CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. The Background of the Study English is very important because English is an international language. Therefore, many countries use it to communicate each other. In addition, many English writings are used in the guidance of food product, electronic product, airport, and traffic sign. It is so important for human to master English in order that he can walk inline with developing period. Many countries of South East Asian develope their education system, by adding English lesson in the school, to improve the quality of human sources. It is known that learning English is not easy, so it must be taught from the lower level, it is Elementary School students because childhood is the best period to learn language. In childhood, the children’s speech is still curved, so it can be easier to learn the second language. According to Stern (1983: 361) that young children seem to learn a second language ‘more easily’ than adults. They like listening and speaking. By being given the great motivation, children can learn the second language. Then, Stern states that instead of searching for the optimum age in general, it should be sufficient to show that the primary years are good period for beginning a second language, offering certain special advantage. Actually, children can learn and master two languages or more when they are being childhood without any difficulties. For example, children in Java can use two languages in their school, both Indonesian and Javanese. So, it’s not difficult for the 1 2 children to learn one or more languages, especially foreign language. Besides that, learning English is interesting, so it makes the children interested to learn it. It is known that learning cannot be separated from teaching. Teaching and learning always happen in one process named a teaching-learning process. Teaching English in Indonesia started on time after the period of Indonesian Independence. Various curriculum and methods have been developed to enhance students’ ability in mastering English. Nevertheless, the result is still not felt the maximum in making students be able to communicate well through foreign language. One way the government takes in improving students’ skills in English language is to introduce English earlier, starting from elementary school. The program was implemented based on the 1994 curriculum for elementary schools. Officially, the policy on entering the English language lessons in primary school is in accordance with Decree of the Ministry of Education and Culture policy number 0487/1992, Chapter VIII, which states that elementary schools can increase the subjects in the curriculum, provided that lesson is not contrary to the national education goals. Then, the policy is followed by the regulation made by Ministry of Education and Culture Number 060/U/1993 dated February 25, 1993 about the possibility of English language programs as a local content subject, so the elementary school can begin in 4th grade stated by Suyanto (2007: 2). Schools have the authority on language subjects. English is included as one local content being taught in primary schools based on the considerations and the needs of the situation and conditions from both parents and society itself. This policy brought a positive impact both for society and the school who organized the program. Since learning of English at elementary school is relatively new, there must be shortcoming and weakness of English teaching and learning process. The problems come from students, teachers, curriculum and teaching method. The writer wants to 3 describe the teaching and learning English process at Elementary Grade Students, especially at the fifth year students of SD N 3 Klaten in order to find the problem which occurs, and to give the solutions to improve the quality of the teacher, students, and the school especially. B. The Reason for Choosing the Topic The reasons for choosing the topic are as follows: 1. Teaching and Learning English is so interesting for the Elementary Grade Students, especially to the fifth year students of SD N 3 Klaten, because many types of methods are applied by teachers to teach English lessons as local content in elementary school. 2. The Elementary students are as the young English learners who study English for the first time in elementary school. C. The Problem Of The Study The problem that is discussed in this study is “How is the process of teaching and learning English to the fifth year students of SD N 3 Klaten in 2011?” D. The Limitation Of The Study Here, the writer wants to limit the study. The limitation of the study is as follow: 1. This study is limited to the fifth year students of SD N 3 Klaten in 2011. 2. This study focuses on English teaching learning process. 3. The data which will be analyzed are limited to those taken from the observation and from the interview with the teacher and interview with the pupils about English material. 4 E. The Aim Of The Study The writer’s aim of writing this research is to describe the process of teaching and learning English of the fifth year students of SD N 3 Klaten in 2011. F. The Use Of The Study The uses of this study can be stated as follows:: 1. For the writer, the result of the study can improve his knowledge about teaching English in Elementary School. 2. For the English teacher at SD N 3 Klaten, the result of the study can improve her method in teaching English in Elementary School. G. The Clarification Of The Key Term Teaching and learning English to the fifth year students of SDN 3 Klaten in 2011 is the title of this thesis. In order to make the title easy to understand, the writer clarifies the terms of the study as follows: 1. Teaching and Learning English Teaching cannot be separated from learning. Teaching and learning always happen in one process named a teaching-learning process. Teaching is done by a teacher. Teacher will help students to learn something. This is inline with what is stated by Brown (2000: 7) who defines teaching as showing or helping someone to learn how to do something, giving instruction, guiding in the study of something, providing with knowledge, and causing to know or understand. Learning is acquiring or getting of a subject or a skill by study, experience, or instruction. This is in line with what is stated by Hornby (1995: 671), the learning is knowledge obtained by study. In other words, learning can only be done through study. English is regarded 5 as the foreign language to be taught at elementary school as a local content, at secondary schools as a compulsary subject, and at the universities as an additional subject (Fauziati 2008: 181). English is important to study because English as international language, and it is widely used by many countries. So teaching learning English in this study means the process of showing, helping, giving instruction, or guiding the students in acquiring or getting knowledge in the study of English as the local content subject. 2. SD Negeri 3 Klaten. SD Negeri 3 Klaten is one of elementary school in central Klaten, which is located on Dewi Sartika street no. 27. The population of SD N 3 Klaten is 435 students, and It has parallel class. In this study, the writer describes the process of teaching learning English to the fifth year students of SD Negeri 3 klaten in academic year of 2010- 2011. H. The Organization Of The Study It is important to present the organization of the thesis in order to be easily understood. The organization of the study of this thesis is divided into five chapters as follows: Chapter I is introduction. It consists of the background of the study, the reason for choosing the topic, the problem of the study, the limitation of the study, the aim of the study, the use of the study, the clarification of the key term, and the organization of the study. Chapter II is review of related literature. It consists of case study, teaching learning to the elementary school students, and English curriculum in elementary school. 6 Chapter III is the method of the study. It consists of the meaning of research method, the strategy of the study, the data and source of the data, the technique of collecting the data, and the technique of analyzing the data. Chapter IV is the result of the study. It consists of the analysis of data and the discussion of the research findings. Chapter V is about conclusion and suggestion. It consists of conclusion and suggestion.
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