1P1. ReidBasher by panniuniu

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									     The Hyogo Framework for Action and related
      international mechanisms for early warning
             governance and organisation
Reid Basher, UN Secretariat of the ISDR,
and Platform for Promotion of Early Warning

      The Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 and the ISDR
     System - a response to growing disasters
      The global survey of EW systems - a global EW system?
      Systematic, international, multi-hazard approaches needed


 1          Presentation to Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management, WMO HQ, Geneva, 23-24 May 2006
                                  What is a disaster?
 Natural hazard              +           Vulnerability                                                 DISASTER

Over last decade: 900,000 dead, US$ 570B losses, 2,600 million people affected

              Growth over period;
              1990s versus 1960s

          Number of events                        2.3
          Economic losses                         7.0
          Insured losses                        15.7



  2           Presentation to Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management, WMO HQ, Geneva, 23-24 May 2006
Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015
Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters
               Agreed through an open ended inter-governmental
    process concluded at the World Conference on Disaster Reduction, Kobe,
                     Hyogo, Japan, 18 – 22 January, 2005

                                                Strategic goals
       Disaster reduction as part of sustainable development
       Strengthen institutions (especially in communities) to
        build resilience
       Build risk reduction into emergency management and
        recovery


3           Presentation to Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management, WMO HQ, Geneva, 23-24 May 2006
Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015
Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters
            Priorities for action
    Disaster risk reduction as a priority with strong institutional basis for action
    Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning
    Knowledge, innovation, education for culture of safety and resilience
    Reduce the underlying risk factors
    Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response

            Implementation and follow-up
    Roles of states, international and regional organisations, UN secretariat
    Importance of monitoring and reporting, and indicators of progress in risk
     reduction
    Resources

4             Presentation to Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management, WMO HQ, Geneva, 23-24 May 2006
Strengthened ISDR System -
to support implementation of the Hyogo Framework
     Wider participation for governments and other stakeholders
    (development banks, UN, regional bodies, NGOs, private sector, etc)
     Integrated joint work plan on priority issues by ISDR partners
     Groupings (clusters, platforms, etc) to address regional interests
    and specific thematic topics (like early warning)
     Systematic approaches - monitoring of commitments, status of risk
    reduction, targets, tools, etc




5           Presentation to Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management, WMO HQ, Geneva, 23-24 May 2006
Strengthened ISDR System -
to support implementation of the Hyogo Framework
    Proposed ISDR System bodies
     Global Platform for Risk Reduction (the “parliament”)
     Programme Advisory Committee (the “executive”)
     Secretariat (the support)
     Management Oversight Board (the custodians)
     National Platforms for risk reduction

                        UN General Assembly still to endorse new system
                        Global Platform to meet in May 2007
                        Planning underway by “Reference Group” and Secretariat
                        Note: Early warning organisation mandates remain unchanged


6           Presentation to Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management, WMO HQ, Geneva, 23-24 May 2006
    Heat is now on for better early warning systems
 Kofi Annan calls for warning systems for all countries, all hazards
 Hyogo Framework for Action sets action toward better EWS
 Launch of new International Early Warning Programme (IEWP)
 Tsunami warning system under development for Indian Ocean and for
other basins (UNESCO-IOC, WMO, ISDR)
 Mr Annan requests ISDR to undertake global survey of EWS
 British Government Natural Hazard Working Group recommends new
UN-based panel on hazards, and extension of WMO’s role
 G8 supports British proposals
 Germany and ISDR organize third International Conference on Early
Warning (27-29 March 2006), with focus “from concept to action”


7         Presentation to Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management, WMO HQ, Geneva, 23-24 May 2006
        Global survey of early warning systems
       Requested by UN Secretary General, with view to establishing
        a global early warning system
       Guided by IATF and a WG co-chaired by WMO and OCHA
       Based on material provided for EWC II and the WCDR, plus
        further request for updates
       No surprises - main points are already well known
       Report launched by USG Jan Egeland at 3rd International
        Early Warning Conference, Bonn, 27-29 March, 2006




8           Presentation to Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management, WMO HQ, Geneva, 23-24 May 2006
    Main results of global survey of EW systems
       Many gaps and shortcomings in EW systems, especially in
        developing countries
       Dissemination, preparedness and response is the weakest link
        worldwide
       Weaknesses in political commitment, EW institutions, and
        public participation
       BUT great capacities upon which to base a globally integrated
        system




9           Presentation to Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management, WMO HQ, Geneva, 23-24 May 2006
     Five recommendations of global survey
     1. Develop a globally comprehensive EW system, rooted in
        existing early warning systems and capacities
     2. Build national people-centred early warning systems
     3. Fill the main gaps in global early warning capacities
     4. Strengthen the scientific and data foundations for early
        warning
     5. Develop the institutional foundations for a global early
        warning system




10       Presentation to Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management, WMO HQ, Geneva, 23-24 May 2006
     Main institutional/organisational recommendations
        Affirm global system through UNGA; facilitate planning and coordination
         through ISDR system
        Identify, affirm and strengthen governance roles for different hazards
         (WMO, UNESCO, UNEP, WHO, FAO, UNICEF, WFP, OCHA, etc)
        Assess and build on WMO capacities and experience
        World Bank and UNDP to pursue EW systems in national development
         mechanisms
        UNOOSA and GEO to prepare long term data plan for EW
        Upgrade WMO-GTS for multi-hazard data and warnings
        Basin-wide data exchange agreement (e.g. for floods)
        National multi-party “roundtables” to coordinate EW for all hazards
        Do systematic national surveys and long term plans


11           Presentation to Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management, WMO HQ, Geneva, 23-24 May 2006
         An integrated systems model for early warning
Knowledge of                                 Institutional                                                 Mitigation,
  hazard                                   commitment and                                                  education,
                                             mechanisms                                                  preparedness

     Research
                                                                                                          Communities


      Monitoring
     (initial state)      System model                                                                     Response
                          (time evolving)                  Prediction
                                                         (probabilistic)                                   behaviours
12               Presentation to Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management, WMO HQ, Geneva, 23-24 May 2006
                                       www.unisdr.org




13   Presentation to Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems for Integrated Disaster Risk Management, WMO HQ, Geneva, 23-24 May 2006

								
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