This chapter is present about the description of research method. The
description is important because the research can not be done without method.
The research method is important to determine the researcher’s step or plan.
Therefore, the following section is elaborate the meaning of research method, the
strategy of the study, the subject of the study, the data and the source of data, the
technique of collecting the data, and the technique of analyzing the data.
A. The meaning of Research Method
According to Hadi (1990: 4), research is an effort to find, develop, and
evaluate the truth of the science which is done by using scientific method.
Research is an activity of answering the problem through scientific approach
in order to find the continued answer. Method plays a very important role in
all research because it will influence the research process. Hornby (1995: 734)
states that method is the way of doing something.
Research methodology is the study talking about scientific method for
research Hadi (1989: 4). Arikunto (2002: 136) states that research
methodology is procedure in carrying out the research to collect the data in
research. From the definition above, the writer concludes that research method
is a main way used by researcher to find, to develop, and to evaluate the truth
of science which is studied. It includes activities from collecting the data till
analyzing the data
B. The Strategy of the Study
The strategy of the research which is used in this study is qualitative. In
qualitative research, where qualitative data have been collected by
procedures such as unstructured observations, open interviews, examining
records, diaries, and other document, the data are usually in the form of
words in oral or written modes (Seliger and Shohamy, 1989: 204).
Qualitative research is a useful approach wherever an investigator is
concerned with discovering or describing second language acquisition in its
natural state or context and where there are no assumptions about what that
activity consists of or what its role is in acquisition (Seliger and Shohamy,
C. The Subject of the Study
In this research, the writer takes the seventh year students of SMP Maria
Assumpta Klaten and the teacher who teaches English in that class as the
subject of the study.
D. The Data and The Source of Data
1. The Data
Data is the researcher notes, both the fact and value (Arikunto
2002: 96). In this study, the data are the information of activities and
infrastructures involved in teaching English vocabulary by using
multimedia in the seventh year students of SMP Maria Assumpta Klaten in
2011. In this study the activities of using multimedia are to show the
material by using power point and learn new vocabulary and then
2. The Source of Data
The source of data is the subject where the data can be taken
(Arikunto, 2002: 107). In this study, the sources of data are:
The informants are English teacher, and the seventh year students
of. SMP Maria Assumpta Klaten in 2011
From the informants the researcher can take some information as
1) The English teacher
The English teacher is the main component of the process of
teaching English especially teaching vocabulary by multimedia. From the
English teacher, the writer can take some data about the technique of
teaching vocabulary in the classroom, the way to create the academic
atmosphere in the process of English, and how the teacher solves the
problem or barriers in teaching English vocabulary. The English teacher
who is the informant in this study is Miss Bianca.
2) The Students
The students are the main factor in the process of teaching English.
The writer take some information from the students because they are the
object of the study who give some data as follows: a) The students’
response about the way of teacher explaining the material, b) their
understanding about vocabulary, c) the result of the understanding the
material. The 7 Grade of Maria Assumpta Senior High School’s students
are the informants.
In this study the writer observes the process of teaching English
Vocabulary by multimedia in Junior High School. The events are all
activities related to the process of teaching English Vocabulary by
applying multimedia as the media. From this event, the writer gets some
information, about the difficulties of learning vocabulary by applying
power point as the media and how the teacher solves them, and the
teacher’s technique to make the process of teaching become successful.
In this study the writer found some event happened in classroom as
1) Warming up
2) Main activities
c. The Document
The documents here are the students’ worksheet, curriculum, and
all document related to English material in Junior High School. The
students’ worksheet is needed to measure of the students’ understanding
on the material. And curriculum is needed to know about the material
which should be taught in Junior High School. The source of the material
is English On Sky.
E. The Technique of Data Collection.
In this study, the writer uses classroom observation, interview, and the
document. They are:
1. Classroom observation
One of the way that the writer tries to collect the data is classroom
observation. Observation means everything what one see, hear, smell, and
feel by using five sense without any intervention. They relate what they
see and hear or feel, smell or touch (Bungin, 2007: 115). Here, the
researcher can collect the data by seeing the activities that happen in the
classroom done by the teacher and the students.
This study is qualitative research. Qualitative research studies
individual behavior in natural setting. Therefore the writer chooses
observation for obtaining the valid data. Bogdan and Taylor (1975: 5) in
Moleong (2010: 4) define qualitative methodology as the research
procedures that produce descriptive data in the form of words written or
spoken of the people and behaviors that can be observed. According to
them, this approach is directed at the individual's background and holistic
(whole). So, in this case should not isolate the individual or organization
into a variable or hypothesis, but it should be looked at as part of a
In this research, the writer did observe on the process of teaching
and learning vocabulary on Friday 8 April 2011 at 7.00. a.m. until 08.20
a.m, on Saturday, April 9, 2011 at 07.00 a.m. until 08.20 a.m. and on
Monday April 12, 2011 09.00 a.m. until 09.40 a.m. in the seventh year of
SMP Maria Assumpta.
According to Moleong (2010: 186) interview is discourse with
certain purpose, which is done by two sides. They are interviewer who
gives questions and a interviewee who gives answer