Document Rhode Island

					United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service

1997
AC97-A-39

Census of Agriculture

Rhode Island
State and County Data
Volume 1, Geographic Area Series Part 39

Acknowledgments
This is the first census of agriculture report prepared under the direction of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). Many people deserve recognition for their contributions to the census program. NASS pays special tribute to two million farmers and ranchers who provided the information requested. Only through their cooperation and support was it possible to collect and publish these data. Other USDA agencies and representatives from State departments of agriculture offered significant advice during the planning, data collection, and processing phases of the census. They provided invaluable assistance at the local level to farmers and ranchers completing census report forms. The U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census worked cooperatively with NASS during the program transfer and transition period. Their support of activities and the use of their National Processing Center in Jeffersonville, IN provided invaluable services. Members of the Advisory Committee on Agriculture Statistics and representatives of both public and private organizations made significant recommendations that helped establish data content. NASS appreciates the group’s strong and consistent support for census programs. NASS expresses gratitude to the press, farm magazines, radio and television stations, farm organizations, and State departments of agriculture for publicizing the census and encouraging cooperation of farmers and ranchers. If you would like to learn more about the statistics available from NASS or have questions concerning this report, visit our website at www.usda.gov/nass, send e-mail to nass@nass.usda.gov, or call: 301-763-8557 Census Division Director 1-800-523-3215 General Census Information 301-763-8309 Commodities Section 301-763-8514 Farm Economics Section 301-763-8571 Statistical Methodology

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (such as Braille, large print, audiotape) should contact USDA’s TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, room 326-W, Whitten Building, 14th and Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-9410 or call (202) 720-5964 (voice and TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

Census of Agriculture
AC97-A-39

1997

State and County Data
Volume 1, Geographic Area Series Part 39

Rhode Island

Issued March 1999

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Dan Glickman, Secretary Miley Gonzalez, Under Secretary for Research, Education, and Economics NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS SERVICE
Donald M. Bay, Administrator

Contents
Page Introduction VII

MAPS
State Map County Maps: 1. Land in Farms by County: 1997 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold by County: 1997 3. Value of Crops Sold by County: 1997 4. Farm Operators Reporting Principal Occupation as Farming by County: 1997 1 2 3 4 5

FIGURES
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Profile of the State’s Agriculture: 1997 Percent of Farms and of Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Farms by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1969 to 1997 Land Use: 1997 Selected Crops Harvested: 1997 Value of Livestock, Poultry, and Their Products Sold: 1997 Production Expenses: 1997 6 7 7 8 8 9 9

TABLES
CHAPTER 1. State Data 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. Historical Highlights: 1997 and Earlier Census Years Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Direct Sales: 1997, 1992, and 1987 Farm Production Expenses: 1997, 1992, and 1987 Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales: 1997 and 1992 Government Payments and Other Farm Related Income: 1997 and 1992 Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1997 and 1992 Land Use: 1997, 1992, and 1987 Land in Farms, Harvested Cropland, and Irrigated Land, by Size of Farm: 1997 and 1992 Irrigation: 1997, 1992, and 1987 Selected Characteristics of Irrigated and Nonirrigated Farms: 1997 and 1992 Value of Land and Buildings: 1997, 1992, and 1987 Value of Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1997 and 1992 Selected Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1997 and 1992 Petroleum Products Expenses: 1997, 1992, and 1987 Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer: 1997, 1992, and 1987 Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization for All Farms and Farms Operated by Black and Other Races: 1997, 1992, and 1987 Selected Characteristics of Farms by Specified Racial Groups, Sex of Operators, and Persons of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin: 1997 and 1992 Selected Characteristics of Farms by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Selected Characteristics of Reservations and Abnormal Farms: 1997 and 1992 Poultry Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Layers, Pullets, and Pullet Chicks Number Sold: 1997 and 1992 Poultry Inventory and Sales by Farms With Layers and Pullets 13 Weeks Old and Older: 1997 Turkeys Number Sold: 1997 Cattle and Calves Inventory: 1997 and 1992 10 12 13 16 17 18 19 20 20 21 22 22 22 23 23 24 25 27 28 28 29 29 30 30 CONTENTS III

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Page 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. Cattle and Calves Sales: 1997 and 1992 Cattle and Calves Herd Size by Inventory and Sales: 1997 Cow Herd Size by Inventory and Sales: 1997 Beef Cow Herd Size by Inventory and Sales: 1997 Milk Cow Herd Size by Inventory and Sales: 1997 Cattle and Calves Number Sold Per Farm by Sales: 1997 Hogs and Pigs Inventory: 1997 and 1992 Hogs and Pigs Sales: 1997 and 1992 Hogs and Pigs Litters Farrowed: 1997 and 1992 Hogs and Pigs Herd Size by Inventory and Sales: 1997 Hogs and Pigs Inventory and Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1997 Hogs and Pigs Inventory, Sales, and Litters by Total Litters Farrowed: 1997 Sheep and Lambs Inventory, Shorn, and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Sheep and Lambs Inventory, Shorn, and Sales by Size of Flock: 1997 Ewes 1 Year Old or Older Inventory, Shorn, and Sales by Size of Ewe Flock: 1997 Other Livestock and Livestock Products Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Specified Crops Harvested Yield Per Acre Irrigated and Nonirrigated: 1997 Specified Crops by Acres Harvested: 1997 and 1992 Specified Fruits and Nuts by Acres: 1997 and 1992 Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Cut Christmas Trees Harvested, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale by Value of Sales: 1997 and 1992 Farms by Concentration of Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1997 Summary by Type of Organization: 1997 Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 31 31 32 32 33 33 34 34 35 35 35 36 36 36 37 37 38 39 39 40 41 42 51 60 78 96 114 132

CHAPTER 2. County Data 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. County Summary Highlights: 1997 Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 and 1992 Farm Production Expenses: 1997 and 1992 Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm Related Income, Direct Sales, and Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1997 and 1992 Hired Farm Labor Workers and Payroll: 1997 Farms, Land in Farms, Value of Land and Buildings, and Land Use: 1997 and 1992 Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 1997 and 1992 Irrigation: 1997 and 1992 Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1997 and 1992 Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer: 1997 and 1992 Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1997 and 1992 Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1997 and 1992 Selected Crops Harvested: 1997 and 1992 Cattle and Calves Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Hogs and Pigs Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Poultry Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Sheep and Lambs Inventory, Shorn, and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Horses and Ponies Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Milk Goats Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Angora Goats Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Mink and Their Pelts Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Colonies of Bees and Honey Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Fish Sales: 1997 and 1992 Miscellaneous Poultry Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Miscellaneous Livestock and Animal Specialties Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Grains Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 1997 and 1992 Cotton, Tobacco, Soybeans, Dry Beans and Peas, Potatoes, Sugar Crops, and Peanuts: 1997 and 1992 150 151 153 154 156 157 159 160 161 162 163 165 170 172 175 176 177 178 178 178 178 179 179 179 181 182 182

IV

CONTENTS

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Page 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1997 and 1992 Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1997 and 1992 Land in Orchards: 1997 and 1992 Fruits and Nuts: 1997 and 1992 Berries Harvested for Sale: 1997 and 1992 Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Cut Christmas Trees Harvested, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale: 1997 and 1992 Other Crops: 1997 and 1992 Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Value of Sales and Occupation: 1997 and 1992 Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Tenure: 1997 and 1992 Operators by Selected Racial Groups: 1997 and 1992 Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin: 1997 and 1992 Farms With Grazing Permits: 1997 and 1992 183 184 190 190 191 192 195 196 196 196 197 197

APPENDIXES
A. B. C. D. E. F. General Explanation American Indian Farm Operators Statistical Methodology Report Forms and Information Sheets Conversion From the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System Units of Weights, Measures, and Metric Conversion Factors A–1 B–1 C–1 D–1 E–1 F–1

Index Publication Program

Index 1 Inside back cover

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

CONTENTS

V

Introduction

HISTORY
For more than 150 years, the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, conducted the census of agriculture. However, the 1997 Appropriations Act transferred the responsibility from the Bureau of the Census to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). The 1997 Census of Agriculture is the first census conducted by NASS. The census of agriculture is taken to obtain agricultural statistics for each county, State, and the Nation. The first agriculture census was taken in 1840 as part of the sixth decennial census of population. From 1840 to 1950, the agriculture census was taken as part of the decennial census. A separate mid-decade census of agriculture was conducted in 1925, 1935, and 1945. From 1954 to 1974, a census of agriculture was taken for the years ending in 4 and 9. In 1976, Congress authorized the census of agriculture to be taken for 1978 and 1982 to adjust the data reference year so that it coincided with other economic censuses. This adjustment in timing established the agriculture census on a 5-year cycle collecting data for years ending in 2 and 7.

prior year. The census of agriculture includes each State, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands.

FARM DEFINITION
The definition of a farm for census purposes was first established in 1850. It has been changed nine times since. The current definition, first used for the 1974 census, is any place from which $1,000 or more of agricultural products were produced and sold, or normally would have been sold, during the census year. The farm definition used for each U.S. territory varies. The report for each territory includes a discussion of its farm definition.

COMPARABILITY OF DATA
Most data are comparable between the 1997 and 1992 censuses. A few important changes for the 1997 census may affect comparability for some data. Farms with all acreage in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) or Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) are included as farms in the 1997 census tabulations. For the 1992 census, farms that had all their acreage in the CRP or WRP were not included in the census tabulations. For the 1997 census, farms were classified according to the new North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Due to NAICS, short rotation woody crops, which includes Christmas trees and maple sap gathering, are considered crop production. Emus, ostriches, and rhea are now tabulated in other poultry. In previous agriculture censuses, farms were classified by the Standard Industrial Classification System (SIC). A bridge table showing 1997 farms classified by the SIC and a table comparing 1997 NAICS structure to 1987 SIC structure are shown in Appendix E. Items removed from the 1997 census: 1. Land diverted under annual commodity adjustment programs 2. Commodity Credit Corporation loans for honey and rye Dollar values for expenses and agricultural product sales are expressed in current dollars and are not adjusted for inflation or deflation. In general, data for censuses since 1974 are not fully comparable with data for 1969 and earlier censuses due to changes in the farm definition. INTRODUCTION VII

CENSUS USES
The census of agriculture is the leading source of statistics about the Nation’s agricultural production and the only source of consistent, comparable data at the county, State, and national levels. Census statistics are used by Congress to develop and change farm programs, study historical trends, assess current conditions, and plan for the future. Many national and State programs use census data to design and allocate funding for extension service projects, agricultural research, soil conservation programs, and land-grant colleges and universities. Private industry uses census statistics to provide a more effective production and distribution system for the agricultural community.

AUTHORITY AND AREA COVERED
The census of agriculture is required by law under the ‘‘Census of Agriculture Act of 1997,’’ Public Law 105-113 (Title 7, United States Code, Section 2204g). The law directs the Secretary of Agriculture to conduct a census of agriculture in 1998 and in every fifth year after, covering the 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

REFERENCE PERIODS
Inventories of livestock, poultry, and machinery and equipment are measured as of December 31, of the census year. Crop and livestock production, sales, expenses, income from federal farm programs, irrigation, Commodity Credit Corporation loans, Conservation Reserve and Wetlands Reserve Programs, direct sales, chemicals and fertilizer, farm-related income and hired workers are measured for the calendar year, except for a few crops (such as citrus, avocados, and olives) for which the production year overlaps the calendar year.

SPECIAL EFFORTS FOR MINORITIES AND AMERICAN INDIANS
To improve coverage of minority farm operators, NASS mailed out over 3,000 letters and postcards to farmers and ranchers asking if they knew any farm operators in their area who might be missed or were missed in previous agricultural censuses. In addition, NASS State offices contacted and visited local farm organizations, especially those representing women and minority farm operators. Postcards were provided for their members to complete and mail in, so they would be included in the 1997 Census of Agriculture. In previous censuses, the census counted one farm operator for each American Indian reservation. For the 1997 census, the goal was to establish an accurate count of the number of American Indian farm operators. Along with the census report form, an additional form was delivered to each reservation asking for the number of American Indians who operated a farm or ranch on the reservation.

TABLES
Chapter 1. State tables 1 through 45 show detailed Statelevel data usually accompanied by historical data for one or more past censuses. State tables 46 through 52 show 1997 State-level data cross-tabulated by several categories. Chapter 2. County tables 1 through 17 include general data for all counties. The counties are listed in alphabetical order in the column headings. County tables 18 through 39 only show counties reporting a data item. Counties not reporting an item are not listed under the item heading. Counties with a limited number of farms reporting an item have their data combined and presented as part of ‘‘All other counties.’’ Appendix B. Table A shows the number of American Indian farm operators counted individually as well as those counted collectively on the reservations’ supplemental reports at the State and county level. Table B shows selected data for American Indian farm operators and the percent these data contributed to the State total. Appendix C. Table A displays adjustments to the census counts due to farms undercounted or overcounted in the census. Coverage adjusted counts are shown for total farms by demographic characteristics, land in farms, and total value of sales. Appendix E. Table A provides 1997 census State-level data tabulated by SIC and table B is a conversion table that assists the data user when making comparisons of establishment data between classification systems.

SPECIAL STUDIES AND CUSTOM TABULATIONS
Special studies, such as the 1998 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey and the 1998 Census of Horticultural Specialties, are part of the census program. These special studies are for reference year 1998. Custom-designed tabulations can be developed to individual user specifications on a cost-reimbursable basis. Inquiries about special tabulations should be directed to the Director, Census Division, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Room 436 Iverson Mall, 3737 Branch Avenue, Temple Hills, MD 20748-1405; by phone on 1-800-5233215; or by e-mail at nass@nass.usda.gov.

DATA PRODUCTS
The 1997 Census of Agriculture is available on three different media: 1) printed reports, 2) CD-ROM, and 3) the Internet. The NASS home page is located at www.usda.gov/nass/.

ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS
The following abbreviations and symbols are used throughout the tables: (D) Represents zero. Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual farms.

RESPONDENT CONFIDENTIALITY
In keeping with the provisions of Title 7 of the United States Code, no data are published that would disclose the operations of an individual farm. However, the number of farms reporting an item is not considered a release of confidential information and is provided even though other information may be withheld.

VIII

INTRODUCTION

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

(H)

(IC) (L)

Standard error or relative standard error of estimate is greater than or equal to 99.95 percent. Independent city. Standard error or relative standard error of estimate is less than .05 percent.

(NA) (X) (Z) cwt sq ft

Not available. Not applicable. Less than half of the unit shown. Hundredweight. Square feet.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

INTRODUCTION

IX

Map 1. Land in Farms by County: 1997

Acres

0 to 1,710 1,711 to 6,437 6,438 to 14,733 14,734 or more

2 RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

Map 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold by County: 1997

Dollars (thousands)

0 to 2,685 2,686 to 2,790 2,791 to 14,512 14,513 or more

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

RHODE ISLAND 3

Map 3. Value of Crops Sold by County: 1997

Dollars (thousands)

0 to 2,290 2,291 to 2,591 2,592 to 11,754 11,755 or more

4 RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

Map 4. Farm Operators Reporting Principal Occupation as Farming by County: 1997

Number

0 to 23 24 to 32 33 to 110 111 or more

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

RHODE ISLAND 5

Figure 1.

Profile of the State’s Agriculture: 1997
1 to 49 acres 50 to 179 acres 180 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres
1.8 8.3 30.1 59.6

Farms by size

1,000 to 1,999 acres 0.1 2,000 acres or more 0.1 Less than $2,500 $2,500 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Less than $40,000 $40,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 or more Other Corporation Partnership Individual or family Full owner Part owner Tenant None 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Farming Other 0 10 20 30 40
3.5 50.3 49.7 6.8 9.7 35.4 8.4 44.6 22.7 68.8 7.3 78.0 1.4 13.3 10.6 17.1 8.7 7.5 5.7 6.5 8.6 57.1 24.8 24.8 28.6

Farms by market value of agricultural products sold

Farms by value of land and buildings

Farms by type of organization

Operators by tenure

Operators by days worked off farm

Operators by principal occupation
60 70 80 90 100

50 Percent of farms

6 RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

Figure 2.

Percent of Farms and of Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997

Value of sales Less than $10,000
2.3 24.8 8.8 53.3

$10,000 to $49,999

Farms $50,000 to $99,999
8.7 9.8 7.5

Market value of agricultural products sold

$100,000 to $249,999
17.3 3.1 16.2 2.6 45.6

$250,000 to $499,999

$500,000 or more

0

10

20

30 Percent

40

50

60

Figure 3.
1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0

Farms by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1969 to 1997

(Hundreds of farms) $100,000 or more $40,000 to $99,999 $10,000 to $39,999 Less than $10,000

1969

1974

1978

1982 Census year

1987

1992

1997

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

RHODE ISLAND 7

Figure 4.

Land Use: 1997
Total acres = 55,256
Other cropland–cover, crops failed, and summer fallow 3.6% Cropland idle 3.7% Cropland pastured 18.5%

Cropland

Other land 14.8%

Pastureland and rangeland 4.8% Cropland 46.4%

Woodland 34.0%

Cropland harvested 74.2%

Figure 5.
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

Selected Crops Harvested: 1997

(Thousands of acres)
8.2

5.0

1.9

0.8 0.4

Hay—all types

Nursery and greenhouse

Vegetables

Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes

Land in orchards

8 RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

Figure 6.

Value of Livestock, Poultry, and Their Products Sold: 1997
State total = $8,777,000
All other 10.3% Hogs and pigs 5.6% Dairy products 53.6%

Cattle and calves 7.7%

Poultry and poultry products 22.8%

Figure 7.

Production Expenses: 1997

Livestock and poultry purchased Feed purchased

0.8

2.9

Fertilizer/ Chemicals/Seeds

4.4

Energy cost

2.4

Labor—Hired/Contract

11.5

Interest expense

1.7

Other

11.6

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

Millions of dollars

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

RHODE ISLAND 9

Table 1.

Historical Highlights: 1997 and Earlier Census Years
All farms 1997 number acres acres 735 55 256 75 1992 649 49 601 76 1987 701 58 685 84 1982 728 62 466 86 1978 674 66 233 98 1974 597 61 068 102 1969 700 68 720 98 1964 1 100 103 801 94

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms Land in farms Average size of farm Estimated market value of land and buildings1: Average per farm Average per acre

dollars dollars

442 402 5 885 28 517 38 799 181 257 221 61 13 1 1

481 783 6 304 24 479 37 718 128 237 215 57 10 2 – 591 24 411 517 18 136 132 2 979 39 512 60 882 27 431 12 082 175 115 85 99 49 49 57 20

420 279 4 748 25 178 35 918 131 250 241 66 11 2 – 597 26 121 523 18 498 105 3 494 37 786 53 903 26 685 11 100 290 79 82 79 41 55 58 17

237 141 2 760 18 824 25 893 113 273 251 82 6 3 – 655 28 180 576 21 252 84 2 224 30 376 41 726 18 139 12 237 271 95 91 92 52 58 55 14

236 436 2 335 14 643 21 726 120 206 252 82 10 3 1 624 32 418 560 23 704 78 2 801 25 757 38 216 15 211 10 546 206 112 65 96 74 66 43 9

153 390 1 500 11 378 19 123 108 177 218 77 15 – 2 543 29 078 512 21 422 73 2 336 22 219 37 218 12 121 10 074 184 72 52 240 39 7

72 033 734 6 594 9 754 85 235 266 102 11 1 – 604 31 840 543 21 553 60 1 925 15 963 22 803 7 306 8 636 253 60 87 269 24 3

46 030 485 (NA) (NA) 245 314 393 121 22 4 1 941 45 233 825 28 897 66 1 428 18 513 16 830 7 875 10 569 430 111 134 393 25

Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment1 $1,000 Average per farm dollars Farms by size: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 179 acres 180 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Total cropland Harvested cropland Irrigated land Market value of agricultural products sold2 Average per farm Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops Livestock, poultry, and their products Farms by value of sales3: Less than $2,500 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more Farms by type of organization: Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. Operators by days worked off farm4: None Any 200 days or more Operators by principal occupation4: Farming Other Average age of operator4 Total farm production expenses1 Selected farm production expenses1: Livestock and poultry purchased Feed for livestock and poultry Commercial fertilizer5 Petroleum products Hired farm labor Interest6 Agricultural chemicals5 Livestock and poultry: Cattle and calves inventory Beef cows Milk cows Cattle and calves sold Hogs and pigs inventory Hogs and pigs sold Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text)7 Broilers and other meat type chickens sold years $1,000 farms acres farms acres farms acres $1,000 dollars $1,000 $1,000

661 25 611 606 19 019 180 3 265 48 200 65 578 39 423 8 777 210 91 91 109 73 64 78 19

573 54 98 10

529 42 73 5

567 45 80 9

620 52 51 5

571 54 44 5

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

328 381 260

293 323 202

265 395 262

271 413 299

318 334 240

238 245 163

(NA) 351 245

(NA) 433 334

370 365 54.1 35 350

333 316 53.4 32 436

345 356 52.7 29 736

346 382 52.4 (NA)

373 301 52.3 (NA)

339 224 53.3 19 391

(NA) (NA) 52.3 14 281

(NA) (NA) 52.4 (NA)

$1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 2 1 1 10 1

848 924 528 642 755 744 824

1 130 4 1 1 9 1 320 332 487 076 473 904

1 146 3 1 1 9 1 684 335 390 536 298 778

1 271 5 1 1 5 1 347 125 819 559 569 647

1 198 4 1 1 4 941 094 328 462 (NA) 580

928 5 068 1 217 833 3 729 (NA) 501

1 073 3 400 678 562 3 162 (NA) 356

1 066 4 622 791 731 2 804 (NA) (NA)

farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number

200 5 749 129 1 062 45 2 239 158 2 315 60 2 764 45 4 951 93 58 042 5 (D)

208 6 057 133 967 55 2 565 162 2 509 48 5 488 41 6 011 83 242 307 5 (D)

253 6 930 156 1 133 70 2 975 206 3 259 59 4 719 49 4 990 96 205 794 6 58 714

340 8 997 192 1 251 123 3 872 260 3 544 73 3 030 45 3 269 126 388 239 4 (D)

294 9 431 139 1 123 135 4 677 247 4 669 89 6 141 54 7 106 105 256 021 4 (D)

242 11 200 114 1 093 145 6 106 218 4 932 46 5 029 34 5 605 90 283 254 4 131 000

281 11 163 (NA) 776 177 6 547 244 5 758 55 10 132 39 10 015 130 426 599 10 155 990

471 15 673 94 659 359 10 448 385 9 362 78 8 775 55 8 720 279 433 188 23 858 550

See footnotes at end of table.

10

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 1.

Historical Highlights: 1997 and Earlier Census Years Con.
All farms 1997 1992 1987 1982 1978 1974 1969 1964

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Selected crops harvested: Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) Vegetables harvested for sale (see text)8 Land in orchards
1Data 2Data 3Data 4Data 5Data 6Data 7Data 8Data

farms acres cwt

16 788 (D)

19 1 310 374 808

22 1 410 259 958

21 2 879 703 350

35 3 535 915 076

44 4 344 932 755

(NA) (NA) (NA)

89 4 925 922 699

farms acres tons, dry farms acres farms acres

255 8 189 16 680 126 1 907 54 389

245 7 614 15 864 126 1 868 72 664

291 8 126 14 125 99 1 947 83 856

340 9 296 17 708 120 1 908 79 827

318 10 623 20 914 135 2 208 62 702

272 8 689 17 421 123 1 891 50 668

303 8 785 17 300 126 2 088 46 779

(NA) 15 642 24 820 156 1 661 85 835

are based on a sample of farms. for 1974 and prior years include the value of forest products sold. for 1982 and prior years exclude abnormal farms. for 1974 apply only to individual or family operations (sole proprietorship) and partnerships. for 1964 to 1982 do not include cost of custom applications; data for agricultural chemicals include the cost of lime for 1969 to 1978. for 1982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse. for 1969 to 1992 are for chickens 3 months old or older inventory; data for 1964 are for chickens 4 months old or older. for 1974 were from land area used.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

11

Table 2.

Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Direct Sales: 1997, 1992, and 1987
Item 1997 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 735 48 200 65 578 117 23 93 149 91 324 91 620 78 1 071 31 661 53 1 645 20 888 64 4 704 55 8 356 23 7 797 9 5 494 10 16 470 9 (D) 1 (D) – – 507 39 423 10 19 5 10 – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 4 7 – – – – 149 1 175 126 3 873 75 1 889 276 30 962 23 1 504 292 8 777 67 2 002 32 4 704 158 675 45 493 54 58 69 846 135 2 323 17 210 17 4 11 8 46 118 Percent of total in 1997 100.0 100.0 (X) 15.9 (Z) 12.7 .3 12.4 .7 12.4 1.3 10.6 2.2 4.2 1.4 7.2 3.4 2.7 1.8 8.7 9.8 7.5 17.3 3.1 16.2 1.2 11.4 1.4 34.2 1.2 (D) .1 (D) – – 69.0 81.8 1.4 (Z) .7 (Z) – – – – .1 (Z) – – .3 (Z) .5 (Z) – – – – 20.3 2.4 17.1 8.0 10.2 3.9 37.6 64.2 3.1 3.1 39.7 18.2 9.1 4.2 4.4 9.8 21.5 1.4 6.1 1.0 7.3 .1 9.4 1.8 18.4 4.8 (X) 2.3 (Z) 1.5 (Z) 6.3 .2 1992 649 39 512 60 882 107 28 68 111 115 420 85 590 76 1 045 23 512 36 1 075 13 564 49 3 360 45 7 143 12 4 296 13 9 177 7 11 192 7 11 192 – – – – 424 27 431 12 (D) 8 25 – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 4 (D) – – – – 159 1 010 126 2 461 91 2 322 158 19 501 23 (D) 279 12 082 52 4 758 41 5 024 162 880 41 744 53 49 63 626 127 1 578 12 426 22 4 12 7 45 103 1987 701 37 786 53 903 152 35 138 233 79 277 82 612 64 887 15 332 29 909 12 535 55 3 881 43 6 234 15 4 671 9 5 780 8 13 400 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 369 26 685 7 15 6 13 – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – 139 526 99 1 929 83 1 666 121 20 786 23 1 764 359 11 100 69 4 190 51 4 775 206 1 004 49 568 73 103 93 462 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total sales (see text) Average per farm Value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 or more $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Sales by commodity or commodity group: Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops Grains Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Tobacco Hay, silage, and field seeds Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Fruits, nuts, and berries Nursery and greenhouse crops Other crops Livestock, poultry, and their products Poultry and poultry products Dairy products Cattle and calves Hogs and pigs Sheep, lambs, and wool Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)1 Average per farm Value of sales: $1 to $499 $500 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 See footnotes at end of table.

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 2.

Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Direct Sales: 1997, 1992, and 1987 Con.
Item 1997 Percent of total in 1997 1992 1987

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total sales (see text) Con. Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)1 Con. Value of sales Con. $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more
1Data

farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000

17 115 25 414 10 310 9 1 355

2.3 .2 3.4 .9 1.4 .6 1.2 2.8

18 122 18 293 5 201 7 848

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

for 1987 were not collected.

Table 3.

Farm Production Expenses: 1997, 1992, and 1987
1997 Item Farms Expenses ($1,000) (X) 35 350 48 096

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

1992 649 32 436 49 978

1987 702 29 736 42 359

Total farm production expenses Average per farm Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 or more Livestock and poultry purchased Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 or more Feed for livestock and poultry Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 or more Commercially mixed formula feeds Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $79,999 $80,000 or more $80,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more

farms $1,000 dollars

735 (X) (X)

177 182 190 58 62 39 16 11 6 5 – farms $1,000 percent of total 161 (X) (X) 77 45 22 7 7 2 1 – – – – farms $1,000 percent of total 271 (X) (X) 114 97 14 16 14 8 8 7 1 – – farms $1,000 percent of total 179 (X) (X) 83 54 6 12 12 5 7 – 6 1 –

1 3 2 4 5 5 12

509 350 023 050 347 893 904 275 (D) (D) – (X) 848 2.4 28 105 140 103 220 (D) (D) – – – –

187 153 141 63 43 32 16 14 10 4 – 147 1 130 3.5 72 38 16 12 4 3 1 1 1 – – 288 4 320 13.3 119 88 19 24 19 11 8 4 3 1 – 153 3 323 10.2 57 44 12 13 15 3 9 3 2 3 1

218 187 143 61 37 35 9 12 (NA) (NA) (NA) 248 1 146 3.9 139 74 13 12 6 3 1 – (NA) (NA) (NA) 393 3 684 12.4 140 156 31 29 21 13 3 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 219 2 843 9.6 88 57 19 25 17 6 7 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

(X) 2 924 8.3 51 214 94 265 507 549 1 245 (D) (D) – – (X) 2 219 6.3 35 116 39 201 420 300 1 108 – (D) (D) –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

13

Table 3.

Farm Production Expenses: 1997, 1992, and 1987 Con.
1997 Item Farms Expenses ($1,000) (X) 2 027 5.7 30 27 244 154 379 1 192 239 953 (X) 1 528 4.3 (D) 69 293 150 255 347 220 (D) (X) 824 2.3 (D) 25 181 118 213 196 (D) (D) – (X) 1 642 4.6 (D) 471 195 386 315 (D) (X) 743 2.1 48 66 291 159 179 – – – (X) 10 755 30.4 19 152 242 675 178 214 274 782 735 758 (X) 725 2.1 15 85 20 (D) (D) (D) – (D)

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

1992 286 1 348 4.2 125 47 76 14 8 16 9 7 408 1 332 4.1 166 66 118 30 20 4 3 1 307 904 2.8 148 42 82 18 9 5 3 3 – 607 1 487 4.6 348 198 30 19 11 1 441 733 2.3 230 58 122 21 8 2 1 1 237 9 076 28.0 49 74 24 38 17 13 22 12 7 3 55 508 1.6 18 18 8 6 1 4 3 1

1987 237 1 396 4.7 96 59 47 11 9 15 (NA) (NA) 399 1 335 4.5 178 64 111 24 13 3 5 1 355 778 2.6 206 53 63 18 9 4 2 (NA) (NA) 659 1 390 4.7 454 153 26 16 9 1 452 549 1.8 245 82 108 11 5 1 (NA) (NA) 214 9 536 32.1 73 40 26 26 19 9 21 (NA) (NA) (NA) 66 531 1.8 18 33 9 3 1 2 (NA) (NA)

Total farm production expenses Con. Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Farms with expenses of $1 to $499 $500 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Commercial fertilizer Farms with expenses of $1 to $499 $500 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Agricultural chemicals Farms with expenses of $1 to $499 $500 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Petroleum products Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Electricity Farms with expenses of $1 to $499 $500 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Hired farm labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more Contract labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more

farms $1,000 percent of total

383 (X) (X) 170 43 107 24 26 13 7 6

farms $1,000 percent of total

493 (X) (X) 204 102 133 23 17 10 3 1

farms $1,000 percent of total

347 (X) (X) 195 35 79 18 14 5 1 1 –

farms $1,000 percent of total

694 (X) (X) 414 214 29 25 10 2

farms $1,000 percent of total

505 (X) (X) 250 97 121 25 12 – – –

farms $1,000 percent of total

277 (X) (X) 67 61 35 40 33 18 23 13 5 5

1 1 7 1 1 3

farms $1,000 percent of total

83 (X) (X) 32 38 3 5 1 4 – 4

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 3.

Farm Production Expenses: 1997, 1992, and 1987 Con.
1997 Item Farms Expenses ($1,000) (X) 2 655 7.5 89 577 358 557 408 667 (D) (D) (X) 289 .8 (D) 84 (D) (D) – – (X) 1 744 4.9 (D) 188 228 441 356 (D) (D)

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

1992 560 2 406 7.4 242 207 65 28 10 8 7 1 112 260 .8 61 42 5 3 – 1 196 1 473 4.5 44 84 28 29 8 2 1

1987 588 1 744 5.9 327 187 35 29 5 5 (NA) (NA) 97 183 .6 67 21 4 3 2 – 239 1 298 4.4 44 129 35 22 5 4 –

Total farm production expenses Con. Repair and maintenance Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Interest Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Interest paid on debt: Secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Not secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Cash rent Farms with expenses of $1 to $499 $500 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Property taxes paid Farms with expenses of $1 to $499 $500 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more All other farm production expenses Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more

farms $1,000 percent of total

605 (X) (X) 235 254 56 42 11 7 4 3

farms $1,000 percent of total

122 (X) (X) 65 41 9 7 – –

farms $1,000 percent of total

218 (X) (X) 60 83 33 28 11 1 2

farms $1,000 percent of total

152 (X) (X) 29 66 25 24 5 3 –

(X) 1 092 3.1 (D) 154 175 369 171 (D) – (X) 652 1.8 16 88 80 79 (D) – (D) (X) 1 021 2.9 (D) 12 112 97 165 (D) 513 (X) 2 640 7.5 (D) 33 1 115 702 (D) 211 (X) 4 985 14.1 (D) 501 369 799 656 511 (D) (D) (D)

145 1 193 3.7 26 61 25 24 6 2 1 82 280 .9 31 33 11 6 1 – – 141 909 2.8 37 25 48 9 15 2 5 595 2 119 6.5 88 44 333 96 28 6 587 4 431 13.7 257 197 58 41 13 10 11 9 2

177 875 2.9 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 105 423 1.4 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 122 786 2.6 44 11 40 15 4 5 3 635 1 795 6.0 58 88 402 70 15 2 624 3 583 12.0 357 173 33 30 17 7 7 (NA) (NA)

farms $1,000 percent of total

105 (X) (X) 41 41 13 5 3 – 2

farms $1,000 percent of total

135 (X) (X) 36 18 50 14 10 3 4

farms $1,000 percent of total

681 (X) (X) 85 48 396 108 37 7

farms $1,000 percent of total

663 (X) (X) 264 250 57 55 20 8 9 6 3

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

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Table 4.

Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales: 1997 and 1992
1997 Item All farms Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 343 14 956 43 604 283 15 786 55 780 1992 Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 274 8 886 32 430 197 9 551 48 483

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms with sales of less than $10,000 392 –2 106 –5 373 70 153 2 179

All farms 649 7 077 10 904 296 9 755 32 956

Farms with sales of less than $10,000 375 –1 809 –4 825 99 204 2 060

Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm unit (see text) Average per farm Farms with net gains1 Average per farm Gain of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Farms with net losses Average per farm Loss of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more
1Farms

farms $1,000 dollars number $1,000 dollars

735 12 850 17 483 353 15 938 45 151

35 62 64 78 41 73 number $1,000 dollars 382 3 088 8 085

7 26 58 78 41 73 60 830 13 825

28 36 6 – – – 322 2 259 7 015

49 82 44 45 29 47 353 2 678 7 588

13 25 38 45 29 47 77 665 8 639

36 57 6 – – – 276 2 013 7 294

39 145 110 72 12 4

6 14 13 18 7 2

33 131 97 54 5 2

49 147 81 65 8 3

14 22 19 17 4 1

35 125 62 48 4 2

with total production expenses equal to market value of agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains of less than $1,000.

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 5.

Government Payments and Other Farm Related Income: 1997 and 1992
All farms Item Farms Value ($1,000) 122 197 2 649 3 285 (D) 28 22 35 (D) – 9 23 1 769 3 264 792 1 020 6 186 6 895 (D) 118 136 181 (D) (D) 511 431 11 876 9 584 (D) 43 35 85 (D) (D) 85 73 3 252 2 035 (D) 31 25 (D) – 79 215 1 929 4 062 7 42 (D) (D) – 117 301 2 732 7 516 (D) 21 (D) 53 – Farms with sales of $10,000 or more Value ($1,000) 114 173 3 085 4 330 6 28 (D) 35 (D) – (D) 23 (D) 3 264 538 529 9 269 9 276 5 51 69 (D) (D) (D) 424 352 22 331 20 729 (D) 16 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) 26 (D) 1 867 (D) 16 (D) (D) – (D) 91 (D) 6 517 2 13 (D) (D) – 46 59 1 781 2 682 (D) 17 (D) – –

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms 37 40 (X) (X) 15 16 2 3 1 – 3 7 (X) (X) 58 57 (X) (X) 16 24 10 5 1 2 19 17 (X) (X) 2 8 3 3 1 2 10 14 (X) (X) 1 7 1 1 – 14 14 (X) (X) 6 6 1 1 – 26 22 (X) (X) 14 8 4 – –

Government payments Average per farm1 1997 farms with receipts of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Amount from Conservation Reserve and Wetlands Reserve Programs Average per farm1

1997 1992 1997 1992

46 60 (X) (X) 23 16 3 3 1 –

1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992

5 7 (X) (X) 128 148 (X) (X) 40 53 20 12 1 2

Other farm related income, gross before taxes and expenses2 Average per farm1 1997 farms with receipts of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Customwork and other agricultural services Average per farm1 1997 farms with receipts of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Rental of farmland Average per farm1 1997 farms with receipts of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Sales of forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products3 Average per farm1 1997 farms with receipts of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Other farm related income sources Average per farm1 1997 farms with receipts of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more
1Data 2Data 3Data

1997 1992 1997 1992

43 45 (X) (X) 10 19 5 6 1 2

1997 1992 1997 1992

26 36 (X) (X) 5 15 4 2 –

1997 1992 1997 1992

41 53 (X) (X) 18 19 3 1 –

1997 1992 1997 1992

43 40 (X) (X) 23 11 6 3 –

are in whole dollars. are based on a sample of farms. for 1992 include Christmas trees and maple products.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

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Table 6.

Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1997 and 1992
1997 CCC loans Farms Value ($1,000) – – 1992 Value ($1,000) – –

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms – (X)

Total Average per farm1 Farms with loans of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Corn

– (X)

– – – – – – – – (X)

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – (X)

– – – – – – – – –

Average per farm1

Farms with loans of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Wheat

– – – – – (X)

– – – – – –

– – – – – (X)

– – – – – –

Average per farm1

Farms with loans of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Soybeans Average per farm1 Farms with loans of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Sorghum, barley, and oats Average per farm1 Farms with loans of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Cotton

– – – – – (X)

– – – – – –

– – – – – (X)

– – – – – –

– – – – – (X)

– – – – – –

– – – – – (X)

– – – – – –

– – – – – (X)

– – – – – –

– – – – – (X)

– – – – – –

Average per farm1

Farms with loans of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed Average per farm1 Farms with loans of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Peanuts, rice, and tobacco2 Average per farm1 Farms with loans of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more
1Data 2Data

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– (X)

– –

– (X)

– –

– – – – – (X)

– – – – – –

– – – – – (X)

– – – – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

are in whole dollars. for 1992 include CCC loans for rye and honey.

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 7.

Land Use: 1997, 1992, and 1987
All farms 1997 number acres farms acres farms acres 735 55 256 661 25 611 606 19 019 494 288 91 55 60 68 28 14 2 – – – farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 224 4 730 122 1 862 45 617 16 93 8 203 74 949 350 18 802 95 1 769 311 17 033 130 2 661 515 8 182 5 (D) Percent of total in 1997 100.0 100.0 89.9 46.3 82.4 34.4 67.2 39.2 12.4 7.5 8.2 9.3 3.8 1.9 .3 – – – 30.5 8.6 16.6 3.4 6.1 1.1 2.2 .2 1.1 .4 10.1 1.7 47.6 34.0 12.9 3.2 42.3 30.8 17.7 4.8 70.1 14.8 (X) (X) 1992 649 49 601 591 24 411 517 18 136 406 215 82 51 58 75 22 12 2 – – – 243 3 775 146 2 500 50 745 21 94 11 131 101 1 530 339 17 812 92 2 320 303 15 492 85 1 895 404 5 483 9 462 1987 701 58 685 597 26 121 523 18 498 410 203 91 60 56 71 27 13 2 – – – 242 4 513 139 3 110 57 582 15 94 6 11 96 2 423 366 22 743 117 3 700 321 19 043 143 3 345 477 6 476 – –

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms Land in farms Total cropland Harvested cropland Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 49 acres 1 to 9 acres 10 to 19 acres 20 to 29 acres 30 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 acres or more 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Cropland used only for pasture or grazing Other cropland Cropland in cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured Cropland on which all crops failed Cropland in cultivated summer fallow Cropland idle

Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured

Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs1
1Data

for 1987 are for Conservation Reserve Program only.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

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Table 8.

Land in Farms, Harvested Cropland, and Irrigated Land, by Size of Farm: 1997 and 1992
Farms All farms 1997 1992 649 128 237 70 59 61 25 28 5 24 10 2 – – 517 84 181 58 47 56 23 27 5 24 10 2 – – 132 34 40 15 9 10 7 6 – 6 5 – – – Land in farms (acres) 1997 55 256 6 4 4 6 727 214 401 989 009 1992 49 601 5 4 4 7 488 692 056 814 182 Harvested cropland (acres) 1997 19 019 296 2 062 (D) 1 915 2 381 1 400 1 676 (D) 3 172 3 428 (D) (D) – 19 019 296 2 062 (D) 1 915 2 381 1 400 1 676 (D) 3 172 3 428 (D) (D) – 6 001 (D) 453 344 610 454 324 473 248 1 167 1 694 – (D) – 1992 18 136 2 1 1 2 144 231 351 544 790 Irrigated land (acres) 1997 3 265 113 212 103 302 104 (D) 181 171 395 1 504 – (D) – 3 255 111 212 95 302 104 (D) 181 171 395 1 504 – (D) – 3 265 113 212 103 302 104 (D) 181 171 395 1 504 – (D) – 1992 2 979 (D) 137 160 107 311 397 (D) – 417 1 318 – – – 2 968 42 136 160 97 311 397 90 – 417 1 318 – – – 2 979 (D) 137 160 107 311 397 (D) – 417 1 318 – – –

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Land in farms Farms by size: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 5,000 acres or more Farms with harvested cropland Farms by size: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 5,000 acres or more Farms with irrigated land Farms by size: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 5,000 acres or more

735 181 257 77 60 53 31 22 12 27 13 1 1 – 606 139 199 66 54 49 27 22 10 25 13 1 1 – 180 66 51 16 12 9 4 6 3 7 5 – 1 –

4 852 (D) 2 919 9 275 7 758 (D) (D) – 50 466 (D) 5 000 (D) 4 520 5 579 4 4 2 8 7 220 365 419 500 758 (D) (D) – 14 171 (D) 1 132 949 1 010 1 070 632 1 179 708 2 485 2 713 – (D) –

3 916 5 491 (D) 8 179 5 840 (D) – – 45 543 4 3 3 6 3 5 1 8 5 (D) 509 384 902 559 616 311 143 179 840 (D) – – 11 234 (D) 977 914 (D) 1 137 1 048 1 173 – 2 228 2 922 – – –

1 670 2 000 (D) 2 911 2 871 (D) – – 18 136 2 1 1 2 144 231 351 544 790

1 670 2 000 (D) 2 911 2 871 (D) – – 6 383 47 440 308 247 582 608 571 – 1 310 2 270 – – –

Table 9.

Irrigation: 1997, 1992, and 1987
Farms with irrigation 1997 number percent acres acres 180 24.5 3 265 18 1992 132 20.3 2 979 23 1987 Farms with irrigation 1997 1992 1987

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms Proportion of farms Irrigated land Average per farm Acres irrigated: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres

105 Irrigated land Con. 15.0 Acres irrigated Con. 200 to 499 acres 3 494 33 500 to 999 acres 1,000 acres or more

farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres acres acres acres

4 1 357 – – – – 177 3 176 7 89 14 171 7 516 6 001

1 (D) 1 (D) – – 129 2 961 5 18 11 234 7 640 6 383

4 (D) 1 (D) – – 99 3 116 11 378 10 652 7 086 5 887

farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres

140 (D) 26 635 6 (D) 4 506

95 (D) 23 583 7 532 5 629

Irrigated land use: 63 Harvested cropland 130 23 Pastureland and other land 478 10 637 Land in irrigated farms 4 Cropland 473 Harvested cropland

20

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 10.

Selected Characteristics of Irrigated and Nonirrigated Farms: 1997 and 1992
Irrigated farms All farms Characteristics 1997 1992 649 49 601 481 783 6 304 2 979 Any land irrigated 1997 180 14 171 583 068 7 406 3 265 1992 132 11 234 774 750 9 103 2 979 All harvested cropland irrigated 1997 102 4 159 327 071 8 021 1 532 1992 75 3 753 424 004 8 473 1 565 Nonirrigated farms

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

1997 555 41 085 396 781 5 360 (X)

1992 517 38 367 406 982 5 484 (X)

Farms Land in farms Estimated market value of land and buildings1: Average per farm Average per acre Irrigated land Land in farms according to use: Total cropland Harvested cropland

number acres dollars dollars acres

735 55 256 442 402 5 885 3 265

farms acres farms acres farms acres

661 25 611 606 19 019 324 7 391

591 24 411 517 18 136 301 5 670

180 7 516 178 6 001 49 1 239

132 7 640 129 6 383 24 514

102 1 965 102 1 528 21 382

75 1 903 75 1 559 12 184

481 18 095 428 13 018 275 6 152

459 16 771 388 11 753 277 5 156

Pastureland, excluding woodland pastured

Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs Owned and rented land in farms: Owned land in farms Rented or leased land in farms

farms acres farms acres farms acres $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 farms $1,000 $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000

5 (D) 673 41 526 229 13 730 48 200 65 578 507 39 423 292 8 777 35 350 48 096 161 848 271 2 924 383 2 027 493 1 528 347 824 694 1 642 505 743 277 10 755 83 725 605 2 655 122 289 218 744 135 021 681 640 663 985 – – 46 122 128 792

9 462 583 36 663 228 12 938 39 512 60 882 424 27 431 279 12 082 32 436 49 978 147 1 130 288 4 320 286 1 348 408 1 332 307 904 607 1 487 441 733 237 9 076 55 508 560 2 406 112 260 196 1 473 141 909 595 2 119 587 4 431 – – 60 197 148 1 020

2 (D) 163 10 427 62 3 744 29 884 166 021 177 29 673 34 211 20 080 111 554 20 (D) 29 59 153 1 548 160 814 130 445 177 925 139 348 103 8 011 29 618 157 1 335 42 (D) 82 1 134 42 705 171 715 174 3 208 – – 8 69 31 439

2 (D) 112 7 579 59 3 655 21 985 166 554 127 21 939 17 46 16 200 122 731 7 6 17 34 89 937 116 744 106 638 128 742 103 257 88 7 085 19 350 121 1 186 34 136 58 633 45 591 114 572 129 2 288 – – 9 59 30 402

1 (D) 91 3 359 21 800 10 356 101 527 102 10 305 13 50 7 312 71 682 10 3 11 20 86 375 86 384 70 168 99 413 70 164 48 2 393 15 293 86 447 18 32 32 621 12 56 95 329 96 1 615 – – 3 (D) 13 224

– – 65 3 246 22 507 6 357 84 755 73 6 350 6 7 4 782 63 756 3 4 6 5 49 399 62 175 56 170 71 270 55 88 44 1 679 6 188 67 282 15 85 29 272 15 88 64 232 72 844 – – 2 (D) 19 300

3 7 510 31 099 167 9 986 18 316 33 002 330 9 750 258 8 566 15 271 27 515 141 (D) 242 2 864 230 478 333 714 217 379 517 717 366 395 174 2 744 54 107 448 1 320 80 (D) 136 610 93 317 510 1 925 489 1 777 – – 38 53 97 352

7 (D) 471 29 084 169 9 283 17 527 33 902 297 5 492 262 12 036 16 235 31 403 140 1 124 271 4 287 197 411 292 588 201 266 479 745 338 476 149 1 991 36 157 439 1 220 78 124 138 840 96 318 481 1 546 458 2 143 – – 51 139 118 618

Market value of agricultural products sold Average per farm Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops Livestock, poultry, and their products Total farm production expenses1 Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased Feed for livestock and poultry Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Commercial fertilizer

Agricultural chemicals Petroleum products Electricity Hired farm labor

Contract labor Repairs and maintenance Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Interest Cash rent Property taxes paid All other farm production expenses Commodity Credit Corporation loans2 Government payments received Other farm related income1

1 1 2 4

Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment1 Average per farm Livestock inventory: Cattle and calves Milk cows

farms $1,000 dollars

735 28 517 38 799

649 24 479 37 718

180 10 913 60 629

132 9 342 70 773

102 4 456 43 691

75 2 717 36 228

555 17 604 31 719

517 15 137 29 278

farms number farms number farms number farms number

200 5 749 45 2 239 60 2 764 69 1 064

208 6 057 55 2 565 48 5 488 62 1 355

16 395 2 (D) 8 520 8 113

11 285 – – 3 39 2 (D)

5 (D) – – 3 14 4 (D)

3 11 – – 2 (D) 2 (D)

184 5 354 43 (D) 52 2 244 61 951

197 5 772 55 2 565 45 5 449 60 (D)

Hogs and pigs Sheep and lambs
1Data 2Data

are based on a sample of farms. for 1992 include CCC loans for rye and honey.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

21

Table 11.

Value of Land and Buildings: 1997, 1992, and 1987
1997 Value of land and buildings Farms Value ($1,000) (X) 325 166 442 402 5 885

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

1992 649 312 677 481 783 6 304

1987 702 295 036 420 279 4 748

Estimated market value of land and buildings Average per farm Average per acre Farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more

farms $1,000 dollars dollars

735 (X) (X) (X)

48 39 24 64 67 289 126 63 12 3

(D) 2 112 (D) 7 602 11 319 86 82 83 28 21 115 004 182 449 418

40 32 24 64 62 244 118 39 21 5

64 60 33 69 97 218 117 21 16 7

Table 12.

Value of Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1997 and 1992
1997 Value of machinery and equipment Farms Value ($1,000) 28 517 38 799 1992 Value ($1,000) 24 479 37 718

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms 649 (X)

Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment Average per farm1 By value group: $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $29,999 $30,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 or more
1Data

735 (X)

90 112 169 111 109 56 28 40 14 4 2

(D) 728 2 162 2 582 3 992 3 2 4 4 2 073 173 842 330 200 (D)

113 81 130 118 70 33 41 43 18 2 –

(D) 509 1 708 2 631 2 649 1 3 5 5 811 257 157 196 (D) –

are in whole dollars.

Table 13.

Selected Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1997 and 1992
1997 Selected machinery and equipment Total Farms Number 1 397 550 540 1 539 653 635 755 784 688 96 16 – 189 189 Manufactured 1993 to 1997 Farms 180 25 3 115 27 – 63 68 64 6 3 – 22 15 Number 225 59 (D) 146 58 – 66 80 74 6 3 – 24 15 Manufactured prior to 1993 Farms 563 204 66 587 230 104 411 374 360 63 11 – 148 160 Number 1 172 474 405 1 393 549 591 689 704 614 90 13 – 165 174 Farms 575 203 73 569 244 121 445 316 (NA) (NA) 15 – 161 167 Number 1 245 466 480 1 500 586 710 828 672 (NA) (NA) (D) – 191 182 1992 Number manufactured 1988 to 1992 291 97 22 193 58 25 105 88 (NA) (NA) – – 31 19

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Motortrucks, including pickups 2 or 3 4 or more Wheel tractors 2 or 3 4 or more Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers

637 238 92 630 271 108 442 413 398 68 12 – 166 170

22

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 14.

Petroleum Products Expenses: 1997, 1992, and 1987
1997 Item Farms Expenses ($1,000) (X) 1 642 2 366 (X) 594 987 64 64 100 158 72 136 – (X) 596 1 568 (D) (D) 53 95 90 126 141 (X) 48 1 599 (D) 2 2 (D) (D) 29 – (X) 404 833 (D) 42 37 42 83 67 (D)

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

1992 607 1 487 2 450 519 591 1 139 248 111 69 70 15 6 – 335 502 1 498 169 70 43 32 13 4 4 18 50 2 801 1 7 – 1 3 5 1 412 344 836 163 143 30 33 32 5 6

1987 659 1 390 2 109 599 621 1 036 336 122 70 51 9 10 1 271 433 1 598 136 65 42 13 6 8 1 24 25 1 044 11 2 3 3 4 1 – 405 311 769 200 119 40 20 9 8 9

Petroleum products Average per farm Gasoline and gasohol Average per farm Farms with expenses of $1 to $499 $500 to $999 $1,000 to $1,999 $2,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Diesel fuel Average per farm Farms with expenses of $1 to $499 $500 to $999 $1,000 to $1,999 $2,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Natural gas Average per farm Farms with expenses of $1 to $99 $100 to $499 $500 to $999 $1,000 to $1,999 $2,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 or more LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. Average per farm Farms with expenses of $1 to $99 $100 to $499 $500 to $999 $1,000 to $1,999 $2,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 or more

farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 dollars

694 (X) (X) 602 (X) (X) 356 98 72 57 10 9 –

farms $1,000 dollars

380 (X) (X) 193 87 42 34 12 8 4

farms $1,000 dollars

30 (X) (X) 2 12 4 4 4 4 –

farms $1,000 dollars

485 (X) (X) 152 194 59 32 30 10 8

Table 15.

Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer: 1997, 1992, and 1987
Chemicals used 1997 farms farms acres on which used $1,000 farms $1,000 farms acres on which used farms acres on which used farms acres on which used farms acres on which used farms acres on which used 537 493 15 580 1 528 347 824 199 5 973 14 (D) 118 2 351 175 8 557 19 265 1992 461 408 14 835 1 332 307 904 185 6 599 22 510 120 3 143 165 7 666 24 792 1987 482 399 13 931 1 335 355 778 210 6 250 17 195 109 2 874 185 7 317 21 816

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Any chemicals or fertilizer Commercial fertilizer Agricultural chemicals

used1

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops Nematodes in crops Diseases in crops and orchards Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate
1Data

for 1987 include farms on which lime was applied alone or together with fertilizer and/or chemicals.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

23

Table 16.

Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization for All Farms and Farms Operated by Black and Other Races: 1997, 1992, and 1987
All farms Characteristics 1997 1992 649 49 601 517 18 136 421 25 498 310 5 013 162 20 473 151 10 770 66 3 630 56 2 353 10.2 514 98 37 333 316 293 323 32 9 29 51 202 33 20 35 102 395 19.1 97 7 60 141 73 72 65 66 59 106 53.4 559 45 405 90 4 196 2 (D) 500 147 529 35 296 42 5 316 73 8 473 1 (D) 71 (D) – – 1 (D) 5 516 1987 701 58 685 523 18 498 474 32 852 329 5 655 153 21 172 141 10 955 74 4 661 53 1 888 10.6 540 108 53 345 356 265 395 41 14 38 40 262 41 27 55 102 384 18.8 133 9 71 145 87 70 80 78 57 104 52.7 611 54 046 90 4 639 2 (D) 504 195 567 43 036 45 3 998 80 10 197 3 (D) 73 9 255 – – 4 (D) 9 1 454 1997 3 (D) 2 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – 3 – – – 3 1 2 – – – – 2 – – – – 3 23.0 – – – – – 1 – 2 – – 58.3 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 3 – 3 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1992 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 – – – (D) – – 1 (D) – – 1 – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1987 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – 1 1 – – – – – – – – – 1 – (D) – – – – – 1 – – – – (D) – – 1 (D) – – 1 – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Farms operated by Black and other races1

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Tenure of operator: All operators Harvested cropland Full owners Harvested cropland Part owners Harvested cropland Tenants Harvested cropland Percent of tenancy Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 49 days 50 to 99 days 100 to 149 days 150 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 49 years 50 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) Operators not of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin not reported Type of organization: Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation Family held: More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other than family held: More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc.
1For

farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres percent

735 55 256 606 19 019 506 30 029 393 5 832 167 21 289 156 10 937 62 3 938 57 2 250 8.4 527 125 83 370 365 328 381 26 24 20 51 260 26 30 34 70 447 20.4 154 6 37 153 92 102 95 79 57 114 54.1

farms acres farms acres farms acres farms farms farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres

620 48 229 115 7 027 7 348 581 147 573 36 304 54 (D) 98 11 534 1 (D) 91 (D) 1 (D) 5 122 10 (D)

classification of social and ethnic groups, see text.

24

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 17.

Selected Characteristics of Farms by Specified Racial Groups, Sex of Operators, and Persons of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin: 1997 and 1992
Farms operated by specified racial groups Characteristics Total Black American Indian Asian or Pacific Islander Operators by sex Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin1

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Other (see text)

Female

Male

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Harvested cropland number, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 3 1 (D) (D) 2 1 (D) (D) 1 – (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – (D) – 1 – (D) – 1 1 (D) (D) 1 1 (D) (D) 115 90 7 027 4 196 82 54 1 516 928 620 559 48 229 45 405 524 463 17 503 17 208 7 2 348 (D) 6 2 65 (D)

1997 FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 139 acres 140 to 219 acres 220 to 499 acres 500 acres or more 2 1 – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – 1 – – – – – 37 41 20 10 5 2 144 216 170 43 34 13 3 2 1 1 – –

1997 OWNED AND RENTED LAND IN FARMS
Owned land in farms Rented or leased land in farms farms acres farms acres 3 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 105 6 066 22 961 568 35 460 207 12 769 5 (D) 2 (D)

TENURE OF OPERATOR
Full owners farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 3 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – 1 – (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – (D) – – – – – – – – – 1 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – 93 71 4 961 2 716 12 13 1 667 1 369 10 6 399 111 413 350 25 068 22 782 155 149 19 622 19 104 52 60 3 539 3 519 5 – (D) – – 2 – (D) 2 – (D) –

Part owners

Tenants

1997 FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Family held corporation Other than family held corporation Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. 3 – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – 1 – – – – 94 8 9 1 3 479 46 83 5 7 5 1 1 – –

1997 MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops Livestock, poultry, and their products Farms by value of sales: Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 3 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 1 – – – 1 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – 1 – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – 1 115 2 974 70 2 052 46 922 24 16 31 20 3 21 620 45 226 437 37 370 246 7 856 93 77 151 58 28 213 7 164 6 (D) 3 (D) – – 3 1 1 2

1997 FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) See footnotes at end of table. – – – 1 1 – – 1 – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – 1 12 9 31 15 – – 15 10 5 1 1 3 4 23 9 77 39 199 81 – – 81 57 13 31 21 18 20 55 – – 3 1 2 – – 2 – – 1 – – – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

25

Table 17.

Selected Characteristics of Farms by Specified Racial Groups, Sex of Operators, and Persons of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin: 1997 and 1992 Con.
Farms operated by specified racial groups Characteristics Total Black American Indian Asian or Pacific Islander Operators by sex Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin1

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Other (see text)

Female

Male

1997 OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) 3 – – 1 – – – – – 1 – – 1 – – 90 14 11 437 111 72 4 2 1

– 3

– 1

– –

– 1

– 1

64 51

306 314

6 1

1 2 – – 2 –

– 1 – – 1 –

– – – – – –

– 1 – – 1 –

1 – – – – –

51 60 13 15 32 4

277 321 37 56 228 22

4 2 1 1 – 1

– – – 3 23.0 –

– – – 1 (D) –

– – – – – –

– – – 1 (D) –

– – – 1 (D) –

12 9 12 60 15.4 22

18 25 58 387 21.4 132

2 – – 4 21.5 1

– – – 1 – 2 – – 58.3

– – – 1 – – – – (D)

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – 1 – – (D)

– – – – – 1 – – (D)

– 5 27 42 10 7 5 19 52.2

6 32 126 152 85 72 52 95 54.5

– 1 1 2 – 1 1 1 55.0

2 1

1 –

– –

1 –

– 1

(X) 115

620 (X)

6 1

–

–

–

–

–

1

6

7

1997 COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS
Amount received from Commodity Credit Corporation loans Government payments received
1See

farms $1,000 farms $1,000

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – – –

– – 6 11

– – 40 111

– – 1 (D)

chapter 1, table 16 for operators not of or not reporting Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin.

26

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 18.

Selected Characteristics of Farms by North American Industry Classification System: 1997
Estimated market value of selected capital assets1, average per farm (dollars) NAICS code (see text) Land in farms (acres) 55 256 33 962 1 873 – – – – (D) – (D) 5 587 1 098 4 489 3 756 – – 3 756 904 219 – 2 408 – – 225 12 329 (D) (D) 9 818 (D) 10 417 – – – 8 989 1 428 21 294 14 390 7 800 5 993 1 807 6 590 751 1 708 616 (D) (D) (D) (D) 1 546 1 066 480 13 2 886 (D) 2 451 (D) 342 Harvested cropland (acres) 19 019 13 356 961 – – – – (D) – (D) 2 977 912 2 065 582 – – 582 275 52 – 163 – – 92 5 459 5 5 454 4 910 544 3 377 – – – 3 073 304 5 663 4 951 1 478 1 236 242 3 473 119 95 (D) – – – (D) 178 151 27 – 320 (D) 297 – (D) Land and buildings 442 402 464 917 771 175 – – – – 806 194 – (D) 447 361 581 148 432 310 375 102 – – 375 102 340 067 916 500 – 414 648 – – 188 165 471 74 478 629 298 405 388 432 268 307 Machinery and equipment 38 799 43 427 40 800 – – – – 42 000 – (D) 43 501 81 111 39 270 25 932 – – 25 932 16 682 13 875 – 47 021 – – 25 800 53 24 53 68 35 152 500 659 820 554 Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops 39 423 39 252 (D) – – – – (D) – (D) 5 238 (D) (D) (D) – – (D) (D) 87 – (D) – – 289 30 766 91 30 675 23 900 6 775 1 280 – – – 638 643 171 122 17 (D) (D) 105 – 12 (D) – – – (D) 28 (D) (D) – 9 (D) (D) – (D) Livestock, poultry, and their products 8 777 161 (D) – – – – (D) – (D) 49 (D) (D) (D) – – (D) (D) – – (D) – – – 34 – 34 13 21 67 – – – 54 13 8 616 5 322 360 (D) (D) 4 962 464 1 960 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) 85 (D) (D) 228 558 (D) (D) (D) (D) Market value of agricultural products sold ($1,000)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms Total Crop production (111) Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Soybean farming (11111) Oilseed (except soybean) farming (11112) Dry pea and bean farming (11113) Wheat farming (11114) Corn farming (11115) Rice farming (11116) Other grain farming (11119) Vegetable and melon farming (11121) Potato farming (111211) Other vegetable (except potato) and melon farming (111219) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Orange groves (11131) Citrus (except orange) groves (11132) Noncitrus fruit and tree nut farming (11133) Apple orchards (111331) Grape vineyards (111332) Strawberry farming (111333) Berry (except strawberry) farming (111334) Tree nut farming (111335) Fruit and tree nut combination farming (111336) Other noncitrus fruit farming (111339) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Food crops grown under cover (11141) Nursery and floriculture production (11142) Nursery and tree production (111421) Floriculture production (111422) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming (11193) Hay farming (11194) All other crop farming (11199) Animal production (112) Cattle ranching and farming (1121) Beef cattle ranching and farming, including feedlots (11211) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Chicken egg production (11231) Broilers and other meat type chicken production (11232) Turkey production (11233) Poultry hatcheries (11234) Other poultry production (11239) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Sheep farming (11241) Goat farming (11242) Animal aquaculture (1125) Other animal production (1129) Apiculture (11291) Horse and other equine production (11292) Fur bearing animal and rabbit production (11293) All other animal production (11299)
1Data

Total 48 200 39 413 346 – – – – (D) – (D) 5 287 1 533 3 754 1 633 – – 1 633 (D) 87 – (D) – – 289 30 800 91 30 709 23 913 6 796 1 347 – – – 692 656 8 787 5 444 377 283 94 5 067 464 1 972 1 076 (D) (D) (D) (D) 113 (D) (D) 228 567 (D) 505 (D) 38

735 473 10 – – – – 9 – 1 89 9 80 48 – – 48 22 4 – 12 – – 10 230 4 226 123 103 96 – – – 79 17 262 117 85 67 18 32 22 21 14 1 1 1 4 24 18 6 3 75 5 60 1 9

478 654 – – – 502 763 366 619 401 756 539 014 439 598 452 543 391 416 803 088 181 043 363 328 328 207 (D) (D) (D) 571 250 348 267 319 897 433 379 (D) (D) 84 787 318 734 (D) 261 389

29 080 – – – 29 012 29 394 30 445 41 912 23 106 23 824 20 435 91 866 16 914 21 786 19 429 (D) (D) (D) 19 625 16 803 15 654 20 250 26 000 23 493 31 200 23 813 (D) 18 022

are based on a sample of farms.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

27

Table 19.

Selected Characteristics of Reservations and Abnormal Farms: 1997 and 1992
1997 Characteristics Reser vations Abnormal farms 2 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – (D) (D) – (D) 1992 Reser vations and abnormal farms1 Characteristics Reser vations $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 dollars – – – – – – – – Abnormal farms (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – 1997 1992 Reser vations and abnormal farms1 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) – – –

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms Land in farms2 Average size of farm Estimated market value of land and buildings2 3 Average per farm Average per acre Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment2 3 Land in farms according to Total cropland Harvested cropland Cropland used only for pasture or grazing Other cropland Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Irrigated land Market value of agricultural products sold2 Average per farm use:2

number acres acres $1,000 dollars dollars $1,000 farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres $1,000 dollars

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

2 Total farm production expenses2 3 (D) Average per farm (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Government payments received2 Average per farm Other farm related income2 3 Average per farm 2 (D) 2 Tenure of operator: Full owners (D) Part owners Tenants 1 (D) 2 (D) Farms by North American Industry Classification System: Oilseed and grain farming (1111) 2 Vegetable and melon farming (1112) (D) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) – Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture – production (1114) 2 Other crop farming (1119) (D) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and 1 all other crop farming (11193, 11194, (D) 11199) 2 (D) – Beef cattle ranching and farming – (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) (D) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) (D) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) (D) Animal aquaculture and other animal (D) production (1125, 1129)

– – –

2 – –

2 – –

– – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – –

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops $1,000 Livestock, poultry, and their products $1,000

– – – – – – –

– – – – – 1 1

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

1In 1992 reservations were included in abnormal farms. 2Data have been adjusted to exclude the agricultural activity 3Data are based on a sample of farms.

of American Indians farming on reservations that were counted individually.

Table 20.

Poultry
Item

Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992
1997 Farms Number Farms 1992 Item Number Farms Number Farms Number 1997 1992

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

INVENTORY
Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older (see text) Layers 20 weeks old and older Farms with inventory of 1 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old (see text) Pullet chicks and pullets less than 13 weeks old Broilers and other meat type chickens Turkeys For slaughter Hens kept for breeding Ducks, geese, and other poultry 93 92 67 8 12 1 2 1 1 – – 58 042 57 722 1 070 457 1 795 (D) (D) (D) (D) – – 83 83 64 3 5 4 2 2 1 1 1 242 307 242 095

SALES
Layers 20 weeks old and older 18 53 172 17 114 126

13 4 12 19 16 5 37

320 (D) (D) 1 184 (D) (D) (X)

13 3 12 20 16 6 26

Pullet chicks and pullets less than 20 1 104 weeks old 190 800 Broilers and other meat type 3 750 chickens (D) Farms by number sold (D) 1 to 1,999 (D) 2,000 to 15,999 (D) 16,000 to 29,999 (D) 30,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 to 199,999 200,000 to 299,999 212 300,000 to 499,999 500,000 or more 500,000 to 749,999 30 750,000 or more (D) Turkeys 382 For slaughter 325 Hens kept for breeding 57 (X) Ducks, geese, and other poultry

1

(D)

–

–

5 4 – – – 1 – – – – – – 11 11 – 14

(D) 250 – – – (D) – – – – – – (D) (D) – (X)

5 4 – – 1 – – – – – – – 12 12 – 2

(D) 230 – – (D) – – – – – – – 1 240 1 240 – (X)

28

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 21.

Layers, Pullets, and Pullet Chicks
1997 Item Farms Number 53 172 322 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) – – Farms 17 6 1 5 1 2 1 1 – 1992

Number Sold: 1997 and 1992
1997 Item Number 114 126 Pullet chicks and pullets less than 20 weeks old (D) Farms by number sold (D) 1 to 1,999 8 700 2,000 to 15,999 (D) 16,000 to 29,999 (D) 30,000 to 59,999 (D) 60,000 to 99,999 (D) 100,000 or more – Farms 1 1 – – – – – Number (D) (D) – – – – – Farms – – – – – – – Number – – – – – – – 1992

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Layers 20 weeks old and older Farms by number sold 1 to 99 100 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more

18 11 1 2 2 1 1 – –

Table 22.

Poultry Inventory and Sales by Farms With Layers and Pullets 13 Weeks Old and Older: 1997
Inventory Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older (see text)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text)

Total

Layers 20 weeks old and older Number 58 042 Farms 92 Number 57 722

Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old Farms 13 Number 320

Pullet chicks and pullets less than 13 weeks old

Broilers and other meat type chickens

Farms Total Farms with inventory of 1 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 399 400 to 1,599 1,600 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more No layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older as of Dec. 31, 1997 93

Farms 4

Number (D)

Farms 6

Number (D)

67 9 12 1 – 2 1 1 – –

1 076 536 2 030 (D) – (D) (D) (D) – –

66 9 12 1 – 2 1 1 – –

(D) (D) 1 795 (D) – (D) (D) (D) – –

9 1 3 – – – – – – –

(D) (D) 235 – – – – – – –

3 – 1 – – – – – – –

(D) – (D) – – – – – – –

4 – 1 – – 1 – – – –

277 – (D) – – (D) – – – –

(X)

(X)

(X)

(X)

(X) Sales

(X)

–

–

6

302

Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks (see text) Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Total Layers 20 weeks old and older Pullet chicks and pullets less than 20 weeks old Broilers and other meat type chickens Poultry and poultry products

Farms Total Farms with inventory of 1 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 399 400 to 1,599 1,600 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more No layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older as of Dec. 31, 1997 16

Number 44 137

Farms 15

Number (D)

Farms 1

Number (D)

Farms 3

Number (D)

Farms 45

Value ($1,000) 1 348

8 1 2 1 – 2 1 1 – –

167 (D) (D) (D) – (D) (D) (D) – –

7 1 2 1 – 2 1 1 – –

(D) (D) (D) (D) – (D) (D) (D) – –

1 – – – – – – – – –

(D) – – – – – – – – –

2 – – – – 1 – – – –

(D) – – – – (D) – – – –

24 4 12 1 – 2 1 1 – –

10 (D) 27 (D) – (D) (D) (D) – –

3

(D)

3

(D)

–

–

2

(D)

22

654

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

29

Table 23.

Turkeys
Turkeys

Number Sold: 1997
Total Farms Number (D) 1 484 (D) – – – – – Turkeys sold for slaughter Farms 11 10 1 – – – – – Number (D) 1 484 (D) – – – – – Sales of hens kept for breeding Farms – – – – – – – – Number – – – – – – – –

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total sold Farms by number of turkeys sold 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 7,999 8,000 to 15,999 16,000 to 29,999 30,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more

11 10 1 – – – – –

Table 24.

Cattle and Calves
1997 Item Farms

Inventory: 1997 and 1992
1992 Item Number 5 749 374 659 1 005 1 226 1 635 850 – – – – 3 301 (D) 288 798 955 (D) (D) – – – 1 062 363 (D) 371 (D) – – – – – Farms 208 98 28 47 19 13 3 – – – – 175 107 20 24 18 5 1 – – – 133 102 20 9 2 – – – – – Number 6 057 Cows and heifers that had calved Con. Milk cows 460 Farms with 359 1 to 9 1 473 10 to 19 1 360 20 to 49 1 607 50 to 99 798 100 to 199 – 200 to 499 – 500 to 999 – 1,000 or more – Heifers and heifer calves 3 532 Farms with 1 to 9 398 10 to 19 (D) 20 to 49 818 50 to 99 1 125 100 to 199 681 200 to 499 (D) 500 to 999 – 1,000 to 2,499 – 2,500 or more – Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 967 calves Farms with 372 1 to 9 257 10 to 19 (D) 20 to 49 (D) 50 to 99 – 100 to 199 – 200 to 499 – 500 to 999 – 1,000 to 2,499 – 2,500 or more Farms 45 14 – 12 14 4 1 – – 125 81 17 18 7 2 – – – – 140 115 19 4 2 – – – – – Number 2 239 (D) – 421 (D) (D) (D) – – 1 701 (D) 216 520 464 (D) – – – – 747 307 226 (D) (D) – – – – – Farms 55 17 – 16 16 5 1 – – 139 87 18 27 6 1 – – – – 144 129 5 10 – – – – – – Number 2 565 (D) – 610 987 673 (D) – – 1 825 268 (D) 824 346 (D) – – – – 700 390 60 250 – – – – – – 1997 1992

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Cattle and calves Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 to 4,999 5,000 or more Cows and heifers that had calved Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 or more Beef cows Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 or more

200 82 49 35 18 13 3 – – – – 162 93 24 25 15 4 1 – – – 129 92 23 13 1 – – – – –

30

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 25.

Cattle and Calves
Number sold

Sales: 1997 and 1992
1997 Value ($1,000) 675 (D) (D) 207 186 (D) – – – – – 589 207 (D) 192 (D) – – – – – – (D) 50 – (D) (D) – – – – – – 86 29 (D) 34 (D) (D) – – – 1992 Value ($1,000) 880 170 124 445 (D) (D) – – – – – 717 188 203 327 – – – – – – – (D) 68 – (D) – – – – – – – 163 36 20 87 (D) (D) – – –

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms Cattle and calves Farms by number sold 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 to 4,999 5,000 or more Cattle, including calves weighing 500 pounds or more Farms by number sold 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 to 4,999 5,000 or more Cattle fattened on grain and concentrates for slaughter Farms by number sold 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 to 4,999 5,000 or more Calves weighing less than 500 pounds Farms by number sold 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 or more 158 105 16 24 11 2 – – – – – 134 101 16 15 2 – – – – – – 27 24 – 2 1 – – – – – – 79 43 15 15 5 1 – – –

Number 2 315 (D) 237 748 691 (D) – – – – – 1 159 390 (D) 427 (D) – – – – – – (D) 62 – (D) (D) – – – – – – 1 156 124 (D) 422 295 (D) – – –

Farms 162 98 22 33 8 1 – – – – – 135 93 22 20 – – – – – – – 36 32 – 4 – – – – – – – 92 55 11 20 5 1 – – –

Number 2 509 370 (D) 1 165 539 (D) – – – – – 1 191 326 320 545 – – – – – – – (D) 108 – (D) – – – – – – – 1 318 209 (D) 602 272 (D) – – –

Table 26.

Cattle and Calves Herd Size by Inventory and Sales: 1997
Cattle and calves inventory Cattle and calves sales

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Herd size

Total

Cows and heifers that had calved

Heifers and heifer calves

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves

Farms Total Farms with herd size of 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 to 4,999 5,000 or more No cattle and calves herd as of Dec. 31, 1997 200

Number 5 749

Farms 162

Number 3 301

Farms 125

Number 1 701

Farms 140

Number 747

Farms 152

Number (D)

Value ($1,000) (D)

82 49 35 18 13 3 – – – –

374 659 1 005 1 226 1 635 850 – – – –

57 44 29 17 12 3 – – – –

(D) 298 557 689 947 (D) – – – –

33 36 26 16 11 3 – – – –

(D) 182 238 373 (D) (D) – – – –

48 40 28 16 5 3 – – – –

(D) 179 210 164 (D) (D) – – – –

35 49 35 17 13 3 – – – –

(D) 232 460 384 720 240 – – – –

(D) 96 154 133 139 (D) – – – –

(X)

(X)

(X)

(X)

(X)

(X)

(X)

(X)

6

(D)

(D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

31

Table 27.

Cow Herd Size by Inventory and Sales: 1997
Cattle and calves inventory Cattle and calves sales

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Cow herd1

Total

Cows and heifers that had calved

Heifers and heifer calves

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves

Farms Total Farms with cow herd size of 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 or more No cow herd as of Dec. 31, 1997
1Cow

Number 5 261 (D) 450 1 304 1 598 (D) (D) – – – 488

Farms 162 93 24 25 15 4 1 – – – (X)

Number 3 301 (D) 288 798 955 (D) (D) – – – (X)

Farms 101 51 15 18 14 2 1 – – – 24

Number 1 418 (D) (D) 298 619 (D) (D) – – – 283

Farms 112 60 21 19 7 4 1 – – – 28

Number 542 (D) (D) 208 24 (D) (D) – – – 205

Farms 131 63 24 24 15 4 1 – – – 27

Number 1 928 (D) (D) 465 627 343 (D) – – – 387

Value ($1,000) 492 (D) (D) 148 133 38 (D) – – – 183

162 93 24 25 15 4 1 – – – 38

herd includes beef cows, milk cows, and heifers that had calved.

Table 28.

Beef Cow Herd Size by Inventory and Sales: 1997
Cattle and calves inventory Cows and heifers that had calved Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves Farms 92 62 20 10 – – – – – – 48 Number 484 226 81 177 – – – – – – 263

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Beef cow herd

Total Total Farms Number 2 472 1 329 (D) 656 (D) – – – – – 3 277 Farms 129 92 23 13 1 – – – – – 33 Number 1 385 686 (D) 371 (D) – – – – – 1 916 Beef cows Farms 129 92 23 13 1 – – – – – (X) Cattle and calves sales Cattle Number 1 062 363 (D) 371 (D) – – – – – (X)

Heifers and heifer calves

Farms 77 53 15 9 – – – – – – 48

Number 603 417 78 108 – – – – – – 1 098

Total Farms with beef herd size of 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 or more No beef cow herd as of Dec. 31, 1997

129 92 23 13 1 – – – – – 71

Beef cow herd

Total Total Value ($1,000) 274 (D) 62 89 (D) – – – – – 401 Value ($1,000) 241 (D) 48 83 (D) – – – – – 348 Fattened on grain and concentrates Value ($1,000) (D) (D) (D) 20 – – – – – – (D)

Calves

Farms Total Farms with beef herd size of 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 or more No beef cow herd as of Dec. 31, 1997 101 65 23 12 1 – – – – – 57

Number 698 347 160 (D) (D) – – – – – 1 617

Farms 83 52 19 11 1 – – – – – 51

Number 480 215 (D) (D) (D) – – – – – 679

Farms 17 11 2 4 – – – – – – 10

Number (D) (D) (D) 27 – – – – – – (D)

Farms 43 30 9 4 – – – – – – 36

Number 218 132 (D) (D) – – – – – – 938

Value ($1,000) 34 14 13 6 – – – – – – 52

32

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 29.

Milk Cow Herd Size by Inventory and Sales: 1997
Cattle and calves inventory Cows and heifers that had calved Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves Farms 27 Number 85

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Milk cow herd

Total Total Farms Number 3 420 Farms 45 Number 2 277 Milk cows Farms 45 Number 2 239

Heifers and heifer calves

Farms 33

Number 1 058

Total Farms with milk cow herd size of 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 or more No milk cow herd as of Dec. 31, 1997

45

14 – 12 14 4 1 – –

107 – 648 (D) (D) (D) – –

14 – 12 14 4 1 – –

58 – 427 (D) (D) (D) – –

14 – 12 14 4 1 – –

(D) – 421 (D) (D) (D) – –

7 – 9 14 2 1 – –

(D) – 190 619 (D) (D) – –

6 – 9 7 4 1 – –

(D) – 31 24 (D) (D) – –

155

2 329

117

1 024 Cattle and calves sales

(X)

(X)

92

643

113 Dairy product sales

662

Milk cow herd Farms Total Farms with milk cow herd size of 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 or more No milk cow herd as of Dec. 31, 1997 40

Total Value ($1,000) 255

Cattle

Calves Value ($1,000) (D)

Number 1 374

Farms 34

Number 423

Farms 33

Number 951

Farms 31

9 – 12 14 4 1 – –

(D) – 279 622 (D) (D) – –

(D) – 59 131 (D) (D) – –

9 – 8 12 4 1 – –

(D) – 51 209 (D) (D) – –

2 – 12 14 4 1 – –

(D) – 228 413 240 (D) – –

– – 12 14 4 1 – –

– – 829 (D) (D) (D) – –

118

941

420

100

736

46

205

1

(D)

Table 30.

Cattle and Calves

Number Sold Per Farm by Sales: 1997
Cattle Calves weighing less than 500 pounds Total Value ($1,000) 675 Value ($1,000) 589 Fattened on grain and concentrates Value ($1,000) (D) Value ($1,000) 86

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] Cattle and calves Number sold Farms Total Farms by number of cattle and calves sold 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 or more 158 Number 2 315 Farms 134

Number 1 159

Farms 27

Number (D)

Farms 79

Number 1 156

105 16 24 11 2 – – – –

(D) 237 748 691 (D) – – – –

(D) (D) 207 186 (D) – – – –

87 13 21 11 2 – – – –

(D) 134 335 332 (D) – – – –

(D) (D) 168 176 (D) – – – –

22 1 2 2 – – – – –

(D) (D) (D) (D) – – – – –

(D) (D) (D) (D) – – – – –

38 10 20 9 2 – – – –

(D) 103 413 359 (D) – – – –

(D) 10 39 10 (D) – – – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

33

Table 31.

Hogs and Pigs
Hogs and pigs

Inventory: 1997 and 1992
1997 Farms Number 2 764 245 (D) (D) 869 1 350 – – – – (D) (D) (D) 150 (D) – – (D) (D) (D) (D) 962 800 – – 1992 Farms 48 33 4 2 2 5 1 – 1 – 31 24 2 4 – 1 – 44 30 5 – 6 1 1 1 Number 5 488 210 140 (D) (D) 1 118 (D) – (D) – 816 133 (D) 220 – (D) – 4 672 161 164 – 889 (D) (D) (D)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total hogs and pigs Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 1,999 2,000 to 4,999 5,000 or more Hogs and pigs used or to be used for breeding Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Other hogs and pigs Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 or more

60 41 4 3 7 5 – – – – 31 25 1 3 2 – – 56 42 1 2 8 3 – –

Table 32.

Hogs and Pigs
Hogs and pigs

Sales: 1997 and 1992
1997 Value ($1,000) 493 37 12 17 105 (D) (D) – (D) – – – (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 21 (D) – – – – (D) 42 (D) (D) 66 (D) (D) (D) – – – – 1992 Value ($1,000) 744 25 16 25 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) – – – 6 (Z) (D) 3 (D) – – – – – – 738 24 (D) 23 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) – – –

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms Total hogs and pigs sold Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 1,999 2,000 to 4,999 5,000 or more 5,000 to 7,499 7,500 or more Feeder pigs sold Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 or more 1,000 to 1,999 2,000 or more Hogs and pigs other than feeder pigs sold Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 1,999 2,000 to 4,999 5,000 or more 5,000 to 7,499 7,500 or more 45 23 5 3 10 2 1 – 1 – – – 13 1 3 2 1 5 1 – – – – 39 26 2 3 4 2 1 1 – – – –

Number 4 951 220 175 181 1 155 (D) (D) – (D) – – – (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) 610 (D) – – – – (D) 245 (D) (D) 425 (D) (D) (D) – – – –

Farms 41 24 6 4 2 2 1 1 1 – – – 10 3 2 4 1 – – – – – – 37 25 2 3 2 2 1 1 1 – – –

Number 6 011 197 227 290 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) – – – 258 14 (D) 159 (D) – – – – – – 5 753 157 (D) 235 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) – – –

34

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 33.

Hogs and Pigs
Litters

Litters Farrowed: 1997 and 1992
1997 Farms Number of litters 737 58 (D) 236 (D) (D) (D) – – 342 395 1992 Farms 33 23 2 5 1 1 – 1 – 27 26 Number of litters 1 233 70 (D) 167 (D) (D) – (D) – 578 655

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Litters farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 or more Dec. 1 of preceding year and May 31 June 1 and Nov. 30

31 16 4 8 1 1 1 – – 28 27

Table 34.

Hogs and Pigs Herd Size by Inventory and Sales: 1997
Hogs and pigs inventory Hogs and pigs sales Other hogs and pigs Total Value ($1,000) 486 48 (D) (D) 256 139 – – – – Feeder pigs Value ($1,000) (D) (D) (D) (D) 25 – – – – –

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Herd size

Total

Used or to be used for breeding

Farms Total inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 1,999 2,000 to 4,999 5,000 or more No hogs or pigs on Dec. 31, 1997 60 41 4 3 7 5 – – – –

Number 2 764 245 (D) (D) 869 1 350 – – – –

Farms 31 14 4 3 5 5 – – – –

Number 589 66 (D) (D) 163 290 – – – –

Farms 56 37 4 3 7 5 – – – –

Number 2 175 179 (D) (D) 706 1 060 – – – –

Farms 39 21 4 3 7 4 – – – –

Number 4 918 556 286 131 2 625 1 320 – – – –

Farms 13 5 1 2 5 – – – – –

Number (D) (D) (D) (D) 610 – – – – –

(X)

(X)

(X)

(X)

(X)

(X)

6

33

7

–

–

–

Table 35.

Hogs and Pigs

Inventory and Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1997
Hogs and pigs inventory Hogs and pigs sales Other hogs and pigs Total Value ($1,000) 493 Feeder pigs Value ($1,000) 39

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Hogs and pigs

Total

Used or to be used for breeding

Farms Total sold Farms with sales of 1 to 9 10 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 or more 1,000 to 1,999 2,000 to 4,999 5,000 to 7,499 7,500 or more None sold 39

Number (D)

Farms 30

Number (D)

Farms 35

Number (D)

Farms 45

Number 4 951

Farms 13

Number 1 098

8 9 5 3 10 2 1 1 – 1 – – 21

(D) 141 112 (D) 983 (D) (D) (D) – (D) – – (D)

3 7 5 3 8 2 1 1 – 1 – – 1

9 32 36 (D) 151 (D) (D) (D) – (D) – – (D)

7 7 5 3 9 2 1 1 – 1 – – 21

(D) 109 76 (D) 832 (D) (D) (D) – (D) – – (D)

13 10 5 3 10 2 1 1 – 1 – – (X)

61 159 175 181 1 155 (D) (D) (D) – (D) – – (X)

11 26 12 17 105 (D) (D) (D) – (D) – – (X)

– 1 3 2 6 – – 1 – 1 – – (X)

– (D) 100 (D) 620 – – (D) – (D) – – (X)

– (D) 3 (D) 21 – – (D) – (D) – – (X)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

35

Table 36.

Hogs and Pigs

Inventory, Sales, and Litters by Total Litters Farrowed: 1997
Hogs and pigs inventory Hogs and pigs sales Other hogs and pigs Total Value ($1,000) 438 (D) (D) 94 (D) (D) (D) – – 55 Feeder pigs Value ($1,000) (D) 4 9 15 – – (D) – – –

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Litters farrowed

Total

Used or to be used for breeding

Farms Total litters farrowed Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 or more No litters farrowed 31 16 4 8 1 1 1 – – 29

Number (D) (D) 216 1 262 (D) (D) (D) – – (D)

Farms 31 16 4 8 1 1 1 – – –

Number (D) (D) (D) 217 (D) (D) (D) – – –

Farms 27 13 4 7 1 1 1 – – 29

Number (D) (D) (D) 1 045 (D) (D) (D) – – (D)

Farms 30 16 4 7 1 1 1 – – 15

Number 4 641 411 (D) 970 (D) (D) (D) – – 310

Farms 13 5 3 4 – – 1 – – –

Number (D) 118 340 340 – – (D) – – –

Litters farrowed between Dec. 1, 1996, and Nov. 30, 1997 Litters farrowed Total Farms Total litters farrowed Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 or more 31 16 4 8 1 1 1 – – Litters 737 58 (D) 236 (D) (D) (D) – – Dec. 1, 1996, and May 31, 1997 Farms 28 13 4 8 1 1 1 – – Litters 342 26 (D) 108 (D) (D) (D) – – June 1, 1997, and Nov. 30, 1997 Farms 27 14 2 8 1 1 1 – – Litters 395 32 (D) 128 (D) (D) (D) – –

Table 37.

Sheep and Lambs
Item

Inventory, Shorn, and Sales: 1997 and 1992
1997 Farms Number 1 064 432 632 – – – – – (D) 852 5 547 726 58 1992 Farms 62 49 12 – 1 – – – 44 38 (X) 49 53 Number 1 355 (D) 577 – (D) – – – 562 825 5 858 771 49

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Sheep and lambs inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 99 100 to 299 300 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 to 4,999 5,000 or more Ewes 1 year old or older Sheep and lambs shorn Pounds of wool Sheep and lambs sold Value of sales from sheep, lambs, and wool ($1,000)

69 55 14 – – – – – 50 49 (X) 44 54

Table 38.

Sheep and Lambs

Inventory, Shorn, and Sales by Size of Flock: 1997
Sales Sheep and lambs shorn Sheep and lambs Pounds of wool (D) (D) 3 642 – – – – – (D) Sheep, lambs, and wool Value ($1,000) (D) (D) (D) – – – – – (D)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] Sheep and lambs inventory Sheep and lambs inventory Farms Total Farms with inventory of 1 to 24 25 to 99 100 to 299 300 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 to 4,999 5,000 or more No sheep and lambs as of Dec. 31, 1997 69 55 14 – – – – – (X) Total Ewes 1 year old or older

Number 1 064 432 632 – – – – – (X)

Farms 50 36 14 – – – – – (X)

Number (D) (D) 454 – – – – – (X)

Farms 48 34 14 – – – – – 1

Number (D) (D) 578 – – – – – (D)

Farms 43 29 14 – – – – – 1

Number (D) (D) (D) – – – – – (D)

Farms 53 39 14 – – – – – 1

36

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 39.

Ewes 1 Year Old or Older

Inventory, Shorn, and Sales by Size of Ewe Flock: 1997
Sales Sheep and lambs shorn Sheep and lambs Pounds of wool (D) Sheep, lambs, and wool Value ($1,000) (D)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] Sheep and lambs inventory Ewes 1 year old or older inventory Farms Total Farms with inventory of 1 to 24 25 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 to 2,499 2,500 to 4,999 5,000 or more No ewes 1 year old or older as of Dec. 31, 1997 50 Total Ewes 1 year old or older

Number 969

Farms 50

Number (D)

Farms 42

Number (D)

Farms 38

Number (D)

Farms 44

38 12 – – – – – –

412 557 – – – – – –

38 12 – – – – – –

(D) 423 – – – – – –

30 12 – – – – – –

(D) (D) – – – – – –

(D) (D) – – – – – –

26 12 – – – – – –

(D) 394 – – – – – –

32 12 – – – – – –

(D) 35 – – – – – –

19

95

(X)

(X)

7

(D)

(D)

6

(D)

10

(D)

Table 40.

Other Livestock and Livestock Products
Inventory Item 1997

Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992
Sales 1992 152 1 015 (X) 13 26 (X) 39 223 (X) (X) (X) (X) 32 250 1 (D) (X) (X) (X) (X) 18 156 (X) (X) (X) (X) 19 (D) (X) – – (X) 22 1 116 (X) (X) (X) 3 (X) 1997 32 79 510 2 (D) (D) 2 (D) 11 7 951 11 29 12 131 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 5 90 3 (D) 6 (D) 6 (D) 1 – – – 9 668 4 4 (D) 4 31 1992 24 108 580 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) 15 9 224 15 10 10 86 – – – – – – 3 64 5 1 084 6 7 7 22 1 – – – 12 1 700 (D) 1 (D) 3 17

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Horses and ponies Mules, burros, and donkeys

farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number farms pounds farms $1,000 farms number farms number farms pounds farms $1,000 farms number farms gallons farms $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000

163 1 117 (X) 10 29 (X) 31 245 (X) (X) (X) (X) 36 298 1 (D) (X) (X) (X) (X) 17 173 (X) (X) (X) (X) 21 (D) (X) – – (X) 26 300 (X) (X) (X) 10 (X)

Colonies of bees Honey sold Bees and honey sold

Goats

Angora goats Mohair sold Angora goats and mohair sold

Milk goats Goats milk sold Milk goats and goats milk sold Other goats

Mink and their pelts

Rabbits and their pelts

Fish and other aquaculture products sold Other livestock and livestock products

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

37

Table 41.

Specified Crops Harvested

Yield Per Acre Irrigated and Nonirrigated: 1997
Entire crop irrigated Part of crop irrigated Average yield per acre (D) – – – – – – – – – – – (D) – – – (D) (D) (X) (X) Average yield per acre – – – – – – – – – – – – (D) – – – (D) – (X) (X) None of crop irrigated Average yield per acre (D) (D) (D) – (D) – – (D) – – – – 258.9 – – 2.4 1.9 (D) (X) (X)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Crop Farms Corn for grain or seed (bushels) Corn for silage or green chop (tons, green) Sorghum for grain or seed (bushels) Wheat for grain (bushels) Oats for grain (bushels) Barley for grain (bushels) Rice (cwt) Soybeans for beans (bushels) Peanuts for nuts (pounds) Dry edible beans, excluding dry limas (cwt) Cotton (bales) Tobacco (pounds) Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes (cwt) Sugar beets for sugar (tons) Sugarcane for sugar (tons) Alfalfa hay (tons, dry) Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (tons, dry) (see text) Wild hay (tons, dry) Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Land in orchards 1 – – – – – – – – – – – 2 – – – 2 1 33 10 Acres (D) – – – – – – – – – – – (D) – – – (D) (D) 251 (D)

Farms – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 – – – 1 – 11 1

Acres irrigated – – – – – – – – – – – – (D) – – – (D) – 199 (D)

Acres not irrigated – – – – – – – – – – – – (D) – – – (D) – 451 (D)

Farms 8 53 2 – 4 – – 1 – – – – 12 – – 81 173 42 82 43

Acres (D) (D) (D) – 28 – – (D) – – – – 671 – – 1 682 4 873 (D) 1 006 353

38

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 42.

Specified Crops by Acres Harvested: 1997 and 1992
1997 Crop Farms Acres 45 (D) (D) 119 (D) 501 845 (D) – – 788 1 9 29 – (D) (D) 595 8 189 (D) 819 (D) (D) (D) (D) – – – – – – 1 682 (D) (D) (D) 656 1 153 (D) 890 (D) – – 768 (D) 1 907 (D) 123 256 270 300 495 (D) (D) – – – – – – 957 389 (D) 50 120 133 (D) – – – – – – – – – Quantity (D) (D) (D) 1 889 (D) 9 564 14 260 (D) – – (D) 209 2 180 7 500 – (D) (D) 153 100 16 680 (D) 1 495 (D) (D) (D) (D) – – – – – – 4 031 (D) (D) (D) 1 145 2 338 (D) 1 352 (D) – – 1 184 6 382 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) Irrigated land Farms 1 – – – – – – – – – 4 1 1 – – 1 1 – 5 4 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 2 1 – – – – – – 1 1 44 3 21 10 3 1 5 – 1 – – – – – – 18 11 3 7 – 1 – – – – – – – – – – Acres (D) – – – – – – – – – (D) (D) (D) – – (D) (D) – (D) (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – (D) (D) (D) – – – – – – (D) (D) 450 (D) 44 57 49 (D) 187 – (D) – – – – – – 280 25 (D) 14 – (D) – – – – – – – – – – Farms 16 72 21 10 22 14 4 1 – – 19 6 5 – – – 2 6 245 91 42 56 46 10 – – – – – – – 114 4 143 63 29 32 15 4 – – – 34 19 126 14 48 37 8 13 4 1 1 – – – – – – 70 72 10 27 20 7 7 1 – – – – – – – – Acres 172 2 949 (D) 175 792 918 570 (D) – – 1 310 (D) 16 – – – (D) 1 166 7 614 631 825 1 933 2 855 1 370 – – – – – – – 3 023 125 3 441 463 571 1 030 907 470 – – – 599 426 1 868 (D) 107 350 151 443 318 (D) (D) – – – – – – 1 108 664 (D) 54 156 129 270 (D) – – – – – – – – Quantity 11 280 49 638 (D) 2 726 13 337 13 867 11 975 (D) – – 374 808 (D) 3 123 – – – (D) 335 330 15 1 1 3 5 3 864 244 809 749 979 083 – – – – – – – 1992 Irrigated land Farms 2 2 2 – – – – – – – 6 3 – – – – 1 2 6 6 – – – – – – – – – – – 2 – 1 1 – – – – – – – – 3 40 3 18 7 3 5 3 – 1 – – – – – – 17 14 7 4 – – 3 – – – – – – – – – Acres (D) (D) (D) – – – – – – – 271 1 – – – – (D) (D) 19 19 – – – – – – – – – – – (D) – (D) (D) – – – – – – – – 4 516 1 39 30 56 115 (D) – (D) – – – – – – 353 67 (D) (D) – – 60 – – – – – – – – –

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Corn for grain or seed (bushels) Corn for silage or green chop (tons, green) 1 to 14 acres 15 to 24 acres 25 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 acres or more Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes (cwt) 0.1 to 0.9 acres 1.0 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 14.9 acres 15.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 49.9 acres 50.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) (tons, dry) 1 to 14 acres 15 to 24 acres 25 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 acres or more 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 to 2,999 acres 3,000 to 4,999 acres 5,000 acres or more Alfalfa hay (tons, dry) Small grain hay (tons, dry) Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) (tons, dry) 1 to 14 acres 15 to 24 acres 25 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 acres or more Wild hay (tons, dry) Grass silage, haylage, and green chop hay (tons, green) Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) 0.1 to 0.9 acres 1.0 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 14.9 acres 15.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 49.9 acres 50.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 to 499.9 acres 500.0 to 749.9 acres 750.0 to 999.9 acres 1,000.0 acres or more 1,000.0 to 1,999.9 acres 2,000.0 to 2,999.9 acres 3,000.0 acres or more Sweet corn Land in orchards 0.1 to 0.9 acres 1.0 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 14.9 acres 15.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 49.9 acres 50.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 to 499.9 acres 500.0 to 749.9 acres 750.0 to 999.9 acres 1,000.0 acres or more 1,000.0 to 1,999.9 acres 2,000.0 to 2,999.9 acres 3,000.0 acres or more

9 53 13 7 18 7 6 2 – – 16 3 4 3 – 2 1 3 255 97 45 54 47 10 2 – – – – – – 81 6 176 73 36 35 24 7 1 – – 43 23 126 10 48 34 15 9 8 1 1 – – – – – – 62 54 6 24 15 7 2 – – – – – – – – –

7 492 125 6 690 911 1 154 1 883 1 822 920 – – – 591 2 893 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)

Table 43.

Specified Fruits and Nuts by Acres: 1997 and 1992
RHODE ISLAND 39

[Not published for this State]

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 44.

Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Cut Christmas Trees Harvested, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale by Value of Sales: 1997 and 1992
Under glass or other protection Crop Farms Square feet 1 801 997 1 178 233 11 51 329 469 251 194 493 365 982 278 601 599 432 740 Farms 192 105 53 36 41 23 9 17 13 Acres 5 014 3 806 154 126 298 294 327 1 107 2 708 Farms 276 158 62 54 70 39 16 21 14 In the open Sales Value ($1,000) 30 962 19 501 57 314 495 635 010 315 136

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Nursery and greenhouse crops, cut Christmas trees harvested, mushrooms, and sod grown for sale (see text) 1997 value of sales: $1 to $2,499 sales $2,500 to $9,999 sales $10,000 to $39,999 sales $40,000 to $99,999 sales $100,000 to $199,999 sales $200,000 to $499,999 sales $500,000 sales or more 1992 value of sales: $1 to $2,499 sales $2,500 to $9,999 sales $10,000 to $39,999 sales $40,000 to $99,999 sales $100,000 to $199,999 sales $200,000 to $499,999 sales $500,000 sales or more Cut Christmas trees harvested Nursery crops

1997 1992

138 98 13 23 45 30 10 10 7

1 2 2 6 18

5 34 28 10 7 8 6 1997 1997 1992 (X) 25 26

3 108 231 193 191 167 281

637 992 530 900 000 434 740 (X)

13 27 29 11 4 11 10 72 46 61

(D) 48 121 252 (D) 708 2 609 107 1 411 1 584

17 49 44 17 8 13 10 72 53 65

19 249 941 1 009 995 4 000 12 287 1 708 11 329 11 033

455 937 395 180

40

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 45.

Farms by Concentration of Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997
Fewest number of farms accounting for Characteristics All farms 10 percent of sales 2 .3 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) 25 percent of sales 7 1.0 (D) (D) 7 25 962 3 708 854 (D) (D) (D) 50 percent of sales 25 3.4 (D) (D) 25 44 267 1 770 670 (D) 6 388 22.4 75 percent of sales 79 10.7 16 430 208 79 85 863 1 086 871 5 226 12 206 42.8

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms Land in farms Average size of farm Estimated market value of land and buildings1 Average per farm Average per acre Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment1

number percent acres acres farms $1,000 dollars dollars $1,000 percent

735 100.0 55 256 75 735 325 166 442 402 5 885 28 517 100.0

Land in farms according to use: Total cropland Harvested cropland Pastureland, excluding woodland pastured Market value of agricultural products sold Average per farm Grains Cotton and cottonseed Tobacco Hay, silage, and field seeds

acres acres acres $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000

25 611 19 019 7 391 48 200 65 578 10 19 – – – – 149 1 175 126 3 873 75 1 889 276 30 962 23 1 504 67 2 002 32 4 704 158 675 45 493 54 58 69 846 735 35 350 161 848 271 2 924 493 1 528 347 824 694 1 642 505 743 277 10 755 218 1 744 46 122

(D) (D) (D) (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) – –

2 291 2 063 (D) (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 7 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7 (D) – – – – 7 374 7 187 7 (D) 7 (D) 7 (D) 7 597 2 (D)

5 079 4 551 (D) 24 451 978 050 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) 18 19 463 1 (D) 2 (D) 3 (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 25 16 760 5 209 6 805 22 701 23 338 25 553 23 195 25 6 869 20 812 4 18

9 769 8 494 1 192 36 150 457 597 3 (D) – – – – 10 50 16 2 052 6 844 49 26 061 5 1 313 9 1 758 15 3 512 18 157 3 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 79 24 760 15 432 25 1 975 70 1 059 64 539 79 1 006 73 400 75 9 243 56 1 184 10 39

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Fruits, nuts, and berries Nursery and greenhouse crops Other crops

Poultry and poultry products Dairy products Cattle and calves Hogs and pigs

Sheep, lambs, and wool Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Total farm production expenses1 Selected farm production expenses1: Livestock and poultry purchased Feed for livestock and poultry Commercial fertilizer Agricultural chemicals

Petroleum products Electricity Hired farm labor Interest

Payments from government programs

Inventory of selected livestock: Cattle and calves Milk cows Hogs and pigs
1Data

farms number farms number farms number

200 5 749 45 2 239 60 2 764

– – – – – –

– – – – – –

4 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D)

19 2 351 15 1 561 3 238

are based on a sample of farms.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

41

Table 46.

Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1997
All farms Item Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Farms with sales of $10,000 or more

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Average size of farm number percent acres acres 735 100.0 55 256 75 506 68.8 30 029 59 167 22.7 21 289 127 62 8.4 3 938 64 343 46.7 36 766 107 193 26.3 15 714 81 111 15.1 18 101 163 39 5.3 2 951 76

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) Average per farm Farms by value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Grains Sales of $50,000 or more Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Sales of $50,000 or more Tobacco Sales of $50,000 or more Hay, silage, and field seeds Sales of $50,000 or more Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Sales of $50,000 or more Fruits, nuts, and berries Sales of $50,000 or more Nursery and greenhouse crops Sales of $50,000 or more Other crops Sales of $50,000 or more Poultry and poultry products Sales of $50,000 or more Dairy products Sales of $50,000 or more Cattle and calves Sales of $50,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars 735 48 200 65 578 117 93 91 91 78 31 53 20 64 55 23 9 9 1 – 10 19 – – 5 10 – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 4 7 – – – – – – – – 149 1 175 4 330 126 3 873 18 2 385 75 1 889 9 1 292 276 30 962 81 28 697 23 1 504 5 1 376 67 2 002 8 (D) 32 4 704 29 4 609 158 675 – – 506 18 540 36 640 102 78 67 66 50 23 29 14 35 27 8 5 2 – – 5 (D) – – 3 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 82 373 – – 74 1 129 3 (D) 54 1 468 6 1 087 193 11 003 45 9 494 9 (D) – – 48 1 975 8 (D) 7 1 090 6 (D) 81 290 – – 167 22 302 133 544 10 12 19 15 18 5 15 6 23 23 12 3 6 – – 5 (D) – – 2 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 60 (D) 3 (D) 40 2 533 14 2 096 15 385 3 206 52 13 609 26 13 166 12 1 469 5 1 376 18 (D) – – 21 3 218 19 (D) 66 341 – – 62 7 359 118 687 5 3 5 10 10 3 9 – 6 5 3 1 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7 (D) 1 (D) 12 211 1 (D) 6 36 – – 31 6 350 10 6 037 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 4 396 4 396 11 44 – – 343 47 085 137 273 – – – – 78 31 53 20 64 55 23 9 9 1 – 6 12 – – 2 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 3 (D) – – – – – – – – 70 959 4 330 92 3 758 18 2 385 45 1 791 9 1 292 182 30 693 81 28 697 15 1 493 5 1 376 28 1 976 8 (D) 32 4 704 29 4 609 71 491 – – 193 17 714 91 784 – – – – 50 23 29 14 35 27 8 5 2 – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 26 (D) – – 47 1 043 3 (D) 29 1 387 6 1 087 109 10 772 45 9 494 3 (D) – – 15 1 954 8 (D) 7 1 090 6 (D) 26 185 – – 111 22 109 199 181 – – – – 18 5 15 6 23 23 12 3 6 – – 4 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 40 (D) 3 (D) 37 2 525 14 2 096 14 (D) 3 206 48 13 598 26 13 166 11 (D) 5 1 376 12 (D) – – 21 3 218 19 (D) 38 277 – – 39 7 261 186 184 – – – – 10 3 9 – 6 5 3 1 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 181 1 (D) 8 190 1 (D) 2 (D) – – 25 6 323 10 6 037 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 4 396 4 396 7 29 – –

42

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 46.

Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1997 Con.
All farms Item Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Farms with sales of $10,000 or more

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD Con.
Total sales (see text) Hogs and pigs Con. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 45 493 2 (D) 54 58 – – 34 430 2 (D) 37 35 – – 10 (D) – – 12 14 – – 1 (D) – – 5 9 – – 22 429 2 (D) 8 6 – – 16 375 2 (D) 5 3 – – 5 (D) – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – –

Sales of $50,000 or more

Sheep, lambs, and wool Sales of $50,000 or more

Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Sales of $50,000 or more Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)

farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000

69 846 6 581 135 2 323

53 710 5 (D) 76 1 245

12 (D) – – 48 989

4 (D) 1 (D) 11 90

29 774 6 581 83 2 207

22 (D) 5 (D) 42 1 168

5 11 – – 36 (D)

2 (D) 1 (D) 5 (D)

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1
Total farm production expenses Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Feed for livestock and poultry Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Commercially mixed formula feeds farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 735 35 350 48 096 161 848 122 29 9 1 – 271 2 924 211 30 22 7 1 179 2 219 506 14 061 27 788 97 520 74 17 5 1 – 179 1 520 147 20 8 3 1 115 1 206 167 16 896 101 175 54 264 42 9 3 – – 81 1 252 57 8 12 4 – 56 (D) 62 4 393 70 858 10 65 6 3 1 – – 11 152 7 2 2 – – 8 (D) 343 32 128 93 669 72 723 42 20 9 1 – 104 2 669 55 19 22 7 1 78 2 089 193 11 478 59 469 36 443 18 12 5 1 – 53 1 329 31 10 8 3 1 37 1 118 111 16 344 147 245 30 221 22 5 3 – – 44 1 192 21 7 12 4 – 36 (D) 39 4 307 110 427 6 59 2 3 1 – – 7 148 3 2 2 – – 5 (D)

Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Commercial fertilizer Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Agricultural chemicals Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Petroleum products Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Gasoline and gasohol Diesel fuel Natural gas LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000

137 18 17 7 383 2 027 213 107 50 7 6 493 1 528 439 40 10 4 347 824 309 32 5 1 694 1 642 628 54 10 2 602 594 380 596 30 48 485 404

95 10 6 4 235 476 154 60 18 3 – 306 383 293 11 1 1 217 270 209 6 2 – 468 704 445 21 1 1 402 254 232 (D) 23 (D) 304 (D)

38 5 10 3 103 1 335 37 35 23 3 5 139 958 105 23 9 2 91 435 69 19 2 1 165 736 131 26 7 1 147 249 118 300 7 (D) 137 (D)

4 3 1 – 45 215 22 12 9 1 1 48 187 41 6 – 1 39 118 31 7 1 – 61 202 52 7 2 – 53 91 30 (D) – – 44 (D)

41 13 17 7 241 1 990 79 99 50 7 6 277 1 406 225 38 10 4 224 775 187 31 5 1 335 1 443 269 54 10 2 290 491 224 541 16 43 283 368

21 6 6 4 122 447 48 53 18 3 – 141 300 129 10 1 1 119 235 112 5 2 – 187 544 164 21 1 1 158 174 108 171 11 (D) 150 (D)

19 4 10 3 86 1 331 21 34 23 3 5 104 928 71 22 9 2 78 (D) 56 19 2 1 109 703 75 26 7 1 100 229 95 291 5 (D) 102 (D)

1 3 1 – 33 213 10 12 9 1 1 32 178 25 6 – 1 27 (D) 19 7 1 – 39 195 30 7 2 – 32 88 21 79 – – 31 29

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

43

Table 46.

Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1997 Con.
All farms Item Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Farms with sales of $10,000 or more

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1 Con.
Total farm production expenses Electricity Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Hired farm labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Workers by days worked: 150 days or more Less than 150 days Contract labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Repair and maintenance Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Interest Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Not secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Cash rent Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Property taxes Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more All other farm production expenses Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms workers farms workers farms $1,000 farms $1,000 Con. farms $1,000 505 743 347 121 37 – – 277 10 755 128 75 51 13 10 158 657 229 768 83 725 32 38 8 1 4 605 2 655 489 98 11 7 122 289 65 41 16 – – 218 1 744 143 61 12 2 152 1 092 29 66 49 5 3 105 652 41 41 18 3 2 135 1 021 104 14 10 7 681 2 640 529 108 37 7 663 4 985 514 112 20 8 9 343 390 258 68 17 – – 166 3 440 91 41 25 7 2 86 234 142 431 46 371 21 18 4 1 2 400 1 050 347 49 3 1 73 117 49 20 4 – – 125 778 90 31 3 1 100 537 24 45 28 2 1 46 241 19 22 4 – 1 – – – – – – 499 1 851 394 79 21 5 444 2 190 374 56 8 3 3 128 294 67 44 17 – – 83 5 399 25 28 20 5 5 54 320 61 257 28 300 10 15 1 – 2 152 1 185 102 40 5 5 34 148 8 16 10 – – 74 830 43 23 7 1 52 555 5 21 21 3 2 40 275 13 18 7 1 1 96 688 76 8 7 5 165 780 118 29 16 2 161 2 292 100 42 10 4 5 34 59 22 9 3 – – 28 1 916 12 6 6 1 3 18 103 26 80 9 54 1 5 3 – – 53 421 40 9 3 1 15 24 8 5 2 – – 19 136 10 7 2 – – – – – – – – 19 136 9 1 7 2 – 39 333 28 6 3 2 17 9 17 – – – 58 504 40 14 2 1 1 278 643 140 102 36 – – 203 10 600 57 73 50 13 10 139 634 157 617 60 704 14 33 8 1 4 310 2 199 217 75 11 7 61 252 17 28 16 – – 160 1 608 93 53 12 2 108 970 14 45 41 5 3 87 639 28 36 18 3 2 108 1 005 77 14 10 7 316 1 446 227 56 27 6 342 4 664 197 108 20 8 9 154 304 86 52 16 – – 111 3 298 39 39 24 7 2 70 215 88 318 29 357 8 14 4 1 2 166 680 132 30 3 1 27 (D) 9 14 4 – – 76 (D) 46 26 3 1 60 451 9 25 23 2 1 34 (D) 11 18 4 – 1 – – – – – – 192 821 143 34 11 4 192 1 943 125 53 8 3 3 98 282 40 41 17 – – 71 5 395 13 28 20 5 5 53 (D) 49 232 23 (D) 6 14 1 – 2 107 1 116 60 37 5 5 25 139 4 11 10 – – 67 789 39 20 7 1 48 519 5 20 18 3 2 36 270 10 17 7 1 1 79 680 59 8 7 5 111 618 71 22 16 2 111 2 230 51 41 10 4 5 26 57 14 9 3 – – 21 1 907 5 6 6 1 3 16 (D) 20 67 8 (D) – 5 3 – – 37 403 25 8 3 1 9 (D) 4 3 2 – – 17 (D) 8 7 2 – – – – – – – – 17 (D) 7 1 7 2 – 29 325 18 6 3 2 13 7 13 – – – 39 492 21 14 2 1 1

44

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 46.

Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1997 Con.
All farms Item Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Farms with sales of $10,000 or more

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

NET CASH RETURN FROM AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR THE FARM UNIT (SEE TEXT)1
All farms Average per farm Farms with net gains2 Average net gain Gain of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Farms with net losses Average net loss Loss of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more number dollars number $1,000 dollars number dollars 735 12 850 17 483 353 45 151 35 126 119 73 382 8 085 39 255 84 4 506 4 479 8 851 210 32 885 29 84 57 40 296 8 199 33 197 63 3 167 5 406 32 369 95 63 238 3 24 42 26 72 8 361 2 49 20 1 62 2 965 47 829 48 63 018 3 18 20 7 14 4 249 4 9 1 – 343 14 956 43 604 283 55 780 7 84 119 73 60 13 825 6 27 25 2 193 6 237 32 315 160 42 592 6 57 57 40 33 17 512 5 10 16 2 111 5 765 51 936 89 67 321 1 20 42 26 22 10 306 – 14 8 – 39 2 955 75 757 34 87 630 – 7 20 7 5 4 975 1 3 1 –

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND OTHER FARM RELATED INCOME
Government payments Other farm related income1 Customwork and other agricultural services Gross cash rent or share payments Forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products Other farm related income sources farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 46 122 128 792 43 511 26 85 41 79 43 117 15 30 74 470 21 288 18 (D) 26 46 21 (D) 23 71 46 300 17 207 6 12 11 28 21 53 8 21 8 22 5 15 2 (D) 4 5 1 (D) 37 114 58 538 19 424 10 (D) 14 (D) 26 46 11 (D) 21 (D) 6 216 4 21 6 (D) 8 (D) 21 (D) 33 268 11 (D) 5 (D) 7 24 17 32 5 21 4 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D)

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS
Total Corn Wheat Soybeans Sorghum, barley, and oats Cotton Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed Peanuts, rice, and tobacco farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE
Total cropland Harvested cropland Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Cropland: Pasture or grazing only In cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured On which all crops failed In cultivated summer fallow Idle Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 661 25 611 606 19 019 494 68 28 14 2 – – 224 4 730 45 617 16 93 8 203 74 949 350 18 802 95 1 769 311 17 033 439 9 232 393 5 832 365 22 4 2 – – – 150 2 515 26 256 12 (D) 6 (D) 54 482 248 13 086 68 (D) 221 (D) 164 13 758 156 10 937 87 36 21 11 1 – – 65 2 058 14 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 14 (D) 92 4 948 25 666 81 4 282 58 2 621 57 2 250 42 10 3 1 1 – – 9 157 5 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 6 (D) 10 768 2 (D) 9 (D) 323 19 174 316 15 483 219 54 27 14 2 – – 73 (D) 28 542 11 74 4 (D) 44 772 157 11 640 35 (D) 143 (D) 175 4 936 170 3 743 146 18 4 2 – – – 35 (D) 14 193 9 (D) 3 11 28 312 89 (D) 18 (D) 81 (D) 110 11 932 109 9 722 50 27 20 11 1 – – 34 1 459 11 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 11 (D) 63 4 091 16 432 58 3 659 38 2 306 37 2 018 23 9 3 1 1 – – 4 (D) 3 (D) – – – – 5 (D) 5 (D) 1 (D) 4 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

45

Table 46.

Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1997 Con.
All farms Item Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Farms with sales of $10,000 or more

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE Con.
Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Irrigated land Harvested cropland irrigated Pasture and other land irrigated Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 130 2 661 515 8 182 180 3 265 177 3 176 7 89 5 (D) 84 1 543 377 6 168 118 965 115 (D) 6 (D) 2 (D) 39 919 115 1 664 45 1 812 45 (D) 1 (D) 3 (D) 7 199 23 350 17 488 17 488 – – – – 58 1 700 232 4 252 134 3 179 132 (D) 6 (D) 3 (D) 31 (D) 137 (D) 77 (D) 75 (D) 5 (D) 1 (D) 25 712 79 1 366 41 1 802 41 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 16 (D) 16 (D) 16 (D) – – – –

VALUE OF LAND AND BUILDINGS1
Estimated market value of land and buildings Average per farm Average per acre Farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more farms $1,000 dollars dollars 735 325 166 442 402 5 885 48 39 24 64 67 289 126 63 12 3 506 169 622 335 221 5 649 35 26 18 53 48 217 81 25 3 – 167 124 197 743 696 5 834 1 2 2 8 15 60 39 31 7 2 62 31 346 505 588 7 960 12 11 4 3 4 12 6 7 2 1 343 201 012 586 039 5 467 21 14 10 21 27 115 71 51 11 2 193 78 348 405 949 4 986 16 9 7 15 16 74 38 15 3 – 111 97 527 878 619 5 388 1 – 1 3 9 31 28 30 7 1 39 25 137 644 528 8 518 4 5 2 3 2 10 5 6 1 1

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment Farms by value group: $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more farms $1,000 735 28 517 90 112 169 220 84 40 14 6 506 14 165 71 85 131 153 42 19 4 1 167 11 559 9 19 27 50 32 17 10 3 62 2 794 10 8 11 17 10 4 – 2 343 20 389 18 39 71 104 63 29 13 6 193 7 901 13 26 50 61 28 11 3 1 111 10 311 1 7 15 32 27 16 10 3 39 2 177 4 6 6 11 8 2 – 2

SELECTED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 637 1 397 630 1 539 442 755 413 784 398 688 68 96 12 16 – – 166 189 170 189 429 811 430 853 306 467 247 386 240 350 29 36 1 (D) – – 85 98 77 81 156 462 154 545 106 218 129 327 121 275 32 52 10 (D) – – 69 77 84 98 52 124 46 141 30 70 37 71 37 63 7 8 1 (D) – – 12 14 9 10 305 867 305 904 215 414 214 490 208 426 43 64 9 (D) – – 73 81 77 (D) 165 393 170 378 121 205 99 173 98 (D) 11 (D) – – – – 21 23 23 (D) 106 383 104 424 74 156 91 268 86 222 28 46 8 (D) – – 48 (D) 50 60 34 91 31 102 20 53 24 49 24 (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) – – 4 (D) 4 5

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS1
Commercial fertilizer farms acres on which used 480 15 580 296 4 329 139 9 336 45 1 915 271 13 078 138 2 783 104 8 564 29 1 731

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops farms acres on which used Nematodes in crops farms acres on which used Diseases in crops and orchards farms acres on which used Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture farms acres on which used Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate farms acres on which used See footnotes at end of table.

199 5 973 14 (D) 118 2 351 175 8 557 19 265

123 1 882 8 82 76 940 84 2 132 10 (D)

50 3 175 4 (D) 31 1 304 70 5 153 7 178

26 916 2 (D) 11 107 21 1 272 2 (D)

140 5 588 9 90 81 2 148 128 7 736 14 (D)

74 1 638 6 (D) 44 (D) 51 1 653 6 59

46 (D) 2 (D) 29 (D) 61 (D) 6 (D)

20 (D) 1 (D) 8 44 16 (D) 2 (D)

46

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 46.

Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1997 Con.
All farms Item Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Farms with sales of $10,000 or more

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

TENURE AND RACE OF OPERATOR
All operators Full owners Part owners Tenants White Full owners Part owners Tenants Black and other races Full owners Part owners Tenants 735 506 167 62 732 503 167 62 3 3 – – 506 506 – – 503 503 – – 3 3 – – 167 – 167 – 167 – 167 – – – – – 62 – – 62 62 – – 62 – – – – 343 193 111 39 342 192 111 39 1 1 – – 193 193 – – 192 192 – – 1 1 – – 111 – 111 – 111 – 111 – – – – – 39 – – 39 39 – – 39 – – – –

OWNED AND RENTED LAND
Land owned Owned land in farms Land rented or leased from others Rented or leased land in farms Land rented or leased to others farms acres farms acres farms acres landlords farms acres farms acres 673 42 430 673 41 526 229 13 800 564 229 13 730 41 974 506 (D) 506 30 029 – – – – – 33 (D) 167 (D) 167 11 497 167 (D) 423 167 9 792 7 198 – – – – 62 (D) 141 62 3 938 1 (D) 304 25 794 304 25 432 150 11 404 421 150 11 334 17 432 193 15 926 193 15 714 – – – – – 10 212 111 9 868 111 9 718 111 (D) (D) 111 8 383 6 (D) – – – – 39 (D) (D) 39 2 951 1 (D)

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 49 years 50 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) 527 125 83 370 365 328 381 50 71 260 26 30 34 70 447 20.4 154 6 37 153 92 102 95 79 57 114 54.1 620 115 7 375 65 66 237 269 225 262 30 51 181 19 22 21 43 298 20.2 122 2 22 92 65 68 71 53 44 89 55.4 413 93 5 128 27 12 101 66 80 81 9 17 55 6 3 5 19 117 23.0 23 4 11 32 16 28 21 25 12 18 52.9 155 12 – 24 33 5 32 30 23 38 11 3 24 1 5 8 8 32 14.6 9 – 4 29 11 6 3 1 1 7 47.0 52 10 2 222 83 38 243 100 204 124 23 23 78 15 11 16 31 223 21.8 62 5 18 76 41 46 42 33 31 51 53.5 299 44 4 128 39 26 130 63 121 63 9 10 44 9 6 8 16 120 21.2 43 2 10 34 24 23 25 19 22 34 55.2 160 33 3 82 21 8 85 26 63 43 5 13 25 5 2 2 11 81 25.1 15 3 6 22 12 19 15 13 9 12 52.9 105 6 – 12 23 4 28 11 20 18 9 – 9 1 3 6 4 22 15.1 4 – 2 20 5 4 2 1 – 5 47.1 34 5 1

FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation: Family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other than family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms farms farms acres farms farms farms acres 573 36 304 54 (D) 92 (D) 1 91 6 (D) 1 5 10 (D) 407 19 519 33 4 263 53 (D) 1 52 4 (D) – 4 9 759 127 14 538 17 2 025 23 4 726 – 23 – – – – – – 39 2 247 4 (D) 16 (D) – 16 2 (D) 1 1 1 (D) 233 20 686 32 5 381 70 (D) 1 69 4 (D) 1 3 4 (D) 132 (D) 20 3 684 35 4 306 1 34 3 (D) – 3 3 66 79 11 694 11 (D) 21 (D) – 21 – – – – – – 22 (D) 1 (D) 14 (D) – 14 1 (D) 1 – 1 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

47

Table 46.

Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1997 Con.
All farms Item Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Farms with sales of $10,000 or more

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

INJURIES AND DEATHS
Farm related injuries: Operator and family members Hired workers Farm related deaths: Operator and family members Hired workers farms number farms number farms number farms number 4 5 11 34 – – 1 (D) 3 (D) 6 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 3 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) – – – – 2 (D) 9 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 4 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 3 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) – – – –

FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 181 257 77 60 53 31 22 12 27 13 1 1 144 199 48 36 27 17 11 7 13 2 1 1 13 43 25 20 20 11 9 4 12 10 – – 24 15 4 4 6 3 2 1 2 1 – – 77 100 28 24 37 16 18 8 20 13 1 1 59 70 11 10 15 5 9 3 7 2 1 1 5 23 14 10 17 9 7 4 12 10 – – 13 7 3 4 5 2 2 1 1 1 – –

FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) 10 89 48 230 96 – – 96 67 18 32 22 21 24 78 3 50 41 165 60 – – 60 48 8 7 18 21 19 66 5 29 4 36 34 – – 34 16 9 21 4 – 2 7 2 10 3 29 2 – – 2 3 1 4 – – 3 5 6 60 22 149 31 – – 31 8 2 32 8 9 1 15 – 28 18 93 12 – – 12 5 1 7 6 9 1 13 4 27 3 33 18 – – 18 2 1 21 2 – – – 2 5 1 23 1 – – 1 1 – 4 – – – 2

LIVESTOCK
Cattle and calves inventory Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Cows and heifers that had calved Beef cows farms number farms number farms number 200 5 749 82 84 18 13 3 – 162 3 301 129 1 062 116 1 712 63 45 5 3 – – 91 928 81 (D) 72 3 608 15 33 12 9 3 – 61 2 122 42 (D) 12 429 4 6 1 1 – – 10 251 6 63 73 4 193 12 31 15 12 3 – 59 2 602 31 390 27 935 6 14 4 3 – – 19 533 14 183 39 2 918 4 14 10 8 3 – 33 1 843 14 (D) 7 340 2 3 1 1 – – 7 226 3 (D)

Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Milk cows farms number

92 36 1 – – – 45 2 239

61 19 1 – – – 14 (D)

27 15 – – – – 26 (D)

4 2 – – – – 5 188

14 17 – – – – 32 2 212

4 10 – – – – 6 350

8 6 – – – – 22 (D)

2 1 – – – – 4 (D)

Farms with 1 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Heifers and heifer calves Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number

13 1 12 14 4 1 – 125 1 701 140 747

7 1 3 2 1 – – 64 533 78 251

5 – 7 10 3 1 – 53 1 044 53 442

1 – 2 2 – – – 8 124 9 54

1 – 12 14 4 1 – 53 1 282 54 309

– – 3 2 1 – – 17 (D) 21 (D)

1 – 7 10 3 1 – 32 877 29 198

– – 2 2 – – – 4 (D) 4 (D)

48

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 46.

Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1997 Con.
All farms Item Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Farms with sales of $10,000 or more

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

LIVESTOCK Con.
Cattle and calves sold Calves Cattle Fattened on grain and concentrates farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number 158 2 315 675 79 1 156 86 134 1 159 589 27 (D) (D) 60 2 764 41 4 3 7 5 – farms number farms number farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 31 (D) 56 (D) 45 4 951 493 13 (D) (D) 31 737 28 342 27 395 69 1 064 50 (D) 44 726 49 852 5 547 163 1 117 32 79 36 298 12 131 81 851 290 34 (D) (D) 70 (D) (D) 10 43 32 43 2 355 26 4 3 6 4 – 25 513 40 1 842 34 4 315 430 10 948 35 25 646 23 298 21 348 50 (D) 34 (D) 28 430 34 491 3 241 120 899 24 61 27 (D) 8 122 66 1 302 341 37 783 46 55 519 296 15 105 77 14 (D) 12 – – 1 1 – 5 (D) 13 (D) 10 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 5 (D) 4 (D) 5 (D) 14 (D) 11 146 12 162 10 204 1 574 35 162 5 11 9 (D) 4 9 11 162 44 8 (D) (D) 9 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 3 (D) 3 – – – – – 1 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 5 170 5 114 4 134 5 157 732 8 56 3 7 – – – – 71 1 895 491 49 1 054 69 59 841 421 7 (D) (D) 22 1 932 8 2 2 6 4 – 16 450 22 1 482 22 4 193 429 7 650 22 16 603 15 265 14 338 13 (D) 9 (D) 7 106 7 112 944 38 249 15 50 10 109 3 (D) 26 588 185 15 (D) (D) 23 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 17 1 578 5 2 2 5 3 – 12 381 17 1 197 16 3 613 375 4 500 18 12 518 11 223 10 295 9 100 6 55 4 50 5 (D) (D) 20 (D) 11 38 7 93 3 87 38 1 185 277 27 758 39 31 427 238 4 (D) (D) 4 (D) 2 – – 1 1 – 3 (D) 4 (D) 5 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) 3 23 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) (D) 16 57 3 (D) 3 16 – – 7 122 29 7 (D) (D) 5 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – –

Hogs and pigs inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Used or to be used for breeding Other

Hogs and pigs sold Feeder pigs Litters of pigs farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 Dec. 1 and May 31 June 1 and Nov. 30

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory Ewes 1 year old or older

Sheep and lambs sold Sheep and lambs shorn

farms number farms number pounds of wool farms number farms number farms number farms number

Horses and ponies inventory Horses and ponies sold Goats inventory Goats sold

POULTRY
Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Farms with 1 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Layers 20 weeks old and older Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old farms number farms number farms number 93 58 042 88 1 2 1 1 – – 92 57 722 13 320 64 56 073 60 – 2 1 1 – – 63 55 995 8 78 27 (D) 26 1 – – – – – 27 (D) 5 242 2 (D) 2 – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 29 (D) 24 1 2 1 1 – – 29 55 900 3 (D) 14 54 573 10 – 2 1 1 – – 14 54 573 – – 14 (D) 13 1 – – – – – 14 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – 1 (D) – –

Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks sold (see text) Broilers and other meat type chickens sold Farms with 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Turkey hens kept for breeding Turkeys sold See footnotes at end of table.

farms number farms number

19 (D) 5 (D) 4 – 1 –

13 52 739 4 (D) 3 – 1 – 4 (D) 7 (D)

6 448 1 (D) 1 – – – 1 (D) 4 121

– – – – – – – – – – – –

11 53 040 1 (D) – – 1 – 2 (D) 4 (D)

6 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 – 1 (D) 2 (D)

5 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D)

– – – – – – – – – – – –

farms number farms number

5 (D) 11 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

49

Table 46.

Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1997 Con.
All farms Item Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Total Full owners Part owners Tenants Farms with sales of $10,000 or more

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

SELECTED CROPS HARVESTED
Corn for silage or green chop Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) Irrigated farms acres cwt farms acres farms acres tons, green farms acres 53 (D) (D) – – 20 25 6 2 – 16 788 (D) 4 (D) 7 3 3 2 1 14 240 4 338 – – 10 4 – – – 5 (D) (D) 2 (D) 4 1 – – – 34 2 141 33 679 – – 10 18 4 2 – 10 772 211 850 2 (D) 2 2 3 2 1 5 475 8 964 – – – 3 2 – – 1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – – 42 (D) (D) – – 12 22 6 2 – 14 (D) (D) 3 (D) 5 3 3 2 1 10 (D) (D) – – 6 4 – – – 4 (D) (D) 1 (D) 3 1 – – – 28 2 007 30 879 – – 6 16 4 2 – 10 772 211 850 2 (D) 2 2 3 2 1 4 (D) (D) – – – 2 2 – – – – – – – – – – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres

255 8 189 16 680 5 (D) 142 101 10 2 –

143 3 049 5 437 5 25 100 41 2 – –

99 4 589 10 077 – – 36 55 6 2 –

13 551 1 166 – – 6 5 2 – –

101 (D) (D) 3 (D) 29 61 9 2 –

38 1 403 2 873 3 (D) 16 20 2 – –

57 3 510 8 542 – – 11 39 5 2 –

6 388 818 – – 2 2 2 – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres farms acres farms acres

176 (D) (D) 3 (D) 126 1 907 44 450 58 49 17 1 1

90 1 817 2 904 3 (D) 74 518 27 (D) 41 31 2 – – 40 273 8 11 21 18 1 – –

75 2 724 5 541 – – 40 1 237 15 241 10 16 12 1 1 11 (D) 2 (D) 8 2 1 – –

11 363 779 – – 12 152 2 (D) 7 2 3 – – 3 (D) 1 (D) 1 2 – – –

73 (D) (D) 2 (D) 92 1 825 33 434 28 45 17 1 1 28 303 4 15 11 15 2 – –

25 890 1 513 2 (D) 47 463 17 178 17 28 2 – – 18 204 2 (D) 5 12 1 – –

44 1 962 4 434 – – 37 1 223 14 (D) 8 15 12 1 1 9 (D) 1 (D) 6 2 1 – –

4 220 455 – – 8 140 2 (D) 3 2 3 – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – 1 – – –

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Land in orchards Irrigated Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more

farms acres farms acres

54 389 11 25 30 22 2 – –

1Data are based on a sample of farms. 2Farms with total production expenses equal

to market value of agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains of less than $1,000.

50

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 47.

Summary by Type of Organization: 1997
Corporation Family held Item Individual or family 10 or less stock holders 10 or less stock holders Other than family held Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total

Partnership

Total

Total

Total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Average size of farm number percent acres acres 735 100.0 55 256 75 573 78.0 36 304 63 54 7.3 (D) (D) 98 13.3 11 534 118 92 12.5 (D) (D) 91 12.4 (D) (D) 6 .8 (D) (D) 5 .7 122 24 10 1.4 (D) (D)

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) Average per farm Farms by value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Grains Sales of $50,000 or more Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Sales of $50,000 or more Tobacco Sales of $50,000 or more Hay, silage, and field seeds Sales of $50,000 or more Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Sales of $50,000 or more Fruits, nuts, and berries Sales of $50,000 or more Nursery and greenhouse crops Sales of $50,000 or more Other crops Sales of $50,000 or more Poultry and poultry products Sales of $50,000 or more Dairy products Sales of $50,000 or more Cattle and calves Sales of $50,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars 735 48 200 65 578 117 93 91 91 78 31 53 20 64 55 23 9 9 1 – 10 19 – – 5 10 – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 4 7 – – – – – – – – 149 1 175 4 330 126 3 873 18 2 385 75 1 889 9 1 292 276 30 962 81 28 697 23 1 504 5 1 376 67 2 002 8 (D) 32 4 704 29 (D) 158 675 – – 573 18 021 31 451 105 82 77 76 64 23 35 16 48 37 7 2 1 – – 8 (D) – – 5 10 – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 125 987 3 (D) 104 3 011 11 1 788 58 708 4 287 186 6 688 35 5 070 17 783 4 (D) 58 732 5 (D) 27 3 589 26 (D) 134 515 – – 54 (D) (D) 3 3 7 9 4 3 8 1 5 8 2 – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 14 (D) 1 (D) 11 (D) 3 298 9 (D) 3 (D) 20 (D) 8 2 601 1 (D) – – 3 4 – – 3 (D) 2 (D) 15 (D) – – 98 25 445 259 642 7 7 4 6 8 4 10 3 10 10 14 7 7 1 – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 9 27 – – 10 417 4 299 7 819 2 (D) 68 21 522 38 21 026 5 (D) 1 (D) 6 1 266 3 1 258 2 (D) 1 (D) 7 40 – – 92 24 284 263 956 6 6 4 6 8 4 10 3 9 9 13 6 7 1 – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 8 (D) – – 10 417 4 299 7 819 2 (D) 66 (D) 37 (D) 5 (D) 1 (D) 5 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 7 40 – – 91 (D) (D) 6 6 4 6 8 4 10 3 9 9 13 5 7 1 – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 7 (D) – – 10 417 4 299 6 (D) 1 (D) 66 (D) 37 (D) 5 (D) 1 (D) 5 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 7 40 – – 6 1 161 193 500 1 1 – – – – – – 1 1 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 5 (D) (D) 1 1 – – – – – – 1 – 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 10 (D) (D) 2 1 3 – 2 1 – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

51

Table 47.

Summary by Type of Organization: 1997 Con.
Corporation Family held Item Individual or family 10 or less stock holders 10 or less stock holders Other than family held Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total

Partnership

Total

Total

Total

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD Con.
Total sales (see text) Hogs and pigs Con. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 45 493 2 (D) 54 58 – – 69 846 6 581 135 2 323 39 456 2 (D) 45 (D) – – 55 496 3 310 113 1 848 4 (D) – – 4 (D) – – 5 19 – – 10 326 1 (D) – – 2 (D) – – 7 (D) 2 (D) 11 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 5 59 – – 10 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 5 59 – – 10 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 3 6 – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D)

Sales of $50,000 or more Sheep, lambs, and wool Sales of $50,000 or more Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Sales of $50,000 or more Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1
Total farm production expenses Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Feed for livestock and poultry Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Commercially mixed formula feeds Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Commercial fertilizer Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Agricultural chemicals Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Petroleum products Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Gasoline and gasohol Diesel fuel Natural gas LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 735 35 350 48 096 161 848 122 29 9 1 – 271 2 924 211 30 22 7 1 179 2 219 137 18 17 7 383 2 027 213 107 50 7 6 493 1 528 439 40 10 4 347 824 309 32 5 1 694 1 642 628 54 10 2 602 594 380 596 30 48 485 404 573 13 915 24 285 130 521 104 22 3 1 – 228 1 850 180 24 21 3 – 147 1 247 115 13 17 2 278 575 171 75 30 2 – 379 619 356 21 2 – 244 365 227 16 1 – 536 822 502 32 2 – 464 328 280 257 19 (D) 364 (D) 54 (D) (D) 13 (D) 9 3 1 – – 18 (D) 13 3 1 1 – 12 (D) 9 2 – 1 34 170 14 13 5 2 – 41 (D) 35 4 1 1 33 (D) 26 6 1 – 52 158 46 4 1 1 44 38 34 (D) 2 (D) 41 33 98 17 529 178 863 15 212 7 3 5 – – 20 802 13 3 – 3 1 16 (D) 9 3 – 4 65 1 279 22 19 15 3 6 68 725 44 14 7 3 65 331 51 10 3 1 97 653 71 18 7 1 87 225 60 (D) 8 20 74 (D) 92 16 960 184 350 13 (D) 7 3 3 – – 17 (D) 11 3 – 3 – 14 495 8 3 – 3 62 (D) 20 18 15 3 6 67 (D) 43 14 7 3 64 (D) 50 10 3 1 91 (D) 65 18 7 1 81 220 59 (D) 8 20 70 156 91 (D) (D) 13 (D) 7 3 3 – – 17 (D) 11 3 – 3 – 14 495 8 3 – 3 62 (D) 20 18 15 3 6 66 (D) 43 13 7 3 63 (D) 50 9 3 1 90 (D) 65 17 7 1 80 (D) 58 (D) 8 20 69 (D) 6 568 94 724 2 (D) – – 2 – – 3 (D) 2 – – – 1 2 (D) 1 – – 1 3 (D) 2 1 – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – 6 (D) 6 – – – 6 5 1 (D) – – 4 (D) 5 (D) (D) 1 (D) – – 1 – – 3 (D) 2 – – – 1 2 (D) 1 – – 1 3 (D) 2 1 – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – 5 (D) 5 – – – 5 (D) 1 (D) – – 3 (D) 10 (D) (D) 3 (D) 2 1 – – – 5 (D) 5 – – – – 4 6 4 – – – 6 2 6 – – – – 5 (D) 4 1 – – 5 (D) 5 – – – 9 9 9 – – – 7 4 6 (D) 1 (D) 6 1

52

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 47.

Summary by Type of Organization: 1997 Con.
Corporation Family held Item Individual or family 10 or less stock holders 10 or less stock holders Other than family held Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total

Partnership

Total

Total

Total

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1 Con.
Total farm production expenses Electricity Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Hired farm labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Workers by days worked: 150 days or more Less than 150 days Contract labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Repair and maintenance Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Interest Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Not secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Cash rent Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Property taxes Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more All other farm production expenses Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 Con. farms $1,000 505 743 347 121 37 – – 277 10 755 128 75 51 13 10 farms workers farms workers farms $1,000 158 657 229 768 83 725 32 38 8 1 4 605 2 655 489 98 11 7 farms $1,000 122 289 65 41 16 – – 218 1 744 143 61 12 2 152 1 092 29 66 49 5 3 105 652 41 41 18 3 2 135 1 021 104 14 10 7 681 2 640 529 108 37 7 663 4 985 514 112 20 8 9 381 441 275 88 18 – – 178 2 252 96 55 23 4 – 92 223 153 403 61 149 27 28 5 1 – 464 1 264 400 61 2 1 85 139 52 28 5 – – 160 798 111 45 4 – 116 654 24 52 38 1 1 73 144 34 29 10 – – 93 266 81 7 4 1 533 1 890 421 89 20 3 509 1 965 424 69 10 5 1 44 67 29 12 3 – – 26 (D) 13 5 7 – 1 14 (D) 22 57 6 (D) 2 3 – – 1 49 (D) 35 11 2 1 7 (D) 5 2 – – – 15 268 12 2 – 1 9 (D) 1 5 2 – 1 8 (D) 3 3 1 – 1 13 56 9 3 1 – 51 208 41 6 4 – 53 (D) 36 14 2 – 1 73 230 38 19 16 – – 70 7 597 17 15 20 9 9 51 391 51 300 15 421 2 7 3 – 3 84 1 051 46 26 7 5 29 145 7 11 11 – – 43 678 20 14 8 1 27 (D) 4 9 9 4 1 24 (D) 4 9 7 3 1 29 699 14 4 5 6 89 503 62 11 12 4 94 2 202 47 29 8 3 7 72 (D) 38 19 15 – – 66 7 510 16 14 18 9 9 47 364 50 (D) 14 (D) 2 6 3 – 3 80 (D) 44 24 7 5 28 (D) 7 10 11 – – 41 (D) 20 12 8 1 26 (D) 4 9 8 4 1 23 (D) 4 9 6 3 1 28 (D) 13 4 5 6 84 493 57 11 12 4 88 2 171 44 26 8 3 7 71 (D) 38 18 15 – – 65 (D) 16 14 18 8 9 46 (D) 49 (D) 13 (D) 2 6 3 – 2 79 (D) 44 23 7 5 27 (D) 7 10 10 – – 41 (D) 20 12 8 1 26 (D) 4 9 8 4 1 23 (D) 4 9 6 3 1 28 (D) 13 4 5 6 83 (D) 57 11 12 3 87 (D) 44 26 8 3 6 1 (D) – – 1 – – 4 88 1 1 2 – – 4 27 1 (D) 1 (D) – 1 – – – 4 (D) 2 2 – – 1 (D) – 1 – – – 2 (D) – 2 – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – 1 (D) 1 – – – 5 11 5 – – – 6 31 3 3 – – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – 3 (D) 1 1 1 – – 3 (D) – – 1 (D) – 1 – – – 3 (D) 2 1 – – 1 (D) – 1 – – – 1 (D) – 1 – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 (D) 4 – – – 5 (D) 3 2 – – – 7 5 5 2 – – – 3 (D) 2 – 1 – – 1 (D) 3 8 1 (D) 1 – – – – 8 (D) 8 – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 8 38 5 2 1 – 7 (D) 7 – – – –

farms $1,000

farms $1,000

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

53

Table 47.

Summary by Type of Organization: 1997 Con.
Corporation Family held Item Individual or family 10 or less stock holders 10 or less stock holders Other than family held Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total

Partnership

Total

Total

Total

NET CASH RETURN FROM AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR THE FARM UNIT (SEE TEXT)1
All farms Average per farm Farms with net gains2 Average net gain Gain of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Farms with net losses Average net loss Loss of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more number $1,000 dollars number dollars 735 12 850 17 483 353 45 151 35 126 119 73 382 8 085 39 255 84 4 573 4 106 7 166 247 26 307 31 99 85 32 326 7 337 32 228 64 2 54 842 15 587 33 33 107 2 10 11 10 21 11 944 2 9 10 – 98 7 916 80 780 68 122 162 1 14 22 31 30 13 019 5 15 8 2 92 7 324 79 606 64 (D) 1 14 21 28 28 (D) 5 13 8 2 91 (D) (D) 63 (D) 1 14 21 27 28 (D) 5 13 8 2 6 593 98 776 4 (D) – – 1 3 2 (D) – 2 – – 5 (D) (D) 3 (D) – – – 3 2 (D) – 2 – – 10 –14 –1 435 5 8 176 1 3 1 – 5 11 047 – 3 2 –

number dollars

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND OTHER FARM RELATED INCOME
Government payments Other farm related income1 Customwork and other agricultural services Gross cash rent or share payments Forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products Other farm related income sources farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 46 122 128 792 43 511 26 85 41 79 43 117 34 85 106 705 35 487 22 59 36 68 36 91 7 (D) 10 32 4 9 3 (D) – – 4 (D) 4 16 11 (D) 4 14 – – 5 11 3 (D) 3 (D) 10 47 3 (D) – – 5 11 3 (D) 3 (D) 10 47 3 (D) – – 5 11 3 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – –

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS
Total Corn Wheat Soybeans Sorghum, barley, and oats Cotton Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed Peanuts, rice, and tobacco farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE
Total cropland Harvested cropland Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Cropland: Pasture or grazing only In cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured On which all crops failed In cultivated summer fallow Idle Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres 661 25 611 606 19 019 494 68 28 14 2 – – farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 224 4 730 45 617 16 93 8 203 74 949 350 18 802 95 1 769 311 17 033 512 16 574 466 11 982 392 47 18 9 – – – 182 3 728 30 238 14 (D) 5 (D) 49 420 283 12 209 78 (D) 250 (D) 51 2 758 48 2 287 36 9 – 2 1 – – 19 (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 8 (D) 34 2 592 8 105 32 2 487 89 5 714 85 4 614 60 11 10 3 1 – – 18 (D) 9 327 1 (D) – – 16 464 31 (D) 7 (D) 28 (D) 85 (D) 82 (D) 57 11 10 3 1 – – 16 (D) 8 (D) 1 (D) – – 16 464 29 3 750 7 (D) 26 (D) 84 (D) 81 (D) 57 11 9 3 1 – – 16 (D) 8 (D) 1 (D) – – 15 (D) 28 (D) 7 (D) 25 (D) 4 (D) 3 (D) 3 – – – – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 2 (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) 3 – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 2 (D) 9 565 7 136 6 1 – – – – – 5 (D) 2 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D)

54

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 47.

Summary by Type of Organization: 1997 Con.
Corporation Family held Item Individual or family 10 or less stock holders 10 or less stock holders Other than family held Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total

Partnership

Total

Total

Total

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE Con.
Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Irrigated land Harvested cropland irrigated Pasture and other land irrigated Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 130 2 661 515 8 182 180 3 265 177 3 176 7 89 5 (D) 106 1 852 409 5 669 117 (D) 114 (D) 5 (D) 4 (D) 11 (D) 40 790 15 546 15 546 – – – – 12 (D) 59 1 569 47 1 682 47 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 12 (D) 55 1 515 46 (D) 46 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 12 (D) 54 (D) 45 (D) 45 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 4 54 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 4 54 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 7 154 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – –

VALUE OF LAND AND BUILDINGS1
Estimated market value of land and buildings Average per farm Average per acre Farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more farms $1,000 dollars dollars 735 325 166 442 402 5 885 48 39 24 64 67 289 126 63 12 3 573 222 702 388 659 6 134 35 30 21 54 48 246 93 38 7 1 54 29 822 552 264 4 690 4 3 1 2 4 19 11 8 2 – 98 68 829 702 334 5 967 7 5 2 7 15 20 21 16 3 2 92 66 725 725 273 5 848 6 5 2 5 14 19 21 15 3 2 91 (D) (D) (D) 6 5 2 5 14 19 21 14 3 2 6 2 104 350 595 16 964 1 – – 2 1 1 – 1 – – 5 (D) (D) (D) – – – 2 1 1 – 1 – – 10 3 813 381 299 3 601 2 1 – 1 – 4 1 1 – –

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment Farms by value group: $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more farms $1,000 735 28 517 90 112 169 220 84 40 14 6 573 17 447 82 93 136 169 56 27 9 1 54 3 668 3 7 10 17 10 5 – 2 98 7 164 4 10 19 32 18 7 5 3 92 7 066 3 9 18 29 18 7 5 3 91 (D) 3 9 18 29 18 6 5 3 6 99 1 1 1 3 – – – – 5 (D) 1 1 1 2 – – – – 10 238 1 2 4 2 – 1 – –

SELECTED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 637 1 397 630 1 539 442 755 413 784 398 688 68 96 12 16 – – 166 189 170 189 498 954 485 1 109 339 556 312 553 301 491 44 62 7 9 – – 137 155 143 (D) 43 86 47 143 31 (D) 35 (D) 33 (D) 9 (D) 3 (D) – – 19 (D) 18 21 88 338 89 267 66 117 59 150 57 (D) 15 (D) 2 (D) – – 9 12 6 8 82 321 85 262 64 (D) 57 (D) 55 126 15 (D) 2 (D) – – 9 12 6 8 81 (D) 84 (D) 64 (D) 56 (D) 54 (D) 15 (D) 2 (D) – – 8 (D) 5 (D) 6 17 4 5 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 5 (D) 4 5 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 8 19 9 20 6 (D) 7 (D) 7 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) 3 (D)

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS1
farms acres on which used Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops farms acres on which used Nematodes in crops farms acres on which used Diseases in crops and orchards farms acres on which used Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture farms acres on which used Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate farms acres on which used See footnotes at end of table. Commercial fertilizer 480 15 580 199 5 973 14 (D) 118 2 351 175 8 557 19 265 370 9 381 135 2 614 10 47 79 1 118 118 3 769 12 239 41 1 877 23 (D) 2 (D) 17 (D) 20 (D) 2 (D) 64 4 184 40 2 663 2 (D) 21 962 33 3 173 4 9 63 (D) 39 (D) 2 (D) 20 (D) 33 3 173 4 9 62 (D) 38 (D) 2 (D) 19 (D) 32 (D) 4 9 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – 5 138 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 4 (D) 1 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

55

Table 47.

Summary by Type of Organization: 1997 Con.
Corporation Family held Item Individual or family 10 or less stock holders 10 or less stock holders Other than family held Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total

Partnership

Total

Total

Total

TENURE AND RACE OF OPERATOR
All operators Full owners Part owners Tenants White Full owners Part owners Tenants Black and other races Full owners Part owners Tenants 735 506 167 62 732 503 167 62 3 3 – – 573 407 127 39 570 404 127 39 3 3 – – 54 33 17 4 54 33 17 4 – – – – 98 57 23 18 98 57 23 18 – – – – 92 53 23 16 92 53 23 16 – – – – 91 52 23 16 91 52 23 16 – – – – 6 4 – 2 6 4 – 2 – – – – 5 4 – 1 5 4 – 1 – – – – 10 9 – 1 10 9 – 1 – – – –

OWNED AND RENTED LAND
Land owned Owned land in farms Land rented or leased from others Rented or leased land in farms Land rented or leased to others farms acres farms acres farms acres landlords farms acres farms acres 673 42 430 673 41 526 229 13 800 564 229 13 730 41 974 534 27 499 534 26 910 166 9 394 398 166 9 394 30 589 50 (D) 50 5 273 21 (D) (D) 21 (D) 5 191 80 8 599 80 8 584 41 3 020 102 41 2 950 3 85 76 (D) 76 (D) 39 (D) (D) 39 (D) 3 85 75 (D) 75 (D) 39 (D) (D) 39 (D) 3 85 4 (D) 4 (D) 2 (D) (D) 2 (D) – – 4 (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) – – 9 (D) 9 759 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) 3 109

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 49 years 50 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) 527 125 83 370 365 328 381 50 71 260 26 30 34 70 447 20.4 154 6 37 153 92 102 95 79 57 114 54.1 620 115 7 438 75 60 274 299 235 316 39 58 219 22 23 24 55 352 20.6 119 4 23 115 62 92 76 66 44 91 54.7 479 94 5 36 13 5 29 25 31 23 3 7 13 – 3 4 9 30 18.5 8 1 5 10 6 4 9 6 2 11 54.5 46 8 1 49 33 16 63 35 58 37 6 5 26 3 3 6 5 59 19.7 25 1 8 25 22 6 10 7 9 10 50.5 88 10 1 46 30 16 60 32 56 33 4 5 24 3 3 6 3 56 19.9 24 1 8 24 19 5 9 7 9 10 50.7 83 9 1 45 30 16 59 32 55 33 4 5 24 3 3 6 3 55 20.0 24 1 8 24 19 5 9 6 9 10 50.5 82 9 1 3 3 – 3 3 2 4 2 – 2 – – – 2 3 17.0 1 – – 1 3 1 1 – – – 47.5 5 1 – 3 2 – 2 3 2 3 1 – 2 – – – 1 3 19.0 1 – – – 3 1 1 – – – 49.2 4 1 – 4 4 2 4 6 4 5 2 1 2 1 1 – 1 6 25.6 2 – 1 3 2 – – – 2 2 53.3 7 3 –

FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation: Family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other than family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms farms farms acres farms farms farms acres 573 36 304 54 (D) 92 (D) 1 91 6 (D) 1 5 10 (D) 573 36 304 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 54 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 92 (D) 1 91 6 (D) 1 5 – – – – – – 92 (D) 1 91 – – – – – – – – – – 91 (D) – 91 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 (D) 1 5 – – – – – – – – – – 5 122 – 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 10 (D)

56

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 47.

Summary by Type of Organization: 1997 Con.
Corporation Family held Item Individual or family 10 or less stock holders 10 or less stock holders Other than family held Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total

Partnership

Total

Total

Total

INJURIES AND DEATHS
Farm related injuries: Operator and family members Hired workers Farm related deaths: Operator and family members Hired workers farms number farms number farms number farms number 4 5 11 34 – – 1 (D) 3 (D) 4 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – 5 (D) – – – – – – 4 (D) – – – – – – 4 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 181 257 77 60 53 31 22 12 27 13 1 1 133 215 64 46 41 24 19 8 18 5 – – 10 15 9 5 6 3 – 1 2 2 1 – 36 23 4 8 6 4 3 2 5 6 – 1 33 21 3 8 6 4 3 2 5 6 – 1 33 21 3 8 6 4 3 2 5 6 – – 3 2 1 – – – – – – – – – 2 2 1 – – – – – – – – – 2 4 – 1 – – – 1 2 – – –

FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) 10 89 48 230 96 – – 96 67 18 32 22 21 24 78 8 72 38 151 89 – – 89 56 15 27 18 18 19 62 1 9 6 14 4 – – 4 5 3 3 2 – 2 5 1 7 4 64 2 – – 2 3 – 2 1 3 1 10 1 7 4 62 2 – – 2 3 – 2 1 2 – 8 1 7 3 62 2 – – 2 3 – 2 1 2 – 8 – – – 2 – – – – – – – – 1 1 2 – – – 2 – – – – – – – – 1 1 1 – 1 – 1 1 – – 1 3 – – 1 – 2 1

LIVESTOCK
Cattle and calves inventory Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Cows and heifers that had calved Beef cows Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Milk cows Farms with 1 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Heifers and heifer calves Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 200 5 749 82 84 18 13 3 – 162 3 301 129 1 062 92 36 1 – – – 45 2 239 13 1 12 14 4 1 – 125 1 701 140 747 171 4 618 71 73 14 11 2 – 141 2 470 114 818 86 28 – – – – 39 1 652 12 1 10 13 3 – – 108 1 530 119 618 16 753 4 8 2 1 1 – 11 546 8 140 1 7 – – – – 3 406 – – 1 1 – 1 – 9 119 11 88 9 328 4 2 2 1 – – 7 (D) 5 (D) 4 – 1 – – – 2 (D) – – 1 – 1 – – 6 (D) 7 33 8 (D) 3 2 2 1 – – 7 (D) 5 (D) 4 – 1 – – – 2 (D) – – 1 – 1 – – 5 (D) 6 (D) 8 (D) 3 2 2 1 – – 7 (D) 5 (D) 4 – 1 – – – 2 (D) – – 1 – 1 – – 5 (D) 6 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 4 50 3 1 – – – – 3 (D) 2 (D) 1 1 – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – 2 (D) 3 8

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

57

Table 47.

Summary by Type of Organization: 1997 Con.
Corporation Family held Item Individual or family 10 or less stock holders 10 or less stock holders Other than family held Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total

Partnership

Total

Total

Total

LIVESTOCK Con.
Cattle and calves sold Calves Cattle Fattened on grain and concentrates farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number 158 2 315 675 79 1 156 86 134 1 159 589 27 (D) (D) 60 2 764 41 4 3 7 5 – farms number farms number farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 31 (D) 56 (D) 45 4 951 493 13 (D) (D) 31 737 28 342 27 395 69 1 064 50 (D) 44 726 49 852 5 547 163 1 117 32 79 36 298 12 131 134 1 790 515 68 891 59 114 899 456 23 78 60 52 2 328 36 4 3 4 5 – 28 557 48 1 771 39 4 615 456 11 (D) (D) 28 695 25 321 24 374 58 (D) 41 (D) 35 535 41 615 4 263 138 939 26 65 33 (D) 11 (D) 15 (D) (D) 5 (D) (D) 14 (D) 100 3 (D) (D) 5 323 3 – – 2 – – 2 (D) 5 (D) 4 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 5 122 4 79 4 93 4 136 636 8 36 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 7 174 40 5 122 (D) 4 52 (D) – – – 2 (D) 2 – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) (D) 14 135 4 (D) – – – – 7 174 40 5 122 (D) 4 52 (D) – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – 12 (D) 3 (D) – – – – 7 174 40 5 122 (D) 4 52 (D) – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – 12 (D) 3 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 2 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) – – – 1 – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – 4 95 4 73 3 (D) 3 (D) (D) 3 7 – – 2 (D) 1 (D)

Hogs and pigs inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Used or to be used for breeding Other Hogs and pigs sold Feeder pigs Litters of pigs farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 Dec. 1 and May 31 June 1 and Nov. 30 Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory Ewes 1 year old or older Sheep and lambs sold Sheep and lambs shorn

farms number farms number pounds of wool farms number farms number farms number farms number

Horses and ponies inventory Horses and ponies sold Goats inventory Goats sold

POULTRY
Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Farms with 1 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Layers 20 weeks old and older Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks sold (see text) Broilers and other meat type chickens sold Farms with 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Turkey hens kept for breeding Turkeys sold See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 93 58 042 88 1 2 1 1 – – 92 57 722 13 320 19 (D) 5 (D) 4 – 1 – 5 (D) 11 (D) 78 (D) 75 1 1 1 – – – 77 24 900 12 (D) 17 (D) 3 200 3 – – – 5 (D) 8 (D) 6 (D) 6 – – – – – – 6 299 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – 2 (D) 7 (D) 5 – 1 – 1 – – 7 (D) – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 – – – 1 (D) 5 (D) 4 – 1 – – – – 5 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 – – – 1 (D) 5 (D) 4 – 1 – – – – 5 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 1 – – – 1 – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 1 – – – 1 – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 2 – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

58

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 47.

Summary by Type of Organization: 1997 Con.
Corporation Family held Item Individual or family 10 or less stock holders 10 or less stock holders Other than family held Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total

Partnership

Total

Total

Total

SELECTED CROPS HARVESTED
Corn for silage or green chop farms acres tons, green Irrigated farms acres Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more 53 (D) (D) – – 20 25 6 2 – 43 1 894 32 721 – – 17 21 4 1 – 6 732 10 650 – – 1 3 1 1 – 4 230 3 610 – – 2 1 1 – – 4 230 3 610 – – 2 1 1 – – 4 230 3 610 – – 2 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text)

farms acres cwt farms acres

16 788 (D) 4 (D) 7 3 3 2 1

11 392 114 119 3 (D) 4 2 3 2 –

1 (D) (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – –

4 (D) (D) – – 2 1 – – 1

4 (D) (D) – – 2 1 – – 1

4 (D) (D) – – 2 1 – – 1

– – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – –

farms acres tons, dry Irrigated farms acres Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) Irrigated

255 8 189 16 680 5 (D) 142 101 10 2 –

212 7 020 14 325 5 25 119 82 9 2 –

26 770 1 646 – – 14 11 1 – –

12 273 475 – – 6 6 – – –

11 (D) (D) – – 6 5 – – –

10 (D) (D) – – 6 4 – – –

1 (D) (D) – – – 1 – – –

1 (D) (D) – – – 1 – – –

5 126 234 – – 3 2 – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres

176 (D) (D) 3 (D)

146 4 243 7 932 3 (D)

18 476 965 – –

8 115 190 – –

7 (D) (D) – –

7 (D) (D) – –

1 (D) (D) – –

1 (D) (D) – –

4 70 137 – –

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Land in orchards Irrigated Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more

farms acres farms acres

126 1 907 44 450 58 49 17 1 1

104 1 394 35 244 53 40 9 1 1 45 264 10 (D) 28 16 1 – –

11 (D) 5 95 2 5 4 – – 6 105 – – – 5 1 – –

10 280 4 112 3 3 4 – – 2 (D) – – 1 1 – – –

10 280 4 112 3 3 4 – – 2 (D) – – 1 1 – – –

10 280 4 112 3 3 4 – – 2 (D) – – 1 1 – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1 (D) – – – 1 – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – –

farms acres farms acres

54 389 11 25 30 22 2 – –

1Data are based on a sample of farms. 2Farms with total production expenses equal

to market value of agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains of less than $1,000.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

59

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997
Farming Item Total farming and other occupations Age of operator (years) Total Under 25 25 to 34 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Average size of farm number percent acres acres 735 100.0 55 256 75 370 50.3 33 959 92 5 .7 370 74 15 2.0 966 64 57 7.8 4 519 79 79 10.7 7 592 96 93 12.7 10 908 117 121 16.5 9 604 79

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) Average per farm Farms by value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Grains Sales of $50,000 or more Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Sales of $50,000 or more Tobacco Sales of $50,000 or more Hay, silage, and field seeds Sales of $50,000 or more Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Sales of $50,000 or more Fruits, nuts, and berries Sales of $50,000 or more Nursery and greenhouse crops Sales of $50,000 or more Other crops Sales of $50,000 or more Poultry and poultry products Sales of $50,000 or more Dairy products Sales of $50,000 or more Cattle and calves Sales of $50,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars 735 48 200 65 578 117 93 91 91 78 31 53 20 64 55 23 9 9 1 – 10 19 – – 5 10 – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 4 7 – – – – – – – – 149 1 175 4 330 126 3 873 18 2 385 75 1 889 9 1 292 276 30 962 81 28 697 23 1 504 5 (D) 67 2 002 8 (D) 32 4 704 29 4 609 158 675 – – 370 42 147 113 910 39 27 28 33 39 23 35 13 47 48 19 9 9 1 – 6 (D) – – 3 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 73 770 4 330 89 3 525 17 (D) 50 1 737 8 (D) 143 26 742 61 (D) 11 1 461 5 (D) 34 1 925 7 1 858 28 4 503 27 (D) 80 404 – – 5 (D) (D) – – – – – – 1 1 2 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – 3 103 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 15 (D) (D) – – – 3 1 – 3 1 4 2 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 6 (D) 3 212 1 (D) – – 8 505 3 435 – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 5 31 – – 57 6 935 121 673 5 5 3 4 4 4 6 3 9 8 2 2 2 – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 10 132 1 (D) 15 427 2 (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) 26 5 790 15 5 590 1 (D) – – 2 (D) – – 3 (D) 3 254 6 10 – – 79 13 402 169 648 7 5 6 6 8 2 8 1 13 10 6 3 3 1 – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 14 172 1 (D) 24 774 6 503 11 251 2 (D) 42 10 016 18 9 788 2 (D) – – 10 (D) 2 (D) 5 (D) 5 822 16 65 – – 93 10 175 109 404 13 5 9 9 7 7 6 3 8 17 5 3 1 – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 21 (D) 1 (D) 14 444 3 262 14 970 3 (D) 26 4 168 10 3 912 7 1 434 5 (D) 10 337 2 (D) 10 2 307 10 2 307 29 100 – – 121 9 968 82 382 14 12 10 11 19 10 11 4 11 10 5 1 3 – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 27 (D) 1 (D) 28 1 530 3 (D) 20 454 2 (D) 38 6 161 14 5 757 1 (D) – – 11 714 3 708 7 656 7 656 23 (D) – –

60

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Other occupations Item Total Under 25 25 to 34 Age of operator (years) 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Average size of farm number percent acres acres 365 49.7 21 297 58 1 .1 (D) (D) 22 3.0 910 41 96 13.1 (D) (D) 115 15.6 5 771 50 81 11.0 5 428 67 50 6.8 3 125 63

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) Average per farm Farms by value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Grains Sales of $50,000 or more Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Sales of $50,000 or more Tobacco Sales of $50,000 or more Hay, silage, and field seeds Sales of $50,000 or more Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Sales of $50,000 or more Fruits, nuts, and berries Sales of $50,000 or more Nursery and greenhouse crops Sales of $50,000 or more Other crops Sales of $50,000 or more Poultry and poultry products Sales of $50,000 or more Dairy products Sales of $50,000 or more Cattle and calves Sales of $50,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars 365 6 053 16 584 78 66 63 58 39 8 18 7 17 7 4 – – – – 4 (D) – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 76 406 – – 37 348 1 (D) 25 152 1 (D) 133 4 220 20 (D) 12 43 – – 33 77 1 (D) 4 200 2 (D) 78 270 – – 1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 22 (D) (D) 4 4 4 4 5 – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 12 – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 8 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 6 22 – – 96 2 436 25 378 9 10 23 18 16 1 6 3 5 3 2 – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 15 96 – – 12 108 – – 7 92 1 (D) 44 1 849 7 1 484 6 12 – – 5 3 – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 18 90 – – 115 1 893 16 463 26 22 19 16 8 5 7 3 6 2 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 25 152 – – 14 90 – – 7 19 – – 40 1 269 6 864 4 (D) – – 20 14 – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 24 68 – – 81 1 095 13 512 24 16 7 16 9 – 4 – 3 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 18 99 – – 6 106 1 (D) 7 31 – – 27 (D) 4 560 1 (D) – – 7 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 20 76 – – 50 460 9 202 15 14 9 4 1 2 1 – 3 1 – – – – – 3 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 14 46 – – 4 (D) – – 3 (D) – – 14 323 3 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 9 (D) – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

61

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Farming Item Total farming and other occupations Age of operator (years) Total Under 25 25 to 34 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD Con.
Total sales (see text) Hogs and pigs Con. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 45 493 2 (D) 54 58 – – 69 846 6 581 135 2 323 22 (D) 1 (D) 12 15 – – 36 721 5 (D) 85 2 107 – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 4 19 – – 3 (D) – – 6 236 2 (D) 14 298 6 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) – – 13 (D) 1 (D) 21 487 7 79 – – 2 (D) – – 7 78 1 (D) 17 802 4 10 – – 5 9 – – 8 14 – – 29 416

Sales of $50,000 or more Sheep, lambs, and wool Sales of $50,000 or more Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Sales of $50,000 or more Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1
Total farm production expenses Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Feed for livestock and poultry Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Commercially mixed formula feeds Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Commercial fertilizer Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Agricultural chemicals Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Petroleum products Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Gasoline and gasohol Diesel fuel Natural gas LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 735 35 350 48 096 161 848 122 29 9 1 – 271 2 924 211 30 22 7 1 179 2 219 137 18 17 7 383 2 027 213 107 50 7 6 493 1 528 439 40 10 4 347 824 309 32 5 1 694 1 642 628 54 10 2 602 594 380 596 30 48 485 404 370 30 528 82 508 85 681 59 16 9 1 – 137 2 615 93 15 21 7 1 95 2 054 60 11 17 7 216 1 839 90 72 41 7 6 271 1 347 221 36 10 4 214 707 179 30 4 1 360 1 379 298 50 10 2 312 475 217 526 15 (D) 286 (D) 5 275 55 084 2 (D) 1 – – 1 – 2 (D) 1 – 1 – – 2 (D) 1 1 – – 3 (D) 1 1 1 – – 3 (D) 2 1 – – 3 (D) 2 1 – – 5 (D) 4 1 – – 5 3 5 (D) 1 (D) 5 2 15 989 65 931 6 (D) 3 2 1 – – 6 (D) 4 1 – 1 – 5 (D) 3 1 – 1 11 31 2 6 3 – – 10 (D) 9 1 – – 11 (D) 11 – – – 14 (D) 13 1 – – 11 7 9 9 – – 12 (D) 57 5 506 96 593 14 65 11 2 1 – – 17 151 11 4 2 – – 7 73 4 2 1 – 38 302 14 8 12 4 – 41 204 33 5 2 1 38 113 31 6 1 – 56 272 44 9 2 1 47 107 29 85 5 9 48 72 79 8 990 113 798 19 116 15 2 2 – – 33 817 23 2 6 1 1 26 698 16 3 5 2 52 384 22 19 7 1 3 61 418 45 13 1 2 48 203 40 6 1 1 78 404 59 15 3 1 67 136 58 164 1 (D) 59 (D) 93 8 046 86 513 21 222 12 6 3 – – 42 937 27 4 7 4 – 31 693 20 2 6 3 51 286 21 17 11 – 2 67 448 49 13 4 1 49 201 37 11 1 – 93 348 73 18 2 – 78 102 57 159 4 (D) 79 (D) 121 6 722 55 553 23 111 17 4 2 – – 37 523 27 4 5 1 – 24 420 16 2 5 1 61 (D) 30 21 7 2 1 89 223 83 3 3 – 65 172 58 6 1 – 114 300 105 6 3 – 104 119 59 (D) 4 (D) 83 64

62

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Other occupations Item Total Under 25 25 to 34 Age of operator (years) 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD Con.
Total sales (see text) Hogs and pigs Con. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 23 (D) 1 (D) 42 43 – – 33 125 1 (D) 50 216 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 20 – – 4 (D) – – – – – – 3 4 5 41 – – 9 12 – – 10 33 – – 20 86 7 80 1 (D) 11 9 – – 11 82 1 (D) 17 58 5 20 – – 10 16 – – 9 7 – – 6 58 1 (D) – – 8 (D) – – 3 4 – – 4 10

Sales of $50,000 or more Sheep, lambs, and wool Sales of $50,000 or more Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Sales of $50,000 or more Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1
Total farm production expenses Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Feed for livestock and poultry Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Commercially mixed formula feeds Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Commercial fertilizer Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Agricultural chemicals Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Petroleum products Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Gasoline and gasohol Diesel fuel Natural gas LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 365 4 822 13 212 76 167 63 13 – – – 134 309 118 15 1 – – 84 164 77 7 – – 167 187 123 35 9 – – 222 181 218 4 – – 133 117 130 2 1 – 334 263 330 4 – – 290 119 163 70 15 (D) 199 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – 1 (D) – 1 – – 1 (D) 1 – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 22 (D) (D) 5 (D) 5 – – – – 9 16 7 2 – – – 4 2 4 – – – 11 (D) 9 1 1 – – 10 9 10 – – – 9 (D) 9 – – – 22 (D) 22 – – – 21 11 11 (D) 2 (D) 18 3 96 1 628 16 963 22 71 16 6 – – – 32 (D) 26 6 – – – 19 (D) 15 4 – – 56 87 36 15 5 – – 60 (D) 59 1 – – 33 55 31 1 1 – 91 102 88 3 – – 81 (D) 47 28 3 (D) 61 26 115 1 583 13 766 23 67 17 6 – – – 46 (D) 39 6 1 – – 35 (D) 32 3 – – 52 52 41 9 2 – – 71 58 71 – – – 48 37 47 1 – – 107 89 106 1 – – 88 42 54 (D) 4 (D) 62 22 81 780 9 635 17 (D) 16 1 – – – 33 44 32 1 – – – 18 19 18 – – – 28 25 21 6 1 – – 50 34 49 1 – – 26 9 26 – – – 71 27 71 – – – 65 (D) 28 7 2 (D) 33 4 50 586 11 727 9 7 9 – – – – 14 (D) 14 – – – – 8 5 8 – – – 19 14 15 4 – – – 30 27 29 1 – – 16 9 16 – – – 42 25 42 – – – 34 11 23 7 4 (D) 24 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

63

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Farming Item Total farming and other occupations Age of operator (years) Total Under 25 25 to 34 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1 Con.
Total farm production expenses Electricity Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Hired farm labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Workers by days worked: 150 days or more Less than 150 days Contract labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Repair and maintenance Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Interest Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Not secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Cash rent Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Property taxes Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more All other farm production expenses Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 Con. farms $1,000 505 743 347 121 37 – – 277 10 755 128 75 51 13 10 farms workers farms workers farms $1,000 158 657 229 768 83 725 32 38 8 1 4 605 2 655 489 98 11 7 122 289 65 41 16 – – 218 1 744 143 61 12 2 152 1 092 29 66 49 5 3 105 652 41 41 18 3 2 135 1 021 104 14 10 7 681 2 640 529 108 37 7 663 4 985 514 112 20 8 9 286 607 158 94 34 – – 179 9 853 62 57 39 11 10 115 573 139 529 56 670 16 29 6 1 4 328 2 153 239 71 11 7 72 239 32 25 15 – – 141 1 540 81 46 12 2 94 916 15 34 37 5 3 75 624 21 32 17 3 2 89 963 60 13 9 7 342 1 546 249 62 25 6 354 4 391 237 82 18 8 9 4 3 2 2 – – – 1 (D) – 1 – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – 1 – – – 4 (D) 3 1 – – 1 (D) – 1 – – – 3 (D) 3 – – – 1 (D) – 1 – – – 3 (D) – 3 – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – 5 (D) 3 1 1 – 5 (D) 4 1 – – – 11 33 4 5 2 – – 9 258 1 5 2 1 – 5 14 8 16 1 (D) – 1 – – – 14 (D) 10 4 – – 3 (D) 2 – 1 – – 8 (D) 4 4 – – 6 68 – 2 4 – – 4 (D) 1 3 – – – 5 25 4 – 1 – 14 40 11 3 – – 15 (D) 7 6 2 – – 45 95 23 17 5 – – 28 1 795 10 6 7 2 3 17 (D) 25 94 11 (D) 1 6 2 – 2 54 369 40 10 3 1 12 38 5 4 3 – – 29 390 19 7 2 1 12 (D) 3 3 5 – 1 21 (D) 6 9 4 1 1 17 248 10 4 2 1 47 (D) 39 5 2 1 56 961 36 15 3 1 1 62 181 30 20 12 – – 44 2 916 15 13 9 3 4 30 179 32 133 16 168 5 7 2 1 1 67 705 40 20 4 3 19 53 10 6 3 – – 46 584 24 18 3 1 34 306 8 9 14 2 1 22 278 4 11 5 1 1 24 255 18 3 1 2 73 333 56 11 5 1 75 1 453 46 19 1 5 4 78 165 44 25 9 – – 42 2 604 10 16 12 3 1 30 142 32 165 9 117 3 4 1 – 1 85 565 61 20 3 1 21 74 7 10 4 – – 32 248 18 11 3 – 27 175 2 15 9 1 – 13 73 5 1 6 1 – 24 256 14 5 3 2 90 471 58 21 10 1 87 1 102 53 21 10 – 3 86 129 55 25 6 – – 55 (D) 26 16 9 2 2 32 148 42 121 18 34 7 10 1 – – 104 449 85 16 1 2 16 63 8 4 4 – – 23 230 13 6 4 – 14 203 2 4 5 2 1 12 27 5 5 2 – – 18 (D) 13 1 2 2 113 523 82 21 7 3 116 702 91 20 2 2 1

farms $1,000

64

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Other occupations Item Total Under 25 25 to 34 Age of operator (years) 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1 Con.
Total farm production expenses Electricity Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Hired farm labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Workers by days worked: 150 days or more Less than 150 days Contract labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Repair and maintenance Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Interest Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Not secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Cash rent Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Property taxes Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more All other farm production expenses Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 Con. farms $1,000 219 136 189 27 3 – – 98 902 66 18 12 2 – farms workers farms workers farms $1,000 43 84 90 239 27 55 16 9 2 – – 277 502 250 27 – – 50 49 33 16 1 – – 77 205 62 15 – – 58 177 14 32 12 – – 30 28 20 9 1 – – 46 59 44 1 1 – 339 1 095 280 46 12 1 309 594 277 30 2 – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – 15 (D) 13 2 – – – 8 13 8 – – – – 4 5 8 23 – – – – – – – 19 (D) 17 2 – – 4 (D) 3 1 – – – 4 24 2 2 – – 4 (D) – 2 2 – – 1 (D) – 1 – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – 21 (D) 19 1 1 – 18 (D) 17 1 – – – 54 39 43 10 1 – – 31 (D) 16 10 3 2 – 15 32 29 78 13 37 8 3 2 – – 74 162 63 11 – – 18 22 9 9 – – – 24 54 20 4 – – 18 48 6 9 3 – – 9 5 8 1 – – – 22 (D) 21 – 1 – 84 211 75 8 1 – 86 169 77 8 1 – – 75 65 62 11 2 – – 30 236 22 6 2 – – 13 20 27 75 6 11 2 4 – – – 85 167 77 8 – – 13 (D) 9 4 – – – 28 91 22 6 – – 19 74 3 12 4 – – 14 17 8 5 1 – – 13 20 12 1 – – 108 339 90 15 2 1 101 213 89 11 1 – – 45 17 42 3 – – – 16 (D) 12 1 3 – – 5 15 14 29 7 (D) 5 2 – – – 64 83 61 3 – – 8 3 7 1 – – – 16 23 14 2 – – 13 (D) 5 6 2 – – 3 (D) 2 1 – – – 8 2 8 – – – 80 289 61 15 4 – 66 96 62 4 – – – 29 9 28 1 – – – 13 (D) 8 1 4 – – 6 12 12 34 1 (D) 1 – – – – 34 56 31 3 – – 7 (D) 5 1 1 – – 5 13 4 1 – – 4 (D) – 3 1 – – 3 (D) 2 1 – – – 2 (D) 2 – – – 45 201 34 7 4 – 37 83 31 6 – – –

farms $1,000

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

65

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Farming Item Total farming and other occupations Age of operator (years) Total Under 25 25 to 34 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

NET CASH RETURN FROM AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR THE FARM UNIT (SEE TEXT)1
All farms Average per farm Farms with net gains2 Average net gain Gain of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Farms with net losses Average net loss Loss of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more number $1,000 dollars number dollars 735 12 850 17 483 353 45 151 35 126 119 73 382 8 085 39 255 84 4 370 11 619 31 402 226 57 680 11 66 91 58 144 9 838 12 85 44 3 5 150 29 991 5 29 991 – 1 3 1 – – – – – – 15 252 16 804 10 30 570 – 4 4 2 5 10 728 – 2 3 – 57 1 430 25 080 41 40 050 2 9 19 11 16 13 281 2 7 6 1 79 4 412 55 850 49 97 342 2 14 17 16 30 11 920 5 12 12 1 93 2 129 22 891 51 49 104 2 14 24 11 42 8 939 3 30 8 1 121 3 246 26 829 70 52 341 5 24 24 17 51 8 187 2 34 15 –

number dollars

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND OTHER FARM RELATED INCOME
Government payments Other farm related income1 Customwork and other agricultural services Gross cash rent or share payments Forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products Other farm related income sources farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 46 122 128 792 43 511 26 85 41 79 43 117 29 99 73 619 23 425 15 54 19 (D) 32 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 5 (D) 11 194 6 (D) – – 3 6 3 (D) 8 19 25 292 7 (D) 7 30 10 27 10 (D) 9 67 13 (D) 4 12 3 (D) 1 (D) 7 15 6 7 23 95 6 (D) 5 (D) 4 4 12 30

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS
Total Corn Wheat Soybeans Sorghum, barley, and oats Cotton Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed Peanuts, rice, and tobacco farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE
Total cropland Harvested cropland Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Cropland: Pasture or grazing only In cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured On which all crops failed In cultivated summer fallow Idle Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres 661 25 611 606 19 019 494 68 28 14 2 – – farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 224 4 730 45 617 16 93 8 203 74 949 350 18 802 95 1 769 311 17 033 330 17 438 306 13 876 225 46 21 12 2 – – 100 2 077 29 515 13 (D) 6 (D) 42 (D) 170 10 686 41 910 155 9 776 4 (D) 3 (D) 3 – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 2 (D) 14 (D) 14 444 11 2 1 – – – – 3 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) 4 (D) 53 2 390 46 (D) 32 8 4 2 – – – 17 214 5 105 3 9 1 (D) 7 143 21 1 469 5 49 18 1 420 68 4 101 66 3 182 47 11 4 3 1 – – 25 (D) 13 282 3 (D) 3 (D) 7 79 44 (D) 9 (D) 40 2 241 79 5 444 72 4 694 47 12 8 4 1 – – 25 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 11 166 41 3 360 11 172 36 3 188 112 4 944 105 3 588 85 13 4 3 – – – 30 916 6 (D) 5 25 1 (D) 16 337 58 2 953 15 (D) 55 (D)

66

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Other occupations Item Total Under 25 25 to 34 Age of operator (years) 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

NET CASH RETURN FROM AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR THE FARM UNIT (SEE TEXT)1
All farms Average per farm Farms with net gains2 Average net gain Gain of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Farms with net losses Average net loss Loss of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more number $1,000 dollars number dollars 365 1 231 3 372 127 22 855 24 60 28 15 238 7 024 27 170 40 1 1 –13 –12 993 – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 – 22 –62 –2 810 7 (D) 2 4 1 – 15 (D) 2 10 3 – 96 808 8 415 43 27 740 7 21 9 6 53 7 263 8 33 12 – 115 310 2 697 38 24 197 6 15 12 5 77 7 914 7 56 13 1 81 314 3 877 27 23 553 6 14 3 4 54 5 961 6 43 5 – 50 –126 –2 525 12 (D) 3 6 3 – 38 (D) 4 28 6 –

number dollars

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND OTHER FARM RELATED INCOME
Government payments Other farm related income1 Customwork and other agricultural services Gross cash rent or share payments Forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products Other farm related income sources farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 17 23 55 173 20 85 11 31 22 (D) 11 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 6 13 2 (D) – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 7 (D) 13 25 6 (D) 4 (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) 4 (D) 17 65 7 (D) 3 (D) 7 16 4 (D) 4 (D) 11 18 3 (D) – – 9 15 1 (D) – – 8 52 2 (D) 4 15 1 (D) 1 (D)

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS
Total Corn Wheat Soybeans Sorghum, barley, and oats Cotton Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed Peanuts, rice, and tobacco farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE
Total cropland Harvested cropland Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Cropland: Pasture or grazing only In cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured On which all crops failed In cultivated summer fallow Idle Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres 331 8 173 300 5 143 269 22 7 2 – – – farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 124 2 653 16 102 3 (D) 2 (D) 32 (D) 180 8 116 54 859 156 7 257 1 (D) 1 (D) – 1 – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 18 282 15 120 15 – – – – – – 8 154 1 (D) – – – – 3 (D) 13 331 4 48 10 283 89 2 856 82 1 645 71 7 3 1 – – – 25 (D) 6 29 – – – – 9 (D) 40 1 667 8 71 37 1 596 104 2 403 94 1 800 82 8 3 1 – – – 36 500 3 (D) 1 (D) – – 8 (D) 62 1 967 13 415 54 1 552 73 (D) 64 (D) 59 4 1 – – – – 35 411 5 10 1 (D) 1 (D) 10 (D) 39 2 641 19 183 33 2 458 46 1 042 44 (D) 42 2 – – – – – 19 456 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 26 1 510 10 142 22 1 368

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

67

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Farming Item Total farming and other occupations Age of operator (years) Total Under 25 25 to 34 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE Con.
Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Irrigated land Harvested cropland irrigated Pasture and other land irrigated Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 130 2 661 515 8 182 180 3 265 177 3 176 7 89 5 (D) 67 1 628 260 4 207 115 2 986 113 (D) 5 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) – – – – 3 (D) 10 82 7 13 7 13 – – – – 9 (D) 36 (D) 22 (D) 20 626 2 (D) 1 (D) 23 (D) 58 634 35 (D) 35 1 049 1 (D) 1 (D) 22 563 72 1 541 22 608 22 (D) 1 (D) – – 9 (D) 81 (D) 26 626 26 (D) 1 (D) – –

VALUE OF LAND AND BUILDINGS1
Estimated market value of land and buildings Average per farm Average per acre Farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more farms $1,000 dollars dollars 735 325 166 442 402 5 885 48 39 24 64 67 289 126 63 12 3 370 203 348 549 590 5 988 18 12 9 35 29 134 74 46 11 2 5 (D) (D) (D) – – – – 1 3 1 – – – 15 (D) (D) (D) – 1 – 1 2 7 3 1 – – 57 32 304 566 733 7 148 6 – 3 9 5 14 10 6 4 – 79 48 026 607 921 6 326 2 1 – 9 9 30 17 7 3 1 93 54 654 587 679 5 010 5 6 2 3 4 36 20 16 – 1 121 59 928 495 273 6 240 5 4 4 13 8 44 23 16 4 –

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment Farms by value group: $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more farms $1,000 735 28 517 90 112 169 220 84 40 14 6 370 19 822 32 53 81 102 56 28 12 6 5 (D) – – 1 3 1 – – – 15 (D) – 3 4 3 2 3 – – 57 4 093 5 7 10 20 9 2 2 2 79 4 894 5 10 13 19 15 12 4 1 93 4 898 7 13 24 20 18 6 3 2 121 5 030 15 20 29 37 11 5 3 1

SELECTED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 637 1 397 630 1 539 442 755 413 784 398 688 68 96 12 16 – – 166 189 170 189 340 892 322 925 230 426 220 499 211 431 44 68 8 (D) – – 81 91 86 (D) 5 (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) 4 6 4 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 13 (D) 11 (D) 8 (D) 8 15 7 (D) 2 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 3 3 55 131 46 141 35 76 31 65 28 56 8 9 3 (D) – – 7 (D) 9 (D) 76 209 70 221 49 95 53 126 51 111 10 15 – – – – 18 19 17 22 86 250 81 238 58 99 54 139 53 114 12 25 5 7 – – 29 34 27 31 105 251 110 285 79 137 70 148 68 132 11 16 – – – – 26 28 30 (D)

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS1
Commercial fertilizer farms acres on which used 480 15 580 266 12 074 3 (D) 10 (D) 40 1 771 61 2 870 64 3 855 88 3 212

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops farms acres on which used Nematodes in crops farms acres on which used Diseases in crops and orchards farms acres on which used Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture farms acres on which used Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate farms acres on which used See footnotes at end of table.

199 5 973 14 (D) 118 2 351 175 8 557 19 265

134 5 154 11 95 88 (D) 123 7 111 14 240

2 (D) – – 3 (D) 1 (D) – –

7 37 – – 5 (D) 4 232 – –

21 (D) – – 12 (D) 22 1 006 – –

33 928 3 (D) 23 330 32 1 790 3 (D)

28 1 779 3 (D) 18 883 36 3 156 3 (D)

43 1 638 5 37 27 536 28 (D) 8 66

68

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Other occupations Item Total Under 25 25 to 34 Age of operator (years) 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE Con.
Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Irrigated land Harvested cropland irrigated Pasture and other land irrigated Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 63 1 033 255 3 975 65 279 64 (D) 2 (D) 3 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 8 150 13 147 5 11 5 11 – – 1 (D) 14 (D) 59 1 217 27 (D) 27 165 1 (D) 1 (D) 23 (D) 84 (D) 21 (D) 20 (D) 1 (D) – – 13 130 61 (D) 6 10 6 10 – – 1 (D) 5 114 37 459 6 51 6 51 – – – –

VALUE OF LAND AND BUILDINGS1
Estimated market value of land and buildings Average per farm Average per acre Farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more farms $1,000 dollars dollars 365 121 817 333 747 5 720 30 27 15 29 38 155 52 17 1 1 1 (D) (D) (D) – – – – – 1 – – – – 22 (D) (D) (D) 4 1 2 1 3 10 1 – – – 96 29 824 310 663 5 001 8 9 5 10 12 37 9 6 – – 115 45 629 396 776 7 907 8 10 3 7 9 50 21 5 1 1 81 26 559 327 892 4 893 6 4 3 6 10 35 13 4 – – 50 14 824 296 476 4 744 4 3 2 5 4 22 8 2 – –

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment Farms by value group: $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more farms $1,000 365 8 695 58 59 88 118 28 12 2 – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – – – 22 522 1 4 3 12 2 – – – 96 2 540 14 16 23 30 9 2 2 – 115 2 758 18 18 27 38 9 5 – – 81 1 776 17 13 21 21 5 4 – – 50 (D) 8 8 13 17 3 1 – –

SELECTED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 297 505 308 614 212 329 193 285 187 257 24 28 4 (D) – – 85 98 84 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 15 (D) 20 34 13 19 11 15 11 12 3 3 – – – – 3 (D) 3 4 79 139 75 177 54 96 51 81 49 (D) 8 (D) 2 (D) – – 17 20 17 (D) 99 166 97 181 62 90 61 91 60 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 30 34 23 24 62 104 70 141 50 78 43 63 41 54 7 9 1 (D) – – 21 (D) 24 26 41 67 46 81 33 46 27 35 26 30 4 5 – – – – 14 16 17 17

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS1
Commercial fertilizer farms acres on which used 214 3 506 1 (D) 9 88 56 1 271 70 1 102 48 (D) 30 380

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops farms acres on which used Nematodes in crops farms acres on which used Diseases in crops and orchards farms acres on which used Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture farms acres on which used Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate farms acres on which used See footnotes at end of table.

65 819 3 7 30 (D) 52 1 446 5 25

1 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D)

4 14 – – 2 (D) 4 14 – –

17 (D) – – 8 249 20 441 1 (D)

26 279 1 (D) 14 108 17 498 2 (D)

8 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 4 (D) – –

9 84 1 (D) 3 (D) 6 (D) 1 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

69

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Farming Item Total farming and other occupations Age of operator (years) Total Under 25 25 to 34 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

TENURE AND RACE OF OPERATOR
All operators Full owners Part owners Tenants White Full owners Part owners Tenants Black and other races Full owners Part owners Tenants 735 506 167 62 732 503 167 62 3 3 – – 370 237 101 32 370 237 101 32 – – – – 5 2 3 – 5 2 3 – – – – – 15 7 6 2 15 7 6 2 – – – – 57 31 13 13 57 31 13 13 – – – – 79 47 24 8 79 47 24 8 – – – – 93 59 31 3 93 59 31 3 – – – – 121 91 24 6 121 91 24 6 – – – –

OWNED AND RENTED LAND
Land owned Owned land in farms Land rented or leased from others Rented or leased land in farms Land rented or leased to others farms acres farms acres farms acres landlords farms acres farms acres 673 42 430 673 41 526 229 13 800 564 229 13 730 41 974 338 (D) 338 24 257 133 9 772 365 133 9 702 19 (D) 5 (D) 5 (D) 3 (D) (D) 3 (D) – – 13 594 13 (D) 8 (D) (D) 8 (D) 1 (D) 44 3 131 44 3 111 26 (D) 61 26 1 408 1 (D) 71 4 667 71 4 502 32 3 090 92 32 3 090 5 165 90 (D) 90 7 776 34 3 177 120 34 3 132 5 (D) 115 (D) 115 7 933 30 1 671 62 30 1 671 7 (D)

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 49 years 50 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) 527 125 83 370 365 328 381 50 71 260 26 30 34 70 447 20.4 154 6 37 153 92 102 95 79 57 114 54.1 620 115 7 273 60 37 370 – 270 74 35 21 18 26 13 15 29 244 23.1 69 5 15 57 38 41 52 41 39 82 57.1 306 64 6 3 1 1 5 – 4 1 1 – – – 1 – 2 – 4.3 2 5 – – – – – – – – 22.6 5 – – 8 5 2 15 – 13 2 – 1 1 – 1 2 4 5 9.2 3 – 15 – – – – – – – 30.9 12 3 – 36 15 6 57 – 28 22 12 4 6 7 8 4 9 27 11.1 9 – – 57 – – – – – – 39.8 44 13 1 63 10 6 79 – 42 31 12 10 9 6 – 7 6 57 18.1 9 – – – 38 41 – – – – 49.8 58 21 2 70 15 8 93 – 84 6 3 2 1 3 1 – 5 67 24.5 20 – – – – – 52 41 – – 59.0 83 10 1 93 14 14 121 – 99 12 7 4 1 10 2 2 3 88 34.3 26 – – – – – – – 39 82 73.2 104 17 2

FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation: Family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other than family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms farms farms acres farms farms farms acres 573 36 304 54 (D) 92 (D) 1 91 6 (D) 1 5 10 (D) 274 19 445 29 3 510 60 (D) 1 59 3 (D) 1 2 4 (D) 4 (D) – – 1 (D) – 1 – – – – – – 9 260 3 (D) 3 (D) – 3 – – – – – – 39 (D) 4 (D) 11 1 078 – 11 1 (D) 1 – 2 (D) 57 4 236 4 327 15 (D) – 15 2 (D) – 2 1 (D) 69 5 081 8 897 16 4 930 1 15 – – – – – – 96 7 214 10 (D) 14 1 586 – 14 – – – – 1 (D)

70

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Other occupations Item Total Under 25 25 to 34 Age of operator (years) 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

TENURE AND RACE OF OPERATOR
All operators Full owners Part owners Tenants White Full owners Part owners Tenants Black and other races Full owners Part owners Tenants 365 269 66 30 362 266 66 30 3 3 – – 1 – 1 – 1 – 1 – – – – – 22 15 5 2 22 15 5 2 – – – – 96 61 19 16 96 61 19 16 – – – – 115 86 20 9 114 85 20 9 1 1 – – 81 65 15 1 79 63 15 1 2 2 – – 50 42 6 2 50 42 6 2 – – – –

OWNED AND RENTED LAND
Land owned Owned land in farms Land rented or leased from others Rented or leased land in farms Land rented or leased to others farms acres farms acres farms acres landlords farms acres farms acres 335 (D) 335 17 269 96 4 028 199 96 4 028 22 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) – – 20 790 20 778 7 (D) (D) 7 132 2 (D) 80 4 240 80 (D) 35 (D) 66 35 (D) 4 (D) 106 4 938 106 4 832 29 939 74 29 939 4 106 80 (D) 80 4 966 16 462 30 16 462 4 (D) 48 (D) 48 (D) 8 (D) 10 8 (D) 8 (D)

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 49 years 50 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) 254 65 46 – 365 58 307 15 50 242 – 17 19 41 203 17.5 85 1 22 96 54 61 43 38 18 32 51.2 314 51 1 – – 1 – 1 – 1 – – 1 – – – – – – 1 1 – – – – – – – – 23.0 1 – – 15 4 3 – 22 1 21 – 3 18 – 3 3 9 2 6.4 5 – 22 – – – – – – – 31.1 20 2 1 62 21 13 – 96 6 90 5 14 71 – 7 5 15 47 11.3 22 – – 96 – – – – – – 40.1 82 14 – 82 22 11 – 115 11 104 5 19 80 – 6 7 10 68 16.0 24 – – – 54 61 – – – – 49.6 94 21 – 56 10 15 – 81 12 69 3 8 58 – 1 2 5 47 19.9 26 – – – – – 43 38 – – 59.2 74 7 – 39 8 3 – 50 28 22 2 6 14 – – 2 2 39 32.4 7 – – – – – – – 18 32 72.5 43 7 –

FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation: Family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other than family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms farms farms acres farms farms farms acres 299 16 859 25 (D) 32 (D) – 32 3 (D) – 3 6 705 – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 14 591 2 (D) 5 127 – 5 – – – – 1 (D) 76 5 409 6 125 13 419 – 13 – – – – 1 (D) 97 5 366 6 248 9 (D) – 9 2 (D) – 2 1 (D) 73 3 428 7 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – 1 – – 39 2 065 3 (D) 5 (D) – 5 – – – – 3 672

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

71

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Farming Item Total farming and other occupations Age of operator (years) Total Under 25 25 to 34 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

INJURIES AND DEATHS
Farm related injuries: Operator and family members Hired workers Farm related deaths: Operator and family members Hired workers farms number farms number farms number farms number 4 5 11 34 – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 10 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – 4 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – –

FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 181 257 77 60 53 31 22 12 27 13 1 1 83 118 38 28 30 20 15 8 17 12 – 1 – 3 – 1 – – – 1 – – – – 5 5 1 1 1 – – – 2 – – – 18 16 6 4 4 2 1 – 4 2 – – 15 26 5 7 7 6 3 4 3 3 – – 23 22 12 7 8 3 8 2 3 4 – 1 22 46 14 8 10 9 3 1 5 3 – –

FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) 10 89 48 230 96 – – 96 67 18 32 22 21 24 78 8 63 26 113 34 – – 34 24 2 28 10 12 6 44 – 2 – 1 – – – – – – 1 – – – 1 – 5 – 6 – – – – 1 – 2 – – – 1 2 9 2 23 4 – – 4 – – 3 1 1 1 11 2 13 4 28 5 – – 5 4 – 5 2 3 1 12 3 12 7 21 11 – – 11 9 1 10 4 4 – 11 1 22 13 34 14 – – 14 10 1 7 3 4 4 8

LIVESTOCK
Cattle and calves inventory Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Cows and heifers that had calved Beef cows Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Milk cows Farms with 1 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Heifers and heifer calves Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 200 5 749 82 84 18 13 3 – 162 3 301 129 1 062 92 36 1 – – – 45 2 239 13 1 12 14 4 1 – 125 1 701 140 747 92 4 214 26 38 13 12 3 – 77 2 628 50 (D) 30 19 1 – – – 33 (D) 5 1 9 13 4 1 – 65 1 207 67 379 1 (D) – – 1 – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 5 247 1 2 1 1 – – 5 205 3 (D) 2 1 – – – – 3 (D) 1 – 1 – 1 – – 3 35 4 7 9 266 2 4 3 – – – 7 187 4 (D) 2 2 – – – – 3 (D) – – 2 1 – – – 6 41 9 38 18 788 6 7 1 4 – – 15 447 11 111 8 3 – – – – 5 336 – – – 5 – – – 11 282 11 59 32 1 948 6 15 4 4 3 – 27 1 293 18 (D) 10 7 1 – – – 12 (D) 2 – 2 4 3 1 – 22 512 25 143 27 (D) 11 10 3 3 – – 22 (D) 13 (D) 7 6 – – – – 9 311 2 1 3 3 – – – 22 (D) 17 (D)

72

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Other occupations Item Total Under 25 25 to 34 Age of operator (years) 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

INJURIES AND DEATHS
Farm related injuries: Operator and family members Hired workers Farm related deaths: Operator and family members Hired workers farms number farms number farms number farms number 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 98 139 39 32 23 11 7 4 10 1 1 – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – 9 6 1 4 – 2 – – – – – – 33 34 5 6 3 3 6 2 3 1 – – 31 44 14 7 11 2 1 1 4 – – – 16 34 12 10 4 3 – – 1 – 1 – 9 21 7 5 4 1 – 1 2 – – –

FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) 2 26 22 117 62 – – 62 43 16 4 12 9 18 34 – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – 1 1 7 3 – – 3 3 2 – 3 – – 2 1 10 8 38 12 – – 12 6 3 2 1 – 5 10 – 7 4 37 21 – – 21 14 6 2 3 7 4 10 – 5 5 22 14 – – 14 13 3 – 3 2 7 7 1 3 4 13 12 – – 12 7 2 – 1 – 2 5

LIVESTOCK
Cattle and calves inventory Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Cows and heifers that had calved Beef cows Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Milk cows Farms with 1 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Heifers and heifer calves Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 108 1 535 56 46 5 1 – – 85 673 79 (D) 62 17 – – – – 12 (D) 8 – 3 1 – – – 60 494 73 368 1 (D) – 1 – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7 75 4 3 – – – – 7 43 7 43 6 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 5 11 5 21 22 (D) 8 11 2 1 – – 14 (D) 11 81 9 2 – – – – 3 (D) 1 – 2 – – – – 14 262 14 (D) 35 459 18 16 1 – – – 27 219 24 (D) 19 5 – – – – 3 (D) 1 – 1 1 – – – 21 125 24 115 27 380 13 12 2 – – – 25 179 25 173 18 7 – – – – 3 6 3 – – – – – – 16 (D) 18 (D) 16 (D) 13 3 – – – – 11 52 11 49 10 1 – – – – 3 3 3 – – – – – – 4 (D) 12 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

73

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Farming Item Total farming and other occupations Age of operator (years) Total Under 25 25 to 34 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

LIVESTOCK Con.
Cattle and calves sold Calves Cattle Fattened on grain and concentrates farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number 158 2 315 675 79 1 156 86 134 1 159 589 27 (D) (D) 60 2 764 41 4 3 7 5 – farms number farms number farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 31 (D) 56 (D) 45 4 951 493 13 (D) (D) 31 737 28 342 27 395 69 1 064 50 (D) 44 726 49 852 5 547 163 1 117 32 79 36 298 12 131 80 1 675 404 47 929 49 68 746 355 5 (D) (D) 27 (D) 16 3 2 3 3 – 17 (D) 26 1 266 22 3 262 (D) 5 590 21 17 476 14 224 14 252 20 294 12 (D) 10 205 10 235 1 808 74 654 19 58 12 128 3 (D) 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – 5 (D) 31 3 (D) (D) 4 (D) (D) – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – 3 15 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 6 69 10 5 56 4 3 13 6 – – – 3 (D) 2 – – – 1 – 2 (D) 2 (D) 4 (D) 19 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 3 33 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) (D) 10 110 2 (D) 2 (D) – – 16 304 65 10 166 8 15 138 57 1 (D) (D) 7 192 4 2 – 1 – – 5 (D) 7 (D) 6 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 5 (D) 4 (D) 5 (D) 4 69 3 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) (D) 20 195 7 21 4 (D) 2 (D) 29 622 100 16 407 (D) 26 215 (D) 1 (D) (D) 9 639 4 1 2 1 1 – 6 91 9 548 7 675 79 1 (D) (D) 6 78 5 41 4 37 4 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) (D) 20 140 3 6 3 16 – – 23 (D) (D) 12 (D) (D) 20 (D) (D) 3 (D) (D) 7 507 5 – – 1 1 – 3 71 7 436 4 148 10 1 (D) (D) 3 61 3 (D) 2 (D) 9 (D) 4 (D) 4 (D) 5 (D) (D) 21 194 5 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D)

Hogs and pigs inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Used or to be used for breeding Other Hogs and pigs sold Feeder pigs Litters of pigs farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 Dec. 1 and May 31 June 1 and Nov. 30 Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory Ewes 1 year old or older Sheep and lambs sold Sheep and lambs shorn

farms number farms number pounds of wool farms number farms number farms number farms number

Horses and ponies inventory Horses and ponies sold Goats inventory Goats sold

POULTRY
Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Farms with 1 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Layers 20 weeks old and older Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks sold (see text) Broilers and other meat type chickens sold Farms with 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Turkey hens kept for breeding Turkeys sold See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 93 58 042 88 1 2 1 1 – – 92 57 722 13 320 19 (D) 5 (D) 4 – 1 – 5 (D) 11 (D) 38 56 415 33 1 2 1 1 – – 37 56 154 9 261 11 53 005 1 (D) – – 1 – 4 (D) 6 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 275 3 – – – – – – 3 275 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 2 – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 12 (D) 11 – – – 1 – – 11 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 10 (D) 7 1 1 1 – – – 10 (D) 3 (D) 7 18 865 – – – – – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 11 (D) 10 – 1 – – – – 11 (D) 5 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 – 1 (D) 3 (D)

74

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Other occupations Item Total Under 25 25 to 34 Age of operator (years) 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

LIVESTOCK Con.
Cattle and calves sold Calves Cattle Fattened on grain and concentrates farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number 78 640 270 32 227 36 66 413 234 22 122 91 33 (D) 25 1 1 4 2 – farms number farms number farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 14 (D) 30 909 23 1 689 (D) 8 508 18 14 261 14 118 13 143 49 770 38 513 34 521 39 617 3 739 89 463 13 21 24 170 9 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 44 22 3 (D) (D) 3 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 5 (D) 4 – – 1 – – 3 (D) 4 (D) 4 (D) 20 1 (D) (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) 5 (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) (D) 6 22 – – 1 (D) – – 18 (D) 90 5 (D) (D) 16 (D) (D) 5 12 12 6 235 5 – – – 1 – 3 (D) 6 (D) 5 492 41 2 (D) (D) 3 57 3 (D) 3 (D) 11 231 9 177 7 137 9 195 (D) 22 140 3 (D) 8 52 1 (D) 24 195 68 10 83 11 21 112 57 9 24 18 7 493 4 – – 2 1 – 3 (D) 6 (D) 7 764 80 2 (D) (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) 11 (D) 9 (D) 11 (D) 10 145 1 058 30 178 6 7 6 30 3 (D) 20 150 76 12 (D) (D) 17 (D) (D) 4 61 43 10 248 7 1 1 1 – – 4 34 10 214 5 278 20 3 (D) 6 4 43 4 28 4 15 11 181 9 121 8 158 9 134 785 21 88 2 (D) 5 (D) 4 23 9 31 (D) 2 (D) (D) 8 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 4 16 4 – – – – – 1 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 11 166 8 105 5 73 8 (D) 766 10 35 2 (D) 4 21 1 (D)

Hogs and pigs inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Used or to be used for breeding Other Hogs and pigs sold Feeder pigs Litters of pigs farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 Dec. 1 and May 31 June 1 and Nov. 30 Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory Ewes 1 year old or older Sheep and lambs sold Sheep and lambs shorn

farms number farms number pounds of wool farms number farms number farms number farms number

Horses and ponies inventory Horses and ponies sold Goats inventory Goats sold

POULTRY
Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Farms with 1 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Layers 20 weeks old and older Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks sold (see text) Broilers and other meat type chickens sold Farms with 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Turkey hens kept for breeding Turkeys sold See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 55 1 627 55 – – – – – – 55 1 568 4 59 8 182 4 250 4 – – – 1 (D) 5 122 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 32 3 – – – – – – 3 32 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 13 (D) 13 – – – – – – 13 308 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 25 (D) 25 – – – – – – 25 957 1 (D) 3 88 2 (D) 2 – – – – – 2 (D) 9 161 9 – – – – – – 9 161 – – 3 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 4 (D) 4 – – – – – – 4 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

75

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Farming Item Total farming and other occupations Age of operator (years) Total Under 25 25 to 34 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

SELECTED CROPS HARVESTED
Corn for silage or green chop Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) Irrigated farms acres cwt farms acres farms acres tons, green farms acres 53 (D) (D) – – 20 25 6 2 – 16 788 (D) 4 (D) 7 3 3 2 1 39 2 441 39 876 – – 13 19 5 2 – 10 773 212 270 2 (D) 2 2 3 2 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) (D) – – – 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 225 4 090 – – 3 2 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – 12 605 10 471 – – 5 5 2 – – 2 (D) (D) – – 1 1 – – – 14 1 302 20 254 – – 4 7 1 2 – 7 763 209 640 2 (D) – 1 3 2 1 5 (D) (D) – – 1 4 – – – 1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres

255 8 189 16 680 5 (D) 142 101 10 2 –

117 4 574 10 513 5 25 56 55 4 2 –

– – – – – – – – – –

5 164 272 – – 2 3 – – –

15 446 993 1 (D) 9 5 1 – –

24 978 2 667 1 (D) 11 12 1 – –

30 1 425 3 445 – – 12 16 1 1 –

43 1 561 3 136 3 (D) 22 19 1 1 –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres farms acres farms acres

176 (D) (D) 3 (D) 126 1 907 44 450 58 49 17 1 1

84 2 778 5 814 3 (D) 89 1 744 33 416 32 38 17 1 1 35 282 8 10 19 14 2 – –

– – – – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – –

4 114 139 – – 6 (D) 1 (D) – 5 1 – – – – – – – – – – –

12 304 686 – – 15 251 6 50 6 4 5 – – 3 (D) 1 (D) 2 1 – – –

19 443 1 033 1 (D) 24 354 11 85 12 8 4 – – 9 57 3 3 7 1 1 – –

22 918 2 283 – – 14 316 5 (D) 2 8 3 1 – 7 (D) 1 (D) 4 3 – – –

27 999 1 673 2 (D) 28 692 8 166 11 12 4 – 1 16 157 3 (D) 6 9 1 – –

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Land in orchards Irrigated Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more See footnotes at end of table.

farms acres farms acres

54 389 11 25 30 22 2 – –

76

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 48.

Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1997 Con.
Other occupations Item Total Under 25 25 to 34 Age of operator (years) 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 and over

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

SELECTED CROPS HARVESTED
Corn for silage or green chop Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) Irrigated farms acres cwt farms acres farms acres tons, green farms acres 14 415 7 105 – – 7 6 1 – – 6 15 3 759 2 (D) 5 1 – – – 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 155 2 945 – – 3 3 – – – 3 4 934 2 (D) 3 – – – – 5 147 1 870 – – 3 1 1 – – 1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – – 2 (D) (D) – – 1 1 – – – 1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres

138 3 615 6 167 – – 86 46 6 – –

1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – –

6 (D) (D) – – 5 1 – – –

27 1 052 1 698 – – 11 14 2 – –

46 1 308 2 365 – – 26 17 3 – –

32 793 1 336 – – 22 9 1 – –

26 386 599 – – 21 5 – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres farms acres farms acres

92 2 126 3 410 – – 37 163 11 34 26 11 – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

5 43 85 – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – 1 (D) – – – 1 – – –

21 712 989 – – 12 52 6 24 8 4 – – – 6 42 1 (D) 3 3 – – –

32 883 1 589 – – 14 67 3 (D) 11 3 – – – 5 21 1 (D) 2 3 – – –

18 233 388 – – 6 28 – – 4 2 – – – 5 30 – – 4 1 – – –

16 255 359 – – 4 (D) 1 (D) 2 2 – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 2 – – – –

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Land in orchards Irrigated Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more

farms acres farms acres

19 107 3 15 11 8 – – –

1Data are based on a sample of farms. 2Farms with total production expenses equal

to market value of agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains of less than $1,000.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

77

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Total 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Average size of farm number percent acres acres 735 100.0 55 256 75 181 24.6 727 4 257 35.0 6 214 24 77 10.5 4 401 57 60 8.2 4 989 83 53 7.2 6 009 113

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) Average per farm Farms by value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Grains Sales of $50,000 or more Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Sales of $50,000 or more Tobacco Sales of $50,000 or more Hay, silage, and field seeds Sales of $50,000 or more Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Sales of $50,000 or more Fruits, nuts, and berries Sales of $50,000 or more Nursery and greenhouse crops Sales of $50,000 or more Other crops Sales of $50,000 or more Poultry and poultry products Sales of $50,000 or more Dairy products Sales of $50,000 or more Cattle and calves Sales of $50,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars 735 48 200 65 578 117 93 91 91 78 31 53 20 64 55 23 9 9 1 – 10 19 – – 5 10 – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 4 7 – – – – – – – – 149 1 175 4 330 126 3 873 18 2 385 75 1 889 9 1 292 276 30 962 81 28 697 23 1 504 5 1 376 67 2 002 8 (D) 32 4 704 29 (D) 158 675 – – 181 4 871 26 909 26 30 21 27 21 10 10 6 18 10 2 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 5 – – 26 214 – – 17 84 – – 97 3 759 24 (D) 5 9 – – 11 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 8 (D) – – 257 7 252 28 220 53 36 33 35 27 12 20 6 18 11 4 2 – – – 5 8 – – 3 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 39 131 – – 48 895 3 217 33 509 3 185 94 3 832 17 2 928 7 47 – – 25 921 3 901 2 (D) 2 (D) 43 (D) – – 77 2 863 37 182 16 11 10 12 5 1 7 2 5 5 2 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 25 126 – – 17 455 3 195 7 165 1 (D) 21 1 746 7 1 638 3 (D) 1 (D) 6 3 – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 18 76 – – 60 3 120 51 999 9 10 11 6 3 2 5 1 3 5 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 22 141 – – 6 296 2 (D) 2 (D) – – 18 2 029 9 1 919 2 (D) – – 5 (D) 1 (D) 3 110 1 (D) 19 (D) – – 53 6 047 114 099 7 – 4 5 8 1 4 2 8 9 2 1 2 – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 21 168 – – 11 315 2 (D) 7 283 2 (D) 14 4 102 8 4 019 2 (D) 2 (D) 6 (D) 1 (D) 5 467 4 (D) 18 64 – –

78

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Average size of farm number percent acres acres 31 4.2 4 852 157 22 3.0 (D) (D) 12 1.6 2 919 243 27 3.7 9 275 344 13 1.8 7 758 597 1 .1 (D) (D) 1 .1 (D) (D)

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) Average per farm Farms by value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Grains Sales of $50,000 or more Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Sales of $50,000 or more Tobacco Sales of $50,000 or more Hay, silage, and field seeds Sales of $50,000 or more Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Sales of $50,000 or more Fruits, nuts, and berries Sales of $50,000 or more Nursery and greenhouse crops Sales of $50,000 or more Other crops Sales of $50,000 or more Poultry and poultry products Sales of $50,000 or more Dairy products Sales of $50,000 or more Cattle and calves Sales of $50,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars 31 2 806 90 517 3 3 6 3 3 1 1 2 1 7 – – 1 – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 11 (D) – – 4 35 – – 2 (D) – – 4 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 6 (D) 1 (D) 5 694 5 694 14 117 – – 22 3 494 158 826 – – 2 2 4 4 2 – 2 4 – 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 10 (D) 1 (D) 5 173 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 8 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 4 11 – – 3 862 3 862 14 64 – – 12 (D) (D) 1 1 2 – 1 – – – 4 2 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 (D) 1 (D) 4 324 3 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 5 (D) 2 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – 3 283 3 283 7 (D) – – 27 6 819 252 540 2 2 2 1 4 – 3 1 4 2 2 1 3 – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 10 (D) 2 (D) 4 (D) 2 (D) 3 5 – – 8 4 308 4 4 226 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 6 1 051 6 1 051 12 117 – – 13 9 221 709 283 – – – – 2 – – – 1 – 5 2 2 1 – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 6 7 204 6 7 204 1 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 3 917 3 917 5 49 – – 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

79

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Total 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD Con.
Total sales (see text) Hogs and pigs Con. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 45 493 2 (D) 54 58 – – 69 846 6 581 135 2 323 8 70 – – 9 2 – – 21 418 4 (D) 32 161 14 274 1 (D) 20 26 – – 29 (D) 2 (D) 52 597 8 69 – – 8 12 – – 6 8 – – 12 155 1 (D) – – 5 3 – – 2 (D) – – 7 267 8 59 1 (D) 2 (D) – – 5 (D) – – 12 116

Sales of $50,000 or more Sheep, lambs, and wool Sales of $50,000 or more Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Sales of $50,000 or more Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1
Total farm production expenses Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Feed for livestock and poultry Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Commercially mixed formula feeds Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Commercial fertilizer Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Agricultural chemicals Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Petroleum products Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Gasoline and gasohol Diesel fuel Natural gas LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 735 35 350 48 096 161 848 122 29 9 1 – 271 2 924 211 30 22 7 1 179 2 219 137 18 17 7 383 2 027 213 107 50 7 6 493 1 528 439 40 10 4 347 824 309 32 5 1 694 1 642 628 54 10 2 602 594 380 596 30 48 485 404 181 3 174 17 538 25 73 20 4 1 – – 39 190 31 6 2 – – 28 148 22 4 2 – 104 244 69 18 16 1 – 106 46 105 1 – – 73 22 73 – – – 173 221 165 8 – – 152 72 62 27 7 8 101 115 257 5 365 20 875 55 (D) 42 10 2 1 – 99 777 87 7 3 1 1 60 618 52 4 2 2 112 156 72 33 7 – – 164 135 161 3 – – 118 85 115 3 – – 237 276 229 8 – – 199 103 123 84 12 24 153 66 77 2 117 27 496 15 38 13 2 – – – 34 (D) 29 4 1 – – 18 53 17 – 1 – 37 120 21 11 4 – 1 52 71 49 3 – – 39 43 38 1 – – 73 (D) 69 3 1 – 61 (D) 43 24 2 (D) 54 54 60 2 240 37 337 11 85 8 1 2 – – 23 238 18 4 – 1 – 16 221 12 3 – 1 22 97 10 6 5 1 – 39 99 36 3 – – 23 69 17 6 – – 58 142 50 7 1 – 51 59 38 41 6 13 44 28 53 3 586 67 665 15 58 11 4 – – – 17 206 10 5 2 – – 12 159 7 3 2 – 34 147 14 13 6 1 – 43 143 32 11 – – 34 131 26 8 – – 51 132 45 6 – – 45 64 37 (D) 1 (D) 46 26

80

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD Con.
Total sales (see text) Hogs and pigs Con. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 1 (D) – – 5 8 – – 2 (D) – – 6 20 4 10 – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 7 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – 3 6 – – 3 (D) – – 2 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 4 75 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Sales of $50,000 or more Sheep, lambs, and wool Sales of $50,000 or more Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Sales of $50,000 or more Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1
Total farm production expenses Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Feed for livestock and poultry Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Commercially mixed formula feeds Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Commercial fertilizer Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Agricultural chemicals Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Petroleum products Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Gasoline and gasohol Diesel fuel Natural gas LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 31 2 045 65 976 13 42 11 1 1 – – 20 (D) 15 1 4 – – 13 92 10 1 2 – 17 68 11 3 2 1 – 26 72 22 4 – – 14 (D) 13 1 – – 29 97 24 5 – – 26 41 17 30 – – 19 26 22 2 767 125 786 10 28 8 2 – – – 13 173 9 1 3 – – 9 137 6 – 3 – 18 (D) 6 8 3 – 1 17 133 11 4 2 – 14 70 9 4 1 – 21 118 14 6 1 – 21 43 17 52 1 (D) 20 (D) 12 (D) (D) 4 (D) 3 1 – – – 7 (D) 4 – 3 – – 7 (D) 4 2 1 – 6 (D) – 5 1 – – 7 (D) 4 2 1 – 4 30 2 2 – – 11 64 7 3 1 – 11 30 9 26 – – 10 9 27 5 253 194 571 8 (D) 4 2 2 – – 12 442 5 2 3 2 – 11 380 5 1 3 2 20 151 7 8 4 – 1 24 230 15 5 4 – 16 72 12 4 – – 26 151 20 3 3 – 23 67 20 61 1 (D) 23 (D) 13 7 366 566 622 5 (D) 2 2 1 – – 7 (D) 3 – 1 3 – 5 (D) 2 – 1 2 12 346 3 1 2 3 3 13 517 4 2 3 4 11 256 4 2 4 1 13 300 4 4 3 2 11 70 13 194 – – 13 36 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – 1 – – – 1 (D) – 1 – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – 1 – – 1 (D) – 1 – – 1 (D) – 1 – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

81

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Total 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1 Con.
Total farm production expenses Electricity Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Hired farm labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Workers by days worked: 150 days or more Less than 150 days Contract labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Repair and maintenance Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Interest Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Not secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Cash rent Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Property taxes Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more All other farm production expenses Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms workers farms workers farms $1,000 farms $1,000 Con. farms $1,000 505 743 347 121 37 – – 277 10 755 128 75 51 13 10 158 657 229 768 83 725 32 38 8 1 4 605 2 655 489 98 11 7 122 289 65 41 16 – – 218 1 744 143 61 12 2 152 1 092 29 66 49 5 3 105 652 41 41 18 3 2 135 1 021 104 14 10 7 681 2 640 529 108 37 7 663 4 985 514 112 20 8 9 109 118 81 23 5 – – 54 939 30 12 8 4 – 25 52 47 139 19 53 6 11 2 – – 141 264 123 18 – – 29 22 22 7 – – – 47 150 37 10 – – 35 113 9 18 8 – – 20 38 10 8 2 – – 15 19 14 1 – – 162 341 146 16 – – 160 472 136 21 2 1 – 169 154 126 37 6 – – 84 977 49 21 13 1 – 37 100 74 196 25 70 15 7 2 1 – 198 421 176 21 1 – 32 43 18 13 1 – – 65 264 48 17 – – 44 237 11 16 17 – – 29 27 18 11 – – – 31 (D) 31 – – – 244 822 202 34 7 1 233 810 198 30 3 1 1 52 49 40 11 1 – – 33 534 18 8 6 1 – 17 44 28 72 5 6 2 3 – – – 65 223 55 9 – 1 9 (D) 5 2 2 – – 17 53 13 4 – – 12 37 2 9 1 – – 9 16 3 5 1 – – 20 82 17 1 1 1 70 274 52 16 2 – 65 392 52 10 2 – 1 44 54 34 6 4 – – 22 541 7 8 5 2 – 16 51 19 77 6 36 2 2 2 – – 51 (D) 42 7 2 – 13 (D) 9 3 1 – – 17 (D) 11 6 – – 14 60 3 6 5 – – 6 (D) 3 1 2 – – 13 45 10 2 1 – 59 210 43 14 2 – 53 333 38 11 2 2 – 39 60 22 15 2 – – 24 1 682 6 10 5 – 3 18 85 21 84 10 18 3 7 – – – 49 198 37 11 1 – 9 8 5 4 – – – 18 137 10 7 1 – 11 (D) 1 6 3 1 – 11 (D) 2 4 5 – – 18 69 13 4 1 – 47 173 38 7 2 – 50 424 34 10 5 – 1

82

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1 Con.
Total farm production expenses Electricity Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Hired farm labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Workers by days worked: 150 days or more Less than 150 days Contract labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Repair and maintenance Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Interest Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Not secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Cash rent Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Property taxes Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more All other farm production expenses Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 Con. farms $1,000 26 48 15 8 3 – – 16 771 8 6 1 – 1 farms workers farms workers farms $1,000 9 (D) 12 36 3 (D) 1 2 – – – 29 178 20 8 1 – 9 23 4 4 1 – – 14 123 8 3 3 – 12 84 1 7 3 1 – 5 40 1 1 2 1 – 7 (D) 7 – – – 29 180 19 5 4 1 29 185 21 7 1 – – 20 50 12 6 2 – – 11 745 5 4 1 – 1 7 48 7 18 3 (D) 2 – 1 – – 21 120 14 6 1 – 4 24 – 1 3 – – 12 (D) 5 6 1 – 8 (D) 1 1 5 1 – 4 9 2 1 1 – – 8 99 4 2 1 1 19 117 11 5 2 1 21 309 13 6 – 1 1 11 (D) 6 3 2 – – 5 (D) 1 2 2 – – 4 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) – 2 – – – 10 93 5 4 1 – 3 (D) 1 1 1 – – 7 (D) 4 1 2 – 2 (D) – – – 2 – 6 28 – 4 2 – – 4 (D) 3 1 – – 11 (D) 3 5 2 1 11 (D) 7 3 – 1 – 23 90 9 9 5 – – 15 2 217 3 4 5 1 2 13 114 10 69 5 (D) 1 2 1 – 1 26 383 14 9 1 2 8 67 1 2 5 – – 11 161 5 3 3 – 6 (D) 1 1 3 – 1 8 (D) 2 4 1 1 – 10 354 3 2 3 2 25 204 11 5 7 2 26 485 12 10 3 – 1 11 82 2 2 7 – – 11 2 072 1 – 4 3 3 11 81 7 58 4 (D) – 2 – – 2 13 573 2 4 3 4 5 23 – 4 1 – – 10 574 2 4 2 2 8 199 – 2 4 – 2 7 375 – 2 2 1 2 9 301 2 1 3 3 13 160 4 1 8 – 13 1 365 3 3 2 2 3 – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 – 1 (D) – 1 – – – 1 (D) – 1 – – – 1 (D) – – – 1 – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 1 1 (D) – 1 – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – 1 1 (D) – – – – 1

farms $1,000

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

83

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Total 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres

NET CASH RETURN FROM AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR THE FARM UNIT (SEE TEXT)1
All farms Average per farm Farms with net gains2 Average net gain Gain of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Farms with net losses Average net loss Loss of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more number $1,000 dollars number dollars 735 12 850 17 483 353 45 151 35 126 119 73 382 8 085 39 255 84 4 181 1 696 9 371 106 20 248 15 42 34 15 75 6 002 15 51 8 1 257 1 888 7 345 104 29 831 11 42 36 15 153 7 940 12 102 38 1 77 746 9 686 27 39 279 3 10 6 8 50 6 295 3 38 9 – 60 880 14 662 22 50 946 2 7 7 6 38 6 344 3 29 6 – 53 2 461 46 434 35 73 800 2 6 16 11 18 6 778 4 10 4 –

number dollars

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND OTHER FARM RELATED INCOME
Government payments Other farm related income1 Customwork and other agricultural services Gross cash rent or share payments Forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products Other farm related income sources farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 46 122 128 792 43 511 26 85 41 79 43 117 5 (D) 17 212 7 (D) 2 (D) 6 15 5 37 9 48 39 173 12 93 9 17 11 24 12 39 4 (D) 9 25 4 (D) 1 (D) 3 6 2 (D) 2 (D) 14 207 6 (D) 3 18 3 (D) 3 (D) 7 13 15 34 4 9 4 (D) 5 7 6 (D)

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS
Total Corn Wheat Soybeans Sorghum, barley, and oats Cotton Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed Peanuts, rice, and tobacco farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE
Total cropland Harvested cropland Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Cropland: Pasture or grazing only In cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured On which all crops failed In cultivated summer fallow Idle Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 661 25 611 606 19 019 494 68 28 14 2 – – 224 4 730 45 617 16 93 8 203 74 949 350 18 802 95 1 769 311 17 033 146 354 139 296 139 – – – – – – 12 36 3 5 – – – – 10 17 21 49 3 5 18 44 228 3 121 199 2 062 199 – – – – – – 84 792 15 (D) 7 26 2 (D) 28 158 120 1 397 29 (D) 105 (D) 75 2 287 66 (D) 55 11 – – – – – 31 489 7 17 3 26 2 (D) 7 38 49 1 310 11 115 45 1 195 58 2 481 54 1 915 37 17 – – – – – 29 436 2 (D) – – – – 8 (D) 40 1 408 16 140 32 1 268 51 3 174 49 2 381 24 20 5 – – – – 21 506 6 (D) 2 (D) – – 8 168 35 1 785 7 153 34 1 632

84

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more

NET CASH RETURN FROM AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR THE FARM UNIT (SEE TEXT)1
All farms Average per farm Farms with net gains2 Average net gain Gain of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Farms with net losses Average net loss Loss of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more number $1,000 dollars number dollars 31 761 24 542 16 55 958 – 8 4 4 15 8 969 – 10 5 – 22 727 33 040 12 72 866 1 4 5 2 10 14 751 2 2 6 – 12 45 3 764 6 (D) – 1 5 – 6 (D) – 4 2 – 27 1 565 57 969 16 112 991 1 6 4 5 11 22 063 – 6 4 1 13 1 855 142 661 8 246 374 – – 2 6 5 23 280 – 3 1 1 1 –47 –47 431 – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 – 1 274 274 429 1 (D) – – – 1 – – – – – –

number dollars

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND OTHER FARM RELATED INCOME
Government payments Other farm related income1 Customwork and other agricultural services Gross cash rent or share payments Forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products Other farm related income sources farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 5 (D) 12 (D) 4 (D) 2 (D) 6 (D) 5 4 2 (D) 6 31 3 19 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 3 (D) 4 34 1 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 4 5 6 17 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 3 (D) 5 (D) 6 (D) 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 4 6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS
Total Corn Wheat Soybeans Sorghum, barley, and oats Cotton Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed Peanuts, rice, and tobacco farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE
Total cropland Harvested cropland Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Cropland: Pasture or grazing only In cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured On which all crops failed In cultivated summer fallow Idle Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 30 2 097 27 1 400 15 7 5 – – – – 16 418 3 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 3 (D) 28 1 940 10 184 26 1 756 22 2 022 22 1 676 9 5 7 1 – – – 8 280 – – 1 (D) – – 3 (D) 15 (D) 3 (D) 13 1 242 11 (D) 10 (D) 4 3 1 2 – – – 5 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 11 1 188 4 47 11 1 141 25 4 165 25 3 172 10 3 6 6 – – – 13 847 5 73 1 (D) 1 (D) 3 (D) 19 2 870 8 538 16 2 332 13 4 614 13 3 428 2 1 3 5 2 – – 4 800 2 (D) – – – – 2 (D) 10 2 434 3 139 9 2 295 1 (D) 1 (D) – 1 – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

85

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Total 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE Con.
Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Irrigated land Harvested cropland irrigated Pasture and other land irrigated Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 130 2 661 515 8 182 180 3 265 177 3 176 7 89 5 (D) 15 60 106 (D) 66 113 65 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 46 477 181 1 219 51 212 51 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 8 (D) 55 (D) 16 103 14 (D) 2 (D) – – 13 (D) 43 (D) 12 302 12 302 – – – – 12 (D) 44 (D) 9 104 9 104 – – 1 (D)

VALUE OF LAND AND BUILDINGS1
Estimated market value of land and buildings Average per farm Average per acre Farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more farms $1,000 dollars dollars 735 325 166 442 402 5 885 48 39 24 64 67 289 126 63 12 3 181 26 219 144 854 36 064 39 19 10 33 24 52 4 – – – 257 77 746 302 513 12 511 7 17 13 23 35 117 37 7 1 – 77 35 855 465 648 8 147 1 – – 4 3 43 18 7 1 – 60 31 058 517 626 6 225 – 1 – 1 3 30 20 5 – – 53 40 758 769 021 6 783 – 2 – 2 – 18 16 12 2 1

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment Farms by value group: $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more farms $1,000 735 28 517 90 112 169 220 84 40 14 6 181 3 921 30 38 43 55 11 3 1 – 257 6 356 44 39 65 80 18 8 3 – 77 2 841 4 8 18 26 13 8 – – 60 2 099 1 11 17 18 10 2 1 – 53 2 178 4 7 10 14 13 4 1 –

SELECTED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 637 1 397 630 1 539 442 755 413 784 398 688 68 96 12 16 – – 166 189 170 189 154 264 130 227 92 135 68 92 64 81 9 11 – – – – 13 (D) 3 3 214 395 229 440 162 250 131 190 128 177 11 13 1 (D) – – 50 61 44 (D) 72 144 68 172 49 82 49 90 48 82 7 8 1 (D) – – 22 23 26 26 52 115 58 148 39 80 38 68 36 (D) 6 (D) 1 (D) – – 18 20 21 23 45 125 46 169 34 79 40 90 39 81 7 9 2 (D) – – 18 22 22 25

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS1
Commercial fertilizer farms acres on which used 480 15 580 95 (D) 163 1 588 51 1 220 39 1 366 42 1 668

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops farms acres on which used Nematodes in crops farms acres on which used Diseases in crops and orchards farms acres on which used Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture farms acres on which used Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate farms acres on which used See footnotes at end of table.

199 5 973 14 (D) 118 2 351 175 8 557 19 265

44 (D) 3 7 27 39 19 (D) 3 3

63 471 4 13 42 237 40 348 8 65

25 366 4 11 14 230 26 350 3 (D)

15 547 – – 10 199 15 660 – –

20 819 1 (D) 13 482 25 1 113 3 (D)

86

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE Con.
Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Irrigated land Harvested cropland irrigated Pasture and other land irrigated Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 9 (D) 25 (D) 4 (D) 4 89 – – – – 7 (D) 16 544 6 181 6 181 – – – – 2 (D) 11 631 3 171 3 171 – – – – 12 645 21 1 595 7 395 7 395 – – – – 6 (D) 11 (D) 5 1 504 5 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – –

VALUE OF LAND AND BUILDINGS1
Estimated market value of land and buildings Average per farm Average per acre Farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more farms $1,000 dollars dollars 31 23 377 754 104 4 818 – – 1 – 2 10 12 3 3 – 22 19 383 881 062 4 441 – – – 1 – 8 5 7 1 – 12 (D) (D) (D) – – – – – 6 3 3 – – 27 33 988 1 258 805 3 664 1 – – – – 5 10 8 2 1 13 25 999 1 999 909 3 351 – – – – – – 1 9 2 1 1 (D) (D) (D) – – – – – – – 1 – – 1 (D) (D) (D) – – – – – – – 1 – –

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment Farms by value group: $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more farms $1,000 31 1 682 4 3 3 12 5 2 1 1 22 1 221 – 1 4 6 6 5 – – 12 (D) 1 2 2 2 3 2 – – 27 2 966 2 3 5 6 2 4 4 1 13 4 421 – – 2 1 3 – 3 4 1 (D) – – – – – 1 – – 1 (D) – – – – – 1 – –

SELECTED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 28 68 28 85 18 27 23 58 22 53 3 5 2 (D) – – 13 14 16 (D) 21 72 21 85 17 33 19 52 19 44 5 8 1 (D) – – 9 11 14 (D) 11 (D) 12 (D) 3 (D) 11 (D) 10 23 6 (D) – – – – 5 5 5 6 25 90 25 90 19 32 21 58 20 49 6 9 1 (D) – – 11 11 12 (D) 13 90 11 78 8 31 11 47 10 (D) 7 (D) 3 (D) – – 5 5 5 7 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D)

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS1
Commercial fertilizer farms acres on which used 26 1 297 18 1 330 7 760 24 2 441 13 3 565 1 (D) 1 (D)

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops farms acres on which used Nematodes in crops farms acres on which used Diseases in crops and orchards farms acres on which used Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture farms acres on which used Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate farms acres on which used See footnotes at end of table.

7 267 1 (D) 1 (D) 12 510 1 (D)

7 549 – – 1 (D) 12 973 – –

3 292 1 (D) 1 (D) 4 332 – –

7 962 – – 3 (D) 11 1 503 1 (D)

7 1 525 – – 5 610 10 2 640 – –

– – – – – – – – – –

1 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

87

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Total 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres

TENURE AND RACE OF OPERATOR
All operators Full owners Part owners Tenants White Full owners Part owners Tenants Black and other races Full owners Part owners Tenants 735 506 167 62 732 503 167 62 3 3 – – 181 144 13 24 179 142 13 24 2 2 – – 257 199 43 15 256 198 43 15 1 1 – – 77 48 25 4 77 48 25 4 – – – – 60 36 20 4 60 36 20 4 – – – – 53 27 20 6 53 27 20 6 – – – –

OWNED AND RENTED LAND
Land owned Owned land in farms Land rented or leased from others Rented or leased land in farms Land rented or leased to others farms acres farms acres farms acres landlords farms acres farms acres 673 42 430 673 41 526 229 13 800 564 229 13 730 41 974 157 660 157 (D) 37 (D) 47 37 (D) 4 (D) 242 5 628 242 5 346 58 893 100 58 868 13 307 73 3 415 73 3 373 29 (D) 69 29 1 028 3 (D) 56 3 953 56 3 824 24 (D) 60 24 1 165 5 (D) 47 4 277 47 4 145 26 (D) 76 26 1 864 5 (D)

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 49 years 50 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) 527 125 83 370 365 328 381 50 71 260 26 30 34 70 447 20.4 154 6 37 153 92 102 95 79 57 114 54.1 620 115 7 112 42 27 83 98 80 92 10 16 66 9 11 9 28 86 15.2 47 – 14 51 27 19 21 18 9 22 51.3 144 37 3 191 37 29 118 139 100 151 18 29 104 6 12 12 22 155 19.3 56 3 11 50 32 38 32 24 21 46 54.7 216 41 2 64 6 7 38 39 38 36 7 3 26 3 2 3 4 54 23.1 14 – 2 11 10 9 10 14 3 18 57.5 67 10 – 48 9 3 28 32 31 29 3 6 20 – 3 2 6 40 22.3 9 1 5 10 3 11 11 6 5 8 54.2 53 7 – 36 12 5 30 23 24 28 7 7 14 1 – 1 2 43 28.0 7 1 1 7 8 10 5 7 4 10 56.9 50 3 1

FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation: Family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other than family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms farms farms acres farms farms farms acres 573 36 304 54 (D) 92 (D) 1 91 6 (D) 1 5 10 (D) 133 (D) 10 43 33 124 – 33 3 14 1 2 2 (D) 215 5 158 15 429 21 491 – 21 2 (D) – 2 4 (D) 64 (D) 9 504 3 161 – 3 1 (D) – 1 – – 46 3 780 5 (D) 8 702 – 8 – – – – 1 (D) 41 4 605 6 (D) 6 (D) – 6 – – – – – –

88

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more

TENURE AND RACE OF OPERATOR
All operators Full owners Part owners Tenants White Full owners Part owners Tenants Black and other races Full owners Part owners Tenants 31 17 11 3 31 17 11 3 – – – – 22 11 9 2 22 11 9 2 – – – – 12 7 4 1 12 7 4 1 – – – – 27 13 12 2 27 13 12 2 – – – – 13 2 10 1 13 2 10 1 – – – – 1 1 – – 1 1 – – – – – – 1 1 – – 1 1 – – – – – –

OWNED AND RENTED LAND
Land owned Owned land in farms Land rented or leased from others Rented or leased land in farms Land rented or leased to others farms acres farms acres farms acres landlords farms acres farms acres 28 3 836 28 3 763 14 (D) 37 14 1 089 3 (D) 20 (D) 20 3 238 11 (D) 28 11 1 127 2 (D) 11 2 454 11 (D) 5 (D) 34 5 (D) 2 (D) 25 6 367 25 6 329 14 (D) 58 14 2 946 2 (D) 12 4 767 12 4 762 11 (D) 55 11 2 996 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – –

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 49 years 50 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) 23 5 3 20 11 12 18 2 5 11 1 1 3 2 21 23.4 4 – 2 5 3 5 4 2 5 5 55.8 24 7 – 15 5 2 15 7 12 8 1 1 6 2 – 1 1 14 20.9 6 – – 7 1 3 5 3 3 – 53.1 19 3 1 9 1 2 8 4 6 5 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 7 23.2 2 1 – 2 2 3 2 – 1 1 51.3 12 – – 16 6 5 17 10 15 10 1 1 8 2 – 2 3 15 26.9 7 – 2 7 3 4 2 2 5 2 51.8 22 5 – 12 1 – 12 1 9 3 – 2 1 1 – – 1 10 27.7 2 – – 3 3 – 2 2 1 2 55.8 11 2 – – 1 – – 1 – 1 – – 1 – – – – 1 11.0 – – – – – – 1 – – – 55.0 1 – – 1 – – 1 – 1 – – – – – – – – 1 13.0 – – – – – – – 1 – – 64.0 1 – –

FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation: Family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other than family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms farms farms acres farms farms farms acres 24 (D) 3 (D) 4 604 – 4 – – – – – – 19 3 773 – – 3 592 – 3 – – – – – – 8 1 952 1 (D) 2 (D) – 2 – – – – 1 (D) 18 6 192 2 (D) 5 1 697 – 5 – – – – 2 (D) 5 (D) 2 (D) 6 3 788 – 6 – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

89

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Total 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres

INJURIES AND DEATHS
Farm related injuries: Operator and family members Hired workers Farm related deaths: Operator and family members Hired workers farms number farms number farms number farms number 4 5 11 34 – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D)

FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 181 257 77 60 53 31 22 12 27 13 1 1 181 – – – – – – – – – – – – 257 – – – – – – – – – – – – 77 – – – – – – – – – – – – 60 – – – – – – – – – – – – 53 – – – – – – –

FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) 10 89 48 230 96 – – 96 67 18 32 22 21 24 78 – 22 15 95 3 – – 3 6 2 1 7 5 3 22 2 32 20 75 30 – – 30 30 1 2 8 8 11 38 – 9 6 15 19 – – 19 6 4 1 3 2 5 7 1 5 1 13 18 – – 18 7 6 3 1 2 – 3 – 10 4 12 7 – – 7 4 1 5 3 2 – 5

LIVESTOCK
Cattle and calves inventory Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Cows and heifers that had calved Beef cows Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Milk cows Farms with 1 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Heifers and heifer calves Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 200 5 749 82 84 18 13 3 – 162 3 301 129 1 062 92 36 1 – – – 45 2 239 13 1 12 14 4 1 – 125 1 701 140 747 15 99 12 3 – – – – 10 43 10 (D) 9 1 – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – 6 39 9 17 64 638 38 25 1 – – – 53 343 46 (D) 40 6 – – – – 13 (D) 10 1 2 – – – – 33 157 45 138 23 373 10 11 1 1 – – 20 193 18 (D) 12 6 – – – – 2 (D) 1 – – 1 – – – 13 72 18 108 23 495 7 13 3 – – – 19 (D) 16 164 9 7 – – – – 3 (D) – – 3 – – – – 16 (D) 16 (D) 22 624 10 8 3 1 – – 15 340 11 117 7 4 – – – – 5 223 – – 4 1 – – – 14 186 14 98

90

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more

INJURIES AND DEATHS
Farm related injuries: Operator and family members Hired workers Farm related deaths: Operator and family members Hired workers farms number farms number farms number farms number 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more – – – – – 31 – – – – – – – – – – – – 22 – – – – – – – – – – – – 12 – – – – – – – – – – – – 27 – – – – – – – – – – – – 13 – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – 1

FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) 2 3 1 3 4 – – 4 4 3 5 – 1 4 1 2 3 – 6 5 – – 5 3 – 3 – – – – 1 2 – – 3 – – 3 3 – 3 – – – – 2 2 – 5 6 – – 6 2 1 6 – – 1 2 – 1 – 6 – – – – 2 – 3 – 1 – – – – – – 1 – – 1 – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – –

LIVESTOCK
Cattle and calves inventory Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Cows and heifers that had calved Beef cows Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Milk cows Farms with 1 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Heifers and heifer calves Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 14 720 3 6 1 4 – – 11 388 6 (D) 3 3 – – – – 5 (D) – – 1 4 – – – 11 290 7 42 14 698 – 9 2 3 – – 9 312 6 88 3 3 – – – – 3 224 – – – 2 1 – – 11 235 11 151 8 386 1 3 3 1 – – 8 (D) 6 (D) 4 1 1 – – – 3 140 – – 1 2 – – – 6 (D) 5 (D) 12 1 010 1 5 2 3 1 – 12 631 7 (D) 4 3 – – – – 7 (D) 1 – 1 3 2 – – 10 343 10 36 5 706 – 1 2 – 2 – 5 567 3 (D) 1 2 – – – – 3 (D) – – – 1 1 1 – 5 113 5 26 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

91

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Total 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres

LIVESTOCK Con.
Cattle and calves sold Calves Cattle Fattened on grain and concentrates farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number 158 2 315 675 79 1 156 86 134 1 159 589 27 (D) (D) 60 2 764 41 4 3 7 5 – farms number farms number farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 31 (D) 56 (D) 45 4 951 493 13 (D) (D) 31 737 28 342 27 395 69 1 064 50 (D) 44 726 49 852 5 547 163 1 117 32 79 36 298 12 131 8 92 (D) 3 31 (D) 7 61 27 2 (D) (D) 10 505 5 2 – 3 – – 6 61 9 444 8 550 70 2 (D) (D) 6 78 6 35 5 43 10 73 8 40 7 43 9 63 376 23 (D) 7 13 7 (D) 2 (D) 43 257 (D) 18 (D) (D) 36 (D) (D) 5 12 10 22 921 17 – 1 2 2 – 9 224 22 697 14 2 743 274 4 470 17 9 356 6 165 9 191 26 436 19 259 15 (D) 19 329 1 845 68 494 16 36 15 160 4 (D) 18 170 76 10 (D) 8 14 (D) 68 4 (D) (D) 11 909 6 1 – 2 2 – 7 142 11 767 8 817 69 3 280 8 7 142 7 74 6 68 11 190 8 135 8 145 6 128 673 21 139 1 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) 19 (D) (D) 8 (D) (D) 17 68 38 6 17 14 3 (D) 3 – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 6 91 4 70 5 72 4 79 726 14 85 2 (D) 2 (D) – – 18 210 64 10 (D) (D) 16 (D) (D) 4 12 8 6 244 5 – – – 1 – 4 (D) 4 (D) 8 (D) 59 2 (D) (D) 4 (D) 4 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) (D) 8 48 3 18 3 14 2 (D)

Hogs and pigs inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Used or to be used for breeding Other

Hogs and pigs sold Feeder pigs Litters of pigs farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 Dec. 1 and May 31 June 1 and Nov. 30 Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory Ewes 1 year old or older Sheep and lambs sold Sheep and lambs shorn

farms number farms number pounds of wool farms number farms number farms number farms number

Horses and ponies inventory Horses and ponies sold Goats inventory Goats sold

POULTRY
Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Farms with 1 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Layers 20 weeks old and older Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks sold (see text) Broilers and other meat type chickens sold Farms with 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Turkey hens kept for breeding Turkeys sold See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 93 58 042 88 1 2 1 1 – – 92 57 722 13 320 19 (D) 5 (D) 4 – 1 – 5 (D) 11 (D) 13 (D) 13 – – – – – – 12 416 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – 2 (D) 3 (D) 36 50 365 32 1 1 1 1 – – 36 50 312 4 53 9 40 482 2 (D) 2 – – – 1 (D) 3 50 14 (D) 14 – – – – – – 14 263 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 8 (D) 7 – 1 – – – – 8 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 – – – 2 (D) 5 (D) 5 – – – – – – 5 431 1 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – – 2 (D)

92

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more

LIVESTOCK Con.
Cattle and calves sold Calves Cattle Fattened on grain and concentrates farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number 14 358 117 6 164 6 12 194 111 3 (D) (D) 2 (D) 2 – – – – – farms number farms number farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number – – 2 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – 7 132 4 92 3 60 5 129 968 8 54 – – – – 1 (D) 14 274 64 7 (D) 4 12 (D) 60 – – – 6 163 3 1 2 – – – 4 39 6 124 4 106 10 1 (D) (D) 4 28 4 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) 4 9 – – 2 (D) – – 7 (D) (D) 3 (D) (D) 5 42 16 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 12 539 117 10 347 24 11 192 94 3 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 97 3 76 3 79 3 95 707 11 82 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 5 169 49 4 99 5 4 70 44 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – 4 7 – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Hogs and pigs inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Used or to be used for breeding Other

Hogs and pigs sold Feeder pigs Litters of pigs farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 Dec. 1 and May 31 June 1 and Nov. 30 Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory Ewes 1 year old or older Sheep and lambs sold Sheep and lambs shorn

farms number farms number pounds of wool farms number farms number farms number farms number

Horses and ponies inventory Horses and ponies sold Goats inventory Goats sold

POULTRY
Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Farms with 1 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Layers 20 weeks old and older Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks sold (see text) Broilers and other meat type chickens sold Farms with 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Turkey hens kept for breeding Turkeys sold See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 7 (D) 7 – – – – – – 7 218 3 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 6 (D) 6 – – – – – – 6 635 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 92 3 – – – – – – 3 92 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

93

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Total 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres

SELECTED CROPS HARVESTED
Corn for silage or green chop Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) Irrigated farms acres cwt farms acres farms acres tons, green farms acres 53 (D) (D) – – 20 25 6 2 – 16 788 (D) 4 (D) 7 3 3 2 1 1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – – 3 6 1 370 1 (D) 3 – – – – 2 (D) (D) – – 2 – – – – 4 (D) (D) – – 3 1 – – – 4 62 1 185 – – 3 1 – – – 2 (D) (D) – – – 1 1 – – 8 230 3 704 – – 4 4 – – – 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) – – 1 – – 9 353 6 889 – – 2 7 – – – 2 (D) (D) – – – – – 2 –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres

255 8 189 16 680 5 (D) 142 101 10 2 –

10 (D) (D) – – 10 – – – –

74 993 1 974 4 (D) 63 11 – – –

36 1 093 1 723 – – 14 22 – – –

36 931 1 519 – – 20 16 – – –

31 1 084 2 202 – – 14 16 1 – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres farms acres farms acres

176 (D) (D) 3 (D) 126 1 907 44 450 58 49 17 1 1

5 21 51 – – 26 70 13 31 22 4 – – – 10 21 4 7 9 1 – – –

48 600 1 176 2 (D) 48 376 14 84 20 27 1 – – 26 179 3 (D) 11 15 – – –

28 706 1 110 – – 17 269 3 (D) 6 6 5 – – 5 44 1 (D) 2 3 – – –

25 536 951 – – 6 188 3 (D) 2 1 3 – – 2 (D) – – 2 – – – –

25 826 1 519 – – 11 174 4 61 4 4 3 – – 6 114 1 (D) 2 2 2 – –

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Land in orchards Irrigated Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more See footnotes at end of table.

farms acres farms acres

54 389 11 25 30 22 2 – –

94

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 49.

Summary by Size of Farm: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more

SELECTED CROPS HARVESTED
Corn for silage or green chop Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) Irrigated farms acres cwt farms acres farms acres tons, green farms acres 8 258 4 335 – – 3 5 – – – 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) – – 1 – – 8 375 7 725 – – 4 3 1 – – 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 – – – 3 340 5 100 – – – 1 2 – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 468 7 636 – – – 3 3 – – 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – 4 762 10 290 – – 1 1 – 2 – 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres

19 912 1 692 1 (D) 8 10 1 – –

16 826 1 690 – – 5 9 2 – –

7 284 672 – – 3 3 1 – –

18 1 501 3 790 – – 4 8 4 2 –

6 442 1 158 – – 1 4 1 – –

1 (D) (D) – – – 1 – – –

1 (D) (D) – – – 1 – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres farms acres farms acres

12 327 496 1 (D) 4 35 – – 2 2 – – –

11 480 740 – – 5 191 1 (D) – 3 1 1 – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – –

4 205 489 – – 4 190 3 142 1 – 3 – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – –

14 1 026 2 248 – – 4 (D) 3 (D) 1 2 – – 1 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – –

4 177 444 – – 1 (D) – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Land in orchards Irrigated Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more

farms acres farms acres

2 (D) – – 1 1 – – –

1Data are based on a sample of farms. 2Farms with total production expenses equal

to market value of agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains of less than $1,000.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

95

Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $40,000 to $49,999

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Average size of farm number percent acres acres 735 100.0 55 256 75 10 1.4 3 343 334 9 1.2 (D) (D) 23 3.1 4 778 208 55 7.5 (D) (D) 64 8.7 5 238 82 20 2.7 1 381 69

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) Average per farm Farms by value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Grains Sales of $50,000 or more Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Sales of $50,000 or more Tobacco Sales of $50,000 or more Hay, silage, and field seeds Sales of $50,000 or more Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Sales of $50,000 or more Fruits, nuts, and berries Sales of $50,000 or more Nursery and greenhouse crops Sales of $50,000 or more Other crops Sales of $50,000 or more Poultry and poultry products Sales of $50,000 or more Dairy products Sales of $50,000 or more Cattle and calves Sales of $50,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars 735 48 200 65 578 117 93 91 91 78 31 53 20 64 55 23 9 9 1 – 10 19 – – 5 10 – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 4 7 – – – – – – – – 149 1 175 4 330 126 3 873 18 2 385 75 1 889 9 1 292 276 30 962 81 28 697 23 1 504 5 1 376 67 2 002 8 (D) 32 4 704 29 (D) 158 675 – – 10 16 470 1 647 040 – – – – – – – – – – – – 9 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 10 (D) 10 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9 5 494 610 453 – – – – – – – – – – – 9 – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 3 114 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 5 2 776 5 2 776 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) – – 23 7 797 338 995 – – – – – – – – – – 23 – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 17 5 383 17 5 383 – – – – 3 (D) 2 (D) 4 1 392 4 1 392 4 40 – – 55 8 356 151 920 – – – – – – – – – 55 – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 13 (D) 1 (D) 15 884 8 738 8 322 2 (D) 28 (D) 25 3 307 5 644 3 (D) 9 606 4 600 12 1 693 12 1 693 15 121 – – 64 4 704 73 494 – – – – – – – – 64 – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7 (D) 3 (D) 16 612 6 359 8 326 4 280 32 1 931 24 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) 14 (D) 12 (D) 17 94 – – 20 888 44 375 – – – – – – – 20 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7 91 – – 11 286 – – 2 (D) – – 12 344 – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 3 (D) – –

96

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item $25,000 to $39,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Average size of farm number percent acres acres 53 7.2 4 883 92 31 4.2 1 554 50 78 10.6 6 246 80 91 12.4 4 028 44 91 12.4 5 471 60 93 12.7 4 012 43 117 15.9 4 979 43

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) Average per farm Farms by value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Grains Sales of $50,000 or more Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Sales of $50,000 or more Tobacco Sales of $50,000 or more Hay, silage, and field seeds Sales of $50,000 or more Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Sales of $50,000 or more Fruits, nuts, and berries Sales of $50,000 or more Nursery and greenhouse crops Sales of $50,000 or more Other crops Sales of $50,000 or more Poultry and poultry products Sales of $50,000 or more Dairy products Sales of $50,000 or more Cattle and calves Sales of $50,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars 53 1 645 31 030 – – – – – – 53 – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 12 174 – – 20 344 – – 11 147 – – 31 (D) – – 3 59 – – 4 (D) – – – – – – 4 (D) – – 31 661 21 323 – – – – – 31 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 67 – – 7 100 – – 3 54 – – 17 342 – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 7 26 – – 78 1 071 13 731 – – – – 78 – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 23 (D) – – 17 (D) – – 10 86 – – 30 312 – – 2 (D) – – 5 10 – – 1 (D) – – 19 118 – – 91 620 6 811 – – – 91 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 22 108 – – 12 61 – – 17 73 – – 30 184 – – 1 (D) – – 11 (D) – – – – – – 21 68 – – 91 324 3 561 – – 91 – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 33 78 – – 14 48 – – 8 21 – – 18 42 – – 1 (D) – – 8 3 – – – – – – 28 74 – – 93 149 1 600 – 93 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 18 (D) – – 7 (D) – – 2 (D) – – 30 39 – – 4 5 – – 11 6 – – – – – – 28 37 – – 117 23 195 117 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 3 (D) – – 16 4 – – 2 (D) – – 9 (D) – – – – – – 10 6 – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

97

Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $40,000 to $49,999

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD Con.
Total sales (see text) Hogs and pigs Con. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 45 493 2 (D) 54 58 – – 69 846 6 581 135 2 323 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 3 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 4 (D) 2 (D) 15 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 7 312 4 (D) 13 307 3 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 6 81

Sales of $50,000 or more Sheep, lambs, and wool Sales of $50,000 or more Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Sales of $50,000 or more Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1
Total farm production expenses Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Feed for livestock and poultry Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Commercially mixed formula feeds Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Commercial fertilizer Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Agricultural chemicals Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Petroleum products Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Gasoline and gasohol Diesel fuel Natural gas LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 735 35 350 48 096 161 848 122 29 9 1 – 271 2 924 211 30 22 7 1 179 2 219 137 18 17 7 383 2 027 213 107 50 7 6 493 1 528 439 40 10 4 347 824 309 32 5 1 694 1 642 628 54 10 2 602 594 380 596 30 48 485 404 10 11 494 1 149 421 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 8 (D) – – 2 2 4 10 (D) 1 2 4 3 10 (D) 3 4 2 1 10 341 1 3 4 2 10 (D) 10 (D) 1 (D) 10 56 9 3 939 437 691 2 (D) 1 – 1 – – 3 (D) 1 – 1 – 1 3 (D) 1 – 1 1 7 (D) 1 1 2 1 2 8 194 – 5 2 1 8 109 4 2 2 – 9 165 1 5 3 – 9 50 8 69 – – 9 47 23 4 594 199 750 5 160 1 1 3 – – 7 735 1 – 1 5 – 6 600 1 – 1 4 17 173 2 5 9 1 – 20 225 9 8 3 – 21 92 14 7 – – 23 234 8 12 3 – 19 70 20 101 3 (D) 22 (D) 55 5 989 108 894 14 266 6 4 3 1 – 21 949 6 – 13 2 – 19 752 5 1 11 2 40 277 10 15 12 3 – 47 256 32 14 1 – 37 142 25 12 – – 55 336 30 25 – – 50 110 40 94 6 15 52 117 64 2 979 46 553 19 93 10 9 – – – 23 441 7 9 7 – – 19 293 6 9 4 – 43 190 8 22 13 – – 47 115 41 6 – – 37 92 32 5 – – 61 135 55 6 – – 49 (D) 44 39 5 (D) 51 36 20 628 31 384 3 (D) 2 – 1 – – 3 (D) 2 1 – – – 2 (D) 2 – – – 18 61 5 9 4 – – 17 34 15 2 – – 17 15 17 – – – 18 41 17 1 – – 15 14 12 (D) – – 17 (D)

98

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item $25,000 to $39,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD Con.
Total sales (see text) Hogs and pigs Con. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 3 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 4 57 – – 15 273 6 64 – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 8 115 6 24 – – 2 (D) – – 13 93 – – 22 149 10 (D) – – 12 31 – – 13 33 – – 19 54 7 13 – – 12 13 – – 10 27 – – 20 48 5 6 – – 12 5 – – 10 (D) – – 9 13 1 (D) – – 10 4 – – 7 (D) – – 4 2

Sales of $50,000 or more Sheep, lambs, and wool Sales of $50,000 or more Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Sales of $50,000 or more Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1
Total farm production expenses Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Feed for livestock and poultry Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Commercially mixed formula feeds Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Commercial fertilizer Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Agricultural chemicals Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Petroleum products Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Gasoline and gasohol Diesel fuel Natural gas LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 53 1 080 20 374 9 40 8 – 1 – – 11 47 9 2 – – – 10 36 8 2 – – 39 71 15 20 4 – – 44 57 43 1 – – 38 45 37 1 – – 52 87 50 2 – – 42 34 34 (D) 1 (D) 48 31 31 453 14 612 7 20 5 2 – – – 9 28 8 1 – – – 6 20 5 1 – – 25 41 10 13 2 – – 23 (D) 23 – – – 18 (D) 18 – – – 31 39 31 – – – 28 21 16 6 – – 21 12 78 972 12 458 13 55 9 4 – – – 27 78 21 6 – – – 13 19 13 – – – 44 44 28 14 2 – – 61 61 61 – – – 38 48 37 – 1 – 76 65 76 – – – 68 34 40 18 – – 53 13 91 813 8 933 23 35 21 2 – – – 35 71 33 2 – – – 18 23 18 – – – 43 18 37 6 – – – 61 37 61 – – – 34 22 33 1 – – 88 73 88 – – – 79 34 49 (D) 4 (D) 58 15 91 854 9 385 26 50 23 3 – – – 46 72 43 3 – – – 33 50 31 2 – – 45 9 44 1 – – – 60 47 58 2 – – 29 14 29 – – – 88 52 88 – – – 74 28 45 17 3 (D) 56 (D) 93 525 5 649 20 (D) 17 3 – – – 36 25 35 1 – – – 18 13 17 1 – – 31 7 30 1 – – – 52 24 52 – – – 31 6 31 – – – 87 26 87 – – – 78 (D) 24 (D) 2 (D) 39 5 117 1 030 8 800 20 (D) 19 1 – – – 50 87 45 5 – – – 32 43 30 2 – – 23 3 23 – – – – 43 14 43 – – – 29 7 29 – – – 96 48 96 – – – 81 (D) 38 12 5 1 49 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

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Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $40,000 to $49,999

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1 Con.
Total farm production expenses Electricity Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Hired farm labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Workers by days worked: 150 days or more Less than 150 days Contract labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Repair and maintenance Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Interest Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Not secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Cash rent Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Property taxes Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more All other farm production expenses Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms workers farms workers farms $1,000 farms $1,000 Con. farms $1,000 505 743 347 121 37 – – 277 10 755 128 75 51 13 10 158 657 229 768 83 725 32 38 8 1 4 605 2 655 489 98 11 7 122 289 65 41 16 – – 218 1 744 143 61 12 2 152 1 092 29 66 49 5 3 105 652 41 41 18 3 2 135 1 021 104 14 10 7 681 2 640 529 108 37 7 663 4 985 514 112 20 8 9 10 103 1 1 8 – – 10 5 243 – – 1 – 9 10 206 5 52 3 395 – – – – 3 10 674 – 3 2 5 4 (D) – – 4 – – 10 703 1 1 6 2 6 (D) – – – 3 3 6 (D) – 1 1 2 2 7 (D) – 1 1 5 9 (D) 2 1 5 1 10 1 671 – 2 2 1 5 8 (D) – 3 5 – – 9 1 373 – 2 – 6 1 9 85 6 (D) 5 158 – 2 1 1 1 9 229 – 5 2 2 7 71 – 2 5 – – 8 92 2 5 1 – 6 79 – 1 5 – – 3 13 – 1 2 – – 4 (D) 2 – 1 1 8 145 1 1 4 2 9 689 1 2 1 1 4 20 105 6 6 8 – – 22 1 430 – 2 16 4 – 21 134 12 64 3 42 – – 3 – – 20 359 4 11 5 – 11 42 1 8 2 – – 12 168 4 6 2 – 8 105 – 2 5 1 – 8 64 2 2 4 – – 11 123 3 2 6 – 23 176 10 7 5 1 23 529 5 8 7 3 – 52 171 12 29 11 – – 51 1 678 1 22 25 3 – 46 111 37 143 14 30 4 9 1 – – 50 366 22 27 1 – 16 56 4 8 4 – – 35 249 21 11 3 – 23 167 2 12 8 1 – 17 83 3 7 6 1 – 26 126 19 5 1 1 51 267 29 16 6 – 55 819 13 30 9 3 – 56 113 17 36 3 – – 42 513 11 25 6 – – 30 54 33 105 13 33 3 9 1 – – 60 247 42 17 1 – 8 17 3 4 1 – – 33 198 18 15 – – 22 152 4 6 12 – – 18 46 4 10 4 – – 24 91 17 6 1 – 61 201 49 9 3 – 64 501 27 36 1 – – 16 (D) 10 5 1 – – 11 107 5 5 1 – – 5 8 11 56 5 6 2 3 – – – 20 58 18 2 – – 2 (D) 1 1 – – – 12 61 8 4 – – 9 (D) – 6 3 – – 7 (D) – 6 1 – – 2 (D) 2 – – – 20 (D) 15 4 – 1 20 95 13 7 – – –

100

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item $25,000 to $39,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1 Con.
Total farm production expenses Electricity Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Hired farm labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Workers by days worked: 150 days or more Less than 150 days Contract labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Repair and maintenance Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Interest Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Not secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Cash rent Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Property taxes Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more All other farm production expenses Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms workers farms workers farms $1,000 farms $1,000 Con. farms $1,000 42 35 29 13 – – – 23 161 10 12 1 – – 13 27 18 67 3 23 – 1 2 – – 44 88 40 4 – – 4 2 3 1 – – – 26 63 22 4 – – 19 50 7 9 3 – – 14 13 11 3 – – – 17 25 17 – – – 46 167 38 5 3 – 53 170 37 16 – – – 22 11 21 1 – – – 10 41 8 2 – – – 3 (D) 10 (D) – – – – – – – 25 48 24 1 – – 4 4 2 2 – – – 8 14 7 1 – – 3 9 – 2 1 – – 7 5 6 1 – – – 3 (D) 3 – – – 29 92 25 3 – 1 31 78 26 5 – – – 52 28 44 8 – – – 25 54 22 3 – – – 2 (D) 25 53 14 18 5 9 – – – 72 130 67 5 – – 5 5 3 2 – – – 16 61 10 6 – – 12 47 1 7 4 – – 7 14 2 5 – – – 14 11 14 – – – 69 202 58 10 1 – 77 113 75 2 – – – 59 21 52 7 – – – 25 20 25 – – – – 4 (D) 25 60 7 9 5 2 – – – 78 112 71 7 – – 18 10 13 5 – – – 16 21 16 – – – 9 18 3 6 – – – 7 2 7 – – – – 11 6 11 – – – 81 248 66 11 4 – 80 110 79 1 – – – 54 22 50 4 – – – 20 29 18 2 – – – 4 (D) 20 44 9 4 8 1 – – – 76 123 71 5 – – 15 (D) 10 5 – – – 14 53 11 3 – – 10 45 3 4 3 – – 6 8 2 4 – – – 9 (D) 9 – – – 84 270 70 13 1 – 76 91 75 1 – – – 44 11 43 1 – – – 13 10 13 – – – – 4 5 13 26 4 1 4 – – – – 59 73 56 3 – – 15 7 13 2 – – – 10 15 10 – – – 8 (D) 1 7 – – – 3 (D) 2 1 – – – 5 (D) 5 – – – 87 244 80 5 2 – 73 48 72 1 – – – 70 45 62 7 1 – – 16 96 15 – 1 – – 7 9 14 21 3 6 1 2 – – – 82 147 74 8 – – 13 (D) 12 1 – – – 18 48 13 5 – – 17 (D) 8 4 5 – – 2 (D) 2 – – – – 2 (D) 2 – – – 113 431 86 23 3 1 92 72 91 1 – – –

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

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Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $40,000 to $49,999

NET CASH RETURN FROM AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR THE FARM UNIT (SEE TEXT)1
All farms Average per farm Farms with net gains2 Average net gain Gain of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Farms with net losses Average net loss Loss of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more number $1,000 dollars number dollars 735 12 850 17 483 353 45 151 35 126 119 73 382 8 085 39 255 84 4 10 4 976 497 619 10 497 619 – – – 10 – – – – – – 9 1 555 172 762 9 172 762 – – 1 8 – – – – – – 23 3 203 139 245 20 (D) – 1 3 16 3 (D) – 1 1 1 55 2 366 43 026 47 54 627 – 3 18 26 8 25 133 – 1 6 1 64 1 724 26 941 58 30 994 2 6 37 13 6 12 231 – 3 3 – 20 260 12 992 17 18 498 1 4 12 – 3 18 213 – – 3 –

number dollars

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND OTHER FARM RELATED INCOME
Government payments Other farm related income1 Customwork and other agricultural services Gross cash rent or share payments Forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products Other farm related income sources farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 46 122 128 792 43 511 26 85 41 79 43 117 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 6 (D) 3 (D) – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 8 25 18 187 4 (D) 2 (D) 3 (D) 12 26 14 13 11 88 5 72 2 (D) 1 (D) 6 8 1 (D) 4 3 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 1 (D)

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS
Total Corn Wheat Soybeans Sorghum, barley, and oats Cotton Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed Peanuts, rice, and tobacco farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE
Total cropland Harvested cropland Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Cropland: Pasture or grazing only In cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured On which all crops failed In cultivated summer fallow Idle Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 661 25 611 606 19 019 494 68 28 14 2 – – 224 4 730 45 617 16 93 8 203 74 949 350 18 802 95 1 769 311 17 033 10 (D) 10 (D) 1 1 3 4 1 – – 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – 2 (D) 3 277 1 (D) 3 (D) 8 (D) 8 (D) 2 1 4 1 – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 6 2 146 – – 6 2 146 22 (D) 22 2 547 9 5 4 3 1 – – 3 108 2 (D) – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 9 1 157 3 99 7 1 058 51 3 293 49 2 857 26 14 8 1 – – – 12 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) – – 8 159 24 942 7 98 22 844 58 2 620 55 2 220 40 9 2 4 – – – 14 298 5 51 – – – – 4 51 30 1 895 3 (D) 28 (D) 20 951 20 653 15 4 1 – – – – 5 202 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 9 285 3 98 7 187

102

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item $25,000 to $39,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

NET CASH RETURN FROM AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR THE FARM UNIT (SEE TEXT)1
All farms Average per farm Farms with net gains2 Average net gain Gain of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Farms with net losses Average net loss Loss of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more number $1,000 dollars number dollars 53 565 10 656 45 14 741 – 17 28 – 8 12 321 1 3 4 – 31 208 6 711 25 (D) – 12 13 – 6 (D) 3 – 3 – 78 99 1 272 52 6 407 4 41 7 – 26 8 997 2 19 5 – 91 –193 –2 122 40 3 043 8 32 – – 51 6 173 5 37 9 – 91 –530 –5 824 13 1 596 5 8 – – 78 7 061 8 52 17 1 93 –377 –4 049 15 (D) 13 2 – – 78 (D) 9 62 7 – 117 –1 007 –8 604 2 (D) 2 – – – 115 (D) 11 77 26 1

number dollars

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND OTHER FARM RELATED INCOME
Government payments Other farm related income1 Customwork and other agricultural services Gross cash rent or share payments Forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products Other farm related income sources farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 2 (D) 7 33 1 (D) 2 (D) 4 21 2 (D) 1 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 6 2 8 25 3 6 3 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 17 53 8 (D) 6 (D) 7 14 2 (D) 4 (D) 21 89 8 30 4 (D) 7 12 7 (D) 2 (D) 16 53 4 (D) 3 (D) 7 10 4 (D) 1 (D) 16 59 4 13 3 14 6 10 4 22

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS
Total Corn Wheat Soybeans Sorghum, barley, and oats Cotton Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed Peanuts, rice, and tobacco farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE
Total cropland Harvested cropland Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Cropland: Pasture or grazing only In cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured On which all crops failed In cultivated summer fallow Idle Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 51 1 423 51 1 146 44 5 2 – – – – 9 98 5 (D) 3 (D) – – 12 143 26 2 518 7 292 24 2 226 29 592 29 452 26 3 – – – – – 4 35 3 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 4 44 11 595 3 21 10 574 74 3 084 72 1 852 56 12 3 1 – – – 22 1 128 5 61 2 (D) 1 (D) 8 37 39 1 825 8 237 36 1 588 84 1 679 80 1 019 76 4 – – – – – 28 556 5 24 3 (D) 1 (D) 11 (D) 43 1 549 16 358 34 1 191 86 2 332 79 1 274 71 7 1 – – – – 39 (D) 2 (D) – – 2 (D) 5 (D) 45 1 729 15 (D) 38 (D) 79 1 099 65 697 62 3 – – – – – 32 331 7 (D) 2 (D) – – 9 31 51 1 810 14 (D) 48 (D) 89 1 327 66 546 66 – – – – – – 52 (D) 3 (D) – – 1 (D) 5 11 54 2 074 15 127 48 1 947

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

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Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $40,000 to $49,999

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE Con.
Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Irrigated land Harvested cropland irrigated Pasture and other land irrigated Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 130 2 661 515 8 182 180 3 265 177 3 176 7 89 5 (D) 1 (D) 5 53 10 1 464 10 1 464 – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 8 620 3 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) – – 7 (D) 16 335 13 (D) 13 656 1 (D) – – 11 (D) 34 588 22 (D) 22 (D) – – – – 10 (D) 48 (D) 27 145 27 145 – – – – 2 (D) 10 (D) 11 (D) 10 159 1 (D) – –

VALUE OF LAND AND BUILDINGS1
Estimated market value of land and buildings Average per farm Average per acre Farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more farms $1,000 dollars dollars 735 325 166 442 402 5 885 48 39 24 64 67 289 126 63 12 3 10 (D) (D) (D) – – – – – – – 5 3 2 9 (D) (D) (D) – – – 1 1 1 3 3 – – 23 21 505 934 985 4 501 – – – – 2 4 7 8 2 – 55 33 958 617 421 6 534 3 – – 6 3 15 15 11 2 – 64 30 423 475 365 5 808 4 2 2 4 5 27 10 9 1 – 20 11 692 584 609 8 466 2 – – 1 2 7 3 4 1 –

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment Farms by value group: $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more farms $1,000 735 28 517 90 112 169 220 84 40 14 6 10 3 219 – – 1 – 2 2 3 2 9 2 276 – 1 1 – 2 1 3 1 23 3 144 – 2 2 3 6 4 5 1 55 4 251 – 1 9 14 18 10 1 2 64 2 475 2 7 14 23 11 7 – – 20 649 2 3 5 5 4 1 – –

SELECTED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 637 1 397 630 1 539 442 755 413 784 398 688 68 96 12 16 – – 166 189 170 189 10 (D) 9 (D) 9 (D) 9 (D) 9 (D) 7 9 – – – – 1 (D) – – 9 (D) 8 (D) 5 (D) 6 (D) 6 23 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 23 109 23 108 18 (D) 21 (D) 18 45 10 (D) 2 (D) – – 5 (D) 5 (D) 55 185 46 172 36 75 32 97 32 81 10 16 4 (D) – – 16 19 16 17 61 139 57 134 27 48 44 86 42 79 6 7 – – – – 8 8 10 13 15 33 19 51 16 27 15 24 14 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 5 (D) 6 (D)

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS1
Commercial fertilizer farms acres on which used 480 15 580 10 (D) 8 (D) 20 2 052 47 2 439 46 1 822 17 456

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops farms acres on which used Nematodes in crops farms acres on which used Diseases in crops and orchards farms acres on which used Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture farms acres on which used Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate farms acres on which used See footnotes at end of table.

199 5 973 14 (D) 118 2 351 175 8 557 19 265

10 (D) 1 (D) 6 381 9 (D) – –

7 (D) – – 3 (D) 6 (D) 1 (D)

8 (D) – – 6 (D) 15 1 645 – –

21 880 2 (D) 14 (D) 28 1 852 4 (D)

23 (D) – – 15 (D) 19 776 2 (D)

10 (D) – – 6 42 8 173 1 (D)

104

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item $25,000 to $39,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE Con.
Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Irrigated land Harvested cropland irrigated Pasture and other land irrigated Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 7 (D) 41 (D) 24 (D) 24 100 2 (D) – – 5 39 22 328 7 53 7 53 – – – – 13 443 48 894 17 51 16 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 17 (D) 65 (D) 21 37 21 37 – – – – 16 (D) 59 (D) 11 23 11 23 – – – – 9 76 67 1 027 11 16 11 16 – – 2 (D) 30 (D) 92 (D) 3 10 2 (D) 1 (D) – –

VALUE OF LAND AND BUILDINGS1
Estimated market value of land and buildings Average per farm Average per acre Farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more farms $1,000 dollars dollars 53 21 370 403 206 4 376 3 2 2 4 4 22 13 3 – – 31 12 431 401 008 8 000 2 5 – 3 4 8 7 1 1 – 78 30 435 390 195 4 873 7 5 6 2 6 31 13 7 1 – 91 31 554 346 751 7 834 5 8 4 11 11 30 15 6 1 – 91 33 407 367 115 6 106 7 4 1 9 8 49 9 3 – 1 93 23 870 256 669 5 950 7 4 5 15 11 39 11 1 – – 117 35 322 301 899 7 094 8 9 4 8 10 56 20 2 – –

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment Farms by value group: $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more farms $1,000 53 1 595 5 5 12 20 9 2 – – 31 660 1 6 13 7 4 – – – 78 2 121 8 14 14 32 7 2 1 – 91 2 152 17 15 20 31 3 4 1 – 91 1 883 12 17 26 28 7 1 – – 93 1 834 18 17 23 26 8 1 – – 117 2 261 25 24 29 31 3 5 – –

SELECTED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 45 83 50 109 38 59 33 50 33 46 4 4 – – – – 11 14 11 (D) 29 50 26 55 19 (D) 16 (D) 16 24 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 5 5 58 101 67 137 47 74 38 63 38 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 23 24 22 (D) 75 131 74 161 50 79 50 82 49 72 7 10 1 (D) – – 31 36 25 28 73 126 74 157 49 83 51 74 48 66 6 8 1 (D) – – 26 28 31 (D) 81 109 76 130 54 72 36 58 34 50 6 8 1 (D) – – 16 23 17 19 103 164 101 187 74 107 62 80 59 74 6 6 – – – – 20 21 20 21

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS1
Commercial fertilizer farms acres on which used 44 823 22 296 57 1 648 58 811 60 882 50 433 41 376

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops farms acres on which used Nematodes in crops farms acres on which used Diseases in crops and orchards farms acres on which used Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture farms acres on which used Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate farms acres on which used See footnotes at end of table.

28 (D) 2 (D) 17 111 14 207 3 (D)

11 166 2 (D) 5 61 6 (D) 1 (D)

22 363 2 (D) 9 241 23 466 2 (D)

18 126 1 (D) 14 108 18 188 1 (D)

15 93 2 (D) 10 (D) 15 559 3 (D)

17 85 1 (D) 9 47 7 30 1 (D)

9 81 1 (D) 4 (D) 7 44 – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

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105

Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $40,000 to $49,999

TENURE AND RACE OF OPERATOR
All operators Full owners Part owners Tenants White Full owners Part owners Tenants Black and other races Full owners Part owners Tenants 735 506 167 62 732 503 167 62 3 3 – – 10 2 6 2 10 2 6 2 – – – – 9 5 3 1 9 5 3 1 – – – – 23 8 12 3 23 8 12 3 – – – – 55 27 23 5 55 27 23 5 – – – – 64 35 23 6 64 35 23 6 – – – – 20 14 6 – 20 14 6 – – – – –

OWNED AND RENTED LAND
Land owned Owned land in farms Land rented or leased from others Rented or leased land in farms Land rented or leased to others farms acres farms acres farms acres landlords farms acres farms acres 673 42 430 673 41 526 229 13 800 564 229 13 730 41 974 8 (D) 8 (D) 8 (D) (D) 8 (D) – – 8 (D) 8 3 800 4 (D) (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) 20 (D) 20 2 757 15 (D) 65 15 2 021 – – 50 (D) 50 (D) 28 2 153 91 28 2 153 2 (D) 58 (D) 58 3 321 29 1 917 91 29 1 917 2 (D) 20 1 019 20 1 019 6 362 12 6 362 – –

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 49 years 50 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) 527 125 83 370 365 328 381 50 71 260 26 30 34 70 447 20.4 154 6 37 153 92 102 95 79 57 114 54.1 620 115 7 5 5 – 10 – 9 1 1 – – – – – – 10 30.4 – – – 2 2 2 – 1 2 1 55.2 10 – – 7 1 1 9 – 8 – – – – 1 – – – 7 27.1 2 – – 2 2 1 1 2 – 1 54.7 8 1 – 13 9 1 19 4 15 5 – 3 2 3 1 – – 17 29.3 5 – 1 4 3 4 4 2 3 2 53.1 22 1 – 38 16 1 48 7 42 12 7 – 5 1 1 2 3 44 24.8 5 1 2 11 6 6 10 8 6 5 54.5 51 4 – 35 21 8 47 17 35 24 4 8 12 5 3 4 6 42 20.6 9 2 4 14 10 9 5 6 5 9 51.6 56 8 1 12 5 3 13 7 12 8 2 1 5 – 2 1 2 9 16.6 6 1 2 6 2 2 2 1 – 4 49.7 19 1 –

FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation: Family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other than family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms farms farms acres farms farms farms acres 573 36 304 54 (D) 92 (D) 1 91 6 (D) 1 5 10 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 8 (D) – 8 – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 6 3 876 1 5 1 (D) – 1 – – 7 1 856 2 (D) 13 (D) – 13 1 (D) – 1 – – 37 (D) 8 668 9 (D) – 9 1 (D) 1 – – – 48 4 172 5 (D) 9 483 – 9 1 (D) – 1 1 (D) 16 1 323 1 (D) 3 (D) – 3 – – – – – –

106

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item $25,000 to $39,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

TENURE AND RACE OF OPERATOR
All operators Full owners Part owners Tenants White Full owners Part owners Tenants Black and other races Full owners Part owners Tenants 53 29 15 9 52 28 15 9 1 1 – – 31 23 5 3 31 23 5 3 – – – – 78 50 18 10 78 50 18 10 – – – – 91 66 15 10 91 66 15 10 – – – – 91 67 19 5 91 67 19 5 – – – – 93 78 12 3 92 77 12 3 1 1 – – 117 102 10 5 116 101 10 5 1 1 – –

OWNED AND RENTED LAND
Land owned Owned land in farms Land rented or leased from others Rented or leased land in farms Land rented or leased to others farms acres farms acres farms acres landlords farms acres farms acres 44 4 226 44 4 058 24 (D) 39 24 825 6 (D) 28 (D) 28 1 210 8 344 17 8 344 1 (D) 68 4 576 68 4 513 28 1 733 62 28 1 733 5 63 81 3 312 81 3 206 25 822 44 25 822 6 106 86 5 033 86 4 897 24 (D) 49 24 574 5 (D) 90 (D) 90 3 243 15 (D) 24 15 769 6 199 112 (D) 112 4 748 15 231 26 15 231 7 (D)

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 49 years 50 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) 35 13 5 35 18 29 23 3 8 12 1 1 2 9 35 18.6 6 1 3 12 6 9 5 5 3 9 53.0 47 6 1 23 3 5 23 8 22 8 2 – 6 1 – 2 2 17 24.0 10 – – 5 4 3 5 2 6 6 58.6 28 3 1 54 10 14 39 39 32 43 4 3 36 3 3 5 9 42 18.8 19 – 6 20 6 10 10 6 6 14 53.6 58 20 1 70 12 9 33 58 32 57 4 12 41 2 7 3 6 58 18.4 17 – 7 22 11 11 12 13 5 10 52.5 75 16 3 74 8 9 28 63 27 62 6 12 44 2 4 6 12 52 17.9 17 1 4 26 12 13 6 10 6 13 52.5 76 15 – 66 12 15 27 66 23 65 9 15 41 5 2 1 11 48 20.4 31 – 4 15 11 16 12 9 7 19 56.5 77 16 – 95 10 12 39 78 42 73 8 9 56 2 6 8 10 66 19.9 27 – 4 14 17 16 23 14 8 21 56.6 93 24 –

FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation: Family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other than family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms farms farms acres farms farms farms acres 35 2 271 8 2 372 10 240 – 10 – – – – – – 23 1 396 3 111 4 (D) – 4 – – – – 1 (D) 64 5 381 4 491 8 (D) – 8 – – – – 2 (D) 76 3 655 9 (D) 6 (D) – 6 – – – – – – 77 4 562 7 (D) 4 (D) – 4 – – – – 3 (D) 82 3 249 3 (D) 6 617 – 6 1 (D) – 1 1 (D) 105 4 152 3 164 6 (D) – 6 1 (D) – 1 2 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

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Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $40,000 to $49,999

INJURIES AND DEATHS
Farm related injuries: Operator and family members Hired workers Farm related deaths: Operator and family members Hired workers farms number farms number farms number farms number 4 5 11 34 – – 1 (D) – – 4 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – –

FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 181 257 77 60 53 31 22 12 27 13 1 1 – – – – 2 1 1 – 3 3 – – – 2 1 – 1 – 1 – 1 2 – 1 2 4 2 5 2 – – 1 2 5 – – 10 11 5 5 9 7 4 2 2 – – – 18 18 5 3 8 1 2 4 4 1 – – 6 6 2 1 2 2 – – 1 – – –

FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) 10 89 48 230 96 – – 96 67 18 32 22 21 24 78 – 1 – 9 – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 1 5 – – – – – – 1 – 1 – – – – – 16 1 – – 1 – – 4 – 2 – – 1 10 2 22 1 – – 1 – – 12 1 4 – 2 2 9 4 26 2 – – 2 – – 14 1 1 1 4 – 7 1 8 2 – – 2 1 – – 1 – – –

LIVESTOCK
Cattle and calves inventory Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Cows and heifers that had calved Beef cows Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Milk cows Farms with 1 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Heifers and heifer calves Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 200 5 749 82 84 18 13 3 – 162 3 301 129 1 062 92 36 1 – – – 45 2 239 13 1 12 14 4 1 – 125 1 701 140 747 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – 1 – 1 – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – 1 – – – – 1 (D) – – – – 1 – – – – 1 (D) 5 861 1 – – 2 2 – 4 679 2 (D) 2 – – – – – 4 (D) – – – 1 2 1 – 4 169 4 13 15 1 516 1 3 2 8 1 – 13 886 1 (D) – 1 – – – – 12 (D) – – 2 9 1 – – 12 604 6 26 16 (D) – 6 10 – – – 16 (D) 5 (D) 4 1 – – – – 13 518 – – 9 4 – – – 14 (D) 15 (D) 3 (D) 1 1 1 – – – 2 (D) 2 (D) – 2 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 2 (D)

108

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item $25,000 to $39,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

INJURIES AND DEATHS
Farm related injuries: Operator and family members Hired workers Farm related deaths: Operator and family members Hired workers farms number farms number farms number farms number – – 2 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – –

FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 10 20 7 5 4 1 2 – 3 – 1 – 10 12 1 2 1 1 4 – – – – – 21 27 5 3 8 3 4 1 4 2 – – 27 35 12 6 5 3 2 – 1 – – – 21 33 10 11 4 6 2 2 2 – – – 30 36 11 10 – 3 – 1 2 – – – 26 53 16 9 7 3 – 1 2 – – –

FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) 1 14 6 23 4 – – 4 – 1 – 1 1 – 2 1 5 2 17 2 – – 2 1 – – 3 – – – 1 13 6 23 19 – – 19 6 1 1 1 – – 7 – 9 9 29 18 – – 18 8 – – 6 1 6 5 1 14 5 12 24 – – 24 13 8 – 3 – 4 7 3 6 1 27 17 – – 17 16 8 – 2 4 3 6 – – 11 13 6 – – 6 22 – – 3 7 10 45

LIVESTOCK
Cattle and calves inventory Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Cows and heifers that had calved Beef cows Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Milk cows Farms with 1 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Heifers and heifer calves Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 4 91 1 2 1 – – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 4 (D) 8 124 2 6 – – – – 5 58 5 58 1 4 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 5 (D) 8 (D) 20 490 6 12 1 1 – – 15 212 13 (D) 6 7 – – – – 2 (D) 1 – 1 – – – – 15 203 14 75 23 410 7 15 – 1 – – 18 164 18 (D) 11 7 – – – – 2 (D) 2 – – – – – – 16 103 16 143 31 496 11 19 1 – – – 28 214 28 (D) 21 7 – – – – 2 (D) 2 – – – – – – 16 (D) 23 (D) 31 413 16 13 2 – – – 26 207 23 (D) 18 4 1 – – – 5 (D) 4 1 – – – – – 17 129 22 77 42 237 36 6 – – – – 31 114 29 (D) 28 1 – – – – 4 (D) 4 – – – – – – 23 (D) 25 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

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Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $40,000 to $49,999

LIVESTOCK Con.
Cattle and calves sold Calves Cattle Fattened on grain and concentrates farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number 158 2 315 675 79 1 156 86 134 1 159 589 27 (D) (D) 60 2 764 41 4 3 7 5 – farms number farms number farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 31 (D) 56 (D) 45 4 951 493 13 (D) (D) 31 737 28 342 27 395 69 1 064 50 (D) 44 726 49 852 5 547 163 1 117 32 79 36 298 12 131 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 4 283 40 4 185 (D) 4 98 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 15 639 121 13 446 16 12 193 105 – – – 2 (D) – – – 2 – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 17 392 94 16 278 32 11 114 62 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) 1 – – – 1 – 1 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) 12 85 5 10 2 (D) 1 (D) 3 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) 3 (D) (D) – – – 2 (D) – – – – 2 – 2 (D) 2 (D) 3 (D) (D) – – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – –

Hogs and pigs inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Used or to be used for breeding Other

Hogs and pigs sold Feeder pigs Litters of pigs farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 Dec. 1 and May 31 June 1 and Nov. 30 Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory Ewes 1 year old or older Sheep and lambs sold Sheep and lambs shorn

farms number farms number pounds of wool farms number farms number farms number farms number

Horses and ponies inventory Horses and ponies sold Goats inventory Goats sold

POULTRY
Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Farms with 1 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Layers 20 weeks old and older Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks sold (see text) Broilers and other meat type chickens sold Farms with 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Turkey hens kept for breeding Turkeys sold See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 93 58 042 88 1 2 1 1 – – 92 57 722 13 320 19 (D) 5 (D) 4 – 1 – 5 (D) 11 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 1 – – – 1 – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 – – – 1 (D) 7 (D) 5 – 1 1 – – – 7 (D) 2 (D) 4 23 540 – – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 5 (D) 5 – – – – – – 5 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 2 – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

110

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item $25,000 to $39,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

LIVESTOCK Con.
Cattle and calves sold Calves Cattle Fattened on grain and concentrates farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number 4 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 3 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 3 (D) 1 – – 1 1 – farms number farms number farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 3 (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 7 81 26 3 (D) 2 6 (D) 24 1 (D) (D) 6 342 2 1 1 2 – – 3 36 6 306 6 401 64 1 (D) (D) 3 35 3 10 3 25 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 19 285 118 9 67 13 18 218 105 3 (D) 19 6 (D) 3 1 1 1 – – 5 (D) 6 (D) 6 287 24 3 (D) 4 5 (D) 5 35 4 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) (D) 16 127 6 25 3 (D) 2 (D) 21 149 68 8 23 3 20 126 65 3 (D) (D) 13 363 9 2 1 1 – – 9 68 11 295 10 634 (D) 6 448 18 9 77 8 50 7 27 15 373 10 237 11 283 11 371 2 352 18 98 5 11 7 (D) 2 (D) 28 152 74 7 (D) (D) 26 (D) (D) 9 30 26 10 64 10 – – – – – 2 (D) 10 (D) 7 81 13 – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 13 (D) 10 168 10 154 9 (D) 1 132 26 129 5 9 6 47 1 (D) 28 98 37 8 38 6 23 60 32 8 15 11 5 (D) 5 – – – – – 2 (D) 4 (D) 5 (D) 6 – – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 15 174 13 129 9 113 12 141 658 17 57 5 (D) 4 (D) 4 (D) 10 21 6 7 (D) (D) 6 (D) (D) – – – 10 (D) 9 – – – 1 – 2 (D) 9 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 13 (D) 8 (D) 7 70 10 (D) 461 64 584 2 (D) 9 81 2 (D)

Hogs and pigs inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Used or to be used for breeding Other

Hogs and pigs sold Feeder pigs Litters of pigs farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 Dec. 1 and May 31 June 1 and Nov. 30 Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory Ewes 1 year old or older Sheep and lambs sold Sheep and lambs shorn

farms number farms number pounds of wool farms number farms number farms number farms number

Horses and ponies inventory Horses and ponies sold Goats inventory Goats sold

POULTRY
Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Farms with 1 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Layers 20 weeks old and older Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks sold (see text) Broilers and other meat type chickens sold Farms with 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Turkey hens kept for breeding Turkeys sold See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 3 137 3 – – – – – – 3 137 – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 2 – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7 671 6 1 – – – – – 7 671 – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 11 (D) 11 – – – – – – 11 730 3 (D) 4 104 2 (D) 2 – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 20 (D) 20 – – – – – – 20 297 2 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – 2 (D) 12 (D) 12 – – – – – – 12 432 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – 2 (D) 3 31 21 372 21 – – – – – – 20 363 3 9 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

111

Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $40,000 to $49,999

SELECTED CROPS HARVESTED
Corn for silage or green chop Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) Irrigated farms acres cwt farms acres farms acres tons, green farms acres 53 (D) (D) – – 20 25 6 2 – 16 788 (D) 4 (D) 7 3 3 2 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) (D) – – 1 1 – – – 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – 1 4 930 12 850 – – – – 2 2 – – – – – – – – – – – 13 652 12 688 – – 3 9 1 – – 5 322 95 410 1 (D) 1 1 1 2 – 11 738 11 936 – – 1 7 3 – – 2 (D) (D) – – – 1 1 – – 4 92 1 620 – – 2 2 – – – – – – – – – – – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres

255 8 189 16 680 5 (D) 142 101 10 2 –

– – – – – – – – – –

1 (D) (D) – – – 1 – – –

5 487 1 541 – – 1 2 2 – –

19 1 033 2 615 – – 7 11 – 1 –

15 985 2 298 – – 4 7 3 1 –

8 318 (D) 1 (D) 2 6 – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres farms acres farms acres

176 (D) (D) 3 (D) 126 1 907 44 450 58 49 17 1 1

– – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – 3 69 – – – 2 1 – – – – – – – – – – –

2 (D) (D) – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – 1 1 – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – –

13 544 1 363 – – 15 485 6 168 2 7 5 1 – 6 90 – – 2 3 1 – –

13 746 1 526 – – 16 359 6 63 3 7 6 – – 9 86 1 (D) 4 4 1 – –

6 (D) (D) 1 (D) 11 117 4 26 4 7 – – – 1 (D) – – – 1 – – –

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Land in orchards Irrigated Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more See footnotes at end of table.

farms acres farms acres

54 389 11 25 30 22 2 – –

112

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 50.

Summary by Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item $25,000 to $39,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

SELECTED CROPS HARVESTED
Corn for silage or green chop Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) Irrigated farms acres cwt farms acres farms acres tons, green farms acres 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 – – – 2 (D) (D) 1 (D) – 1 1 – – 2 (D) (D) – – 1 1 – – – 1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – – 5 79 1 265 – – 4 1 – – – 3 (D) (D) 1 (D) 3 – – – – 2 (D) (D) – – 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 65 1 365 – – 3 1 – – – 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – 4 84 1 620 – – 3 1 – – – 1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – – 1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres

15 595 1 351 1 (D) 5 9 1 – –

6 (D) 775 – – 2 4 – – –

32 1 616 2 968 1 (D) 8 21 3 – –

31 819 1 486 – – 15 16 – – –

53 1 112 1 687 1 (D) 38 14 1 – –

30 510 691 1 (D) 23 7 – – –

40 447 583 – – 37 3 – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres farms acres farms acres

10 278 583 1 (D) 20 220 9 42 8 8 4 – –

5 178 525 – – 7 63 1 (D) 2 5 – – – – – – – – – – – –

24 1 076 1 890 – – 17 81 5 16 9 8 – – – 6 (D) 1 (D) 3 3 – – –

24 536 1 027 – – 12 47 3 6 9 3 – – – 11 38 4 5 8 3 – – –

38 761 1 062 1 (D) 14 22 3 4 14 – – – – 6 16 2 (D) 4 2 – – –

15 219 324 – – 7 (D) 5 8 6 1 – – – 3 2 1 (D) 3 – – – –

26 316 409 – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – – 6 30 – – 4 2 – – –

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Land in orchards Irrigated Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more

farms acres farms acres

5 55 2 (D) 1 4 – – –

1Data are based on a sample of farms. 2Farms with total production expenses equal

to market value of agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains of less than $1,000.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

113

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997
Other crop farming (1119) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113)

Total

Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114)

Total

Tobacco farming (11191)

Cotton farming (11192)

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Average size of farm number percent acres acres 735 100.0 55 256 75 10 1.4 1 873 187 89 12.1 5 587 63 48 6.5 3 756 78 230 31.3 12 329 54 96 13.1 10 417 109 – – – – – – – – 96 13.1 10 417 109

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) Average per farm Farms by value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Grains Sales of $50,000 or more Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Sales of $50,000 or more Tobacco Sales of $50,000 or more Hay, silage, and field seeds Sales of $50,000 or more Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Sales of $50,000 or more Fruits, nuts, and berries Sales of $50,000 or more Nursery and greenhouse crops Sales of $50,000 or more Other crops Sales of $50,000 or more Poultry and poultry products Sales of $50,000 or more Dairy products Sales of $50,000 or more Cattle and calves Sales of $50,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars 735 48 200 65 578 117 93 91 91 78 31 53 20 64 55 23 9 9 1 – 10 19 – – 5 10 – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 4 7 – – – – – – – – 149 1 175 4 330 126 3 873 18 2 385 75 1 889 9 1 292 276 30 962 81 28 697 23 1 504 5 1 376 67 2 002 8 (D) 32 4 704 29 4 609 158 675 – – 10 346 34 584 – 3 1 – 1 1 1 – 2 1 – – – – – 3 (D) – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 9 319 3 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 89 5 287 59 406 – 6 14 9 13 5 14 7 9 10 – 1 1 – – 5 8 – – 2 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 16 94 – – 82 3 075 15 2 100 16 124 – – 24 458 4 (D) 14 1 480 5 1 376 10 14 – – – – – – 8 11 – – 48 1 633 34 011 11 1 5 9 6 2 6 1 4 2 – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 8 62 – – 40 1 553 7 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 230 30 800 133 913 13 27 12 29 23 17 23 8 26 22 16 5 8 1 – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 10 (D) – – 19 389 1 (D) 11 85 1 (D) 230 30 244 76 28 243 1 (D) – – 8 9 – – – – – – 9 10 – – 96 1 347 14 032 6 17 24 18 19 2 4 2 2 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 87 645 1 (D) 10 270 1 (D) 5 (D) 1 (D) 10 225 1 (D) 5 (D) – – 6 5 – – – – – – 24 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 96 1 347 14 032 6 17 24 18 19 2 4 2 2 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 87 645 1 (D) 10 270 1 (D) 5 (D) 1 (D) 10 225 1 (D) 5 (D) – – 6 5 – – – – – – 24 (D) – –

114

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124)

Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125,1129)

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Average size of farm number percent acres acres 67 9.1 5 993 89 18 2.4 1 807 100 32 4.4 6 590 206 22 3.0 751 34 21 2.9 1 708 81 24 3.3 1 546 64 78 10.6 2 899 37

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) Average per farm Farms by value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Grains Sales of $50,000 or more Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Sales of $50,000 or more Tobacco Sales of $50,000 or more Hay, silage, and field seeds Sales of $50,000 or more Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Sales of $50,000 or more Fruits, nuts, and berries Sales of $50,000 or more Nursery and greenhouse crops Sales of $50,000 or more Other crops Sales of $50,000 or more Poultry and poultry products Sales of $50,000 or more Dairy products Sales of $50,000 or more Cattle and calves Sales of $50,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars 67 283 4 228 22 16 13 8 6 1 – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 4 2 – – – – – – 6 5 – – – – – – 55 246 – – 18 94 5 220 – 8 8 – 1 – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – 18 (D) – – 32 5 067 158 334 – – – – 1 – – – 14 12 4 1 – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 7 (D) – – 3 74 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 5 (D) – – 32 4 704 29 4 609 32 250 – – 22 464 21 082 3 2 3 6 1 3 1 1 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 5 (D) – – 21 1 972 93 890 7 4 – 1 – – 1 – 1 4 2 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 21 1 957 8 (D) – – – – – – – – 24 113 4 713 10 3 4 6 – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 (D) – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) – – – – – – 3 (Z) – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 78 795 10 192 45 6 7 5 7 – 2 – 4 2 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 3 (D) – – – – – – 4 2 – – – – – – 3 (D) – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

115

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.
Other crop farming (1119) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113)

Total

Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114)

Total

Tobacco farming (11191)

Cotton farming (11192)

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD Con.
Total sales (see text) Hogs and pigs Con. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 45 493 2 (D) 54 58 – – 69 846 6 581 135 2 323 – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 7 21 – – 2 (D) – – 2 (D) – – 54 837 – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 22 292 2 (D) – – 8 (D) – – 8 8 – – 22 209 4 (D) – – 7 5 – – 4 10 – – 8 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 (D) – – 7 5 – – 4 10 – – 8 (D)

Sales of $50,000 or more Sheep, lambs, and wool Sales of $50,000 or more Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Sales of $50,000 or more Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1
Total farm production expenses Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Feed for livestock and poultry Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Commercially mixed formula feeds Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Commercial fertilizer Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Agricultural chemicals Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Petroleum products Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Gasoline and gasohol Diesel fuel Natural gas LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 735 35 350 48 096 161 848 122 29 9 1 – 271 2 924 211 30 22 7 1 179 2 219 137 18 17 7 383 2 027 213 107 50 7 6 493 1 528 439 40 10 4 347 824 309 32 5 1 694 1 642 628 54 10 2 602 594 380 596 30 48 485 404 10 (D) (D) 3 (D) 2 1 – – – 3 5 3 – – – – 3 (D) 3 – – – 9 20 4 3 2 – – 9 (D) 7 2 – – 7 14 5 2 – – 10 (D) 8 2 – – 8 (D) 8 14 – – 8 4 89 3 485 39 154 14 (D) 14 – – – – 21 23 21 – – – – 17 14 17 – – – 81 292 39 28 12 1 1 89 305 78 9 1 1 64 197 54 9 1 – 87 188 77 9 1 – 80 89 54 (D) 1 (D) 65 36 48 1 088 22 664 3 (D) 3 – – – – 5 (D) 5 – – – – 3 (D) 3 – – – 22 13 18 3 1 – – 40 29 39 1 – – 37 103 32 5 – – 45 54 44 1 – – 36 20 24 25 3 (Z) 27 9 230 20 352 88 488 12 (D) 12 – – – – 21 26 20 1 – – – 13 17 12 1 – – 171 1 585 81 47 32 6 5 171 766 148 13 7 3 150 383 133 13 3 1 220 935 182 29 7 2 190 285 117 319 12 36 165 295 96 1 491 15 535 12 (D) 12 – – – – 28 (D) 27 1 – – – 15 14 15 – – – 33 36 25 7 1 – – 74 123 71 2 1 – 26 23 25 1 – – 92 117 89 2 1 – 83 (D) 55 35 1 (D) 66 16 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 96 1 491 15 535 12 (D) 12 – – – – 28 (D) 27 1 – – – 15 14 15 – – – 33 36 25 7 1 – – 74 123 71 2 1 – 26 23 25 1 – – 92 117 89 2 1 – 83 (D) 55 35 1 (D) 66 16

116

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124)

Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125,1129)

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD Con.
Total sales (see text) Hogs and pigs Con. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 5 (D) – – 5 3 – – 4 (D) – – 6 24 1 (D) – – 2 (D) – – 2 (D) – – 7 50 – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 3 (D) 20 447 2 (D) 3 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 3 2 – – 3 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 3 (D) – – – – 20 41 – – 7 (D) – – 2 (D) 3 4 – – 2 (D) – – 36 (D) 6 581 5 (D)

Sales of $50,000 or more Sheep, lambs, and wool Sales of $50,000 or more Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Sales of $50,000 or more Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1
Total farm production expenses Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Feed for livestock and poultry Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Commercially mixed formula feeds Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Commercial fertilizer Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Agricultural chemicals Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Petroleum products Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Gasoline and gasohol Diesel fuel Natural gas LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 67 726 10 835 27 82 21 5 1 – – 48 66 46 2 – – – 30 25 30 – – – 13 6 11 2 – – – 31 27 31 – – – 9 37 8 – 1 – 60 30 60 – – – 51 (D) 21 (D) 3 1 35 4 18 (D) (D) 8 21 6 2 – – – 16 23 15 1 – – – 9 9 9 – – – 3 2 2 1 – – – 6 6 6 – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – 17 (D) 17 – – – 13 5 6 (D) – – 7 (Z) 32 4 077 127 402 23 250 10 10 3 – – 32 1 546 1 8 19 4 – 28 1 093 3 8 14 3 25 (D) 8 15 2 – – 27 186 15 11 1 – 21 54 19 2 – – 32 163 23 8 1 – 28 47 31 99 – – 31 17 22 376 17 092 11 46 7 4 – – – 17 148 10 6 1 – – 11 75 7 3 1 – 2 (D) 1 1 – – – 3 (D) 2 1 – – 2 (D) 2 – – – 20 28 19 1 – – 18 16 12 (D) 2 (D) 13 3 21 1 692 80 591 15 166 9 3 3 – – 18 879 11 1 2 3 1 18 877 11 1 2 4 6 1 6 – – – – 7 2 7 – – – 6 1 6 – – – 18 27 16 2 – – 13 11 10 (D) 2 (D) 13 6 24 261 10 874 10 (D) 10 – – – – 20 36 19 1 – – – 10 18 9 1 – – 7 1 7 – – – – 13 16 12 1 – – 6 4 6 – – – 21 12 21 – – – 17 4 8 (D) 2 (D) 11 3 78 1 372 17 589 23 247 16 4 2 1 – 42 140 33 9 – – – 22 70 18 4 – – 11 2 11 – – – – 23 (D) 23 – – – 18 4 18 – – – 72 59 72 – – – 65 30 34 17 4 2 44 10

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

117

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.
Other crop farming (1119) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113)

Total

Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114)

Total

Tobacco farming (11191)

Cotton farming (11192)

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1 Con.
Total farm production expenses Electricity Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Hired farm labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Workers by days worked: 150 days or more Less than 150 days Contract labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Repair and maintenance Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Interest Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Not secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Cash rent Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Property taxes Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more All other farm production expenses Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 Con. farms $1,000 505 743 347 121 37 – – 277 10 755 128 75 51 13 10 farms workers farms workers farms $1,000 158 657 229 768 83 725 32 38 8 1 4 605 2 655 489 98 11 7 farms $1,000 122 289 65 41 16 – – 218 1 744 143 61 12 2 152 1 092 29 66 49 5 3 105 652 41 41 18 3 2 135 1 021 104 14 10 7 681 2 640 529 108 37 7 663 4 985 514 112 20 8 9 10 (D) 9 1 – – – 4 (D) 3 1 – – – 2 (D) 4 11 2 (D) 1 – 1 – – 10 (D) 8 2 – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – 4 (D) 3 1 – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – 3 12 – 2 1 – – 6 22 3 3 – – 8 (D) 7 1 – – 10 (D) 9 1 – – – 62 78 41 17 4 – – 39 805 13 16 9 1 – 21 55 32 133 16 27 6 9 1 – – 79 345 63 13 2 1 16 (D) 10 5 1 – – 33 257 23 7 3 – 22 215 4 9 7 1 1 19 42 7 9 3 – – 29 124 22 5 1 1 79 291 62 11 6 – 83 508 60 20 2 – 1 28 28 18 9 1 – – 22 222 14 6 1 1 – 10 20 21 67 4 (D) 1 1 1 – 1 40 84 36 3 1 – 7 (D) 5 1 1 – – 13 24 12 1 – – 12 (D) 3 8 1 – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – 6 10 6 – – – 46 185 38 5 1 2 44 199 38 5 – – 1 154 (D) 92 43 19 – – 124 8 670 47 28 28 11 10 76 436 103 412 32 541 10 13 5 1 3 181 1 272 136 34 5 6 49 144 22 17 10 – – 85 1 029 51 24 8 2 54 544 10 16 23 3 2 47 485 22 14 6 3 2 38 726 23 4 5 6 209 755 167 27 13 2 207 3 191 132 50 12 6 7 59 39 54 4 1 – – 18 (D) 12 4 2 – – 7 (D) 16 29 6 (D) 4 2 – – – 81 220 73 7 1 – 9 (D) 6 2 1 – – 21 99 17 3 1 – 13 (D) 1 10 1 1 – 13 (D) 5 7 1 – – 18 (D) 17 1 – – 90 410 63 22 4 1 81 199 74 6 – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 59 39 54 4 1 – – 18 (D) 12 4 2 – – 7 (D) 16 29 6 (D) 4 2 – – – 81 220 73 7 1 – 9 (D) 6 2 1 – – 21 99 17 3 1 – 13 (D) 1 10 1 1 – 13 (D) 5 7 1 – – 18 (D) 17 1 – – 90 410 63 22 4 1 81 199 74 6 – 1 –

farms $1,000

farms $1,000

farms $1,000

farms $1,000

farms $1,000

118

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124)

Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125,1129)

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1 Con.
Total farm production expenses Electricity Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Hired farm labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Workers by days worked: 150 days or more Less than 150 days Contract labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Repair and maintenance Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Interest Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Not secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Cash rent Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Property taxes Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more All other farm production expenses Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 Con. farms $1,000 40 17 35 5 – – – 8 8 8 – – – – farms workers farms workers farms $1,000 1 (D) 8 21 4 (D) 3 1 – – – 49 92 45 4 – – farms $1,000 11 7 7 4 – – – 10 39 5 5 – – 8 (D) – 5 3 – – 4 (D) 1 3 – – – 7 (D) 7 – – – 64 255 51 10 2 1 56 56 56 – – – – 9 2 9 – – – – 3 (D) 3 – – – – 1 (D) 3 6 1 (D) 1 – – – – 14 12 14 – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 2 – – – 17 59 14 3 – – 16 (D) 16 – – – – 32 142 2 23 7 – – 23 433 4 14 5 – – 21 44 13 18 5 12 – 5 – – – 32 280 13 18 1 – 9 (D) 2 5 2 – – 21 137 11 10 – – 14 98 1 6 7 – – 9 40 1 3 5 – – 23 107 18 1 4 – 30 163 17 8 5 – 32 506 8 18 5 1 – 20 12 17 3 – – – 3 (D) 3 – – – – 3 3 2 (D) – – – – – – – 15 28 14 1 – – – – – – – – – 3 7 3 – – – 3 (D) 1 2 – – – 2 (D) 1 1 – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – 22 55 20 2 – – 19 (D) 18 1 – – – 19 36 11 5 3 – – 8 219 2 3 3 – – 7 (D) 4 (D) 2 (D) – 2 – – – 17 96 11 5 1 – 3 (D) 1 2 – – – 3 34 1 2 – – 3 (D) – 2 1 – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – – – – – – 21 101 14 5 2 – 20 120 13 6 1 – – 18 11 16 1 1 – – 5 (D) 4 1 – – – 3 4 3 6 1 (D) – 1 – – – 21 (D) 21 – – – 2 (D) 1 1 – – – 3 (D) 2 1 – – 2 (D) – 1 1 – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – 3 (D) 3 – – – 20 (D) 15 4 1 – 20 37 19 1 – – – 54 48 43 10 1 – – 20 200 15 2 3 – – 6 11 20 34 10 (D) 6 4 – – – 66 164 55 11 – – 14 11 10 4 – – – 22 92 15 7 – – 20 76 8 7 5 – – 5 16 2 2 1 – – 2 (D) 2 – – – 75 271 61 10 3 1 75 103 71 4 – – –

farms $1,000

farms $1,000

farms $1,000

farms $1,000

farms $1,000

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

119

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.
Other crop farming (1119) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113)

Total

Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114)

Total

Tobacco farming (11191)

Cotton farming (11192)

NET CASH RETURN FROM AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR THE FARM UNIT (SEE TEXT)1
All farms Average per farm Farms with net gains2 Average net gain Gain of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Farms with net losses Average net loss Loss of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more number $1,000 dollars number dollars 735 12 850 17 483 353 45 151 35 126 119 73 382 8 085 39 255 84 4 10 64 6 429 5 19 206 – 1 4 – 5 6 347 – 4 1 – 89 1 802 20 252 67 29 218 4 28 26 9 22 7 052 – 15 7 – 48 545 11 347 23 30 000 3 10 6 4 25 5 813 7 13 5 – 230 10 448 45 425 164 66 185 12 47 57 48 66 6 160 11 44 11 – 96 –144 –1 503 28 8 324 8 15 5 – 68 5 549 9 52 7 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 96 –144 –1 503 28 8 324 8 15 5 – 68 5 549 9 52 7 –

number dollars

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND OTHER FARM RELATED INCOME
Government payments Other farm related income1 Customwork and other agricultural services Gross cash rent or share payments Forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products Other farm related income sources farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 46 122 128 792 43 511 26 85 41 79 43 117 3 (D) 5 19 1 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) 15 49 7 31 3 (D) 7 10 3 (D) 6 25 7 17 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 7 18 30 436 10 385 4 8 12 31 7 13 4 (D) 21 (D) 12 (D) 5 20 9 23 3 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 (D) 21 (D) 12 (D) 5 20 9 23 3 (D)

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS
Total Corn Wheat Soybeans Sorghum, barley, and oats Cotton Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed Peanuts, rice, and tobacco farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE
Total cropland Harvested cropland Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Cropland: Pasture or grazing only In cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured On which all crops failed In cultivated summer fallow Idle Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres 661 25 611 606 19 019 494 68 28 14 2 – – farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 224 4 730 45 617 16 93 8 203 74 949 350 18 802 95 1 769 311 17 033 10 (D) 10 961 4 1 3 2 – – – 3 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 5 389 1 (D) 5 (D) 89 (D) 89 2 977 68 15 4 2 – – – 20 213 12 101 10 36 3 (D) 10 47 45 1 616 10 94 40 1 522 48 (D) 48 582 47 – 1 – – – – 5 (D) 4 11 – – 1 (D) 11 65 22 2 189 – – 22 2 189 230 6 781 230 5 459 205 10 10 4 1 – – 19 336 13 360 2 (D) – – 31 (D) 85 3 394 15 332 79 3 062 94 4 254 94 3 377 68 21 4 1 – – – 37 550 4 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 10 177 60 3 825 20 462 51 3 363 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 94 4 254 94 3 377 68 21 4 1 – – – 37 550 4 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 10 177 60 3 825 20 462 51 3 363

120

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124)

Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125,1129)

NET CASH RETURN FROM AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR THE FARM UNIT (SEE TEXT)1
All farms Average per farm Farms with net gains2 Average net gain Gain of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Farms with net losses Average net loss Loss of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more number $1,000 dollars number dollars 67 –443 –6 607 5 1 898 1 4 – – 62 7 293 1 47 14 – 18 –54 –3 025 3 (D) 1 1 1 – 15 (D) 2 10 3 – 32 990 30 932 24 45 114 1 5 14 4 8 11 613 – 4 4 – 22 88 3 990 10 17 481 1 6 2 1 12 7 252 1 9 2 – 21 279 13 299 5 107 397 – – 1 4 16 16 107 1 9 4 2 24 –148 –6 160 4 (D) 2 2 – – 20 (D) – 17 3 – 78 –577 –7 397 15 18 132 2 7 3 3 63 13 475 7 31 23 2

number dollars

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND OTHER FARM RELATED INCOME
Government payments Other farm related income1 Customwork and other agricultural services Gross cash rent or share payments Forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products Other farm related income sources farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 – – 12 46 3 (D) 4 24 2 (D) 4 (D) – – 3 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 16 (D) 13 38 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 11 32 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 5 8 – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) 4 10 1 (D) 1 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) 4 (D) 13 90 5 17 2 (D) 2 (D) 5 62

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS
Total Corn Wheat Soybeans Sorghum, barley, and oats Cotton Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed Peanuts, rice, and tobacco farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE
Total cropland Harvested cropland Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Cropland: Pasture or grazing only In cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured On which all crops failed In cultivated summer fallow Idle Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres 57 2 803 44 1 236 36 6 1 1 – – – farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 46 1 497 4 17 – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 42 2 233 24 382 32 1 851 14 435 10 242 8 2 – – – – – 11 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) 12 951 4 30 11 921 29 3 922 28 3 473 6 12 5 4 1 – – 15 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 22 1 749 8 293 19 1 456 11 216 6 119 5 1 – – – – – 7 (D) – – – – – – 2 (D) 8 261 2 (D) 7 (D) 12 (D) 7 95 7 – – – – – – 9 115 2 (D) – – – – 2 (D) 11 991 1 (D) 10 (D) 20 807 13 178 13 – – – – – – 16 596 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 9 436 2 (D) 7 (D) 47 907 27 320 27 – – – – – – 36 554 4 25 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 29 768 8 70 28 698

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

121

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.
Other crop farming (1119) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113)

Total

Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114)

Total

Tobacco farming (11191)

Cotton farming (11192)

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE Con.
Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Irrigated land Harvested cropland irrigated Pasture and other land irrigated Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 130 2 661 515 8 182 180 3 265 177 3 176 7 89 5 (D) 1 (D) 6 (D) – – – – – – – – 13 112 50 475 37 501 36 (D) 2 (D) – – 3 (D) 38 841 12 165 12 (D) 1 (D) – – 18 531 153 1 623 116 2 497 116 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 12 (D) 71 (D) 6 (D) 6 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 12 (D) 71 (D) 6 (D) 6 (D) – – 1 (D)

VALUE OF LAND AND BUILDINGS1
Estimated market value of land and buildings Average per farm Average per acre Farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more farms $1,000 dollars dollars 735 325 166 442 402 5 885 48 39 24 64 67 289 126 63 12 3 10 7 712 771 175 4 117 – – – – 1 5 1 2 1 – 89 39 815 447 361 7 126 6 3 4 7 6 39 13 9 2 – 48 18 005 375 102 4 794 5 2 1 4 8 15 9 3 1 – 230 108 423 471 405 8 794 22 16 6 24 28 78 28 20 6 2 96 45 951 478 654 4 411 1 2 2 6 9 38 28 9 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 96 45 951 478 654 4 411 1 2 2 6 9 38 28 9 1 –

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment Farms by value group: $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more farms $1,000 735 28 517 90 112 169 220 84 40 14 6 10 408 – 2 1 4 2 1 – – 89 3 872 11 11 19 24 16 5 3 – 48 1 245 6 9 12 16 2 3 – – 230 12 225 27 28 54 64 30 15 8 4 96 2 792 6 14 20 40 10 6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 96 2 792 6 14 20 40 10 6 – –

SELECTED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 637 1 397 630 1 539 442 755 413 784 398 688 68 96 12 16 – – 166 189 170 189 10 (D) 9 34 5 13 7 21 7 (D) 2 (D) – – – – 6 8 6 7 75 211 83 255 63 130 57 125 55 112 11 13 3 3 – – 16 20 15 16 38 77 46 102 37 59 25 43 25 (D) 2 (D) – – – – 6 6 2 (D) 201 536 193 505 144 272 114 233 111 203 23 30 3 4 – – 18 21 12 12 79 154 91 229 59 94 73 135 72 124 7 11 – – – – 54 56 61 67 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 79 154 91 229 59 94 73 135 72 124 7 11 – – – – 54 56 61 67

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS1
farms acres on which used Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops farms acres on which used Nematodes in crops farms acres on which used Diseases in crops and orchards farms acres on which used Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture farms acres on which used Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate farms acres on which used See footnotes at end of table. Commercial fertilizer 480 15 580 199 5 973 14 (D) 118 2 351 175 8 557 19 265 9 (D) 3 100 – – – – 4 (D) – – 89 2 664 56 1 988 3 (D) 27 987 33 1 391 2 (D) 38 425 26 416 5 29 24 367 17 294 8 103 161 4 615 89 2 778 6 (D) 54 687 64 3 134 6 16 75 2 418 12 178 – – 3 (D) 17 246 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 75 2 418 12 178 – – 3 (D) 17 246 1 (D)

122

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124)

Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125,1129)

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE Con.
Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Irrigated land Harvested cropland irrigated Pasture and other land irrigated Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 17 337 47 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – 7 (D) 14 (D) – – – – – – – – 14 485 24 434 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 9 130 17 144 – – – – – – 1 (D) 6 (D) 21 295 – – – – – – – – 8 (D) 18 250 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – 22 377 56 847 4 17 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D)

VALUE OF LAND AND BUILDINGS1
Estimated market value of land and buildings Average per farm Average per acre Farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more farms $1,000 dollars dollars 67 30 320 452 543 5 059 1 4 4 6 2 35 8 6 – 1 18 7 045 391 416 3 899 – – 1 – 2 10 5 – – – 32 25 699 803 088 3 900 1 – 1 – – 9 9 11 1 – 22 3 983 181 043 5 304 2 3 2 4 2 8 1 – – – 21 7 630 363 328 4 467 – 2 – 4 – 10 4 1 – – 24 8 358 348 267 5 406 1 3 – 3 1 10 4 2 – – 78 22 224 284 924 7 666 9 4 3 6 8 32 16 – – –

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment Farms by value group: $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more farms $1,000 67 1 596 11 14 13 21 6 2 – – 18 368 3 2 5 6 2 – – – 32 2 940 1 3 6 8 4 6 2 2 22 372 4 4 8 5 1 – – – 21 458 2 5 6 5 3 – – – 24 403 5 6 6 5 2 – – – 78 1 840 14 14 19 22 6 2 1 –

SELECTED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 55 88 57 106 35 50 38 56 36 52 4 4 1 (D) – – 21 25 32 36 14 19 15 33 8 18 9 15 9 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 9 11 8 9 31 77 28 92 15 23 23 69 21 50 9 19 3 5 – – 16 16 18 22 21 35 16 26 8 (D) 13 (D) 13 (D) 2 (D) – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 20 50 18 32 13 17 12 15 11 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 22 (D) 18 33 13 (D) 11 (D) 11 (D) – – – – – – 3 (D) 3 3 71 104 56 92 42 50 31 42 27 (D) 6 (D) – – – – 15 19 10 11

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS1
Commercial fertilizer farms acres on which used Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops farms acres on which used Nematodes in crops farms acres on which used Diseases in crops and orchards farms acres on which used Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture farms acres on which used Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate farms acres on which used See footnotes at end of table. 31 1 060 3 (D) – – 2 (D) 6 439 – – 6 209 – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 27 2 600 2 (D) – – 1 (D) 21 2 137 – – 3 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 7 48 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 12 217 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 22 348 5 74 – – 2 (D) 7 113 – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

123

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.
Other crop farming (1119) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113)

Total

Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114)

Total

Tobacco farming (11191)

Cotton farming (11192)

TENURE AND RACE OF OPERATOR
All operators Full owners Part owners Tenants White Full owners Part owners Tenants Black and other races Full owners Part owners Tenants 735 506 167 62 732 503 167 62 3 3 – – 10 3 5 2 10 3 5 2 – – – – 89 50 29 10 89 50 29 10 – – – – 48 41 4 3 48 41 4 3 – – – – 230 165 36 29 229 164 36 29 1 1 – – 96 60 34 2 95 59 34 2 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 96 60 34 2 95 59 34 2 1 1 – –

OWNED AND RENTED LAND
Land owned Owned land in farms Land rented or leased from others Rented or leased land in farms Land rented or leased to others farms acres farms acres farms acres landlords farms acres farms acres 673 42 430 673 41 526 229 13 800 564 229 13 730 41 974 8 (D) 8 (D) 7 795 26 7 (D) 2 (D) 79 3 963 79 3 823 39 1 809 106 39 (D) 7 (D) 45 (D) 45 3 599 7 157 (D) 7 157 4 (D) 201 8 851 201 8 715 65 3 639 123 65 3 614 8 161 94 8 852 94 8 723 36 (D) 72 36 1 694 7 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 94 8 852 94 8 723 36 (D) 72 36 1 694 7 (D)

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 49 years 50 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) 527 125 83 370 365 328 381 50 71 260 26 30 34 70 447 20.4 154 6 37 153 92 102 95 79 57 114 54.1 620 115 7 7 2 1 8 2 6 4 – 1 3 – – – 1 5 26.5 4 – – 3 – 2 2 1 2 – 53.7 9 1 – 65 19 5 63 26 52 35 10 9 16 2 4 5 13 55 20.6 12 2 6 19 10 10 11 6 6 19 54.1 77 12 – 38 5 5 26 22 25 20 1 4 15 3 2 2 6 27 20.9 11 – 1 10 4 4 5 7 2 15 58.7 39 9 3 140 60 30 113 117 105 119 17 24 78 6 14 10 13 139 18.3 54 1 13 61 33 32 20 23 20 27 52.2 199 31 1 73 10 13 34 62 35 56 3 9 44 5 – 2 9 67 24.5 18 – 3 16 4 22 17 8 10 16 56.9 81 15 2 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 73 10 13 34 62 35 56 3 9 44 5 – 2 9 67 24.5 18 – 3 16 4 22 17 8 10 16 56.9 81 15 2

FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation: Family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other than family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms farms farms acres farms farms farms acres 573 36 304 54 (D) 92 (D) 1 91 6 (D) 1 5 10 (D) 8 1 274 1 (D) 1 (D) – 1 – – – – – – 72 3 748 9 792 7 1 008 – 7 – – – – 1 (D) 38 1 315 6 (D) 4 (D) 1 3 – – – – – – 151 5 574 14 826 62 5 909 – 62 2 (D) – 2 1 (D) 89 8 228 4 (D) 2 (D) – 2 – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 89 8 228 4 (D) 2 (D) – 2 – – – – 1 (D)

124

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124)

Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125,1129)

TENURE AND RACE OF OPERATOR
All operators Full owners Part owners Tenants White Full owners Part owners Tenants Black and other races Full owners Part owners Tenants 67 48 16 3 67 48 16 3 – – – – 18 8 9 1 18 8 9 1 – – – – 32 7 21 4 32 7 21 4 – – – – 22 18 4 – 22 18 4 – – – – – 21 21 – – 20 20 – – 1 1 – – 24 19 2 3 24 19 2 3 – – – – 78 66 7 5 78 66 7 5 – – – –

OWNED AND RENTED LAND
Land owned Owned land in farms Land rented or leased from others Rented or leased land in farms Land rented or leased to others farms acres farms acres farms acres landlords farms acres farms acres 64 4 780 64 (D) 19 (D) 39 19 1 403 7 190 17 (D) 17 (D) 10 743 (D) 10 (D) 2 (D) 28 (D) 28 3 508 25 3 082 121 25 3 082 1 (D) 22 699 22 696 4 (D) 12 4 55 1 (D) 21 1 708 21 1 708 – – – – – – – 21 1 425 21 1 375 5 171 17 5 (D) 1 (D) 73 (D) 73 2 647 12 252 15 12 252 1 (D)

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 49 years 50 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) 55 7 5 24 43 23 42 5 4 33 2 1 5 7 35 19.9 19 – 4 6 12 6 9 13 3 14 56.8 57 10 – 15 2 1 2 16 2 15 1 2 12 1 – – 4 13 19.2 1 – 2 3 4 2 2 2 2 1 51.8 13 5 – 24 4 4 28 4 24 7 1 4 2 1 2 1 2 21 26.0 6 1 2 5 3 4 5 5 3 4 53.9 31 1 1 10 4 8 10 12 9 13 – 1 12 – – 1 1 9 25.7 11 1 3 2 2 3 4 3 2 2 51.8 21 1 – 19 1 1 12 9 10 9 – 3 6 2 1 – 2 15 25.5 3 – – 1 6 4 1 5 – 4 58.2 18 3 – 20 3 1 6 18 6 18 1 2 15 – 1 2 1 16 21.8 4 – – 6 2 3 3 4 4 2 55.4 20 4 – 61 8 9 44 34 31 43 11 8 24 4 5 6 11 45 16.1 11 1 3 21 12 10 16 2 3 10 51.4 55 23 –

FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation: Family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other than family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms farms farms acres farms farms farms acres 56 4 611 5 402 3 (D) – 3 – – – – 3 (D) 15 1 506 3 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 27 5 367 3 (D) 2 (D) – 2 – – – – – – 18 619 2 (D) 1 (D) – 1 – – – – 1 (D) 18 778 – – 2 (D) – 2 1 (D) – 1 – – 19 1 052 2 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – 1 2 (D) 62 2 232 5 (D) 8 460 – 8 2 (D) 1 1 1 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

125

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.
Other crop farming (1119) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113)

Total

Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114)

Total

Tobacco farming (11191)

Cotton farming (11192)

INJURIES AND DEATHS
Farm related injuries: Operator and family members Hired workers Farm related deaths: Operator and family members Hired workers farms number farms number farms number farms number 4 5 11 34 – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 4 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – –

FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 181 257 77 60 53 31 22 12 27 13 1 1 – 2 – 1 – 2 2 1 2 – – – 22 32 9 5 10 3 3 2 2 1 – – 15 20 6 1 4 1 – – – – – 1 95 75 15 13 12 3 6 – 5 6 – – 3 30 19 18 7 4 5 3 6 – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 30 19 18 7 4 5 3 6 – 1 –

FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) 10 89 48 230 96 – – 96 67 18 32 22 21 24 78 10 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 89 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 48 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 230 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 96 – – 96 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 96 – – 96 – – – – – – –

LIVESTOCK
Cattle and calves inventory Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Cows and heifers that had calved Beef cows Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Milk cows Farms with 1 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Heifers and heifer calves Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 200 5 749 82 84 18 13 3 – 162 3 301 129 1 062 92 36 1 – – – 45 2 239 13 1 12 14 4 1 – 125 1 701 140 747 2 (D) – 2 – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 11 (D) 6 4 1 – – – 8 92 8 92 5 3 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 5 (D) 7 53 3 11 3 – – – – – 3 (D) 3 5 3 – – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 12 111 8 4 – – – – 7 65 6 (D) 3 3 – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – 5 16 10 30 30 451 13 16 – 1 – – 27 (D) 27 (D) 19 8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 18 83 21 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 30 451 13 16 – 1 – – 27 (D) 27 (D) 19 8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 18 83 21 (D)

126

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124)

Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125,1129)

INJURIES AND DEATHS
Farm related injuries: Operator and family members Hired workers Farm related deaths: Operator and family members Hired workers farms number farms number farms number farms number – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) 4 4 – – – –

FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 6 30 6 7 4 4 3 3 2 2 – – 2 1 4 6 1 3 – – 1 – – – 1 2 1 3 5 5 3 3 6 3 – – 7 8 3 1 3 – – – – – – – 5 8 2 2 2 1 – – – 1 – – 3 11 5 – – 4 – – 1 – – – 22 38 7 3 5 1 – – 2 – – –

FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) – – – – – – – – 67 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 18 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 32 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 22 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 21 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 24 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 78

LIVESTOCK
Cattle and calves inventory Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Cows and heifers that had calved Beef cows Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Milk cows Farms with 1 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Heifers and heifer calves Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 65 1 059 26 36 2 1 – – 50 468 49 451 33 15 1 – – – 6 17 5 1 – – – – – 45 383 47 208 15 (D) 2 10 3 – – – 12 (D) 12 141 8 4 – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – 10 88 14 160 31 3 313 – 5 12 11 3 – 31 2 219 4 9 4 – – – – – 31 2 210 – – 12 14 4 1 – 26 1 021 21 73 11 104 6 5 – – – – 8 67 7 (D) 4 3 – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – 4 10 7 27 3 12 3 – – – – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 6 (D) 5 1 – – – – 5 (D) 4 (D) 4 – – – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – 3 9 5 11 11 49 10 1 – – – – 8 23 6 19 6 – – – – – 3 4 3 – – – – – – 6 15 4 11

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

127

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.
Other crop farming (1119) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113)

Total

Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114)

Total

Tobacco farming (11191)

Cotton farming (11192)

LIVESTOCK Con.
Cattle and calves sold Calves Cattle Fattened on grain and concentrates farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number 158 2 315 675 79 1 156 86 134 1 159 589 27 (D) (D) 60 2 764 41 4 3 7 5 – farms number farms number farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 31 (D) 56 (D) 45 4 951 493 13 (D) (D) 31 737 28 342 27 395 69 1 064 50 (D) 44 726 49 852 5 547 163 1 117 32 79 36 298 12 131 2 (D) (D) – – – 2 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 8 (D) 11 4 (D) (D) 6 19 (D) – – – 10 564 6 – 1 2 1 – 5 92 10 472 7 296 21 2 (D) (D) 5 88 4 (D) 3 (D) 4 21 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) (D) 9 30 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – 3 (D) – – – – – – 9 26 10 3 8 2 7 18 8 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) 2 – – – – – – – 2 (D) 2 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – 10 138 9 99 5 66 8 93 925 16 54 2 (D) 7 47 3 (D) 24 (D) (D) 10 (D) (D) 19 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) 8 (D) 6 1 1 – – – 3 (D) 8 93 4 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) 3 14 9 (D) 4 34 6 70 4 (D) 273 19 84 3 5 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 24 (D) (D) 10 (D) (D) 19 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) 8 (D) 6 1 1 – – – 3 (D) 8 93 4 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 3 (D) 3 (D) 3 14 9 (D) 4 34 6 70 4 (D) 273 19 84 3 5 1 (D) – –

Hogs and pigs inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Used or to be used for breeding Other Hogs and pigs sold Feeder pigs Litters of pigs farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 Dec. 1 and May 31 June 1 and Nov. 30 Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory Ewes 1 year old or older Sheep and lambs sold Sheep and lambs shorn

farms number farms number pounds of wool farms number farms number farms number farms number

Horses and ponies inventory Horses and ponies sold Goats inventory Goats sold

POULTRY
Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Farms with 1 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Layers 20 weeks old and older Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks sold (see text) Broilers and other meat type chickens sold Farms with 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Turkey hens kept for breeding Turkeys sold See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 93 58 042 88 1 2 1 1 – – 92 57 722 13 320 19 (D) 5 (D) 4 – 1 – 5 (D) 11 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 14 (D) 14 – – – – – – 14 946 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 2 – – – – – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 10 571 9 1 – – – – – 10 571 – – 3 (D) – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 13 (D) 13 – – – – – – 13 491 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 13 (D) 13 – – – – – – 13 491 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – –

128

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124)

Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125,1129)

LIVESTOCK Con.
Cattle and calves sold Calves Cattle Fattened on grain and concentrates farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number 55 576 246 23 134 22 47 442 224 4 (D) 8 4 (D) 4 – – – – – farms number farms number farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 2 (D) 4 23 5 (D) (D) – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 6 83 6 54 3 (D) 5 78 583 19 55 1 (D) 7 (D) 3 8 18 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 18 122 89 18 (D) (D) 3 10 3 – – – – – – – 3 10 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – 3 21 1 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) (D) 7 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 32 1 376 250 32 956 50 26 420 200 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 17 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – 6 9 – – 2 (D) – – 5 (D) (D) 3 (D) (D) 5 24 13 1 (D) (D) 21 1 961 8 3 1 5 4 – 17 (D) 18 (D) 20 4 293 447 6 710 28 17 607 16 (D) 16 (D) 4 41 3 34 3 (D) 3 38 280 2 (D) – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 2 – – – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 3 (D) 2 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 4 29 3 14 3 15 3 19 176 8 53 – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) (D) – – – 2 (D) (D) – – – 3 7 3 – – – – – – – 3 7 – – – – – – – – – – – – 21 580 18 400 18 427 20 514 2 995 6 (D) – – 9 174 5 92 3 8 (D) 2 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) 6 36 6 – – – – – 2 (D) 6 (D) 3 (D) 4 2 (D) (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 3 5 1 (D) – – 2 (D) (D) 66 767 23 (D) 5 (D) – –

Hogs and pigs inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Used or to be used for breeding Other Hogs and pigs sold Feeder pigs Litters of pigs farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 Dec. 1 and May 31 June 1 and Nov. 30 Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory Ewes 1 year old or older Sheep and lambs sold Sheep and lambs shorn

farms number farms number pounds of wool farms number farms number farms number farms number

Horses and ponies inventory Horses and ponies sold Goats inventory Goats sold

POULTRY
Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Farms with 1 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Layers 20 weeks old and older Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks sold (see text) Broilers and other meat type chickens sold Farms with 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Turkey hens kept for breeding Turkeys sold See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 13 (D) 13 – – – – – – 13 351 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 2 – – – – – 3 96 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 4 (D) 4 – – – – – – 4 (D) 2 (D) 3 140 – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 4 50 4 – – – – – – 4 50 – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 14 54 720 10 – 2 1 1 – – 13 54 667 4 53 8 52 645 1 (D) – – 1 – 2 (D) 2 (D) 7 (D) 7 – – – – – – 7 85 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 10 (D) 10 – – – – – – 10 161 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – 1 (D) – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
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129

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.
Other crop farming (1119) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113)

Total

Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114)

Total

Tobacco farming (11191)

Cotton farming (11192)

SELECTED CROPS HARVESTED
Corn for silage or green chop Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) Irrigated farms acres cwt farms acres farms acres tons, green farms acres 53 (D) (D) – – 20 25 6 2 – 16 788 (D) 4 (D) 7 3 3 2 1 7 661 11 730 – – 1 3 3 – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 99 1 484 – – 5 1 – – – 13 781 214 125 3 (D) 5 2 3 2 1 – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – – 4 11 212 – – 4 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) (D) – – 2 – – – – 2 (D) (D) 1 (D) 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) (D) – – 2 – – – – 2 (D) (D) 1 (D) 1 1 – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres

255 8 189 16 680 5 (D) 142 101 10 2 –

6 346 727 – – 2 3 1 – –

19 485 1 006 1 (D) 9 10 – – –

4 67 105 – – 2 2 – – –

17 300 623 1 (D) 12 5 – – –

89 3 195 6 067 – – 40 45 3 1 –

– – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – –

89 3 195 6 067 – – 40 45 3 1 –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres farms acres farms acres

176 (D) (D) 3 (D) 126 1 907 44 450 58 49 17 1 1

5 220 455 – – 1 (D) – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – –

16 300 600 1 (D) 82 1 560 29 395 34 32 14 1 1 7 29 1 (D) 4 3 – – –

2 (D) (D) – – 8 31 4 (D) 6 2 – – – 34 325 6 18 15 17 2 – –

12 187 405 – – 19 172 5 14 9 8 2 – – 3 3 1 (D) 3 – – – –

59 1 851 3 447 – – 10 117 4 28 4 5 1 – – 5 27 1 (D) 3 2 – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

59 1 851 3 447 – – 10 117 4 28 4 5 1 – – 5 27 1 (D) 3 2 – – –

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Land in orchards Irrigated Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more See footnotes at end of table.

farms acres farms acres

54 389 11 25 30 22 2 – –

130

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1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 51.

Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Item Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124)

Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125,1129)

SELECTED CROPS HARVESTED
Corn for silage or green chop Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) Irrigated farms acres cwt farms acres farms acres tons, green farms acres 6 99 1 796 – – 4 2 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) (D) – – 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 24 1 854 29 094 – – 2 17 3 2 – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres

41 1 126 1 777 1 (D) 26 13 2 – –

10 162 267 – – 8 2 – – –

25 1 868 4 939 – – 5 15 4 1 –

6 76 157 – – 5 1 – – –

6 94 164 – – 5 1 – – –

9 168 327 – – 7 2 – – –

23 302 521 2 (D) 21 2 – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres farms acres farms acres

26 808 1 152 1 (D) – – – – – – – – –

8 125 186 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

15 925 2 065 – – 3 15 1 (D) 2 1 – – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – –

4 58 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

3 (D) 83 – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – –

9 148 303 – – 2 (D) – – 2 – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – –

17 228 385 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – –

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Land in orchards Irrigated Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more

farms acres farms acres

1 (D) – – 1 – – – –

1Data are based on a sample of farms. 2Farms with total production expenses equal

to market value of agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains of less than $1,000.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997
Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Average size of farm number percent acres acres 735 100.0 55 256 75 10 1.4 3 343 334 9 1.2 (D) (D) 23 3.1 4 778 208 55 7.5 (D) (D) 65 8.8 5 286 81

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) Average per farm Farms by value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Grains Sales of $50,000 or more Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Sales of $50,000 or more Tobacco Sales of $50,000 or more Hay, silage, and field seeds Sales of $50,000 or more Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Sales of $50,000 or more Fruits, nuts, and berries Sales of $50,000 or more Nursery and greenhouse crops Sales of $50,000 or more Other crops Sales of $50,000 or more Poultry and poultry products Sales of $50,000 or more Dairy products Sales of $50,000 or more Cattle and calves Sales of $50,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars 735 48 200 65 578 117 93 91 91 78 31 53 20 64 55 23 9 9 1 – 10 19 – – 5 10 – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 4 7 – – – – – – – – 149 1 175 4 330 126 3 873 18 2 385 75 1 889 9 1 292 276 30 962 81 28 697 23 1 504 5 1 376 67 2 002 8 (D) 32 4 704 29 (D) 158 675 – – 10 16 470 1 647 040 – – – – – – – – – – – – 9 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 10 (D) 10 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9 5 494 610 453 – – – – – – – – – – – 9 – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 3 114 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 5 2 776 5 2 776 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) – – 23 7 797 338 995 – – – – – – – – – – 23 – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 17 5 383 17 5 383 – – – – 3 (D) 2 (D) 4 1 392 4 1 392 4 40 – – 55 8 356 151 920 – – – – – – – – – 55 – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 13 (D) 1 (D) 15 884 8 738 8 322 2 (D) 28 (D) 25 3 307 5 644 3 (D) 9 606 4 600 12 1 693 12 1 693 15 121 – – 65 4 750 73 083 – – – – – – – 1 64 – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 8 (D) 3 (D) 17 633 6 359 9 346 4 280 32 1 931 24 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) 14 (D) 12 (D) 17 94 – –

132

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item $25,000 to $49,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Average size of farm number percent acres acres 72 9.8 6 216 86 109 14.8 7 800 72 92 12.5 4 178 45 90 12.2 5 321 59 93 12.7 4 012 43 117 15.9 4 979 43

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) Average per farm Farms by value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $2,499,999 $2,500,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Grains Sales of $50,000 or more Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Sales of $50,000 or more Tobacco Sales of $50,000 or more Hay, silage, and field seeds Sales of $50,000 or more Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Sales of $50,000 or more Fruits, nuts, and berries Sales of $50,000 or more Nursery and greenhouse crops Sales of $50,000 or more Other crops Sales of $50,000 or more Poultry and poultry products Sales of $50,000 or more Dairy products Sales of $50,000 or more Cattle and calves Sales of $50,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars 72 2 485 34 518 – – – – – – 53 19 – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 18 (D) – – 30 609 – – 12 187 – – 43 1 093 – – 3 59 – – 5 (D) – – – – – – 7 90 – – 109 1 732 15 890 – – – – 78 31 – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 29 (D) – – 24 (D) – – 13 139 – – 47 654 – – 3 (D) – – 6 11 – – 1 (D) – – 26 144 – – 92 623 6 767 – – 1 91 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 23 111 – – 12 61 – – 17 73 – – 30 184 – – 1 (D) – – 12 (D) – – – – – – 21 68 – – 90 321 3 569 – – 90 – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 32 75 – – 14 48 – – 8 21 – – 18 42 – – 1 (D) – – 7 3 – – – – – – 28 74 – – 93 149 1 600 – 93 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 18 (D) – – 7 7 – – 2 (D) – – 30 39 – – 4 5 – – 11 (D) – – – – – – 28 37 – – 117 23 195 117 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 4 – – 1 (D) – – 3 2 – – 16 4 – – 2 (D) – – 9 3 – – – – – – 10 (D) – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

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133

Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD Con.
Total sales (see text) Hogs and pigs Con. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 45 493 2 (D) 54 58 – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – –

Sales of $50,000 or more

Sheep, lambs, and wool Sales of $50,000 or more

Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Sales of $50,000 or more Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)

farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000

69 846 6 581 135 2 323

– – – – – –

– – – – 1 (D)

– – – – 3 (D)

4 (D) 2 (D) 15 (D)

7 312 4 (D) 14 330

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1
Total farm production expenses Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Feed for livestock and poultry Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Commercially mixed formula feeds Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Commercial fertilizer Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Agricultural chemicals Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Petroleum products Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Gasoline and gasohol Diesel fuel Natural gas LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 735 35 350 48 096 161 848 122 29 9 1 – 271 2 924 211 30 22 7 1 179 2 219 137 18 17 7 383 2 027 213 107 50 7 6 493 1 528 439 40 10 4 347 824 309 32 5 1 694 1 642 628 54 10 2 602 594 380 596 30 48 485 404 10 11 494 1 149 421 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 8 (D) – – 2 2 4 10 (D) 1 2 4 3 10 (D) 3 4 2 1 10 341 1 3 4 2 10 (D) 10 (D) 1 (D) 10 56 9 3 939 437 691 2 (D) 1 – 1 – – 3 (D) 1 – 1 – 1 3 (D) 1 – 1 1 7 (D) 1 1 2 1 2 8 194 – 5 2 1 8 109 4 2 2 – 9 165 1 5 3 – 9 50 8 69 – – 9 47 23 4 594 199 750 5 160 1 1 3 – – 7 735 1 – 1 5 – 6 600 1 – 1 4 17 173 2 5 9 1 – 20 225 9 8 3 – 21 92 14 7 – – 23 234 8 12 3 – 19 70 20 101 3 (D) 22 (D) 55 5 989 108 894 14 266 6 4 3 1 – 21 949 6 – 13 2 – 19 752 5 1 11 2 40 277 10 15 12 3 – 47 256 32 14 1 – 37 142 25 12 – – 55 336 30 25 – – 50 110 40 94 6 15 52 117 65 3 001 46 164 19 93 10 9 – – – 23 441 7 9 7 – – 19 293 6 9 4 – 44 191 9 22 13 – – 48 116 42 6 – – 38 93 33 5 – – 62 137 56 6 – – 49 (D) 45 41 5 (D) 52 37

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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item $25,000 to $49,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD Con.
Total sales (see text) Hogs and pigs Con. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 6 94 – – 1 (D) – – 12 88 – – 4 (D) – – 10 44 – – 12 31 – – 7 13 – – 12 13 – – 5 (D) – – 12 5 – – 1 (D) – – 10 4 – –

Sales of $50,000 or more

Sheep, lambs, and wool Sales of $50,000 or more

Other livestock and livestock products (see text) Sales of $50,000 or more Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)

farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000

4 57 – – 20 332

14 95 – – 30 264

13 33 – – 19 54

10 27 – – 20 48

10 11 – – 9 13

7 (D) – – 4 2

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1
Total farm production expenses Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Feed for livestock and poultry Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Commercially mixed formula feeds Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Commercial fertilizer Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Agricultural chemicals Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Petroleum products Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Gasoline and gasohol Diesel fuel Natural gas LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 dollars farms $1,000 72 1 686 23 419 12 70 10 – 2 – – 14 61 11 3 – – – 12 42 10 2 – – 56 132 19 29 8 – – 60 89 57 3 – – 54 59 53 1 – – 69 125 66 3 – – 57 48 45 (D) 1 (D) 64 45 109 1 425 13 071 20 75 14 6 – – – 36 105 29 7 – – – 19 39 18 1 – – 69 85 38 27 4 – – 84 80 84 – – – 56 64 55 – 1 – 107 104 107 – – – 96 55 56 25 – – 74 25 92 823 8 948 24 36 22 2 – – – 36 71 34 2 – – – 19 (D) 19 – – – 43 18 37 6 – – – 62 38 62 – – – 34 22 33 1 – – 89 73 89 – – – 80 34 49 (D) 4 (D) 59 15 90 844 9 375 25 49 22 3 – – – 45 71 42 3 – – – 32 50 30 2 – – 45 9 44 1 – – – 59 46 57 2 – – 29 (D) 29 – – – 87 52 87 – – – 73 28 45 17 3 (D) 55 (D) 93 525 5 649 20 (D) 17 3 – – – 36 (D) 35 1 – – – 18 13 17 1 – – 31 7 30 1 – – – 52 24 52 – – – 31 6 31 – – – 87 26 87 – – – 78 16 24 (D) 2 (D) 39 5 117 1 030 8 800 20 14 19 1 – – – 50 87 45 5 – – – 32 43 30 2 – – 23 3 23 – – – – 43 (D) 43 – – – 29 (D) 29 – – – 96 48 96 – – – 81 (D) 38 12 5 1 49 (D)

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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1 Con.
Total farm production expenses Electricity Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Hired farm labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Workers by days worked: 150 days or more Less than 150 days Contract labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Repair and maintenance Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Interest Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Not secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Cash rent Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Property taxes Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more All other farm production expenses Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms workers farms workers farms $1,000 farms $1,000 Con. farms $1,000 505 743 347 121 37 – – 277 10 755 128 75 51 13 10 158 657 229 768 83 725 32 38 8 1 4 605 2 655 489 98 11 7 122 289 65 41 16 – – 218 1 744 143 61 12 2 152 1 092 29 66 49 5 3 105 652 41 41 18 3 2 135 1 021 104 14 10 7 681 2 640 529 108 37 7 663 4 985 514 112 20 8 9 10 103 1 1 8 – – 10 5 243 – – 1 – 9 10 206 5 52 3 395 – – – – 3 10 674 – 3 2 5 4 (D) – – 4 – – 10 703 1 1 6 2 6 (D) – – – 3 3 6 (D) – 1 1 2 2 7 (D) – 1 1 5 9 (D) 2 1 5 1 10 1 671 – 2 2 1 5 8 (D) – 3 5 – – 9 1 373 – 2 – 6 1 9 85 6 (D) 5 158 – 2 1 1 1 9 229 – 5 2 2 7 (D) – 2 5 – – 8 92 2 5 1 – 6 79 – 1 5 – – 3 13 – 1 2 – – 4 (D) 2 – 1 1 8 (D) 1 1 4 2 9 689 1 2 1 1 4 20 105 6 6 8 – – 22 1 430 – 2 16 4 – 21 134 12 64 3 42 – – 3 – – 20 359 4 11 5 – 11 42 1 8 2 – – 12 168 4 6 2 – 8 105 – 2 5 1 – 8 64 2 2 4 – – 11 123 3 2 6 – 23 176 10 7 5 1 23 529 5 8 7 3 – 52 171 12 29 11 – – 51 1 678 1 22 25 3 – 46 111 37 143 14 30 4 9 1 – – 50 366 22 27 1 – 16 56 4 8 4 – – 35 249 21 11 3 – 23 167 2 12 8 1 – 17 83 3 7 6 1 – 26 126 19 5 1 1 51 267 29 16 6 – 55 819 13 30 9 3 – 57 114 18 36 3 – – 43 516 12 25 6 – – 30 54 34 109 13 33 3 9 1 – – 61 248 43 17 1 – 8 17 3 4 1 – – 33 198 18 15 – – 22 152 4 6 12 – – 18 46 4 10 4 – – 24 91 17 6 1 – 62 203 50 9 3 – 65 510 27 37 1 – –

136

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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item $25,000 to $49,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1 Con.
Total farm production expenses Electricity Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Hired farm labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more Workers by days worked: 150 days or more Less than 150 days Contract labor Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Repair and maintenance Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Interest Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Not secured by real estate Farms with expenses of $1 to $999 $1,000 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Cash rent Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more Property taxes Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 or more All other farm production expenses Farms with expenses of $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more See footnotes at end of table. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms workers farms workers farms $1,000 farms $1,000 Con. farms $1,000 57 52 38 18 1 – – 33 265 14 17 2 – – 18 35 28 119 8 28 2 4 2 – – 63 145 57 6 – – 6 4 4 2 – – – 38 123 30 8 – – 28 94 7 15 6 – – 21 29 11 9 1 – – 19 28 19 – – – 65 249 52 9 3 1 72 255 50 22 – – – 74 39 65 9 – – – 35 95 30 5 – – – 5 (D) 35 75 14 18 5 9 – – – 97 178 91 6 – – 9 8 5 4 – – – 24 75 17 7 – – 15 56 1 9 5 – – 14 19 8 6 – – – 17 13 17 – – – 98 295 83 13 1 1 108 191 101 7 – – – 60 21 53 7 – – – 26 21 26 – – – – 5 (D) 26 62 7 9 5 2 – – – 78 112 71 7 – – 19 11 14 5 – – – 16 21 16 – – – 9 18 3 6 – – – 7 2 7 – – – – 11 6 11 – – – 82 254 66 12 4 – 81 110 80 1 – – – 53 22 49 4 – – – 19 28 17 2 – – – 3 (D) 19 42 9 4 8 1 – – – 76 123 71 5 – – 14 (D) 9 5 – – – 14 53 11 3 – – 10 45 3 4 3 – – 6 8 2 4 – – – 9 4 9 – – – 83 264 70 12 1 – 75 91 74 1 – – – 44 11 43 1 – – – 13 10 13 – – – – 4 5 13 (D) 4 1 4 – – – – 59 73 56 3 – – 15 (D) 13 2 – – – 10 15 10 – – – 8 (D) 1 7 – – – 3 (D) 2 1 – – – 5 1 5 – – – 87 244 80 5 2 – 73 48 72 1 – – – 70 (D) 62 7 1 – – 16 96 15 – 1 – – 7 9 14 21 3 6 1 2 – – – 82 147 74 8 – – 13 6 12 1 – – – 18 48 13 5 – – 17 (D) 8 4 5 – – 2 (D) 2 – – – – 2 (D) 2 – – – 113 431 86 23 3 1 92 72 91 1 – – –

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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

NET CASH RETURN FROM AGRICULTURAL SALES AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS FOR THE FARM UNIT (SEE TEXT)1
All farms Average per farm Farms with net gains2 Average net gain Gain of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Farms with net losses Average net loss Loss of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more number $1,000 dollars number dollars 735 12 972 17 649 356 45 042 35 129 118 74 379 8 082 40 251 85 3 10 4 991 499 083 10 499 083 – – – 10 – – – – – – 9 1 556 172 907 9 172 907 – – 1 8 – – – – – – 23 3 218 139 930 21 (D) – 2 3 16 2 (D) – – 1 1 55 2 391 43 472 47 54 986 – 3 18 26 8 24 172 – 1 7 – 65 1 793 27 587 60 31 090 3 6 37 14 5 14 447 – 2 3 –

number dollars

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND OTHER FARM RELATED INCOME
Government payments Other farm related income1 Customwork and other agricultural services Gross cash rent or share payments Forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products Other farm related income sources farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 46 122 128 792 43 511 26 85 41 79 43 117 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 6 (D) 3 (D) – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 8 25 18 (D) 4 (D) 2 (D) 3 (D) 12 26 15 43 11 88 5 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 6 8

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS
Total Corn Wheat Soybeans Sorghum, barley, and oats Cotton Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed Peanuts, rice, and tobacco farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE
Total cropland Harvested cropland Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Cropland: Pasture or grazing only In cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured On which all crops failed In cultivated summer fallow Idle Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres 661 25 611 606 19 019 494 68 28 14 2 – – farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 224 4 730 45 617 16 93 8 203 74 949 350 18 802 95 1 769 311 17 033 10 (D) 10 (D) 1 1 3 4 1 – – 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – 2 (D) 3 277 1 (D) 3 (D) 8 (D) 8 (D) 2 1 4 1 – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 6 2 146 – – 6 2 146 22 2 927 22 2 547 9 5 4 3 1 – – 3 108 2 (D) – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 9 1 157 3 99 7 1 058 51 3 293 49 2 857 26 14 8 1 – – – 12 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) – – 8 (D) 24 942 7 98 22 844 59 2 668 56 2 247 41 9 2 4 – – – 14 (D) 5 (D) – – – – 5 72 30 1 895 3 (D) 28 (D)

138

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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item $25,000 to $49,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

NET CASH RETURN FROM AGRICULTURAL SALES AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS FOR THE FARM UNIT (SEE TEXT)1
All farms Average per farm Farms with net gains2 Average net gain Gain of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more Farms with net losses Average net loss Loss of Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or more number $1,000 dollars number dollars 72 811 11 267 62 15 532 1 22 39 – 10 15 181 1 2 7 – 109 310 2 841 77 7 880 4 53 20 – 32 9 283 5 19 8 – 92 –194 –2 105 40 3 044 7 33 – – 52 6 065 6 37 9 – 90 –522 –5 801 13 1 596 5 8 – – 77 7 049 8 51 17 1 93 –376 –4 047 15 662 13 2 – – 78 4 953 9 62 7 – 117 –1 007 –8 604 2 (D) 2 – – – 115 (D) 11 77 26 1

number dollars

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND OTHER FARM RELATED INCOME
Government payments Other farm related income1 Customwork and other agricultural services Gross cash rent or share payments Forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products Other farm related income sources farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 2 (D) 11 36 2 (D) 2 (D) 6 23 3 (D) 7 2 11 44 5 (D) 4 (D) 3 3 2 (D) 3 (D) 18 69 9 (D) 6 12 8 15 2 (D) 3 (D) 20 72 7 15 4 21 6 (D) 7 (D) 2 (D) 16 53 4 (D) 3 (D) 7 10 4 (D) 1 (D) 16 59 4 13 3 14 6 10 4 22

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS
Total Corn Wheat Soybeans Sorghum, barley, and oats Cotton Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed Peanuts, rice, and tobacco farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE
Total cropland Harvested cropland Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Cropland: Pasture or grazing only In cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured On which all crops failed In cultivated summer fallow Idle Total woodland Woodland pastured Woodland not pastured See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres 70 2 326 70 1 772 58 9 3 – – – – farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 14 (D) 7 (D) 5 29 1 (D) 13 173 35 2 803 10 390 31 2 413 103 3 676 101 2 304 82 15 3 1 – – – 26 1 163 8 118 3 (D) 2 (D) 12 81 50 2 420 11 258 46 2 162 85 1 705 81 1 025 77 4 – – – – – 28 556 6 44 3 (D) 1 (D) 11 75 44 1 646 16 358 35 1 288 85 2 306 78 1 268 70 7 1 – – – – 39 896 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 5 (D) 44 1 632 15 103 37 1 529 79 1 099 65 697 62 3 – – – – – 32 331 7 (D) 2 (D) – – 9 31 51 1 810 14 186 48 1 624 89 1 327 66 546 66 – – – – – – 52 765 3 (D) – – 1 (D) 5 11 54 2 074 15 127 48 1 947

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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE Con.
Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Irrigated land Harvested cropland irrigated Pasture and other land irrigated Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 130 2 661 515 8 182 180 3 265 177 3 176 7 89 5 (D) 1 (D) 5 53 10 1 464 10 1 464 – – 1 (D) 2 (D) 8 620 3 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) – – 7 359 16 335 13 (D) 13 656 1 (D) – – 11 (D) 34 588 22 (D) 22 (D) – – – – 10 (D) 48 (D) 28 150 28 150 – – – –

VALUE OF LAND AND BUILDINGS1
Estimated market value of land and buildings Average per farm Average per acre Farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more farms $1,000 dollars dollars 735 325 166 442 402 5 885 48 39 24 64 67 289 126 63 12 3 10 (D) (D) (D) – – – – – – – 5 3 2 9 (D) (D) (D) – – – 1 1 1 3 3 – – 23 21 505 934 985 4 501 – – – – 2 4 7 8 2 – 55 33 958 617 421 6 534 3 – – 6 3 15 15 11 2 – 65 31 938 491 351 6 042 4 2 2 4 5 27 10 10 1 –

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment Farms by value group: $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more farms $1,000 735 28 517 90 112 169 220 84 40 14 6 10 3 219 – – 1 – 2 2 3 2 9 2 276 – 1 1 – 2 1 3 1 23 3 144 – 2 2 3 6 4 5 1 55 4 251 – 1 9 14 18 10 1 2 65 2 515 2 7 14 24 11 7 – –

SELECTED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 637 1 397 630 1 539 442 755 413 784 398 688 68 96 12 16 – – 166 189 170 189 10 (D) 9 (D) 9 (D) 9 (D) 9 (D) 7 9 – – – – 1 (D) – – 9 (D) 8 (D) 5 (D) 6 (D) 6 23 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 23 109 23 108 18 (D) 21 (D) 18 (D) 10 20 2 (D) – – 5 (D) 5 8 55 185 46 172 36 75 32 97 32 81 10 16 4 (D) – – 16 19 16 (D) 62 141 58 139 28 50 45 89 43 82 6 7 – – – – 9 9 11 14

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS1
Commercial fertilizer farms acres on which used 480 15 580 10 (D) 8 (D) 20 2 052 47 2 439 47 1 870

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops farms acres on which used Nematodes in crops farms acres on which used Diseases in crops and orchards farms acres on which used Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture farms acres on which used Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate farms acres on which used See footnotes at end of table.

199 5 973 14 (D) 118 2 351 175 8 557 19 265

10 (D) 1 (D) 6 381 9 (D) – –

7 (D) – – 3 (D) 6 (D) 1 (D)

8 (D) – – 6 (D) 15 1 645 – –

21 880 2 (D) 14 (D) 28 1 852 4 (D)

24 (D) – – 15 (D) 20 782 2 (D)

140

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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item $25,000 to $49,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE Con.
Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. Irrigated land Harvested cropland irrigated Pasture and other land irrigated Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 9 130 51 957 34 262 33 254 3 8 – – 18 482 70 1 222 24 104 23 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 17 (D) 66 (D) 21 37 21 37 – – – – 16 (D) 58 (D) 11 (D) 11 (D) – – – – 9 (D) 67 (D) 11 16 11 16 – – 2 (D) 30 421 92 1 157 3 10 2 (D) 1 (D) – –

VALUE OF LAND AND BUILDINGS1
Estimated market value of land and buildings Average per farm Average per acre Farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more farms $1,000 dollars dollars 72 31 548 438 162 5 075 5 2 2 5 6 29 16 6 1 – 109 42 866 393 270 5 496 9 10 6 5 10 39 20 8 2 – 92 31 979 347 602 7 654 5 8 4 11 11 31 15 6 1 – 90 32 982 366 472 6 199 7 4 1 9 8 48 9 3 – 1 93 23 870 256 669 5 950 7 4 5 15 11 39 11 1 – – 117 35 322 301 899 7 094 8 9 4 8 10 56 20 2 – –

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment Farms by value group: $1 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more farms $1,000 72 2 203 7 8 17 24 13 3 – – 109 2 781 9 20 27 39 11 2 1 – 92 2 160 17 16 20 31 3 4 1 – 90 1 875 12 16 26 28 7 1 – – 93 1 834 18 17 23 26 8 1 – – 117 2 261 25 24 29 31 3 5 – –

SELECTED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 59 114 68 155 53 84 47 71 46 65 6 6 1 (D) – – 15 19 16 17 87 151 93 192 66 104 54 88 54 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 25 26 27 31 76 133 74 161 50 79 50 82 49 72 7 10 1 (D) – – 31 36 25 28 72 124 74 157 49 83 51 74 48 66 6 8 1 (D) – – 26 28 31 (D) 81 109 76 130 54 72 36 58 34 50 6 8 1 (D) – – 16 23 17 19 103 164 101 187 74 107 62 80 59 74 6 6 – – – – 20 21 20 21

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS1
Commercial fertilizer farms acres on which used 60 1 231 79 1 944 59 817 59 876 50 433 41 376

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops farms acres on which used Nematodes in crops farms acres on which used Diseases in crops and orchards farms acres on which used Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture farms acres on which used Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate farms acres on which used See footnotes at end of table.

37 391 2 (D) 23 153 21 374 4 (D)

33 529 4 34 14 302 29 504 3 (D)

18 126 1 (D) 14 108 18 188 1 (D)

15 93 2 (D) 10 40 15 559 3 8

17 85 1 (D) 9 47 7 30 1 (D)

9 (D) 1 (D) 4 8 7 44 – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

TENURE AND RACE OF OPERATOR
All operators Full owners Part owners Tenants White Full owners Part owners Tenants Black and other races Full owners Part owners Tenants 735 506 167 62 732 503 167 62 3 3 – – 10 2 6 2 10 2 6 2 – – – – 9 5 3 1 9 5 3 1 – – – – 23 8 12 3 23 8 12 3 – – – – 55 27 23 5 55 27 23 5 – – – – 65 35 24 6 65 35 24 6 – – – –

OWNED AND RENTED LAND
Land owned Owned land in farms Land rented or leased from others Rented or leased land in farms Land rented or leased to others farms acres farms acres farms acres landlords farms acres farms acres 673 42 430 673 41 526 229 13 800 564 229 13 730 41 974 8 (D) 8 1 710 8 (D) (D) 8 1 633 – – 8 (D) 8 3 800 4 (D) (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) 20 (D) 20 2 757 15 (D) 65 15 2 021 – – 50 (D) 50 (D) 28 2 153 91 28 2 153 2 (D) 59 3 420 59 3 359 30 (D) 95 30 1 927 2 (D)

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 49 years 50 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) 527 125 83 370 365 328 381 50 71 260 26 30 34 70 447 20.4 154 6 37 153 92 102 95 79 57 114 54.1 620 115 7 5 5 – 10 – 9 1 1 – – – – – – 10 30.4 – – – 2 2 2 – 1 2 1 55.2 10 – – 7 1 1 9 – 8 – – – – 1 – – – 7 27.1 2 – – 2 2 1 1 2 – 1 54.7 8 1 – 13 9 1 19 4 15 5 – 3 2 3 1 – – 17 29.3 5 – 1 4 3 4 4 2 3 2 53.1 22 1 – 38 16 1 48 7 42 12 7 – 5 1 1 2 3 44 24.8 5 1 2 11 6 6 10 8 6 5 54.5 51 4 – 35 22 8 48 17 35 25 4 9 12 5 3 4 6 43 20.5 9 2 4 14 10 9 6 6 5 9 51.6 57 8 1

FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation: Family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other than family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms farms farms acres farms farms farms acres 573 36 304 54 (D) 92 (D) 1 91 6 (D) 1 5 10 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 8 (D) – 8 – – – – – – 2 (D) – – 6 (D) 1 5 1 (D) – 1 – – 7 (D) 2 (D) 13 (D) – 13 1 (D) – 1 – – 37 3 697 8 668 9 (D) – 9 1 (D) 1 – – – 49 4 220 5 (D) 9 (D) – 9 1 (D) – 1 1 (D)

142

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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item $25,000 to $49,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

TENURE AND RACE OF OPERATOR
All operators Full owners Part owners Tenants White Full owners Part owners Tenants Black and other races Full owners Part owners Tenants 72 43 20 9 71 42 20 9 1 1 – – 109 73 23 13 109 73 23 13 – – – – 92 67 15 10 92 67 15 10 – – – – 90 66 19 5 90 66 19 5 – – – – 93 78 12 3 92 77 12 3 1 1 – – 117 102 10 5 116 101 10 5 1 1 – –

OWNED AND RENTED LAND
Land owned Owned land in farms Land rented or leased from others Rented or leased land in farms Land rented or leased to others farms acres farms acres farms acres landlords farms acres farms acres 63 5 207 63 5 039 29 (D) 47 29 1 177 6 (D) 96 5 791 96 5 723 36 2 077 79 36 2 077 6 68 82 3 462 82 3 356 25 822 44 25 822 6 106 85 4 883 85 4 747 24 (D) 49 24 574 5 (D) 90 3 442 90 (D) 15 (D) 24 15 (D) 6 (D) 112 (D) 112 (D) 15 231 26 15 (D) 7 (D)

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 99 days 100 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 49 years 50 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years 65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age Operators by sex: Male Female Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin (see text) 47 17 8 47 25 41 30 5 8 17 1 3 3 11 43 18.1 12 2 5 18 8 11 6 6 3 13 52.0 65 7 1 77 13 19 62 47 54 51 6 3 42 4 3 7 11 59 20.2 29 – 6 25 10 13 15 8 12 20 55.0 86 23 2 71 12 9 33 59 32 58 4 12 42 2 7 3 6 59 18.3 17 – 7 22 11 12 12 13 5 10 52.5 75 17 3 73 8 9 28 62 27 61 6 12 43 2 4 6 12 51 18.0 17 1 4 26 12 12 6 10 6 13 52.5 76 14 – 66 12 15 27 66 23 65 9 15 41 5 2 1 11 48 20.4 31 – 4 15 11 16 12 9 7 19 56.5 77 16 – 95 10 12 39 78 42 73 8 9 56 2 6 8 10 66 19.9 27 – 4 14 17 16 23 14 8 21 56.6 93 24 –

FARMS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) Partnership Corporation: Family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other than family held More than 10 stockholders 10 or less stockholders Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. See footnotes at end of table. farms acres farms acres farms acres farms farms farms acres farms farms farms acres 50 3 546 9 (D) 13 (D) – 13 – – – – – – 87 6 777 7 (D) 12 60 – 12 – – – – 3 (D) 77 3 805 9 241 6 132 – 6 – – – – – – 76 4 412 7 441 4 (D) – 4 – – – – 3 (D) 82 3 249 3 (D) 6 617 – 6 1 (D) – 1 1 (D) 105 4 152 3 164 6 (D) – 6 1 (D) – 1 2 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

INJURIES AND DEATHS
Farm related injuries: Operator and family members Hired workers Farm related deaths: Operator and family members Hired workers farms number farms number farms number farms number 4 5 11 34 – – 1 (D) – – 4 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – –

FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 181 257 77 60 53 31 22 12 27 13 1 1 – – – – 2 1 1 – 3 3 – – – 2 1 – 1 – 1 – 1 2 – 1 2 4 2 5 2 – – 1 2 5 – – 10 11 5 5 9 7 4 2 2 – – – 18 19 5 3 8 1 2 4 4 1 – –

FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) 10 89 48 230 96 – – 96 67 18 32 22 21 24 78 – 1 – 9 – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 1 5 – – – – – – 1 – 1 – – – – – 16 1 – – 1 – – 4 – 2 – – 1 10 2 22 1 – – 1 – – 12 1 4 – 2 2 9 4 26 3 – – 3 – – 14 1 1 1 4

LIVESTOCK
Cattle and calves inventory Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Cows and heifers that had calved Beef cows farms number farms number farms number 200 5 749 82 84 18 13 3 – 162 3 301 129 1 062 – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) – 1 – 1 – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 5 861 1 – – 2 2 – 4 679 2 (D) 15 1 516 1 3 2 8 1 – 13 886 1 (D) 16 (D) – 6 10 – – – 16 546 5 28

Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Milk cows farms number

92 36 1 – – – 45 2 239

– – – – – – – –

– 1 – – – – 1 (D)

2 – – – – – 4 (D)

– 1 – – – – 12 (D)

4 1 – – – – 13 518

Farms with 1 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Heifers and heifer calves Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number

13 1 12 14 4 1 – 125 1 701 140 747

– – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – 1 – – – – 1 (D)

– – – 1 2 1 – 4 169 4 13

– – 2 9 1 – – 12 604 6 26

– – 9 4 – – – 14 (D) 15 (D)

144

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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item $25,000 to $49,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

INJURIES AND DEATHS
Farm related injuries: Operator and family members Hired workers Farm related deaths: Operator and family members Hired workers farms number farms number farms number farms number – – 2 (D) – – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – –

FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 16 25 9 6 6 3 2 – 4 – 1 – 31 39 6 5 9 4 8 1 4 2 – – 27 35 12 6 5 4 2 – 1 – – – 21 33 10 11 4 5 2 2 2 – – – 30 36 11 10 – 3 – 1 2 – – – 26 53 16 9 7 3 – 1 2 – – –

FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) 1 21 7 31 5 – – 5 1 1 – 2 1 – 2 2 18 8 40 21 – – 21 7 1 1 4 – – 7 – 9 9 29 19 – – 19 8 – – 6 1 6 5 1 14 5 12 23 – – 23 13 8 – 3 – 4 7 3 6 1 27 17 – – 17 16 8 – 2 4 3 6 – – 11 13 6 – – 6 22 – – 3 7 10 45

LIVESTOCK
Cattle and calves inventory Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Cows and heifers that had calved Beef cows farms number farms number farms number 7 180 2 3 2 – – – 4 70 4 70 28 614 8 18 1 1 – – 20 270 18 (D) 23 410 7 15 – 1 – – 18 164 18 (D) 31 496 11 19 1 – – – 28 (D) 28 211 31 413 16 13 2 – – – 26 207 23 195 42 237 36 6 – – – – 31 114 29 109

Farms with 1 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Milk cows farms number

1 3 – – – – – –

7 11 – – – – 2 (D)

11 7 – – – – 2 (D)

21 7 – – – – 2 (D)

18 4 1 – – – 5 12

28 1 – – – – 4 5

Farms with 1 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Heifers and heifer calves Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves See footnotes at end of table. farms number farms number

– – – – – – – 3 29 6 81

1 – 1 – – – – 20 218 22 126

2 – – – – – – 16 103 16 143

2 – – – – – – 16 121 23 (D)

4 1 – – – – – 17 129 22 77

4 – – – – – – 23 (D) 25 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

LIVESTOCK Con.
Cattle and calves sold Calves Cattle Fattened on grain and concentrates farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number 158 2 315 675 79 1 156 86 134 1 159 589 27 (D) (D) 60 2 764 41 4 3 7 5 – farms number farms number farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 31 (D) 56 (D) 45 4 951 493 13 (D) (D) 31 737 28 342 27 395 69 1 064 50 (D) 44 726 49 852 5 547 163 1 117 32 79 36 298 12 131 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) (D) 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) – – – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 4 283 40 4 185 (D) 4 98 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 15 639 121 13 446 16 12 193 105 – – – 2 (D) – – – 2 – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) (D) 2 (D) (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 17 392 94 16 278 32 11 114 62 1 (D) (D) 2 (D) 1 – – – 1 – 1 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) 12 85 5 10 2 (D) 1 (D)

Hogs and pigs inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Used or to be used for breeding Other

Hogs and pigs sold Feeder pigs Litters of pigs farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 Dec. 1 and May 31 June 1 and Nov. 30

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory Ewes 1 year old or older

Sheep and lambs sold Sheep and lambs shorn

farms number farms number pounds of wool farms number farms number farms number farms number

Horses and ponies inventory Horses and ponies sold Goats inventory Goats sold

POULTRY
Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Farms with 1 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Layers 20 weeks old and older Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old farms number farms number farms number 93 58 042 88 1 2 1 1 – – 92 57 722 13 320 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) 1 – – – 1 – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – – 1 (D) – – 7 (D) 5 – 1 1 – – – 7 (D) 2 (D) 5 (D) 5 – – – – – – 5 (D) 1 (D)

Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks sold (see text) Broilers and other meat type chickens sold Farms with 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Turkey hens kept for breeding Turkeys sold See footnotes at end of table.

farms number farms number

19 (D) 5 (D) 4 – 1 –

– – – – – – – – – – – –

1 (D) – – – – – – – – – –

2 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 – – – 1 (D)

4 23 540 – – – – – – 1 (D) 2 (D)

1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D)

farms number farms number

5 (D) 11 (D)

146

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item $25,000 to $49,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

LIVESTOCK Con.
Cattle and calves sold Calves Cattle Fattened on grain and concentrates farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number 7 143 90 3 5 1 6 138 89 2 (D) (D) 5 923 1 – – 1 3 – farms number farms number farms number $1,000 farms number $1,000 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 5 (D) 5 (D) 6 931 94 1 (D) (D) 5 (D) 4 (D) 4 76 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) (D) 4 19 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 26 366 144 12 90 15 24 276 129 4 29 20 12 568 5 2 2 3 – – 8 83 12 485 12 688 88 4 190 5 8 94 8 (D) 7 (D) 4 (D) 3 47 3 (D) 4 72 589 18 134 7 28 4 (D) 2 (D) 21 149 68 8 23 3 20 126 65 3 (D) (D) 13 363 9 2 1 1 – – 9 68 11 295 10 634 44 6 448 18 9 77 8 50 7 27 15 373 10 237 11 283 11 371 2 352 18 98 5 11 7 (D) 2 (D) 28 152 74 7 28 5 26 124 69 9 30 26 10 64 10 – – – – – 2 (D) 10 (D) 7 81 13 – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) 13 222 10 168 10 154 9 (D) 1 132 26 129 5 (D) 6 47 1 (D) 28 98 37 8 38 6 23 60 32 8 15 11 5 24 5 – – – – – 2 (D) 4 (D) 5 39 (D) – – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 15 174 13 129 9 113 12 141 658 17 57 5 6 4 33 4 (D) 10 (D) (D) 7 (D) (D) 6 (D) 3 – – – 10 (D) 9 – – – 1 – 2 (D) 9 (D) 1 (D) (D) – – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 13 120 8 59 7 70 10 73 461 64 584 2 (D) 9 81 2 (D)

Hogs and pigs inventory Farms with 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more Used or to be used for breeding Other

Hogs and pigs sold Feeder pigs Litters of pigs farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 Dec. 1 and May 31 June 1 and Nov. 30

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory Ewes 1 year old or older

Sheep and lambs sold Sheep and lambs shorn

farms number farms number pounds of wool farms number farms number farms number farms number

Horses and ponies inventory Horses and ponies sold Goats inventory Goats sold

POULTRY
Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Farms with 1 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Layers 20 weeks old and older Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old farms number farms number farms number 5 247 5 – – – – – – 5 247 – – 9 797 8 1 – – – – – 9 797 – – 12 (D) 12 – – – – – – 12 732 3 (D) 19 (D) 19 – – – – – – 19 295 2 (D) 12 (D) 12 – – – – – – 12 432 2 (D) 21 372 21 – – – – – – 20 363 3 9

Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks sold (see text) Broilers and other meat type chickens sold Farms with 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Turkey hens kept for breeding Turkeys sold See footnotes at end of table.

farms number farms number

2 (D) – – – – – –

1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – –

4 104 2 (D) 2 – – – 1 (D) 2 (D)

– – 1 (D) 1 – – – – – 2 (D)

2 (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – 2 (D) 3 31

2 (D) – – – – – – – – – –

farms number farms number

– – – –

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

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Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item All farms $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

SELECTED CROPS HARVESTED
Corn for silage or green chop Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) Irrigated farms acres cwt farms acres farms acres tons, green farms acres 53 (D) (D) – – 20 25 6 2 – 16 788 (D) 4 (D) 7 3 3 2 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 (D) (D) – – 1 1 – – – 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – 1 4 930 12 850 – – – – 2 2 – – – – – – – – – – – 13 652 12 688 – – 3 9 1 – – 5 322 95 410 1 (D) 1 1 1 2 – 11 738 11 936 – – 1 7 3 – – 2 (D) (D) – – – 1 1 – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres

255 8 189 16 680 5 (D) 142 101 10 2 –

– – – – – – – – – –

1 (D) (D) – – – 1 – – –

5 487 1 541 – – 1 2 2 – –

19 1 033 2 615 – – 7 11 – 1 –

16 1 006 2 346 – – 5 7 3 1 –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres farms acres farms acres

176 (D) (D) 3 (D) 126 1 907 44 450 58 49 17 1 1

– – – – – 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – 3 69 – – – 2 1 – – – – – – – – – – –

2 (D) (D) – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – 1 1 – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – –

13 544 1 363 – – 15 485 6 168 2 7 5 1 – 6 90 – – 2 3 1 – –

14 747 1 528 – – 17 366 7 66 3 8 6 – – 9 86 1 (D) 4 4 1 – –

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Land in orchards Irrigated Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more See footnotes at end of table.

farms acres farms acres

54 389 11 25 30 22 2 – –

148

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 52.

Summary by Combined Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1997 Con.
Item $25,000 to $49,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

SELECTED CROPS HARVESTED
Corn for silage or green chop Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) Irrigated farms acres cwt farms acres farms acres tons, green farms acres 5 125 2 280 – – 2 3 – – – 2 (D) (D) 1 (D) – 1 1 – – 7 162 2 490 – – 5 2 – – – 4 3 729 1 (D) 4 – – – – 2 (D) (D) – – 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 65 1 365 – – 3 1 – – – 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) 1 – – – – 4 84 1 620 – – 3 1 – – – 1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – – 1 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres

22 892 1 973 2 (D) 6 15 1 – –

38 1 855 3 743 1 (D) 10 25 3 – –

32 825 1 504 – – 16 16 – – –

52 1 106 1 669 1 (D) 37 14 1 – –

30 510 691 1 (D) 23 7 – – –

40 (D) (D) – – 37 3 – – –

farms acres tons, dry farms acres farms acres farms acres

15 420 882 2 (D) 30 330 12 65 12 14 4 – –

29 1 254 2 415 – – 24 144 6 35 11 13 – – – 6 53 1 (D) 3 3 – – –

24 536 1 027 – – 12 47 3 6 9 3 – – – 11 38 4 5 8 3 – – –

38 761 1 062 1 (D) 14 22 3 (D) 14 – – – – 6 16 2 (D) 4 2 – – –

15 (D) (D) – – 7 13 5 8 6 1 – – – 3 (D) 1 (D) 3 – – – –

26 316 409 – – 1 (D) – – 1 – – – – 6 30 – – 4 2 – – –

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Irrigated Farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more Land in orchards Irrigated Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 acres or more

farms acres farms acres

6 72 2 (D) 1 5 – – –

1Data are based on a sample of farms. 2Farms with total production expenses equal

to government payments and market value of agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains of less than $1,000.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE STATE DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

149

Table 1.

County Summary Highlights: 1997
Item Rhode Island Bristol 37 1 710 46 18 593 648 12 845 Kent 74 6 437 87 27 381 247 4 383 Newport 139 10 413 75 33 579 989 7 742 Providence 255 14 733 58 32 334 030 5 781 Washington 230 21 963 95 35 474 749 4 972

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms Land in farms Average size of farm Median size of farm Estimated market value of land and buildings1: Average per farm Average per acre Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment1: Average per farm Farms by size: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 179 acres 180 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 acres or more Total cropland Harvested cropland Irrigated land Market value of agricultural products sold Average per farm Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops Livestock, poultry, and their products Farms by value of sales: Less than $2,500 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 or more Total farm production expenses1 Average per farm Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm unit (see text)1 Average per farm Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: Any 200 days or more Livestock and poultry: Cattle and calves inventory Beef cows Milk cows Cattle and calves sold Hogs and pigs inventory Hogs and pigs sold Sheep and lambs inventory Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older inventory (see text) Broilers and other meat type chickens sold Selected crops harvested: Corn for grain or seed Corn for silage or green chop Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) Land in orchards
1Data

number acres acres acres dollars dollars

735 55 256 75 32 442 402 5 885

dollars

38 799 181 257 221 61 13 2

27 027 15 8 12 2 – – 34 1 410 34 1 139 9 74 2 790 75 400 2 591 199 7 4 8 5 5 5 3 2 348 63 464 37 442 11 937 23 14 14 8 8 213 5 (D) 1 (D) 6 136 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 3 22 – – – – – 6 170 (D) – – – 14 510 817 12 264 – –

27 980 24 24 19 5 1 1 66 1 683 59 1 140 21 159 2 685 36 283 2 290 395 23 6 13 13 6 7 6 1 689 22 822 74 996 13 461 32 42 39 27 16 445 8 (D) 5 (D) 13 169 6 304 7 932 7 59 5 256 – – – – – 6 (D) 2 905 – – – 23 693 1 550 5 23 4 6

46 173 35 43 48 10 3 – 129 6 983 122 5 409 37 267 14 512 104 402 11 754 2 758 27 11 21 27 12 11 30 10 120 72 806 139 4 392 31 596 87 52 67 40 42 2 110 20 242 17 1 021 35 796 9 (D) 5 (D) 9 (D) 19 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) (D) 13 1 196 20 610 10 765 210 300 39 1 857 4 241 28 372 12 66

28 583 55 106 77 16 1 – 226 5 565 205 4 243 47 361 9 672 37 928 6 262 3 409 82 37 29 39 25 18 25 7 051 27 649 255 2 621 10 279 118 137 135 94 68 1 132 51 383 6 344 53 523 22 1 402 19 3 156 26 417 22 (D) 2 (D) 3 16 1 192 10 322 4 547 1 (D) (D) 98 2 534 4 483 43 662 27 287

51 045 52 76 65 28 8 1 206 9 970 186 7 088 66 2 404 18 542 80 617 16 525 2 016 71 33 20 25 25 23 33 14 143 61 490 230 4 399 19 127 110 120 126 91 66 1 849 45 277 16 662 51 691 21 145 13 246 26 430 44 1 637 2 (D) 4 (D) 1 298 18 1 009 16 204 5 (D) (D) 81 2 595 5 589 38 587 11 30

farms acres farms acres farms acres $1,000 dollars $1,000 $1,000

661 25 611 606 19 019 180 3 265 48 200 65 578 39 423 8 777 210 91 91 109 73 64 97

$1,000 dollars farms $1,000 dollars

35 350 48 096 735 12 850 17 483 370 365 381 260

farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms acres bushels farms acres tons, green farms acres cwt farms acres tons, dry farms acres farms acres

200 5 749 129 1 062 45 2 239 158 2 315 60 2 764 45 4 951 69 1 064 93 58 042 5 (D) 9 45 (D) 53 (D) (D) 16 788 (D) 255 8 189 16 680 126 1 907 54 389

are based on a sample of farms.

150

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 2.

Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 and 1992
Item Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 735 649 200 512 578 882 117 23 93 149 91 324 91 620 78 1 071 31 661 53 1 645 20 888 64 4 704 55 8 356 23 7 797 19 21 964 107 28 68 111 115 420 85 590 76 1 045 23 512 36 1 075 13 564 49 3 360 45 7 143 12 4 296 20 20 369 37 27 790 095 400 595 3 (D) 4 7 4 16 8 56 4 62 1 (D) 4 119 1 (D) 5 338 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 4 15 3 20 5 79 2 (D) 3 96 – – 5 351 2 (D) – – 1 (D) 74 70 685 501 283 723 11 (D) 12 19 6 18 13 93 9 123 4 (D) 4 131 2 (D) 7 514 4 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 11 1 5 (D) 16 64 9 54 10 139 3 (D) 6 176 1 (D) 4 289 3 (D) – – 2 (D) 139 120 512 710 402 584 16 4 11 18 11 41 21 141 20 302 7 144 7 219 5 223 11 898 16 2 647 7 2 439 7 7 436 14 7 9 18 26 92 11 84 13 170 6 136 5 153 – – 9 621 18 3 064 4 1 588 5 5 777 255 232 672 388 928 156 38 8 44 70 37 128 29 195 23 318 16 345 19 574 6 267 18 1 260 17 2 345 5 (D) 3 (D) 42 10 25 39 39 146 38 255 26 345 5 109 12 348 6 259 22 1 505 9 1 291 4 1 515 4 2 566 230 200 542 819 617 093 49 7 22 35 33 122 20 134 22 265 3 60 19 602 6 269 23 1 693 16 2 479 10 3 288 7 9 588 40 9 27 (D) 30 103 24 177 22 312 7 159 10 303 6 (D) 9 594 13 2 141 4 1 193 8 9 528

Average per farm 1997 value of sales: Less than $1,000 (see text) $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more 1992 value of sales: Less than $1,000 $1,000 to $2,499 $2,500 to $4,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more Sales by commodity or commodity group: Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops

48 39 65 60

2 2 75 77

2 2 36 35

14 11 104 97

9 8 37 36

18 14 80 74

Grains

farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992

507 424 39 423 27 431 10 12 19 (D) 5 8 10 25 – – – – – – – – 1 – (D) – – – – – 2 1 (D) (D) 4 4 7 (D)

29 24 2 591 1 692 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

48 46 2 290 2 026 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

103 80 11 754 9 506 6 6 12 13 1 2 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – 1 – (D) – – – – – 1 1 (D) (D) 4 4 7 (D)

175 154 6 262 3 646 2 1 (D) (D) 2 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

152 120 16 525 10 562 2 5 (D) 9 2 5 (D) 9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – (D) – – – – –

Corn for grain

Wheat

Soybeans

Sorghum for grain

Barley

Oats

Other grains

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

151

Table 2.

Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by North American Industry Classification System: 1997 and 1992 Con.
Item Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD Con.
Total sales (see text) Con. Sales by commodity or commodity group Con. Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops Con. Cotton and cottonseed

Tobacco

farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992

– – – – – – – – 149 159 1 175 1 010 126 126 3 873 2 461 75 91 1 889 2 322 276 158 30 962 19 501 23 23 1 504 (D) 292 279 8 777 12 082 67 52 2 002 4 758 32 41 4 704 5 024 158 162 675 880 45 41 493 744 54 53 58 49 69 63 846 626

– – – – – – – – 10 9 85 60 12 13 330 241 1 3 (D) (D) 14 10 (D) (D) – 1 – (D) 10 11 199 403 1 3 (D) 1 2 3 (D) 336 6 10 34 63 1 – (D) – 1 2 (D) (D) 2 2 (D) (D)

– – – – – – – – 11 18 106 118 5 9 92 652 9 11 (D) (D) 30 17 (D) (D) – 1 – (D) 27 27 395 475 4 5 3 21 3 4 229 304 13 16 42 64 7 4 90 70 7 4 5 1 8 6 26 14

– – – – – – – – 19 31 206 194 28 21 786 530 18 18 180 101 60 29 9 120 7 373 11 8 1 450 1 295 52 51 2 758 2 204 13 4 (D) (D) 12 14 (D) 1 744 35 36 205 246 5 5 (D) (D) 6 10 (D) (D) 10 6 (D) 21

– – – – – – – – 61 56 310 299 43 38 1 723 375 30 35 767 1 142 81 52 3 453 1 811 4 5 (D) (D) 113 93 3 409 4 742 22 19 1 771 2 649 5 7 737 931 53 52 141 218 19 20 325 475 23 19 19 (D) 24 13 415 (D)

– – – – – – – – 48 45 468 339 38 45 943 663 17 24 220 292 91 50 14 843 8 465 8 8 (D) 794 90 97 2 016 4 257 27 21 21 (D) 10 13 1 390 1 710 51 48 254 289 13 12 19 (D) 17 18 28 (D) 25 36 304 149

Hay, silage, and field seeds

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons

Fruits, nuts, and berries

Nursery and greenhouse crops

Other crops

Livestock, poultry, and their products

Poultry and poultry products

Dairy products

Cattle and calves

Hogs and pigs

Sheep, lambs, and wool

Other livestock and livestock products (see text)

1997 FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) 10 89 48 230 96 – – 96 67 18 32 22 21 24 78 3 10 – 12 3 – – 3 4 – 2 1 – 1 1 – 5 7 28 5 – – 5 6 2 3 5 2 3 8 2 24 9 50 9 – – 9 13 3 12 3 3 2 9 2 24 21 67 50 – – 50 21 7 5 10 12 9 27 3 26 11 73 29 – – 29 23 6 10 3 4 9 33

152

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 3.

Farm Production Expenses: 1997 and 1992
Item Rhode Island Bristol 37 27 348 453 464 801 5 6 42 (D) 10 9 77 162 6 4 62 (D) 26 18 (D) 17 31 22 67 51 18 16 27 22 37 27 79 71 32 24 27 25 14 13 36 34 – – – – 26 19 15 11 21 21 33 23 16 6 (D) (D) 4 1 (D) (D) 32 27 90 97 6 7 13 7 9 11 84 37 6 8 (D) (D) 4 6 (D) (D) 14 12 89 87 32 23 109 68 35 26 257 123 Kent 74 70 689 985 822 363 17 12 61 (D) 22 32 164 186 18 25 118 (D) 38 29 (D) 44 49 36 58 117 33 33 48 107 69 65 92 125 58 58 37 54 40 35 31 46 8 6 (D) (D) 38 52 (D) (D) 49 40 45 37 30 27 (D) (D) 7 5 (D) (D) 63 57 116 202 13 15 39 79 15 14 55 71 7 12 (D) (D) 11 3 (D) (D) 7 11 6 19 70 65 212 279 66 61 261 264 Newport 139 120 120 708 806 898 28 24 177 191 51 47 761 694 35 17 616 470 84 60 495 691 91 81 417 457 78 69 247 263 131 114 412 399 109 98 144 164 74 77 122 135 3 2 (D) (D) 107 80 (D) (D) 97 86 203 183 60 60 4 115 4 098 16 10 25 49 108 103 671 573 24 17 61 34 38 36 301 280 24 21 183 155 21 22 118 124 41 42 311 288 121 103 497 424 130 104 1 426 1 083 Providence 255 232 051 180 649 950 58 50 413 617 98 100 1 279 1 800 58 44 1 110 1 520 110 94 158 130 157 145 209 174 109 98 140 158 244 219 383 314 213 198 146 164 139 106 124 74 11 2 17 (D) 170 150 96 (D) 177 153 197 184 75 73 1 265 1 131 18 21 75 77 203 208 631 455 25 30 69 46 58 63 286 301 41 47 240 246 24 24 47 54 30 27 122 116 239 215 912 632 226 215 910 1 046 Washington 230 200 143 110 490 548 53 55 155 252 90 100 643 1 479 62 63 313 1 187 125 85 635 466 165 124 777 533 109 91 362 354 213 182 676 578 190 141 241 184 113 104 283 213 8 8 12 36 144 111 141 145 161 141 265 307 96 71 4 307 2 880 38 18 517 274 199 165 1 147 1 079 54 43 106 93 98 72 1 018 785 74 57 551 704 45 27 466 81 43 49 493 399 219 189 910 715 206 181 2 131 1 915

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Total farm production expenses

Average per farm Livestock and poultry purchased

farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992

35 32 48 49

735 649 350 436 096 978

2 1 63 53

1 1 22 28

10 9 72 80

7 7 27 30

14 12 61 60

161 147 848 1 130 271 288 2 924 4 320 179 153 2 219 3 323 383 286 2 027 1 348 493 408 1 528 1 332 347 307 824 904 694 607 1 642 1 487 602 519 594 591 380 335 596 502 30 18 48 50 485 412 404 344 505 441 743 733 277 237 10 755 9 076 83 55 725 508 605 560 2 655 2 406 122 112 289 260 218 196 1 744 1 473 152 145 1 092 1 193 105 82 652 280 135 141 1 021 909 681 595 2 640 2 119 663 587 4 985 4 431

Feed for livestock and poultry

Commercially mixed formula feeds

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees

Commercial fertilizer

Agricultural chemicals

Petroleum products

Gasoline and gasohol

Diesel fuel

Natural gas

LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc.

Electricity

Hired farm labor

Contract labor

Repair and maintenance

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment

Interest

Interest paid on debt: Secured by real estate

Not secured by real estate

Cash rent

Property taxes paid

All other farm production expenses

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

153

Table 4.

Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm Related Income, Direct Sales, and Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1997 and 1992
Item Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

NET CASH RETURN1
Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm unit (see text) farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 735 649 850 077 483 904 353 296 938 755 151 956 382 353 088 678 085 588 37 27 442 642 11 937 23 794 21 23 561 651 26 718 28 312 16 4 119 9 7 463 2 186 74 70 996 515 13 461 7 360 45 34 1 182 911 26 276 26 782 29 36 186 395 6 424 10 984 139 120 392 002 596 686 79 57 900 417 023 398 255 232 621 208 279 206 103 96 742 098 329 852 230 200 399 709 127 545 105 86 553 679 887 776

Average per farm Farms with net gains2

12 7 17 10

4 2 31 16

2 1 10 5

4 2 19 13

Average per farm Farms with net losses

15 9 45 32

4 2 62 42

3 2 36 21

5 3 52 42

Average per farm

3 2 8 7

60 63 508 414 8 466 6 578

152 136 1 121 890 7 374 6 544

125 114 1 154 970 9 231 8 507

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS
Total received farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 46 60 122 197 2 649 3 285 5 7 9 23 1 769 3 264 1 7 (D) 13 (D) 1 877 – – – – – – 6 8 (D) 28 (D) 3 478 1 – (D) – (D) – 12 15 17 77 1 388 5 130 1 1 (D) (D) (D) (D) 11 12 61 13 5 541 1 088 2 – (D) – (D) – 16 18 39 66 2 408 3 675 1 6 (D) (D) (D) (D)

Average per farm Amount from Conservation Reserve and Wetlands Reserve Programs

Average per farm

OTHER FARM RELATED INCOME1
Gross before taxes and expenses farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 128 148 792 1 020 6 186 6 895 43 45 511 431 26 36 85 73 41 53 79 215 43 40 117 301 3 3 (D) (D) (D) (D) – – – – 3 3 (D) (D) – – – – 1 – (D) – 12 15 (D) (D) (D) (D) 2 4 (D) 5 – 2 – (D) 6 5 18 12 4 4 (D) 7 21 21 66 99 3 162 4 697 4 5 (D) 46 8 7 (D) 21 3 4 4 19 12 7 33 13 43 50 201 254 4 685 5 089 19 18 113 51 5 8 20 15 16 21 33 47 11 12 36 141 49 59 458 635 9 348 10 762 18 18 379 329 10 16 28 29 16 23 25 138 15 17 25 140

Average per farm Customwork and other agricultural services

Rental of farmland

Sales of forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products3

Other farm related income sources

DIRECT SALES
Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption (see text)

Average per farm

farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992

2 1 17 12

135 127 323 578 210 426

9 7 105 56 11 637 7 935

11 12 91 39 8 309 3 211

27 16 1 006 329 37 251 20 555

44 49 490 731 11 140 14 911

44 43 631 425 14 346 9 872

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS
Total farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Corn

Wheat

Soybeans

See footnotes at end of table.

154

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 4.

Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm Related Income, Direct Sales, and Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1997 and 1992 Con.
Item Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION LOANS Con.
Total Con. Sorghum, barley, and oats

Cotton

farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed

Peanuts, rice, and tobacco4

1Data are based on a sample of farms. 2Farms with total production expenses equal to market value 3Data for 1992 include Christmas trees and maple products. 4Data for 1992 include CCC loans for rye and honey.

of agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

155

Table 5.

Hired Farm Labor
All farms

Workers and Payroll: 1997

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Rhode Island Hired farm labor farms workers $1,000 payroll 277 1 425 10 755

Bristol 16 79 (D)

Kent 30 115 (D)

Newport 60 479 4 115

Providence 75 281 1 265

Washington 96 471 4 307

Farms with 1 worker 2 workers 3 or 4 workers

farms workers farms workers farms workers farms workers farms workers

52 52 67 134 76 260 43 266 39 713

1 (D) 8 16 5 17 1 (D) 1 (D)

6 (D) 13 26 3 9 4 (D) 4 (D)

6 6 12 24 20 69 8 50 14 330

12 12 23 46 22 76 13 72 5 75

27 27 11 22 26 89 17 109 15 224

5 to 9 workers 10 workers or more

Workers by days worked: 150 days or more Farms with 1 worker 2 workers 3 or 4 workers

farms workers farms workers farms workers farms workers farms workers farms workers farms workers farms workers farms workers farms workers farms workers farms workers

158 657 64 64 21 42 41 136 16 95 16 320 229 768 80 80 58 116 51 173 24 148 16 251

8 52 5 5 – – 2 (D) – – 1 (D) 14 27 5 5 6 12 3 10 – – – –

13 21 10 10 – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 27 94 7 7 11 22 1 (D) 6 40 2 (D)

38 211 8 8 8 16 12 39 7 41 3 107 53 268 16 16 10 20 14 48 4 30 9 154

45 118 21 21 10 20 7 24 5 (D) 2 (D) 58 163 23 23 12 24 15 (D) 6 30 2 (D)

54 255 20 20 3 6 18 60 3 20 10 149 77 216 29 29 19 38 18 60 8 48 3 41

5 to 9 workers 10 workers or more

Less than 150 days Farms with 1 worker 2 workers 3 or 4 workers

5 to 9 workers 10 workers or more

Reported only workers working 150 days or more

farms workers $1,000 payroll

48 282 3 429

2 (D) (D)

3 (D) (D)

7 42 736

17 61 473

19 133 1 533

Reported only workers working less than 150 days

farms workers $1,000 payroll

119 346 501

8 20 27

17 40 32

22 81 92

30 85 74

42 120 276

Reported both workers working 150 days or more and workers working less than 150 days

farms 150 days or more less than 150 days $1,000 payroll

110 375 422 6 825

6 (D) 7 58

10 (D) 54 263

31 169 187 3 288

28 57 78 718

35 122 96 2 497

156

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 6.

Farms, Land in Farms, Value of Land and Buildings, and Land Use: 1997 and 1992
All farms Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Farms Land in farms Average size of farm Estimated market value of land and buildings1 number, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 735 649 55 256 49 601 75 76 735 649 166 677 402 783 885 304 37 27 1 710 1 468 46 54 37 27 965 995 648 476 845 258 74 70 6 437 5 636 87 81 74 70 212 450 247 721 383 467 139 120 10 413 9 631 75 80 139 120 618 190 989 582 742 430 255 232 14 733 12 408 58 53 255 232 178 378 030 354 781 672 230 200 21 963 20 458 95 102 230 200 192 664 749 319 972 214

Average per farm Average per acre

325 312 442 481 5 6

21 17 593 666 12 12

28 36 381 520 4 6

80 81 579 676 7 8

85 70 334 303 5 5

109 106 474 533 4 5

1997 farms by value group: $1 to $39,999 $40,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 to $999,999 $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 $2,000,000 to $4,999,999 $5,000,000 or more Approximate land area Proportion in farms 1997 size of farm: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres acres, 1997 percent, 1997

48 39 24 64 67 289 126 63 12 3 668 793 8.3

5 3 1 3 3 11 5 4 1 1 15 796 10.8

4 6 3 6 8 31 8 7 1 – 108 847 5.9

6 5 7 10 14 45 29 18 4 1 66 593 15.6

16 19 8 27 23 105 44 11 2 – 264 506 5.6

17 6 5 18 19 97 40 23 4 1 213 051 10.3

farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres

181 727 257 6 214 77 4 401 60 4 989 53 6 009 31 4 852 22 (D) 12 2 919 27 9 275 13 7 758 1 (D) 1 (D)

15 53 8 182 6 333 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – –

24 91 24 570 5 292 8 (D) 5 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 4 1 308 1 (D) – – 1 (D)

35 138 43 1 012 15 845 13 1 063 16 1 855 4 662 4 802 – – 6 2 353 3 1 683 – – – –

55 234 106 2 683 29 1 687 22 1 809 17 1 895 9 1 414 6 (D) 4 958 6 2 047 1 (D) – – – –

52 211 76 1 767 22 1 244 15 1 279 13 1 447 15 2 308 9 1 764 8 1 961 11 3 567 8 (D) 1 (D) – –

70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres

180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres

500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more

1992 size of farm: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres

farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres

128 488 237 5 692 70 4 056 59 4 814 61 7 182 25 3 916 28 5 491 5 (D) 24 8 179 10 5 840 2 (D) – –

8 16 8 203 3 (D) 3 225 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – –

20 66 27 743 2 (D) 3 234 6 (D) 1 (D) 5 934 – – 5 (D) – – 1 (D) – –

17 78 44 1 097 17 969 12 1 015 13 1 494 6 955 2 (D) 1 (D) 6 2 268 2 (D) – – – –

45 181 96 2 341 28 1 636 26 2 127 20 2 356 5 (D) 9 1 813 – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – –

38 147 62 1 308 20 1 171 15 1 213 20 2 408 12 1 847 11 2 122 3 (D) 11 3 847 7 4 130 1 (D) – –

70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres

180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres

500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more See footnotes at end of table.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

157

Table 6.

Farms, Land in Farms, Value of Land and Buildings, and Land Use: 1997 and 1992 Con.
All farms Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO USE
Total cropland farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 661 591 25 611 24 411 606 517 19 019 18 136 224 243 4 730 3 775 122 146 1 862 2 500 45 50 617 745 16 21 93 94 8 11 203 131 74 101 949 1 530 350 339 18 802 17 812 95 92 1 769 2 320 311 303 17 033 15 492 550 438 10 843 7 378 130 85 2 661 1 895 515 404 8 182 5 483 343 333 9 160 7 990 34 26 1 410 1 227 34 25 1 139 876 9 8 162 205 6 10 109 146 2 2 (D) (D) – 1 – (D) 1 1 (D) (D) 3 8 (D) 126 6 7 189 168 2 1 (D) (D) 5 6 (D) (D) 19 9 111 73 2 3 (D) (D) 19 7 (D) (D) 11 10 186 244 66 61 1 683 2 319 59 55 1 140 1 844 24 23 374 344 14 13 169 131 5 9 (D) (D) 1 5 (D) 23 – 2 – (D) 9 7 (D) 53 35 39 3 551 2 738 11 9 (D) (D) 31 37 (D) (D) 55 44 1 203 579 16 9 (D) (D) 52 40 (D) (D) 32 30 899 763 129 114 6 983 6 864 122 103 5 409 5 229 38 46 1 202 882 29 36 372 753 10 10 190 156 6 5 57 (D) – 2 – (D) 16 24 125 572 51 41 1 351 1 114 15 11 378 527 40 36 973 587 97 71 2 079 1 653 27 16 788 463 88 62 1 291 1 190 64 62 2 368 1 872 226 207 5 565 4 716 205 186 4 243 3 763 73 78 951 665 35 35 371 288 10 14 113 72 6 7 28 (D) 4 3 12 (D) 23 21 218 137 136 131 5 595 5 827 37 32 391 387 123 121 5 204 5 440 199 175 3 573 1 865 37 22 579 260 184 168 2 994 1 605 117 106 1 921 1 312 206 183 9 970 9 285 186 148 7 088 6 424 80 88 2 041 1 679 38 52 841 1 182 18 15 254 460 3 3 (D) 13 3 3 (D) 67 23 41 443 642 122 121 8 116 7 965 30 39 804 1 200 112 103 7 312 6 765 180 139 3 877 3 208 48 35 941 920 172 127 2 936 2 288 119 125 3 786 3 799

Harvested cropland

Cropland used only for pasture or grazing

Other cropland

Cropland in cover crops, legumes, and soil improvement grasses, not harvested and not pastured

Cropland on which all crops failed

Cropland in cultivated summer fallow

Cropland idle

Total woodland

Woodland pastured

Woodland not pastured

Other land

Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured

Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc.

Pastureland, all types

Land under Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs

farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992

5 9 (D) 462

– – – –

1 1 (D) (D)

1 1 (D) (D)

2 1 (D) (D)

1 6 (D) 303

1Data

are based on a sample of farms.

158

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 7.

Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 1997 and 1992
Farms with harvested cropland Rhode Island Bristol 34 25 1 139 876 Kent 59 55 1 140 1 844 Newport 122 103 5 409 5 229 Providence 205 186 4 243 3 763 Washington 186 148 7 088 6 424

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms

number, 1997 1992 acres harvested, 1997 1992

606 517 19 019 18 136

HARVESTED CROPLAND BY SIZE OF FARM
1997 size of farm: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 1992 size of farm: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested farms acres harvested 139 296 199 062 66 (D) 54 915 49 381 27 400 22 676 10 (D) 25 172 13 428 1 (D) 1 (D) 84 144 181 231 58 351 47 544 56 790 23 670 27 000 5 (D) 24 911 10 871 2 (D) – – 13 30 7 118 6 270 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – – – 7 10 8 136 3 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 17 33 20 158 4 (D) 7 (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 3 246 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 12 15 21 199 2 (D) 2 (D) 6 (D) 1 (D) 5 391 – – 5 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 30 64 34 393 14 391 12 547 15 1 080 4 (D) 4 502 – – 6 1 177 3 (D) – – – – 12 29 37 621 13 356 11 601 13 751 6 506 2 (D) 1 (D) 6 1 009 2 (D) – – – – 41 93 80 897 26 628 19 629 17 565 7 170 6 338 3 (D) 5 677 1 (D) – – – – 31 48 73 854 23 504 23 666 19 861 5 (D) 9 415 – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 38 76 58 496 16 336 14 394 11 400 13 857 9 537 7 (D) 11 1 072 8 2 286 1 (D) – – 22 42 42 421 17 322 9 164 16 722 10 711 10 691 3 (D) 11 1 050 7 2 009 1 (D) – –

2

1 2 1 1

3 3

2 1 1 2 1 2

2 2

HARVESTED CROPLAND BY ACRES HARVESTED
1997 acres harvested: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 19 acres 20 to 29 acres 30 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 acres or more 1992 acres harvested: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 19 acres 20 to 29 acres 30 to 49 acres 50 to 99 acres 100 to 199 acres 200 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 acres or more farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres farms acres 288 921 91 (D) 55 (D) 60 143 68 569 28 587 14 409 2 (D) – – 215 698 82 069 51 173 58 150 75 186 22 (D) 12 794 2 (D) – – 16 (D) 2 (D) – – 5 161 7 409 4 487 – – – – – – 9 (D) 4 50 3 72 3 117 3 197 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 34 88 6 79 5 108 6 196 5 352 3 317 – – – – – – 23 50 11 139 5 108 3 100 8 575 4 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 52 (D) 12 156 12 (D) 14 526 19 1 270 7 828 5 (D) 1 (D) – – 28 111 16 228 15 356 12 429 19 1 373 9 1 252 4 1 480 – – – – 93 329 42 (D) 25 551 22 762 18 1 131 3 390 2 (D) – – – – 86 (D) 34 450 15 350 27 996 22 1 389 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 93 292 29 (D) 13 295 13 498 19 1 407 11 1 565 7 2 155 1 (D) – – 69 251 17 202 13 287 13 508 23 1 652 6 (D) 5 1 542 2 (D) – –

2 4 3 4

1 1 2 5

3

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

159

Table 8.

Irrigation: 1997 and 1992
Farms with irrigation Rhode Island Bristol 9 7 306 (D) 9 7 (D) (D) 2 3 (D) 73 1 – (D) – 74 43 9 7 74 43 – – – – 6 9 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – Kent 21 17 2 724 (D) 21 17 (D) 809 5 5 (D) 69 5 2 (D) (D) 159 228 21 17 (D) (D) 1 1 (D) (D) 11 22 5 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 (D) Newport 37 19 2 121 2 292 37 19 1 215 1 692 9 12 116 204 10 4 139 114 267 441 37 19 267 441 – – – – 13 26 7 10 6 44 6 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – Providence 47 43 2 231 1 771 47 42 1 047 (D) 15 11 140 116 13 7 168 (D) 361 310 46 42 (D) (D) 2 2 (D) (D) 13 29 21 117 6 44 1 (D) 3 (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – Washington 66 46 6 789 5 439 64 44 3 206 3 036 17 19 474 313 20 11 867 307 2 404 1 957 64 44 (D) (D) 4 2 (D) (D) 23 27 17 73 3 (D) 4 200 3 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) 5 (D) 5 1 504 – – – –

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms Land in irrigated farms

number, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated

180 132 14 171 11 234 178 129 6 001 6 383 48 50 856 775 49 24 1 239 514 3 265 2 979 177 129 3 176 2 961 7 5 89 18 66 113 51 212 16 103 12 302 9 104 4 (D) 6 181 3 171 7 395 5 1 504 – – 1 (D)

Harvested cropland

Other cropland, excluding cropland pastured

Pastureland, excluding woodland pastured

Irrigated land Harvested cropland

Pastureland and other land

1997 irrigated acres by size of farm: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres

70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres

180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres

500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more

1992 irrigated acres by size of farm: 1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres

farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated farms acres irrigated

34 (D) 40 137 15 160 9 107 10 311 7 397 6 (D) – – 6 417 5 1 318 – – – –

4 4 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – –

7 7 3 5 – – 2 (D) – – – – 3 5 – – 2 (D) – – – – – –

2 (D) 4 (D) 4 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – –

12 (D) 17 77 6 58 1 (D) 6 145 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – –

9 10 15 33 4 64 3 22 3 (D) 4 234 2 (D) – – 2 (D) 4 (D) – – – –

70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres

180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres

500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more

160

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 9.

Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1997 and 1992
All farms Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 735 649 517 479 799 718 202 194 169 130 111 118 109 70 56 33 28 41 40 43 14 18 6 2 37 27 1 000 930 27 027 34 456 17 10 5 3 7 3 2 4 1 2 3 3 2 2 – – – – 74 70 071 111 980 156 23 23 16 19 16 11 9 4 2 3 1 4 7 5 – 1 – – 139 120 418 462 173 519 28 26 31 18 26 21 21 18 14 8 3 12 10 13 4 4 2 – 255 232 289 938 583 904 70 61 61 51 33 63 48 26 19 8 16 10 5 9 3 4 – – 230 200 740 037 045 187 64 74 56 39 29 20 29 18 20 12 5 12 16 14 7 9 4 2

Average per farm Farms by value group: $1 to $9,999 $10,000 to $19,999 $20,000 to $29,999 $30,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $69,999 $70,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $499,999 $500,000 or more

28 24 38 37

2 2 27 30

6 5 46 45

7 6 28 29

11 9 51 45

SELECTED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT
Motortrucks, including pickups farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 number, 1997 farms, 1997 number, 1997 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 637 575 1 397 1 245 630 569 1 539 1 500 442 445 755 828 413 316 784 672 398 688 68 96 12 15 16 (D) – – – – 166 161 189 191 170 167 189 182 33 25 62 65 31 20 77 60 21 16 38 30 20 14 39 30 20 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 8 4 8 4 8 6 8 6 63 66 121 121 62 61 110 125 36 52 52 81 43 28 58 44 38 (D) 9 (D) 2 4 (D) 4 – – – – 11 13 13 14 15 18 17 18 110 112 306 337 119 112 359 401 82 83 160 185 89 82 199 216 86 167 18 32 6 7 (D) 7 – – – – 35 36 45 47 32 30 38 33 228 198 424 349 228 209 487 461 159 157 252 269 140 114 235 192 137 (D) 15 (D) – 3 – 3 – – – – 59 58 66 65 56 65 58 71 203 174 484 373 190 167 506 453 144 137 253 263 121 78 253 190 117 (D) 25 (D) 4 1 6 (D) – – – – 53 50 57 61 59 48 68 54

Wheel tractors

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO)

40 horsepower (PTO) or more

40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines

Cotton pickers and strippers

Mower conditioners

Pickup balers

1997 INVENTORY
Manufactured 1993 to 1997: Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) 100 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers Manufactured prior to 1993: Motortrucks, including pickups Wheel tractors Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 40 horsepower (PTO) or more Grain and bean combines Cotton pickers and strippers Mower conditioners Pickup balers farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 180 225 115 146 63 66 68 80 64 74 6 6 3 3 – – 22 24 15 15 563 1 172 587 1 393 411 689 374 704 11 13 – – 148 165 160 174 8 10 5 7 4 (D) 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – 1 (D) – – 28 52 27 70 18 (D) 18 (D) – – – – 7 (D) 8 8 16 19 9 11 2 (D) 8 (D) 7 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 60 102 58 99 34 (D) 39 (D) 1 (D) – – 9 (D) 13 (D) 38 50 22 24 14 15 9 9 9 9 – – 2 (D) – – 3 4 3 3 95 256 108 335 73 145 84 190 6 (D) – – 33 41 30 35 61 69 45 49 25 26 20 23 19 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 8 8 2 (D) 198 355 210 438 146 226 129 212 – – – – 51 58 54 (D) 57 77 34 55 18 19 29 36 27 (D) 4 (D) – – – – 8 8 8 8 182 407 184 451 140 234 104 217 4 6 – – 48 49 55 60

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

161

Table 10.

Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer: 1997 and 1992
Chemicals used Rhode Island Bristol 29 22 1 030 893 28 21 929 837 4 4 101 56 11 9 373 85 – 2 – (D) 5 9 (D) 232 9 11 420 390 Kent 48 35 953 1 324 46 35 900 1 261 7 7 53 63 18 16 281 617 – 1 – (D) 7 6 (D) 173 17 16 427 838 Newport 87 80 3 984 4 060 84 78 3 554 4 020 8 6 430 40 50 44 2 046 2 048 3 4 14 25 33 23 1 093 1 126 51 41 3 296 2 486 Providence 152 144 2 981 2 736 143 135 2 796 2 552 23 21 185 184 60 62 1 058 923 8 8 35 97 42 45 545 533 41 47 731 678 Washington 164 123 6 632 5 822 154 114 6 128 5 548 30 16 504 274 60 54 2 215 2 926 3 7 (D) (D) 31 37 464 1 079 57 50 3 683 3 274

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Commercial fertilizer

farms, 1997 1992 acres on which used, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres on which used, 1997 1992

480 404 15 580 14 835 455 383 14 307 14 218 72 54 1 273 617 199 185 5 973 6 599 14 22 (D) 510 118 120 2 351 3 143 175 165 8 557 7 666

Cropland fertilized, except pastureland

farms, 1997 1992 acres on which used, 1997 1992 Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to control Insects on hay and other crops farms, 1997 1992 acres on which used, 1997 1992 Nematodes in crops farms, 1997 1992 acres on which used, 1997 1992

Pastureland and rangeland fertilized

farms, 1997 1992 acres on which used, 1997 1992 Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture farms, 1997 1992 acres on which used, 1997 1992 Chemicals used on crops to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate

Diseases in crops and orchards

farms, 1997 1992 acres on which used, 1997 1992

19 24 265 792

– 2 – (D)

– 3 – (D)

5 5 (D) 608

10 9 123 113

4 5 (D) 7

162

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 11.

Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1997 and 1992
Characteristics Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARMS
Land in farms farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 735 649 55 256 49 601 606 517 19 019 18 136 37 27 1 710 1 468 34 25 1 139 876 74 70 6 437 5 636 59 55 1 140 1 844 139 120 10 413 9 631 122 103 5 409 5 229 255 232 14 733 12 408 205 186 4 243 3 763 230 200 21 963 20 458 186 148 7 088 6 424

Harvested cropland

TENURE OF OPERATOR
Full owners farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 506 421 30 029 25 498 393 310 5 832 5 013 167 162 289 473 497 165 792 308 18 10 (D) 217 15 9 162 (D) 13 12 1 173 1 094 555 377 618 717 13 12 (D) 732 6 5 (D) 157 6 4 (D) (D) 60 50 (D) 3 554 47 38 604 (D) 11 15 1 572 1 764 1 108 914 464 850 10 14 (D) 1 003 3 5 (D) 318 2 3 (D) (D) 76 55 3 723 3 096 62 45 1 296 1 112 39 44 226 445 902 589 324 856 198 181 10 850 9 137 154 139 2 115 2 165 42 28 163 495 665 317 498 178 154 125 10 740 9 494 115 79 1 655 1 026 62 63 155 675 267 968 888 707

Harvested cropland

Part owners

Owned land in farms Rented land in farms Harvested cropland

21 20 11 11 9 9

5 5 1 2 3 2

3 2 1 1 1 1

10 9 6 5 3 3

156 151 10 937 10 770 62 66 3 938 3 630 57 56 2 250 2 353

37 39 3 285 3 271 24 21 1 464 1 090 23 19 828 846

38 28 1 574 1 242 15 23 720 776 13 19 554 356

58 58 4 751 4 522 14 12 1 068 1 289 13 11 682 876

Tenants

Harvested cropland

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 49 days 50 to 99 days 100 to 149 days 150 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported Operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported

1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992

527 514 125 98 83 37 370 333 365 316 328 293 381 323 26 32 24 9 20 29 51 51 260 202 26 33 30 20 34 35 70 102 447 395 20.4 19.1 154 97

25 16 7 11 5 – 23 20 14 7 23 15 14 12 3 3 – – 1 – 2 1 8 8 – – – – 3 1 2 7 22 19 21.9 17.1 10 –

52 56 13 9 9 5 32 22 42 48 31 25 39 42 4 6 2 – 2 2 4 11 27 23 4 3 7 2 2 2 10 6 39 47 16.8 21.5 16 13

87 85 35 24 17 11 87 76 52 44 69 61 67 48 8 6 6 1 2 1 11 7 40 33 3 11 7 3 8 5 13 13 89 85 21.3 19.7 22 14

188 191 34 30 33 11 118 116 137 116 110 103 135 117 8 9 3 5 8 14 22 21 94 68 10 12 6 8 10 17 23 35 146 134 21.2 18.3 70 38

175 166 36 24 19 10 110 99 120 101 95 89 126 104 3 8 13 3 7 12 12 11 91 70 9 7 10 7 11 10 22 41 151 110 19.9 19.1 36 32

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

163

Table 11.

Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1997 and 1992 Con.
Characteristics Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS Con.
Operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years

1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992

6 7 37 60 153 141 194 145 95 65 79 66 57 59 114 106 54.1 53.4

– – 2 3 7 7 12 9 4 1 4 1 1 4 7 2 54.8 50.3

1 1 6 6 18 17 13 16 9 10 11 4 7 3 9 13 52.7 53.2

– – 11 3 31 27 29 21 23 16 15 21 11 13 19 19 53.6 55.6

1 5 14 20 43 49 75 52 28 22 25 22 20 22 49 40 55.3 53.3

4 1 4 28 54 41 65 47 31 16 24 18 18 17 30 32 53.6 52.6

45 to 54 years 55 to 59 years 60 to 64 years

65 to 69 years 70 years and over Average age

Operators by sex: Male

farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992

620 559 48 229 45 405 115 90 7 027 4 196

33 27 (D) 1 468 4 – (D) –

63 61 (D) 5 103 11 9 (D) 533

118 115 9 334 9 058 21 5 1 079 573

216 197 12 621 11 261 39 35 2 112 1 147

190 159 18 927 18 515 40 41 3 036 1 943

Female

TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 573 529 36 304 35 296 54 42 (D) 5 316 30 21 1 155 972 5 2 (D) (D) 60 54 3 885 4 183 2 8 (D) 747 98 90 6 952 6 472 10 2 1 078 (D) 206 194 11 222 9 358 22 19 1 166 1 432 179 170 13 090 14 311 15 11 3 746 2 867

Partnership

Corporation: Family held

Other than family held

farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992

92 72 (D) (D) 6 1 (D) (D)

1 3 (D) (D) 1 1 (D) (D)

10 7 2 373 (D) – – – –

27 27 2 026 3 021 1 – (D) –

24 18 2 282 (D) 1 – (D) –

30 17 4 511 (D) 3 – (D) –

Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc.

farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992

10 5 (D) 516

– – – –

2 1 (D) (D)

3 1 (D) (D)

2 1 (D) (D)

3 2 (D) (D)

164

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 12.

Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1997 and 1992
Item Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS
Land in farms farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 343 274 36 766 32 379 107 118 323 259 19 174 17 840 316 250 15 483 14 170 134 92 3 179 2 904 18 18 1 165 1 149 65 64 17 18 949 944 17 17 820 675 6 5 (D) (D) 32 29 4 679 3 756 146 130 31 26 1 221 1 503 30 26 892 1 266 14 10 (D) (D) 80 60 8 083 7 305 101 122 77 58 6 006 5 436 76 54 4 771 4 287 30 16 255 438 107 88 7 140 6 254 67 71 97 81 3 157 2 623 94 78 2 660 2 207 37 29 331 277 106 79 15 699 13 915 148 176 101 76 7 841 7 334 99 75 6 340 5 735 47 32 2 372 1 929

Average size of farm Total cropland

Harvested cropland

Irrigated land

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD
Total sales (see text) Average per farm 1997 sales by commodity or commodity group: Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops Grains Corn for grain Wheat Soybeans Sorghum for grain Barley Oats Other grains Cotton and cottonseed Tobacco Hay, silage, and field seeds Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons Fruits, nuts, and berries Nursery and greenhouse crops Other crops Livestock, poultry, and their products Poultry and poultry products Dairy products Cattle and calves Hogs and pigs Sheep, lambs, and wool Other livestock and livestock products (see text) $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 47 38 137 140 085 364 273 014 2 2 150 114 709 056 513 221 2 2 79 81 553 374 775 870 14 11 178 191 308 509 856 813 9 7 86 90 270 938 640 207 18 14 172 183 244 487 110 374

farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000

286 38 706 6 12 2 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 3 (D) – – – – 70 959 92 3 758 45 1 791 182 30 693 15 1 493 121 8 379 28 1 976 32 4 704 71 491 22 429 8 6 29 774

16 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 70 10 (D) – – 7 (D) – – 3 (D) – – 2 (D) 3 24 – – – – – –

26 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7 99 4 (D) 4 (D) 17 (D) – – 10 (D) – – 3 229 5 25 3 (D) – – 3 (D)

65 11 609 5 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 3 (D) – – – – 9 176 21 754 11 (D) 44 9 071 10 (D) 28 2 700 7 (D) 12 (D) 21 166 1 (D) 1 (D) 5 (D)

88 6 013 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 20 189 31 1 693 21 (D) 50 3 388 – – 43 3 258 10 (D) 5 737 18 74 13 303 4 (D) 9 380

91 16 346 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 28 425 26 902 9 (D) 64 14 773 5 (D) 37 1 898 11 13 10 1 390 24 202 5 8 3 2 12 283

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1
Total farm production expenses farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 343 274 32 128 29 478 72 723 104 2 669 78 2 089 241 1 990 277 1 406 224 775 18 18 2 185 1 418 3 (D) 4 (D) 4 (D) 15 (D) 16 61 13 25 32 29 1 424 1 598 8 (D) 9 (D) 7 (D) 20 (D) 26 49 21 44 80 60 9 585 9 290 15 161 27 701 19 576 57 484 64 398 58 234 107 88 5 889 6 079 24 367 35 1 205 25 1 078 65 147 80 170 65 125 106 79 13 046 11 093 22 124 29 551 23 268 84 626 91 728 67 348

1997 farm production expenses: Livestock and poultry purchased Feed for livestock and poultry Commercially mixed formula feeds Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees Commercial fertilizer Agricultural chemicals See footnotes at end of table.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

165

Table 12.

Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1997 and 1992 Con.
Item Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES1 Con.
1997 farm production expenses Petroleum products Electricity Hired farm labor Contract labor Repair and maintenance Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment Interest Cash rent Property taxes All other farm production expenses Con. farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 farms $1,000 335 1 443 278 643 203 10 600 60 704 310 2 199 61 252 160 608 108 005 316 446 342 664 18 74 13 31 11 (D) 2 (D) 17 57 2 (D) 8 (D) 12 (D) 15 38 18 244 31 76 26 36 18 (D) 6 (D) 29 95 4 (D) 9 (D) 5 (D) 31 118 32 227 78 377 65 188 50 4 100 11 19 72 611 17 56 33 267 31 303 70 320 80 1 368 105 296 90 161 53 1 239 10 69 94 438 10 61 44 259 20 117 102 453 107 781 103 620 84 227 71 4 211 31 511 98 998 28 89 66 960 40 492 98 517 105 2 045

1 1 1 4

NET CASH RETURN1
Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm unit (see text) farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 343 274 956 886 604 430 283 197 786 551 780 483 18 18 524 638 29 115 35 421 15 17 546 (D) 36 423 (D) 3 1 22 (D) 7 425 (D) 32 29 1 129 777 35 287 26 779 29 23 1 145 (D) 39 477 (D) 3 6 16 (D) 5 216 (D) 80 60 724 218 044 974 69 41 868 392 553 336 107 88 382 860 605 132 82 66 703 023 163 652 106 79 198 394 035 958 88 50 523 610 762 196

Average per farm Farms with net gains2

14 8 43 32

4 2 59 36

3 1 31 21

5 3 49 42

Average per farm Farms with net losses

15 9 55 48

4 2 70 58

3 2 45 30

5 3 62 72

Average per farm

60 77 830 665 13 825 8 639

11 19 145 173 13 144 9 123

25 22 322 163 12 866 7 428

18 29 325 216 18 077 7 451

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS
Total received farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 37 40 114 173 3 085 4 330 3 7 (D) 23 (D) 3 264 1 7 (D) 13 (D) 1 877 – – – – – – 4 4 (D) 22 (D) 5 437 – – – – – – 10 11 (D) 76 (D) 6 928 1 1 (D) (D) (D) (D) 8 5 60 11 7 559 2 219 1 – (D) – (D) – 14 13 (D) 51 (D) 3 923 1 6 (D) (D) (D) (D)

Average per farm Amount from Conservation Reserve and Wetlands Reserve Programs

Average per farm

FARMS BY SIZE
1 to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 69 acres 70 to 99 acres 100 to 139 acres 140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 77 31 100 79 28 35 24 21 37 36 16 17 18 19 8 5 20 21 13 8 1 2 1 – 5 4 3 6 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 – 1 – – – – – – – – 9 4 9 12 – – 3 2 5 3 – 1 1 2 – – 3 4 1 – – 1 1 – 16 1 19 18 9 10 8 5 13 11 4 4 3 2 – 1 5 6 3 2 – – – – 26 16 41 30 10 11 5 8 11 11 3 4 5 5 2 – 3 2 1 1 – – – – 21 6 28 13 5 12 6 4 7 10 8 7 7 9 6 3 9 9 8 5 1 1 – –

VALUE OF LAND AND BUILDINGS1
Estimated market value of land and buildings: Average per farm Average per acre See footnotes at end of table. dollars, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 586 707 5 5 039 764 467 989 618 553 9 8 241 048 552 664 570 759 3 5 260 801 900 866 739 995 7 8 571 001 320 172 402 352 6 4 341 592 029 961 654 901 4 5 894 394 422 118

166

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 12.

Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1997 and 1992 Con.
Item Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT1
Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 dollars, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 343 274 389 613 443 282 305 257 867 770 305 251 904 903 9 11 (D) (D) 18 18 771 838 42 833 46 528 16 18 37 53 17 14 44 46 – – – – 32 29 190 419 202 924 27 28 61 66 27 28 51 75 1 2 (D) (D) 80 60 212 748 148 467 65 58 226 241 71 59 254 265 5 7 (D) 7 107 88 243 477 657 875 101 79 233 174 96 78 228 214 – 1 – (D) 106 79 972 132 645 278 96 74 310 236 94 72 327 303 3 1 (D) (D)

Average per farm Motortrucks, including pickups

20 17 59 64

1 1 37 48

5 3 65 62

4 4 39 50

8 7 84 90

Wheel tractors

Grain and bean combines

TENURE OF OPERATOR
Full owners farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 193 137 15 714 12 846 111 103 18 101 16 604 39 34 2 951 2 929 5 5 39 185 9 9 (D) (D) 4 4 (D) (D) 25 19 3 323 2 370 6 6 (D) (D) 1 4 (D) (D) 36 20 2 227 1 753 29 32 4 575 4 805 15 8 1 281 747 77 65 4 376 4 196 22 13 2 153 1 430 8 10 611 628 50 28 5 749 4 342 45 43 9 041 8 410 11 8 909 1 163

Part owners

Tenants

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS
Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by days worked off farm: None Any 1 to 49 days 50 to 99 days 100 to 149 days 150 to 199 days 200 days or more Not reported 1997 operators by years on present farm: 2 years or less 3 or 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 years or more Average years on present farm Not reported 1997 operators by age group: Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 54 years 55 to 64 years 65 years and over Average age 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 222 200 83 60 38 14 243 202 100 72 204 168 124 90 11 15 12 3 9 3 14 17 78 52 15 16 11 16 31 223 21.8 62 5 18 76 87 75 82 53.5 12 8 5 10 1 – 16 15 2 3 15 12 3 6 1 – – – 1 – – – 1 6 – – – 2 1 11 22.1 4 – 2 3 4 4 5 55.2 17 23 10 6 5 – 18 11 14 18 15 13 16 15 1 1 2 – 1 – 2 6 10 8 1 1 1 2 3 21 18.6 5 1 1 7 8 7 8 53.9 47 37 22 14 11 9 63 51 17 9 49 37 28 17 5 6 4 – 1 – 2 1 16 10 3 6 3 5 9 51 21.7 12 – 7 19 16 23 15 52.6 76 66 19 19 12 3 69 62 38 26 68 54 36 30 1 3 1 3 4 3 6 6 24 15 3 4 2 3 8 67 23.4 27 1 5 20 30 22 29 54.5 70 66 27 11 9 2 77 63 29 16 57 52 41 22 3 5 5 – 2 – 4 4 27 13 8 5 5 4 10 73 21.3 14 3 3 27 29 19 25 52.9

TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 233 195 20 686 20 042 32 22 5 381 4 287 15 13 (D) 723 2 2 (D) (D) 24 20 (D) 2 720 – 3 – (D) 47 39 4 749 4 442 7 1 978 (D) 80 66 4 999 3 796 12 9 (D) 1 044 67 57 7 704 8 361 11 7 3 541 (D)

Partnership

See footnotes at end of table.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

167

Table 12.

Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1997 and 1992 Con.
Item Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

TYPE OF ORGANIZATION Con.
Corporation: Family held

Other than family held

farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992

70 56 (D) (D) 4 – (D) – 4 1 (D) (D)

1 3 (D) (D) – – – – – – – –

8 6 (D) (D) – – – – – – – –

23 20 2 009 (D) 1 – (D) – 2 – (D) –

13 12 1 340 (D) 1 – (D) – 1 1 (D) (D)

25 15 4 432 (D) 2 – (D) – 1 – (D) –

Other cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc.

1997 FARMS BY NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Oilseed and grain farming (1111) Vegetable and melon farming (1112) Fruit and tree nut farming (1113) Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114) Other crop farming (1119) Tobacco farming (11191) Cotton farming (11192) Sugarcane farming, hay farming, and all other crop farming (11193, 11194, 11199) Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111) Cattle feedlots (112112) Dairy cattle and milk production (11212) Hog and pig farming (1122) Poultry and egg production (1123) Sheep and goat farming (1124) Animal aquaculture and other animal production (1125, 1129) 6 60 22 149 31 – – 31 8 2 32 8 9 1 15 3 8 – 5 – – – – – – 2 – – – – – 4 2 16 3 – – 3 1 – 3 2 – – 1 1 17 5 35 2 – – 2 3 1 12 1 1 – 2 – 16 13 42 11 – – 11 2 – 5 5 8 1 4 2 15 2 51 15 – – 15 2 1 10 – – – 8

LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY
Cattle and calves inventory farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 number, 1997 farms, 1997 number, 1997 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 number, 1997 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 number, 1997 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 73 79 4 193 4 618 59 68 2 602 2 887 31 37 390 363 32 40 2 212 2 524 53 1 282 54 309 71 73 1 895 2 063 49 1 054 59 66 841 942 7 (D) 22 20 1 932 5 226 16 15 450 735 22 20 1 482 4 491 22 18 4 193 5 652 7 3 650 (D) 2 6 (D) 338 1 4 (D) 205 – 2 – (D) 1 3 (D) (D) 2 (D) – – 3 6 111 147 2 (D) 3 6 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7 6 (D) 316 5 6 (D) 206 2 3 (D) 39 3 3 (D) 167 6 (D) 7 32 5 6 131 188 4 (D) 3 6 (D) (D) 1 (D) 2 4 (D) 552 2 4 (D) 131 2 4 (D) 421 3 3 (D) (D) – – – – 22 18 1 694 1 432 18 13 1 110 1 011 6 4 98 (D) 13 12 1 012 (D) 16 536 15 48 21 20 710 607 16 433 21 19 277 290 2 (D) 1 2 (D) (D) 1 1 (D) (D) 1 2 (D) (D) 1 1 (D) (D) – – – – 19 18 658 728 15 17 465 504 10 10 (D) 122 5 7 (D) 382 10 108 14 85 18 15 374 490 11 220 14 12 154 226 2 (D) 13 8 1 292 3 981 9 7 269 513 13 8 1 023 3 468 13 8 3 015 4 116 5 3 (D) (D) 23 31 1 410 1 804 20 28 764 961 13 18 115 (D) 10 15 649 (D) 19 502 18 144 24 26 569 631 16 250 18 23 319 295 2 (D) 6 6 62 (D) 4 3 (D) (D) 6 6 (D) (D) 5 6 172 56 2 – (D) –

Cows and heifers that had calved

Beef cows

Milk cows

Heifers and heifer calves Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves Cattle and calves sold

Calves Cattle

Fattened on grain and concentrates Hogs and pigs inventory

Used or to be used for breeding

Other

Hogs and pigs sold

Feeder pigs

See footnotes at end of table.

168

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 12.

Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1997 and 1992 Con.
Item Rhode Island Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY Con.
Sheep and lambs inventory farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 13 8 (D) 115 7 7 106 57 29 21 55 900 238 387 1 4 (D) (D) – 1 – (D) – 1 – (D) 1 1 (D) (D) – – – – – 1 – (D) – 1 – (D) – 3 – (D) – – – – 1 – (D) – 1 – (D) – 8 2 918 (D) – – – – 5 1 71 (D) 3 1 (D) (D) 7 7 54 101 132 012 1 2 (D) (D) 7 5 (D) 77 3 4 (D) 24 13 8 (D) (D) – 2 – (D)

Sheep and lambs sold

Layers 20 weeks old and older inventory

Broilers and other meat type chickens sold

SELECTED CROPS HARVESTED
Corn for grain or seed farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 bushels, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 tons, green, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 cwt, 1997 1992 4 11 24 128 1 593 8 900 42 48 (D) 2 464 (D) 42 973 14 13 (D) 1 298 (D) 372 405 – – – – – – 5 4 (D) 133 (D) 2 161 – – – – – – – 1 – (D) – (D) 5 5 (D) 155 (D) 2 495 – – – – – – 2 1 (D) (D) (D) (D) 11 13 (D) 1 074 (D) 17 241 9 5 (D) (D) (D) (D) 1 1 (D) (D) (D) (D) 7 8 308 313 4 362 5 088 1 – (D) – (D) – 1 8 (D) (D) (D) (D) 14 18 942 789 14 829 15 988 4 8 (D) (D) (D) (D)

Corn for silage or green chop

Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes

Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text)

farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 tons, dry, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992

101 96 (D) 4 364 (D) 10 604 92 77 1 825 1 753 28 38 303 579

5 5 (D) 197 (D) 367 10 9 (D) (D) – – – –

11 12 523 534 1 336 1 507 4 7 (D) (D) 2 5 (D) 45

19 19 1 362 983 3 472 1 782 21 14 355 334 5 10 44 111

28 25 1 149 982 2 376 2 548 31 22 626 241 16 20 246 417

2 1 4 4

38 35 052 668 589 400 26 25 567 566 5 3 (D) 7

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text)

Land in orchards

1Data are based on a sample of farms. 2Farms with total production expenses equal

to market value of agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

169

Table 13.

Selected Crops Harvested: 1997 and 1992
Crop Rhode Island Bristol 34 25 1 139 876 9 7 74 43 – 1 – (D) – (D) – – – – Kent 59 55 1 140 1 844 21 17 (D) (D) – 1 – (D) – (D) – – – – Newport 122 103 5 409 5 229 37 19 267 441 2 3 (D) 38 (D) 1 780 – – – – Providence 205 186 4 243 3 763 46 42 (D) (D) 3 1 16 (D) 1 192 (D) 1 – (D) – Washington 186 148 7 088 6 424 64 44 (D) (D) 4 10 (D) 77 1 298 5 050 – 2 – (D)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Harvested cropland

Irrigated

farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 bushels, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992

19 18 3 2

606 517 019 136 177 129 176 961

Corn for grain or seed

Irrigated

9 16 45 172 (D) 11 280 1 2 (D) (D)

1997 farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Corn for silage or green chop farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 tons, green, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992

9 – – – – 53 72 (D) 2 949 (D) 49 638 – 2 – (D)

– – – – – 6 4 170 133 (D) 2 161 – – – –

– – – – – 6 12 (D) 335 2 905 5 325 – – – –

2 – – – – 13 20 196 283 610 172 – – – –

3 – – – – 10 15 322 379 4 547 5 732 – 2 – (D)

4 – – – – 18 21 1 009 819 16 204 16 248 – – – –

1 1 20 20

Irrigated

1997 farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 cwt, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992

20 25 6 2 – 16 19 788 1 310 (D) 374 808 4 6 (D) 271

2 4 – – – – – – – – – – – – –

2 4 – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1 9 2 1 – 10 8 765 825 210 300 233 423 2 1 (D) (D)

7 1 2 – – 1 2 (D) (D) (D) (D) – – – –

8 7 2 1 – 5 9 (D) (D) (D) (D) 2 5 (D) (D)

Irrigated

1997 farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 to 499.9 acres 500.0 acres or more Hay alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text)

7 3 3 2 1 –

– – – – – –

– – – – – –

3 1 3 2 1 –

1 – – – – –

3 2 – – – –

Irrigated

farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 tons, dry, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992

8 7 16 15

255 245 189 614 680 864 5 6 (D) 19

14 10 510 387 817 670 – – – –

23 28 693 935 1 550 2 350 – – – –

1 1 4 2

39 46 857 647 241 775 – – – –

2 2 4 4

98 89 534 419 483 729 3 3 (D) 7

2 2 5 5

81 72 595 226 589 340 2 3 (D) 12

1997 farms by acres harvested: 1 to 24 acres 25 to 99 acres 100 to 249 acres 250 to 499 acres 500 acres or more Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992

142 101 10 2 – 126 126 1 907 1 868 44 40 450 516

4 9 1 – – 12 13 264 (D) 2 5 (D) 8

12 10 1 – – 5 9 23 (D) 4 4 (D) (D)

16 20 2 1 – 28 21 372 359 7 2 31 (D)

59 36 3 – – 43 38 662 276 11 11 203 132

51 26 3 1 – 38 45 587 612 20 18 194 229

Irrigated

1997 farms by acres harvested: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 to 499.9 acres 500.0 acres or more

58 49 17 1 1 –

3 4 5 – – –

2 3 – – – –

14 9 5 – – –

19 21 2 – 1 –

20 12 5 1 – –

170

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 13.

Selected Crops Harvested: 1997 and 1992 Con.
Crop Rhode Island Bristol – 3 – 2 – 2 – (D) Kent 4 8 6 48 1 1 (D) (D) Newport 12 14 66 127 2 – (D) – Providence 27 33 287 451 5 10 15 65 Washington 11 14 30 36 3 1 4 (D)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Land in orchards

Irrigated

farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 acres, 1997 1992

54 72 389 664 11 14 25 67

1997 farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 0.1 to 4.9 acres 5.0 to 24.9 acres 25.0 to 99.9 acres 100.0 to 249.9 acres 250.0 to 499.9 acres 500.0 acres or more

30 22 2 – – –

– – – – – –

4 – – – – –

8 4 – – – –

9 16 2 – – –

9 2 – – – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

171

Table 14.

Cattle and Calves
Item

Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Rhode Island

Bristol

Kent

Newport

Providence

Washington

INVENTORY
Cattle and calves farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number 200 208 5 749 6 057 82 98 374 460 49 28 659 359 35 47 1 005 1 473 18 19 1 226 1 360 13 13 1 635 1 607 3 3 850 798 – – – – 162 175 3 301 3 532 129 133 1 062 967 92 363 23 (D) 13 371 1 (D) – – – – – – 45 55 2 239 2 565 14 (D) – – 12 421 14 (D) 4 (D) 1 (D) – – 125 139 1 701 1 825 81 (D) 17 216 18 520 7 464 2 (D) – – – – 8 11 213 416 3 4 15 28 1 2 (D) (D) 3 2 (D) (D) – 1 – (D) 1 2 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – 6 9 118 241 5 6 (D) 69 3 11 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 4 (D) 172 – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 6 8 79 143 4 (D) – – 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 16 19 445 598 6 7 20 38 4 3 (D) 44 2 4 (D) 92 4 5 (D) 424 – – – – – – – – – – – – 12 16 254 366 8 10 (D) 191 4 16 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 5 6 (D) 175 2 (D) – – 1 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – 11 13 108 144 6 (D) 3 38 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 42 38 2 110 1 742 12 9 46 29 8 6 (D) (D) 8 14 249 530 6 4 372 312 6 4 740 519 2 1 (D) (D) – – – – 33 29 1 263 1 125 20 17 242 135 11 56 4 42 5 144 – – – – – – – – 17 16 1 021 990 5 11 – – 6 219 3 206 2 (D) 1 (D) – – 29 30 642 497 15 (D) 5 65 4 99 3 192 2 (D) – – – – 68 76 1 132 1 222 32 47 148 214 21 10 283 138 11 15 298 441 2 2 (D) (D) 2 1 (D) (D) – 1 – (D) – – – – 57 65 727 731 51 56 383 339 37 148 11 138 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 6 12 344 392 1 (D) – – 2 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 35 45 224 261 29 95 3 39 3 90 – – – – – – – – 66 64 1 849 2 079 29 31 145 151 15 7 (D) 83 11 12 301 (D) 6 7 418 455 4 6 532 750 1 1 (D) (D) – – – – 54 56 939 1 069 45 44 277 233 37 132 5 60 3 85 – – – – – – – – 16 17 662 836 6 (D) – – 3 99 6 390 1 (D) – – – – 44 43 648 780 27 88 6 74 7 214 4 272 – – – – – –

Farms by inventory: 1 to 9

10 to 19

20 to 49

50 to 99

100 to 199

200 to 499

500 or more

Cows and heifers that had calved

Beef cows

1997 farms by inventory: 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more

Milk cows

1997 farms by inventory: 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more

Heifers and heifer calves

1997 farms by inventory: 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more

172

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 14.

Cattle and Calves
Item

Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Rhode Island

Bristol

Kent

Newport

Providence

Washington

INVENTORY Con.
Cattle and calves Con. Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 140 144 747 700 4 9 16 32 15 10 83 88 30 26 205 120 45 56 181 230 46 43 262 230

1997 farms by inventory: 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more

farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number

115 307 19 226 4 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – –

4 16 – – – – – – – – – – – –

11 (D) 3 37 1 (D) – – – – – – – –

23 (D) 5 60 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – –

40 120 5 61 – – – – – – – – – –

37 104 6 68 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – –

SALES
Dairy products sold farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 32 41 4 704 5 024 158 162 2 315 2 509 675 880 2 3 (D) 336 6 10 136 165 34 63 3 4 229 304 13 16 169 239 42 64 12 14 (D) 1 744 35 36 796 674 205 246 5 7 737 931 53 52 523 647 141 218 10 13 1 390 1 710 51 48 691 784 254 289

Cattle and calves sold

1997 farms by number sold: 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more

farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992

105 (D) 16 237 24 748 11 691 2 (D) – – – – 79 92 1 156 1 318 86 163

1 (D) 3 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – – – 4 4 57 70 4 6

8 19 1 (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – 9 9 121 151 12 15

16 (D) 6 94 8 260 4 255 1 (D) – – – – 21 21 441 334 38 40

43 160 3 39 4 90 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 20 31 254 316 16 33

37 151 3 52 7 218 4 270 – – – – – – 25 27 283 447 15 69

Calves sold

1997 farms by number sold: 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more

farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992

43 124 15 (D) 15 422 5 295 1 (D) – – – – 134 135 1 159 1 191 589 717

2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 6 9 79 95 29 58

4 (D) 2 (D) 3 85 – – – – – – – – 8 14 48 88 30 49

9 30 4 56 5 140 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 34 34 355 340 166 206

13 37 3 43 2 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – 45 40 269 331 125 185

15 (D) 5 80 4 113 1 (D) – – – – – – 41 38 408 337 239 219

Cattle sold

1997 farms by number sold: 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more

farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number

101 390 16 (D) 15 427 2 (D) – – – – – –

3 (D) 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – –

6 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – –

22 94 5 77 7 184 – – – – – – – –

39 137 3 31 3 101 – – – – – – – –

31 125 5 73 3 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

173

Table 14.

Cattle and Calves
Item

Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Con.

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Rhode Island

Bristol

Kent

Newport

Providence

Washington

SALES

Con.

Cattle and calves sold Con. Cattle fattened on grain and concentrates sold

farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number

27 36 (D) (D) (D) (D) 24 62 – – 2 (D) 1 (D) – – – – – –

1 – (D) – (D) – 1 (D) – – – – – – – – – – – –

3 2 (D) (D) (D) (D) 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – –

5 4 28 12 21 6 4 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – – –

10 16 24 84 19 45 10 24 – – – – – – – – – – – –

8 14 71 102 53 66 7 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – –

1997 farms by number sold: 1 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 or more

174

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 15.

Hogs and Pigs
Item

Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 1997 and 1992

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Rhode Island

Bristol

Kent

Newport

Providence

Washington

INVENTORY
Hogs and pigs farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 60 48 2 764 5 488 41 33 245 210 4 4 (D) 140 3 2 (D) (D) 7 2 869 (D) 5 5 1 350 1 118 – 1 – (D) – 1 – (D) 31 31 (D) 816 25 1 3 2 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 56 44 (D) 4 672 2 1 (D) (D) 1 1 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – 1 – (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – (D) – 1 – – – 2 1 (D) (D) 6 8 304 574 2 5 (D) (D) 3 – (D) – – – – – – 1 – (D) 1 2 (D) (D) – – – – – – – – 5 7 141 138 4 – – 1 5 8 163 436 9 7 (D) (D) 7 6 30 49 – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 – (D) – – 1 – (D) – – – – 6 6 (D) 91 4 – 2 – 7 7 (D) (D) 22 19 1 402 4 071 11 12 78 85 – 2 – (D) 3 – (D) – 6 1 (D) (D) 2 3 (D) (D) – – – – – 1 – (D) 13 11 289 541 10 1 1 1 21 16 1 113 3 530 21 13 145 222 20 9 (D) 50 1 2 (D) (D) – 2 – (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 7 26 46 6 – – – 21 12 119 176

Farms by inventory: 1 to 24

25 to 49

50 to 99

100 to 199

200 to 499

500 to 999

1,000 or more

Hogs and pigs used or to be used for breeding

1997 farms by inventory: 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 or more Other hogs and pigs

LITTERS
Litters of pigs farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 31 33 737 1 233 28 27 342 578 27 26 395 655 1 – (D) – 1 – (D) – 1 – (D) – 5 7 158 116 5 5 64 19 4 5 94 97 6 6 102 (D) 5 6 51 (D) 5 5 51 (D) 13 12 432 950 13 10 207 479 11 10 225 471 6 8 (D) (D) 4 6 (D) (D) 6 6 (D) (D)

Dec. 1 of preceding year and May 31

June 1 and Nov. 30

SALES
Hogs and pigs sold farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 45 41 4 951 6 011 493 744 23 220 5 175 3 181 10 1 155 2 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 13 10 (D) 258 (D) 6 39 37 (D) 5 753 (D) 738 1 – (D) – (D) – – – – – – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 1 – (D) – (D) – – – – – – – 7 4 932 (D) 90 70 2 (D) – – 1 (D) 3 (D) – – 1 (D) – – 2 – (D) – (D) – 6 4 (D) (D) (D) 70 5 5 (D) (D) (D) (D) 3 (D) 1 (D) – – – – 1 (D) – – – – 2 2 (D) (D) (D) (D) 5 4 (D) (D) (D) (D) 19 20 3 156 4 352 325 475 8 110 2 (D) 2 (D) 5 525 1 (D) – – 1 (D) 6 5 520 187 19 4 16 17 2 636 4 165 307 471 13 12 246 106 19 (D) 10 66 2 (D) – – 1 (D) – – – – – – 2 3 (D) (D) (D) (D) 12 12 (D) (D) (D) (D)

1997 farms by number sold: 1 to 24 25 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 199 200 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 or more Feeder pigs sold

Hogs and pigs other than feeder pigs sold

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

175

Table 16.

Poultry
Item

Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Rhode Island

Bristol

Kent

Newport

Providence

Washington

INVENTORY
Any poultry Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older (see text) farms, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 123 95 93 83 58 042 242 307 92 83 57 722 242 095 67 8 12 1 2 1 1 – – farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 13 13 320 212 4 3 (D) 30 12 12 (D) (D) 19 20 1 184 382 5 6 (D) 57 37 26 4 3 3 3 22 84 3 3 22 84 3 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – (D) – 1 – (D) – 1 1 6 11 5 10 256 3 255 5 10 256 3 225 3 1 1 – – – – – – – 3 – 30 – 2 – (D) – 2 – (D) 1 3 (D) 28 1 1 (D) (D) 4 2 24 11 19 9 (D) (D) 18 9 1 540 (D) 8 3 6 1 – – – – – 3 1 (D) (D) 1 – (D) – 3 1 360 (D) 3 4 (D) 13 1 3 (D) (D) 5 4 32 35 22 32 (D) 132 653 22 32 54 513 132 548 15 2 1 – 2 1 1 – – 1 6 (D) 105 2 – (D) – 4 6 (D) (D) 5 7 86 39 1 – (D) – 9 10 57 35 44 29 1 637 (D) 44 29 1 391 (D) 38 2 4 – – – – – – 9 3 246 (D) 1 1 (D) (D) 5 3 199 60 9 6 278 302 1 2 (D) (D) 18 9

Layers 20 weeks old and older

1997 farms by inventory: 1 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 399 400 to 3,199 3,200 to 9,999 10,000 to 19,999 20,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 or more Pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old

Pullet chicks and pullets less than 13 weeks old

Broilers and other meat type chickens

Turkeys

Turkey hens kept for breeding

Ducks, geese, and other poultry

SALES
Any poultry sold farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 67 52 2 002 4 758 19 17 (D) 114 126 18 17 53 172 114 126 1 – (D) – 5 5 (D) (D) 4 – 1 – – – farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 11 12 (D) 1 240 11 12 (D) 1 240 14 2 1 3 (D) 1 1 – (D) – 1 – (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – 4 5 3 21 – 4 – (D) – 4 – (D) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – 13 4 (D) (D) 3 – (D) – 2 – (D) – 1 – (D) – 1 1 (D) (D) 1 – – – – – 1 – (D) – 1 – (D) – 1 – 22 19 1 771 2 649 8 9 52 699 55 350 8 9 52 699 55 350 – – – – 2 2 (D) (D) 1 – 1 – – – 5 4 (D) (D) 5 4 (D) (D) 5 1 27 21 21 (D) 7 4 185 (D) 7 4 185 (D) – – – – 2 2 (D) (D) 2 – – – – – 5 8 153 (D) 5 8 153 (D) 6 1

Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks sold (see text)

Layers 20 weeks old and older sold

Pullet chicks and pullets less than 20 weeks old sold

Broilers and other meat type chickens sold

1997 farms by number sold: 1 to 1,999 2,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 99,999 100,000 to 199,999 200,000 to 499,999 500,000 or more Turkeys sold

Turkeys for slaughter sold

Ducks, geese, and other poultry sold

176

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 17.

Sheep and Lambs
Item

Inventory, Shorn, and Sales: 1997 and 1992

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Rhode Island Sheep and lambs inventory farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms number farms number farms number farms number farms number farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 pounds of wool, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 number, 1997 1992 farms, 1997 1992 $1,000, 1997 1992 69 62 1 064 1 355 55 432 14 632 – – – – – – 50 44 (D) 562 49 38 852 825 5 547 5 858 44 49 726 771 54 53 58 49

Bristol 1 2 (D) (D) 1 (D) – – – – – – – – 1 1 (D) (D) 1 1 (D) (D) (D) (D) 1 2 (D) (D) 1 2 (D) (D)

Kent 7 4 59 46 7 59 – – – – – – – – 7 3 (D) (D) 7 1 (D) (D) (D) (D) 6 4 (D) (D) 7 4 5 1

Newport 9 11 (D) (D) 7 (D) 2 (D) – – – – – – 7 11 112 126 6 9 129 (D) 583 (D) 6 10 116 133 6 10 (D) (D)

Providence 26 23 417 809 21 (D) 5 (D) – – – – – – 17 16 238 242 21 13 318 367 2 007 2 451 17 19 291 383 23 19 19 (D)

Washington 26 22 430 305 19 128 7 302 – – – – – – 18 13 287 171 14 14 336 276 2 550 1 908 14 14 258 206 17 18 28 (D)

1997 farms by inventory: 1 to 24 25 to 99 100 to 299 300 to 999 1,000 or more

Ewes 1 year old or older

Sheep and lambs shorn

Sheep and lambs sold

Sheep, lambs, and wool sold

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

177

Table 18.

Horses and Ponies
Geographic area

Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992
Inventory Farms Number Farms Sales Number Sales ($1,000)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

STATE TOTAL
Rhode Island 1997 1992 163 152 1 117 1 015 32 24 79 108 510 580

COUNTIES, 1997
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 4 14 24 55 66 (D) (D) 230 381 369 1 4 5 12 10 (D) 13 (D) 28 25 (D) 20 (D) 343 63

Table 19.

Milk Goats

Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992
Sales Inventory

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms Number

Milk goats Farms Number

Goat milk Farms Gallons Farms Total sales ($1,000)

STATE TOTAL
Rhode Island 1997 1992 17 (NA) 173 (NA) 5 (NA) 90 (NA) 3 (NA) (D) (NA) 6 (NA) (D) (NA)

COUNTIES, 1997
Kent Newport Providence Washington 3 7 2 5 (D) 36 (D) (D) – 1 1 3 – (D) (D) (D) 1 – 1 1 (D) – (D) (D) 1 1 1 3 (D) (D) (D) 2

Table 20.

Angora Goats

Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992
Sales

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] Inventory Geographic area Farms Number Angora goats Farms Number Mohair Farms Pounds Farms Total sales ($1,000)

STATE TOTAL
Rhode Island 1997 1992 1 (NA) (D) (NA) 1 (NA) (D) (NA) 1 (NA) (D) (NA) 1 (NA) (D) (NA)

COUNTIES, 1997
Washington 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D) 1 (D)

Table 21. 178

Mink and Their Pelts

Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992
1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

[Not published for this State]

RHODE ISLAND

Table 22.

Colonies of Bees and Honey
Inventory

Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992
Sales

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms Number

Colonies of bees Farms Number

Honey Farms Pounds Farms Total sales ($1,000)

STATE TOTAL
Rhode Island 1997 1992 31 (NA) 245 (NA) 2 (NA) (D) (NA) 11 (NA) 7 951 (NA) 11 (NA) 29 (NA)

COUNTIES, 1997
Kent Newport Providence Washington 3 6 9 13 (D) (D) 57 137 – – 1 1 – – (D) (D) 2 1 4 4 (D) (D) (D) (D) 2 1 4 4 (D) (D) 5 (D)

Table 23.

Fish Sales: 1997 and 1992
Geographic area Farms Pounds (1,000) Farms Number (1,000) Farms Sales ($1,000)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

TROUT State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 1 (NA) (D) (NA) – (NA) – (NA) 1 (NA) (D) (NA)

Counties, 1997
Washington 1 (D) – – 1 (D)

OTHER FISH (SEE TEXT) State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 – (NA) – (NA) 1 (NA) (D) (NA) 1 (NA) (D) (NA)

Counties, 1997
Providence – – 1 (D) 1 (D)

OTHER AQUACULTURE PRODUCTS (SEE TEXT) State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 – (NA) (X) (X) 3 (NA) (X) (X) 3 (NA) (D) (NA)

Table 24.

Miscellaneous Poultry
Geographic area

Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992
Inventory Farms Number Sales Farms Number

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

DUCKS State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 20 11 386 100 7 – 322 –

Counties, 1997
Kent Newport Providence Washington 4 4 3 9 30 19 37 300 1 1 2 3 (D) (D) (D) 56

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

179

Table 24.

Miscellaneous Poultry
Geographic area

Inventory and Sales: 1997 and 1992 Con.
Inventory Farms Number Sales Farms Number

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

GEESE State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 10 13 82 118 2 – (D) –

Counties, 1997
Bristol Kent Providence Washington 1 1 3 5 (D) (D) (D) 50 – – – 2 – – – (D)

PIGEONS OR SQUAB State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 3 3 74 116 2 – (D) –

PHEASANTS State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 6 (NA) (D) (NA) 2 (NA) (D) (NA)

QUAIL State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 2 (NA) (D) (NA) 1 (NA) (D) (NA)

Counties, 1997
Providence Washington 1 1 (D) (D) 1 – (D) –

OTHER POULTRY State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 10 3 405 12 6 – (D) –

Counties, 1997
Newport Providence Washington 1 4 5 (D) (D) 267 – 3 3 – (D) 179

POULTRY HATCHED (SEE TEXT) State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 12 4 9 287 7 133 13 5 (D) 67 010

Counties, 1997
Washington All other counties 7 5 905 8 382 8 5 759 (D)

180

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 25.

Miscellaneous Livestock and Animal Specialties Sales: 1997 and 1992
Inventory Geographic area Farms

Inventory and

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] Sales Sales ($1,000)

Number

Farms

Number

MULES, BURROS, AND DONKEYS State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 10 13 29 26 2 1 (D) (D) (D) (D)

Counties, 1997
Newport Providence Washington 1 4 5 (D) (D) 24 – – 2 – – (D) – – (D)

GOATS, TOTAL State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 36 32 298 250 12 10 131 86 (NA) (NA)

Counties, 1997
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 1 5 11 5 14 (D) (D) 61 90 99 1 – 3 4 4 (D) – (D) (D) 25 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

GOATS, EXCEPT ANGORA AND MILK State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 21 19 (D) (D) 6 7 (D) 22 1 1

Counties, 1997
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 1 3 5 4 8 (D) (D) 25 (D) 39 1 – 2 3 – (D) – (D) (D) – (D) – (D) (D) –

RABBITS AND THEIR PELTS State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 26 22 300 1 116 9 12 668 1 700 4 (D)

Counties, 1997
Kent Newport Providence Washington 3 5 7 11 (D) (D) 112 134 1 1 3 4 (D) (D) (D) 377 (D) (D) (D) 3

OTHER LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 10 3 (X) (X) 4 3 (X) (X) 31 17

Counties, 1997
Newport Providence Washington 2 5 3 (X) (X) (X) 1 1 2 (X) (X) (X) (D) (D) (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

181

Table 26.

Grains

Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 1997 and 1992
1997 1992 Irrigated Quantity Farms Acres Farms Harvested Acres Quantity Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms

Harvested Acres

CORN FOR GRAIN OR SEED (BUSHELS) State Total
Rhode Island 9 45 (D) 1 (D) 16 172 11 280 2 (D)

Counties
Newport Providence Washington 2 3 4 (D) 16 (D) (D) 1 192 1 298 – 1 – – (D) – 3 (NA) 10 38 (NA) 77 1 780 (NA) 5 050 – (NA) 2 – (NA) (D)

SORGHUM FOR GRAIN OR SEED (BUSHELS) State Total
Rhode Island 2 (D) (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Newport Providence 1 1 (D) (D) (D) (D) – – – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

OATS FOR GRAIN (BUSHELS) State Total
Rhode Island 4 28 (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

RYE FOR GRAIN (BUSHELS) State Total
Rhode Island 5 109 3 170 – – 4 97 3 110 – –

Counties
Newport Washington 4 1 (D) (D) (D) (D) – – – – 4 – 97 – 3 110 – – – – –

Table 27.

Cotton, Tobacco, Soybeans, Dry Beans and Peas, Potatoes, Sugar Crops, and Peanuts: 1997 and 1992
1997 1992 Irrigated Quantity Farms Acres Farms Harvested Acres Quantity Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms

Harvested Acres

SOYBEANS FOR BEANS (BUSHELS) State Total
Rhode Island 1 (D) (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Washington 1 (D) (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

POTATOES, EXCLUDING SWEETPOTATOES (CWT) State Total
Rhode Island 16 788 (D) 4 (D) 19 1 310 374 808 6 271

Counties
Newport Providence Washington 10 1 5 765 (D) (D) 210 300 (D) (D) 2 – 2 (D) – (D) 8 2 9 825 (D) (D) 233 423 (D) (D) 1 – 5 (D) – (D)

182

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 28.

Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1997 and 1992
1997 1992 Irrigated Quantity Farms Acres Farms Harvested Acres Quantity Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms

Harvested Acres

FIELD SEED AND GRASS SEED CROPS State Total
Rhode Island 1 (D) (X) – – (NA) (NA) (X) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Washington 1 (D) (X) – – (NA) (NA) (X) (NA) (NA)

RYEGRASS SEED (POUNDS) State Total
Rhode Island 1 (D) (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Washington 1 (D) (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

HAY ALFALFA, OTHER TAME, SMALL GRAIN, WILD, GRASS SILAGE, GREEN CHOP, ETC. (SEE TEXT) (TONS, DRY) State Total
Rhode Island 255 8 189 16 680 5 (D) 245 7 614 15 864 6 19

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 14 23 39 98 81 510 693 1 857 2 534 2 595 1 4 4 5 817 550 241 483 589 – – – 3 2 – – – (D) (D) 10 28 46 89 72 387 935 1 647 2 419 2 226 2 2 4 5 670 350 775 729 340 – – – 3 3 – – – 7 12

ALFALFA HAY (TONS, DRY) State Total
Rhode Island 81 1 682 4 031 – – 114 3 023 7 492 2 (D)

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 3 9 17 25 27 36 142 302 400 802 85 445 656 871 1 974 – – – – – – – – – – 3 11 22 34 44 (D) (D) 620 762 1 222 (D) (D) 1 325 1 884 3 258 – – – – 2 – – – – (D)

SMALL GRAIN HAY (TONS, DRY) State Total
Rhode Island 6 (D) (D) – – 4 125 125 – –

Counties
Washington All other counties 3 3 18 (D) (D) 82 – – – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

TAME HAY OTHER THAN ALFALFA, SMALL GRAIN, AND WILD HAY (SEE TEXT) (TONS, DRY) State Total
Rhode Island 176 (D) (D) 3 (D) 143 3 441 6 690 1 (D)

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 12 15 28 65 56 405 (D) 1 107 1 573 1 343 636 (D) 2 245 2 676 2 632 – – – 1 2 – – – (D) (D) 9 23 23 54 34 225 641 626 1 185 764 445 1 509 931 2 248 1 557 – – – 1 – – – – (D) –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

183

Table 28.

Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1997 and 1992 Con.
1997 1992 Irrigated Quantity Farms Acres Farms Harvested Acres Quantity Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms

Harvested Acres

WILD HAY (TONS, DRY) State Total
Rhode Island 43 768 1 184 1 (D) 34 599 591 – –

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 5 4 7 17 10 69 35 158 355 151 96 50 230 495 313 – – – 1 – – – – (D) – (NA) (NA) 16 9 6 (NA) (NA) (D) (D) 105 (NA) (NA) 234 193 123 (NA) (NA) – – – (NA) (NA) – – –

GRASS SILAGE, HAYLAGE, AND GREEN CHOP HAY (TONS, GREEN) State Total
Rhode Island 23 (D) 6 382 1 (D) 19 426 2 893 3 4

Counties
Kent Newport Providence Washington 2 5 6 10 (D) 290 (D) 281 (D) 3 330 (D) (D) – – 1 – – – (D) – – 4 9 6 – 94 197 135 – (D) (D) 1 206 – – 2 1 – – (D) (D)

CORN FOR SILAGE OR GREEN CHOP (TONS, GREEN) State Total
Rhode Island 53 (D) (D) – – 72 2 949 49 638 2 (D)

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 6 6 13 10 18 170 (D) 1 196 322 1 009 2 20 4 16 (D) 905 610 547 204 – – – – – – – – – – 4 12 20 15 21 133 335 1 283 379 819 2 5 20 5 16 161 325 172 732 248 – – – 2 – – – – (D) –

SORGHUM FOR SILAGE OR GREEN CHOP (TONS, GREEN) State Total
Rhode Island 2 (D) (D) – – 4 56 736 – –

Counties
Providence Washington 1 1 (D) (D) (D) (D) – – – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Table 29.

Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1997 and 1992
1997 1992 Irrigated Acres Farms Acres Harvested Farms Acres Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area

Harvested Farms

LAND USED FOR VEGETABLES (SEE TEXT) State Total
Rhode Island 126 1 904 44 450 126 1 855 40 512

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 12 5 28 43 38 264 23 371 659 588 2 4 7 11 20 (D) (D) 31 201 195 13 9 21 38 45 (D) (D) 360 277 608 5 4 2 11 18 5 (D) (D) 132 226

184

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 29.

Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1997 and 1992 Con.
1997 1992 Irrigated Acres Farms Acres Harvested Farms Acres Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area

Harvested Farms

VEGETABLES HARVESTED (SEE TEXT) State Total
Rhode Island 126 1 907 44 450 126 1 868 40 516

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 12 5 28 43 38 264 23 372 662 587 2 4 7 11 20 (D) (D) 31 203 194 13 9 21 38 45 (D) (D) 359 276 612 5 4 2 11 18 8 (D) (D) 132 229

ASPARAGUS State Total
Rhode Island 2 (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Providence Washington 1 1 (D) (D) 1 – (D) – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

GREEN LIMA BEANS State Total
Rhode Island 1 (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Providence 1 (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

SNAP BEANS State Total
Rhode Island 26 44 7 4 34 93 9 2

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 4 1 7 8 6 10 (D) 18 12 (D) 1 – 1 2 3 (D) – (D) (D) (Z) (NA) (NA) 8 12 11 (NA) (NA) (D) 7 44 (NA) (NA) – 2 5 (NA) (NA) – (D) 1

BEETS State Total
Rhode Island 4 3 2 (D) 10 2 4 (Z)

Counties
Washington 4 3 2 (D) 4 1 3 (D)

BROCCOLI State Total
Rhode Island 12 13 4 6 23 8 8 (D)

Counties
Newport Washington All other counties 4 5 3 4 7 1 – 2 2 – (D) (D) 5 10 (NA) 4 2 (NA) – 6 (NA) – 1 (NA)

CHINESE CABBAGE State Total
Rhode Island 1 (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Washington 1 (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

185

Table 29.

Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1997 and 1992 Con.
1997 1992 Irrigated Acres Farms Acres Harvested Farms Acres Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area

Harvested Farms

HEAD CABBAGE State Total
Rhode Island 11 43 5 6 14 35 6 (D)

Counties
Providence Washington All other counties 3 3 5 (D) (D) 35 2 1 2 (D) (D) (D) 4 4 (NA) 3 1 (NA) 1 4 (NA) (D) 1 (NA)

CANTALOUPS State Total
Rhode Island 12 (D) 8 (D) 13 7 3 1

Counties
Washington All other counties 7 5 5 (D) 5 3 1 (D) 5 (NA) 4 (NA) 1 (NA) (D) (NA)

CARROTS State Total
Rhode Island 3 (D) 1 (D) 7 2 4 1

CAULIFLOWER State Total
Rhode Island 4 3 1 (D) 4 2 1 (D)

CELERY State Total
Rhode Island 1 (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Providence 1 (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

CUCUMBERS AND PICKLES State Total
Rhode Island 25 16 8 3 35 21 14 5

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 1 3 3 9 9 (D) (D) 2 6 6 – 2 1 2 3 – (D) (D) (D) 1 4 5 3 8 15 3 (D) (D) 7 5 – 3 – 4 7 – 1 – 2 3

EGGPLANT State Total
Rhode Island 23 19 6 3 19 19 5 3

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 4 2 3 6 8 6 (D) (D) 6 4 – 1 – 1 4 – (D) – (D) (D) 4 2 4 4 5 3 (D) 12 3 (D) – – 1 2 2 – – (D) (D) (D)

ENDIVE State Total
Rhode Island 1 (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Providence 1 (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

186

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 29.

Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1997 and 1992 Con.
1997 1992 Irrigated Acres Farms Acres Harvested Farms Acres Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area

Harvested Farms

ESCAROLE State Total
Rhode Island 1 (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Providence 1 (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

GARLIC State Total
Rhode Island 2 (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Newport Washington 1 1 (D) (D) – 1 – (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

HERBS, FRESH CUT (SEE TEXT) State Total
Rhode Island 5 2 2 (D) 6 2 4 (D)

Counties
Bristol Newport Washington 1 1 3 (D) (D) (D) 1 – 1 (D) – (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

HONEYDEW MELONS State Total
Rhode Island 2 (D) 2 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Newport Providence 1 1 (D) (D) 1 1 (D) (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

KALE State Total
Rhode Island 3 1 2 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

LETTUCE AND ROMAINE State Total
Rhode Island 14 16 7 6 11 7 7 5

Counties
Kent Newport Providence Washington 1 5 1 7 (D) 10 (D) (D) 1 – 1 5 (D) – (D) (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

DRY ONIONS State Total
Rhode Island 6 4 4 2 4 1 2 (D)

Counties
Providence Washington 3 3 (D) (D) 1 3 (D) (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

GREEN ONIONS State Total
Rhode Island 4 (D) 2 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

187

Table 29.

Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1997 and 1992 Con.
1997 1992 Irrigated Acres Farms Acres Harvested Farms Acres Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area

Harvested Farms

PARSLEY State Total
Rhode Island 2 (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Providence Washington 1 1 (D) (D) 1 – (D) – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

GREEN PEAS, EXCLUDING GREEN COWPEAS State Total
Rhode Island 4 1 1 (D) 7 3 4 1

Counties
Newport Washington 3 1 (D) (D) – 1 – (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

HOT PEPPERS State Total
Rhode Island 6 8 3 (D) 11 6 6 1

Counties
Washington All other counties 3 3 (D) (D) 2 1 (D) (D) 4 (NA) 1 (NA) 3 (NA) (Z) (NA)

SWEET PEPPERS State Total
Rhode Island 41 102 14 12 51 74 19 14

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 6 4 7 9 15 17 6 7 64 9 1 3 2 1 7 (D) (D) (D) (D) 2 5 8 3 14 21 (D) 36 (D) 16 10 – 3 1 4 11 – (D) (D) 2 8

PUMPKINS State Total
Rhode Island 53 237 14 43 57 219 12 49

Counties
Newport Providence Washington All other counties 14 22 14 3 54 73 83 27 2 7 4 1 (D) 26 14 (D) 10 14 24 (NA) 55 31 81 (NA) 1 5 5 (NA) (D) (D) 35 (NA)

RADISHES State Total
Rhode Island 1 (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Newport 1 (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

RHUBARB State Total
Rhode Island 1 (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Newport 1 (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

188

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 29.

Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1997 and 1992 Con.
1997 1992 Irrigated Acres Farms Acres Harvested Farms Acres Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area

Harvested Farms

SPINACH State Total
Rhode Island 2 (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Newport Washington 1 1 (D) (D) – 1 – (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

SQUASH State Total
Rhode Island 57 267 17 36 55 153 16 30

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 7 3 15 16 16 69 2 65 113 17 1 2 1 4 9 (D) (D) (D) (D) 6 6 5 11 16 17 35 (D) 41 12 (D) – 2 1 6 7 – (D) (D) 3 5

SWEET CORN State Total
Rhode Island 62 957 18 280 70 1 108 17 353

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 6 2 11 22 21 (D) (D) 138 320 386 – 2 1 7 8 – (D) (D) 117 147 5 4 11 22 28 (D) (D) 139 165 429 – 3 – 6 8 – (D) – (D) 156

TOMATOES State Total
Rhode Island 62 86 21 22 67 92 24 37

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 5 4 14 19 20 10 6 16 40 15 2 3 4 3 9 (D) 5 4 (D) 5 9 8 7 23 20 17 23 11 28 14 3 3 1 7 10 4 (D) (D) 7 11

MIXED VEGETABLES State Total
Rhode Island 11 49 7 8 7 6 3 1

Counties
Newport Providence Washington 2 3 6 (D) (D) 22 1 3 3 (D) (D) (D) – (NA) 4 – (NA) 5 – (NA) 1 – (NA) (D)

WATERMELONS State Total
Rhode Island 3 (D) 2 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

OTHER VEGETABLES State Total
Rhode Island 4 (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

189

Table 30.

Land in Orchards: 1997 and 1992
1997 1992 Irrigated Acres Farms Acres Total Farms Acres Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area

Total Farms

LAND IN ORCHARDS State Total
Rhode Island 54 389 11 25 72 664 14 67

Counties
Kent Newport Providence Washington 4 12 27 11 6 66 287 30 1 2 5 3 (D) (D) 15 4 8 14 33 14 48 127 451 36 1 – 10 1 (D) – 65 (D)

Table 31.

Fruits and Nuts: 1997 and 1992
Total Trees or vines of nonbearing age Acres Trees or vines Farms Number Trees or vines of bearing age Farms Number Harvested Farms Pounds

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] Geographic area Farms

APPLES State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 46 61 305 503 24 741 46 202 27 28 (D) 5 213 42 55 (D) 40 989 35 45 2 963 758 4 433 402

Counties, 1997
Kent Newport Providence Washington 4 7 25 10 6 13 261 25 880 2 340 18 959 2 562 2 3 15 7 (D) (D) 2 800 541 4 6 23 9 (D) (D) 16 159 2 021 4 6 19 6 (D) 111 224 2 643 264 (D)

APRICOTS State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 1 (NA) (D) (NA) (D) (NA) – (NA) – (NA) 1 (NA) (D) (NA) 1 (NA) (D) (NA)

Counties, 1997
Providence 1 (D) (D) – – 1 (D) 1 (D)

CHERRIES, TOTAL (SEE TEXT) State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 1 6 (D) 1 (D) 32 – 2 – (D) 1 6 (D) (D) – 1 – (D)

Counties, 1997
Washington 1 (D) (D) – – 1 (D) – –

GRAPES (SEE TEXT) (FRESH WEIGHT) State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 9 12 54 103 34 721 57 194 6 9 2 905 10 153 9 12 31 816 47 041 7 7 519 766 421 082

Counties, 1997
Newport Providence Washington 5 1 3 47 (D) (D) 28 054 (D) (D) 3 – 3 (D) – (D) 5 1 3 (D) (D) (D) 3 1 3 472 500 (D) (D)

190

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 31.

Fruits and Nuts: 1997 and 1992 Con.
Total Trees or vines of nonbearing age Acres Trees or vines Farms Number Trees or vines of bearing age Farms Number Harvested Farms Pounds

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] Geographic area Farms

PEACHES State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 16 20 26 23 2 552 2 389 5 10 197 555 15 16 2 355 1 834 12 11 180 867 15 824

Counties, 1997
Newport Providence Washington 4 10 2 (D) 21 (D) (D) 2 043 (D) 1 4 – (D) (D) – 4 9 2 (D) (D) (D) 3 7 2 (D) (D) (D)

PEARS State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 3 8 (D) 29 28 1 762 1 4 (D) 133 2 8 (D) 1 629 2 6 (D) 37 500

PLUMS AND PRUNES (SEE TEXT) (FRESH WEIGHT) State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 4 (NA) 1 (NA) (D) (NA) – (NA) – (NA) 4 (NA) (D) (NA) 4 (NA) (D) (NA)

Table 32.

Berries Harvested for Sale: 1997 and 1992
1997 1992 Irrigated Quantity Farms Acres Farms Harvested Acres Quantity Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms

Harvested Acres

BERRIES State Total
Rhode Island 50 252 (X) 26 204 53 316 (X) 17 (D)

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 2 6 12 12 18 (D) (D) 32 59 69 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 1 2 3 8 12 (D) (D) 11 54 56 3 6 11 17 16 (D) (D) 25 95 103 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 2 1 – 10 4 (D) (D) – (D) (D)

BLACKBERRIES (POUNDS) State Total
Rhode Island 5 3 2 440 2 (D) 7 1 1 725 3 (Z)

Counties
Bristol Newport Washington 1 3 1 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) 1 – 1 (D) – (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

TAME BLUEBERRIES (POUNDS) State Total
Rhode Island 36 80 116 725 18 54 32 110 218 052 12 61

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 1 5 5 10 15 (D) 10 (D) 41 25 (D) 23 800 (D) 41 730 42 042 1 1 – 6 10 (D) (D) – 36 (D) 2 5 5 12 8 (D) 10 (D) 62 30 (D) 17 900 10 939 113 300 (D) 2 – – 8 2 (D) – – 55 (D)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

191

Table 32.

Berries Harvested for Sale: 1997 and 1992 Con.
1997 1992 Irrigated Quantity Farms Acres Farms Harvested Acres Quantity Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms

Harvested Acres

CRANBERRIES (CWT) State Total
Rhode Island 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Kent 1 (D) (D) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

CURRANTS (POUNDS) State Total
Rhode Island 1 (D) (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Washington 1 (D) (D) – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

RASPBERRIES (POUNDS) State Total
Rhode Island 12 11 11 140 6 5 18 21 28 700 5 5

Counties
Newport Providence All other counties 5 4 3 6 2 2 5 780 2 740 2 620 1 3 2 (D) 2 (D) 8 7 (NA) 13 5 (NA) 18 000 7 700 (NA) – 5 (NA) – 5 (NA)

STRAWBERRIES (POUNDS) State Total
Rhode Island 18 75 268 334 12 65 17 61 262 220 9 54

Counties
Newport Providence Washington 6 5 7 19 16 40 73 676 49 000 145 658 2 5 5 (D) 16 (D) 5 10 2 (D) 28 (D) (D) 83 720 (D) – 7 2 – (D) (D)

OTHER BERRIES (POUNDS) State Total
Rhode Island 3 (D) 1 800 – – (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Table 33.

Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Cut Christmas Trees Harvested, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale: 1997 and 1992
1997 1992 Sq. ft. under glass or other protection

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms

Sq. ft. under glass or other protection

Acres in the open

Sales ($1,000)

Farms

Acres in the open

Sales ($1,000)

NURSERY AND GREENHOUSE CROPS (SEE TEXT) State Total
Rhode Island 276 1 801 997 5 014 30 962 158 1 178 233 3 806 19 501

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 14 30 60 81 91 244 211 410 570 365 150 525 575 127 620 (D) (D) 1 135 395 3 074 (D) (D) 9 120 3 453 14 843 10 17 29 52 50 122 166 349 290 249 000 680 015 934 604 (D) 27 1 047 (D) 2 325 (D) (D) 7 373 1 811 8 465

192

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 33.

Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Cut Christmas Trees Harvested, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale: 1997 and 1992 Con.
1997 1992 Sq. ft. under glass or other protection

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms

Sq. ft. under glass or other protection

Acres in the open

Sales ($1,000)

Farms

Acres in the open

Sales ($1,000)

NURSERY, FLORICULTURE, VEGETABLE AND FLOWER SEED CROPS, SOD, ETC., GROWN IN THE OPEN, IRRIGATED (SEE TEXT) State Total
Rhode Island 67 (X) 2 346 (X) 55 (X) 1 868 (X)

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 3 7 12 14 31 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (D) (D) 148 55 2 039 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 4 3 10 13 25 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (D) (D) 332 24 1 474 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)

FLORICULTURE CROPS BEDDING/GARDEN PLANTS, FOLIAGE, POTTED FLOWERING PLANTS, AND CUT FLOWERS, TOTAL State Total
Rhode Island 131 1 185 344 94 7 228 81 751 312 39 2 850

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 8 11 27 46 39 49 113 295 488 238 650 505 924 169 096 (D) (D) (D) 31 13 218 699 2 164 2 296 1 851 3 10 15 28 25 (D) (D) 195 294 211 374 202 664 (D) 3 (D) 9 16 43 332 1 149 530 796

BEDDING/GARDEN PLANTS State Total
Rhode Island 106 998 749 47 5 945 64 527 834 24 2 022

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 3 10 20 39 34 (D) (D) 251 992 443 031 193 446 – (D) (D) 22 8 (D) (D) 1 674 2 029 1 598 1 9 9 24 21 (D) (D) (D) 138 030 152 958 – (D) (D) 8 (D) (D) (D) 560 425 715

CUT FLOWERS AND CUT FLORIST GREENS State Total
Rhode Island 16 (D) 38 (D) 20 15 700 10 45

Counties
Bristol Newport Providence Washington 1 8 4 3 – (D) – (D) (D) 31 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) 10 2 6 4 7 – (D) (D) 8 000 (D) 4 1 5 (D) (D) (D) 8

FOLIAGE PLANTS State Total
Rhode Island 2 (D) – (D) 4 14 334 (D) 38

Counties
Newport Providence 1 1 (D) (D) – – (D) (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

RHODE ISLAND

193

Table 33.

Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Cut Christmas Trees Harvested, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale: 1997 and 1992 Con.
1997 1992 Sq. ft. under glass or other protection

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms

Sq. ft. under glass or other protection

Acres in the open

Sales ($1,000)

Farms

Acres in the open

Sales ($1,000)

POTTED FLOWERING PLANTS State Total
Rhode Island 38 170 595 10 980 20 193 444 (D) 745

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 4 4 8 11 11 (D) (D) 30 632 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) 237 232 243 – 2 7 5 6 – (D) 65 328 57 000 (D) – – (D) – (D) – (D) 552 86 (D)

BULBS, CORMS, RHIZOMES, AND TUBERS (DRY) State Total
Rhode Island 3 (D) (D) (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

CUT CHRISTMAS TREES HARVESTED (SEE TEXT) State Total
Rhode Island 72 (X) 107 1 708 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 2 11 18 23 18 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (D) 45 39 (D) 11 (D) 557 771 (D) 207 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

NURSERY CROPS State Total
Rhode Island 53 455 937 1 411 11 329 65 395 180 1 584 11 033

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 3 5 10 14 21 (D) (D) 91 480 51 333 110 124 (D) (D) 705 155 362 (D) (D) 5 797 901 2 606 5 7 11 25 17 110 000 (D) (D) (D) 46 940 (D) 24 859 (D) 305 (D) (D) 5 879 1 228 (D)

SOD HARVESTED State Total
Rhode Island 18 (X) 2 591 10 442 15 (X) 2 166 5 507

Counties
Newport Providence Washington 1 1 16 (X) (X) (X) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) 3 – 12 (X) (X) (X) (D) – (D) 310 – 5 197

VEGETABLE AND FLOWER SEEDS State Total
Rhode Island 8 12 043 (D) 71 3 (D) (D) 29

Counties
Kent Newport Providence Washington 1 1 3 3 (D) – (D) (D) – (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

194

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
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Table 33.

Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Cut Christmas Trees Harvested, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale: 1997 and 1992 Con.
1997 1992 Sq. ft. under glass or other protection

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms

Sq. ft. under glass or other protection

Acres in the open

Sales ($1,000)

Farms

Acres in the open

Sales ($1,000)

GREENHOUSE VEGETABLES State Total
Rhode Island 16 147 823 (X) 166 10 28 821 (X) 67

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 1 1 5 6 3 (D) (D) (D) 21 692 (D) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (D) (D) 58 45 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

OTHER NURSERY AND GREENHOUSE CROPS State Total
Rhode Island 92 (D) 798 (D) 4 (D) (D) 14

Counties
Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington 3 12 22 31 24 (D) – – – (D) (D) (D) 276 192 167 (D) (D) 4 5 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Table 34.

Other Crops: 1997 and 1992
1997 1992 Irrigated Quantity Farms Acres Farms Harvested Acres Quantity Irrigated Farms Acres

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms

Harvested Acres

CORN CUT FOR DRY FODDER, HOGGED OR GRAZED State Total
Rhode Island 1 (D) (X) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (X) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Providence 1 (D) (X) 1 (D) (NA) (NA) (X) (NA) (NA)

MAPLE TREES TAPPED (SEE TEXT) (NUMBER OF TAPS) State Total
Rhode Island 6 10 1 278 (X) (X) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Counties
Providence Washington 3 3 7 3 (D) (D) (X) (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

OTHER State Total
Rhode Island 2 (D) (X) – – 9 24 (X) 1 (D)

Counties
Newport Providence 1 1 (D) (D) (X) (X) – – – – (NA) 5 (NA) 9 (X) (X) (NA) – (NA) –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
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RHODE ISLAND

195

Table 35.

Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Value of Sales and Occupation: 1997 and 1992
Land in farms Harvested cropland Market value of agricultural products sold ($1,000) Farms by value of sales Occupation farming Less than $2,500 $2,500 to $9,999 $10,000 or more Occupation other than farming Less than $2,500 $2,500 to $9,999 $10,000 or more

[For classification of social and ethnic groups, see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms Acres Farms Acres

STATE TOTAL
Rhode Island 1997 1992 3 (NA) (D) (NA) 2 (NA) (D) (NA) (D) (NA) – (NA) – (NA) – (NA) 2 (NA) – (NA) 1 (NA)

Table 36.

Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Tenure: 1997 and 1992
Full owners Part owners Harvested cropland Land in farms Harvested cropland Tenants Land in farms Harvested cropland

[For classification of social and ethnic groups, see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Number

Land in farms

Number

Number

STATE TOTAL
Rhode Island 1997 1992 3 (NA) (D) (NA) (D) (NA) – (NA) – (NA) – (NA) – (NA) – (NA) – (NA)

Table 37.

Operators by Selected Racial Groups: 1997 and 1992
All farms Geographic area Farms Land in farms Farms Land in farms Farms with sales of $10,000 or more

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

BLACK State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 1 (NA) (D) (NA) – (NA) – (NA)

Counties, 1997
Washington 1 (D) – –

ASIAN OR PACIFIC ISLANDER State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 1 (NA) (D) (NA) – (NA) – (NA)

Counties, 1997
Washington 1 (D) – –

OTHER RACES (SEE TEXT) State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 1 (NA) (D) (NA) 1 (NA) (D) (NA)

Counties, 1997
Kent 1 (D) 1 (D)

196

RHODE ISLAND

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE COUNTY DATA
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Table 38.

Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin: 1997 and 1992
All farms Geographic area Farms Land in farms Farms Land in farms Farms with sales of $10,000 or more

[For classification of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin, see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

STATE TOTAL
Rhode Island 1997 1992 7 (NA) 348 (NA) 4 (NA) (D) (NA)

COUNTIES, 1997
Newport Providence Washington 3 3 1 39 (D) (D) 2 1 1 (D) (D) (D)

Table 39.

Farms With Grazing Permits: 1997 and 1992
Land in farms Farms by land in farms Less than 100 acres 100 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more Forest service Source of permits Taylor grazing Indian land

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Geographic area Farms Acres

Other

FARMS WITH GRAZING PERMITS State Total
Rhode Island 1997 1992 10 (NA) 416 (NA) 10 (NA) – (NA) – (NA) – (NA) – (NA) – (NA) 7 (NA) 1 (NA) – (NA) 2 (NA)

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RHODE ISLAND

197

Appendix A. General Explanation

DATA COLLECTION Method of Enumeration
All agriculture censuses beginning with the 1969 census have primarily used mailout/mailback data collection for each State. Direct enumeration methods were used for the agriculture censuses in Guam, U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands. Puerto Rico used mail as the primary contact method, but relied heavily on telephone and personal interviews and an area frame survey for followup activity. The report for each territory includes a discussion of its method of enumeration.

Mail List
The mail list for the 1997 census was comprised of individuals, businesses, and organizations that could be identified as associated with agriculture. The list was assembled from previous census records, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) mail registers, and other authorized sources. In an attempt to maximize the coverage of active farm operators, names and addresses were obtained from State and Federal agencies, trade associations, and similar organizations. The variety of list sources utilized helped insure representation of specialized interests such as nurseries and greenhouses; poultry, fish, and livestock farms; cattle feedlot operations; maple syrup producers; and Christmas tree growers. Lists of companies having one or more establishments/locations producing agricultural products were obtained from the 1992 census and updated using information from the Standard Statistical Establishment List maintained by the Bureau of the Census. Exhaustive record linkage, unduplication, and mathematical modeling yielded an initial mail list of 3.31 million names and addresses which had a substantial probability of being farm operations. To refine these 3.31 million names even further, a screening operation was conducted prior to mailout which identified about 125,570 names as nonfarms. Finally, NASS’s State Statistical Offices (SSOs) added approximately 13,000 names which brought the final mail list to approximately 3.2 million.

the nonsample form plus additional questions on commercial fertilizer, chemicals, production expenses, machinery and equipment, value of land and buildings, income from farm-related sources, and hired workers. The additional information collected on the sample forms provided a good basis for making estimates of these items for all farms. There were 11 regional versions of the nonsample form and 13 regional versions of the sample form with the prelisted crops varying by region. Appendix D contains copies of the sample form and the information sheet. The sample form was mailed to approximately 814,000 addresses on the mail list, including 1) all those expected to be large (based on expected sales or acreage), 2) all farms operated by multi-establishment companies or nonprofit organizations, 3) all those in Alaska, Hawaii, and Rhode Island, 4) those in a county that had less than 100 farms in 1992, and 5) a sample of other addressees. The nonsample form was mailed to the remaining 2.37 million addressees. Further discussion of the criteria used to determine which form was mailed to an addressee is provided in the Census Sample Design section of appendix C.

Data Collection Outreach/Promotional Efforts
Promotional and outreach programs were primarily handled by the NASS State Statistical Offices (SSOs) rather than from the NASS headquarters; similar programs in past censuses were conducted from a central, national-level office. The Census Division of NASS coordinated the overall effort through the national headquarters of the various USDA agencies and prepared many materials that the SSOs could customize to meet their specific requirements. Information kits containing a mixture of census materials such as brochures, report forms, fact sheets, press releases, answers to frequently asked questions, posters, print and radio/television advertisements, and various other items were distributed, as appropriate, to many public and private groups. Also included in these information kits was the 1997 Census of Agriculture Report Form Guide which described and defined various items in greater detail than was available in the instructions that accompanied each report form. The most common recipients of the information kits were county service centers, extension offices, farm-supply retail stores and cooperatives, Farm Service Agency and Natural APPENDIX A A-1

Report Forms
In 1997, two report forms were used—a sample form and a nonsample form (which helped minimize respondent burden). The sample form contained all questions asked on 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
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Resources Conservation Service offices, State and local farmer organizations, commodity groups, State departments of agriculture, commissioners of agriculture, governors, and vocational agriculture instructors. Kits were distributed by mail and through personal visits by field enumerators and SSO staff. SSOs worked with the commissioners of agriculture, governors, and other officials to obtain written proclamations and verbal support of the census in their speeches and public appearances. To improve the coverage of minorities, SSOs made special promotional efforts through direct contacts with 1890 land-grant universities, Native American tribal leaders, limited resource farm organizations, and women’s associations.

DATA CHANGES
Prior to each agriculture census, the content of the census report forms and publication tables is reviewed to eliminate items no longer needed, identify necessary new items, and modify existing items to better describe the agricultural situation in the Nation. Data requests are solicited from farm organizations, land-grant colleges and universities, State and Federal agencies, State departments of agriculture, agribusinesses, the Advisory Committee on Agriculture Statistics and others. Each user is asked to identify and justify its specific data needs. The following paragraphs explain the major changes made to the 1997 census data. In 1992, farms that had all their acreage in the Conservation Reserve Program were not included in the data for all farms. For the 1997 census, these farms are included in the data for all farms. For the 1997 census, data for land under federal acreage reduction programs and Commodity Credit Corporation loans for honey and rye were not included, because these items were eliminated by the 1996 Farm Bill. The following data inquiries were added: 1) Cut Christmas trees harvested, 2) Short rotation woody crops, 3) Maple trees tapped, and 4) Number of American Indian operators on reservations (obtained by an additional form mailed to each reservation).

INITIAL MAILING
Most report forms were mailed in late December 1997 to individuals, businesses, and organizations on the mail list. Approximately 34,000 report forms were not mailed but given directly to the SSOs for data collection to ease respondent burden for operators selected to participate in other NASS surveys. The mail packages included a report form with a cover letter, an information sheet containing instructions for completing the form, and a postage-paid return envelope. Special instructions were included with report forms sent to grazing associations, American Indian reservations, Christmas tree growers, maple producers, and firms with multiple farm or ranch operations. For the first time in 1997, the census counted the number of individual American Indian farmers or ranchers that operated within the boundaries of American Indian reservations. Each reservation was asked to complete an additional one-page report form (called an R1 form, see appendix D) that asked for the number of American Indians within their borders who had an agricultural operation that met the $1,000 sales definition of a farm. It was not required that these operators be individually listed by name to be counted.

DATA PROCESSING
Selected report forms, including those with attached correspondence, remarks, or no positive data on the front page, were reviewed prior to data keying. The data from each report form were subjected to a detailed item-by-item computer edit. The edit performed comprehensive checks for consistency and reasonableness, corrected erroneous or inconsistent data, supplied missing data based on similar farms within the same county, and assigned farm classification codes necessary for tabulating the data. Substantial computer-generated changes to the data were clerically reviewed and verified. In the computer edit, farms with sales, acreage, or commodities exceeding specified levels were tested for historical comparability. Key items, such as acreage and sales, were compared for substantial changes between 1992 and 1997. Sizeable historical differences were resolved or verified by telephone. Prior to publication, tabulated totals for each State were reviewed by State statisticians to identify inconsistencies and potential coverage problems. Comparisons were made with previous census data, official NASS Agricultural Statistics Board numbers, and other available check data.

Followup Procedures
A thank you/reminder card was mailed to everyone on the mail list in early January 1998. In mid-February and again in late March, a followup letter, census report form, and information sheet were sent to each nonrespondent. Telephone calling began in the State offices in early February. Calls were made to 1992 census nonrespondents who had not yet responded to the 1997 Census of Agriculture. In early March, telephone calls were made to operators of large farms who had not responded. In addition, from early April until late May, telephone calls were made to all remaining nonrespondents to encourage them to respond to the census and to ensure a minimum 75 percent response rate in each county in the U.S. A nonresponse adjustment procedure was used to represent the final nonrespondent farms in the census results. A description of this procedure is included in the Census Estimation section of appendix C. A-2 APPENDIX A

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS
The following definitions and explanations provide a detailed description of specific terms and phrases used in this publication. Items in the publication tables which carry 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
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the note ‘‘See text’’ also are explained. For an exact wording of the questions on the 1997 census report forms and the information sheet which accompanied these forms, see appendix D. Most definitions of terms are the same as those used in earlier censuses. The more important exceptions are noted here. Abnormal farms. This category includes institutional, experimental, and research farms. Research farms include farms operated by private companies as well as those operated by universities, colleges, and government organizations for the purpose of expanding agricultural knowledge. Acres and quantity harvested. Crops were reported in whole acres, except for the following crops which were reported in 10ths of acres: potatoes, sweetpotatoes, tobacco, fruit and nut crops including land in orchards, berries, vegetables, nursery and greenhouse crops in the open, and in Hawaii, taro, ginger root, and lotus root. Totals for crops reported in 10ths of acres were rounded to whole acres at the aggregate level during the tabulation process. Ginseng was reported in 10ths of acres for Wisconsin and Michigan, and it is published in 10ths of acres for all States. Nursery and greenhouse crops grown under glass or other protection were reported in square feet and are published in square feet. If two or more crops were harvested from the same land during the year, the acres were counted for each crop. Therefore, the total acres of all crops harvested generally exceeded the acres of cropland harvested. An exception to this procedure was hay crops. When more than one cutting of hay was taken from the same acres, the acres were counted only once but the quantity harvested included all cuttings. Hay cut for both dry hay and green chop or silage was to be reported for each applicable crop. For interplanted crops or ‘‘skip-row’’ crops, acres were to be reported according to the portion of the field occupied by each crop. If a crop was planted but not harvested, the acres were not to be reported as harvested. These acres were to be reported in the ‘‘land use’’ section under the appropriate cropland items—cropland used only for pasture or grazing, cropland used for cover crops, cropland on which all crops failed, cropland in cultivated summer fallow, or cropland idle. Corn and sorghum, hogged or grazed, were to be reported as ‘‘cropland harvested’’ and not as ‘‘cropland used only for pasture or grazing.’’ Crop residue left in fields and later hogged or grazed was not reported as cropland pasture. Quantity harvested was not obtained for crops such as vegetables; nursery and greenhouse crops; corn cut for dry fodder, hogged or grazed; and sorghum, hogged or grazed. Acres of land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, citrus or other groves, vineyards, and nut trees were to be reported as harvested cropland regardless of whether the 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
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crop was harvested or failed. However, abandoned orchards were to be reported as cropland idle, not as harvested cropland, and the individual abandoned orchard crop acres were not to be reported. Age of operator. See Operator characteristics; Farms by age and principal occupation of operator. Agricultural chemicals used, including fertilizer. For each type of agricultural chemical, the acres treated were to be reported only once even if the acres were fertilized or treated more than once. If multipurpose chemicals were used, the acres treated for each purpose were to be reported. American Indian farm operators, total. This item, as it appears in appendix B, is new for the 1997 census. Data represent the number of American Indian farm operators reporting individually by replying to their own census report form and those who did not report individually but were counted on a supplemental report form. Agricultural production for these operators was collected on their respective reservation report. This ‘‘total’’ in appendix B is not the same as the ‘‘total’’ in county table 37. The ‘‘total’’ in county table 37 equals the number of operators in appendix B reported individually plus the number of reservations from State table 19. Bedding/garden plants. In 1992, this category was called ‘‘bedding plants.’’ Bedding plants are referred as ‘‘bedding/garden plants’’ for 1997. This is a wording change; all data are comparable. Black and other races. This category includes Blacks, American Indians (Native Americans), Asian or Pacific Islanders, and all other racial groups other than White. Canola and other rapeseed. Canola and other rapeseed is a total of canola (edible rapeseed) and industrial rapeseed. Chemicals. See Agricultural chemicals used, including fertilizer; total farm production expenses-Agricultural chemicals. Cherries. Cherries were reported as sweet cherries, tart cherries, or cherries depending on the regional form the respondent completed. On regional forms for States where cherries were an important fruit crop, sweet cherries and tart cherries were listed separately. On the other regional forms, cherries were prelisted or could be written in. For publication purposes, total cherries could be shown along with the individual breakdown of sweet cherries, tart cherries, or nonspecified cherries. Nonspecified cherries were used to account for cherries where the sweet and tart breakdown was not asked or where respondents wrote in cherries but did not specify or code the kind of cherry. All the individual cherry items may not be shown for a given State. APPENDIX A A-3

Chickens 3 months old or older. See Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older. Citrus enumeration. Census reports for selected citrus caretakers in Arizona, Florida, and Texas were obtained by direct enumeration. A citrus caretaker is an organization or person caring for or managing citrus groves for others. This special enumeration has been used since 1969 because of the difficulty in identifying and enumerating absentee grove owners who often do not know the information that is needed to adequately complete the census report form. Each citrus caretaker was enumerated as a farm operator and requested to complete one report form for all groves cared for and to furnish a list of grove owners’ names, addresses, and acres of citrus. The names on the lists were matched to completed grove owners’ report forms to eliminate duplication. The caretaker also was requested to inform the grove owner that he/she had already reported for the citrus under his/her care and that the grove owner was not to report the citrus again. In the 1997 census, 16 caretakers in Arizona reported 120 grove owners having 19,100 acres of citrus; 75 caretakers in Florida reported 1,950 grove owners having 142,000 acres of citrus; and 10 caretakers in Texas reported 330 grove owners having 13,000 acres of citrus. Coffee (parchment). In Hawaii, coffee could be reported in pounds parchment or pounds cherry. Colonies of bees and honey. Bee and honey production was enumerated and tabulated in the county in which the home farm was located even though hives are often moved from farm to farm over a wide geographic area. Commodity Credit Corporation loans. This category includes loans for corn, wheat, soybeans, sorghum, barley, oats, cotton, sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, mustard seed, peanuts, rice, and tobacco. Honey and rye were removed for 1997 due to their exclusion from the 1996 farm bill. Conservation Reserve Programs or Wetlands Reserve Programs. See Cropland in the Conservation Reserve Programs (CRP) or Wetlands Reserve Programs (WRP). Crop units of measure-field crops. The regional report forms allowed the operator to report the quantity of field crops harvested in a unit of measure commonly used in the region. When the operator reported in units different than the unit of measure published, the quantity harvested was converted to the published unit of measure. Crop units of measure-fruit crops. For fruit, citrus, and nut crops the operator was given a choice of reporting the units of measure in pounds, tons, boxes or bins. Crop year or season covered. Acres and quantity harvested are for the calendar year 1997 except for citrus fruits, avocados, vegetables, and sugarcane for sugar in Florida; sugarcane for sugar and citrus fruits in Texas; pineapples and coffee in Hawaii; and avocados and olives in California. A-4 APPENDIX A

Avocados. The data for California relate to the quantity harvested in the November 1996 through November 1997 harvest season and for Florida the April 1997 through March 1998 harvest season. Citrus fruits. The data for Florida relate to the quantity harvested in the September 1996 through July 1997 harvest season, except limes and avocados that were harvested in the April 1997 through March 1998 harvest season. The data for Texas relate to the quantity harvested in the September 1996 through May 1997 harvest season. The data for States other than Florida and Texas relate to the quantity harvested in the 1996-97 harvest season. Coffee. The data for Hawaii relate to the 1996-97 crop. Olives. The data for California relate to the quantity harvested in the September 1996 through March 1997 harvest season. Pineapples. The data for Hawaii relate to the quantity harvested in the year ending May 31, 1997. Sugarcane for sugar. The data for Florida relate to the cuttings from November 1996 through April 1997, and for Texas the cuttings from October 1996 through April 1997. Vegetables. The data for Florida relate to the crop harvested from September 1996 through August 1997.
Cropland, harvested. See Harvested cropland. Cropland in the Conservation Reserve Programs (CRP) or Wetlands Reserve Programs (WRP). These categories include acres of ‘‘highly erodible’’ cropland taken out of agricultural production and planted in protective cover crops or reforested. The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 amended the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) authorized by the Food Security Act of 1985. The 1990 Act continued the CRP and put greater emphasis on preserving and upgrading water quality by establishing a WRP that provides for annual rental payments and shared costs of conservation practices through a minimum ten-year contract with the USDA. For the 1997 census, places with land enrolled in the CRP or WRP were counted as farms, given they received $1,000 or more in government payments, even if they had no sales and otherwise lacked the potential to have $1,000 or more in sales. Cropland, irrigated. See Irrigated land. Cropland, other. See Other cropland. Cropland, total. See Total cropland. 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
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Cropland used only for pasture or grazing. This category includes land used only for pasture or grazing which could have been used for crops without additional improvement. Also included was all cropland used for rotation pasture. However, cropland which was pastured before or after crops were harvested was to be included as harvested cropland rather than cropland for pasture or grazing. Customwork income. See Farm-related income -Customwork and other agricultural services. Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment. See Total farm production expensesCustomwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment. Cut Christmas trees harvested. This item is new for 1997. Data are for acres of cut Christmas trees harvested and value of sales. Acres of uncut Christmas trees were reported as other nursery and greenhouse crops. Live Christmas trees sold were reported as nursery crops. Data are based on a sample of farms. For censuses since 1978, selected data were collected from only a sample of farms. These data are subject to sampling error. For 1997, the sample form was mailed to approximately 25 percent of all farms, including all large and specialized farms (based on expected sales, acres, or standard industrial classification), and all farms in Alaska, Hawaii, and Rhode Island. Sections 21 through 27 of the 1997 sample form included questions on commercial fertilizer, chemicals, production expenses, machinery and equipment, value of land and buildings, income from farm-related sources. Estimates of the reliability of State totals for most items are shown in tables C and D of appendix C. Estimates of the reliability of county totals for selected items are shown in table F of appendix C. Direct sales to consumers. See Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption. Expenses. See Total farm production expenses. Farm-related income. Income from farm-related sources consists of gross income received in 1997 before taxes and expenses from the sales of farm by-products and other sales and services closely related to the principal functions of the farm business. The data exclude income from employment or business activities which are separate from the farm business. Changes in items comprising farm-related income occurred between 1992 and 1997. Cut Christmas tree sales and maple product sales were included as farm-related income in 1992. These items are included in the appropriate crop production sales for 1997. 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
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Customwork and other agricultural services. This income includes gross receipts received by farm operators for providing services for others such as planting, plowing, spraying, and harvesting. Income from customwork and other agricultural services is generally included in the agriculture census if it is closely related to the farming operation. However, it is excluded if it constituted a separate business or was conducted from another location. Rental of farmland. This income includes gross cash rent or share payments received from renting out farmland; payments received from the lease or sale of allotments for crops such as tobacco; and payments received for livestock pastured on a per-head, per-month, or per-pound basis. It excludes rental income from nonfarm property. Sales of forest products. This income includes gross receipts from sales of standing timber, gum for naval stores, firewood, and other forest products from the farm business. It excludes income from nonfarm timber tracts, sawmill businesses, cut Christmas trees and maple products. Other farm-related income sources. This income includes gross receipts from hunting leases, fishing fees, camping, other recreational services, patronage dividends from farm cooperatives, sales of farm by-products, and other sales and services closely related to the farm business. It excludes income from nonfarm businesses.
Farms by age and principal occupation of operator. Data on age and principal occupation were requested from all operators in 1997. The principal occupation classifications used were as follows:

Farming. The operator spent 50 percent or more of his/her worktime in 1997 at farming or ranching. Other. The operator spent more than 50 percent of his/her worktime in 1997 at occupations other than farming or ranching.
Farms by combined government payments and market value of agricultural products sold (State table 52). This table can be compared to data by market value of agricultural products sold in State Table 50 to analyze the difference in economic size when government payments are added to value of sales. Combined sales and government payments may be a better measure of economic size of farm, because government payments coupled with sales represent all incoming resources of an operation. Farms by market value of agricultural products sold or value of sales. All farms were tabulated by size based on reported sales. The category ‘‘farms with sales of less than $1,000’’ included all farms with actual sales of less than $1,000 but having the production potential for sales of $1,000 or more, or receiving government payments of $1,000 or more. These farms normally would be expected to sell $1,000 or more of agricultural products. APPENDIX A A-5

The sales size categories used are consistent with the standard business size categories issued by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 1982. In State table 50, data are presented for four sales size categories between $10,000 and $49,999. This provides users with bridge data under both the OMB and prior census classifications. Farms by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For 1997, all agricultural production establishments (farms, ranches, nurseries, greenhouses, etc.) were classified by type of activity or activities using the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and the Standard Industrial Classification System (SIC). See appendix E for an explanation of the conversion from the SIC to the NAICS. The NAICS classifies economic activities. It was jointly developed by Mexico, Canada, and the United States. The NAICS will make it possible to produce comparable industrial statistics for Mexico, Canada, and the United States. The NAICS is scheduled to go into effect for reference year 1997 in Canada and the United States and 1998 in Mexico. NAICS was developed to provide a consistent framework for the collection, analysis, and dissemination of industrial statistics used by government policy analysts, academics and researchers, the business community, and the public. It is the first industry classification system that was developed in accordance with a single principle of aggregation−that production units using similar production processes should be grouped together. Though NAICS differs from other industry classification systems, statistics compiled on NAICS are comparable with statistics compiled according to the latest revision of the United Nations’ International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC, Revision 3) for some sixty high level groupings. Following are explanations of the major classifications used in the 1997 census.

and flowers. ‘‘Under cover’’ is generally defined as greenhouses, cold frames, cloth houses, and lath houses. Crops grown are removed at various stages or maturity and have annual and perennial life cycles. The nursery stock includes short rotation woody crops, such as Christmas trees, that have a growing and harvesting cycle of 10 years or less.

Tobacco farming (11191). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing tobacco. Cotton farming (11192). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing cotton. Sugarcane farming (11193). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing sugarcane. Hay farming (11194). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing hay, alfalfa, clover, and/or mixed hay. All other crop farming (11199). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) growing crops (except oilseeds and/or grains; vegetables and/or melons; fruits and/or tree nuts; greenhouse, nursery and/or floriculture products; tobacco; cotton; sugarcane; or hay) or (2) growing a combination of crops (except a combination of oilseed(s) and grain(s)); and a combination of fruit(s) and tree nut(s) with no one crop or family of crops accounting for one-half of the establishment’s agricultural production (value of crops for market). Beef cattle ranching and farming (112111). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising cattle (including cattle for dairy herd replacements). Cattle feedlots (112112). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in feeding cattle for fattening. Dairy cattle and milk production (11212). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in milking dairy cattle. Hog and pig farming (1122). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising hogs and pigs. Activities may include breeding, farrowing, and the raising of weanling pigs, feeder pigs, or market size hogs. Poultry and egg production (1123). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in breeding, hatching, and raising poultry for meat or egg production. Sheep and goat farming (1124). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising sheep, lambs, and goats, or feeding lambs for fattening. Animal aquaculture (1125). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in the farm raising of finfish, shellfish, or any other kind of animal aquaculture. These establishments use some form of intervention in the rearing process to enhance production, such as holding in captivity, regular stocking, feeding, and protecting from predators.
1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Oilseed and grain farming (1111). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) growing oilseed and/or grain crops and/or (2) producing oilseed and grain seeds. These crops have an annual life cycle and are typically grown in open fields. Vegetable and melon farming (1112). Contains establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) growing vegetables and/or melon crops; (2) producing vegetable and melon seeds; and (3) growing vegetable and/or melon bedding plants. Fruit and tree nut farming (1113). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing fruit and/or tree nut crops. These crops are generally not grown from seeds and have a perennial life cycle. Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production (1114). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops of any kind under cover and/or growing nursery stock
A-6 APPENDIX A

Other animal production (1129). Comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising animals and insects (except cattle, hogs and pigs, poultry, sheep and goats, animal aquaculture) for sale or product production. These establishments are primarily engaged in one of the following: bees, horses and other equines, rabbits and other furbearing animals, and so forth, and producing products, such as honey and other bee products. Establishments primarily engaged in raising a combination of animals with no one animal or family of animals accounting for one-half of the establishment’s agricultural production (i.e., value of animals for market) are included in this industry group.
Farms by size. All farms were classified into selected size groups according to the total land area in the farm. The land area of a farm is an operating unit concept and includes land owned and operated as well as land rented from others. Land rented to or assigned to a tenant was considered to be part of the tenant’s farm and not part of the owner’s. Farms by Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). Data for farms by SIC are provided in a bridge table in appendix E. For future censuses, farms will be classified only by the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS). Farms by tenure of operator. All farms were classified by tenure of operator in 1997. The classifications used were as follows: Full owners-operated only land they owned. Part owners-operated land they owned and also land they rented from others. Tenants-operated only land they rented from others or worked on shares for others. Farms by type of organization. All farms were classified by type of organization in the 1997 census. The classifications used were as follows: Individual or family (sole proprietorship), excluding partnership and corporation. Partnership, including family partnership. Corporation, including family corporation—further subclassified into the following two categories: 1. Family held or other than family held 2. More than 10 stockholders or less than 10 stockholders Other, cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. Farms by value of sales. See Farms by market value of agricultural products sold or value of sales. Farms or farms reporting. The terms ‘‘farms’’ and ‘‘farms reporting’’ in the presentation of data denote the number of farms reporting the item. For example, if there are 3,710 farms in a State and 842 of them had 28,594 cattle and calves, the data for those farms reporting cattle and calves would appear as: 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Cattle and calves. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

farms. . . . . 842 number . . . . . 28,594

Farms with sales of less than $1,000. This category includes farms with sales of less than $1,000 but having the potential for sales of $1,000 or more. It provides information on all report form items for farms that normally would be expected to sell agricultural products of $1,000 or more. Fertilizer. See Total farm production expenses--Commercial fertilizer . Fish and other aquaculture products. The raising of fish and other aquaculture products in captivity is included in the agriculture census. Production in saltwater is considered not to be in captivity and is excluded from the census. Floriculture crops. For 1997, data for floriculture crops are a total of bedding/garden plants, cut flowers and cut florist greens, foliage plants, and potted flowering plants. Government payments. This category consists of direct cash payments received by the farm operator in 1997. It includes disaster payments; transition payments from prior participation; payments from Conservation Reserve Programs, the Wetlands Reserve Programs, and other conservation programs; and all other federal farm programs under which payments were made directly to farm operators. Grain sales. Data are for the total market value of cash grains sold, including corn for grain or seed, wheat for grain, soybeans for beans, sorghum for grain or seed, oats for grain, and other grains. Grapes. Farm operators were given the option of reporting the quantity of grapes harvested in dry weight or fresh weight. For publication purposes, all quantities of grapes harvested were converted to pounds fresh weight. The conversion used was 4.20 pounds fresh weight to 1 pound dry weight. Greenhouse produced vegetables. In 1992, this item was referred to as ‘‘greenhouse vegetables.’’ This is only a wording change; the data are comparable. Harvested cropland. This category includes land from which crops were harvested or hay was cut, and land in orchards, citrus groves, Christmas trees, vineyards, nurseries, and greenhouses. Land from which two or more crops were harvested was counted only once. Land in tapped maple trees is included in woodland not pastured. Hay−alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. Data shown for hay represent all hay crops, including grass silage, haylage, and hay crops cut and fed green (green chop). In production data, dry tons APPENDIX A A-7

represents dry tonnage for the various hay categories and dry weight equivalents for grass silage and hay cut and fed green. The conversion used was 3 tons of green weight to 1 ton of dry weight. Hay−tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay. Data shown represent dry tons of hay harvested from clover, lespedeza, timothy, Bermuda grass, Sudangrass, and other types of legume and tame grasses. Hens and pullets. See Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks. Hens and pullets of laying age. See Layers 20 weeks old and older. Herbs−total, fresh cut, and dried. Total herbs is a total of fresh cut and dried herbs. Separate data are shown for fresh cut herbs as a vegetable crop and dried herbs as another crop. Hired farm labor. Data are for total hired farm workers, including paid family members, by number of days worked. Income. See Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm unit. Injuries and deaths. Data are for work-related injuries and deaths of the farm operator, family members, and hired workers. Irish potatoes. See Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes. Irrigated land. This category includes all land watered by any artificial or controlled means, such as sprinklers, flooding, furrows or ditches, and spreader dikes. Included are supplemental, partial, and preplant irrigation. Each acre was to be counted only once regardless of the number of times it was irrigated or harvested. Land area. The approximate land area of counties and States represents the total land area as determined by records and calculations as of January 1, 1997. These data are updated periodically; however, the acreages shown for 1997 are the same as in 1992. Land in farms. The acreage designated as ‘‘land in farms’’ consists primarily of agricultural land used for crops, pasture, or grazing. It also includes woodland and wasteland not actually under cultivation or used for pasture or grazing, provided it was part of the farm operator’s total operation. Large acreages of woodland or wasteland held for nonagricultural purposes were deleted from individual reports during the processing operations. Land in farms includes acres in the Conservation Reserve and Wetlands Reserve Programs. Land in farms is an operating unit concept and includes land owned and operated as well as land rented from others. Land used rent free was to be reported as land A-8 APPENDIX A

rented from others. All grazing land, except land used under government permits on a per-head basis, was included as ‘‘land in farms’’ provided it was part of a farm or ranch. Land under the exclusive use of a grazing association was to be reported by the grazing association and included as land in farms. All land in American Indian reservations used for growing crops or grazing livestock was to be included as land in farms. Land in reservations not reported by individual American Indians or non-Native Americans was to be reported in the name of the cooperative group that used the land. In many instances, an entire American Indian reservation was reported as one farm. Land in orchards. This category includes land in bearing and nonbearing fruit trees, citrus or other groves, vineyards, and nut trees of all ages, including land on which all fruit crops failed. Respondents were instructed not to report abandoned plantings and plantings of fewer than 20 total fruit, citrus, or nut trees, or grapevines. Land in two or more counties. With few exceptions, the land in each farm was tabulated as being in the operator’s principal county. The principal county was defined as the one where the largest value of agricultural products was raised or produced. It was usually the county containing all or the largest proportion of the land in the farm or viewed by the respondent as his/her principal county. For a limited number of Midwest and Western States, this procedure resulted in the allocation of more land in farms to a county than the total land area of the county. To minimize this distortion, separate reports were required for large farms identified in the 1992 census as having more than one farm unit. Other reports received showing land in more than one county were separated into two or more reports if the data would substantially affect the county totals. Land used for vegetables. Data are for the total land used for vegetable crops. The acres were to be reported only once, even though two or more harvests of a vegetable or more than one vegetable were harvested from the same acres. Landlords. Data show the number of landlords from whom the farm operator rented land, including those whose land may have been subleased by the farm operator to someone else. Layers 20 weeks old and older. This category includes layer hens in molt and other layer hens and pullets 20 weeks old and older. In the 1992 census this category was referred to as ‘‘Hens and pullets of laying age.’’ This is only a wording change; the data are comparable to 1992. Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older. This category includes layer hens in molt and other layer hens and pullets 13 weeks old and older. In the 1992 census this category was referred to as ‘‘Chickens 3 months old or older.’’ This is only a wording change; the data are comparable to 1992. 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Layers, pullets, and pullet chicks. This category includes layers, pullets, and pullet chicks of all ages. In the 1992 census, this category was referred to as ‘‘Hens and pullets.’’ This is only a wording change; the data are comparable to 1992. Macadamia nuts. In Hawaii, macadamia nuts could be reported in pounds husked, unshelled or pounds shelled. Maple trees tapped. Data are for acres of tapped maple trees (sugar bush). Quantity harvested is for number of taps from which sap was gathered. Acres of tapped maple trees are included in woodland not pastured. Market value of agricultural products sold. This category represents the gross market value before taxes and production expenses of all agricultural products sold or removed from the place in 1997 regardless of who received the payment. It includes sales by the operator as well as the value of any shares received by partners, landlords, contractors, or others associated with the operation. In addition, it includes receipts from placing commodities in the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) loan program in 1997. It does not include payments received for participation in other federal farm programs nor does it include income from farm-related sources such as customwork and other agricultural services, or income from nonfarm sources. The value of crops sold in 1997 does not necessarily represent the sales from crops harvested in 1997. Data may include sales from crops produced in earlier years and may exclude some crops produced in 1997 but held in storage and not sold. For commodities such as sugar beets and wool sold through a co-op which made payments in several installments, respondents were requested to report the total value received in 1997. The value of agricultural products sold was requested of all operators. If the operator failed to report this information, estimates were made based on the amount of crops harvested, livestock or poultry inventory, or number sold. Extensive estimation was required for operators growing crops or livestock under contract. Caution should be used when comparing sales in 1997 with sales reported in earlier censuses. Sales figures are expressed in current dollars and have not been adjusted for inflation or deflation. Misreported or miscoded crops. In a few cases data may have been reported on the wrong line, in the wrong section, or the wrong crop code may have been assigned to a small number of write-in crops. A few of these errors may not have been identified and corrected during processing which resulted in rare cases of inaccurately tabulated data. Reports with significant acres of unusual crops for the area were examined to minimize the possibility that they were in error. Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm unit. Net cash return is derived by subtracting total operating expenditures from the gross market value of agricultural products sold. Both gross sales and production 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

expenditures include sales and expenses of the farm operator as well as those of partners, landlords, and contractors. Therefore, the net cash return is that of the farm unit rather than the net farm income of the operator. Consequently, while the net cash return of a contractee grower could be negative, the actual return could be positive, meaning the integrator/contractor was absorbing an even larger loss on the growout operation. Oftentimes, these losses are offset by later gains from further processing. Conversely, a very high net cash return is usually shared between an integrator/contractor and a contractee grower and should not be viewed totally as a return to the contractee grower. Operating expenses used in calculating net cash return do not include depreciation or changes in inventory values. Expenses may have been understated on farms renting land from others because taxes paid by landlords are excluded, and insurance and other landlord expenses not readily known to renters may have been omitted or underestimated. For publication purposes, farms are divided into two categories: 1) Farms with net gains and 2) Farms with net losses. Farms with net gains include those whose production expenses are equal to the market value of their agricultural products sold. Nursery and greenhouse crops grown for sale. These data are summations of the individual items reported. All of the individual items may not be shown. Nursery, floriculture, vegetable and flower seed crops, sod, etc., grown in the open, irrigated. Data refer to farms reporting irrigated nursery, floriculture, vegetable and flower seeds, sod, bedding/garden plants, etc., grown in the open. Occupation. See Operator characteristics; Farms by age and principal occupation of operator. Operator. The term ‘‘operator’’ designates a person who operates a farm, either doing the work or making day-today decisions about such things as planting, harvesting, feeding, and marketing. The operator may be the owner, a member of the owner’s household, a hired manager, a tenant, a renter, or a sharecropper. If a person rents land to others or has land worked on shares by others, he/she is considered the operator only of the land which is retained for his/her own operation. For partnerships, only one partner is counted as the operator. If it is not clear which partner is in charge, then the senior or oldest active partner is considered the operator. For census purposes, the number of operators is customarily the same as the number of farms. The exception to this rule occurs in appendix B, table A. It shows the number of American Indian farm operators on reservations. Since reservations are counted as one farm in other tables, in this instance, the number of operators will exceed the number of farms. In some cases, the operator was not the APPENDIX A A-9

individual named on the address label of the report form, but another family member, a partner, or a hired manager who was actually in charge of the farm operation. Operator characteristics. All operators were asked to report age, race, sex, place of residence, principal occupation, days worked off the farm, year in which his/her operation of the farm began, and Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin. If race, age, sex, and principal occupation were not reported, they were imputed based on information reported by farms with similar acreage, tenure, and value of sales. No imputations were made for nonresponse to place of residence, Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin, off-farm work, or year began operation. Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin were tabulated by reported race. Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin. No imputation was made for those not responding to the question on Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin. Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin are found in all of the racial groups listed in the census and were tabulated according to the race reported. In 1992, this category was referred to as ‘‘Operators of Spanish origin.’’ Other aquaculture products. This category includes the production of aquaculture other than crawfish and finfish. Other crop sales. Data are for the total market value of all crops not having fitted into one of the prelisted sales categories. It includes crops such as maple syrup, mint for oil, peanuts, potatoes, sugar beets, sugarcane, sweetpotatoes, etc. Other cropland. This category includes cropland not harvested and not grazed which was used for cover crops or soil-improvement crops, land on which all crops failed, land in cultivated summer fallow, idle cropland, and land planted in crops which were to be harvested after the census year. Other fish. This category includes production of fish other than catfish, trout, hybrid striped bass, and crawfish. Other fruits and nuts. Data shown for other fruits and nuts relate to any fruits and nuts not having a specific code on the 1997 report form. Other grain sales. These data are for the total market value of other grains sold including dry edible beans, dry lima beans, buckwheat, canola, dry southern peas (cowpeas), emmer and spelt, flaxseed, lentils, mustard seed, dry edible peas, popcorn, proso millet, industrial rapeseed, rice, rye for grain, safflower, sunflower seed, triticale, and wild rice. Other land. This category includes land in house lots, barn lots, ponds, roads, ditches, wasteland, etc. It includes those acres in the farm operation not classified as cropland, pastureland, or woodland. A-10 APPENDIX A

Other livestock and livestock products. This category includes all livestock and livestock products not having specific codes on the 1997 report form. Other nursery and greenhouse crops. Data for ‘‘Other nursery and greenhouse crops’’ include acres of uncut Christmas trees with minimum sales of $1,000. Also included are acres and sales of short rotation woody crops. Other races. This category is primarily limited to persons native to or of ancestry from Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. Plums and prunes. Farm operators were given the option of reporting the quantity of plums and prunes harvested in dry weight or fresh weight. For publication purposes, all quantities of plums and prunes harvested have been converted to pounds of fresh weight. The conversion used was 3.00 pounds fresh weight to 1 pound dry weight. Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes. In 1992, this item was referred to as Irish potatoes. This is only a wording change; all data are comparable. Poultry hatched. This category includes all poultry hatched on the place during the year and placed or sold. Incubator egg capacity on December 31, 1997, is tabulated under the column heading ‘‘Inventory’’ and the number of poultry hatched and placed or sold is under the heading ‘‘Sales.’’ Production expenses. See Total farm production expenses. Pullet chicks and pullets less than 13 weeks old. This category includes all pullets and pullet chicks less than 13 weeks old. In the 1992 census, this category was referred to as ‘‘Pullet chicks and pullets under 3 months old.’’ This is only a wording change; the data are comparable to 1992. Race. See Other races; Black and other races; Operator characteristics. Rental income. See Farm-related income-Rental of farmland. Sales, total. See total sales; Market value of agricultural products sold; Farms by market value of agricultural products sold or value of sales. Size of farm. See Farms by size. Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (tons, dry). See Hay−tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay. Tenure. See Farms by tenure of operator. 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Total cropland. This category includes land from which crops were harvested or hay was cut; land in orchards, citrus groves, vineyards, nurseries, and greenhouses; cropland used only for pasture or grazing; land in cover crops, legumes, and soil-improvement grasses; land on which all crops failed; land in cultivated summer fallow; and idle cropland. Total farm production expenses. Includes the share of the expenditures provided by landlords, contractors, and partners in the operation of the farm business. Expenses were limited to those incurred in the operation of the farm business. Property taxes paid by landlords were excluded. Also excluded were expenditures for nonfarm activities; farm-related activities such as providing customwork for others, producing and harvesting forest products, and providing recreational services; and household expenses. In 1997, as in other recent censuses, operators producing crops, livestock, or poultry under contract often were unable or unwilling to estimate the cost of production inputs furnished by the contractors. As a consequence, extensive estimation for some expenditure items was required for contract producers. Explanations of selected production expenses are listed below.

Interest. Separate data are included for interest paid on debts secured by real estate and interest paid on debts not secured by real estate. Livestock and poultry purchased. These expenses include the total amount spent by the operator, his/her landlord, and by others for all livestock and poultry bought during 1997 for production on the farm or ranch. The total includes amounts spent for cattle, calves, hogs, pigs, sheep, hatchery eggs, etc. Estimations of the value of livestock or poultry grown under contract or fed on a custom basis were to be made based on their value when they arrived on the farm or ranch. Repairs and maintenance. These expenses include all costs for the repair and upkeep of buildings, motor vehicles, and farm equipment used for the farm business. Seed cost. These expenses include the cost of all seeds, bulbs, plants and trees, or the estimated cost of these items if provided by contractors. Seed cost does not include the value of seed grown on this place.
Total sales. This item represents the gross market value of all agricultural products sold before taxes and expenses in the census year including livestock, poultry, and their products, and crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops, and hay. Respondents were asked to include landlords’ and contractors’ shares. The value of commodities placed in CCC loans is included as sold. All farms were tabulated by size based on reported sales. Tractors. This item includes a new horsepower (PTO) category. In the 1992 census, respondents reported wheel tractors other than garden tractors and motor tillers as less than 40 horsepower (PTO) or 40 horsepower (PTO) or more. In the 1997 census, the 40 horsepower (PTO) category was broken into 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO) and 100 horsepower (PTO) or more. Type of farm. See Farms by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and Farms by Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). Type of organization. See Farms by type of organization. Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals for human consumption. This item represents the value of agricultural products produced and sold directly to individuals for human consumption from roadside stands, farmers’ markets, pick-your-own sites, etc. It excludes nonedible products such as nursery crops, cut flowers, wool, etc. Sales of agricultural products by vertically integrated operations through their own processing and marketing operations were excluded. APPENDIX A A-11

Agricultural chemicals. These expenses include the cost of all insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and other pesticides, including costs of custom application. Data exclude commercial fertilizer purchased. Commercial fertilizer. The expense for commercial fertilizer is the amount spent on all forms of fertilizer including rock phosphate and gypsum. It also includes the cost of custom application. Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment. These expenses include costs incurred for having customwork done on the place and for renting machines to perform agricultural operations. The cost of cotton ginning is excluded. The cost of labor involved in the customwork service is included in the customwork expense. The cost of custom application of fertilizer and chemicals is included in expenditures for fertilizer and chemicals in 1997, 1992, and 1987. The cost of hired labor for operating rented or hired machinery is included as a hired farm and ranch labor expense. Feed for livestock and poultry. These expenses include the cost of all feed for livestock and poultry including grain, hay, silage, mixed feeds, concentrates, etc. Hired farm and ranch labor. These expenses include the total amount paid for farm or ranch labor including regular workers, part-time workers, and members of the operator’s family if they received payments for labor. It includes social security taxes, State taxes, unemployment tax, payment for sick leave or vacation pay, workman’s compensation, insurance premiums, and pension plans.
1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Value of land and buildings. Respondents were asked to report their estimate of the current market value of land and buildings owned, rented or leased from others, and rented or leased to others. Market value refers to the value the land and buildings would sell for under current market conditions. If the value of land and buildings was not reported, it was estimated using the average value of land and buildings from a similar farm in the same geographic area. Vegetables harvested for sale. The acres of vegetables harvested is the summation of the acres of individual vegetables harvested. All of the individual vegetable items may not be shown. Wheat for grain. Wheat was listed on the report form separately or in combinations by type as listed below, depending on the regional report form completed by the respondent. Wheat for grain Winter wheat for grain Spring wheat for grain Durum wheat for grain Spring wheat, other than durum, for grain For publication, wheat was shown separately or in combinations by type as listed below, depending on the State for which it was published. Wheat for grain, total Winter wheat for grain Spring wheat for grain Durum wheat for grain Other spring wheat for grain Non-specified wheat for grain The wheat by type (winter, spring, durum, and other spring) breakdown was published for States where more than one type was commonly produced; however, all the

types may not be shown. Non-specified wheat was shown when a type not commonly produced in a State was reported on a report form not intended for use for that State or when reporting errors were suspected. Woodland pastured. This category includes all woodland used for pasture or grazing during the census year. Woodland or forest land pastured under a per-head grazing permit was not counted as land in farms and, therefore, was not included in woodland pastured. Woodland, total. This category includes natural or planted woodlots or timber tracts, cutover and deforested land with young growth which has or will have value for wood products, and woodland pastured. Land covered by sagebrush or mesquite was to be reported as other pastureland and rangeland or other land. Land planted for Christmas tree production was to be reported in cropland harvested, and land in tapped maple trees reported as woodland not pastured. Write-in crops. To reduce the length of the report form, only the major crops for each region were prelisted. For other crops, the respondent was asked to look at a list of crops in each section and write in the crop name and its code. For crops that had no individual code listed on the report form, the respondent was to write in the crop name and code into the appropriate ‘‘all other’’ category for that section. Write-in crops coded as ‘‘all other’’ were reviewed and assigned a specific code when possible. Crops not assigned a specific code were left in the appropriate ‘‘all other’’ category. In some cases, the reviewers were unable to determine the specific crop reported by the respondent because of incomplete or generalized crop names. To ensure proper coding, most of these respondents were telephoned. Reports for those not telephoned were changed on the basis of other reports for the area.

A-12

APPENDIX A

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Appendix B. American Indian Farm Operators
During the 1992 and previous censuses, American Indian farm operations on reservations were enumerated at the reservation level, generally as a single unit. In the 1997 census, the historic methodology was used in conjunction with an additional procedure to count American Indian farm operators on reservations who were not counted individually. Table A, American Indian Farm Operators: 1997, reflects the results of the methodological changes to enumerate American Indian farm and ranch operators. The table provides the total number of American Indian farm operators both on and off reservations. The "other" column provides counts of operators on reservations. The "individually reported" column provides counts of operators on or off reservations. This is the only table in the Volume 1, Geographic Area Series publication where information for total number of American Indian farm operators is available. Other than the count of operators, information for American Indian farm operators who did not report individually was collected at or aggregated to the reservation level. Consequently, other published data treat each reservation as a single farm operation. State level data are provided in Table B, State Highlights of Farms Operated by American Indians: 1997. American Indian agricultural resources and production not reported by individuals are included in their respective reservation reports. The term American Indian was used on the report form that collected the counts of on reservation operators as well as the 1997 Census of Agriculture report form. The term American Indian represents persons who also would identify themselves as Native American or Alaskan Native.

Table A. American Indian Farm Operators: 1997
[Not published for this State]

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

APPENDIX B

B–1

Table B.

State Highlights of Farms Operated by American Indians: 1997

[Not published for this State]

B–2

APPENDIX B

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Appendix C. Statistical Methodology

THE SCREENING PHASE AND THE MAIL LIST MODEL
The 1997 Census of Agriculture featured a pre-census screening phase that surveyed selected records, by mail or telephone, for presence or absence of agricultural activity. Records selected for screening had a low probability of qualifying as farms. All records responding to the screener and reporting no agricultural activity were removed from the census mail list. Eliminating nonfarm records from the mail list reduced respondent burden and data collection costs. The screening phase included nearly 500,000 records. Records were selected for screening using one of the following criteria: 1) Records on selected agriculture specialty lists that had no other list source, 2) Records identified by a mail list model as having a low probability of being a farm. A mail list model predicted the probability that an addressee on the 1997 preliminary census mail list operated a farm. The model defined groups based on combinations of characteristics such as source(s) of the mail list record, expected value of agricultural production, and geographic location. Farm proportions were estimated for these groups by calculating the proportion of 1992 census respondent records that were farms which exhibited the characteristics defined by the group. This proportion, also called the in-scope rate, provided an estimate of the probability that an addressee in the group operated a farm. Each address record on the 1997 preliminary census mail list was assigned to a model group by matching record characteristics to model group characteristics. Records belonging to the groups with the highest farm probability were those more likely to be farms. Records with a farm probability of approximately 30 percent or less were selected for screening, along with records included on selected agriculture specialty lists as noted above. Before screening, the preliminary census mail list consisted of 3,314,790 records. There were 478,298 records selected for screening. Of these, 125,570 records were determined to be nonfarms as a result of the screening phase and were removed. These records were removed from the final census mail list. The remaining 3,189,220 records received census report forms. 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

CENSUS SAMPLE DESIGN
All name and address records on the final census mail list were designated to receive a 1997 Census of Agriculture report form. Two different types of census report forms, sample and nonsample, were used to collect data. Sections 1 through 20 and 28 through 32 of the sample form were identical to sections on the nonsample census form. Sample form sections 21 through 27 contained additional questions on usage of fertilizers and chemicals, farm production expenditures, value of machinery and equipment, value of land and buildings, farm-related income, and hired workers. There were 11 regional versions of the nonsample form and 13 regional versions of the sample form with listings of crops varying by region. These different forms were used to reduce the response burden of the census, while providing reliable information on a large number of data items. The sample form was mailed to all mail list records in Alaska, Hawaii, and Rhode Island and to a sample of records in other States selected from the final mail list. Mail list records were selected into the sample with certainty if they (1) were expected to have large total value of agricultural products sold or large acreage, (2) were multi-unit operations (i.e., separate farms producing under one company organization), (3) were in a county with less than 100 farms in 1992, or (4) had other special characteristics. Farms with special characteristics were abnormal farms, such as institutional farms, experimental and research farms, and Indian reservations. Mail list records in counties containing 100 to 199 farms in 1992 were systematically sampled at a rate of 1 in 2; records in counties containing 200 to 299 farms in 1992 were systematically sampled at a rate of 1 in 4; and records in counties containing 300 or more farms in 1992 were systematically sampled at a rate of 1 in 6. The remaining mail list records not chosen to receive the sample form received the nonsample census form. This differential sampling scheme was used to provide reliable data for the sample sections of the report form for all counties.

EDITING DATA AND IMPUTATION FOR ITEM NONRESPONSE
The census of agriculture complex edit and imputation system is an automated computerized system that performed the following functions: APPENDIX C C-1

• Ensured reasonable relationships between/among data items, values for various sizes of farms, combinations of commodities, and economic interactions. • Ensured necessary consistencies were present (there were more than 70 distinct consistency requirements). • Ensured climatic, geographic, legal, and physical constraints were met. The system performed these and similar functions for more than 900 data key codes for sample records and approximately 850 data key codes for nonsample records. For the 1997 Census of Agriculture, as in previous censuses, all reported data were keyed and then edited by computer. The edits were used to determine whether the reports met the minimum criteria to be counted as farms in the census. The complex edit and imputation system provided the basis for deciding to accept, impute (supply), delete, or alter the reported value for each data record item. Whenever possible, edit imputations, deletions, and changes were based on component or related data on the respondent’s report form. For some items, such as operator characteristics, data for that record from the previous census were used when available. Values for other missing or unacceptable reported data items were calculated based on reported quantities and known fixed price parameters. When these and similar methods were not available and values had to be supplied, the imputation process used information reported for another farm operation in a geographically adjacent area with characteristics similar to those of the farm operation with incomplete data. For example, a farm operation that reported acres of corn harvested, but did not report quantity of corn harvested, was assigned the same bushels of corn per acre harvested as that of the last nearby farm with similar characteristics that reported acceptable yields during that particular execution of the computer edit. The imputation for missing items in each section of the report form was conducted separately; thus, assigned values for one operation could come from more than one respondent. Prior to the imputation operation, a set of default values and relationships was assigned to the possible imputation variables. The relationships and values varied depending on the item being imputed. For example, different default values were assigned for several Standard Industrial Classifications and total value of sales categories when imputing hired farm labor expenses. These values and item relationships for the possible imputation variables were stored in the computer in a series of matrices. Each execution of the computer edit consisted of records from only one State sorted by reported State and county. For a given execution of the edit, the stored entries in the various matrices were retained in memory only until a succeeding record having acceptable characteristics for the same sections of the report form was processed by the C-2 APPENDIX C

computer. Then the acceptable responses of the succeeding operation replaced those previously stored. When a record processed through the edit had unreported or unacceptable data, the record was assigned the last acceptable ratio or response from an operation with a similar set of characteristics. Once each execution of the computer edit for a State was completed, the possible imputation variables were reset to the default values and relationships for subsequent executions. An edit run usually consisted of 10,000 or more records. After the initial computer edit, all keyed reports not meeting the census farm definition were reviewed to ensure that the data had been keyed correctly. Edit referrals were generated for 17 percent of the reports included as farms; they were reviewed for keying accuracy and to ensure that the computer edit actions were correct. If the results of the computer edit were not acceptable, corrections were made and the record re-edited.

CENSUS NONSAMPLING ERROR
The accuracy of the census counts is affected jointly by sampling errors and nonsampling errors. Extensive efforts were made to compile a complete and accurate mail list for the census, to design an understandable report form with instructions, and to minimize processing errors through the use of quality control measures. Nonsampling errors arise from many sources, including respondent or enumerator error or incorrect data keying, editing, or imputing for missing data. These nonsampling errors are further discussed in this section. Nonsampling error due to mail list incompleteness and duplication as well as misclassification of records on the mail list is called coverage error. The section titled ‘‘Coverage Evaluation’’ discusses the evaluation studies conducted to measure the extent of this error in the census.

Respondent and Enumerator Error
Incorrect or incomplete responses to the census report form or to the questions posed by an enumerator can introduce error into the census data. To reduce reporting error, detailed instructions for completing the report form were provided to each respondent. Questions were phrased as clearly as possible based on previous tests of the report form. In addition, each respondent’s answers were checked for completeness and consistency by the complex edit and imputation system.

Item Nonresponse
As information flowed from data collection to tabulation, various types of item nonresponses were identified on the census report forms. Nonresponse to particular questions on the census report form that logically should have been present created a type of nonsampling error in both complete count and sample count data. In this case, information from a similar farm was used to impute for these 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

missing data items. The resulting data may have been biased if the characteristics of the nonreporting respondents were different from those of reporting respondents for those items.

Processing Error
All phases of processing for each census report form were potential sources for the introduction of nonsampling error. An automated check-in recorded that the report had been returned and excluded from further followup mailings. Approximately one-third of the mail returns were reviewed to resolve questions dealing with multiple reports, respondent remarks, or no reported data. The remaining mail returns (about two-thirds) were batched and sent directly to data keying, along with some of the reviewed cases containing farm data. Keyed records were transmitted, formatted, and run through the complex edit and imputation system. About one-fifth of all forms edited were clerically reviewed for inconsistencies, omissions, or questionable values. While reviewing these forms, the edit review staff determined if the action taken by the computer edit and imputation system was correct. Edited records were tabulated to the county level. Each county was reviewed and, when necessary, individual records were corrected prior to publication. Developing accurate processing methods is complicated by the complex structure of agriculture. Among the complexities are the many places to be included, the variety of arrangements under which farms are operated, the continuing changes in the relationship of operators to the farm operated, the expiration of leases and the initiation or renewal of leases, the problem of obtaining a complete list of agriculture operations, the difficulty of contacting and identifying some types of contractor/contractee relationships, the operator’s absence from the farm during the data collection period, and the operator’s opinion that part or all of the operation does not qualify and should not be included in the census. During data collection and processing of the census, all operations underwent a number of quality control checks to ensure as accurate an application as possible.

COVERAGE EVALUATION Coverage Overview
The primary objectives of the census of agriculture are to accurately count U.S. farms, measure commodity production and sales, and measure demographic characteristics of farm operators. Since 1945, an evaluation of census coverage has been conducted for each census of agriculture to provide estimates of the completeness of census farm counts. These results help to identify problems and focus improvements for future censuses. According to coverage evaluation results, the past five censuses of agriculture included an average of 92 percent of U.S. farms and 98 percent of agriculture production. 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Complete enumeration of agricultural operations satisfying the farm definition of $1,000 or more in agricultural sales is complicated by the variety of arrangements under which farms are operated, the multiplicity of names used for an operation, the number of operations in which an operator participates, and the difficulty in classifying those operations just around the $1,000 sales range. In 1997, extensive efforts were made to compile as complete and accurate a mail list as possible, while reducing the duplication and number of nonfarm operations on the list. The 1997 coverage evaluation program was designed to measure four components of error in the census farm counts. These components include: 1. Undercount due to farms Not on the Mail List (NML) 2. Overcount due to farms Duplicated or enumerated more than once (DUP) 3. Undercount due to farms Incorrectly Classified as nonfarms (ICU) 4. Overcount due to nonfarms Incorrectly Classified as farms (ICO). The first component, mail list undercount, is by far the largest component of coverage error. Duplication, though occurring far less frequently, can involve larger farms and have a larger impact on acreage and sales estimates. The last two components involve the misclassification of either farms or nonfarms. Misclassification can arise from errors in either reporting or processing the data. Table A - Coverage Estimates - illustrates the effect of coverage adjustments on census farm counts by demographic characteristics, land in farms, and total value of sales. The coverage total is defined as the net difference between undercounted and overcounted farms. The adjusted census total is the sum of the census total and the net coverage total. The relative standard error is shown for the final census coverage adjusted number. This number will be similar to the relative standard error for the census number, except when the coverage total is negative or close to zero. The coverage adjustment percentage shows the coverage total as a percentage of total census adjusted farms for that characteristic. The 1997 Census of Agriculture is the first census to include all four components of coverage error in the coverage table. Previous publications only included the coverage error component due to farms not on the mail list (NML). Because of this, caution should be taken when comparing coverage estimates with previous years. In addition, the coverage total is a negative number for some characteristics. This means that the number of farms overcounted for this characteristic was greater than the number of farms undercounted.

Area Frame Surveys to Measure Mail List Undercoverage
Names and addresses collected in the 1997 June Agricultural Survey and 1997 Fall Area Survey were used to estimate the undercount due to farms not on the census mail list (NML). These names were matched to the census APPENDIX C C-3

mail list, and those that did not match were contacted by telephone or person. The enumerator verified whether the operation had reported in the census, and if not, a census of agriculture report form was completed. The percentage of farms missed in the census varies considerably by State. In general, farms not on the mail list tended to be small in acreage, production, and sales of agricultural products. Farm operations could be missed for various reasons, including the possibility that the operation started after the mail list was developed, the operation may be so small as not to appear in any agriculture-related source lists, or the operation may have been falsely classified as a nonfarm prior to mailout.

reinterview (landlords, tenants, other names, etc.) to the list of census respondents. Potential duplication was reviewed and discrepancies reconciled. In general, the classification error rate is higher for small farms close to the $1,000 agricultural sales requirement. This rate is also higher for farms with small acreage (less than 49 acres), higher for tenant farms than for full- or partowner farms, and higher for farms where farming is not the operator’s principal occupation.

Coverage Estimation
The adjusted census total, T, is estimated as the census farm count, C, plus undercount and minus overcount adjustments. Undercount includes 1) farms not on the mail list (NML) and 2) farms incorrectly classified as nonfarms (ICU). Overcount includes 3) nonfarms incorrectly classified as farms (ICO) and 4) farms duplicated in the census (DUP). Altogether, the adjusted census total is: T = C + (NML + ICU) - (ICO + DUP). In some States, estimates of misclassification of farms owned by operators having rare demographic characteristics were based on particularly small sample sizes. Where such small sample sizes occurred, a form of small area estimation was used in which data from similar States contributed to that State’s estimates. In these cases, the coverage totals are weighted totals of the direct State estimate and the direct estimate from the region. Direct estimates were used to the largest extent possible, based on the amount of survey cases available for the particular item being estimated.

Classification Error Survey to Measure Three Types of Coverage Error
The remaining three types of coverage error were measured by the Classification Error Survey. This survey was used to estimate the number of farms counted more than once (DUP), the number of farms misclassified as nonfarms (ICU), and the number of nonfarms misclassified as farms (ICO). A sample of census of agriculture respondents was selected for reinterview to determine their farm/nonfarm status and collect information to identify potential duplication. The farm classification from this interview was compared with the classification on the census of agriculture report form. Any differences between these two classifications were reconciled to determine the true farm status. Each operation was reviewed for duplication by matching the additional information received from the

C-4

APPENDIX C

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table A.

New England Coverage Estimates: 1997
Adjusted census Item Census total Coverage total1 7 008 410 022 59 Total 31 579 4 231 724 134 Relative standard error (percent) 3.8 2.9 (X)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Coverage adjustment (percent) 22.2 9.7 (X)

Farms Land in farms Average size of farm Farms by size of farm: Less than 10 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 179 acres 180 acres or more Farms by value of sales: Less than $2,500 $2,500 to $9,999 $10,000 or more Market value of agricultural products sold Farms by type of organization: Individual or family Partnership, corporation, or other Farms by tenure of operator: Full owners Part owners Tenants Operators by place of residence: On farm operated Not on farm operated Not reported Operators by principal occupation: Farming Other Operators by sex: Male Female Operators by race: White Black and other races Operators by years on present farm: 4 years or less 5 years or more Not reported
1

number acres acres

24 571 3 821 702 156

3 6 8 6

491 466 080 534

1 022 3 508 1 933 545

4 9 10 7

513 974 013 079

14.3 9.5 7.1 4.7

22.6 35.2 19.3 7.7

7 539 6 309 10 723 $1,000 1 988 736

4 642 1 271 1 095 16 872

12 181 7 580 11 818 2 005 608

8.2 8.0 4.0 .9

38.1 16.8 9.3 .8

20 591 3 980

6 833 175

27 424 4 155

4.2 4.8

24.9 4.2

15 759 6 961 1 851

4 971 1 693 344

20 730 8 654 2 195

4.8 7.0 17.6

24.0 19.6 15.7

19 638 3 488 1 445

6 375 704 –71

26 013 4 192 1 374

4.2 7.8 20.6

24.5 16.8 –5.2

12 553 12 018

1 229 5 779

13 782 17 797

4.1 6.8

8.9 32.5

20 859 3 712

5 776 1 232

26 635 4 944

4.1 9.6

21.7 24.9

24 464 107

6 987 21

31 451 128

3.8 58.6

22.2 16.4

2 279 18 854 3 438

1 065 5 403 540

3 344 24 257 3 978

16.8 4.1 11.3

31.8 22.3 13.6

See text in Appendix C regarding coverage estimates.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

APPENDIX C

C–5

Appendix D. Report Forms and Information Sheets

The report forms and information sheets are shown on the following pages.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

APPENDIX D

D–1

DUE BY FEBRUARY 2, 1998
FORM (10-29-96)

OMB No. 0535-0226: Approval Expires 11/30/99

97-A0201

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS SERVICE

NOTICE – Response to this inquiry is required by law (Title 7, U.S. Code). By the same law, YOUR REPORT IS CONFIDENTIAL and it will only be used for statistical purposes. Your report CANNOT be used for purposes of taxation, investigation, or regulation. The law also provides that copies retained in your files are immune from legal process.

AG CENSUS USA

UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
Conducted in cooperation with:

97-A0201

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS

CENSUS USE ONLY
035 037 036 038

Please return your completed report to: CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 1201 East 10th Street Jeffersonville, IN 47131-1700 • Use reasonable estimates – If records are not available. • Time extension – Send request to the above address. • Correspondence – Include 12-character Census File Number (CFN) found on address label.

Please correct errors in name, address, and ZIP Code. ENTER street and number if not shown.

• Duplicate forms – If you received extra report forms for the same farming or ranching operation, enter the CFN(s) printed in the label of those extra forms in the boxes provided and return them with your completed report.

A A

– –

SECTION 1

ACREAGE IN 1997 – Report land owned, rented, or used by you, your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or organization for which you are reporting. Include ALL LAND, REGARDLESS OF LOCATION OR USE – cropland, pastureland, S1 rangeland, woodland, idle land, house lots, etc. Number of acres If the acres you operated in 1997 changed during the year, refer to the INFORMATION SHEET, section 1. None 043
044

1. All land owned 2. All land rented or leased FROM OTHERS, including land worked by you on shares, used rent free, in exchange for services, payment of taxes, etc. Include leased Federal, State, and railroad land. (DO NOT include land used on a per-head or animal unit month (AUM) basis under a grazing permit.) 3. All land rented or leased TO OTHERS, including land worked on shares by others and land subleased

045

046

4. Acres in "THIS PLACE" for this census report – ADD item 1 and item 2, then SUBTRACT item 3.

If the entry is zero, please refer to the INFORMATION SHEET, section 1.
None Number of landlords
065

5. How many landlords did you have? Number of acres
053

6. How many of the acres rented or leased TO OTHERS did you own? None 7. Mark (X) all grazing permits used 054 1 on a per-head or AUM basis.

Forest Service

2

Taylor Grazing, Sec. 3 (BLM)

3

Indian Land

4

Other – Specify

8. LOCATION OF AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY FOR "THIS PLACE" a. In what county was the largest value of your agricultural products raised or produced? b. If you also had agricultural operations in any other county(ies), enter the county name(s), etc.

Principal county

County name

State

Number of acres
056 057 058 059

Other counties

  

PENALTY FOR FAILURE TO REPORT

CONTINUE ON PAGE 2

©

D–2

APPENDIX D

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

SECTION 2
S2

Were any of the following CROPS harvested from "THIS PLACE" in 1997? (DO NOT include crops grown on land rented TO OTHERS.) None Acres harvested
067 070 068

Quantity harvested
069

Acres irrigated

1. Corn (field) for grain or seed (Report quantity on a dry shelled-weight basis.) 2. Corn (field) for silage or green chop

Bu.
071 089

Tons, 072 green
090

088

3. Soybeans for beans
554 555

Bu.
556

4. Dry edible beans – kidney, black, etc.
545 546

Cwt.
547

5. Wheat for grain
076 077

Bu.
078

6. Oats for grain
079 080

Bu.
081

7. Barley for grain
686 687

Bu.
688

8. Rye for grain
082 083

Bu.
084

9. Sorghum for grain or seed 10. Sorghum for silage or green chop (DO NOT include sorghum-sudan crosses.) 11. Tobacco – all types 12. Potatoes (DO NOT include sweetpotatoes.)

Bu.
085 094 086 095

Tons, green Lbs.

087 096

/10
097 098

/10
099

/10

Cwt.

/10

SECTION 3
S3

Was any DRY HAY, GRASS SILAGE, HAYLAGE, or GREEN CHOP cut or harvested from "THIS PLACE" in 1997? Include sorghum-sudan crosses and hay cut from pastures.
1

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 4

When both dry hay (items 1–4) and grass silage, etc. (item 5) were cut or harvested from the same acres, report acres for each type. If two or more cuttings were made from the same acres, report acres for that item only once, but report quantity harvested from all cuttings.
None 1. Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures for dry hay
106 107 110 113 116

Acres harvested
103 104

Quantity harvested
dry

Acres irrigated

Tons, 105 Tons, 108 dry Tons, 111 dry Tons, 114 dry Tons, 117 green

2. Small grain dry hay – oats, wheat, barley, rye, etc. 3. Other tame dry hay – clover, lespedeza, timothy, Sudangrass, meadow and pasture grasses, etc. 4. Wild dry hay

109 112 115

5. Grass silage, haylage, and green chop

SECTION 4

Were any NURSERY and GREENHOUSE CROPS, including MUSHROOMS, SOD, or CHRISTMAS TREES, GROWN FOR SALE on "THIS PLACE" in 1997? Include bulbs, flowers, flower seeds, vegetable seeds and plants, or vegetables under glass or other protection. Area irrigated
1

S4

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 5

None

Square feet
477 478

Acres

Tenths

1. Nursery and greenhouse crops irrigated in 1997 2. From the list below, enter the crop name and code for each crop grown. Report herbs, fresh cut, Square feet under grown under glass or glass or other Crop name Code other protection as protection in 1997 greenhouse produced vegetables.

/10 Acres in the open in 1997
Whole acres
1 1

Sales in 1997
Dollars
2

Tenths

Cents

/10 $
2

00 00 00
Code 710 497 500 506

If more space is needed, use a separate sheet of paper.
Crop name Bedding/Garden plants – annuals, herbaceous perennials, and vegetable plants Bulbs, corms, rhizomes, and tubers – dry Cut Christmas trees harvested Cut flowers and cut florist greens
FORM 97-A0201 (10-29-96)

/10 $
1 2

/10 $
Code Crop name Foliage plants 479 Greenhouse produced vegetables 482 Mushrooms – report growing area 491 Nursery crops – ornamentals, shrubs, fruit and nut trees, and vines 485 Page 2 Code 707 503 494 488 Crop name Potted flowering plants Sod harvested Vegetable and flower seeds Other nursery and greenhouse – Specify

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

APPENDIX D

D–3

SECTION 5
S5

Were any VEGETABLES, SWEET CORN, MELONS, etc., harvested FOR SALE from "THIS PLACE" in 1997? (DO NOT include those grown for home use.)
1

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 6
375

Acres
Whole acres Tenths

Acres irrigated
Whole acres
376

Tenths

1. Land from which vegetables were harvested in 1997 Crop name 2. For those crops not listed, enter the crop name and code from the list below for each crop harvested in 1997. Sweet corn Code 461 Acres harvested
Whole acres Tenths

/10 Acres irrigated
Whole acres
462

/10
Tenths

/10
1

/10 /10
1

/10 /10
1

If more than one vegetable crop was harvested from the same acres, report acres for each crop. Report crops grown under protection in section 4. If more space is needed, use a separate sheet of paper.
Crop name Asparagus Beans, snap (bush and pole) Beets Broccoli Brussels sprouts Cabbage, chinese Cabbage, head Cantaloups and muskmelons Code 379 381 383 385 387 389 391 395 Crop name Carrots Cauliflower Celery Chicory Collards Cucumbers and pickles Eggplant Endive Escarole Code 397 399 401 403 407 411 415 417 419 Crop name Garlic Herbs, fresh cut Honeydew melons Kale Lettuce and romaine Lima beans, green Mustard greens Onions, dry Onions, green Code 421 455 423 425 427 429 431 433 435 Crop name Okra Parsley Peas, green Peppers, sweet Peppers, hot Pumpkins Radishes Rhubarb Spinach Code 437 439 441 443 445 449 451 453 457

/10 /10
1

/10 /10
1

/10 /10
Code 459 463 465 467 473 475

/10
Crop name Squash Tomatoes Turnips Turnip greens Watermelons Other vegetables – Specify

SECTION 6
S6

Were any STRAWBERRIES, CRANBERRIES, or OTHER BERRIES harvested FOR SALE from "THIS PLACE" in 1997? (DO NOT include those grown for home use.)
1

YES – Complete this section 2 NO – Go to section 7 For those crops not listed, enter the crop name and code from the list below. Report quantity harvested in unit specified with crop name. Acres harvested Acres irrigated Crop name Code Quantity harvested Crop name Code
Blackberries and dewberries (pounds) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blueberries, tame (pounds) . . . Blueberries, wild (pounds) . . . . Cranberries (100-lb. barrels). . . Raspberries (pounds) . . . . . . . Other berries (pounds) – Specify Whole acres Tenths Whole acres . . . . . . . . . . . . 509 512 515 521 533 539
537 538

Tenths

Strawberries

536

/10
1

Lbs.
2

/10 /10
2

/10
1

/10

/10

If more space is needed, use a separate sheet of paper.

SECTION 7
S7

Were any OTHER CROPS harvested from "THIS PLACE" in 1997 – small grains, field seeds, maples tapped, or other crops not previously reported? Report FRUIT in section 8. (DO NOT include crops grown on land rented TO OTHERS.)
1

YES – Complete this section Crop name

2

NO – Go to section 8 Code 100 575
672

Acres harvested /10

Quantity harvested
101

Acres irrigated
102

Sweetpotatoes and yams Buckwheat Red clover seed For those crops not listed, enter the crop name and code from the list below. Report quantity harvested in unit specified with crop name. Timothy seed

Bu.
576 577

/10
673

Bu. Lbs.
747 748

671 746
1 1

Lbs.
2 2 2 2 2

If more space is needed, use a separate sheet of paper.

1 1 1

Crop name Alfalfa seed (pounds) Birdsfoot trefoil seed (pounds) Canola (pounds) Corn cut for dry fodder, hogged or grazed (Report acres only.)
FORM 97-A0201 (10-29-96)

Code 542 566 614

Code Crop name Crop name Emmer and spelt (bushels) 599 Ryegrass seed (pounds) Ginseng (pounds) 767 Salt hay (tons) Lespedeza seed (pounds) 638 Sorghum cut for dry forage Maple trees tapped (number of taps) 799 or hay (tons, dry weight) 581 Popcorn (pounds, shelled) 662 Page 3

Code Crop name 689 Sunflower seed (pounds) 695 Vetch seed (pounds) Other crops (pounds) – Specify 698

Code 734 755 752

CONTINUE ON PAGE 4

©

D–4

APPENDIX D

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

SECTION 8

Was there a combined total of 20 or more FRUIT or NUT TREES, including GRAPEVINES, on "THIS PLACE" in 1997?
1

S8

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 9
121

Total acres
Whole acres Tenths
122

Acres irrigated
Whole acres Tenths

1. TOTAL ACRES in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, vineyards, and nut trees on this place. (DO NOT include abandoned acres.)

/10

/10

2. For those crops not listed, enter the name and code from the list below for other fruit and nut trees on this place in 1997. Report the requested information for each crop even if not harvested because of low prices, damage from hail, frost, etc. Number of nonbearing age trees or vines Number of bearing age trees or vines
124

Crop name

Code

Acres in trees and vines of all ages
Whole acres
125

Quantity harvested
126

Unit of measure Mark (X) one
Lbs.
127 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 182 3 350 3 592 3 5 3 5 3 181 1 349 1 591 1 4 1 4 1

Tenths

Tons

Boxes or bins

Lbs. per box/bin
128

Apples Grapes Sweet cherries Tart cherries

123
178 179

/10
180

177
346 347

/10
348

345
588 589

/10
590

587
1 1 2

/10
3

/10
2 3

/10

If more space is needed, use a separate sheet of paper.
Crop name Apricots Nectarines Code 129 201 Crop name Peaches Pears Code 225 231 Crop name Plums and prunes Other fruit and nuts – Specify Code 243 369

SECTION 9
S9

GROSS VALUE of CROPS SOLD from "THIS PLACE" in 1997, BEFORE taxes and expenses. Refer to the INFORMATION SHEET, section 9.

Report your best estimate of the value for each of the following groups of crops sold from this place in 1997. Include the value of the landlord’s and/or contractor’s share, estimating if necessary. Include value of Government CCC loans.
1. Grains, soybeans, and other beans sold in 1997 a. Corn for grain b. Wheat c. Soybeans d. Sorghum for grain e. Barley f. Oats g. Other – rye, dry beans, popcorn, sunflower seed, buckwheat, canola, etc. 2. Tobacco 3. Hay, silage, field seeds, and grass seeds 4. Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons (DO NOT include potatoes and sweetpotatoes; report them in item 6 below.) 5. Fruits, nuts, and berries – apples, peaches, grapes, cherries, cranberries, strawberries, blueberries, etc. 6. Other crops – potatoes, sweetpotatoes, maple products, etc. (DO NOT include nursery and greenhouse crops.) – Specify
785

None
773

Dollars $
774

Cents

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

$
775

$
776

$
777

$
778

$
779

$
781

$
782

$
783

$
784

$

$
FORM 97-A0201 (10-29-96)

00

Page 4

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

APPENDIX D

D–5

SECTION 10
S10

Report how the ACRES in this place were USED in 1997. Any land used for more than one of the following purposes should be reported only once. Report that land in the first listed item that applies. For example: Land that was both pastured (item 1b) and harvested (item 1a) should be reported only in cropland harvested. (DO NOT include land rented TO OTHERS.)

1. Cropland a. Cropland harvested – Include all land from which crops were harvested or hay was cut, and all land in orchards, citrus groves, vineyards, and nursery and greenhouse crops.

Number of acres None
787

788

b. Cropland used only for pasture or grazing – Include rotation pasture and grazing land that could have been used for crops without additional improvements.
789

c. Cropland used for cover crops, legumes, and soil-improvement grasses, but NOT harvested and NOT pastured
790

d. Cropland on which all crops failed (Exception: DO NOT report here land in orchards and vineyards on which the crop failed. Such acreage is to be reported in item 1a.)
791

e. Cropland in cultivated summer fallow
793

f. Cropland idle
794

2. Woodland – Include all woodlots and timber tracts and cutover and deforested land with young timber growth.

  

a. Woodland pastured
795

b. Woodland not pastured
796

3. Other pastureland and rangeland – Include any pastureland other than cropland and woodland pastured.
797

4. All other land – Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. – Include any land not reported in items 1 through 3 above.
798

5. TOTAL ACRES – Add the acres reported in items 1 through 4. (Should be the same as section 1, item 4.)

SECTION 11

Was any LAND IRRIGATED in this place in 1997?

Irrigated land is all land watered by sprinklers, flooding, ditches or furrows, drip or trickle irrigation, etc. Include supplemental, partial, or preplant irrigation.

S11

1

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 12 Number of acres irrigated None
680

1. Acres of harvested land irrigated – Include land from which hay was cut and land in bearing and nonbearing fruit and nut crops.
681

2. Acres of pastureland, rangeland, and other land irrigated

SECTION 12

Were any ACRES in this place in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) or Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) in 1997?

S12

1

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 13 Number of acres None
683

1. Acres under the Conservation Reserve Program or Wetlands Reserve Program (CRP or WRP)
FORM 97-A0201 (10-29-96)

Page 5

CONTINUE ON PAGE 6

©

D–6

APPENDIX D

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

SECTION 13
S13

Did you or anyone else have any CATTLE or CALVES, including DAIRY CATTLE, on this place in 1997?
1

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 14 None
803 804

• DECEMBER 31, 1997 INVENTORY 1. CATTLE and CALVES of all ages (Total of a, b, c, and d below.) a. BEEF COWS – Include beef heifers that had calved. b. MILK COWS kept for production of milk – Include dry milk cows and milk heifers that had calved. c. HEIFERS and HEIFER CALVES (DO NOT include heifers that had calved.)

INVENTORY – Number on this place Dec. 31, 1997
Total Beef cows
805

806 807

d. STEERS, STEER CALVES, BULLS, and BULL CALVES • CATTLE AND CALVES SOLD FROM THIS PLACE IN 1997 – Include those fed on this place on a contract or custom basis. Also report as sold cattle moved from this place to a feedlot for further feeding. 2. CALVES weighing less than 500 pounds 3. CATTLE, including calves weighing 500 pounds or more a. Of the total cattle sold, how many were FATTENED on this place on GRAIN or CONCENTRATES for 30 days or more and SOLD for SLAUGHTER? Number sold in 1997
808 810 812

Milk cows Heifers and heifer calves Steers and bulls of all ages

Gross value of sales
Dollars
809

None

Cents

$
811

00 00 00

$
813

$ DAIRY PRODUCTS Gross value of sales None
Dollars
814

• MILK AND DAIRY PRODUCTS SOLD FROM THIS PLACE IN 1997 4. Gross value of MILK and DAIRY PRODUCTS sold from this place in 1997 – Include cream, butter, etc.

Cents

$

00

SECTION 14
S14

Did you or anyone else have any HOGS or PIGS on this place in 1997? Include those grown for others on a contract basis.
1

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 15 None

• DECEMBER 31, 1997 INVENTORY 1. HOGS and PIGS of all ages (Total of a and b below.) a. HOGS and PIGS used or to be used for BREEDING b. OTHER HOGS and PIGS • LITTERS FARROWED 2. LITTERS FARROWED on this place between – a. December 1, 1996 and May 31, 1997 b. June 1, 1997 and November 30, 1997

INVENTORY — Number on this place Dec. 31, 1997
815

Total
816

Breeding
817

Other None Number of litters
818 819

• HOGS AND PIGS SOLD 3. HOGS and PIGS SOLD from this place in 1997, including feeder pigs a. FEEDER PIGS sold from this place for further feeding

None

Number sold in 1997
820 822 821

Gross value of sales
Dollars Cents

$
823

00 00

$

SECTION 15
S15

Did you or anyone else have any SHEEP or LAMBS on this place in 1997?
1

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 16

None

INVENTORY — Number on NUMBER SOLD this place Dec. 31, 1997 in 1997
824 825

1. SHEEP and LAMBS of all ages
826

a. EWES 1 year old or older Number shorn in 1997
827 828

None 2. SHEEP and LAMBS SHORN

Pounds of wool shorn in 1997 Gross value of sales None
Dollars
829

Cents

3. Gross value of SHEEP, LAMBS, and WOOL sold from this place in 1997
FORM 97-A0201 (10-29-96)

$

00

Page 6

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

APPENDIX D

D–7

SECTION 16

Did you or anyone else have any POULTRY such as CHICKENS, TURKEYS, DUCKS, etc., on this place in 1997? Include poultry grown for others on a contract basis.
1

S16

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 17

None

INVENTORY Number on this place Dec. 31, 1997
892 893

Total number sold in 1997

1. LAYERS 20 weeks old and older 2. PULLETS for laying flock replacement a. PULLETS 13 weeks old to 19 weeks old b. PULLET CHICKS and PULLETS less than 13 weeks old (DO NOT include commercial broilers.) 3. BROILERS, fryers, and other meat-type chickens, including capons and roasters 4. TURKEYS a. Turkeys for slaughter (DO NOT include breeders.) b. Turkey HENS kept for breeding 5. OTHER POULTRY raised in captivity – ducks, geese, pigeons or squab, pheasants, quail, etc. (Enter poultry name and code from the list below.) Poultry name Poultry name
Name Code Ducks . . . . . . . . . . . 904 Geese . . . . . . . . . . . 906 Name Code Pigeons or squab . . . . . 908 Pheasants . . . . . . . . . 910
1 1 900 902 901 903 894 896 898

895   899

Code Code
Name Quail . . . . . . . . . . . . All other poultry – Specify Code 912 914

None
916 917

Number

6. POULTRY HATCHED on this place in 1997 and placed or sold – chickens, turkeys, ducks, etc. – Specify kind of poultry 7. Incubator egg capacity on December 31, 1997 Gross value of sales None 8. Gross value of poultry and poultry products (eggs, etc.) sold from this place in 1997
918

Dollars

Cents

$

00

SECTION 17
S17

Did you or anyone else have any HORSES, BEES, FISH, GOATS, OTHER LIVESTOCK, or ANIMAL SPECIALTIES on this place in 1997?
1 2

YES – Complete this section NO – Go to section 18
None

INVENTORY – Number on this place Dec. 31, 1997
830 831

Total quantity sold in 1997
832

Gross value of sales
Dollars Cents

1. Horses and ponies of all ages
839

Number $

00 00

2. Colonies of bees
843

3. Milk goats
847

4. Angora goats
851

  841   844  845   848  849 
840 852 834 837 855

842 $  Number 846 Gallons $ milk  Number 850 Pounds $ mohair 
Number Pounds honey
853 835

00

00 00 00 00 00 00

5. Other goats
833

Number $ Number $
836 838

6. Mules, burros, and donkeys 7. Mink and their pelts
854

Number $
856

8. Rabbits and their pelts 9. All other livestock and livestock products – Specify

Number $
857 858 859

Number $

10. Fish and other aquaculture products (Enter name and code from the list below.) Name
Name Code Catfish . . . . . . . . . . . . . 860 Trout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 863 Hybrid striped bass . . . . . . 872
FORM 97-A0201 (10-29-96)

Code
Name Other fish – Specify . . . . . . . . . . Crawfish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other aquaculture products – Specify Page 7 Code 866 875 869
1

Total quantity sold in 1997 OR
Pounds 2 $ Number 

Gross value of sales
Dollars Cents

00
CONTINUE ON PAGE 8

If additional space is needed, use a separate sheet of paper.

©

D–8

APPENDIX D

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

SECTION 18
S18

GOVERNMENT CCC LOANS – Include regular and reserve loans, even if redeemed or forfeited. Dollars
886

1. Amount received in 1997 from Government CCC loans for – a. Corn b. Wheat c. Soybeans d. Sorghum, barley, and oats e. Cotton f. Sunflower seed, flaxseed, safflower, canola, other rapeseed, and mustard seed g. Peanuts, rice, and tobacco

None

Cents

$
887

00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Dollars Cents

$
888

$
889

$
890

$
897

$
891

$

SECTION 19
S19

Payments received for participation in FEDERAL FARM PROGRAMS in 1997 (DO NOT include CCC loans.) Refer to the INFORMATION SHEET, section 19. None
684

1. Total amount received for participation in FEDERAL FARM PROGRAMS a. Of the total amount, how much was received for participation in the Conservation Reserve Program and Wetlands Reserve Program (CRP and WRP)?

$
685

00 00

$

SECTION 20

During 1997 did you grow or raise any crops, livestock, poultry, or their products that were sold DIRECTLY to individual consumers for HUMAN CONSUMPTION – roadside stands, farmers markets, pick your own, door to door, etc.?
1

S20

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 21 None
920

Dollars $

Cents

1. Gross value of these direct sales 2. Specify what was sold directly – vegetables, eggs, etc.

00

SECTION 21

Was any COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER, including ROCK PHOSPHATE and GYPSUM, used on this place in 1997? (DO NOT include lime.)
1

S21

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 22 None

Acres fertilized
932

1. Acres of cropland fertilized in 1997 (DO NOT include cropland for pastures.)
933

2. Acres of pastureland and rangeland fertilized in 1997, including cropland pastured

SECTION 22

Were any INSECTICIDES, HERBICIDES, FUNGICIDES, NEMATICIDES, OTHER PESTICIDES, or OTHER CHEMICALS used on this place in 1997? Include items such as sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc.
1

S22

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 23

The same acres can be reported in more than one item below; however, DO NOT report acres more than once for an individual item, regardless of the number of applications.
1. Report acres treated to control – a. Insects on crops, including hay
937

Acres on which used None
936

b. Nematodes in crops
938

c. Diseases in crops and orchards (blights, smuts, rusts, etc.)
939

d. Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture – Include both pre-emergence and post emergence.
940

2. Report acres of crops treated to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate.
FORM 97-A0201 (10-29-96)

Page 8

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

APPENDIX D

D–9

SECTION 23
S23

Report PRODUCTION EXPENSES paid by you, your landlords, or contractors for this place in 1997. (DO NOT include expenses not related to the farm business or connected with performing Dollars customwork for others.) 971 None 1. Livestock and poultry purchased – cattle, calves, hogs, pigs, sheep, lambs, $ goats, horses, chicks, poults, started pullets, etc.
972

Cents

00 00 00 00 00 00

2. Feed purchased for livestock and poultry – grain, hay, silage, mixed feeds, concentrates, etc. a. Of the total feed purchased, how much was commercially mixed, including supplements and premixes? (DO NOT include soybean meal, cottonseed meal, etc.) 3. Seeds, plants, etc., purchased – Include purchases of seeds for corn, other grains, soybeans, tobacco, cotton, etc., and transplants and trees. 4. Commercial fertilizer purchased – all forms, including rock phosphate and gypsum. Include cost of custom applications. (DO NOT include lime.) 5. Agricultural chemicals purchased – Insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, other pesticides, etc. – Include cost of custom applications. (DO NOT include lime.) 6. Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil purchased for the farm business – a. Gasoline and gasohol

$
973

$
974

$
975

$
976

$
977

$
978

00 00 00 00 00

b. Diesel fuel c. Natural gas

$
979

$
980

d. LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. 7. Electricity for the farm business (DO NOT include household expenses.) 8. Hired farm and ranch labor – Also include employer’s cost for social security, workman’s compensation, insurance premiums, pension plans, etc. (See the INFORMATION SHEET, section 23.) 9. Contract labor – Include expenditures for labor, such as harvesting of fruit, vegetables, berries, etc., performed on a contract basis by a contractor, crew leader, a cooperative, etc. 10. Repair and maintenance expenses for the upkeep of buildings, motor vehicles, and farm equipment 11. Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment – Include expenditures for use of equipment and for customwork, such as grinding and mixing feed, plowing, combining, corn picking, drying, silo filling, etc. (DO NOT include cost of cotton ginning and application of fertilizer and chemicals.) 12. Interest paid on debts (See the INFORMATION SHEET, section 23.) a. Secured by real estate b. Not secured by real estate

$
981

$
982

$
983

00

$
984

00

$
985

00

$
986

00

$
987

00 00

$
988

13. Cash rent paid for land and buildings in 1997 (DO NOT include grazing fees.) 14. Property taxes paid in 1997 – Include farm real estate, machinery, livestock, etc. for the farm business. (DO NOT include taxes paid by landlords.) 15. All other production expenses – Include insurance, water, animal health costs, grazing fees, lime, marketing charges, miscellaneous farm supplies, etc. (DO NOT include depreciation, household expenses, and expenses not associated with the farm business.)
FORM 97-A0201 (10-29-96)

$
989

00

$
990

00

$
CONTINUE ON PAGE 10

Page 9

©

00

D–10

APPENDIX D

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

SECTION 24
S24

MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT on this place on December 31, 1997
943

Estimated market value
Dollars Cents

1. Estimated market value of ALL machinery, equipment, and implements on this place December 31, 1997 Include all machinery, equipment, and implements used for the farm or ranch business in 1996 or 1997 and usually kept on this place. (For examples of items, see INFORMATION SHEET, section 24.)

$

00
Of the total, the number manufactured in the last 5 years (1993–1997)
945

2. For the machinery and equipment items listed below, report the number on this place December 31, 1997 and used in 1996 or 1997. a. Motortrucks, including pickups b. Wheel tractors less than 40 horsepower (PTO) (DO NOT include garden tractors.) c. Wheel tractors 40 to 99 horsepower (PTO)

Total number on this place December 31, 1997 None
944

946 948

947 949

962

963

d. Wheel tractors 100 horsepower (PTO) or more
950 951

e. Grain and bean combines, all types
956 957

f. Cotton pickers and strippers
958 959

g. Mower conditioners
960 961

h. Pickup balers – Include rectangular and round balers. SECTION 25
S25

Report your best ESTIMATE of the CURRENT MARKET VALUE OF LAND and BUILDINGS. Include all land, dwellings, barns, and other buildings for all acres reported in section 1, items 1, 2, and 3, page 1.

Estimated market value of land and buildings
Dollars Cents

1. Estimated market value of – a. All land and buildings owned b. All land and buildings rented or leased FROM OTHERS c. All land and buildings rented or leased TO OTHERS SECTION 26
S26

None

996

$
997

00 00 00
Farm-related income None
Dollars
992

$
998

$

INCOME FROM FARM-RELATED SOURCES IN 1997 Report amount received before taxes and expenses.

Cents

1. Customwork and other agricultural services provided for farmers and others – plowing, planting, spraying, harvesting, preparation of products for market, etc. (DO NOT include if customwork is an entirely separate business from your agricultural operation.) 2. Gross cash rent or share payments received from renting out farmland or payments received from lease or sale of allotments – Include payments for livestock pastured on a per-head basis, per-month basis, AUM basis, per-pound basis, etc. 3. Sales of forest products – Include naval stores, firewood, etc. (DO NOT include sales of Christmas trees or maple products.) 4. Patronage dividends and refunds from cooperatives, recreational services, and other income which is CLOSELY RELATED to the agricultural operation on this place – Specify

$
993

00

$
994

00 00

$

995

$ SECTION 27 Were any HIRED WORKERS, including paid family members, doing agricultural labor on this place in 1997? (DO NOT include contract labor.)
1

00

S27

YES – Complete this section

2

NO – Go to section 28 None

Hired workers
941

1. Of the hired farm or ranch labor, including paid family members, how many – a. Worked less than 150 days? b. Worked 150 days or more?
FORM 97-A0201 (10-29-96)

942

Page 10

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

APPENDIX D

D–11

SECTION 28

Were there any INJURIES or DEATHS connected with farm or ranch work on or for this place in 1997?

S28

Report injuries that required paid medical care, or resulted in lost worktime or were fatal. DO NOT report deaths or injuries of contract workers or customworkers. Operator and family members 2 NO – Go to section 29 1 YES – Complete this section None
952 954

Hired workers
953

1. Number of workers with work-related injuries (DO NOT include deaths.)
955

2. Number of work-related deaths SECTION 29
S29

TYPE OF ORGANIZATION – Mark (X) the one item which best describes the type of organization for this place in 1997. Refer to the INFORMATION SHEET, section 29.

• FAMILY or INDIVIDUAL operation (DO NOT include partnership and corporation.) • PARTNERSHIP operation – Include family partnerships. • INCORPORATED UNDER STATE LAW • OTHER, such as estate or trust, prison farm, grazing association, Indian reservation, etc. SECTION 30
S30

921

1 2 3

  Go to section 31 
Go to section 30 Specify, then go to section 31

4

CORPORATE STRUCTURE (for incorporated operations only) Refer to the INFORMATION SHEET, section 30.

1. Is this a family-held corporation? 2. Are there more than 10 stockholders? SECTION 31
S31

922

1 3

Yes Yes

2 4

No No

CHARACTERISTICS AND OCCUPATION OF OPERATOR (Senior partner or person in charge) Refer to the INFORMATION SHEET, section 31.

1. RESIDENCE – Does the operator (senior partner or person in charge) live on this place? 2. PRINCIPAL OCCUPATION – At which occupation did the operator spend the majority (50 percent or more) of his/her worktime in 1997? For partnerships consider all members of the partnership together. 3. OFF-FARM WORK – How many days did the operator (senior partner or person in charge) work at least 4 hours per day off this place in 1997? Include work at a nonfarm job, business, or on someone else’s farm for pay. (DO NOT include exchange farmwork.) 4. In what YEAR did the operator (or senior partner) begin to operate any part of this place? 5. AGE of operator (senior partner or person in charge) on Dec. 31, 1997

923

1

Yes Farming or ranching None 1–49 days 50–99 days Year Years of age

2

No Other

928

1

2

929

1 2 3

4 5 6

100–149 days 150–199 days 200 days or more

930 925

924

6. RACE of operator (senior partner or person in charge)

1 2 3
1

White Black, African American, or Negro American Indian Male

4 9

Asian or Pacific Islander Other – Specify

7. SEX of operator (senior partner or person in charge) 8. Is the operator (senior partner or person in charge) of SPANISH, HISPANIC, or LATINO origin or background, such as Mexican, Cuban, or Puerto Rican, regardless of race? SECTION 32 Name PERSON COMPLETING THIS REPORT – Please print

926

2

Female

927

1

Yes
999

2

No

Date

Telephone

Area code

Number –

RETURN your completed form to: Census of Agriculture, 1201 East 10th St., Jeffersonville, IN 47131-1700
FORM 97-A0201 (10-29-96)

Page 11

D–12

APPENDIX D

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

97-A02(I)
(2-7-97)

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS SERVICE

INFORMATION SHEET
1997 UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
Special Reporting Instructions
Who Should Report – WE NEED A REPLY FROM EVERYONE RECEIVING A REPORT FORM, INCLUDING individuals, landlords, tenants, partnerships, corporations, institutions, and THOSE NOT CONDUCTING AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS. Each name and address included in the census has a unique Census File Number (CFN). In order to make the census results as complete and accurate as possible, we need every report form returned, whether you farm or not. If You Received More Than One Report Form for the Same Operation – Complete only ONE report form for that operation. Write "Duplicate" near the address label of each extra report form. Also, write the 12-character census file number(s) of the EXTRA report(s) ON THE COMPLETED REPORT in the space provided below and to the right of the address label. Return the extra report(s) in the same envelope with your completed report form so that we can correct our records. If You No Longer Farm – If you had agricultural operations for any part of 1997, please report all agricultural activity during that portion of the year. Report all land on your census form that you owned or rented. Also, report your 1997 crop and livestock production and 1997 sales. If You Quit Farming During 1997 – Complete the report form for the portion of the year that you did farm. Explain on the report form in the space to the left of the address label (or on another sheet of paper) when you stopped farming and include, if known, the name and address of the person now using the land and/or buildings. If You Never Farmed or Have No Association With Agriculture – Please write a note on the report form near the address label explaining this and return the form so that we can correct our records. In our efforts to make the census as complete as possible, we obtained lists from various sources. We tried to eliminate nonfarm addresses; however, it was not always possible to do so. If You Have More Than One Agricultural Operation – Complete a report form for EACH SEPARATE and DISTINCT production unit, i.e., each individual farm, ranch, feedlot, greenhouse, etc., for which you maintain SEPARATE operating expense and/or production records including livestock and other inventories and crop acreages. If You Have a Partnership Operation – Complete only ONE report form for the entire partnership’s agricultural operation and include all partners’ shares on that report. If members of the partnership operate separate farms or ranches in addition to the partnership farming operation, separate report forms should be completed for each individual operation. If two or more report forms were received for the same operation, mark each additional form as a "Duplicate." Return the extra report(s) in the same envelope with the completed partnership report, where possible, or write a note on the extra report(s), such as, "(Name of partner) has already completed a report for the partnership (provide name and CFN of partnership)." Landlord’s or Contractor’s Share – If you rented or leased land from others or had a contract for the production of agricultural products, include both your share and the landlord’s or contractor’s share of the production, sales, and expenses so your census report form will be complete for "THIS PLACE." If you DO NOT know or DO NOT have records available for the landlord’s or contractor’s share, report your BEST ESTIMATE. How to Enter Your Response – Enter your replies in the proper spaces, on the correct lines, and in the units requested, i.e., dollars, bushels, tons, etc. Write any explanation outside the answer spaces or on a separate sheet of paper. All dollar figures should be entered in whole dollars. CENTS ARE NOT REQUIRED. Enter whole numbers except where tenths are requested, such as acres of potatoes harvested. If you have 1/2, 1/3, or 1/4 of an acre, convert to tenths. For example, convert 1/2 to 5/10, 1/3 to 3/10, 1/4 to 2/10. The census report form may contain sections and questions which DO NOT apply to you. When this occurs, mark the "None" or "No" box and go on to the next item or section.

Instructions For Specified Sections
x Section 1 – ACREAGE IN 1997

Your answers to this section will determine the land (Acres in "THIS PLACE") referred to in the rest of the report form. When answering the acreage questions, include the land associated with your agricultural operations in 1997 whether in production or not. Include all land that you owned or rented during 1997 even if only for part of the year. DO NOT include any unrelated residential or commercial land. Report all land in section 1 in whole acres. Item 1 – All Land Owned – Report all land owned in 1997 whether held under deed, purchase contract or mortgage, homestead law, or as heir or trustee of an undivided estate. Include all land owned by you and/or your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or organization for which you are reporting. Item 2 – All Land Rented or Leased FROM OTHERS – Report all land rented by you or your operation. INCLUDE in item 2: • Land for agricultural use that you rented from others for cash • Land you worked on a share basis (crop or livestock) • Land owned by someone else that you used rent-free • Land rented or leased BY THE ACRE from Federal or State governments, Indian reservations, or railroads. DO NOT INCLUDE in item 2: • Land used under Government grazing permits or special license on a per-head or animal unit month (AUM) basis, such as section 3 of the Taylor Grazing Act, National Forest, or Indian reservation permit land. If you had any of these permits, mark the appropriate boxes in item 7. Item 3 – All Land Rented or Leased TO OTHERS – Include all land rented out for any purpose if it was part of the acreage reported in items 1 and 2. A report form will be obtained from each of your tenants to cover the operations on that land. INCLUDE in item 3: • Owned land rented to others for cash or a share of crops or livestock • Land you rented from someone and then subleased to someone else • Land worked for you by someone for a share of crops or livestock • Land which you allowed others to use rent-free DO NOT INCLUDE in item 3: • Land placed in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) or Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) as acres rented to the Government. • Unrelated residential, commercial, or other land not included in items 1 and 2. Item 4 – Acres in "THIS PLACE" – This figure will show the total of all land you operated at any time in 1997. If item 4, Acres in "THIS PLACE" is "0" and: • You grew any crops or raised any livestock or poultry on "THIS PLACE" in 1997, complete the report. • All your land was operated by a renter or sharecropper, complete section 1, item 6 (number of owned acres rented), skip to and complete section 32, and explain briefly, "all land rented out," etc. Mail report form in return envelope. • You did not have any agricultural activity on owned or rented land in 1997, complete section 32 and explain briefly, such as "retired," "sold farm," and date. Give name and address of current operator if known and return report form in return envelope.

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How to Report Crops Harvested
x Sections 2 through 8 – CROPS

x Section 8 – FRUITS AND NUTS

Sections 2 through 8 provide space for reporting crops harvested during the 1997 crop year from the land shown in section 1, item 4 (Acres in "THIS PLACE") of your report. Please report your crops in the appropriate sections. DO NOT include any crops grown on land rented or leased TO OTHERS, or worked by others on shares during 1997. Acres harvested – Enter the acres harvested in 1997. Round fractions to whole acres except where tenths are requested by "/10" in the reporting box, such as for potatoes. Quantity harvested – If your unit of measure is different than the unit on the report form, please convert your figure for the quantity harvested to the unit requested. If the harvest was incomplete by December 31, 1997, please report the quantity harvested and the estimated quantity to be harvested. Acres irrigated – For each crop irrigated, report number of acres irrigated. Irrigation is defined as land watered by artificial or controlled means – sprinklers, furrows or ditches, spreader dikes, purposeful flooding, etc. Include acres that received supplemental, partial, and/or preplant irrigation. DO NOT report water applied in transplanting tobacco plants, trees, or vegetables as irrigation. Leave "Acres irrigated" blank for crops that are not irrigated. Double Cropping – If two or more crops were harvested from the same land (double cropping), report the total acres and production of each harvested crop in the appropriate section(s) of the report form.

In counting the combined total of 20 or more trees and vines, include those for home use as well as those maintained for sale of the production. Acres in trees or vines that have been abandoned should not be included; these acres should be included in section 10, item 1f "Cropland idle." If fruit and nut trees and vines were interplanted with crops other than trees or vines, report the total acres for the orchard crop in section 8, item 1, and the total acres of each interplanted crop in their appropriate section.
x Section 9 – GROSS VALUE OF CROPS SOLD

Report the value of all crops sold from "THIS PLACE" in 1997, regardless of the year they were harvested or who owned the land. Be sure to report gross values before deducting expenses and taxes. Include Government CCC loans received for "THIS PLACE" in 1997. Include payments received in 1997 from cooperatives or marketing organizations for crops produced on "THIS PLACE," regardless of the year in which the crops were harvested. Also include as sales your estimate of the value of any crop removed from "THIS PLACE" in trade for services, such as hay cut in exchange for labor, or other services. If the sale price or market value is not known, give your best estimate of the crop’s market value when removed from "THIS PLACE." DO NOT INCLUDE crops or crop products purchased from others and later sold.
x Section 10 – USE OF ACRES IN "THIS PLACE"

Example: In 1997, you harvested 1,230 bushels of wheat from 40 acres, then on the same 40 acres planted soybeans, from which you harvested 1,550 bushels. You irrigated the soybeans but not the wheat.
SECTION 2
S2

The sum of the acres entered in various categories should equal total acres in "THIS PLACE," as reported in section 1, item 4. (DO NOT include any acres you rented or leased to others reported in section 1, item 3.) Land Used for More Than One Purpose – DO NOT report the same acreage in more than one of the listed purposes. If part or all of your land was used for more than one listed purpose in 1997, report that land only in the first category listed. For example, if you plowed under a cover crop, and planted and harvested a grain crop, report the land in item 1a, "Cropland harvested," but DO NOT report as "Cropland used for cover crops, legumes, etc." (item 1c). Double Cropping – When more than one crop was harvested from the same land in 1997, report that land only ONCE as "Cropland harvested," in item 1a. Interplanted Crops – If you interplanted crops, such as alfalfa hay in an orchard, report the total land used for both crops only ONCE, as "Cropland harvested," in item 1a. Skip Row Planted Crops – Report the acres that represent the total nonplanted or skipped rows as "Cropland idle," in item 1f. The acres that represent the planted rows should be reported as "Cropland harvested," in item 1a. Maple Trees Tapped – Report acres of tapped maple trees (sugar bush) as "Woodland not pastured", in item 2b.
x Section 11 – IRRIGATION

Were any of the following CROPS harvested from "THIS PLACE" IN 1997? DO NOT include crops grown on land rented TO OTHERS.)
Acres harvested
None 091 088 092

Quantity harvested Bales
089

Acres irrigated
093 090

1. Cotton 2. Soybeans for beans
545

,
546

Bu.
547

3. Wheat for grain
076

,
077

Bu.
078

4. Oats for grain

Bu.

Interplanted Crops – If two crops were grown at the same time in alternating strips in the same field, report the portion of the field used for each crop.

Example: A 60-acre field was planted in cotton and soybeans with two rows of cotton, followed by an area of the same width planted in soybeans. Thirty acres of soybeans and 30 acres of cotton would be reported in the appropriate section(s).
Skip Row Planting – If a crop is planted in an alternating pattern of planted and non-planted rows, such as two rows planted and two rows skipped (2 X 2), report the portion of the field occupied by the crop in the appropriate section for that crop, and report the skipped portion as "Cropland idle" in section 10, item 1f.
x Sections 2 and 3 – Report only for the listed crops. x Sections 4 through 8 – To report: (1) find the crop name and

the code number from the list in the section; (2) enter crop name and code in the first two columns of the first available answer line in the section; (3) enter the information that is requested in the remaining columns. If you harvested a crop not listed in sections 4 through 8, use the "Other" code in the appropriate section and specify the crop name.
x Section 4 – NURSERY AND GREENHOUSE CROPS

Report in item 1 the acres of irrigated land from which crops were harvested. Include all irrigated orchard land with bearing and nonbearing trees. Include irrigated land from which hay was cut. If crops were double cropped and both were irrigated, report the irrigated acres only once. Acres in item 1 of this section should not exceed acres in section 10, item 1a. In item 2, report all other irrigated land, such as irrigated pasture, land on which crops failed, land in cover crops, and all other irrigated land not included in item 1.
x Section 12 – ACRES UNDER THE CONSERVATION

Report Christmas trees grown on this place and sold live as nursery crops, code 488. Report Christmas trees grown on this place and sold as cut Christmas trees in code 491. Acres of Christmas trees to be cut in later years should be reported as other nursery and greenhouse, code 506.
x Section 5 – VEGETABLES

RESERVE PROGRAM (CRP) OR WETLANDS RESERVE PROGRAM (WRP) Include in item 1 all acres in "THIS PLACE" retired from production and placed, by long-term contract, into the Conservation Reserve Program or Wetlands Reserve Program (CRP or WRP). Acres placed in these programs during and prior to 1997 should be included.
x Sections 13 through 17– LIVESTOCK, POULTRY, OTHER

Report acres of vegetables harvested FOR SALE or commercial processing. DO NOT include vegetables grown for home use. Report the total acreage of each vegetable crop harvested.

LIVESTOCK, OR ANIMAL SPECIALTIES Animals and Poultry to Include in the Report Form – Report all animals, poultry, and animal specialties on "THIS PLACE" (as defined in section 1, item 4) on December 31, 1997. Include all owned by you and any kept by you for others. Include animals on unfenced lands, National Forest land, district land, cooperative grazing association land, or rangeland administered by the Bureau of Land Management on a per-head, AUM, or lease basis. Animals in transit on December 31, 1997, or animals on a short-term pasture (such as wheat pasture or crop residue) on a per-head, AUM, or lease basis should be reported by the person who had control of the animals.

Example: In 1997, you harvested 10 acres of lettuce from a field, then replanted the field in lettuce and harvested the 10 acres again. Both crops of lettuce were irrigated. Enter only 10 acres of land from which vegetables were harvested and 10 acres irrigated in item 1 of section 5, but write in 20 acres of lettuce harvested and 20 acres of lettuce irrigated in item 2 of section 5.
x Section 7 – OTHER CROPS

Maple Trees Tapped – Report acres of tapped maple trees (sugar bush) on this place in code 799. Report the number of taps from which you gathered sap as the quantity harvested.

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Animals and Poultry to Exclude from the Report Form – DO NOT report animals or poultry kept on land rented to others or kept under a share arrangement on land rented to others. DO NOT include animals quartered in feedlots which are not a part of "THIS PLACE." Animals kept on a place not operated by you are to be included on the report for that place. Animals Bought and Sold – DO NOT REPORT ANY ANIMALS BOUGHT AND THEN RESOLD WITHIN 30 DAYS. Such purchases and sales are considered "dealer" transactions and are not included in this census. Number Sold – Report all animals and poultry sold or moved from "THIS PLACE" in 1997, without regard to ownership or who shared in the receipts. Include animals sold for a landlord or given to a landlord or others in trade or in payment for goods or services. DO NOT report number sold for any livestock or poultry kept on another place. Animals Moved to Another Place – For animals moved from "THIS PLACE" to another place, such as for further feeding, report animals as "sold" and give your best estimate of their market value when they left "THIS PLACE." Fat Cattle Sold – Cattle fattened on grain or concentrates for 30 days or more and sold for slaughter are reported in section 13, item 3a. DO NOT INCLUDE WITH FATTENED CATTLE SOLD: • Cattle and calves sold for further feeding • Veal calves or any calves weighing less than 500 pounds • Dairy cows – cull cows fed only the usual dairy ration before being sold Value of Sales – Report the total gross value of animals and poultry sold or moved from "THIS PLACE" in 1997, without deducting production or marketing expenses (cost of feed, cost of livestock purchased, cost of hauling and selling, etc.). If the sale price or market value is not known, give your best estimate of their market value when they left "THIS PLACE." DO NOT report the value of sales of any livestock and poultry owned by you that were kept and sold from a place you did not operate. Contract and Custom Feeding Operations – Livestock or poultry kept by you on "THIS PLACE" on a contract or custom basis should be included on this report REGARDLESS OF OWNERSHIP. Report as "INVENTORY" number of animals or poultry on the place on December 31, 1997. Report as "SOLD" animals and poultry kept on a contract or custom basis and removed or sold from "THIS PLACE" in 1997. If the sale price or market value is not known, give your best estimate of the market value of the animals or poultry when they left "THIS PLACE."
x Section 16 – POULTRY

x Section 20 – DIRECT SALES

The person who furnished the housing and labor should report the poultry operation on his/her report form regardless of who owns the birds. Report as sold, poultry that were taken or moved from "THIS PLACE" in 1997. Estimate the market value of birds if necessary. Do not report the amount received from a contractor as the market value of birds.
x Section 17 – HORSES, BEES, FISH, GOATS, OTHER

LIVESTOCK, OR ANIMAL SPECIALTIES Item 2 – If you owned BEES – Report all colonies or hives of bees and honey operations conducted by you, regardless of where the hives were kept most of the year. Report hives or colonies, pounds of honey sold, and value of sales. Items 7 and 8 – Mink pelts and rabbit pelts should be included in number sold and value of sales, but not in inventory. Item 9 – Other Livestock and Livestock Products – Include in other livestock and livestock products manure, beeswax, and any other animal products sold from "THIS PLACE" in 1997. Please indicate units used in reporting. Item 10 – Fish or Other Aquaculture Products – Report number or pounds sold and gross value of sales for each. Enter name and code from list.
x Section 18 – AMOUNT RECEIVED FROM GOVERNMENT

CCC LOANS Report in item 1 the amount received under the regular or reserve program for commodities placed under CCC loans during 1997. Include amount received even if commodity was redeemed or forfeited prior to December 31, 1997. DO NOT include CCC loans received to build crop storage facilities or amount received for storage payments in the reserve program.
x Section 19 – FEDERAL FARM PAYMENTS RECEIVED

Report in item 1 all payments received from Federal farm programs in 1997. Federal payments include receipts from Federal farm programs, such as deficiency payments, support price payments, indemnity programs, disaster payments, paid land diversion, payments for enrollment in the Conservation Reserve Program or Wetlands Reserve Program (CRP or WRP), payments received for approved soil and water conservation projects, etc. In item 1a, report the amount received for participation in the Conservation Reserve Program and Wetlands Reserve Program (CRP and WRP). DO NOT include payment from CCC loans or crop insurance.

Report the sales of crops, livestock, poultry, or their products sold directly to consumers for their own consumption from roadside stands, farmers markets, pick your own, door to door, etc. Include only those commodities sold directly for human consumption, such as vegetables, fruit, eggs, milk, cattle, chickens, hogs, turkeys, etc. Report only commodities grown or raised on "THIS PLACE." DO NOT include crops, livestock, poultry, or other products which you bought and resold. x Section 21 – COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER Report acres on which commercial fertilizer was applied during 1997. If any acreage was fertilized more than once, report acres ONLY ONCE. Report commercial fertilizer expenditures in section 23, item 4. DO NOT report the use of manure and other material, such as sludge, lime, or other soil conditioners. x Section 22 – INSECTICIDES, HERBICIDES, FUNGICIDES, NEMATICIDES, OTHER PESTICIDES, OR OTHER CHEMICALS Report acres on which chemicals were applied during 1997 to control insects, diseases, nematodes, and weeds. Also report acres of crops treated to control growth, thin fruit, or defoliate. Include acres on which custom application of chemicals were made. If multiple applications of chemicals for the same purpose (for example, herbicides) were made on the same acres, report acreage only once. If chemicals were applied for different purposes, report the acres for each purpose that the chemicals were used. Report agricultural chemical expenditures in section 23, item 5. x Section 23 – PRODUCTION EXPENSES paid by you and others for "THIS PLACE" in 1997 Include farm production expenses paid by you, your landlord, contractors, or anyone else for crops, livestock, or poultry produced on "THIS PLACE." Include expenses incurred in 1997 even if they were not paid for in 1997. Please estimate if exact figures are not known. Refer to the individual expenditure items below for further explanations. Item 1 – Livestock and Poultry Purchased – Report the cost of cattle, calves, hogs, pigs, sheep, lambs, goats, horses, chicks, poults, started pullets, etc., including breeding stock and dairy cows. Contract growers or custom feeders who did not own or purchase the livestock or poultry themselves should estimate the value of the cattle, calves, pigs, chicks, started pullets, etc., at the time they came onto the place. Item 2 – Feed Purchased for Livestock and Poultry – Report the purchase cost of all grains, silage, hay, commercially mixed and premixed feeds, ingredients, concentrates, etc., fed to livestock and poultry on "THIS PLACE." Contract livestock and poultry growers should estimate the value of feed provided by the contracting company. Custom feedyards should include feed costs for all cattle fed even if the owners of the cattle were billed for the feed. Feed raised on "THIS PLACE" should not be reported as purchased. Report in item 2a only purchases of commercially mixed feed, including complete feeds, supplements, concentrates, and premixes. DO NOT include ingredients purchased separately, such as soybean meal, urea, etc. Item 8 – Cost of Hired Farm and Ranch Labor – Include gross salaries and wages, commissions, dismissal pay, vacation pay, and paid bonuses paid to hired workers, family members, hired managers, administrative and clerical employees, and salaried corporate officers. Include supplemental cost for benefits such as employer’s social security contributions, unemployment compensation, workman’s compensation insurance, life and medical insurance, pension plans, etc. Item 9 – Contract Labor – Includes the labor costs of workers furnished on a contract basis by labor contractor, crew leader, or cooperative for harvesting vegetables or fruit, shearing sheep, or similar farm activities. DO NOT include costs for building or repair work done by a construction contractor. Include the cost of customwork or machine hire in item 11. Item 10 – Repair and Maintenance Expenses for the Upkeep of Buildings, Motor Vehicles, and Farm Equipment – Include the cost of repairs and upkeep of farm machinery, vehicles, buildings, fences, and other equipment used in the farm business. DO NOT include repairs to vehicles not used in the farm business or for equipment used for performing customwork for others. DO NOT include expenditures for the construction of new buildings or the cost of additions to existing buildings. Item 12 – Interest Expense Paid on Debts – Report all interest expenses paid in 1997 for the farm business. Include interest on loans secured by land and buildings (real estate) in item 12a. Include all loans not secured by real estate, such as for fertilizer, feed, and seed in item 12b and also include interest paid on CCC loans. DO NOT include interest associated with activities not related to production of crops or livestock on "THIS PLACE," such as land or buildings rented to others, packing sheds, or feed mills that provide services to others. DO NOT include interest on owner/operator dwelling where amount is separated from interest on other land and buildings on "THIS PLACE."

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Item 13 – Cash Rent Paid for Land and Buildings in 1997 – Report rent paid in cash during 1997 for land and buildings on "THIS PLACE." DO NOT include rent paid for operator dwelling or other nonfarm property. DO NOT include the value of shares of crops or livestock paid to landlords. Item 14 – Property Taxes Paid in 1997 – Include real estate property taxes you paid on the acres and buildings you operated and used in the farm business. DO NOT include: • Property taxes on land or buildings rented to someone else • Taxes paid by landlords • Property taxes paid on other property not associated with the farm business • Income and excise taxes Item 15 – All Other Production Expenses – Farm production costs not previously listed should be reported here. In addition to items listed on the report form, include bookkeeping charges, tax preparation fees, postage, advertising, commission for sale of cattle, and fees paid for farm-related advice or for farm consultants. DO NOT include depreciation or expenditures for the purchase of land and buildings or new or used machinery.
x Section 24 – MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT

Remember to include in the "less than 150 day" category any short term or temporary workers who may have worked only a few days. DO NOT include contract labor or custom workers.
x Section 28 – INJURIES AND DEATHS

Injuries – Include all injuries resulting in lost worktime or medical care expense that occurred while doing farm or ranch work on or for "THIS PLACE" during 1997. Include injuries of family members, the operator, paid hired workers, and unpaid workers. DO NOT include injuries to contract workers. DO NOT include household injuries not related to the farming operation. Deaths – Include all deaths that resulted from injuries or accidents related to farm or ranch work on or for "THIS PLACE." Include deaths of family members, the operator, paid hired workers, and unpaid workers. DO NOT include deaths of contract workers. DO NOT include deaths that resulted from natural or nonaccidental causes such as heart attacks, cancer, suicide, etc.
x Section 29 – TYPE OF ORGANIZATION

Use the following definitions to determine the type of organization for your operation: Family or Individual Operation – Defined as farm or business organization controlled and operated by an individual (sole proprietor). Include family operations that are not incorporated and not operated under a partnership agreement. Partnership Operation – Defined as two or more persons who have agreed on the amount of their contribution (capital and labor) and the distribution of profits. Co-ownership of land by husband and wife or joint filing of income tax forms by husband and wife DOES NOT constitute a partnership unless a specific agreement to share contributions, decision making, profits, and liabilities exists. Production under contract or under a share rental agreement DOES NOT constitute a partnership. Incorporated Under State Law – A corporation is defined as a legal entity or artificial person created under the laws of a State to carry on a business. This definition DOES NOT include cooperatives. Information on type of corporation should be reported in section 30. Other – Such as cooperatives (defined as an incorporated or unincorporated enterprise or an association created and formed jointly by the members), estate or trust (defined as a fund of money or property administered for the benefit of another individual or organization), prison farm, grazing association, Indian reservation, institution run by a government or religious entity, etc.
x Section 30 – CORPORATE STRUCTURE

The estimated market value in item 1 refers to ALL machinery and equipment kept primarily on "THIS PLACE" and used for the farm business. Report the value in its present condition, not the replacement or depreciated value. Specialized equipment, which is an integral part of a building, should be included as a part of the value of land and buildings. Include cars, trucks, tractors, planters, combines and heads, plows, disks, harrows, mowers, sprayers, wagons and trailers, loaders and backhoes, dryers, pumps, motors, irrigation equipment, dairy equipment including milkers and bulk tanks, manure spreaders, livestock feeders, grinding and mixing equipment, etc.
x Section 25 – ESTIMATED CURRENT MARKET VALUE OF

LAND AND BUILDINGS The value for each of the three listed categories (owned land, land rented from others, and land rented to others) should be your estimate of the value of the land, houses, barns and other buildings if they were sold in the current market. The real estate tax assessment value should not be used unless that value represents a full market value assessment and the land, house, and buildings could reasonably be assumed to be sold at that price. DO NOT deduct real estate marketing charges from your estimate. Report the total value, not the value on a per-acre basis.
x Section 26 – INCOME FROM FARM-RELATED SOURCES IN

1997 Items 1 through 4 refer only to those income producing activities for which you use part of the land, machinery, equipment, labor, or capital normally used on "THIS PLACE" and which you do not consider as entirely separate from your farming activities. Report gross amounts received before taxes and expenses. Item 1 – Customwork – DO NOT report income for customwork or agricultural services provided to others if operated as an entirely separate business from your agricultural operation. Item 2 – Rental Income – DO NOT include rental income from nonfarm property. Item 3 – Forest Products – Include only those forest products cut from "THIS PLACE," not items cut from other nonfarm timber acreage. DO NOT include income from saw mill business or from the sale of Christmas trees, maple syrup, or sap products. Item 4 – Other Farm-Related Income – Include income from hunting leases, fishing fees, and other recreational services; sales of farm by-products; and other business or income closely related to the agricultural operation on "THIS PLACE." Include patronage dividends or rebates for business done with farmer-owned cooperatives. DO NOT enter previously reported farm sales or income from investments not associated with the farm. DO NOT include retirement pensions or social security benefits received.
x Section 27 – HIRED FARM OR RANCH LABOR

This section is to be answered by corporations only. Answer both items. A family-held corporation has more than 50 percent of its stock owned by persons related by blood or marriage.
x Section 31 – CHARACTERISTICS AND OCCUPATION OF

OPERATOR This section collects information about the operator of "THIS PLACE" who is defined as the individual owner, the operator, the senior partner, or person in charge for the type of organization reported in section 29. Family or Individual Operation – Complete this section for the operator. Partnership Operations – Answer all items, except item 2, for the "Senior Partner." The "Senior Partner" is the individual who is mainly responsible for the agricultural operations on "THIS PLACE," not necessarily the person senior in age. If each partner shares equally in the day-to-day management decisions, consider the oldest as the "Senior Partner." For item 2 (Principal Occupation) consider all members of the partnership together. Please include as "farming" worktime all types of agricultural enterprises, including work at greenhouses, nurseries, mushroom production, ranching, feedlots, broiler feeding, etc. Corporations and Other Operations (Cooperatives, Estates, etc.) – Complete this section for the person in charge, such as a hired manager, business manager, or other person primarily responsible for the on-site, day-to-day operation of the farm or ranch business. Item 4 – Year Began Operation – Report the first year the operator or senior partner began to operate any part of "THIS PLACE" on a continuous basis. If the operator returned to a place previously operated, report the year operation was resumed.
x Section 32 – PERSON COMPLETING THIS REPORT

Report the number of paid farm or ranch workers doing agricultural labor. Include paid family members. Include workers such as hired bookkeepers, office workers, maintenance workers, etc., if their work is primarily associated with agricultural production on "THIS PLACE."

Complete this information and return completed form to: Census of Agriculture, 1201 East 10th St., Jeffersonville, IN 47131-1700.

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Appendix E. Conversion From the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System
In previous agriculture censuses, farms were classified by type of activity or activities according to the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). For 1997 a new classification system, the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), replaced the SIC. NAICS was developed jointly by Mexico, Canada, and the United States to make the industrial statistics produced in the three countries comparable. Table A ‘‘Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1997’’ is provided as a bridge table and will not be provided in future census publications. Table B ‘‘1997 NAICS U.S. Matched to 1987 U.S. SIC’’ provides excerpts from the 1997 NAICS Manual1 to assist the data user when making comparisons of establishment data between classification systems. The following text describes the classification methodology for the SIC system. An establishment primarily engaged in crop production (major group 01) or production of livestock and animal specialties (major group 02) is classified in the four-digit industry and three-digit industry group which accounts for 50 percent or more of the total value of sales of its agricultural products. If the total value of sales of agricultural products of an establishment is less than 50 percent from a single four-digit industry, but 50 percent or more from the products of two or more four-digit industries within the same three-digit industry group, the establishment is classified in the miscellaneous industry of that industry group. Otherwise, it is classified as a general crop farm in industry 0191 or a general livestock farm in industry 0291. Establishments that derive 50 percent or more of the value of sales from horticultural specialties of industry group 018 are classified in industry 0181 or 0182 according to their primary activity. The SIC groupings, together with the associated products (value of sales representing 50 percent or more of the value of agricultural products sold during the year) on which the classification is based, are as follows: Cash grains (011). Wheat, rice, corn, soybeans, barley, buckwheat, cowpeas, dry field and seed beans and peas, flaxseed, lentils, mustard seed, oats, popcorn, rye, safflower, sorghum, sunflowers, and other small grains. Cotton (0131). Cotton and cottonseed. Tobacco (0132). Tobacco. Sugarcane, sugar beets, potatoes, hay, peanuts, and other field crops (0133, 0134, 0139). Sugarcane, sugar beets, potatoes, alfalfa, broomcorn, clover, grass seed, hay, hops, mint, peanuts, sweet potatoes, timothy, and yams. Vegetables and melons (016). Vegetables and melons grown in the open. Fruits and tree nuts (017). Berries, grapes, tree nuts, citrus fruits, deciduous tree fruits, avocados, bananas, coffee, dates, figs, olives, pineapples, and tropical fruit. Horticultural specialties (018). Bedding plants, bulbs, florists’ greens, flower and vegetable seeds, flowers, foliage, fruit stocks, nursery stock, ornamental plants, shrubbery, sod, mushrooms, and vegetables grown under cover. General farms, primarily crops (019). Crops, including horticultural specialties, but less than 50 percent of sales from any single three-digit industry group. Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal specialties (021). Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, goats’ milk, mohair, and wool. Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212). Production or feeding of beef cattle, except feedlots. Dairy farms (024). Production of cows’ milk and other dairy products and raising of dairy heifer replacements. Poultry and eggs (025). Chickens, chicken eggs, turkeys, ducks, geese, pheasants, pigeons, quail, and squab. Animal specialties (027). Fur-bearing animals, rabbits, horses, ponies, bees, fish in captivity including fish hatcheries, worms, and laboratory animals. General farms, primarily livestock and animal specialties (029). Livestock and animal specialties and their products, but less than 50 percent of sales from any three-digit industry group.

North American Industry Classification System, United States, 1997. For sale by the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA 22161 or contact the NTIS website at http://www.ntis.gov/search htm/.

1

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

APPENDIX E

E-1

Table A.

Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1997
Estimated market value of selected capital assets1, average per farm (dollars) SIC code Land in farms (acres) 55 256 32 641 (D) – – (D) – (D) 11 973 – – – 1 092 10 881 4 489 3 745 2 488 219 – – 862 176 10 077 9 931 146 (D) 20 464 Harvested cropland (acres) 19 019 12 921 (D) – – (D) – (D) 4 856 – – – 911 3 945 2 065 574 187 52 – – 304 31 4 787 4 779 8 (D) 5 454 Land and buildings 442 402 477 797 (D) – – (D) – (D) 512 140 – – – 622 541 502 644 432 310 381 620 334 903 916 500 – – 338 420 301 401 509 173 519 041 229 592 (D) 405 365 Machinery and equipment 38 799 45 179 (D) – – (D) – (D) 33 721 – – – 86 250 29 202 39 270 26 271 37 544 13 875 – – 23 875 10 583 62 750 64 124 23 833 (D) 31 518 Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops 39 423 37 713 8 – – (D) – (D) (D) – – – 1 528 (D) 3 708 (D) (D) 87 – – (D) – 29 186 (D) (D) 655 167 Livestock, poultry, and their products 8 777 152 (D) – – – – (D) (D) – – – – (D) 46 (D) (D) – – – (D) – 20 (D) (D) (D) 8 616 Market value of agricultural products sold ($1,000)

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Farms Total2 Crops (01) Cash grains (011) Wheat (0111) Rice (0112) Corn (0115) Soybeans (0116) Cash grains, n.e.c. (0119) Field crops, except cash grains (013) Cotton (0131) Tobacco (0132) Sugarcane and sugar beets (0133) Irish potatoes (0134) Field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. (0139) Vegetables and melons (016) Fruits and tree nuts (017) Berry crops (0171) Grapes (0172) Tree nuts (0173) Citrus fruits (0174) Deciduous tree fruits (0175) Fruits and tree nuts, n.e.c. (0179) Horticultural specialties (018) Ornamental floriculture and nursery products (0181) Food crops grown under cover (0182) General farms, primarily crop (019) Livestock and animal specialties (02) Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal specialties (021) Beef cattle feedlots (0211) Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) Hogs (0213) Sheep and goats (0214) General livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal specialties (0219) Dairy farms (024) Poultry and eggs (025) Broiler, fryer, and roaster chickens (0251) Chicken eggs (0252) Turkeys and turkey eggs (0253) Poultry hatcheries (0254) Poultry and eggs, n.e.c. (0259) Animal specialties (027) Fur bearing animals and rabbits (0271) Horses and other equines (0272) Animal aquaculture (0273) Animal specialties, n.e.c. (0279) General farms, primarily livestock and animal specialties (029)
1Data are based on a sample of farms. 2Detail may not add to total because some

Total 48 200 37 865 (D) – – (D) – (D) 2 598 – – – 1 528 1 070 3 754 1 633 822 87 – – 724 – 29 207 29 085 122 (D) 8 783

735 434 3 – – 2 – 1 101 – – – 8 93 80 47 17 4 – – 20 6 176 170 6 27 247

119 18 56 22 19 4 32 21 1 14 1 1 4 66 1 54 3 8

9 323 1 807 5 334 751 1 211 220 6 590 1 708 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) 2 243 (D) 2 105 (D) 96

1 652 242 1 156 119 113 22 3 473 95 – (D) – – (D) 189 – (D) – (D)

391 391 497 181 366

379 416 430 043 060 (D)

22 20 27 16 15

072 435 450 914 919

943 94 272 464 96 17 5 067 1 972 (D) 1 076 (D) (D) (D) 788 (D) 505 228 (D)

36 (D) 15 – 19 (D) 105 12 – (D) – – (D) (D) – (D) – (D)

907 (D) 257 464 77 (D) 4 962 1 960 (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) 228 (D)

11 750 91 866 21 786 (D) 19 429 (D) (D) 19 625 23 356 (D) 23 657 (D) 21 375

803 088 363 328 (D) 328 207 (D) (D) 571 250 264 708 (D) 298 578 (D) 127 992

9

600

45

305 743

24 406

14

(D)

(D)

farms classified in the North American Industry Classification System are not farms under the Standard Industrial Classification system.

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APPENDIX E

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table B. 1997 NAICS U.S. Matched to 1987 U.S. SIC

1997 NAICS code 11 111 1111 11111 11112 11113 11114 11115 11116 11119 111191 111199 1112 11121
CAN CAN

1997 NAICS U.S. description Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting Crop Production Oilseed and Grain Farming Soybean Farming Oilseed (except Soybean) Farming Dry Pea and Bean Farming Wheat Farming Corn Farming Rice Farming Other Grain Farming Oilseed and Grain Combination Farming All Other Grain Farming Vegetable and Melon Farming Vegetable and Melon Farming Potato Farming Other Vegetable (except Potato) and Melon Farming Fruit and Tree Nut Farming Orange Groves Citrus (except Orange) Groves Noncitrus Fruit and Tree Nut Farming Apple Orchards Grape Vineyards Strawberry Farming Berry (except Strawberry) Farming Tree Nut Farming Fruit and Tree Nut Combination Farming Other Noncitrus Fruit Farming

1987 SIC code

1987 U.S. SIC description

0116 Soybeans *0119 Cash Grains, NEC (oilseed, except soybean farming) *0119 0111 0115 *0119 Cash Grains, NEC (dry pea and bean farms) Wheat Corn Cash Grains, NEC (popcorn farming) 0112 Rice

US

*0119 Cash Grains, NEC (oilseed and grain combination farms) *0119 Cash Grains, NEC (except popcorn, soybean, and dry pea and bean, and oilseed and grain combination farms)

US

111211 111219 1113 11131 11132 11133

0134 Irish Potatoes 0161 Vegetables and Melons *0139 Field Crops Except Cash Grains (sweet potatoes and yams) *0174 Citrus Fruits (orange groves and farms) *0174 Citrus Fruits (except, orange groves and farms) *0175 0172 *0171 *0171 Deciduous Tree Fruits (apple orchards and farms) Grapes Berry Crops (strawberry farms) Berry Crops ( except strawberry farms)

US US US US

111331 111332 111333 111334 111335 111336 111339 1114 11141 111411 111419 11142

US US

US

0173 Tree Nuts *0179 Fruits and Tree Nuts, NEC (combination farms) *0175 Deciduous Tree Fruits (except apple orchards and farms)

CAN CAN

CAN

111421

*0179 Fruit and Tree Nuts, NEC (except combination farms) Greenhouse, Nursery, and Floriculture Production Food Crops Grown Under Cover Mushroom Production *0182 Food Crops Grown Under Cover (mushrooms, growing of) Other Food Crops Grown *0182 Food Crops Grown Under Cover (except mushroom, growing Under Cover of) Nursery and Floriculture Production Nursery and Tree Produc- *0181 Ornamental Floriculture and tion Nursery Products (nursery farming) *0811 Timber Tracts (short rotation woody crops)

US—United States industry only. CAN—United States and Canadian industries are comparable. When neither US nor CAN appears, Canadian, Mexican, and United States are comparable. *—Part of; NEC—Not Elsewhere Classified.

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

APPENDIX E

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1997 NAICS code
CAN

1997 NAICS U.S. description Floriculture Production Other Crop Farming Tobacco Farming Cotton Farming Sugarcane Farming Hay Farming All Other Crop Farming Sugar Beet Farming Peanut Farming All Other Miscellaneous Crop Farming

1987 SIC code

1987 U.S. SIC description

111422 1119 11191 11192 11193 11194 11199 111991 111992 111998

*0181 Ornamental Floriculture and Nursery Products (floriculture farming) 0132 0131 *0133 *0139 Tobacco Cotton Sugarcane and Sugar Beets (sugarcane farms) Field Crops, Except Cash Grains, NEC (hay farms)

US US US

*0133 Sugarcane and Sugar Beets (sugar beet farms) *0139 Field Crops, Except Cash Grains, NEC (peanut farms) *0139 Field Crops, Except Cash Grains, NEC (except peanut, sweet potato, yam and hay farms) 0191 General Farms, Primarily Crop *0831 Forest Products (maple sap, gathering of) *0919 Miscellaneous Marine Products (plant aquaculture) *2099 Food Preparations, NEC (reducing maple sap to maple syrup)

112 1121 11211
US

112111

Animal Production Cattle Ranching and Farming Beef Cattle Ranching and Farming, including Feedlots Beef Cattle Ranching and Farming

0212 Beef Cattle, Except Feedlots

US

112112 11212 11213 1122 11221 1123 11231 11232 11233 11234 11239 1124 11241 11242 1125 11251 112511 112512 112519 1129 11291 11292

US

US

US

*0241 Dairy Farms (dairy heifer replacement farms) Cattle Feedlots 0211 Beef Cattle Feedlots Dairy Cattle and Milk Produc- *0241 Dairy Farms tion Dual Purpose Cattle RanchNull Set for U.S. ing and Farming Hog and Pig Farming Hog and Pig Farming 0213 Hogs Poultry and Egg Production Chicken Egg Production 0252 Chicken Eggs Broilers and Other Meat Type 0251 Broiler, Fryers, and Roaster Chicken Production Chickens Turkey Production 0253 Turkey and Turkey Eggs Poultry Hatcheries 0254 Poultry Hatcheries Other Poultry Production 0259 Poultry and Eggs, NEC Sheep and Goat Farming Sheep Farming *0214 Sheep and Goats (sheep farms) Goat Farming *0214 Sheep and Goats (goat farms) Animal Aquaculture Animal Aquaculture Finfish Farming and Fish *0273 Animal Aquaculture (finfish farms) Hatcheries *0921 Fish Hatcheries and Preserves (finfish hatcheries) Shellfish Farming *0273 Animal Aquaculture (shellfish farms) *0921 Fish Hatcheries and Preserves (shellfish hatcheries) Other Animal Aquaculture *0273 Animal Aquaculture (except finfish and shellfish) *0279 Animal Specialties, NEC (alligator and frog production) Other Animal Production Apiculture *0279 Animal Specialties, NEC (apiculture) Horse and Other Equine 0272 Horse and Other Equine Production

US—United States industry only. CAN—United States and Canadian industries are comparable. When neither US nor CAN appears, Canadian, Mexican, and United States are comparable. *—Part of; NEC—Not Elsewhere Classified.

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APPENDIX E

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

1997 NAICS code 11293 11299

1997 NAICS U.S. description Fur-Bearing Animal and Rabbit Production All Other Animal Production

1987 SIC code

1987 U.S. SIC description

0271 Fur-Bearing Animals and Rabbits 0219 General Livestock, Except Dairy and Poultry *0279 Animal Specialties, NEC (except apiculture) 0291 General Farms, Primarily Livestock and Animal Specialties

US—United States industry only. CAN—United States and Canadian industries are comparable. When neither US nor CAN appears, Canadian, Mexican, and United States are comparable. *—Part of; NEC—Not Elsewhere Classified.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

APPENDIX E

E-5

Appendix F. Units of Weights, Measures, and Metric Conversion Factors

To convert the U.S. domestic units to metric units, use the following conversion factors: Standard units 1 acre = 0.4047 hectare 1 square foot (sq. ft.) = 0.093 square meter 1 pound (avoirdupois) = 0.45359 kilograms 1 hundredweight (cwt) = 100 pounds = 45.359 kilograms 1 ton = 2000 pounds = 0.907 metric ton 1 gallon = 3.785 liters

This table contains the units of weights, measures, and conversion factors associated with the commodities shown. There are some variations among commodities in weight per unit of volume resulting from differences in size or variety of commodity.
Approximate net weight Commodity Unit published Barley for grain Buckwheat Corn for grain Cotton Dry cowpeas and southern peas Emmer and spelt Flaxseed Goat milk Oats for grain Proso millet Rye for grain Sorghum for grain Soybeans for beans Sweetpotatoes Triticale Wheat, all types Bushel Bushel Bushel, shelled Bale Bushel Bushel Bushel Gallon Bushel Bushel Bushel Bushel Bushel Bushel Bushel Bushel U.S. pounds 48 48 56 480 Lint 60 40 56 8.6 32 50 56 56 60 55 56 60 Metric kilograms 21.772 21.772 25.401 217.724 27.216 18.144 25.401 3.895 14.515 22.680 25.401 25.401 27.216 24.948 25.401 27.216

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

APPENDIX F

F–1

Index

[Items located in appendix B, tables A and B are denoted BA and BB, respectively. Items located in tables A through G in appendix C are denoted ‘‘CA,’’ ‘‘CB,’’ ...‘‘CG.’’ Items located in appendix E, table A are denoted EA. Only pertinent items will appear in the published tables.] Item State tables County tables Appendix tables

A
Abnormal farms, selected characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Abnormal farms by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Age of operator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agricultural chemicals purchased . . . . Agricultural products sold, market value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agricultural services income. . . . . . . . . . Alfalfa hay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alfalfa seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Almonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . American Indian operators . . . . . . . . . . . Angora goats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Animal production specialties . . . . . . . . Apples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Apricots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aquaculture products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Artichokes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asian or Pacific Islander operator. . . . Asparagus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assets, value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Austrian winter peas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average size of farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Avocados . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 19 1,16,17,46–52 1,3,10,15,45–52 1,2,10,17–19,45–52 5,46–52 41,42,46–52 42 43,46–52 17 40 17,18,19,46–52 43,46–52 – 40 – 17 42 1,10–12,18,45–52 – 1,19,45-52 43 – – 11,12 3,12 1,2,4,12,35 4 12,28 28 31 37 20 25 31 31 23 29 37 29 1,6,9,12 28 1,12 31 – – CC,CD,CG CC,CD,CF CA,CB,CC,CD,CE,CF,CG CC,CD CC,CD – – BA,BB – EB – – – – – – – – CC,CD,CE,CG –

B
Bahia grass seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Balers, pickup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bananas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Barley for grain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Barley for grain, sales value. . . . . . . . . . Beans, dry edible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beans, dry lima. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beans, green lima. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beans, snap (bush and pole). . . . . . . . . Beans, soybeans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bedding plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beef cows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bees, colonies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beets, sugar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beets, table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

– 13,46–52 43 1,41,42,46–52 2,46–52 41,42,46–52 – – 42,46–52 1,41,42,46–52 44 1,24,28,46–52 40 41,42,46–52 –

28 9 31 1,12,13,26 2,12 1,12,13,27 27 29 29 1,12,13,27 33 1,12,14 22 1,12,13,27 29

– – – CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD CC,CD,CE,CF – – – – – BB,CC,CD,CE,CF – CC,CD,CE,CF – INDEX 1

[Items located in appendix B, tables A and B are denoted BA and BB, respectively. Items located in tables A through G in appendix C are denoted ‘‘CA,’’ ‘‘CB,’’ ...‘‘CG.’’ Items located in appendix E, table A are denoted EA. Only pertinent items will appear in the published tables.] Item State tables County tables Appendix tables

B—Con.
Bentgrass seed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bermuda grass seed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Berries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Birdsfoot trefoil seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blackberries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black operators and other races . . . . . Blueberries, tame and wild . . . . . . . . . . . Bluegrass seed, Kentucky . . . . . . . . . . . . Boysenberries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Breeding hogs and pigs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Broccoli . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Broilers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bromegrass seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brussels sprouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Buckwheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bulls, bull calves, steers, and steer calves. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Burros, donkeys, and mules. . . . . . . . . . – – 42,46–52 – 42 16,17,46–52 42 42 – 31,34–36,46–52 42 1,20,22,46–52 – – – 44 24,26–29,46–52 40 28 28 32 28 32 35–37 32 28 32 12,15 29 1,12,16 28 29 26 33 12,14 25 – – – – – CG – – – – – CC,CD,CE,CF – – – CC,CD,CF BB –

C
Cabbage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Canola . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cantaloups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carrots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cash rent, expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cash rent or share payments received, farm-related income . . . . . . Catfish sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cattle and calves, inventory . . . . . . . . . . Cattle and calves, sales value . . . . . . . Cauliflower. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Celery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certificates, government farm programs payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chemicals, expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chemicals used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cherries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chickens (see Broilers, Layers, or Pullets) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chicory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chinese cabbage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chinese or ming peas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Christmas trees, cut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Citrus fruit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clover seed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coffee. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Colonies of bees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Combines, grain and bean, all types. Commercial fertilizer, expenses . . . . . . Commercial fertilizer, used . . . . . . . . . . . Commercially mixed formula feed purchased . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . – 42 42 42 3,10,46–52 5,46–52 – 1,10,24,26–29,45–52 2,25–30,45–52 42 – 5 1,3,10,15,45–52 15,46–52 43,46–52 – – – 44 43,46–52 – 43 – 40 13,46–52 1,3,10,15,45–52 15,46–52 3,46–52 29 26 29 29 3,12 – 23 1,12,14 1,2,12,14 29 29 4 3,12 10 31 29 29 29 33 31 28 31 29 22 9,12 3,12 10 3,12 – – – – CC,CD,CF CC,CD – BB,CA,CB,CC,CD,CE,CF BB,CC,CD,CE – – – CC,CD,CF CC,CD – – – – – – – – – – – CC,CD,CF CC,CD CC,CD

2

INDEX

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

[Items located in appendix B, tables A and B are denoted BA and BB, respectively. Items located in tables A through G in appendix C are denoted ‘‘CA,’’ ‘‘CB,’’ ...‘‘CG.’’ Items located in appendix E, table A are denoted EA. Only pertinent items will appear in the published tables.] Item State tables County tables Appendix tables

C—Con.
Commodity Credit Corporation loans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs, income from . . Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs, land in. . . . . . . . . . Contract labor expenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corn for grain or seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corn for grain, sales value . . . . . . . . . . . Corn for silage or green chop . . . . . . . . Corn, sweet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corn, sweet, for seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corporation, family held . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corporation, nonfamily held . . . . . . . . . . Corporation, type of organization . . . . Cotton, bales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cotton and cottonseed, sales value . Cotton pickers and strippers. . . . . . . . . . Cowpeas for dry peas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cowpeas, green (green southern peas) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cows and heifers that had calved . . . Cranberries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crawfish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crimson clover seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cropland for cover crops, legumes, and soil-improvement grasses . . . . . . Cropland harvested . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cropland harvested, irrigated. . . . . . . . . Cropland idle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cropland in cultivated summer fallow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cropland on which all crops failed . . . Cropland, other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cropland pastured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cropland total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crops, farms reporting, acres, production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops, sales value . . . . . Cucumbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Currants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment, expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Customwork and other agricultural services, farm-related income. . . . . . . Cut Christmas trees harvested . . . . . . . Cut flowers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,10,17,46–52 5 7,10,46-52 3,10,46–52 1,41,42,46–52 2,46–52 41,42,46–52 42,46–52 – 16,17,46–52 16,17,46–52 1,16,46–52 1,41,42,46–52 2,45–52 13,46–52 – – 24,26-29,46–52 42 – – 7,46–52 1,7–10,16–19,45–52 8–10,46–52 7,46–52 7,46–52 7,46–52 7,19 7,19,45–52 1,7,10,19,45–52 1,42-44,46-52 1,2,10,17-19 42 – 3,10,46–52 5,46–52 44 44 4 4,12 6 3,12 1,12,13,26 2,12 1,12,13,28 29 34 11,12 11,12 11,12 1,12,13,27 2,12 9 27 29 12,14 32 23 28 6 1,6–8,11,12,26–29,32, 34–36 8 6 6 6 6,8 6 1,6,12 1,12,13,26-34 1,2,12 29 32 3,12 4 33 33 CC,CD – CC,CD CC,CD,CF CA,CB,CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD CC,CD,CE,CF – – CC,CD CC,CD CC,CD,CG CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD – – – – – – – – BB,CA,CB,CC,CD CE,CF,CG BB,CC – – – – BB,CC,CD BB,CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD,CE,CF BB,CC,CD,CE – – CC,CD,CF CC,CD – –

D
Daikon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dairy cows (milk cows), inventory. . . . Dairy products, sales value. . . . . . . . . . . 1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

– 1,10,24,29,45–52 2,29,45–52

29 1,12,14 2,12,14

– BB,CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD INDEX 3

[Items located in appendix B, tables A and B are denoted BA and BB, respectively. Items located in tables A through G in appendix C are denoted ‘‘CA,’’ ‘‘CB,’’ ...‘‘CG.’’ Items located in appendix E, table A are denoted EA. Only pertinent items will appear in the published tables.] Item State tables County tables Appendix tables

D—Con.
Dates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deaths and injuries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Defoliation, chemical control. . . . . . . . . . Diesel fuel expenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dill for oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Direct sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disease, control in crops and orchards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Donkeys, burros, and mules. . . . . . . . . . Ducks, geese, and other poultry . . . . . – 46–52 15,46–52 14,46–52 – 2,46–52 15,46–52 40 20 31 – 10 3 34 4 10 25 16,24 – CC,CD – – – CC,CD – – –

E
Eggplant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electricity expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Emmer and spelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Endive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equipment and machinery, estimated market value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equipment and machinery, selected items. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Escarole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Estimated market value of land and buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ewes 1 year old or older . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expenses, farm production . . . . . . . . . . . – 3,10,45–52 – – 1,10,12,18,19,45–52 13,46–52 – 1,10,11,18,19,45–52 37–39,46–52 1,3,10,19,45–52 29 3,12 26 29 1,9,12 9 29 1,6,12 17 1,3,12 – CC,CD,CF – – BB,CC,CD,CE,CF – – BB,CA,CB,CC,CD,CE,CF BB BB,CC,CD,CE,CF

F
Family held corporations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Family or individual, type of organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farmland, rental income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farm production expenses . . . . . . . . . . . Farm-related income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farms by principal occupation of operator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farms by combined government payments and market value of agricultural products sold. . . . . . . . . . . . Farms by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). . . . . . Farms by size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farms by specified racial groups. . . . . Farms by Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farms by tenure of operator. . . . . . . . . . Farms by type of organization. . . . . . . . Farms by value of agricultural products sold. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farms with net gains. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farms with net losses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farms, number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farms with sales of $10,000 or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farm-related deaths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,17,46–52 1,16,17,46–52 5,46–52 1,3,10,19,45–52 5,10,19,46–52 1,16,17,46–52 52 17,18,19,46-52 1,8,17,46–52 17 – 16,17,19,46–52 1,16,17,46–52 1,2,10,17,18,45–52 4,46–51 4,46–51 1,7–10,17–19,45–52 4,5,46–52 46–52 11,12 11,12 4 1,3,12 4 11,12 – 2,12 1,6,7,12 37 – 11,12 11,12 1,2 4,12 4,12 1,6,7,8 12,37,38 – CC,CD CC,CD,CG CC,CD CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD CC,CD,CG – CC,CD,EB CC,CD,CE,CF,CG – EA CC,CD,CG CC,CD,CG CC,CD,CE,CF,CG CC,CD CC,CD,CG CA,CB,CC,CD,CE,CF,CG CD,CE CC,CD

4

INDEX

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

[Items located in appendix B, tables A and B are denoted BA and BB, respectively. Items located in tables A through G in appendix C are denoted ‘‘CA,’’ ‘‘CB,’’ ...‘‘CG.’’ Items located in appendix E, table A are denoted EA. Only pertinent items will appear in the published tables.] Item State tables County tables Appendix tables

F—Con.
Farm-related injuries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fattened cattle sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Feed purchased . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Feeder pigs sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fertilizer expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fertilizer used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fescue seed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Field seed crops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filberts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fish sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flaxseed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Floriculture crops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Florist greens and flowers, cut . . . . . . . Flower and vegetable seeds . . . . . . . . . Flowering plants, potted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flowers and florist greens, cut . . . . . . . Foliage plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forest products excluding Christmas trees and maple products sales, farm-related income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Foxtail millet seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fruit crops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fruits, nuts, and berries, sales value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, LP gas, etc., expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . Full owners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46–52 28,30,46–52 1,3,10,45–52 32,34–36,46–52 16,17,46–52 1,3,10,15,45–52 15,46–52 42 42,45–52 – 43 40 42,46–52 44 44 44 44 44 44 5,46–52 – 43,46–52 2,45–52 14,46–52 16,17,19,46–52 – 12,14 3,12 12,15 11 3,12 10 28 28 31 31 23 26 33 33 33 33 33 33 4 28 31 2,12 3 11,12,36 CC,CD – CC,CD,CF – CC,CD,CG CC,CD,CF CC,CD – CC,CD – – – – – – – – – – CC,CD – – CC,CD – CC,CD,CG

G
Gains, farms with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Garlic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gas, natural, expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil expenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Geese, ducks, and other poultry . . . . . Ginger root . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ginseng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goat milk sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goats, Angora . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goats, milk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goats, other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government farm programs payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government payments received, income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grain hay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grain, sales value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grains. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grapefruit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grass silage, haylage, and green chop hay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 14,46–52 14,46–52 20 – – 40 40,46–52 40 40 40 5 5,10,17,19,46–52 41,42 2,45–52 42,46–52 43 43,46–52 42,46–52 4 29 3 3 16,24 34 34 19 25 20 19 25 4 4,12 28 2,12 2,12,26 31 31 12,28 CC,CD – – – – – – – – – – – CC,CD CC,CD – CC,CD CC,CD – – –

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

INDEX

5

[Items located in appendix B, tables A and B are denoted BA and BB, respectively. Items located in tables A through G in appendix C are denoted ‘‘CA,’’ ‘‘CB,’’ ...‘‘CG.’’ Items located in appendix E, table A are denoted EA. Only pertinent items will appear in the published tables.] Item State tables County tables Appendix tables

G—Con.
Grazing permits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grease, LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, etc., expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . Greenhouse crops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Greenhouse vegetables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guavas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . – 14,46–52 44 44 – 43 39 3 2,33 33 34 31 – – – – – –

H
Harvested cropland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hay, silage, and field seeds, sales value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Haylage, grass silage, and green chop hay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hazelnuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Heifers and heifer calves . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hens (see Layers and pullets) . . . . . . . Herbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hired farm labor expenses . . . . . . . . . . . Hired labor (workers by days worked) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic origin, operators of (see Spanish origin) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hogs and pigs, inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hogs and pigs, sales value. . . . . . . . . . . Hogs and pigs, litters farrowed . . . . . . . Honey sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Honey tangerines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Honeydew melons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Horses and ponies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Horticultural specialties (see Nursery and greenhouse crops). . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hybrid striped bass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,7,8,10,16–19,45–52 1,42,46–52 2,45–52 41,42,46–52 43 24,26–29,46–52 – 1,3,10,45–52 46–52 1,10,31,34–36,45–52 1,2,32,34–36,45–52 33,36,46–52 40 – – 42 40,46–52 – 1,6–8,11,12,26–29,32, 34–36 1,12,13,28 2,12 28 31 12,14 29,34 3,5,12 5 1,12,15 1,2,12,15 15 22 31 29 34 18 23 BB,CA,CB,CC,CD, CE,CF,CG CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD – – – – CC,CD,CF CC,CD CA,CB,CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD,CE,CF – – – – – BB,CC,CD –

I
Income from farm-related sources . . . Income (see Net cash return) . . . . . . . . Individual or family, type of organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Injuries and deaths. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Insects, chemical control . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interest, debt not secured by real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interest, debt secured by real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interest expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Irrigated land . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,10,19,46–52 4,46–52 1,16,17,46–52 46–52 15,46–52 3,46–52 3,46–52 1,3,10,45–52 1,8–10,19,41,42,46–52 4 1,4 11,12 – 10 3 3 3,12 1,8,12,26–30,32,34 CC,CD CC,CD,CE CC,CD,CG CC,CD – CC,CD CC,CD CC,CD,CF CC,CD,CE,CF

6

INDEX

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

[Items located in appendix B, tables A and B are denoted BA and BB, respectively. Items located in tables A through G in appendix C are denoted ‘‘CA,’’ ‘‘CB,’’ ...‘‘CG.’’ Items located in appendix E, table A are denoted EA. Only pertinent items will appear in the published tables.] Item State tables County tables Appendix tables

J
Jojoba. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . – 34 –

K
Kale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kentucky bluegrass seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kerosene, motor oil, grease, LP gas, fuel oil, etc., expenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kiwifruit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kumquats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . – 42 14,46–52 – – 1,3,10,45–52 – 7,10,46–52 1,10,11,18,19,45–52 1,7,8,10,16–19,45–52 10,17,46–52 7,19,46–52 1,41,42,46–52 46–52 10,17,46–52 46–52 46–52 7,10,19,46–52 20-22,46-52 20,21,46-52 43 42 – 42 – 42 – 33,36,46–52 40 1 1,3,10,45–52 1,2,10,17–19,45–52 6,10,17,46–52 – 4 – 14,46–52 29 28 3 31 31 3,12 28 6,12 1,6,12 1,6,11,12,35–39 – 6 12,13,30 – – – – 6 12,16 16 31 27 28 29 27 29 31 15 25 1,12,25 3,12 1,2,12 4 32 4 34 3 – – – – – CC,CD,CF – CC,CD BB,CA,CB,CC,CD,CE,CF BB,CA,CC,CD,CE,CF,CG CC,CD CC,CD CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD CC,CD CC,CD CC,CD CC,CD CA,CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD,CE – – – – – – – – CC,CD CA,CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD,CF CC,CD,CE – – CC,CD – –

L
Labor expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ladino clover seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Land in Conservation Reserve or Wetlands Reserve Programs . . . . . . . Land and buildings, estimated market value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Land in farms, acres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Land in farms, rented or leased . . . . . . Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Land in orchards (see Orchards). . . . . Landlords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Land owned . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Land rented or leased from others. . . Land rented or leased to others. . . . . . Land use. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Latino origin, operators of (See Spanish origin) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Layers 20 weeks old and older . . . . . . Layers and pullets 13 weeks old and older but less than 20 weeks old . . . Lemons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lentils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lespedeza seed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lettuce and romaine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lima beans, dry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lima beans, green . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Limes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Litters farrowed, hogs and pigs . . . . . . Livestock and livestock products . . . . . Livestock and poultry, inventory . . . . . . Livestock and poultry purchased . . . . . Livestock, poultry, and their products, sales value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Loans, Commodity Credit Corporation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Loganberries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Losses, farms with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lotus root . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc., expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

INDEX

7

[Items located in appendix B, tables A and B are denoted BA and BB, respectively. Items located in tables A through G in appendix C are denoted ‘‘CA,’’ ‘‘CB,’’ ...‘‘CG.’’ Items located in appendix E, table A are denoted EA. Only pertinent items will appear in the published tables.] Item State tables County tables Appendix tables

M
Macadamia nuts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Machine hire, rental of machinery and equipment, and customwork expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Machinery and equipment, estimated market value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Machinery and equipment, selected . Male operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mangoes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maple trees tapped . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Market value of agricultural products sold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Median size of farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Melons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Milk cows (dairy cows). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Milk goats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Millet, proso . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Millet seed, foxtail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mink and their pelts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mint for oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mohair sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Motor oil, grease, LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, etc., expenses. . . . . . . . . . . . Motortrucks, including pickups . . . . . . . Mower conditioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mules, burros, and donkeys . . . . . . . . . . Mungbeans for beans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mushrooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mustard cabbage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mustard greens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mustard seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 3,10,46–52 1,10,12,18,19,45–52 13,46–52 16,17,46–52 – – 1,2,10,17–19,45–52 – 42 1,10,24,29,45–52 40 42 – 40 42 40 14,46–52 13,46–52 13,46–52 40 – 44 – – – 31 3,12 1,9,12 9 11 31 34 1,2,4,12 1 29 1,12,14 19 26 28 21 34 20 3 9,12 9 25 34 33 29 29 26 – CC,CD,CF BB,CC,CD,CE,CF – CC,CD,CG – – BB,CA,CB,CC,CD, CE,CF,CG – – CC,CD,CE,CF – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

N
Natural gas expenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nectarines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nematode control in crops . . . . . . . . . . . Net cash return from agricultural sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonfamily held corporations . . . . . . . . . . Nonresponse estimation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number of farms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nursery and greenhouse crops . . . . . . Nursery and greenhouse crops, sales value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nursery crops–shrubs, trees, etc. . . . . Nuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14,46–52 – 15,46–52 4,46–52 16,17,46–52 – 17–19, 46–52 1,7–10,17–19,45–52 10,44,46–52 1,2,10,44–52 44 2,43,45–52 2,46–52 1,41,42,46–52 1,16,17,46–52 1,16,17,46–52 – 3 31 10 1,4,12 – – 2,12 1,6–8 12,33 2,12,33 33 1,2,12,13,31 2,12 1,12,13,26 1,11,12 1,11,12 29 – – – CC,CD,CE,CF – CA,CB CC,CD,EB CA,CB,CC,CD,CE,CF,CG CC,CD CC,CD – CC,CD CC,CD CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD,CE,CG CC,CD,CE –

O
Oats, sales value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oats for grain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Occupation of operator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Off-farm work by operator . . . . . . . . . . . . Okra. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8

INDEX

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

[Items located in appendix B, tables A and B are denoted BA and BB, respectively. Items located in tables A through G in appendix C are denoted ‘‘CA,’’ ‘‘CB,’’ ...‘‘CG.’’ Items located in appendix E, table A are denoted EA. Only pertinent items will appear in the published tables.] Item State tables County tables Appendix tables

O—Con.
Olives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Onions, dry and green . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Operator characteristics–residence, age, race, occupation, off-farm work, sex, Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin, years on present farm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Operators by principal occupation . . . Oranges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Orchardgrass seed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Orchards, land in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Organization of farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other farm production expenses . . . . . Other crops, sales value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other grains, sales value . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other livestock and livestock products, sales value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other poultry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Owned land. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Owners, full and part. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . – 42 31 29 – –

16,17,46–52 1,16,17,46–52 43 – 1,41,42,46–52 1,16,17,46–52 3,10,46–52 2,45–52 2,46–52 2,40,45–52 20 10,17,46–52 16,17,19,46–52

1,11,12 1,11,12 31 28 12,13,30 11,12 3,12 2,12 2,12 2,12,25 16,24 11 11,12,36

CC,CD,CG CC,CD,CE,CG – – CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD,CG CC,CD,CF CC,CD CC,CD CC,CD – CC,CD CC,CD,CG

P
Papayas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parsley. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Part owners. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Partnership, type of organization. . . . . Passion fruit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pastureland and grazing land . . . . . . . . Pastureland and other land irrigated . Payroll expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peaches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peanuts for nuts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pears. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peas, Austrian winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peas, Chinese or ming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peas, dry edible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peas, green . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pecans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peppers, hot. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peppers, sweet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Persimmons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Petroleum products expenses. . . . . . . . Pheasants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pickup balers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pigeons or squab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pimientos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pineapples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pistachios. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plants, bedding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pomegranates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ponies and horses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Popcorn. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Potatoes, excluding sweetpotatoes . . 43 – 16,17,19,46–52 1,16,17,46–52 – 7,10,19,45–52 9,10,46–52 1,3,10,45–52 43,46–52 41,42,46–52 43 – – 42 42,46–52 43,46–52 – 42 – 1,3,10,14,45–52 – 13,46–52 – – 1,42,46–52 43 44 43 – 40,46–52 42 1,41,42,46–52 31 29 11,12,36 11,12 31 6 8 3,5,12 31 1,12,13,27 31 28 29 27 29 31 29 29 31 3,12 24 9 24 29 1,12,13,34 31 33 31 31 18 26 1,12,13,27 – – CC,CD,CG CC,CD,CG – CC,CD – – – CC,CD,CE,CF – – – – – – – – – CC,CD,CF – – – – CC,CD,CE,CF – – – – – – CC,CD,CE,CF

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

INDEX

9

[Items located in appendix B, tables A and B are denoted BA and BB, respectively. Items located in tables A through G in appendix C are denoted ‘‘CA,’’ ‘‘CB,’’ ...‘‘CG.’’ Items located in appendix E, table A are denoted EA. Only pertinent items will appear in the published tables.] Item State tables County tables Appendix tables

P—Con.
Potatoes, sweet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poultry inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poultry and poultry products, sales value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poultry hatched. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Principal occupation of operator. . . . . . Production expenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Property taxes, expenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . Proso millet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prunes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pullets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pumpkins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42,46–52 22,46–52 2,22,45–52 – 1,16,17,46–52 1,3,10,19,45–52 3,10,46–52 42 43 20–22,46–52 – 27 16,24 2,12,16,24 24 1,11,12 1,3,12 3,12 26 31 16 29 CC,CD CC,CD CC,CD CD CC,CE,CG BB,CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD,CF – – CC,CD –

Q
Quail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . – 24 –

R
Rabbits and their pelts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Race of operator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Radishes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rangeland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rapeseed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Raspberries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Red clover seed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Redtop seed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reliability estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rent paid in cash, expenses . . . . . . . . . Rent received, farm-related income. . Rented land . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Repair and maintenance expenses . . Reservations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Residence of operator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rhubarb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Romaine and lettuce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rye for grain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ryegrass seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 16,17,46–52 – 7,19,46–52 42 42 42 – – 3,10,46–52 5,46–52 10,46–52 3,10,46–52 19 16,17,46–52 – 1,41,42,46–52 42 42 42 25 37 29 6,10 26 32 28 28 – 3,12 4 11 3,12 – 11,12 29 1,12,13,26 29 26 28 – CG – BB,CC,CD – – – – CB,CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD,CF CC,CD CC,CD CC,CD,CF – CC,CD,CG – CC,CD,CE,CF – – –

S
Safflower. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sales of agricultural products . . . . . . . . Salt hay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sales of forest products, excluding Christmas trees and maple products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees purchased . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sex of operator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheep and lambs, inventory. . . . . . . . . . Sheep and lambs shorn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheep, lambs, and wool, sales value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . – 1,2,10,17–19,45–52 – 5,46–52 3,10,46–52 16,17,46–52 10,37–39,46–52 37–39,46–52 2,37–39,45–52 26 1,2,12 34 4 3,12 11 1,12,17 17 2,12,17 CB BB,CA,CC,CD,CE,CF,CG – CC,CD CC,CD,CF CC,CD,CG BB,CC,CD,CE,CF BB BB,CC,CD

10

INDEX

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

[Items located in appendix B, tables A and B are denoted BA and BB, respectively. Items located in tables A through G in appendix C are denoted ‘‘CA,’’ ‘‘CB,’’ ...‘‘CG.’’ Items located in appendix E, table A are denoted EA. Only pertinent items will appear in the published tables.] Item State tables County tables Appendix tables

S—Con.
Size of farm, average . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Small grain hay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Snap beans (bush and pole) . . . . . . . . . Sod. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sole proprietorship, type of organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sorghum for grain or seed . . . . . . . . . . . Sorghum for grain or seed, sales value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Southern peas (cowpeas), dry . . . . . . . Southern peas (cowpeas), green . . . . Soybeans for beans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soybeans for beans, sales value . . . . Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin, operators of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spelt and emmer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spinach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Squash. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) of farms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Strawberries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sudangrass seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sugar beets for sugar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sugarcane for sugar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sunflower seed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sweet clover seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sweet corn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sweet corn for seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sweetpotatoes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,19,45–52 42 42,46–52 44 1,16,17,46–52 1,41,42,46–52 2,46–52 – – 1,41,42,46–52 2,46–52 16,17,46–52 – – 42 – 24,26–29,46–52 42 – 41,42,46–52 1,41,42,46–52 1,42,46–52 – 42,45–52 – 42,46–52 1,6,7,12 12,28 29 33 1,11,12 1,12,13,26 1,2,12 27 29 1,12,13,27 2,12 38 26 29 29 – 12,14 32 28 1,12,13,27 1,12,13,27 1,12,13,26 28 29 34 27 CC,CD,CE,CF,CG – – – CC,CD,CG CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD – – CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD – – – – EA BB – – CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD,CE,CF – – – CC,CD

T
Tame dry hay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tangelos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tangerines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Taro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Taxes, property, expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . Tenant operated farms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tenure of operator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Timothy seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco sales, value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tomatoes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tractors, wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Triticale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trout sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trucks, including pickups . . . . . . . . . . . . . Turkeys, hens for breedings . . . . . . . . . . Turkeys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Turnip greens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Turnips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type of farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type of organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41,42,46–52 – – – 3,10,46–52 16,17,19,46–52 16,17,19,46–52 – 1,41,42,46–52 2,45–52 42,46–52 13,46–52 – – 13,46–52 20,23,46–52 20,23,46–52 – – 17,18,46–52 1,16,17,46–52 12,28 31 31 34 3,12 11,12,36 11,12 28 1,12,13,27 2,12 29 9,12 26 23 9,12 16 16 29 29 12 11,12 BB,CC,CD,CE,CF – – – CC,CD,CF CC,CD,CG CC,CD,CG – CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD – – – – – – – – – – CC,CD,CG

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

INDEX

11

[Items located in appendix B, tables A and B are denoted BA and BB, respectively. Items located in tables A through G in appendix C are denoted ‘‘CA,’’ ‘‘CB,’’ ...‘‘CG.’’ Items located in appendix E, table A are denoted EA. Only pertinent items will appear in the published tables.] Item State tables County tables Appendix tables

V
Value of agricultural products sold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Value of land and buildings. . . . . . . . . . . Value of machinery and equipment . . Value of sales from sheep, lambs, and wool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vegetable and flower seeds . . . . . . . . . . Vegetables, greenhouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vegetables harvested for sale. . . . . . . . Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons, sales value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vetch seed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,2,10,17–19,45–52 1,10,11,18,19,45–52 1,10,12,18,19,45–52 37–39,45–52 44 44 1,41,42,46–52 2,45–52 – 1,2,4,12 1,6,12 1,9,12 12 33 33 1,12,13,29 2,12 28 BB,CA,CB,CC,CD, CE,CF,CG BB,CA,CB,CC,CD,CE,CF BB,CC,CD,CE CC,CD – – CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD –

W
Walnuts, English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Watercress. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Watermelons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Weeds, grass or brush, chemical control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wetlands Reserve or Conservation Reserve Programs, acres . . . . . . . . . . . Wetlands Reserve or Conservation Reserve Programs, amount of government payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wheat for grain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wheat for grain, sales value. . . . . . . . . . Wheatgrass seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wheel tractors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . White clover seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wild hay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wild rice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Woodland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wool, pounds shorn. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Workers by days worked (see hired labor) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Work off-farm by operator . . . . . . . . . . . . 43,46–52 – 42 15,46–52 7,10,46–52 5 1,41,42,46–52 2,46–52 – 13,46–52 – 41,42 – 7,19,46–52 37–39,46–52 46–52 1,16,17,46–52 31 29 29 10 4,6,12 4 1,12,13,26 2,12 28 9,12 28 28 26 6 17 5 1,11,12 – – – – CC,CD – BB,CA,CB,CC,CD,CE,CF CC,CD – – – BB,CC,CD,CE,CF – BB,CC,CD – CC,CD CC,CD,CE

Y
Years on present farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,17,45–52 11,12 CG

12

INDEX

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service