143 434 40 300 6
3

Total United States . . Alabama . Alaska. . . Arizona . . Arkansas . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

Total (dol.) 1,966 1,510 2,253 1,575 1,850 2,614 1,708 2,881 2,642 1,523 1,709 2,859 1,936 1,849 1,651 1,759 1,846 1,929 1,610 2,079 2,003 2,691 2,225 2,715 1,661 1,568 1,653 1,766 1,827 1,394 2,262 2,186 2,351 1,901 1,828 1,722 1,828 1,697 1,835 2,119 1,579 1,290 1,399 1,377 1,787 2,533 1,818 2,116 1,901 2,177 2,276

Property Rank taxes (X) 46 11 43 23 6 36 1 5 45 35 2 19 24 40 33 25 20 41 17 18 4 12 3 38 44 39 32 29 48 10 13 8 21 27 34 28 37 26 15 42 50 47 49 31 7 30 16 22 14 9 10,430 183 45 312 434 3,322 499 51 59 5 52 413 25 48 262 1,790 10 1 19 204 5 99 458 3 40 3 25 58 1 14 367 31 1,399 4 80 110

Total

3

Total

3

Insurance premiums 10,264 203 32 188 83 1,497 145 180 58 388 245 74 61 257 148 127 77 244 247 46 191 333 201 186 121 193 46 34 147 61 323 45 611 312 22 350 154 62 472 37 88 43 296 767 74 21 268 280 115 99 13

Motor Public fuels utilsales ities 31,026 8,966 503 38 604 401 3,142 571 409 99 1,732 665 520 3 33 263 9 181 32 651 -

559,679 6,748 1,429 8,360 4,987 90,454 7,567 9,896 2,106 24,939 14,369 3,508 2,558 23,150 10,116 5,159 4,987 7,851 7,197 2,669 10,786 17,225 22,264 13,535 4,749 8,837 1,496 3,037 3,832 1,756 19,253 4,002 44,858 15,600 1,164 19,618 6,342 5,893 22,572 2,247 6,415 977 8,043 29,423 4,073 1,553 13,085 12,679 3,423 11,768 1,124

258,018 3,298 135 4,864 2,471 30,750 2,887 4,555 295 19,004 6,039 2,198 1,092 10,955 5,031 2,510 2,327 3,612 4,104 1,177 4,592 5,260 9,882 5,863 3,137 4,025 352 1,447 3,287 574 8,506 2,083 13,094 6,215 621 8,966 2,272 668 10,666 1,119 3,275 757 6,062 23,304 1,980 529 4,576 10,056 1,839 5,209 494

78,699 1,585 135 1,039 661 6,452 917 1,396 295 4,288 1,132 558 310 4,635 1,425 754 582 1,353 1,704 359 1,945 1,504 2,160 2,092 812 1,220 352 415 1,238 574 2,748 463 4,315 2,759 281 2,678 737 668 3,428 423 775 242 1,358 8,597 500 315 1,933 1,989 911 1,599 88

Colorado . . Connecticut Delaware . . Florida. . . . Georgia . . . Hawaii. Idaho . Illinois . Indiana Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

77 135 208 2 1,367 1,527 665 4 354 362 449 539 189 687 660 1,075 608 405 676 183 291 249 119 516 200 513 1,183 112 1,307 401 406 1,706 130 365 122 775 2,766 325 66 847 736 237 920 66 1 9 4 144 29 1 32 3 8 58 851 12 927 422 39 641 20 8 684 81 44 2 4 673 2 10 97 332 193 274 2

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana . Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts Michigan . . . . Minnesota . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri. . . . .

Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

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No. 441. State Governments—Revenue by State: 2001—Con.
[See headnote, page 283] License taxes Motor vehicle Huntand Corpo- ing and operaration fishing tors license license license 6,384 82 1 11 10 45 6 13 587 124 33 3 1 152 6 29 28 204 253 3 14 23 12 4 66 77 1 6 23 4 146 2 66 398 297 43 5 877 11 56 2 480 2,031 3 1 29 15 6 88 7 1,139 15 25 18 21 76 53 3 1 13 22 29 24 14 19 16 20 33 11 12 5 48 48 11 28 31 12 6 6 13 12 22 14 9 27 14 36 61 2 15 21 25 65 22 6 19 35 16 59 25 16,471 206 34 159 127 1,943 190 248 35 1,083 281 82 138 1,363 213 351 154 196 114 81 205 313 884 526 147 284 56 88 125 75 445 114 603 461 51 628 588 237 812 51 125 50 263 1,063 91 41 344 342 81 324 53 Occupancy and business license, n.e.c. 4 Income Other taxes

State

Total United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alabama . Alaska. . . Arizona . . Arkansas . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

CorpoIndiration vidual net Total income income 31,687 202 400 541 202 6,899 340 388 159 1,591 691 60 142 2,217 825 167 237 361 293 96 501 1,212 2,102 732 211 236 104 138 350 1,301 191 3,199 724 63 663 167 323 1,389 78 192 43 673 163 45 364 214 495 -

Total

3

Death and gift 7,499 47 3 77 26 935 83 258 41 708 126 18 43 361 164 88 41 85 83 31 169 203 155 53 28 154 20 27 40 59 478 23 759 143 5 166 85 42 777 27 49 35 84 322 30 13 127 106 18 77 8
2

32,866 433 73 258 252 3,909 301 353 832 1,549 506 116 248 1,832 311 496 227 552 478 138 399 496 1,229 810 304 587 125 183 373 145 853 160 865 956 94 1,483 806 416 2,181 91 347 140 878 3,751 143 78 536 627 153 702 91

7,511 239,767 208,079 117 12 61 77 1,727 46 79 183 255 80 21 43 283 64 71 22 117 72 36 165 94 213 209 65 160 29 58 122 50 184 30 105 72 34 500 151 120 356 26 124 58 97 510 24 28 131 181 29 218 5 2,639 400 2,845 1,766 51,514 4,233 4,617 879 1,591 7,618 1,166 1,173 9,886 4,605 2,056 2,225 3,011 2,043 1,258 5,225 11,114 8,892 6,638 1,244 4,051 660 1,365 427 9,290 1,021 29,642 8,250 277 8,969 2,447 4,707 8,544 1,006 2,691 43 872 1,868 528 7,590 1,235 5,644 2,438 2,304 1,564 44,614 3,893 4,230 720 6,926 1,105 1,031 7,669 3,780 1,889 1,988 2,650 1,750 1,162 4,724 9,903 6,790 5,906 1,033 3,815 556 1,227 77 7,989 830 26,443 7,526 213 8,306 2,279 4,384 7,155 928 2,499 198 1,705 484 7,226 1,021 5,149 -

18,597 195 775 81 63 959 145 370 101 2,296 155 28 45 419 164 97 155 263 547 49 308 355 470 214 63 154 155 36 73 151 600 698 1,257 179 170 174 817 103 1,122 30 89 37 232 2,367 82 50 353 597 192 133 429

Colorado . . Connecticut Delaware . . Florida . . . Georgia . . . Hawaii. Idaho . Illinois . Indiana Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana. Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts Michigan . . . . Minnesota . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri . . . .

Montana . . . . . Nebraska. . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York. . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 Duplicate intergovernmental transactions are excluded. - Represents or rounds to zero. X Not applicable. 4 on population as of April 1. 3 Includes categories not shown separately. n.e.c. means not elsewhere classified.

Based

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, <http://www.census.gov/govs/www/state01.html> (accessed January 2004).

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285

No. 442. State Governments—Expenditures and Debt by State: 2001
[In millions of dollars (1,186,108 represents $1,186,108,000,000) except as indicated. For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section] General expenditure Total State Total expenditure 1 Per Intercapita 2 govern(dol.) mental 3,671 3,369 13,232 2,926 3,654 4,208 3,092 4,686 4,959 2,846 3,053 5,008 3,351 3,214 3,306 3,819 3,481 3,843 3,237 4,059 3,573 4,607 4,223 4,405 3,710 3,038 3,999 3,397 2,798 3,090 3,581 4,587 4,676 3,517 4,197 3,427 3,415 3,900 3,700 4,305 3,859 3,287 2,981 2,723 3,725 5,221 3,456 3,938 3,423 4,013 4,718 350,327 3,893 987 6,439 2,942 69,747 3,909 3,253 788 15,011 8,383 124 1,363 12,770 7,052 3,284 2,954 3,620 3,801 976 5,004 6,886 18,145 8,197 3,354 4,802 864 1,684 2,272 1,041 9,082 2,562 34,713 9,310 569 14,594 3,486 4,028 13,121 711 4,168 481 4,583 17,204 2,101 920 7,869 6,577 988 8,896 819 Education 152,351 3,002 789 2,191 1,777 16,465 2,802 2,061 669 4,744 4,783 2,192 694 5,143 4,266 1,988 1,576 2,683 2,570 631 3,010 2,988 6,706 3,375 1,533 2,412 616 1,079 876 558 4,836 1,340 7,346 4,580 538 6,204 2,237 1,673 7,099 615 2,576 341 2,858 9,997 2,073 489 4,284 4,532 1,020 3,250 280 Direct expenditures Health Public and welfare hospitals 220,419 3,776 904 2,646 2,215 21,100 2,504 3,271 607 10,893 5,801 1,024 923 9,257 4,060 2,549 1,622 4,346 2,720 1,636 4,294 6,943 8,663 5,303 2,662 4,575 580 1,496 815 965 4,796 1,746 21,867 6,002 598 8,291 2,700 3,257 12,005 1,365 3,851 554 5,598 12,590 1,426 754 3,904 5,479 1,565 3,594 328 61,754 1,706 130 684 650 6,507 427 1,520 293 2,776 1,178 552 132 3,085 706 859 497 785 1,806 360 1,133 2,301 1,879 558 915 1,299 264 280 255 156 2,042 692 4,529 1,791 78 2,090 488 1,188 2,036 273 1,444 111 1,070 4,149 653 87 2,144 2,015 211 873 98 Highways 66,436 976 646 1,056 776 4,939 1,070 723 333 4,340 1,717 233 384 2,553 1,396 931 1,067 1,586 827 422 1,049 2,416 1,490 960 669 1,301 411 477 563 333 1,942 837 3,377 2,451 258 2,154 1,028 583 3,187 249 1,152 429 1,170 4,794 745 202 2,386 1,127 1,187 1,208 326 Police protection 8,868 95 50 146 77 1,090 92 156 63 394 255 5 41 355 237 84 53 167 188 51 247 267 284 149 70 142 26 53 62 40 399 87 436 334 10 217 81 144 814 46 202 19 120 331 78 42 224 162 38 122 22

Amount

Total 694,969 11,163 7,402 9,089 6,906 75,835 9,793 12,845 3,164 31,585 17,279 6,020 3,063 27,475 13,203 7,914 6,452 12,016 10,669 4,236 14,240 22,602 24,107 13,762 7,256 12,321 2,756 4,158 3,600 2,850 21,395 5,837 54,524 19,551 2,104 24,441 8,363 9,519 32,396 3,852 11,506 2,011 12,553 40,979 6,388 2,281 17,000 17,021 5,177 12,798 1,512

United States . . Alabama . Alaska. . . Arizona . . Arkansas . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1,186,108 1,045,296 16,718 9,047 17,143 10,597 170,470 15,686 18,189 4,312 50,265 27,860 6,792 4,952 45,170 21,584 12,271 10,197 17,331 16,410 5,738 21,484 32,435 46,658 24,612 11,727 18,888 4,048 6,111 6,747 4,411 37,660 9,174 106,599 31,627 2,898 47,880 13,468 16,321 51,488 5,261 18,079 2,690 18,385 64,686 9,253 3,371 26,787 27,824 7,300 24,857 2,645 15,056 8,389 15,528 9,848 145,582 13,702 16,098 3,952 46,595 25,662 6,145 4,426 40,245 20,255 11,199 9,406 15,636 14,470 5,212 19,244 29,488 42,252 21,959 10,610 17,123 3,619 5,843 5,871 3,890 30,477 8,399 89,237 28,860 2,673 39,035 11,849 13,546 45,517 4,564 15,675 2,492 17,136 58,183 8,489 3,200 24,869 23,597 6,165 21,694 2,331

Colorado . . Connecticut Delaware . . Florida. . . . Georgia . . . Hawaii. Idaho . Illinois . Indiana Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana . Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts Michigan . . . . Minnesota . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri. . . . .

Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

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No. 442. State Governments—Expenditures and Debt by State: 2001—Con.
[See headnote, page 286] General expenditure—Con. Direct expenditures—Con. State Natural Correcretions sources United States . . Alabama . Alaska. . . Arizona . . Arkansas . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35,811 304 173 668 277 5,055 616 603 248 2,248 971 149 157 1,318 594 235 285 439 442 95 964 861 1,614 310 260 592 107 176 235 83 1,128 223 2,424 935 35 1,436 474 471 1,500 151 480 66 374 2,976 266 72 955 729 122 839 80 16,103 205 254 173 192 2,508 213 116 80 1,536 453 91 148 411 223 265 155 305 332 136 383 264 458 462 213 286 217 143 76 38 313 130 421 549 93 340 192 291 623 42 273 87 223 609 153 78 215 555 146 324 108
1

Debt outstanding Insurance trust expenditures

Parks Govern- Interest and mental on recre- admin- general ation istration debt 4,530 16 9 41 73 406 56 39 49 164 140 46 28 144 71 19 5 151 198 10 194 105 117 107 73 38 11 25 17 6 419 45 500 158 11 78 70 52 152 39 63 24 112 80 25 13 120 75 58 58 19 36,916 381 353 434 376 5,901 393 822 312 1,895 569 324 205 1,210 599 452 625 506 461 263 830 1,262 760 675 203 502 204 165 193 181 1,240 336 3,885 815 95 1,156 408 830 1,324 275 547 100 426 1,454 428 203 878 484 314 578 81 30,452 268 264 192 125 2,759 320 1,106 189 1,062 438 318 140 1,987 408 134 120 454 455 238 852 2,372 1,059 337 189 583 146 116 254 252 1,189 190 3,684 558 86 1,039 252 409 1,107 355 291 124 194 1,014 196 125 848 658 217 706 73

Utility expenditures 18,632 59 25 7,919 8 243 68 49 1 4 419 298 169 1,886 6,143 299 4 77 900 5 4 26 16 4 7

Liquor stores expenditures

Cash and security holdings

Total

Per capita 2 (dol.) 2,025 1,249 7,124 700 1,056 1,805 1,110 5,543 4,888 1,138 896 4,327 1,772 2,416 1,390 867 809 2,052 1,786 3,278 2,166 6,586 2,010 1,128 1,337 2,018 3,024 1,047 1,617 4,454 3,496 2,353 4,214 1,220 2,435 1,647 1,726 1,848 1,565 5,408 2,355 2,922 590 788 1,765 3,794 1,802 2,104 2,271 2,252 2,727

3,347 118,833 2,537,722 576,494 156 48 79 55 485 137 35 263 322 121 840 91 31 288 310 44 41
2

1,506 599 1,590 749 16,969 1,976 1,849 292 3,620 2,197 647 477 4,925 1,328 994 791 1,695 1,936 471 1,822 2,649 3,920 2,654 981 1,765 393 269 707 258 5,297 775 11,219 2,767 225 8,524 1,320 2,649 5,131 620 1,504 199 1,245 6,503 673 135 1,603 3,900 1,087 3,163 267

28,094 43,846 37,541 17,840 324,516 36,841 29,312 11,287 103,314 60,970 13,478 11,468 89,510 33,417 23,064 12,416 34,512 36,100 11,775 42,038 63,254 78,142 53,465 23,110 44,991 9,757 9,285 18,527 9,255 85,791 33,072 221,203 73,325 6,778 156,986 24,582 35,097 104,571 12,180 26,854 7,712 29,045 176,317 18,105 4,679 55,169 63,796 10,313 71,507 9,516

5,577 4,507 3,711 2,842 62,343 4,917 19,027 3,889 18,613 7,520 5,301 2,342 30,248 8,518 2,542 2,184 8,348 7,977 4,211 11,661 42,149 20,114 5,624 3,819 11,373 2,740 1,800 3,387 5,608 29,728 4,305 80,385 9,998 1,549 18,748 5,986 6,418 19,249 5,727 9,560 2,216 3,388 16,816 4,023 2,326 12,963 12,607 4,092 12,172 1,346

Colorado . . Connecticut Delaware . . Florida. . . . Georgia . . . Hawaii. Idaho . Illinois . Indiana Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana . Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts Michigan . . . . Minnesota . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri. . . . .

Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

- Represents or rounds to zero. of July 1.

Includes amounts not shown separately.

Based on estimated resident population as

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, <http://www.census.gov/govs/www/state01.html> (accessed January 2004).

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287

No. 443. Local Governments—Revenue by State: 2000
[In millions of dollars (1,013,825 represents $1,013,825,000,000), except as noted. For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section] General revenue Intergovernmental revenue State Total revenue 1 United States. . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona . . Arkansas. California. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Per capita 2 (dol.) Total From From federal state govern- governTotal ment ments Taxes Sales and Propgross erty receipts 57,143 1,358 146 1,427 584 10,075 2,139 8 1,000 3,133 3,552 89 15 2,517 76 219 582 174 2,508 4 261 96 121 133 55 1,801 2 245 432 30 427 9,158 1,260 59 1,294 1,054 185 376 2 239 141 1,511 4,366 506 1 1,618 1,797 36 226 107

Total

1

InMotor come 3 licenses 20,625 88 41 1,339 515 38 747 2,541 539 299 33 8,721 3,210 2,514 1,302 21 11 34 17 28 51 4 95 2 13 2 17 4 13 1 4 12 13 19 151 17 107 2 8 16 18 94 275 121 121 1 9

1,013,825 888,865 13,046 11,071 2,835 2,606 17,365 14,507 5,718 5,138 160,439 135,131 15,789 11,190 1,921 6,383 55,505 27,036 1,703 3,294 45,243 18,046 9,053 8,705 8,723 12,153 3,197 16,866 21,422 36,411 19,251 7,401 15,641 2,132 6,877 7,113 3,205 29,133 5,011 115,278 26,160 1,791 37,394 8,524 11,786 38,472 2,486 10,948 1,821 18,778 65,510 6,633 1,580 21,172 22,703 3,777 19,137 2,070 13,756 10,245 1,729 5,732 48,923 23,651 1,519 3,155 38,734 16,679 8,414 7,694 7,749 11,302 3,103 15,401 18,206 32,736 17,340 6,864 13,734 2,054 4,726 6,631 3,129 28,409 4,683 96,904 23,349 1,707 35,444 7,795 11,024 35,359 2,290 9,857 1,653 13,018 57,393 5,418 1,406 19,125 19,119 3,631 17,642 1,979

3,158 349,894 2,490 4,156 2,827 1,922 3,989 3,198 3,008 2,206 10,022 3,061 2,889 1,253 2,438 3,119 2,743 2,876 2,862 1,917 2,529 2,433 2,908 2,868 3,294 3,525 2,413 2,455 2,277 2,762 3,319 2,531 3,376 2,575 5,107 2,901 2,659 3,122 2,259 3,222 2,879 2,185 2,457 2,189 2,288 2,752 2,426 2,309 2,702 3,244 2,008 3,289 4,005 4,482 1,103 6,257 2,763 64,891 3,656 3,648 863 1,748 16,171 7,967 322 1,357 13,649 6,004 3,327 2,945 3,229 4,117 1,011 4,727 7,982 16,772 7,673 2,968 4,687 794 1,553 2,688 1,155 9,281 2,720 34,497 10,440 714 13,452 3,014 4,702 14,358 681 3,444 520 4,323 18,591 2,190 838 6,950 7,584 1,692 8,578 817

32,836 317,058 332,696 238,182 343 213 635 116 4,821 431 286 42 1,748 1,813 659 170 80 1,516 377 254 117 276 340 83 587 1,011 1,163 389 179 423 119 169 234 68 572 266 3,043 996 152 1,091 219 608 1,993 106 322 88 355 2,014 294 26 696 733 124 426 47 4,139 890 5,622 2,647 60,070 3,224 3,361 821 14,358 7,307 152 1,276 12,134 5,627 3,073 2,828 2,953 3,776 928 4,140 6,971 15,609 7,285 2,790 4,264 674 1,384 2,454 1,087 8,709 2,454 31,454 9,444 562 12,362 2,795 4,094 12,364 575 3,122 432 3,968 16,578 1,895 812 6,254 6,851 1,568 8,152 769 2,977 889 5,233 1,091 36,260 6,141 5,480 486 3,216 17,119 9,742 767 917 17,467 6,259 2,905 2,768 2,478 4,375 1,601 7,935 7,889 8,718 4,834 1,588 5,742 721 1,992 2,108 1,582 14,690 1,057 45,132 6,125 596 14,562 2,411 3,466 14,114 1,377 3,162 808 4,692 24,802 1,894 392 8,435 6,166 1,019 5,971 541 1,160 717 3,609 484 22,904 3,680 5,407 382 693 13,336 5,884 603 867 14,457 5,548 2,599 2,125 1,333 1,717 1,568 4,553 7,642 7,796 4,556 1,461 3,386 689 1,545 1,345 1,554 14,446 586 25,202 4,607 525 9,522 1,303 2,789 9,949 1,359 2,667 632 2,887 19,817 1,303 377 5,952 3,795 852 5,602 411

Colorado . . . Connecticut . Delaware. . . District of Columbia . . Florida . . . . Georgia . . . Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . . Indiana . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.... .... .... .... .... .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts . Michigan . . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi. . . . Missouri . . . . . Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico. . New York . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . . . . . .

Oklahoma . . . . Oregon . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina . South Dakota . Tennessee. . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

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No. 443. Local Governments—Revenue by State: 2000—Con.
[See headnote, page 288] General revenue Current charges & miscellaneous general revenue Miscellaneous general revenue Interest Special earn- assessings ment 35,482 443 155 686 241 5,727 657 235 74 196 2,639 1,025 78 76 1,580 480 269 455 883 565 66 481 310 1,087 845 245 535 103 202 305 53 620 222 2,133 840 76 1,438 341 447 2,055 38 467 64 485 3,084 270 25 707 663 248 473 91 3,734 9 3 62 11 937 66 28 950 19 14 11 89 19 18 62 3 9 3 108 64 94 252 5 20 42 31 29 1 14 9 72 12 33 106 5 71 95 3 19 6 5 87 3 5 42 93 3 87 8 Utility revenue 80,441 1,744 204 2,634 535 13,623 1,424 474 147 448 5,056 2,826 185 137 2,682 1,307 620 802 962 720 94 409 1,911 1,414 1,181 537 1,273 78 2,019 482 75 713 328 6,069 2,425 70 1,886 664 761 1,837 103 1,087 135 5,241 6,212 1,216 153 1,143 3,321 129 863 87 Liquor Insurstore ance revtrust enue revenue 697 142 202 343 10 43,822 231 25 224 45 11,685 609 471 45 202 1,526 559 3 3,828 60 19 210 13 131 913 1,305 2,262 528 634 132 1 11 12,305 43 14 63 65 1 1,276 93 4 23 518 1,905 20 904 263 16 632 4

State

Current charges

Total

1

Education 15,630 265 37 355 135 1,565 286 77 13 21 1,255 224 52 886 287 438 230 104 66 42 471 192 747 226 201 428 53 164 83 37 527 73 726 461 40 907 243 332 549 18 192 40 182 1,372 66 16 255 251 35 363 44

Hospital 36,036 1,669 52 219 313 4,173 570 15 53 2,806 1,805 336 486 1,705 631 413 141 1,199 51 159 568 766 1,237 758 52 229 478 210 127 3,052 2,677 789 772 304 20 1,470 26 1,541 2,376 36 251 807 244 116 334

Sewerage 24,273 232 47 294 152 3,143 399 191 108 101 1,458 621 138 86 703 495 229 179 250 200 114 540 636 1,239 581 135 385 55 108 209 74 1,005 97 1,301 855 28 1,396 199 432 990 52 216 44 398 1,791 150 32 681 843 118 513 31

Total

1

United States . . . . . 206,275 137,013 Alabama . Alaska. . . Arizona . . Arkansas . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,612 614 3,017 1,284 33,981 3,959 1,117 381 769 15,632 5,942 430 881 7,617 4,416 2,183 1,981 2,042 2,810 490 2,739 2,335 7,247 4,832 2,308 3,305 539 1,181 1,835 391 4,437 906 17,275 6,784 397 7,430 2,369 2,856 6,888 231 3,251 324 4,004 13,999 1,334 176 3,741 5,369 921 3,093 621 2,736 398 1,785 862 21,471 2,648 648 245 331 10,506 3,976 280 709 4,732 3,008 1,625 1,253 1,000 1,975 358 1,768 1,681 4,467 2,909 1,801 2,355 329 799 1,346 293 2,793 551 12,235 5,274 195 4,765 1,719 1,909 3,886 153 2,529 217 2,910 9,350 738 98 2,509 3,681 577 2,145 484

69,262 876 216 1,232 422 12,510 1,311 469 136 438 5,126 1,966 150 172 2,885 1,408 558 728 1,042 835 132 971 654 2,780 1,923 507 950 210 382 489 98 1,644 355 5,040 1,510 202 2,665 650 947 3,002 78 722 107 1,094 4,649 596 78 1,232 1,688 344 948 137
2

Colorado . . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . . District of Columbia . Florida. . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . . Hawaii. Idaho . Illinois . Indiana Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana . Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts Michigan . . . . Minnesota . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri. . . . .

Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

- Represents or rounds to zero. 1 Includes items not shown separately. April 1. 3 Represents individual and corporate income taxes.

Based on enumerated resident population as of

Source: U.S. Census Bureau; ‘‘Government Finances 1999-2000;’’ issued January 2003, <http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate /00allpub.pdf>;(accessed 16 June 2003).

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289

No. 444. Local Governments—Expenditures and Debt by State: 2000
[In millions of dollars, (996,267 represents $996,267,000,000), except as indicated. For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section] General expenditure State Direct Total Per general expenTotal capita 2 expen(dol) ditures diture 1 amount Selected functions (direct expenditures) Educa- Public tion welfare 34,666 41 7 465 13 10,704 520 96 1 1,254 440 99 21 29 387 459 106 39 45 57 32 88 62 636 1,193 26 129 25 44 95 136 1,124 52 8,487 1,141 35 1,908 22 89 1,877 9 17 11 105 255 21 1 948 42 1 1,266 6 Hospitals 43,822 1,762 58 369 270 5,823 721 20 359 3,560 1,826 330 1,114 1,792 649 425 133 1,447 61 213 563 888 1,216 784 53 241 474 243 126 4,878 2,576 979 762 328 154 1,411 28 1,531 3,597 32 269 933 254 219 348 Highways 39,394 605 197 647 255 4,373 780 436 103 38 1,632 918 127 204 2,248 711 819 518 338 596 181 609 626 1,826 1,435 455 889 100 326 601 141 973 208 3,688 381 156 1,817 427 595 1,108 65 212 200 655 2,433 268 123 485 1,115 51 1,612 91 Police protection 48,217 564 127 951 279 7,653 753 542 103 330 3,371 1,086 218 170 2,718 644 346 377 327 635 118 886 1,087 1,509 750 337 761 111 187 481 149 1,829 305 5,295 1,030 56 1,900 443 566 1,445 175 450 70 828 2,866 307 41 965 854 119 1,025 80 Fire protection 23,102 252 66 682 122 3,588 327 373 19 113 1,630 553 101 77 1,300 395 127 175 257 283 78 475 774 616 256 155 394 41 107 223 100 630 129 2,200 480 45 1,014 266 313 434 152 190 29 400 1,373 127 25 549 551 55 458 23

Health 23,991 268 58 175 28 5,275 200 104 13 274 476 717 28 52 454 156 261 142 266 79 14 239 97 1,881 378 48 228 46 33 69 18 284 26 2,171 1,229 18 1,919 100 510 1,790 4 275 15 209 1,300 131 4 494 588 60 756 31

United States . . . . . 996,267 875,495 Alabama . Alaska. . . Arizona . . Arkansas . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13,357 11,574 . 2,931 2,655 . 17,092 14,351 . 5,381 4,818 . 150,813 128,033 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,943 10,660 1,800 6,527 53,358 25,931 1,792 3,192 45,624 17,753 9,082 8,158 9,074 12,187 3,108 15,743 21,572 36,046 19,799 7,656 15,188 2,029 6,640 7,430 2,967 28,660 13,745 9,935 1,637 5,152 47,070 22,214 1,474 3,070 39,590 16,349 8,338 7,371 8,106 11,217 3,017 14,680 17,818 33,098 17,893 7,133 13,511 1,962 4,461 6,640 2,890 28,001 4,582 96,658 22,818 1,706 34,664 7,711 10,929 35,316 2,252 9,889 1,665 13,855 58,071 5,042 1,312 19,273 17,933 3,587 18,515 1,915

3,540 865,114 383,282 3,004 11,571 4,675 2,655 3,331 14,177 2,013 4,816 4,452 126,953 3,707 3,130 2,296 11,411 3,339 3,168 1,479 2,467 3,674 2,920 3,104 3,035 2,245 2,727 2,438 2,973 3,398 3,627 4,025 2,691 2,715 2,249 3,881 3,719 2,400 3,406 2,729 5,879 3,248 2,782 3,254 2,428 3,576 3,189 2,326 2,748 2,392 3,438 3,164 2,883 2,413 2,957 3,782 2,104 3,697 4,107 13,745 9,926 1,634 5,152 46,878 22,166 1,474 3,067 39,558 16,288 8,254 7,361 8,104 11,216 3,017 14,521 17,189 32,948 17,802 7,131 13,510 1,959 4,455 6,637 2,833 27,710 4,561 90,676 22,494 1,695 34,437 7,710 10,926 35,304 2,250 9,871 1,664 13,815 57,541 5,034 1,310 19,251 17,895 3,581 18,480 1,914 4,961 1,115 5,844 2,598 48,542 5,287 5,218 1,005 969 18,672 10,595 1,481 18,078 7,352 4,102 3,528 3,948 4,724 1,661 7,401 8,722 16,200 7,164 3,350 6,941 1,056 2,259 2,309 1,528 14,310 2,322 34,406 9,960 742 14,898 3,793 4,833 16,848 1,287 4,722 897 5,699 30,335 2,414 882 9,189 7,506 2,156 8,609 864

Colorado . . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . . District of Columbia . Florida. . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . . Hawaii. Idaho . Illinois . Indiana Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana . Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts Michigan . . . . Minnesota . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri. . . . .

Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. 4,963 . 111,562 . 26,145 . 1,786 . 36,946 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,381 12,233 39,166 2,438 11,024 1,806 19,561 65,970 6,438 1,470 20,932 22,293 3,804 19,829 2,029

See footnotes at end of table.

290 State and Local Government Finances and Employment
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No. 444. Local Governments—Expenditures and Debt by State: 2000—Con.
[See headnote, page 290] General expenditure-Con. Selected functions (direct expenditures)-Con. State Corrections United States . Alabama . . . . . . Alaska. . . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . . Arkansas . . . . . . California . . . . . . Colorado . . Connecticut Delaware . . District of Columbia . Florida. . . . Georgia . . . Hawaii. Idaho . Illinois . Indiana Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,766 131 1 295 61 3,052 221 305 1,056 407 42 485 190 73 76 216 383 31 210 189 370 298 50 158 21 59 254 30 430 99 2,094 253 12 451 49 279 808 122 19 253 1,078 106 387 322 28 284 25 Parks and recreation 20,989 267 70 432 62 2,809 673 189 20 172 1,333 412 171 70 1,824 495 228 182 125 227 45 508 168 615 615 90 393 36 101 352 48 375 164 1,289 452 115 1,050 211 281 676 33 215 68 332 1,159 208 13 517 569 48 443 40 Governmental Solid adminwaste istration 14,861 217 55 235 110 1,638 85 218 10 37 1,518 456 134 76 374 170 124 112 124 211 84 412 318 352 229 118 111 48 65 8 71 846 102 1,969 544 30 391 136 95 455 29 235 21 289 703 90 26 451 405 46 249 30 47,160 563 169 1,092 227 8,209 896 461 88 320 2,575 1,511 144 175 2,556 953 323 418 321 643 145 771 652 1,969 908 407 686 116 213 589 151 1,362 241 2,997 849 91 2,437 360 584 1,892 84 581 88 723 2,691 372 50 1,215 1,092 205 878 116 Interest on general debt 40,626 492 170 866 231 4,936 914 256 65 236 2,760 669 104 54 1,819 596 226 427 932 543 95 641 417 1,224 1,006 273 425 73 106 385 67 1,043 196 5,596 674 69 1,100 272 394 2,648 58 475 45 594 3,562 199 25 940 791 200 676 65 Utility expenditures Insurance trust Debt expenoutditures standing 19,774 74 14 93 18 4,088 209 251 25 72 464 256 1 1,993 95 12 46 24 120 464 1,000 978 284 256 84 1 9 6,149 17 7 69 29 56 855 92 3 7 292 555 4 329 127 25 221 3 903,939 11,507 3,106 20,498 5,083 120,750 18,768 5,039 1,324 5,062 60,314 22,862 2,317 1,150 38,745 11,974 4,948 8,528 15,668 10,210 1,785 12,464 16,202 27,750 21,806 5,297 9,466 1,240 4,967 10,245 1,542 21,376 4,027 98,934 19,778 1,261 24,000 5,745 9,372 54,730 1,197 11,613 984 15,085 80,947 8,509 674 19,535 26,963 3,364 14,109 1,118

Housing 23,427 301 134 352 124 4,402 330 426 41 58 845 592 76 21 1,430 418 128 113 124 277 83 536 958 234 561 130 233 32 110 135 42 554 82 2,804 551 81 853 141 391 1,230 113 168 20 451 1,166 99 26 513 501 91 333 8

Sewerage 27,098 452 79 389 136 3,627 408 272 94 303 1,563 865 122 103 1,080 555 250 147 331 298 118 510 574 1,694 622 126 412 45 117 108 65 962 117 1,766 597 19 1,302 226 584 1,273 58 245 44 466 1,591 182 36 678 722 120 611 38

Other

78,713 100,393 696 1,710 349 262 1,383 2,648 300 545 12,321 18,691 1,629 1,316 73 383 5,448 1,461 227 182 3,692 1,401 491 683 614 813 269 1,235 2,331 3,260 1,497 352 965 156 489 554 287 2,746 391 11,037 1,775 225 2,420 503 1,084 2,665 184 553 108 1,279 3,431 479 59 1,651 1,905 147 1,062 150 1,989 474 138 1,303 5,824 3,461 319 121 4,041 1,309 731 741 943 851 91 476 2,754 1,970 1,445 523 1,421 67 2,095 790 76 649 381 8,755 3,013 73 2,213 641 1,248 2,995 93 1,131 125 5,414 7,344 1,396 154 1,330 4,232 193 1,093 111
2

..... ..... ..... ..... ..... ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana . Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts Michigan . . . . Minnesota . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri. . . . .

Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

-Represents or rounds to zero. 1 Duplicate intergovernmental transactions are excluded. population as of April 1. 3 Includes community development.

Based on enumerated

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Governmental Finances, annual. See also <http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate/00allpub.pdf>(released September 2003).

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291

No. 445. Estimated State and Local Taxes Paid by a Family of Four in Selected Cities: 2002
[Data based on average family of four (two wage earners and two school age children) owning their own home and living in a city where taxes apply. Comprises state and local sales, income, auto, and real estate taxes. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation] Total taxes paid by gross family income level (dollars) $25,000 Albuquerque, NM . . Atlanta, GA . . . . . . Baltimore, MD . . . . Boston, MA . . . . . . Charlotte, NC . . . . Chicago, IL . . . . . . Columbus, OH . . . . Denver, CO . . . . . . Detroit, MI. . . . . . . Honolulu, HI . . . . . Houston, TX . . . . . Indianapolis, IN . . . Jacksonville, FL . . . Kansas City, MO . . Las Vegas, NV . . . Los Angeles, CA . . Memphis, TN. . . . . Milwaukee, WI . . . . Minneapolis, MN . . New Orleans, LA . . New York City, NY . Oklahoma City, OK . Omaha, NE . . . . . . Philadelphia, PA. . . Phoenix, AZ . . . . . Portland, OR . . . . . Seattle, WA. . . . . . Virginia Beach, VA . Washington, DC. . . Wichita, KS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,482 2,035 1,776 1,763 1,836 2,320 2,064 1,309 2,114 1,763 1,562 1,798 1,070 1,791 1,487 2,154 1,699 1,935 1,412 1,138 1,408 1,825 1,788 2,760 1,676 2,241 1,841 1,795 1,632 1,041 1,787 1,763 $50,000 3,721 5,137 5,615 4,496 4,457 4,734 4,544 3,347 4,656 3,999 3,020 3,786 2,309 4,275 2,595 4,354 3,063 5,189 4,249 3,578 5,400 4,129 4,152 6,581 3,820 5,095 3,355 3,958 4,631 3,275 4,153 4,152 $75,000 $100,000 $150,000 6,389 8,514 8,962 7,189 7,413 7,489 7,391 5,656 7,362 6,668 4,698 5,896 3,758 6,808 3,928 7,705 4,656 8,562 6,767 6,148 9,546 6,858 7,110 9,763 5,733 8,220 5,077 6,336 7,797 5,802 6,774 6,858 8,934 11,550 11,904 9,520 10,279 9,655 10,185 7,534 11,036 9,037 5,937 7,753 4,817 9,125 4,911 11,246 5,847 11,466 9,756 8,205 13,398 8,891 9,790 12,629 8,506 11,112 6,366 8,490 10,702 8,187 9,188 9,419 14,183 17,483 17,682 14,132 15,494 13,938 16,003 11,179 16,248 13,890 8,277 11,436 6,882 14,057 6,818 18,472 8,247 17,106 15,171 12,718 21,165 13,810 15,335 18,333 13,368 16,775 8,897 12,669 16,598 12,798 13,946 14,057 Total taxes paid as percent of income $25,000 5.9 8.1 7.1 7.1 7.3 9.3 8.3 5.2 8.5 7.1 6.2 7.2 4.3 7.2 5.9 8.6 6.8 7.7 5.6 4.6 5.6 7.3 7.2 11.0 6.7 9.0 7.4 7.2 6.5 4.2 7.1 7.1 $50,000 7.4 10.3 11.2 9.0 8.9 9.5 9.1 6.7 9.3 8.0 6.0 7.6 4.6 8.6 5.2 8.7 6.1 10.4 8.5 7.2 10.8 8.3 8.3 13.2 7.6 10.2 6.7 7.9 9.3 6.5 8.3 8.3 $75,000 $100,000 $150,000 8.5 11.4 11.9 9.6 9.9 10.0 9.9 7.5 9.8 8.9 6.3 7.9 5.0 9.1 5.2 10.3 6.2 11.4 9.0 8.2 12.7 9.1 9.5 13.0 7.6 11.0 6.8 8.4 10.4 7.7 9.0 9.1 8.9 11.5 11.9 9.5 10.3 9.7 10.2 7.5 11.0 9.0 5.9 7.8 4.8 9.1 4.9 11.2 5.8 11.5 9.8 8.2 13.4 8.9 9.8 12.6 8.5 11.1 6.4 8.5 10.7 8.2 9.2 9.4 9.5 11.7 11.8 9.4 10.3 9.3 10.7 7.5 10.8 9.3 5.5 7.6 4.6 9.4 4.5 12.3 5.5 11.4 10.1 8.5 14.1 9.2 10.2 12.2 8.9 11.2 5.9 8.4 11.1 8.5 9.3 9.4

City

Average 1 . . . . . Median 1 . . . . .
1

Based on selected cities and District of Columbia. For complete list of cities, see Table 446.

Source: Government of the District of Columbia, Department of Finance and Revenue, Tax Rates and Tax Burdens in the District of Columbia: A Nationwide Comparison, annual. <http://www.cfo.dc.gov/main.asp>

No. 446. Residential Property Tax Rates for Largest City in Each State: 2002
[Effective tax rate is amount each jurisdiction considers based upon assessment level used. Assessment level is ratio of assessed value to assumed market value. Nominal rate is announced rates it levied at taxable value of house] Effective tax rate per $100 Rank Bridgeport, CT. . . Newark, NJ. . . . . Providence, RI . . Milwaukee, WI. . . Philadelphia, PA . Houston, TX . . . . Manchester, NH. . Baltimore, MD . . . Des Moines, IA . . Fargo, ND . . . . . Jacksonville, FL. . Omaha, NE . . . . Burlington, VT . . . Portland, ME. . . . Atlanta, GA. . . . . Phoenix, AZ . . . . Detroit, MI . . . . . Memphis, TN . . . Boise City, ID . . . New Orleans, LA . Jackson, MS . . . . Chicago, IL . . . . . Anchorage, AK . . Billings, MT. . . . . Sioux Falls, SD . . Columbus, OH . . Indianapolis, IN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Assessment Nominal level rate per Rate (percent) $100 3.86 2.95 2.73 2.67 2.64 2.62 2.38 2.33 2.28 2.00 1.96 1.94 1.92 1.90 1.83 1.82 1.79 1.76 1.72 1.70 1.69 1.69 1.63 1.59 1.55 1.54 1.50 70.0 11.8 80.0 98.1 32.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 51.4 4.1 100.0 93.0 75.5 78.0 40.0 10.0 26.5 25.0 96.3 10.0 10.0 22.1 95.0 82.0 85.0 29.6 15.0 5.52 24.95 3.41 2.72 8.26 2.62 2.38 2.33 4.44 49.00 1.96 2.09 2.55 2.43 4.57 18.20 6.77 7.02 1.78 17.00 16.91 7.63 1.72 1.94 1.82 5.21 10.00 Effective tax rate per $100 Rank Portland, OR. . . . . Columbia, SC . . . . Salt Lake City, UT . Little Rock, AR . . . Wilmington, DE . . . Wichita, KS. . . . . . Minneapolis, MN . . Charlotte, NC . . . . Louisville, KY . . . . Albuquerque, NM. . Oklahoma City, OK Kansas City, MO . . Las Vegas, NV . . . Virginia Beach, VA . Boston, MA . . . . . Los Angeles, CA . . Seattle, WA . . . . . Washington, DC . . New York City, NY . Charleston, WV . . . Birmingham, AL . . . Cheyenne, WY . . . Denver, CO . . . . . Honolulu, HI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 (X) (X) Assessment Nominal level rate per Rate (percent) $100 1.46 1.45 1.43 1.38 1.38 1.31 1.27 1.22 1.21 1.18 1.16 1.14 1.14 1.11 1.10 1.08 1.01 0.96 0.93 0.74 0.70 0.61 0.56 0.37 1.61 1.54 72.2 4.0 99.0 20.0 53.1 11.5 86.4 87.6 100.0 33.3 11.0 19.0 35.0 90.6 100.0 100.0 90.6 100.0 8.0 60.0 10.0 9.5 9.2 100.0 55.9 (X) 2.02 36.35 1.45 6.90 2.59 11.35 1.47 1.40 1.21 3.54 10.50 6.02 3.25 1.22 1.10 1.08 1.12 0.96 11.63 1.24 6.95 6.47 6.15 0.37 6.7 (X)

City

City

Unweighted average . Median . . . . . . . . . .

X Not applicable. Source: Government of the District of Columbia, Department of Finance and Revenue, Tax Rates and Tax Burdens in the District of Columbia: A Nationwide Comparison, annual. <http://www.cfo.dc.gov/services/studies/index.shtm>

292 State and Local Government Finances and Employment
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No. 447. Gross Revenue From Parimutuel and Amusement Taxes and Lotteries by State: 2001 and 2002
[In millions of dollars (40,004.8 represents $40,004,800,000) except as indicated. For fiscal years; see text, this section] 2002 Lottery revenue Apportionment of funds State Gross revenue 2001 United States. Alabama . . . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . . Arizona. . . . . . . . . Arkansas . . . . . . . California . . . . . . . Colorado. . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . . Idaho . . . . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . Kansas. . . . . . . . . Kentucky . . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . . Maine. . . . . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . . . Massachusetts. . . . Michigan. . . . . . . . Minnesota . . . . . . . Mississippi . . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . . . New Hampshire . . . New Jersey . . . . . . New Mexico . . . . . New York . . . . . . . North Carolina . . . . North Dakota . . . . . Ohio . . . . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . . Oregon. . . . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . . . . Rhode Island . . . . . South Carolina. . . . South Dakota . . . . Tennessee . . . . . . Texas . . . . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . . . . . Virginia. . . . . . . . . Washington . . . . . . West Virginia . . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross revenue 2002 Percent change 20012002 9.6 2.7 6.6 15.5 -30.1 14.4 9.0 13.3 2.1 11.2 (X) 13.4 9.7 12.4 14.1 5.2 8.9 8.9 8.5 7.4 13.5 5.4 2.4 1.1 15.0 7.3 10.3 -1.2 8.3 12.5 14.8 13.4 -6.0 -6.5 3.0 -7.3 8.7 9.1 19.2 868.1 7.3 (X) 5.0 (X) 1.0 10.8 -9.3 49.3 5.7 -16.5
1

Amusement taxes 1 4,079.4 0.1 2.5 0.6 (X) 95.2 365.0 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 591.1 521.1 202.5 0.7 0.3 497.0 (X) 4.8 5.9 91.9 55.9 184.2 220.5 43.7 6.3 720.7 1.8 351.0 32.4 0.7 11.1 14.1 (X) 7.0 0.0 0.7 (X) 29.0 (X) 21.2 (X) (X) 0.1 0.1 (X) 0.4 (X)

Parimutuel Total 2 taxes (mil.dol.) 308.4 39,440.7 3.6 (X) (X) (X) 0.7 294.9 4.4 (X) 44.6 2,698.8 5.8 377.2 7.3 910.5 0.2 397.0 29.8 2,203.1 (X) 2,162.8 (X) (X) (X) 92.7 12.6 1,460.7 5.3 568.3 3.3 169.6 3.8 179.8 17.8 638.7 6.1 284.7 4.9 152.8 3.1 1,306.5 6.9 4,202.1 12.5 1,558.5 1.3 352.8 (X) (X) (X) 548.7 0.1 31.7 0.9 74.0 (X) (X) 4.4 214.9 - 1,955.1 1.2 129.1 38.0 4,335.2 (X) (X) 2.5 (X) 17.4 1,983.1 3.1 (X) 1.9 1,419.9 29.0 1,818.1 5.4 1,014.0 (X) 335.5 1.3 131.3 (X) (X) 12.7 2,966.4 (X) (X) 82.0 (X) 1,104.9 2.0 438.6 12.0 449.5 2.1 397.5 0.2 (X)

Proceeds available from Administicket Prizes tration sales 23,988.9 (X) (X) 160.2 (X) 1,503.0 238.9 546.1 59.2 1,165.8 1,308.2 (X) 53.1 866.7 371.2 100.0 99.0 384.2 155.6 91.2 733.2 3,000.9 873.7 223.0 (X) 353.1 17.1 39.5 (X) 142.5 1,115.9 72.9 2,664.1 (X) (X) 1,148.1 (X) 1,009.1 1,406.7 796.6 (X) 14.1 (X) 1,715.4 (X) 52.3 663.6 282.2 120.2 242.1 (X) 2,756.9 (X) (X) 47.5 (X) 176.9 31.8 88.4 7.3 120.9 131.1 (X) 18.3 60.6 32.1 25.9 21.7 88.9 19.1 19.6 133.1 73.7 54.6 72.6 (X) 39.9 6.5 16.6 (X) 7.0 67.7 26.7 91.8 (X) (X) 299.2 (X) 261.0 95.9 7.2 (X) 7.8 (X) 318.0 (X) 13.3 128.2 60.7 28.7 33.5 (X) 12,694.9 (X) (X) 87.2 (X) 1,018.9 106.6 275.9 330.5 916.3 723.4 (X) 21.3 533.5 165.0 43.8 59.2 165.6 110.0 42.0 440.3 1,127.6 630.1 57.2 (X) 155.7 8.1 17.9 (X) 65.3 771.4 29.5 1,579.2 (X) (X) 535.8 (X) 149.8 315.5 210.2 (X) 109.4 (X) 933.1 (X) 16.3 313.0 95.7 300.6 121.9 (X)

. 40,004.8 43,828.5 . 3.6 3.7 . 2.4 2.5 . 256.6 296.3 . 6.3 4.4 . 2,742.8 2,743.4 . 417.9 478.2 . 1,177.4 1,282.8 . 350.5 397.1 . 2,187.2 2,232.9 . 1,945.3 2,162.8 . (X) (X) . 81.7 92.7 . 1,882.2 2,064.4 . 973.8 1,094.8 . 328.9 375.4 . 175.2 184.3 . 603.2 656.8 . 723.2 787.8 . 145.3 157.7 . 1,223.9 1,314.5 . 3,712.7 4,214.9 . 1,577.1 1,662.9 . 400.3 410.0 . 182.2 184.2 . 669.0 769.2 . 70.3 75.5 . 73.6 81.2 . 729.4 720.7 . 204.0 221.0 . 2,049.6 2,306.0 . 141.6 162.6 . 3,856.1 4,373.9 . 11.8 11.1 . 17.7 16.6 . 1,942.4 2,000.5 . 10.9 10.1 . 1,308.1 1,421.8 . 1,693.2 1,847.9 . 855.3 1,019.4 . 37.7 364.5 . 123.6 132.7 . (X) (X) . 2,858.4 3,000.4 . (X) (X) . 81.2 82.0 . 997.7 1,104.9 . 485.8 440.7 . 309.2 461.5 . 378.3 399.9 . 0.2 0.2

- Represents or rounds to zero. X Not applicable. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, unpublished data.

Represents nonlicense taxes.

2 Excludes commissions.

No. 448. Lottery Sales—Type of Game: 1980 to 2003
[In millions of dollars (2,393 represents $2,393,000,000). For fiscal years] Game Total ticket sales . . . . . . . . Instant 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Three-digit 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Four-digit 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lotto 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State proceeds (net income) 5
2

1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,393 527 1,554 55 52 206 978

1985 9,035 1,296 3,376 693 3,583 88 3,735

1990 20,017 5,204 4,572 1,302 8,563 376 7,703

1995 31,931 11,511 5,737 1,941 10,594 2,148 11,100

2000 37,201 15,459 5,341 2,711 9,160 4,530 11,404

2001 38,441 16,420 5,245 2,776 8,865 5,134 11,916

2002 41,979 18,509 5,356 2,916 9,564 5,633 12,478

2003 43,521 20,387 5,394 3,059 9,655 5,026 13,991

1 NA Not available. Player scratches a latex section on ticket which reveals instantly whether ticket is a winner. Players choose and bet on three or four digits, depending on game, with various payoffs for different straight order or mixed 3 combination bets. Players typically select six digits out of a large field of numbers. Varying prizes are offered for matching three through six numbers drawn by lottery. 4 Includes break-open tickets, spiel, keno, video lottery and passive before 1990. etc. 5 Sales minus prizes and expenses equal net government income. Source: TLF Publications, Inc., Boyds, MD, 2004 World Lottery Almanac annual; LaFleur’s Fiscal 2003 Lottery Interim TVLT Book (copyright)).

State and Local Government Finances and Employment
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

293

No. 449. City Governments—Revenue for Largest Cities: 2001
[In millions of dollars (58,523 represents $58,523,000,000). For fiscal years ending in year shown; see text, this section. Cities ranked by enumerated resident population as of April 1. Data reflect inclusion of fiscal activity of dependent school systems where applicable. Regarding intercity comparisons, see text, this section. See Appendix III] General revenue Intergovernmental Cities ranked by 2000 population Total revenue New York, NY . . . . . Los Angeles, CA . . . Chicago, IL . . . . . . Houston, TX . . . . . . Philadelphia, PA 3 . . Phoenix, AZ . . . . . . San Diego, CA . . . . Dallas, TX . . . . . . . San Antonio, TX . . . Detroit, MI . . . . . . . San Jose, CA . . . . . Honolulu, HI 3 . . . . . Indianapolis, IN 3. . . San Francisco, CA 3 Jacksonville, FL 3 . . Columbus, OH . . . . Austin, TX . . . . . . . Baltimore, MD 3 . . . Memphis, TN . . . . . Milwaukee, WI . . . . Boston, MA . . . . . . Washington, DC . . . Nashville, TN 3 . . . . El Paso, TX . . . . . . Seattle, WA . . . . . . Denver, CO 3 . . . . . Charlotte, NC . . . . . Ft Worth, TX . . . . . Portland, OR . . . . . Oklahoma City, OK . Tucson, AZ . . . . . . New Orleans, LA. . . Las Vegas, NV . . . . Cleveland, OH . . . . Long Beach, CA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58,523 11,287 6,389 2,569 5,405 2,312 2,574 2,308 2,463 3,409 1,493 1,109 1,895 6,095 2,230 1,100 1,864 2,571 2,941 1,042 2,763 5,936 2,409 550 1,981 2,137 1,024 842 811 860 702 974 544 1,240 971 From state/ local government 16,947 596 873 38 1,295 385 167 50 100 1,905 98 61 352 1,356 123 85 17 1,177 496 305 1,071 300 11 79 166 71 33 49 29 148 131 172 147 76
2

294 State and Local Government Finances and Employment

General revenue from own sources Taxes From local government 88 142 128 56 75 31 58 13 10 70 479 15 54 122 35 9 31 13 Sales and gross receipts Total 31,421 5,021 3,547 2,001 2,740 1,340 1,729 1,574 836 1,459 1,239 800 1,089 3,153 964 818 826 1,039 537 363 1,316 4,036 1,210 375 1,182 1,673 728 508 624 620 352 694 335 718 686 Total Property 23,579 2,519 2,033 1,153 2,044 732 959 728 409 893 684 505 625 1,747 510 500 373 785 331 184 997 3,337 812 206 656 733 296 320 310 327 239 392 143 421 215 8,276 753 664 567 364 174 228 375 195 401 222 380 484 662 283 34 180 491 275 174 925 707 475 107 225 154 218 157 186 38 41 155 70 66 67 General Total sales 4,832 1,210 1,146 552 196 511 646 336 199 139 293 69 41 674 214 15 165 62 44 30 999 271 93 272 486 30 125 52 281 184 210 39 32 108
3

Current charges Parks and recreation 55 83 26 14 26 48 36 27 13 20 17 22 37 21 11 46 24 46 25 27 27 10 16 -

Miscellaneous Interest earnings 887 483 320 158 96 117 146 145 126 71 107 52 62 255 185 46 97 52 45 38 44 111 119 28 50 129 63 53 40 57 22 50 27 67 31 Utility revenue
2

Total 51,262 6,056 4,884 2,164 4,673 2,044 2,080 1,687 984 3,758 1,484 977 1,518 4,893 1,217 958 885 2,369 1,532 752 2,499 5,679 1,520 441 1,300 1,852 982 541 738 694 577 886 543 911 832
1

Total 19,841 1,035 1,337 163 1,933 704 351 114 148 2,299 245 177 429 1,740 254 140 58 1,330 995 389 1,183 1,643 310 65 117 179 254 33 115 75 225 191 208 193 145

From federal government 2,806 297 464 121 510 264 109 63 41 363 89 115 64 378 130 45 41 83 20 70 109 1,589 46 31 13 62 30 45 68 60 46 57

Public utilities 431 610 483 176 92 44 82 22 53 97 23 89 81 24 26 16 200 22 99 16 39 27 18 48 34 57

Total 5,103 1,688 888 592 537 447 324 639 255 286 340 217 358 1,053 235 234 314 136 133 106 186 299 234 109 298 645 239 100 220 182 74 193 123 165 397

Sewerage 1 971 492 137 284 196 157 183 206 154 204 155 186 67 152 124 138 146 70 62 47 104 111 94 59 218 63 109 78 143 70 10 70 57 20 73

Total 2,740 814 627 255 159 160 445 206 171 280 215 77 106 352 219 84 140 118 73 73 133 400 164 60 228 296 193 89 93 111 39 109 69 132 75

Employee retirement revenue 4,392 1,602 1,196 124 74 48 254 421 53 -540 -9 30 865 125 67 126 229 228 170 190 89 47 68 131 -10 172 105 22 33 -

3,679 483 196 330 111 368 413 217 134 169 387 124 112 617 237 68 136 440 122 252 158 140 37

2,869 3,630 310 281 658 220 240 200 1,426 191 18 132 347 337 887 142 913 76 1,180 62 94 67 800 62 613 153 52 129 71 61 102 55 329 138

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

- Represents or rounds to zero.

Includes solid waste management.

Includes water, electric, and transit.

Represents, in effect, city-county consolidated government.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Government Finances 2000-2001. See also <http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate.html>.

No. 450. City Governments—Expenditures and Debt for Largest Cities: 2001
[In millions of dollars (62,971 represents $62,971,000,000). For fiscal year ending in year shown; see headnote, Table 449]. General expenditures Cities ranked by 2000 population Housing and community development 2,677 202 202 62 150 77 122 34 11 121 235 42 161 178 12 16 14 36 18 89 106 66 22 66 24 34 10 38 23 47 83 20 62 72
2

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

Total Total direct expendi- expenditures tures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62,971 10,153 6,491 2,871 5,743 2,208 2,378 2,073 2,388 4,943 1,435 1,441 2,016 6,596 2,280 1,128 1,843 2,364 3,007 983 2,647 5,651 2,458 547 2,093 2,027 1,023 811 1,134 769 700 890 502 1,251 914 58,891 10,107 6,399 2,856 5,664 2,201 2,377 2,041 2,378 4,880 1,396 1,441 2,005 6,454 2,215 1,108 1,843 2,310 3,001 957 2,391 5,453 2,458 547 1,981 1,976 1,020 811 1,123 769 700 890 415 1,245 914
1

Total 51,062 5,514 5,279 2,426 4,560 1,752 1,808 1,727 1,088 4,030 1,313 1,086 1,619 5,533 1,291 990 879 2,065 1,652 798 2,325 5,418 1,497 403 1,157 1,737 734 546 948 693 512 766 501 927 741

Education 13,667 21 16 39 1,604 104 959 946 810 1,142 521 -

Public welfare 8,345 139 400 46 68 490 31 9 120 1,349 16 109 -

Health and hospitals 5,134 48 169 98 927 23 39 108 18 327 893 41 42 82 63 34 74 571 139 22 17 49 12 34 29

Police protection 3,436 956 1,064 422 483 262 276 208 185 359 178 163 123 355 142 183 110 230 186 159 251 352 105 77 151 139 127 111 101 104 99 111 84 179 126

Fire protec- Correction tion 1,153 364 316 227 156 137 102 112 112 117 88 59 49 197 89 142 72 100 104 76 121 130 67 40 90 69 56 57 68 92 40 57 69 78 62
3

Highways 1,135 272 578 194 86 76 52 94 117 149 84 93 93 242 64 94 39 129 58 54 90 69 31 25 92 77 76 73 117 67 62 35 48 84 41

Parks and recreation 631 264 71 139 89 183 167 174 120 114 139 115 130 294 45 78 81 47 78 27 209 47 20 151 90 43 53 98 122 53 20 51 123 30

Sewerage 1,084 384 152 252 199 134 294 132 102 384 109 138 128 84 190 111 50 106 34 70 109 137 54 57 161 44 36 77 225 81 69 28 19 -

Solid Governwaste mental man- adminage- istration 1 ment 1,059 155 179 70 91 130 93 46 44 95 67 120 34 21 60 42 42 55 43 31 43 36 35 14 85 36 23 23 27 31 40 52 1,026 359 160 94 330 105 64 47 36 212 70 64 155 286 65 65 52 117 24 37 76 273 82 19 89 124 18 37 50 47 69 87 55 62 36

Employee Interest retireon ment Debt Utility general expendi- expendioutdebt tures 2 tures standing 3,124 479 553 244 181 172 162 237 62 112 116 83 165 368 168 95 97 70 48 44 57 208 130 26 45 273 69 32 62 54 29 68 17 53 77 5,683 3,516 330 278 734 395 411 182 1,252 634 29 355 357 667 891 138 884 92 1,196 43 73 158 859 106 853 224 274 206 126 65 170 88 323 170 6,226 1,123 882 168 448 61 158 164 47 279 94 40 396 99 81 208 159 142 249 102 39 83 66 14 59 59 10 18 37 57,518 11,605 11,196 7,887 4,673 3,742 2,337 4,863 4,781 4,111 2,374 1,927 3,159 7,668 5,706 1,674 4,295 1,404 1,011 598 1,539 4,880 3,643 718 2,563 4,852 1,982 1,095 2,052 955 743 1,124 364 2,048 1,453

New York, NY . . . . . Los Angeles, CA . . . Chicago, IL . . . . . . . Houston, TX . . . . . . Philadelphia, PA 3 . . . Phoenix, AZ . . . . . . San Diego, CA. . . . . Dallas, TX. . . . . . . . San Antonio, TX. . . . Detroit, MI. . . . . . . . San Jose, CA . . . . . Honolulu, HI 3 . . . . . Indianapolis, IN 3 . . . San Francisco, CA 3 . Jacksonville, FL 3 . . . Columbus, OH . . . . . Austin, TX. . . . . . . . Baltimore, MD . . . . . Memphis, TN. . . . . . Milwaukee, WI . . . . . Boston, MA . . . . . . . Washington, DC. . . . Nashville, TN 3 . . . . El Paso, TX. . . . . . . Seattle, WA. . . . . . . Denver, CO 3. . . . . . Charlotte, NC . . . . . Ft Worth, TX . . . . . . Portland, OR . . . . . . Oklahoma City, OK . . Tucson, AZ . . . . . . . New Orleans, LA . . . Las Vegas, NV . . . . Cleveland, OH . . . . . Long Beach, CA . . .

1,313 14 303 9 39 101 46 12 83 267 43 13 60 26 19 -

State and Local Government Finances and Employment 295

- Represents or rounds to zero.

Excludes public buildings.

Includes water, electric, and transit.

Represents, in effect, city-county consolidated government.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau; ‘‘Government Finances 2000-2001;’’ See also <http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate.html>.

No. 451. County Governments—Revenue for Largest Counties: 2001
[In millions of dollars (16,690 represents $16,690,000,000). For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section. See Appendix III] General revenue Intergovernmental Counties ranked by 2000 population Total revenue 1 Los Angeles, CA . . Cook, IL . . . . . . . . Harris, TX . . . . . . . Maricopa, AZ . . . . . Orange, CA. . . . . . San Diego, CA. . . . Dade, FL . . . . . . . Dallas, TX. . . . . . . Wayne, MI . . . . . . King, WA . . . . . . . San Bernardino, CA Santa Clara, CA. . . Broward, FL . . . . . Riverside, CA . . . . Tarrant, TX . . . . . . Alameda, CA . . . . . Suffolk, NY . . . . . . Cuyahoga, OH. . . . Bexar, TX . . . . . . . Clark, NV . . . . . . . Nassau, NY. . . . . . Allegheny, PA . . . . Sacramento, CA. . . Oakland, MI . . . . . Palm Beach, FL . . . Hennepin, MN . . . . Franklin, OH . . . . . St Louis, MO . . . . . Hillsborough, FL. . . Fairfax, VA . . . . . . Erie, NY . . . . . . . . Contra Costa, CA . . Milwaukee, WI . . . . Westchester, NY . . Pinellas, FL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,690 2,663 2,165 1,986 3,730 2,756 5,026 1,127 2,312 1,849 3,003 2,521 1,674 1,797 467 2,190 2,051 1,713 780 3,056 2,662 1,447 2,574 932 1,247 1,495 982 574 1,386 3,533 1,393 1,648 1,251 1,958 843 From federal government From state government Taxes Sales and gross receipts Property 2,101 802 969 410 352 383 868 401 290 365 218 456 523 230 160 287 413 252 259 373 653 234 186 178 422 421 262 80 378 1,410 192 162 176 462 271 General sales 70 335 104 48 19 86 290 19 195 17 135 762 161 112 799 36 122 82 264 15 154 357 12 56 306 62 General revenue from own sources Current charges Miscellaneous general revenue

296 State and Local Government Finances and Employment

Total 15,054 2,373 2,165 1,986 2,761 2,796 4,774 1,110 2,167 1,757 2,742 2,521 1,632 1,796 467 2,081 1,942 1,713 777 2,749 2,662 1,319 2,352 764 1,208 1,495 980 533 1,261 3,109 1,345 1,420 1,062 1,947 787

Total 10,309 491 428 977 1,559 2,024 1,011 176 1,278 459 1,665 1,480 295 1,198 142 1,090 516 779 145 593 707 785 1,316 491 168 587 430 59 249 745 337 690 575 432 107

Total 275 43 74 37 119 65 469 135 108 508 22 93 76 20 19 22 18 69 25 32 22 39 44 19 19 69 29 134 28

Housing 2 58 40 26 10 55 176 16 27 14 14 17 13 23 22 12 18 16 34 11 9

Public Total welfare 9,647 444 286 918 1,331 1,855 542 148 899 230 1,139 1,392 165 1,040 105 997 466 757 124 438 682 750 1,260 342 129 522 395 37 225 660 319 624 428 410 77 4,308 172 137 385 464 683 67 147 509 755 486 12 562 221 458 70 392 202 570 110 319 166 36 93 191 264 119 233 -

Health From and local hospi- governtals ment 1,900 119 26 203 378 28 423 154 108 127 72 62 230 60 163 44 76 337 194 83 73 119 60 33 108 141 69 386 69 22 108 104 26 244 121 18 66 38 82 17 74 28 16 86 52 126 21 27 16 11 37 12 15 -

Total 4,745 1,882 1,737 1,009 1,202 772 3,763 934 889 1,298 1,077 1,042 1,336 598 325 991 1,426 934 632 2,156 1,955 534 1,035 273 1,040 908 551 475 1,013 2,363 1,008 730 488 1,515 680

Total

1

Total 136 532 28 104 50 26 357 10 366 25 197 97 23 10 143 764 176 20 340 803 44 150 129 91 303 140 250 363 26 56 316 96

Total

1

Parks and recreation 65 42 17 25 10 14 15 18 13 24 39 24 -

Sewerage 3 37 94 15 466 64 280 35 12 137 46 17 72 206 159 48 64 182 18 26 103

Hospitals 673 202 95 212 709 320 391 139 69 49 269 224 373 210 256 288 258 54 477 -

Interest Total earnings 1,074 145 283 206 377 177 566 84 220 116 140 116 226 135 97 399 109 168 89 441 143 62 209 46 147 112 135 35 202 217 73 84 50 71 126 336 83 209 150 159 69 355 45 92 79 63 75 137 68 86 83 58 139 76 206 81 31 95 31 64 67 125 18 121 138 39 45 20 57 72

2,332 1,349 1,032 538 412 456 1,299 445 306 789 260 694 646 272 189 455 1,196 465 295 874 1,460 280 384 189 569 425 367 394 530 1,834 559 206 234 780 378
3

1,340 388 422 265 412 139 1,898 405 363 393 676 232 464 191 39 137 121 301 248 841 351 192 443 38 324 371 49 45 281 313 376 441 204 664 176

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

- Represents or rounds to zero. 1 Includes revenue sources not shown separately. 2 Includes urban development. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Government Finances, 2000-2001. See also <http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate/.html>.

Includes solid waste management.

No. 452. County Governments—Expenditures and Debt for Largest Counties: 2001
[In millions of dollars (15,149 represents $15,149,000,000). For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, this section. See headnote, Table 451. See Appendix III] General expenditure Counties ranked by 2000 population Sewerage and Governsolid mental waste adminmanageistrament tion 53 5 77 25 425 95 272 52 25 137 46 58 14 28 92 139 58 112 45 4 76 234 29 12 116 122 1,462 563 279 304 364 388 267 129 328 190 171 359 134 215 98 237 99 234 83 271 125 90 272 109 152 121 101 49 95 97 41 124 79 86 103 InterEmployee est on retiregenment Utility eral expendi- expendidebt ture ture 3 449 110 338 100 200 87 450 30 101 158 79 31 148 69 84 68 60 129 61 226 151 74 111 13 91 25 108 26 104 132 39 51 29 47 47 56 12 494 429 5 148 165 781 34 22 3 105 1 141 160 34 152 31 74 1,156 199 159 156 21 94 123 119 2 45 109 24 14 190 114 86 -

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

Total expenditure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,149 2,749 2,346 1,883 2,753 2,983 5,105 1,240 2,601 1,899 2,749 2,357 1,606 1,973 436 1,951 2,050 1,778 771 3,277 2,696 1,319 2,365 800 1,261 1,382 983 492 1,189 3,506 1,403 1,534 1,188 1,960 829

Total direct expenditure 14,074 2,724 2,346 1,681 2,547 2,809 5,097 1,234 2,491 1,864 2,523 2,148 1,563 1,777 434 1,851 1,790 1,757 705 3,253 2,309 1,218 2,292 786 1,232 1,381 960 344 1,170 3,411 1,060 1,484 1,188 1,724 791

Total

1

Education 540 1 15 211 290 257 173 272 3 27 231 223 33 108 9 1,585 69 99 80 -

Housing 2 87 24 34 8 24 61 220 43 6 20 28 4 15 39 15 24 5 22 1 10 23 28 8 19 7 5 18 32 61 3 8 15 15

Public welfare 4,264 10 18 540 630 651 93 12 201 6 717 548 40 504 3 554 379 445 66 60 523 262 689 6 32 252 239 15 49 180 516 281 281 382 30

Health 1,803 39 147 71 286 422 58 68 419 270 226 249 95 122 85 227 149 272 40 62 128 295 200 241 38 233 266 41 24 132 54 137 87 124 65

Hospitals 1,677 889 560 234 912 631 60 22 233 307 169 160 454 360 376 304 27 7 332 234 323 125 474 -

Police protection 885 87 155 47 206 193 388 34 24 90 379 49 202 140 16 61 335 24 25 289 526 33 206 53 142 65 23 53 104 131 33 61 50 24 83

Correction 926 339 189 252 218 231 184 150 198 107 141 208 144 121 79 167 92 86 66 171 155 62 158 77 67 114 58 19 67 29 60 79 34 114 64

Highways 338 84 227 117 43 81 51 33 179 96 49 43 49 50 16 48 20 44 24 353 68 35 164 100 87 48 41 41 77 35 63 52 31 24 59

Parks Natand ural recrereation sources 248 114 119 6 56 21 201 179 59 22 20 51 10 33 12 217 65 61 24 17 63 64 20 43 105 15 92 45 25 191 87 79 34 10 37 115 43 37 2 17 91 72 10 8 93 1 18 51 5 46 3 16 2 33

Debt outstanding 6,152 2,010 4,742 1,669 3,139 804 7,829 571 2,169 2,398 1,335 613 2,621 1,125 1,449 1,171 1,661 2,022 890 4,659 3,880 1,416 2,128 236 1,649 663 1,800 417 2,275 2,686 945 629 578 1,171 688

Los Angeles, CA . . Cook, IL . . . . . . . . Harris, TX . . . . . . . Maricopa, AZ . . . . . Orange, CA. . . . . . San Diego, CA. . . . Dade, FL . . . . . . . Dallas, TX. . . . . . . Wayne, MI . . . . . . King, WA . . . . . . . San Bernardino, CA Santa Clara, CA. . . Broward, FL . . . . . Riverside, CA . . . . Tarrant, TX . . . . . . Alameda, CA . . . . . Suffolk, NY . . . . . . Cuyahoga, OH. . . . Bexar, TX . . . . . . . Clark, NV . . . . . . . Nassau, NY. . . . . . Allegheny, PA . . . . Sacramento, CA. . . Oakland, MI . . . . . Palm Beach, FL . . . Hennepin, MN . . . . Franklin, OH . . . . . St Louis, MO . . . . . Hillsborough, FL. . . Fairfax, VA . . . . . . Erie, NY . . . . . . . . Contra Costa, CA . . Milwaukee, WI . . . . Westchester, NY . . Pinellas, FL . . . . . .

13,938 2,550 2,346 1,883 2,594 2,814 4,611 1,219 2,508 1,470 2,621 2,357 1,459 1,973 436 1,832 1,884 1,778 769 2,496 2,662 1,274 2,234 773 1,156 1,382 981 478 1,048 3,156 1,369 1,420 950 1,928 755

State and Local Government Finances and Employment 297

- Represents or rounds to zero. 1 Includes expenditure categories not shown separately. 2 Includes community development. 3 Includes water, electric, and transit. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Government Finances, 2000-2001. See also <http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate.html> (issued January 2004).

No. 453. Governmental Employment and Payrolls: 1980 to 2002
[Employees in thousands (16,213 represents 16,213,000), payroll in millions of dollars (19,935 represents $19,935,000,000). For 1980 to 1995 as of October; later years as of March. Covers both full-time and part-time employees. Local government data are estimates subject to sampling variation; see appendex III and source] Type of government EMPLOYEES (1,000) Total . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal (civilian) 1 . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . Percent of total . . . . . . State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Counties . . . . . . . . . . . Municipalities . . . . . . . . School districts. . . . . . . Townships . . . . . . . . . . Special districts . . . . . . PAYROLLS (mil. dol.) Total . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal (civilian) 1 . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . Percent of total . . . . . . State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Counties . . . . . . . . . . . Municipalities . . . . . . . . School districts. . . . . . . Townships . . . . . . . . . . Special districts . . . . . . NA Not available.
1

1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,213 2,898 13,315 82 3,753 9,562 1,853 2,561 4,270 394 484 19,935 5,205 14,730 74 4,285 10,445 1,936 2,951 4,683 330 546

1985 16,690 3,021 13,669 82 3,984 9,685 1,891 2,467 4,416 392 519 28,945 7,580 21,365 74 6,329 15,036 2,819 4,191 6,746 446 834

1990 18,369 3,105 15,263 83 4,503 10,760 2,167 2,642 4,950 418 585 39,228 8,999 30,229 77 9,083 21,146 4,192 5,564 9,551 642 1,197

1995 19,521 2,895 16,626 85 4,719 11,906 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 37,714 (NA) 10,927 26,787 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

1997 19,540 2,807 16,733 86 4,733 12,000 2,425 2,755 5,675 455 691 49,156 9,744 39,412 80 11,413 27,999 5,750 7,146 12,579 869 1,654

1998 19,854 2,765 17,089 86 4,758 12,271 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 51,568 10,115 41,453 80 11,845 29,608 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

1999 20,306 2,799 17,506 86 4,818 12,689 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 54,363 10,748 43,886 81 12,565 31,321 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

2000 20,876 2,899 17,976 86 4,877 13,099 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 58,166 11,485 46,681 80 13,279 33,402 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

2001 20,970 2,698 18,272 87 4,985 13,288 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 60,632 11,370 49,262 81 14,136 35,126 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

2002 21,039 2,690 18,349 87 5,072 13,277 2,729 2,972 6,367 488 721 63,923 11,599 52,323 82 14,838 37,486 7,902 9,714 16,720 1,124 2,026

Includes employees outside the United States.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau; ‘‘Government Employment, March 2002;’’ issued October 2003, <http://www.census.gov/govs/www/apes.html> (accessed 13 April 2004)

No. 454. All Governments—Employment and Payroll by Function: 2002
[Employees in thousands (21,039 represents 21,039,000), payroll in millions of dollars (63,923 represents $63,923,000,000). See headnote, Table 453] Employees (1,000) Function Federal (civilTotal ian) 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21,039 681 830 19 7,242 2,787 119 601 1,139 558 158 1,061 388 749 568 98 17 120 133 403 402 142 170 78 11 238 182 9 558 447 488 642 2,690 681 830 19 (X) (X) 11 135 149 9 66 109 (X) 34 3 52 5 (X) (X) 26 191 17 (X) 4 (X) 141 22 60 127 State and local Total 18,349 (X) (X) (X) 7,242 2,787 108 467 991 549 92 951 388 714 565 46 12 120 133 377 211 125 170 78 11 238 178 9 417 425 429 515
1

Payrolls (mil. dol.) Federal (civilTotal ian) 1 63,923 2,544 3,030 127 19,623 6,592 395 2,114 3,661 1,665 623 4,278 1,367 2,465 1,797 601 62 350 445 785 1,522 482 551 352 34 928 344 18 1,890 1,041 1,900 2,337 11,599 2,544 3,030 127 (X) (X) 58 707 661 51 318 628 (X) 148 19 431 14 (X) (X) 105 901 91 (X) 22 (X) 604 102 348 688 State and local Total 52,323 (X) (X) (X) 19,623 6,592 338 1,407 3,000 1,614 304 3,651 1,367 2,316 1,778 170 48 350 445 679 620 391 551 352 34 928 321 18 1,285 939 1,552 1,649 State 14,838 (X) (X) (X) 190 5,469 338 603 1,310 742 304 429 (X) 1,494 859 13 17 8 9 98 505 3 21 149 1 18 580 200 664 812
2

State 5,072 (X) (X) (X) 69 2,238 108 182 431 244 92 107 (X) 465 253 3 5 2 2 42 168 1 4 33 1 9 173 61 164 215

Local 13,277 (X) (X) (X) 7,174 549 (X) 285 560 304 (X) 845 388 249 313 43 8 118 131 336 43 125 169 74 11 204 177 (X) 244 363 265 300

Local 37,486 (X) (X) (X) 19,432 1,124 (X) 803 1,690 872 (X) 3,222 1,367 822 920 157 31 342 436 581 115 391 548 331 34 780 320 (X) 705 739 888 837 Includes

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . National defense 2 . . . . . . . Postal Service . . . . . . . . . . Space research and technology . . . . . . . . . . . Elem and secondary educ . . Higher education . . . . . . . . Other education . . . . . . . . . Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospitals . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public welfare . . . . . . . . . . Social insurance administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Police protection . . . . . . . . Fire protection . . . . . . . . . . Correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . Streets & highways. . . . . . . Air transportation . . . . . . . . Water transport/terminals . . . Solid waste management. . . Sewerage . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parks & recreation . . . . . . . Natural resources . . . . . . . . Housing & community development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water supply . . . . . . . . . . . Electric power . . . . . . . . . . Gas supply . . . . . . . . . . . . Transit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State liquor stores . . . . . . . Financial administration . . . . Other government administration . . . . . . . . . Judicial and legal . . . . . . . . Other & unallocable . . . . . .

- Represents or rounds to zero. international relations.

X Not applicable.

Includes employees outside the United States.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau; ‘‘Government Employment, March 2002;’’issued October 2003, <http://www.census.gov/govs/www/apes.html> (accessed 13 April 2004).

298 State and Local Government Finances and Employment
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No. 455. State and Local Government—Employer Costs per Hour Worked: 2003
[In dollars. As of March. Based on a sample; see source for details. For additional data, see Table 630] Benefits Occupation and industry Total workers . . . . . . . . . . . . White-collar occupations . . . . . . . . Professional specialty and technical Professional specialty. . . . . . . . . Teachers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Technical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Executive, admin, & managerial . . . Admin support including clerical . . . Blue-collar occupations . . . . . . . . . Service occupations . . . . . . . . . . . Industry group: Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health services . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospitals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational services . . . . . . . . . Elementary and secondary education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Higher education . . . . . . . . . . . Public administration . . . . . . . . . . - Represents zero
1

Total Wages compenand sation salaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32.62 36.20 42.24 43.59 45.97 27.74 40.88 21.02 25.73 24.63 34.13 27.20 28.00 35.52 34.73 38.03 29.95 22.85 26.02 31.21 32.36 34.57 18.93 28.35 13.87 16.68 15.81 24.66 18.20 18.81 25.99 25.58 27.56 19.66

Total 9.77 10.18 11.03 11.24 11.41 8.81 12.53 7.15 9.05 8.82 9.47 9.00 9.18 9.53 9.15 10.47 10.29

Paid leave 2.51 2.60 2.56 2.57 2.40 2.45 4.10 1.88 2.38 2.28 2.30 2.71 2.80 2.22 1.95 2.84 2.92

Supplemental pay 0.3 0.19 0.20 0.18 0.12 0.49 0.20 0.14 0.44 0.61 0.21 0.74 0.72 0.14 0.12 0.17 0.46

Retirement Legally Insurand required ance savings benefits 3.12 3.28 3.44 3.52 3.62 2.54 3.61 2.77 3.09 2.62 3.12 2.50 2.51 3.19 3.34 2.93 3.09 1.85 2.00 2.40 2.50 2.73 1.40 2.26 1.01 1.28 1.67 1.84 1.12 1.17 1.97 1.79 2.36 1.91 1.93 2.05 2.33 2.37 2.43 1.89 2.32 1.32 1.81 1.58 1.94 1.89 1.94 1.95 1.85 2.16 1.85

Other

1

0.06 0.07 0.10 0.10 0.12 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.07 0.04 0.05 0.07 0.10 0.06

Includes severance pay and supplemental unemployment benefits.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Compensation and Working Conditions, Fall 2003.

No. 456. State and Local Governments—Full-Time Employment and Salary by Sex and Race/Ethnic Group: 1980 to 2001
[As of June 30. (2,350 represents 2,350,000). Excludes school systems and educational institutions. Based on reports from state governments (42 in 1980; 47 in 1983; 49 in 1981 and 1984 through 1987; and 50 in 1989 through 1991) and a sample of county, municipal, township, and special district jurisdictions employing 15 or more nonelected, nonappointed full-time employees. Beginning 1993, only for state and local governments with 100 or more employees. Data for 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998 2000 and 2002 are not available. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation] Employment (1,000) Year and occupation Male Female White 1980 . 1981 . 1983 . 1984 . 1985 . 1986 . 1987 . 1989 . 1990 . 1991 . 1993 . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,350 2,740 2,674 2,700 2,789 2,797 2,818 3,030 3,071 3,110 2,820 2,960 2,898 2,939 3,080 212 649 269 889 106 126 397 432 1,637 1,925 1,818 1,880 1,952 1,982 2,031 2,227 2,302 2,349 2,204 2,355 2,307 2,393 2,554 118 790 197 196 297 803 23 130
1

Median annual salary ($1,000) Minority Hispanic 3 163 205 219 233 248 259 268 308 327 340 341 379 392 417 471 15 89 37 96 36 97 35 66 Male Female White 15.2 17.7 20.1 21.4 22.3 23.4 24.2 26.1 27.3 28.4 30.6 33.5 34.6 37.0 39.8 63.2 49.2 39.9 40.5 29.1 29.1 36.2 29.3
3 1

Minority Total
2

Black

1

Total

2

Black

1

Hispanic 3 12.3 14.7 17.3 18.4 19.2 20.2 21.1 22.7 23.8 24.5 26.8 28.6 29.5 31.2 33.8 59.5 42.3 35.5 42.1 28.1 27.5 35.3 28.1

3,146 3,591 3,423 3,458 3,563 3,549 3,600 3,863 3,918 3,965 3,588 3,781 3,676 3,723 3,888 271 1,052 337 770 234 610 308 306

842 1,074 1,069 1,121 1,179 1,230 1,249 1,394 1,456 1,494 1,436 1,534 1,529 1,609 1,746 60 387 128 315 169 318 112 256

619 780 768 799 835 865 872 961 994 1,011 948 993 973 1,012 1,077 37 222 71 198 120 189 65 175

11.4 13.1 15.3 16.2 17.3 18.1 18.9 20.6 21.8 22.7 24.3 27.0 27.9 29.9 32.1 54.8 41.7 32.1 32.9 26.3 27.3 30.4 22.9

13.8 16.1 18.5 19.6 20.6 21.5 22.4 24.1 25.2 26.4 28.5 31.4 32.2 34.8 37.5 60.8 45.6 37.2 39.8 28.1 27.4 36.1 28.5

11.8 13.5 15.9 17.4 18.4 19.6 20.9 22.1 23.3 23.8 25.9 26.3 30.2 31.1 34.0 58.2 43.2 34.5 37.1 26.2 27.3 34.5 27.2

11.5 13.3 15.6 16.5 17.5 18.7 19.3 20.7 22.0 22.7 24.2 26.8 27.4 29.6 31.5 57.7 40.5 32.7 35.0 24.2 27.2 33.6 26.3

1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001, total . . . . . . . Officials/administrators . Professionals . . . . . . . Technicians . . . . . . . . Protective service . . . . Paraprofessionals . . . . Admin. support . . . . . . Skilled craft . . . . . . . . Service/maintenance . .
1

Non-Hispanic.

2

Includes other minority groups not shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 1980-1991, State and Local Government Information Report, annual; beginning 1993, biennial.

State and Local Government Finances and Employment
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

299

No. 457. State and Local Government Full-Time Equivalent Employment by Selected Function and State: 2002
[In thousands (1,659.0 represents 1,659,000). For March. Local government data are estimates subject to sampling variation; see Appendix III and source] Education State Total State
1

Public welfare Higher education State Local 319.3 0.1 11.3 78.3 1.5 1.0 24.5 0.4 1.4 23.4 5.8 7.2 10.0 0.1 12.8 6.1 6.1 0.3 2.7 10.3 2.9 23.4 16.9 6.1 0.5 8.5 8.9 0.5 35.4 1.3 9.8 1.8 State 241.0 3.8 1.8 5.9 4.1 4.1 2.0 4.8 1.7 13.9 8.7 0.8 1.7 14.7 5.2 2.7 2.8 7.1 5.2 2.1 7.5 7.4 12.5 2.6 2.9 8.4 1.5 2.8 1.1 1.4 6.4 1.5 6.9 1.9 0.4 2.7 6.1 6.1 12.7 1.6 5.0 1.0 5.6 21.0 3.3 1.2 2.2 9.0 3.2 1.4 0.7 Local 284.2 1.5 0.2 2.0 0.1 66.7 5.7 1.8 1.4 6.3 1.2 0.1 0.2 7.1 1.3 1.3 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.4 3.5 2.3 2.4 11.2 0.4 2.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 2.4 11.5 0.9 51.7 14.6 0.9 26.5 0.3 1.1 21.5 0.2 0.3 0.3 1.7 3.5 0.5 7.6 1.3 13.2 -

Health

Hospitals

Elem. & secondary Local State Local

State 176.3 5.2 0.7 2.5 4.6 12.3 1.1 2.2 2.1 19.5 4.3 2.5 1.1 3.1 1.7 0.4 1.0 2.2 4.1 1.3 6.9 8.4 1.9 2.2 3.0 3.5 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 2.8 2.5 9.7 4.1 1.3 3.7 5.8 2.7 1.5 1.4 7.2 0.6 3.0 12.4 1.9 0.6 5.1 5.3 0.7 2.0 0.5

Local 252.2 4.6 0.4 2.4 0.3 43.8 3.9 1.7 0.2 1.7 5.2 12.1 0.2 0.9 7.6 3.2 2.3 2.9 5.0 1.6 0.2 4.1 3.0 11.8 3.7 0.2 4.3 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.2 4.2 0.4 18.8 20.8 0.5 16.6 2.4 5.0 5.6 0.1 2.2 0.2 3.7 24.0 1.4 6.3 3.5 1.2 5.4 0.4

State 409.2 12.5 0.2 0.8 4.3 36.6 3.7 10.5 2.0 5.0 7.7 3.8 0.9 13.7 4.8 7.0 2.3 5.5 19.3 0.7 5.6 7.6 12.2 4.7 11.9 13.3 0.6 5.0 1.0 0.8 16.1 6.4 46.0 17.8 1.0 11.5 2.6 5.1 13.2 1.3 8.3 0.9 9.4 30.8 5.7 0.2 13.4 9.1 1.7 3.9 0.9

Local 507.8 24.0 0.6 4.0 2.4 60.3 7.3 2.0 39.5 22.1 5.1 12.8 23.3 9.5 7.1 4.1 16.6 0.6 2.7 8.9 11.2 17.6 9.7 0.6 4.3 5.0 2.0 0.8 49.4 24.4 11.4 9.3 2.1 17.7 0.5 20.3 44.4 0.4 3.7 12.1 2.3 1.3 4.6

United States . . 1,659.0 6,552.0 Alabama . Alaska. . . Arizona . . Arkansas . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39.6 8.8 28.7 21.3 139.9 37.5 23.6 7.7 55.8 52.2 34.5 9.7 58.4 53.0 25.4 19.8 31.8 32.3 7.6 28.9 28.3 70.7 37.7 20.3 29.9 6.7 12.7 8.9 7.5 54.7 18.3 52.7 51.7 7.5 69.4 28.0 15.8 58.2 6.8 30.4 5.0 38.7 99.1 24.5 5.5 51.6 50.8 12.5 35.6 3.3 93.7 16.1 113.2 64.3 745.7 91.5 76.3 15.4 12.5 305.9 208.2 32.1 281.8 135.9 76.1 80.2 104.7 105.4 37.2 121.9 145.2 229.2 119.0 75.0 135.3 22.3 46.8 33.7 31.1 206.3 47.1 474.1 194.1 13.8 249.6 86.8 75.0 232.4 21.1 96.3 19.4 116.9 634.6 46.0 18.3 180.0 96.3 40.6 130.4 17.4

55.3 6,232.8 1,505.7 3.4 4.1 26.1 0.1 0.1 1.0 20.0 0.5 93.7 16.0 101.9 64.3 667.4 90.0 76.3 15.4 11.6 281.3 207.8 30.7 258.4 135.9 70.3 72.9 104.7 105.4 37.2 111.8 145.1 216.4 119.0 68.8 129.2 22.0 44.1 33.7 31.1 196.0 44.2 450.7 177.3 13.8 243.5 86.3 66.5 223.4 21.1 96.3 18.9 116.9 599.2 46.0 18.3 178.7 96.3 40.6 120.6 15.5 37.1 4.9 25.8 18.5 135.0 36.2 16.4 7.3 52.4 49.1 8.2 9.0 55.7 51.9 24.3 19.2 27.3 28.9 7.1 26.7 27.1 68.0 33.6 18.8 27.8 6.2 12.1 8.8 7.2 30.8 17.4 47.9 48.9 7.2 66.9 25.8 14.7 54.6 5.6 27.7 4.6 36.6 94.1 22.9 4.9 48.6 47.3 11.1 34.4 3.1

Colorado . . Connecticut Delaware . . District of Columbia . Florida. . . . Georgia . . . Hawaii. Idaho . Illinois . Indiana Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

..... ..... ..... ..... ..... ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana . Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts Michigan . . . . Minnesota . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri. . . . .

Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnote at end of table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

300 State and Local Government Finances and Employment
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

No. 457. State and Local Government Full-Time Equivalent Employment, by Selected Function and State: 2002—Con.
[In thousands. For March. Local government amounts are estimates subject to sampling variation; see Appendix III and source] Highways State United States . . . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248.2 4.0 2.9 3.1 3.6 22.7 3.1 3.6 1.7 9.0 6.0 0.9 1.8 8.7 4.3 2.6 3.7 5.5 5.3 2.6 4.8 4.1 3.1 5.2 3.2 6.3 2.1 2.2 1.7 1.9 7.4 2.4 13.1 12.2 0.9 7.0 2.9 3.5 13.4 0.9 4.9 1.1 4.5 15.6 1.8 1.0 10.6 6.9 5.0 2.0 1.8 Local 296.9 7.2 0.7 4.5 3.8 21.7 6.1 3.6 0.6 0.4 14.4 8.2 0.8 1.7 12.6 6.2 5.8 5.3 3.2 5.2 1.8 4.9 6.2 10.2 7.5 5.0 7.0 1.3 3.2 1.4 1.6 10.3 1.8 27.5 3.8 1.1 13.9 6.0 4.0 10.5 0.9 2.6 1.5 6.6 19.8 1.6 1.0 3.9 6.9 0.9 9.4 0.8 Police protection State 104.4 1.4 0.5 1.9 1.2 13.4 1.1 1.9 0.9 4.1 2.4 0.5 4.2 2.0 0.9 1.1 2.2 1.7 0.6 2.4 5.9 3.5 1.0 1.2 2.2 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.4 4.1 0.6 6.2 3.4 0.2 2.7 1.9 1.7 5.6 0.3 3.1 0.3 2.0 3.7 0.8 0.4 2.6 2.3 1.0 0.9 0.3 Local 782.7 11.7 1.2 15.3 6.5 86.9 11.6 9.6 1.6 4.3 55.1 21.9 3.6 3.3 40.7 13.9 6.2 7.5 7.4 14.4 2.6 14.9 18.0 23.0 10.3 7.6 15.9 1.9 4.0 5.9 3.1 31.2 5.1 82.6 20.0 1.2 31.0 7.6 7.2 26.1 3.1 10.3 1.5 15.6 56.8 4.7 0.8 16.8 11.9 2.7 15.3 1.5
1

State

Fire protection State (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) Local 306.7 5.1 0.7 5.7 2.5 32.1 4.7 4.7 0.2 1.8 23.2 10.3 1.8 1.1 16.1 7.3 1.9 2.9 3.7 4.6 1.5 6.0 13.2 8.2 2.4 3.5 6.1 0.5 1.2 2.2 1.6 7.9 2.0 23.7 7.2 0.3 16.0 4.1 3.5 6.3 2.2 4.3 0.4 6.8 21.4 1.9 0.3 7.9 7.8 0.9 4.8 0.4

Corrections State 460.8 4.6 1.8 9.5 4.2 45.1 6.7 8.0 3.0 26.4 19.7 2.5 1.9 16.8 8.5 3.2 3.6 3.7 7.8 1.3 11.9 7.2 19.1 3.8 4.2 11.6 0.9 2.4 3.3 1.5 10.2 4.1 35.3 20.3 0.6 17.2 6.0 4.9 16.4 1.8 8.2 0.8 6.8 45.5 3.2 1.0 15.2 8.8 0.5 9.0 1.0 Local 241.5 3.0 0.1 5.0 1.9 32.3 3.4 1.6 15.2 7.8 1.1 10.1 4.7 1.2 2.4 3.1 5.9 0.6 2.9 3.0 5.6 4.9 1.5 2.8 0.7 1.1 2.4 0.5 7.0 1.5 26.5 4.1 0.2 8.5 1.1 4.0 12.2 2.6 0.5 6.0 25.3 1.7 7.1 4.5 0.3 3.5 0.4

Parks and recreation State 36.2 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.8 3.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 1.4 2.9 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.6 1.6 1.2 0.2 0.6 1.0 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 2.2 0.7 2.9 1.0 0.1 0.7 1.0 0.4 2.0 0.1 0.7 0.1 1.0 1.1 0.3 0.1 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.1 Local 226.0 3.4 0.6 4.8 1.0 35.1 6.2 2.2 0.3 0.9 18.7 5.5 2.0 0.8 16.4 3.4 2.1 2.3 1.5 3.0 0.7 6.7 2.1 5.3 4.7 1.1 4.4 0.4 1.1 2.8 0.4 5.8 2.0 10.9 5.1 0.8 8.8 2.2 2.5 4.2 0.6 2.5 0.5 3.8 15.9 2.5 0.2 7.5 5.5 0.7 3.4 0.6

Government administration State 383.5 6.7 2.8 5.8 3.9 30.6 6.4 8.1 2.5 26.7 8.1 3.5 2.2 11.6 4.5 4.3 4.9 9.4 5.8 2.4 9.2 15.8 7.1 6.5 2.3 7.5 1.6 1.6 2.8 1.8 21.0 5.0 37.9 10.9 1.4 12.0 5.5 8.4 14.2 2.6 3.5 1.2 5.5 16.8 3.5 1.8 8.9 6.1 3.9 6.1 1.1 Local 674.3 7.9 1.7 17.2 5.5 101.3 10.6 4.8 1.2 2.4 40.4 20.5 2.6 3.7 32.0 15.1 5.9 6.8 5.6 12.3 2.6 8.8 8.8 26.1 13.3 6.7 11.4 2.4 4.4 5.7 2.1 19.7 4.3 40.6 11.8 1.3 35.7 6.7 7.4 32.2 1.5 8.9 1.7 12.0 46.0 4.5 1.0 15.7 16.2 3.7 12.2 1.6

Colorado. . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . . Maryland

Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri . . . . .

Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon. . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

- Represents or rounds to zero.

X Not applicable.

Includes other categories not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, <http://www.census.gov/pub/govs/www/apesstl02.html>; (accessed 15 April 2004).

State and Local Government Finances and Employment
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

301

No. 458. State and Local Government Employment and Average Monthly Earnings by State: 1992 and 2002
[3,836 represents 3,836,000. 1992, as of October; 2002, as of March] Full-time equivalent employment (1,000) State State 1992 United States. . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,836 81 24 54 47 322 53 54 20 (X) 164 114 51 20 137 95 47 48 76 89 22 82 85 138 67 47 74 17 29 19 16 117 42 267 109 16 140 67 50 123 20 78 14 76 239 40 13 116 98 34 73 11 2002 4,223 86 25 66 53 378 66 67 25 (X) 185 123 56 24 147 90 52 44 78 92 22 92 95 143 76 57 92 18 33 24 20 148 45 253 135 17 138 66 55 157 20 78 13 84 270 49 14 121 114 34 71 11 Local 1992
1 3

Full-time equivalent employment per 10,000 population 2 State 1992 150 195 404 138 193 104 152 164 290 (X) 121 168 437 189 117 168 168 189 203 207 177 167 141 145 150 181 142 207 178 142 146 148 264 147 158 258 127 208 166 102 196 215 190 150 135 216 226 181 190 186 145 242 2002 147 191 385 122 196 108 146 193 308 (X) 111 143 450 178 116 147 178 163 191 205 169 169 148 142 151 198 162 196 192 113 157 172 245 132 162 262 121 190 157 127 188 191 173 145 124 212 222 166 188 190 130 225 Local 1992 364 379 385 357 338 343 373 299 251 914 361 422 120 378 356 356 379 453 321 376 337 319 313 327 383 406 332 384 431 346 300 364 375 469 380 342 355 366 342 288 272 342 345 344 419 299 301 362 347 319 367 545
1

Average monthly earnings (dol.) State 1992 2,618 2,243 3,275 2,361 2,195 3,420 3,016 3,286 2,463 (X) 2,202 2,075 2,554 2,264 2,642 2,506 2,895 2,191 2,349 2,227 2,438 2,720 2,645 3,134 3,101 2,000 2,075 2,300 2,185 2,738 2,416 3,122 2,253 3,143 2,413 2,231 2,691 2,044 2,607 2,586 2,817 2,098 2,166 2,153 2,357 2,100 2,514 2,309 2,717 1,969 3,216 2,055
2

Local 2002 1992 2,556 1,822 3,766 2,564 1,741 3,336 2,507 3,246 2,803 3,175 2,298 1,999 3,031 1,936 2,711 2,205 2,185 2,198 2,006 1,768 2,125 2,932 2,842 3,010 2,647 1,583 2,148 2,061 2,208 2,775 2,501 3,165 1,830 3,174 2,095 2,237 2,456 1,883 2,658 2,640 2,829 1,956 1,855 2,025 2,087 2,191 2,280 2,268 2,729 2,057 2,632 2,198

1

2002

2002 395 405 402 355 357 398 386 329 270 771 361 411 116 399 394 381 415 477 371 419 400 354 361 362 405 440 389 380 467 314 360 392 392 489 407 349 412 395 364 321 302 395 382 384 450 321 373 398 336 327 400 599

2002 3,420 2,589 3,869 3,274 2,323 4,390 3,360 3,965 3,429 4,313 3,159 2,833 3,468 2,731 3,616 2,977 2,854 2,781 2,462 2,486 2,686 3,833 3,725 3,692 3,474 2,245 2,798 2,645 2,990 4,066 2,996 4,246 2,702 4,460 2,924 2,991 3,287 2,512 3,484 3,530 3,968 2,724 2,523 2,760 2,811 3,091 2,794 3,068 4,130 2,704 3,439 2,856

9,346 11,379 157 23 140 82 1,064 130 99 17 55 493 288 14 40 416 202 107 115 121 162 42 157 189 310 172 106 173 32 69 47 34 287 60 857 262 22 392 118 102 348 28 124 25 174 744 55 17 232 179 58 184 25 182 26 194 97 1,397 174 114 22 44 604 352 14 54 496 235 122 129 152 188 52 193 232 364 203 126 221 35 81 68 46 337 73 937 339 22 471 138 128 396 32 162 29 223 979 74 23 290 204 59 218 30

3,657 3,311 3,979 3,261 2,940 4,742 4,209 4,275 3,525 (X) 3,206 3,128 3,123 3,270 3,857 3,202 4,039 3,390 3,220 3,028 3,364 3,878 4,034 4,143 4,318 2,824 2,825 3,255 2,983 3,678 3,369 4,433 2,950 4,333 3,295 2,991 3,639 3,098 3,484 3,717 4,041 2,963 3,038 2,994 3,286 3,348 3,444 3,418 3,780 2,902 3,978 3,061

Colorado. . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . . Maryland

Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri . . . . .

Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon. . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

X Not applicable. 1 Estimates subject to sampling variation; see Appendix III and source. population as of July 1. 3 For full-time employees.

Based on estimated resident

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1990, Public Employment, series GE, No. 1, annual; 2001, Government Employment, March 2001. See also <http://www.census.gov/govs/www/Apes.html\> (accessed 15 April 2004).

302 State and Local Government Finances and Employment
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

No. 459. City Government Employment and Payroll—Largest Cities: 1992 and 2002
[In thousands, (405.8 represents 405,800) For 1992 as of October; 2002 as of March. See footnote 3, Table 449, for those areas representing city-county consolidated governments] Total employment (1,000) 1992 New York, NY 2 3 . . . . . Los Angeles, CA . . . . . Chicago, IL . . . . . . . . . Houston, TX . . . . . . . . Philadelphia, PA. . . . . . Phoenix, AZ . . . . . . . . San Diego, CA. . . . . . . Dallas, TX. . . . . . . . . . San Antonio, TX. . . . . . Detroit, MI. . . . . . . . . . San Jose, CA . . . . . . . Honolulu, HI . . . . . . . . Indianapolis, IN . . . . . . San Francisco, CA . . . . Jacksonville, FL . . . . . . Columbus, OH . . . . . . . Austin, TX. . . . . . . . . . Baltimore, MD 2 . . . . . . Memphis, TN 2 . . . . . . Milwaukee, WI . . . . . . . Boston, MA 2 . . . . . . . . Washington DC 2 3 . . . . Nashville-Davidson, TN El Paso, TX. . . . . . . . . Seattle,WA . . . . . . . . . Denver, CO . . . . . . . . . Charlotte, NC . . . . . . . Fort Worth, TX. . . . . . . Portland, OR . . . . . . . . Oklahoma City, OK . . . . Tucson, AZ . . . . . . . . . New Orleans, LA . . . . . Las Vegas, NV . . . . . . Cleveland, OH . . . . . . . Long Beach, CA . . . . . Albuquerque, NM . . . . . Kansas City, MO . . . . . Fresno, CA . . . . . . . . . Virginia Beach, VA 2 . . . Atlanta,GA . . . . . . . . . Sacramento, CA. . . . . . Oakland, CA . . . . . . . . Mesa, AZ . . . . . . . . . . Tulsa, OK . . . . . . . . . . Omaha, NE . . . . . . . . . Baton Rouge, LA . . . . . Minneapolis, MN . . . . . Miami, FL . . . . . . . . . . Colorado Springs, CO . . St Louis, MO . . . . . . . . Wichita, KS . . . . . . . . . Santa Ana, CA. . . . . . . Pittsburgh, PA . . . . . . . Arlington, TX . . . . . . . . Cincinnati, OH . . . . . . . Anaheim, CA . . . . . . . . Toledo, OH . . . . . . . . . Tampa, FL . . . . . . . . . Buffalo, NY 2 . . . . . . . . St Paul, MN . . . . . . . . Corpus Christi, TX . . . . Aurora, CO . . . . . . . . . Raleigh,NC . . . . . . . . . Newark, NJ . . . . . . . . . Lexington-Fayette, KY . . Anchorage, AK . . . . . . Louisville, KY. . . . . . . . Riverside, CA . . . . . . . St Petersburg, FL . . . . . Bakersfield, CA . . . . . . Stockton,CA . . . . . . . . Birmingham, AL . . . . . . Jersey City, NJ . . . . . . Norfolk, VA 2 . . . . . . . . Hialeah, FL . . . . . . . . . Lincoln, NE . . . . . . . . . Greensboro, NC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405.8 48.8 41.1 21.0 29.1 10.1 9.7 13.7 12.8 20.2 5.5 9.0 11.3 25.6 9.0 7.6 10.6 26.5 21.9 8.1 20.6 44.4 16.3 5.0 9.2 12.1 4.5 4.8 4.4 4.4 4.5 10.3 1.9 8.2 4.9 5.4 6.4 2.6 12.9 7.7 3.6 4.1 2.4 4.4 2.6 5.1 5.5 3.5 4.7 7.3 2.8 1.7 4.9 1.8 6.2 2.1 2.9 3.8 11.3 2.9 2.9 1.9 2.4 3.8 3.4 7.6 4.2 2.0 2.7 1.1 1.5 3.8 2.8 9.7 1.3 2.8 2.3 2002 455.5 51.2 41.4 26.0 31.2 13.8 12.2 15.5 17.8 42.9 8.2 10.0 13.5 28.9 10.6 9.1 11.6 29.4 26.7 8.1 22.6 36.5 20.6 5.5 12.5 13.4 5.7 6.2 6.4 5.0 6.7 9.9 2.7 9.6 6.5 6.8 7.1 3.6 21.0 8.7 5.0 5.3 4.0 4.6 3.2 7.2 6.5 4.0 7.6 7.4 3.5 2.4 4.3 3.1 7.1 3.4 3.0 4.4 12.8 3.4 3.1 2.5 3.5 6.4 4.1 10.4 4.7 2.3 3.7 1.3 2.4 4.8 3.7 13.6 1.7 2.9 2.9 Full-time equivalent employment Total (1,000) 1992 415.0 49.5 41.1 21.0 30.0 10.8 10.4 13.8 13.1 20.7 5.9 9.3 12.6 25.6 9.9 7.9 11.5 27.4 22.4 8.3 20.8 46.3 17.1 5.1 10.2 12.5 4.6 5.1 4.5 4.6 4.8 10.4 1.9 8.5 5.3 5.7 6.5 2.6 14.0 7.8 3.9 4.9 2.4 4.4 2.7 5.7 5.9 3.6 5.1 7.5 2.9 1.9 5.4 1.9 7.0 2.6 2.9 3.9 12.8 3.2 3.0 1.9 2.6 3.8 3.5 8.2 4.3 2.2 2.9 1.2 1.7 3.9 2.9 10.3 1.3 3.2 2.5 2002 382.1 49.2 40.3 25.4 29.8 13.0 10.6 14.9 15.5 34.8 6.6 8.9 11.5 28.9 9.4 8.4 10.8 26.7 24.9 7.8 20.7 32.4 18.7 5.4 9.7 12.4 5.4 5.4 5.3 4.5 5.5 9.3 2.5 8.9 5.4 6.1 6.8 3.2 15.8 8.0 3.8 5.3 3.6 4.4 2.7 5.7 5.6 3.5 6.5 7.2 2.9 1.7 4.1 2.3 6.1 2.0 3.0 4.3 10.8 2.8 2.9 2.5 2.9 5.4 3.6 8.7 4.2 1.8 2.9 1.3 1.8 4.4 3.2 10.4 1.4 2.4 2.7 Per 10,000 population 1 1992 566.7 142.1 147.8 129.0 189.4 109.9 93.2 136.7 139.8 201.4 75.6 111.0 172.2 354.1 155.6 124.9 246.0 371.8 366.7 132.7 361.8 763.6 349.5 98.6 197.0 266.3 115.0 114.3 104.0 104.3 117.4 210.1 73.2 167.1 123.3 147.5 149.9 72.6 355.7 198.0 106.6 130.4 81.6 120.0 81.5 148.8 161.0 100.7 180.6 188.1 96.7 63.7 144.7 74.4 191.8 98.1 86.5 140.5 390.3 118.8 114.8 87.2 125.4 138.6 154.2 364.0 159.6 98.1 121.0 65.9 79.2 144.8 127.3 394.1 71.1 167.1 135.2 2002 Average monthly earnings for full-time employees (dol.) 1992 3,154 3,815 3,269 2,404 3,092 3,104 2,894 2,642 2,472 2,639 4,206 3,139 2,164 3,881 2,888 2,607 2,496 2,613 2,361 2,782 2,949 3,022 2,150 2,220 3,494 2,859 2,436 2,277 3,638 2,567 2,645 1,758 3,212 2,742 3,627 2,100 2,547 3,043 2,275 2,373 3,384 3,985 2,908 2,463 3,138 2,224 3,097 3,994 2,594 2,405 2,429 5,162 2,758 2,863 3,092 4,235 2,955 2,861 2,986 3,429 2,195 2,808 2,058 3,220 2,006 4,139 1,965 3,756 2,715 3,350 3,359 2,293 3,037 2,349 3,341 2,676 2,388 2002 4,949 5,223 4,441 3,188 4,024 4,385 4,728 3,961 3,369 3,955 6,090 3,520 3,392 5,725 3,784 4,029 3,687 3,674 3,430 3,960 4,208 4,245 3,477 2,823 4,983 4,256 3,723 3,784 4,736 4,103 3,757 2,619 5,089 3,622 5,098 3,195 3,556 4,412 2,862 3,226 4,660 6,293 4,465 3,373 4,050 2,902 4,047 4,662 3,993 3,737 3,388 6,007 3,787 3,421 3,815 6,001 3,908 3,676 4,179 4,538 2,964 4,089 3,116 4,756 3,020 4,124 3,108 5,171 3,462 4,572 4,570 3,799 4,596 2,995 3,546 4,029 2,781

Cities ranked by 2000 population 1

Payroll (mil. dol). 1992 2002

426.6 1,307.9 2,016.2 133.1 187.6 259.2 139.2 134.5 180.2 129.8 50.6 81.4 196.3 91.5 121.4 98.1 32.5 58.0 86.6 29.3 52.0 125.2 36.3 59.5 135.3 32.0 53.9 366.3 53.8 143.9 73.3 23.8 42.2 102.1 28.7 32.0 144.9 26.2 42.2 372.4 99.4 165.6 128.4 27.1 37.1 118.7 20.3 34.6 164.6 27.5 40.4 410.5 70.4 101.5 383.0 52.6 86.8 130.8 22.9 31.1 350.5 60.9 89.2 566.1 138.3 145.4 327.5 36.2 66.8 95.0 11.1 15.2 172.6 34.6 53.2 223.5 35.5 54.2 100.3 11.0 20.5 101.6 11.3 21.4 99.3 16.2 25.5 88.4 11.7 18.7 112.8 12.2 21.6 192.9 18.3 24.9 52.3 6.1 12.9 186.2 23.0 32.8 116.2 18.4 28.8 6.5 11.7 20.1 6.9 16.4 24.3 3.5 7.8 14.7 18.1 30.4 48.5 8.3 18.5 26.6 4.3 12.8 18.6 5.3 17.3 33.1 3.8 6.8 16.6 4.4 10.8 14.9 2.8 8.3 11.1 6.5 12.2 17.8 6.3 17.6 24.4 3.9 14.1 17.0 7.1 12.8 27.7 7.3 17.8 27.2 3.1 7.1 10.2 2.0 8.9 10.8 4.2 14.2 15.7 2.5 5.4 8.3 6.8 20.0 24.5 2.8 9.5 13.6 3.0 8.5 11.7 4.3 11.1 15.8 11.7 35.5 47.3 3.1 10.7 13.4 2.9 6.4 8.6 2.5 5.4 10.2 3.2 5.2 9.6 5.8 12.2 26.4 3.8 6.9 11.2 9.3 32.9 37.1 4.4 8.3 13.5 2.1 7.9 9.7 3.3 7.6 10.7 1.3 3.8 5.8 2.1 5.2 8.6 4.6 8.8 17.2 3.4 8.7 15.0 11.5 23.7 33.8 1.6 4.5 5.2 2.6 8.3 10.2 2.8 5.7 7.6

NA Not available. 1 2000 based on enumerated resident population as of April 1. Other years based on estimated resident population as of July 1. 2 Includes city-operated elementary and secondary schools. 3 Includes city-operated university or college. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Government Employment, March 2002, and <http://www.census.gov/govs/www/apes.html>.

State and Local Government Finances and Employment
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

303

No. 460. County Government Employment and Payroll—Largest Counties: 1992 and 2002
[In thousands, (83.4 represents 83,400). 2002 for March; 1992 for October. See text, this section] Total employment (1,000) 1992 Los Angeles, CA . . . Cook, IL . . . . . . . . Harris, TX . . . . . . . Maricopa, AZ . . . . . Orange, CA . . . . . . San Diego, CA . . . . Dade, FL . . . . . . . . Dallas, TX . . . . . . . Wayne, MI . . . . . . . King, WA . . . . . . . . San Bernardino, CA. Santa Clara, CA . . . Broward, FL . . . . . . Riverside, CA . . . . . Tarrant, TX. . . . . . . Alameda, CA . . . . . Suffolk, NY . . . . . . Cuyahoga, OH . . . . Bexar, TX . . . . . . . Clark, NV. . . . . . . . Nassau, NY . . . . . . Allegheny, PA . . . . . Sacramento, CA . . . Oakland, MI . . . . . . Palm Beach, FL . . . Hennepin, MN . . . . Franklin, OH. . . . . . St Louis, MO . . . . . Hillsborough, FL . . . Fairfax, VA. . . . . . . Erie, NY . . . . . . . . Contra Costa, CA . . Milwaukee, WI . . . . Westchester, NY . . . Pinellas, FL . . . . . . Du Page, IL . . . . . . Salt Lake, UT . . . . . Shelby, TN. . . . . . . Orange, FL . . . . . . Bergen, NJ . . . . . . Montgomery, MD. . . Hamilton, OH . . . . . Pima, AZ . . . . . . . . Fulton, GA . . . . . . . Travis, TX . . . . . . . Prince Georges, MD Fresno, CA . . . . . . Essex, NJ . . . . . . . Macomb, MI . . . . . . Baltimore, MD . . . . Ventura, CA . . . . . . Middlesex, NJ. . . . . Montgomery, PA . . . Monroe, NY . . . . . . San Mateo, CA . . . . Pierce, WA . . . . . . Mecklenburg, NC . . Jefferson, KY . . . . . El Paso, TX . . . . . . Dekalb, GA . . . . . . Jefferson, AL . . . . . Kern, CA . . . . . . . . Multnomah, OR . . . Oklahoma, OK . . . . Jackson, MO . . . . . Norfolk, MA . . . . . . Lake, IL. . . . . . . . . Wake, NC . . . . . . . Monmouth, NJ . . . . Hudson, NJ . . . . . . Cobb, GA . . . . . . . Snohomish, WA . . . Bucks, PA . . . . . . . Gwinnett, GA . . . . . Kent, MI . . . . . . . . Hidalgo, TX . . . . . . San Joaquin, CA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83.4 26.5 17.8 15.0 15.6 15.7 33.8 10.0 5.8 6.5 12.5 15.5 8.7 10.4 5.5 9.2 10.9 16.2 5.9 9.3 13.9 7.9 12.7 3.9 8.3 8.1 5.1 3.6 11.3 29.9 8.9 7.2 10.6 9.3 5.2 2.4 2.8 9.2 7.3 5.8 19.0 5.3 6.2 5.4 2.7 20.5 7.7 7.7 2.3 17.9 6.9 4.8 2.9 5.6 4.9 2.3 13.6 3.0 2.8 5.3 4.6 7.6 3.3 1.6 2.0 0.7 2.2 11.4 4.5 4.8 3.3 2.0 2.0 2.8 2.3 1.4 5.8 2002 103.4 28.5 22.1 15.2 26.3 21.4 41.0 14.4 7.0 14.9 20.6 17.2 12.6 19.3 9.0 12.1 12.6 16.3 10.2 17.7 19.5 7.2 15.2 4.6 9.4 12.2 6.9 4.3 15.8 38.4 11.2 10.2 8.2 7.0 6.7 4.0 6.0 13.7 10.3 6.3 39.7 6.4 7.8 7.3 4.5 31.3 9.2 6.5 3.0 24.9 9.0 4.5 3.8 7.1 6.8 3.6 25.3 3.7 4.1 6.8 4.9 10.2 7.1 2.2 2.1 0.5 3.0 18.7 6.0 4.5 4.4 2.6 2.7 4.2 2.3 2.1 8.3 Full-time equivalent employment Total (1,000) 1992 89.9 26.6 18.2 15.4 16.5 16.7 35.5 10.5 5.8 7.5 13.3 16.5 8.9 11.1 5.9 10.5 11.2 16.2 6.3 9.9 15.2 8.6 13.0 4.2 8.4 9.9 5.7 3.7 12.2 32.2 9.9 7.8 10.7 9.9 5.2 2.6 3.4 9.7 7.5 6.5 24.5 5.4 6.6 5.5 2.8 21.7 7.9 7.9 2.5 20.4 7.3 5.1 3.1 6.1 5.3 2.3 14.2 3.1 3.2 5.4 4.7 7.9 3.8 1.7 2.0 0.7 2.2 12.2 4.8 5.1 3.5 2.0 2.1 2.9 2.6 1.4 6.5 2002 95.2 28.4 20.9 14.7 22.4 19.1 37.2 13.1 6.6 12.7 18.2 15.7 11.9 17.3 8.4 10.2 11.4 14.7 9.0 15.6 16.1 6.9 13.5 4.1 9.0 9.5 6.2 4.0 10.0 34.3 8.8 8.4 7.5 6.1 6.5 3.5 3.8 12.9 9.3 4.2 25.8 5.9 6.3 6.4 4.3 25.5 8.1 5.5 2.6 18.4 8.4 3.4 3.4 5.7 5.2 3.2 21.2 3.5 3.8 6.5 4.7 8.9 5.1 2.0 1.8 0.5 2.7 15.5 4.7 3.3 3.8 2.5 2.3 3.7 2.0 2.1 6.3 Per 10,000 population 1 1992 101 52 65 72 68 67 183 57 28 50 94 110 71 95 50 82 85 115 53 134 118 64 125 39 97 96 59 37 146 394 102 98 111 113 61 33 46 117 110 78 324 63 98 84 48 297 118 102 35 294 109 77 46 86 81 40 279 46 53 99 72 145 65 28 32 12 43 288 88 93 77 42 39 84 52 38 135 2002 109 53 65 50 92 76 182 65 34 86 121 102 78 125 62 84 89 117 73 129 146 56 125 38 83 109 64 42 158 396 117 107 87 75 73 44 66 152 115 72 455 75 93 90 55 391 115 82 39 330 119 59 51 97 96 51 364 53 61 103 74 154 108 34 32 8 47 298 97 73 72 43 45 71 39 37 147 Average earnings for full-time employees (dol.) 1992 3,545 2,569 2,484 2,072 3,056 2,919 2,938 2,206 2,729 3,141 2,955 3,540 2,527 3,273 2,224 3,463 3,389 2,386 2,328 3,235 3,990 2,664 2,628 2,625 2,543 2,941 2,253 2,645 2,288 2,546 3,533 3,538 2,392 3,523 2,362 2,500 2,544 2,203 2,439 3,003 3,766 2,235 2,122 2,309 2,214 3,052 2,570 2,427 2,525 2,932 2,989 2,745 1,916 2,870 3,572 3,039 2,049 2,067 2,017 2,443 2,306 2,731 2,592 1,755 1,781 2,500 2,431 2,127 2,416 2,309 2,388 2,899 2,271 2,496 2,467 1,423 2,373 2002 4,610 3,898 3,407 3,027 3,995 4,016 4,102 3,538 4,291 4,306 3,962 5,259 3,896 4,220 3,245 4,877 4,950 3,375 2,922 4,672 4,775 2,789 4,840 4,029 3,486 4,035 3,142 3,436 3,420 3,928 3,980 5,071 3,606 4,794 3,374 4,114 4,139 3,165 3,365 4,274 4,951 2,868 3,274 3,817 3,315 3,558 3,519 4,303 3,726 3,908 4,240 4,285 2,981 3,761 5,169 4,514 3,192 2,914 3,039 3,604 3,326 4,201 3,706 2,513 2,701 3,886 3,838 3,077 3,892 3,579 3,359 4,189 3,360 3,643 3,717 2,335 3,871

Counties ranked by 2000 population 1

Payroll (mil. dol). 1992 316.6 68.3 45.0 31.6 49.5 48.0 101.4 24.1 15.9 23.4 38.4 57.5 22.3 36.0 12.9 36.9 38.1 38.7 14.6 31.4 58.9 21.9 34.1 10.8 21.2 29.1 12.3 9.7 27.9 80.5 33.4 27.3 25.5 34.8 12.4 6.4 7.8 20.9 18.1 18.8 84.2 12.1 13.8 12.6 6.1 64.9 20.2 19.0 6.1 57.3 21.9 14.1 5.8 17.1 18.6 7.0 28.9 6.4 6.3 13.2 10.9 21.4 9.3 2.9 3.6 1.8 5.3 25.6 11.5 11.7 8.2 5.7 4.8 7.2 6.2 2.0 15.1 2002 452.4 110.9 73.4 45.2 96.8 80.2 159.5 48.3 28.7 57.5 74.9 85.7 47.1 76.6 28.1 54.6 57.8 54.1 27.7 74.6 81.9 19.4 68.5 17.1 31.8 45.3 20.3 14.1 37.2 140.9 38.1 46.1 28.2 30.2 22.1 15.0 16.9 41.3 32.3 19.1 149.6 17.7 22.8 25.5 14.6 96.6 30.0 24.5 10.3 79.7 36.8 15.6 10.3 22.8 31.0 14.9 71.4 10.4 11.9 23.6 16.0 39.6 20.2 5.0 5.3 2.0 10.7 51.6 19.6 12.2 13.3 10.6 8.1 14.1 7.9 4.9 27.1

1 2000 based on enumerated resident population as of April 1. Other years based on estimated resident population as of July 1.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau; ‘‘Government Employment, March 2002;’’ issued October 2003, <http://www.census.gov/govs/www /apes.html> (accessed 15 April 2004).

304 State and Local Government Finances and Employment
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005