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Figure 15.1

Prices

Annual Percent Change in Producer Price Indexes by Stage of Processing: 1970 to 1994
60 50 40 30 Crude materials 20 10 0 –10 –20 –30 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 Finished consumer goods Percent

Source: Chart prepared by U.S. Bureau of the Census. For data, see table 767.

Figure 15.2

Annual Percent Change in Consumer Price Indexes: 1970 to 1994
60 50 40 Fuel oil 30 20 Medical care 10 0 –10 –20 –30 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 All items Percent

Source: Chart prepared by U.S. Bureau of the Census. For data, see table 761.

Section 15

Prices
This section presents indexes of producer and consumer prices, actual prices for selected commodities, and energy prices. The primary sources of these data are monthly publications of the Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which include Monthly Labor Review, Consumer Price Index, Detailed Report; Producer Price Indexes; and U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes. The Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis is the source for gross domestic product measures. Producer price index (PPI).—This index, dating from 1890, is the oldest continuous statistical series published by BLS. It is designed to measure average changes in prices received by producers of all commodities, at all stages of processing, produced in the United States. The index has undergone several revisions (see Monthly Labor Review, February 1962, April 1978, and August 1988). It is now based on approximately 3,200 commodity price series and 80,000 quotations per month. Indexes for the net output of manufacturing and mining industries have been added in recent years. Prices used in constructing the index are collected from sellers, and generally apply to the first significant large volume commercial transaction for each commodity—i.e., the manufacturer’s or other producer’s selling price or the selling price on an organized exchange or at a central market. The weights used in the index represent the total net selling value of commodities produced or processed in this country. Values are f.o.b. (free-on-board) production point and are exclusive of excise taxes. Effective with the release of data for January 1988, many important producer price indexes were changed to a new reference base year, 1982=100, from 1967=100. The reference year of the PPI shipment weights has been taken primarily from the 1987 Census of Manufactures. For further detail regarding the PPI, see the BLS Handbook of Methods, Bulletin 2414, Chapter 16. Consumer price indexes (CPI).—The CPI is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed “market

In Brief
Consumer price changes: 1993-94: All items index up 2.6 percent Medical care index up 4.8 percent Fuel oil index down -1.8 percent basket” of goods and services purchased either by urban wage earners and clerical workers or by all urban consumers. In 1919, BLS began to publish complete indexes at semiannual intervals, using a weighting structure based on data collected in the expenditure survey of wageearner and clerical-worker families in 1917-19 (BLS Bulletin 357, 1924). The first major revision of the CPI occurred in 1940, with subsequent revisions in 1953, 1964, 1978, and 1987. Beginning with the release of data for January 1988 in February 1988, most Consumer Price Indexes shifted to a new reference base year. All indexes previously expressed on a base of 1967=100, or any other base through December 1981, have been rebased to 1982-84=100. Selection of the 1982-84 period was made to coincide with the updated expenditure weights, which are based upon data tabulated from the Consumer Expenditure Surveys for 1982, 1983, and 1984. BLS publishes CPI’s for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 80 percent of the total population; and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups which historically have been excluded from CPI coverage, such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force. The current CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, etc., purchased for day-to-day living. Prices are collected in 85 areas across the country from over

490

Prices
The product universe for both the import and export indexes includes raw materials, agricultural products, semifinished manufactures, and finished manufactures, including both capital and consumer goods. Price data for these items are collected primarily by mail questionnaire. In nearly all cases, the data are collected directly from the exporter or importer, although in a few cases, prices are obtained from other sources. To the extent possible, the data gathered refer to prices at the U.S. border for exports and at either the foreign border or the U.S. border for imports. For nearly all products, the prices refer to transactions completed during the first week of the month. Survey respondents are asked to indicate all discounts, allowances, and rebates applicable to the reported prices, so that the price used in the calculation of the indexes is the actual price for which the product was bought or sold. In addition to general indexes for U.S. exports and imports, indexes are also published for detailed product categories of exports and imports. These categories are defined according to the five-digit level of detail for the Bureau of Economic Analysis End-use Classification, the three-digit level of detail for the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC), and the four-digit level of detail for the Harmonized System. Aggregate import indexes by country or region of origin are also available. Other price indexes.—The fixedweighted price index is a weighted average of the detailed price indexes used in the deflation of goods and services that make up the gross domestic product (GDP). These price indexes are combined using weights that reflect the composition of GDP in 1987. Because the same weights are used for each period, changes in this index measure changes in prices over any period. Measures of inflation.—Inflation is defined as a time of generally rising prices for goods and factors of production. The Bureau of Labor Statistics samples prices of items in a representative market basket and publishes the results as the CPI. The media invariably announce the inflation rate as the percent change in the CPI from month to month. A much more meaningful

57,000 housing units and 19,000 establishments. Area selection was based on the 1980 census. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of food, fuels, and a few other items are obtained every month in all 85 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected monthly in the five largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. In calculating the index, each item is assigned a weight to account for its relative importance in consumers’ budgets. Price changes for the various items in each location are then averaged. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Separate indexes are also published for regions, area size-classes, cross-classifications of regions and sizeclasses, and for 29 local areas, usually consisting of the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA); see Appendix II. Area definitions are those established by the Office of Management and Budget in 1983. Definitions do not include revisions made since 1983. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period. For further detail regarding the CPI, see the BLS Handbook of Methods, Bulletin 2414, Chapter 19; the Consumer Price Index, and Report 736, the CPI: 1987 Revision. In January 1983, the method of measuring homeownership costs in the CPI-U was changed to a rental equivalence approach. This treatment calculates homeowner costs of shelter based on the implicit rent owners would pay to rent the homes they own. The rental equivalence approach was introduced into the CPI-W in 1985. The CPI-U was used to prepare the consumer prices tables in this section. International price indexes—The BLS International Price Program produces export and import price indexes for nonmilitary goods traded between the United States and the rest of the world. The export price index provides a measure of price change for all products sold by U.S. residents to foreign buyers. The import price index provides a measure of price change for goods purchased from other countries by U.S. residents. The reference period for the indexes is 1990=100, unless otherwise indicated.

Prices
indicator of inflation is the percent change from the same month of the prior year.

491

The Producer Price Index (PPI) measures prices at the producer/manufacturing level only. The PPI shows the same general pattern of inflation as does the CPI, but is more volatile. The PPI can be roughly viewed as a leading indicator. It often tends to foreshadow trends that later occur in the CPI. Other measures of inflation include the index of industrial materials prices; the Dow Jones Commodity Spot Price Index; Futures Price Index, the Employment Cost Index, the Hourly Compensation Index, or the Unit Labor Cost Index as a measure of

the change in cost of the labor factor of production, and changes in long-term interest rates that are often used to measure changes in the cost of the capital factor of production. Statistical reliability.—For a discussion of statistical collection and estimation, sampling procedures, and measures of statistical reliability pertaining to the producer price index and the CPI, see Appendix III. Historical statistics.—Tabular headnotes provide cross-references, where applicable, to Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970. See Appendix IV.

No. 760. Purchasing Power of the Dollar: 1950 to 1994
[Indexes: PPI, 1982=$1.00; CPI, 1982–84=$1.00. Producer prices prior to 1961, and consumer prices prior to 1964, exclude Alaska and Hawaii. Producer prices based on finished goods index. Obtained by dividing the average price index for the 1982=100, PPI; 1982–84=100, CPI base periods (100.0) by the price index for a given period and expressing the result in dollars and cents. Annual figures are based on average of monthly data] ANNUAL AVERAGE AS MEASURED BY— YEAR 1950 . . . . 1951 . . . . 1952 . . . . 1953 . . . . 1954 . . . . 1955 . . . . 1956 . . . . 1957 . . . . 1958 . . . . 1959 . . . . 1960 . . . . 1961 . . . . 1962 . . . . 1963 . . . . 1964 . . . . Producer prices $3.546 3.247 3.268 3.300 3.289 3.279 3.195 3.077 3.012 3.021 2.994 2.994 2.985 2.994 2.985 Consumer prices $4.151 3.846 3.765 3.735 3.717 3.732 3.678 3.549 3.457 3.427 3.373 3.340 3.304 3.265 3.220 YEAR 1965 . . . . 1966 . . . . 1967 . . . . 1968 . . . . 1969 . . . . 1970 . . . . 1971 . . . . 1972 . . . . 1973 . . . . 1974 . . . . 1975 . . . . 1976 . . . . 1977 . . . . 1978 . . . . 1979 . . . . ANNUAL AVERAGE AS MEASURED BY— Producer prices 2.933 2.841 2.809 2.732 2.632 2.545 2.469 2.392 2.193 1.901 1.718 1.645 1.546 1.433 1.289 Consumer prices 3.166 3.080 2.993 2.873 2.726 2.574 2.466 2.391 2.251 2.029 1.859 1.757 1.649 1.532 1.380 YEAR 1980 . . . . 1981 . . . . 1982 . . . . 1983 . . . . 1984 . . . . 1985 . . . . 1986 . . . . 1987 . . . . 1988 . . . . 1989 . . . . 1990 . . . . 1991 . . . . 1992 . . . . 1993 . . . . 1994 . . . . ANNUAL AVERAGE AS MEASURED BY— Producer prices 1.136 1.041 1.000 0.984 0.964 0.955 0.969 0.949 0.926 0.880 0.839 0.822 0.812 0.802 0.797 Consumer prices 1.215 1.098 1.035 1.003 0.961 0.928 0.913 0.880 0.846 0.807 0.766 0.734 0.713 0.692 0.675

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Monthly data in U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business.

492

Prices
No. 761. Consumer Price Indexes (CPI-U), by Major Groups: 1960 to 1994

[1982-84=100. Represents annual averages of monthly figures. Reflects buying patterns of all urban consumers. Minus sign (-) indicates decrease. See text, section 15. See Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series E 135-173 for similar data] All items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29.6 29.9 30.2 30.6 31.0 31.5 32.4 33.4 34.8 36.7 38.8 40.5 41.8 44.4 49.3 53.8 56.9 60.6 65.2 72.6 82.4 90.9 96.5 99.6 103.9 107.6 109.6 113.6 118.3 124.0 130.7 136.2 140.3 144.5 148.2 Apparel Transand upkeep portation 45.7 46.1 46.3 46.9 47.3 47.8 49.0 51.0 53.7 56.8 59.2 61.1 62.3 64.6 69.4 72.5 75.2 78.6 81.4 84.9 90.9 95.3 97.8 100.2 102.1 105.0 105.9 110.6 115.4 118.6 124.1 128.7 131.9 133.7 133.4 29.8 30.1 30.8 30.9 31.4 31.9 32.3 33.3 34.3 35.7 37.5 39.5 39.9 41.2 45.8 50.1 55.1 59.0 61.7 70.5 83.1 93.2 97.0 99.3 103.7 106.4 102.3 105.4 108.7 114.1 120.5 123.8 126.5 130.4 134.3 Medical care 22.3 22.9 23.5 24.1 24.6 25.2 26.3 28.2 29.9 31.9 34.0 36.1 37.3 38.8 42.4 47.5 52.0 57.0 61.8 67.5 74.9 82.9 92.5 100.6 106.8 113.5 122.0 130.1 138.6 149.3 162.8 177.0 190.1 201.4 211.0 Fuel oil 13.5 14.0 14.0 14.3 14.0 14.3 14.7 15.1 15.6 15.9 16.5 17.6 17.6 20.4 32.2 34.9 37.4 42.4 44.9 63.1 87.7 107.3 105.0 96.5 98.5 94.6 74.1 75.8 75.8 80.3 98.6 92.4 88.0 87.2 85.6 Electricity 29.9 29.9 29.9 29.9 29.8 29.7 29.7 29.9 30.2 30.8 31.8 33.9 35.6 37.4 44.1 50.0 53.1 56.6 60.9 65.6 75.8 87.2 95.8 98.9 105.3 108.9 110.4 110.0 111.5 114.7 117.4 121.8 124.2 126.7 126.7 TeleUtility phone All (piped) comserv- modities gas ices 17.6 17.9 17.9 17.9 17.9 18.0 18.1 18.1 18.2 18.6 19.6 21.0 22.1 23.1 26.0 31.1 36.3 43.2 47.5 55.1 65.7 74.9 89.8 104.7 105.5 104.8 99.7 95.1 94.5 97.1 97.3 98.5 100.3 106.5 108.5 58.3 58.5 58.5 58.6 58.6 57.7 56.5 57.3 57.3 58.0 58.7 61.6 65.0 66.7 69.5 71.7 74.3 75.2 76.0 75.8 77.7 84.6 93.2 99.2 107.5 111.7 117.2 116.5 116.0 117.2 117.7 119.7 120.4 121.2 123.1 33.6 33.8 34.1 34.4 34.8 35.2 36.1 36.8 38.1 39.9 41.7 43.2 44.5 47.8 53.5 58.2 60.7 64.2 68.8 76.6 86.0 93.2 97.0 99.8 103.2 105.4 104.4 107.7 111.5 116.7 122.8 126.6 129.1 131.5 133.8

YEAR 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Energy 22.4 22.5 22.6 22.6 22.5 22.9 23.3 23.8 24.2 24.8 25.5 26.5 27.2 29.4 38.1 42.1 45.1 49.4 52.5 65.7 86.0 97.7 99.2 99.9 100.9 101.6 88.2 88.6 89.3 94.3 102.1 102.5 103.0 104.2 104.6

Food 30.0 30.4 30.6 31.1 31.5 32.2 33.8 34.1 35.3 37.1 39.2 40.4 42.1 48.2 55.1 59.8 61.6 65.5 72.0 79.9 86.8 93.6 97.4 99.4 103.2 105.6 109.0 113.5 118.2 125.1 132.4 136.3 137.9 140.9 144.3

Shelter 25.2 25.4 25.8 26.1 26.5 27.0 27.8 28.8 30.1 32.6 35.5 37.0 38.7 40.5 44.4 48.8 51.5 54.9 60.5 68.9 81.0 90.5 96.9 99.1 104.0 109.8 115.8 121.3 127.1 132.8 140.0 146.3 151.2 155.7 160.5

PERCENT CHANGE 1 1960 . . . . . . . 1961 . . . . . . . 1962 . . . . . . . 1963 . . . . . . . 1964 . . . . . . . 1965 . . . . . . . 1966 . . . . . . . 1967 . . . . . . . 1968 . . . . . . . 1969 . . . . . . . 1970 . . . . . . . 1971 . . . . . . . 1972 . . . . . . . 1973 . . . . . . . 1974 . . . . . . . 1975 . . . . . . . 1976 . . . . . . . 1977 . . . . . . . 1978 . . . . . . . 1979 . . . . . . . 1980 . . . . . . . 1981 . . . . . . . 1982 . . . . . . . 1983 . . . . . . . 1984 . . . . . . . 1985 . . . . . . . 1986 . . . . . . . 1987 . . . . . . . 1988 . . . . . . . 1989 . . . . . . . 1990 . . . . . . . 1991 . . . . . . . 1992 . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.7 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.6 2.9 3.1 4.2 5.5 5.7 4.4 3.2 6.2 11.0 9.1 5.8 6.5 7.6 11.3 13.5 10.3 6.2 3.2 4.3 3.6 1.9 3.6 4.1 4.8 5.4 4.2 3.0 3.0 2.6
1

2.3 0.4 0.4 -0.4 1.8 1.7 2.1 1.7 2.5 2.8 3.9 2.6 8.1 29.6 10.5 7.1 9.5 6.3 25.1 30.9 13.6 1.5 0.7 1.0 0.7 -13.2 0.5 0.8 5.6 8.3 0.4 0.5 1.2 0.4

1.0 1.3 0.7 1.6 1.3 2.2 5.0 0.9 3.5 5.1 5.7 3.1 4.2 14.5 14.3 8.5 3.0 6.3 9.9 11.0 8.6 7.8 4.1 2.1 3.8 2.3 3.2 4.1 4.1 5.8 5.8 2.9 1.2 2.2 2.4

2.0 0.8 1.6 1.2 1.5 1.9 3.0 3.6 4.5 8.3 8.9 4.2 4.6 4.7 9.6 9.9 5.5 6.6 10.2 13.9 17.6 11.7 7.1 2.3 4.9 5.6 5.5 4.7 4.8 4.5 5.4 4.5 3.3 3.0 3.1

1.6 0.9 0.4 1.3 0.9 1.1 2.5 4.1 5.3 5.8 4.2 3.2 2.0 3.7 7.4 4.5 3.7 4.5 3.6 4.3 7.1 4.8 2.6 2.5 1.9 2.8 0.9 4.4 4.3 2.8 4.6 3.7 2.5 1.4 -0.2

1.0 2.3 0.3 1.6 1.6 1.3 3.1 3.0 4.1 5.0 5.3 1.0 3.3 11.2 9.4 10.0 7.1 4.6 14.3 17.9 12.2 4.1 2.4 4.4 2.6 -3.9 3.0 3.1 5.0 5.6 2.7 2.2 3.1 3.0

3.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.1 2.4 4.4 7.2 6.0 6.7 6.6 6.2 3.3 4.0 9.3 12.0 9.5 9.6 8.4 9.2 11.0 10.7 11.6 8.8 6.2 6.3 7.5 6.6 6.5 7.7 9.0 8.7 7.4 5.9 4.8

-1.5 3.7 2.1 -2.1 2.1 2.8 2.7 3.3 1.9 3.8 6.7 15.9 57.8 8.4 7.2 13.4 5.9 40.5 39.0 22.3 -2.1 -8.1 2.1 -4.0 -21.7 2.3 5.9 22.8 -6.3 -4.8 -0.9 -1.8

1.4 -0.3 -0.3 0.7 1.0 2.0 3.2 6.6 5.0 5.1 17.9 13.4 6.2 6.6 7.6 7.7 15.5 15.0 9.9 3.2 6.5 3.4 1.4 -0.4 1.4 2.9 2.4 3.7 2.0 2.0 -

6.7 1.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 2.2 5.4 7.1 5.2 4.5 12.6 19.6 16.7 19.0 10.0 16.0 19.2 14.0 19.9 16.6 0.8 -0.7 -4.9 -4.6 -0.6 2.8 0.2 1.2 1.8 6.2 1.9

1.6 0.3 0.2 -1.5 -2.1 1.4 1.2 1.2 4.9 5.5 2.6 4.2 3.2 3.6 1.2 1.1 -0.3 2.5 8.9 10.2 6.4 8.4 3.9 4.9 -0.6 -0.4 1.0 0.4 1.7 0.6 0.7 1.6

0.9 0.6 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.1 2.6 1.9 3.5 4.7 4.5 3.6 3.0 7.4 11.9 8.8 4.3 5.8 7.2 11.3 12.3 8.4 4.1 2.9 3.4 2.1 -0.9 3.2 3.5 4.7 5.2 3.1 2.0 1.9 1.7

- Represents zero.

Change from immediate prior year.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Monthly Labor Review and Handbook of Labor Statistics, periodic.

Consumer Price Indexes

493

No. 762. Consumer Price Indexes for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Selected Items and Groups: 1980 to 1994
[1982-84=100. Annual averages of monthly figures. See headnote, table 761] ITEM All items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food and beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food at home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cereals and bakery products . . . . Cereals and cereal products . . . Cereals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rice, pasta, and cornmeal . . . . Bakery products . . . . . . . . . . . White bread . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cookies, cakes, and cupcakes . Meats, poultry, fish and eggs . . Meats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beef and veal . . . . . . . . . . Ground beef excl. canned . Chuck roast . . . . . . . . . . Round steak . . . . . . . . . . Sirloin steak . . . . . . . . . . Pork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ham . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poultry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh whole chicken . . . . . Fresh, frozen chicken parts Fish and seafood. . . . . . . Canned fish and seafood Fresh and frozen fish and Eggs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dairy products . . . . . . . . . Fruits and vegetables. . Fresh fruits . . . . . . . . Apples . . . . . . . . . . Bananas . . . . . . . . Oranges, tangerines . Fresh vegetables . . . . Potatoes . . . . . . . . Lettuce . . . . . . . . . Tomatoes . . . . . . . . Processed fruits . . . . Processed vegetables Coffee . . . . . . . . . . . Lunch away from home . . Dinner away from home. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 82.4 86.7 86.8 88.4 83.9 84.2 76.3 90.9 83.8 85.9 81.5 92.0 92.7 98.4 104.6 99.8 98.9 96.2 81.9 73.5 82.9 85.5 93.7 94.4 91.7 87.5 93.7 84.1 88.6 90.9 82.1 84.8 92.1 91.5 72.6 79.0 81.0 77.8 81.9 82.1 83.1 111.6 83.8 84.2 86.4 87.3 84.8 89.8 89.5 82.9 81.1 81.0 (NA) 80.9 78.9 (NA) (NA) (NA) 82.4 75.4 74.8 86.1 87.7 71.4 75.8 65.7 77.7 72.8 83.3 85.2 74.0 (NA) (NA) 1985 107.6 105.6 105.6 104.3 107.9 107.2 111.3 102.1 108.2 105.8 110.2 100.1 98.9 98.2 95.9 95.6 97.0 99.7 99.1 101.3 98.7 99.8 106.2 104.5 104.6 107.5 97.8 112.9 91.0 103.2 108.4 116.3 113.1 99.9 119.7 103.5 101.6 106.1 103.6 109.5 104.4 105.5 107.8 108.8 106.4 105.2 106.7 105.3 100.2 111.1 107.7 109.8 115.4 111.8 109.4 113.1 113.2 112.4 106.5 106.5 104.5 95.9 94.6 107.1 108.9 104.8 111.7 120.4 94.9 106.8 113.4 110.6 109.9 1988 118.3 118.2 118.2 116.6 122.1 122.5 132.9 114.4 121.8 118.6 125.0 114.3 112.2 112.1 103.4 108.1 110.6 120.0 112.5 100.9 118.8 116.5 120.7 125.1 123.3 137.4 117.0 144.2 93.6 108.4 128.1 143.0 134.2 119.2 144.6 129.3 119.1 148.6 123.1 122.0 112.2 115.0 121.5 121.6 118.6 114.2 114.4 116.1 107.8 130.6 118.5 127.1 133.6 127.8 124.9 131.1 131.1 129.0 114.7 104.4 98.0 78.1 75.8 104.6 111.5 94.5 116.0 141.3 72.3 101.5 132.7 132.9 142.5 1989 124.0 124.9 125.1 124.2 132.4 133.8 147.9 120.0 131.5 129.4 134.5 121.3 116.7 119.3 108.6 116.8 116.6 126.0 113.2 95.8 122.7 117.3 132.7 137.1 135.7 143.6 124.3 155.2 118.5 115.6 138.0 152.4 140.5 131.3 147.0 143.1 153.5 151.5 136.2 125.9 124.2 120.4 127.6 126.9 123.5 117.9 118.2 119.9 110.9 137.4 123.0 132.8 138.9 132.8 128.3 137.3 137.4 132.6 118.0 107.8 100.9 81.7 80.3 107.5 114.7 97.1 117.2 146.5 70.0 97.0 140.8 144.0 155.6 1990 130.7 132.1 132.4 132.3 140.0 141.1 158.6 122.0 139.2 136.4 142.7 130.0 128.5 128.8 118.1 130.3 125.1 130.6 129.8 113.4 140.2 132.4 132.5 134.9 135.9 146.7 119.5 161.4 124.1 126.5 149.0 170.9 147.5 138.2 160.6 151.1 162.6 150.3 160.8 136.9 127.5 117.5 133.9 132.3 129.3 123.0 123.6 125.7 114.4 144.4 128.5 140.0 146.7 138.4 130.6 144.6 144.8 135.3 122.2 111.6 104.5 99.3 98.6 109.3 117.4 97.3 117.7 149.3 68.2 95.1 150.2 158.4 171.2 1991 136.2 136.8 136.3 135.8 145.8 147.5 168.1 126.5 144.7 139.3 151.1 132.6 132.5 132.4 119.9 135.8 129.5 133.5 134.1 119.8 141.7 139.9 131.5 131.7 134.7 148.3 119.0 163.8 121.2 125.1 155.8 193.9 172.8 145.0 249.4 154.4 144.6 159.8 153.1 131.8 128.5 115.3 138.4 136.3 142.8 137.8 138.4 139.2 129.9 156.9 133.6 146.3 155.6 143.3 133.2 150.2 150.4 138.4 126.3 115.3 106.7 94.6 92.4 112.6 121.8 98.5 119.7 153.9 67.6 93.1 161.1 175.7 189.2 1992 140.3 138.7 137.9 136.8 151.5 153.3 175.4 128.3 150.4 146.2 155.6 130.9 130.7 132.3 118.9 137.1 129.9 132.4 127.8 104.6 138.9 135.6 131.4 131.9 134.4 151.7 118.7 168.7 108.3 128.5 155.4 184.2 179.5 139.9 176.2 157.9 141.5 155.7 171.8 137.7 128.8 110.7 141.3 138.9 147.3 141.6 143.5 141.5 132.6 162.5 137.5 151.2 160.9 146.9 136.5 155.3 155.5 142.2 128.6 117.8 108.1 90.7 88.0 114.8 124.2 100.3 120.4 155.7 68.0 91.4 172.1 186.2 207.3 1993 144.5 141.6 140.9 140.1 156.6 157.9 183.3 129.7 155.7 152.2 159.3 135.5 134.6 137.1 121.7 141.9 134.4 138.5 131.7 110.8 144.6 137.9 136.9 138.0 140.1 156.6 121.5 174.5 117.1 129.4 159.0 188.8 169.0 135.5 190.1 168.7 154.6 178.2 168.0 132.3 130.8 109.8 144.0 141.3 149.6 142.2 143.2 143.2 134.0 167.4 141.2 155.7 165.0 150.3 140.8 160.2 160.5 146.9 130.6 121.3 111.2 90.3 87.2 118.5 126.7 106.5 121.2 156.4 69.6 90.7 181.4 198.9 220.5 1994 148.2 144.9 144.3 144.1 163.0 164.8 134.8 190.6 139.7 161.9 159.0 137.2 135.4 136.0 119.7 140.3 133.0 137.5 133.9 118.1 144.2 139.3 141.5 140.1 145.6 163.7 123.8 183.6 114.3 131.7 165.0 201.2 174.0 143.6 189.9 172.3 174.3 170.3 173.5 133.1 136.6 140.4 146.4 143.8 151.5 142.5 143.4 144.3 133.3 171.6 144.8 160.5 169.4 154.0 145.8 165.5 165.8 152.3 130.8 122.8 111.7 88.8 85.6 119.2 126.7 108.5 123.1 156.9 75.2 90.2 190.6 197.4 231.4

...... ...... seafood ...... ...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Alcoholic beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alcoholic beverages at home . . . . . . Beer and ale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Distilled spirits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alcoholic beverages away from home . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shelter . . . . . . . . . . . . . Renters’ cost . . . . . . . . Rent, residential . . . . . Tenants’ insurance . . . Homeowners’ costs . . . . Owners’ equivalent rent Household insurance . . Maintenance and repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fuels and other utilities . . . . Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fuel oil and other . . . . . . Fuel oil . . . . . . . . . . . . Gas (piped) and electricity Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . Utility (piped) gas. . . . . .

Telephone services . . . . . . . . . . . Local charges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interstate toll charges. . . . . . . . . Intrastate toll charges. . . . . . . . . Water and sewerage maintenance . Cable television . . . . . . . . . . . . . Refuse collection . . . . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table.

494

Prices

No. 762. Consumer Price Indexes for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Selected Items and Groups: 1980 to 1994—Continued
[1982-84=100. Annual averages of monthly figures. See headnote, table 761] ITEM Household furnishings and operations . Housefurnishings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Furniture and bedding . . . . . . . . . Bedroom furniture . . . . . . . . . . Sofas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Living room chairs and tables . . Appliances and electronic equip. . . Video and audio equipment . . . Television . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Video products other than TV Audio products . . . . . . . . . . Housekeeping supplies . . . . . . . . . . Housekeeping services . . . . . . . . . . Postage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Apparel and upkeep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Apparel commodities . . . . . . . . . . . . Apparel commodities less footwear . Men’s and boy’s apparel . . . . . . Women’s and girl’s apparel . . . . Infants’ and toddlers’. . . . . . . . . Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation . . . . . . . Private transportation. New vehicles . . . . New cars . . . . . New trucks . . . . Used cars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 86.3 88.5 88.0 83.5 (NA) (NA) 93.5 100.7 104.6 (NA) 97.7 83.2 84.3 76.2 90.9 92.9 93.0 89.4 96.0 85.5 91.8 83.1 84.2 88.5 88.4 (NA) 62.3 97.4 81.5 82.0 86.4 78.3 69.0 68.0 73.1 69.7 74.9 75.4 72.5 (NA) 74.8 77.9 76.5 78.9 (NA) 69.2 68.0 83.6 84.5 77.7 79.4 75.9 88.5 87.9 86.5 83.3 82.3 (NA) 83.8 72.0 81.9 83.7 83.4 84.4 70.9 71.4 70.8 71.2 70.8 72.3 (NA) 86.0 85.7 86.0 1985 103.8 101.7 104.9 107.4 103.0 103.2 95.2 91.9 88.7 (NA) 94.4 106.2 106.1 108.8 105.0 104.0 104.3 105.0 104.9 107.2 102.3 106.4 106.2 106.1 106.1 105.5 113.7 98.7 106.8 119.2 94.5 111.7 110.5 112.5 114.7 107.7 113.5 115.2 120.1 (NA) 113.2 113.5 113.3 114.2 (NA) 116.1 115.4 107.9 105.8 110.7 109.3 112.1 104.6 106.3 103.3 106.4 110.9 (NA) 112.8 116.7 108.3 108.9 108.8 109.0 119.1 118.2 119.2 119.7 119.9 119.0 (NA) 105.4 105.2 101.6 1988 109.4 105.1 113.2 117.7 114.3 111.0 90.2 83.6 77.6 (NA) 92.7 114.7 114.3 121.4 115.4 113.7 114.4 113.4 114.9 116.4 109.9 108.7 107.6 116.5 116.9 113.5 118.0 80.9 119.7 156.6 91.3 128.1 123.3 124.2 132.6 121.7 138.6 139.9 152.0 108.1 138.3 137.5 139.8 137.5 108.7 143.9 143.3 120.3 115.0 124.3 123.7 125.0 108.1 108.9 113.2 114.5 127.7 107.2 131.1 145.8 119.4 120.7 120.3 121.7 147.9 148.1 148.0 151.0 150.0 154.6 (NA) 111.5 107.7 89.3 1989 111.2 105.5 113.9 117.6 117.0 112.5 89.1 82.2 76.1 96.8 92.8 120.9 117.3 125.1 118.6 116.7 117.1 117.0 116.4 119.1 114.4 114.1 112.9 119.2 119.2 117.0 120.4 88.5 124.9 166.6 100.5 135.0 129.5 131.6 138.5 125.2 149.3 150.8 165.2 114.6 148.9 146.4 150.1 146.1 112.4 160.5 158.1 126.5 119.8 129.5 129.2 130.0 111.1 112.3 118.5 120.7 135.4 112.6 141.4 164.4 125.0 126.8 126.5 127.3 158.1 158.0 158.3 162.7 161.9 168.0 (NA) 116.7 112.0 94.3 1990 113.3 106.7 115.7 118.5 118.4 116.7 87.8 80.8 74.6 91.5 93.2 125.2 120.1 125.1 124.1 122.0 122.8 120.4 122.6 125.8 117.4 120.5 118.8 121.4 121.0 121.6 117.6 101.2 130.1 177.9 99.6 148.1 142.6 148.4 143.3 133.5 162.8 163.4 181.7 120.6 162.7 156.1 160.8 155.8 117.3 178.0 175.4 132.4 124.0 136.2 134.6 137.9 114.9 115.3 121.5 124.6 143.2 117.0 151.2 181.5 130.4 132.8 133.0 131.5 170.2 171.3 170.4 175.7 175.0 182.8 (NA) 122.8 117.4 102.1 1991 116.0 107.5 116.6 120.1 118.3 118.4 86.0 79.4 72.9 84.6 94.6 128.9 127.5 143.6 128.7 126.4 127.4 124.2 127.6 128.9 120.9 123.8 121.9 126.0 125.3 127.0 118.1 99.4 136.0 191.5 98.0 154.8 148.9 155.2 149.0 138.9 177.0 176.8 199.7 126.3 177.1 165.7 170.5 167.4 121.9 196.1 191.9 138.4 128.6 144.7 146.5 143.3 118.5 117.5 123.9 129.1 150.6 122.5 159.3 202.7 134.9 137.0 137.2 135.9 183.7 180.3 184.2 191.4 192.8 198.0 103.2 126.6 121.3 102.5 1992 118.0 109.0 120.6 126.8 119.4 121.9 84.6 78.4 72.4 81.0 94.4 129.6 132.1 145.3 131.9 129.4 130.2 126.5 130.4 129.3 125.0 126.5 124.6 129.2 128.4 130.9 123.2 99.0 141.3 205.5 86.1 162.3 151.4 155.2 152.5 146.9 190.1 188.1 214.7 131.2 190.5 175.8 181.2 178.7 127.0 214.0 208.7 142.3 131.3 150.9 154.8 147.4 120.2 119.7 124.7 128.1 155.9 125.2 164.5 219.8 138.3 140.0 139.8 140.3 197.4 190.3 198.1 208.5 213.5 213.7 108.3 129.1 124.2 103.0 1993 119.3 109.5 123.5 132.5 120.1 125.0 83.4 77.1 70.7 78.5 93.9 130.7 135.8 145.3 133.7 131.0 131.9 127.5 132.6 127.1 125.9 130.4 127.5 132.7 131.5 135.7 133.9 98.0 145.9 216.7 78.6 169.8 167.0 178.7 150.9 150.7 201.4 195.0 223.0 135.5 202.9 184.7 191.3 188.1 130.4 231.9 226.4 145.8 133.4 156.2 161.1 151.8 120.1 120.6 126.0 128.8 160.8 128.4 167.3 228.4 141.5 144.0 143.6 144.6 210.7 197.6 211.9 225.3 233.5 228.9 113.6 131.5 126.3 104.2 1994 121.0 111.0 128.2 135.1 125.2 132.7 82.3 76.0 69.9 73.8 93.8 132.3 138.5 145.3 133.4 130.4 131.2 126.4 130.9 128.1 126.0 134.3 131.4 137.6 136.0 141.7 141.7 98.5 150.2 224.8 83.8 174.2 172.0 185.5 152.8 152.7 211.0 200.7 230.6 138.1 213.4 192.5 199.8 197.1 133.0 245.6 239.2 150.1 136.1 161.3 168.2 155.1 122.2 122.3 127.4 130.9 166.8 130.7 175.2 220.0 144.6 147.9 147.7 147.9 223.2 205.5 224.8 239.8 249.8 242.6 119.6 133.8 127.9 104.6

Motor fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Automobile maintenance and repair Automobile insurance . . . . . . . . . . Automobile finance charges. . . . . . Vehicle rental, registration, other . . Public transportation . . . . . . . Airline fares . . . . . . . . . . . Other intercity transportation Intracity transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Medical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Medical care commodities . . . . . . . . Prescription drugs . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonprescription drugs, medical sup. Medical care services . . . . . . . . . . . Professional medical services . . . . Physicians’ services . . . . . . . . . Dental services . . . . . . . . . . . . Eye care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital and related services . . . . . Hospital rooms . . . . . . . . . . . .

Entertainment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Entertainment commodities . . . . . . . . . Reading materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . Newspapers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Magazines, periodicals, and books Sporting goods, equipment . . . . . . . Sport vehicles, including bicycles . Toys, hobbies; other entertainment . . Pet supplies and expenses . . . . . Entertainment services. . . . . . . . . . . . Club membership . . . . . . . . . . . . . Admissions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco and smoking products . . . . . . Personal care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal care services. . . . . . . . . . Beauty parlor services for women . Haircuts, etc. for men . . . . . . . . . Personal and educational expenses. . . School books and supplies . . . . . . . Personal and educational services . . Tuition and other school fees . . . . . College tuition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Elementary and high school tuition Day care and nursery school . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

All commodities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All commodities less food . . . . . . . . . . . . Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

NA Not available. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Monthly Labor Review and CPI Detailed Report, January issues.

No. 763. Consumer Price Indexes (CPI-U)—Selected Areas: 1980 to 1994
[1982-84=100, except as indicated. Represents annual averages of monthly figures. Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long- term trends are similar. Area definitions are those established by the Office of Management and Budget in 1983. For further detail see the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Handbook of Methods, Bulletin 2285, Chapter 19, the Consumer Price Index, and Report 736, the CPI: 1987 Revision. See also text, section 15] 1994 AREA 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 All items 148.2 135.0 146.7 146.9 154.9 146.8 148.6 142.4 144.4 141.2 141.8 144.0 164.5 137.9 141.3 152.3 143.6 147.0 143.6 129.0 158.2 154.6 144.6 148.9 154.5 148.7 147.8 141.3 126.5 152.2 Food and beverages 144.9 131.9 141.1 149.7 150.0 143.1 147.0 135.6 144.4 142.2 134.4 138.7 153.4 137.5 140.2 148.5 152.7 141.5 149.1 123.6 151.9 142.7 140.6 135.9 147.6 148.9 146.9 144.0 121.9 144.2 Food 144.3 130.5 142.9 150.3 149.8 143.0 145.8 134.5 144.8 140.3 135.5 137.8 153.2 136.8 140.1 146.7 152.7 142.2 147.0 124.8 151.6 141.3 139.2 135.2 146.8 149.0 146.7 143.0 121.4 143.7 Housing 141.8 122.9 140.1 138.4 147.9 155.9 144.8 135.2 142.4 129.0 131.1 137.6 171.6 120.4 133.1 151.0 135.2 148.0 129.6 115.9 159.9 155.1 145.2 149.5 153.4 151.5 147.9 136.7 121.4 150.9 Apparel and upkeep 133.4 128.9 167.3 135.3 146.8 118.7 131.0 140.5 128.8 148.2 96.8 136.1 118.7 146.7 123.3 129.6 143.5 122.5 148.1 185.5 126.2 105.8 133.2 123.7 141.7 115.5 120.9 125.1 143.6 141.5 Transportation 134.3 136.9 123.8 132.8 135.0 120.9 130.3 129.4 128.6 134.5 148.4 138.6 156.4 132.9 128.1 140.5 135.3 134.2 134.2 120.7 141.8 144.0 122.3 138.6 141.8 125.7 135.0 129.2 118.8 137.0 Medical care 211.0 197.8 227.0 218.1 251.1 174.5 213.2 213.8 195.8 205.6 230.3 199.7 206.0 204.6 202.9 215.2 188.1 201.7 205.4 169.1 217.6 223.9 207.0 192.8 217.8 204.3 199.8 201.7 172.8 203.5 Entertainment 150.1 166.6 172.3 154.7 163.9 177.7 160.0 147.1 149.4 147.1 145.6 145.7 142.3 157.4 160.5 137.2 134.4 130.2 151.8 134.8 154.0 160.3 153.6 157.7 157.8 164.5 146.7 142.6 109.9 155.9 Fuel and other utilities 122.8 142.1 132.2 113.1 119.9 127.0 110.7 117.5 121.8 126.3 121.3 116.8 121.3 107.6 125.7 143.1 111.9 106.3 112.5 127.7 112.4 120.5 136.1 124.3 114.7 142.8 112.7 119.8 115.9 123.5

U.S. city average . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anchorage, AK MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Atlanta, GA MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Baltimore, MD MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH CMSA . . . Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY CMSA . . . . . . . . Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI CMSA. Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN CMSA . . . . . Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH CMSA . . . . . . Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSA. . . . . . . . . . . Denver-Boulder, CO CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . Honolulu, HI MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX CMSA. . . . Kansas City, MO-KS CMSA . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

82.4 85.5 80.3 83.7 82.6 83.5 82.2 82.1 78.9 81.5 78.4 85.3 83.0 82.7 83.6 83.7 81.1 81.4 78.9 (NA) 82.1 83.6 81.0 87.2 79.4 80.4 82.7 82.5 (NA) 82.9

107.6 105.8 108.9 108.2 109.4 108.6 107.7 106.6 107.8 108.2 107.1 106.8 106.8 104.9 107.7 108.4 106.5 107.0 107.0 (NA) 108.7 108.8 106.9 106.7 110.4 108.4 105.6 107.1 (NA) 109.0

130.7 118.6 131.7 130.8 138.9 127.7 131.7 126.5 129.0 125.1 120.9 128.6 138.1 120.6 126.0 135.9 128.0 126.2 127.0 111.5 138.5 135.8 126.2 127.4 138.4 132.1 126.8 128.1 111.7 135.6

136.2 124.0 135.9 136.4 145.0 133.4 137.0 131.4 134.2 130.8 125.6 133.1 148.0 125.1 131.2 141.4 132.3 132.2 130.4 116.0 144.8 142.2 131.3 133.9 143.4 137.9 134.1 132.1 116.4 141.2

140.3 128.2 138.5 140.1 148.6 137.9 141.1 134.1 136.8 133.9 130.3 135.9 155.1 127.1 134.3 146.5 134.5 137.1 135.0 120.2 150.0 146.6 136.0 139.8 147.4 142.5 139.0 134.7 119.2 144.7

144.5 132.2 143.4 143.1 152.9 142.7 145.4 137.8 140.3 137.3 135.8 139.6 160.1 133.4 138.1 150.3 139.1 142.1 139.2 124.7 154.5 150.2 139.9 144.7 150.6 146.3 142.9 137.5 124.0 149.3

Consumer Price Indexes

Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA CMSA . . Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL CMSA . . . . . . . . Milwaukee, WI PMSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI MSA . . . . . . . . New Orleans, LA MSA 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DEMD CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA CMSA . . . . . . . Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA CMSA . . . . . . . San Diego, CA MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA CMSA . Seattle-Tacoma, WA CMSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL CMSA . . . . . Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA 1 . Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA . . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available.
1

1987=100.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Monthly Labor Review and CPI Detailed Report, January issues.

495

496

Prices
No. 764. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), by Region: 1980 to 1994
[1982-84=100. For composition of regions, see table 27] ITEM 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82.4 86.8 81.1 71.4 82.2 86.5 80.7 73.8 82.4 88.5 80.0 70.1 81.9 86.6 80.8 70.2 83.3 85.2 83.3 72.1 1984 103.9 103.2 103.6 105.4 104.5 103.3 104.6 104.7 103.6 102.7 103.5 106.1 103.8 103.6 103.0 105.0 103.6 103.6 103.3 105.6 1985 107.6 105.6 107.7 107.1 108.4 106.2 109.0 105.9 106.8 104.4 107.0 108.6 107.1 105.7 106.3 106.0 108.0 106.1 108.8 108.1 1986 109.6 109.0 110.9 105.7 111.1 110.1 112.7 104.6 108.0 107.5 109.4 107.1 108.9 108.8 109.0 105.1 110.5 109.0 113.0 105.8 1987 113.6 113.5 114.2 103.8 116.0 115.8 117.3 101.2 111.9 111.8 112.4 104.6 112.4 113.1 111.0 104.3 114.3 112.9 116.5 105.5 1988 118.3 118.2 118.5 104.6 121.8 121.1 124.0 100.2 116.1 116.0 115.9 104.3 116.4 117.6 113.9 106.1 119.0 117.6 120.7 108.8 1989 124.0 125.1 123.0 107.5 128.6 128.7 130.8 105.4 121.5 122.2 119.9 105.5 121.5 124.2 117.2 108.2 124.6 124.9 124.8 112.9 1990 130.7 132.4 128.5 109.3 136.3 135.9 138.0 109.6 127.4 129.6 124.1 104.0 127.9 131.6 121.8 110.4 131.5 132.0 130.9 115.8 1991 136.2 136.3 133.6 112.6 142.5 139.8 144.4 113.4 132.4 133.5 128.5 105.6 132.9 135.0 125.6 112.9 137.3 136.4 136.9 122.9 1992 140.3 137.9 137.5 114.8 147.3 141.9 149.0 117.2 136.1 135.0 132.1 107.6 136.5 136.1 128.8 114.9 142.0 138.5 141.2 123.6 1993 144.5 140.9 141.2 118.5 151.4 145.1 152.6 121.4 140.0 137.8 135.8 111.6 140.8 138.6 132.8 118.3 146.0 141.9 144.6 126.6 1994 148.2 144.3 144.8 119.2 155.1 148.4 156.4 125.1 144.0 140.9 139.2 109.6 144.7 142.4 136.4 118.3 149.6 145.3 148.0 129.1

U.S. city average, all items . . Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gas (piped) and electricity. Northeast: All items. . . . . . . . . . . . . Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gas (piped) and electricity. North Central: All items. . . . . . . . . . . . . Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gas (piped) and electricity. South: All items. . . . . . . . . . . . . Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gas (piped) and electricity. West: All items. . . . . . . . . . . . . Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gas (piped) and electricity.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Monthly Labor Review and CPI Detailed Report, January issues.

No. 765. Annual Percent Changes in Consumer Prices, United States and OECD Countries: 1975 to 1992
[Covers member countries of Organization for Economic Cooperation (OECD). For consumer price indexes for OECD countries, see section 30] COUNTRY United States . . . . . . . . OECD . . . . . . . Australia . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . New Zealand . . . Austria . . . . . . . Belgium . . . . . . Denmark. . . . . . Finland . . . . . . . France . . . . . . . Greece . . . . . . . Ireland . . . . . . . Italy 1 . . . . . . . . Luxembourg . . . Netherlands . . . Norway. . . . . . . Portugal 2 . . . . . Spain . . . . . . . . Sweden . . . . . . Switzerland . . . . Turkey 2 . . . . . . United Kingdom . Germany . . . . .
1

1975 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 9.1 13.5 10.3 10.8 10.1 12.4 4.9 15.4 6.8 7.1 11.7 12.0 13.4 24.5 20.4 18.7 8.1 6.7 13.7 20.0 14.5 12.1 6.5 36.6 11.9 6.3
2

1992 3.0 4.0 1.0 1.5 1.7 1.0 4.0 2.4 2.1 2.9 2.4 15.9 3.1 5.3 3.2 3.7 2.3 8.9 5.9 2.3 4.0 70.1 3.7 4.0

6.1 8.0 11.2 10.8 2.7 16.2 5.4 8.7 10.1 9.6 11.8 21.0 17.1 16.3 9.4 5.9 11.3 22.4 14.4 8.6 5.6 29.7 8.6 5.3

3.2 5.6 10.1 5.8 1.9 7.3 3.3 7.7 6.9 8.3 9.6 20.2 10.5 15.0 8.7 2.7 8.4 25.5 12.2 8.9 3.0 31.4 4.6 3.3

4.3 5.6 3.9 4.3 2.2 6.2 5.7 6.3 6.3 7.1 7.4 18.5 8.6 10.6 5.6 3.3 6.3 28.8 11.3 8.0 2.9 48.4 5.0 2.4

3.5 4.9 6.7 4.0 2.0 15.4 3.2 4.9 4.7 5.9 5.8 19.3 5.5 8.6 4.1 2.3 5.7 19.6 8.8 7.4 3.4 45.0 6.1 2.2

1.9 3.0 9.1 4.2 0.6 13.2 1.7 1.3 3.6 2.9 2.7 23.0 3.8 6.1 0.3 0.1 7.2 11.8 8.8 4.2 0.8 34.6 3.4 -0.1

3.7 3.6 8.5 4.4 0.1 15.8 1.4 1.6 4.0 4.1 3.1 16.4 3.1 4.6 -0.1 -0.7 8.7 9.4 5.2 4.2 1.4 38.9 4.1 0.2

4.1 4.3 7.3 4.0 0.7 6.4 1.9 1.2 4.6 5.1 2.7 13.5 2.1 5.0 1.4 0.7 6.7 9.7 4.8 5.8 1.9 75.4 4.9 1.3

4.8 5.4 7.5 5.0 2.3 5.7 2.6 3.1 4.8 6.6 3.6 13.7 4.1 6.6 3.4 1.1 4.6 12.6 6.8 6.4 3.2 63.3 7.8 2.8

5.4 5.8 7.3 4.8 3.1 6.1 3.3 3.4 2.7 6.1 3.4 20.4 3.3 6.1 3.7 2.5 4.1 13.4 6.7 10.5 5.4 60.3 9.5 2.7

4.2 5.2 3.2 5.6 3.3 2.6 3.3 3.2 2.4 4.3 3.2 19.5 3.2 6.5 3.1 3.9 3.4 11.4 5.9 9.3 5.8 66.0 5.9 3.5

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11.7 13.5 15.1 9.8 10.7 10.2 11.8 7.8 14.7 17.2 8.4 6.3 12.8 6.7 9.6 12.3 17.9 11.6 11.8 13.6 13.6 24.7 20.9 18.3 17.2 21.1 10.7 6.3 10.2 6.5 11.7 10.9 20.4 16.6 17.0 15.6 9.8 13.7 6.7 4.0 19.5 110.2 24.2 18.0 5.9 5.5

Households of wage and salary earners.

Excludes rent.

Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France, Main Economic Indicators, monthly.

500

Prices
No. 767. Producer Price Indexes, by Stage of Processing: 1960 to 1994
[1982=100. Minus sign (-) indicates decline. See text, section 15. See Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series E 73-86 for similar data] CRUDE MATERIALS YEAR Total Foodstuffs and feedstuffs 38.4 37.9 38.6 37.5 36.6 39.2 42.7 40.3 40.9 44.1 45.2 46.1 51.5 72.6 76.4 77.4 76.8 77.5 87.3 100.0 104.6 103.9 100.0 101.8 104.7 94.8 93.2 96.2 106.1 111.2 113.1 105.5 105.1 108.4 106.5 Intermediate Crude materials, nonfood supplies, mateand rials comexcept ponents fuel 26.9 27.2 27.1 26.7 27.2 27.7 28.3 26.5 27.1 28.4 29.1 29.4 32.3 42.9 54.5 50.0 54.9 56.3 61.9 75.5 91.8 109.8 100.0 98.8 101.0 94.3 76.0 88.5 85.9 95.8 107.3 97.5 94.2 94.1 96.9 30.8 30.6 30.6 30.7 30.8 31.2 32.0 32.2 33.0 34.1 35.4 36.8 38.2 42.4 52.5 58.0 60.9 64.9 69.5 78.4 90.3 98.6 100.0 100.6 103.1 102.7 99.1 101.5 107.1 112.0 114.5 114.4 114.7 116.2 118.5 FINISHED GOODS Consumer goods 35.5 35.4 35.7 35.3 35.4 36.8 39.2 38.5 40.0 42.4 43.8 44.5 41.5 46.0 53.1 58.2 60.4 64.3 69.4 77.5 88.6 96.6 100.0 101.3 103.3 103.8 101.4 103.6 106.2 112.1 118.2 120.5 121.7 123.0 123.3 Capital equipment 30.2 30.3 30.5 30.6 31.0 31.5 32.5 33.8 35.0 36.2 38.1 39.6 42.8 44.2 50.5 58.2 62.1 66.1 71.3 77.5 85.8 94.6 100.0 102.8 105.2 107.5 109.7 111.7 114.3 118.0 122.9 126.7 129.1 131.4 134.1 CONSUMER FOODS

Fuel

Crude

Processed

Finished consumer goods excl. food 33.5 33.4 33.4 33.4 33.3 33.6 34.1 34.7 35.5 36.3 37.4 38.7 39.4 41.2 48.2 53.2 56.5 60.6 64.9 73.5 87.1 96.1 100.0 101.2 102.2 103.3 98.5 100.7 103.1 108.9 115.3 118.7 120.8 121.7 121.6

1960 . 1961 . 1962 . 1963 . 1964 . 1965 . 1966 . 1967 . 1968 . 1969 . 1970 . 1971 . 1972 . 1973 . 1974 . 1975 . 1976 . 1977 . 1978 . 1979 . 1980 . 1981 . 1982 . 1983 . 1984 . 1985 . 1986 . 1987 . 1988 . 1989 . 1990 . 1991 . 1992 . 1993 . 1994 .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30.4 30.2 30.5 29.9 29.6 31.1 33.1 31.3 31.8 33.9 35.2 36.0 39.9 54.5 61.4 61.6 63.4 65.5 73.4 85.9 95.3 103.0 100.0 101.3 103.5 95.8 87.7 93.7 96.0 103.1 108.9 101.2 100.4 102.4 101.7

10.5 10.5 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.6 10.9 11.3 11.5 12.0 13.8 15.7 16.8 18.6 24.8 30.6 34.5 42.0 48.2 57.3 69.4 84.8 100.0 105.1 105.1 102.7 92.2 84.1 82.1 85.3 84.8 82.9 84.0 87.1 82.5

35.2 35.3 35.6 35.2 35.2 36.8 39.2 38.8 40.0 42.3 43.9 44.7 48.0 63.6 71.6 71.7 76.7 79.5 85.8 92.3 93.9 104.4 100.0 102.4 111.4 102.9 105.6 107.1 109.8 119.6 123.0 119.3 107.6 114.4 111.2

28.4 28.4 28.4 28.5 28.4 28.8 29.3 30.0 30.6 31.5 32.5 33.5 47.2 55.8 63.9 70.3 69.0 72.7 79.4 86.8 92.3 97.2 100.0 100.9 104.9 104.8 107.4 109.6 112.7 118.6 124.4 124.4 124.4 126.5 127.9

PERCENT CHANGE 1960 . 1961 . 1962 . 1963 . 1964 . 1965 . 1966 . 1967 . 1968 . 1969 . 1970 . 1971 . 1972 . 1973 . 1974 . 1975 . 1976 . 1977 . 1978 . 1979 . 1980 . 1981 . 1982 . 1983 . 1984 . 1985 . 1986 . 1987 . 1988 . 1989 . 1990 . 1991 . 1992 . 1993 . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -2.3 -0.7 1.0 -2.0 -1.0 5.1 6.4 -5.4 1.6 6.6 3.8 2.3 10.8 36.6 12.7 0.3 2.9 3.3 12.1 17.0 10.9 8.1 -2.9 1.3 2.2 -7.4 -8.5 6.8 2.5 7.4 5.6 -7.1 -0.9 2.0 -0.7 -1.0 -1.3 1.8 -2.8 -2.4 7.1 8.9 -5.6 1.5 7.8 2.5 2.0 11.7 41.0 5.2 1.3 -0.8 0.9 12.6 14.5 4.6 -0.7 -3.8 1.8 2.8 -9.5 -1.7 3.2 10.3 4.8 1.7 -6.7 -0.4 3.1 -1.8 1.0 -1.0 1.0 1.0 2.8 3.7 1.8 4.3 15.0 13.8 7.0 10.7 33.3 23.4 12.7 21.7 14.8 18.9 21.1 22.2 17.9 5.1 -2.3 -10.2 -8.8 -2.4 3.9 -0.6 -2.2 1.3 3.7 -5.3 -4.3 1.1 -0.4 -1.5 1.9 1.8 2.2 -6.4 2.3 4.8 2.5 1.0 9.9 32.8 27.0 -8.3 9.8 2.6 9.9 22.0 21.6 19.6 -8.9 -1.2 2.2 -6.6 -19.4 16.4 -2.9 11.5 12.0 -9.1 -3.4 -0.1 3.0 -0.6 0.3 0.3 1.3 2.6 0.6 2.5 3.3 3.8 4.0 3.8 11.0 23.8 10.5 5.0 6.6 7.1 12.8 15.2 9.2 1.4 0.6 2.5 -0.4 -3.5 2.4 5.5 4.6 2.2 -0.1 0.3 1.3 2.0 2.0 -0.3 0.8 -1.1 0.3 4.0 6.5 -1.8 3.9 6.0 3.3 1.6 -6.7 10.8 15.4 9.6 3.8 6.5 7.9 11.7 14.3 9.0 3.5 1.3 2.0 0.5 -2.3 2.2 2.5 5.6 5.4 1.9 1.0 1.1 0.2 1.3 0.3 0.7 0.3 1.3 1.6 3.2 4.0 3.6 3.4 5.2 3.9 8.1 3.3 14.3 15.2 6.7 6.4 7.9 8.7 10.7 10.3 5.7 2.8 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.8 2.3 3.2 4.2 3.1 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.4 0.3 0.8 -1.1 4.5 6.5 -1.0 3.1 5.7 3.8 1.8 7.4 32.5 12.6 0.1 7.0 3.7 7.9 7.6 1.7 11.2 -4.2 2.4 8.8 -7.6 2.6 1.4 2.5 8.9 2.8 -3.0 -9.8 6.3 -2.8 0.7 0.4 -0.4 1.4 1.7 2.4 2.0 2.9 3.2 3.1 40.9 18.2 14.5 10.0 -1.8 5.4 9.2 9.3 6.3 5.3 2.9 0.9 4.0 -0.1 2.5 2.0 2.8 5.2 4.9 1.7 1.1 0.6 -0.3 -0.3 0.9 1.5 1.8 2.3 2.3 3.0 3.5 1.8 4.6 17.0 10.4 6.2 7.3 7.1 13.3 18.5 10.3 4.1 1.2 1.0 1.1 -4.6 2.2 2.4 5.6 5.9 2.9 1.8 0.7 -0.1

- Represents or rounds to zero. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Producer Price Indexes, monthly and annual.

Producer Price Indexes

501

No. 768. Producer Price Indexes for Selected Commodity Groupings, by Stage of Processing: 1970 to 1994
[1982=100, except as indicated] COMMODITY Finished goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finished consumer goods . . . Finished consumer foods . . . Fresh fruits. . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh and dried vegetables . Eggs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bakery products . . . . . . . . Milled rice . . . . . . . . . . . . Beef and veal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1970 39.3 39.1 43.8 42.3 47.5 71.0 40.0 52.4 46.7 44.6 61.2 69.1 29.7 44.7 40.3 37.8 37.7 47.7 37.4 53.3 62.8 51.2 58.8 43.4 46.2 (NA) 14.4 (NA) 52.0 42.3 41.5 47.8 42.7 32.5 48.6 54.9 52.9 106.0 33.1 32.7 46.8 50.0 48.5 52.7 35.2 (NA) 40.1 36.4 33.7 30.8 28.6 (NA) 33.0 39.8 45.4 (NA) 42.5 44.7 27.0 30.9 68.3 41.6 42.0 36.3 (NA) 33.2 72.0 35.4 45.6 55.3 75.8 49.1 1980 88.0 88.6 92.4 100.3 88.9 95.7 90.0 131.5 106.2 78.4 106.8 109.2 87.8 92.7 83.3 81.8 110.4 99.5 87.1 88.9 86.9 91.3 87.1 86.8 95.2 (NA) 93.3 82.8 80.6 81.3 85.8 83.8 92.8 91.9 89.1 90.0 87.5 103.8 84.7 148.0 87.5 88.9 89.2 90.6 76.0 (NA) 85.8 83.3 84.2 85.1 85.7 (NA) 82.8 88.4 87.2 (NA) 89.7 82.4 76.3 85.2 93.1 85.7 83.3 82.3 (NA) 90.4 94.9 90.3 105.5 102.3 127.1 107.3 1985 104.7 103.8 104.6 108.1 99.5 95.7 113.9 105.0 90.3 89.1 106.5 121.3 114.6 100.2 108.0 107.7 107.2 124.0 103.3 107.7 105.4 105.0 103.1 100.6 104.8 (NA) 83.3 81.6 132.0 121.6 107.9 109.0 93.0 106.6 108.5 105.6 106.7 90.8 121.8 98.6 110.3 106.9 103.8 99.7 132.5 101.7 107.5 108.7 105.4 107.3 107.0 106.3 102.6 102.7 107.6 109.8 109.0 105.0 96.8 105.4 101.6 111.9 112.2 108.8 106.2 104.9 89.5 102.7 97.3 99.8 137.6 90.1 1990 119.2 118.2 124.4 118.1 118.1 117.6 141.0 102.5 116.0 119.8 111.0 107.6 147.2 117.2 124.7 122.3 113.0 123.2 115.3 117.2 116.1 120.2 115.3 109.5 125.6 (NA) 78.7 73.3 200.8 156.8 117.7 121.6 96.8 135.3 125.1 119.0 110.8 82.7 132.5 122.1 123.0 118.3 118.1 112.6 221.4 117.5 122.9 121.7 121.6 129.8 128.7 117.2 119.2 115.0 128.8 134.8 124.9 120.9 102.4 121.0 109.5 133.4 130.0 120.3 110.8 118.6 97.2 114.5 113.3 103.6 115.8 107.4 1991 121.7 120.5 124.1 129.9 103.8 110.7 146.6 109.9 112.2 113.4 105.1 107.3 149.5 114.6 119.6 125.5 107.8 116.5 118.7 123.7 117.9 122.7 117.8 111.8 128.6 99.2 69.9 65.2 217.5 165.4 117.5 124.6 98.2 136.2 128.0 120.4 111.3 83.2 136.0 119.5 124.7 124.1 120.2 115.3 249.7 120.4 126.7 125.7 125.2 134.6 133.5 122.7 124.6 117.4 135.0 140.1 126.5 123.9 108.6 125.2 109.8 136.2 135.5 123.6 112.1 122.2 99.3 114.4 111.1 96.8 103.0 106.8 1992 123.2 121.7 123.3 84.0 115.0 94.1 152.5 108.8 109.5 98.9 104.9 102.3 156.1 117.9 120.8 125.6 100.5 115.1 120.8 126.1 119.9 126.0 119.0 113.7 132.0 100.9 68.1 61.7 231.7 173.6 120.6 126.7 98.9 136.9 130.0 120.3 111.4 82.0 141.6 125.2 125.3 126.9 121.4 118.2 275.3 121.7 129.1 129.5 128.7 138.9 135.9 125.1 129.1 118.4 138.9 142.7 126.8 123.5 107.6 127.4 111.0 138.1 142.4 128.6 115.1 123.7 101.1 114.7 110.7 109.5 97.1 108.3 1993 124.7 123.0 125.7 84.5 135.2 105.9 156.6 101.3 112.9 105.7 109.5 101.0 156.5 118.1 118.2 126.2 100.5 122.9 121.7 126.0 120.2 127.7 120.1 115.8 134.4 107.3 63.9 59.1 242.2 180.0 122.2 129.1 98.9 134.6 133.4 120.2 112.9 80.2 142.9 130.7 126.2 129.8 121.5 118.6 260.3 127.8 131.4 133.6 132.0 141.1 138.4 128.4 132.8 120.2 143.7 144.9 129.5 123.0 108.2 129.5 111.0 140.5 150.3 133.9 118.2 125.2 101.5 116.2 112.7 108.9 110.5 111.0 1994 125.5 123.3 126.8 82.4 129.0 97.8 160.0 118.5 103.6 101.2 113.3 108.4 161.5 119.4 121.2 126.9 128.0 138.9 121.6 124.8 119.7 128.5 120.0 117.3 135.5 108.6 61.7 56.2 249.9 183.2 121.4 128.7 98.7 133.0 138.0 121.3 112.9 80.2 146.9 133.8 128.4 133.9 122.4 120.1 224.5 137.2 134.1 136.8 133.6 143.1 141.9 131.4 135.2 122.4 144.9 147.4 131.1 125.3 110.8 131.1 111.3 144.7 157.1 139.2 122.2 129.2 98.0 118.5 114.8 110.6 135.4 111.4

Pork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Processed young chickens . . . . Processed turkeys . . . . . . . . . . Fish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dairy products . . . . . . . . . . . . Processed fruits and vegetables Soft drinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Roasted coffee . . . . . . . . . . . . Shortening and cooking oils . . .

Finished consumer goods excl. foods . . . . . . . Alcoholic beverages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Women’s apparel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Men’s and boys’ apparel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Girls’, children’s, and infants’ apparel . . . . . . Textile housefurnishings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Residential natural gas (December 1990=100) Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fuel oil No. 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pharmaceutical preps, ethical (Prescription) . Pharmaceutical preps, propri.; Over-counter . Soaps and synthetic detergents . . . . . . . . . Cosmetics and other toilet preparations . . . . Tires, tubes, tread, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sanitary papers and health products . . . . . . Household furniture . . . . . . . . . . . . . Floor coverings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Household appliances . . . . . . . . . . . Home electronic equipment . . . . . . . . Household glassware . . . . . . . . . . . . Household flatware . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lawn and garden equip., excl. tractors Passenger cars. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Toys, games, and children’s vehicles . Sporting and athletic goods . . . . . . . . Tobacco products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mobile homes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Capital equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agricultural machinery and equipment . . Construction machinery and equipment . Metal cutting machine tools . . . . . . . . . Metal forming machine tools . . . . . . . . Tools, dies, jigs, fixtures, and ind. molds Pumps, compressors, and equipment . .

Industrial material handling equipment. . . . . . Textile machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paper industries machinery (June 1982=100) . Printing trades machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transformers and power regulators . . . . . . . Oil field and gas field machinery . . . . . . . . . Mining machinery and equipment . . . . . . . . . Office and store machines and equipment . . . Commercial furniture . . . Light motor trucks . . . . . Heavy motor trucks . . . . Truck trailers . . . . . . . . Railroad equipment . . . . Photographic equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Intermed. materials, supplies, components . Intermediate foods and feeds . . . . . . . . . . . Flour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crude vegetable oils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prepared animal feeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table.

502

Prices

No. 768. Producer Price Indexes for Selected Commodity Groupings by Stage of Processing: 1970 to 1994—Continued
[1982=100, except as indicated] COMMODITY Intermediate materials less foods and feeds . . Leather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liquefied petroleum gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electric power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jet fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No. 2 diesel fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Residual fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prepared paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paint materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Medicinal and botanical chemicals . . . . . . . . Fats and oils, inedible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mixed fertilizers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nitrogenates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Phosphates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other agricultural chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . Plastic resins and materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . Synthetic rubber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plastic construction products . . . . . . . . . . . . Softwood lumber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hardwood lumber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Millwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plywood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Woodpulp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paperboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paper boxes and containers . . . . . . . . . . . . Building paper and board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commercial printing (June 1982=100) . . . . . . Foundry and forge shop products . . . . . . . . . Steel mill products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Primary nonferrous metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aluminum mill shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Copper and brass mill shapes . . . . . . . . . . . Nonferrous wire and cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . Metal containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hardware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plumbing fixtures and brass fittings . . . . . . . Heating equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fabricated structural metal products . . . . . . . Mechanical power transmission equipment. . . Ball and roller bearings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wiring devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Motors, generators, motor generator sets . . . Switchgear, switchboard, etc., equipment. . . . Electronic components and accessories . . . . Internal combustion engines . . . . . . . . . . . . Machine shop products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flat glass. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Concrete products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asphalt felts and coatings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gypsum products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Glass containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Motor vehicle parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Photographic supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crude materials for further processing . . . . . . Crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs . . . . . . . . . . . . Wheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cattle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hogs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Live chickens (broilers and fryers) . . . . . . . . Live turkeys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fluid milk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soybeans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cane sugar, raw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crude nonfood materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Raw cotton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Leaf tobacco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cattle hides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crude petroleum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Logs, timber, etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wastepaper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Iron ore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Iron and steel scrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonferrous metal ores (Dec. 1983=100) . . . . Copper base scrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aluminum base scrap. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone NA Not available. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Producer Price Indexes, monthly and annual. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1970 34.8 34.6 (NA) 26.1 (NA) (NA) 10.6 28.6 42.8 33.3 44.4 49.7 35.2 32.7 27.5 23.2 32.0 34.0 65.5 35.2 43.7 41.5 46.7 28.9 38.8 39.7 43.3 42.2 (NA) 32.4 32.7 44.9 36.7 63.4 62.6 34.3 39.8 39.9 46.6 36.7 36.9 33.1 35.9 37.7 40.5 57.4 34.5 31.1 52.2 37.7 25.8 38.9 33.9 32.9 41.0 35.2 45.2 39.7 54.5 46.9 45.5 48.5 59.9 40.8 45.3 39.9 23.8 43.6 40.3 30.4 28.1 7.9 14.5 (NA) 103.2 35.9 59.6 (NA) 100.9 34.4 40.9 1980 89.4 99.8 102.3 79.1 87.5 85.8 81.3 91.9 89.5 89.9 91.0 111.6 90.0 90.0 93.0 80.1 98.5 85.3 103.9 107.3 96.0 93.2 106.2 100.3 89.7 92.0 89.4 86.1 (NA) 89.7 86.6 132.7 89.3 112.6 107.5 90.9 85.8 88.5 87.0 88.8 84.5 80.0 81.9 86.0 88.4 88.8 81.7 81.0 88.7 92.0 99.6 100.1 82.3 72.9 97.2 95.3 104.6 108.3 119.2 104.9 74.5 103.4 112.2 96.0 117.0 148.3 84.6 135.7 82.1 104.6 87.4 63.3 75.9 (NA) 172.2 87.8 140.9 (NA) 138.9 183.9 85.3 1985 103.0 113.4 86.3 111.6 81.0 81.2 83.2 96.0 105.3 109.5 91.8 110.6 96.1 96.3 91.6 98.7 107.5 96.8 108.6 107.4 117.1 111.7 99.6 91.4 106.0 107.7 108.8 107.4 111.6 105.2 104.7 93.6 107.8 106.9 100.9 109.0 109.1 111.9 109.5 103.2 108.2 105.9 111.7 113.3 106.7 112.4 104.9 112.8 101.7 107.5 102.6 132.3 106.8 102.5 107.4 95.8 94.8 87.6 105.9 91.2 80.7 110.5 144.6 93.7 94.2 104.6 96.9 97.7 101.2 126.1 102.2 102.9 84.5 96.0 122.9 97.5 112.6 73.2 95.4 123.4 110.7 1990 114.5 177.5 77.4 117.6 76.0 74.1 57.7 113.2 124.8 136.3 102.2 88.1 103.3 92.3 96.5 119.9 124.1 111.9 117.2 123.8 131.0 130.4 114.2 151.3 128.8 135.7 129.9 112.2 128.0 117.2 112.1 133.4 127.9 174.6 142.6 114.0 125.9 144.3 131.6 121.8 125.3 130.6 132.2 132.9 124.4 118.4 120.2 124.3 107.5 113.5 97.1 105.2 120.4 111.2 127.6 108.9 113.1 87.6 100.9 122.5 94.1 119.5 116.9 100.8 100.8 119.2 101.5 118.2 95.8 217.8 97.5 80.4 71.0 142.8 138.9 83.3 166.0 98.3 181.3 172.6 125.4 1991 114.6 168.4 75.4 124.3 66.4 65.6 49.1 111.8 129.9 135.8 109.0 86.8 105.2 98.5 98.1 125.6 120.0 106.1 115.1 125.7 128.5 135.5 114.3 119.2 126.9 130.2 128.6 111.8 130.0 119.0 109.5 114.0 123.2 160.5 139.2 115.5 130.2 149.7 134.1 122.4 129.1 136.7 133.9 134.9 128.5 118.6 126.0 125.9 105.9 116.6 98.2 99.3 125.4 112.5 125.8 101.2 105.5 79.4 97.0 115.8 82.7 111.9 109.5 89.5 95.1 113.7 94.6 116.2 101.1 173.4 97.2 79.1 61.9 144.1 121.4 83.6 147.6 82.6 170.0 143.1 128.6 1992 114.9 163.7 65.8 126.3 61.9 61.9 45.9 109.3 131.6 131.1 111.3 93.0 102.6 95.4 92.5 129.2 116.4 103.8 112.7 148.6 140.7 143.3 133.3 118.9 123.2 134.3 130.6 119.6 131.1 120.1 106.4 108.1 121.9 166.0 136.7 113.9 132.7 153.1 137.3 122.1 132.1 139.0 134.8 136.6 131.5 117.5 128.4 126.8 106.5 117.2 96.2 99.9 125.1 113.1 125.6 100.4 105.1 98.5 96.0 115.4 70.7 114.6 106.6 96.1 97.3 112.1 93.5 89.8 101.0 171.4 95.0 80.6 58.0 164.8 117.5 83.7 139.2 75.4 162.9 137.6 130.6 1993 116.4 168.6 63.7 128.5 59.1 60.7 49.6 110.5 133.2 131.5 120.6 95.7 98.9 99.5 83.0 134.5 117.2 105.7 116.8 193.5 163.3 156.5 152.7 104.3 123.8 130.0 130.0 132.9 134.8 121.3 108.2 98.1 120.3 150.8 133.2 109.5 135.2 155.8 140.3 123.2 136.2 141.8 138.6 138.6 134.6 117.8 130.2 128.0 107.5 120.1 96.9 108.4 125.9 113.7 124.3 102.4 108.3 98.4 92.9 116.7 76.1 124.9 113.1 93.8 104.8 113.2 94.7 91.9 99.6 180.2 96.1 84.6 51.4 211.9 118.0 82.7 172.6 67.3 135.7 129.1 133.9 1994 118.7 179.6 58.2 128.7 53.9 56.0 48.2 114.3 135.3 132.1 125.4 110.6 105.7 112.3 95.5 140.8 122.4 108.9 122.9 198.1 168.3 162.4 158.6 115.9 126.0 140.5 136.1 144.1 136.5 123.9 113.4 115.7 127.7 167.3 139.8 108.1 137.5 159.6 142.5 127.3 140.5 145.7 141.5 140.2 136.8 116.6 132.9 129.7 110.5 124.6 95.3 136.1 127.5 114.3 124.7 101.8 106.5 104.8 100.1 105.8 65.9 127.7 119.6 95.7 106.0 115.2 94.8 121.3 100.2 200.9 96.7 78.8 47.1 219.1 209.5 82.7 192.9 81.4 155.5 172.9 137.9

Producer Price Indexes
No. 769. Producer Price Indexes for the Net Output of Selected Industries: 1985 to 1994

503

[Indexes are based on selling prices reported by establishments of all sizes by probability sampling. Industries selected by value added. N.e.c.= not elsewhere classified. See text, section 27] ITEM Meat packing plants . . . . . . . . . . . . Sausages and other prepared meats . Fluid milk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Canned fruits and vegetables . . . . . . Frozen specialties . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bread, cake, and related products . . . Cookies and crackers . . . . . . . . . . . Malt beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bottled and canned soft drinks . . . . . Coffee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food preparations, n.e.c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SIC code 1 2011 2013 2026 2033 2038 2051 2052 2082 2086 2095 2099 Index base 12/80. 12/82. 12/82. 06/81. 12/82. 06/80. 06/83. 06/82. 06/81. 06/81. 12/85. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 90.9 95.7 102.6 112.7 110.8 127.1 112.0 110.0 112.5 111.5 (NA) 110.7 101.2 108.0 94.8 97.3 103.2 133.3 109.5 112.0 119.7 164.0 157.9 134.1 111.0 112.9 106.2 100.4 113.6 97.6 141.3 104.2 103.9 135.4 104.9 96.9 101.3 (NA) 98.3 96.8 108.6 104.9 115.6 100.5 110.4 (NA) 103.0 120.8 107.2 110.4 101.4 (NA) 103.4 105.3 119.5 113.5 116.4 104.7 102.0 108.2 (NA) 106.6 108.6 107.2 100.6 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 101.5 1990 119.8 112.7 121.4 129.9 127.3 159.4 141.9 115.2 127.2 120.0 114.3 197.6 115.6 125.6 135.6 109.9 120.4 158.9 134.0 146.0 139.6 220.4 205.7 175.2 127.9 136.1 124.6 117.9 139.5 102.7 203.5 115.2 118.6 153.2 125.0 114.1 125.6 112.5 90.1 103.0 114.3 110.8 123.4 148.7 116.6 110.6 118.6 142.3 129.4 112.6 121.1 117.6 115.7 116.8 137.6 124.5 137.5 119.0 113.9 127.5 112.0 105.0 115.1 119.9 108.9 116.0 112.6 116.3 114.0 112.2 1991 115.1 113.0 119.0 129.4 130.4 165.0 148.5 121.3 130.3 116.5 117.3 225.0 115.2 129.0 135.0 111.5 125.8 163.3 131.0 140.7 134.5 235.7 217.8 183.4 129.7 140.8 123.9 119.4 137.9 101.9 217.3 116.0 121.5 158.0 130.3 113.3 129.1 115.7 80.9 105.0 116.9 108.4 125.6 145.0 118.1 113.3 117.3 145.8 128.2 111.7 122.5 119.0 120.7 120.5 142.0 129.3 142.4 119.7 114.4 129.7 112.8 102.8 115.2 125.3 110.3 120.4 117.9 120.3 116.2 111.9 1992 108.9 108.7 121.6 129.8 131.0 173.3 151.2 123.6 131.0 110.0 117.2 250.5 115.9 129.7 151.3 127.9 134.5 166.9 126.6 142.6 137.3 248.7 227.9 189.7 130.8 143.6 121.0 118.9 131.8 101.6 231.2 118.5 123.1 162.6 132.3 113.3 127.8 117.1 78.3 106.0 117.4 105.8 127.0 141.8 117.0 114.9 116.6 147.0 126.6 111.5 123.2 119.2 123.3 124.1 146.9 131.2 146.2 121.1 114.3 131.5 112.3 98.4 117.8 129.1 111.0 124.3 123.6 124.9 118.3 112.1 1993 113.6 110.4 121.3 127.3 130.6 179.1 152.2 122.2 132.5 109.8 118.6 235.0 114.5 130.1 186.1 159.3 148.6 173.4 126.6 138.3 135.8 259.3 233.1 194.9 135.0 145.6 128.6 117.2 132.4 101.8 240.8 120.0 124.7 166.7 133.6 116.3 123.8 120.0 75.3 106.3 121.0 107.5 128.2 138.2 113.1 116.9 118.2 146.5 127.1 111.3 123.1 120.4 125.5 126.6 151.3 134.3 151.0 122.2 116.1 133.5 115.0 98.2 119.7 133.2 111.6 128.5 125.7 128.0 123.7 112.7 1994 108.0 108.9 123.6 130.1 132.1 182.6 154.5 119.9 134.0 134.7 119.8 198.9 109.8 127.2 192.6 162.0 152.8 180.3 128.4 152.2 146.2 269.2 239.1 202.2 136.5 147.4 133.8 115.8 137.4 102.9 244.6 119.6 126.3 166.6 135.9 117.5 126.1 123.7 72.2 106.4 125.7 112.3 131.7 144.8 110.8 118.6 121.6 149.7 130.0 111.9 124.2 122.9 128.0 129.6 153.7 137.7 152.9 123.0 118.8 134.3 116.9 97.2 119.0 137.9 112.0 133.0 129.0 130.7 127.2 111.8

Cigarettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2111 Synthetic fiber and silk broadwoven fabric. . . . . 2221 Women’s, misses’, and juniors’ dresses . . . . . . 2335 Logging camps and logging contractors . . . . . Sawmills and planing mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Millwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wood household furniture, except upholstered. . . . . 2411 2421 2431 2511

12/82. . . 06/81. . . 12/80. . . 12/81. 12/80. 06/83. 12/79. . . . . . . . .

Paper mill products except building paper . . . . . 2621 Paperboard mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2631 Corrugated and solid fiber boxes. . . . . . . . . . . 2653 Newspaper publishing . . . . . . . . Periodical publishing . . . . . . . . . Book publishing . . . . . . . . . . . . Commercial printing, lithographic. Commercial printing, n.e.c . . . . . Manifold business forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2711 2721 2731 2752 2759 2761 2819 2821 2824 2834 2841 2842 2844 2851 2865 2869 2899

06/81. . . 12/82. . . 03/80. . . 12/79. 12/79. 12/80. 06/82. 06/82. 12/83. 12/82. 12/80. 06/81. 06/81. 06/83. 06/83. 03/80. 06/83. 12/82. 12/82. 06/85. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Industrial inorganic chemicals, n.e.c. . . . . . . . . Plastic materials and resins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Noncellulosic manmade fibers . . . . . . . . . . . . Pharmaceutical preparations . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soap and other detergents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Specialty cleaning, polish. and sanitation preps.. Toilet preparations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paints and allied products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cyclic (coal tar) crudes and intermediates. . . . . Industrial organic chemicals, n.e.c . . . . . . . . . . Chemicals and chemical preparations, n.e.c . . .

Petroleum refining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2911 Tires and inner tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3011 Ready-mixed concrete. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3273 Blast furnaces and steel mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3312 Gray iron foundries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3321 Nonferrous wire drawing and insulating . . . . . . 3357 Metal cans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hardware, n.e.c.. . . . . . . . . . . . Fabricated structural metal . . . . . Fabricated plate work . . . . . . . . Sheet metal work . . . . . . . . . . . Automotive stampings . . . . . . . . Metal stampings, n.e.c. . . . . . . . Fabricated metal products, n.e.c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3411 3429 3441 3443 3444 3465 3469 3499 3519 3523 3531 3544 3559 3585 3599 3621 3661 3674 3679 3711 3714 3721 3724 3728 3731

06/85. . . 06/81. . . 06/81. . . 06/82. . . 12/80. . . 12/82. . . 06/81. 06/85. 06/82. 03/80. 12/82. 12/82. 06/84. 06/85. 12/82. 12/82. 12/80. 06/81. 12/81. 12/82. 06/84. 06/83. 12/85. 06/81. 06/82. 06/82. 12/82. 12/85. 12/85. 06/85. 12/85. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Internal combustion engines, n.e.c . . . . Farm machinery and equipment . . . . . . Construction machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . Spec. tools, dies, jigs, fixtures and indus. Special industry machinery, n.e.c . . . . . Refrigeration and heating equipment . . . Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c . . . . . Electric motors and generators . . . . Telephone and telegraph apparatus . Semiconductors and related devices Electronic components, n.e.c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

..... ..... ..... molds ..... ..... ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Motor vehicles and passenger car bodies . . Motor vehicle parts and accessories . . . . . Aircraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aircraft engines and engine parts . . . . . . . Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c Ship building and repairing. . . . . . . . . . . .

Photographic equipment and supplies . . . . . . . 3861

12/83. . .

NA Not available. 1 Standard Industrial Classification code. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Producer Price Indexes, monthly.

504

Prices
No. 770. Fixed-Weighted Price Indexes for Personal Consumption Expenditures: 1960 to 1994
[1987=100] Personal consump- Motor vehicles tion and expendiparts tures 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30.8 31.1 31.3 31.6 31.9 32.2 32.8 33.7 35.0 36.3 37.9 39.5 40.8 42.7 46.7 50.5 53.3 56.7 60.7 65.8 72.6 78.9 83.2 86.7 89.9 93.3 96.1 100.0 104.3 109.5 115.2 120.3 124.6 128.1 131.2 40.6 40.6 40.8 40.8 41.0 40.5 40.1 40.6 41.9 42.6 43.8 45.9 45.9 46.2 49.1 53.9 57.8 61.2 65.3 70.3 75.6 81.3 85.1 87.9 90.5 93.0 95.7 100.0 101.5 104.6 105.3 109.2 112.4 116.1 120.5 Clothing and shoes 46.1 46.4 46.5 46.9 47.3 47.7 49.0 51.1 54.0 57.1 59.4 61.3 62.7 64.9 69.5 72.2 74.5 77.6 79.5 81.7 85.2 88.2 90.0 91.8 93.1 95.8 95.8 100.0 104.2 106.7 111.4 115.4 117.9 119.2 118.3 Gasoline and oil 30.5 30.2 30.4 30.3 30.1 31.2 32.0 33.0 33.5 34.6 34.9 35.2 35.7 39.1 52.7 56.2 58.6 62.0 64.7 86.8 120.7 134.4 127.5 123.4 121.5 122.5 96.2 100.0 100.9 110.2 125.5 123.9 123.3 122.1 122.8 Household operation 32.0 32.2 32.3 32.5 32.6 32.6 32.5 33.0 33.6 34.5 35.6 38.0 39.9 41.6 45.8 49.8 53.6 57.0 60.2 63.6 69.7 78.1 86.7 92.1 96.3 98.9 100.4 100.0 101.4 103.8 105.8 109.8 112.3 115.4 117.5 Electricity and gas 24.6 24.7 24.8 24.7 24.7 24.6 24.6 24.8 25.0 25.5 26.4 28.2 29.7 31.3 36.6 41.9 45.6 50.0 53.8 59.1 69.0 79.0 89.1 95.8 100.0 102.2 101.7 100.0 100.8 103.9 105.6 108.9 111.0 114.4 115.0 Transportation 25.5 26.5 26.8 26.4 26.4 27.1 27.9 28.4 29.2 30.8 33.8 37.3 38.6 39.4 42.1 44.5 49.3 54.7 57.9 62.2 71.9 79.2 83.0 86.9 89.6 91.0 94.0 100.0 104.9 109.6 114.9 122.3 129.3 134.3 136.4

YEAR

Furniture 2 79.2 78.2 76.5 75.5 74.9 73.1 71.5 71.8 73.0 74.1 74.9 75.6 76.2 76.9 80.6 85.9 88.3 89.9 92.9 97.2 98.2 101.7 103.6 102.6 101.7 100.8 99.5 100.0 101.0 101.6 102.4 103.0 103.9 104.3 105.7

Food

Housing

Medical care 17.8 18.3 18.8 19.2 19.9 20.5 21.5 22.9 24.6 26.1 27.9 29.3 30.7 32.1 34.7 38.3 41.7 45.7 50.0 54.4 60.4 67.6 74.7 80.1 85.0 90.4 94.6 100.0 107.1 115.7 124.3 131.2 139.1 147.3 153.5

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27.4 27.7 28.0 28.4 29.0 29.5 30.7 31.2 32.3 33.7 35.9 36.9 38.6 42.6 48.7 52.7 54.4 57.9 63.1 69.4 75.9 82.1 85.4 87.6 91.1 93.4 96.5 100.0 104.0 109.8 115.7 120.1 122.0 124.4 127.3

28.8 29.2 29.5 29.9 30.2 30.5 30.9 31.5 32.3 33.4 34.8 36.4 37.7 39.4 40.9 43.6 46.5 50.4 54.0 58.3 63.8 70.4 75.9 80.5 84.9 90.0 95.4 100.0 104.9 109.6 115.4 120.2 124.1 127.9 131.9

PERCENT CHANGE 1960 . . . . . 1961 . . . . . 1962 . . . . . 1963 . . . . . 1964 . . . . . 1965 . . . . . 1966 . . . . . 1967 . . . . . 1968 . . . . . 1969 . . . . . 1970 . . . . . 1971 . . . . . 1972 . . . . . 1973 . . . . . 1974 . . . . . 1975 . . . . . 1976 . . . . . 1977 . . . . . 1978 . . . . . 1979 . . . . . 1980 . . . . . 1981 . . . . . 1982 . . . . . 1983 . . . . . 1984 . . . . . 1985 . . . . . 1986 . . . . . 1987 . . . . . 1988 . . . . . 1989 . . . . . 1990 . . . . . 1991 . . . . . 1992 . . . . . 1993 . . . . . 1994 . . . . .

1.3 0.8 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.8 2.6 3.8 3.8 4.4 4.4 3.3 4.6 9.3 8.1 5.6 6.4 7.0 8.5 10.3 8.7 5.4 4.3 3.7 3.8 3.0 4.1 4.3 5.0 5.3 4.4 3.6 2.8 2.4

-1.7 0.5 0.4 -1.2 -1.0 1.3 3.1 1.9 2.8 4.8 0.6 6.2 9.9 7.3 5.7 6.8 7.6 7.6 7.5 4.7 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.0 4.5 1.5 3.1 0.7 3.7 2.9 3.3 3.8

0.3 -1.3 -2.2 -1.3 -0.8 -2.4 -2.2 0.4 1.7 1.5 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.9 4.8 6.6 2.8 1.8 3.3 4.6 1.0 3.6 1.9 -1.0 -0.8 -1.0 -1.2 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.4 1.3

1.3 0.9 1.2 1.4 2.1 1.8 3.9 1.7 3.5 4.6 6.3 2.9 4.6 10.4 14.3 8.2 3.3 6.5 9.0 10.0 9.3 8.2 4.0 2.6 3.9 2.6 3.3 3.6 4.0 5.6 5.4 3.8 1.6 2.0 2.3

1.2 0.5 0.2 1.0 0.7 1.0 2.6 4.2 5.7 5.7 4.1 3.2 2.2 3.6 7.1 3.8 3.3 4.1 2.4 2.9 4.3 3.5 2.1 2.0 1.4 3.0 4.3 4.2 2.4 4.4 3.6 2.2 1.1 -0.8

2.9 -0.9 0.6 -0.2 -0.6 3.8 2.3 3.3 1.5 3.3 0.9 0.8 1.3 9.5 34.9 6.7 4.2 5.8 4.4 34.2 39.0 11.3 -5.1 -3.3 -1.5 0.8 -21.5 4.0 0.9 9.2 13.9 -1.3 -0.5 -1.0 0.6

1.5 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.9 2.5 3.4 4.2 4.6 3.6 4.4 3.9 6.6 6.7 8.5 7.0 8.0 9.4 10.3 7.8 6.1 5.4 6.1 6.0 4.8 4.9 4.6 5.3 4.2 3.2 3.1 3.1

2.2 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.3 -0.2 -0.2 1.5 1.8 2.6 3.3 6.6 5.1 4.2 10.1 8.6 7.7 6.3 5.6 5.7 9.5 12.1 11.1 6.2 4.6 2.7 1.5 -0.4 1.4 2.4 1.9 3.8 2.3 2.8 1.8

2.4 0.5 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.7 0.9 2.0 3.7 6.8 5.0 5.6 17.0 14.5 8.8 9.6 7.5 9.9 16.8 14.4 12.8 7.5 4.5 2.2 -0.5 -1.7 0.8 3.1 1.6 3.1 1.9 3.1 0.5

3.5 3.7 1.3 -1.5 -0.1 2.8 2.8 2.0 2.8 5.3 9.7 10.3 3.5 2.1 6.8 5.7 10.9 10.9 5.9 7.3 15.7 10.2 4.7 4.8 3.1 1.5 3.3 6.4 4.9 4.5 4.8 6.4 5.7 3.9 5.9

3.6 2.7 2.8 2.6 3.2 3.3 4.7 6.6 7.5 5.9 6.9 5.1 5.0 4.4 8.4 10.1 9.0 9.6 9.2 9.0 10.9 11.8 10.6 7.2 6.1 6.4 4.6 5.7 7.1 8.0 7.4 5.6 6.0 5.9 4.2

- Represents or rounds to zero. 1 Includes items not shown separately. 2 Includes household equipment. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, The National Income and Product Accounts of the United States: Volume 2, 1959-88; and Survey of Current Business, August 1993, July 1994, and March 1995; and unpublished data.

Fixed-Weight and Futures Price Indexes
No. 771. Fixed-Weighted Price Indexes: 1980 to 1994
[1987=100 ] ITEM Gross domestic product . . . . . . . Personal consumption expenditures. Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross private domestic investment: Fixed investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 (NA) 72.6 84.7 79.6 65.3 (NA) (NA) 78.5 (NA) 75.3 (NA) (NA) 73.3 75.2 76.3 71.9 71.9 1985 94.3 93.3 96.0 96.2 90.9 95.7 97.3 96.9 97.5 92.1 98.2 94.6 95.4 97.9 98.8 94.9 93.5 1986 97.0 96.1 97.1 96.1 95.8 97.9 98.8 98.5 99.0 95.8 97.3 93.8 97.6 99.0 99.5 97.5 96.5 1988 104.0 104.3 102.0 103.8 105.1 103.3 102.8 104.6 101.9 104.3 105.7 105.4 103.7 102.8 103.1 102.0 104.3 1989 108.6 109.5 104.5 109.5 110.7 106.3 105.6 109.0 103.9 107.8 108.2 108.5 107.9 107.0 107.1 106.7 108.6 1990 113.6 115.2 106.3 116.2 116.8 109.1 108.4 112.4 106.2 110.7 110.0 112.4 112.6 111.8 112.1 110.8 113.2 1991 118.1 120.3 109.1 120.5 123.0 110.8 110.2 113.9 108.3 111.9 112.6 113.8 116.8 116.5 116.5 116.6 117.0 1992 121.9 124.6 111.6 123.0 128.7 112.0 111.2 114.1 109.7 113.6 113.9 115.4 120.8 121.5 122.0 119.8 120.3 1993 125.5 128.1 113.9 125.0 133.5 114.4 113.0 117.3 110.7 117.4 115.3 115.2 124.5 126.1 126.6 124.3 123.4

505

1994 128.9 131.2 117.0 126.6 137.6 117.5 115.5 121.2 112.5 122.0 118.1 117.2 128.6 131.1 131.5 130.1 126.6

..

Nonresidential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Producers’ durable equipment . Residential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exports of goods and services . . . . . . Imports of goods and services . . . . . . Government purchases . Federal . . . . . . . . . . National defense . . Nondefense . . . . . State and local . . . . . NA Not available. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, The National Income and Product Accounts of the United States: Volume 2 1959-1988, and Survey of Current Business, July 1994 and March 1995.

No. 772. Fixed-Weighted Price Indexes—Annual Percent Change: 1985 to 1994
[1987=100 ] ITEM Gross domestic product . . . . Personal consumption expend. . Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985-86 1986-87 1987-88 1988-89 1989-90 1990-91 1991-92 1992-93 2.8 3.0 1.2 5.4 2.3 1.6 1.6 1.6 4.0 -0.9 -0.8 2.2 1.2 0.7 2.7 3.1 3.1 4.1 3.0 4.0 4.4 2.2 1.2 1.5 1.0 4.4 2.8 6.6 2.5 1.0 0.5 2.6 3.7 4.0 4.3 2.0 3.8 5.1 3.3 2.8 4.6 1.9 4.3 5.7 5.4 3.7 2.8 3.1 2.0 4.3 4.5 5.0 2.4 5.5 5.3 3.0 2.7 4.2 2.0 3.4 2.4 3.0 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.6 4.1 4.6 5.3 1.7 6.2 5.6 2.6 2.6 3.1 2.3 2.7 1.7 3.5 4.3 4.5 4.7 3.8 4.2 4.0 4.4 2.6 3.7 5.2 1.5 1.7 1.3 2.0 1.1 2.3 1.3 3.7 4.2 3.9 5.2 3.4 3.2 3.5 2.3 2.1 4.7 1.1 0.9 0.3 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.5 3.5 4.3 4.7 2.8 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.1 1.6 3.7 2.1 1.6 2.8 0.9 3.3 1.2 -0.2 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.7 2.5 1993-94 2.7 2.5 2.7 1.3 3.1 2.8 2.2 3.3 1.6 4.0 2.5 1.8 3.3 4.0 3.8 4.6 2.7

Gross private domestic invest.: Fixed investment . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential . . . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . Producers’ durable equip. . Residential . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exports of goods and services . . . Imports of goods and services . . . Government purchases . Federal . . . . . . . . . . National defense . . Nondefense . . . . . State and local . . . . . - Represents zero. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, The National Income and Product Accounts of the United States: Volume 2, 1959-1988; and Survey of Current Business, September 1993, July 1994, and March 1995.

506

Prices
No. 775. Average Prices of Selected Fuels and Electricity: 1980 to 1993
[In dollars per unit, except electricity, in cents per kWh. Represents price to end-users, except as noted] ITEM Unit
1

1980

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993 16.41 1.11 1.30 0.60 0.60 0.34 6.16 8.34

Crude oil, composite 2 . Motor gasoline: 3 Unleaded regular . . . . Unleaded premium . . . No. 2 heating oil. . . . . No. 2 diesel fuel. . . . . Residual fuel oil . . . . . Natural gas, residential Electricity, residential. . NA Not available.

. . Barrel . . . . . 28.07 28.63 26.75 14.55 17.90 14.67 17.97 22.22 19.06 18.43 . . . . . . .
1

. . . . . . .

Gallon. . . . Gallon. . . . Gallon. . . . Gallon. . . . Gallon. . . . 1,000 cu/ft . kWh . . . . .

. . . . . . .

1.25 (NA) 0.79 0.82 0.61 3.68 5.4
2

1.21 1.37 0.92 0.82 0.69 6.12 7.5

1.20 1.34 0.85 0.79 0.61 6.12 7.8

0.93 1.09 0.56 0.48 0.34 5.83 7.4
3

0.95 1.09 0.58 0.55 0.42 5.54 7.4

0.95 1.11 0.54 0.50 0.33 5.47 7.5

1.02 1.20 0.59 0.59 0.39 5.64 7.6

1.16 1.35 0.73 0.73 0.44 5.80 7.8

1.14 1.32 0.67 0.65 0.34 5.82 8.1

1.13 1.32 0.63 0.62 0.34 5.89 8.2

See headnote.

Refiner acquisition cost.

Average, all service.

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review.

No. 776. Weekly Food Cost: 1990 and 1994
[In dollars. Assumes that food for all meals and snacks is purchased at the store and prepared at home. See source for details on estimation procedures] DECEMBER 1990 FAMILY TYPE Thrifty plan Lowcost plan Moderatecost plan Liberal plan Thrifty plan JANUARY 1994 Lowcost plan Moderatecost plan Liberal plan

FAMILIES Family of two: 20-50 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . Family of four: Couple, 20-50 years and children— 1-2 and 3-5 years . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8 and 9-11 years . . . . . . . . . . . INDIVIDUALS Child: 1-2 years . 3-5 years . 6-8 years . 9-11 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

48.10 45.60

60.60 58.30

74.70 71.80

92.70 85.80

51.90 49.10

65.80 63.20

81.00 77.90

100.90 93.30

70.10 80.10

87.30 102.60

106.60 128.30

131.00 154.40

75.60 86.60

94.80 111.30

115.70 139.00

142.40 167.50

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

12.70 13.70 16.60 19.80 20.60 21.40 22.90 20.90 20.80 20.80 20.60

15.40 16.80 22.20 25.30 28.60 29.60 29.30 27.90 24.80 25.80 25.10

18.00 20.70 27.90 32.50 35.70 36.80 36.60 34.30 30.10 31.30 31.00

21.80 24.90 32.50 37.60 42.00 42.60 44.30 41.10 36.30 40.00 36.90

13.70 14.70 18.00 21.40 22.30 23.10 24.80 22.40 22.40 22.40 22.20

16.80 18.20 24.10 27.40 31.10 32.00 31.90 30.30 26.90 27.90 27.20

19.60 22.50 30.20 35.20 38.70 39.90 39.60 37.20 32.60 34.00 33.60

23.80 26.90 35.10 40.70 45.40 46.20 48.10 44.70 39.40 43.60 40.10

Male: 12-14 years. . . . . 15-19 years. . . . . 20-50 years. . . . . 51 years and over

Female: 12-19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20-54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 The costs given are for individuals in four-person families. For individuals in other size families, the following adjustments are suggested: one-person, add 20 percent; two-person, add 10 percent; three-person, add 5 percent; five- or six-person, subtract 5 percent; seven- (or more) person, subtract 10 percent.

Source: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, monthly.

Retail Food Prices—Energy Prices
No. 777. Food—Retail Prices of Selected Items: 1988 to 1994
[In dollars per pound, except as indicated. As of December] FOOD Cereals and bakery products: Flour, white, all purpose. . . . . . . . . . . Rice, white, lg. grain, raw. . . . . . . . . . Spaghetti and macaroni. . . . . . . . . . . Bread, white, pan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Meats, poultry, fish and eggs: Ground chuck, 100% beef . . . . . . . . . Rib roast, USDA Choice . . . . . . . . . . Round steak, USDA Choice . . . . . . . . Sirloin steak, bone-in . . . . . . . . . . . . T-bone steak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pork: Bacon, sliced. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chops, center cut, bone-in . . . . . . . . . Shoulder picnic, bone-in, smoked . . . . Sausage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poultry: Chicken, fresh, whole . . . . . . . . . . . . Chicken breast, bone-in. . . . . . . . . . . Chicken legs, bone-in . . . . . . . . . . . . Turkey, frozen, whole . . . . . . . . . . . . Eggs, Grade A, large, (dozen) . . . . . . Dairy products: Milk, fresh, whole, fortified (1/2 gal.). . . Butter, salted, grade AA, stick . . . . . . . Ice cream, prepack., bulk,reg.(1/2 gal.). Fruits and vegetables: Fresh fruits and vegetables: Apples, red Delicious . . . . . . . . . . . . Bananas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oranges, navel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grapefruit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lemons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pears, Anjou . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Potatoes, white . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lettuce, iceberg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tomatoes, field grown . . . . . . . . . . . . Cabbage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carrots, short trimmed and topped . . . Celery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cucumbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Processed fruits and vegetables: Orange juice, frozen concentrate, 12 oz. can, per 16 oz. . . . . . . . . . . . Potatoes, frozen, french fried . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1988 0.22 0.48 0.85 0.66 1.79 4.03 3.01 3.23 4.97 1.79 2.65 1.10 1.92 0.89 2.06 1.17 0.97 0.83 1.21 2.15 2.54 0.71 0.41 0.56 0.45 0.91 0.64 0.30 0.77 0.81 0.33 0.39 0.44 0.49 1.82 0.70 1989 0.24 0.50 0.87 0.69 1.88 4.21 3.17 3.46 5.04 1.96 2.85 1.17 2.12 0.88 2.01 1.14 0.95 1.14 1.37 2.11 2.67 0.57 0.42 0.53 0.47 0.96 0.76 0.31 0.52 0.90 0.34 0.35 0.46 0.64 1.80 0.80 1990 0.24 0.49 0.85 0.70 2.02 4.54 3.42 3.65 5.45 2.28 3.32 1.41 2.42 0.86 2.00 1.17 0.96 1.00 1.39 1.92 2.54 0.77 0.43 0.56 0.56 0.97 0.79 0.32 0.58 0.86 0.39 0.44 0.49 0.56 2.02 0.85 1991 0.22 0.51 0.86 0.72 1.93 4.59 3.38 3.78 5.21 1.99 3.12 1.30 2.24 0.86 2.02 1.14 0.91 1.01 1.40 1.94 2.63 0.86 0.42 0.65 0.53 1.21 0.88 0.28 0.69 0.79 0.46 0.51 0.45 0.55 1.74 0.92 1992 0.23 0.53 0.86 0.74 1.91 4.69 3.34 3.75 5.39 1.86 3.15 1.18 2.14 0.88 2.08 1.14 0.93 0.93 1.39 1.64 2.49 0.76 0.40 0.52 0.52 0.90 0.80 0.31 0.66 1.23 0.38 0.44 0.48 0.51 1.70 0.86 1993 0.22 0.50 0.84 0.76 1.91 4.73 3.32 3.69 5.77 2.02 3.24 1.19 1.99 0.91 2.17 1.13 0.95 0.87 1.43 1.61 2.59 0.78 0.41 0.56 0.50 1.05 0.89 0.36 0.53 1.31 0.37 0.41 0.49 0.93 1.67 0.87

507

1994 0.23 0.53 0.87 0.75 1.84 4.88 3.24 (NA) 5.86 1.89 3.03 1.13 1.85 0.90 1.91 1.12 0.98 0.87 1.44 1.54 2.62 0.72 0.46 0.55 0.47 1.04 (NA) 0.34 0.91 1.43 0.45 0.48 0.52 0.69 1.55 0.84

... ... ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

... ...

No. 778. Average Price of Energy in Selected Metropolitan Areas: 1994
[In dollars per unit shown. As of January. One therm contains approximately 100 cubic feet of natural gas. See Appendix II] Utility (piped) gas (100 therms) 66.47 64.44 94.34 68.07 55.06 57.21 52.91 52.19 67.12 90.39 96.89 74.92 65.15 60.99 62.05 77.73 Electricity (500 kWh) 48.2 48.62 57.26 45.07 54.24 50.81 49.27 43.77 61.5 43.83 72.47 59.1 54.82 41.49 62.98 42.52 Fuel oil No. 2 (gallon) 0.92 1.01 0.92 0.99 (NA) (NA) 0.93 (NA) (NA) (NA) 1.01 0.91 (NA) (NA) (NA) 1.05 GASOLINE All types
1

CITY/MSA U.S. city average . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Baltimore, MD MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH CMSA. . . Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI CMSA Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH CMSA . . . . . . Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSA . . . . . . . . . . Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI CMSA. . . . . . . . . . . Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX CMSA . . . Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Unleaded Unleaded regular premium 1.04 1.07 1.05 1.05 1.00 1.00 0.94 0.96 1.13 1.15 1.11 1.03 1.01 0.88 1.14 1.09 1.24 1.26 1.30 1.24 1.17 1.17 1.12 1.17 1.34 1.35 1.35 1.27 1.24 1.09 1.37 1.29

1.11 1.16 1.14 1.11 1.03 1.07 0.98 1.04 1.20 1.22 1.21 1.16 1.09 0.95 1.21 1.18

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New York-N. NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT CMSA . . . . . . Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD CMSA. Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA CMSA . . . . . . . . Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available.
1

Includes types of gasoline not shown separately.

Source of tables 777 and 778: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, CPI Detailed Report, January issues.

508

Prices
No. 779 Import Price Indexes—Selected Commodities: 1985 to 1994

[1990=100. Indexes are weighted by the 1990 Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated, a scheme for describing and reporting product composition and value of U.S. imports. Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by importer. F.o.b. = Free on board; c.i.f. = Cost, insurance, and freight; n.e.s.=Not elsewhere specified] COMMODITY All commodities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food and live animals . . . . . . . Meat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Meat of bovine animals. . . Fish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crustaceans; fresh, chilled, ................ ................ ................ ................ frozen, salted or dried . . . . . . 1985 80.2 87.2 68.8 77.1 75.5 85.0 63.2 87.4 145.1 77.1 75.9 77.8 98.3 93.4 56.9 102.8 59.9 83.9 114.5 112.1 123.8 (NA) 115.5 83.7 73.1 85.9 69.0 82.7 77.6 60.1 79.3 69.0 71.2 57.6 62.4 (NA) 56.7 72.9 75.1 59.1 64.8 62.6 85.0 112.8 90.1 77.4 98.7 75.1 74.3 68.9 74.0 81.7 70.6 64.4 73.5 71.1 1988 93.9 100.5 78.4 91.2 99.1 105.2 91.0 94.0 140.0 90.3 92.0 106.6 147.1 99.1 90.1 103.1 105.1 131.2 72.8 71.7 70.9 (NA) 116.8 97.0 97.4 93.0 96.1 98.0 94.6 89.0 100.7 109.9 102.7 85.3 154.9 131.6 76.2 93.2 96.6 91.8 93.9 91.8 103.1 107.6 102.3 95.9 99.9 97.0 94.2 88.7 93.0 94.1 93.3 95.5 96.1 94.3 1989 96.8 98.2 80.3 95.2 94.1 98.4 91.2 95.5 128.0 91.1 92.6 111.6 100.6 100.0 106.6 106.9 133.1 97.6 84.2 83.8 82.7 88.5 123.3 100.4 100.3 96.9 97.2 100.0 95.8 93.4 105.8 109.2 89.6 98.5 152.2 117.3 108.9 97.4 98.1 89.3 92.0 91.3 103.0 105.0 104.1 100.1 110.0 98.5 94.9 91.9 94.0 98.1 92.0 91.4 95.1 93.8 1990
1

1991 98.8 102.4 105.6 100.8 107.6 107.3 96.4 96.7 93.2 110.8 110.3 95.9 98.4 107.7 79.2 100.9 93.6 103.7 83.2 82.8 81.4 88.1 102.2 100.7 99.2 100.6 98.6 101.0 103.0 103.3 99.3 89.0 90.2 88.7 97.6 85.8 77.2 101.2 101.6 101.7 100.6 101.5 97.3 96.9 97.8 100.6 99.5 103.5 100.6 98.0 101.2 98.8 100.9 102.1 100.1 101.8

1992 100.3 97.9 94.9 91.1 107.9 105.4 99.3 95.3 77.3 113.4 112.5 95.8 100.8 116.8 74.4 89.0 91.1 107.2 86.7 86.7 87.8 83.7 134.9 101.7 99.4 102.0 108.1 94.1 106.0 105.5 97.6 88.6 75.5 88.5 87.5 86.4 89.3 103.0 103.5 105.4 103.9 104.9 95.7 92.4 97.1 102.1 99.4 105.6 103.7 101.5 103.4 101.8 102.6 104.4 102.9 106.0

1993 100.5 101.1 99.3 100.8 107.9 106.4 102.9 95.1 81.2 112.6 112.9 95.3 102.9 130.3 63.7 82.5 88.3 106.1 79.9 79.2 76.6 90.3 117.8 102.8 99.3 103.8 120.6 96.7 108.1 108.0 98.2 76.6 69.1 75.9 72.9 79.1 67.7 104.5 105.0 107.5 107.7 107.0 91.9 85.5 98.0 103.9 104.3 108.4 105.2 102.0 104.1 102.1 101.2 110.5 106.9 108.3

1994 101.9 109.0 91.0 86.5 121.2 129.8 102.0 98.2 137.1 113.2 112.8 106.7 106.3 159.9 70.1 82.3 89.6 131.2 76.3 75.7 73.6 83.7 135.1 102.6 101.0 102.4 126.5 95.6 108.9 108.5 99.1 85.2 74.8 89.3 75.3 89.6 65.8 104.6 106.8 109.7 110.1 109.0 87.1 76.5 97.4 106.1 108.0 112.7 105.4 99.6 103.9 102.2 100.2 113.0 109.1 108.5

96.1 98.6 100.0 98.5 96.7 97.4 98.7 99.7 99.4 99.2 99.3 101.9 101.2 102.4 102.8 99.6 100.8 103.9 73.1 72.0 66.8 89.4 100.6 98.5 99.5 99.8 100.4 100.4 98.7 99.8 99.7 98.7 93.6 98.6 95.5 98.7 113.4 98.9 98.7 97.3 98.7 97.7 99.8 100.3 100.2 98.7 98.2 98.4 98.9 98.4 99.1 100.5 99.0 97.5 98.0 97.9

Cereals and cereal preparations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sugar 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coffee, tea and cocoa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beverages and tobacco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crude materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crude rubber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cork and wood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pulp and waste paper . . . . . . . . . Crude fertilizers and minerals . . . . Metalliferous ores and metal scrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Crude animal and vegetable materials, n.e.s. . . . . . . . . Mineral fuels and related products . . . . . . . Crude petroleum and petroleum products Crude petroleum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes . . . . . . . . . . Chemicals and related products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intermediate manufactured products Rubber manufactures . . . . . . . . Cork and wood manufactures . . . Paper and paperboard products . Textiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonmetallic mineral manufactures Iron and steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonferrous metals. . . Silver, platinum and Copper . . . . . . . . Nickel . . . . . . . . . Aluminum. . . . . . . Zinc . . . . . . . . . . .... other .... .... .... .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

................ platinum group metals . ................ ................ ................ ................

Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Machinery and transport equipment . . . . . . . . . Machinery specialized for particular industries Metalworking machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General industrial machinery, parts, n.e.s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Computer equipment and office machines . . . . . . . . . Computer equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Telecommunications
3

......................

Electrical machinery and equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic valves, diodes, transistors & integr. cir. . . Road vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous manufactured articles . . . . . . . . . . Plumbing, heating & lighting fixtures . . . . . . . . . Furniture and parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Articles of apparel and clothing . . . . . . . . . . . . Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prof., scientific & contrlng instr & appratus, n.e.s. Photographic apparatus 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s. . . . .
2

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

NA Not available. 1 June 1990 may not equal 100 because indexes were reweighted to an ‘‘average’’ trade value in 1990. Includes sugar preparations and honey. 3 Includes sound recording and reproducing equipment. 4 Includes photographic supplies, optical goods, watches, and clocks. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, News, quarterly.

Export Price Indexes
No. 780. Export Price Indexes—Selected Commodities: 1985 to 1994

509

[1990=100. Indexes are weighted by 1980 export values according to the Schedule B classification system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. Prices used in these indexes were collected from a sample of U.S. manufacturers of exports and are factory transaction prices, except as noted. F.a.s. = free alongside ship. N.e.s. = not elsewhere specified. F.o.b. = free on board] COMMODITY All commodities. . . . . . . . . Food and live animals . . . . . . . . . Meat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cereals and cereal preparations Wheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maize . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other cereals . . . . . . . . . . . Fruits and vegetables . . . . . . . Feeding stuff for animals . . . . . Miscellaneous food products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 88.4 96.3 78.6 78.5 109.3 115.5 110.9 107.8 105.0 88.6 74.9 90.6 79.9 79.6 74.4 63.3 92.8 85.6 56.2 57.6 85.3 87.4 100.8 70.7 73.0 56.5 104.6 103.1 (NA) 123.5 84.5 80.5 73.9 78.6 86.7 81.3 86.6 76.7 84.3 (NA) 77.1 84.9 90.7 85.2 76.8 87.7 89.4 90.7 82.1 84.4 105.9 113.0 89.6 93.8 106.5 89.8 81.7 85.4 1988 96.6 99.1 104.3 112.5 93.0 101.6 115.5 86.8 86.5 92.4 130.3 93.2 88.3 88.1 102.4 108.3 125.8 91.0 85.2 103.2 90.6 92.0 94.6 102.3 107.6 106.1 84.4 94.5 75.1 105.9 102.6 115.7 123.2 113.2 88.3 95.5 94.0 98.6 90.8 89.6 108.4 91.7 94.3 92.3 89.7 90.8 91.6 89.0 91.2 91.2 101.5 105.1 94.1 96.1 103.5 94.1 90.2 92.0 1989 99.7 110.6 102.0 123.2 113.5 134.4 104.5 105.2 103.6 100.6 118.8 97.9 93.8 93.8 104.7 97.4 114.3 98.3 97.2 111.2 95.3 93.8 99.6 110.1 112.4 112.5 88.4 96.8 81.4 95.1 102.9 116.0 114.8 147.1 95.0 99.9 97.6 102.1 97.1 96.1 110.2 97.1 97.2 96.0 95.0 95.4 94.2 95.2 96.5 95.6 100.6 101.7 96.8 99.0 100.1 96.8 94.4 96.1 1990
1

1991 100.6 100.7 101.9 94.7 96.8 91.2 112.1 97.8 97.6 121.5 100.0 100.5 105.7 105.7 95.4 81.5 99.4 103.2 97.9 86.6 107.0 107.9 101.1 89.1 93.4 84.2 89.9 98.6 80.1 93.8 99.7 94.6 76.2 101.8 103.4 100.1 105.0 99.5 104.1 101.2 88.1 102.7 102.9 104.7 101.9 103.3 102.1 103.9 106.5 103.7 98.4 97.8 106.4 100.6 98.5 102.4 112.4 104.2

1992 101.0 102.8 106.1 98.1 104.8 108.4 106.7 102.2 104.6 100.0 102.2 100.2 109.8 109.6 93.4 80.8 98.4 101.0 110.1 82.6 86.0 79.7 99.7 85.1 82.2 86.0 86.5 96.9 77.2 94.9 97.4 91.5 77.8 93.1 102.9 100.6 105.6 98.4 105.6 103.5 87.9 103.6 104.4 109.6 104.7 105.5 104.9 102.0 109.1 106.1 94.7 94.0 108.3 103.6 103.7 104.0 113.0 106.2

1993 101.4 97.8 111.6 96.5 90.9 94.1 92.5 87.7 88.7 103.0 100.7 100.3 113.1 112.8 99.6 79.2 97.9 99.2 161.4 70.2 83.5 77.5 95.0 83.9 99.0 72.2 88.0 93.9 80.7 98.4 96.1 90.5 80.1 93.2 105.7 100.7 108.5 93.9 106.8 105.4 81.3 105.1 104.5 110.7 106.1 108.0 107.3 105.5 111.0 108.3 87.7 83.5 109.4 103.5 102.3 105.2 117.4 106.9

1994 103.2 103.9 107.3 98.0 101.8 91.2 113.6 105.6 112.0 109.6 106.2 97.8 113.5 113.1 108.1 94.4 112.9 96.1 149.4 94.6 105.0 101.3 95.6 91.2 95.6 92.7 87.4 93.9 80.3 110.0 99.0 92.7 92.4 89.3 108.7 104.4 109.2 96.2 106.7 107.3 92.5 107.3 104.1 112.8 107.4 109.8 109.4 109.6 110.7 110.1 81.0 75.2 107.3 103.2 100.0 106.3 120.1 107.1

99.5 104.3 98.5 98.4 108.6 112.1 101.7 108.6 104.7 102.0 97.6 99.9 99.3 99.4 100.5 105.2 97.1 99.1 102.1 100.2 102.6 103.7 100.1 99.9 99.8 99.4 91.1 100.1 83.9 103.0 97.4 94.9 93.3 96.3 98.7 99.8 98.9 99.5 99.6 99.6 100.2 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.7 99.3 100.0 98.8 99.6 99.7 100.3 100.3 100.1 99.9 100.6 99.6 99.8 99.1

Beverages and tobacco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco and tobacco manufactures . . . . . . . . . . . . Crude materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Raw hides and skins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits . . . . . . . . Crude rubber, f.a.s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cork and wood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pulp and waste paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Textile fibers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cotton textile fibers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crude fertilizers and minerals . . . . . . . . . Metalliferous ores and metal scrap . . . . . . Ferrous waste and scrap . . . . . . . . . . Nonferrous base metal waste and scrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Mineral fuels and related materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coal, coke and briquettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crude petroleum and petroleum products . . . . . . . . Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes . . . . . . . . . Chemicals and related products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Organic chemicals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hydrocarbons, n.e.s. and derivatives, f.a.s. . . . . . Alcohols, phenols, phenol-alcohols, & deriv., f.a.s. . Chemical materials and products, n.e.s. . . . . . . . . . Intermediate manufactured products Rubber manufactures . . . . . . . . Paper and paperboard products . Textiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonmetallic mineral manufactures Nonferrous metals. . . . . . . . . . . Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Machinery and transport equipment 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Power generating machinery 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rotating electric plant and parts thereof, n.e.s. . . . Machinery specialized for particular industries . . . . . Agricultural machinery and parts 4 . . . . . . . . . . . Civil engineering and contractors, plant and equip. Metalworking machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General industrial machines, parts, n.e.s. . . . . . . . . Computer equipment and office machines . . . . . . . . Computer equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Telecommunications 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electrical machinery and equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic valves, diodes, transistors & integr. cir. . Road vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other transport equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous manufactured articles . . . . . . . . . . . . .

NA Not available. 1 June 1990 may not equal 100 because indexes were reweighted to an ‘‘average’’ trade value in 1990. 2 Excludes military and commercial aircraft. 3 Includes equipment. 4 Excludes tractors. 5 Includes sound recording and reproducing equipment. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, News, quarterly.

510

Prices
No. 781. Refiner/Reseller Sales Price of Gasoline, by State: 1991 to 1993

[In cents per gallon. As of March. Represents all refinery and gas plant operators’ sales through company-operated retail outlets. Gasoline prices exclude excise taxes] Gasoline excise taxes 1993 1 18 AVERAGE, ALL GRADES 1991 76.5 1992 72.2 1993 75.5 LEADED REGULAR 1991 71.6 1992 70.7 1993 75.2 UNLEADED REGULAR 1991 73.6 1992 68.3 1993 71.6 1991 87.3 PREMIUM 1992 84.3 1993 87.8

STATE

United States . Northeast: New England: Maine. . . . . . . . New Hampshire . Vermont . . . . . . Massachusetts . . Rhode Island . . . Connecticut . . . . Middle Atlantic: New York . . . . . New Jersey . . . . Pennsylvania . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

19 18 15 21 28 29 8 11 12

90.0 85.2 91.6 83.1 82.9 83.0 87.0 83.4 82.4

80.8 79.6 83.6 76.5 74.4 78.3 74.8 77.8 72.5

80.9 80.3 82.7 79.0 77.6 81.6 75.8 85.4 72.3

(NA) (D) (D) 86.4 (NA) (D) 87.1 (NA) (D)

(2) (2) (2) (D) (2) (2) 74.9 (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (D) (2) (2)

86.9 82.0 88.2 78.8 78.9 78.5 83.2 77.9 78.5

77.0 75.3 79.8 71.0 69.4 72.7 70.1 70.5 67.7

76.4 75.2 78.1 73.3 72.2 75.3 70.5 77.1 67.2

102.2 95.7 102.8 94.4 91.7 93.7 99.5 94.2 94.2

93.2 92.3 93.7 88.4 83.6 89.8 88.6 89.3 85.2

93.6 94.6 94.8 92.6 87.3 96.2 91.1 98.9 84.9

.. .. ..

Midwest: East North Central: Ohio . . . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . . . Illinois. . . . . . . . . Michigan . . . . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . . West North Central: Minnesota . . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . North Dakota . . . . South Dakota . . . Nebraska . . . . . . Kansas . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . .

22 15 19 15 23 20 20 13 17 18 23 18

73.4 77.3 76.1 74.0 76.8 77.6 80.0 75.6 82.8 80.8 80.9 76.2

73.3 68.9 69.6 67.2 69.2 73.0 70.9 68.4 79.1 75.9 73.5 72.2

71.4 71.6 74.1 70.8 73.5 81.1 72.9 69.8 85.1 78.2 76.8 73.1

78.4 84.8 88.2 79.2 82.2 79.3 83.7 78.7 85.5 80.2 78.6 77.8

74.0 80.3 72.7 76.4 74.8 73.3 77.5 70.3 81.6 77.1 75.3 74.0

71.0 79.3 80.9 81.6 77.5 80.2 75.2 73.6 89.8 85.1 79.2 75.5

70.7 75.0 73.4 71.7 75.1 76.1 79.1 73.1 82.2 79.9 79.0 74.9

70.0 66.1 66.3 64.4 67.2 71.4 69.9 65.4 78.4 75.1 72.4 70.5

68.1 69.2 71.0 68.2 71.4 79.3 71.9 66.9 84.0 76.9 75.7 71.3

84.6 87.6 86.2 84.9 86.6 85.0 86.4 85.5 85.6 90.4 87.9 85.3

85.2 78.1 81.3 79.1 78.3 80.3 78.3 79.3 85.1 86.2 80.7 82.5

80.2 76.7 83.6 80.0 84.1 90.2 81.3 78.3 93.2 89.1 85.2 84.8

South: South Atlantic: Delaware . . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . . . District of Columbia. Virginia . . . . . . . . . West Virginia . . . . . North Carolina . . . . South Carolina . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Florida . . . . . . . . . East South Central: Kentucky . . . . . . . Tennessee . . . . . . Alabama . . . . . . . . Mississippi . . . . . . West South Central: Arkansas . . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . . Texas . . . . . . . . . . West: Mountain: Montana . . . Idaho . . . . . Wyoming . . Colorado. . . New Mexico Arizona. . . . Utah . . . . . Nevada . . . Pacific: Washington . Oregon . . . . California . . Alaska . . . . Hawaii . . . .

22 24 20 18 21 22 16 8 4 15 20 16 18 19 20 16 20

83.8 78.8 (D) 77.2 81.1 76.2 75.6 75.9 78.5 78.6 74.4 78.4 78.9 77.5 77.2 75.8 76.1

74.0 78.1 (D) 73.3 76.8 69.9 69.3 70.8 72.2 72.3 70.3 73.6 70.6 70.1 73.6 69.5 72.4

74.8 75.5 (D) 75.4 78.4 71.2 69.8 72.6 77.2 72.9 72.5 74.5 74.5 72.8 75.3 71.5 74.8

(NA) (NA) (D) 72.4 (D) (D) (D) 75.9 83.8 (D) (D) (D) 79.5 (D) 77.6 79.0

(2) (2) (2) (D) (D) (D) (D) 64.8 (D) 70.3 (D) (D) (D) 67.3 (D) 69.1 71.4

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) 73.1 (2) (D) (D) (D) (D) 67.8 (D) 75.7 79.4

78.8 73.0 (D) 72.7 76.9 72.3 71.3 71.3 73.9 75.5 70.0 75.1 75.2 74.8 73.2 74.3 73.1

68.6 72.2 (D) 67.7 72.3 64.5 64.5 74.9 66.1 68.8 64.9 69.4 66.7 66.9 68.5 67.3 67.7

69.7 70.0 (D) 69.2 73.6 65.9 64.7 77.1 70.6 68.4 66.4 69.7 69.9 69.3 69.8 69.1 70.0

98.4 93.3 (D) 89.1 95.8 88.3 91.0 89.2 89.1 90.2 87.5 90.1 90.4 90.6 88.4 81.6 85.5

87.7 91.1 (D) 86.6 89.4 83.3 84.7 84.9 84.7 82.9 82.9 86.3 81.5 81.9 85.2 78.3 83.9

88.3 87.9 (D) 89.6 90.7 84.5 85.5 86.9 91.2 84.9 85.9 87.6 86.7 86.0 88.3 82.3 87.7

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

24 22 9 22 22 18 19 23 23 24 17 8 16

81.3 67.0 79.4 73.4 77.8 78.6 66.2 79.2 72.4 75.8 65.3 108.7 99.1

73.1 71.7 77.7 74.7 73.7 73.3 69.2 77.8 69.8 78.3 73.7 103.9 104.2

77.1 72.6 80.2 80.4 85.9 84.6 74.8 83.1 69.6 79.9 84.4 107.7 108.5

80.4 66.0 78.9 73.3 75.6 75.9 65.3 74.5 68.1 71.5 61.4 (NA) (NA)

73.3 71.1 77.0 75.3 72.3 69.2 71.1 73.4 64.7 73.7 (2) 100.0 (2)

76.5 72.4 79.7 83.3 85.0 79.7 75.7 81.2 64.0 74.5 (D) 104.7 (2)

90.6 66.4 78.2 71.3 76.9 77.5 64.4 77.6 71.1 75.1 63.2 108.6 93.0

71.9 70.8 76.5 71.8 72.2 71.7 66.9 76.1 68.3 77.5 69.9 104.4 97.5

76.4 71.7 78.9 77.0 84.4 83.2 72.0 80.6 68.0 78.9 80.6 (NA) 103.0

86.6 77.8 87.0 83.0 88.1 89.3 73.8 90.4 84.3 89.8 75.2 109.2 110.3

78.1 81.1 85.8 84.4 85.7 87.0 76.3 90.1 84.0 92.3 85.4 103.6 115.3

81.9 82.4 88.4 93.3 97.7 99.3 82.3 97.1 84.9 96.1 98.6 109.1 119.2

- Represents zero. D Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. NA Not available. 1 Source: U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, Significant Features of Fiscal Federalism, annual, vol. I, based on CCH, State Tax Reporter. 2 No data reported. Source: Except as noted, U.S. Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Marketing Monthly.