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Figure 29.1

Outlying Areas

Selected Outlying Areas of the United States

Map not available

U.S. Census Bureau, the Official StatisticsTM

Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1998

Sep. 25, 1998

Section 29

Outlying Areas
This section presents summary economic and social statistics for Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands. Primary sources are the decennial censuses of population and housing, and the censuses of agriculture, business, manufactures, and construction (taken every 5 years) conducted by the Bureau of the Census; the annual Vital Statistics of the United States, issued by the National Center for Health Statistics; and the annual Income and Product of the Puerto Rico Planning Board, San Juan. Jurisdiction—The United States gained jurisdiction over these areas as follows: The islands of Puerto Rico and Guam, surrendered by Spain to the United States in October 1898, were ceded to the United States by the Treaty of Paris, ratified in 1899. Puerto Rico became a commonwealth on July 25, 1952, thereby achieving a high degree of local autonomy under its own constitution. The Virgin Islands, comprising 50 islands and cays, was purchased by the United States from Denmark in 1917. American Samoa, a group of seven islands, was acquired by the United States in accordance with a convention among the United States, Great Britain, and Germany, ratified in 1900 (Swains Island was annexed in 1925). By an agreement approved by the Security Council and the United States, the Northern Mariana Islands, previously under Japanese mandate, was administered by the United States between 1947 and 1986 under the United Nations trusteeship system. The Northern Mariana Islands became a commonwealth in 1986. Censuses—Because characteristics of the outlying areas differ, the presentation of census data for them is not uniform.

In Brief
Persons per household, 1990: Puerto Rico Virgin Islands Guam American Samoa Northern Mariana Islands

3.3 3.1 4.0 7.0 4.6

The 1960 Census of Population covered all of the places listed above except the Northern Mariana Islands (their census was conducted in April 1958 by the Office of the High Commissioner), while the 1960 Census of Housing also excluded American Samoa. The 1970, 1980, and 1990 Censuses of Population and Housing covered all five areas. Beginning in 1967, Congress authorized the economic censuses, to be taken at 5-year intervals, for years ending in “2” and “7.” Prior economic censuses were conducted in Puerto Rico for 1949, 1954, 1958, and 1963 and in Guam and the Virgin Islands for 1958 and 1963. In 1967, the census of construction industries was added for the first time in Puerto Rico; in 1972, Virgin Islands and Guam were covered. For 1982, 1987, and 1992 the economic censuses covered the Northern Mariana Islands. Information in other sections—In addition to the statistics presented in this section, other data are included as integral parts of many tables showing distribution by states in various sections of the Abstract. See “Outlying areas of the United States” in the index. For definition and explanation of terms used, see Section 1, Population; Section 4, Education; Section 23, Agriculture; Section 25, Construction and Housing; Section 26, Manufactures; and Section 27, Domestic Trade and Services.

U.S. Census Bureau, the Official StatisticsTM

Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1998

Sep. 25, 1998

810

Outlying Areas
No. 1327. Estimated Resident Population With Projections: 1960 to 2020

[In thousands. Population data generally are de facto figures for the present territory. Population estimates were derived from information available as of early 1998. See text, Section 30, for general comments regarding the data. For details of methodology, coverage, and reliability, see source] AREA Puerto Rico . . . . . . . . . American Samoa . . . . . Guam . . . . . . . . . . . . Virgin Islands. . . . . . . . Northern Mariana Island . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1960 2,358 20 67 33 9 1970 2,722 27 86 63 12 1980 3,210 32 107 98 17 1990 3,537 47 134 104 44 1995 3,731 57 144 114 58 1997 3,827 60 146 117 64 1998 3,857 62 148 118 67 2000, proj. 3,908 65 152 121 72 2010, proj. 4,087 81 178 132 99 2020, proj. 4,180 96 204 141 124

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, International Data Base.

No. 1328. Vital Statistics—Specified Areas: 1960 to 1996
[Births, deaths, and infant deaths by place of residence. Rates for 1960, 1970, 1980, and 1990 based on population enumerated as of April 1; for other years, on population estimated as of July 1] AREA AND YEAR Puerto Rico: 1960 . 1970. . . . . . . . . 1980. . . . . . . . . 1990. . . . . . . . . 1995. . . . . . . . . 1996. . . . . . . . . Guam: 1965 . . . . . 1970. . . . . . . . . 1980. . . . . . . . . 1990. . . . . . . . . 1995. . . . . . . . . 1996. . . . . . . . . Virgin Islands: 1960 1970. . . . . . . . . 1980. . . . . . . . . 1990. . . . . . . . . 1995. . . . . . . . . 1996. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

BIRTHS Number 76,314 67,628 72,986 66,417 63,425 63,108 2,523 2,842 2,945 3,839 4,180 (NA) 1,180 2,898 2,504 2,267 2,063 (NA) Per 1,000 population.
2

DEATHS Rate
1

INFANT DEATHS Rate
1

Number 15,791 18,080 20,413 25,957 30,138 28,721 336 355 393 520 (NA) (NA) 332 469 504 480 (NA) (NA)

Number 3,307 1,930 1,351 888 653 561 82 62 43 31 (NA) (NA) 42 72 61 33 (NA) (NA)

Rate

2

32.5 24.8 22.8 18.8 17.0 16.7 32.8 28.8 27.8 28.6 29.0 (NA) 36.8 46.8 25.9 21.8 18.1 (NA)

6.7 6.7 6.4 7.3 8.1 7.6 4.4 5.8 3.7 3.9 (NA) (NA) 10.3 7.9 5.2 4.6 (NA) (NA)

43.3 28.5 18.5 13.4 10.3 8.9 32.5 21.6 14.6 8.1 (NA) (NA) 35.6 24.8 24.4 14.6 (NA) (NA)

NA Not available.

Per 1,000 live births.

Source: U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, Vital Statistics of the United States, annual.

No. 1329. Land Area and Population Characteristics, by Area: 1990
[As of April 1. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation] ITEM Land area (sq. miles) . . . . . . . . . Total resident population. . . . Per square mile. . . . . . . . Percent increase, 1980-90 Urban . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rural . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Males per 100 females . . . Median age (years) . . . . . . . Male (years) . . . . . . . . . . Female (years) . . . . . . . . Marital status, persons 15 years and over . . . . . . . . Never married . . . . . . . . . . Married 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Widowed or divorced . . . . . . Households and families: Households . . . . . . . . . . . . Persons in households . . . Persons per household . . . Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Husband-wife families. . . . Children ever born per 1,000 females 15 to 44 years
1

United States 3,536,338 248,709,873 70.3 9.8 187,053,487 61,656,386 121,239,418 127,470,455 95.1 32.9 31.7 34.1 195,142,002 52,559,853 111,498,578 31,083,571 91,947,410 242,012,129 2.63 64,517,947 50,708,322 1,223

Puerto Rico 3,427 3,522,037 1,027.9 10.2 2,508,346 1,013,691 1,705,642 1,816,395 93.9 28.4 27.2 29.6 2,563,818 711,470 1,499,449 352,899 1,054,924 3,487,667 3.31 886,339 634,872 1,512

Virgin Islands 134 101,809 760.9 5.4 37,885 63,924 49,210 52,599 93.6 28.2 27.1 29.2 72,365 27,539 35,199 9,627 32,020 100,488 3.14 23,012 13,197 1,662

Guam 210 133,152 634.1 25.6 50,801 82,351 70,945 62,207 114.0 25.0 25.2 24.9 93,200 30,759 54,717 7,724 31,373 124,596 3.97 27,313 21,342 1,523

American Samoa 77 46,773 607.4 44.8 15,599 31,174 24,023 22,750 105.6 20.9 20.6 21.2 28,952 11,412 15,958 1,582 6,607 46,267 7.00 6,301 5,153 1,757

Northern Mariana Islands 179 43,345 242.2 158.3 12,151 31,194 22,802 20,543 111.0 27.4 29.9 24.9 33,030 13,810 17,869 1,351 6,873 31,856 4.63 5,312 3,947 1,226

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

..

For Puerto Rico, includes consensually married couples and for all areas, includes separated couples.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1990 Census of Population, CP-1 and CP-2 parts 1, (United States), 53 (Puerto Rico), 55 (Virgin Islands); 1990 Census of Population and Housing, CPH-1, parts 53A and 55; CPH-6, parts G (Guam), AS (American Samoa), and CNMI (Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands); and Summary Tape File, parts 3C, (United States), 3A (Puerto Rico), and 3 (Virgin Islands).

U.S. Census Bureau, the Official StatisticsTM

Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1998

Oct. 8, 1998

Outlying Areas
No. 1330. Selected Social and Economic Characteristics, by Area: 1990
[As of April 1] CHARACTERISTIC EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT Persons 25 years and over . . . . . . . Less than 9th grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9th to 12th grade, no diploma . . . . . . . High school graduate . . . . . . . . . . . . Some college or associate degree. . . . Bachelor’s degree or higher . . . . . . . . EMPLOYMENT STATUS Total persons, 16 years old and over In labor force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Percent of total . . . . . . . . . . . . Armed forces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Civilian labor force . . . . . . . . . . . . Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Percent of civilian labor force . Not in labor force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FAMILY INCOME IN 1989 Families, census year . . . . . . . . . . Percent distribution by income class . . Less than $5,000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . $5,000 to $9,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . $10,000 to $14,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . $15,000 to $24,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . $25,000 or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Median income (dollars) . . . . . . . . . . RESIDENCE IN 1985 Persons 5 years and over . . . . . . . Same house . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Different house in this area . . . . . . . . Outside area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME Persons 5 years and over . . . . . . . Speak only English at home . . . . . . . . NA Not available. United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158,868,436 . 16,502,211 . 22,841,507 . 47,642,763 . 39,571,702 . 32,310,253 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191,829,271 125,182,378 65.3 1,708,928 123,473,450 115,681,202 7,792,248 6.3 66,646,893 65,049,428 100.0 4.0 5.6 7.2 16.4 66.9 35,225 Puerto Rico Virgin Islands 55,639 12,908 11,278 14,021 9,011 8,421 70,323 47,553 67.6 110 47,443 44,267 3,176 6.7 22,770 23,012 100.0 8.8 9.5 12.8 20.6 48.3 24,036 92,579 56,098 25,003 11,478 92,579 70,442 Guam American Samoa 19,570 3,664 5,239 6,253 3,062 1,352 27,991 14,198 50.7 11 14,187 13,461 726 5.1 13,793 6,301 100.0 11.0 19.2 17.0 23.6 29.1 15,979 39,821 30,759 2,763 6,299 39,821 1,203

811

Northern Mariana Islands 24,633 4,285 4,016 8,659 3,818 3,855 32,522 26,589 81.8 8 26,581 25,965 616 2.3 5,933 5,312 100.0 8.2 13.9 13.1 21.6 43.2 21,275 39,206 11,479 6,870 20,857 39,206 1,878

1,952,297 691,835 290,173 410,559 281,248 278,482 2,497,078 1,180,162 47.3 5,486 1,174,676 934,736 239,940 20.4 1,316,916 889,998 100.0 25.1 24.9 16.5 17.5 16.0 9,988 3,219,765 2,190,479 879,691 149,595 3,219,765 (NA)

66,700 9,238 8,602 22,220 14,984 11,656 90,990 66,138 72.7 11,952 54,186 52,144 2,042 3.8 24,852 27,313 100.0 4.0 4.7 8.3 21.1 61.9 31,178 118,055 54,665 24,763 38,627 118,055 44,048

. 230,445,777 . 122,796,970 . 102,540,097 . 5,108,710

. . . 230,445,777 . . . 198,600,798

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Summary Tape File, parts 3C, (United States), 3A, and unpublished data, (Puerto Rico), and 3 (Virgin Islands); 1990 Census of Population, CP-2 parts 1,(United States), 53 (Puerto Rico), 55 (Virgin Islands); CPH-L-98, The Foreign Born Population in the United States: 1990; 1990 Census of Population and Housing, CPH-6, parts G (Guam), AS (American Samoa), and CNMI (Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands).

No. 1331. Federal Direct Payments for Individuals: 1990 and 1997
[In thousands of dollars. For fiscal years ending September 30] SELECTED PROGRAM PAYMENTS 1990 Puerto Rico Guam 83,199 1,260 2,273 2,227 1,907 11,372 6,430 734 3,578 178 34,150 14,362 4,043 685 Virgin Islands 95,396 432 4,977 3,722 5,692 31,601 11,056 50 1,794 28 8,326 4,659 18,403 3,233 1,423 American Samoa Puerto Rico Guam 191,662 1,458 721 355 6,417 36,189 18,045 894 6,206 518 65,947 48,606 6,104 202 1997 Virgin Islands 149,099 1,548 12,684 6,381 10,450 52,892 17,002 231 1,655 116 7,305 4,888 27,946 6,001 American Samoa 24,619 250 5,891 6,687 6,941 89 2,588 313 1,837 23

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,487,697 Pell Grants . . . . . . . . . . . . . Medicare: Hospital Insurance 1 Supplemental medical insurance 1. . . . . . . . . . . . Social Security: Disability insurance . . . . . . Retirement insurance . . . . . Survivors insurance . . . . . . Federal workers compensation Veterans: Pension and disability. . . . Education assistance . . . . Federal retirement and disability 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal payments for unemployment compensation . . . Food Stamps . . . . . . . . . . . Housing assistance 4 . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240,545 186,950 209,525

14,615 5,800,327 113 295,055 505,971 580,859

. 560,910 . 1,077,133 . 461,999 . 7,342 280,799 3,086 161,315 129,298 (3) 123,848 44,947

2,410 952,257 4,330 1,633,467 3,873 736,452 85 6,434 1,354 37 1,605 777 31 357,976 5,084 193,467 303,474 (3) 196,789 33,042

.. .. .. . . . . . . . .

1 - Represents or rounds to zero. Figures have been adjusted proportionately to exclude obligations unpaid as of Sept. 30,1997. 2 Includes retirement and disability payments to former U.S. Postal Service employees. 3 Food stamp program 4 Amounts shown for housing assistance for in Puerto Rico was replaced by the Nutritional Assistance Grant Program in 1982. nonpublic agencies reflects reductions to allow for offsetting amounts included for payments to public agencies. Also includes FEMA .

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Federal Expenditures by State, annual.

U.S. Census Bureau, the Official StatisticsTM

Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1998

Oct. 8, 1998

812

Outlying Areas
No. 1332. Public Elementary and Secondary Schools, by Areas: 1996
[For school year ending in year shown, unless otherwise indicated] ITEM Puerto Rico Guam Virgin American Islands Samoa ITEM School staff . . . . . Teachers . . . . . Other support services staff . . . Current expenditures ($1,000) 1 . . . . . . . .. .. .. Puerto Rico 47,199 39,328 21,489 Guam 2,490 1,802 917 Virgin American Islands Samoa 2,244 1,622 1,068 909 728 414

PUBLIC EL/SEC Enrollment, fall . . . . . Elementary (kindergartengrade 8) . . . . . . Secondary (grades 9-12 and post graduates) . . . . . Staff, fall . . . . . . . . . School district staff .
1

. . . . .

627,620 32,960 22,737 14,576 460,585 24,877 16,342 11,207 167,035 69,731 1,043 8,083 3,728 321 6,395 3,421 379 3,369 1,417 94

. . 1,646,313 173,721 135,291 30,372

HIGHER EDUCATION Enrollment, fall . . . . . .

170,337

6,010

3,054

1,232

Public elementary and secondary day schools.

Source: U.S. National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics, annual, and unpublished data.

No. 1333. Puerto Rico—Summary: 1970 to 1997
ITEM Unit 1970 2,722 4.6 1980 3,184 4.3 1985 3,378 3.9 1990 3,527 3.7 1994 3,686 3.6 1995 3,719 3.5 1996 3,733 3.5 1997 3,806 3.5 POPULATION Total 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 . . . . Persons per family . . . . . . . . . . . Number . . . EDUCATION
2

Enrollment, total . . . . . . . Public day school . . . . Other public . . . . . . . . Private schools . . . . . . College and university . Expenses . . . . . . . . . . . As percent of GNP . P.R. Dept. of Education Personal consumption . LABOR FORCE
4 3

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

1,000 . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . Mil. dol. . Percent . Mil. dol. . Mil. dol. .

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

922.6 672.3 103.9 89.1 57.3 288.8 6.2 254.6 34.2

1,090.9 716.1 149.5 95.2 130.1 825.0 7.5 612.2 212.8

1,107.9 692.9 152.0 102.7 155.5 1,171.8 7.8 810.2 361.6

(NA) 651.2 (NA) 145.8 156.0 1,686.4 7.8 1,054.2 644.2

(NA) 631.4 (NA) 140.0 161.7 2,251.4 8.5 1,467.9 783.5

(NA) 621.4 (NA) 145.9 165.4 2,555.8 9.0 1,689.4 866.4

(NA) 627.6 (NA) 148.0 168.7 2,787.7 9.1 1,903.0 884.7

(NA) 618.9 (NA) (NA) 159.3 2,846.8 8.9 1,910.9 935.9

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employed 5 . . . . . . . . . . Agriculture 6 . . . . . . . . Manufacturing . . . . . . . Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . Government . . . . . . . . Unemployed . . . . . . . . . Unemployment rate 7 . . Compensation of employees Avg. compensation . . . . . Salary and wages . . . . . . INCOME
8

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

1,000 . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . Rate . . . Mil. dol. . Dollar . . Mil. dol. .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

765 686 68 132 128 106 79 10 2,800 4,082 2,555

907 753 38 143 138 184 154 17 7,200 9,563 6,290

985 774 39 141 150 183 211 21 9,442 12,456 8,137

1,124 963 36 168 185 222 161 14 13,639 14,854 11,681

1,203 1,011 34 166 201 224 192 16 16,764 16,582 14,420

1,219 1,051 34 172 211 232 168 14 17,773 16,911 15,300

1,268 1,092 32 167 218 246 175 14 18,990 17,390 16,350

1,298 1,128 31 162 228 261 170 13 19,920 17,660 17,156

Personal income: Current dollars . . . . . . . . Constant (1954) dollars . . Disposable personal income: Current dollars . . . . . . . . Constant (1954) dollars . . Average family income: Current dollars . . . . . . . . Constant (1954) dollars . . BANKING
9

. . . . Mil. dol. . . . . . . . Mil. dol. . . . . . . . Mil. dol. . . . . . . . Mil. dol. . . . . . . . Dollar . . . . . . . . Dollar . . . .

3,753 2,654 3,565 2,521 6,366 4,503

11,002 3,985 10,403 3,768 14,858 5,381

14,588 4,274 13,760 4,032 16,914 4,957

21,105 5,551 19,914 5,238 22,234 5,848

25,864 6,243 24,248 5,853 25,484 6,151

27,378 6,547 25,591 6,119 25,881 6,177

30,122 7,119 28,184 6,661 28,293 6,646

32,076 7,454 30,020 6,977 29,783 6,915

Assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. dol. . . . TOURISM
8

3,322

10,223

21,209

27,902

32,778

39,859

39,671

42,380

Number of visitors . . . . Visitor expenditures . . . Average per visitor . . Net income from tourism

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

1,000 . . Mil. dol. . Dollar . . Mil. dol. .

. . . .

. . . .

1,225.0 235.4 192 89.8

2,140.0 618.7 289 202.2

2,061.6 757.7 368 223.1

3,425.8 1,366.4 399 383.3

4,022.6 1,728.3 430 469.2

4,086.6 1,827.6 447 498.7

4,110.2 1,898.3 462 526.8

4,349.7 2,046.3 470 553.5

NA Not available. 1 1970, 1980, and 1990 enumerated as of April 1; all other years estimated as of July 1. 2 Enrollment for the first school month. Expenses for school year ending in year shown. Since 1990, does not include all public schools or enrollment. 3 Annual average of monthly figures, for fiscal years. 4 Beginning 1980, for population 16 years old and over; 1970, 5 6 Includes other employment not shown separately. Includes forestry and fisheries. for population 14 years and over. 7 Percent unemployed of the labor force. 8 For fiscal years. 9 As of June 30. Does not include federal savings banks and international banking entities. Source: Puerto Rico Planning Board, San Juan, PR, Income and Product, annual; and Socioeconomics Statistics, annual.

U.S. Census Bureau, the Official StatisticsTM

Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1998

Oct. 8, 1998

Outlying Areas
No. 1334. Puerto Rico—Gross Product and Net Income: 1980 to 1997
[In millions of dollars. For fiscal years ending June 30. Data for 1997 are preliminary] ITEM Gross domestic product . . . . . . Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contract construction and mining 1. . . . Transportation & other public services 2 Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finance, insurance, real estate . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commonwealth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rest of the world . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Statistical discrepancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 11,065 380 5,306 369 1,279 2,273 1,486 1,279 1,897 1,574 323 -3,372 166 9,007 435 4,756 9 337 1,022 1,609 1,200 1,114 1,897 -3,372 1985 15,002 357 7,909 334 1,709 3,160 2,547 1,837 2,346 1,996 350 -5,287 91 12,182 410 7,117 10 309 1,248 2,285 2,141 1,606 2,346 -5,287 1990 21,619 434 12,126 720 2,468 4,728 3,896 3,015 3,337 2,884 453 -8,985 -121 17,941 486 11,277 26 679 1,778 3,420 3,280 2,643 3,337 -8,985 1993 25,133 411 15,428 874 3,009 5,303 4,897 3,909 3,881 3,327 555 -11,790 -789 21,185 469 14,462 25 805 2,132 3,712 4,073 3,415 3,881 -11,790 1994 26,641 369 16,748 928 3,134 5,635 5,246 4,332 3,987 3,395 592 -13,050 -689 22,041 420 15,688 28 830 2,193 3,875 4,294 3,775 3,987 -13,050 1995 28,452 318 17,867 1,006 3,276 5,989 5,730 4,724 4,440 3,793 647 -14,195 -703 23,653 442 16,685 30 903 2,360 4,108 4,735 4,146 4,440 -14,195 1996 30,331 375 19,040 1,095 3,557 6,290 5,084 5,075 4,841 4,122 719 -15,925 -846 25,266 474 17,796 33 985 2,521 4,352 5,015 4,431 4,841 -15,181
3

813

1997 32,102 368 19,797 1,217 3,726 6,495 6,522 5,348 5,220 4,457 763 -16,754 -591 26,534 514 18,473 37 1,097 2,620 4,546 5,346 4,682 5,220 -16,001

Domestic net income . . . . . . . . . . Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contract construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation and other public services 2 . Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finance, insurance, and real estate . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commonwealth government 3 . . . . . . . . . Rest of the world . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 Mining includes only quarries. 2 Includes other public utilities, and radio and television broadcasting. enterprises not elsewhere classified. Source: Puerto Rico Planning Board, San Juan, PR, Economic Report of the Governor, 1996-97.

Includes public

No. 1335. Puerto Rico—Transfer Payments: 1985 to 1997
[In millions of dollars. Data represent transfer payments between federal and state governments and other nonresidents. See headnote, Table 1334] ITEM Total receipts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transfers to individuals 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . Veterans benefits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Medicare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Old age, disability, survivors (social security) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nutritional assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industry subsidies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. state governments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other nonresidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total payments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transfers from individuals. . . . . . . . . . . . Contribution to Medicare . . . . . . . . . . . Employee contribution for social security Transfers from industries . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployment insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . Employer contribution for social security . . Other nonresidents 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. state governments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other nonresidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 3,531 3,348 3,283 317 220 1,581 780 65 17 166 1,180 1,145 508 44 463 13 189 435 35 2,351 2,203 14 134 1990 4,871 4,649 4,577 349 368 2,055 880 72 18 205 1,801 1,756 817 97 720 16 247 675 45 3,070 2,893 16 162 1993 5,478 5,279 5,186 405 517 2,463 975 93 33 166 2,089 2,021 980 122 856 26 208 807 69 3,389 3,258 27 104 1994 5,957 5,630 5,532 414 570 2,722 995 98 23 304 2,211 2,055 1,003 142 859 32 211 810 155 3,746 3,575 16 155 1995 6,236 5,912 5,838 440 661 2,912 1,063 74 18 307 2,301 2,132 1,052 162 888 49 184 847 169 3,935 3,780 13 143 1996 7,033 6,748 6,675 472 1,061 3,101 1,071 73 17 268 2,348 2,268 1,127 167 958 37 191 914 78 4,685 4,479 12 193 1997 7,660 7,337 7,255 484 1,299 3,282 1,087 82 17 306 2,387 2,349 1,156 165 988 47 203 944 39 5,272 4,988 13 271

1 Includes other receipts and payments not shown separately. 2Includes U.S. state governments Source: Puerto Rico Planning Board, San Juan, PR, Economic Report of the Governor, 1996-97.

No. 1336. Puerto Rico—Merchandise Imports and Exports: 1980 to 1997
[In millions of dollars. Imports are imports for consumption; see text, Section 28] ITEM Imports. . . . . From U.S . From other. Exports . . . . To U.S. . . . To other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 9,018 5,345 3,673 6,576 5,643 933 1985 10,162 6,130 4,032 11,087 9,873 1,214 1988 13,096 8,788 4,308 14,436 12,756 1,680 1989 15,010 10,193 4,817 17,455 15,334 2,121 1990 16,200 10,792 5,408 20,402 17,915 2,487 1991 15,079 10,306 4,773 21,128 18,729 2,399 1992 16,476 11,463 5,013 20,455 17,990 2,465 1993 16,124 11,179 4,945 20,351 17,613 2,738 1994 17,152 11,455 5,697 22,711 20,098 2,613 1995 18,969 12,213 6,756 23,573 20,986 2,587 1996 19,422 12,220 7,202 22,379 19,907 2,472 1997 21,928 13,904 8,024 26,653 25,045 1,608

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Foreign Commerce and Navigation of the United States, annual; U.S. Trade with Puerto Rico and U.S. Possessions, FT 895; and, through 1988, Highlights of U.S. Export and Import Trade, FT990; thereafter, FT920 supplement.

U.S. Census Bureau, the Official StatisticsTM

Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1998

Oct. 8, 1998

814

Outlying Areas
No. 1337. Puerto Rico—Economic Summary, by Industry: 1995

[Covers establishments with payroll. Employees are for the week including March 12. Most government employees are excluded. For statement on methodology, see Appendix III] 1987 SIC code 1 . . . . . . . . (X) A B 14 Total establishments 38,832 95 32 23 1,406 516 751 1,978 294 23 216 125 40 201 187 27 80 22 152 176 70 91 59 1,045 301 53 62 412 114 25 2,325 1,216 1,090 12,366 853 456 1,736 2,015 1,814 864 2,391 1,860 334 402 74 228 745 10,422 766 1,284 896 122 246 3,170 1,092 439 313 528 916 EMPLOYMENT-SIZE CLASS 1 to 4 23,314 73 10 6 613 196 377 564 91 5 45 49 3 105 19 5 20 4 42 56 30 4 5 635 186 16 20 320 34 10 997 523 472 6,848 538 159 1,058 1,317 689 478 1,268 863 60 103 21 122 506 6,921 554 642 647 55 142 2,487 921 105 138 337 559 5 to 9 6,304 13 3 2 232 88 128 225 37 4 15 18 3 25 15 5 7 1 22 24 7 6 5 154 49 8 10 50 20 1 499 263 229 2,466 164 64 256 418 578 200 322 395 72 118 13 46 135 1,502 114 215 142 12 44 386 79 56 70 75 179 10 to 19 4,075 5 9 7 177 58 98 308 52 1 27 29 8 37 20 5 12 1 29 36 8 9 3 102 30 5 10 24 21 4 387 223 161 1,533 81 93 148 151 376 131 317 294 127 77 6 22 58 879 64 155 64 32 20 143 66 65 46 52 86 20 to 49 3,105 4 6 5 210 91 88 362 59 4 35 22 10 21 33 5 20 2 44 38 10 10 7 84 26 12 9 9 22 3 290 158 128 1,072 56 66 118 94 150 49 390 209 52 78 18 24 31 634 32 119 29 21 31 76 20 110 31 39 64 50 or more Employees 2 Annual payroll (mil. dol.) 9,736.0 3.6 10.6 8.8 494.4 204.3 176.1 3,040.4 364.4 35.0 246.6 23.6 37.6 86.9 1,007.4 40.3 80.2 80.7 91.8 67.7 128.9 357.4 241.6 640.3 65.0 86.3 49.4 47.3 363.9 19.8 751.4 311.3 424.1 1,424.8 73.3 193.0 233.4 167.2 140.0 72.5 296.3 822.5 333.5 151.9 104.1 94.1 92.6 2,131.8 39.2 522.3 65.4 15.6 31.2 474.2 79.2 302.4 61.5 68.8 201.5

INDUSTRY Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agricultural services, forestry, and fishing Mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonmetallic minerals, except fuels . . .
2

2,034 617,986 389 4 866 3 666 174 83 60 40,323 17,209 13,820

Construction 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C General contractors and operative builders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Special trade contractors . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Manufacturing 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food and kindred products . . . . . Textile mill products . . . . . . . . . . Apparel and other textile products Furniture and fixtures. . . . . . . . . Paper and allied products . . . . . . Printing and publishing. . . . . . . . Chemicals and allied products . . . Petroleum and coal products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 20 22 23 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 34 35 36 38 E 42 44 45 47 48 49

519 156,237 55 20,825 9 2,881 94 24,409 7 2,027 16 1,967 13 4,615 100 32,423 7 1,293 21 14 15 22 15 62 39 70 10 12 13 9 17 7 152 49 100 4,141 6,893 4,450 4,517 6,493 19,717 11,469 27,752 3,385 5,600 2,475 2,697 12,034 1,033 34,764 14,751 19,487

Rubber and misc. plastic products . . Leather and leather products . . . . . Stone, clay, and glass products . . . . Fabricated metal products . . . . . . . Industrial machinery and equip . . . . Electronic and other electronic equip Instruments and related products . . . Transportation and public utilities 2 . . Trucking and warehousing . . . . . . Water transportation . . . . . . . . . . Air transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation services . . . . . . . . Communication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electric, gas, and sanitary services. . . . . . . .

Wholesale trade 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Retail trade 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Building materials, garden supplies . . . General merchandise stores . . . . . . . . Food stores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Automotive dealers and service stations Apparel and accessory stores . . . . . . . Furniture and home furnishings . . . . . . Eating and drinking places . . . . . . . . . Finance, insurance, and real estate 2 . . . . Depository institutions . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondepository institutions . . . . . . . . . . Insurance carriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Insurance agents, brokers, and service . Real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Services 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal services . . . . . . . . . . . . . Business services . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auto repair, services, and parking . . Motion pictures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amusement and recreation services . Health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 H 60 61 63 64 65 I 72 73 75 78 79 80 81 82 83 86 87

447 134,430 14 6,157 74 18,307 156 27,140 35 12,744 21 15,939 6 5,791 94 30,059 99 23 26 16 14 15 38,242 14,051 9,050 4,093 3,516 6,612

486 152,447 2 3,721 153 43,078 14 4,913 2 1,492 9 3,565 78 33,367 6 103 28 25 28 3,987 21,449 5,611 6,165 8,974

Legal services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Education services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Social services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Membership organizations . . . . . . . . . Engineering and management services .

1 - Represents or rounds to zero. X Not applicable. 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code; see text, Section 13. 2 Includes other establishments not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns, annual.

U.S. Census Bureau, the Official StatisticsTM

Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1998

Oct. 8, 1998

Outlying Areas

815

No. 1338. Highway Statistics (Most Current Year) for Puerto Rico and the Territories
ITEM Motor-vehicle registrations: Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Automobiles . . . . . . . Buses . . . . . . . . . . . Trucks . . . . . . . . . . . Puerto Rico, 1994 Virgin Islands, 1996 57,135 43,754 1,121 12,260 158 226 (NA) 4,550 22,728 (NA) (NA) 1,613 1,314 299 (NA) (NA) Guam, 1996 American Samoa, 1993 5,117 4,628 203 286 52 29 4,111 36 3,644 398 250 219 27 2 2 Northern Mariana Islands, 1995 15,133 14,559 200 374 36 57 11,481 3,530 7,951 1,028 849 179 -

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

1,661,000 1,432,000 4,000 225,000 17,000 22,000 1,529,000 81,000 314,000 87,000 71,216 61,305 4,823 332 4,755

112,893 79,080 858 32,955 3,621 617 47,928 6,008 36,008 5,692 220 6,277 5,789 488 (NA) (NA)

Trailers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Motorcycles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Driver licenses in force 1 . . . . Learner permits issued. . . . Operator licenses issued . . Chauffeur licenses issued. . Motorcycle licenses issued . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Motor vehicle tax receipts ($1,000) Registration fees. . . . . . . . . . . Driver licenses . . . . . . . . . . . . Motor carriers. . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Motor-fuel consumption: 2 Territorial tax rate (cents/gal.)on Dec. 31: Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Diesel and LPG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net gallons taxed (1,000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . At prevailing rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . At other rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Motor-fuel tax receipts: 2 ($1,000) Gross gallonage receipts . . . . Less: Refunds paid . . . . . . . . . . Dedicated gallonage tax . . . Other receipts . . . . . . . . . . . Net total receipts. . . . . . . . . . Highway receipts ($1,000) Highway-user revenue . General funds . . . . . . FHWA funds . . . . . . . Other federal funds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

16 8 1,200,751 1,198,377 2,374 170,988 799 119 852 170,922 650,455 290,753 299,974 54,204 650,455 484,860 42,468 103,282 19,845

14 14 38,746 (NA) (NA) 5,425 (NA) (NA) (NA) 5,425 31,422 772 5,038 14,504 11,108 20,558 14,100 952 6,353 105

11 10 90,866 (NA) (NA) 3,132 (NA) (NA) (NA) 5,363 486 (NA) (NA) 54 432 17,081 9,631 4,337 2,627 486

11.5 11.5 3,150 3,150 61 116 (55) 19,497 195 277 18,908 117 622 19 422 181 -

10 10 65,932 65,932 6,593 6,593 5,448 899 3,749 800 5,448 3,749 587 172 940

Highway disbursements ($1,000). Capital outlay . . . . . . . . . . . . Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . Administration . . . . . . . . . . . Highway law enforcement. . . .

- Represents or rounds to zero. NA Not available. issued. 2 1996 data for Puerto Rico.

For American Samoa, data are licenses in force instead of license

Source: U.S. Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, annual.

No. 1339. Guam, Virgin Islands, and Northern Mariana Islands— Economic Summary: 1992
[Sales and payroll in millions of dollars] ITEM Total: Establishments . . . . . . Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . Annual payroll . . . . . . . Paid employees 1. . . . . Unpaid family workers 2 Construction: Establishments . . . . . . Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . Annual payroll . . . . . . . Paid employees 1. . . . . Unpaid family workers 2 Manufacturing: Establishments . . . . . . Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . Annual payroll . . . . . . . Paid employees 1. . . . . Unpaid family workers 2
1

Guam

Virgin Islands 2,932 2,281 338 20,968 330 147 169 44 2,224 3 78 134 23 1,196 3
2

No. Mariana Islands 1,266 1,132 161 20,105 268 103 88 18 3,036 20 73 264 49 6,267 4

ITEM Wholesale trade: Establishments . . . . . . Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . Annual payroll . . . . . . . Paid employees 1. . . . . Unpaid family workers 2 Retail trade: Establishments . . . . . . Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . Annual payroll . . . . . . . Paid employees 1. . . . . Unpaid family workers 2 Services: Establishments . . . . . . Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . Annual payroll . . . . . . . Paid employees 1. . . . . Unpaid family workers 2

Guam

Virgin Islands 114 414 21 1,030 1 1,339 881 120 8,859 239 1,254 682 130 7,659 84

No. Mariana Islands 60 132 6 534 3 616 384 38 4,715 157 414 264 51 5,553 84

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1,955 3,018 567 33,057 337 240 709 178 9,131 17 48 110 23 1,130 8

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

154 428 32 1,715 4 886 1,114 141 9,565 237 627 656 193 11,516 71

For pay period including March 12.

Includes those who worked 15 hours or more during the week including March 12.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1992 Economic Census of Outlying Areas, OA92-E-5 to OA92-E-7. U.S. Census Bureau, the Official StatisticsTM

Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1998

Oct. 8, 1998