Army-Engineering-Research-Opportunities-2003 by panniuniu


									Army Engineering Research

    Thomas L. Doligalski, Ph.D.
  Engineering Sciences Directorate
     U.S. Army Research Office
                         Full Spectrum of Army Missions

                                                                       Increased strategic
   Urban                                                                 responsiveness
  High                                                                      Brigade  in 96 hrs;
                                                                             Division in 120 hrs; Five
                                                                             Divisions in 30 days
                                                                            Fight immediately upon
                                                                            Simultaneous air and sea
   rolling                                                                   lift
   terrain                                                                  Anti-terrorism

  Low          Stability and Support   Small Scale
                    Operations         Contingencies   Major Theater War

                                                                    Spectrum of Conflict
                    Capabilities for an Uncertain Future:
             Current and future armies have a wider range of problems to solve
                 What Drives Army Research?
                    The Army Vision

   “Heavy forces must be more strategically deployable
    and more agile with a smaller logistical footprint,
     and light forces must be more lethal, survivable
and tactically mobile. Achieving this paradigm will require
innovative thinking about structure, modernization efforts
               and spending.” CSA, 23 June 1999

    “The S&T community is the key to the long term
 transformation of the Army” - - CSA’s HASC testimony
         The Army Transformation

. . . Responsive, Deployable, Agile, Versatile,
        Lethal, Survivable, Sustainable.
             Technology Barriers to the
                 Objective Force

Today                                     Objective Force

        ~100 lb.                           < 30 lb.
          load      • Bulk                effective
                    • Power needs
                    • Human Dependence
                    • Heavy weight
                    • Logistics burden
                    • Response time
                    • Single function
                                                 < 20
 70+                                             tons
        Key Science and Technology

Department of Defense   Army
• National Aerospace    • Nanotechnology
  Initiative            • Biotechnology
• Advanced              • Robotics
  Reconnaissance and    • Directed Energy
  Knowledge Systems
                        • Immersive
• Power and Energy        Environments
              U.S. Army Research Office
                                       Office of the Director
                                           Dr. C.I. Chang
                                          (919) 549-4203

   Engineering Sciences Directorate                      Physical Sciences Directorate
           Dr. David Skatrud                                Dr. John Prater (Acting)
            (919) 549-4250                                      (919) 549-4259

     Computing & Information Sciences Division                  Biological Sciences Division
                 Dr. William Sander                             Dr. Elmar Schmeisser (Acting)
                   (919) 549-4241                                      (919) 549-4318

                Electronics Division                             Chemical Sciences Division
                  Dr. William Clark                                   Dr. Robert Shaw
                   (919) 549-4314                                     (919) 549-4293

    Mechanical & Environmental Sciences Division                 Materials Sciences Division
                   Dr. David Mann                                 Dr. William Mullins (Acting)
                   (919) 549-4249                                      (919) 549-4286

               Mathematics Division                                   Physics Division
              Dr. Robert Launer (Acting)                              Dr. Henry Everitt
                   (919) 549-4309                                      (919) 549-4369

              50 Program Managers
$160M annual investment in ~1,500 funded programs
                     Proposal Evaluation Process
                                                     Army interests published in
                                   Receipt of        Broad Agency Announcements
                              Solicited Proposals

                                 Preliminary         DTIC search required
                                                      to prevent duplication

          Science                                             Army Lab/RDEC
        Peer Review                                              Review
 Evaluates technical merit                          Evaluates technical merit
                                                     and relevance to Army needs

                                  Analysis of        Scores given by the
                                Referee Reports      reviewers are analyzed

                              Recommendation/        One in four proposals
                         Reliance Program Output

DUSD(S&T) Basic Research Plan,
February 2001
                                      ARO Electronics

                                                       Rotor-mounted antennas
Thrusts                                                 H and V polarization
                                                                                          System-on-a-chip radio
                                                                                            10 MHz - 100 GHz
1.       High Throughput Adaptive                        100 MHz - 2 GHz
         Communications on the Move
2.       Multifunctional, Ultra-broadband
3.       Nano-Electronics
4.       Mixed Mode
         Electronics/Photonics                        Airframe as antenna           Broad-band conformal phased arrays
                                                      10 MHz - 100 MHz                      2 GHz - 100 GHz

                                                                10 nm
     Polarization sensitive       Polarized
     bacteriorhodopsin             output ITO or
     (bR)     h                            Au Gate
     S                  Quantum

                                                                            40 nm
                    GaAs Substrate
                                                                                          Imaging / Sensing
     Inorganic / Bio-molecular / Spin                                                     through obstructions
             Semiconductors                          Nano-lithography
                 Computer and Information Sciences

1.   Information Processing And Fusion
     •    Metrics for IR ATR and improved target tracking.
     •    Information fusion for ATR and decision making.
     •    Fusion lacks a systematic and tractable methodology.
     •    M&S does not represent real IR environments.
     •    Image and video compression is difficult on noisy
          radio channels.
     •    Predictive models of algorithm performance & clutter
2.   Information Assurance
     •    Detection and Protection for Distributed Denial of
          Service Attacks
     •    Intrusion and Misuse Detection and Response            4.   Mobile, Wireless Networks
     •    Controlled Sharing of Sensitive Information                 •     Robust self organizing mobile networks.
     •    Application Security                                        •     LPD / LPI AJ high capacity waveforms.
     •    Security Management Infrastructure                          •     Foliage / building communication
     •    Information Security for Mobile Warfare                          penetration.
3.   Systems And Controls                                             •     Energy efficient networks, DSP, and RF
     •    Intelligent and Cooperative Systems                              circuits.
     •    Autonomous Vehicles                                    5.   Knowledge-based Systems And Software
     •    Hybrid and Embedded Systems
     •    Control of Smart Structures
                                                                      •     Principled and integrated technologies for
     •    Integrated Communication and Control for Networked
                                                                           acceptable software/system engineering.
                                                                      •     Heterogeneous, and distributed data
                                ARO Mechanics

1.   Application of Advanced
     Computational Methods
     •   multi-scale, three-dimensional
     •   high-resolution - spatial and temporal
     •   high fidelity (good physical models)
     •   synergistic with experiments
2.   Focus on
                                                                                  Fuel Modulation (Control) of
     •   unsteady processes and dynamics
                                                                                  Combustion Instability
     •   interfaces/heterogeneous systems
     •   active control
3.   Exploitation of Emerging
     •   nanoscale materials and behavior
     •   bio-mechanics                              QuickTime™ and a YUV420 codec decompressor are neede d to see this picture.

                                     Impact of KE
                                     and Armor
                                                             Flow Simulation Methodology
                        Army Strategic Research Objective
                     Insensitive High-Energy Materials (IHEM)

                                                                   This SRO establishes the science base
                                                                   for the development of predictive high
                                                                   performance computing models and
                                                                   advanced simulation technologies
                                New Energetic Molecules &
                                                                   required for the creation, production,
Molecular Modeling & Simulation Nanostructured Energetics
                                                                   and utilization of insensitive high-
                                                                   energy materials and propellants
                                                                   applied to propulsion phenomena for
                                                                   Objective Force weapons systems.
                                                                   The pay-off will be higher performance
              New Ways of Storing Energy & Using Chemical Energy
                                                                   at a lower cost with improved
                                                                   reliability, lower vulnerability
                                                                   (insensitive munitions), complete
                                                                   lifecycle environmental compatibility,
                                                                   and overall enhanced lethality and

     Insertion into Service Requirements

                                                                          Objective Force Weapons
              Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies

Technical - Cross-disciplinary                    Technical - Foundations
   Biotechnology                                  1.   Tools to enable discovery,
1.   Sensors, electronics and                          construction & characterization
     photonics                                    2.   Complex multi-scale dynamic
     –   Revolutionary biologically-derived            and predictive models
         functional EMO materials
     –   Integrated multi-modality sensing
     –   Functional biological to non             Programmatic
         biological interfaces
     –   Biologically derived power and
                                                  •Single “lead” university host
         energy                                        –Innovation wellspring
     –   Sense and respond capabilities                     •$ 8M/yr, 6.1 UARC, > 5 yrs
                                                            •Cost & resource sharing
2.   Soldier health and performance
     –   Status monitoring with adaptive          •Industrial partner(s)
         input/output mechanisms                       –Integrate research solutions
     –   Signal generation, transduction, and                •Cost sharing required
         amplification in living cells Enabling              •Many commercial spin-offs
         interface communication between               –Army 6.2 funding?
         living and non-living materials and
         systems                                  •Strong Army lab participation
                                                  •Outreach & other information

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