Table Children s School Readiness Skills and

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					Table 229. Children’s School Readiness Skills: 1993 and 2005
[In percent. For children 3 to 5 years old not yet enrolled in kindergarden. Based on the School Readiness Surveys of the National Household Education Survey Program; see source for details. See also Table 226] Recognizes all letters 1993 Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . Age: 3 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sex: Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Race/ethnicity: White, non-Hispanic . Black, non-Hispanic . Hispanic . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 11 28 36 19 23 23 18 10 22 23 17 18 22 18 24 12 2005 26 16 31 44 26 26 29 24 16 31 28 18 24 27 22 29 14 Counts to 20 or higher 1993 52 37 62 78 49 56 56 53 32 49 57 41 49 54 49 57 41 2005 61 46 71 81 59 64 65 69 42 65 65 49 57 63 56 64 49 Writes name 1993 50 22 70 84 47 53 52 45 42 52 52 46 47 51 47 53 41 2005 59 32 78 91 57 60 60 61 51 63 62 53 55 59 57 61 52 Reads or pretends to read storybooks 1993 72 66 75 81 68 76 76 63 59 70 75 67 68 74 65 74 64 2005 70 67 73 72 70 71 75 67 55 79 72 61 69 72 65 75 54 Has 3 to 4 skills 1993 35 15 49 65 32 39 39 31 22 36 39 29 32 37 31 40 23 2005 42 24 55 66 40 45 47 44 26 48 46 32 39 44 36 47 26

Characteristic

Mother’s employment status 1: Employed . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployed . . . . . . . . . . . . Not in the labor force . . . . . . Family type: Two parents . . . . . . . . . . . . None or one parent . . . . . . . Poverty status: 2 Above threshold . . . . . . . . . Below threshold . . . . . . . . .

1 Excludes children with no mother in the household and no female guardian. 2 Children are considered poor if they lived in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the household’s need, given its size and composition.

Source: U.S. Department of Education, U.S. National Center for Education Statistics, Home Literacy Activities and Signs of Children’s Emerging Literacy, 1993, NCES 2000-026, November 1999; and the Early Childhood Program Participation Survey, National Household Education Surveys Program, 2005, unpublished data. See Internet site <http://nces.ed.gov/nhes>.