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					Section 28

Foreign Commerce and Aid

This section presents data on the flow of goods, services, and capital between the United States and other countries; changes in official reserve assets of the United States; international investments; and foreign assistance programs. The Bureau of Economic Analysis publishes current figures on U.S. international transactions and the U.S. international investment position in its monthly Survey of Current Business. Statistics for the foreign aid programs are presented by the Agency for International Development (AID) in its annual U.S. Overseas Loans and Grants and Assistance from International Organizations and by the Department of Agriculture in its Foreign Agricultural Trade of the United States. The principal source of merchandise import and export data is the U.S. Census Bureau. Current data are presented monthly in U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services report Series FT 900. Census Bureau Catalog & Guide and the Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics lists the Bureau’s monthly and annual products and services in this field. In addition, the International Trade Administration and the Bureau of Economic Analysis present summary as well as selected commodity and country data for U.S. foreign trade in the U.S. Foreign Trade Highlights and the Survey of Current Business, respectively. The merchandise trade data in the latter source include balance of payments adjustments to the Census Bureau data. The Treasury Department’s Monthly Treasury Statement of Receipts and Outlays of the United States Government contains information on import duties. International accounts—The international transactions tables (Nos. 1307 to 1309) show, for given time periods, the transfer of goods, services, grants, and financial assets and liabilities between the

United States and the rest of the world. The international investment position table (No. 1310) presents, for specific dates, the value of U.S. investments abroad and of foreign investments in the United States. The movement of foreign and U.S. capital as presented in the balance of payments is not the only factor affecting the total value of foreign investments. Among the other factors are changes in the valuation of assets or liabilities, including changes in prices of securities, defaults, expropriations, and write-offs. Direct investment abroad means the ownership or control, directly or indirectly, by one person of 10 percent or more of the voting securities of an incorporated business enterprise or an equivalent interest in an unincorporated business enterprise. Direct investment position is the value of U.S. parents’ claims on the equity of and receivables due from foreign affiliates, less foreign affiliates’ receivables due from their U.S. parents. Income consists of parents’ shares in the earnings of their affiliates plus net interest received by parents on intercompany accounts, less withholding taxes on dividends and interest. Foreign aid—Foreign assistance is divided into three major categories—grants (military supplies and services and other grants), credits, and other assistance (through net accumulation of foreign currency claims from the sale of agricultural commodities). Grants are transfers for which no payment is expected (other than a limited percentage of the foreign currency “counterpart” funds generated by the grant), or which at most involve an obligation on the part of the receiver to extend aid to the United States or other countries to achieve a common objective. Credits are loan disbursements or transfers under other agreements which give rise to specific obligations to repay, over a period Foreign Commerce and Aid 775

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

of years, usually with interest. All known returns to the U.S. Government stemming from grants and credits (reverse grants, returns of grants, and payments of principal) are taken into account in net grants and net credits, but no allowance is made for interest or commissions. Other assistance represents the transfer of U.S. farm products in exchange for foreign currencies (plus, since enactment of Public Law 87128, currency claims from principal and interest collected on credits extended under the farm products program), less the Government’s disbursements of the currencies as grants, credits, or for purchases. The net acquisition of currencies represents net transfers of resources to foreign countries under the agricultural programs, in addition to those classified as grants or credits. The basic instrument for extending military aid to friendly nations has been the Mutual Defense Assistance Program authorized by the Congress in 1949. Prior to 1952, economic and technical aid was authorized in the Foreign Assistance Act of 1948, the 1950 Act for International Development, and other legislation which set up programs for specific countries. In 1952, these economic, technical, and military aid programs were combine under the Mutual Security Act, which in turn was followed by the Foreign Assistance Act passed in 1961. Appropriations to provide military assistance were also made in the Department of Defense Appropriation Act (rather than the Foreign Assistance Appropriation Act) beginning in 1966 for certain countries in Southeast Asia and in other legislation concerning program for specific countries (such as Israel). Figures on activity under the Foreign Assistance Act as reported in the Foreign Grants and Credits series differ from data published by AID or its immediate predecessors, due largely to differences in reporting, timing, and treatment of particular items. Exports—The Census Bureau compiles export data primarily from Shipper’s Export Declarations required to be filed with customs officials for shipments leaving the United States. They include U.S. exports 776 Foreign Commerce and Aid

under mutual security programs and exclude shipments to U.S. Armed Forces for their own use. The value reported in the export statistics is generally equivalent to a free alongside ship (f.a.s.) value at the U.S. port of export, based on the transaction price, including inland freight, insurance, and other charges incurred in placing the merchandise alongside the carrier at the U.S. port of exportation. This value, as defined, excludes the cost of loading merchandise aboard the exporting carrier and also excludes freight, insurance, and any other charges or transportation and other costs beyond the U.S. port of exportation. The country of destination is defined as the country of ultimate destination or country where the merchandise is to be consumed, further processed, or manufactured, as known to the shipper at the time of exportation. When ultimate destination is not known, the shipment is statistically credited to the last country to which the shipper knows the merchandise will be shipped in the same form as exported. Effective January 1990, the United States began substituting Canadian import statistics for U.S. exports to Canada. As a result of the data exchange between the United States and Canada, the United States has adopted the Canadian import exemption level for its export statistics based on shipments to Canada. Data are estimated for shipments valued under $2,501 to all countries, except Canada, using factors based on the ratios of low-valued shipments to individual country totals. Prior to 1989, exports were based on Schedule B, Statistical Classification of Domestic and Foreign Commodities Exported from the United States. These statistics were retabulated and published using Schedule E, Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 2. Beginning in 1989, Schedule B classifications were based on the Harmonized System and made to coincide with the Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3. This revision will affect the comparability

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

of most export series beginning with the 1989 data for commodities. Imports—The Census Bureau compiles import data from various customs forms required to be filed with customs officials. Data on import values are presented on two bases in this section: The c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) and the customs import value (as appraised by the U.S. Customs Service in accordance with legal requirements of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended). This latter valuation, primarily used for collection of import duties, frequently does not reflect the actual transaction value. Country of origin is defined as country where the merchandise was grown, mined, or manufactured. If country of origin is unknown, country of shipment is reported. Imports are classified either as “General imports” or “Imports for consumption.” General imports are a combination of entries for immediate consumption, entries into customs bonded warehouses, and entries into U.S. Foreign Trade Zones, thus generally reflecting total arrivals of merchandise. Imports for consumption are a combination of entries for immediate consumption, withdrawals from warehouses for consumption, and entries of merchandise into U.S. customs territory from U.S. Foreign Trade Zones, thus generally reflecting the total of the commodities entered into U.S. consumption channels.

Prior to 1989, imports were based on the Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated. The statistics were retabulated and published using Schedule A, Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 2. Beginning in 1989, the statistics are based on the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States, which coincides with the Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3. This revision will affect the comparability of most import series beginning with the 1989 data. Area coverage—Except as noted, the geographic area covered by the export and import trade statistics is the United States Customs area (includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico), the U.S. Virgin Islands (effective January 1981), and U.S. Foreign Trade Zones (effective July 1982). Data for selected tables and total values for 1980 have been revised to reflect the U.S. Virgin Islands’ trade with foreign countries, where possible. Statistical reliability—For a discussion of statistical collection and estimation, sampling procedures, and measures of statistical reliability applicable to Census Bureau data, see Appendix III.

Foreign Commerce and Aid 777
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

Figure 28.1

U.S. International Transaction Balance: 1980 to 1999

In billions Balance on services

100

50

Balance on income

778 Foreign Commerce and Aid
Balance on current account 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000

0

-50

-100

Balance on goods

-150

-200

-250

-300

-350

1980

1982

1984

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

Source: Chart prepared by U.S. Census Bureau. For data, see Table 1307.

No. 1307. U.S. International Transactions by Type of Transaction: 1980 to 1999
[In millions of dollars (344,440 represents $344,400,000,000). Minus sign (-) indicates debits. N.i.e. = Not included elsewhere] Type of transaction Exports of goods and services and income receipts . . . . . Exports of goods and services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goods, balance of payments basis 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Services 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transfers under U.S. military agency sales contracts 3 . Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Passenger fares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Royalties and license fees 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other private services 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. Government miscellaneous services . . . . . . . . . Income receipts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Income receipts on U.S.-owned assets abroad. Direct investment receipts . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other private receipts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. Government receipts . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compensation of employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 344,440 271,834 224,250 47,584 9,029 10,588 2,591 11,618 7,085 6,276 398 72,606 72,606 37,146 32,898 2,562 (NA) -333,774 -291,241 -249,750 -41,491 -10,851 -10,397 -3,607 -11,790 -724 -2,909 -1,214 -42,532 -42,532 -8,635 -21,214 -12,684 (NA) -8,349 -5,486 -1,818 -1,044 1990 708,135 536,058 389,307 146,751 9,932 43,007 15,298 22,042 16,634 39,170 668 172,078 170,906 66,309 94,072 10,525 1,172 -759,646 -615,996 -498,337 -117,659 -17,531 -37,349 -10,531 -24,966 -3,135 -22,229 -1,919 -143,649 -140,185 -3,907 -95,508 -40,770 -3,464 -27,821 -10,359 -3,224 -14,238 1991 729,513 579,956 416,913 163,043 11,135 48,385 15,854 22,631 17,819 46,531 690 149,558 148,268 59,062 81,186 8,019 1,290 -735,048 -609,440 -490,981 -118,459 -16,409 -35,322 -10,012 -24,975 -4,035 -25,590 -2,116 -125,608 -121,582 1,742 -82,452 -40,872 -4,026 9,819 29,193 -3,775 -15,599 1992 748,431 615,909 440,352 175,557 12,387 54,742 16,618 21,531 20,841 4 48,597 841 132,523 131,098 58,005 65,977 7,115 1,425 -763,187 -652,934 -536,458 -116,476 -13,835 -38,552 -10,603 -23,767 -5,161 4 -22,296 -2,263 -110,253 -105,501 -3,341 -63,079 -39,081 -4,752 -35,873 -16,320 -4,043 -15,510 1993 776,404 641,783 456,832 184,951 13,471 57,875 16,528 21,958 21,695 52,541 883 134,621 133,187 67,708 60,353 5,126 1,434 -823,167 -711,722 -589,441 -122,281 -12,086 -40,713 -11,410 -24,524 -5,032 -26,261 -2,255 -111,445 -106,313 -9,133 -57,804 -39,376 -5,132 -38,522 -17,036 -4,104 -17,383 1994 868,041 702,073 502,398 199,675 12,787 58,417 16,997 23,754 26,712 60,121 887 165,968 164,425 77,874 82,423 4,128 1,543 -950,529 -800,468 -668,590 -131,878 -10,217 -43,782 -13,062 -26,019 -5,852 -30,386 -2,560 -150,061 -144,109 -23,467 -76,450 -44,192 -5,952 -39,192 -14,978 -4,556 -19,658 1995 1,005,715 793,482 575,845 217,637 14,643 63,395 18,909 26,081 30,289 63,502 818 212,233 210,472 95,991 109,768 4,713 1,761 -1,083,844 -891,021 -749,574 -141,447 -10,043 -44,916 -14,663 -27,034 -6,919 -35,249 -2,623 -192,823 -186,560 -32,186 -97,004 -57,370 -6,263 -35,437 -11,190 -3,451 -20,796 1996 1,074,425 849,806 612,057 237,749 15,736 69,751 20,413 26,074 32,470 72,412 893 224,619 222,863 103,314 114,958 4,591 1,756 -1,161,533 -954,124 -803,327 -150,797 -11,029 -48,048 -15,818 -27,403 -7,837 -37,975 -2,687 -207,409 -201,109 -35,568 -97,901 -67,640 -6,300 -42,187 -15,337 -4,466 -22,384 1997 1,197,206 938,543 679,715 258,828 17,561 73,301 20,789 27,006 33,781 85,566 824 258,663 256,861 115,795 137,507 3,559 1,802 -1,298,705 -1,043,273 -876,366 -166,907 -11,698 -52,051 -18,138 -28,959 -9,390 -43,909 -2,762 -255,432 -248,676 -46,575 -114,051 -88,050 -6,756 -41,966 -12,386 -4,239 -25,341 1998 1,192,231 933,907 670,246 263,661 17,155 71,250 19,996 25,518 36,808 92,116 818 258,324 256,467 102,846 150,001 3,620 1,857 -1,368,718 -1,098,189 -917,178 -181,011 -12,841 -56,105 -19,797 -30,457 -11,292 -47,670 -2,849 -270,529 -263,423 -43,441 -128,863 -91,119 -7,106 -44,075 -13,057 -4,350 -26,668 1999 1,233,944 960,088 683,021 277,067 16,688 74,448 21,123 27,313 37,213 99,357 925 273,856 271,972 116,683 152,104 3,185 1,884 -1,526,281 -1,227,636 -1,030,152 -197,484 -14,604 -60,092 -21,305 -34,500 -12,437 -51,591 -2,955 -298,645 -291,158 -58,250 -137,777 -95,131 -7,487 -46,581 -12,825 -4,396 -29,360

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

Imports of goods and services and income payments. . Imports of goods and services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goods, balance of payments basis . . . . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Direct defense expenditures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Passenger fares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Royalties and license fees 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other private services 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. Government miscellaneous services . . . . . . . Income payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Income payments on foreign-owned assets in the U.S. Direct investment payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other private payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. Government payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compensation of employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unilateral current transfers, net. . . . . . . . . . . U.S. Government grants 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. Government pensions and other transfers Private remittances and other transfers 5 . . . . See footnotes at end of table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Foreign Commerce and Aid 779

No. 1307. U.S. International Transactions by Type of Transaction: 1980 to 1999—Continued
[See headnote, Page 779] Type of transaction Capital account transactions, net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. assets abroad, net (increase/financial outflow (-) . . U.S. official reserve assets, net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gold 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special drawing rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund . . Foreign currencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. Govt. assets, other than official reserve assets, net . U.S. credits and other long-term assets . . . . . . . . . . Repayments on U.S. credits and other long-term assets 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. foreign currency holdings and U.S. short-term assets, net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. private assets, net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Direct investments abroad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Foreign securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. claims on unaffiliated foreigners reported by U.S. nonbanking concerns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. claims reported by U.S. banks, n.i.e. . . . . . . . . Foreign assets in the U.S., net (increase/financial inflow (+)) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Foreign official assets in the U.S., net . . . . . . . . . . Other foreign assets in the U.S., net . . . . . . . . . . . Direct investments in U.S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. Treasury securities9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. securities other than U.S. Treasury securities U.S. currency flows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. liabilities to unaffiliated foreigners reported by U.S. nonbanking concerns . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks, n.i.e. . . . . Statistical discrepancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Balance on goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Balance on services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Balance on income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Balance on current account 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 (NA) -85,815 -7,003 1,136 -1,667 -6,472 -5,162 -9,860 4,456 242 -73,651 -19,222 -3,568 -4,023 -46,838 62,612 15,497 47,115 16,918 2,645 5,457 4,500 6,852 10,743 20,886 -25,500 6,093 30,073 2,317 1990 -6,579 -81,570 -2,158 -192 731 -2,697 2,317 -8,410 10,856 -130 -81,729 -37,519 -28,765 -27,824 12,379 142,028 33,910 108,118 48,951 -2,534 1,592 18,800 45,133 -3,824 25,454 -109,030 29,091 28,429 -79,332 1991 -4,479 -64,732 5,763 -177 -367 6,307 2,924 -12,879 16,776 -974 -73,419 -38,233 -45,673 11,097 -610 111,332 17,389 93,944 23,695 18,826 35,144 15,400 -3,115 3,994 -46,405 -74,068 44,584 23,950 4,284 1992 612 -74,877 3,901 2,316 -2,692 4,277 -1,667 -7,408 5,807 -66 -77,111 -48,733 -49,166 -387 21,175 171,815 40,477 131,338 20,975 37,131 30,043 13,400 13,573 16,216 -46,921 -96,106 59,081 22,269 -50,629 1993 -88 -201,014 -1,379 -537 -44 -797 -351 -6,311 6,270 -310 -199,284 -84,412 -146,253 766 30,615 283,230 71,753 211,477 52,552 24,381 80,092 18,900 10,489 25,063 3,157 -132,609 62,669 23,176 -85,286 1994 -469 -176,586 5,346 -441 494 5,293 -390 -5,383 5,088 -95 -181,542 -80,697 -60,309 -36,336 -4,200 307,306 39,583 267,723 47,438 34,274 56,971 23,400 1,302 104,338 -8,571 -166,192 67,797 15,907 -121,680 1995 372 -330,675 -9,742 -808 -2,466 -6,468 -984 -4,859 4,125 -250 -319,949 -99,481 -100,074 -45,286 -75,108 467,552 109,880 357,672 59,644 99,548 96,367 12,300 59,637 30,176 -23,683 -173,729 76,190 19,410 -113,566 1996 672 -380,762 6,668 370 -1,280 7,578 -989 -5,025 3,930 106 -386,441 -92,694 -115,859 -86,333 -91,555 574,847 127,390 447,457 88,977 154,996 130,240 17,362 39,404 16,478 -65,462 -191,270 86,952 17,210 -129,295 1997 292 -465,296 -1,010 -350 -3,575 2,915 68 -5,417 5,438 47 -464,354 -109,955 -89,174 -120,403 -144,822 751,661 18,119 733,542 109,264 146,433 196,258 24,782 107,779 149,026 -143,192 -196,651 91,921 3,231 -143,465 1998 617 -292,818 -6,784 -149 -5,118 -1,517 -429 -4,676 4,102 145 -285,605 -132,829 -102,817 -25,041 -24,918 502,637 -21,684 524,321 193,375 46,155 218,026 16,622 9,412 40,731 10,126 -246,932 82,650 -12,205 -220,562 1999 -172 -372,567 8,749 12 5,485 3,252 -365 -6,123 6,223 -465 -380,951 -152,152 -97,882 -69,493 -61,424 750,765 44,570 706,195 282,507 -21,756 325,913 22,407 29,411 67,713 -39,108 -347,131 79,583 -24,789 -338,918

780 Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

- Represents or rounds to zero. NA Not available. 1 Excludes exports of goods under U.S. military agency sales contracts identified in Census export documents, excludes imports of goods under direct defense expenditures identified in Census import documents, and reflects various other adjustments (for valuation, coverage, and timing) of Census statistics to balance of payments basis. 2 Includes some goods: Mainly military equipment included in ‘‘Transfers under U.S. military agency sales contracts’’; major equipment, other materials, supplies, and petroleum products purchased abroad by U.S. military agencies included in ‘‘Direct defense expenditures’’ under ‘‘Imports,’’ and fuels purchased by airline and steamship operators included in ‘‘Other transportation’’ under ‘‘Exports’’ and ‘‘Imports.’’ 3 Includes transfers of goods and services under U.S. military grant programs. 4 Break in series. See Technical Notes in the June 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1995, and July 1996-99 issues of the Survey. 5 Beginning in 1985, these lines are presented on a gross basis. The definition of exports is revised to exclude U.S. parents’ payments to foreign affiliates and to include U.S. affiliates’ receipts from foreign parents. The definition of imports is revised to include U.S. parents’ payments to foreign affiliates and to exclude U.S. affiliates’ receipts from foreign parents. 6 Beginning in 1985, the ‘‘other transfers’’ component includes taxes paid by U.S. private residents to foreign governments and taxes paid by private 7 8 9 At the present time, all U.S. Treasury-owned gold is held in the United States. Includes sales of foreign obligations to foreigners. For 1980, includes foreign nonresidents to the U.S. Government. currency-denominated notes sold to private residents abroad. 10 Conceptually, ‘‘Balance on current account’’ is equal to ‘‘net foreign investment’’ in the national income and product accounts (NIPAs). However, the foreign transactions account in the NIPAs (a) includes adjustments to the international transactions accounts for the treatment of gold, (b) includes adjustments for the different geographical treatment of transactions with U.S. territories and Puerto Rico, and (c) includes services furnished without payment by financial pension plans except life insurance carriers and private noninsured pension plans. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, July 1999 and April 2000.

No. 1308. U.S. Balances on International Transactions by Area and Selected Country: 1998 and 1999
[In millions of dollars (-246,932 represents -$246,932,000,000). Minus sign (-) indicates debits] 1998, balance on— Area or country Goods All areas . . . . . . . . . Western Europe . . . . . . . . . European Economic 2 . . . . Belgium-Luxembourg . . France . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany. . . . . . . . . . . Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Netherlands . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom . . . . . . Eastern Europe. . . . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Latin America, other Western Hemisphere . . . . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Venezuela . . . . . . . . . . . Japan 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Asia and Africa . . . . . . Australia. . . . . . . . . . . . . South Africa . . . . . . . . . . International and unallocated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

1999, balance on— Current account Goods
1

Services 82,650 21,401 20,348 1,048 2,276 2,382 886 3,404 4,107 1,009 4,372 14,970 1,577 2,425 16,540 20,573 1,846 235 1,939

Income

Services 79,583 17,506 16,778 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 3,013 1,067 5,259 16,762 (NA) (NA) 16,403 (NA) 1,947 (NA) 2,354

Income -24,789 -31,812 -31,796 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) -34,565 700 12,800 7,510 (NA) (NA) -28,320 (NA) 3,246 (NA) 15,838

Current account -338,918 -67,236 -59,865 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) -31,384 -8,001 -17,032 -17,579 (NA) (NA) -87,094 (NA) 11,282 (NA) 7,050

. -246,932 . -34,909 . -30,155 . 5,496 . -6,483 . -23,339 . -12,031 . 11,271 . 3,483 . -3,534 . -18,996 . -4,131 . -17,066 . -2,718 . -65,255 . -126,510 . 6,403 . 562 . (NA)

-12,205 -220,562 -347,131 -17,504 -31,336 -52,857 -19,564 -28,679 -46,132 -213 6,263 (NA) -336 -4,748 (NA) -900 -21,049 (NA) 2,342 -9,104 (NA) 6,679 21,298 (NA) -30,798 -21,809 -1,502 72 -5,811 -6,356 10,961 -4,276 -34,448 7,511 5,858 -1,418 -21,697 -297 -678 -26,443 -75,354 -6,242 -128,923 3,141 11,253 722 1,292 16,299 8,027 -27,795 (NA) (NA) -74,913 (NA) 6,241 (NA) (NA)

NA Not available. 1 Adjusted to balance of payments basis; excludes exports under U.S. military sales contracts and imports under direct defense expenditures. 2 Includes Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, European Atomic Energy Community, European Coal and Steel Community, and European Investment Bank, not shown separately. 3Includes Ryukyu Islands. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, July 1999 and April 2000 issues.

No. 1309. Private Services Transaction by Type of Service and Country: 1990 to 1998
[In millions of dollars (137,322 represents $137,322,000,000)] Type of service and country Total private services . . . . . . . . Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Overseas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Passenger fares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Freight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Port services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Royalties and license fees . . . . . . . . . Other private services . . . . . . . . . . . . Affiliated services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unaffilated services . . . . . . . . . . . . Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Financial services . . . . . . . . . . . . Insurance, net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Telecommunications . . . . . . . . . . Business, professional, and technical services . . . . . . . . . . . Advertising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Computer and data processing services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Management, consulting, and public relations services . . . . . Legal services . . . . . . . . . . . . Construction, engineering, architectural, & mining services Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Switzerland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Latin America and other Western Hemisphere . . . . . . . . . . . . Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Venezuela . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Australia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Korea, Republic of . . . . . . . . . . . . . Taiwan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Int’l organizations and unallocated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exports 1990 136,151 43,007 30,807 7,093 5,107 15,298 22,042 8,379 13,662 16,634 39,170 13,622 25,548 5,126 4,417 230 2,735 7,752 130 1,031 354 451 867 15,684 48,192 5,542 7,364 3,279 3,269 (NA) 12,989 21,771 (NA) 8,590 1,273 45,323 3,260 21,159 (NA) (NA) 5,181 1995 202,176 63,395 54,331 6,207 2,857 18,909 26,081 11,273 14,809 30,289 63,502 20,483 43,019 7,515 7,029 1,296 3,228 16,078 425 1,340 1,489 1,667 2,550 17,927 73,093 7,965 12,692 4,533 6,119 3,843 18,626 32,656 4,975 8,705 2,496 74,508 4,267 33,240 5,693 4,429 3,988 1997 240,443 73,301 63,027 6,836 3,438 20,789 27,006 11,789 15,217 33,781 85,566 27,272 58,294 8,343 11,539 2,485 3,949 22,467 624 2,065 1,596 2,152 3,498 20,520 88,100 10,005 14,121 5,041 7,331 4,465 24,226 42,788 6,403 10,924 2,757 84,639 4,984 34,437 7,114 4,750 4,392 1998 245,688 71,250 61,226 6,206 3,818 19,996 25,518 11,178 14,340 36,808 92,116 28,321 63,795 8,964 13,698 2,842 3,689 24,338 575 2,037 1,657 2,451 4,053 19,521 95,098 10,182 15,271 5,590 7,561 4,778 27,169 46,723 6,513 11,761 3,107 79,704 4,738 30,729 5,341 3,961 4,640 1990 98,210 37,349 28,929 3,541 4,879 10,531 24,966 15,046 9,920 3,135 22,229 9,117 13,111 658 2,475 1,910 5,583 2,093 243 44 135 111 170 9,130 39,815 4,169 6,819 3,469 1,935 (NA) 11,564 18,643 (NA) 6,731 659 27,976 2,290 10,529 (NA) (NA) 2,646 Imports 1995 128,781 44,916 35,281 4,319 5,316 14,663 27,034 16,455 10,579 6,919 35,249 13,634 21,615 1,125 2,472 5,360 7,305 4,822 833 126 465 469 345 11,160 52,708 5,951 7,586 3,743 3,191 2,285 16,063 24,252 1,165 7,930 701 38,542 2,142 13,463 3,581 2,856 2,119 1997 152,447 52,051 40,667 4,904 6,480 18,138 28,959 17,654 11,305 9,390 43,909 17,728 26,181 1,395 3,563 6,002 8,351 6,358 859 276 731 560 461 13,576 61,973 6,785 7,984 3,691 3,471 2,792 21,552 29,672 1,764 10,023 708 45,175 2,674 14,156 4,533 3,374 2,055 1998 165,321 56,105 43,990 5,719 6,396 19,797 30,457 19,412 11,048 11,292 47,670 19,095 28,575 1,538 3,771 6,908 8,125 7,684 1,046 365 914 688 699 15,065 69,693 7,688 8,920 4,046 4,486 3,876 22,779 31,514 1,810 10,007 686 46,351 2,978 13,746 4,061 2,913 2,700

NA Not available. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, October 1999.

Foreign Commerce and Aid 781
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1310. International Investment Position: 1990 to 1998
[In millions of dollars (-240,553 represents -$240,553,000,000). Estimates for end of year; subject to considerable error due to nature of basic data] Type of investment U.S. net international investment position: Current cost . . . . . . . . . . . . . Market value . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S.-owned assets abroad: Current cost . . . . . . . . . . . . . Market value . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. official reserve assets . . . . . Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special drawing rights . . . . . . Reserve position in IMF . . . . . Foreign currencies . . . . . . . . U.S. Government assets, other . . U.S. loans and other long-term assets . . . . . . . . . Repayable in dollars. . . . . . Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. foreign currency holdings and short-term assets . . . . . U.S. private assets: Current cost . . . . . . . . . . . Market value . . . . . . . . . . . Direct investments abroad: Current cost . . . . . . . . . . . Market value . . . . . . . . . . . Foreign securities . . . . . . . . . Bonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corporate stocks . . . . . . . . U.S. claims on unaffiliated foreigners 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. claims reported by U.S. banks 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Foreign-owned assets in the U.S. Current cost . . . . . . . . . . . . . Market value . . . . . . . . . . . . Foreign official assets in the U.S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. Government securities . . U.S. Treasury securities . . . Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other U.S. Government liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . Other foreign official assets. . . Other foreign assets in the U.S.: Current cost . . . . . . . . . . . Market value . . . . . . . . . . . Direct investments: Current cost . . . . . . . . . . . Market value . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. Treasury securities . . . . . U.S. currency . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. securities other than U.S. Treasury securities . . . . . Corporate and other bonds . . . Corporate stocks. . . . . . . . . . U.S. liabilities to unaffiliated foreigners 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks 2 . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

1990

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

-240,553 -166,846

-421,096 -454,605

-295,261 -180,373

-300,480 -174,290

-500,170 -422,617

-578,705 -968,208 -1,239,168 -547,493 -1,066,262 -1,537,466

2,149,982 2,298,640 2,718,424 2,956,788 3,405,761 3,958,502 4,508,626 4,930,896 2,291,734 2,464,196 3,055,316 3,276,086 3,869,663 4,544,502 5,288,892 5,947,983 174,664 147,435 164,945 163,394 176,061 160,739 134,836 146,006 102,406 87,168 102,556 100,110 101,279 96,698 75,929 75,291 10,989 8,503 9,039 10,039 11,037 10,312 10,027 10,603 9,076 11,759 11,818 12,030 14,649 15,435 18,071 24,111 52,193 40,005 41,532 41,215 49,096 38,294 30,809 36,001 81,993 80,722 81,029 80,123 81,095 82,046 81,960 82,382 81,365 80,040 1,325 628 79,087 77,987 1,100 1,635 79,106 78,100 1,006 1,923 77,814 77,336 478 2,309 78,548 78,120 428 2,547 79,637 79,261 376 2,409 79,607 79,273 334 2,353 80,179 79,874 305 2,203

1,893,325 2,070,483 2,472,450 2,713,271 3,148,605 3,715,717 4,291,830 4,702,508 2,035,077 2,236,039 2,809,342 3,032,569 3,612,507 4,301,717 5,072,096 5,719,595 590,010 731,762 342,313 144,717 197,596 265,315 695,687 633,074 690,655 748,505 843,253 940,243 798,630 1,027,547 1,067,803 1,307,155 1,526,243 515,083 853,528 948,668 1,169,636 1,467,985 200,817 309,666 321,208 392,827 465,057 314,266 543,862 627,460 776,809 1,002,928 254,303 668,023 242,022 686,245 322,980 693,118 367,567 768,149 449,978 857,511 1,004,228 1,784,494 1,739,400 538,400 1,201,000 562,396 1,123,441 2,140,528 1,968,956 561,826 1,407,130 596,222

985,806 1,013,889

2,390,535 2,719,736 3,013,685 3,257,268 3,905,931 4,537,207 5,476,834 6,170,064 2,458,580 2,918,801 3,235,689 3,450,376 4,292,280 5,091,995 6,355,154 7,485,449 373,293 291,228 285,911 5,317 17,243 39,880 24,942 437,263 329,317 322,600 6,717 20,801 54,967 32,178 509,422 381,687 373,050 8,637 22,113 69,721 35,901 535,217 407,152 396,887 10,265 23,678 73,386 31,001 671,710 497,776 482,773 15,003 23,573 107,394 42,967 799,033 610,469 590,704 19,765 23,257 113,098 52,209 835,709 614,530 589,792 24,738 21,459 135,384 64,336 836,053 620,249 588,987 31,262 18,346 123,915 73,543

2,017,242 2,282,473 2,504,263 2,722,051 3,234,221 3,738,174 4,641,125 5,334,011 2,085,287 2,481,538 2,726,267 2,915,159 3,620,570 4,292,962 5,519,445 6,649,396 471,556 539,601 152,452 85,933 460,644 238,903 221,741 213,406 633,251
2

497,112 696,177 197,739 114,804 599,447 299,287 300,160 220,666 652,705

546,394 768,398 221,501 133,734 696,449 355,822 340,627 229,038 677,147

564,745 619,377 674,330 764,045 878,717 757,853 1,005,726 1,229,118 1,642,365 2,194,102 235,684 358,537 502,562 662,228 727,344 157,185 169,484 186,846 211,628 228,250 739,695 368,077 371,618 239,817 784,925 971,356 1,199,461 1,578,694 2,021,820 481,214 588,044 715,196 900,749 490,142 611,417 863,498 1,121,071 300,424 815,043 346,727 828,248 453,555 460,787

970,975 1,017,093

Reported by U.S. nonbanking concerns.

Not included elsewhere.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, July 1999.

No. 1311. U.S. Reserve Assets: 1990 to 1999
[In billions of dollars (83.3 represents $83,300,000,000). As of end of year, except as indicated] Type Total . . . . . . . . . . . Gold stock 1. . . . . . . . . . Special drawing rights . . . Foreign currencies . . . . . Reserve position in IMF 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 83.3 11.1 11.0 52.2 9.1 1992 71.3 11.1 8.5 40.0 11.8 1993 73.4 11.1 9.0 41.5 11.8 1994 74.3 11.1 10.0 41.2 12.0 1995 85.8 11.1 11.0 49.1 14.6 1996 75.1 11.0 10.3 38.3 15.4 1997 70.0 11.1 10.0 30.8 18.1 1998 81.8 11.0 10.6 36.0 24.1 1999 71.6 11.1 10.3 32.2 18.0

1 Includes gold in Exchange Stabilization Fund; excludes gold held under earmark at Federal Reserve banks for foreign and international accounts. Beginning 1975, gold assets were valued at $42.22 pursuant to the amending of Section 2 of the Par Value Modification Act, PL-93-110, approved September 21, 1973. 2 International Monetary Fund.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bulletin, monthly; and Department of the Treasury, Treasury Bulletin, monthly.

782 Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1312. Foreign Direct Investment Position in the United States on a Historical-Cost Basis by Industry and Selected Country: 1997 and 1998
[In millions of dollars (693,207 represents $693,207,000,000)] 1997 Country Total All countries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Belgium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Denmark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ireland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Luxembourg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Norway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sweden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Switzerland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Latin America and other Western Hemisphere . . . . . . . . . . . South and Central America . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Panama . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Western Hemisphere . . . . . . . . Bahamas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Netherlands Antilles . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom Islands, Caribbean . Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Middle East . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kuwait . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saudi Arabia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Australia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hong Kong . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Singapore. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Taiwan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

1998 Wholesale 87,630 4,190 39,015 282 840 1,782 (D) 1,911 12,250 823 468 1,420 6,303 (D) 120 1,171 1,801 8,170 2,179 425 459 -48 1,754 354 165 687 1 91 91 2 (Z) 42,153 -64 648 40,628 196 476 Petroleum 53,254 2,633 42,771 (D) (D) 4 (D) (D) 312 739 (D) 11,505 (D) -3 (D) 252 26,277 4,072 -457 -9 (D) 4,529 (D) (D) 1,578 -4 1,061 -3 (D) (D) 2,720 3,202 (D) 234 2 -2 Manufacturing, total 329,346 26,152 252,893 365 4,232 711 2,224 37,820 51,018 4,874 907 (D) 35,109 1,595 714 9,065 26,310 64,022 4,329 1,067 887 482 3,262 131 795 1,792 -90 966 601 9 3 45,096 2,982 358 39,918 244 1,505 Wholesale 96,261 5,098 43,554 485 1,018 2,010 1,012 1,972 12,405 1,980 423 1,311 5,606 269 154 2,028 2,579 10,099 1,858 270 495 -108 1,588 440 (D) 608 21 131 129 3 -1 45,598 -55 599 43,114 267 558

ManufacPetroturing, leum total 42,085 3,177 29,750 (D) 1,221 5 (D) (D) (D) 639 294 12,949 (D) 4 (D) 194 11,680 3,427 -783 -8 -56 4,211 (D) 2,689 (D) (D) (D) 4 (D) 4,215 4,522 -16 212 20 -1 273,122 27,811 197,819 298 3,529 708 1,615 29,099 34,522 2,748 627 2,941 31,565 1,380 587 8,576 21,187 58,342 3,930 273 631 -7 3,657 127 1,217 1,867 -14 944 923 7 1 42,632 2,414 316 37,356 1,047 1,253

Total

1

693,207 69,866 432,622 1,829 6,438 2,929 3,557 49,503 71,289 10,493 3,089 5,363 89,570 3,045 2,266 12,842 38,281 131,315 33,546 10,212 3,315 6,023 23,333 1,905 5,722 12,022 1,465 6,593 1,955 2,935 1,565 149,115 14,703 1,797 125,131 3,271 2,749

811,756 74,840 539,906 4,872 9,577 3,229 4,321 62,167 95,045 13,227 3,830 20,214 96,904 3,616 2,292 14,564 54,011 151,335 32,210 11,916 4,029 7,025 20,294 2,141 4,727 10,395 884 7,831 2,459 (D) (D) 156,085 14,755 2,097 132,569 1,813 3,120

- Represents or rounds to zero. D Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies. 1 Includes other industries not shown separately. million. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, July 1999.

Z Less than $50

No. 1313. U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Companies—Assets, Sales, Employment, Land, Exports, and Imports: 1997
[A U.S. affiliate is a U.S. business enterprise in which one foreign owner (individual, branch, partnership, association, trust, corporation, or government) has a direct or indirect voting interest of 10 percent or more. Estimates cover the universe of nonbank affiliates] Gross book value (mil. dol.) Employee Merchandise Employ- compen- Plant and equipment sation exports4 ment 3 Land (mil. dol.) (1,000) 2 (mil. dol.) 5,164.3 105.0 2,271.0 393.1 522.5 88.1 21.2 839.2 60.3 165.0 24.7 682.9 493.7 230,337 6,730 112,578 25,277 25,829 4,765 736 17,281 10,317 11,065 1,141 22,610 22,786 866,197 118,095 317,297 94,052 95,565 50,604 2,434 34,558 7,923 30,248 88,473 56,367 117,671 54,312 2,022 11,462 2,280 3,222 807 112 3,365 514 973 16,559 7,974 8,220 140,924 7,797 67,719 15,492 59,050 4,708 13,866 1,952 (D) (D) 622 3,702

Industry

Total assets (mil. dol.) . 3,034,404 . 123,753 . 648,564 . . . . . . . . . . 191,541 266,063 91,878 10,679 54,723 847,626 704,133 104,334 113,797 171,411

Sales (mil. dol.) 1 1,717,240 157,770 623,313 143,236 449,847 117,028 34,067 102,531 74,409 102,180 16,857 66,435 123,898

Merchandise imports4 (mil. dol.) 261,482 19,547 88,085 16,346 148,214 49,479 2,831 3,679 (D) 2 (D) 934

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Petroleum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chemicals and allied products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wholesale trade 5. . . . . . . . . . . Motor vehicles and auto parts and supplies. . . . . . . . . . . . Farm-product raw materials . . Retail trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finance, except banking . . . . . . Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

- Represents zero. D Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies. 1 Excludes returns, discounts, allowances, and sales and excise taxes. 2 Average number of full-time and part-time employees. 3 Includes mineral rights and minor amounts of property other than land. 4 F.a.s. value at port of exportation. 5 Includes industries not shown separately. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, August 1999; and Foreign Direct Investment in the United States, Operations of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Companies, Revised 1996 Estimates and Preliminary 1997 Estimates.

Foreign Commerce and Aid 783
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1314. Foreign Direct Investment in the United States—Gross Book Value and Employment of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Companies by State: 1990 to 1997
[578,355 represents $578,355,000,000. A U.S. affiliate is a U.S. business enterprise in which one foreign owner (individual, branch, partnership, association, trust corporation, or government) has a direct or indirect voting interest of 10 percent or more. Estimates cover the universe of nonbank U.S. affiliates] Gross book value of property, plant, and equipment (mil. dol.) State and other area 1990 (1,000) 4,734.5 4,704.4 55.7 13.2 57.1 29.2 555.9 56.3 75.9 43.1 11.4 205.7 161.0 53.0 11.7 245.8 126.9 32.8 29.6 65.7 61.4 26.6 79.6 131.2 139.6 89.8 23.6 73.7 5.1 14.9 22.7 25.9 227.0 17.4 347.5 181.0 3.1 219.1 43.6 39.1 221.6 13.3 104.7 4.5 116.9 299.5 21.0 7.7 113.3 77.5 34.9 81.4 5.8 16.1 9.0 5.0 (NA) 1995 (1,000) 4,941.8 4,898.9 60.6 9.8 51.9 32.1 548.6 72.2 73.3 15.8 13.4 210.0 180.1 48.9 11.3 237.0 136.9 35.8 34.0 83.4 51.0 29.1 95.0 141.5 170.3 79.8 22.6 79.3 4.4 15.7 25.0 30.0 205.2 16.2 343.8 225.3 3.2 222.1 34.2 49.7 231.6 16.2 111.6 4.6 136.3 326.4 28.6 10.4 141.4 83.0 31.9 71.5 6.9 27.4 13.1 2.4 (NA) 1996 (1,000) 5,105.0 5,068.1 61.7 10.2 57.8 37.6 557.5 72.7 85.1 16.3 12.8 239.8 195 47.5 12.3 236.1 127.2 37.7 42.7 86.5 55.7 30.4 93.8 162.3 162.8 89.8 20.6 84.1 4.5 19.1 25.5 30.8 209.4 15.4 349.9 231.6 4.7 226.7 36.7 49.2 238.3 19.2 117.2 5.6 136.4 330.2 32.7 9.9 146.2 86.6 26.1 73.6 6.5 20 10.9 6 (NA) Total employment 1997 Percent of all businesses (X) 4.8 4.1 4.3 3.4 3.7 4.9 4.7 5.8 5.6 2.8 4.2 6.0 11.4 2.9 4.4 5.1 3.1 4.2 6.1 3.8 6.7 4.8 5.7 4.4 4.4 2.4 3.7 1.5 2.9 3.1 6.2 6.6 3.1 5.1 7.1 1.4 4.9 3.0 4.0 4.6 4.6 7.9 3.5 6.6 4.8 4.3 4.0 5.3 4.0 4.8 3.3 4.0 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

1990 Total . . . . . . . . . . . . United States . . . . . . . . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 578,355 552,902 7,300 19,435 7,234 2,344 75,768 6,544 5,357 5,818 3,869 18,659 16,729 11,830 776 23,420 13,426 2,712 5,134 9,229 17,432 2,080 5,713 8,890 12,012 11,972 2,989 5,757 2,181 776 5,450 1,446 18,608 4,312 36,424 15,234 1,251 20,549 6,049 3,427 16,587 1,120 10,067 553 10,280 57,079 3,918 631 10,702 7,985 7,975 5,088 2,782 1,499 18,484 5,470 (NA)

1995 769,491 733,089 10,598 25,558 6,699 3,666 96,576 8,602 8,466 2,919 4,983 24,865 22,432 15,972 1,026 34,305 18,782 4,527 3,233 15,136 20,543 3,885 9,197 12,707 21,370 8,688 3,055 8,327 1,938 1,320 8,242 2,212 26,175 4,363 52,992 21,475 915 29,932 5,448 5,807 24,432 2,240 13,438 665 14,227 68,142 5,612 1,037 15,129 11,462 7,809 7,415 4,544 2,174 17,798 16,430 (NA)

1996 825,695 784,972 11,981 26,234 9,604 3,829 102,703 9,368 8,902 3,105 4,864 30,251 23,799 15,324 1,270 34,687 16,711 5,304 4,741 15,610 23,226 4,092 9,984 14,345 18,733 9,858 2,570 10,310 1,935 1,791 8,589 2,284 27,706 4,447 53,374 23,965 1,125 33,572 5,538 6,146 25,344 2,604 15,509 792 15,603 75,728 6,451 1,056 17,479 11,920 7,507 8,100 5,001 1,848 20,156 18,719 (NA)

1997 866,197 839,573 13,006 25,922 9,797 3,934 91,788 9,833 8,703 3,323 4,339 29,598 25,403 15,157 1,407 37,649 18,367 5,444 5,696 16,909 25,151 3,960 10,578 15,473 20,914 9,972 2,967 10,945 2,041 2,027 8,784 2,546 30,488 4,945 53,711 24,019 1,166 35,095 5,723 7,269 25,671 2,628 16,847 986 17,123 77,906 7,719 1,031 20,158 12,275 6,714 8,003 4,956 1,686 22,952 1,986 33,505

Total (1,000) 5,164.3 5,134.7 65.0 8.7 59.4 35.2 569.4 80.3 83.8 19.1 11.2 240.9 188.9 50.1 12.4 224.5 128.3 37.8 45.4 89.5 58.0 31.6 92.0 159.5 171.4 96.6 21.7 84.0 4.4 20.8 25.5 31.6 212.4 17.4 351.5 225.0 3.5 234.1 34.4 52.0 225.0 18.5 116.9 10.4 149.4 350.6 36.7 9.6 143.3 86.6 27.2 76.5 6.9 17.1 10.3 2.2 (NA)

Colorado. . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . . Maryland

Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri . . . . .

Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon. . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Puerto Rico . . . Other territories Foreign. . . . . . Unspecified 1 . .

... and ... ...

...... offshore ...... ......

NA Not available. X Not applicable. 1 Covers property, plant, and equipment not located in a particular state, including aircraft, railroad rolling stock, satellites, undersea cable, and trucks engaged in interstate transportation. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, June 1999, and Foreign Direct Investment in the United States, Operations of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Companies, annual.

784 Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1315. U.S. Businesses Acquired or Established by Foreign Direct Investors—Investment Outlays by Industry of U.S. Business Enterprise and Country of Ultimate Beneficial Owner: 1990 to 1999
[In millions of dollars (65,932 represents $65,932,000,000). Foreign direct investment is the ownership or control directly or indirectly, by one foreign individual branch, partnership, association, trust, corporation, or government of 10 percent or more of the voting securities of a U.S. business enterprise or an equivalent interest in an unincorporated one. Data represent number and full cost of acquisitions of existing U.S. business enterprises, including business segments or operating units of existing U.S. business enterprises and establishments of new enterprises. Investments may be made by the foreign direct investor itself, or indirectly by an existing U.S. affiliate of the foreign direct investor. Covers investments in U.S. business enterprises with assets of over $1 million, or ownership of 200 acres of U.S. land] Industry and country Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INDUSTRY Petroleum . . . . . . . . . . Manufacturing. . . . . . . . Wholesale trade . . . . . . Retail trade . . . . . . . . . Depository institutions 1 . Finance, except depository institutions 1 . Insurance . . . . . . . . . . Real estate . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . Other 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,141 23,898 1,676 1,250 897 2,121 2,093 7,771 19,369 5,716 3,430 36,011 10,217 2,363 2,247 3,905 13,096 4,183 796 399 397 (D) 472 23,170 1,412 19,933 1,825 882 11,090 837 1,495 958 1,599 1,105 1,883 4,162 2,218 3,797 16,845 1,249 2,841 2,074 804 8,238 1,639 874 527 347 (D) 1,308 3,004 129 2,065 810 469 21,218 2,156 1,542 2,026 2,195 450 2,647 7,163 5,760 4,128 31,920 1,404 3,328 1,537 5,044 17,261 3,346 1,352 (D) (D) (D) (D) 5,263 1,522 2,715 1,026 1,520 26,643 1,168 2,838 2,301 7,837 654 2,996 5,881 5,359 8,029 38,195 1,129 13,117 1,061 7,533 9,094 6,261 1,550 1,283 267 (D) 447 8,688 2,270 3,602 2,816 1,059 27,835 4,746 2,988 1,944 8,676 4,688 4,175 15,292 8,528 9,700 49,427 6,021 12,858 6,476 4,910 14,757 4,405 1,790 (D) (D) (D) (D) 12,751 2,222 8,813 1,716 762 19,603 2,612 435 3,547 7,019 8,526 4,119 12,187 10,898 11,755 44,014 2,578 6,464 10,244 6,745 11,834 6,149 924 166 758 (D) 847 11,786 7,600 2,326 1,860 (D) 89,739 3,266 1,938 1,563 16,607 4,709 6,144 10,099 (D) 22,635 170,173 14,493 39,873 19,009 4,525 84,995 7,278 11,354 920 10,433 212 2,810 7,329 (D) 4,862 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 11,388 205,150 24,579 24,393 26,896 7,119 110,115 12,048 34,013 1,377 32,636 (D) 546 11,502 (D) 8,048 (D) 1990 65,932 1993 26,229 1994 45,626 1995 57,195 1996 79,929 1997 69,708 1998 215,256 1999 (NA)

COUNTRY Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany 3 . . . . . . . . . . . Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . Switzerland . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom . . . . . . . . Other Europe . . . . . . . . . Latin America and other Western Hemisphere . . . . . South and Central America Other Western Hemisphere Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Middle East . . . . . . . . . . . . Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . Australia. . . . . . . . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Asia and Pacific . . .

D Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies. 1 Prior to 1992, ‘‘depository institutions’’ excludes, and ‘‘finance, depository institutions’’ includes, savings institutions and credit unions. Beginning with 1992, savings institutions and credit unions have been reclassified from ‘‘finance, except depository institutions’’ to ‘‘depository institutions.’’ 2 For investments in which more than one investor participated, each investor and each investor’s outlays are classified by country of each ultimate beneficial owner. 3 Prior to 1990, this line includes data only for the Federal Republic of Germany. Beginning in 1990, this line also includes the former German Democratic Republic (GDR). This change has no effect on the data because, prior to 1991, there were no U.S. affiliates of the former GDR. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, June 2000, and previous June issues.

No. 1316. U.S. Direct Investment Position Abroad, Capital Outflows, and Income by Industry of Foreign Affiliates: 1996 to 1998
[In millions of dollars (795,195 represents $795,195,000,000)] Direct investment position on a historical-cost basis 1996 1997 1998 Capital outflows (inflows (-)) 1996 84,428 6,239 24,325 2,095 5,796 6,064 2,752 3,440 708 3,470 6,498 2,448 31,601 3,511 9,804 1997 1998 1996 Income 1997 1998 90,242 8,059 31,416 4,262 9,930 1,278 4,213 2,763 2,385 6,586 10,794 577 30,702 4,722 3,972

Industry

All industries, total . . . . . . . . . 795,195 865,531 980,565 Petroleum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . Food and kindred products . . Chemicals and allied products Primary and fabricated metals Industrial machinery and equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic and other electric equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation equipment . . . Other manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75,232 82,215 91,113 . 270,288 280,332 304,690 . 31,024 32,465 33,871 . 74,858 77,112 83,589 . 16,309 15,924 17,098 30,336 31,832 32,092 53,837 32,293 31,624 34,907 56,006 34,755 34,531 35,615 65,231

99,517 121,644 9,603 28,097 3,806 7,210 444 4,381 2,992 4,419 4,845 846 3,036 41,388 4,557 11,990 9,780 26,680 1,670 7,072 1,109 2,810 2,670 1,692 9,658 9,130 1,253 44,445 10,867 19,490

93,594 103,892 12,082 34,342 4,452 9,529 1,358 4,637 4,280 3,409 6,677 9,068 3,329 28,938 3,627 2,209 11,823 38,283 4,910 10,050 1,406 5,669 4,700 5,048 6,500 9,538 3,374 31,912 5,533 3,429

.... .... .... ....

Wholesale trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Depository institutions . . . . . . . . . . Finance 1, insurance, and real estate Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

. 67,125 64,432 75,188 . 36,807 40,169 42,029 . 254,739 293,116 337,600 . 37,850 42,342 52,514 . 53,155 62,925 77,432

Excludes depository institutions.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, April 2000.

Foreign Commerce and Aid 785
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1317. U.S. Direct Investment Position Abroad on a Historical-Cost Basis by Country: 1990 to 1998
[In millions of dollars (430,521 represents $430,521,000,000). U.S. direct investment abroad is the ownership or control by one U.S. person of 10 percent or more of the voting securities of an incorporated foreign business enterprise or an equivalent interest in a unincorporated foreign business enterprise. Negative position can occur when a U.S. parent company’s liabilities to the foreign affiliate are greater than its equity in, and loans to the foreign affiliate] Country All countries . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Belgium . . . . . . . . . . . . . Denmark . . . . . . . . . . . . Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . Greece . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ireland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Luxembourg . . . . . . . . . . Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . Norway . . . . . . . . . . . . . Portugal . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sweden . . . . . . . . . . . . . Switzerland . . . . . . . . . . . Turkey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Latin America and other Western Hemisphere . . . South America. . . . . . . . . Argentina . . . . . . . . . . Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . Colombia . . . . . . . . . . Ecuador . . . . . . . . . . . Peru. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Venezuela . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . Central America . . . . . . . . Costa Rica . . . . . . . . . Guatemala . . . . . . . . . Honduras . . . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . Panama . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Western Hemisphere Bahamas . . . . . . . . . . Barbados . . . . . . . . . . Bermuda . . . . . . . . . . . Dominican Republic . . . Jamaica . . . . . . . . . . . Netherlands Antilles . . . Trinidad and Tobago . . . U.K. Islands, Caribbean . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Egypt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . South Africa . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Middle East . . . . . . . . . . . . Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saudi Arabia . . . . . . . . . . United Arab Emirates . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . Australia. . . . . . . . . . . . . China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hong Kong . . . . . . . . . . . India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Korea, South. . . . . . . . . . Malaysia. . . . . . . . . . . . . New Zealand. . . . . . . . . . Philippines . . . . . . . . . . . Singapore. . . . . . . . . . . . Taiwan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thailand . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . International . . . . . . . . . . . . Addenda: Eastern Europe . . . . . . . . European Communities(12) OPEC 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 430,521 69,508 214,739 1,113 9,464 1,726 544 19,164 27,609 282 5,894 14,063 1,697 19,120 4,209 897 7,868 1,787 25,099 522 72,707 974 71,413 22,933 2,531 14,384 1,896 1,677 280 599 1,087 479 20,415 251 130 262 10,313 9,289 169 28,065 4,004 252 20,169 529 625 -4,501 485 5,929 574 3,650 1,231 -401 775 2,045 3,959 746 1,899 409 905 64,716 15,110 354 6,055 372 3,207 22,599 2,695 1,466 3,156 1,355 3,975 2,226 1,790 356 2,535 (D) 180,491 7,145 1992 502,063 68,690 248,744 1,371 11,381 1,676 343 25,157 33,003 372 7,607 13,015 2,031 20,700 3,825 1,290 8,757 1,881 28,698 732 85,176 1,729 91,308 28,760 3,327 16,313 2,544 3,053 295 620 1,972 636 25,579 274 115 239 13,730 11,038 182 36,969 4,167 340 26,736 779 892 -1,989 565 5,401 75 4,469 1,334 301 879 1,955 5,759 1,335 2,351 429 1,644 79,963 16,928 563 8,693 484 4,384 26,591 2,912 1,596 3,314 1,666 6,715 2,827 2,594 696 3,131 731 210,164 10,692 1993 564,283 69,922 285,735 1,312 11,697 1,735 414 24,312 36,811 410 9,019 12,748 5,611 20,911 3,757 1,264 6,689 2,374 33,056 995 109,208 3,411 100,482 31,210 4,442 16,772 2,749 2,930 555 622 2,362 778 28,092 298 139 159 15,221 12,043 233 41,180 3,138 471 28,666 1,039 1,049 -62 691 5,544 645 5,469 1,510 478 900 2,581 6,571 1,604 2,587 524 1,856 92,671 19,047 916 10,063 599 4,864 31,095 3,427 1,975 3,064 1,953 8,875 3,113 2,943 737 3,433 2,356 240,414 11,737 1994 612,893 74,221 297,133 2,197 14,714 2,030 761 27,322 38,878 482 7,239 14,808 6,310 29,889 5,026 1,181 9,572 1,905 27,908 874 100,817 5,219 116,478 37,673 5,692 17,885 5,062 3,463 784 971 3,087 728 30,083 607 200 140 16,968 11,905 262 48,722 2,808 391 28,355 266 1,167 6,739 529 7,858 608 5,760 1,090 605 1,132 2,933 6,367 1,483 2,100 357 2,427 108,528 20,196 2,557 11,092 1,030 6,355 34,117 4,334 3,148 3,893 2,484 10,940 3,775 3,585 1,022 4,406 4,029 253,242 13,794 1995 699,015 83,498 344,596 2,829 18,706 2,161 965 33,358 44,242 533 7,996 17,096 5,929 42,113 4,741 1,413 10,856 6,816 31,125 973 106,332 6,412 131,377 49,170 7,660 25,002 6,216 3,506 889 1,335 3,634 928 33,493 921 233 68 16,873 15,123 273 48,714 1,768 698 28,374 330 1,287 6,835 673 8,358 392 6,017 1,093 629 1,422 2,873 7,198 1,831 2,741 500 2,126 122,712 24,328 2,765 11,768 1,105 6,777 37,309 5,557 4,237 4,601 2,719 12,140 4,293 4,283 830 3,618 5,136 301,345 15,546 1996 795,195 89,592 389,378 2,854 18,740 2,554 1,070 35,200 41,281 566 10,133 16,193 7,753 54,118 5,483 1,423 12,252 5,248 30,744 1,059 134,559 8,148 155,925 57,372 7,893 29,105 8,156 3,531 922 2,281 4,474 1,010 37,667 1,223 331 129 19,351 16,335 298 60,886 1,876 848 37,091 400 1,583 7,597 786 10,121 583 8,162 1,366 1,020 1,495 4,281 8,294 2,045 3,476 598 2,174 139,548 30,006 3,848 14,391 1,344 8,322 34,578 6,508 5,663 5,940 3,541 14,912 4,476 5,000 1,019 4,295 6,651 337,184 17,641 1997 865,531 96,031 420,108 2,638 17,430 2,173 1,312 35,800 38,490 634 12,862 14,809 10,109 64,361 6,934 1,425 11,232 5,463 31,420 1,041 153,108 8,868 178,504 68,372 10,004 35,091 8,975 4,436 838 2,467 5,381 1,181 47,735 1,544 357 183 24,181 21,056 413 62,397 1,599 791 37,660 476 1,948 4,423 651 14,051 797 11,157 1,612 1,387 2,451 5,706 8,803 2,028 3,826 567 2,382 146,609 29,910 5,071 19,267 1,563 6,664 33,725 6,430 6,522 6,523 3,295 17,864 4,668 3,946 1,161 4,317 7,743 368,997 20,554 1998 980,565 103,908 489,539 3,838 18,920 2,628 1,700 39,188 42,853 660 15,936 14,638 14,930 79,386 7,609 1,474 12,807 6,053 37,616 1,069 178,648 9,588 196,655 73,290 11,489 37,802 9,132 4,317 952 2,587 5,697 1,315 56,387 2,126 429 186 25,877 26,957 812 66,978 287 1,077 41,076 535 2,105 4,472 1,054 15,713 658 13,491 1,955 1,925 2,363 7,247 10,599 3,067 4,209 710 2,613 161,798 33,676 6,348 20,802 1,480 6,932 38,153 7,365 6,193 6,136 3,192 19,783 4,937 5,721 1,080 4,578 8,143 433,658 23,252

........ ........ ........

D Figure withheld to avoid disclosure. 1 OPEC=Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Includes Algeria, Ecuador, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. Prior to 1993, Ecuador was also a member and was included in this line. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, August 1999, and earlier issues.

786 Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1318. U.S. Government Foreign Grants and Credits by Type and Country: 1966 to 1998
[In millions of dollars (70,381 represents $70,381,000,000). See text, this section. Negative figures (-) occur when the total of grant returns, principal repayments, and/or foreign currencies disbursed by the U.S. Government exceeds new grants and new credits utilized and/or acquisitions of foreign currencies through new sales of farm products] Country Total, net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Investment in financial institutions. . . . Western Europe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Belgium and Luxembourg . . . . . . . Denmark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Iceland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ireland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Norway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Portugal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sweden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Yugoslavia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Former Yugoslavia: 1 Bosnia and Hercegovina . . . . . . Croatia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Macedonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Slovenia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Former Yugoslavia - Regional 2 . . Other 3 and unspecified 2 . . . . . . . Eastern Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Albania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bulgaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Czech Republic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Estonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hungary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Latvia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lithuania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Romania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Slovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soviet Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Newly Independent States: Armenia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Azerbaijan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Belarus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kazakhstan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kyrgyzstan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moldova . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tajikistan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Turkmenistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ukraine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Uzbekistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Former Soviet Union - Regional 2 Other 1 and unspecified 2 . . . . . . . Near East and South Asia. . . . . . . . Afghanistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bangladesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cyprus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Egypt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Greece . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Iraq 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jordan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kuwait . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lebanon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nepal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saudi Arabia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sri Lanka . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Syria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Turkey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Arab Emirates . . . . . . . . . . Yemen (Sanaa) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Yemen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . UNRWA 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . West Bank-Gaza . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other and unspecified 2 . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19661975, total 19761985, total 19861995, total 90,669 13,504 -5,411 -72 -48 -13 -72 -93 -6,459 -8 5 -233 -2 -33 796 -867 -15 -1,465 -149 227 124 5 -48 1 3,010 12,352 173 93 17 7 31 41 35 96 3,490 43 4 -267

1993 18,002 1,143 349 -1 -26 -2 -1 -8 (Z) 4 112 31 -118 (X) 51 63 1 -6 9 241 3,372 48 22 15 2 1 3 1 24 33 15 1 (X) 96 120 103 14 105 35 2,164 19 34 70 1 240 207 8,019 51 123 14 2,766 313 92 116 3,295 125 7 21 20 -35 88 3 813 22 140 19 27

1994 16,426 1,430 174 -1 -1 -1 36 115 -55 -120 (X) 84 52 3 -17 -1 81 2,910 16 8 1 2 (Z) 4 3 15 8 18 1 (X) 127 24 37 86 17 36 22 1,184 30 13 105 6 735 413 7,042 9 202 16 2,258 262 45 135 3,106 98 5 20 1 -158 41 224 1 7 64 705

1995 12,668 1,517 177 -1 -1 1 (Z) (Z) -16 -59 -118 (X) 92 9 1 -24 (Z) 293 1,963 15 6 -2 3 2 35 2 28 5 8 2 (X) 102 19 49 89 16 33 19 455 34 16 170 1 617 241 3,022 10 87 6 1,637 261 48 128 420 129 5 19 4 -187 26 147 3 103 58 118

1996 16,645 1,833 270 -1 -1 (Z) 11 -3 -48 -125 (X) 235 -10 3 -27 (Z) 236 1,953 58 13 3 9 7 15 10 17 49 29 12 (X) 80 14 31 79 59 38 15 421 32 19 232 4 584 124 7,552 14 48 11 1,620 12 55 -21 119 5,294 168 11 21 12 -164 6 -61 5 72 33 298

1997 12,749 1,588 319 -1 -1 (Z) 39 -12 -37 -127 (X) 252 -7 18 -16 -8 220 1,413 11 14 -11 5 4 -16 4 23 28 3 11 (X) 26 4 19 38 52 26 8 356 27 1 95 2 595 85 4,723 17 42 10 1,377 -211 237 4 2,896 232 3 24 25 -62 7 -19 12 59 53 20

1998 13,820 1,580 258 (Z) (Z) 8 -15 -37 -130 (X) 220 -12 6 -16 6 228 1,785 16 13 (X) 4 5 12 8 14 36 26 6 (X) 38 5 4 27 67 30 5 435 27 3 140 6 659 200 4,979 -0 27 14 2,014 -240 160 (Z) 2,840 160 1 20 20 -82 1 -162 4 78 80 44

70,381 104,191 2,719 10,432 1,004 1,618 -19 34 17 -46 64 -58 -19 21 -93 -222 -117 -117 -8 -12 -51 7 85 133 116 -180 379 -257 34 1,003 607 965 17 -1 -546 -964 84 174 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 455 226 (X) (X) -5 (X) (X) -75 92 (X) 214 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 17,195 185 701 20 271 905 3,810 914 -5 3,760 618 90 105 (Z) 2,048 23 153 15 2,703 3 24 296 11 546 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 1,139 1,029 -5 (X) (X) 6 (X) (X) 1,017 55 (X) -44

(X) 352 (X) 42 (X) 236 (X) 285 (X) 70 (X) 175 (X) 85 (X) 3,989 (X) 94 (X) 73 (X) 352 (X) 8 (X) 1,711 (X) 1,119 50,777 29,164 56 403 1,670 1,590 138 151 13,600 26,592 362 2,774 1,021 767 -847 -42 5 892 25,417 25,116 1,320 754 - -16,058 233 22 177 193 79 42 1,971 1,222 -20 -16,855 512 596 262 3 3,760 2,956 - -4,070 (Z) 216 263 596 622 13 162 236 1,071

Foreign Commerce and Aid 787
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1318. U.S. Government Foreign Grants and Credits by Type and Country: 1966 to 1998—Continued
[In millions of dollars. See headnote, p. 787] Country Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Algeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Angola . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Benin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Botswana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Burkina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Burundi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cameroon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cape Verde . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Congo, Democratic Republic of the (former Zaire) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cote d’Ivoire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eritrea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ethiopia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ghana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guinea. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kenya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lesotho . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liberia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Madagascar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Malawi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mali . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mauritania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Morocco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mozambique . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Niger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rwanda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senegal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sierra Leone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Somalia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . South Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sudan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Swaziland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tanzania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Togo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tunisia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Uganda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Zambia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Zimbabwe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other and unspecified 2 . . . . . . . . . Far East and Pacific. . . . . . . . . . . . . Australia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Burma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cambodia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hong Kong . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Japan and Ryukyu Islands. . . . . . . . Korea, Republic of . . . . . . . . . . . . . Laos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Malaysia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mongolia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New Zealand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pacific Islands, Trust Territory of the 6 Philippines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Singapore. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Taiwan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thailand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vietnam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other and unspecified 2 . . . . . . . . . Western Hemisphere . . . . . . . . . . . . Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bolivia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Colombia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costa Rica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dominican Republic . . . . . . . . . . . . Ecuador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . El Salvador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19661975, total 3,610 263 6 12 35 40 5 50 1 20 342 57 297 203 68 76 27 86 13 30 58 20 413 1 64 284 13 48 36 47 -11 52 8 123 18 376 33 35 (Z) 361 34,767 276 43 1,760 41 1,390 -345 5,426 1,868 86 95 488 729 78 1,523 996 19,720 595 6,841 34 270 1,518 272 724 846 103 360 144 93 19761985, total 11,067 345 115 44 169 287 62 150 68 145 19861995, total 16,231 413 120 101 168 221 171 247 77 240

1993 1,989 -11 16 13 15 26 19 23 7 22 9 23 4 179 60 41 99 9 46 28 50 39 10 12 94 30 18 39 58 13 522 66 53 15 28 9 -4 65 52 29 164 25 -2 -2 29 14 1 -64 -2 -431 1 (Z) 47 152 131 (Z) -9 85 1 73 807 86 151 -187 -41 -36 -220 14 161 15 217

1994 2,031 28 58 17 15 14 55 13 7 10 1 38 28 168 65 38 54 8 66 23 37 30 2 27 82 16 52 220 33 10 34 71 60 10 24 8 2 57 21 34 492 751 -1 -2 16 6 1 24 -1 -55 2 1 18 317 -52 (Z) -8 247 (Z) 238 1,005 33 156 -59 -120 -33 20 -5 (Z) 18 92

1995 2,213 755 37 14 18 23 39 4 11 14 1 16 8 127 63 28 35 13 67 33 64 31 2 -48 114 31 1 138 24 11 26 112 11 13 19 3 -5 56 27 29 245 749 -2 39 136 73 25 (Z) -50 3 (Z) 11 209 55 1 -5 203 (Z) 51 476 -27 101 -204 -25 4 -30 -15 5 119

1996 1,945 644 42 13 9 11 2 4 10 8 (Z) 22 18 104 34 29 6 4 58 42 36 12 2 -4 53 15 -4 93 38 28 10 99 16 21 16 1 -24 41 21 22 393 780 -2 36 113 133 44 (Z) -62 4 1 7 215 64 (Z) -3 196 34 491 -52 100 -191 -3 27 -44 -19 6 79

1997 1,339 93 41 23 9 15 4 (Z) 11 6 (Z) 16 17 77 55 28 27 5 28 35 30 11 5 -42 78 11 -10 87 36 18 9 111 24 12 18 1 -9 56 47 20 336 130 -2 27 227 44 -48 -52 3 1 14 140 -46 -1 -288 48 64 592 -84 122 -33 -6 25 -30 -29 6 92

1998 1,277 45 35 14 4 17 6 9 7 3 1 8 16 116 40 18 36 3 16 44 22 36 4 -49 74 13 -4 28 18 13 3 89 23 14 26 2 -22 17 14 46 473 735 -2 33 249 17 19 -52 3 1 19 175 296 -1 -68 -10 57 987 -88 96 88 -8 42 -28 -14 2 44

939 766 57 240 41 310 969 152 370 74 239 549 682 197 166 459 438 86 240 56 404 199 367 161 94 948 662 175 813 223 342 267 506 91 513 361 458 85 111 582 1,313 2 376 1,358 936 58 124 259 261 60 109 563 -56 40 357 331 497 271 269 769 1,866 9,651 -8,396 -12 -273 31 18 87 125 49 396 11 30 1,660 171 -210 -10,458 3,518 -3,569 8 8 39 -74 95 -68 -28 1,260 2,104 1,466 3,177 110 -183 648 -1,291 733 678 18 7 302 671 9,849 15,415 21 457 413 1,370 399 39 317 -589 -565 -177 298 -267 687 721 550 614 153 351 1,681 2,929

788 Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1318. U.S. Government Foreign Grants and Credits by Type and Country: 1966 to 1998—Continued
[In millions of dollars. See headnote, p. 787] Country Western Hemisphere—Continued: Guatemala . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guyana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Haiti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Honduras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jamaica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nicaragua. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Panama . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paraguay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peru . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trinidad and Tobago . . . . . . . . . . . . Uruguay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Venezuela . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other 7 and unspecified 2 . . . . . . . . Other international organizations and unspecified areas 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . 19661975, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 71 67 113 120 305 150 210 86 274 21 116 115 671 4,018 19761985, total 270 36 370 801 643 1,162 197 205 22 757 151 -9 -34 1,325 9,768 19861995, total 1,013 116 835 1,546 914 -44 843 568 7 1,673 -95 7 -151 2,733 17,809

1993 76 9 67 101 37 -147 43 49 1 145 -11 2 2 274 2,299

1994 57 11 125 54 99 -229 46 8 3 157 -9 2 2 579 1,084

1995 39 10 156 77 30 -199 41 8 1 150 -14 1 -3 250 2,551

1996 4 11 82 31 -13 -127 37 -4 2 75 -15 3 1 502 1,821

1997 37 12 92 29 -30 -91 43 -15 3 133 5 2 1 309 2,646

1998 35 12 87 47 -22 -126 70 -20 2 88 204 1 4 473 2,218

- Represents zero or rounds to zero. X Not applicable. Z Less than $500,000. 1 In 1992, some successor countries assumed portions of outstanding credits of the former Yugoslavia (assignment of the remaining portions is pending). Subsequent negative totals reflect payments to the United States on these assumed credits which were greater than the extension of new 2 In recent years, significant amounts of foreign assistance has been reported on a credits and grants to these countries. regional, inter-regional, and worldwide basis. Country totals in this table may understate actual assistance to many countries. 3 Includes European Atomic Energy Community, European Coal and Steel Community, European Payments Union, European 4 Foreign Productivity Agency, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and Organization for European Economic Cooperation. assistance to Iraq in 1991-96 was direct humanitarian assistance to ethnic minorities of Northern Iraq after the conflict in the 5 6 Persian Gulf. United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine refugees. Excludes transactions with Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands after October 1986; includes transactions with Federated States of Micronesia, Republic of the Marshall Islands, and Republic of Palau. 7 Includes Andean Development Corporation, Caribbean Development Bank, Central American Bank for Economic Integration, Eastern Caribbean Central Bank, Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Science, Organizations of American States, and Pan American Health Organization. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, press releases, and unpublished data.

No. 1319. U.S. Foreign Economic and Military Aid Programs: 1980 to 1998
[In millions of dollars (9,695 represents $9,695,000,000). For years ending September 30. Economic aid shown here represents U.S. economic aid—not just aid under the Foreign Assistance Act. Major components in recent years include AID, Food for Peace, Peace Corps, and paid-in subscriptions to international financial institutions, such as IBRD, and IDB. Annual figures are gross unadjusted program figures] Year and region 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1981 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1982 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1983 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1984 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1986 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1987 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1988 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1989 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1992 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998, total . . . . . . Near East . . . . . . . . . . Sub Saharan Africa . . . . Latin America . . . . . . . . Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . New Independent States Oceania and other. . . . . Nonregional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total economic and military aid 9,695 10,550 12,324 14,202 15,524 18,128 16,739 14,488 13,792 14,688 15,727 16,663 15,589 28,196 15,870 15,108 13,559 13,037 13,907 5,429 1,337 912 683 849 888 7 3,801 Economic aid Total 7,573 7,305 8,129 8,603 9,038 12,327 10,900 9,386 8,961 9,860 10,834 11,904 11,242 24,054 11,940 11,295 9,589 9,171 10,318 2,273 1,312 899 676 615 861 7 3,674 Loans 1,993 1,460 1,454 1,619 1,621 1,579 1,330 1,138 852 694 756 354 494 462 887 190 329 218 271 60 61 75 30 45 Grants 5,580 5,845 6,675 6,984 7,417 10,748 9,570 8,248 8,109 9,166 10,078 11,550 10,748 23,593 11,053 11,105 9,260 8,953 10,047 2,213 1,251 824 646 615 816 7 3,674 Total 2,122 3,245 4,195 5,599 6,486 5,801 5,839 5,102 4,831 4,828 4,893 4,760 4,347 4,143 3,931 3,813 3,970 3,866 3,589 3,156 25 13 6 234 27 (Z) 127 Military aid Loans 1,450 2,546 3,084 3,932 4,401 2,365 1,980 953 763 410 404 428 345 855 770 558 544 298 100 100 Grants 672 699 1,111 1,667 2,085 3,436 3,859 4,149 4,068 4,418 4,489 4,332 4,002 3,288 3,161 3,255 3,426 3,568 3,489 3,156 25 13 6 134 27 (Z) 127

- Represents zero or rounds to zero.

Z Less than $500,000.

Source: U.S. Agency for International Development, U.S. Overseas Loans and Grants and Assistance from International Organizations, annual.

Foreign Commerce and Aid 789
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1320. U.S. Foreign Military Aid by Region and Selected Country: 1995 to 1997
[In thousands of dollars (3,812,746 represents $3,812,746,000). For years ending Sept. 30. Military aid data include Military Assistance Program (MAP) grants, foreign military credit sales, International Military Education and Training, and excess defense articles. N.I.S.=New Independent States] Region and country Total. . . . . . . . . Near East 1 . . . . . . Egypt . . . . . . . . . Israel . . . . . . . . . Jordan . . . . . . . . Morocco . . . . . . . Tunisia . . . . . . . . Sub-Saharan Africa 1 Ghana . . . . . . . . Kenya . . . . . . . . Senegal . . . . . . . Latin America 1 . . . . Bolivia . . . . . . . . Colombia . . . . . . Dominican Rep . . Ecuador . . . . . . . El Salvador . . . . . Honduras . . . . . . Jamaica . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . - Represents zero. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 3,812,746 3,111,501 1,301,000 1,800,000 8,303 724 800 4,955 222 283 598 21,881 3,597 10,588 213 293 404 325 174 400
1

1996 3,970,233 3,204,683 1,301,009 1,800,000 101,202 830 816 11,046 257 297 637 10,717 547 95 507 547 535 500 469 992

1997 3,864,437 3,135,275 1,301,000 1,800,000 31,700 812 837 16,343 243 304 697 11,052 509 622 425 455 425 487 1,008

Region and country Panama . . . . . . Asia 1 . . . . . . . . . Cambodia . . . . . Malaysia . . . . . . Philippines . . . . Thailand . . . . . . Europe 1 . . . . . . . Bulgaria . . . . . . Czech Republic . Greece . . . . . . . Hungary . . . . . . Latvia . . . . . . . . Poland . . . . . . . Portugal . . . . . . Slovakia . . . . . . Turkey . . . . . . . N.I.S . . . . . . . . . . Russia . . . . . . . Ukraine. . . . . . . Oceania and other . Nonregional. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1995 425 3,804 273 504 96 566,928 400 500 229,683 796 903 1,747 500 253 329,152 1,722 413 707 376 101,579

1996 6,508 1,403 613 1,210 1,445 606,598 708 795 224,054 1,034 388 1,021 769 473 321,095 4,508 760 1,019 420 125,753

1997 6,781 1,463 631 1,295 1,600 376,085 903 737 122,528 1,014 535 1,000 551 621 176,454 3,904 842 1,015 461 314,536

Includes countries not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Agency for International Development, U.S. Overseas Loans and Grants and Assistance from International Organizations, annual.

No. 1321. U.S. Foreign Aid—Economic Assistance by Region and Selected Country: 1995 to 1997
[In thousands of dollars (11,294,639 represents $11,294,639,000). For years ending Sept. 30. N.I.S.=New Independent States] Region and country Total . . . . . . . . Near East 1 . . . . . . . Egypt . . . . . . . . . Israel . . . . . . . . . Jordan. . . . . . . . . Lebanon . . . . . . . Morocco . . . . . . . West Bank/Gaza . . Sub-Saharan Africa 1 . Angola . . . . . . . . Benin . . . . . . . . . Botswana. . . . . . . Burkina Faso . . . . Cote D’Ivoire . . . . Eritrea . . . . . . . . . Ethiopa . . . . . . . . Ghana . . . . . . . . . Guinea . . . . . . . . Kenya . . . . . . . . . Liberia . . . . . . . . . Madagascar . . . . . Malawi. . . . . . . . . Mali . . . . . . . . . . Mozambique. . . . . Namibia . . . . . . . . Niger. . . . . . . . . . Rwanda . . . . . . . . Senegal . . . . . . . . Somalia . . . . . . . . South Africa . . . . . Sudan . . . . . . . . . Tanzania . . . . . . . Uganda . . . . . . . . Zambia . . . . . . . . Zimbabwe . . . . . . Latin America 1. . . . . Bolivia . . . . . . . . . Colombia . . . . . . . Costa Rica . . . . . . Dominican Rep . . . Ecuador. . . . . . . . - Represents zero. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . 11,294,639 . 2,310,372 . 975,825 . 1,200,000 . 13,506 . 13,380 . 15,035 . 80,909 . 1,306,081 . 44,760 . 20,337 . 31,905 . 15,912 . 1,800 . 10,452 . 119,494 . 39,172 . 19,671 . 26,450 . 51,643 . 30,015 . 67,820 . 34,758 . 66,709 . 16,815 . 18,895 . 166,021 . 24,386 . 14,778 . 100,120 . 30,067 . 31,469 . 57,826 . 29,555 . 21,584 . 717,121 . 65,570 . 17,306 . 6,244 . 15,692 . 14,286
1

1996 9,589,560 2,146,415 824,262 1,200,000 32,466 1,026 15,821 63,448 1,106,508 83,470 16,389 1,776 13,394 21,587 13,550 110,810 43,501 15,671 16,122 57,912 19,684 31,354 30,912 59,273 6,766 4,846 120,527 19,776 9,399 116,709 23,521 11,788 39,519 10,978 19,497 680,509 90,062 16,766 2,139 13,831 13,559

1997 9,170,285 2,278,914 810,743 1,200,000 152,683 11,031 18,888 67,012 1,155,994 49,187 16,983 965 13,055 14,221 24,621 79,189 47,303 31,604 28,899 37,339 18,724 37,089 38,350 54,953 10,329 7,963 86,854 20,976 5,918 79,476 27,234 12,190 64,924 16,160 11,227 740,895 131,214 35,111 110 14,499 15,086

Region and country El Salvador . . . . . . Guatemala . . . . . . . Haiti . . . . . . . . . . . Honduras . . . . . . . . Jamaica. . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . Nicaragua . . . . . . . Peru . . . . . . . . . . . Asia 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . Bangladesh . . . . . . India . . . . . . . . . . . Indonesia . . . . . . . . Cambodia . . . . . . . Korea, South . . . . . Nepal . . . . . . . . . . Pakistan . . . . . . . . Philippines . . . . . . . Vietnam . . . . . . . . . Europe 1 . . . . . . . . . . Bosnia Hercegovina . Bulgaria . . . . . . . . . Croatia . . . . . . . . . Cyprus . . . . . . . . . Hungary . . . . . . . . Lithuania . . . . . . . . Macedonia . . . . . . . Ireland, Republic of . N.I.S. 1 . . . . . . . . . . . Armenia. . . . . . . . . Belarus . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . . Kazakhstan . . . . . . Kyrgyz Republic . . . Moldova . . . . . . . . Russia. . . . . . . . . . Tajikistan . . . . . . . . Turkemenistan . . . . Ukraine . . . . . . . . . Uzberistan . . . . . . . Oceania and other . . . Nonregional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1995 63,214 39,199 157,592 29,685 23,967 9,931 31,373 131,576 571,818 146,774 164,429 61,564 42,115 100 16,993 17,121 5,112 686,098 71,900 38,525 12,345 26,012 22,252 13,512 39,200 842,503 52,526 11,067 39,273 40,191 25,104 21,723 353,196 8,401 5,343 178,779 11,515 6,765 4,853,881

1996

1997

78,436 31,168 37,333 61,379 99,325 101,460 25,800 28,543 32,097 23,614 25,276 10,583 27,254 26,795 103,366 126,169 462,682 599,572 55,142 77,847 157,175 125,552 33,459 34,798 27,500 35,000 6,287 50,155 15,667 19,376 16,493 42,317 57,042 40,356 48,303 562,140 507,946 245,325 183,616 32,633 11,488 15,630 2,217 9,376 4,000 19,564 1,704 17,989 11,977 9,655 1,174 39,200 628,663 559,142 70,724 16,751 25,041 20,023 1,729 29,725 9,730 17,034 5,256 31,769 4,578 178,060 64,978 3,368 10,640 28,952 3,024 120,771 49,722 10,874 4,397 21,769 20,693 3,980,874 3,307,129

Includes countries and regional organizations not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Agency for International Development, U.S. Overseas Loans and Grants and Assistance from International Organizations, annual.

790 Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1322. U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services: 1997 to 1999
[In millions of dollars (938,543 represents $938,543,000,000). Data presented on a balance of payments basis and will not agree with the following merchandise trade Tables 1323 to 1331] Category Total . . . . . . . . . . . . Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . Passenger fares . . . . . . Other transportation . . . . Royalties and license fees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other private services . . . Other 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. Government miscel. services . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Exports 1997 938,543 679,715 258,828 73,301 20,789 27,006 33,781 85,566 17,561 824 1998 933,907 670,246 263,661 71,250 19,996 25,518 36,808 92,116 17,155 818 1999 1997

Imports 1998 1999

Trade balance 1997 1998 1999 -267,575 -347,158 79,583 14,356 -182 -7,187 24,776 47,766 2,084 -2,030

960,288 1,043,273 1,098,189 1,227,863 -104,730 -164,282 683,221 277,067 74,448 21,123 27,313 37,213 99,357 16,688 925 876,366 166,907 52,051 18,138 28,959 9,390 43,909 11,698 2,762 917,178 1,030,379 -196,651 -246,932 181,011 197,484 91,921 82,650 56,105 19,797 30,457 11,292 47,670 12,841 2,849 60,092 21,305 34,500 12,437 51,591 14,604 2,955 21,250 2,651 -1,953 24,391 41,657 5,863 -1,938 15,145 199 -4,939 25,516 44,446 4,314 -2,031

Represents transfers under U.S. military sales contracts for exports and direct defense expenditures for imports.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, Series FT-900(99-12) and FT-900 (00-02).

No. 1323. U.S. Exports and General Imports in Goods: 1970 to 1999
[In billions of dollars (43.8 represents $43,800,000,000). Domestic and foreign exports, are f.a.s. value basis; general imports are on customs value basis] Year 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total goods Exports 43.8 44.7 50.5 72.5 100.0 109.3 117.0 123.2 145.9 186.5 225.7 238.7 216.4 205.6 205.6 224.0 218.8 227.2 254.1 322.4 363.8 393.6 421.7 448.2 465.1 512.6 584.7 625.1 689.2 682.1 695.0
1

Manufactured goods Exports 31.7 32.9 36.5 48.5 68.5 76.9 83.1 88.9 103.6 132.7 160.7 171.7 155.3 148.5 148.7 164.1 168.0 179.8 199.9 255.6 287.0 315.4 345.1 368.5 388.7 431.1 486.7 524.7 592.5 596.6 611.6

2 3

Agricultural products Exports 7.3 7.8 9.5 17.9 22.3 22.1 23.3 24.2 29.8 35.2 41.8 43.8 37.0 36.5 36.1 37.9 29.3 26.3 28.7 37.1 41.6 39.6 39.4 43.1 42.8 45.9 56.0 60.6 57.1 52.0 48.2

4

Mineral fuels Exports 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7 3.4 4.5 4.2 4.2 3.9 5.7 8.2 10.3 12.8 9.8 9.8 9.7 10.3 8.4 8.0 8.5 9.9 12.4 12.3 11.3 9.9 9.0 10.5 12.4 13.0 10.4 9.9 Imports 3.1 3.7 4.8 8.2 25.5 26.5 34.0 47.2 42.0 59.9 78.9 81.2 65.3 57.8 57.8 60.8 53.7 37.2 44.1 41.0 52.6 64.7 54.1 55.3 55.9 56.4 59.1 78.1 78.3 57.3 75.2

3 5

Imports Balance 40.4 46.2 56.4 70.5 102.6 98.5 123.5 151.0 174.8 209.5 245.3 261.0 244.0 258.0 258.0 330.7 336.5 365.4 406.2 441.0 473.2 495.3 488.5 532.7 580.7 663.3 743.4 795.3 870.7 911.9 1,025.0 3.4 -1.5 -5.9 2.0 -2.6 10.8 -6.5 -27.8 -28.9 -23.0 -19.6 -22.3 -27.6 -52.4 -52.4 -106.7 -117.7 -138.2 -152.1 -118.6 -109.4 -101.7 -66.8 -84.5 -115.6 -150.7 -158.7 -170.2 -181.5 -229.8 -330.0

Imports Balance 27.3 32.1 39.7 47.1 57.8 54.0 67.6 80.5 104.3 117.1 133.0 149.8 151.7 171.2 170.9 230.9 257.5 296.7 324.4 361.4 379.4 388.8 392.4 434.3 479.9 557.3 629.7 658.8 728.9 790.8 882.7 4.4 0.8 -3.2 1.3 10.7 22.9 15.5 8.4 -0.7 15.6 27.7 22.0 3.6 -22.7 -22.2 -66.8 -89.5 -116.8 -124.6 -105.7 -92.4 -73.5 -47.3 -65.9 -91.2 -126.3 -143.0 -134.1 -136.4 -194.2 -271.1

Imports Balance 5.8 5.8 6.5 8.5 10.4 9.5 11.2 13.6 15.0 16.9 17.4 17.2 15.7 16.5 16.0 19.3 19.5 20.9 20.3 20.7 21.1 22.3 22.1 23.4 23.6 26.0 29.3 32.6 35.2 35.7 36.7 1.6 2.0 3.0 9.4 11.9 12.6 12.1 10.6 14.8 18.3 24.3 26.6 21.3 19.9 20.2 18.6 9.8 5.4 8.4 16.4 20.5 17.2 17.2 19.8 19.2 20.0 26.8 28.1 21.9 16.3 11.5

Balance -1.5 -2.2 -3.2 -6.5 -22.0 -22.0 -29.8 -43.0 -38.1 -54.2 -70.7 -70.9 -52.5 -48.0 -48.0 -51.1 -43.4 -28.8 -36.1 -32.5 -42.7 -52.3 -41.8 -43.9 -46.0 -47.4 -48.6 -65.7 -65.3 -47.0 -65.3

1 Includes nonmonetary gold, military grant aid, special category shipments, trade between the U.S. Virgin Islands and foreign countries and undocumented exports to Canada. Adjustments were also made for carryover. Import values are based on transaction prices whenever possible (’’f.a.s.‘‘ for 1974-1979 and Customs value thereafter). Import data before 1974 do not exist on a transaction price valuation basis. 2 Manufactured goods include commodity Sections 5-9 under Schedules A and E for 1970-82 and SITC Rev. 3 for 1983-forward. Manufactures include undocumented exports to Canada, nonmonetary gold (excluding gold ore, scrap, and base bullion), and special category shipments. 3 Data for 1970-80 exclude trade between the U.S. Virgin Islands and foreign countries. Census data concordances link the 1980-92 trade figures into time series that are as consistent as possible. Data for 1970-79 are not linked and are from published sources. Import values are ’’f.a.s.‘‘ for 1974-79 and Customs value thereafter; these values are based on transaction prices while maintaining a data series as consistent as possible over time. Import data before 1974 do not exist on a transaction price valuation basis. 1991 Imports include revisions for passenger cars, trucks, petroleum and petroleum products not included elsewhere. 4 Agricultural products for 1983-forward utilize the latest census 5 definition that excludes manufactured goods that were previously classified as manufactured agricultural products. Mineral fuels include commodity Section 3 under SITC Rev. 1 for 1970-1976, SITC Rev. 2 for 1977-1982 and SITC Rev. 3 for 1983-forward.

Source: U.S. International Trade Administration, through 1996, U.S. Foreign Trade Highlights, annual; and thereafter, <http://www.ita.doc.gov/industry/otea/usfth/aggregate/h99t03.txt> (accessed 09 June 2000).

Foreign Commerce and Aid 791
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1324. U.S. Exports and Imports for Consumption of Merchandise by Major Customs District: 1990 to 1999
[In billions of dollars (393.0 represents $393,000,000,000). Exports are f.a.s. (free alongside ship) value all years; imports are on customs value basis] Customs district Total 1 . . . . . . . . . Anchorage, AK . . . . . . . Baltimore, MD . . . . . . . Boston, . . . . . . . . . . . . Buffalo, NY . . . . . . . . . Charleston, SC 2 . . . . . Chicago, IL . . . . . . . . . Cleveland, OH . . . . . . . Dallas/Fort Worth, TX . . Detroit, MI . . . . . . . . . . Duluth, MN . . . . . . . . . El Paso, TX . . . . . . . . . Great Falls, MT . . . . . . Honolulu, HI. . . . . . . . . Houston/Galveston, TX . Laredo, TX . . . . . . . . . Los Angeles, CA. . . . . . Miami, FL . . . . . . . . . . Milwaukee, WI . . . . . . . Minneapolis, MN. . . . . . Mobile, AL 2 . . . . . . . . . New Orleans, LA . . . . . New York, NY . . . . . . . Nogales, AZ. . . . . . . . . Norfolk, VA 2 . . . . . . . . Ogdensburg, NY. . . . . . Pembina, ND . . . . . . . . Philadelphia, PA . . . . . . Port Arthur, TX . . . . . . . Portland, ME . . . . . . . . Portland, OR . . . . . . . . Providence, RI . . . . . . . San Diego, CA . . . . . . . San Francisco, CA . . . . San Juan, PR . . . . . . . Savannah, GA . . . . . . . Seattle, WA . . . . . . . . . St. Albans, VT . . . . . . . St. Louis, MO. . . . . . . . Tampa, FL . . . . . . . . . . Virgin Islands of the U.S. Washington, DC . . . . . . Wilmington, NC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exports 1990 393.0 3.7 6.7 5.6 15.8 6.7 10.2 4.0 3.4 35.6 0.8 3.9 2.4 0.5 17.6 15.2 42.1 11.2 0.1 0.9 1.9 18.0 50.9 2.1 11.7 7.9 3.4 4.0 0.9 1.7 5.8 (Z) 3.4 23.1 2.5 7.4 32.6 4.0 0.3 4.3 0.2 1.1 3.0 1995 584.7 5.9 9.0 4.6 30.5 10.1 18.4 7.8 4.4 56.8 1.4 7.9 3.0 1.1 27.4 24.3 67.0 22.7 0.1 1.3 3.4 28.4 61.4 4.0 14.4 9.2 5.5 6.7 1.3 2.1 10.2 0.1 6.1 43.7 2.6 10.9 31.4 4.4 0.3 6.7 0.2 2.3 4.4 1997 689.2 7.6 7.6 5.7 39.2 12.3 19.6 14.0 5.3 66.7 1.4 10.2 4.3 1.6 28.5 39.1 74.2 29.5 0.2 1.6 3.8 30.4 67.1 4.9 16.1 10.6 7.1 7.7 1.3 2.1 8.5 0.1 9.0 48.1 2.8 13.4 44.8 3.0 1.3 7.4 0.2 2.2 4.0 1998 682.1 7.7 6.6 6.0 38.8 11.9 19.2 15.1 5.9 69.8 1.5 11.4 4.3 1.0 27.9 41.9 63.7 30.2 0.2 1.1 4.0 27.8 67.7 6.5 15.1 10.6 7.4 7.5 1.0 2.1 7.1 9.8 42.7 3.4 13.5 47.2 3.3 2.0 7.4 0.2 2.3 3.9 1999 695.8 8.8 5.9 6.8 37.5 11.5 19.1 17.5 8.4 77.6 1.5 13.2 4.3 1.2 25.7 45.2 66.4 28.5 0.1 1.2 3.3 28.8 67.2 5.6 12.9 11.0 6.9 6.9 0.9 2.4 7.5 10.7 44.8 4.8 13.9 44.7 4.3 1.9 5.6 0.2 2.7 2.6 1990 490.6 0.7 11.2 12.2 19.2 6.8 18.3 11.3 4.8 37.8 3.9 5.0 4.7 2.1 21.6 10.0 64.1 7.1 1.1 2.0 3.4 24.1 68.0 4.2 7.4 9.8 4.1 18.3 3.2 4.3 5.6 1.3 4.3 28.0 5.4 9.8 20.9 5.2 3.0 7.0 2.1 0.8 3.3 Imports for consumption 1995 738.6 5.7 14.4 13.4 29.1 10.4 31.3 21.7 8.8 64.7 6.0 12.9 6.9 2.7 23.4 24.7 96.3 11.9 1.5 2.8 3.9 34.4 87.6 7.7 8.6 14.4 7.2 18.3 4.8 4.4 7.9 0.9 8.9 58.8 6.8 14.7 24.1 7.4 4.4 9.2 2.1 1.2 7.4 1997 861.7 7.2 14.7 14.7 30.4 12.3 37.1 26.2 11.4 75.7 6.5 14.9 8.9 2.7 28.9 38.1 110.3 16.2 1.5 3.7 4.8 35.4 103.1 8.6 9.9 17.4 7.7 19.0 6.4 5.3 9.6 1.3 14.0 58.7 8.0 18.0 30.1 8.1 5.7 9.4 3.3 1.6 8.9 1998 905.7 7.3 16.3 14.7 35.4 14.0 38.5 27.4 12.7 76.4 5.0 17.4 8.7 2.2 26.5 41.9 115.9 18.5 1.7 4.1 4.9 36.3 112.2 10.5 10.9 18.3 8.1 19.3 4.6 5.2 9.7 1.0 16.4 55.5 8.4 19.6 32.3 8.3 6.3 11.6 2.3 1.8 8.8 1999 1,016.9 9.2 17.7 16.0 39.7 14.5 43.1 29.7 15.2 87.9 5.5 20.9 11.0 2.3 27.8 51.1 128.8 21.4 1.5 4.0 5.5 40.2 122.1 11.6 12.1 19.8 8.8 21.3 6.2 6.9 10.9 1.2 19.0 59.1 10.8 21.8 36.8 8.6 6.6 13.6 2.9 2.0 9.9

- Represents or rounds to zero. Z Less than $50 million. 1 Totals shown for exports reflect the value of estimated parcel post and Special Category shipments, and beginning 1990, adjustments for undocumented exports to Canada which are not distributed by customs district. Beginning 1990, the value of bituminous coal exported through Norfolk, VA; Charleston, SC; and Mobile, AL, is reflected in the total but not distributed by district. 2 Beginning 1990, excludes exports of bituminous coal. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1990, U.S. Merchandise Trade: Selected Highlights, Series FT 920, monthly; beginning 1995, U.S. Export History and U.S. Import History on compact disc.

No. 1325. Export and Import Unit Value Indexes—Selected Countries: 1996 to 1999
[Indexes in U.S. dollars, 1995=100. A unit value is an implicit price derived from value and quantity data] Country United States . . Australia . . . . . . Belgium . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . Denmark. . . . . . France . . . . . . . Ireland . . . . . . . Italy . . . . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . New Zealand . . . Norway. . . . . . . Singapore . . . . . Spain . . . . . . . . Sweden . . . . . . Switzerland . . . . United Kingdom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Export unit value 1996 100.6 101.2 97.8 101.3 98.2 97.4 99.2 110.1 92.5 101.1 106.1 99.6 99.5 93.6 96.6 99.9 1997 99.0 97.7 89.1 99.3 87.8 86.5 95.1 99.4 86.5 94.7 98.7 93.2 88.8 87.2 85.3 99.2 1998 95.9 86.7 87.9 93.4 85.8 86.3 91.7 97.8 80.5 80.3 81.9 81.1 87.1 82.7 84.6 95.4 1999 94.7 82.7 83.7 95.2 83.1 (NA) (NA) (NA) 85.2 80.6 88.4 80.2 82.7 78.7 82.7 93.2 1996 101.0 99.9 98.5 100.3 97.3 98.1 98.6 105.6 100.7 101.9 97.8 99.3 98.8 95.6 95.6 98.9 Import unit value 1997 98.5 94.6 90.5 99.4 88.1 87.3 94.0 95.8 95.1 97.1 88.3 92.9 88.5 89.2 85.8 97.3 1998 92.6 86.8 87.4 97.2 86.6 86.4 90.3 89.6 83.0 81.6 84.0 80.9 84.8 83.6 82.4 92.5 1999 93.4 87.2 85.0 97.4 82.8 (NA) (NA) (NA) 83.8 82.6 79.5 81.2 81.1 82.5 78.0 89.1

NA Not available. Source: International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC, International Financial Statistics, monthly, (copyright).

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U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1326. U.S. Exports by State of Origin: 1990 to 1999
[In millions of dollars (394,045 represents $394,045,000,000). Exports are on a f.a.s. value basis. Exports are based on origin of movement] State and other area Total . . . . . . . United States. . . Alabama . . . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . . . . Arkansas. . . . . . . . California. . . . . . . . Colorado . . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware. . . . . . . . District of Columbia . Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia . Hawaii . . Idaho . . . Illinois . . . Indiana . . Iowa . . . . Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana Maine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 1990 394,045 315,065 2,834 2,850 3,729 920 44,520 2,274 4,356 1,344 320 11,634 5,763 179 898 12,965 5,273 2,189 2,113 3,175 14,199 870 2,592 9,501 18,474 5,091 1,605 3,130 1998 682,977 612,390 6,372 1,954 11,415 2,286 95,768 5,266 7,297 2,232 348 24,452 13,476 276 1,510 28,914 12,318 4,901 4,039 8,100 16,836 1,825 4,722 15,878 28,977 9,147 2,286 5,762 Total 695,009 624,609 6,192 2,564 11,824 2,178 97,920 5,931 7,231 2,287 412 24,155 13,749 274 2,192 29,432 12,910 4,094 4,669 8,877 15,842 2,014 4,009 16,805 31,086 9,373 2,216 6,059 Rank (X) (X) 25 35 16 39 1 27 23 36 (X) 8 14 50 38 6 15 29 28 22 11 41 31 9 5 21 37 26 State and other area Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . New Mexico. . New York . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 1990 229 693 394 973 7,633 249 22,072 8,010 360 13,378 1,646 4,065 8,491 595 3,116 205 3,746 32,931 1,596 1,154 9,333 24,432 1,550 5,158 264 3,600 51 75,328 1998 421 1,995 688 1,728 15,371 1,855 37,384 15,706 750 24,852 2,785 9,031 15,974 1,102 7,749 446 9,552 78,875 2,981 3,668 12,514 38,249 2,106 9,752 500 6,274 90 64,223 Total 427 2,096 1,067 1,930 15,355 3,134 37,068 15,007 699 24,883 2,987 10,471 16,170 1,116 7,150 495 9,868 82,999 3,134 4,023 11,483 36,731 1,893 9,673 458 8,301 155 61,944 Rank 49 40 45 42 12 32 3 13 46 7 34 18 10 44 24 47 19 2 33 30 17 4 43 20 48 (X) (X) (X)

Maryland . . . . . Massachusetts . Michigan . . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi. . . . Missouri . . . . .

South Carolina . South Dakota . . Tennessee. . . . Texas . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . . Virginia . . . . . . Washington . . . West Virginia . . Wisconsin . . . . Wyoming. . . . .

Puerto Rico . . . . . . Virgin Islands . . . . . Other 1 . . . . . . . . .

1 Includes unreported, not specified, special category, estimated shipments, foreign trade zone, X Not applicable. re-exports, and any timing adjustments.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, Series FT-900, December issues.

No. 1327. U.S. Agriculture Exports by State: 1995 to 1999
[In millions of dollars (54,725 represents $54,725,000,000). Fiscal years] State 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 State MT NE. NV. NH NJ . NM NY. NC ND OH OK OR PA . RI . SC. SD. TN. TX . UT. VT . VA . WA WV WI . WY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 471 3,223 2 1 150 77 364 1,355 1,507 1,320 449 720 535 1 321 1,120 516 3,379 153 11 436 1,824 27 1,268 32 1,887 1996 896 3,510 5 1 149 75 400 1,400 1,734 1,602 517 749 544 1 340 1,163 500 3,477 145 8 486 1,941 34 1,371 52 2,107 1997 327 3,308 6 1 168 70 396 1,515 1,083 1,361 385 729 542 1 354 1,163 540 3,054 125 11 520 1,857 31 1,219 40 3,062 1998 330.4 2,906.7 5.7 0.9 159.5 86.6 377.9 1,447.1 1,084.2 1,356.5 423.7 696.7 599.6 1.1 313.1 1,058.4 485.6 3,018.1 139.4 10.3 447.2 1,673.8 27.2 1,276.4 42.8 3,210.1 1999 227.6 2,883.0 4.4 1.0 152.6 74.4 368 1,205.5 917.9 1,199.7 439.8 680.6 592.8 0.6 235.9 1,016.7 382.3 2,512.4 151.2 10.3 385.8 1,778.5 19.7 1,261.3 30.5 3,400.1

U.S. . . 54,725 59,891 AL . AK. AZ . AR. CA. CO CT. DE. FL . GA HI . ID . IL . IN . IA . KS. KY. LA . ME MD MA MI . MN MS MO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467 420 1,631 6,968 945 47 108 1,201 1,126 109 930 3,458 1,756 4,016 3,074 894 690 36 217 30 920 2,440 836 1,261 494 409 1,686 7,208 1,100 43 133 1,230 1,224 115 935 3,974 2,049 4,640 3,112 1,046 662 40 247 29 1,186 3,031 777 1,314

57,365 53,730.2 49,102.1 535 370 1,918 7,694 872 80 147 1,212 1,273 126 841 3,748 1,853 4,146 2,650 1,110 704 39 271 48 886 2,611 821 1,543 458.1 0.4 377 1,607.0 7,582.7 821.4 95.6 130.6 1,087.1 1,120.9 111.2 830.2 3,060.4 1,605.6 3,511.1 2,792.5 930.3 660.8 42.3 244.5 52.4 913.8 2,359.1 815 1,341.0 366.3 0.2 333.3 1,219.8 6,931.7 828.3 93.3 107.2 1,117.7 866.8 108.1 789.4 2,750.6 1,429.5 3,151.5 2,823.7 889.4 480.6 41.9 199.7 44.1 782.2 2,184.7 541.6 1,087.8

Unallocated .

- Represents or rounds to zero. Source: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Foreign Agricultural Trade of the United States (FATUS), annual.

Foreign Commerce and Aid 793
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1328. U.S. Exports, Imports, and Merchandise Trade Balance by Country: 1995 to 1999
[In millions of dollars (584,742,0 represents $584,742,000,000). Includes silver ore and bullion. Country totals include exports of special category commodities, if any. Data include nonmonetary gold and includes trade of Virgin Islands with foreign countries. Minus sign (-) denotes an excess of imports over exports] Country Total 1 . . . . . . . . . Afghanistan . . . . . . . . . Albania. . . . . . . . . . . . Algeria . . . . . . . . . . . . Andorra . . . . . . . . . . . Angola . . . . . . . . . . . . Anguilla . . . . . . . . . . . Antigua . . . . . . . . . . . Argentina . . . . . . . . . . Armenia . . . . . . . . . . . Aruba. . . . . . . . . . . . . Australia . . . . . . . . . . . Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . Azerbaijan. . . . . . . . . . Bahamas, The . . . . . . . Bahrain . . . . . . . . . . . Bangladesh . . . . . . . . . Barbados . . . . . . . . . . Byelarus . . . . . . . . . . . Belgium . . . . . . . . . . . Belize. . . . . . . . . . . . . Benin . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bermuda . . . . . . . . . . Bolivia . . . . . . . . . . . . Bosnia and Hercegovina Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . British Virgin Islands . . . Brunei . . . . . . . . . . . . Bulgaria . . . . . . . . . . . Burkina Faso . . . . . . . . Burma . . . . . . . . . . . . Cameroon. . . . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . . Cayman Islands . . . . . . Chad . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . China . . . . . . . . . . . . . Colombia . . . . . . . . . . Congo (Brazzaville) . . . Congo (Kinshawa) . . . . Costa Rica . . . . . . . . . Cote d’Ivoire (formerly Ivory Coast). . . . . . . . Croatia . . . . . . . . . . . . Cyprus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exports, domestic, and foreign 1995 584,742.0 4.1 13.5 774.0 16.4 259.6 14.6 97.1 4,189.2 70.4 247.4 10,789.1 2,017.2 35.6 661.3 254.9 325.1 185.7 48.0 12,465.5 99.8 34.1 298.5 213.5 28.4 11,439.4 49.3 189.9 131.8 14.6 16.1 45.5 127,226.1 180.3 10.8 3,614.9 11,753.6 4,624.4 54.7 77.1 1,736.5 173.2 139.9 257.8 1996 625,075.0 16.9 12.1 635.2 24.5 268.3 12.8 82.4 4,516.8 57.4 234.6 12,008.4 2,009.8 54.0 726.0 244.2 210.1 222.5 53.1 12,532.2 106.6 27.4 281.9 269.5 58.8 12,717.5 53.9 374.7 137.5 10.4 32.2 71.3 134,210.3 208.0 3.4 4,139.5 11,992.6 4,714.3 62.9 73.3 1,816.4 141.1 106.0 256.9 1997 689,182.4 11.5 3.1 691.6 21.7 280.6 18.1 84.5 5,810.0 62.1 238.4 12,062.9 2,074.7 62.3 809.5 406.1 259.0 280.9 40.6 13,420.3 114.8 51.6 338.1 295.1 102.5 15,914.7 64.6 178.1 109.6 18.3 19.9 121.4 151,766.7 270.3 3.1 4,368.4 12,862.3 5,197.0 74.7 37.8 2,024.4 150.9 138.7 244.5 1998 682,137.7 7.0 14.9 651.4 22.4 354.7 16.7 96.7 5,885.8 51.4 351.2 11,917.6 2,142.9 123.1 815.6 294.6 318.4 281.4 30.4 13,917.8 120.2 43.6 400.3 416.6 40.0 15,142.0 62.6 122.8 112.4 16.1 31.9 75.1 156,603.4 421.9 3.5 3,979.3 14,241.3 4,816.0 92.0 34.1 2,296.5 151.4 96.8 161.9 1999 695,009.2 18.0 24.8 456.3 7.8 252.2 22.2 96.1 4,938.5 49.8 307.1 11,810.7 2,587.7 55.0 843.6 348.3 275.5 302.4 26.1 12,384.9 136.1 31.3 343.8 312.1 43.6 13,249.0 58.6 66.7 102.5 10.9 8.7 37.0 166,288.6 368.3 2.7 3,079.0 13,117.7 3,532.0 47.0 21.1 2,379.7 104.0 107.6 189.8 1995 743,542.8 5.4 9.5 1,749.5 0.2 2,232.3 0.1 3.1 1,760.9 16.2 420.6 3,322.9 1,963.3 0.8 156.5 134.2 1,257.2 37.7 44.9 6,053.9 52.2 9.8 10.3 262.5 3.3 8,832.9 11.4 38.3 188.5 0.4 80.9 57.3 144,369.8 18.3 3.2 1,930.8 45,543.2 3,791.1 206.9 266.9 1,843.1 214.1 93.7 13.0 General imports 1996 795,289.3 16.4 10.3 2,125.7 2.5 2,901.5 0.8 8.9 2,279.2 1.5 558.1 3,868.9 2,200.3 4.5 164.9 116.3 1,343.0 41.2 52.2 6,775.7 68.2 13.6 11.5 275.2 10.1 8,773.4 6.6 48.3 126.5 3.9 108.2 64.5 155,892.6 16.9 7.1 2,262.2 51,512.6 4,423.8 315.3 258.7 1,974.2 397.4 71.2 17.4 1997 870,670.7 10.0 11.7 2,439.5 0.3 2,779.1 0.7 4.8 2,228.2 6.0 610.2 4,602.3 2,368.4 5.7 154.9 116.4 1,679.4 42.1 66.0 7,911.9 77.3 7.7 29.8 223.3 8.3 9,625.5 13.1 55.8 171.4 1.0 114.9 57.2 168,200.9 19.6 2.9 2,293.1 62,557.6 4,737.3 471.5 281.8 2,323.2 289.0 82.8 16.4 1998 1999 1995 Merchandise trade balance 1996 1997 1998 1999 -330,022.4 8.7 15.8 -1,374.4 7.7 -2,172.6 19.9 94.3 2,340.0 34.5 -368.0 6,520.3 -322.6 28.7 648.3 122.9 -1,642.3 243.5 -66.5 3,176.6 55.8 13.5 319.2 94.3 28.7 1,935.2 36.0 -322.3 -97.1 8.1 -223.4 -39.8 -32,035.4 358.9 -4.2 143.1 -68,668.2 -2,743.8 -367.7 -208.1 -1,578.8 -243.2 -2.5 158.3

794 Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

911,896.1 1,025,031.6 -158,800.8 -170,214.3 -181,488.2 -229,758.4 16.7 12.4 1,638.0 0.1 2,240.9 2.1 1.9 2,230.9 16.7 469.5 5,386.8 2,561.0 4.9 142.4 155.5 1,845.9 34.5 105.4 8,440.0 65.9 3.6 11.5 223.6 7.4 10,101.9 7.5 211.2 219.1 0.6 163.7 53.3 173,256.1 18.1 7.5 2,452.5 71,168.7 4,656.2 315.4 171.1 2,744.9 425.9 72.6 31.8 9.3 9.0 1,830.7 0.1 2,424.8 2.3 1.8 2,598.5 15.3 675.1 5,290.4 2,910.3 26.3 195.3 225.4 1,917.8 58.9 92.6 9,208.3 80.3 17.8 24.6 217.8 14.9 11,313.8 22.6 389.0 199.6 2.8 232.1 76.8 198,324.0 9.4 6.9 2,935.9 81,785.9 6,275.8 414.7 229.2 3,958.5 347.2 110.1 31.5 -1.3 4.0 -975.5 16.2 -1,972.6 14.5 94.1 2,428.3 54.2 -173.2 7,466.2 53.9 34.8 504.8 120.8 -932.2 148.0 3.1 6,411.6 47.6 24.3 288.2 -49.0 25.1 2,606.6 37.9 151.6 -56.7 14.2 -64.9 -11.7 -17,143.7 162.0 7.6 1,684.1 -33,789.6 833.3 -152.2 -189.9 -106.6 -40.9 46.2 244.8 0.5 1.7 -1,490.5 22.0 -2,633.2 12.0 73.5 2,237.6 56.0 -323.5 8,139.6 -190.5 49.5 561.1 127.9 -1,132.9 181.3 0.9 5,756.6 38.5 13.8 270.4 -5.7 48.6 3,944.2 47.3 326.4 11.0 6.5 -75.9 6.8 -21,682.3 191.2 -3.7 1,877.3 -39,520.0 290.5 -252.4 -185.3 -157.9 -256.3 34.8 239.6 1.5 -8.6 -1,747.9 21.4 -2,498.6 17.4 79.6 3,581.8 56.1 -371.8 7,460.6 -293.7 56.6 654.6 289.8 -1,420.4 238.7 -25.4 5,508.4 37.5 43.9 308.2 71.9 94.2 6,289.2 51.5 122.3 -61.8 17.3 -95.0 64.3 -16,434.2 250.7 0.2 2,075.3 -49,695.3 459.7 -396.8 -244.0 -298.8 -138.1 55.9 228.1 -9.6 2.5 -986.7 22.2 -1,886.2 14.6 94.8 3,654.8 34.7 -118.4 6,530.7 -418.1 118.1 673.2 139.1 -1,527.5 247.0 -75.0 5,477.8 54.3 4.0 388.8 193.0 32.6 5,040.0 55.1 -88.3 -106.7 15.5 -131.8 21.8 -16,652.7 403.8 -4.0 1,526.8 -56,927.4 159.8 -223.4 -137.0 -448.4 -275.0 24.2 130.1

See footnotes at end of table.

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

Country Czech Republic . . . Denmark. . . . . . . . Djibouti. . . . . . . . . Dominica . . . . . . . Dominican Republic Ecuador . . . . . . . . Egypt . . . . . . . . . . El Salvador . . . . . . Estonia. . . . . . . . . Ethiopia . . . . . . . . Fiji . . . . . . . . . . . . Finland . . . . . . . . . France . . . . . . . . . French Guiana. . . . French Polynesia . . Gabon . . . . . . . . . Gambia, The . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Germany . . . . . . . Ghana . . . . . . . . . Gibraltar . . . . . . . . Greece . . . . . . . . . Greenland. . . . . . . Grenada . . . . . . . . Guadeloupe . . . . . Guatemala . . . . . . Guinea . . . . . . . . . Guyana . . . . . . . . Haiti. . . . . . . . . . . Honduras . . . . . . . Hong Kong . . . . . . Hungary . . . . . . . . Iceland . . . . . . . . . India . . . . . . . . . . Indonesia . . . . . . . Iran . . . . . . . . . . . Iraq . . . . . . . . . . . Ireland . . . . . . . . . Israel . . . . . . . . . . Italy . . . . . . . . . . . Jamaica . . . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . . . Jordan . . . . . . . . . Kazakhstan . . . . . . Kenya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Exports, domestic, and foreign 1995 362.7 1,517.7 8.5 26.5 3,014.9 1,538.3 2,985.1 1,110.6 138.9 147.5 31.6 1,249.7 14,245.2 441.7 82.3 54.4 6.2 95.2 22,394.3 167.2 18.4 1,518.8 2.4 26.8 69.3 1,646.6 66.7 141.2 550.2 1,278.9 14,231.4 295.3 170.6 3,295.8 3,359.6 277.3 0.2 4,108.8 5,621.1 8,861.6 1,420.4 64,342.6 335.3 80.9 114.0 1996 412.2 1,731.0 8.3 34.2 3,190.5 1,258.5 3,153.3 1,074.5 83.6 148.1 27.5 2,438.6 14,455.5 300.7 88.7 56.1 8.5 82.5 23,495.0 295.7 11.7 824.5 4.1 35.7 66.0 1,566.1 87.1 136.9 474.8 1,642.6 13,966.3 330.7 257.1 3,328.3 3,976.8 0.3 2.8 3,668.7 6,011.9 8,797.1 1,491.0 67,606.8 345.2 138.3 104.6 1997 589.8 1,756.9 7.3 37.4 3,924.0 1,525.9 3,835.4 1,400.1 47.4 121.2 32.8 1,741.1 15,964.9 493.7 105.2 84.5 9.7 140.6 24,458.3 315.0 8.8 949.3 4.9 40.6 57.6 1,729.6 82.8 142.5 499.1 2,018.9 15,117.1 485.5 179.2 3,607.6 4,522.3 1.1 82.0 4,642.2 5,994.9 8,994.7 1,416.5 65,548.5 402.5 346.3 225.3 1998 569.0 1,874.3 20.4 52.1 3,943.8 1,683.1 3,058.6 1,513.5 87.4 88.9 74.2 1,914.8 17,728.7 246.5 99.7 61.6 9.3 136.5 26,657.4 225.1 8.8 1,355.2 6.1 56.4 64.0 1,937.8 65.4 145.6 548.6 2,317.5 12,925.3 482.6 236.5 3,564.4 2,298.9 106.4 5,646.8 6,983.3 8,990.8 1,304.2 57,831.0 352.9 103.1 198.9 1999 610.0 1,718.9 26.7 38.6 4,085.6 920.1 3,025.4 1,520.2 161.5 164.7 126.5 1,668.1 18,838.5 192.2 93.1 45.4 9.6 83.3 26,788.9 235.1 4.1 994.2 3.1 66.2 66.1 1,811.5 54.6 145.1 614.8 2,369.3 12,647.1 503.3 297.6 3,707.4 1,938.9 48.1 9.5 6,374.7 7,694.5 10,094.0 1,294.8 57,483.5 275.6 178.9 189.1 1995 363.4 1,945.0 6.6 3,399.0 1,939.9 606.4 812.2 62.3 78.0 2,270.0 17,209.4 5.3 14.1 1,464.0 2.3 10.6 36,844.0 196.1 4.9 397.3 7.4 5.3 1.2 1,526.7 99.0 107.4 129.8 1,441.3 10,291.2 547.0 232.7 5,726.2 7,435.3 0.2 (X) 4,078.7 5,708.7 16,348.3 847.0 123,479.1 28.8 122.9 101.5

General imports 1996 482.3 2,141.5 7.7 3,574.8 1,958.1 680.5 975.4 55.1 74.7 2,388.8 18,645.8 4.7 17.2 1,983.7 1.9 7.6 38,945.1 171.4 6.5 506.0 6.4 3.6 1.4 1,678.5 116.5 109.5 143.6 1,795.4 9,864.5 676.2 236.0 6,169.5 8,249.9 (X) 4,803.9 6,433.6 18,324.8 838.2 115,187.0 25.2 121.2 106.5 1997 609.8 2,137.7 9.1 4,326.8 2,054.8 657.5 1,346.2 76.8 84.6 2,391.5 20,636.4 2.4 35.4 2,202.3 2.9 7.0 43,121.5 155.3 2.8 453.2 7.9 6.5 3.5 1,990.2 127.7 112.8 188.2 2,322.2 10,287.8 1,078.9 230.8 7,322.4 9,188.4 0.1 311.9 5,866.6 7,326.0 19,407.5 738.0 121,663.2 25.3 128.9 114.0 1998 673.4 2,395.0 0.5 6.4 4,441.2 1,752.1 660.3 1,437.9 125.4 52.3 101.1 2,595.6 24,015.9 3.2 32.7 1,258.8 2.0 14.2 49,842.0 143.2 6.0 466.7 7.3 12.1 2.3 2,071.6 115.3 137.0 271.8 2,544.4 10,538.2 1,566.5 267.9 8,237.2 9,340.6 1,183.2 8,400.9 8,640.4 20,959.1 755.0 121,845.0 16.4 168.7 98.5 1999 754.4 2,824.9 0.1 23.0 4,282.0 1,814.3 617.1 1,604.8 236.7 30.2 99.8 2,909.7 25,909.6 4.2 42.6 1,519.5 0.2 18.3 55,093.5 208.6 9.5 570.9 13.2 19.8 2.8 2,265.7 116.9 121.8 301.1 2,713.1 10,531.4 1,891.9 303.6 9,083.3 9,514.0 2.4 4,193.2 11,002.4 9,869.8 22,438.0 678.9 131,403.6 30.9 228.1 106.4 1995 -0.7 -427.3 8.4 19.9 -384.0 -401.6 2,378.7 298.4 76.6 147.5 -46.4 -1,020.3 -2,964.3 436.4 68.2 -1,409.6 3.9 84.6 -14,449.8 -28.9 13.5 1,121.5 -5.0 21.5 68.0 119.9 -32.3 33.8 420.4 -162.4 3,940.2 -251.7 -62.2 -2,430.5 -4,075.7 277.1 0.2 30.1 -87.6 -7,486.7 573.4 -59,136.5 306.5 -42.1 12.5

Merchandise trade balance 1996 -70.1 -410.5 8.3 26.5 -384.3 -699.6 2,472.9 99.1 28.5 148.1 -47.2 49.8 -4,190.3 296.0 71.5 -1,927.6 6.5 74.9 -15,450.1 124.3 5.2 318.5 -2.2 32.1 64.6 -112.4 -29.4 27.4 331.3 -152.8 4,101.8 -345.5 21.2 -2,841.2 -4,273.1 0.3 2.8 -1,135.2 -421.7 -9,527.8 652.9 -47,580.2 320.1 17.2 -2.0 1997 -20.0 -380.8 7.3 28.3 -402.8 -528.9 3,177.9 53.8 -29.3 121.2 -51.8 -650.4 -4,671.5 491.4 69.9 -2,117.7 6.8 133.6 -18,663.2 159.8 6.0 496.2 -3.0 34.1 54.1 -260.6 -44.9 29.7 310.9 -303.4 4,829.3 -593.5 -51.6 -3,714.8 -4,666.1 1.0 -229.9 -1,224.4 -1,331.0 -10,412.8 678.4 -56,114.8 377.1 217.4 111.4 1998 -104.4 -520.7 19.9 45.7 -497.4 -69.0 2,398.3 75.6 -38.0 36.6 -26.9 -680.8 -6,287.2 243.3 67.0 -1,197.2 7.3 122.3 -23,184.6 81.9 2.8 888.5 -1.2 44.3 61.7 -133.8 -49.9 8.6 276.8 -226.9 2,387.1 -1,083.9 -31.4 -4,672.8 -7,041.7 -1,076.8 -2,754.1 -1,657.1 -11,968.3 549.2 -64,014.0 336.5 -65.6 100.4 1999 -144.4 -1,106.0 26.6 15.6 -196.4 -894.2 2,408.3 -84.6 -75.2 134.5 26.7 -1,241.6 -7,071.1 188.0 50.5 -1,474.1 9.4 65.0 -28,304.6 26.5 -5.4 423.3 -10.1 46.4 63.3 -454.2 -62.3 23.3 313.7 -343.8 2,115.7 -1,388.6 -6.0 -5,375.9 -7,575.1 45.7 -4,183.7 -4,627.7 -2,175.3 -12,344.0 615.9 -73,920.1 244.7 -49.2 82.7

Foreign Commerce and Aid 795

See footnotes at end of table.

No. 1328. U.S. Exports, Imports, and Merchandise Trade Balance by Country: 1995 to 1999—Continued
[See headnote, page 764] Country Korea, South . . . . . . . Kuwait . . . . . . . . . . . Kyrgyzstan . . . . . . . . Latvia. . . . . . . . . . . . Lebanon . . . . . . . . . . Lesotho . . . . . . . . . . Liberia . . . . . . . . . . . Liechtenstein . . . . . . . Lithuania . . . . . . . . . Luxembourg . . . . . . . Macau . . . . . . . . . . . Macedonia . . . . . . . . Madagascar . . . . . . . Malawi . . . . . . . . . . . Malaysia . . . . . . . . . . Maldives . . . . . . . . . . Mali . . . . . . . . . . . . . Malta . . . . . . . . . . . . Marshall Islands . . . . . Martinique. . . . . . . . . Mauritania. . . . . . . . . Mauritius. . . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . Micronesia, Federated States of . . . . . . . . . Moldova . . . . . . . . . . Monaco . . . . . . . . . . Mongolia. . . . . . . . . . Morocco . . . . . . . . . . Mozambique . . . . . . . Namibia . . . . . . . . . . Netherlands . . . . . . . Netherlands Antilles . . New Caledonia . . . . . New Zealand . . . . . . . Nicaragua . . . . . . . . . Niger . . . . . . . . . . . . Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . Norway. . . . . . . . . . . Oman . . . . . . . . . . . Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . Panama . . . . . . . . . . Papua New Guinea . . Paraguay . . . . . . . . . Peru . . . . . . . . . . . . Philippines . . . . . . . . Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exports, domestic, and foreign 1995 25,379.9 1,437.3 24.7 89.5 592.3 2.0 41.7 14.9 52.0 374.4 29.9 21.3 10.0 17.8 8,816.1 1.1 23.2 106.7 31.7 38.4 43.1 24.7 46,292.1 23.3 10.2 9.5 14.0 517.4 49.3 26.5 16,557.7 504.0 22.4 1,691.4 249.7 39.5 602.8 1,293.0 222.0 941.2 1,389.6 50.8 992.4 1,775.3 5,294.8 776.1 1996 26,621.1 1,983.6 46.9 166.6 627.0 2.6 49.8 8.9 62.9 242.2 29.8 14.4 11.5 13.3 8,546.2 2.4 18.4 125.2 29.4 35.3 15.1 25.2 56,791.5 24.7 21.6 3.1 4.2 476.3 23.0 22.7 16,662.6 529.6 28.7 1,728.5 262.3 27.2 818.4 1,559.0 216.8 1,271.4 1,380.5 69.2 897.5 1,773.8 6,142.4 968.3 1997 25,046.1 1,390.0 28.4 217.8 551.9 2.4 42.9 12.5 87.4 712.1 65.0 33.8 11.5 17.6 10,780.0 5.5 26.2 120.9 23.6 33.9 20.9 31.4 71,388.4 29.0 19.7 6.9 34.3 434.7 45.6 25.0 19,826.7 475.2 34.4 1,962.1 289.8 24.8 813.1 1,721.3 340.8 1,240.1 1,536.1 116.6 913.4 1,953.3 7,417.3 1,169.9 1998 16,485.5 1,524.1 20.6 186.8 513.8 1.4 50.1 7.3 62.2 605.8 40.7 14.8 14.9 14.5 8,957.0 4.8 25.3 267.0 25.0 26.4 19.5 23.2 78,772.5 31.0 20.6 6.4 20.3 561.4 45.7 51.2 18,977.7 750.7 19.2 1,886.5 336.5 18.2 816.8 1,709.3 302.7 720.4 1,753.0 65.3 785.9 2,062.6 6,736.6 882.0 1999 22,954.0 909.0 21.1 217.9 356.5 0.7 44.7 9.1 66.0 983.5 41.8 56.2 106.1 7.4 9,079.0 8.5 29.8 190.4 35.7 34.9 25.2 39.0 86,865.8 24.8 10.6 12.6 10.1 573.6 33.9 195.6 19,412.1 603.3 41.6 1,933.9 374.0 18.5 628.3 1,439.7 187.9 426.5 1,741.3 37.1 515.0 1,701.1 7,226.2 824.7 1995 24,183.9 1,335.5 8.3 81.9 35.1 62.1 9.8 126.2 26.4 234.0 895.3 88.8 57.3 40.9 17,454.7 12.1 3.6 132.4 11.0 2.1 5.5 229.7 62,100.6 13.0 24.8 12.2 23.3 239.3 27.6 11.5 6,405.0 289.9 40.2 1,451.8 238.7 1.6 4,930.4 3,086.7 294.9 1,197.1 307.1 50.1 55.0 1,034.5 7,006.5 663.9 General imports 1996 22,655.1 1,651.2 5.0 102.9 41.5 65.4 26.9 91.1 34.4 203.8 857.6 124.8 45.5 72.5 17,828.8 11.6 4.9 208.6 3.9 1.0 5.3 217.0 74,297.3 11.3 29.7 15.9 30.8 247.1 26.6 27.1 6,583.1 684.8 54.8 1,463.2 350.4 0.7 5,978.3 3,992.5 414.4 1,265.7 346.1 85.6 42.3 1,260.9 8,161.4 627.9 1997 23,173.1 1,816.4 2.4 145.1 77.8 86.5 4.8 116.5 79.8 238.8 1,021.0 147.1 62.6 82.8 18,026.7 19.4 3.8 223.6 7.3 2.4 0.2 238.4 85,937.5 11.9 53.7 19.6 42.4 295.9 30.5 63.0 7,292.8 579.8 51.9 1,579.2 439.3 29.8 6,349.4 3,752.0 242.4 1,442.2 367.2 64.5 40.7 1,772.3 10,445.0 695.6 1998 23,941.8 1,266.0 0.3 114.7 82.5 100.0 25.1 242.6 80.9 373.1 1,108.6 175.4 71.4 60.4 19,000.0 32.9 3.4 340.3 3.8 1.0 0.4 271.6 94,629.0 12.6 109.3 25.7 41.8 343.0 25.8 51.8 7,599.3 308.2 21.7 1,644.6 452.7 1.7 4,194.0 2,871.6 216.8 1,691.7 312.3 129.6 33.5 1,975.5 11,947.3 783.7 1999 31,262.0 1,446.1 0.5 229.2 51.5 110.8 30.3 276.2 96.8 313.7 1,124.4 135.7 80.2 72.5 21,428.6 54.9 8.9 323.3 9.8 0.8 0.8 258.9 109,706.5 10.1 88.9 14.4 60.9 390.3 10.3 29.7 8,472.7 383.3 8.6 1,749.0 492.8 12.1 4,361.1 4,051.3 219.5 1,740.4 365.0 144.5 48.1 1,927.8 12,379.7 813.0 1995 1,195.9 101.8 16.3 7.6 557.2 -60.2 31.9 -111.3 25.6 140.4 -865.5 -67.6 -47.3 -23.1 -8,638.6 -11.0 19.6 -25.8 20.6 36.3 37.6 -204.9 -15,808.6 10.2 -14.6 -2.7 -9.3 278.1 21.7 15.0 10,152.7 214.1 -17.8 239.6 11.0 38.0 -4,327.7 -1,793.7 -72.9 -255.8 1,082.5 0.7 937.4 740.8 -1,711.7 112.2 Merchandise trade balance 1996 3,966.0 332.4 41.9 63.7 585.6 -62.7 22.9 -82.3 28.6 38.3 -827.9 -110.5 -34.0 -59.2 -9,282.6 -9.2 13.5 -83.5 25.5 34.3 9.8 -191.8 -17,505.8 13.5 -8.1 -12.8 -26.6 229.2 -3.5 -4.5 10,079.4 -155.2 -26.1 265.4 -88.1 26.5 -5,159.9 -2,433.5 -197.7 5.7 1,034.4 -16.4 855.2 512.9 -2,019.0 340.4 1997 1,873.0 -426.4 25.9 72.7 474.2 -84.2 38.1 -104.0 7.6 473.2 -956.0 -113.3 -51.0 -65.3 -7,246.7 -13.9 22.3 -102.7 16.3 31.4 20.6 -207.0 -14,549.1 17.2 -34.0 -12.7 -8.1 138.9 15.1 -38.1 12,533.8 -104.6 -17.5 382.9 -149.5 -5.0 -5,536.4 -2,030.7 98.4 -202.2 1,168.9 52.1 872.8 181.0 -3,027.6 474.4 1998 -7,456.3 258.1 20.3 72.1 431.3 -98.6 25.0 -235.3 -18.7 232.7 -1,067.9 -160.6 -56.5 -45.9 -10,043.0 -28.1 21.9 -73.3 21.2 25.4 19.1 -248.4 -15,856.5 18.4 -88.7 -19.3 -21.5 218.4 19.9 -0.6 11,378.4 442.5 -2.5 241.9 -116.2 16.5 -3,377.2 -1,162.3 85.9 -971.3 1,440.7 -64.3 752.4 87.1 -5,210.7 98.3 1999 -8,308.0 -537.1 20.6 -11.3 305.0 -110.1 14.4 -267.1 -30.8 669.8 -1,082.6 -79.5 25.9 -65.1 -12,349.6 -46.4 20.9 -132.9 25.9 34.1 24.4 -219.9 -22,840.7 14.7 -78.3 -1.8 -50.8 183.3 23.6 165.9 10,939.4 220.0 33.0 184.9 -118.8 6.4 -3,732.8 -2,611.6 -31.6 -1,313.9 1,376.3 -107.4 466.9 -226.7 -5,153.5 11.7

796 Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

See footnotes at end of table.

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

Country Portugal . . . . . . . . . . . . Qatar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Romania. . . . . . . . . . . . Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saudi Arabia . . . . . . . . . Senegal . . . . . . . . . . . . Singapore . . . . . . . . . . . Slovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . Somalia . . . . . . . . . . . . South Africa . . . . . . . . . Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sri Lanka . . . . . . . . . . . St. Lucia . . . . . . . . . . . . St. Vincent . . . . . . . . . . Sudan . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suriname . . . . . . . . . . . Sweden . . . . . . . . . . . . Switzerland . . . . . . . . . . Syria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Taiwan . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tajikistan . . . . . . . . . . . Tanzania. . . . . . . . . . . . Thailand . . . . . . . . . . . . Togo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trinidad and Tobago . . . . Tunisia . . . . . . . . . . . . . Turkey . . . . . . . . . . . . . Turkmenistan. . . . . . . . . Turks and Caicos Islands. Uganda . . . . . . . . . . . . Ukraine . . . . . . . . . . . . United Arab Emirates . . . United Kingdom . . . . . . . Uruguay . . . . . . . . . . . . Uzbekistan . . . . . . . . . . Venezuela. . . . . . . . . . . Vietnam . . . . . . . . . . . . Western Samoa . . . . . . . Yemen, Republic of . . . . Yugoslavia, Fed. Rep. of . Zambia. . . . . . . . . . . . . Zimbabwe . . . . . . . . . . .

Exports, domestic, and foreign 1995 898.1 225.9 253.1 2,823.3 6,154.9 67.9 15,333.2 61.0 8.1 2,750.6 5,526.0 279.1 80.9 42.2 43.4 189.7 3,079.8 6,227.5 223.4 19,289.6 17.7 66.3 6,665.0 18.5 689.2 215.0 2,768.1 34.2 33.5 22.1 223.4 2,006.5 28,856.5 395.9 63.4 4,640.4 252.5 7.6 185.2 2.2 48.9 122.0 1996 960.7 207.7 265.6 3,345.8 7,311.3 55.8 16,720.0 62.6 4.2 3,111.9 5,499.6 211.1 84.5 45.0 51.3 222.7 3,430.5 8,373.4 226.3 18,460.2 17.2 50.2 7,197.5 20.0 665.5 189.2 2,846.6 200.8 43.5 17.2 395.1 2,533.2 30,962.5 482.9 351.8 4,749.4 616.4 11.9 255.9 46.0 46.0 90.7 1997 954.2 379.0 258.0 3,364.9 8,437.8 51.8 17,696.2 82.0 2.8 2,997.2 5,538.7 154.7 89.3 54.4 36.4 183.0 3,314.1 8,306.9 180.4 20,365.7 18.6 64.9 7,349.4 25.6 1,105.9 252.3 3,539.5 117.7 58.6 35.2 402.9 2,607.1 36,425.3 547.6 234.1 6,601.6 286.6 11.1 153.4 49.1 29.3 81.9
1

General imports 1999 1,091.4 145.9 176.7 1,844.7 7,901.7 63.4 16,246.4 127.2 2.8 2,582.3 6,131.6 167.4 98.1 92.1 8.8 143.7 4,238.6 8,364.7 172.7 19,121.1 12.9 68.4 4,983.5 25.7 785.5 280.1 3,197.2 18.4 94.8 25.0 204.2 2,713.0 38,337.8 492.0 338.7 5,372.9 290.7 12.2 157.5 58.9 19.9 60.0 1995 1,056.6 90.9 222.4 4,030.0 8,376.7 5.0 18,560.5 129.5 0.1 2,208.0 3,879.5 1,259.7 35.2 7.8 22.7 100.2 6,256.4 7,593.8 61.2 28,971.8 40.9 22.4 11,348.1 3.5 1,086.2 70.4 1,797.9 1.2 5.0 13.2 405.6 459.2 26,929.5 167.2 18.7 9,764.0 198.9 0.5 41.6 32.9 97.7 1996 1,016.5 157.1 248.5 3,576.8 10,467.2 5.5 20,343.1 124.6 0.2 2,323.3 4,279.8 1,393.0 22.3 6.8 18.7 96.6 7,152.7 7,792.6 15.2 29,907.3 32.8 18.9 11,336.1 4.2 1,313.2 75.8 1,778.2 0.5 5.1 15.9 506.9 498.8 28,978.8 260.5 159.0 13,173.1 331.8 1.0 31.2 8.2 64.2 133.0 1997 1,138.0 157.4 399.8 4,319.0 9,364.8 6.8 20,074.6 165.6 0.3 2,510.1 4,605.5 1,620.0 34.2 4.3 12.1 91.5 7,298.9 8,405.1 27.9 32,628.5 8.5 26.6 12,601.5 9.4 1,134.3 63.1 2,121.1 2.1 5.3 37.8 410.0 920.1 32,659.3 228.9 39.1 13,477.2 388.5 2.5 16.0 10.4 55.9 139.5 1998 1,265.3 220.4 393.3 5,747.2 6,241.3 5.2 18,355.7 165.7 0.6 3,049.1 4,780.2 1,766.5 22.4 4.8 3.1 106.1 7,848.0 8,690.3 45.9 33,124.8 32.6 31.5 13,436.4 2.2 976.9 61.5 2,542.7 2.8 4.6 15.1 531.4 659.9 34,838.2 255.7 34.1 9,181.4 554.1 6.8 37.6 12.6 47.3 127.2 1999 1,357.0 265.9 434.5 5,805.0 8,237.3 9.2 18,187.7 169.0 0.2 3,195.1 5,055.3 1,742.4 28.0 8.2 0.1 122.9 8,110.7 9,596.3 95.0 35,198.5 22.7 35.4 14,323.8 3.2 1,293.6 74.5 2,627.4 8.4 6.3 20.3 517.8 711.1 39,190.8 198.5 25.6 11,269.2 609.0 5.3 19.1 4.5 37.7 132.8 1995 -158.5 135.0 30.7 -1,206.6 -2,221.8 62.9 -3,227.3 -68.5 7.9 542.6 1,646.5 -980.5 45.7 34.4 20.7 89.5 -3,176.6 -1,366.4 162.1 -9,682.2 -23.2 43.9 -4,683.1 15.1 -397.1 144.6 970.3 33.0 28.6 8.9 -182.2 1,547.2 1,927.0 228.7 44.7 -5,123.6 53.6 7.1 143.6 2.2 16.0 24.3

Merchandise trade balance 1996 -55.8 50.6 17.1 -231.0 -3,155.9 50.3 -3,623.1 -62.0 4.1 788.5 1,219.8 -1,181.9 62.2 38.2 32.6 126.0 -3,722.2 580.8 211.1 -11,447.1 -15.6 31.3 -4,138.6 15.8 -647.7 113.4 1,068.4 200.3 38.4 1.3 -111.9 2,034.4 1,983.7 222.4 192.8 -8,423.7 284.7 10.9 224.7 37.8 -18.3 -42.3 1997 -183.8 221.7 -141.8 -954.0 -927.0 44.9 -2,378.4 -83.6 2.4 487.2 933.3 -1,465.3 55.1 50.0 24.3 91.5 -3,984.8 -98.2 152.6 -12,262.8 10.0 38.3 -5,252.1 16.2 -28.3 189.2 1,418.5 115.6 53.3 -2.5 -7.1 1,687.0 3,766.0 318.7 195.1 -6,875.6 -101.9 8.6 137.4 38.7 -26.6 -57.5 1998 -377.0 134.0 -56.7 -2,194.6 4,278.5 53.9 -2,662.1 -55.1 2.1 578.9 673.4 -1,576.1 70.0 269.4 3.7 81.1 -4,025.9 -1,442.9 115.5 -14,960.3 -20.4 35.4 -8,197.8 23.2 6.2 134.1 962.8 25.2 59.2 14.7 -163.9 1,706.0 4,220.0 335.6 113.2 -2,665.6 -280.0 3.6 140.1 61.8 -25.6 -34.1 1999 -265.6 -120.0 -257.8 -3,960.3 -335.6 54.2 -1,941.3 -41.8 2.6 -612.8 1,076.3 -1,575.0 70.1 83.9 8.7 20.8 -3,872.1 -1,231.6 77.7 -16,077.4 -9.8 33.0 -9,340.3 22.5 -508.1 205.6 569.8 10.0 88.5 4.7 -313.6 2,001.9 -853.0 293.5 313.1 -5,896.3 -318.3 6.9 138.4 54.4 -17.8 -72.8

1998 888.3 354.4 336.6 3,552.6 10,519.8 59.1 15,693.6 110.6 2.7 3,628.0 5,453.6 190.4 92.4 274.2 6.8 187.2 3,822.1 7,247.4 161.4 18,164.5 12.2 66.9 5,238.6 25.4 983.1 195.6 3,505.5 28.0 63.8 29.8 367.5 2,365.9 39,058.2 591.3 147.3 6,515.8 274.1 10.4 177.7 74.4 21.7 93.1

Foreign Commerce and Aid 797

- Represents zero or rounds to zero.

X Not applicable.

Includes timing adjustment and unidentified countries, not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, Series FT900, December issues.

No. 1329. U.S. Exports and General Imports by Selected SITC Commodity Groups: 1996 to 1999
[In millions of dollars (624,767 represents $624,767,000,000). SITC=Standard International Trade Classification. N.e.s.=Not elsewhere specified] Commodity group Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agricultural commodities . . . . . . Animal feeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coffee. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cotton, raw and linters . . . . . . . . Hides and skins . . . . . . . . . . . . Meat and preparations . . . . . . . . Soybeans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sugar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco, unmanufactured. . . . . . Vegetables and fruits . . . . . . . . . Wheat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manufactured goods . . . . . . . . . . ADP equipment, office machinery Airplane parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Airplanes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alcoholic bev, distilled . . . . . . . . Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Artwork/antiques . . . . . . . . . . . . Basketware, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . Chemicals, cosmetics . . . . . . . . Chemicals, dyeing. . . . . . . . . . . Chemicals, fertilizers . . . . . . . . . Chemicals, inorganic . . . . . . . . . Chemicals, medicinal . . . . . . . . . Chemicals, n.e.s. . . . . . . . . . . . Chemicals, organic . . . . . . . . . . Chemicals, plastics . . . . . . . . . . Cigarettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clothing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cork, wood, lumber . . . . . . . . . . Crude fertilizers . . . . . . . . . . . . Electrical machinery . . . . . . . . . Fish and preparations . . . . . . . . Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Furniture and parts . . . . . . . . . . Gem diamonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . General industrial machinery . . . . Gold, nonmonetary . . . . . . . . . . Iron and steel mill products . . . . . Lighting, plumbing . . . . . . . . . . . Metal manufactures, n.e.s. . . . . . Metal ores; scrap . . . . . . . . . . . Metalworking machinery . . . . . . . Optical goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paper and paperboard . . . . . . . . Photographic equipment. . . . . . . Plastic articles, n.e.s. . . . . . . . . . Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Power generating machinery . . . . Printed materials. . . . . . . . . . . . Pulp and waste paper . . . . . . . . Records/magnetic media . . . . . . Rubber articles, n.e.s. . . . . . . . . Rubber tires and tubes . . . . . . . Scientific instruments . . . . . . . . . Ships, boats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Silver and bullion . . . . . . . . . . . Spacecraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Specialized industrial machinery . Television, VCR, etc. . . . . . . . . . Textile yarn, fabric . . . . . . . . . . . Toys/games/sporting goods. . . . . Travel goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Watches/clocks/parts . . . . . . . . . Wood manufactures . . . . . . . . . Mineral fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crude oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Petroleum preparations . . . . . . . Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reexports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exports 1996 624,767 59,311 4,183 4 8,623 2,740 1,515 6,958 7,447 5 1,390 7,313 6,302 483,874 39,666 11,723 18,962 385 3,485 887 2,239 4,323 2,716 3,070 4,657 7,160 9,651 14,744 15,467 4,736 7,285 5,501 1,526 56,637 2,930 761 3,323 151 26,599 6,641 4,795 1,358 9,234 4,278 5,241 1,378 9,837 3,743 4,439 248 22,292 4,346 4,034 6,555 972 1,959 20,599 1,064 638 636 25,659 (NA) 7,814 3,693 306 50,181 277 1,685 12,057 3,849 460 3,948 261 40,690
1 1

General imports 1998 1999 695,009 46,915 3,378 9 5,121 984 1,023 6,340 4,555 4 1,294 7,143 3,574 562,927 40,665 15,153 32,686 431 3,556 1,153 2,871 4,850 3,617 2,973 4,635 11,071 11,074 15,423 16,846 3,232 7,960 4,245 1,534 74,947 2,743 693 4,336 312 29,721 5,219 4,986 1,297 11,116 3,501 5,267 2,228 9,885 3,624 6,362 502 30,727 4,578 3,524 5,759 1,383 2,396 25,543 1,640 213 641 24,805 24,346 9,246 3,314 329 53,677 335 1,735 9,794 2,260 772 3,405 218 50,632 1996 791,364 32,565 633 2,491 116 300 133 2,317 31 1,001 1,053 7,514 247 659,867 66,499 3,464 3,943 2,048 4,828 2,791 3,014 2,443 2,165 1,400 4,954 7,076 4,568 14,820 7,443 69 41,559 7,532 1,176 75,525 6,657 12,749 9,431 6,588 25,286 2,737 13,368 2,579 10,843 4,048 6,789 2,327 11,637 5,271 5,306 1,716 22,499 2,700 2,648 4,078 1,465 3,074 12,385 1,029 569 232 18,509 (NA) 10,248 14,734 3,581 102,551 2,805 4,037 73,028 606 50,582 13,858 4,002 (X) 1997 870,671 35,164 648 3,575 103 20 130 2,656 86 956 1,129 7,752 359 728,928 74,993 4,917 4,557 2,186 5,558 3,587 3,364 2,677 2,485 1,374 5,132 8,748 4,821 16,874 8,237 75 48,408 8,179 1,334 80,370 7,687 14,026 11,144 7,595 26,321 3,035 14,285 2,944 12,242 4,156 7,325 2,493 11,697 5,759 5,676 1,973 24,601 2,871 2,639 4,137 1,553 3,417 13,969 875 472 239 21,182 36,771 11,951 17,374 3,841 112,926 2,838 4,668 78,277 655 54,226 13,904 5,477 (X)

2

1997 689,182 55,639 4,621 7 5,426 2,716 1,503 6,885 7,479 3 1,548 7,472 4,196 550,529 43,698 13,266 25,552 385 3,768 1,120 2,494 4,873 3,294 3,123 5,264 8,087 11,160 16,408 17,274 4,417 8,396 5,146 1,621 65,816 2,624 800 3,942 108 30,603 5,673 5,637 1,535 10,309 4,662 5,702 1,697 10,283 3,865 5,092 437 27,221 4,605 3,868 6,815 1,256 2,394 24,039 1,366 641 994 29,162 24,093 8,975 3,827 330 55,669 310 1,958 12,682 3,586 1,040 3,899 275 44,153
2

1998

1999

682,138 50,654 4,054 10 4,618 2,572 1,130 6,427 4,885 3 1,459 7,324 3,690 552,778 40,735 15,035 35,242 385 3,606 1,140 2,583 4,763 3,471 3,231 4,709 9,341 10,838 14,920 16,608 4,165 8,497 4,091 1,600 65,575 2,172 720 4,411 124 30,121 5,464 5,481 1,405 10,699 3,581 5,270 1,907 9,930 3,481 5,554 388 28,743 4,671 3,443 6,057 1,301 2,554 24,169 1,716 629 1,102 27,305 23,417 8,976 3,342 302 53,536 312 1,690 10,251 3,176 895 2,857 243 45,683

911,896 1,025,032 35,748 36,731 607 565 3,069 2,540 142 156 19 148 110 101 2,848 3,258 54 29 715 561 780 754 8,365 9,261 283 273 790,754 882,729 76,755 84,443 5,912 5,896 7,052 8,775 2,296 2,617 5,970 6,288 3,976 4,913 3,834 4,396 2,895 3,151 2,472 2,632 1,570 1,500 5,126 5,173 10,908 13,542 4,833 5,072 18,327 21,860 8,565 9,276 102 151 53,742 56,413 7,616 8,925 1,300 1,270 79,365 88,592 8,104 8,902 13,881 14,068 13,339 16,178 8,497 9,902 28,811 31,447 3,587 3,034 17,159 13,369 3,393 4,327 13,506 14,406 4,099 3,657 7,926 6,787 2,727 3,075 12,793 13,407 5,661 6,114 6,137 7,010 3,051 3,498 28,160 31,533 3,075 3,336 2,442 2,597 4,383 4,696 1,645 1,791 4,095 4,636 15,500 17,641 1,132 1,127 662 629 91 311 22,986 21,632 42,449 50,959 12,896 13,575 18,695 18,991 3,946 4,148 119,726 146,202 3,210 3,257 5,647 7,094 57,323 75,202 724 665 37,252 50,662 10,947 14,160 5,273 6,304 (X) (X)

X Not applicable.

F.a.s. basis.

Customs value basis.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, Series FT900, Final Reports.

798 Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1330. Export Shipments by Export Mode of Transportation, Country of Destination, and Major Commodity Group: 1997
[Based on the Commodity Flow Survey; subject to sampling variability] Value Item Number (bil. dol.) . . . . . . . . . . . . 577.8 111.9 99.8 12.2 22.9 163.5 4.9 158.6 196.7 (S) 17.6 64.3 Tons Number (mil.) Item Percent COMMODITY 100.0 19.4 17.3 2.1 4.0 28.3 0.8 27.4 34.0 (S) 3.0 11.1 526.2 100.0 57.8 11.0 41.8 7.9 16.0 3.0 36.8 7.0 349.2 66.4 20.9 4.0 328.3 62.4 4.4 0.8 (S) (S) 2.0 71.4 0.4 13.6
1

Value Number (bil. dol.)

Tons Number (mil.)

Percent

Percent

Percent

MODE Mode, total. . . . . . . . Truck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . For-hire truck . . . . . . . . Private truck . . . . . . . . . Rail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shallow draft vessel . . . . Deep draft vessel . . . . . Air (includes truck and air) . Pipeline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parcel, U.S. Postal Service or counter . . . . . . . . . . . Other and unknown modes.

Agricultural products & fish . . Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stone, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores. . . . . . . . Coal & petroleum products . . Pharmaceutical and chemical products . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wood products, and textiles and leather . . . . . . . . . . . Base metal and machinery . . Electronics, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments . . . . . . . . . . . Furniture and miscellaneous manufactured products. . . . Commodity unknown . . . . . .

46.8 12.2 3.5 43.4 45.3 42.6 83.4 260.3 35.0 5.3

8.1 2.1 0.6 7.5 7.8 7.4 14.4 45.1 6.1 0.9

179.3 15.7 17.2 144.2 24.8 78.7 25.4 13.5 26.1 1.2

34.1 3.0 3.3 27.4 4.7 15.0 4.8 2.6 5.0 0.2

COUNTRY OF DESTINATION Canada. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All other countries . . . . . . . .

112.7 54.3 410.8

19.5 9.4 71.1

99.1 36.9 390.3
1

18.8 7.0 74.2

S Does not meet publication standards. system.

Based on the Standard Classification of Transported Goods (SCTG) coding

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census, Commodity Flow Survey, Exports, Series EC97TCF-US(EXP).

No. 1331. U.S. Exporting Companies Profile by Company Type and Employment-Size Class: 1992 and 1997
Company type and employment-size class Number of exporters 1992 All companies, total . . . No employees . . . . . . 1 to 19 employees. . . . 20 to 49 employees . . . 50 to 99 employees . . . 100 to 249 employees . 250 to 499 employees . 500 or more employees Manufacturers . . . . . . . . No employees . . . . . . . 1 to 19 employees . . . . 20 to 49 employees . . . 50 to 99 employees . . . 100 to 249 employees . 250 to 499 employees . 500 or more employees Wholesalers . . . . . . . . . No employees . . . . . . . 1 to 19 employees . . . . 20 to 49 employees . . . 50 to 99 employees . . . 100 to 249 employees . 250 to 499 employees . 500 or more employees Other companies . . . . . . No employees . . . . . . . 1 to 19 employees . . . . 20 to 49 employees . . . 50 to 99 employees . . . 100 to 249 employees . 250 to 499 employees . 500 or more employees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112,854 15,534 51,186 18,501 10,505 8,679 3,621 4,828 42,763 1,949 12,342 9,949 6,781 5,999 2,594 3,149 39,713 4,503 25,296 5,673 2,182 1,338 406 315 26,910 6,030 13,364 2,826 1,488 1,271 586 1,345 3,468 1997 209,455 40,551 94,601 30,692 16,951 13,978 5,412 7,270 65,594 7,211 19,690 14,262 9,423 8,249 3,068 3,691 67,901 11,125 40,706 9,067 3,613 2,257 653 480 68,025 18,369 33,390 6,399 3,087 2,657 1,339 2,784 7,935 Known export value 1 (mil. dol.) 1992 348,960 9,178 29,397 17,005 13,840 18,371 15,055 246,114 241,522 1,971 2,534 4,217 4,897 9,809 8,990 209,104 50,989 1,882 16,730 7,128 5,419 4,820 1,942 13,068 53,158 2,754 9,934 5,625 3,380 3,547 3,998 23,921 3,291 1997 562,764 36,575 42,038 24,431 17,979 27,168 23,746 390,827 385,665 8,857 3,774 5,695 6,643 14,569 13,816 332,311 71,152 5,688 22,397 9,343 6,117 7,071 3,984 16,552 81,275 9,077 15,005 8,418 4,175 3,828 4,470 36,301 24,672 Percent of— Number of exporters 1992 100.0 13.8 45.4 16.4 9.3 7.7 3.2 4.3 37.9 1.7 10.9 8.8 6.0 5.3 2.3 2.8 35.2 4.0 22.4 5.0 1.9 1.2 0.4 0.3 23.8 5.3 11.8 2.5 1.3 1.1 0.5 1.2 3.1 1997 100.0 19.4 45.2 14.7 8.1 6.7 2.6 3.5 31.3 3.4 9.4 6.8 4.5 3.9 1.5 1.8 32.4 5.3 19.4 4.3 1.7 1.1 0.3 0.2 32.5 8.8 15.9 3.1 1.5 1.3 0.6 1.3 3.8 Known export value 1992 100.0 2.6 8.4 4.9 4.0 5.3 4.3 70.5 69.2 0.6 0.7 1.2 1.4 2.8 2.6 59.9 14.6 0.5 4.8 2.0 1.6 1.4 0.6 3.7 15.2 0.8 2.8 1.6 1.0 1.0 1.1 6.9 0.9 1997 100.0 6.5 7.5 4.3 3.2 4.8 4.2 69.4 68.5 1.6 0.7 1.0 1.2 2.6 2.5 59.0 12.6 1.0 4.0 1.7 1.1 1.3 0.7 2.9 14.4 1.6 2.7 1.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 6.5 4.4

Unclassified companies . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Known value is defined as the value of exports by known exporters, i.e., those export transactions that could be matched to specific companies. Export values are on f.a.s. or ‘‘free alongside ship basis.’’ Total export value was $251 billion in 1987 and $448 billion in 1992. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, A Profile of U.S. Exporting Companies, 1992 and1996-97; CB-97-135 and CB-99-76 press releases.

Foreign Commerce and Aid 799
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000

No. 1332. Domestic Exports and Imports for Consumption of Merchandise by Selected SIC-Based Product Category: 1990 to 1999
[In millions of dollars (374,537 represents $374,537,000,000). Includes nonmonetary gold] SIC-based product category Domestic exports, total
2

SIC 1 code

1990 374,537 26,225 22,597 829 281 2,518 7,335 1,137 4,513 638 1,047 330,403 16,160 5,040 3,635 2,848 6,523 1,589 8,631 3,150 37,806 6,794 6,398 1,388 3,295 13,116 11,138 61,229 39,807 68,113 19,524 4,296 490,554 12,750 5,925 1,453 1,015 4,357 51,391 1,500 93 48,917 881 407,043 16,564 94 6,807 24,644 5,446 5,235 11,669 1,849 21,611 14,472 9,731 10,944 5,845 23,232 11,608 55,021 55,736 89,599 16,846 20,090

1994 482,141 26,102 22,189 973 263 2,677 5,650 1,018 2,858 576 1,199 441,501 23,094 5,367 5,151 6,145 7,252 3,030 11,000 4,070 48,950 5,510 9,942 1,539 4,215 16,327 13,395 82,120 63,839 85,068 26,560 5,813 657,884 17,427 8,657 2,047 1,208 5,515 47,300 1,283 229 44,949 839 567,052 17,342 163 6,534 38,561 10,528 7,522 11,772 2,422 31,697 9,504 14,393 12,977 7,594 30,106 14,664 89,705 94,332 115,998 24,410 26,830

1995 547,300 33,418 29,391 920 272 2,836 7,159 1,562 3,572 729 1,296 496,421 26,021 5,222 5,696 7,190 7,424 2,953 14,943 4,471 57,897 6,014 11,025 1,565 4,796 20,191 15,161 95,909 76,235 82,699 29,581 7,383 739,661 19,799 9,803 2,450 1,932 5,614 51,050 1,413 248 48,495 894 639,729 18,326 169 6,965 41,208 10,406 8,303 16,757 2,902 38,079 8,971 15,973 13,628 8,498 33,519 16,213 106,391 114,912 122,344 27,473 28,694

1996 584,077 36,234 32,380 989 271 2,594 7,284 1,091 3,694 1,197 1,302 530,484 27,041 5,238 6,177 8,104 7,401 3,101 14,002 4,534 58,503 7,158 12,093 1,725 5,097 21,279 16,612 104,055 79,533 92,887 32,842 6,763 790,470 20,661 10,950 2,377 1,810 5,525 57,144 1,407 238 54,463 1,035 680,609 20,948 245 7,169 43,075 12,194 9,320 14,784 2,996 42,826 18,768 16,891 14,187 9,088 34,583 17,492 112,907 114,066 129,235 28,747 31,088

1997 644,520 31,224 27,460 1,132 279 2,352 7,598 1,250 3,406 1,566 1,375 596,539 28,488 4,956 7,081 9,279 7,312 3,643 14,512 4,791 65,080 7,331 14,187 1,907 5,847 22,694 17,921 117,531 93,767 108,465 36,978 7,279 862,426 22,817 12,231 2,483 1,625 6,478 53,313 1,406 257 50,030 1,619 750,206 22,600 463 8,370 50,191 13,531 11,008 14,839 3,210 48,382 22,149 18,320 15,459 10,178 37,727 19,316 125,777 120,879 140,684 31,545 35,579

1998 637,208 26,603 23,336 1,110 257 1,900 6,644 981 3,036 1,251 1,377 595,453 27,294 4,827 7,180 9,474 5,960 3,958 13,713 4,865 63,896 5,668 14,664 1,815 5,487 21,737 19,607 110,247 92,230 119,981 37,335 6,653

1999 644,326 25,618 21,960 1,029 233 2,395 5,832 965 2,135 1,445 1,288 601,279 25,216 3,882 7,541 8,541 6,236 2,304 13,839 4,719 66,296 2,892 15,826 2,248 6,427 19,893 21,644 108,275 97,990 119,175 38,871 7,047

. . . . . . (X) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) 01 02 08

Agricultural, forestry and fishery products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agricultural products . . . . . . . . . Livestock and livestock products . Forestry products . . . . . . . . . . . Fish, fresh or chilled; and other marine products 3 . . . . . . . . . . Mineral commodities . . . . . . . . . . Metallic ores and concentrates . . Bituminous, lignite and anthracite Crude petroleum and natural gas Nonmetallic minerals, exc. fuels . Manufactured commodities . . . . Food and kindred products . . Tobacco manufactures . . . . . Textile mill products . . . . . . . Apparel and related products . Lumber and related products . Furniture and fixtures . . . . . . Paper and allied products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 09 .... .... coal . .... .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) 10 11,12 13 14 (X) 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

Printing and publishing . . . . . . . . . Chemicals and allied products . . . . Petroleum and coal products . . . . . Rubber and misc. plastics products . Leather and leather products . . . . . Stone, clay, and glass products . . . Primary metal products . . . . . . . . . Fabricated metal products . . . . . Machinery, except electrical . . . . Electric and electronic machinery Transportation equipment . . . . . Instruments and related products Misc. manufactured commodities . . . . . . . . . . . .

Imports for consumption, total 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) Agricultural, forestry and fishery products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agricultural products . . . . . . . . . Livestock and livestock products . Forestry products . . . . . . . . . . . Fish, fresh or chilled; and other marine products 3 . . . . . . . . . . Mineral commodities . . . . . . . . . . Metallic ores and concentrates . . Bituminous, lignite and anthracite Crude petroleum and natural gas Nonmetallic minerals, exc. fuels . Manufactured commodities . . . . Food and kindred products . . Tobacco manufactures . . . . . Textile mill products . . . . . . . Apparel and related products . Lumber and related products . Furniture and fixtures . . . . . . Paper and allied products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) 01 02 08

907,647 1,017,435 22,859 12,178 2,472 1,447 6,761 38,619 1,509 281 35,323 1,506 803,384 23,811 437 8,779 55,838 14,042 13,127 15,857 3,461 52,355 18,689 19,651 15,736 11,114 42,771 21,189 133,119 125,321 155,753 33,618 38,715 22,968 12,100 2,680 1,097 7,090 46,043 1,185 280 42,981 1,597 906,665 25,487 413 9,044 59,156 17,480 11,799 16,460 3,786 62,149 21,972 18,330 19,767 13,289 39,036 26,074 126,673 163,981 182,428 35,062 42,492

. . . . 09 .... .... coal . .... .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) 10 11,12 13 14 (X) 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

Printing and publishing . . . . . . . . . Chemicals and allied products . . . . Petroleum and coal products . . . . . Rubber and misc. plastics products . Leather and leather products . . . . . Stone, clay, and glass products . . . Primary metal products . . . . . . . . . Fabricated metal products . . . . . Machinery, except electrical . . . . Electric and electronic machinery Transportation equipment . . . . . Instruments and related products Misc. manufactured commodities . . . . . . . . . . . .

X Not applicable. 1 Standard Industrial Classification. 2 Includes scrap and waste, used or secondhand merchandise, manufactured commodities not identified by kind, and timing adjustments. 3 Includes frozen and packaged fish. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, Series FT900, December issues.

800 Foreign commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000