1209 - 1251 by USCensus

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									Section 26

Manufactures
This section presents summary data for manufacturing as a whole and more detailed information for major industry groups and selected products. The types of measures shown at the different levels include data for establishments; employment and wages; raw materials, fuels, and electricity consumed; plant and equipment expenditures; value and quantity of production and shipments; value added by manufacture; inventories; and various indicators of financial status. The principal sources of these data are Bureau of the Census reports of the censuses of manufactures conducted every 5 years; the Annual Survey of Manufactures; and the Current Industrial Reports series, which presents monthly, quarterly, or annual data on production, shipments, and stocks for particular commodities. Indexes of industrial production are presented monthly in the Federal Reserve Board’s Federal Reserve Bulletin. Reports on current activities of industries, or current movements of individual commodities, are compiled by such government agencies as the Bureau of Labor Statistics; the Economic Research Service of the Department of Agriculture; the International Trade Administration; and by private research or trade associations such as The Conference Board, Inc., New York, NY, and the American Iron and Steel Institute, Washington, DC. Data on financial aspects of manufacturing industries are collected by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and the Bureau of the Census. Industry aggregates in the form of balance sheets, profit and loss statements, analyses of sales and expenses, lists of subsidiaries, and types and amounts of security issues are published for leading manufacturing corporations registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The BEA issues data on capital in manufacturing industries and capacity utilization rates in manufacturing. See also section 17, Business Enterprise. Censuses and annual surveys—The first census of manufactures covered the year 1809. Between 1809 and 1963, a census was conducted at periodic intervals. Since 1967 it has been taken every

In Brief
Personal computer shipments topped 14.8 million units in 1993. 1-megabit DRAM chips: 1993 Revenue (millions) $2,031 Shipments (mil. units) 601

5 years (for years ending in “2” and “7”). Census data, either direct reports or estimates from administrative records, are obtained for every manufacturing plant with one paid employee or more. The Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM), conducted for the first time in 1949, collects data for the years between censuses for the more general measures of manufacturing activity covered in detail by the censuses. The annual survey data are estimates derived from a scientifically selected sample of establishments. The 1991 annual survey is based on a sample of about 55,000 establishments of an approximate total of 200,000. These establishments represent all manufacturing establishments of multiunit companies and all single-establishment manufacturing companies mailed schedules in the 1987 Census of Manufactures. The 1989 through 1993 ASM sample is similar to the previous sample. For the current panel, all establishments of companies with 1987 shipments in manufacturing in excess of $500 million were included in the survey with certainty. For the remaining portion of the mail survey, the establishment was defined as the sampling unit. For this portion, all establishments with 250 employees or more and establishments with a very large value of shipments also were included. Therefore, of the 55,000 establishments included in the ASM panel, approximately 28,000 are selected with certainty. These establishments account for approximately 80 percent of total value of shipments in the 1987 census. Smaller establishments in the

730

Manufacturers
manufacturing industries as defined by the SIC Manual in 1987. The Manual defines an industry as a number of establishments producing a single product or a closely related group of products. In the main, an establishment is classified in a particular industry if its production of a product or product group exceeds in value added its production of any other product group. While some establishments produce only the products of the industry in which they are classified, few within an industry specialize to that extent. The statistics on employment, payrolls, value added, inventories, and expenditures, therefore, reflect both the primary and secondary activities of the establishments in that industry. For this reason, care should be exercised in relating such statistics to the total shipments figures of products primary to the industry. The censuses for 1947 through 1992 were conducted on an establishment basis. The term “establishment” signifies a single physical plant site or factory. It is not necessarily identical to the business unit or company, which may consist of one or more establishments. A company operating establishments at more than one location is required to submit a separate report for each location. An establishment engaged in distinctly different lines of activity and maintaining separate payroll and inventory records is also required to submit separate reports. Durable goods—Items with a normal life expectancy of 3 years or more. Automobiles, furniture, household appliances, and mobile homes are common examples. Nondurable goods—Items which generally last for only a short time (3 years or less). Food, beverages, clothing, shoes, and gasoline are common examples. Statistical reliability—For a discussion of statistical collection and estimation, sampling procedures and measures of statistical reliability applicable to Census Bureau data, see Appendix III. Historical statistics—Tabular headnotes provide cross-references, where applicable, to Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970. See Appendix IV.

remaining portion of the mail survey were selected by sample. The basic statistical measures of manufacturing activity, such as employment, payrolls, value added, etc., are defined in essentially the same way for both the annual surveys and the census of manufactures. However, the bases for computing average employment vary for different years. For example, beginning with 1949, average employment was calculated from the figures reported for the pay periods ending nearest the 15th of March, May, August, and November; whereas, for 1947 such averages were based on 12 monthly employment figures. In 1967, the average employment calculation was revised to the pay periods which include the 12th of March, May, August, and November to provide data more comparable with other statistical series. Establishments and classification— The censuses of manufactures for 1947 through 1992 cover operating manufacturing establishments as defined in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual (SIC), issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (see text, section 13). The Manual is also used for classifying establishments in the annual surveys. The comparability of manufactures data over time is affected by changes in the official definitions of industries as presented in the Manual. It is important to note, therefore, that the 1987 edition of the Manual was used for the 1987 and 1992 censuses; and the 1972 edition of the Manual and the 1977 Supplement were used for the 1972 through 1982 censuses. For the censuses from 1947 to 1963, reports were required from all establishments employing one or more persons at any time during the census year. Beginning with the 1967 census, an effort was made to relieve the very small establishments from the necessity of filing a census report. Approximately 150,000 small single-unit manufacturing firms identified as having less than 20 employees (cutoff varied by industry) benefited from this procedure. Data for these single-unit companies were estimated on the basis of government administrative records and industry averages. Each of the establishments tabulated was classified in 1 of the approximately 459

Gross Domestic Product
No. 1209. Gross Domestic Product in Manufacturing: 1980 to 1993

731

[In billions of dollars. 1980 and 1985 data are shown on the basis of the 1972 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). Beginning 1988, data are based on the 1987 SIC. Data include nonfactor charges (capital consumption allowances, indirect business taxes, etc.) as well as factor charges against gross product; corporate profits and capital consumption allowances have been shifted from a company to an establishment basis] ITEM CURRENT DOLLARS Gross domestic product . . . . . . . . . Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lumber and wood products . . . . . . . . Furniture and fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . Stone, clay, and glass products . . . . . Primary metal industries . . . . . . . . . . Fabricated metal products . . . . . . . . . Machinery, exc. electrical . . . . . . . . . Industrial machinery and equipment . . Electric and electronic equipment . . . . Electronic and other electric equipment Motor vehicles and equipment . . . . . . Other transportation equipment . . . . . Instruments and related products . . . . Misc. manufacturing industries . . . . . . Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food and kindred products . . . . . . . . Tobacco manufactures . . . . . . . . . . . Textile mill products . . . . . . . . . . . . . Apparel and other textile products . . . Paper and allied products . . . . . . . . . Printing and publishing . . . . . . . . . . . Chemicals and allied products . . . . . . Petroleum and coal products . . . . . . . Rubber and misc. plastics products. . . Leather and leather products . . . . . . . CONSTANT (1987) DOLLARS Gross domestic product . . . . . . . . . Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lumber and wood products . . . . . . . . Furniture and fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . Stone, clay, and glass products . . . . . Primary metal industries . . . . . . . . . . Fabricated metal products . . . . . . . . . Machinery, exc. electrical . . . . . . . . . Industrial machinery and equipment . . Electric and electronic equipment . . . . Electronic and other electric equipment Motor vehicles and equipment . . . . . . Other transportation equipment . . . . . Instruments and related products . . . . Misc. manufacturing industries . . . . . . Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food and kindred products . . . . . . . . Tobacco manufactures . . . . . . . . . . . Textile mill products . . . . . . . . . . . . . Apparel and other textile products . . . Paper and allied products . . . . . . . . . Printing and publishing . . . . . . . . . . . Chemicals and allied products . . . . . . Petroleum and coal products . . . . . . . Rubber and misc. plastic products . . . Leather and leather products . . . . . . . X Not applicable. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May and November 1993. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,776 725 424 22 12 24 49 55 81 (X) 70 (X) 40 38 24 10 301 64 20 17 20 31 53 58 15 19 5 4,280 811 468 25 14 25 35 58 78 (X) 83 (X) 63 47 27 14 342 75 14 18 21 36 59 67 23 26 4 4,719 924 536 30 15 25 34 62 (X) 97 (X) 85 63 58 50 17 387 82 12 20 24 40 63 83 30 30 4 4,838 932 543 29 15 26 33 61 (X) 102 (X) 91 57 61 50 17 389 79 10 21 25 39 64 84 31 32 4 4,897 929 537 28 14 26 35 60 (X) 102 (X) 91 49 64 50 17 392 84 9 21 24 42 62 88 26 32 4 4,868 911 526 26 14 23 38 57 (X) 101 (X) 94 44 61 51 17 385 83 9 21 24 42 59 86 25 33 4 4,979 925 534 25 15 25 36 60 (X) 108 (X) 93 51 54 50 17 391 83 8 23 25 44 58 88 25 35 4 5,135 971 573 23 16 25 40 64 (X) 125 (X) 103 56 52 50 19 398 84 8 23 25 46 57 88 25 37 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,708 588 349 19 8 18 44 45 77 (X) 55 (X) 27 26 20 10 239 52 7 15 17 23 33 48 24 17 4 4,039 798 472 24 14 24 36 57 87 (X) 84 (X) 58 48 27 14 327 72 11 17 21 33 52 67 24 26 4 4,900 961 541 32 16 24 43 63 (X) 100 (X) 81 59 56 50 17 420 83 14 20 24 44 65 94 41 31 4 5,251 1,005 563 33 16 25 46 67 (X) 106 (X) 87 53 60 52 18 442 88 14 21 25 47 71 100 38 34 4 5,546 1,025 564 31 16 25 44 67 (X) 109 (X) 86 46 65 56 19 461 97 16 22 25 46 72 104 40 35 4 5,725 1,033 554 29 16 23 42 65 (X) 101 (X) 88 45 66 59 19 478 102 17 22 26 46 73 107 44 36 4 6,020 1,063 568 31 17 25 40 70 (X) 103 (X) 86 57 61 60 20 495 104 19 24 27 46 77 111 43 39 5 6,343 1,118 603 35 18 26 42 71 (X) 108 (X) 93 68 61 60 22 515 106 17 25 28 47 80 117 48 41 5 1972 SIC BASIS 1980 1985 1988 1989 1987 SIC BASIS 1990 1991 1992 1993

732

Manufactures
No. 1210. Manufactures—Summary: 1972 to 1994

[For establishment coverage, see text, section 27. For compostion of regions, see table 26. See also, Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series P 1-12] ITEM ALL ESTABLISHMENTS Number of establishments 2 . With 20 or more employees Employee size-class: Establishments 3 . . . . . . . . . . . Under 20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 to 99 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 to 249 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 to 999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 and over. . . . . . . . . . . Form of organization: Corporate . . . . . . . . . . . . Noncorporate 4 . . . . . . . . Individual proprietorship . Partnership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321 114 313 203 76 21 11 3 233.2 87.5 42.5 17.7 19.0 174 9.2 13.5 71.1 26.7 2.0 106 60.9 7.9 3.97 354 26.2 13.26 3.34 26.3 34.9 25.5 13.4 407 757 56.1 108 24.1 301 218 16.4 46.7 14.2 49.1 360 119 351 237 78 22 12 2 284.2 75.7 52.3 18.3 19.6 264 13.5 13.7 69.9 26.7 1.9 157 59.5 11.5 5.89 585 42.7 21.91 3.73 23.7 34.4 27.4 14.5 782 1,359 99.2 188 47.5 439 328 22.4 42.9 13.8 45.2 358 123 348 230 84 21 11 2 283.2 74.0 45.6 15.0 19.1 380 19.9 12.4 64.9 23.5 1.9 205 53.9 16.5 8.72 824 66.5 35.06 4.02 23.7 29.8 29.5 17.0 1,130 1,960 158.1 307 75.0 692 527 36.2 42.0 15.7 46.1 369 126 359 238 86 22 11 2 287.4 81.5 35.4 13.2 18.9 476 25.2 12.2 64.6 24.3 2.0 251 52.8 20.6 10.35 1,166 95.5 47.97 4.64 23.7 29.8 29.5 17.0 1,320 2,476 203.0 333 78.6 868 671 48.6 47.1 13.4 40.8 382 125 371 252 85 22 11 2 304.0 77.7 40.9 10.3 18.2 559 30.7 11.6 63.8 23.6 2.0 282 50.4 24.2 11.95 1,425 122.6 60.56 5.07 19.9 30.2 32.1 17.8 1,571 3,006 258.0 374 104.0 1,128 896 66.6 47.9 12.5 34.7 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 18.2 573 31.5 11.7 64.3 23.8 2.0 290 50.6 24.8 12.17 1,483 126.5 62.20 5.11 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,647 3,128 266.7 383 103.0 (NA) (NA) (NA) 47.4 12.2 38.7 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 18.3 594 32.4 11.9 65.1 24.5 2.1 304 51.2 25.5 12.40 1,598 133.9 65.14 5.25 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,752 3,340 279.7 397 112.0 (NA) (NA) (NA) 47.9 11.9 37.2 Unit 1972 1977 1982 1987 1992 1993
1

1994

1

All employees: 5 Annual average 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Million . . Payroll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bil. dol. . Payroll per employee . . . . . . . . . . . . $1,000. . Production workers: Annual average . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Percent of all employees . . . . . . . . Hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hours per worker . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Percent of payroll for all employees Wages per worker . . . . . . . . . . . Wages per worker hour . . . . . . . Value added by manufacture 7 . Per production worker. . . . . Per production worker hour . Per dollar of workers’ wages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Million . Percent Billion . 1,000 . Bil. dol. Percent $1,000. Dollar . Bil. dol. $1,000. Dollar . Dollar . Percent Percent Percent Percent Bil. dol. Bil. dol. $1,000. Bil. dol. Bil. dol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Value added, percent distribution: Northeast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . North Central . . . . . . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cost of materials . . . . . . . Value of shipments 8 . . . . Per production worker. . End-of-year inventories. . . New capital expenditures 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Gross book value of depreciable assets . Bil. dol. . Machinery and equipment . . . . . . . . . Bil. dol. . Assets per employee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1,000. . Operation ratios: Value added to shipments . . . . . . . . . Ratio . . . Inventories to shipments . . . . . . . . . . Ratio . . . Payroll to value added . . . . . . . . . . . Ratio . . . MULTIUNIT COMPANIES Establishments . . . . . . . . . . Employees . . . . . . . . . . . . . Production workers. . . . . . Payroll. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wages, production workers Value added by manufacture . New capital expenditures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

1,000 . Million . Million . Bil. dol. Bil. dol. Bil. dol. Bil. dol.

. . . . . . .

70.2 14.3 9.8 138.8 81.9 286.1 20.0

81.2 15.0 10.1 214.2 124.9 485.0 41.0

81.7 14.3 8.8 307.5 159.1 678.4 65.2

80.9 13.8 8.5 377.3 191.8 953.6 66.5

81.0 13.1 8.0 436.0 211.2 1,160 87.8

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

SINGLE UNIT COMPANIES Establishments . . . . . . . . . . Employees . . . . . . . . . . . . . Payroll. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Value added by manufacture . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

1,000 . Million . Bil. dol. Bil. dol.

. . . .

250.5 4.8 35.4 67.9

278.7 4.6 49.8 100.1

276.3 4.8 72.1 145.7

288.0 5.1 98.3 212.1

300.7 5.1 123.1 265.0

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

1 2 Estimated data based on Annual Survey of Manufactures; see text, section 26. Includes NA Not available. administrative and auxiliary units. 3 Excludes administrative offices and auxiliary units. 4 Includes forms of organization not 5 shown separately. Includes data for employees of manufacturing establishments engaged in distribution and construction work. 6 7 Data are based on pay periods ending nearest 15th of March, May, August, and November. Adjusted value added; takes into account (a) value added by merchandising operations (that is, difference between the sales value and cost of merchandise sold without further manufacture, processing, or assembly), plus (b) net change in finished goods and work-in-process inventories 8 Includes extensive and unmeasurable duplication from shipments between estabbetween beginning and end of year. 9 lishments in the same industry classification. Includes plants under construction and not yet in operation. 10 Beginning 1972, includes data obtained from Federal administrative records.

Source: Except as noted, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Manufactures, 1972, 1977, 1982, 1987 and 1992 and Annual Survey of Manufactures.

No. 1211. Manufactures—Summary, by Industry: 1987 to 1994
[Data based on various editions of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual, published by the Office of Management and Budget; see text, section 26. N.e.c.=Not elsewhere classified. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series P 58-67] 1987 INDUSTRY SIC code Establishments 358,952 20,624 3,267 2,366 1,912 2,610 2,850 1,094 595 2,214 3,716 138 11 20 29 78 6,412 301 441 119 277 2,130 971 477 610 1,086 22,872 347 2,195 10,290 557 All employees Number 1 (1,000) 17,718 1,449 341 142 209 102 217 90 30 161 158 45 32 3 3 7 672 72 88 14 19 203 56 53 114 53 1,081 55 280 349 68 Payroll (mil. dol.) Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) All employees Number 1 (1,000) 16,949 1,503 400 135 216 107 215 91 28 144 166 38 25 3 3 7 616 56 87 14 17 195 51 49 92 55 985 44 261 306 54 Payroll (mil. dol.) 494,109 36,772 7,564 3,720 4,825 3,375 5,599 2,402 778 4,786 3,723 1,524 1,205 53 92 174 12,398 1,147 1,850 279 323 3,400 1,143 1,088 1,744 1,423 15,325 723 3,649 4,597 798 1992 Production workers (1,000) Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) All employees Number 1 (1,000) 18,344 1,512 420 132 213 105 222 90 26 139 165 34 23 3 3 6 624 56 81 15 18 194 55 55 90 62 953 34 243 309 47 Payroll (mil. dol.) 594,104 38,492 8,262 3,802 4,997 3,410 5,944 2,546 787 4,873 3,872 1,441 1,152 55 98 137 13,587 1,250 1,869 337 358 3,578 1,359 1,314 1,857 1,665 15,593 604 3,561 4,740 747 1994 Production workers (1,000) Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) Value of shipments (mil. dol.) 3,340,223 430,994 98,116 53,761 50,239 54,273 31,471 23,913 20,775 61,347 37,099 30,021 24,879 291 1,871 2,980 78,267 6,262 9,424 1,810 1,470 19,128 7,855 10,961 12,125 9,231 76,898 2,362 18,224 22,734 4,245

All manufacturing establishments . . . . (X) Food and kindred products . . . . . . . Meat products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dairy products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Preserved fruits and vegetables . . . . . . . Grain mill products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bakery products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sugar and confectionery products . . . . . . Fats and oils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beverages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous foods and kindred products Tobacco products . . . . . . . Cigarettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cigars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chewing and smoking tobacco . Tobacco stemming and redrying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 21 211 212 213 214 22 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 23 231 232 233 234

428,480 1,165,741 30,268 5,701 3,217 3,784 2,704 4,761 1,991 702 4,521 2,887 1,486 1,486 36 77 139 11,410 1,260 1,596 236 296 2,988 1,036 1,039 1,850 1,109 13,904 779 3,246 4,297 8,439 122,073 13,740 11,909 17,272 15,271 15,252 8,927 3,246 22,694 13,762 14,261 12,967 106 792 395 26,014 2,609 3,648 494 612 6,409 2,364 3,190 3,821 2,867 33,311 1,964 8,675 10,000 2,071

11,641 1,424,700 1,100 343 85 179 74 133 71 19 74 121 27 19 2 2 5 529 50 77 12 14 170 41 39 84 42 824 37 228 256 46 157,260 19,141 15,258 23,644 21,000 17,905 10,950 3,770 29,260 16,333 27,207 24,802 190 1,213 1,002 30,060 2,504 4,008 691 706 8,052 2,786 3,480 4,059 3,775 36,423 1,375 9,864 10,836 2,193

11,941 1,598,464 1,112 362 82 178 72 138 70 18 71 120 24 16 2 2 4 534 51 71 13 14 170 45 43 81 47 798 29 213 259 39 171,988 22,510 15,385 24,609 23,964 19,939 11,252 4,301 31,409 18,619 22,131 19,759 193 1,500 678 32,905 3,549 4,172 729 834 9,238 3,216 3,959 4,040 4,166 38,700 1,431 9,764 11,141 2,122

Manufactures

Textile mill products . . . . . . . Broadwoven fabric mills, cotton . . . Broadwoven fabric mills, manmade Broadwoven fabric mills, wool . . . . Narrow fabric mills . . . . . . . . . . . Knitting mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Textile finishing, except wool. . . . . Carpets and rugs . . . . . . . . . . . . Yarn and thread mills . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous textile goods . . . . .

Apparel and other textile products Men’s and boys’ suits and coats . . . . . Men’s and boys’ furnishings . . . . . . . . Women’s and misses’ outerwear . . . . . Women’s and children’s undergarments See footnotes at end of table.

733

No. 1211. Manufactures—Summary, by Industry: 1987 to 1994—Continued
[See headnote, page 733] 1987 INDUSTRY SIC code Establishments All employees Number (1,000)
1

734

1992 Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 361 1,967 137 1,169 6,969 28,591 4,164 7,635 9,806 874 2,453 (NA) 20,239 9,481 (NA) 844 3,094 2,062 49,726 2,247 13,694 7,002 9,815 16,969 89,208 24,300 11,802 10,316 5,514 25,025 3,883 2,197 2,918 3,253 All employees Number (1,000)
1

1994 Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 572 1,667 68 1,260 8,586 33,154 5,017 8,848 10,844 1,321 2,531 4,593 22,840 10,942 4,626 1,736 3,633 2,353 60,174 2,554 14,848 8,195 12,406 22,171 112,446 26,920 15,880 14,325 8,473 31,898 3,922 3,389 3,640 3,999 All employees Number (1,000)
1

Payroll (mil. dol.) 204 826 48 518 3,143 12,707 1,518 3,297 4,658 483 1,215 1,536 9,082 4,452 1,790 397 1,552 892 16,860 535 4,597 1,859 4,618 5,251 33,440 9,022 2,983 2,821 1,513 12,301 1,281 471 1,265 1,784

Payroll (mil. dol.) 280 775 21 566 3,918 13,882 1,689 3,585 5,005 645 1,234 1,725 10,227 4,804 1,868 732 1,818 1,005 20,492 689 5,421 2,136 5,722 6,524 41,136 10,437 4,077 4,037 1,720 15,337 1,341 584 1,461 2,142

Production workers (1,000) 16 44 1 30 169 540 69 144 181 33 44 69 372 213 51 23 55 31 479 12 100 39 151 176 785 134 20 57 24 408 34 12 51 46

Payroll (mil. dol.) 296 791 16 545 4,295 15,901 1,820 4,063 5,691 768 1,654 1,905 11,284 5,327 2,022 840 1,930 1,166 21,547 570 5,519 2,392 6,212 6,853 42,989 10,585 4,274 4,287 1,982 16,431 1,249 628 1,496 2,058

Production workers (1,000) 14 39 1 27 178 595 72 153 200 38 56 76 399 229 53 26 56 35 479 9 95 41 156 177 784 134 18 54 25 418 30 13 51 42

Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 573 2,190 55 1,426 9,998 40,689 5,948 10,924 12,813 1,708 3,618 5,679 25,185 11,735 5,041 1,905 3,912 2,593 63,347 1,926 15,012 8,894 13,706 23,809 120,534 28,818 15,821 16,521 9,523 34,709 3,706 3,660 3,846 3,929

Value of shipments (mil. dol.)

Apparel, other textile products—Con. Hats, caps, and millinery . . . . . . . . . . . . Girls’ and children’s outerwear . . . . . . . . Fur goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous apparel and accessories . . Miscellaneous fabricated textile products. . Lumber and wood products . . . . . . . Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sawmills and planing mills . . . . . . . . . . . Millwork, plywood, and structural members Wood containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wood buildings and mobile homes. . . . . . Miscellaneous Wood Products . . . . . . . . Furniture and fixtures . . . . . . . Household furniture. . . . . . . . . . . . Office Furniture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public building and related furniture . Partitions and fixtures . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous furniture and fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

235 236 237 238 239 24 241 242 243 244 245 249 25 251 252 253 254 259 26 261 262 263 265 267 27 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279

461 834 380 986 6,822 33,982 11,952 6,696 7,930 2,216 1,077 4,104 11,613 5,606 986 484 2,455 2,084 6,342 39 281 199 2,796 3,027 61,774 9,079 4,017 2,856 2,376 36,103 853 162 1,545 4,783

17 72 2 41 198 698 86 180 240 37 65 90 511 284 81 22 74 50 611 14 129 52 194 222 1,494 434 110 114 70 553 53 22 69 69

19 53 1 37 211 656 83 168 224 40 56 84 471 253 68 30 75 45 626 16 131 52 199 229 1,492 414 115 130 65 567 48 23 66 65

18 48 1 33 221 719 87 178 246 46 70 92 496 267 70 34 76 49 621 12 123 55 202 229 1,502 410 116 134 71 579 45 23 65 58

990 3,926 137 2,637 21,645 103,642 16,818 29,714 30,689 3,708 9,787 12,927 50,039 23,663 8,663 5,641 7,238 4,834 143,762 4,424 35,071 18,749 36,124 49,393 176,382 35,837 21,723 24,117 12,332 60,527 6,982 4,507 5,362 4,994

Manufactures

Paper and allied products. . . . . . . . Pulp mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paper mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paperboard mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paperboard containers and boxes . . . . . Miscellaneous converted paper products. Printing and publishing . Newspapers . . . . . . . . . . . Periodicals . . . . . . . . . . . . Books. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous publishing . . . Commercial printing . . . . . . Manifold business forms . . . Greeting cards . . . . . . . . . . Blankbooks and bookbinding Printing trade services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

No. 1211. Manufactures—Summary, by Industry: 1987 to 1994—Continued
[See headnote, page 733] 1987 INDUSTRY SIC code Establishments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 289 29 291 295 299 30 301 302 305 306 308 31 311 313 314 315 316 317 319 12,109 1,405 680 1,356 2,399 1,431 961 973 2,904 2,254 331 1,367 556 14,515 164 66 693 1,573 12,019 2,193 344 128 479 77 241 529 395 All employees Number (1,000)
1

1992 Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 121,242 11,154 17,882 28,176 21,620 6,238 21,542 6,379 8,249 18,399 14,128 2,883 1,388 44,293 5,561 325 2,756 4,680 30,971 4,275 745 142 2,106 75 467 519 221 All employees Number (1,000)
1

1994 Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 164,346 16,724 20,979 48,602 26,182 7,154 26,132 8,659 9,915 23,408 18,607 3,006 1,796 58,652 6,504 464 3,290 6,024 42,370 4,527 891 149 2,060 69 509 470 304 All employees Number (1,000)
1

Payroll (mil. dol.) 25,016 3,099 4,013 5,304 3,099 1,492 4,541 1,171 2,298 3,996 2,845 786 365 17,581 2,070 153 1,159 2,245 11,955 1,831 292 70 913 34 196 232 95

Payroll (mil. dol.) 32,502 4,214 5,137 7,840 3,927 1,710 5,495 1,451 2,727 4,967 3,640 846 481 23,156 2,499 216 1,411 2,617 16,413 1,806 420 63 762 35 191 202 133

Production workers (1,000) 479 55 86 93 75 26 72 25 48 74 48 18 7 698 53 11 38 79 516 83 13 3 41 2 8 9 6

Payroll (mil. dol.) 33,811 3,669 5,302 8,935 3,960 1,911 5,595 1,550 2,890 5,224 3,796 935 493 25,851 2,589 198 1,650 2,799 18,616 1,712 416 62 759 35 174 142 123

Production workers (1,000) 471 47 85 102 71 27 68 26 47 73 46 20 7 762 53 9 42 87 571 78 13 3 40 2 7 7 6

Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 181,189 15,058 24,497 55,528 27,767 8,501 28,942 10,302 10,595 28,594 23,232 3,245 2,118 69,613 7,202 476 4,072 7,132 50,731 4,623 985 143 2,191 63 549 416 276

Value of shipments (mil. dol.) 333,259 24,940 55,314 76,238 46,314 17,544 69,596 20,899 22,413 143,150 128,236 8,668 6,246 134,553 12,883 961 7,222 12,949 100,538 9,545 3,038 319 3,923 143 991 697 434

Chemicals and allied products Industrial inorganic chemicals . . . . Plastics materials and synthetics . . Drugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods . . Paints and allied products . . . . . . Industrial organic chemicals . . . . . Agricultural chemicals . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous chemical products. .

814 94 123 172 119 55 126 40 85 116 75 28 13 831 65 11 52 104 599 129 15 5 71 3 11 17 7

849 103 129 194 123 51 125 40 84 114 75 26 14 907 65 14 52 105 671 101 17 4 49 3 10 11 8

824 87 128 206 118 50 115 40 80 112 72 27 14 972 64 11 57 112 728 92 16 3 47 3 9 8 7

Petroleum and coal products . . . . . . . Petroleum refining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asphalt paving and roofing materials . . . . . Miscellaneous petroleum and coal products. Rubber and misc. plastics products . Tires and inner tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rubber and plastics footwear . . . . . . . . . Hose and belting and plastics and packing Fabricated rubber products, n.e.c . . . . . . Miscellaneous plastics products, n.e.c. . . . Leather and leather products . . . Leather tanning and finishing . . . . . . Footwear cut stock . . . . . . . . . . . . . Footwear, except rubber . . . . . . . . . Leather gloves and mittens. . . . . . . . Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Handbags and personal leather goods Leather goods, n.e.c . . . . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Manufactures 735

No. 1211. Manufactures—Summary, by Industry: 1987 to 1994—Continued
[See headnote, page 733] 1987 INDUSTRY SIC code Establishments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 33 331 332 333 334 335 336 34 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 35 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 16,166 81 522 1,432 215 598 1,006 9,814 745 1,753 6,771 1,241 1,231 169 397 1,066 1,687 36,105 538 2,327 828 12,579 2,569 4,062 5,251 374 7,577 52,135 356 1,804 3,467 11,470 4,550 3,929 2,134 2,129 22,296 All employees Number (1,000)
1

736

1992 Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 33,076 1,618 4,944 2,847 2,284 1,733 1,638 11,762 449 5,803 46,471 21,081 6,187 2,975 947 10,140 3,382 75,503 4,224 8,055 2,780 18,798 4,762 13,223 4,730 5,343 13,589 119,214 7,018 5,638 11,331 13,766 9,699 13,757 33,167 11,622 13,218 All employees Number (1,000)
1

1994 Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 34,641 1,311 5,900 3,757 2,149 1,695 1,995 11,008 604 6,222 52,027 22,173 6,873 3,391 1,233 12,335 3,927 83,761 3,736 9,044 3,105 21,256 5,269 14,913 5,679 4,536 16,224 132,923 7,738 7,318 12,489 16,542 11,667 17,817 29,229 13,597 16,527 All employees Number (1,000)
1

Payroll (mil. dol.) 12,349 507 1,959 1,060 599 689 762 4,632 243 1,898 19,777 8,166 3,426 996 312 4,298 1,805 35,000 1,527 3,389 1,005 9,042 2,270 7,235 2,167 2,458 5,906 50,553 2,906 1,917 5,272 7,301 4,588 6,203 10,668 4,752 6,946

Payroll (mil. dol.) 13,113 451 2,075 1,369 595 734 863 4,741 282 2,004 22,202 9,179 3,739 1,334 407 4,635 1,942 38,962 1,465 3,648 1,152 10,362 2,624 7,749 2,652 2,124 7,185 57,231 3,135 2,354 5,664 8,571 5,515 7,742 10,143 5,264 8,843

Production workers (1,000) 357 10 56 42 13 24 29 126 9 49 508 182 99 27 9 109 59 994 33 99 29 275 68 185 83 35 186 1,086 52 63 108 178 91 154 89 125 227

Payroll (mil. dol.) 14,145 503 2,051 1,535 629 778 974 5,194 311 2,172 23,974 9,643 4,176 1,275 466 5,076 2,251 42,020 1,493 3,955 1,288 11,069 2,875 8,882 3,026 1,539 7,893 62,947 3,382 2,794 6,264 9,318 6,383 8,293 10,403 5,895 10,215

Production workers (1,000) 374 9 54 46 12 24 33 136 10 50 516 175 101 26 11 116 67 1,054 32 106 31 289 74 200 92 28 203 1,176 55 71 118 188 98 161 88 138 260

Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 39,557 1,651 6,198 4,254 2,800 1,944 2,322 12,783 662 6,944 61,554 27,665 8,242 4,198 1,955 14,762 4,899 96,698 3,770 10,560 3,972 24,314 6,250 17,897 6,966 3,994 18,975 161,200 10,239 9,634 15,303 19,788 15,075 20,339 34,181 15,878 20,764

Value of shipments (mil. dol.) 71,227 2,600 9,628 7,935 4,808 3,247 3,301 26,853 1,112 11,744 160,771 69,729 14,032 14,546 7,152 41,854 8,672 190,172 13,025 18,277 6,806 51,452 10,463 36,747 12,314 5,555 35,532 314,423 21,754 20,037 33,989 31,313 26,786 36,036 79,573 33,537 31,398

Stone, clay, and glass products . . . . . Flat glass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Glass and glassware, pressed or blown . . . Products of purchased glass. . . . . . . . . . . Cement, hydraulic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Structural clay products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pottery and related products . . . . . . . . . . . Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products . . . Cut stone and stone products . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral products. Primary metal industries 2 . . . . . Blast furnace and basic steel products Iron and steel foundries . . . . . . . . . . Primary nonferrous metals . . . . . . . . Secondary nonferrous metals . . . . . . Nonferrous rolling and drawing . . . . . Nonferrous foundries (castings) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

524 15 77 51 19 35 38 203 13 73 701 253 130 32 13 163 80 1,458 48 145 46 407 95 255 113 88 262 1,844 87 82 188 268 169 240 328 190 292

469 12 66 55 17 31 37 174 12 66 662 239 122 35 13 147 75 1,362 40 134 42 389 91 234 108 62 263 1,739 83 86 176 255 162 244 251 179 304

485 11 63 58 17 31 41 184 13 68 664 226 123 34 14 153 82 1,407 39 139 44 401 95 247 119 45 278 1,827 81 95 185 264 171 247 250 190 344

Manufactures

Fabricated metal products . . . . . . . Metal cans and shipping containers . . . . Cutlery, handtools, and hardware. . . . . . Plumbing and heating, except electric. . . Fabricated structural metal products. . . . Screw machine products, bolts, etc. . . . . Metal forgings and stampings . . . . . . . . Metal services, n.e.c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c. . . . . . Miscellaneous fabricated metal products . Industrial machinery and equipment Engines and turbines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farm and garden machinery . . . . . . . . . Construction and related machinery . . . . Metalworking machinery. . . . . . . . . . . . Special industry machinery . . . . . . . . . . General industrial machinery. . . . . . . . . Computer and office equipment . . . . . . . Refrigeration and service machinery. . . . Industrial machinery, n.e.c . . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table.

No. 1211. Manufactures—Summary, by Industry: 1987 to 1994—Continued
[See headnote, page 733] 1987 INDUSTRY SIC code Establishments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 369 37 371 372 373 374 375 376 379 38 381 382 384 385 386 387 39 391 393 394 395 396 399 (X) 15,962 766 2,213 480 1,986 854 1,437 5,911 2,315 10,500 4,422 1,618 2,766 173 246 156 1,119 10,326 1,137 4,240 3,443 494 791 221 16,544 2,978 425 2,711 1,013 1,020 8,397 9,480 All employees Number (1,000)
1

1992 Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 95,958 4,577 9,020 7,444 10,314 3,004 19,804 30,635 11,160 135,783 65,778 40,189 7,657 1,285 368 18,152 2,354 71,487 24,648 17,326 14,865 1,094 13,059 496 17,432 2,487 518 4,868 1,431 1,155 6,972 All employees Number (1,000)
1

1994 Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 121,158 5,437 10,850 7,964 11,307 3,486 26,522 44,305 11,287 158,326 80,935 47,661 8,560 2,015 891 15,246 3,018 89,394 24,299 21,775 26,082 1,938 14,862 438 21,975 2,501 589 6,816 2,030 1,366 8,674 All employees Number (1,000)
1

Payroll (mil. dol.) 38,738 1,791 3,882 2,642 3,732 850 7,537 13,623 4,682 58,790 23,910 20,590 4,266 631 158 8,114 1,122 28,778 12,368 7,807 5,027 475 2,878 223 6,884 941 218 1,512 540 498 3,174 47,202

Payroll (mil. dol.) 44,197 1,946 4,387 2,571 3,974 1,123 9,111 16,752 4,332 12,734 26,213 22,647 4,634 900 343 6,780 1,218 33,067 10,962 9,632 8,522 714 3,061 177 8,417 1,068 273 2,133 684 557 3,702 -

Production workers (1,000) 911 48 106 83 107 35 114 317 100 1,080 565 281 122 21 10 50 33 460 103 138 154 20 39 6 255 32 9 71 21 19 103 -

Payroll (mil. dol.) 47,617 2,126 4,850 2,992 4,336 1,241 9,159 18,297 4,617 64,061 31,935 19,446 4,408 1,076 483 5,453 1,261 31,941 9,396 9,782 9,143 719 2,717 185 9,070 1,070 281 2,345 749 569 4,055 70,898

Production workers (1,000) 949 49 114 90 113 37 108 336 102 1,062 636 205 114 22 12 38 35 430 80 138 154 19 35 5 272 29 10 77 23 20 114 -

Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 145,671 5,996 12,440 10,305 12,487 4,279 29,031 58,357 12,775 173,940 102,049 43,610 8,049 2,535 1,149 13,351 3,197 92,880 21,900 24,427 27,945 2,096 16,057 456 24,466 2,723 638 7,372 2,282 1,502 9,951 -

Value of shipments (mil. dol.) 257,800 10,813 22,784 22,794 22,204 12,628 48,052 93,635 24,891 452,363 314,440 84,287 15,289 6,569 2,632 20,715 8,430 138,798 30,103 38,800 42,776 2,929 23,368 823 44,156 6,095 1,062 13,489 3,985 2,526 16,999 -

Electronics; other electric equip.. . Electric distribution equipment. . . . . . . Electrical industrial apparatus . . . . . . . Household appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . Electric lighting and wiring equipment . . Household audio and video equipment . Communications equipment . . . . . . . . Electronic components and accessories Misc. electrical equipment and supplies Transportation equipment. . . . . . . Motor vehicles and equipment. . . . . . . Aircraft and parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ship and boat building and repairing . . Railroad equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Motorcycles, bicycles, and parts . . . . . Guided missiles, space vehicles, parts . Miscellaneous transportation equipment Instruments and related products . Search and navigation equipment . . . . Measuring and controlling devices . . . . Medical instruments and supplies . . . . Ophthalmic goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Photographic equipment and supplies . Watches, clocks, watchcases and parts Misc. manufacturing industries . . Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware . Musical instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . Toys and sporting goods . . . . . . . . . Pens, pencils, office, and art supplies . Costume jewelry and notions . . . . . . Miscellaneous manufactures . . . . . . . Administrative and auxiliary 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1,565 77 166 117 167 44 260 546 188 1,817 751 596 177 22 7 214 49 982 369 285 204 24 88 12 374 50 12 89 29 32 163 1,234

1,439 68 157 103 148 47 239 530 147 1,647 703 548 163 28 13 146 46 907 253 276 264 29 77 8 366 46 12 98 30 27 153 -

1,470 70 165 110 154 47 230 546 146 1,554 776 424 150 30 16 111 48 830 199 264 266 28 65 7 383 44 12 103 32 27 165 1,265

Manufactures

- Represents zero. NA Not available. X Not applicable. 1 Represents the average of production workers plus all other employees for the payroll period ended nearest the 15th of March. 2 Includes other industries not shown separately. 3 Manufacturing concerns often reported separately for central offices or auxiliaries which serve the manufacturing establishment of a company, rather than the general public. Separate reports were obtained from such units if at a different location or if they serviced more than one establishment. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1992 Census of Manufactures and Annual Survey of Manufactures.

737

No. 1212. Manufactures—Summary, by Industry; Selected Based on Value Added: 1987 to 1994
[Data based on various editions of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual, published by the Office of Management and Budget; see text, section 26. N.e.c.=Not elsewhere classified. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series P 58-67] 1987 INDUSTRY SIC code Establishments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2011 2013 2015 2026 2033 2038 2043 2051 2052 2064 2082 2086 2087 2099 2111 2411 2421 2511 2621 2631 2653 2676 2711 2721 2731 2741 2752 2759 2761 2819 2821 2824 2834 2841 2842 2844 2851 2869 2879 2899 1,434 1,344 463 946 647 288 53 2,357 380 685 134 1,190 280 1,658 12 11,936 5,742 2,948 282 205 1,601 133 9,091 4,020 2,298 2,369 24,980 10,796 853 662 480 72 732 764 726 694 1,426 699 277 1,529 All employees Number (1,000)
1

738

1992 Value of shipments (mil. dol.) 44,991 16,623 14,912 20,591 11,890 5,625 6,566 16,202 6,309 6,980 13,619 22,006 4,665 9,787 17,372 10,880 17,357 7,980 28,916 13,730 16,107 11,698 31,849 17,329 12,620 7,810 32,698 8,973 7,359 13,212 26,246 10,112 32,094 11,559 5,594 14,593 12,701 42,189 6,300 8,024 All employees Number (1,000)
1

1994 Value of shipments (mil. dol.) 50,167 19,940 23,965 21,926 15,071 7,886 9,737 18,130 8,668 10,202 17,340 25,423 6,923 12,165 29,746 13,592 21,061 8,730 32,786 16,140 19,834 15,647 33,782 22,104 16,698 10,908 43,352 9,265 7,429 18,129 31,601 11,113 50,415 14,729 6,659 18,629 14,973 54,103 9,142 9,927 All employees Number (1,000)
1

Payroll (mil. dol.) 2,141 1,619 1,919 1,681 1,163 669.1 599 3,556 1,010 900 1,355 2,277 258 1,110 1,234 1,516 2,817 2,017 4,597 1,859 2,610 1,155 9,025 2,983 1,860 1,513 9,132 2,490 1,276 2,425 2,006 1,347 4,168 956 500 1,353 1,491 3,696 518 1,021

Payroll (mil. dol.) 2,441 2,023 3,100 1,840 1,465 972 745 4,059 1,247 1,261 1,567 2,163 342 1,413 1,205 1,689 3,040 2,174 5,421 2,136 3,276 1,454 10,437 4,077 2,676 1,720 12,016 2,588 1,341 3,266 2,698 1,545 4,958 1,171 662 1,774 1,710 4,494 669 1,233

Payroll (mil. dol.) 2,597 2,059 3,605 1,850 1,438 991 765 4,263 1,335 1,347 1,566 2,213 372 1,547 1,152 1,820 3,413 2,363 5,519 2,392 3,713 1,470 10,585 4,274 2,936 1,982 12,618 3,052 1,249 2,752 3,150 1,417 5,754 1,167 649 1,797 1,911 4,501 700 1,365

Production workers (1,000) 102.2 67.0 193.2 30.9 50.6 38.4 14.1 88.6 37.7 40.7 23.6 29.0 6.4 45.7 16.4 71.7 121.8 110.6 94.9 41.4 89.1 32.6 133.7 18.3 18.7 25.3 319.3 79.8 29.6 32.7 40.6 31.6 68.6 18.5 12.9 35.3 27.0 52.6 8.8 20.1

Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 8,350 5,836 8,324 6,088 6,424 4,540 8,721 12,177 6,630 6,504 9,847 11,647 5,517 6,530 19,759 5,948 9,476 5,248 15,012 8,894 7,766 8,859 28,818 15,821 13,681 9,523 26,474 6,454 3,706 9,766 15,117 6,437 42,615 7,377 5,468 13,327 8,501 24,329 5,898 5,724

Value of shipments (mil. dol.) 50,444 20,257 27,415 22,474 14,481 8,864 11,507 19,329 10,094 10,911 16,795 28,334 7,440 13,315 24,879 16,818 26,761 9,919 35,071 18,749 22,802 16,200 35,837 21,723 19,419 12,332 45,847 10,973 6,982 16,033 36,965 12,213 56,961 14,528 8,372 19,736 17,544 57,671 9,636 11,370

Meat packing plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sausages and other prepared meats . . . Poultry slaughtering and processing . . . . Fluid milk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Canned fruits and vegetables . . . . . . . . Frozen specialties, n.e.c. . . . . . . . . . . . Cereal breakfast foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . Bread, cake, and related products . . . . . Cookies and crackers . . . . . . . . . . . . . Candy and other confectionery products . Malt beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bottled and canned soft drinks . . . . . . . Flavoring extracts and syrups, n.e.c. . . . Food preparations, n.e.c. . . . . . . . . . . . Cigarettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sawmills and planing mills, general . . . . Wood household furniture . . . . . . . . . . Paper mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paperboard mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corrugated and solid fiber boxes . . . . . . Sanitary paper products . . . . . . . . . . . . Newspapers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Periodicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Book publishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous publishing . . . . . . . . . . . Commercial printing, lithographic . . . . . . Commercial printing, n.e.c. . . . . . . . . . . Manifold business forms . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial inorganic chemicals, n.e.c. . . . Plastics materials and resins. . . . . . . . . Organic fibers, noncellulosic . . . . . . . . . Pharmaceutical preparations. . . . . . . . . Soap and other detergents . . . . . . . . . . Polishes and sanitation goods. . . . . . . . Toilet preparations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paints and allied products . . . . . . . . . . Industrial organic chemicals, n.e.c.. . . . . Agricultural chemicals, n.e.c.. . . . . . . . . Chemical preparations, n.e.c. . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table.

113.2 79.1 147.7 72.4 65.6 37.5 16.0 161.6 45.4 45.8 31.9 95.6 9.1 57.9 32.0 85.7 148.2 135.8 129.1 52.3 105.8 38.4 434.6 110.0 70.1 69.4 403.0 126.2 53.2 72.2 56.3 45.7 131.6 31.7 20.6 58.5 55.2 100.3 16.1 37.9

121.2 85.4 193.8 63.4 63.6 46.7 16.1 154.9 47.0 51.5 34.5 77.1 10.3 61.4 25.4 83.2 137.6 121.1 130.6 51.5 112.3 40.6 413.9 115.1 79.0 65.1 438.2 107.4 47.9 78.9 61.2 44.4 122.9 32.8 22.0 59.8 51.1 99.8 16.8 37.1

119.5 84.8 216.0 61.6 60.1 46.1 17.1 159.0 48.7 51.2 33.5 73.4 11.0 64.3 23.0 87.2 142.2 125.4 122.8 54.9 119.1 39.7 410.1 116.4 87.1 71.2 439.8 117.1 45.1 64.6 69.2 40.7 134.2 31.3 21.2 57.6 50.1 89.3 15.3 36.5

Manufactures

1987 INDUSTRY SIC code Establishments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2911 3011 3081 3089 3273 3312 3357 3429 3441 3443 3444 3465 3469 3519 3523 3531 3544 3559 3571 3585 3599 3621 3625 3661 3663 3674 3679 3711 3714 3721 3724 3728 3731 3761 3812 3825 3841 3842 3861 309 163 594 8,571 5,321 342 487 1,240 2,454 1,740 4,297 713 2,815 278 1,634 955 7,317 2,531 974 892 21,545 462 1,168 469 655 853 2,900 413 2,807 155 453 1,013 590 40 1,084 930 1,136 1,500 787 All employees Number (1,000)
1

1992 Value of shipments (mil. dol.) 118,216 10,427 8,140 33,774 12,975 38,663 10,827 8,175 8,667 6,795 9,700 15,252 8,331 11,123 6,880 12,773 7,550 8,275 33,627 17,027 13,692 6,753 6,101 17,583 14,229 19,795 15,439 133,346 62,007 39,093 20,262 17,923 8,504 21,566 36,267 7,703 7,780 8,533 19,241 All employees Number (1,000)
1

1994 Value of shipments (mil. dol.) 136,551 11,814 10,619 45,376 12,015 42,154 13,044 8,806 8,919 8,975 11,299 15,803 9,559 11,707 9,620 13,139 9,265 11,479 38,202 19,739 19,117 8,168 7,741 20,510 19,521 32,191 23,670 151,682 75,058 62,940 22,408 19,511 10,601 19,423 35,039 8,826 13,396 13,801 22,119 All employees Number (1,000)
1

Payroll (mil. dol.) 2,846 2,070 1,256 7,286 2,289 6,451 1,504 2,056 1,881 1,842 2,237 3,977 2,132 2,043 1,416 2,429 3,164 2,286 4,953 3,355 5,119 1,664 1,631 3,178 3,776 5,495 3,891 10,376 11,947 9,680 4,814 6,088 3,218 6,415 12,373 2,477 1,786 1,786 2,878

Payroll (mil. dol.) 3,640 2,499 1,680 9,998 2,293 7,022 1,724 2,063 1,964 2,312 2,834 4,094 2,470 2,029 1,786 2,458 3,883 2,947 4,849 3,594 7,040 1,762 1,864 3,739 4,721 6,884 5,119 10,434 13,955 11,493 4,966 6,187 3,631 4,637 10,962 2,544 3,099 2,846 3,061

Payroll (mil. dol.) 3,796 2,589 1,822 11,443 2,551 7,272 1,952 2,259 2,009 2,426 3,049 4,882 2,765 2,145 2,111 2,706 4,353 3,473 5,074 4,103 8,286 1,914 2,122 3,577 4,837 7,464 5,965 12,438 17,229 10,312 3,786 5,348 3,311 3,806 9,396 2,547 3,404 3,000 2,717

Production workers (1,000) 46.3 52.7 41.7 372.8 67.6 121.7 48.2 60.2 51.5 57.8 79.9 95.4 76.9 39.9 48.1 52.9 92.4 49.1 30.4 99.1 221.2 58.1 37.6 41.2 55.0 89.1 118.9 202.5 364.1 92.8 46.4 65.4 75.6 25.0 79.7 31.8 60.0 59.4 34.8

Value added by manufacture (mil. dol.) 23,232 7,202 6,103 29,248 6,168 20,693 6,019 5,585 4,242 5,263 6,760 9,075 6,020 6,292 6,855 7,674 8,090 8,748 21,066 11,286 16,488 4,777 5,560 14,436 12,354 32,084 14,922 52,918 43,598 23,606 7,957 12,047 5,760 10,121 21,900 6,661 10,272 9,366 16,057

Value of shipments (mil. dol.) 105,723 12,883 12,562 54,297 13,831 50,634 15,347 10,518 9,832 10,079 13,163 19,653 11,362 14,953 13,218 17,697 11,195 15,192 48,547 24,397 23,955 9,429 9,473 23,472 20,877 42,252 31,610 197,554 100,983 50,944 16,664 16,679 9,864 15,397 30,103 10,098 14,812 14,573 23,368

Petroleum refining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tires and inner tubes . . . . . . . . . . . Unsupported plastics film and sheet . . Plastics products, n.e.c. . . . . . . . . . . Ready-mixed concrete . . . . . . . . . . . Blast furnaces and steel mills . . . . . . Nonferrous wiredrawing and insulating Hardware, n.e.c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fabricated structural metal . . . . . . . . Fabricated plate work (boiler shops). . Sheet metal work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Automotive stampings . . . . . . . . . . . Metal stampings, n.e.c. . . . . . . . . . . Internal combustion engines, n.e.c. . . Farm machinery and equipment . . . . Construction machinery . . . . . . . . . . Special dies, tools, jigs, and fixtures. . Special industry machinery, n.e.c. . . . Electronic computers . . . . . . . . . . . . Refrigeration and heating equipment . Industrial machinery, n.e.c. . . . . . . . . Motors and generators. . . . . . . . . . . Relays and industrial controls . . . . . . Telephone and telegraph apparatus . . Radio and TV communications equip.. Semiconductors and related devices . Electronic components, n.e.c. . . . . . . Motor vehicles and car bodies. . . . . . Motor vehicle parts and accessories. . Aircraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aircraft engines and engine parts . . . Aircraft parts and equipment, n.e.c. . . Ship building and repairing . . . . . . . . Guided missiles and space vehicles . . Search and navigation equipment . . . Instruments to measure electricity . . . Surgical and medical instruments . . . Surgical appliances and supplies . . . . Photographic equipment and supplies
1

74.6 65.4 48.4 384.7 96.9 188.9 64.9 85.6 80.9 74.6 100.3 119.8 95.5 64.0 57.0 81.2 114.4 83.3 151.9 133.3 228.4 74.6 66.6 112.3 126.0 184.6 162.6 284.4 389.1 268.2 139.6 187.7 120.2 166.7 369.4 85.2 73.1 78.5 88.0

74.9 64.6 54.7 427.8 82.4 170.1 60.6 75.4 72.0 78.4 103.9 105.1 91.8 55.5 61.5 74.6 110.8 83.3 110.6 120.7 248.9 67.9 62.5 91.1 124.9 172.0 180.2 227.8 400.0 264.6 120.4 163.1 118.2 97.7 253.0 68.5 98.2 96.4 77.3

71.7 63.7 56.3 470.7 87.2 156.1 64.3 79.1 71.3 80.4 108.0 114.0 97.7 54.2 67.1 77.9 119.5 87.7 109.4 130.6 288.8 74.0 64.8 86.1 120.2 173.6 196.5 234.0 454.1 217.9 86.9 119.5 101.5 76.8 199.4 62.6 100.5 96.1 64.8

Manufactures

Represents the average of production workers plus all other employees for the payroll period ended nearest the 15th of the month.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1992 Census of Manufactures and Annual Survey of Manufactures.

739

740

Manufactures
No. 1213. Manufactures Summary: 1992
[Sum of State totals may not add to U.S. total because U.S. and State figures were independently derived] ALL EMPLOYEES REGION, DIVISION, AND STATE Establishments 1 Number (1,000) 18,253 3,699 1,124 91 94 45 480 88 326 2,575 1,049 574 952 5,470 4,098 1,046 619 970 917 546 1,372 394 227 408 19 35 100 189 5,908 2,989 67 195 13 408 78 831 367 556 474 1,399 277 504 380 238 1,520 227 179 157 957 3,183 631 22 66 9 184 39 177 106 28 2,552 342 213 1,960 16 21 Payroll (mil. dol.) 560,485 122,862 37,791 2,447 2,820 1,289 16,421 2,403 12,411 85,071 35,225 20,616 29,230 175,883 135,913 34,904 19,114 31,605 34,207 16,083 39,970 12,664 6,484 11,868 438 739 2,516 5,261 158,853 80,393 2,770 6,291 553 11,265 2,337 20,456 9,425 14,278 13,018 34,389 7,524 12,618 9,217 5,030 44,071 4,878 5,460 4,282 29,451 102,889 18,453 544 1,769 225 5,926 965 5,420 2,860 744 84,436 11,612 6,076 65,766 426 556
2

PRODUCTION WORKERS 2 Total (1,000) 11,654 2,162 660 67 60 30 273 59 171 1,502 592 301 609 3,525 2,646 681 435 588 574 368 879 225 158 260 13 25 72 126 4,095 2,052 31 114 4 283 56 609 272 394 289 1,045 203 370 284 188 998 179 126 109 584 1,873 387 16 46 6 107 27 99 68 18 1,486 200 144 1,117 12 13 Wages (mil. dol.)

Payroll per employee (dol.) 30,706 33,215 33,622 26,890 30,000 28,644 34,210 27,307 38,071 33,037 33,580 35,916 30,704 32,154 33,166 33,369 30,879 32,582 37,303 29,456 29,133 32,142 28,564 29,088 23,053 21,114 25,160 27,836 26,888 26,896 41,343 32,261 42,538 27,610 29,962 24,616 25,681 25,680 27,464 24,581 27,162 25,036 24,255 21,134 28,994 21,489 30,503 27,274 30,774 32,325 29,244 24,727 26,803 25,000 32,207 24,744 30,621 26,981 26,571 33,086 33,953 28,526 33,554 26,625 26,476

Value Value added of by shipmanufacture 3 ments 4 (mil. (mil. dol.) dol.)

U.S. . . Northeast N.E. . . . . ME . . . NH . . . VT . . . MA . . . RI . . . . CT . . . M.A. . . . . NY . . . NJ. . . . PA. . . . Midwest . E.N.C. . . . OH . . . IN . . . . IL . . . . MI . . . . WI. . . . W.N.C. . . MN . . . IA . . . . MO . . . ND . . . SD . . . NE . . . KS . . . South . . . S.A. . . . . DE . . . MD . . . DC . . . VA. . . . WV . . . NC . . . SC . . . GA . . . FL . . . . E.S.C. . . . KY . . . TN . . . AL. . . . MS . . . W.S.C. . . AR . . . LA. . . . OK . . . TX . . . West. . . . Mountain MT . . . ID . . . . WY . . . CO . . . NM . . . AZ . . . UT . . . NV . . . Pacific . . WA . . . OR . . . CA . . . AK . . . HI . . . .

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381,870 82,967 24,967 2,200 2,332 1,343 10,145 2,664 6,283 58,000 26,617 13,281 18,102 73,020 72,979 18,292 9,285 18,784 16,531 10,087 26,740 7,934 3,913 7,846 666 889 2,028 3,464 112,543 56,717 736 4,337 458 6,521 1,786 11,877 4,839 9,767 16,396 22,123 4,310 7,610 6,436 3,767 33,703 3,913 4,048 4,064 21,678 86,641 19,211 1,375 1,838 577 5,295 1,594 4,758 2,525 1,249 67,430 8,521 6,865 50,513 513 1,018

281,737 1,428,707 3,006,275 53,564 283,865 525,662 16,765 81,692 145,315 1,589 5,458 11,611 1,470 6,493 11,260 659 3,379 6,386 7,085 36,519 65,702 1,229 5,166 9,578 4,733 24,677 40,778 36,799 202,173 380,347 14,354 86,349 154,211 7,676 46,091 86,885 14,769 69,733 139,251 94,148 432,051 942,160 73,551 323,581 697,113 19,317 86,161 184,637 11,662 49,662 104,871 14,977 74,860 158,129 18,452 71,724 161,409 9,143 41,174 88,067 20,597 108,470 245,047 5,391 27,175 57,324 3,852 20,502 46,432 6,049 33,995 73,746 257 1,423 3,678 448 2,267 5,956 1,555 7,952 21,816 3,045 15,156 36,095 88,503 458,531 1,019,572 43,314 228,773 461,046 850 4,881 13,000 3,005 15,588 31,047 116 1,570 2,008 6,400 35,933 65,860 1,457 6,511 13,217 11,842 65,446 128,599 5,689 24,725 51,996 8,159 41,038 90,999 5,796 33,081 64,320 21,746 98,705 221,601 4,691 25,265 60,029 7,755 35,799 76,209 5,934 23,653 52,708 3,366 13,988 32,655 23,443 131,053 336,925 3,353 14,204 34,050 3,308 20,509 60,940 2,611 13,808 30,287 14,171 82,532 211,648 45,520 254,261 518,884 8,975 50,939 100,596 364 1,421 4,137 1,022 4,465 10,557 146 856 2,385 2,773 15,300 29,220 564 4,946 9,492 2,244 14,960 25,767 1,477 7,271 15,750 385 1,720 3,288 36,545 203,322 418,288 5,531 27,765 72,800 3,453 14,444 32,215 26,955 158,240 305,805 313 1,347 3,678 293 1,526 3,790

1 Includes central administrative offices and auxiliary units. 2 Includes employment and payroll at administrative offices and auxiliary units. All employees represents the average of production workers plus all other employees for the payroll period ended nearest the 12th of March. Production workers represents the average of the employment for the payroll periods ended nearest the 12th of March, May, August, and November. 3 Adjusted value added; takes into account (a) value added by merchandising operations (that is, difference between the sales value and cost of merchandise sold without further manufacture, processing, or assembly), plus (b) net change in finished goods and work-inprocess inventories between beginning and end of year. 4 Includes extensive and unmeasurable duplication from shipments between establishments in the same industry classification.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1992 Census of Manufactures.

Manufactures—Production Worker Earnings

741

No. 1214. Average Hourly Earnings of Production Workers in Manufacturing Industries, by State: 1980 to 1995
[In dollars] DIVISION AND STATE United States. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New England: Maine . . . . . . . New Hampshire Vermont . . . . . Massachusetts . Rhode Island . . Connecticut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 7.27 6.00 5.87 6.14 6.51 5.59 7.08 7.18 7.31 7.59 8.57 8.49 8.02 9.52 8.03 7.61 8.67 7.26 6.56 6.50 7.38 7.37 7.58 7.61 8.46 6.22 8.08 5.37 5.59 5.77 5.98 7.34 6.08 6.49 5.44 5.71 7.74 7.36 7.15 8.78 7.55 7.01 7.63 5.79 7.29 7.02 7.72 (NA) 8.65 7.70 10.22 6.83 1985 9.54 8.40 8.39 8.41 9.00 7.59 9.57 9.67 9.86 9.57 11.38 (NA) 10.37 12.64 10.26 10.05 10.32 9.57 8.05 7.43 9.02 9.45 9.86 9.73 10.48 8.51 10.24 7.29 7.61 8.10 7.86 9.53 8.29 8.48 7.22 7.57 10.43 9.86 9.41 10.95 9.41 9.64 9.52 8.41 9.48 9.64 9.15 11.63 10.50 10.12 12.19 8.65 1989 10.48 9.92 10.37 9.99 10.87 9.06 11.21 10.67 11.17 10.66 12.26 11.70 11.21 13.51 10.77 10.95 10.82 10.49 8.80 8.30 9.53 10.68 12.36 11.19 11.79 9.69 11.17 8.42 8.54 8.87 8.67 10.37 9.22 9.10 8.03 8.26 11.13 10.48 10.25 11.15 10.21 10.58 10.44 8.74 9.92 10.14 10.33 12.12 10.81 11.16 12.01 10.37 1990 10.83 10.59 10.83 10.52 11.39 9.45 11.53 11.11 11.76 11.04 12.64 12.03 11.44 13.86 11.11 11.23 11.27 10.74 9.27 8.48 9.66 10.94 12.39 11.57 12.51 10.07 11.53 8.79 8.84 9.17 8.98 10.70 9.55 9.39 8.37 8.51 11.61 10.73 10.47 11.51 10.60 10.83 10.94 9.04 10.21 10.32 11.05 12.61 11.15 11.48 12.46 10.99 1991 11.18 11.08 10.84 11.00 11.81 9.73 11.99 11.43 12.17 11.46 13.12 12.43 11.68 14.52 11.47 11.52 11.62 10.86 9.25 8.79 9.84 11.24 12.20 11.92 13.05 10.43 11.77 9.19 9.17 9.56 9.30 11.00 9.92 9.72 8.67 8.81 11.86 11.09 10.84 11.57 11.11 10.98 11.33 9.40 10.70 10.77 11.04 13.13 11.53 11.87 11.40 11.39 1992 11.46 11.40 11.22 11.52 12.15 9.92 12.46 11.72 12.57 11.78 13.49 12.79 11.84 14.81 11.85 11.92 11.92 11.24 9.60 8.84 10.22 11.60 12.35 12.50 13.17 10.62 12.11 9.49 9.48 9.86 9.59 11.28 10.13 9.99 8.91 9.05 12.19 11.38 10.92 12.18 11.42 11.10 11.32 9.68 10.96 11.09 11.55 13.59 11.97 12.19 10.75 11.61 1993 11.74 11.63 11.62 11.82 12.36 10.20 13.01 11.97 12.98 12.11 14.05 13.17 12.04 15.36 12.17 12.23 12.22 11.55 9.86 8.89 10.46 11.99 13.29 12.83 13.18 10.85 12.27 9.81 9.80 10.09 9.76 11.47 10.33 10.35 9.16 9.36 12.66 11.42 11.02 12.40 11.88 11.53 12.01 9.74 11.06 11.10 11.65 14.01 12.18 12.38 11.14 11.98 1994 12.06 11.91 11.74 11.96 12.59 10.35 13.53 12.19 13.36 12.49 14.40 13.55 12.25 16.13 12.41 12.58 12.45 11.77 10.19 9.19 10.94 12.15 13.92 13.15 13.46 11.24 12.60 10.19 10.00 10.34 9.97 11.81 10.50 10.75 9.41 9.65 13.11 11.42 11.13 12.49 11.88 11.79 12.26 10.13 11.17 11.28 11.83 14.86 12.31 12.44 10.96 12.22 1995 12.35 12.39 11.93 12.21 12.79 10.62 13.72 12.50 13.56 12.81 14.42 13.92 12.63 16.31 12.76 12.80 12.73 12.18 10.75 9.56 11.20 12.40 14.17 13.50 (NA) 11.73 12.64 10.57 10.15 10.71 10.19 12.22 10.77 11.14 9.74 10.05 13.43 11.51 11.47 12.92 11.46 11.97 12.52 10.70 11.19 11.63 12.62 13.68 12.76 12.54 11.00 12.82

Middle Atlantic: New York . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New Jersey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . East North Central: Ohio . . . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . Michigan . . . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . West North Central: Minnesota . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . North Dakota . . . South Dakota . . . Nebraska . . . . . Kansas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

South Atlantic: Delaware. . . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . . . . District of Columbia . Virginia . . . . . . . . . West Virginia . . . . . North Carolina . . . . South Carolina . . . . Georgia. . . . . . . . . Florida . . . . . . . . . East South Central: Kentucky . . . . . . Tennessee . . . . . Alabama . . . . . . Mississippi . . . . . West South Central: Arkansas . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . Texas . . . . . . . . Mountain: Montana . . . Idaho . . . . . Wyoming . . . Colorado . . . New Mexico . Arizona . . . . Utah . . . . . . Nevada . . . . Pacific: Washington Oregon . . . California. . Alaska . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

NA Not available. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment and Earnings, monthly.

742

Manufactures
No. 1215. Capital in Manufacturing Establishments: 1980 to 1994

[In billions of dollars, except percent. Data refer to privately owned manufacturing establishments and are based on the capital expenditures data from the Census of Manufactures, the Annual Survey of Manufactures, and the inventory investment component of GNP. For details, see source] ITEM Purchases of equipment and structures . . . . . . . . . Percent equipment . . . . . Depreciation (straight line) 1 . Percent equipment . . . . . Net investment 2 . . . . . . . . Net stock, end of year 1 . . . Equipment and structures . . . . . . . . . . Percent equipment . . . Inventories . . . . . . . . . . CURRENT DOLLARS 1980 80 71 54 76 26 976 666 62 310 1985 98 65 78 74 20 1,238 898 58 340 1990 128 66 101 73 27 1,576 1,153 57 424 1992 121 69 109 73 12 1,615 1,219 56 397 1993 135 73 113 73 22 1,665 1,270 56 395 1994 157 75 119 73 38 1,756 1,343 56 413 1980 103 69 72 76 31 1,222 860 61 361 CONSTANT (1987) DOLLARS 1985 102 65 83 74 19 1,285 950 58 336 1990 118 67 93 74 25 1,403 1,026 57 377 1992 111 70 98 74 12 1,421 1,061 56 360 1993 126 76 102 74 25 1,447 1,087 57 360 1994 147 78 107 75 40 1,494 1,130 58 364

1 Depreciation and net stock estimates for equipment and structures are derived using the perpetual inventory method and the straight-line depreciation formula. 2 Represents the difference between purchases and depreciation.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, The National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, to be published in late 1996, and Survey of Current Business, January/February 1996; and Fixed Reproducible Tangible Wealth in the United States, 1925-89.

No. 1216. Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders: 1950 to 1995
[In billions of dollars, except ratio. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series P 74-92] Ratio of Invento- inventories ries to (Dec. ship31) 1 ments 2 32 39 42 44 42 45 51 52 50 53 54 55 58 60 63 68 78 84 90 98 101 102 108 1.41 1.78 1.71 1.90 1.71 1.63 1.74 1.90 1.75 1.68 1.79 1.67 1.76 1.66 1.62 1.58 1.70 1.71 1.76 1.81 1.91 1.76 1.58 Unfilled orders (Dec. 31) 41 67 76 60 48 60 68 53 47 52 45 47 48 53 65 79 97 104 110 115 106 107 120 Ratio of Invento- inventories ries to (Dec. ship31) 1 ments 2 124 158 160 175 188 209 239 262 280 307 308 334 330 318 333 361 380 392 380 373 370 384 409 1.63 1.86 1.77 1.66 1.58 1.55 1.61 1.61 1.74 1.91 1.80 1.78 1.72 1.66 1.64 1.64 1.66 1.66 1.64 1.55 1.46 1.40 1.40 Unfilled orders (Dec. 31) 158 187 171 180 202 259 303 326 323 309 343 370 384 390 427 469 507 522 508 472 438 452 461

YEAR

Shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224 261 270 298 280 318 333 345 327 363 371 371 400 421 448 492 538 558 603 642 634 671 756

New orders 242 287 279 283 268 330 340 331 324 369 363 373 401 426 460 505 557 565 608 647 625 672 770

YEAR

Shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 875 1,018 1,039 1,186 1,358 1,523 1,727 1,853 2,018 1,960 2,071 2,288 2,334 2,336 2,476 2,682 2,793 2,874 2,826 2,934 3,102 3,370 3,599

New orders 913 1,047 1,023 1,194 1,381 1,580 1,771 1,876 2,015 1,947 2,105 2,315 2,348 2,342 2,513 2,724 2,831 2,888 2,812 2,899 3,068 3,383 3,609

1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972
1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

years.

Beginning in 1982, inventories are stated at current cost and are not comparable to the book value estimates for prior 2 Ratio based on December seasonally adjusted data.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders: 1982-1992, series M3; and monthly press releases.

Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders

743

No. 1217. Value of Manufactures Shipments and Inventories, by Industry: 1985 to 1995
[In billions of dollars. Based on 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series P 74-79] INDUSTRY Shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) Durable goods 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stone, clay, and glass prods. . . . Primary metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fabricated metal products . . . . . Industrial machinery and equip . . Engines and turbines . . . . . . . Construction, mining 2 . . . . . . Computer and office equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) 32 33 34 35 351 353 357 36 361-2 363 365 366 367 37 371 372, 6 38 382 (X) 20 208 21 22 26 261-3,6 265 28 281,2,6,8,9 283-4 29 30 SIC code 1985 2,334.5 1,215.4 55.8 112.3 143.3 218.4 15.1 27.6 60.4 164.0 23.8 16.1 11.5 35.4 42.2 307.4 193.4 91.3 96.2 25.9 1,119.1 308.6 43.7 18.6 54.6 94.7 39.1 23.2 204.8 114.7 61.3 176.6 75.6 329.6 214.0 6.9 19.8 22.5 45.6 2.7 7.8 11.5 29.8 4.7 2.5 1.3 8.0 7.5 51.5 11.8 36.2 21.0 6.2 115.6 24.4 4.7 6.3 7.2 10.1 3.8 2.5 26.0 14.0 7.8 13.7 9.1 1990 2,912.2 1,485.3 63.7 148.8 165.1 259.4 17.0 30.8 65.3 195.9 27.7 17.7 9.3 38.6 62.6 370.3 217.3 125.8 128.0 32.2 1,426.9 391.7 53.4 29.9 65.5 132.4 57.6 30.6 292.8 158.4 98.4 173.4 105.3 397.9 257.4 8.1 22.6 24.6 48.4 3.3 6.9 10.7 31.9 4.7 2.8 1.1 7.0 9.8 75.7 13.4 57.9 25.7 7.2 140.5 30.2 5.3 6.1 8.3 13.5 5.2 3.3 33.8 17.8 11.4 13.1 12.3
2

1991 2,878.2 1,452.0 60.0 136.4 159.8 247.5 17.2 27.9 60.4 199.3 26.7 17.2 9.8 38.1 67.5 367.2 209.2 132.2 132.8 33.3 1,426.2 397.9 56.3 31.9 65.4 130.1 53.7 30.7 298.5 155.4 107.1 159.1 105.8 383.5 244.1 7.8 20.7 23.5 46.5 3.2 6.4 10.7 30.0 4.5 2.3 1.1 6.5 9.8 71.1 13.0 53.5 25.0 7.0 139.4 30.5 5.4 6.5 8.1 13.7 5.5 3.4 34.3 17.4 12.5 11.3 12.1

1992 3,004.7 1,541.9 62.5 138.3 166.5 258.7 17.6 27.2 66.7 216.8 29.1 18.6 10.6 43.0 73.6 399.3 238.4 131.4 134.9 34.7 1,462.9 407.0 58.0 35.2 70.8 133.2 54.4 32.7 305.4 157.6 110.7 150.2 113.6 374.9 232.3 7.8 20.0 23.4 45.7 3.0 6.1 10.4 29.7 4.5 2.1 1.0 6.7 9.8 61.5 12.9 44.2 23.9 6.8 142.6 31.4 5.7 6.8 8.3 13.8 5.7 3.5 35.5 17.5 13.5 11.0 12.5

1993 3,127.6 1,630.6 65.6 142.7 175.1 278.1 18.8 30.6 69.2 233.6 31.4 20.4 11.1 45.5 81.0 414.7 267.4 116.3 137.4 35.4 1,497.0 422.2 58.6 28.4 74.0 133.3 52.6 33.5 314.9 158.8 117.9 144.8 122.8 382.5 237.4 7.6 20.0 23.5 47.3 3.2 6.3 10.6 31.6 4.5 2.3 1.0 7.3 10.6 61.2 13.5 43.2 23.3 6.6 145.1 32.2 5.8 6.5 8.8 14.0 5.7 3.4 36.1 17.6 13.9 9.9 13.1

1994 3,343.8 1,787.0 71.2 160.8 190.2 314.4 21.8 34.0 79.6 261.4 33.6 22.8 12.6 51.7 93.6 452.4 314.4 105.0 138.8 38.8 1,556.8 431.0 61.3 30.0 78.3 143.8 58.2 36.1 333.3 168.9 122.6 143.1 134.6 397.4 248.4 7.7 22.5 25.1 51.3 3.7 6.6 10.6 34.1 4.9 2.5 1.1 8.2 11.2 61.5 15.3 41.7 22.2 6.7 149.0 32.7 5.9 6.1 9.3 14.2 5.4 3.7 36.8 17.7 14.5 10.8 14.2

1995 3,566.9 1,910.6 75.5 184.5 198.7 353.6 21.2 39.9 93.4 300.6 36.9 23.3 14.1 63.2 116.3 451.3 314.0 102.3 145.1 44.3 1,656.3 440.9 63.6 31.9 78.8 171.8 75.8 43.6 358.5 186.7 126.9 154.1 143.3 422.6 263.5 8.2 23.6 25.7 56.5 3.7 6.9 12.7 39.5 5.0 2.5 1.4 10.2 13.7 61.6 15.0 41.8 23.2 7.4 159.1 33.3 6.1 5.9 9.9 17.4 7.1 4.6 38.3 19.0 14.6 11.3 15.1

Electronic and other . . . . . . . . . . . Elec. transmission/distrib . . . . . . Household appliances . . . . . . . . Household audio and video equip. Communications equipment . . . . Electronic components . . . . . . . . Transportation equipment 1 . . . . Motor vehicles and parts. . . . Aircraft, missiles, and parts . . Instruments and related prod. 1 . Measuring/controlling devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Nondurable goods 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food and kindred products 1 . . . . . . Beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco products . . . . . . . . . . . . . Textile mill products. . . . . . . . . . . . Paper and allied products 1 . . . . . . Paper/pulp/paperboard mill prod. . Paperboard containers and boxes Chemicals and allied prods. 1 Industrial chemicals . . . . . Drugs, soaps, toiletries . . . Petroleum and coal products Rubber and plastics products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Inventories (Dec. 31) . . . . . . . . . (X) Durable goods 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . Stone, clay, and glass products . Primary metals . . . . . . . . . . . . Fabricated metal products . . . . Industrial machinery and equip . Engines and turbines . . . . . . Construction, mining 2 . . . . . Computer and office equip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) 32 33 34 35 351 353 357 36 361-2 363 365 366 367 37 371 372, 6 38 382 (X) 20 208 21 22 26 261-3,6 265 28 281,2,6,8,9 283-4 29 30

Electronic and other . . . . . . . . . . . Elec. transmission and distrib. . . . Household appliances . . . . . . . . Household audio and video equip. Communications equipment . . . . Electronic components . . . . . . . . Transportation equipment 1 . . . . . . . Motor vehicles and parts. . . . . . . Aircraft, missiles, and parts . . . . . Instruments and related products 1. . Measuring and controlling devices Nondurable goods 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food and kindred products 1 . . . . . . Beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco products . . . . . . . . . . . . . Textile mill products. . . . . . . . . . . . Paper and allied products 1 . . . . . . Paper, pulp, paperboard mill prod . Paperboard containers and boxes Chemicals and allied products 1 Industrial chemicals . . . . . . . Drugs, soaps, toiletries . . . . . Petroleum and coal products . . Rubber and plastics products . . X Not applicable.
1

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

Includes industries not shown separately.

Also includes material handling industries.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, Manufactures’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders: 1982-1995, and monthly press releases.

744

Manufactures
No. 1218. Industrial Production Indexes, by Industry: 1970 to 1995

[1987=100. Beginning 1990, data based on 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC), earlier years based on 1977 SIC; see text, section 26. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series P 13 and P 18-39] INDUSTRY SIC code 1970 61.4 56.4 53.3 66.7 55.6 71.1 115.2 75.9 32.8 40.5 55.5 38.8 61.1 64.0 90.6 74.4 62.9 52.7 55.9 83.9 37.6 208.0 100.4 72.9 1975 66.3 61.1 56.7 66.5 59.4 77.8 107.2 76.7 38.1 45.1 59.7 52.4 67.7 71.4 97.8 77.7 65.9 53.7 69.1 91.5 47.4 182.5 98.0 84.3 1980 84.1 78.8 75.7 76.9 78.5 92.0 110.8 92.5 60.6 73.3 72.3 78.8 83.1 84.6 103.6 92.1 83.1 70.3 87.8 99.0 61.7 161.7 110.0 95.9 1985 94.4 91.6 91.8 88.0 88.1 93.6 101.8 94.5 86.8 93.1 91.8 95.7 91.5 94.9 97.3 89.7 92.2 87.6 91.4 92.6 85.8 112.5 109.0 99.5 1990 106.0 106.1 107.4 97.1 100.1 100.3 106.5 99.5 117.6 111.4 107.0 104.9 104.4 103.7 100.8 97.1 105.6 100.8 111.8 103.3 107.2 96.0 102.0 109.9 1991 104.2 103.8 104.1 90.2 94.1 92.8 98.6 94.5 114.7 113.9 101.1 106.2 103.4 105.3 94.7 96.5 106.5 97.0 110.5 101.7 105.5 87.5 100.2 112.3 1992 107.7 108.2 109.3 95.2 99.2 95.3 101.9 99.0 124.0 123.5 104.8 106.3 106.7 106.9 95.8 104.0 110.0 98.1 114.4 102.6 116.2 89.0 98.9 111.9 1993 111.5 112.3 115.6 97.1 104.8 97.7 107.7 103.1 138.1 134.1 109.2 106.8 108.6 109.5 81.8 109.9 114.9 98.8 115.4 105.7 123.9 89.9 98.0 116.3 1994 118.1 119.7 125.8 104.0 111.1 102.3 116.4 110.5 157.7 154.3 115.3 109.1 113.0 113.2 88.1 113.5 119.2 100.1 121.3 106.7 135.9 87.5 100.3 117.9 1995 121.9 123.9 132.5 104.5 111.6 104.1 119.2 113.9 177.8 174.9 113.3 110.7 114.3 115.3 90.0 112.6 119.8 99.4 125.0 108.3 139.4 81.3 99.9 122.0

Total index . . . . . . . . . . (X) Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . (X) Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . Lumber and products . . . . . . . . Furniture and fixtures . . . . . . . . Stone, clay, and glass products . . Primary metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fabricated metal products . . . . . Industrial, commercial machinery 1 Electrical machinery . . . . . . . . . Transportation equipment . . . . . . Instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods . . . . . Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco products . . . . . . . . Textile mill products. . . . . . . Paper and products. . . . . . . Printing and publishing . . . . Chemicals and products. . . . Petroleum products . . . . . . . Rubber and plastics products Leather and products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) 24 25 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 (X) 20 21 22 26 27 28 29 30 31

Mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X)

X Not applicable. 1 Includes computer equipment. Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bulletin, monthly.

No. 1219. Index of Manufacturing Capacity: 1950 to 1995
[1987 output=100. Annual figures are averages of quarterly data. Capacity represents estimated quantity of output relative to output in 1967 which the current stock of plant and equipment in manufacturing industries was capable of producing. Primary processing industries comprise textiles, lumber, paper and pulp, petroleum, rubber, stone, clay, glass, primary metals, fabricated metals, and a portion of chemicals. Advanced processing industries comprise chemical products, food, beverages, tobacco, apparel, furniture, printing and publishing, leather, machinery, transportation equipment, instruments, ordnance, and miscellaneous industry groups] RELATION OF OUTPUT TO CAPACITY (percent) All manufacturing 83 87 80 90 80 73 80 73 75 80 80 Primary processing 88 92 80 91 80 73 78 69 75 80 80 Advanced processing 80 84 80 89 79 74 81 75 75 80 79 YEAR RELATION OF OUTPUT TO CAPACITY (percent) All manufacturing 79 82 84 83 81 78 80 81 83 83 Primary processing 81 85 87 86 84 80 82 84 88 87 Advanced processing 78 80 82 82 80 77 78 81 81 81

YEAR

Index of capacity

Index of capacity

1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1982 1983 1984 1985

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

29 36 44 54 71 84 98 105 108 111 115

1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995

. . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .

119 123 125 128 131 133 136 140 144 150

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Capacity Utilization In Manufacturing, Mining, Utilities, and Industrial Materials, G.3., monthly. (Based on data from Federal Reserve Board, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and McGraw-Hill Information Systems Company, New York, NY, and other sources.)

No. 1220. Finances of Manufacturing Corporations: 1970 to 1995
[In billions of dollars. Beginning 1986, data exclude estimates for corporations with less than $250,000 in assets at time of sample selection. Prior years include estimates for corporations in this size category. See table 871 for individual industry data] ITEM Net sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net operating profit . . . . . . . . . Net profit: Before taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . After taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cash dividends. . . . . . . . . . . . Net income retained in business. 1970 1980 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 3,519 270 279 201 81 120

709 1,897 2,331 2,221 2,378 2,596 2,745 2,811 2,761 2,890 3,015 3,261 50 129 138 125 159 190 182 173 133 151 180 241 48 29 15 14 145 92 36 58 137 88 46 42 129 83 46 37 173 116 50 66 216 155 57 98 189 136 65 71 160 112 62 49 100 68 60 7 33 23 63 -40 119 84 67 17 244 175 70 105

Source: 1970 and 1980, U.S. Federal Trade Commission; thereafter, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Quarterly Financial Report for Manufacturing, Mining, and Trade Corporations.

No. 1221. Manufacturing Technology—Percent of Establishments Using and Planning to Use: 1993
[Based on the Survey of Manufacturing Technology, which surveyed companies in SIC groups 34 to 38 and establishments of 20 or more employees] ESTABLISHMENTS USING SELECTED TECHNOLOGIES Computer aided design (CAD) or computer aided engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46.5 64.1 64.2 53.9 65.5 49.5 76.4 87.2 63.5 62.0 64.4 63.1 51.5 67.3 69.0 29.3 48.2 66.3 64.3 64.3 74.1 63.7 46.3 53.6 63.6 68.3 73.5 83.3 Communication and control Numeri- Automated Automated sensor cally storage based controlled and inspection machines retrieval or testing Programmable controllers Computer control on factory floor 20.2 28.1 33.2 26.8 29.0 18.8 41.8 62.8 27.5 28.2 29.4 30.7 26.6 28.5 30.8 20.9 25.2 32.2 27.4 34.2 33.6 26.9 30.4 29.8 28.1 26.3 27.3 30.1 Intercompany computer network Computer aided design (CAD) or computer aided engineering 5.1 4.1 4.2 5.3 3.3 4.7 4.5 1.0 5.7 5.2 4.8 4.1 4.5 4.4 5.3 3.4 4.8 2.8 5.4 6.2 1.4 5.8 7.4 5.4 4.1 3.7 5.8 2.9 PLANNING TO USE WITHIN 2 YEARS Communication and Numeri- Automated Automated sensor Computer cally storage based Programcontrol controlled and inspection mable on machines retrieval or testing controllers factory floor 2.5 2.1 2.4 2.9 2.3 2.4 2.1 2.3 3.8 2.5 2.9 6.5 3.4 1.9 2.7 0.7 2.6 1.9 2.8 2.4 1.5 3.2 3.4 2.9 2.0 3.2 1.5 2.6 0.9 0.9 1.7 0.8 1.6 0.4 2.5 3.1 1.5 1.0 1.0 1.3 0.6 1.8 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.8 0.9 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.4 1.5 0.7 1.6 1.1 1.2 4.1 4.0 5.1 4.4 4.4 3.8 5.7 4.5 6.7 4.6 4.5 3.7 5.2 4.3 4.9 2.2 4.6 4.2 3.8 7.8 5.7 5.8 7.5 4.9 4.7 3.5 4.3 3.2 3.2 4.3 3.5 3.2 4.4 3.6 4.5 2.4 4.6 4.1 3.6 4.3 3.4 3.8 4.6 1.3 3.6 5.2 4.0 3.6 4.2 3.3 3.5 4.6 4.0 3.8 4.5 4.0 9.2 9.1 9.9 8.2 8.7 9.0 10.1 5.6 13.1 10.7 8.9 8.2 10.0 9.4 10.6 4.9 10.8 10.4 9.5 11.4 9.4 8.2 10.9 10.9 10.3 8.7 10.0 8.8 control Intercompany computer network

ESTABLISHMENT CHARACTERISTIC

Major SIC 1 group: 34, Fabricated metal products. . 35, Industrial mach. and equip. . 36, Electronic and other. . . . . . 37, Transportation equip. . . . . . 38, Instruments, related prod. . . Employment size: 20 to 99 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 to 499 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500 and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . Age of plant (years): Less than 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 to 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 to 30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Over 30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manufacturing process: Fabrication/machining . . . . . . . Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Both. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Neither . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Market for most products: Consumer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commercial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Market price for most products: Less than $5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . $5 to $100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $101 to $1,000 . . . . . . . . . . . $1,001 to $2,000 . . . . . . . . . . $2,001 to $10,000 . . . . . . . . . Over $10,000 . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

40.4 61.9 34.5 44.1 35.1 41.4 56.5 67.1 38.4 47.9 53.7 57.3 57.1 14.6 62.7 12.8 33.9 44.4 55.6 54.9 62.9 42.2 39.4 51.1 54.6 43.7 54.9 54.2

1.2 2.3 3.8 3.8 4.8 0.6 4.1 23.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 4.0 2.1 1.8 2.8 1.1 2.7 3.0 2.4 3.5 6.3 2.4 2.1 1.9 3.0 3.9 2.5 4.8

9.6 10.6 17.5 16.2 14.7 7.9 20.0 38.8 11.0 13.3 13.3 15.6 13.1 15.7 13.5 10.5 12.6 11.6 12.2 21.1 18.4 12.7 18.1 13.3 13.8 13.6 9.7 12.7

30.2 29.0 30.7 30.7 29.8 20.5 49.1 69.8 25.6 30.4 33.1 39.1 29.5 25.1 36.0 29.8 35.3 30.2 32.2 44.3 29.3 24.1 45.1 36.1 30.6 23.5 24.5 30.0

16.7 15.4 21.9 23.4 15.3 12.0 28.4 47.1 15.0 18.0 20.5 22.0 16.3 20.7 20.5 12.3 20.6 18.7 18.2 32.2 15.7 13.6 26.1 22.3 16.4 16.2 14.9 18.5

8.0 7.5 9.8 7.0 10.2 6.7 12.4 11.1 9.7 8.9 9.4 8.3 7.7 9.9 9.5 6.2 9.8 10.8 9.0 6.8 7.8 8.6 11.3 10.2 8.4 6.2 6.9 8.8

Manufacturing Technology

Standard Industrial Classification; see text, section 13.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, Manufacturing Technology, series SMT(93)-3.

745

746

Manufactures

No. 1222. Employment Related to Manufactured Exports, by Industry: 1985 to 1991
[Total employment related to manufactured exports is the sum of employment directly calculated for the plants shipping the exported product, the supplying industries and service organizations, and the central offices and auxiliaries. For manufacturing industries, employment is limited to paid employees in manufacturing plants, while for nonmanufacturing it includes an estimate for working proprietors and partners EMPLOYMENT RELATED TO MANUFACTURED EXPORTS INDUSTRY Employees (1,000) 1985 Total . . . . . . . Manufacturing . . . . . Nonmanufacturing . . Trade . . . . . . . . . Business services . Transportation 1 . . Agriculture . . . . . . Mining. . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . .
1

Percent of civilian employment 1985 4.0 12.2 2.3 4.3 1.1 4.6 3.7 4.9 1.3 1990 4.8 17.1 2.5 5.1 1.0 6.2 4.1 9.2 1.1 1991 5.1 18.6 2.7 6.0 1.0 6.0 4.0 10.2 1.0

CIVILIAN EMPLOYMENT (1,000) 1985 100,260 20,647 79,613 19,737 17,245 6,369 3,225 947 32,090 1990 119,943 18,840 101,103 23,718 25,611 6,500 3,382 738 41,154 1991 120,040 18,062 101,978 23,780 26,206 6,641 3,470 767 41,114

1990 5,729 3,212 2,516 1,211 256 401 139 68 442

1991 6,092 3,363 2,730 1,427 268 397 139 78 421

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

4,413 2,295 2,118 949 227 282 127 50 483

Includes communications and utilities.

No. 1223. Manufacturing Establishments—Export-Related Shipments and Employment, 1977 to 1990, and by Industry, 1991
[The export-related employment data do not include the jobs involved in the export of nonmanufactured goods and various services sold to foreign buyers. Thus, jobs in the manufacturing sector that relate to the export of nonmanufactured goods are excluded from the estimates. In addition, all of the indirect exports being reported are domestically produced; that is, they exclude imports. See source for further details on methodology] MANUFACTURER’S SHIPMENT VALUE INDUSTRY SIC code1 Export related Total (bil. dol.)
2

MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT Export related as percent of shipments 10.4 13.5 13.4 12.0 11.9 12.6 13.0 15.3 14.7 16.5 17.9 19.4 6.8 20.2 15.2 7.4 20.0 5.3 15.4 8.3 26.1 9.9 19.3 20.9 11.5 29.8 18.2 32.5 30.9 24.6 20.7 15.0 (X) Export related Total (1,000) Total (1,000) 1,990 2,639 2,604 2,173 2,179 2,295 2,318 2,771 2,638 2,948 3,214 3,363 91 9 85 61 105 24 87 123 221 11 160 15 51 198 256 512 484 377 183 49 261 Direct exports 4 (1,000) 1,106 1,486 1,486 1,118 1,083 1,083 1,061 1,185 1,412 1,610 1,614 1,697 63 7 32 45 41 16 31 23 117 5 53 11 22 43 83 323 321 293 137 33 (X) Export related as percent of total employment 10.2 12.8 12.9 11.6 11.4 12.2 12.6 14.7 13.8 15.5 17.1 18.6 6.2 23.1 14.3 6.3 16.6 5.2 14.0 8.3 26.2 10.1 19.0 13.7 10.7 29.3 18.8 28.8 33.9 23.1 20.3 13.6 20.5

Direct Total 3 (bil. dol.) exports (bil. dol.) 142.4 249.8 271.7 246.4 268.3 286.7 294.3 378.8 395.3 460.5 515.0 546.9 26.5 6.5 10.0 4.8 14.1 2.1 19.8 13.0 76.2 15.7 19.4 1.9 6.8 39.5 28.5 79.2 61.2 89.7 26.3 5.6 (X) 85.8 151.2 164.3 141.6 151.0 156.9 159.4 193.6 242.9 287.4 293.7 314.1 17.6 4.7 4.2 3.6 6.2 1.4 8.0 3.1 38.6 5.7 6.8 1.5 3.0 10.5 9.9 53.9 39.5 72.2 19.7 3.9 (X)

1977 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) 1980 1981 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

1,358.4 1,852.7 2,017.5 2,055.3 2,253.8 2,278.9 2,260.3 2,475.9 2,684.7 2,793.0 2,873.5 2,826.2 387.6 32.0 65.7 65.3 70.6 40.0 128.4 156.7 292.3 158.1 100.7 9.1 59.6 132.8 157.1 243.5 197.9 364.0 127.2 37.1 (X)

19,590 20,647 20,264 18,737 19,141 18,788 18,371 18,900 19,147 19,042 18,840 18,062 1,475 40 598 960 631 466 621 1,488 846 113 840 106 476 677 1,359 1,774 1,427 1,634 901 363 1,269

1991, total. . . . . . . . . . Food and kindred products . . . Tobacco products . . . . . . . . . Textile mill products. . . . . . . . Apparel, other textile products . Lumber and wood products . . Furniture and fixtures. . . . . . Paper and allied products. . . Printing and publishing. . . . . Chemical and allied products Petroleum and coal products . . . . .

Rubber, misc. plastics products . Leather, leather products . . . . . Stone, clay, glass products . . . . Primary metal industries. . . . . . Fabricated metal products . . . .

Machinery, except electric . . . . . Electric, electronic equipment . . . Transportation equipment . . . . . . Instruments and related products . Misc. manufacturing . . . . . . . . .

Administrative and auxiliary . . . . (X)

X Not applicable. 1 Standard Industrial Classification; see text, section 13. 2 Includes total domestic and export shipments 3 for all manufacturing establishments. Includes only the value of manufactured products exported by the producing plants. 4 Employment is limited to paid employees in manufacturing plants producing the export product. The number of employees related to export shipments was calculated for each establishment, aggregated by industry and by States, and inflated to a level comparable to the plant value of exports reported in the official foreign trade statistics at port value. Source of tables 1222 and 1223: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufactures, 1987 and 1992 Census of Manufactures; and Exports from Manufacturing Establishments, series AR91-1.

Export-Related Shipments

747

No. 1224. Export-Related Shipments and Employment of Manufacturing Establishments, by State: 1991
[Export-related figures exclude jobs in the manufacturing sector that are involved in the export of nonmanufactured goods and various services sold to foreign buyers. In addition, all of the indirect exports being reported are domestically produced, that is they exclude imports. Includes central administration and auxiliary office employees] MANUFACTURES SHIPMENT VALUE Export related REGION, DIVISION, AND STATE Total (bil. dol.) Total (bil. dol.) 546.9 95.7 32.5 2.4 2.2 1.2 14.4 1.9 10.4 63.2 27.6 13.0 22.6 155.4 121.1 35.9 17.6 27.4 27.3 12.9 34.3 8.8 6.6 10.0 0.4 0.6 2.7 5.2 177.1 76.8 2.0 4.9 0.2 10.6 3.3 20.7 10.2 13.0 11.9 35.8 9.3 12.0 9.3 5.2 64.5 5.0 12.2 4.2 43.1 118.9 18.2 0.6 2.8 0.4 4.5 1.7 5.3 2.5 0.4 100.7 29.6 7.1 61.6 1.8 0.6 Direct exports (bil. dol.) 314.1 54.5 20.6 1.3 1.3 0.5 9.5 1.0 7.0 33.9 16.5 6.4 10.9 86.2 67.1 20.4 8.9 14.4 16.5 6.9 19.1 4.9 3.6 5.5 0.3 0.3 1.6 2.9 92.6 41.9 1.2 2.8 0.1 6.1 1.4 10.6 5.2 6.8 7.7 18.0 5.0 6.1 4.1 2.8 32.7 2.4 5.5 2.0 22.8 80.7 10.0 0.1 2.0 0.1 2.6 0.6 3.1 1.3 0.2 70.7 25.3 4.1 39.3 1.6 0.4 Export related Supshipporting exports ments, percent (bil. of total dol.) 232.8 41.2 11.9 1.2 0.9 0.7 4.9 0.9 3.3 29.3 11.1 6.5 11.7 69.4 53.9 15.5 8.7 12.9 10.8 6.0 15.5 3.9 3.0 4.6 0.2 0.3 1.2 2.3 84.4 34.8 0.9 2.1 0.1 4.5 1.9 10.1 4.9 6.2 4.1 17.7 4.3 5.8 5.2 2.4 31.9 2.6 6.6 2.3 20.4 38.0 8.0 0.4 0.8 0.3 1.9 1.0 2.2 1.2 0.2 30.0 4.3 3.0 22.3 0.2 0.2 MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT Export related Total (1,000) Total (1,000) Direct exports (1,000) Supporting exports (1,000) Export related employment, percent of total 18.6 18.8 22.1 18.1 21.2 18.5 22.7 18.0 24.2 17.7 18.0 17.3 17.7 18.3 19.1 20.0 17.8 18.6 20.4 17.3 16.1 18.0 14.9 15.3 12.2 16.5 13.7 15.7 17.1 16.0 19.9 15.6 9.0 14.0 20.2 15.2 18.0 14.8 17.9 15.4 16.6 15.7 15.6 12.9 20.8 14.7 17.0 16.0 23.9 21.5 18.7 14.1 22.0 14.3 18.2 14.5 20.8 17.7 15.2 22.1 31.2 20.9 20.5 49.3 14.0

United States. . . . . . . . 2,826.2 Northeast. . . . . . . . New England . . . Maine . . . . . . . New Hampshire. Vermont . . . . . . Massachusetts . Rhode Island . . Connecticut . . . Middle Atlantic . . New York . . . . . New Jersey . . . Pennsylvania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 506.8 138.6 11.6 9.8 5.8 61.9 9.6 40.0 368.1 148.4 85.7 134.0 877.2 647.2 174.9 97.3 151.9 143.1 80.0 230.0 53.3 45.0 66.4 3.1 4.5 21.0 36.7 955.1 425.5 11.9 29.6 2.1 61.6 12.5 118.2 47.5 82.8 59.3 202.7 53.5 69.5 48.5 31.2 326.9 31.1 63.4 28.4 204.0 487.1 91.4 3.8 9.8 2.7 26.8 8.0 23.0 14.5 2.8 395.7 68.0 30.7 289.6 3.6 3.8

19.4 18,061.7 3,362.5 1,697.2 1,665.3 18.9 23.4 20.9 22.1 20.6 23.4 19.4 25.9 17.1 18.6 15.2 16.8 17.7 18.7 20.5 18.1 18.0 19.1 16.2 14.9 16.4 14.6 15.1 14.4 13.7 13.1 14.3 18.5 18.0 17.1 16.7 10.4 17.2 26.2 17.5 21.4 15.7 20.0 17.7 17.4 17.2 19.1 16.6 19.7 16.0 19.2 14.9 21.1 3,757.2 1,150.3 98.8 85.8 42.8 489.7 94.6 338.6 2,606.9 1,054.0 590.9 962.0 5,351.7 4,006.8 1,045.4 594.1 976.1 858.2 533.0 1,344.9 384.5 224.0 401.4 17.2 30.3 100.5 187.0 5,788.2 2,935.5 62.4 200.6 13.3 408.4 78.1 801.9 352.6 545.1 473.1 1,366.4 272.9 493.0 363.3 237.2 1,486.3 220.2 174.8 168.6 922.7 715.4 254.1 17.9 18.2 7.9 111.0 17.0 82.1 461.3 189.5 102.0 169.8 979.3 764.8 209.5 105.9 181.9 175.4 92.1 214.5 69.4 33.3 61.6 2.1 5.0 13.8 29.3 988.7 469.2 12.4 31.3 1.2 57.2 15.8 122.2 63.4 80.9 84.8 209.7 45.2 77.5 56.5 30.5 309.8 32.3 29.8 26.9 220.8 679.2 113.4 2.8 13.3 1.4 32.0 5.9 36.1 18.0 3.9 565.8 110.4 43.6 402.0 7.1 2.7 352.9 141.5 9.7 9.0 3.7 63.9 8.2 47.0 211.4 98.8 39.0 73.6 450.5 348.7 96.4 47.9 80.9 81.9 41.6 101.8 32.9 16.6 27.5 1.1 2.6 6.6 14.5 492.5 218.8 3.3 14.4 0.2 26.3 5.5 54.9 27.8 37.7 48.7 98.6 22.0 37.2 24.1 15.3 175.1 15.2 13.7 12.3 133.9 401.4 57.4 0.6 7.7 0.4 17.3 2.5 17.7 9.4 1.8 344.0 81.2 24.0 230.7 6.3 1.8 362.5 112.6 8.2 9.2 4.2 47.1 8.8 35.1 249.9 90.7 63.0 96.2 528.8 416.1 113.1 58.0 101.0 93.5 50.5 112.7 36.5 16.7 34.1 1.0 2.4 7.2 14.8 496.2 250.4 9.1 16.9 1.0 30.9 10.3 67.3 35.6 43.2 36.1 111.1 23.2 40.3 32.4 15.2 134.7 17.1 16.1 14.6 86.9 277.8 56.0 2.2 5.6 1.0 14.7 3.4 18.4 8.6 2.1 221.8 29.2 19.6 171.3 0.8 0.9

Midwest . . . . . . . . . . East North Central. Ohio . . . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . Michigan . . . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . West North Central Minnesota . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . North Dakota . . . South Dakota . . . Nebraska . . . . . . Kansas . . . . . . .

South . . . . . . . . . . . . South Atlantic . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . . . District of Columbia Virginia . . . . . . . . West Virginia . . . . North Carolina. . . . South Carolina . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Florida . . . . . . . . . East South Central . Kentucky . . . . . . . Tennessee . . . . . . Alabama . . . . . . . Mississippi . . . . . . West South Central . Arkansas . . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . Texas . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . Mountain . . . Montana . . Idaho . . . . Wyoming . . Colorado . . New Mexico Arizona . . . Utah . . . . . Nevada . . . Pacific . . . . . Washington Oregon . . . California . . Alaska . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

24.4 3,165.1 19.9 607.4 15.1 19.8 28.8 60.5 13.3 9.8 16.9 176.3 20.7 40.7 23.0 173.5 17.2 101.8 15.6 25.6 25.4 2,557.7 43.6 353.8 23.1 208.4 21.3 1,961.8 49.7 14.4 16.3 19.3

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Exports from Manufacturing Establishments AR91-1.

Manufactures
No. 1225. U.S. Exports of Manufactures, Origin of World Exports of Manufacture: 1975 to 1994
[In millions of dollars, except percents] ITEM Manufactures export value . . . . . . Machinery & transport equipment Chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Origin of world exports of manu. (percent): United States1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Machinery & transport equip . . Chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other G-7 countries 3 . . . . . . . . East Asian NICs 4 . . . . . . . . . .
3

1

1975-79 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 56 12 20 12.4 16.9 13.8 6.9 15.4 10.9 23.5 4.1

1980-84 143 91 21 31 12.8 17.3 15.2 6.9 13.7 12.8 22.1 6.0

1985-89 185 120 28 38 10.7 14.2 13.0 5.6 14.4 13.0 21.3 7.7

1990 281 174 39 68 11.3 14.4 13.1 7.0 14.6 11.2 22.0 7.6

1991 305 190 40 75 12.0 15.1 13.3 7.6 14.2 11.9 21.6 8.2

1992 327 203 44 80 11.8 14.9 13.1 7.4 14.0 11.8 21.0 8.1

1993 339 211 45 83 12.7 (NA) (NA) (NA) 12.5 13.0 20.8 9.3

1994 381 233 52 97 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

NA Not available. 1 U.S. exports are domestic exports only. 2 Prior to 1991, data for are for former West Germany only. Other Group of Seven (G-7) Countries: Canada, France, Italy, United Kingdom. 4 East Asian newly industrialized countries (NICs): Hong Kong, S. Korea, Singapore, Taiwan. Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, International Trade Administration, Office of Trade and Economic Analysis. Based on United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics, Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of China, and unpublished data.

No. 1226. Foreign Direct Investment Position in the United States—Manufacturing: 1993 and 1994
[In millions of dollars. Book value at year end. Covers U.S. firms in which foreign interest or ownership was 10% or more. Minus sign (-) indicates a negative position] TOTAL 1 1993 All countries Canada . . . . . . . Europe . . . . . . . . Latin America . . . Asia and Pacific .
2

AREA OR COUNTRY

FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS 1993 22,997 (D) 16,058 288 (D) 1994 20,880 5,431 13,423 647 1,376

CHEMICALS AND ALLIED PRODUCTS 1993 58,316 (D) 52,376 1,138 (D)
1

PRIMARY AND FABRICATED METALS 1993 12,034 2,032 8,025 198 1,791 1994 14,325 2,420 9,583 229 2,084

MACHINERY 1993 29,677 2,617 20,726 -73 6,038 1994 31,856 2,365 21,948 -45 7,173

1994

1994 67,303 1,018 59,668 2,327 3,992

. . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. 166,397 184,484 . 15,306 16,911 . 124,454 135,804 . 4,273 6,466 . 21,694 23,433

D Data withheld to avoid disclosure of individual companies. separately. 2 Includes other countries not shown separately.

Includes other manufacturing industries not shown

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, August 1995.

No. 1227. Alcoholic Beverages—Summary: 1980 to 1994
[For 1980-1985, stocks on hand for years ending June 30; later data for years ending September 30. All other items for fiscal years ending in year shown; see text, section 9. Includes Puerto Rico. Excludes imports. See Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series P 235 for beer and P 236a for distilled spirits] ITEM Beer: Breweries operated . . . Production 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Value of shipments 3 . . . . . . . . Tax-paid withdrawals . . . . . . . . Stocks on hand. . . . . . . . . . . . Distilled spirits: Production facilities operated . . . Production 1 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax-paid withdrawals 6 . . . . . . . Stocks on hand 4 . . . . . . . . . . Whiskey: Production 1. . . . . . Stocks on hand. . . . . . . . . . . . Still wines: Production 1 . . . . Tax-paid withdrawals 8 . . . . . . . Stocks on hand 9 . . . . . . . . . . Effervescent wines 10: Prod. 1. Tax-paid withdrawals . . . . . . . . Stocks on hand. . . . . . . . . . . . Unit Number . . Mil. bbl. 2 . Mil. dol. . . Mil. bbl. 2 . Mil. bbl. 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 86 193 9,362 172 15 143 236 330 696 87 566 982 340 486 26.8 24.1 11.9 1985 103 194 12,216 175 14 117 117 306 588 65 467 622 414 602 32.0 30.9 21.3 1989 245 198 14,321 179 14 140 135 251 456 75 361 611 464 558 30.9 27.0 19.4 1990 286 202 15,186 182 14 143 122 251 451 77 365 577 468 562 26.9 26.2 22.1 1991 333 204 15,925 183 14 145 129 242 459 75 368 478 387 539 22.8 24.6 20.4 1992 392 202 17,302 182 13.4 143 110 246 365 62 309 484 387 525 24.7 24.1 18.8 1993 480 202 16,629 180 13.7 132 111 240 420 59 361 417 354 520 27.7 24.4 19.5 1994 619 203 16,714 180 13.4 150 99 229 410 59 354 438 356 477 23.7 23.7 16.5

Number . . . . . Mil. tax gal. 5 . Mil. tax gal. 5 . Mil. tax gal. 5 . Mil. tax gal. 5 . Mil. tax gal. 5 . Mil. wine gal. 7 Mil. wine gal. 7 Mil. wine gal. 7 Mil. wine gal. 7 Mil. wine gal. 7 Mil. wine gal. 7

NA Not available. 1 Production represents total amount removed from fermenters, including distilling material, and includes increase after fermentation (by amelioration, sweetening, and addition of wine spirits). 2 Barrels of 31 wine gallons. 3 Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Manufactures, and Annual Survey of Manufactures. 4 Excludes alcohol produced for industrial use. Also excludes vodka and gin production. 5 For spirits of 100 proof or over, a tax gallon is equivalent to the proof gallon; for spirits of less than 100 proof, the tax gallon is equivalent to the wine gallon. A proof gallon is the alcoholic equivalent of a U.S. gallon at 60 degrees F, containing 50 percent of ethyl alcohol by volume. 6 Includes ethyl alcohol. 7 A wine gallon is the U.S. gallon equivalent to the volume of 231 cubic inches. 8 Includes special natural wines. 9 Excludes distilling materials. 10 Includes champagne, other effervescent wines, and artificially carbonated wines. Source: Except as noted, through 1982, U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, Alcohol and Tobacco Summary Statistics, annual; thereafter, Statistical Release, No. 76.

Tobacco and Textiles
No. 1228. Tobacco Products—Production, Consumption, and Expenditures: 1970 to 1994

749

[Production data are for calendar years. Excludes cigars produced in customs bonded manufacturing warehouses. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series P 239-241] ITEM Unit 1970 1980 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 583 8 165 10 4 60 11.5 10.4 0.7 0.4 714 4 163 8 4 24 21.0 19.4 0.7 0.9 669 4 163 7 3 20 30.7 28.8 0.7 1.2 665 3 158 7 3 18 32.2 30.3 0.7 1.2 658 3 147 7 3 17 33.7 31.8 0.7 1.2 689 2 143 6 3 15 35.4 33.6 0.6 1.3 695 2 142 6 3 14 37.8 35.9 0.6 1.4 677 2 141 6 3 14 40.9 38.3 0.7 1.4 710 2 142 6 3 13 43.8 41.6 0.7 1.5 695 2 142 5 3 12 47.4 45.2 0.7 1.8 719 2 141 5 3 12 48.4 45.8 0.6 2.0 1994 661 2 133 5 3 11 49.0 46.2 0.7 2.1

PRODUCTION Cigarettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Billions . Cigars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Billions . Tobacco 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. lb. . Consumption per person2 . . Lb. 3 . . . Cigarettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 . . Cigars 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number. Consumer Cigarettes . . Cigars . . . . Other . . . . . expenditures . .......... .......... .......... . . . . . . . . Bil. Bil. Bil. Bil. dol dol dol dol . . . .

1 Smoking and chewing tobaccos and snuff output. 2 Based on estimated population 18 years old and over, as of July 1, including Armed Forces abroad. 3 Unstemmed processing weight equivalent. 4 Weighing over 3 pounds per 1,000.

Source: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Tobacco Situation and Outlook, quarterly.

No. 1229. Cotton, Wool, and Manmade Fibers—Consumption, by End-Use: 1990 to 1993
[Represents products manufactured by U.S. mills. Excludes glass fiber] COTTON YEAR Total (mil. lb.) Total (mil. lb.) Percent of enduse WOOL Total (mil. lb.) Percent of enduse Total (mil. lb.) Percent of enduse MAN-MADE FIBERS Cellulosic Total (mil. lb.) 599 594 287 287 104 104 29 37 179 166
3 1

Noncellulosic Total (mil. lb.) 8,528 9,691 1,902 2,266 792 854 3,036 3,454 335 422 2,463 2,695

2

Percent of enduse 4.3 3.7 5.5 4.6 4.7 4.0 5.5 5.6 6.0 5.2

Percent of enduse 60.9 59.9 36.5 36.6 35.4 32.8 98.7 98.5 63.0 64.2 83.1 83.9

Total: 1990 . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . Apparel: 1990 . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . Home furnishings: 1990 . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . Floor coverings: 1990 . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . Exports of domestic products: 1990 . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . Industrial: 3 1990 . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . .

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

14,011 16,177 5,204 6,193 2,235 2,606 3,075 3,508 532 657 2,965 3,213

4,699 5,656 2,897 3,489 1,325 1,632 18 24 146 174 313 337
1

33.5 34.9 55.7 56.4 59.3 62.6 0.6 0.6 27.4 26.5 10.6 10.4

185 236 118 151 14 16 21 30 22 24 10 15
2

1.3 1.5 2.3 2.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 4.1 3.7 0.3 0.5

9,127 10,285 2,189 2,553 896 958 3,036 3,454 364 459 2,642 2,861

65.2 63.6 42.0 41.2 40.1 36.8 98.7 98.5 68.5 69.8 88.1 89.1

- Represents or rounds to zero. products.

Rayon and acetate.

Nylon, polyester, acrylic, and olefin.

Includes consumer-type

Source: Fiber Economics Bureau, Inc., Roseland, NJ, Textile Organon, monthly, (copyright).

No. 1230. Textiles and Apparel Products—U.S. Exports and Imports: 1992 to 1994
[In millions of dollars. Excludes glass fibers, rubber and leather apparel, and clothing donated for charity. Minus sign (-) indicates deficit] EXPORTS 1992 Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Textile yarn fabrics . . . . . . . . . . . . Textile yarn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cotton fabric, woven . . . . . . . . . Woven fabric of manmade textiles Woven fabric of textile material . . Special yarns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Apparel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,120 5,911 1,179 591 825 185 1,335 1,796 4,209 1993 10,977 6,025 1,045 641 883 210 1,418 1,828 4,952 1994 12,208 6,592 1,213 725 925 236 1,588 1,905 5,616 GENERAL IMPORTS 1992 39,070 7,844 955 1,493 1,206 666 797 2,727 31,226 1993 42,225 8,438 1,146 1,552 1,261 662 878 2,939 33,787 1994 MERCHANDISE TRADE BALANCE 1992 1993 1994 -33,744 -2,616 -122 -773 -366 -459 611 -1,507 -31,128

PRODUCT

45,952 -28,950 -31,248 9,208 -1,933 -2,413 1,335 224 -101 1,498 -902 -911 1,291 -381 -378 695 -481 -452 977 538 540 3,412 -931 -1,111 36,744 -27,017 -28,835

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Merchandise Trade: Exports, General Imports, and Imports for Consumption, Report FT925, monthly.

750

Manufactures
No. 1231. Iron and Steel Industry—Summary: 1980 to 1995

[For financial data, the universe in 1992 consists of the companies that produced 68 percent of the total reported raw steel production. The financial data represent the operations of the steel segment of the companies. Minus sign (-) indicates net loss] ITEM Steel mill products, apparent supply . Net shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrap consumed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrap inventory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Iron and steel products: Exports. . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Capacity by steelmaking process . . . Revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stockholders’ equity. . . . . . . . . . . . Total assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Capital expenditures . . . . . . . . . . . Working capital ratio 2 . . . . . . . . . . Inventories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average employment . . . . . . . . . . . Hours worked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Producer price indexes: 3 Iron and steel, total . . . . . . . . . . Steel mill products . . . . . . . . . . . Blast and electric furnace products Iron ore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrap, iron and steel . . . . . . . . . Foundry and forge shop products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit 1980 1985 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 114.8 97.5 7.1 24.4 (NA) (NA) 8.2 27.3 112.5 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 123 269 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Mil. tons 1 . . 95.2 96.4 102.7 96.8 97.8 88.3 95.0 104.6 121.3 Mil. tons 1 . . 83.9 73.0 83.8 84.1 85.0 78.8 82.2 89.0 95.1 4.1 1.0 2.1 4.6 4.3 6.3 4.3 4.0 3.8 Mil. tons 1 . . Mil. tons 1 . . 15.5 24.3 20.9 17.3 17.2 15.8 17.1 19.5 30.1 Mil. tons 1 . . 66.6 53.2 56.3 51.7 50.1 50.5 51.9 58.5 60.0 6.9 4.0 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.6 4.0 Mil. tons 1 . . 5.1 1.6 2.8 5.4 5.3 7.4 5.3 4.7 4.9 Mil. tons 1 . . Mil. tons 1 . . 17.9 27.6 25.7 22.1 21.9 20.2 21.9 21.8 32.7 Mil. net tons 153.7 133.6 112.0 115.9 116.7 117.6 113.1 109.9 108.2 Bil. dol.. . . . 37.7 28.4 32.7 31.8 30.9 27.1 26.9 29.5 33.5 Bil. dol.. . . . 0.7 -1.8 -0.6 1.6 0.1 -2.0 -4.1 1.9 1.3 Bil. dol.. . . . 14.5 6.9 2.2 2.1 4.3 2.8 -0.6 3.7 7.1 Bil. dol.. . . . 30.8 24.0 24.2 24.6 28.3 27.4 28.8 30.6 32.0 Bil. dol.. . . . 2.7 1.6 1.8 2.3 2.6 2.3 1.8 1.5 2.2 Ratio . . . . . 1.6 1.3 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.6 Bil. dol.. . . . 4.7 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.7 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.9 1,000 . . . . . 399 208 169 169 164 146 140 127 126 Million . . . . 758 419 363 360 350 304 293 274 273 1982=100 . 1982=100 . 1982=100 . 1982=100 . 1982=100 . 1982=100 . . 90.0 104.8 . 86.6 104.7 . 97.1 95.6 . 87.8 97.5 . 140.9 112.6 . 89.7 105.2 115.7 110.7 119.6 82.8 177.1 109.6 119.1 114.5 129.4 82.8 173.7 114.6 117.2 112.1 120.1 83.3 166.0 117.2 114.1 109.5 116.9 83.6 147.6 119.0
3

116.0 108.2 115.7 82.7 172.5 121.3

121.9 113.4 116.6 82.8 192.5 123.8

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

NA Not available. 1 In millions of short tons. 2 Current assets to current liabilities. Statistics, Producer Price Indexes, monthly and annual.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor

No. 1232. Raw Steel, Pig Iron, and Ferroalloys Production: 1970 to 1995
[In millions, except percent. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series P 265-269] ITEM Raw steel (net tons): World production. . . . . . U.S. production . . . . . . Percent of world . . . . . Basic oxygen process Electric . . . . . . . . . . Open hearth . . . . . . . Carbon . . . . . . . . . . Alloy and stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1970 654.2 131.5 20 63.3 20.2 48.0 117.4 14.1 93.5 1980 790.4 111.8 14 67.6 31.2 13.0 94.7 17.1 68.7 1985 792.9 88.3 11 51.9 29.9 6.4 76.7 11.6 50.4
1

1988 859.2 99.9 12 58.0 36.8 5.1 86.8 13.1 55.7

1989 865.3 97.9 11 58.3 35.2 4.4 86.2 11.7 55.9

1990 848.8 98.9 12 58.5 36.9 3.5 86.6 12.3 54.8

1991 811.1 87.9 11 52.7 33.8 1.4 77.9 10.0 48.6

1992 810.2 92.9 12 57.6 35.3 82.5 10.4 52.2

1993 814.6 97.9 12 59.3 38.5 86.9 11.0 53.1

1994 800.1 100.6 13 61.0 39.6 89.5 11.1 54.4

1995 (NA) 104.9 (NA) 62.5 42.4 92.7 12.3 56.1

Pig iron and ferroalloys, production (sh. tons) 1 . . . . .

- Represents or rounds to zero.

NA Not available.

For 1970, excludes blast furnace ferroalloys.

No. 1233. Steel Products—Net Shipments, by Market Classes: 1970 to 1994
[In thousands of short tons. Comprises carbon, alloy, and stainless steel] MARKET CLASS Total 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Automotive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Steel service centers, distributors . . . . Construction, incl. maintenance . . . . . Containers, packaging, shipping. . . . . Machinery, industrial equipment, tools . Steel for converting and processing . . Rail transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contractors’ products . . . . . . . . . . . . Oil and gas industries . . . . . . . . . . . Electrical equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . Appliances, utensils, and cutlery . . . .
1

1970 . . . . . . . . . . . . 90,798 14,475 16,025 8,913 7,775 5,169 3,443 3,098 4,440 3,550 2,694 2,160

1980 83,853 12,124 16,172 8,742 5,551 4,543 4,117 3,155 3,148 5,371 2,441 1,725

1985 73,043 12,950 18,439 7,900 4,089 2,271 5,484 1,061 3,330 2,044 1,869 1,466

1989 84,100 11,763 20,769 8,318 4,459 2,409 8,235 1,229 3,182 1,203 2,449 1,721

1990 84,981 11,100 21,111 9,245 4,474 2,388 9,441 1,080 2,870 1,892 2,453 1,540

1991 78,846 10,015 19,464 9,161 4,278 1,982 8,265 999 2,306 1,425 2,102 1,388

1992 82,241 11,092 21,328 9,536 3,974 1,951 9,226 1,052 2,694 1,454 2,136 1,503

1993 89,022 12,719 23,714 13,429 4,355 2,191 9,451 1,223 2,913 1,526 2,213 1,592

1994 95,084 14,753 24,153 10,935 4,495 2,427 10,502 1,248 3,348 1,703 2,299 1,736

Includes nonclassified shipments and other classes not shown separately.

Source of tables 1231-1233: American Iron and Steel Institute, Washington, DC, Annual Statistical Report (copyright).

Computers and Electronic Parts
No. 1234. Computer Shipments and Revenues: 1991 to 1993
[Revenue is in if-sold, end-user dollars] ITEM United States: Supercomputer . . . Mainframe . . . . . . Midrange . . . . . . . Workstation . . . . . Personal computer Canada: Supercomputer . . . Mainframe . . . . . . Midrange . . . . . . . Workstation . . . . . Personal computer Western Europe: Supercomputer . . . Mainframe . . . . . . Midrange . . . . . . . Workstation . . . . . Personal computer Japan: Supercomputer . . . Mainframe . . . . . . Midrange . . . . . . . Workstation . . . . . Personal computer Asia/Pacific: Supercomputer . . . Mainframe . . . . . . Midrange . . . . . . . Workstation . . . . . Personal computer Rest of world: Supercomputer . . . Mainframe . . . . . . Midrange . . . . . . . Workstation . . . . . Personal computer FACTORY REVENUE (mil. dol.) 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 876 9,713 7,967 3,458 24,589 22 671 485 188 2,077 529 9,629 9,699 2,540 17,517 494 6,252 5,673 1,885 4,586 54 544 263 256 4,574 16 382 476 373 4,237 1992 938 7,453 8,534 3,719 25,858 37 623 618 185 2,405 479 7,490 6,727 2,604 18,872 450 5,367 4,916 1,883 4,750 83 642 522 327 5,219 67 584 506 340 6,991 1993 701 4,643 6,705 4,375 29,695 38 243 509 181 2,730 448 5,782 7,157 2,828 17,999 558 5,569 4,808 2,143 5,885 82 568 784 351 7,053 31 473 625 408 10,256 1991 558 3,227 151,574 210,541 10,903,000 17 204 10,117 8,017 926,000 241 4,088 198,780 154,581 8,406,937 140 5,631 286,626 124,712 2,354,300 44 257 3,978 15,871 2,235,000 13 158 15,063 15,808 2,140,763 SHIPMENTS (units) 1992 571 2,421 124,745 237,730 12,544,374 26 156 9,094 11,806 1,175,000 269 2,455 155,142 175,762 9,495,441 108 3,630 233,967 124,073 2,223,810 63 238 8,757 23,842 3,031,398 50 200 13,209 24,038 3,940,777

751

1993 405 1,929 107,034 262,869 14,775,000 29 123 6,794 10,687 1,415,000 213 1,963 145,353 171,744 10,323,974 122 4,191 194,385 133,750 2,464,093 58 265 12,883 20,374 3,935,135 18 246 18,862 24,006 5,929,798

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

No. 1235. Microcontrollers and Chip Shipments: 1990 to 1993
ITEM Microcontrollers, worldwide 8-bit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-bit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-bit . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32-bit processors . . . . . . . RISC 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . CISC 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . 256K DRAM 3 chips . . . . . 1-Megabit DRAM chips . . .
3

REVENUE (mil. dol.) 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,667 2,079 1,394 194 1,402 175 1,227 1,322 4,229 1991 4,519 2,618 1,598 303 2,456 270 2,186 622 3,776 1992 4,613 (NA) (NA) (NA) 4,363 305 4,057 270 2,644 1993 5,813 3,612 1,705 496 8,427 642 7,785 162 2,031
2

SHIPMENTS (millions of units) 1990 1,365 567 781 17 26 1 25 620 665 1991 1,562 729 801 32 44 1 42 299 835 1992 1,895 844 1,003 48 61 3 27 193 821 1993 2,155 1,096 999 60 77 7 70 105 601

1 RISC=Reduced Instruction Set Computer. NA Not available. DRAM=Dynamic Random Access Memory.

CISC=Complex Instruction Set Computer.

Source of tables 1234 and 1235: Dataquest, Inc., San Jose, CA, Consolidate Data Base, January 1994, and unpublished data.

No. 1236. Computers and Industrial Electronics—Shipments: 1985 to 1994
[In millions of dollars] ITEM Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Computer and peripheral equipment: Computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peripheral equipment . . . . . . . . . Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial electronics: Controlling, processing equipment. Testing, measuring equipment . . . Nuclear electronic equipment . . . . Robots, accessories, and components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other electronic equipment . . . . . NA Not available. Source: Electronic Industries Association, Washington, DC, Electronic Market Data Book, annual (copyright). 1985 43,993 21,107 22,887 20,121 8,719 6,008 519 345 4,530 1987 48,275 24,410 23,865 21,325 9,193 6,009 601 284 5,238 1988 49,797 24,354 25,443 22,100 9,861 5,807 616 229 5,588 1989 51,339 25,610 25,729 24,799 11,992 5,953 606 256 5,992 1990 50,793 25,973 24,820 26,183 12,728 6,859 567 275 5,754 1991 50,121 26,691 23,430 26,126 12,633 7,492 571 294 5,137 1992 51,932 29,036 22,896 26,778 12,881 7,484 533 (NA) 5,880 1993 54,821 30,002 24,819 27,250 13,961 7,332 519 (NA) 5,438 1994 63,478 38,423 25,005 29,757 15,077 8,121 521 (NA) 6,038

752

Manufactures

No. 1237. Factory Sales of Consumer Electronics (including imports), and Electronic Components in the United States: 1985 to 1995
[In millions of dollars] CATEGORY Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Television sets: Direct-view color TV . . . . . . . . . . LCD color TV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Projection TV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TV/VCR combinations . . . . . . . . Monochrome TV . . . . . . . . . . . . LCD Monochrome TV. . . . . . . . . Other video: VCR decks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Camcorders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Laserdisc players . . . . . . . . . . . Home satellite earth stations . . . . Videocassette players . . . . . . . . Audio: Audio systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . Separate audio components . . . . Home radios. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Portable audio equipment . . . . . . Aftermarket autosound equipment Factory installed autosound . . . . . Pagers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle security . . . . . . . . . . . . . Home information: Cordless telephones . . . . . . . . . Corded telephones . . . . . . . . . . Telephone answering devices . . . Cellular telephones . . . . . . . . . . Home computers . . . . . . . . . . . . Computer peripherals . . . . . . . . . Computer software (inc.CDROM) . Personal Wordprocessors . . . . . . Home fax machines . . . . . . . . . . Home security systems. . . . . . . . Electronic Gaming Hardware . . . . Electronic Gaming Software . . . . Blank media: Blank audio cassettes . . . . . . . . Blank videocassettes . . . . . . . . . Blank floppy diskettes. . . . . . . . . Accessories: Electronic accessories . . . . . . . . Total primary batteries . . . . . . . . U.S. electronic component ship. Electron tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Solid State products . . . . . . . . . . . Passive and other components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 22,940 5,514 7 488 (NA) 308 (NA) 4,173 793 23 (NA) (NA) 1,372 1,132 379 1,140 961 1,800 (NA) (NA) 280 630 325 115 2,175 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 270 1,055 (NA) (NA) (NA) 44,064 2,068 14,651 27,345 1988 32,236 6,247 30 529 (NA) 196 40 2,848 1,972 34 331 57 1,225 1,854 377 1,547 1,187 2,750 (NA) (NA) 681 441 755 430 3,340 (NA) (NA) 650 (NA) 900 (NA) (NA) 354 936 258 847 1,420 55,287 2,299 19,790 33,197 1989 33,373 6,490 40 478 (NA) 116 40 2,625 2,007 50 365 63 1,217 1,871 379 1,595 1,125 3,000 (NA) (NA) 830 532 838 653 3,711 (NA) (NA) 688 (NA) 1,000 (NA) (NA) 367 923 297 829 1,244 59,120 2,586 22,246 34,288 1990 43,033 6,197 50 626 178 99 33 2,439 2,260 72 421 65 1,270 1,935 360 1,645 1,192 3,100 118 190 842 638 827 1,133 4,187 1,980 971 666 920 1,440 975 2,400 376 948 314 793 1,383 61,303 2,646 23,543 35,114 1991 42,668 5,979 66 683 266 61 31 2,454 2,013 81 370 71 1,264 1,805 310 1,780 1,232 2,875 139 210 1,125 605 1,000 962 4,287 2,060 1,045 600 869 1,030 1,275 2,325 373 980 308 721 1,424 61,698 2,586 26,238 32,874 1992 46,165 6,591 60 714 376 47 32 2,947 1,841 93 379 49 1,370 1,586 324 2,096 1,467 2,990 168 240 1,091 575 934 1,146 5,573 2,220 1,250 555 826 830 1,575 2,400 376 872 320 715 1,538 65,295 2,655 27,292 35,349 1993 51,215 7,316 60 841 699 40 33 2,851 1,958 123 408 61 1,464 1,635 307 2,187 1,604 3,199 198 294 1,046 617 1,026 1,257 6,921 2,450 1,600 558 888 940 1,650 2,625 362 779 345 759 2,215 71,480 3,038 31,534 36,909 1994 56,292 7,225 60 1,117 710 38 32 2,869 1,985 122 900 64 1,703 1,686 306 2,495 1,898 3,225 230 401 1,106 610 1,153 1,275 8,070 3,100 2,050 504 964 1,110 1,575 2,925 353 730 353 936 2,412 83,593 3,457 39,500 40,635 1995 61,693 6,798 60 1,417 723 34 31 2,767 2,135 108 1,265 69 1,623 1,911 284 2,506 1,931 3,585 300 485 1,377 557 1,077 1,431 10,920 3,850 2,500 451 919 1,130 1,500 3,000 334 708 373 944 2,600 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

NA Not available. Source: Electronic Industries Association, Washington, DC, Electronic Market Data Book, annual (copyright).

No. 1238. Machine Tools—New Orders and Shipments: 1970 to 1994
[In millions of dollars. Data represents total industry volume based on reports from over 200 manufacturers] METAL CUTTING TOOLS YEAR New orders (net) Total 1970 1975 1980 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651 916 3,885 1,916 1,853 1,544 1,451 2,708 1,977 2,070 1,894 1,756 2,322 2,914 Domestic 507 781 3,496 1,700 1,652 1,377 1,294 2,316 1,723 1,772 1,549 1,532 2,177 2,775 Shipments Total 993 1,879 3,681 1,607 1,742 1,890 1,677 1,575 2,359 2,330 1,872 1,918 2,160 2,515 Order backlog, end of Domestic period 827 1,548 3,206 1,484 1,549 1,685 1,499 1,400 2,059 2,004 1,595 1,605 1,955 2,333 471 1,062 4,750 1,132 1,243 897 672 1,806 1,423 1,164 1,186 1,025 1,187 1,587 METAL FORMING TOOLS New orders (net) Total 261 361 870 1,000 675 581 667 883 832 894 748 726 971 1,527 Domestic 227 284 744 932 610 507 536 749 719 761 546 609 825 1,382 Shipments Total 450 573 1,011 679 803 688 647 825 837 970 802 678 1,044 1,184 Order backlog, end of Domestic period 412 485 879 609 743 621 538 702 704 851 625 547 881 1,038 235 388 701 542 414 307 327 386 380 304 251 299 225 568

Source: The Association For Manufacturing Technology, McLean, VA, The Economic Handbook of The Machine Tool Industry, annual, (copyright); and Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, monthly.

Semiconductors, Fibers, Containers, and Mining Equipment
No. 1239. Semiconductors and Related Devices: 1980 to 1993
[In millions of dollars, except percent. Semiconductors and related devices represent SIC 3674] ITEM Consumption, North American market 1 . . . . . . Revenues (North American companies) . . . . . . Capital expenditures (North America) 2 . . . . . . . Percent of sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Japan capital expend. as a percent of revenues . R&D (North America). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports, total 3 . . . . . . . . . . . Shipments 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Integrated microcircuits. . . . . Semiconductor devices, n.e.c. .... .... .... 5 ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 1985 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992

753

1993 27,998 37,453 5,809 15.5 16.2 5,587 (NA) 30,425 24,084 6,341 (NA)

6,053 9,420 15,844 17,070 16,540 16,990 20,426 8,062 11,051 18,586 19,515 21,047 22,940 27,105 1,438 2,629 3,434 3,642 3,855 4,077 4,296 17.8 23.8 18.5 18.7 18.3 17.8 15.9 11.0 11.4 14.9 15.5 20.5 20.4 22.2 423 1,159 3,873 4,269 5,172 5,652 6,122 2,223 4,870 9,502 10,758 (NA) (NA) (NA) 9,455 15,253 20,332 23,488 23,978 26,302 25,964 6,768 10,872 14,857 16,682 16,372 19,151 20,065 1,398 2,569 3,337 4,875 5,584 5,761 5,899 4,014 12,200 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Assets, beginning of year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

NA Not available. 1 Source: Dataquest Inc., San Jose, CA, unpublished data. Revenue from shipments by all companies into Canada and the United States. 2 Capital expenditures by all companies in Canada and the United States. 3 Imports for 4 5 consumption. Includes imports not shown separately. Includes items not shown separately. N.e.c.=Not elsewhere classified. Source: Except as noted, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, series MA-36Q; U.S. Imports, FT 210, 1980-1988; Import CD-ROM Disc 1989; and Annual Survey of Manufactures.

No. 1240. Fiber, Rugs, Carpeting, and Sheets—Shipments: 1989 to 1995
PRODUCT All fibers 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . Raw wool 2 3. . . . . . . . . Noils, and fiber 4 . . . . . . Other fibers . . . . . . . . . Knit fabric production . . . . . Rugs, carpet and carpeting . Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pillow cases . . . . . . . . . . . Terry towels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit Mil. lbs. . Mil. lbs. . Mil. lbs. . Mil. lbs. . Mil. lbs. . Mil. dol. . 1,000 doz 1,000 doz 1,000 doz 1989 743 135 24 584 1,935 8,431 15,663 13,089 62,741 1990 812 133 20 659 1,901 8,527 15,408 12,665 42,376 1991 837 152 21 664 1,963 7,980 14,001 11,301 43,158 1992 926 151 21 754 2,179 8,749 15,198 12,523 48,789 1993 1,008 157 23 829 2,188 9,283 16,331 14,464 47,161 1994 1,036 153 19 864 2,230 9,895 16,190 14,622 48,348 1995 953 142 20 792 (NA) (NA) 15,210 14,199 47,933

NA Not available. 1 Includes man-made fiber top converted from tow without combing. A number of companies were added for 1990 based on information in the 1987 Census of Manufactures. Data were received from these companies for 1990; therefore, the information shown for years prior to 1990 may not be directly comparable. These changes represent approximately 20 percent of the total fibers consumed on the woolen system and worsted combing. 2 Data are shown on a scoured basis for greasy wool. 3 Shorn and pulled wool of sheep excludes raw wool consumed in cotton system spinning to avoid disclosing figures for individual companies. 4 Includes reprocessed and reused wool, mohair, alpaca, vicuna, and other specialty fibers as well as tops and noils consumed in woolen spinning and mohair consumed in worsted combing. Does not include wool tops consumed in cotton system spinning. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, MA22K, MA22Q, and MQ23X, annual.

No. 1241. Glass Containers, Clay Construction Products, and Refractories—Shipments: 1989 to 1995
[In millions of dollars] PRODUCT Glass container shipments . . . . Brick shipments 1 . . . . . . . . . . Clay tile shipments 2 . . . . . . . . Clay pipe and fittings shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1989 286 1,088 698 63 2,011 823 1,188 1990 285 1,014 687 60 2,003 771 1,232
2

1991 279 883 639 51 1,947 784 1,163

1992 283 920 646 38 1,956 786 1,170

1993 290 1,006 701 32 1,930 773 1,157

1994 285 1,103 723 33 1,997 851 1,146

1995 269 1,040 680 38 (NA) (NA) (NA)

Refractory shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonclay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available.
1

Building or common and face bricks.

Floor and wall tile including quarry tile.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, M32G, MQ32D, and MA32C, annual.

No. 1242. Mining and Mineral Processing Equipment—Shipments: 1993 and 1994
PRODUCT Portable crushing, screening, washing, and combination plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Underground mining machinery 1 . . . . . . . . . Mineral processing and beneficiation equip. 1 Crushing/pulverizing/screening machinery 2 . . NA Not available.
1

Product code

Number of companies 1993 16 33 (NA) 47

QUANTITY (units) 1993 574 3,312 (NA) 3,297 1994 605 (NA) (NA) 4,010

VALUE (mil. dol.) 1993 75 338 (NA) 229 1994 83 356 (NA) 278

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

3531K 35325 35326 35327

Excludes parts.

2

Excludes portables and parts.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, MA35F, annual.

754

Manufactures
No. 1243. Inorganic Materials and Pharmaceutical Preparations: 1990 to 1994
PRODUCT INORGANIC FERTILIZERS Product code Unit 1990 1992 1993 1994

Ammonia, synthetic anhydrous: 28731 31 Total production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 sh. tons Shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 sh. tons Shipments value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. dol.. . . . . Ammonium nitrate, original solution: 28731 50 Total production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 sh. tons Ammonium sulfate: 28731 57 Total production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 sh. tons Shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 sh. tons Shipments value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. dol.. . . . . Urea (100%): 28732 Total production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shipments value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 sh. tons 1,000 sh. tons Mil. dol.. . . . .

17,003 10,382 1,072 7,714 2,519 2,529 130 8,217 5,362 640 7,931 647 81 12,035 4,170 1,226 44,337 11,879 589

17,924 10,642 1,095 7,981 2,391 2,239 140 8,766 5,343 696 8,136 672 85 12,826 4,375 1,182 44,524 10,950 529

17,195 10,436 1,174 8,281 2,432 2,417 150 8,330 5,255 630 8,254 678 89 11,515 3,688 969 39,839 11,362 516

17,256 10,411 1,509 8,517 2,588 2,489 165 7,952 5,099 657 8,611 964 118 12,792 4,228 1,085 44,813 11,916 488

Nitric acid (100%): 28731 11 Total production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 sh. tons Shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 sh. tons Shipments value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. dol.. . . . . Phosphoric acid Total production . . Shipments . . . . . Shipments value . (100% ..... ..... ..... P2O5): 28741 81 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28741 85 1,000 sh. tons ................ 1,000 sh. tons ................ Mil. dol.. . . . . 1,000 sh. tons 1,000 sh. tons Mil. dol.. . . . .

Sulfuric acid, gross (100%): 28193 Total production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shipments value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superphosphates and other materials (100% P2O5): Total production . . . . . . . . . . Shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shipments value . . . . . . . . . fertilizer ............. ............. ............. 28742

1,000 sh. tons 1,000 sh. tons Mil. dol.. . . . .

8,982 9,016 2,711

9,696 9,666 2,530

8,801 8,814 2,057

10,024 9,973 2,830

INORGANIC CHEMICAL SHIPMENTS Alkalies and chlorine . . . . . . . Chlorine (100% Cl). . . . . . . . . . Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) Other alkalies . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alkalies and chlorine n.s.k. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2812 28121 28123 28125 28120 00 Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. dol.. dol.. dol.. dol.. dol.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,187 478 2,341 361 7 2,261 2,131 13,612 589 603 1,499 665 1,956 1,221 6,846 232 724 2,761 194 2,206 353 7 2,428 2,316 12,838 529 505 947 595 1,932 1,350 6,533 220 920 2,278 546 1,370 355 7 2,391 2,253 11,860 516 506 920 574 1,884 1,380 5,883 197 915 2,281 840 1,053 381 7 2,471 2,318 12,442 487 578 813 598 1,866 1,422 6,467 211 950

Inorganic color pigments . . . . . . . . . Titanium dioxide (composite and pure) (commodity weight) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inorganic chemicals n.e.c. . . . . . . . . . . Sulfuric acid, gross (new and fortified) . . Inorganic acids, except nitric, phosphoric and sulfuric . . . . . . . . . . . Aluminum oxide, except natural alumina Aluminum compounds . . . . . . . . . . . . Potassium and sodium compounds (except bleaches, alkalies, and alums) . Chemical catalytic preparations . . . . . . Other inorganic chemicals n.e.c. . . . . . . Industrial inorganic chemicals n.s.k. . . . Household bleaching compounds . . . . .

. . . . . . 2816

Mil. dol.. . . . .

. . . . . . 28161 00 Mil. dol.. . . . . . . . . . . 2819 Mil. dol.. . . . . . . . . . . 28193 Mil. dol.. . . . . . . . . . . 28194 . . . . . . 28195 . . . . . . 28196 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28197 28198 28199 28190 00 28422 00 Mil. dol.. . . . . Mil. dol.. . . . . Mil. dol.. . . . . Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. dol.. dol.. dol.. dol.. dol.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PHARMACEUTICAL PREP. SHIPMENTS Affecting neoplasms, endocrine systems, and metabolic disease . . . . . . . . . . . . Acting on the central nervous system and sense organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Acting on the cardiovascular system . . . . Acting on the respiratory system. . . . . . . Acting on the digestive system . . . . . . . . Acting on the skin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vitamin, nutrient, and hematinic preps. . . Affecting parasitic and infective disease . . Pharmaceutical preps. for veterinary use . . . . . . 28341 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28342 28343 28344 28345 28346 28347 28348 28349 Mil. dol.. . . . . Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. dol.. dol.. dol.. dol.. dol.. dol.. dol.. dol.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,743 7,219 4,815 3,724 4,840 1,558 2,588 5,411 1,057 3,318 8,319 4,909 5,277 7,111 1,760 2,924 7,018 1,327 3,820 8,927 5,234 5,510 7,996 1,980 3,560 7,234 1,353 4,132 9,065 5,547 5,675 8,827 2,219 4,408 8,189 1,315

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, MA28A, MA28B, and MA28G, annual.

Engines, Refrigeration—Computers—Metalworking Shipments
No. 1244. Engines, Refrigeration and Heating Equipment, and Pumps and Compressors—Shipments: 1992 to 1994
PRODUCT Internal combustion engines produced. . Gasoline (except outboard, aircraft, and auto). Nonautomotive diesel (except aircraft) . . . . . . Automotive diesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Natural gas and LPG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Product code (X) 35191 35193 35194 35196 35851 35852 35853 pt 35854 35855 35856 3585C pt (X) 35611 35617,8 35613 Unit 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1992 18,868 18,217 178 469 4 4,118 3,913 (D) 2,931 203 774 1,216 5,916 2,465 (NA) 331 805 2,315 1993 21,342 20,561 197 608 6 4,951 3,937 183 3,101 240 824 1,334 6,216 2,571 (NA) 330 916 2,400

755

1994 24,178 23,287 220 661 9 5,509 4,339 220 3,717 277 1,106 1,426 6,563 2,638 (NA) 339 907 2,680

Air-conditioning, heating equipment shipments: Heat transfer equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unitary air-conditioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commercial refrigeration equipment . . . . . . . . . Compressors and compressor units . . . . . . . . . Condensing units, refrigeration (complete) . . . . . Room air-conditioners and dehumidifiers . . . . . . Nonelectric warm air furnaces and humidifiers . . Pumps and compressors1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hydraulic fluid power pumps and motors . . . . . . Domestic water systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oil well, oilfield, and other pumps (including laboratory pumps) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compressors and vacuum pumps . . . . . . . . . .

Mil. dol. . Mil. dol. . Mil. dol. . Mil. dol. . Mil. dol. . Mil. dol. . Mil. dol. . Mil. dol. Mil. dol. . Mil. dol. . Mil. dol. .

. . . . . 35615 . . . . . 35631

Mil. dol. . . . Mil. dol. . . .

D Data withheld to avoid disclosure of company data. NA Not available. X Not applicable. 1 Excludes hand pumps, automotive circulating pumps, compressors for icemaking and refrigeration equipment, air conditioning units, and replacements and repair parts for pumps and compressors. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, MA35L, MA35M, and MA35P, annual.

No. 1245. Computers and Office and Accounting Machines—Shipments: 1993 and 1994
PRODUCT Electronic computers (automatic data processors) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Large-scale processing equipment 1 . . . . . . . . . Medium- and small-scale processing equipment 2 Personal computers and workstations . . . . . . . . Portable computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Computer storage devices and equipment . . . . . Parts for computer storage devices and subassemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Computer terminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parts for computer terminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Computer peripheral equipment, n.e.c.3 . . . . . . . Calculating and accounting machines . . . . . . . . Automatic typing and word processing machines. Mailing, letter handling, addressing machines . . . Other office machines, n.e.c.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Magnetic and optical recording media . . . . . . . . Product code Number of companies, 1994 207 27 45 90 31 103 23 68 14 277 46 5 32 44 64 QUANTITY (number) 1993 (X) 31 190 13,383 2,694 12,537 (X) 4,360 (X) (X) (X) 1,717 1,258 (X) (X) 1994 (X) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (X) (NA) (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA) (X) (X)
1

VALUE (mil. dol.) 1993 29,659 4,104 2,442 18,889 2,576 5,731 1,496 1,531 276 9,810 1,454 343 1,268 (D) 4,483 1994 38,132 4,459 3,089 24,494 4,560 5,512 1,955 1,240 (3) 10,412 1,464 290 967 570 4,782

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3571 35713 35714 35715 35716 35721 35722 35751 35752 35771 35784 35792 35795 35799 36950

D Data withheld to avoid disclosure of company data. NA Not available. X Not applicable. 2 main memory configuration. Up to 64 megabytes in MINIMUM main memory configuration. classified. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Report, MA35R, annual.

64 megabytes in MINIMUM 3 N.e.c. = Not elsewhere

No. 1246. Metalworking Machinery—Shipments: 1988 to 1994
[In millions of dollars] PRODUCT Product code 1988 2,858 1,735 334 225 165 1,123 1989 3,514 2,429 442 563 174 1,086 1990 3,426 2,371 437 502 142 1,065
2

1991 3,172 2,139 362 450 196 1,033

1992 3,074 2,000 378 435 167 1,074

1993 3,222 2,085 485 375 166 1,140

1994 3,780 2,463 552 455 200 1,277

Metalworking machinery . . . . . . . . (X) Metal cutting type . . . . . . . Machining centers 1 . . . . . . Station type machines . . . . Other metal cutting machine Metal forming type. . . . . . . X Not applicable. workshops, labs, etc.
1

..... ..... ..... tools 2 .....

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

(X) 3541A 3541B 3541C (X)

Multi-function numerically controlled machines.

Excludes those designed primarily for home

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, MQ35W, annual.

756

Manufactures
No. 1247. Switchgear, Switchboard Apparatus, Relays, and Industrial Controls—Shipments: 1990 to 1994
[In millions of dollars] Product code 36132 36133 36134 36135 36136 36139 36251 36252 36253 36254 Companies, 1994 (number) 26 130 21 32 25 128 116 244 272 123

PRODUCT Power circuit breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Low volt panelboards & dist. boards 1 . . . . . Fuses and fuse equipment 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . Molded case circuit breakers, 1,000 volts and under Duct 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Switchgear, except ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General purpose and other relays . . . . . . . . Specific purpose industrial controls . . . . . . . General purpose industrial controls . . . . . . . Motor controller accessories 4 . . . . . . . . . . .

1990 388 1,722 419 959 194 1,324 805 2,020 2,912 452

1991 368 1,643 409 917 184 1,398 772 1,993 2,879 434

1992 481 1,531 413 955 189 1,615 782 1,916 2,778 448

1993 516 1,681 320 1,010 200 1,581 751 2,322 3,326 476

1994 531 1,744 332 1,107 228 1,636 676 2,732 3,699 502

1 Includes other switching and interruption devices, 1,000 volts and below. 2 Under 2,300 volts, except power distribution cutouts. 3 Includes plug-in units and accessories, 1,000 volts and under, consisting of enclosed sectionalized prefabricated bus bars rated 20 amperes or more, associated structures and fittings. 4 Includes parts for industrial controls.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, MA36A, annual.

No. 1248. Selected Industrial Air Pollution Control Equipment—Shipments: 1994
[Quantity in number of units, value in thousands of dollars] Product code Number NEW ORDERS of compaQuantity Value nies 110 51 54 55 58 70 72 73 75 76 79 90 19 59 39 31 38 10 14 11 9 9 19 69,532 56,392 530 48,551 5,999 1,312 1,198 145 300 687 (D) 51 11,942 630,689 477,873 161,817 207,221 63,511 45,324 103,822 30,363 34,419 14,441 (D) 7,968 48,994 SHIPMENTS Quantity 67,927 54,744 552 47,213 5,692 1,287 1,169 (S) 272 658 (S) (D) 12,014 Value 711,390 453,261 136,763 211,340 68,028 37,130 206,546 28,267 30,878 13,997 117,354 (D) 51,583 BACKLOG (Dec. 31) Quantity 7,738 6,987 100 5,772 844 271 356 (S) 48 181 (S) 27 395 Value 408,655 226,340 104,802 50,085 22,907 48,546 153,402 15,501 12,084 4,163 (S) 4,562 28,913

PRODUCT

Selected indus. air pollution control equip.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35646 Particulate emissions collectors . . . . . . . Electrostatic precipitators . . . . . . . . . Fabric filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mechanical collectors . . . . . . . . . . . . Wet scrubbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gaseous emissions control devices . . . . Catalytic oxidation systems . . . . . . . . Thermal and direct oxidation systems . Scrubbers (gas absorber) . . . . . . . . . Dry flue gas desulfurization systems . . Gas absorbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) 35646 35646 35646 35646 (X) 35646 35646 35646 35646 35646 35646

D Data withheld to avoid disclosure of company data.

S Figure does not meet publication standards.

X Not applicable.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, MA35J, annual.

No. 1249. Fluid Power Products—Shipments: 1989 to 1994
[In millions of dollars. Includes aerospace] PRODUCT Fluid power products, incl. aerospace. . . Hydraulic valves, nonaerospace type . . . . . . Pneumatic valves, nonaerospace type . . . . . Aerospace type hydraulic & pneumatic valves. Fittings for metal and plastic tubing 1 . . . . . . Hydraulic and pneumatic fittings and couplings for hose (nonaerospace) . . . . . . . Hydraulic and pneumatic hose or tube end fitting and assemblies (aerospace) . . . . Parts for hydraulic & pneumatic valves . . . . . Filters for hydraulic and pneumatic fluid power systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders etc.: Nonaerospace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aerospace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parts for hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders 2 . Hydraulic fluid power pumps and motors . . . . Parts for pumps and motors . . . . . . . . . . . . Product code (X) 34921 34922 34923 34924 34925 34926 34927 35692 35931 35932 35933 35941 35942 1989 6,915 629 463 451 505 625 (X) 206 352 909 646 281 1,180 333 1990 7,207 663 458 498 500 620 336 209 385 941 636 264 1,240 399 1991 6,475 606 434 527 471 552 394 161 409 800 510 269 997 354 1992 6,330 583 458 443 516 630 386 151 395 864 479 171 974 312
2

1993 6,742 64 418 356 518 489 354 151 381 1,075 464 197 1,014 321

1994 7,738 765 525 284 604 652 304 188 391 1,254 388 202 (NA) 347

NA Not available. X Not applicable. 1 Used in fluid and power transfer systems (nonaerospace). actuators, accumulators, cushions, and nonvehicular shock absorbers. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, MA35N, annual.

Includes parts for

Instruments and Related Products—Robots
No. 1250. Selected Instruments and Related Products—Shipments: 1988 to 1994
[In millions of dollars] PRODUCT Automatic regulating and control valves . . . . . . Solenoid-operated valves (except nuclear and fluid power transfer) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aeronautical, nautical, and navigational instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Search & detection, navigation & guidance systems and equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Laboratory apparatus and laboratory furniture 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Controls for monitoring residential and commercial environments and appliance . . . . . Process control instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Integrating and totalizing meters for gas and liquids. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Counting devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Motor vehicle instruments 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Integrating instruments, electrical . . . . . . . . . . Test equipment for testing electrical, radio and communication circuits, and motors . . . . . . . . Instruments to measure electricity . . . . . . . . . . Analytical, scientific instruments (except optical). Sighting, tracking, and fire-control equipment, optical type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Optical instruments and lenses 3 . . . . . . . . . . . Aircraft engine instruments (except flight) . . . . . Physical properties and kinematic testing equip.. Nuclear radiation detection and monitoring instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commercial, geophysical, meteorological, and general purpose instruments. . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveying and drafting instruments . . . . . . . . .
2

1

Product code 34918 34919 38121 38122 38210 38220 38230 38242 38243 38244 38251 38252 38253 38260 38271 38274 38291 38292 38294 38295 38296

1988 1,262 338 2,365 31,145 1,565 2,207 4,348 610 193 682 388 6,248 663 3,442 609 1,270 505 894 654 1,072 270

1989 1,331 374 2,521 30,840 1,698 2,224 4,743 647 206 637 401 6,134 620 4,042 595 1,274 508 946 606 1,035 270

1990 1,418 346 2,518 32,420 1,675 1,982 5,224 725 210 1,457 396 6,156 586 4,412 581 1,252 579 1,012 567 1,140 274

1991 1,537 360 2,672 31,774 1,612 1,982 5,230 698 226 1,330 390 6,525 584 4,519 547 1,292 682 1,024 570 1,335 235

1992 1,579 405 2,517 31,311 1,715 2,197 5,731 727 273 1,576 439 6,493 558 4,886 771 1,322 590 1,149 533 1,361 255

1993 1,648 406 2,121 28,604 1,598 2,310 5,935 777 285 1,768 461 6,572 526 4,766 769 1,456 552 1,175 519 1,271 301

1994 1,802 419 1,998 25,762 1,655 2,462 6,165 854 340 2,188 486 7,228 551 4,923 652 1,559 491 1,237 522 1,276 318

1 Beginning 1987, includes laboratory furniture. Prior to 1987, laboratory furniture was included in product class 38296. Beginning 1990, includes some data previously classified in product class 37149, ‘‘Other motor vehicle parts and accessories, new, n.e.c.’’ 3 Beginning 1992, product classes 38272, ‘‘Binoculars and astonomical instruments,’’ and 38273, ‘‘Other optical instruments and lenses’’ were combined into product class 38274; prior years have been restated to reflect revision.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, MA38B, annual.

No. 1251. Robots—Shipments: 1987 to 1989
[Based on a survey of all known manufacturers of robots, robot accessories, and components. Shipment value represents the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, to the customer or branch to which the products are shipped, net of discounts, allowances, freight charges and returns. A robot is a reprogrammable multifunctional manipulator designed to move materials, parts, tools, or specialized devices through variable programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks] ROBOTS, ACCESSORIES, AND COMPONENTS Robots, robot accessories, and components . Robots, complete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Servo-controlled robots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Point-to-point type: Welding, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Foundry, forging, and/or heat treating 1 . . . . Assembly for nonelectronic/elec. prods. . . . . Material handling and/or parts transfer . . . . . Continuous-path type: Welding, etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spraying, painting, gluing, and/or sealing . . . Fettling/grinding/polishing, and/or deburring 2 Nonservo-controlled robots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other robots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Robot accessories, subassemblies, etc . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous receipts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2

QUANTITY (number) 1987 ......... ......... ......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) 6,037 2,677 675 28 535 726 110 297 306 215 3,145 (X) (X) 1988 (X) 4,603 2,072 304 31 296 247 79 292 823 336 2,195 (X) (X) 1989 (X) 2,217 1,840 273 34 238 162 31 254 848 377 (3) (X) (X) 1987 284 220 203 65 3 20 48 9 41 17 8 9 65 8

VALUE (mil. dol.) 1988 238 164 138 32 3 8 27 4 30 33 17 9 74 6 1989 256 151 136 29 9 8 26 2 35 26 15 (3) 105 3

1 Includes all point-to-point robots, except assembly, material handling, and/or parts transfer. X Not applicable. Includes other continuous-path type, not elsewhere classified. 3 Beginning 1989, data no longer available for other robots which included education hobby, experimental, and nonindustrial robots.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, MA35X(89-1).


								
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