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					Section 24

Natural Resources
This section presents data on the area, ownership, production, trade, reserves and disposition of natural resources. Natural resources is defined here as including forestry, fisheries, and mining and mineral products. Forestry.—Presents data on the area, ownership, and timber resource of commercial timberland; forestry statistics covering the National Forests and Forest Service cooperative programs; product data for lumber, pulpwood, woodpulp, paper and paperboard, and similar data. The principal sources of data relating to forests and forest products are: An Analysis of the Timber Situation in the United States, 1989—2040, 1990; Forest Resources of the United States, 1992, 1993; U.S. Timber Production, Trade, Consumption, and Price Statistics; Land Areas of the National Forest System, issued annually by the Forest Service of the Department of Agriculture; Agricultural Statistics issued by the Department of Agriculture; and reports of the census of manufactures (taken every 5 years) and the annual Current Industrial Reports, issued by the Bureau of the Census. Additional information is published in the monthly Survey of Current Business of the Bureau of Economic Analysis; and the annual Wood Pulp and Fiber Statistics and The Statistics of Paper, Paperboard, and Wood Pulp of the American Forest and Paper Association, Washington, DC. The completeness and reliability of statistics on forests and forest products vary considerably. The data for forest land area and stand volumes are much more reliable for areas which have been recently surveyed than for those for which only estimates are available. In general, more data are available for lumber and other manufactured products such as particle board and softwood panels, etc., than for the primary forest products such as poles and piling and fuelwood. Fisheries.—The principal source of data relating to fisheries is Fisheries of the United States, issued annually by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

In Brief
1994 Paper and board production 90.5 mil. sh. tns. Recovered paper consumption 30.0 mil. sh. tns. Petroleum balance, 1993: Products supplied 6.3 billion barrels Net imports 2.4 billion barrels Stocks 1.6 billion barrels The NMFS collects and disseminates data on commercial landings of fish and shellfish. Annual reports include quantity and value of commercial landings of fish and shellfish disposition of landings, number of fishermen, and number and kinds of fishing vessels and fishing gear. Reports for the fish-processing industry include annual output for the wholesaling and fish processing establishments, annual and seasonal employment. The Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 (Magnuson Act), Public Law 94-265 as amended, provides for the conservation and management of all fishery resources within the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), and gives the Federal Government exclusive authority over domestic and foreign fisheries within 200 nautical miles of U.S. shores and over certain living marine resources beyond the EEZ. Within the EEZ, the total allowable level of foreign fishing, if any, is that portion of the “optimum yield” not harvested by U.S. vessels. Adjustments in the “optimum yield” level may occur periodically. For details, see Fisheries of the United States, 1993. The NMFS collects and disseminates data on catches by foreign fishing vessels in the EEZ. Mining and mineral products.—Presents data relating to mineral industries and their products, general summary measures of production and employment, and more detailed data on production, prices, imports and exports, consumption, and distribution for specific industries and products. Data on mining and mineral products may also be found

694

Natural Resources
quantity of minerals stocked; crude materials treated and prepared minerals recovered; and consumption of mineral raw materials. The U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration also collects and publishes data on workhours, employment, accidents, and injuries in the mineral industries, except petroleum and natural gas. In October 1977, mineral fuel data collection activities of the Bureau of Mines were transferred to the Energy Information Administration. Censuses of mineral industries have been conducted by the Bureau of the Census at various intervals since 1840. Beginning with the 1967 census, legislation provides for a census to be conducted every 5th year for years ending in “2” and “7.” The censuses provide, for the various types of mineral establishments, information on operating costs, capital expenditures, labor, equipment, and energy requirements in relation to their value of shipments and other receipts. Commodity statistics on many manufactured mineral products are also collected by the Bureau at monthly, quarterly, or annual intervals and issued in its Current Industrial Reports series. In general, figures shown in the individual commodity tables include data for outlying areas and may therefore not agree with summary tables. Except for crude petroleum and refined products, the export and import figures include foreign trade passing through the customs districts of United States and Puerto Rico, but exclude shipments between U.S. territories and the customs districts. Historical statistics.—Tabular headnotes provide cross-references, where applicable, to Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970. See Appendix IV.

in sections 26 and 30 of this Abstract; data on mining employment may be found in section 13. Mining comprises the extraction of minerals occurring naturally (coal, ores, crude petroleum, natural gas) and quarrying, well operation, milling, refining and processing and other preparation customarily done at the mine or well site or as a part of extraction activity. (Mineral preparation plants are usually operated together with mines or quarries.) Exploration for minerals is included as is the development of mineral properties. The principal governmental sources of these data are the Minerals Yearbook, published by the Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior, and various monthly and annual publications of the Energy Information Administration, Department of Energy. See text, section 19 for list of Department of Energy publications. In addition, the Bureau of the Census conducts a census of mineral industries every 5 years. Non-government sources include the Annual Statistical Report of the American Iron and Steel Institute, Washington, DC; Metals Week and the monthly Engineering and Mining Journal, issued by the McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., New York, NY; The Iron Age, issued weekly by the Chilton Co., Philadelphia, PA; and the Joint Association Survey of the U.S. Oil and Gas Industry, conducted jointly by the American Petroleum Institute, Independent Petroleum Association of America, and Mid-Continent Oil and Gas Association. Mineral statistics, with principal emphasis on commodity detail, have been collected by the Geological Survey or by the Bureau of Mines since 1880. Current data in Bureau of Mines publications include quantity and value of nonfuel minerals produced, sold or used by producers, or shipped;

Forest Land
No. 1147. National Forest System—Summary: 1970 to 1993

695

[For fiscal years ending in year shown; see text, section 9. Includes Alaska and Puerto Rico, except as noted. See Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series J 33-34, for similar grazing data, and L 15-31] ITEM Timber cut, total value . . . . . . . Commercial and cost sales: 1 Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Free use: Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Value 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Misc. forest products: Value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Livestock grazing: 3 Cattle and horses 4 . Sheep and goats . . . Roads and trails: Road construction 5 . Trail construction 5 6 . Unit . . Mil. dol . . Mil. bd. . . Mil. dol . . Mil. bd. . . Mil. dol . . Mil. dol 1970 309 11,527 308 179 0.3 0.7 1,607 2,105 942 278 300 284 4 11 73 72 1 30 29 1 1980 737 9,178 730 2,070 5.7 1.1 1,521 1,328 925 2,419 703 625 16 62 240 234 7 73 65 8 1985 725 10,941 721 399 2.2 1.7 1,565 1,183 1,903 987 636 515 9 112 229 212 17 60 55 5 1988 1,243 12,649 1,240 223 1.2 2.0 1,313 1,067 1,352 1,834 980 888 9 83 325 317 8 104 92 12 1989 1,313 11,951 1,310 214 1.2 2.2 1,526 972 866 1,944 1,051 910 11 130 368 354 15 111 96 15 1990 1,191 10,500 1,188 151 1.0 2.6 1,236 958 857 1,635 971 849 10 112 368 358 10 106 91 14 1991 1,012 8,475 1,009 121 1.0 2.7 1,265 1,029 910 1,921 772 667 11 93 335 327 8 88 73 16 1992 938 7,290 935 80 0.8 2.7 1,216 1,017 853 1,976 614 520 11 84 322 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1993 918 5,917 914.6 80 0.8 2.8 (NA) (NA) 816 1976 503 425 11 67 323 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

. . . . . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . . . . Miles . . . . . . . . . . Miles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. dol dol dol dol dol dol dol

Receipts, total . . . . . . . Timber use . . . . . . . . Grazing use . . . . . . . Special land use, etc . Payments to local govt. 7 25-percent fund 8 . . . . Other 9 . . . . . . . . . .

Allotments to Forest Service 10 . . . Mil. dol Roads and trails . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. dol Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. dol

NA Not available. 1 Includes land exchanges. 2 Includes some free use timber not reducible to board feet. 3 For 1970, data for livestock permitted to graze; thereafter, for number actually grazed. Calendar-year data, prior to 1980. Excludes Puerto 4 5 Rico. Excludes animals under 6 months of age. 1970 includes swine. Beginning 1980, includes burros. Includes reconstruction. 6 Beginning 1980, includes work accomplished by Human Resource Programs and volunteers. 7 Payments 8 9 made in following year. Includes Tongass Alaska suspense account. Includes Arizona and New Mexico School Fund 10 For use in (through 1980), State of Minnesota, and receipts paid to counties under Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act. following year. Source: U.S. Forest Service. In Agricultural Statistics, annual; and unpublished data.

No. 1148. Forest and Timberland Area, Sawtimber and Stock: 1970 to 1992
[As of Jan. 1] TIMBERLAND, OWNERSHIP YEAR AND REGION Total forest land (mil. acres) All ownerships (mil. acres) 504 154 203 65 82 485 154 197 61 72 490 158 199 63 70 State, county, Federally and owned or managed 2 municipal (mil. acres) (mil. acres) 116 11 15 42 47 97 11 16 39 31 97 11 16 40 30 29 18 3 2 5 34 19 4 3 8 35 19 4 3 8
1

SAWTIMBER, NET VOLUME 3 Total (bil. bd. ft.) 2,587 295 569 398 1,325 2,853 459 781 411 1,202 2,992 540 842 415 1,196 Softwood (bil. bd. ft.) 2,035 81 302 384 1,268 2,040 126 388 394 1,132 2,047 137 389 397 1,124

GROWING STOCK, NET VOLUME 4 Total (bil. cu. ft.) 694 146 191 101 257 766 190 245 108 223 786 207 251 110 218 Softwood (bil. cu. ft.) 458 39 87 95 238 453 48 106 100 199 450 51 103 101 195

Private (mil. acres) 360 126 185 20 29 354 124 177 20 32 358 127 179 20 32

United States, 1970 . North . . . . . . . . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rocky Mountains . . . . . . Pacific Coast . . . . . . . . . United States, 1987 . North . . . . . . . . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rocky Mountains . . . . . . Pacific Coast . . . . . . . . . United States, 1992 . North . . . . . . . . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rocky Mountains . . . . . . Pacific Coast . . . . . . . . .

754 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 731 165 203 142 220 737 168 212 140 217

NA Not available. 1 Timberland is forest land that is producing or is capable of crops of industrial wood and not withdrawn from timber utilization by statute or administrative regulation. Areas qualifying as timberland have the capability of producing in excess of 20 cubic feet per acre per year of industrial wood in natural stands. Currently inaccessible and inoperable areas are included. 2 Includes Indian lands. 3 Sawtimber is timber suitable for sawing into lumber. Live trees of commercial species containing at least one 12-foot sawlog or two noncontiguous 8-foot logs, and meeting regional specifications for freedom from defect. Softwood trees must be at least 9.0-inches diameter, and hardwood trees must be at least 11.0-inches diameter at 4 1/2 feet above ground. International 1/4-inch rule. 4 Live trees of commercial species meeting specified standards of quality or vigor. Cull trees are excluded. Includes only trees 5.0-inches diameter or larger at 4 1/2 feet above ground. Source: U.S. Forest Service, Forest Resources of the United States, 1992.

696

Natural Resources
No. 1149. National Forest System Land—States and Other Areas: 1990 and 1992
[In thousands of acres. As of Sept. 30. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 10-11] GROSS AREA WITHIN UNIT BOUNDARIES 1 1990 1992 231,502 1,288 24,345 11,887 3,490 24,401 16,037 (Z) 1,254 1,846 (Z) 21,674 840 644 116 2,102 1,022 93 4,895 5,467 2,310 3,082 19,102 442 6,275 825 10,367 13 3,165 1,106 833 465 17,504 744 1,376 2,352 1,212 1,994 9,186 816 3,223 10,061 1,863 2,023 9,704 NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM LAND 2 1990 191,324 658 22,220 11,239 2,509 20,619 14,462 1,128 859 20,438 266 188 108 670 601 53 2,816 2,810 1,150 1,475 16,806 352 5,797 720 9,321 13 1,232 1,106 203 297 15,651 513 607 1,996 628 753 8,099 340 1,645 9,151 1,025 1,517 9,255 1992 191,453 659 22,193 11,247 2,529 20,616 14,467 (Z) 1,135 860 (Z) 20,441 268 189 108 673 601 53 2,849 2,815 1,153 1,478 16,806 352 5,801 721 9,321 13 1,234 1,106 212 301 15,655 513 609 2,013 628 755 8,099 345 1,648 9,160 1,025 1,518 9,255 OTHER LANDS WITHIN UNIT BOUNDARIES 1990 40,119 622 2,126 642 981 3,782 1,577 118 987 1,236 573 456 8 1,431 422 40 2,069 2,657 1,160 1,606 2,295 90 478 105 1,046 1,934 630 165 1,851 231 768 349 585 1,241 1,087 475 1,578 899 838 506 449 1992 40,049 629 2,152 641 961 3,785 1,570 119 986 1,233 572 455 8 1,428 421 40 2,046 2,652 1,157 1,603 2,296 90 474 104 1,045 1,932 (Z) 622 164 1,849 231 767 339 585 1,240 1,087 471 1,575 901 838 505 449

STATE United States. . . . . . . . . . . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,443 1,280 24,345 11,880 3,490 24,401 16,039 1,246 1,846 21,674 840 644 116 2,102 1,022 93 4,885 5,467 2,310 3,082 19,101 442 6,275 825 10,367 13 3,165 1,106 833 461 17,502 744 1,376 2,344 1,212 1,994 9,186 815 3,223 10,050 1,863 2,023 9,704

Colorado. . . Connecticut . Delaware . . Florida . . . . Georgia . . . Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . . Maryland

Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri . . . . .

Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon. . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 Comprises all publicly and privately owned land within - Represents zero. Z Less than half the unit of measure. authorized boundaries of national forests, purchase units, national grasslands, land utilization projects, research and experimental areas, and other areas. 2 Federally owned land within the ‘‘gross area within unit boundaries.’’

Source: U.S. Forest Service, Land Areas of the National Forest System, annual.

Public Lands—Timber-Based Industries
No. 1150. Public Lands—Disposal: 1980 to 1993
[For fiscal year ending in year shown: see text, section 9. Period figures are totals, not annual averages. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series J 10-15 and J 28-32] ITEM Applications, entries, and selections allowed 1 . . . Applications, entries, and selections approved 1 . . Patents and certificates 1 . Mineral class, total . . . . . Leases . . . . . . . . . . . Permits 2 . . . . . . . . . . Licenses . . . . . . . . . . Grazing Leases 3 . . . . . . Permits 4 . . . . . . . . . . . Unit 1,000 acres 1980 1,167 1985 1,404 1987 1 1,812 3,000 89,789 89,546 231 12 7,164 12,368 1988 1 1,387 5,419 82,585 82,450 121 14 7,197 12,537 1989 1 579 780 83,762 83,656 96 10 7,263 12,362 1990 7 238 1,052 81,355 81,248 96 11 7,105 12,153 1991 1 436 476 83,358 83,259 88 11 7,185 12,312 1992 1 1,219 1,585 72,337 72,192 121 24 7,036 12,128

697

1993 819 1,460 59,631 59,523 84 24 6,994 12,069

1,000 acres 175 6,491 1,000 acres 2,495 4,217 Number . . . 106,125 119,419 Number . . . 105,963 119,101 Number . . . 132 316 Number . . . 30 2 Number . . . 7,700 7,387 Number . . . 14,741 12,493

1 - Represents or rounds to zero. Excludes Indian fee and reissue trust and corrective patents. 2 Excludes free-use permits for disposition of mineral materials. 3 Beginning 1985, as of September 30. 4 Licenses and permits within grazing districts. Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Public Land Statistics, annual.

No. 1151. Timber-Based Industries—Summary of Manufactures: 1991 and 1992
[Data based on 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Manual, published by the Office of Management and Budget, see text, section 26. N.e.c. = Not elsewhere classified] 1991 INDUSTRY SIC 1 code All employees Number (1,000) 207.6 78.1 129.5 26.1 2.0 209.9 84.9 57.1 17.3 31.7 18.9 39.8 6.2 27.1 6.5 54.1 35.1 19.0 90.9 11.7 21.0 58.1 16.8 130.3 50.6 198.6 8.7 108.7 12.9 17.6 50.7 224.3 15.4 34.2 35.4 17.9 17.0 38.8 24.5 10.1 30.9 Payroll (mil. dol.) 4,307 1,561 2,747 462 36 4,487 1,836 1,139 320 810 382 634 100 413 120 1,106 714 392 1,706 233 537 936 697 5,224 2,027 5,392 150 3,047 341 411 1,443 6,043 492 992 875 398 408 1,343 616 209 711 Value of shipments (bil. dol.) 28.9 11.4 17.5 1.7 0.2 21.4 9.0 4.2 1.9 4.6 1.8 2.9 0.4 2.0 0.4 6.0 3.9 2.0 9.5 2.6 3.0 3.8 5.3 33.3 15.0 30.6 0.6 18.0 1.9 2.7 7.4 44.6 3.1 7.4 5.1 2.7 2.3 15.6 2.7 1.4 4.3 1992 All employees Number (1,000) 221.7 83.6 138.1 28.5 1.8 224.6 85.9 63.0 20.2 313 24.3 40.0 5.9 28.6 5.5 56.2 37.1 19.1 84.9 11.0 22.9 51.0 15.9 130.7 51.5 199.0 6.6 111.0 12.4 15.4 53.6 229.2 18.2 32.3 38.4 18.7 15.6 40.5 24.9 9.3 31.2 Payroll (mil. dol.) 4,739 1,693 3,046 502 31 5,027 1,973 1,311 400 828 516 639 101 448 90 1,230 813 416 1,740 237 613 890 688 5,425 2,135 5,710 129 3,247 337 386 1,610 6,521 560 1,032 979 440 373 1,451 672 218 795 Value of shipments (bil. dol.) 31.3 13.8 17.5 2.0 0.1 24.9 9.6 5.0 2.3 5.5 2.5 2.9 0.4 2.1 0.3 6.6 4.5 2.1 10.3 2.7 3.9 3.7 5.5 32.8 16.1 32.6 0.4 19.7 1.9 2.5 8.0 46.0 3.7 7.6 5.7 2.8 2.0 15.5 2.8 1.4 4.4

Logging and sawmills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sawmills and planing mills, general . . . . . . . . . . . . Hardwood dimension and flooring mills. . . . . . . . . . Special product sawmills, n.e.c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Millwork and veneer 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Millwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wood kitchen cabinets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hardwood veneer and plywood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Softwood veneer and plywood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Structural wood members, n.e.c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wood containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nailed and lock corner wood boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . Wood pallets and skids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wood containers, n.e.c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wood buildings, mobile homes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mobile homes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prefabricated wood buildings and components . . . . Miscellaneous wood products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wood preserving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reconstituted wood products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wood products, n.e.c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pulp mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paper mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paperboard mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paperboard containers and boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setup paperboard boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corrugated and solid fiber boxes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fiber cans, tubes, drums, & similar prods. . . . . . . . Sanitary food containers, except folding . . . . . . . . . Folding paperboard boxes, incl. sanitary . . . . . . . . . Converted paper and paperboard products 3 . . . . . . Packaging paper & plastics film, coated & laminated. Coated and laminated paper, n.e.c . . . . . . . . . . . . Plastics, foil, and coated paper bags . . . . . . . . . . . Uncoated paper and multiwall bags . . . . . . . . . . . . Die-cut paper and paperboard and cardboard . . . . . Sanitary paper products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Envelopes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stationery, tablets, and related products . . . . . . . . . Converted paper and paperboard products, n.e.c . . .

241/242 2411 2421 2426 2429 243 2431 2434 2435 2436 2439 244 2441 2448 2449 245 2451 2452 249 2491 2493 2499 261 262 263 265 2652 2653 2655 2656 2657 267 2671 2672 2673 2674 2675 2676 2677 2678 2679

1 2 3 Standard Industrial Classification code; see text, section 13. Includes plywood and structural members. Except containers and boxes. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Manufactures, 1987 Final Industry Series, MC87-I-24A-D and MC87-I-26A-C, and Annual Survey of Manufactures.

698

Natural Resources
No. 1152. Timber Products—Production, Foreign Trade, and Consumption, by Type of Product: 1970 to 1988

[In millions of cubic feet, roundwood equivalent. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 72-97] ITEM Industrial roundwood: Domestic production . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . Consumption. . . . . . . Lumber: Domestic production Plywood and veneer: Domestic production Pulp products: Domestic production Logs: Imports . . . . . . . . . . Pulpwood chips, exports . Fuelwood consumption. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Unit cu. cu. cu. cu. ft.. ft.. ft.. ft.. 1970 1975 1980 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988, prel. 14,985 4,445 3,200 16,230 6,920 1,630 4,885 15 215 3,360 79.5 65.9 13.6 221.0 37.0 0.3

. 11,105 10,575 12,120 12,065 12,725 12,515 13,845 14,670 . 2,430 2,215 3,250 3,710 4,165 4,340 4,375 4,575 . 1,540 1,685 2,350 2,110 2,060 2,070 2,300 2,650 . 11,995 11,105 13,020 13,665 14,830 14,785 15,920 16,595 5,215 1,020 3,835 25 145 540 61.1 58.5 2.6 193.0 34.0 0.3 4,890 1,165 3,485 15 195 570 54.0 51.4 2.6 171.0 32.0 0.2 5,300 1,175 4,390 25 275 3,105 70.8 57.2 13.6 188.0 30.0 0.3 5,370 1,365 4,165 30 155 3,235 72.0 58.2 13.8 190.0 34.0 0.3 5,770 1,400 4,355 30 145 3,620 77.9 62.6 15.3 205.0 34.0 0.3 5,665 1,420 4,165 20 145 3,450 76.2 61.8 14.4 207.0 35.0 0.3 6,545 1,505 4,545 15 150 3,115 78.8 65.9 12.9 224.0 37.0 0.3 6,990 1,650 4,670 15 160 3,150 81.0 68.0 12.9 233.0 39.0 0.3

. . . . . . Mil. cu. ft.. . . . . . . . Mil. cu. ft.. . . . . . . . Mil. cu. ft.. . . . . . . . Mil. cu. ft.. . . . . . . . Mil. cu. ft.. . . . . . . . Mil. cu. ft.. . . . . . .

Cu. ft . . . . Cu. ft . . . . Cu. ft . . . . Bd. ft . . . . Bd. ft . . . . Cords Pulp products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (128 cu. ft.)

Timber products, per capita Industrial roundwood . . . . . . . . Fuelwood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lumber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plywood and veneer . . . . . . . .

Source: U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Timber Production, Trade, Consumption, and Price Statistics, 1960-88, annual.

No. 1153. Lumber Consumption, by Species Group and End Use: 1970 to 1992
[In million board feet, except per capita in board feet. Per capita consumption based on estimated resident population as of July 1] ITEM Total . . . . . . . . . . . Per capita . . . . . . . . . . . Species group: Softwoods . . . . . . . . . Hardwoods . . . . . . . . 1970 39.9 194 32.0 7.9 1986 57.0 237 48.0 9.0 1991 54.8 217 44.0 10.8 1992 END-USE ... and ... . . . . . . . . . . . . 1970 13.3 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.7 6.8 1976 17.0 5.7 4.5 4.9 5.9 6.7 1986 19.3 10.1 5.3 4.8 6.8 10.9 1991 15.0 11.6 5.4 5.6 8.2 8.8

56.0 New housing . . . . . Residential upkeep 219 improvements . . . . New nonresidential construction 1 . . . . 45.7 Manufacturing. . . . . 10.3 Shipping . . . . . . . . Other 2 . . . . . . . . .

1 In addition to new construction, includes railroad ties laid as replacements in existing track and lumber used by railroads for railcar repair. 2 Includes upkeep and improvement of nonresidential buildings and structures; made-at-home projects, such as furniture, boats, and picnic tables; made-on-the-job items such as advertising and display structures; and miscellaneous products and uses.

Source: U.S. Forest Service. The 1993 RPA Timber Assessment Update, forthcoming.

No. 1154. Selected Timber Products—Producer Price Indexes: 1980 to 1994
[See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 206-210] PRODUCT Lumber and wood products, except furniture . . Logging camps and logging contractors . . . Sawmills and planing mills . . . . . . . . . . . . Millwork, veneer, and plywood 1. . . . . . . . . Softwood plywood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wood containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wood buildings and mobile homes . . . . . . . . Particleboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paper and allied products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pulp mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paper mill products; except building paper. . Paperboard mills. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Converted paper and paperboard products 2 Paperboard containers and boxes . . . . . . . NA Not available.
1

Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dec. 1984=100 . Dec. 1981=100 . Dec. 1984=100 . Dec. 1984=100 . Dec. 1980=100 . June 1985=100 . Dec. 1984=100 . Dec. 1982=100 . Dec. 1984=100 . Dec. 1982=100 . June 1981=100 . Dec. 1982=100 . June 1993=100 . Dec. 1984=100 .
2

1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 91.4 (NA) (NA) 92.1 (NA) 105.5 93.5 97.3 (NA) (NA)

1985 100.3 94.8 99.7 99.9 90.0 (NA) 100.6 110.0 98.8 100.9 109.5 112.0 (NA) 98.4

1990 117.0 135.6 113.7 115.4 102.5 113.9 115.5 117.1 121.9 153.8 134.0 146.0 (NA) 117.7

1992 129.7 151.3 131.3 128.4 124.2 123.5 121.5 120.7 121.2 118.5 126.6 142.6 (NA) 118.5

1993 148.3 186.4 161.8 142.8 145.4 141.7 129.5 138.6 120.2 105.8 126.6 138.3 (NA) 118.0

1994 154.4 192.6 165.2 148.7 153.1 147.4 139.8 156.2 123.6 117.2 128.4 152.2 100.6 123.7

Includes structural wood members.

Excludes containers and boxes.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Producer Price Indexes, monthly.

Lumber Production

699

No. 1155. Selected Species—Stumpage Prices In Current and Constant (1982) Dollars: 1980 to 1993
[In dollars per 1,000 board feet. Stumpage prices are based on sales of sawtimber from National Forests. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 199-205] SPECIES CURRENT DOLLARS Softwoods: Douglas fir 1 . . . . . . . . Southern pine 2 . . . . . . Sugar pine 3 . . . . . . . . Ponderosa pine 3 4 . . . . Western hemlock 5 . . . . Hardwoods: All eastern hardwoods 6. Oak, white, red, and black 6 . . . . . . . . . . . Maple, sugar 7 . . . . . . . CONSTANT (1982) DOLLARS 8 Softwoods: Douglas fir 1 . . . . . . . . Southern pine 2 . . . . . . Sugar pine 3 . . . . . . . . Ponderosa pine 3 4 . . . . Western hemlock 5 . . . . Hardwoods: All eastern hardwoods 6. Oak, white, red, and black 6 . . . . . . . . . . . Maple, sugar 7 . . . . . . . 1980 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993

432 155 667 206 213 52 66 70

162 141 138 104 62 60 88 55

133 139 84 123 62 90 145 81

126 91 110 101 51 65 95 70

161 104 170 157 75 70 108 66

190 136 288 209 105 88 147 81

256 142 260 182 163 151 146 108

390 131 289 292 223 136 179 129

466 127 285 252 203 146 188 135

395 166 241 238 164 160 164 121

477 198 492 292 165 167 211 145

318 217 598 535 364 264 195 220

481 173 742 230 237 58 73 78

160 139 136 103 61 59 87 54

128 134 81 118 60 87 140 78

122 88 106 98 49 63 92 68

160 103 169 156 75 70 108 66

185 132 280 204 103 86 143 78

240 133 244 170 152 142 137 101

347 117 258 260 199 121 159 115

401 109 245 217 175 126 162 116

339 143 207 204 141 137 140 104

407 169 419 249 140 142 180 123

270 184 508 455 309 224 166 187

1 Western Washington and western Oregon. 2 Southern region. 3 Pacific Southwest region (formerly California region). 4 Includes Jeffrey pine. 5 Pacific Northwest region. 6 Eastern and Southern regions. 7 Eastern region. 8 Deflated by the producer price index, all commodities.

Source: U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Timber Production, Trade, Consumption, and Price Statistics, annual.

No. 1156. Lumber Production and Consumption, by Kind of Wood: 1988 to 1993
[In millions of board feet, except as indicated. Based on sample survey; see source for sampling variability. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 98-112 and L 122-137] ITEM Total production . . . . . . Softwoods 2 . . . . . . . . Hardwoods 2 . . . . . . . Domestic consumption . Percent net imports 3 Softwoods . . . . . . . . . Hardwoods. . . . . . . . . United States . North . . . . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

1988 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44,576 36,845 7,731 58,834 16.5 48,513 10,321 50,300 6,814 19,751 23,735

1989 43,576 36,040 7,536 58,847 16.7 47,975 10,872 49,960 6,797 19,695 23,468
2

1990

1

1991

1

1992 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 46,635 6,750 20,893 18,992

1993 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 45,247 6,767 21,239 17,242
3

. . . . . . . . . . .

43,466 36,224 7,242 54,482 15.7 45,003 9,480 48,451 6,917 20,110 21,423

40,031 33,250 6,781 51,134 15.5 41,998 9,136 44,794 6,620 18,885 19,290

NA Not available. minus exports.

New sample, based on the new MA-24T sample.

Includes types not shown separately.

Imports

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, series MA-24T, annual.

No. 1157. Wood Products—Production: 1980 to 1990
ITEM Hardwood flooring Softwood plywood Insulation boards 1 Hardboard 1 . . . . Particleboard . . . .
1

Unit . . . . . . . . . . Mil. bd. ft . . . . . Bil. sq. ft., 3/8‘‘ . 1,000 short tons Mil. sq. ft., 1/8’’ . Mil. sq. ft., 3/4‘‘ .

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990, prel. 205 20.7 474 5,025 3,806

. 78 83 75 98 110 122 145 174 193 206 . 15.5 15.5 15.1 18.3 18.9 19.3 20.4 21.1 22.9 21.4 . 1,051 845 593 713 785 735 732 605 529 460 . 6,140 6,104 5,587 7,303 6,837 6,300 5,822 5,458 5,118 5,196 . 2,950 2,869 2,393 3,009 3,196 3,331 3,603 3,706 3,829 3,858

Beginning 1982, data are for shipments.

Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, International Trade Administration, Forest Products Review, monthly (discontinued April 1983); and unpublished data. Based on reports of U.S. Bureau of the Census, National Oak Flooring Manufacturers Association and National Particleboard Association.

700

Natural Resources
No. 1158. Paper and Paperboard—Production, New Supply, and Ratio of New Supply to Real GDP: 1990 to 1993

[In thousands of short tons. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 172, L 174, and L 178-191] PRODUCTION 1990 Total paper . . . . . . Total paperboard. . . Unbleached Kraft. Semichemical . . . Bleached Kraft . . Recycled . . . . . .
1

ITEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

NEW SUPPLY 1993 1990 1991 1992 1993

RATIO OF NEW SUPPLY TO REAL GDP 1 1990 1991 9.734 7.566 3.656 1.126 0.777 2.007 1992 9.926 7.741 3.718 1.151 0.741 2.130 1993 9.980 7.799 3.595 1.125 0.738 2.342

1991

1992

. 39,361 39,084 40,973 41,745 49,494 47,379 49,424 51,244 10.106 . 39,423 40,416 41,985 43,213 36,406 36,826 38,543 40,045 7.434 . 20,357 20,950 21,658 21,447 17,780 17,794 18,515 18,456 3.631 . 5,640 5,552 5,762 5,672 5,609 5,482 5,730 5,774 1.145 . 4,399 4,572 4,503 4,583 3,638 3,781 3,690 3,788 0.743 . 9,026 9,332 10,063 11,510 9,378 9,768 10,608 12,026 1.915

GDP = Gross domestic product.

Source: American Forest and Paper Association, Washington, DC, Monthly Statistical Summary of Paper, Paperboard and Woodpulp.

No. 1159. Newsprint—Production, Stocks, Consumption, and Price Index: 1970 to 1992
[In thousands of metric tons, except price index. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 192-198] COUNTRY AND ITEM Canada: Production . . . . . . . . . . Shipments from mills . . . . . . . . Stocks at mills, end of year. . . . United States: Consumption, estimate . . . . . . Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shipments from mills . . . . . . . . Stocks, end of year: At mills . . . At and in transit to publishers. Producer price index (1982=100)
1

1970 7,808 7,795 236 6,468 3,142 3,136 33 749 34.1

1980 8,625 8,622 165 10,088 4,239 4,234 21 732 1 88.5

1985 8,890 8,899 288 11,507 4,924 4,927 57 910 105.3

1987 9,630 9,718 189 12,303 5,300 5,310 36 900 112.3

1988 9,840 9,740 288 12,245 5,427 5,415 48 932 127.6

1989 9,640 9,606 321 12,241 5,523 5,515 56 749 122.5

1990 9,068 9,074 315 12,125 5,997 6,007 46 801 119.5

1991 8,977 8,728 564 11,381 6,206 6,152 98 932 120.9

1992 8,931 9,143 351 11,634 6,424 6,464 59 938 109.9

Average for 11 months.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, monthly. Data from American Forest and Paper Association, Washington, DC, and Canadian Pulp & Paper Association.

No. 1160. Recovered Paper Utilization and Recovery Rates: 1970 to 1994
[In millions of short tons, except percent. Recovery rate is ratio of total recovered paper to new supply. Recovered paper utilization is the ratio of recovered paper consumption at paper and board mills to paper and board production. See Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 175, for U.S. wastepaper consumption] ITEM Paper and board, production 1 . . . . . . . . Recovered paper consumption . . . . . . . . Recovered paper utilization rate (percent) . Other recovered paper uses 2. . . . . . . . . Recovered paper exports. . . . . . . . . . . . Total paper recovered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paper and board, new supply 3 . . . . . . . . Recovery rate (percent) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1970 51.7 11.8 22.8 0.42 0.41 12.6 56.0 22.4 1980 63.6 14.9 23.5 0.47 2.64 17.9 67.2 26.7 1985 68.7 16.4 23.8 0.53 3.56 20.4 76.1 26.8 1988 78.1 19.7 25.2 0.70 5.95 26.2 85.5 30.6 1989 78.4 20.2 25.8 0.72 6.31 27.1 85.2 31.8 1990 80.3 21.7 27.1 1.00 6.51 29.1 86.7 33.6 1991 81.1 23.7 29.2 1.08 6.60 31.2 84.9 36.8
2

1992 84.6 26.2 31.0 1.10 6.45 33.6 88.1 38.1

1993 86.6 28.0 32.4 1.15 5.89 34.9 91.4 38.2
3

1994 90.5 30.0 33.1 1.20 7.71 38.6 95.4 40.5

1 Excludes hard pressed board; includes construction paper and board, and wet machine board. production of hard pressed board.

Estimated.

Excludes

Source: American Forest and Paper Association, Washington, DC, Statistics of Paper, Paperboard, and Woodpulp, annual; and unpublished data.

Timber Resources
No. 1161. Selected Wood Products—Production and Consumption: 1970 to 1989
[See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 151-170] ITEM PULPWOOD Receipts, total . . . . . . . Softwood . . . . . . . . . Hardwood . . . . . . . . Consumption, total . . . . Softwood . . . . . . . . . Hardwood . . . . . . . . Inventories 2 . . . . . . . . WOODPULP Production . . . . . . . . . Consumption, 3 total . . . Own pulp . . . . . . . . Purchased pulp . . . . PLYWOOD Softwood: Production . . . . . . . Consumption, total . Value. . . . . . . . . Hardwood: Production . . . . . . . Consumption, total . Value. . . . . . . . .
3

701

Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. cords cords cords cords cords cords cords
1 . 1 . 1

1970 . . . . . . 68.9 52.4 16.5 67.6 51.3 16.3 6.6

1975 65.4 49.3 16.2 65.4 48.9 16.5 6.6

1980 81.0 60.2 20.8 79.7 58.8 20.9 6.7

1984 88.0 62.9 25.2 87.0 62.0 24.9 5.2

1985 85.4 60.2 25.1 84.8 59.7 25.1 5.1

1986 90.6 63.3 27.3 91.1 63.1 28.1 4.7

1987 93.9 65.3 28.6 92.4 64.2 28.2 5.6

1988 95.1 65.8 29.3 95.3 65.9 29.4 5.3

1989 97.0 67.1 29.9 96.1 66.3 29.7 5.8

. 1 . 1 . 1 .
1

..

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

Mil. short tons Mil. short tons Mil. short tons Mil. short tons

43.9 43.2 38.9 4.3

43.1 42.4 38.5 3.9

53.0 52.4 46.6 5.9

57.8 57.5 50.3 7.2

57.7 56.6 49.7 7.0

60.6 60.0 52.6 7.5

62.4 61.2 53.8 7.4

64.1 62.8 54.9 7.9

64.6 62.7 54.9 7.8

. . . . . . . . Mil. sq. ft. 4 . . 14,149 15,706 15,483 18,865 19,341 20,363 22,312 22,233 (NA) (NA) 15,145 18,526 19,122 19,880 21,503 22,277 . . . . . . . . Mil. sq. ft. 4 . . . . . . . . . . Mil. dol. . . . . 949 (NA) 2,582 2,995 3,080 3,237 3,483 3,513 . . . . . . . . Mil. sq. ft. 5 . . . . . . . . . . Mil. sq. ft. 5 . . . . . . . . . . Mil. dol. . . . . 1,904 5,772 516 1,280 4,970 586 1,311 3,416 977 1,185 3,831 1,199 1,016 4,311 1,192 1,088 4,884 1,320 1,256 4,918 1,471 1,217 4,193 1,405
2

20,919 20,904 3,734 1,213 (NA) 1,392

- Represents or rounds to zero. NA Not available. 1 Standard cords. 128 cubic feet roughwood bases. In the manufacture of paper and board. 4 3/8‘‘ basis. 5 Surface measure. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, series MA26-A, MA24-H, and MA24-F.

As of Dec. 31.

No. 1162. Selected Timber Products—Imports and Exports: 1970 to 1993
ITEM IMPORTS
1

Unit

1970

1980

1985

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993, prel. 15,625 97.6 15,260 4,787 335 224 94 77.7 86 41 8 9 13,971 8,527 5,413 1,860 1,798 677

Lumber, total 2 . . . From Canada Softwoods . . . . Value . . . . . . Hardwoods. . . . Value . . . . . . Logs, total . . . . . . From Canada Softwoods . . . . Value . . . . . . Hardwoods. . . . Value . . . . . . Paper and board 4 Value . . . . . . . Woodpulp . . . . . . Value . . . . . . . Plywood . . . . . . . Value . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Mil. bd. ft . . Percent . . . Mil. bd. ft . . Mil. dol . . . Mil. bd. ft . . Mil. dol . . . Mil. bd. ft.3 . Percent . . . Mil. bd. ft.3 . Mil. dol . . . Mil. bd. ft.3 . Mil. dol . . . 1,000 tons . Mil. dol . . . 1,000 tons . Mil. dol . . . Mil. sq. ft.5 . Mil. dol . . .

6,114 96.0 5,778 434 337 62 144 79.6 107 9 38 5 7,115 1,039 3,518 483 2,049 208

9,866 97.5 9,573 1,826 293 152 128 97.4 114 17 13 3 8,780 3,418 4,051 1,684 1,235 409

14,996 97.6 14,632 2,898 364 180 99 81.8 71 17 28 4 11,522 5,698 4,466 1,521 1,817 463

14,226 97.5 13,841 2,939 386 238 68 91.9 56 15 12 3 13,110 8,002 4,938 2,608 1,698 577

15,277 91.3 14,928 2,875 349 152 42 61.5 24 12 18 17 13,100 8,330 5,105 3,037 1,955 516

12,159 98.5 11,927 2,534 232 141 28 67.5 18 7 10 10 13,148 8,427 4,893 2,831 1,687 537

11,756 98.3 11,545 2,507 210 142 15 74.5 9 6 6 6 12,167 7,929 4,997 2,132 1,457 457

13,474 98.3 13,214 3,310 260 176 46 88.9 40 20 7 6 12,543 7,899 5,029 2,094 1,776 574

EXPORTS Lumber, total 2 . . . . . . . . To: Canada . . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . . Europe . . . . . . . Softwoods . . . . . . . . . Value . . . . . . . . . . . Hardwoods. . . . . . . . . Value . . . . . . . . . . . Logs, total . . . . . . . . . . . To: Canada . . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . . China: Mainland . Softwoods . . . . . . . . . Value . . . . . . . . . . . Hardwoods. . . . . . . . . Value . . . . . . . . . . . Paper and board 4 . . . . . Value . . . . . . . . . . . . Woodpulp . . . . . . . . . . . Value . . . . . . . . . . . . Plywood . . . . . . . . . . . . Value . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Mil. bd. ft . . Percent . . . Percent . . . Percent . . . Mil. bd. ft . . Mil. dol . . . Mil. bd. ft . . Mil. dol . . . Mil. bd. ft.3 . Percent . . . Percent . . . Percent . . . Mil. bd. ft.3 . Mil. dol . . . Mil. bd. ft.3 . Mil. dol . . . 1,000 tons . Mil. dol . . . 1,000 tons . Mil. dol . . . Mil. sq. ft.5 . Mil. dol . . .

1,243 21.7 30.8 24.1 1,115 163 128 31 2,741 10.6 86.3 (NA) 2,672 320 69 36 2,817 602 3,095 464 172 16

2,494 25.3 26.0 23.8 2,007 789 487 272 3,261 9.7 78.0 2.7 3,109 1,452 152 129 5,214 2,773 3,806 1,652 413 108

1,945 23.7 32.1 15.1 1,518 497 427 263 3,843 11.6 49.4 27.8 3,732 1,169 111 91 4,071 2,266 3,796 1,354 358 86

4,527 17.6 34.5 20.5 3,266 1,143 1,261 683 4,798 7.9 50.3 23.4 4,594 2,090 204 160 5,691 3,753 5,528 2,915 1,093 247

4,243 15.6 38.1 16.6 3,379 1,404 863 659 4,745 5.8 63.5 9.6 4,532 2,176 214 223 6,300 4,261 6,231 3,513 1,562 292

3,802 18.1 33.5 19.1 2,941 1,336 861 818 4,262 9.3 62.5 8.5 4,044 2,170 218 251 6,796 5,035 5,906 3,156 1,767 338

3,997 15.1 30.5 19.6 3,055 1,358 942 879 3,816 11.2 56.7 9.7 3,532 1,870 283 234 8,331 6,006 6,337 2,800 1,552 295

3,603 17.3 30.9 21.2 2,613 1,363 990 988 3,316 12.6 62.1 7.1 3,092 1,925 224 238 8,971 6,392 7,222 3,114 1,759 366

3,385 17.4 36.3 15.9 2,376 1,372 1,008 1,077 2,877 13.6 65.4 4.6 2,640 2,237 237 253 9,126 6,541 6,499 2,389 1,648 401

NA Not available. 1 Customs value of imports; see text, section 29. 2 Includes railroad ties. 3 Log scale. 4 Includes paper and board products. Excludes hardboard. 5 3/8 inch basis. Source: U.S. Foreign Agricultural Service, Trade, Consumption, and Price Statistics: 1960-89, forthcoming, and unpublished data.

702

Natural Resources

No. 1163. Fishery Products—Domestic Catch and Imports, Summary: 1970 to 1993
[Live weight, in millions of pounds, except percent. 1979-1993 preliminary. For data on commercial catch for selected countries, see table 1404, section 30. See Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 224-226, for domestic catch] ITEM Total . . . . For human food . . Finfish . . . . . . Shellfish 1 . . . . For industrial use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1970 1980 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 20,334 13,821 10,796 3,025 6,513 10,467 51.5 8,214 6,746 1,468 2,253 9,867 48.5 5,607 4,026 1,581 4,260

. 11,474 11,357 12,552 15,150 14,368 15,744 14,628 15,485 16,349 16,364 16,106 . 6,213 8,006 8,498 9,337 9,620 10,561 10,505 12,268 12,662 13,020 13,242 . (NA) 6,139 6,303 6,991 7,087 7,919 7,786 9,735 10,120 10,186 10,297 . (NA) 1,867 2,195 2,346 2,533 2,642 2,719 2,533 2,542 2,834 2,945 . 5,261 3,351 4,054 5,813 4,748 5,183 4,123 3,217 3,687 3,344 2,864 . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,917 42.8 2,537 (NA) (NA) 2,380 6,557 57.2 3,676 (NA) (NA) 2,881 6,482 57.1 3,654 2,516 1,138 2,828 4,875 42.9 4,352 3,623 729 523 6,438 51.3 3,320 2,348 972 3,118 6,114 48.7 5,178 3,955 1,223 936 6,258 41.3 3,294 2,273 1,021 2,964 8,892 58.7 6,043 4,718 1,325 2,849 6,031 42.0 3,393 2,240 1,153 2,638 8,337 58.0 6,227 4,847 1,380 2,110 6,896 43.8 3,946 2,769 1,177 2,950 8,848 56.2 6,615 5,150 1,465 2,233 7,192 49.2 4,588 3,306 1,282 2,604 7,436 50.8 5,917 4,480 1,437 1,519 8,463 54.7 6,204 4,897 1,307 2,259 7,022 45.3 6,064 4,838 1,226 958 9,404 57.5 7,041 5,747 1,294 2,363 6,945 42.5 5,621 4,373 1,248 1,324 9,484 58.0 7,031 5,564 1,467 2,453 6,879 42.0 5,989 4,622 1,367 890 9,637 59.8 7,618 6,182 1,436 2,019 6,469 40.2 5,624 4,115 1,509 845

Domestic catch . . Percent of total For human food . Finfish . . . . . . Shellfish 1 . . . For industrial use

Imports 2 . . . . . . . . Percent of total . For human food . . Finfish . . . . . . . Shellfish 1 . . . . For industrial use 3

1 For univalve and bivalve mollusks (conchs, clams, oysters, scallops, etc.), the weight of meats, NA Not available. excluding the shell, is reported. 2 Excludes imports of edible fishery products consumed in Puerto Rico; includes landings of tuna caught by foreign vessels in American Samoa. 3 Fish meal and sea herring.

Source: U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Fishery Statistics of the United States, annual; and Fisheries of the United States, annual.

No. 1164. Fisheries—Employment, Fishing Craft, and Establishments: 1970 to 1992
[In thousands. As of Dec. 31. 1979-92 preliminary. Data for employment and establishments exclude Alaska. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 254-261] ITEM Persons employed in U.S. . . . Fishermen . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shore workers 2 . . . . . . . . . Craft used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vessels, 5 net tons and over . Motorboats . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boats . . . . . . . . . . . . Fishery shore establishments. 1970 227 140 87 88 14 72 2 3.7 1980 296 193 103 113 19 93 1 3.6 1983 333 223 110 127 21 105 1 3.9 1984 340 230 110 127 24 102 1 4.0 1985 351 239 112 130 24 104 2 4.0 1986 347 247 100 128 38 88 2 4.0 1987 359 256 103
3 93 3 23 3 68 3

1988 1989 364 274 90 110 3 32 3 78 (NA) 4.6
3

1

1990

1

1991

1

19921 (NA) (NA) 72 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 4.9

(NA) (NA) 73 111 36 75 (NA) 4.5

(NA) (NA) 72 95 32 63 (NA) 4.6

(NA) (NA) 73 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 4.6

2

4.2

NA Not available. 1 Estimated and excludes Mississippi River. Maryland and Virginia represent only Federal collected data. 2 Seasonal average for processors and wholesaling plants. 3 Excludes Maryland and Virginia. Source: U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Fishery Statistics of the United States, annual; and Fisheries of the United States, annual.

No. 1165. Fisheries—Quantity and Value of Domestic Catch: 1970 to 1993
[1979-1993 preliminary. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 224-226, L 229, and L 310] QUANTITY (mil. lb. 1) YEAR For human food 2,537 2,441 2,435 2,398 2,496 2,465 2,775 2,952 3,177 3,318 3,654 3,547 For industrial products 2 2,380 2,577 2,371 2,460 2,471 2,412 2,613 2,319 2,851 2,949 2,828 2,430 Value (mil. dol.) Average price per lb. (cents) 12.5 13.0 15.6 19.3 18.7 20.0 25.0 29.5 30.7 35.6 34.5 40.0 YEAR QUANTITY (mil. lb. 1) For human food 3,285 3,238 3,320 3,294 3,393 3,946 4,588 6,204 7,041 7,031 7,618 8,214 For industrial products 2 3,082 3,201 3,118 2,964 2,638 2,950 2,604 2,259 2,363 2,453 2,019 2,253 Value (mil. dol.) Average price per lb. (cents) 37.5 36.6 36.5 37.2 45.8 45.2 48.9 38.3 37.5 34.9 38.2 33.2

Total

Total

1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981
1

. . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . .

4,917 5,018 4,806 4,858 4,967 4,877 5,388 5,271 6,028 6,267 6,482 5,977
2

613 651 748 937 932 977 1,349 1,554 1,854 2,234 2,237 2,388

1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993

. . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . .

6,367 6,439 6,438 6,258 6,031 6,896 7,192 8,463 9,404 9,484 9,637 10,467

2,390 2,355 2,350 2,326 2,763 3,115 3,520 3,238 3,522 3,308 3,678 3,471

Live weight.

Meal, oil, fish solubles, homogenized condensed fish, shell products, bait, and animal food.

Source: U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Fishery Statistics of the United States, annual; and Fisheries of the United States, annual.

Domestic Fisheries—Catch
No. 1166. Domestic Fisheries—Catch, by Selected Ports: 1985 to 1993
[See Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 236-253, for data on quantity and value of catch] PORT New Bedford, MA . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dutch Harbor-Unalaska, AK . . . . . . Kodiak, AK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dulac-Chauvin, LA . . . . . . . . . . . . Empire-Venice, LA . . . . . . . . . . . . Gloucester, MA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Petersburg, AK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cordova, AK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cape May-Wildwood, NJ . . . . . . . . Point Judith, RI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Portland, ME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ketchiken, AK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beaufort-Morehead City, NC. . . . . . Cameron, LA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Morgan City-Berwick, LA . . . . . . . . Pascagoula-Moss Point, MS. . . . . . Los Angeles, CA . . . . . . . . . . . . . Astoria, OR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Port Hueneme-Oxnard-Ventura, CA . Intercoastal City, LA . . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CATCH (mil. lb.) 1985 90.6 106.3 96.1 398.6 224.5 116.5 (NA) (NA) 30.3 56.8 36.1 (NA) 133.2 673.6 7.7 423.2 150.3 25.5 19.9 (NA) 1990 114.8 509.9 272.5 164.4 244.2 126.2 67.5 70.8 69.2 58.7 48.9 52.6 102.0 232.6 146.5 303.9 158.5 41.2 39.4 173.0 1991 106.4 731.7 287.3 166.8 309.4 107.2 90.3 47.5 93.1 64.7 63.4 68.5 137.0 288.4 112.3 227.3 141.5 53.0 52.0 211.4 1992 103.3 736.0 274.0 65.0 269.1 101.7 81.0 30.0 93.9 66.7 59.2 70.0 78.7 246.0 130.8 177.0 94.9 67.0 18.7 175.9 1993 1985 VALUE (mil. dol.) 1990 1991 1992

703

1993 107.5 161.2 81.5 48.0 52.3 31.3 32.8 10.7 36.2 35.2 49.1 27.0 15.6 27.4 13.0 10.7 13.7 19.0 10.3 11.0

82.1 103.2 160.4 157.7 151.8 793.9 21.3 126.2 130.6 194.0 374.2 65.8 101.7 96.9 90.0 142.4 59.9 52.7 50.1 52.1 335.4 34.3 46.3 50.2 50.1 67.6 37.1 40.5 40.0 34.1 110.2 (NA) 39.4 34.6 33.0 18.1 (NA) 36.8 19.5 17.0 95.0 18.1 34.4 40.1 34.9 60.4 28.0 32.2 37.5 36.6 86.1 17.2 31.7 44.1 43.6 100.6 (NA) 28.3 21.9 27.0 88.4 22.7 23.0 23.0 16.2 323.1 29.9 20.6 26.3 26.5 147.5 (NA) 19.7 9.4 14.3 169.7 18.4 18.8 15.1 12.4 99.8 32.5 21.3 17.4 14.6 68.0 9.5 16.2 17.0 19.0 39.9 5.4 12.5 14.0 10.7 202.7 (NA) 7.6 12.0 10.4

Source: U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Fisheries of the United States, annual.

No. 1167. Domestic Fish and Shellfish Catch and Value, by Species: 1985 to 1993
QUANTITY (1,000 lb.) SPECIES 1988-92 5-year average (X) (X) 80,859 453,996 347,282 104,642 128,219 1,931,671 2,506,943 724,855 (X) 137,159 537,548 56,353 31,805 19,583 35,412 337,347 65,250 55,219 1985 6,257,642 5,214,363 82,823 120,275 195,718 57,133 142,074 2,739,401 92,833 726,946 1,043,279 150,551 337,632 46,152 44,173 12,513 15,829 333,691 7,157 22,276 1990 9,403,571 8,091,068 95,881 526,396 254,519 113,095 108,120 1,962,160 3,108,031 733,146 1,312,503 139,198 499,416 61,017 29,193 1,135 39,917 346,494 59,809 36,082 1993 10,466,895 8,999,142 50,503 482,799 599,180 109,645 106,572 1,983,319 3,257,990 888,134 1,467,753 147,752 604,437 56,513 33,575 2 12,524 18,116 292,887 90,809 71,550 1985 2,326,237 1,193,427 35,140 18,556 129,121 2,968 47,025 100,680 5,409 439,795 1,132,810 128,349 203,044 114,895 70,053 1,281 74,562 472,850 7,256 4,047 VALUE ($1,000) 1990 3,521,995 1,900,097 61,329 91,384 112,921 5,746 32,178 93,896 268,344 612,367 1,621,898 130,194 483,837 154,677 93,718
2

1993 3,471,460 1,884,121 44,956 116,172 135,598 6,511 18,711 103,258 358,378 423,530 1,587,339 138,030 510,494 151,746 86,698 105,603 412,896 38,323 8,079

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fish, total 1 . . . . . . . . . . . Cod: Atlantic . . . . . . Pacific . . . . . . . Flounder . . . . . . . . . Herring, sea; Atlantic. Herring, sea; Pacific . Menhaden . . . . . . . Pollock, Alaska . . . . Salmon. . . . . . . . . . Shellfish, total 1 Clams . . . . . . . . . Crabs. . . . . . . . . . Lobsters: American . Oysters . . . . . . . . Scallops: Calico . . . Sea . . . . Shrimp . . . . . . . . . Squid: Atlantic . . . . Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

153,696 491,433 21,178 2,636

X Not applicable. 1 Includes other types of fish and shellfish, not shown separately. Source: U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Fisheries of the United States, annual.

No. 1168. Disposition of U.S. Domestic Catch: 1970 to 1993
[Live weight catch in millions of pounds. 1980-93 preliminary. In addition to whole fish, a large portion of waste (400-500 million lb.) derived from canning, filleting, and dressing fish and shellfish utilized in production of fish meal and oil in each year shown. See Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 305-310, for similar but not entirely comparable data] DISPOSITION Total . . . . . . . . . Fresh and frozen . . . . . . Canned . . . . . . . . . . . . Cured. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reduced to meal, oil, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1970 1975 1980 1985 1986 1987 6,896 3,157 1,009 89 2,641 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993

4,917 4,877 6,482 6,258 6,031 1,595 1,744 2,621 2,242 2,487 1,150 907 1,161 1,232 1,134 71 55 96 70 60 2,101 2,171 2,604 2,714 2,350

7,192 8,463 9,404 9,484 9,637 10,467 3,813 5,585 6,501 6,541 7,288 7,744 1,017 798 751 674 543 649 86 128 126 119 100 115 2,276 1,952 2,026 2,150 1,696 1,959

Source: U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Fishery Statistics of the United States, annual; and Fisheries of the United States, annual.

704

Natural Resources
No. 1169. U.S. Private Aquaculture—Trout and Catfish Production and Value: 1988 to 1994

[Periods are from Sept. 1 of the previous year to Aug. 31 of stated year. Data are for foodsize fish, those over 12 inches long] ITEM Unit 1988 70.5 56.0 57.9 1.03 0.8 1989 67.4 55.5 60.0 1.08 0.8 1990 67.8 56.8 64.6 1.14 0.8 1991 67.7 58.9 58.3 0.99 0.9 1992 64.5 55.2 51.0 0.92 0.9 1993 60.9 54.6 54.3 0.99 0.9 1994 58.3 52.1 52.7 1.01 0.9

TROUT Number sold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil . . . . . . Total weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. lb . . . . Total value of sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. dol . . . Average price received . . . . . . . . . . . . $/lb . . . . . . Average weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lb . . . . . . CATFISH Fish sold to processors . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. lb . . . . Avg. price paid by processors . . . . . . . Cents/lb. . . Value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. dol . . . Processor sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . Avg. price received by processors. Value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inventory (Jan. 1). . . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. lb . . Cents/lb. Mil. dol . Mil. lb . . . . . . . . . .

295.1 76.4 225.5 149.6 220.8 330.3 5.3

341.9 71.7 245.1 176.3 211.2 372.3 8.8

360.4 75.8 273.2 183.1 224.0 410.1 8.1

390.9 63.1 246.7 199.8 208.6 416.8 9.4

457.4 59.8 273.5 231.3 200.3 463.3 9.6

459.0 71.0 325.9 233.5 218.7 510.7 11.6

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 9.5

Source: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA.

No. 1170. Supply of Selected Fishery Items: 1980 to 1993
[In millions of pounds. Totals available for U.S. consumption are supply minus exports plus imports. Round weight is the complete or full weight as caught. Data are preliminary] ITEM Tuna, canned . . . . Shrimp . . . . . . . . . Clams . . . . . . . . . Salmon, canned . . . American lobster . . Spiny lobster . . . . . Scallops . . . . . . . . Sardines, canned . . Oysters . . . . . . . . Crab meat, canned . Snow crab . . . . . . King crab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit Canned weight . . Heads-off weight. Meat weight . . . . Canned weight . . Round weight. . . Round weight. . . Meat weight . . . . Canned weight . . Meat weight . . . . Canned weight . . Round weight. . . Round weight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 666 425 102 126 69 127 51 69 71 9 54 133 1984 777 584 144 150 100 153 87 58 84 7 23 13 1985 759 633 164 113 108 154 72 76 90 8 45 11 1987 866 773 151 76 116 151 79 77 92 8 29 14 1988 843 767 145 59 121 139 74 63 78 8 30 10 1989 1,028 743 150 159 85 89 79 61 66 8 58 18 1990 856 734 152 148 95 89 74 61 56 9 37 19 1991 933 744 144 131 107 85 62 52 47 11 60 20 1992 922 820 155 73 95 81 69 41 50 9 88 15 1993 835 840 156 114 92 76 66 41 48 9 66 8

Source: U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Fisheries of the United States, annual.

No. 1171. Canned, Fresh, and Frozen Fishery Products: 1980 to 1993
[Fresh fishery products exclude Alaska and Hawaii. Canned fishery products data are for natural pack only. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series L 338-357 (production data in cases) and L 358] PRODUCT Canned, 1 . . . Tuna . . . . . . . . Salmon. . . . . . . Clam products . . Mackerel 2 . . . . Sardines, Maine . Shrimp . . . . . . . Crabs. . . . . . . . Oysters 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4

PRODUCTION (mil. lb.) 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,516 602 200 77 38 20 16 5 (Z) 202 31 49 17 7 14 9 (NA) 74 1985 1,161 545 159 117 15 20 4 1 2 246 57 69 8 2 18 15 11 66 1990 1,178 581 196 110 23 13 1 1 1 441 65 54 7 1 33 12 164 105 1991 1,386 593 196 129 9 14 1 (Z) 1 473 71 48 8 1 22 8 152 163 1992 1,343 609 152 126 5 17 1 (Z) (NA) 449 65 46 5 1 19 9 165 139 1993 1615 619 199 116 (NA) 14 1 (Z) (Z) 409 54 35 4 1 18 8 154 135 1980 1,928 1,144 376 66 12 32 80 19 (Z) 261 43 87 29 9 13 9 (NA) 71 1985 1,360 821 228 109 7 38 19 2 2 440 89 157 19 3 25 17 24 106

VALUE (mil. dol.) 1990 1,562 902 366 76 11 17 3 4 1 843 132 154 24 1 53 21 174 284 1991 1,644 877 413 84 3 19 4 (Z) 2 1,021 180 147 30 1 36 18 206 403 1992 1,577 888 293 88 2 25 4 1 (NA) 912 158 120 19 3 30 19 205 358
2

1993 1,626 904 307 90 (NA) 25 4 1 (Z) 829 131 100 17 2 28 18 179 354 Includes

Fish fillets and steaks Cod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flounder . . . . . . . . . . . . Haddock . . . . . . . . . . . . Ocean perch, Atlantic . . . Rockfish . . . . . . . . . . . . Pollock, Atlantic . . . . . . . Pollock, Alaska . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

NA Not available. Z Less than 500,000 pounds or $500,000. 1 Includes other products, not shown separately. Jack and a small amount of Pacific mackerel. 3 Includes oyster specialties. 4 Fresh and frozen.

Source: U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Fisheries of the United States, annual.

Mineral Resources
No. 1172. Summary of Mineral Operations: 1963 to 1992
[Represents mineral operations only. Beginning 1967, excludes single unit establishments without paid employees. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series M 1-11] ITEM Establishments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . With 20 or more employees . . . . . . . . Including all operations in manufactures Excluding oil and gas extraction. . . . . . Employees, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Production workers 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . All other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Worker-hours, production workers 1 . . . . . Worker-hours per production workers . . Payroll, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wages, production workers 1. . . . . . . . Salaries, all other employees . . . . . . . Cost of supplies, etc. 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Value added in mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Metal mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coal mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oil and gas extraction . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonmetallic minerals mining . . . . . . . . Value of shipments and receipts 3 . . . . . . Capital expenditures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available.
1

705

Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number Number Number Number 1,000. . 1,000. . 1,000. . Million . 1,000. . Mil. dol. Mil. dol. Mil. dol. Mil. dol. Mil. dol. Mil. dol. Mil. dol. Mil. dol. Mil. dol. Mil. dol. Mil. dol.
2

1963 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38,651 5,499 40,532 19,290 616 482 134 973 2.0 3,743 2,680 1,063 8,974 15,910 1,418 1,727 11,020 1,745 18,804 3,264

1967 28,579 5,682 29,688 13,330 567 433 134 892 2.1 4,187 2,888 1,299 10,576 19,330 1,557 2,091 13,394 2,288 22,784 4,058

1972 25,269 5,312 26,178 11,680 595 443 152 909 2.1 6,226 4,250 1,976 14,884 26,471 2,382 3,754 17,612 2,723 36,319 5,036

1977 31,359 6,632 31,967 13,520 799 593 206 1,183 2.0 13,167 9,082 4,085 46,079 68,013 3,504 11,266 48,587 4,656 96,375 17,718

1982

1987

1992 30,828 5,581 (NA) 9,951 637 414 223 873 2.1 24,303 13,874 10,429 64,602 113,780 7,180 17,283 79,700 9,619 162,339 16,043

42,241 33,617 (NA) 6,299 42,585 34,041 12,267 10,707 1,114 698 762 451 352 247 1,578 942 2.1 2.1 28,637 21,739 18,030 12,443 10,607 9,296 109,697 62,423 188,056 110,959 3,215 4,610 18,631 17,068 159,937 80,049 6,273 9,233 250,000 157,964 47,753 15,418
3

See footnote 4, table 1176.

Includes purchased machinery installed.

See footnote 6, table 1176.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Mineral Industries, 1972, 1977, 1982, 1987, and 1992.

No. 1173. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Mining: 1980 to 1992
[In millions of dollars, except percent. For definition of gross national product, see text, section 14. For 1947-86, based on 1972 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC); for 1987, estimates are shown first based on the 1972 SIC and then on the 1987 SIC. Estimates thereafter based on 1987 SIC] MINING INDUSTRY Current dollars, total . . . . . Metal mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coal mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oil and gas extraction . . . . . . . Nonmetallic minerals, exc. fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 112.6 4.4 13.6 89.1 5.5 79.9 1.6 10.1 61.8 6.4 1985 130.6 2.5 13.8 108.4 5.9 83.3 2.5 11.3 63.2 6.3 1986 82.7 2.5 14.0 59.5 6.7 83.0 2.9 13.0 60.2 6.9 1987 83.0 2.6 12.5 60.8 7.2 83.0 2.6 12.5 60.8 7.2 1988 87.9 4.8 12.5 63.2 7.3 94.2 4.3 13.8 69.0 7.1 1989 84.2 5.2 12.9 58.8 7.4 83.3 5.0 14.8 56.2 7.3 1990 103.1 6.2 12.7 76.9 7.2 91.8 6.6 15.3 62.9 7.0 1991 92.0 6.3 12.4 66.1 7.1 92.3 7.7 15.5 62.2 6.9 1992 85.2 6.3 13.1 58.5 7.3 89.0 8.0 16.7 57.2 7.1

Constant (1987) dollars, total Metal mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coal mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oil and gas extraction . . . . . . . . Nonmetallic minerals, exc. fuels .

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, October 1994.

No. 1174. Mining and Primary Metal Production Indexes: 1970 to 1994
[1987=100. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series M 68-71] INDUSTRY GROUP Mining . . . . . . . Coal . . . . . . . Anthracite . Bituminous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1970 100.4 67.2 274.1 66.0 104.8 129.5 194.4 111.5 123.2 115.2 77.1 135.2 107.8 148.2 1980 110.0 90.2 169.6 89.7 112.1 108.8 149.4 95.0 93.1 110.8 92.5 94.7 138.7 126.0 1985 109.0 96.3 132.8 96.1 111.9 91.3 104.9 86.4 86.9 101.8 98.5 99.8 104.7 104.5 1986 101.0 97.1 120.8 96.9 102.0 95.2 84.4 99.1 91.2 93.7 97.3 99.1 90.9 90.8 1988 101.3 103.1 115.6 105.0 99.7 120.3 119.4 120.5 113.7 108.7 103.1 100.1 117.6 112.7 1989 100.0 107.0 96.3 105.8 96.0 140.5 122.5 144.1 120.0 107.2 101.7 98.9 120.5 111.2 1990 102.0 112.2 103.2 113.3 96.8 153.1 117.9 160.2 126.8 106.5 99.5 102.2 121.0 111.5 1991 100.2 108.2 72.7 109.4 95.9 153.7 118.3 160.8 131.1 98.7 96.1 110.0 123.2 100.5 1992 98.9 108.2 66.1 105.8 93.2 163.8 116.3 173.3 141.9 101.9 97.6 124.8 120.5 105.1 1993 98.2 102.9 (NA) (NA) 93.0 162.4 115.7 171.7 143.3 106.9 101.0 135.3 110.5 111.4 1994 99.8 112.0 (NA) (NA) 92.9 159.4 122.5 166.4 145.4 114.5 109.3 137.5 98.6 118.3

Oil and gas extraction . . . . . . . Metal mining . . . . Iron ore . . . . . . Nonferrous ores Copper ore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Primary metals, manufacturing Nonferrous metals. . . . . . . . . Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aluminum. . . . . . . . . . . . . Iron and steel . . . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bulletin, monthly.

706

Natural Resources
No. 1175. Mineral Production, 1990 to 1994,
[Data represent production as measured by mine shipments, mine sales, or marketable production, MINERAL Unit (X) . . . . . . . . . . (X) . . . . . . . . . . Mil. sh. tons . . . . Mil. sh. tons . . . . Tril. cu. ft. . . . . . Mil. bbl. 1 . . . . . . Mil. lb. . . . . . . . . (X) . . . . . . . . . . Metric tons . . . . . 1,000 metric tons Mil. metric tons . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 sh. tons . . Mil. cu. ft.. . . . . . Mil. sh. tons . . . . Mil. sh. tons . . . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons (X) . . . . . . . . . . Mil. sh. tons . . . . Mil. cu. meters . . Mil. sh. tons . . . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 sh. tons . . 1,000 metric tons Mil. metric tons . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Mil. metric tons . . Mil. metric tons . . Mil. metric tons . . Mil. metric tons . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Mil. metric tons . . Mil. metric tons . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons (X) . . . . . . . . . . (X) . . . . . . . . . . Metric tons . . . . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . . Mil. metric tons . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Kilograms . . . . . Kilograms . . . . . Metric tons . . . . . 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . . Metric tons . . . . . 1,000 metric tons (X) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PRODUCTION QUANTITY 1990 (X) (X) 1,026 4 18.6 2,685 8.9 (X) 3,709 (D) 25 430 1,094 177 (D) 75.6 3.3 42,904 631 630 64 47.0 (NA) 16.4 87 17.5 109 795 576 46.3 1,713 443 (D) 36.9 852 829 26 9,156 349 1,110 1,109 1,118 3,676 1,267 94 209 (X) (X) (D) (D) 1,590 294 57.0 497 139 (D) 562 62 0.3 5,930 1,810 2,121 (D) (D) (D) 515 (X) 1992 (X) (X) 998 3 18.7 2,625 5.6 (X) 1,732 15.6 25 326 1,009 171 (D) 72.8 2.9 40,237 595 726 51 54.1 (NA) 16.3 94 16.1 85 719 541 47.0 1,705 481 (D) 34.8 858 834 25 9,379 337 1,055 1,054 1,061 2,600 997 85 190 (X) (X) (D) (D) 1,760 330 55.6 407 137 (D) 64 50 6.7 6,470 1,840 1,804 (D) (D) (D) 523 (X) 1993 (X) (X) 945 4 19.3 2,499 3.1 (X) (Z) 13.0 (NA) 315 1,055 177 78.9 3.0 41,074 599 770 60 44.0 (NA) 17.4 96 18.7 88 675 569 35.0 1,506 469 (D) 38.7 895 869 26 8,959 322 1,167 1,116 1,235 1,904 (D) 94 190 (X) (X) (D) (D) 1,800 331 56.3 362 132 (D) (D) 37 2.5 6,500 1,800 1,645 (D) (D) (D) 488 (X) 1994 (X) (X) (NA) (NA) 19.7 (NA) (NA) (X) (NA) 10.0 (NA) 340 560 197 83.6 4.0 42,300 596 740 50 46.5 (NA) 19.1 96 19.1 96 750 610 41.0 1,425 485 (D) 38.6 949 922 27 9,100 300 1,196 1,195 1,070 2,700 972 (NA) 190 (X) (X) (D) (D) 1,840 330 57.0 365 135 (D) (D) 40 (NA) 6,500 1,800 1,400 (D) (D) (D) 540 (X)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68

Total mineral production . . . . . . . . . . . Mineral fuels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coal: Bituminous and lignite. . . . . . . . . . . . Pennsylvania anthracite . . . . . . . . . . . . . Natural gas (wet) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Petroleum (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Uranium 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial minerals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Abrasive stone 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asbestos (sales) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asphalt and related bitumens (native) 4 . . . . Barite, primary, sold/used by producers . . . . Boron minerals, sold or used by producers . . Bromine, sold or used by producers . . . . . . Calcium chloride (natural) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carbon dioxide, natural (estimate). . . . . . . . Cement: Portland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Masonry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Diatomite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Feldspar 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fluorspar, finished shipments . . . . . . . . . . . Garnet (abrasive). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gemstones (estimate). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gypsum, crude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Helium 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lime, sold or used by producers. . . . . . . . . Mica, scrap & flake, sold/used by producers . Peat, sales by producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Perlite, processed, sold or used . . . . . . . . . Phosphate rock (marketable) . . . . . . . . . . . Potash (K2O equivalent) sales . . . . . . . . . . Pumice & pumicite, producer sales . . . . . . . Pyrites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salt, common, sold/used by producers . . . . Sand & gravel, sold/used by producer . . . . . Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sodium carbonate (natural) (soda ash) . . . . Sodium sulfate (natural) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stone 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crushed and broken. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sulfur: Frasch mines (shipments) . . . . . . . . Talc, and pyrophyllite, crude 9 . . . . . . . . . . Tripoli . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vermiculite concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial minerals, undistributed. . . . . . . . . Metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Antimony ore and concentrate 10 . . . . . . . . Bauxite (dried). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Copper 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gold 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Iron ore, 14 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lead 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Magnesium metal 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manganiferous ore 15 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mercury 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Molybdenum 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nickel 20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Palladium metal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Platinum metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Silver 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Titanium concentrate: Ilmenite 15 . . . . . . . . Tungsten ore and concentrate 20 . . . . . . . . Vanadium 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Zinc mine production 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Metals, undistributed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

- Represents zero. D Withheld to avoid disclosing individual company data. NA Not available. X Not applicable. Z Less than half the unit of measure. 142 gal. bbl. 2Recoverable content of ores, etc. 3Includes grindstones, oilstones, 4 Contains bituminous limestone and whetstones, and deburring media. Excludes grinding pebbles, and tubemill liners. 5 sandstone, and gilsonite. Includes road oil, 1989-92. Value excluded from industrial minerals, 1989-92. Value included in ‘‘Industrial minerals, undistributed.’’ 6Includes aplite, 1992-93. 71980, crude and refined; thereafter, refined only. 8Excludes abrasive stone, bituminous limestone and sandstone, and ground soapstone, all included elsewhere in table; 1993 excludes dimension stone. State ranks based on publishable data. Includes calcareous marl and slate.

Minerals and Metals—Petroleum Industry
and Principal Producing States, 1994
Value in millions of dollars. See Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series M 13-37 for selected values] PRODUCTION VALUE (mil. dol.) 1990 141,741 108,422 22,274 133 31,658 53,772 140 21,022 (Z) (5) 3,480 16 436 173 (5) 3,683 225 1,620 138 28 ( 5) 7 53 100 113 902 6 19 17 1,075 303 11 ( 5) 827 3,686 3,249 436 836 34 5,822 5,591 231 335 31 3 19 504 12,442 (12) (12) 4,311 3,650 1,741 491 433 (12) (12) 348 (NA) 22 27 329 (12) (12) (12) 847 242 1992 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 32,571 (NA) (NA) 20,496 (Z) 6 2,794 20 339 170 (5) 3,500 195 1,482 141 29 (5) 5 66 101 187 950 5 17 16 1,058 334 15 (5) 803 3,766 3,341 425 836 26 5,775 5,594 181 159 31 3 15 478 11,537 (12) (12) 4,179 3,662 1,732 308 360 (12) 0.4 209 (12) 18 21 229 (12) (12) (12) 674 156 1993 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (Z) (NA) (Z) 6 (NA) 19 373 123 (X) (X) 3,916 229 1,488 150 31 (5) 4 58 107 189 977 4 17 17 759 286 12 (5) 894 3,988 3,534 454 734 (D) 5,987 5,770 217 101 (D) 4 15 212 11,876 (12) (12) 3,636 3,841 1,643 249 377 (12) (D) 165 (12) 25 21 227 (12) (12) (12) 497 306 1994 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 5 (NA) 13 370 157 (X) (X) 4,155 264 1,597 162 30 (5) 5 52 118 191 996 5 18 19 902 274 14 (5) 906 4,293 3,835 458 650 25 6,731 6,731 (8) 135 32 (NA) (D) 136 (NA) (12) (12) 4,382 3,843 1,700 286 (D) (12) (D) 215 (NA) 25 21 192 (12) (12) (12) 549 113 Principal producing States ranked by quantity, 1993

707

(X) (X) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) CA, VT (NA) NV, GA, MO CA AR, MI (NA) (NA) CA, TX, PA FL, IN, TX GA, AL, TX CA, NV, OR NC, VA, OK IL, VT ID, NY (NA) OK, IA, TX KS, WY OH, MO, AL NC, GA, NM FL, MI, MN NM, AZ, CA FL, NC, ID NM OR, NM, CA (NA) LA, TX, NY (NA) CA, MI, OH IL, NJ, CA WY, CA CA, UT (NA) TX, PA, FL GA, WI, MA LA, TX MT, TX, VT (NA) SC, VA (NA) (NA) ID AL, GA AZ, UT, NM NV, CA, UT MN, MI MO, AL, ID (NA) SC NV AZ, CO, TX (NA) MT MT NV, AZ, ID FL, CA CA ID AL, TN, NY (NA)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68

9 For 1991-92, production quantity, talc only; 1989-92 10 Comprises value of items that cannot be disclosed. 11 Antimony 13 Dried equivalent. 14 Represents shipments; includes byproduct ores. content. 12 Included with ‘‘Metals, undistributed. 15 16 Gross weight. For 1980-85, magnesium chloride for magnesium metal included in ’’Metals undistributed,‘‘ canvass for magnesium chloride for magnesium metal discontinued in 1986. 17 5 to 35 percent manganiferous ore. 18 1986-89, mercury 19 produced as the primary product only; thereafter, mercury produced as a byproduct of gold ores only. Content of concentrate. 20 Content of ore and concentrate. 21 Tungsten content.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook thru 1991; Annual Reports and Mineral Commodities Summaries, annual. U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review; Uranium Industry Annual; Petroleum Supply Annual, vol. 1; Natural Gas Annual; and Quarterly Coal Report.

No. 1176. Mineral Industries—Summary: 1987 and 1992
[’’N.e.c.‘‘ means not elsewhere classified. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series M1-12] 1987 All employees MINERAL INDUSTRY Establishments, total 33,617 1,027 51 61 39 372 58 268 236 3,905 3,507 107 291 22,910 10,203 714 11,993 2,591 1,917 7,485 5,775 149 2,002 2,750 197 148 177 352 Number 1 (1,000) 698 44 7 14 2 13 1 3 5 163 158 2 4 378 199 13 167 55 17 95 113 1 44 33 10 16 2 7 Payroll (mil. dol.)
2

708

1992 Value added in mining 4 (mil. dol.) Value of shipments and receipts 5 (mil. dol.) Establishments With 20 or more employees 5,581 273 18 35 24 116 (NA) 38 42 1,239 1,155 19 65 2,686 1,017 197 1,472 450 85 937 1,383 17 664 440 100 76 14 72 All employees Number 1 (1,000) 637 53 9 15 3 19 (NA) 3 4 134 128 2 5 344 174 13 157 48 14 96 106 1 42 30 10 15 2 5 Payroll (mil. dol.)
2

Production workers 3 Number 1 (1,000) 451 34 6 11 1 10 1 2 4 129 124 2 3 206 69 10 127 46 13 69 83 1 33 24 7 12 1 5 Wages (mil. dol.) 12,443 952 166 283 40 305 24 60 99 4,251 4,125 32 94 5,283 2,154 320 2,809 1,012 311 1,486 1,956 18 754 551 165 336 32 101

Production workers Number 1 (1,000) 414 42 7 12 2 16 (NA) 3 3 108 103 1 4 187 64 9 114 38 8 68 77 1 31 21 8 10 1 4 Hours 6 (mil.) 873 89 15 25 5 33 (NA) 6 5 227 216 2 9 391 131 18 242 81 19 143 166 2 68 47 17 22 3 8

3

Total

Wages (mil. dol.) 13,874 1,542 274 405 86 601 (NA) 92 84 4,197 4,051 30 116 5,992 2,601 360 3,031 982 238 1,811 2,144 22 840 594 211 347 35 96

Value added in mining 4 (mil. dol.)

Value of shipments and receipts 5 (mil. dol.)

Capital expenditures (mil. dol.) 16,043 1,574 53 516 22 (D) (NA) (D) 58 1,899 1,869 4 26 11,423 9,850 619 955 289 182 484 1,147 5 430 262 87 308 14 42

All industries . . . . . . . . . Metal mining . . . . . . . . . . Iron ores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Copper ores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lead and zinc ores . . . . . . . . . . Gold and silver ores . . . . . . . . . Ferroalloy ores, except vanadium Metal mining services . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous metal ores. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

21,739 1,354 224 405 58 423 46 81 162 5,567 5,410 41 116 11,961 7,510 433 4,018 1,318 452 2,248 2,858 25 1,082 772 272 501 45 162

110,959 157,964 30,828 4,610 768 1,301 176 1,814 61 176 374 17,068 16,679 109 280 80,049 67,955 4,025 8,069 2,549 771 4,748 9,233 65 3,465 2,320 827 1,999 119 438 6,852 1,362 2,150 268 2,261 110 251 559 25,955 25347 206 402 1,063 40 62 44 428 (NA) 303 186 3,086 2,642 76 368

24,303 2,113 348 550 113 827 (NA) 120 155 5,438 5,247 47 145 13,526 8,409 532 4,585 1,371 462 2,753 3,226 31 1,222 889 320 564 47 154

113,780 162,339 7,180 985 1,730 287 3,641 (NA) 263 274 17,283 16,792 97 394 79,700 66,297 4,246 9,156 2,516 742 5,899 9,619 79 3,670 2,321 935 2,071 128 415 10,327 1,715 2,935 472 4,453 (NA) 357 396 26,984 26,269 161 554 111,518 72,298 27,206 12,014 3,584 980 7,451 13,510 101 5,071 3,160 1,400 3,017 170 590

Natural Resources

Coal mining. . . . . . . . . . . . Bituminous coal and lignite mining. Anthracite mining . . . . . . . . . . . . Coal mining services. . . . . . . . . . Oil and gas extraction . . . Crude petroleum and natural gas Natural gas liquids . . . . . . . . . . Oil and gas field services. . . . . . Drilling oil and gas wells. . . . . Oil, gas exploration services . . Oil, gas field services, n.e.c . . Nonmetallic mining . . . . Dimension stone 7 . . . . . . . . . Crushed and broken stone 8. . . Sand and gravel 8 . . . . . . . . . Clay and related minerals 8 . . . Chemical and fertilizer minerals Nonmetallic minerals, services . Miscellaneous 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

112,363 20,877 76,518 9,388 24,750 591 11,095 10,898 3,626 2,129 1,096 1,489 6,373 7,280 12,795 86 4,768 3,139 1,249 2,772 165 616 5,802 171 2,142 2,678 200 156 175 280

D Withheld to avoid disclosure. NA Not available. 1 Excludes proprietors and firm members of unincorporated concerns. 2 Gross earnings paid to all employees on payroll. 3 Represents employees up through the working foreman level engaged in manual work. Includes development and exploration workers. 4 Computed by subtracting cost of supplies, minerals received for preparation, purchased fuel and electric energy, contract work, and purchased machinery from the value of shipments and capital expenditures. 5 Represents value of shipments of primary and secondary products of the industry and 6 amount received for services performed for other establishments on a contract, fee, or other basis. Excludes paid vacations, holidays, and sick leave; includes actual overtime hours (not straight-time equivalent). 7 Excludes data for dimension stone quarries operated in conjunction with dressing plants. 8 Excludes data for mining included in establishments classified in manufacturing industries. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Mineral Industries: 1987, and 1992, final industry series reports.

Mineral Commodities
No. 1177. Nonfuel Mineral Commodities—Summary: 1994
[Preliminary estimates. Average price in dollars per metric tons except as noted] MINERAL DISPOSITION MINERAL Unit 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . Metric tons . . . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . Metric tons . . . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . 1,000 short tons . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . Metric tons . . . . 1,000 metric tons Million carats . . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Kilograms . . . . . Metric tons . . . . Million dollars . . . Kilograms . . . . . Metric tons . . . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 short tons . Metric tons . . . . Metric tons . . . . Million metric tons Million metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 short tons . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . Metric tons . . . . 1,000 metric tons Million metric tons 1,000 short tons . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Kilograms . . . . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Million short tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Kilograms . . . . . Metric tons . . . . 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . Production 5,000 37,000 10 340 (D) 200 (D) 560 197 3 1,000 80,007 11 91 42,300 11 1,600 2,380 149.1 596 740 170 46,500 66.3 3 10,000 330 17,300 2,000 57.0 76.4 19,000 365 17,300 380 194 27 400 96 40,000 13,050 (NA) 660 610 41,000 8,300 1,425 485 39,500 390 1,400 9,100 610 1,195 11,300 972 11 11,900 1,250 (D) 190 540 (D)
3

709

Exports 1,300 4,000 100 21 10 1,150 20 140 550 20 490 599 28 4,400 1,300 160 680 110 104 12 20 (NA) 10,000 1,550 (NA) 140 19 100 (NA) 1,000 4.0 8.3 4 30 80 50 48 23 400 6 30,000 7,570 200 (NA) 23 24 3,400 90,000 400 18 700 30 1,600 2,900 85 5 850 165 (NA) 2,700 344 5 390 18,587

Net import reliance 1 (percent) 31 62 100 95 82 99 (5) (D) (5) 50 12 75 (5) 79 100 14 17 (5) (5) 88 (NA) (5) 98 (NA) (5) 100 30 (NA) 58 18 (5) 1 17 (1) 37 (5) 100 (D) 14 (5) 66 18 (NA) 49 8 2 91 74 24 19 39 (NA) (5) 14 16 (5) 100 84 (5) 94 12 41 (D)

Consumption, apparent 7,300 45,000 19,400 28 1,450 3,500 191 1 1,500 362 287 2,020 90,492 387 37,900 7,800 3,700 2,800 181 494 738 455 1 11,500 50,400 3,536 1 25,000 310 40 2,600 1 40 4,800 69.3 69.6 1 19,000 1,500 17,400 600 152 25 695 1 550 111 18,000 131,000 16,000 (NA) 1,300 660 42,000 127,000 5,390 637 47,400 640 4,000 6,314 712 1,198 13,450 944 1 800 46,000 1,110 7 4,000 215 41 1,350 (D)

Average price per unit (dollars)
2 0.65 2 1.60 2 0.50 4 531 4 4 15-18 26 225 2 3.25 48 324 9 36.2 2 10 4 12

Employment (number) 21,100 100 (NA) (NA) 350 35 425 30 900 1,600 140 18,000 (NA) 11,000 (NA) (NA) 13,500 (NA) 1,000 400 180 20 160 1,000 100 13,500 18 6,700 (NA) 35 7,000 40,000 2,500 1,500 5,500 600 1,400 (NA) (NA) 80 700 2 2,500 (NA) 650 125 5,200 400 1,655 55 4,150 (NA) 1,000 2,800 240 77,000 3,100 800 5 4,600 20 230 2,200 (NA)

Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Antimony (contained) . . . . . . Arsenic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asbestos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Barite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bauxite and alumina . . . . . . . Beryllium (contained) . . . . . . Bismuth (contained) . . . . . . . Boron (B2O3 content) . . . . . . Bromine (contained) . . . . . . . Cadmium (contained) . . . . . . Cement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chromium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cobalt (contained) . . . . . . . . Columbium (contained) . . . . . Copper (Mine, contained). . . . Diamond (industrial) . . . . . . . Diatomite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Feldspar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fluorspar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gallium (contained). . . . . . . . Garnet (industrial). . . . . . . . . Gemstones . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germanium (contained) . . . . . Gold (contained) . . . . . . . . . Graphite (crude). . . . . . . . . . Gypsum (crude) . . . . . . . . . . Indium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Iodine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Iron ore (usable) . . . . . . . . . Iron and steel scrap (metal) . . Iron and steel slag (metal) . . . Lead (contained) . . . . . . . . . Lime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Magnesium compounds. . . . . Magnesium metal . . . . . . . . . Manganese (gross weight) . . . Mercury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mica, scrap and flake . . . . . . Molybdenum (contained) . . . . Nickel (contained). . . . . . . . . Nitrogen (fixed)-ammonia. . . . Nonrenewable organics . . . . . Peat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Perlite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Phosphate rock . . . . . . . . . . Platinum-group metals. . . . . . Potash (K2O equivalent) . . . . Pumice and pumicite. . . . . . . Salt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Silicon (contained) . . . . . . . . Silver (contained) . . . . . . . . . Sodium carbonate (soda ash) . Sodium sulfate. . . . . . . . . . . Stone (crushed) . . . . . . . . . . Sulfur (all forms) . . . . . . . . . Talc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thallium (contained) . . . . . . . Tin (contained). . . . . . . . . . . Titanium dioxide. . . . . . . . . . Tungsten (contained) . . . . . . Vermiculite . . . . . . . . . . . . . Zinc (contained) . . . . . . . . . . Zirconium (Zr02) content . . . .

38

1.03 56.22 110 (NA) 2 25.00 2 13 2.60 2 1.08 14 0.62 4 272 4 41.00 (NA) 395 100-2000 (NA) 15 1,060 16 389.00 4 17 603 4 6.80 19 135.00 20 7.13 21 72.5-74.0 4 22 125.00 4 6.70 23 36.3 4 57.50 (NA) 24 1.48-1.53 26 2.40 28 180.00 4 51 29 7.70 30 6,089 4 31 215 (NA) 4 26.00 4 31.15 4 22.00 32 400 4 33 128 4 28.22 4 4 3 112.00 35 44.1 16 5.30 4 36 98.00 37 114.00 4 5.47 4 38 45.00 4 7-350 285 2 2.46 2 39 10.95 40 45 (D) 23 46.4 42 200

- Represents or rounds to zero. D Withheld to avoid disclosure. NA Not available. 1 Calculated as a percent of apparent consumption. 2 Price per pound. 3 Refinery production. 4 Price per metric ton. 5 Net exporter. 6 Metal, vacuum-cast ingot. 7 Estimated consumption. 8 Granulated pentahydrate borax in bulk, f.o.b mine. 9 Cents per kilogram, bulk, purified bromine. 10 1- to 5-short ton lots. 11 Secondary production. 12 Turkish, chromite price. 13 Columbite price. 14 Value of imports per carat. 15 Zone refined, first reduction quality. 16 Price per troy ounce. 17 Price of flake imports. 18 Includes 19 20 21 employment at calcining plants. 99.97% indium, per kilogram. O.i.f. value, crude, per kilogram. Lake Superior pellets. Cents per long ton unit of iron. 22 Delivered, No. 1 Heavy Melting composite price. 23 Cents per pound. 24 Year-end 25 26 Estimated manganese content. 46%-48% Mn metallurgical ore, per unit contained Mn, c.i.f. U.S. price, per pound. ports. 27 Secondary industrial production. 28 Price per 76-pound flask. 29 Price per kilogram. 30 London Metal Exchange cash price. 31 F.o.b. gulf coast. 32 Dealer price of platinum. Per troy ounce, palladium price was $140 for 1994 and $120 for 1993; rhodium price was $810 for 1994 and $1,066 for 1993. 33 Price of K20, muriate. 34 Vacuum and open pan, bulk, pellets and packaged, f.o.b. mine and plant. 35 Ferrosilicon, 50% Si. 36 Quoted year-end price, dense, bulk, f.o.b. Green River, WY. 37 Quoted price, bulk, f.o.b. works, East, per short ton. 38 Elemental sulfur, f.o.b. mine and/or plant. 39 Rutile, list, year-end. 40 Price per unit W03 (7.93 kilograms of contained tungsten per unit). 41 All forms. 42 Price for imported zircon, f.o.b. U.S. east coast. Source: U.S. Bureau of Mines, Mineral Commodity Summaries, annual.

710

Natural Resources
No. 1178. Value of Domestic Nonfuel Mineral Production: 1980 to 1994
[In millions of dollars]

AREA U.S. 1 Northeast. N.E . . . ME . .

1980

1990

1992
1

1993 31,912 2,451 424 60 37 53
2 1

1994 34,209 2,536 427 58 40 48 157 27 97 2,109 871 274 964 7,906 4,145 893 517 770 1,621 344 3,761 1,352 426 1,003 26 322 137 495 9,309 5,146 2 9 324 514 176 705 415 1,535 1,468 1,696 431 577 576 112 2,467 392 328 338 1,409 14,354 10,482 492 343 781 440 914 3,323 1,428 2,761 3,872 556 253 2,497 429 137

Principal minerals in order of value (X) (X) (X) Sand and gravel (construction), cement (portland), and stone (crushed and broken). Sand and gravel (construction), stone (crushed and broken), and stone dimension). Stone (dimension), stone (crushed and broken), and sand and gravel (construction). Stone (crushed and broken), sand and gravel (construction), and stone (dimension). Sand and gravel (construction), stone (crushed and broken), and sand and gravel (industrial). Stone, sand, and gravel (construction), & sand and gravel (industrial). (X) Salt, Stone (crushed and broken), and sand and gravel (construction). Stone (crushed and broken), sand and gravel (construction), and sand and gravel (industrial). Stone (crushed and broken), cement (portland), and lime. (X) (X) Stone (crushed and broken), sand and gravel (construction), and salt. Stone (crushed and broken), cement (portland), and sand and gravel (construction). Stone (crushed and broken), sand and gravel (construction), and cement (portland). Iron ore (usable), cement (portland), & sand and gravel (construction). Stone (crushed & broken), sand & gravel (construction), & copper. (X) Iron ore (usable), sand and gravel (construction), and stone (crushed and broken). Stone (crushed and broken), cement (portland), and sand and gravel (construction). Stone (crushed and broken), cement (portland), and lead. Sand and gravel (construction), lime, and sand and gravel (industrial). Gold (lode), cement (portland), and sand and gravel (construction). Cement (portland), stone (crushed and broken), and sand and gravel (construction). Stone (crushed and broken), salt, and Helium (Grade-A). (X) (X) Magnesium compounds, sand and gravel (construction). Stone (crushed and broken), cement (portland), and sand and gravel (construction). Stone (crushed and broken), cement (portland), and lime. Stone (crushed and broken), cement (portland), and sand and gravel (industrial). Stone (crushed and broken), phosphate rock, and sand and gravel (construction). Stone (crushed and broken), cement (portland), and gold (lode). Clay, stone (crushed and broken), and cement (portland). Phosphate rock, stone (crushed and broken), and cement (portland). (X) Stone (crushed and broken), lime and cement (portland). Stone (crushed and broken), zinc, and cement (portland). Stone (crushed and broken), cement (portland), and lime. Sand and gravel (construction), clay, and cement (portland). (X) Bromine, stone (crushed & broken), & sand & gravel (construction). Salt, sulfur (Frasch), and sand and gravel (construction). Stone (crushed and broken), cement (portland), and sand and gravel (construction). Cement (portland), stone (crushed and broken), and magnesium metal. (X) (X) Gold (lode), copper, and cement (portland). Phosphate rock, gold (lode), and sand and gravel (construction). Soda ash, clay, and helium (Grade-A). Sand and gravel (construction), cement (portland), and gold (lode). Copper, potash, and sand and gravel (construction). Copper, sand and gravel (construction), and cement (portland). Copper, gold (lode), and magnesium metal. Gold (lode), sand and gravel (construction), and diatomite. (X) Sand and gravel (construction), magnesium metal, and stone (crushed and broken). Stone (crushed and broken), sand and gravel (construction), and cement (portland). Cement (portland), sand and gravel (construction), and gold (lode). Zinc, gold (lode), and sand and gravel (construction). Stone (crushed and broken), cement (portland), and sand and gravel (construction).

. 25,140 33,452 32,012 . 1,581 2,479 2,308 . 268 446 423 . 37 55 56 25 43 91 6 66 1,313 496 149 668 6,610 2,930 562 288 443 1,485 152 3,680 1,782 252 1,054 22 228 80 262 7,320 3,454 2 186 305 106 380 195 771 1,509 1,030 204 394 328 104 2,836 293 584 224 36 87
2

NH . . . VT . . . MA . . . RI . . . . CT M.A . NY NJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

42 60
2

128 18 122 2,033 773 229 1,031 7,163 3,483 733 428 667 1,440 215 3,680 1,482 310 1,105 25 319 90 349 9,291 5,132 10 368 507 133 586 450 1,504 1,574 1,692 359 663 559 111 2,467 381 368 259

147 21
2

160 23
2

97 1,885 766 240 879 7,261 3,762 742 477 734 1,587 222 3,499 1,364 391 897 26 301 115 405 8,560 4,651 9 339 462 112 596 247 1,346 1,440 1,640 401 576 543 120 2,269 404 309 253

91 2,027 852 262 913 7,357 3,875 851 473 734 1,504 313 3,482 1,299 398 855 25 337 126 442 8,578 4,689 2 10 314 465 149 617 391 1,432 1,311 1,564 388 510 562 104 2,325 347 232 298 1,448 13,424 9,736 484 274 856 399 804 2,776 1,314 2,829 3,688 505 226 2,440 378 139

PA . Midwest . E.N.C . OH . IN . .

IL . . . . MI. . WI . W.N.C. MN . . . . . . . . .

IA . . . . MO . ND . SD . NE . KS . South . . S.A . . DE 2 MD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

VA . . . WV . . . NC . . . SC . GA . FL . E.S.C . KY . TN . AL . MS . W.S.C . AR . LA . OK . TX . West . . . Mt . . . MT . ID . . WY . CO . NM . AZ . UT . NV . Pac . . WA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1,735 1,459 1,303 9,629 14,512 13,858 7,223 10,380 10,154 280 573 539 522 375 306 761 911 951 1,265 377 385 766 1,103 871 2,471 3,085 3,166 764 1,335 1,348 394 2,621 2,588 2,406 4,132 3,704 207 483 469 152 1,872 115 60 205 2,771 577 106 214 2,346 526 149

OR . . . CA . . . AK . . . HI . . . .

X Not applicable. 1 Includes undistributed not shown separately. 2 Partial data only. Source: U.S. Bureau of Mines, Annual Reports, and Mineral Commodities Summary, annual.

Mineral Industries—Expenditures, Employment, and Prices

711

No. 1179. Mineral Industries—Gross Assets and Capital Expenditures: 1977 to 1992
[In millions of dollars] END OF YEAR GROSS VALUE OF DEPRECIABLE ASSETS INDUSTRY AND YEAR Buildings and other structures 6,099 10,228 9,314 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) Machinery and equipment Mineral exploration Mineral land and and develrights 1 op1 ment 2,625 5,036 5,034 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 2,871 5,930 5,795 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) CAPITAL EXPENDITURES New buildings and other structures 785 1,229 349 (NA) 571 1,967 590 (NA) New machinery and equipment 5,068 10,551 3,234 (NA) 2,269 5,550 3,176 (NA) Used buildings and other structures 30 78 88 (NA) 14 20 18 (NA) Used machinery and equipment 399 937 797 (NA) 93 215 218 (NA) Mineral exploration and development 1 520 677 401 (NA) 7,969 26,529 6,548 (NA)

Total

1

Total

1

Mineral industries: 2 1977. . . . . . . . . 1982. . . . . . . . . 1987. . . . . . . . . 1992. . . . . . . . . Crude oil, nat. gas: 1977. . . . . . . . . 1982. . . . . . . . . 1987. . . . . . . . . 1992. . . . . . . . .

. . . .

44,664 94,613 84,286 (NA)

33,068 73,419 64,143 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

6,802 13,472 4,869 6,193 10,916 34,281 10,549 9,850

. 94,414 . 233,052 . (NA) . (NA)

NA Not available. 1 Excludes data for mineral exploration and development, and mineral land and rights portions for mining service industries and natural gas liquids industry. 2 Excludes crude petroleum and natural gas. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Mineral Industries, 1987 and preliminary summary for 1992.

No. 1180. Mineral Industries—Employment, Hours, and Earnings: 1992 to 1994
ITEM All mining: All employees . . . . . . . Production workers . . . Avg. weekly hours . . Avg. weekly earnings Coal mining: All employees . . . . . . . Production workers . . . Avg. weekly hours . . Avg. weekly earnings Oil and gas extraction: All employees . . . . . . . Production workers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit 1,000 1,000 No . . Dol . . 1,000 1,000 No . . Dol . . . . . . . . . . 1992 635 448 43.9 638 127 103 44.0 755 353 228 1993 611 432 44.3 647 109 87 44.4 766 351 229 1994 605 431 44.7 666 114 92 45.2 802 339 222 ITEM Avg. weekly hours . . Avg. weekly earnings Metal mining: All employees . . . . . . . Production workers . . . Avg. weekly hours . . Avg. weekly earnings Nonmetallic minerals, except fuels: All employees . . . . . . . Production workers . . . Avg. weekly hours . . Avg. weekly earnings Unit . . No . . . . . Dol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 1,000 No . . Dol . . 1,000 1,000 No . . Dol . . . . . . . . . . 1992 43.8 614 53 42 42.9 655 102 76 44.9 551 1993 43.8 619 50 40 43.1 659 101 76 46.1 585 1994 44.1 622 51 41 43.6 703 101 76 46.5 608

. . 1,000 . . . 1,000 .

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bulletin 2370 and Employment and Earnings, March and June issues.

No. 1181. Selected Mineral Products—Average Prices: 1970 to 1994
[Excludes Alaska and Hawaii, except as noted. See Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series M 96, M 139, M 209, M 248, and M 262, for bituminous coal, crude petroleum, iron ore, lead, and aluminum, respectively] Tantalum (dol. per lb.) 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.15 18.32 126.37 99.51 49.95 30.60 37.44 33.68 23.74 27.08 47.37 44.93 38.06 36.70 34.42 (NA) (NA) Copper, electrolytic 2 (cents per lb.) 58 64 101 84 73 77 67 67 66 83 121 131 123 109 107 92 108 Platinum 3 (dol./ troy oz.) 133 164 677 446 327 424 357 291 461 553 523 507 467 371 356 370 400 Gold (dol./ fine oz.) 36 161 613 460 376 424 361 318 368 478 438 383 385 363 345 361 389 Silver (dol./ fine oz.) 1.77 4.42 20.63 10.52 7.95 11.44 8.14 6.14 5.47 7.01 6.53 5.50 4.82 4.04 3.94 4.30 5.30 Tin (New York) 5 (cents per lb.) 174 340 846 733 654 655 624 596 383 419 441 520 386 363 402 350 358 Sulfur, crude 7 (dol./ metric ton) 44.20 89.06 111.48 108.27 87.24 94.31 106.46 105.22 89.78 85.95 86.62 80.14 71.45 48.14 31.86 45.00
9 22.41 9

YEAR

Lead 4 (cents per lb.) 16 22 43 37 26 22 26 19 22 36 37 39 46 34 35 32 36

Zinc 6 (cents per lb.) 15 39 37 45 39 41 49 40 38 42 60 82 75 53 58 46 46

Bituminous coal 8 (dol./ short ton) 6.26 19.23 24.52 26.29 27.14 25.85 25.51 25.10 23.70 23.00 22.00 21.76 21.71 21.45 20.98 20.56 (NA)

Crude petroleum 8 (dol./ bbl.) 3.18 7.67 21.59 31.77 28.52 26.19 25.88 24.09 12.51 15.40 12.58 15.86 20.03 16.54 15.99 14.24 (NA)

Natural gas 8 (dol./ 1,000 cu. ft.) 0.17 0.44 1.59 1.98 2.46 2.59 2.66 2.51 1.94 1.67 1.69 1.69 1.71 1.64 1.74 1.97 (NA)

1970 . . . . 1975 . . . . 1980 . . . . 1981 . . . . 1982 . . . . 1983 . . . . 1984 . . . . 1985 . . . . 1986 . . . . 1987 . . . . 1988 . . . . 1989 . . . . 1990 . . . . 1991 . . . . 1992 . . . . 1993 . . . . 1994, prel.

NA Not available. 1 Dollars per pound of tantalum content. 2 Domestic market prices for wirebar, 1970, 1975-77; prices 3 4 for cathode thereafter. Average annual dealer prices. 1970, New York prices; beginning 1975, nationwide delivered basis. 5 Straits tin through 1975; thereafter, composite price. 6 Prime western. Beginning 1975, delivered price. 7 F.o.b. 8 works. Average value at the point of production. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review. Source: Except as noted, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Mineral Facts and Problems, 1980 edition; and Mineral Commodity Summaries, annual.

712

Natural Resources

No. 1182. Principal Fuels, Nonmetals, and Metals—U.S. Production, as Percent of World Production: 1980 to 1993
MINERAL Fuels: 1 Coal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Petroleum (crude) . . . . . . . . Natural gas (dry, marketable). Natural gas plant liquids . . . . Nonmetals: Asbestos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Barite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Feldspar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fluorspar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gypsum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mica (incl. scrap) . . . . . . . . . Nitrogen, (fixed) - ammonia . . Phosphate rock, gross wt. . . . Potash (k2O equivalent) . . . . Sulfur, elemental . . . . . . . . . Metals, mine basis: Bauxite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Columbian concentrates (Nb content) . . . . . . . . . . . Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Iron ore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lead 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mercury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Molybdenum. . . . . . . . . . . . Nickel 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Silver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tantalum concentrates (ta content) . . . . . . . . . . . . Titanium concentrates: Ilmenite . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rutile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tungsten 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vanadium 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . Zinc 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Metals, smelter basis: Aluminum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cadmium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Iron, pig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lead 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Magnesium 4 . . . . . . . . . . . Raw Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tin 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Zinc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . WORLD PRODUCTION Unit Bil. sh. ton Bil. bbl . . . Tril. cu. ft . Bil. bbl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 4.2 21.7 53.1 1.4 4,699 7,495 3,202 5,006 78 228 74 144 28 55 89 15 7,405 1,219 891 3,470 6,806 111 779 11 544 3,726 436 52 37 5,954 15,383 18 7,649 514 5,430 316 717 251 6,049 1985 4.8 19.6 62 1.5 4,249 6,067 4,039 4,979 87 255 91 149 29 54 84 15 7,988 1,532 861 3,431 6,136 98 813 13 315 3,457 373 47 30 6,758 15,398 19 8,630 499 5,641 325 718 193 6,786 1990 5.2 22 74.3 1.8 4,003 5,633 5,456 5,131 100 215 97 162 28 58 109 15 9,017 2,133 982 3,353 4,523 128 965 16 400 4,072 481 43 31 7,184 19,292 20 9,472 532 5,763 354 771 223 7,060 1993 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 2,775 4,890 6,009 4,031 103 190 91 132 (NA) 52 106 31 9,352 2,330 989 2,926 2,563 95 899 14 (NA) 3,579 464 30 29 6,895 19,816 19 9,352 989 2,926 284 725 193 7,177 PERCENT U.S. OF WORLD 1980 20 14 37 43 2 27 20 2 14 46 20 38 8 22 2 (NA) 16 2 8 17 16 62 2 9 (NA) 14 (D) 5 12 6 30 9 14 12 23 49 14 1 6 1985 18 17 26 38 1 11 16 1 15 49 14 34 4 22 1 14 5 6 12 9 50 1 9 (D) (D) 2 (D) 4 23 8 14 9 20 42 11 2 5 1990 20 12 24 32 (D) 8 12 1 15 51 13 29 6 20 (D) (NA) 18 14 6 15 12 48 (Z) 13 (NA) (D) (D) 14 (D) 8 21 8 15 9 23 39 12 5 1993 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 6 13 1 15 46 14 27 (NA) 21 (NA) 19 14 6 12 (NA) 39 (NA) 12 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 10 7 19 6 19 6 12 47 12 (NA) 5

1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Mil. metric tons . 1,000 metric tons Mil. metric tons . Mil. metric tons . Mil. metric tons . Mil. metric tons . Mil. metric tons . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . Mil. metric tons . 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Metric tons . . . . 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 metric tons metric tons metric tons metric tons metric tons

1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Mil. metric tons . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons Mil. metric tons . 1,000 metric tons 1,000 metric tons

- Represents or rounds to zero. D Withheld to avoid disclosing company data. NA Not available. Z Less than half the 1 2 Source: Energy Information Administration, International Energy Annual. Content of ore and unit of measure. 3 4 5 concentrate. Refinery production. Primary production; no smelter processing necessary. Production from primary sources only. Source: Except as noted, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Annual Reports, and Mineral Commodity Summaries, annual.

No. 1183. Federal Strategic and Critical Materials Inventory: 1980 to 1994
[As of Dec. 31. Covers strategic and critical materials essential to military and industrial requirements in time of national emergency] MINERAL Tin. . . . . . . . . . . Silver . . . . . . . . . Cobalt . . . . . . . . Bauxite 3 . . . . . . Manganese 4 . . . . Tungsten 5 . . . . . Zinc . . . . . . . . . . Titanium . . . . . . . Platinum . . . . . . . Chromium 6. . . . . Diamonds: Stones Industrial, bort . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . QUANTITY Unit 1,000 metric ton . 1,000 troy oz . . . Mil. lb. . . . . . . . 1,000 lg. ton . . . 1,000 sh. ton . . . Mil. lb. . . . . . . . 1,000 sh. ton . . . 1,000 sh. ton . . . 1,000 troy oz . . . 1,000 sh. ton . . . Carat 1,000 . . . . Carat 1,000 . . . . 1980 200 139,500 41 14,333 5,130 97 380 43 466 804 19,224 23,693
1

VALUE (mil. dol.) 1990 169 92,151 53 18,033 4,017 82 379 37 453 1,074 7,777 17,353 1994 145 59,507 52 16,549 2,792 82 360 37 453 1,149 6,457 4,012 1980 3,158 2,288 1,020 583 599 817 317 432 215 773 349 73 1985 2,324 801 590 871 520 369 268 405 154 836 336 39 1990

2

1985 185 136,006 53 17,957 4,470 87 378 48 466 854 12,549 22,001

1994 684 158 561 191 468 178 307 221 131 837 533 3

962 374 443 888 962 253 483 402 186 917 267 16

1 Consists of stockpile and nonstockpile grades and reflects uncommitted balances. 2 Market values are estimated trade values of similar materials and not necessarily amounts that would be realized at time of sale. 3 Consists of abrasive grade, metallic grade Jamaica, metallic grade Suriname, and refractory. 4 Consists of chemical grade, dioxide battery natural, dioxide battery synthetic, electrolytic, ferro-high carbon, ferro-med. carbon, ferro-silicon, and metal. 5 Consists of carbide powder, ferro, metal powder, and ores and concentrates. 6Consists of ferro-high carbon, ferro-low carbon, ferro-silicon, and metal.

Source: U.S. Defense Logistics Agency, Statistical Supplement, Stockpile Report to the Congress (AP-3).

No. 1184. Federal Strategic and Critical Materials—Summary: 1990 to 1994
DIAMONDS ITEM Unit Tin Silver Cobalt Bauxite Manganese Tungsten Zinc Titanium Platinum Chromium Stones Industrial bort 4 3 4 90.0 3 4 95.0 3 4

Production: 1990 . . . . . . . . . 1992 . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . Imports: 1990 . . . . . . . . . 1992 . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . Export: 1990 . . . . . . . . . 1992 . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . Consumption: 1990 . . . . . . . . . 1992 . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . Net Import reliance: 1990 . . . . . . . . . 1992 . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . Stocks, end of year: 1990 . . . . . . . . . 1992 . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . World production: 1990 . . . . . . . . . 1992 . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000

metric metric metric metric metric metric metric metric metric metric metric metric metric metric metric metric . . . . . . . . . . . .

tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1

13.2 1 8.8 1 7.2 7.4

1 2.1 1 1.8 1

1.6 1.4

1.2 1.6 1.6 1.6 6.4 5.8 5.9 7.3 1.3 1.4 0.8 1.3 7.6 6.5 6.5 7.2 84.0 75.0 79.0 79.0 3.2 1.8 1.5 3.1 42.4 27.1 22.2 22.0

(D) (D) (D) (D) 12,987 11,372 11,936 11,200 64 68 92 150
8 4,570 8 4,863 8

307 247 232 280 70 13 16 12 497 438 389 430 100 100 100 100 379 276 302 325 26,108 21,608 21,757 21,000
1

(D) (D) (D) (D) 6.4 2.5 1.7 3.6 0.1 (6) (6) (6) 8.4 7.1 7.1 8.4 81.0 86.0 82.0 94.0 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.4 51.8 37.5 29.5 21.0

263 272 240 240 723 740 805 800 128 120 52 50 992 1,035 1,148 1,220 41 30 45 41 87 75 78 75 7,158 7,227 6,895 6,700
5

24.7 (D) (D) (D) 1.1 0.7 2.2 5.0 15.8 5 8.0 5 7.9 9.0

2 7,740 2 8,310 2

8,300 8,300

1 101 1 102 1

92 91

105.0 108.0

33.8 27.3 33.7 34.0 0.7 1.9 2.6 2.7
7 45.5 7 43.6 7

3.4 5.0 3.8 3.6 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 4.4 4.1 3.3 4.0 (10) (10) (10) (10) 9.2 10.1 11.2 8.4 16.5 14.7 14.1 14.0

2 125,354 2 132,006 2

153,165 160,000
2 55,044 2 57,830 2

346 324 330 281 16 18 21 28 445 422 470 387 71 76 74 75 126 118 104 100 12,959 10,993 10,001 9,400
2 3

11.0 4 9.8 4 5.2 3.0
4 1.7 4 5.6 4

4

4 85.4 4 97.3 133.0 140.0 4 71.0 4

78,521 90,000

3.4 1.0

4

83.6 107.0 110.0

Strategic Materials

44.2 46.0 71.0 80.0 84.0 84.0 17.3 10.7 10.9 10.0

4,633 3,500 98 100 100 99 2,300 2,300 1,000 2,200

9 23.2 9 14.2 9

15.1 16.0 (11) (D) (D) (D) 3.3 1.9 2.9 4.0

2 117,043 2 110,900 2

122,700 127,000

4 9.8 4 4.3 4

1.9 2.0

4 112.7 4 121.9 4

146.0 181.0 13.0 19.0 18.0 17.0 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
4 58.5 4 48.8 4

Percent Percent Percent Percent 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000

88 87 89 91
2 30,324 2 25,338 2

95.0 98.0 95.0 95.0 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (12) (12) (12) (12)

metric metric metric metric metric metric metric metric

tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons .

20,782 20,000

218.1 178.4 178.2 180.0

109,042 101,145 105,550 110,000

100.8 38.6 37.0 31.0

2 291,015 2 281,438 2

250,718 250,000

50.4 50.0

- Represents or rounds to zero. D Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. NA Not available. Production from scrap or secondary production. Kilograms. Manufactured diamond bort, grit, and powder and dust. 4 Million carats. 5 All metal forms. 6 Less than 50 metric tons. 7 Apparent demand. 8 Includes alumina. 9 Reported consumption. 10 Net importer; however, changes in unreported investor stocks preclude calculation of a meaningful net import reliance. 11 Net exporter. 12 Included with bort production; data not separable. Source: U.S. Bureau of Mines, Annual Reports, and Mineral Commodity Summaries, annual.

713

714

Natural Resources

No. 1185. Selected Mineral and Metal Products—Quantity and Value of Imports and Exports: 1990 to 1993
[Imports represent imports for consumption. Exports include shipments under foreign aid programs. Import and export data are not necessarily comparable to prior data due to change in tariff schedule to Harmonized System] PRODUCT IMPORTS Petroleum (crude) 1 . . . . . . Gem stones: Diamonds . . . . Ores and concentrates: Chromium (Cr2O3 content) Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tungsten . . . . . . . . . . . . Metals: Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . Cobalt 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . Copper refined ingots, etc Gold (refined bullion) . . . . Iron and steel products (major) . . . . . . . . . . . . Platinum group 3 . . . . . . . Silver (refined bullion) . . . Zinc: Blocks, pigs, slabs . . EXPORTS Fuels: 1 Bituminous coal . . . . . . . . Petroleum (crude) . . . . . . . Nonmetallic minerals: Gem stones: Diamonds . . . Nitrogen compounds (maj.) . Phosphatic fertilizers 4 . . . . Metals: Aluminum: Ingots, slabs, crude . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plates, sheets, bars, etc Gold (refined bullion) . . . . Iron and steel products (major) . . . . . . . . . . . . Magnesium 5 . . . . . . . . . Molybdenum 6 . . . . . . . . Silver (refined bullion) . . . Mil. sh. tons . . . . Mil. bbls . . . . . . . Mil. carats . . . . . . Mil. metric tons . . Mil. metric tons . . 95.3 8.0 1.2 11.9 9.2 98.4 2.7 1.8 13.9 11.5 (NA) (NA) 1.9 12.8 10.3 (NA) (NA) 1.6 11.5 9.2 4,464 198.6 1,433 (NA) 1,515 4,588 54.1 1,383 (NA) 1,974 (NA) (NA) 1,362 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,499 (NA) (NA) . Mil. bbls . . . . . . . . Mil. carats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 metric tons . 1,000 metric tons . Mil. metric tons . . 1,000 metric tons . 1,000 metric tons . 1,000 metric tons . 1,000 metric tons . Metric tons . . . . . Mil. metric tons . . Metric tons . . . . . Metric tons . . . . . 1,000 metric tons . 2,222 7.5 134 91.5 18.1 6.4 960 6.0 262 65 17.8 125 2,698 632 2,124 8.5 94 60.8 13.3 7.8 1,025 6.4 289 147 16.2 126 2,525 549 (NA) 9.4 99 102.1 12.5 2.5 1,156 5.3 289 141 17.4 132 2,662 644 (NA) 11.5 123 37 14 1.7 1,836 5.4 343 130 20.0 153 2,183 724 43,833 3,955 22 131 560 31 1,597 107 675 795 11,612 1,906 437 992 37,123 3,992 15 69 437 43 1,428 158 685 1,722 11,962 1,743 339 620 (NA) 4,144 15 125 396 16 1,501 246 660 1,568 10,977 1,484 341 784 (NA) 5,096 17 46 421 8 2,147 166 669 1,495 (NA) 1,311 297 699 QUANTITY Unit 1990 1991 1992 1993 1990 VALUE (mil. dol.) 1991 1992 1993

. 1,000 metric tons . . 1,000 metric tons . . Metric tons . . . . . . . . . Mil. metric tons . . 1,000 metric tons . Metric tons . . . . . Metric tons . . . . .

684 419 141 4.7 51.8 180 736 537 11.7

793 489 174 6.6 55.2 88 787 461 9.5

604 534 257 4.7 52 74 911 295 9.4

400 571 658 4.5 39 52 705 212 10

1,169 1,278 1,719 4,665 164 2 120 719 1,653

1,274 1,384 2,039 5,753 150 1 115 542 1,253

843 1,416 2,877 5,374 132 1 126 300 1,113

541 1,346 7,611 4,848 103 1 100 211 1,341

Scrap exports: Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 metric tons . Iron and steel . . . . . . . . . . Mil. metric tons . .

1 Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Imports for Consumption and General Imports, TSUSA NA Not available. Commodity and Country, FT 246, annual; and U.S. Exports, Schedule B Commodity and Country, FT 446, annual; 1989 and 1990, U.S. Exports of Merchandise and U.S. Imports of Merchandise compact discs, December issues. 2 Includes unwrought metal, waste and scrap. 3 Unwrought and semimanufactured. 4 Superphosphates and ammonium phosphates. 5 Metal and alloys, scrap, semimanufactured forms. 6 Metals and alloys, crude and scrap.

Source: Except as noted, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook, and Annual Reports.

No. 1186. Mineral Industries—Lost Workday Injuries and Fatalities: 1993
[Excludes office workers. Lost workday injuries are nonfatal occurrences that result in days away from work, days of restricted work activity or a permanent disability. Data for all years includes injuries to independent contractors at mine sites. Rates for the noncoal industries are based only on employment and hours worked by mine employees. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series M 271-286] ITEM Injuries, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fatal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rate per million work-hours: Fatal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonfatal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fatalities per 1,000 employed 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coal mining 8,375 47 0.20 36.0 0.35 Quarrying; related industries 1 3,208 19 0.15 24.9 0.30
3

Metal mining 2 1,741 14 0.16 19.9 0.32

Sand and gravel mining 1,126 13 0.23 19.9 0.40

Nonmetal mining 965 5 0.10 19.1 0.19

1 Includes cement. 2 Nonmetal mines exclude extraction of Frasch process sulfur. each day mines were active.

Average number of persons at work

Source: U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration, Denver, CO, unpublished data.

Trade—Offshore Leasing

715

No. 1187. Net U.S. Imports of Selected Minerals and Metals as Percent of Apparent Consumption, 1980 to 1994, and by Major Foreign Sources
[Percent, based on net imports which equal the difference between imports and exports plus or minus Government stockpile and industry stock changes] MINERAL Columbium . . . Manganese . . . Mica (sheet) . . Strontium . . . . Bauxite 1 . . . . Asbestos . . . . Platinum group Tantalum . . . . Cobalt . . . . . . Chromium . . . . Tungsten . . . . Nickel. . . . . . . Tin. . . . . . . . . Barite . . . . . . . Potash . . . . . . Antimony . . . . Cadmium . . . . Selenium . . . . Zinc . . . . . . . . Gypsum . . . . . Iron ore . . . . . Iron and steel . Sulfur . . . . . . . Copper . . . . . . Aluminum . . . . Silver . . . . . . . Mercury . . . . . Titanium . . . . . Vanadium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 100 98 100 100 94 78 87 90 93 91 53 76 79 44 65 47 55 59 60 35 25 13 14 16 (4) 7 27 32 35 1990 100 100 100 100 98 90 88 86 84 71 81 64 71 71 68 51 46 46 2 41 36 21 13 15 3 (4) (NA) (D) (4) (D) 1992 100 100 100 100 100 95 87 85 75 76 86 59 80 52 68 60 52 48 2 30 31 12 13 20 2 1 (NA) (NA) (D) (D) 1993 100 100 100 100 100 95 89 85 79 74 82 63 84 70 72 62 61 39 2 45 31 14 15 12 7 19 (NA) (D) (4) (D) 1994 100 100 100 100 99 95 91 86 79 75 84 66 84 82 74 62 50 39 41 30 18 21 16 14 31 (NA) (D) (4) (D) Rank of major foreign sources, 1990-93 Brazil, 66%; Canada, 25%; Germany 4% Rep. of So. Africa, 24%; France, 13%; Brazil, 12% India, 64%; Belgium, 18%; China, 3% Mexico, 92%; Germany, 6% Australia, 36%; Jamaica, 20%; Guinea, 18% Canada, 98%; Rep. of South Africa, 1% Rep. of So. Africa, 47%; Russia, 15%; U.K., 14%. Germany, 27%; Australia, 21%; Canada, 8% Zambia, 26%; Zaire, 19%; Canada, 16% Rep. of So. Africa, 43%; Turkey, 15%; Zimbabwe, 9% China, 45%; Bolivia, 9%; Peru, 7% Canada, 51%; Norway, 15%; Australia, 10% Brazil, 25%; Bolivia, 24%; China, 23% China, 72%; India, 19%; Mexico, 5%. Canada, 91%; Israel, 3%; former U.S.S.R., 3% China, 60%; Mexico, 10%; Rep. of So. Africa, 10% Canada, 37%; Mexico, 18%; Australia, 8% Canada, 41%; Japan, 14%; Philippines, 13% Canada, 60%; Mexico, 13%; Peru, 6% Canada, 71%; Mexico, 22%; Spain, 5%. Canada, 53%; Brazil, 21%; Venezuela, 21% EEC 3, 31%; Canada, 21%; Japan, 15% Canada, 61%; Mexico, 31%. Canada, 41%; Chile, 15%; Mexico, 13% Canada, 75%; Russia, 6%; Venezuela, 5% Mexico, 29%; Canada, 25%; Peru, 10% Canada, 78%; Germany, 20% Japan, 43%; former U.S.S.R., 36%; China, 14% Canada, 24%; EC, 20%; So. Amer.& Mexico, 16%

D Withheld to avoid disclosure. NA Not available. 1 Includes alumina. 2 Effect of sharp rise in exports of concentrates. If calculated on a refined zinc-only basis, reliance would be about the same as pre-1990 level; 1990, 64%; 1991, 61%; and 1992, 64%. 3 European Economic Community. 4 Net exports. Source: U.S. Bureau of Mines, Mineral Commodity Summaries; import and export data from U.S. Bureau of the Census.

No. 1188. Federal Offshore Leasing, Exploration, Production, and Revenue: 1980 to 1993
[See source for explanation of terms and for reliability statement] ITEM Tracts offered . . . . . . Tracts leased. . . . . . . Acres offered. . . . . . . Acres leased . . . . . . . Bonus paid for leased tracts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit Number . Number . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . . . . . 1980 483 218 2,563 1,134 4.2 191 739 9,638 8,057 6.4 4.2 2.1 (Z) 13.1 4.8 0.4 7.9 259 19 4,641 1985 15,754 667 87,029 3,512 1.5 195 348 12,285 10,487 5.2 1.5 3.6 0.1 22.2 9.6 1.0 11.5 352 37 4,000 1987 10,926 640 59,762 45,075 0.5 142 265 12,736 12,373 2.9 0.5 2.3 0.1 14.6 5.6 0.7 8.1 325 41 4,425
2

1988 33,376 1,856 85,366 10,040 1.2 116 289 12,827 13,164 3.4 1.2 2.1 0.1 12.9 4.2 0.7 7.9 279 41 4,310

1989 11,013 1,049 60,096 5,580 0.6 123 361 12,938 13,846 2.8 0.6 2.1 0.1 13.0 4.4 0.8 7.8 260 45 4,200

1990 10,459 825 56,788 4,263 0.6 120 266 13,167 14,677 3.3 0.6 2.6 0.1 16.5 5.9 1.1 9.5 274 51 5,093

1991 16,800 676 80,288 3,416 0.4 64 249 13,184 15,430 2.8 0.4 2.3 0.1 14.2 5.2 1.1 7.9 263 52 4,516

1992 9,618 204 52,380 1,021 0.1 104 180 13,209 16,348 2.5 0.1 2.3 0.1 14.5 5.3 1.0 8.2 301 52 4,685

1993 10,164 336 55,070 1,714 0.1 129 133 13,181 16,709 2.6 0.1 2.5 (Z) 15.8 4.9 1.0 9.9 307 55 4,533

. . . . . Bil. dol. . . Number . Number . Number . Number . Bil. Bil. Bil. Bil. Bil. Bil. Bil. Bil. dol. dol. dol. dol. dol. dol. dol. dol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

New wells being drilled: Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suspended . . . . . . . . . . . Wells completed. . . . . . . . . . Wells plugged and abandoned. Revenue, total 1 . . . . . . . . . Bonuses . . . . . . . . . . . . Oil and gas royalties 1 . . . Rentals . . . . . . . . . . . . . Production, value 2 . Crude oil . . . . . . Condensate . . . . Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Production: 2 Crude oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. bbls. . Condensate . . . . . . . . . . . Mil. bbls. . Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . Bil. cu.. . . Z Less than $50 million. value.
1

Includes condensate royalties.

Production value is value at time of production, not current

Source: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, Federal Offshore Statistics, annual.

716

Petroleum—Natural Gas
No. 1189. Petroleum Industry—Summary: 1980 to 1993

[Includes all costs incurred for drilling and equipping wells to point of completion as productive wells or abandonment after drilling becomes unproductive. Based on sample of operators of different size drilling establishments] ITEM Crude oil producing wells (Dec. 31). Daily output per well . . . . . . . . . Completed wells drilled, total . . . . . Crude oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average depth per well 1 . Average cost per well 1 . . Offshore . . . . . . . . . . Average cost per foot 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit 1,000. Bbl. . . 1,000. 1,000. 1,000. 1,000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 548 15.9 56.93 30.50 15.13 11.30 4,773 368 3,024 77.02 3,146 67.9 21.59 4,934 1,926 603 78.7 7.9 319 6,566 5,352 75.4 29.8 1985 647 13.9 57.88 33.14 12.97 11.76 4,637 349 4,073 75.35 3,275 78.9 24.09 4,381 1,168 681 53.5 9.9 223 5,716 5,019 77.6 28.4 1987 620 13.5 28.71 15.33 7.08 6.30 4,762 280 2,896 58.71 3,047 46.9 15.40 4,692 1,706 731 43.5 7.5 219 5,683 5,339 83.1 27.3 1988 612 13.5 25.58 12.53 7.58 5.48 5,051 355 3,112 70.23 2,979 37.5 12.58 4,848 1,869 840 42.6 7.1 213 5,811 5,498 84.7 26.8 1989 603 12.6 22.82 9.76 8.57 4.49 4,925 362 3,197 73.55 2,785 44.1 15.86 4,891 2,133 809 51.9 7.5 204 5,712 5,539 86.6 26.5 1990 602 12.2 26.23 11.53 9.86 4.83 5,043 384 3,112 76.07 2,685 53.8 20.03 4,895 2,151 775 63.8 9.2 205 5,683 5,570 87.1 26.3 1991 614 12.1 24.56 11.36 8.67 4.53 5,100 421 3,550 82.64 2,707 44.7 16.54 4,855 2,111 500 53.5 9.7 202 5,723 5,933 86.0 24.7 1992 594 12.1 19.82 8.22 7.59 4.01 5,445 383 3,223 70.27 2,625 42.0 15.99 4,909 2,223 471 54.8 9.1 199 5,731 6,050 87.9 23.7 1993 584 11.7 20.85 7.70 8.65 4.49 5,668 427 3,250 75.30 2,499 35.5 14.24 4,969 2,472 (NA) 55.0 7.6 187 5,519 (NA) 91.4 23.0

Feet . . $1,000 . $1,000 . Dollars . Mil. bbl. Bil. dol . Dollars . Mil. bbl. Mil. bbl. Mil. bbl. Bil. dol . Bil. dol . Number Mil. bbl. Mil. bbl. Percent Bil. bbl .

Crude oil production, total . . . Value at wells . . . . . . . . . Average price per barrel . . Refinery input of crude oil . . . Imports: Crude oil . . . . . . . . Refined petroleum products Import value . . . . . . . . . . . . Export value . . . . . . . . . . . . Operable refineries. . . . . . . . Capacity (Jan. 1) . . . . . . . Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Utilization rate . . . . . . . . . Proved reserves . . . . . . . . . NA Not available.
1

Source: American Petroleum Institute, Joint Association Survey on Drilling Costs, annual.

Source: Except as noted, U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Annual; U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves.

No. 1190. Natural Gas—Financial Performance Measures: 1985 to 1993
[LT = Long term. S&P = Standard & Poor’s] ITEM Producer segment, majors: Average adjusted stock price . . . . . . . . S&P bond rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LT debt as a percent of invested capital. Times interest earned ratio . . . . . . . . . Rate of return on common equity (%) . . Price/earnings ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Market/book value ratio . . . . . . . . . . . Producer segment, independents: Average adjusted stock price . . . . . . . . S&P bond rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LT debt as a percent of invested capital. Times interest earned ratio . . . . . . . . . Rate of return on common equity (%) . . Price/earnings ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Market/book value ratio . . . . . . . . . . . Pipeline segment, w/Columbia: Average adjusted stock price . . . . . . . . S&P bond rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LT debt as a percent of invested capital. Times interest earned ratio . . . . . . . . . Rate of return on common equity (%) . . Price/earnings ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Market/book value ratio . . . . . . . . . . . Average adjusted stock price . . . . . . . S&P bond rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LT debt as a percent of invested capital Times interest earned ratio . . . . . . . . . Rate of return on common equity (%) . . Price/earnings ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Market/book value ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 28.24 AA32.06 5.09 14.30 7.35 1.18 14.66 A47.39 0.36 -10.39 6.78 1.23 19.68 BBB53.35 1.89 6.32 10.94 1.11 17.69 BBB+ 44.21 2.81 8.55 8.42 1.29 1986 34.82 A+ 31.51 3.41 10.34 10.47 1.31 14.52 BBB+ 59.03 -0.56 -15.08 22.07 1.45 19.97 BBB57.20 0.83 -3.93 13.00 1.30 19.94 BBB+ 45.04 2.67 11.41 12.74 1.48 1987 37.01 A 28.33 3.76 10.64 11.69 1.69 12.33 BBB 61.13 0.52 -7.85 15.70 1.96 17.96 BBB52.92 1.75 7.97 12.04 1.31 18.84 A 44.27 3.01 12.19 11.96 1.48 1988 41.64 AA30.54 4.42 17.67 9.11 1.65 12.84 BBB73.47 0.91 -1.69 17.96 1.84 20.52 BBB 52.29 1.44 6.18 13.42 1.28 18.66 A 47.30 2.51 10.35 10.16 1.36 1989 51.79 AA 30.35 4.32 18.56 10.65 1.99 17.34 BBB68.00 1.59 6.51 16.45 2.32 27.84 BBB 52.99 1.79 8.63 14.66 1.51 23.29 A 46.31 2.49 12.35 12.01 1.49 1990 49.20 AA 27.76 5.07 17.78 9.98 1.92 15.14 BBB63.00 1.46 1.93 23.75 2.63 23.76 BBB 53.24 1.65 7.47 16.00 1.55 21.21 A 47.28 2.04 9.17 12.69 1.51 1991 50.01 AA 29.19 4.04 12.54 15.15 2.01 12.01 BBB55.87 1.21 -1.17 31.28 2.05 20.10 BBB55.91 1.00 1.01 17.36 1.52 20.53 A 48.62 1.95 7.17 15.15 1.47 1992 48.50 AA 30.10 3.93 9.05 15.14 2.07 11.93 BB+ 53.93 1.46 1.99 21.50 1.85 23.49 BB+ 54.61 1.74 6.23 13.18 1.53 22.78 A 48.83 2.42 4.09 14.38 1.56 1993 57.50 AA 28.85 4.80 13.74 16.40 2.38 14.53 BB+ 52.21 1.23 1.21 29.61 2.18 26.26 BB+ 50.39 2.33 10.97 16.57 1.86 26.06 A 46.46 3.07 11.07 14.48 1.75

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Natural Gas 1994: Issues and Trends.

Mineral Fuels—Production Value
No. 1191. World Crude Oil Production: 1980 to 1993
[In thousands of barrels] COUNTRY Total 1 . . . . . . . . . Algeria . . . . . . . . . . Kuwait. . . . . . . . . . . Libya . . . . . . . . . . . Saudi Arabia . . . . . . United Arab Emirates . Indonesia. . . . . . . . . Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . Venezuela . . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom . . . . United States . . . . . . China . . . . . . . . . . . U.S.S.R. (former) . . .
1

717

1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59,599 1,106 1,656 1,787 9,900 1,709 1,577 1,662 2,055 2,168 1,435 1,936 1,622 8,597 2,114 11,706

1985 53,981 1,037 1,023 1,059 3,388 1,193 1,325 2,250 1,495 1,677 1,471 2,745 2,530 8,971 2,505 11,585

1988 58,662 1,040 1,492 1,175 5,086 1,565 1,342 2,240 1,450 1,903 1,616 2,512 2,232 8,140 2,730 11,978

1989 59,773 1,095 1,783 1,150 5,064 1,860 1,409 2,810 1,716 1,907 1,560 2,520 1,802 7,613 2,757 11,625

1990 60,471 1,175 1,175 1,375 6,410 2,117 1,462 3,088 1,810 2,137 1,553 2,553 1,820 7,355 2,774 10,880

1991 60,105 1,230 190 1,483 8,115 2,386 1,592 3,312 1,892 2,375 1,548 2,680 1,797 7,417 2,835 9,887

1992 60,255 1,217 1,029 1,483 8,438 2,325 1,566 3,429 1,982 2,334 1,598 2,668 1,825 7,171 2,838 8,388

1993 60,070 1,190 1,872 1,377 8,198 2,241 1,507 3,650 2,050 2,377 1,678 2,671 1,909 6,847 2,911 7,297

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Includes countries not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review.

No. 1192. World Natural Gas Production: 1984 to 1992
[In quadrillion Btu’s] REGION AND COUNTRY World total. . . . . . . . . North America . . . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . United States . . . . . . . . Central and South America . Western Europe . . . . . . . . Eastern Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1984 58.33 21.54 2.61 17.93 1.78 6.03 21.31 2.10 1.91 3.66 1985 60.62 20.80 2.98 16.91 1.84 6.25 23.11 2.50 1.97 4.16 1986 61.89 20.13 2.77 16.47 1.86 6.26 24.54 2.76 1.99 4.35 1987 64.93 20.88 3.00 17.05 1.82 6.59 25.61 3.18 2.23 4.63 1988 68.07 21.87 3.47 17.52 2.04 6.28 27.08 3.53 2.32 4.96 1989 70.56 22.34 3.67 17.78 2.21 6.47 27.96 3.87 2.53 5.18 1990 72.00 22.99 3.72 18.36 2.22 6.47 28.34 3.89 2.60 5.48 1991 73.96 23.37 4.18 18.28 2.22 7.56 28.04 3.89 2.82 6.06 1992
1

74.27 23.76 4.56 18.31 2.21 7.60 26.85 4.31 2.92 6.62

Middle East . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Far East and Oceania . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Preliminary.

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, International Energy Annual.

No. 1193. Domestic Motor Gasoline Supply: 1980 to 1994
[In 1,000 barrels per day, except as noted] ITEM Supply 1 . . . . . . . Production . . . . . Net imports . . . . . Stocks (mil. bbl.) 2 . . . . . . . .
1

1980 6,579 6,506 140 261

1985 6,831 6,419 381 223

1986 7,034 6,752 326 233

1987 7,206 6,841 384 226

1988 7,336 6,956 405 228

1989 7,328 6,963 369 213

1990 7,235 6,959 342 220
2

1991 7,188 6,975 297 219

1992 7,268 7,058 294 216

1993 7,476 7,360 247 226

1994 7,592 7,291 354 211

NA Not available. blending components.

Production plus net imports less net increase in primary stocks.

End of year, includes motor gasoline

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review.

No. 1194. Natural Gas Plant Liquids—Production and Value: 1970 to 1993
[Barrels of 42 gallons. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series M 143-146] ITEM Field production 1 . . . . . . . . Pentanes plus . . . . . . . . Liquefied petroleum gases Natural gas processed . . . .
1

Unit . . . . Mil. bbl Mil. bbl Mil. bbl Tril. cu. .. .. .. ft. . . . .

1970 606 197 400 19

1980 576 126 441 15

1985 587 103 479 13

1987 582 106 474 13

1988 595 111 483 13

1989 564 113 451 13

1990 566 112 454 15

1991 606 118 488 16

1992 621 121 500 16

1993 634 122 512 16

Includes other finished petroleum products, not shown separately.

Source: Through 1975, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook; thereafter, U.S. Energy Information Administration, Energy Data Reports, Petroleum Statement Annual, Petroleum Supply Annual, and Natural Gas Annual.

718

Natural Resources
No. 1195. U.S. Petroleum Balance: 1980 to 1993
[In millions of barrels] ITEM 1980 6,242 6,249 5,765 4,934 3,146 592 2,555 1,821 1,910 16 -105 33 577 253 484 578 94 -7 1,392 358 108 124 17 (NA) 785 6,242 2,407 1,049 918 414 1,454 (NA) 1985 5,740 5,676 5,363 4,381 3,275 666 2,608 1,094 1,125 43 75 12 604 378 313 523 210 64 1,519 321 493 107 33 8 557 5,740 2,493 1,047 439 584 1,155 22 1988 6,308 6,290 5,849 4,835 2,979 738 2,241 1,807 1,845 19 57 57 593 418 441 681 240 17 1,597 330 560 100 39 7 562 6,326 2,678 1,140 5,030 604 1,369 15 1989 6,324 6,270 5,874 4,891 2,779 684 2,095 2,081 2,112 20 52 32 563 420 396 656 260 53 1,581 341 580 (NA) (NA) (NA) 580 6,324 2,675 1,152 500 609 1,378 10 1990 6,201 6,259 5,934 4,894 2,685 647 2,037 2,112 2,142 10 40 98 574 465 326 598 272 -59 1,621 323 586 (NA) (NA) (NA) 712 6,201 2,641 1,103 449 568 1,431 9 1991 6,101 6,110 5,933 4,855 2,707 656 2,050 2,068 2,111 42 80 613 466 177 500 323 -10 1,617 325 569 (NA) (NA) (NA) 724 6,101 2,623 1,066 423 616 1,365 7
2

1992 6,234 6,206 6,050 4,909 2,625 627 1,997 2,194 2,223 4 32 90 628 513 156 471 315 28 1,592 318 575 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 6,234 2,660 1,090 401 642 70 5

1993 6,291 6,316 6,182 4,969 2,499 577 1,922 2,441 2,472 5 36 28 664 550 134 461 327 -24 1,647 335 587 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 6,291 2,729 1,110 394 633 72 4

Petroleum products supplied . . . . . . . New supply of products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Production of products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crude input to refineries . . . . . . . . . . . Oil, field production . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lower 48 States . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports (gross excluding SPR) 1 . . . SPR 1 imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other sources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Natural gas plant liquids (NGPL), supply . Other liquids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net imports of refined products. . . . . . . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stock withdrawal, refined products . . . . . . . . Ending stocks, all oils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crude oil and lease condensate . . . . . . . . . . Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) 1 . . . . . . Unfinished oils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gasoline blending components . . . . . . . . . . Pentanes plus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finished refined products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PRODUCT TYPE SUPPLIED Total products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finished motor gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Distillate fuel oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Residual fuel oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liquefied petroleum gases 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . Pentanes plus, other liquids, etc. . . . . . . . . . Crude oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Represents zero. NA Not available.
1

SPR=Strategic Petroleum Reserve. (See table 956.)

Includes ethane.

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Supply Annual.

No. 1196. Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas—Production, by State: 1985 to 1993
[See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series M 138, M 142, and M 147-161] CRUDE PETROLEUM STATE Quantity (mil. bbl.) 1985 Total AL . AK. AR. CA. CO FL . IL . IN . KS. KY. LA . MI . MS MT NE. NM NY. ND OH OK PA . TX . UT. WV WY
2 2 1

NATURAL GAS MARKETED PRODUCTION Quantity (bil. cu. ft.) 1985 17,270 107 321 155 491 178 11 1 (Z) 528 73 5,014 132 144 52 2 905 32 73 182 1,936 150 6,053 83 145 417 1990 18,594 135 403 175 363 243 6 1 (Z) 574 75 5,242 140 95 50 1 965 25 52 155 2,258 178 6,343 146 178 736 1993 19,305 388 430 196 316 401 7 (Z) (Z) 686 87 5,166 205 81 55 2 1,409 21 60 137 2,050 132 6,250 225 176 779 Value (mil. dol.) 1985 43,343 398 236 393 1,653 517 26 4 1 671 174 13,355 475 456 125 6 2,370 106 138 560 4,930 474 14,097 293 558 1,252 1990 31,658 373 554 360 857 377 15 1 1 893 169 9,587 420 167 90 2 1,629 55 93 393 3,548 417 9,939 249 568 856

Value (mil. dol.) 1985 78,884 579 10,655 443 8,386 758 (NA) 795 134 1,939 201 5,387 726 796 734 163 2,028 25 1,307 361 4,256 114 23 773 86 3,061 1990 53,772 387 10,086 222 5,732 722 (NA) 467 73 1,359 124 3,409 458 630 429 119 1,472 9 849 196 2,690 54 15,060 524 43 2,169 1993 35,611 308 8,141 150 3,548 481 (NA) 288 51 798 99 2,349 235 336 250 75 1,118 478 140 1,598 35 10,022 385 34 1,284

1990 2,685 18 658 10 322 31 6 20 3 59 5 148 20 30 20 5 66 (Z) 39 8 117 2 674 23 2 103

1993 2,499 19 577 10 293 29 6 17 3 50 6 139 14 23 17 5 68 (Z) 31 8 97 2 619 22 2 88

1993 39,185 956 611 551 753 646 15 1 (Z) 1,238 198 11,052 487 139 84 4 2,512 51 110 337 3,859 359 13,059 398 467 1,549

... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3,274 22 666 19 424 30 11 30 5 75 8 508 27 31 30 7 79 1 51 15 163 5 889 41 4 129

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 Excludes nonhydrocarbon gases. NA Not available. Z Less than 500 million cubic feet or less than $500,000. Includes other States not shown separately. State production does not include State offshore production.

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Energy Data Reports, Petroleum Supply Annual, Natural Gas Annual, and Natural Gas Monthly.

Natural Gas—Liquefied Petroleum Gases—World Coal Trade
No. 1198. Liquefied Petroleum Gases—Summary: 1980 to 1993
[In millions of 42-gallon barrels. Includes ethane] ITEM Production . . . At natural gas At refineries . Imports . . . . . . Refinery input . . Exports . . . . . .
2

719

1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 561 441 121 79 85 9

1990 638 456 182 68 107 14

1992 720 500 222 57 172 18

1993 850 634 216 70 179 16

ITEM Consumption. . . . . . . . . . Ethane 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . Propane 1 2 . . . . . . . . . . Butane (incl. isobutane) 2 Stocks, Dec. 31. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1980 538 164 298 76 116

1990 568 186 335 47 98

1992 629 209 378 42 98

1993 633 217 367 49 117

..... plants. ..... ..... ..... .....

1 Reported consumption of ethane-propane mixtures have been allocated 70 percent ethane and 30 percent propane. Reported consumption of butane-propane mixtures have been allocated 60 percent butane and 40 percent propane.

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Supply Annual.

No. 1199. World Coal Trade: 1980 to 1991
[In millions of short tons] COUNTRIES Exporting countries, total 1 . United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Australia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . South Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soviet Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Importing countries, total Western Europe/Mediterranean. Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eastern Europe . . . . . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 1

1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277.2 88.7 46.6 30.7 26.2 13.8 16.1 34.6 4.2 277.2 126.9 75.6 34.8 17.4
2

1982 292.0 106.5 48.8 30.5 23.0 11.2 16.6 30.6 5.1 292.0 126.5 86.5 37.0 17.3

1983 284.5 78.2 62.3 32.7 22.8 11.5 18.6 38.7 6.8 284.5 112.9 82.8 39.7 16.7

1984 332.9 82.0 82.2 40.9 22.8 12.4 26.8 47.2 7.7 332.9 132.4 96.2 39.9 20.3

1985 370.2 93.2 96.6 49.8 26.5 10.5 30.3 39.7 8.6 370.2 152.3 103.0 39.1 16.1

1986 376.3 85.5 101.3 50.1 36.9 7.9 28.6 37.9 10.9 376.3 149.0 99.6 45.4 14.7

1987 383.0 79.6 111.9 46.9 39.1 6.9 29.5 34.2 14.4 383.0 145.6 100.2 44.9 15.8

1988 415.0 94.9 109.8 47.4 46.0 5.5 35.0 35.5 16.2 415.0 146.2 111.6 45.1 19.3

1989 423.5 100.8 108.5 51.6 43.9 5.9 36.1 31.8 16.9 423.5 154.7 111.7 39.6 15.1

1990 440.2 105.8 116.9 54.5 42.7 6.0 34.2 61.8 19.1 440.2 172.1 113.9 30.6 15.7

1991 434.6 109 132.5 52.7 31 3.9 37.6 19.8 20.7 434.6 180.6 123.5 21.9 13.7

. . . .

. . . . .

Includes areas not shown separately.

Represents United Germany beginning, 1990.

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, 1975-84, Outlook for U.S. Coal Imports; thereafter, Annual Prospects for World Coal Trade.

720

Natural Resources
No. 1200. Coal and Coke—Summary: 1970 to 1993

[Includes coal consumed at mines. Demonstrated coal reserve base for United States on Jan. 1, 1992, was an estimated 476 billion tons. Recoverability varies between 40 and 90 percent for individual deposits; 50 percent or more of overall U.S. coal reserve base is believed to be recoverable. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series M 93-126] ITEM Coal production, total 1 Value . . . . . . . . . . . . Anthracite production . . . . . . Bituminous coal and lignite: 2 Number of mines . . . . . . . Production . . . . . . . . . . . . Value, total . . . . . . . . . . Average per ton . . . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Method of mining: Underground . . . . . . . . Surface . . . . . . . . . . . . Percent of total prod . . Value . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumption 3 . . . . . . . . . Electric power utilities . . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . Productivity average: 4 Daily employment . . . . . . . Days worked . . . . . . . . . . Tons per worker: Per day . . . . . . . . . . . . Per year . . . . . . . . . . . Production, by State: Alabama . . . . . . . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kentucky . . . . . . . . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ohio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . . . . . . . . . Virginia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . West Virginia . . . . . . . . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other States . . . . . . . . . . World production . . . . . . . . . Coke production 5 . Oven coke 6 . . . . Value of product at plant . Coke and breeze . . . . Avg. market value per ton Coal carbonized . . . . . . . Average value per ton . Yield of coke from coal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit Mil. sh. tons . . Mil. dol. . . . . . . Mil. sh. tons . . . Number . . . . . Mil. sh. tons . . Mil. dol. . . . . . Dollars . . . . . Mil. sh. tons . . Mil. dol. . . . . . 1,000 sh. tons Mil. sh. tons . Mil. sh. tons . Percent . . . . Mil. dol. . . . . Mil. sh. tons . Mil. sh. tons . Mil. sh. tons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1970 613 3,882 9.7 5,601 603 3,774 6.26 72 961 36 339 264 43.8 (Z) 523 320 184 140 228 18.84 4,296 21 65 22 125 3 55 90 35 144 7 44 3,295 66.5 65.7 2,193 1,899 28 96.5 12.47 69.1 1980 830 20,453 6.1 5,598 824 20,196 24.52 92 4,627 1,194 337 487 59.1 30 703 569 126 225 210 16.32 3,427 26 63 31 150 30 39 93 41 122 95 140 4,103 46.1 46.1 6,029 4,784 103 66.7 56.26 69.2 1985 884 22,277 4.7 4,547 879 22,061 25.10 93 4,465 1,952 350 529 60.2 70 818 694 116 169 204 23.13 4,719 28 59 33 152 33 36 71 41 128 141 161 4,779 28.4 28.7 (NA) (NA) 103 41.1 54.30 69.8 1989 981 21,330 3.3 3,429 977 21,260 21.76 101 4,287 2,851 394 587 59.8 (NA) 890 767 76 131 269 31.75 6,795 28 59 34 167 38 34 71 43 154 172 182 5,252 28.1 33.0 (NA) (NA) (NA) 41.4 47.50 79.8 1990 1,029 (NA) 3.5 3,243 1,026 22,274 21.71 106 4,510 2,699 425 605 58.7 (NA) 896 774 76 131 271 32.90 7,106 29 60 36 173 38 35 71 47 169 184 187 5,214 27.6 27.6 (NA) (NA) (NA) 38.9 47.73 71.0 1991 996 (NA) 3.4 2,846 993 21,598 21.75 109 4,619 3,390 407 589 59.1 (NA) 888 772 75 121 274 35.18 7,880 27 60 32 159 38 31 65 42 167 194 181 4,952 24.1 24.0 (NA) (NA) (NA) 33.9 48.88 71.0 1992 998 (NA) 3.5 2,746 995 (NA) 21.03 103 (NA) 3,803 407 590 59.1 (NA) 892 780 74 110 280 37.71 (NA) 26 60 31 161 39 30 68 43 162 190 189 4,975 23.4 23.0 (NA) (NA) (NA) 32.4 47.9 (NA) 1993 945 (NA) 3.6 2,475 945 (NA) 19.85 75 (NA) (NA) 351 594 (NA) (NA) 928 814 75 101 280 (NA) (NA) 25 41 29 156 36 29 60 39 131 210 (NA) (NA) 23.2 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 31.6 47.4 (NA)

1,000 . . . . . . . Number . . . . . . Sh. tons . . . . . Sh. tons . . . . . Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. sh. sh. sh. sh. sh. sh. sh. sh. sh. sh. sh. sh. tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . tons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Mil. sh. tons Mil. sh. tons . Mil. dol. . . . . Mil. dol. . . . . Dollars . . . . Mil. sh. tons . Dollars . . . . Percent . . . .

NA Not available. Z Less than $500,000. 1 Includes bituminous coal, lignite, and anthracite. 2 All domestic production data for 1970 are for mines producing 1,000 short tons or more per year; thereafter, data are for all mines. 3 Includes some categories not shown separately. 4 Data for 1970 are for mines producing 1,000 short tons or more per year; thereafter, for mines producing 10,000 short tons more. Beginning 1985, includes anthracite. 5 Includes beehive coke. 6 Prior to 1980, excludes screenings or breeze; thereafter, includes beehive and other nonrecoverable coke-oven operations. Source: 1970, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook; thereafter, U.S. Energy Information Administration, Coal Industry, annual; Annual Energy Review, and Quarterly Coal Report, and unpublished data.

No. 1201. Uranium Concentrate (U3O8) Industry—Summary: 1980 to 1993
[Middle demand case. See table 969. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series M 266-267] ITEM Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net imports (U3O8) . . . . . . . . . Utility and Suppliers inventories (U3O8 equivalent) . . . . . . . . . Price (1988 dol./lb. U3O8): Long-term contract price . . . . Spot market price. . . . . . . . . Delivered price . . . . . . . . . . Capital expenditures (1988 dollars) . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit 1,000 sh. tons . 1,000 sh. tons . 1,000 sh. tons . Dollars . . . . . . Dollars . . . . . . Dollars . . . . . . 1980 21.9 -1.1 54.4 41.4 45.0 39.9
1

1985 5.6 3.2 68.3 24.7 17.0 33.6 37 2.4

1986 6.8 6.4
1

1987 6.5 7.5
1

1988 6.5 6.4
1

1989 6.9 5.6
1

1990 4.4 12.1

1991 4.0 9.8

1992 2.8 12.3 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 0.7

1993 3.1 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 0.4

66.2 19.3 18.1 31.9 29 2.1

64.5 18.5 17.3 19.6 63 2.0

59.1

54.9

45.6 36.70 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1.3 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1.0

2

2

2

2

(NA) 14.5 25.7 36 2.10

2

(NA) 14.2 27.8 35 1.6

Mil. dol. . . . . . . 1,107 1,000 . . . . . . . 19.9

NA Not available. 1 Includes natural U3O8 (uranium oxide), natural UF6 (uranium hexafluoride), natural UF6 under usage agreement, UF6 at enrichment suppliers, enriched UF6 and fabricated fuel. 2 Average U.S. contract prices and market price settlements. Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Domestic Uranium Mining and Milling Industry, annual, and Uranium Industry, annual.